Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 25, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 25, 1850 Page 2
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w #iat hit purees were taken by a roan named Willi ajn Quinn. Our ef them contained *7(10 in gold dual, and the other ?125. lie also had a mule aud sundry articles, to the amount of about fI77. This Mr Quinn parked Cai-sidy's mule, and cleared off, ! after the explosion. In my capacity as sheriff of this place, 1 endeavored to overtake him, but without KUcceea. Yom will please publish this information, so that it may r?-Hch the families of the deceased. 1 canie from Bethlehem, Albany county. New York, three 1 iiles from Albany, where my father?John liaswell?n#w resides. The Biimtd District of Ban Francliro. [ Kroiu tbr Alta California. May 1ft ) Intimately as we are acquainted with the predominant spirit ofenery and enterprise of our city, we bave almost w oiidered at the rapidity with which ' llit* burned district is being again built up. It ex- ' eeedo the sjteed with which the work was accom- | pliched ufter the December tire. Already, in I'oru- . mouth Square, the Bella Union and St. Charles, i bouses of public resort, are opened and hourly I thronged, la Washington street, two dry goods i stores, "La Amanita" and Juan Cima's, are j opened and stocked, and on both sidfs of the way i buildings are n?-avly completed, and will be ready lot occupation by the latter end of this week. In ! fact, the ruins are more than half covered over, and j xcept that the new edifices are not of so elegant a ; character, or so substantially built, even, as previously, they will present u handsome appearance. The fact of the businessseasen having now fairly commenced, and the necessity of being alive to take I advantage of it, has materially accelerated o|>era- 1 lions. The present busy hum created by the indus- j trious mechanic, will soon give way to the usual j activity and bustle of mercantile trade, and ere the ' departure of the next steamer, a casual observer J would be scarcely able to realize the devastation of | the 4th inst. Not withstanding the immense amount i of property destroyed, which was not at all over- j estimated, business has not been so generally df- | pressed, even momentarily, an it was feared and 1 anticipated, t'nr community have risen ajjain to the surface of the waters with cork-like baoyancy, ! ard the sad itnd gloom) faces of the early part of , lat-t week, have brightened by the prosperous hopes | anticipated in the future. Never was calamity | taken with more fortitude und philosophy than in j this city. And il'to win success is but to deserve, 1 then those who have suffered will meet with their jast reward. J\V de/pfrnnilxim seems to be the ; popular motto, amalgamated with the Dm id Crocket principle, enlarged and improved. We are ; Si tailed that nothing can retard or check the prosperity, rapid growth, advancement and importance ! of this, the principal city and seajtort of the Pacific 1 oast. Vtvt San Francisco! Iattlllfjtnrc from Ibt Mines. niv diecovkkirs ok ooui?mohk ma l.rxps, etc. 'lilt Protjmtt of the Southern Miiut. [Irom th? Mock ton Times.) During the lust tew days we have received most important information from various parts of the aouthi rn mining district. Our correspondents : have sent encouraging and glowing accounts of the j protects of the miner; and we regret that we have I not room in the present publication to lay their let- ! tern before the public. Near all the tributary rivers of the .^an Joa<]uin new placers have been discov- ! ered, which nre represented to be arna/.ingly rich i in the precious metal. The miners at all points are \ doing well, the waters having fallen considerably ; t auu II.r C?UII> 11^11 ui lilt: He it Hull lias I.tlliy commenced. I Our friend, Mr McKinney, a gentleman of great respectability and worth, informs us that several discoveries of vast importance hate just heen made on the nver Mo^ueleme, and already u number of i lump* of gold have been dug out. Out of one hole in three days, I wo meu took out no less than *4.000, and there is scarcely one muking lesj than an mince |*-r diem, l*rovinons are plentiful, and may i be obtained at moderate rated. A vast emigration is setting into the placers on the Calaveras, amongst whom are Home hundreds Ironi the northern mines; a remarkable sign of the increasing confidence of (he public in the now gradually awnkeuuig belief that the Southern mines are not only the healthiest but wealthiest in California. Our agent, who is established at San Antonio, another recently discovered placer, says Out numbers are there making each two ounces daily W c have received news from Murphy's now diggings on the Stanislaus. A friend states that, ** hu\ing a slight tendency to obesity" he cannot do much in the way ot digging, and works but two da) s in the w eek, yet " somehow or other," lie continues to put into his belt about per week. Kvery man is successful; and we mention tint we have in t heard two conflicting rcj>orts relative to the nirtt;. r The country between the Stanislaus and the ' Tuolumne, ct inprising Sonnra, Wood's, Sullivan's, dfc., whence so much gold has already beeu obtained, lots recently excited much remark. A newplacer hss b en st uck, seven or tight miles above the town ot Sonera, whither many hundreds of persoris are wentHutf their w'ay. We refer to an- I other column lor a m.iti ment showing tint district is one ?>f th?* south of the Misjueleuie. We are I >ld (iuhI w< believe the report to l??* true.) that all thin | art of the country is a rich placer; pn>fi the ?, ad>- in wheresoever you may, and the I* l? m ?ill U- rei?id with abundance. Flora the Tuolumne, und all ita tributary gulches, tl e new* is of the wine favorable description as that we have bud before our readers heretofore. Cola A. II, Jaehao*iiiinthat(Im vi?t undcrukib(k bow in progress hi dumming the nver an- already he^innui^ to pay, and that the most sanguine h< pes ft the individual* who commenced ihem hue not b? < n disannulled. The population haa tern i ..r i> .!oui<li<l at one month, and the nunv rous M ttlrmmU on the liver are increasing in jprwpeiiiy. (>n the iVLnposa the miner m also snccrstfal. Oite lump ot gold weighing 7 lbs , recently dut; up at tl c Matipoea, was loau<l near the mi:face of the gioun.!. We hu\e seen the specimen, und it is at the present menu lit hi the possession of WallistV Co , of S'li k'on. We have seen the lamp and re therefore mute sutu-fied that our statement is correct. Numerous additional proofs have been furnished . r..?. !. ll .f .1.. >,aI, i.i l>i.| >.f H>l<i lu every iwrtof theSan Joaquin diatrlct, wbich will uni|>l>? i^i-iy the capitalist fur auy outlay lie k 111 the ?linr?' of l?l?or. Numerous nuchini's for tbi proper working <>f llirx vrini h?vr already been iiun?|*>ite<t to iliofw place*, whtre the *Md< nee i t their eiittciice ic nioKt distinct, Hiul wr kill * tliCIC MIC M \Ctal I lltl?S fnilll New t ?r 1? a Itj4 ?tf' cn'i command. in commercial pailai.c:', "uuy ax iiiit of capital, arc at the preaeut time "proi?pxtina" aonewhtre near the 1'iiolumnc; and the pul-lic arc aware that when thtw gentlemen are I oil, ' m n.i lltii'K i? going to be dona." J^-vcral u> w ejicciMirnaof quart/, strongly impregnated with g< l?l, w<- h><?c ?<>n i I'll inn tlie week, Hiriiiu^l ?iL? is dc 4i? It>* in weight, winch ia truly a great cauostty. Let b?< tbe public think tli ?t these ar<* hap haznr<l riaimnu n. our part. We rl tini to lie tilthfi.l cbu bu !er> ; ?< endc ivor to m?kc nnatatcment tkat ii not corrcct; and aiuce wc would lure no mio< r to a | articular s|ot at the call of any spci u- , lator, we l? g I lie | ait'lie to |4acc reliance in our representation.. tte tr el great pleasure in jji> mg the f l.iin unviiM?h*d tale to the |Hihhc, na we would a<??icratc, t>> all riteaii? m our laiwer, tha lime wlontlo di-tnct o| fun Joaquin pl'all be acknowledged the wsalti.i' *t district in California " II '< ?? r*oi, /? ?!.,?<i ml.ii a tnt ohmutn pule." Henri forw*?il none un (I turn cia/y tit th? tale? of Jin- Trinidad, ?n?l n i.r? h M<>lent ileaih, ?itln-r on the ?wrf lh<?t Iw-lii ? tin ibntr 41 <l*'|{. ninth, I>jr tntni'inif fnetlnt?! 'litr>mil ?n um-xi'lored territory, or -ditke hit rontlitNtiea ty the ague anil /e\er on tlx rMt hank of <he Sn efi.m? ?ito, when hr may com- huherwiird to dtrtlKt i,uitr * nrh in the precum* mt t?i, mill |?f ,?ri-fiiiH one of the heatthn ?t climates IB i he Wi rid. We iif trjotci il to pre* t thi- v?M tMe of rmifriilion 11 -w HockH |I H? Mot klan; we are rejoiced to w?irh th? |>ri jjr- ot cur iHtftrd town l>oth in r*? tent , nil l? mi* n tv it*v, I*i "H?e we have f^i'h lb?t the I nn wtound ii| oii which it? pio*|iriiiy ile|??bo?. We are ri-jnlci tl to #cc Minnie r after ?! jiii r <r.ive, en wd? (with pn??enger*f r.nd vr*-, rIn of kra>v hitrhen. l oh n wuh merchandize whu ll hm'? h nolimlr in out mulii I, r<?l .mchor in our h.uh. r i ?rry day, h?"c<riiie we di*c--m inlhe?e pit-hta 'he pri* f that the |niMic ferl deep in t# rr?t in th* 'lr\i |op? tnrnt t>f the unexampled'of tl i* diftnrt. iiuti Ihmnttrfl ?? ihr Hutti*. (from the Alt* Calif oral* May 15 ) Bfr lilt |?.lu. nrm ol the clerk of Hie Me oner El laiaili , ?i wi ie y?ftirdi>y jut in j>o?te*?ion. a* nil eni'\ l.i r >1 n Ml. i f..'... .ml ...rr.. , YmI* rtiy, fn wktfh Wf Irani llMl biMli fully fH intf d uwnif umilily irrrrutmg in ptyulv lien *D4ttidr,iiilii advanta^a hi-?I f..nliti?,a bf* romr letter kri * 11 to ihe |??iblic. Thf i ?c'f4* tnftty crowded Mate t>f ntir coltimoa, forNds M to mnk* I'tii an ntfart or two; I m w? hopr, < r<* long, to h*vr r^ncf lor ail Mr rotrr-(" ii?I?-.iU>, *n<l br Me to nt a iihitp gr?(ihtc vtf vr of r*fty por(ion of t ulifurnia thun lirtet?fvtr. Our cort* *pon Inrt wy? i? ciur Wt* m Iwtter condition to go ahrtd :1 n at pr> ? ?!?. Wf b?vr rat .bU-bfd fr-ny lw*tii'Ni?r on Ffoihrf nvrr, and If I ?*nj(itinf of ffHlr/nt th?- tn.?t beneficial rranlM from tb<- inerrnae at itadr and travel in coti?rArvtmlti g to lite rilrHiirv |irrpamtin(M> now m*l>i>?vr, tlt^fr w ill bf mm r?* g<l?l t?k# n out of I it'v r hv?r l? r.f thi* a*a*on, ihaii from I ?*" * hole of Caltfnr* i>i< darirg tl?f la*: Nrnrly ihr wind* nvrr and III brittlift irt claimed by c< mi r.n-a who h i*? m?de i-r'-iaralion- on a Urge tc?l for CMtkiog dan* on the iif* French BWHHifl, ?bich ?* by fill* t*? Mud baira, m.i<1e of drilling. about oil' ytr.l rantire Thu ntukea a good darn with a If nth p?rt of the e?p? r.M nl thf old mrlM, and tim<- of digIpng a rare Th?re will be a he ?vy (MM >" '*"*en 1 in* ?p nver i??np and tn* roiuf?, whrn th* witer gel*down, to i!i?tv operation* can Ih comm<rH*<vt fl by the miners. A steady stream of emigration ia I also aetting id for the Trinity, which niUBt |<ase through thia place, as i#is much the beat route, and eaves a croaaing of ihe Yuba, by taking our lo* er ferry, near the El Dorado landing. Formerly team* were obliged to cross the Yuna, and then cime down una cross the Feather river at our upper landing, just above the mouth of the former. An important discovery hag just been made, which must prove of great advantage to our city. A few days ago, Mr. Hei made an excursion to the Uuttes, distant twelve miles from this place, over one of the rnott lovely and fertile plains in the whole Sacrum< nto valley. While tnere, he came upon a purty C'f Oregon men, who were quietly located in the mountains, and engaged in mining. We already knew that there was gold in these singular | mountains, hut Kuppont <1 it existed only in small quimtiti?s; but it would seem, frotn the fact that their shrewd Oregonian8 were bid away there, that it must be much more plentiful than heretofore supposed. f-hould this supposition prove correct, it will give a remarkable impetus to the growth of Yubu City, an from here the road in over a diy, level plain, to the Huttes, while on the Sacrametito side is a tule swamp. I will next week give vou tome other interesting particulars touching this region." A mace of gold and quartz w eighing fifty pounds, w as found near Mariposa, and sold for sixteen hundred dollars. Lot Anptlcs Gold Mintt. We have conversed with a gentleman recently fiom Los Angeles who lias been to the gold region in that district, and gives us full uccouuts of the locality. He represents it as a tiact presenting but little inducement to the miner who anticipates realizing a fortune by very little labor, being situated in a very sterile tract of hind, about 250 miles north of Los Angeles. The gold ?U found in rocks of quartz mixed with silver, and was perceptible upon the exterior surface. It was with difficulty that the rocks were broken with the tools which the party had with them, but they succeeded in breaking oil many very beautiful specimens. The rocks hearing the gold are in a ranon, and the southern portion of hem only were tound to contain gold. The extent of them could not be ascertained. Mr. lieil, who conducted the patty to the snot, exhibited us Feme very beautiful sjiecimens, which he himself procured. The richness of the gold will not compare w ith that found on the Mariposa, but is somewhat of tht?Bsme character. Mr. Heil is of the opinion that they can only be worked to advantage bv the means of exj>en-ive machinery of the proper character, grinding mills and oth?*r apparatus, which would require a verv heavy outlay of capital. II.. .I.,..LU I............. 1... .1,.. I............ iir limine, inr.i . .j nic cm(.nij inrui uu men m? ans a very handsome profit could he realized. The city of Lost Angeles is said to he very dull, a large portion ?>f the male inhabitants having left for the mining regions. AfBfliM DKY DIGGINGS* [From the Bacrameuto Trauncript.J The miners in the village of Auburn, near the North Fork, are doing remarkably well. The ravine running through the town is being dug up, even to the doors ot the stores, fix men, working a lead in front of Mr. House's store, took out one morning last week, six hundred dollars in coarse gold, and have averaged one hundred dollars each, daily, for the last week. Tiie ground under this store is undoubtedly very rich, as the largest dev's w?rk was only interrupted from the fact that the proprietor of the store claimed a right to the ground on which that building is situated. He can be said to have a safe of gold under his store, and can employ his leisure moments in digging, until a customer calls him olf". One party in the ravine, n-ar the village, took out one thuu-'Hnd dollars on Wednesday last. A person is taking daguerreotype likenesses, md ulso views of the ravines, with miners at work, and is making his fortune withureut rapidity. MURK UMTS. [From the fncitic New*.] The following extract from a letter just received from a gentlt in Stockton, bears a very strong j tesuniption that there are u few more lumps of the s*me kind lefi for the enterprising. The Southern mine* are looming up, and no one need be astonished to find them yielding the most abundantly of any of our placers, during the coming summer and fall " 1 learn but this moment from a gentleman just frcm the ?onoii..n can.p, that an American dug another twenty-thiee pound piece of gold there two days since. It contained between three and four iwunds of quprtz. " I have seen to-day several very large pieces of quartz arid gold, one weighing upwards of forty pounds. 'I he gold appear* in it iu veins, the most icuuiuui i ever urn. MEW UlUGINOs A'l" STANtM.At '?. Another new placer ha* been discovered on the Stanislaus, which i? found to l>e wonderfully rich in the precious metal. The place hi* no; been worked more thun a nionth. >ei several tin n have made from ten to lift* en thousand dollars. ' >ue nu n w ho Iiiiil only l>< en six (lay* til the mine*, took out (I.HO. 'ih -e digging* are on I forty miles ficin Mockton. It is Mid ihe w.iter i? nearly exhi i Med, and the mint is Will he compelled to have. r\TRA?|:mV?RY Pl*< 1VKRY. f Kn tn tlu- Slooktou Tiuien] Mr. Peter of tk>nora, inform.-* u? that the j'hicet at ('< luinlua city is not les* than three miles figure. (>n Friday last, a Mexican found a lusnp i t jjnld lying neur the mii, wcighinu four pcundj n\ih outer*; anil he, Mr. Mahun, kino has in his |cfMM-i< n a lump wei^'hint; sevcuteen ounces, found net. r the ?.<rur f-|>?.t The placer his l?een ditcovered to he of ex'raordin try d-| th. One large hole has l>een dug to the de(>tli ot sixty-two feet, thru ch ted f< il, of a volcanic nature, ami the jiii.rtz hai< not )et been reached. Throughout the whole depth, fiom fix feet below th- surface, gold in greut ubundiiiice !?< en taken out. It id au(>d that the whole area of this ImuienM.* placer is of the now character. From many holes miners have been taking out from four to five pounds of j:old |<cr day. xiortaTK n o?- ooi.n r?rvr. The amount of p.hi iuM hi|>;> il from thin port, ince the fitit ol April, amounts to over two millions, three hundred and Kfty-Mix thousand, one hindr?dnnd silly-five dollar*. This does not include the kMii en I lied out on the 1st, hy the ('aliform*, nor that t.hip|>cd m the sloo,i of war V*ndulia. Vtry Inte from Trinity Itlver. (ki m (lis Alta ' Ufornta. May 13 ] I!y the at. ival ol the ^chr Kjerson, on Saturday ? ? * li ' I', V* * II I ? r in If Mill I III* r* PI IT'^r HHr|llM'r|ilC In m Humboldt M?y, Trinidad and Tiiniiy river. |i mi I Ik- rerollected th.>t the Kyrrwon entered l>l rivt r ticnr Humhrldt or M< ndocino liny, and it w,ta H H?"!t d tluit i>he wrulil be unable to get ou', and would be n t?t?I low. Such, of cnnrw.ku not I r? ?f<! to W the ri<*e n? ?h?* got out r<-adiy, enter ?i tfcr bev, i ikI t? now ?afe nt nnrlior in nw h ?rbnr. .vhrtl?lt i!i iiil oldt Bay on Friday, the loth met ,nnd i<tri?rd hlx ut II oVIoili on >atnr?l.iy ni,:lit. We are onder oldigationH to Mr. 11. W Bullitt, a \r>y intelligent centleman, who rmw down on tlie Kjrron, for mm h interr?t>nif information relative to that region, w hu h h*-f? attracted of lilt ?o mn< h attention in tin* part i t the eonntnr. Mr B. * a* fi > r.f the pnfwrnret* on the l?rii? l.nineo? the itii'te of * Inch M?rl, with one powengrr ml a boet'* rr? w. erdnred ?urh h<tfd?hi|* in a email b'?at at Tr>n d. d Bay, *rn.e time nnre It w ill be rem? mlered that oorfir?t knowledge ?if therii*cor?'ry < f thai l? rainy w?? derived from the |>??renger who w.-a in the It ?t. Itr Bullitt inform* tia that the towna, hoth in lltin lo|?it *nd Trinidad, remain in <7* mul do rot mateiially improve. They are *till in their infant y. R< for Ihr m> >t infirrtfittg inltUift *ct l?p thlf umrw/. it thf r/t rnrfrp rf rrrffinh fnlii frtiara m ftr rirmitf if thr n/;rr lay. Mr B. w.ia one of h | n f t v Who m?'!e in exploration of th'* roast l>etw?en Trurdad and Point St tieortre. Mil enter* d a tivf r whir h they ?vp|>n*e to he'l'motv river, al ? ft 11 rte? n mile* to the aoiithwurd of I'oint St. tieoijye, and twenty to 'he northward of Trinidad. The nver *n pttea into the *ea from the ea?:*rird. ti.?t it ijwtr h lortnMianie ftream, hiving three | rhart eli?, nil of whirll ire nut itf ib!e, b? log broad m I vi nli .in mI >iwdiince of w ait r. 'I o tl r rui-twurrt, accordinu to it rough flitch ethihitfd ?, i? ? lonjir fandy bea< h runnirir about nofi|i*< ft, Ml tlx* triniinti* of till*, it Kind *|>it rtn<li<* 'iii in ft weftwird dlretlinn Hciirfn ihia ml the beach po n?, l*-weY?r. it a <-hann< I n??tly a hum red tftrd* w ide, with nine feft of w*ter.? 'I h?- uialn roi?-t joining wnh the tipper or northward I i l k i f th?- liver, in l>oldiind tm-ky Alm<>-t in m iln* mult line firm the mtwrnd i?>int of the Imd m i>rr iwn rrrbf, VMiMf ibovr lit?h water, und I e'i??*n ?hem ard the roa?t if the third channel. In the trialii rhaMfl there |a liftrrn f.ithiunn rf Water, I .i n Ihf nuin bunk of the river to the ?(tth, b-it a r hort distance from the month, is an It di- n v ill??jje, i nd another one uimn the southerly ide. The t nrrent of the river ia ulniut fix tmles I in Ii'* Mr. nullitl, with a HMJI pUlf in a v* hile I ?>??, riplvtid the river for about for'y milef, rntil tf.ey e.-nte to r'|ridt having about thirty feat full hi i ne hitdrrd > ard?. Th?y v?<te affiftid hi thrir p|>w..rd |>ro(:re?a by 'he Fi d>. n? v ith their cnn< < t The tnhes app^f. 'd r.uti< ton*, but were quite friendly. The porly : * < ie i? r? ?* d..y? and si luir in Hwrnrting to fhr ra- j 1 lie country 1# rrprf'fllfil ?# broken. | i <1 il < i iidintf in flute r???k* with ^iMrti. ( ' Va : '?? ton I, *?,</ in iihiniht*it i>t ftrnnl /><>wttnrar I "i??rn#r, in ?/ri/ rfurgingt WV ha?? ?fpn n Mm* r'e < I eoi<| n |<in om ?N>ni fourteen mil** from the i ti i nth, if h \ert fine rhUHCW, intermned with ' u tt f ?titer tttofal, the thararfer of which we are j ret ?Me to >t*te It j? protahly pUtma. A partr ' r f forty had left Trinidad for the mine*, and hicated it trmeijo- w here they had fonnd "food dijruintf." I A |i>riion of thrm hud returned forpfo?l?io?.?. Mr. Bullitt Inn frlf had rome down for protieiona, and ~ther nerraentiea, nnd intend* returning imtnrdikt? ? to hi* port* in the H dicBinjr*," We ucift to f>e?r of another terknto accident k? i i boal'tutw. F;oiuthf (Utrmcot furoifbrd m, i i' appears that on tbe evening of the 27th of April, five put-sengern of the brig Cameo, left St. (ieorga'e Point in a whale boat, bound for Trinidad Bay. When ten mi lea out, the aea being rough, and the boat leaking yery badly, they became alarmed, and put for shore, when, on landing, their boat w?8 capsized in the suif. The following named pereoiiB were drowned:?Mr. Fitzgerald, from Boston; Mr. Frederic Arnold, from New Orleu jib; Messrs. Wiatcfl' and (iruber, Germans. Mr Eugene Du Bertrand was saved by an Indian, w ho iuiii|)ed into the aurf to his assistance. Mr. Arnold hue a w ife and children in San Francitco. The boat which proved so disastrous to these e?ntlemm, whs indeed an ill fate done, beingthe identical one belonging to the Arabian, from whicfa MestiB liache, Browning, and Peoples were lost. Tbe t-chr. James K. Whiting left Trinidad on the 9ih in*t., and arrived at Humboldt on the 10th. ?he whh to Fuil for ihi? port. Hobert Parker, Esq., was on board. The achr. Eclipse wan at Humboldt when the Hyeraoirieft. [rr?m the Placer Times. Mays.) We cf>n\erst d yesterday with a gentleman whc hsd jiJHt returnee! from tlie Trinity. He started from Cenicia about tix weeks since, and wm twelve days on the way to the second canon. The water was still 60 high that advantageous oj>erdtions would have to Ik* delayed two or three months; there was considerable snow encountered on the way, and during the last four days they were there, it fell continually. The party were not impressed with the peculiar advantages of these diggings, and most of them returned. They estimated the number there at .^00, and met sometimes as many as 100 per day on the road. A third canou hud been discovered about twelve miles below the second, and was very favorably represent-d. On visiting it, however, th^y were not induced to remain. An old mountaineer informed them that he ht.d followed the stream called Trinity to its junction with Kouge river, and that from thence it took a direction north of west into the ocean. The water of Trinity was found to disagree with a good many of the miners. Diarrhcua prevailed, and ihe impression was very unfavorable to the health of the place in the more advanced season. A large number had died there during the winter, 10 out of one party of 19. Few had realized any very < xtravngaut success They saw one person who hud two hundred pounds. From careful inquiry and investigation, they were satisfied to return to the digging in this direction. Except some rugged and steep mountains, the roads were found excellent. Slrkncss in California. [From the Placer limes. May 6.1 The great mortality attending the immigration to this country has given rise to painful anxiety on the part of friends at home. It cannot be denied that vtry many who braved the dangers of the sea and tin- hardships of the piciiiif, i-.nd fondly thought ull perils past, when they reached the El Dorado, have found graves where they hoped to realize fortune and fame. As the season is again approaching when disease, w hich lha8 give n us a truce, will revisit our enchanting plains, it may bs well to review the influences which have been at work to car^ gloom to so many firesides. The principal immigration from the States the last season, was hy Cape Horn and the Plains. Dysentery is very prevalent among those who land from long voyages in the heat of summer, even in the most healthy places, and very lew escaped an ntthtk from it who landed at San Francisco last suii nii r. l'ussergers by some ships suffered more seveiely lhan others, and those who remained a fiw wefkson the const before they encountered the txtrtme heat of the inland places, had little difliculiy in recovering. Some companies that went directly to the mines lost nearly half of their number. Another sotrce of disease was common t? those who came by both of the routes named? i lie want of a proper supply of fresh vegetable food. A few ships were well supplied, and one, in which the writer was a puserger, lost but two out of i-eoiiy one hundred j<assengers, and those died I'm iii i he tfleets of dysentery contracted soon after landing; ihey both eni.e directly into the interior fiom the vessel. Few ships had well marked cases of scurvy, but the system was in that morbid Mate bordering on it, and a ft w weeks spent st the mines, without vegetables, rapidly dev< loped the disease ; the very existence of land scurvy was unsuspected by many who were laboring under its fatal effects, hi the mean time, the malaria of the valley lent its aid to complicate the dilliculties ami ensure ll.H f.txl tflminulifin A f.or v.nlu w.itin.r nil means were exhausted, thiy gathered into the larger towns, where, from the want of proper atteiitii lis and comfoita, indulgence in over-eating Rrd improper food, they were placed where philhMhropy ai.d science were impotent to avert the fad catastrophi?scorbutic dysentery, or confirmed itiari ):d'H, cli Bed the iw one. Now, Uiese are caua-'S that for the most part need not exi?t. The public are l>?-tt#-r informed of their danger?, and the country in better bU|ili-d with the mcessaries for health. There aie frw countries tlut enj-?y a finer climate ?>r more healthy than our* at liua season of the)?'nr; yet it ia contrary to the nature of things that a vall? y, saturated with water, as this i.? during a part el the y?-ar, and thoroughly he.?tcd an 1 dr> d at another, should enjov an i/nmunity from epidemic fevers; but I think all w.ll concur with n.e who were liere l.i r i summer and fall, in a tying that they were of a mild form. Other and unnecessary complications of causes thete were tlint has yiven so mournful a lii-t of fill.-n among the plotters of our proud Ftate. Indian limn, In this country, as iu all putt* ot the 1 'nite.l Stutea, the custom ia continued ol giving Indian nnmra to towna ard liven. In itself we do not re^trd it as a matter of \ery essential importance t?y what n> me a town or liver is known, though w?- have a peciul preference for those namea which found nnoothly and pleasantly to the ear. But it is a matter of great importance to the science of ceoV'laphy, aiid tlie intelligent public, that the orthography of namea in common u*e should be settled. Tina is es|>ecislly important at the present time in this trrritoty. We n*ve here a chss of Indian names entirely new to Americans. llut we have alio a class of intelligent tin n, who have enjoyed the most ample opportunities of knowing the general characteristics of the Indian language. IV-fore this race of men, na well aa the Indians and their jaigou have passed away, it ia all important that w? should know how to sjh II our names That this nutter deserves some attention let us look at a few orthographies. (>ne of our ?niall riven * eslli il ly tin- vari< n- nam< aijuilny. Tualilin, and FtUtior. Now, who, nut initiated, would ruf |?'Ct (Quality and Falatine a* hat mi; any kinahip a* ihe nhinf ?>( one and the aiime river Again, unoitier name ta written Clack<Mim? and Clackama?. while it i* thought that the correct orthography of the name ia Klakamn*. Another name Is vanot.a'v read aa Champoeg and ? h.on|>ooic. Another a* ( iila|x oa?Cala(>ooia, and K;ila|>ooyA. In regard to the pronunciation of our nam**, if the otthogfr.phy ia corrected the pronounciation v ill loon correct iteelf. We noticed that in the Si?t?? ihi in me < f our beautiful river ia UHti.illy prriu tllK <1 wtili ili? accent on the laat avll.ilile, while in thia country it ia pronouno d with a full and ' mphntic accent on the record ay II able. Hy ihe way, we think the orthography of ttie Willi, mette i* settled, ai d we regard the orth?ur .phy we rcn etmieaae? ?>f Wilhaniette, a? now obsolete. We had inten<lei| lo refer to other name*, for the purjcue of remarking that many of them are no ntt? il) hatharoua that ih< y out lit to he abandoned. Hut having called attention lo the nuhject we p?aa It for the ?cut Th? Aalalle Trade. ! Kr m the Paetfle N?t?. May 4 1 Already do we hear of enterpriainjr ahinrni intrilling ihe ntiblirhment <f enmera between (hi* poit and ^Canton, vi.i Honolulu; and not lea* than fil late* veurl* arc e*j?ec'ed daily in our hitrl'< r, fr?i*ht?<i with the rich niaii'ifarrmt ? of Ihe Cehstial World. Tin* rap I valea und high pnre* wl i?h ci notice* meet with on the |>wri of pMtklini lor ihepe rirh fabric*, will und<nil?letfly mAm ot tier NfMlMl to f ii" t li?e?ly into the trade, mill, ??? far ? we cun w<-, with but little tif k. The nrrirhl of two or threr vrinli from Clinton in the |ott of New Notli, l.idi n an were the \e??elH v. Iik h have arrived here within the |w*t two Willi-, would h?\i' produced a |>l?lhorn in the ri.iiik t w hu h would h>i\e lentrd fur several month*; hrre it ha* hml * contrary eflect, nn<l hn* I ut ? tx? d to create pmkMm m4 MMmII Iii N'i w York mid other Atl intic cmkh, ihffe .re l ut { w of the entiri1 population who e m po??ibly illrrd to pun hate, w here in on the Pacific i oh f t, in in- out id nery ten are not only able hut excetilirply iiuilgwto |>riicuie the liuunoua and i of tly rtii lea ini| orted. Not than one hundred th< unnd"* ha** I e*n ??|>eidfd by pereona in thi* eity, wjihrn the l??t two or tkree werk?, tor pre?ent* to Irieada on the Atlantic border*,?w ho, before their arrival l,e,e, would never hi?\e ilriumf if buying ntirh colly Mticba* f lurtiiiure cr nppnit |. Aa out popuUtii ii inrri mc? iml the re?ot?tcea of the country are ile\eli|?d; a? our |?op|o thnll ceaae to he hctnadr in their hnbit*?ihe wealth concentrating hrie w ill le milicient to curry en pnditnbly and ?itecea?ftill)' a trade with t union and other Aaiitic I orte, th it flail put to blu?h the o)*r.ition? liT^to- | II r?' Ti ll ti in i f ill' i iin ir'iin * < in 1**1 iiy i ill* ir??lr mwi Ci nrrnlr?t?- h?rr, to he r kIihIp.I h? nrr I Ikmnfli ilf Hiin'l'xf tr?dr to thr grrnt m?r(* 1 cf ?h?- Kh?I? rn wotM. To Mruic trvHf th* more eff-rtnolly, nnd to ! fiinl h prrm?r?M outlet for if through our own Ho- j mump, cor n>? trhaftt* *n.| c<-pi'aii?t* ?h< uid ?tf i i < e ro-1 j cntr wiih th?w g. utl? ir,< o. wh?>, in the Mfftrmird F.ittrri Stat**, nr* ml\o?- ti.ig ?o watrn'y kid jxitnotirnlly practicability nnd iircrpmiy at ?- ? ir*t chain of ron.l ovrr which thi? lindc m?y flew, "( fl)uijr not only our own cities kud IcWuf, f vt thr ?r| ?'t4ifthe Kurof^ <n contift? lit. / public ,0 tUi? '('.artcr from our mercantile ciat>s would have a desirable effect and influence cn thosa who now doubt the practioabil- ity, although admitting the necessity, of building i a railroad, such at* is contemplated by our brethren on the Atlantic side. Kaval Intelligence. [From the Alta California. May 11.] The United States sloop-of-war Falmouth arrived yesterday from Mu/atlan, whence she Bailed on the 21st of April. Sh? brought up, in irons, Reuben Withers, whose arrest for the murder of young Reynolds, in this city, in the month of December, we nave already noticed. When the left, the Puke of Werteinl)urf<h, a near relative of Prince

t Albert, was sojourning at that place. He is exptcttd at this place, having left Europe uj>oii a i tour of pleasure. The Falmouth will proceed to Benicia this day. ( We subjoin a list of her offitwn:? Thomas Petigrew, Comuiauder; Johu DcCamp, lit Lieutenant; George M. White, do.: Francis B. Kenfhaw. Sd ilo ; Johu Y. Munn. Jr., Purser; Henry 8. Newcomb, Acting Master: David Harlan, Surgeon; > Frunrie M Ouuneil. Awltut do.; John 8 Devlin. I I.t. Commd'g Murines; Peter Wager. Pas?ed Mid-hipI niMii; William K. Bridge, do. do.; Kdwin O. Carues, Midthi j-11.itii. David B Farmuuy, do ; Kdward T. Fpeddm. do.; John T. Beatty. do , Win. McN. Armstrong, do.; Charles JohnHlon. Boatswain; Lewi* ' Holmes. carpi-nter; Lewi* Rogers, sail maker, Aug. K. Tb< mpson. Gunner; IDoryM. Stone, Master'* Mate; Cbarles J. Porcher, Commander's Clerk. Charrhri 1h California. In the autumn of 1S4X, the Kev. T. D. Hunt, late > of the Sandwich Islands Mission arrived at this place, and commenced the first stated services, according to protectant foims of worship, under an engagement for the term of one year, as chaplain of 1 the town of San Francisco. No church organisations, however, were effected until the spring of i 1849. Then, with the thronging emigration, and an increaee of ministers of the gospel, churches befun to he formed in this and other communities. 'lie following summary, it is believed, presents a complete view of the various religious societies existing ai the preswnt date, and the order of their formation. First Presbyterian Church in Benicia, Rev. S. Woodbridge .Ir.'s. Next in order of time occur the churches of this city. First Presbyterian Church, Rev. A. William's? First Baptist Church, Rev. O. C. Wheeler's? Church of the Holy Trinity, Rev. S. E. Mines'? Methodist Epsicopul Church, Kev. W. T.iyior'B? First Congtegational Church, Kev. T. L>. Hunt's ?GrRce Church, Kev. P. L. Vermehr'a. At Monterey is the Rev. S. II. Willey, Presbyterian, who officiates as chaplain to the military pott. No church organized. As Sail Jos*-, are the Rev. J. W. Douglass, J'lefcbyierniD, and the Kev. J. D. Briarly, Baptist? snd religious services are maintained by a Methodist t^cieiy, as yet without a stated ministry. At Sacramento, a Methodist Kpiscopal Church J has been formed, Kev. Mr. t'wens, and the Kev. . J. A. Benton, Congregational, and the Rev. J. Cook, Baptist, alto officiate, but have not as yet organized churches. At Stockton, the Rev. James Woods, Presbyterian, baa organized a Presbyterian church, the third in connection with the Presbytety of California. A Methodist society also maintain worship. The Kev. W. G. Canders, Presbyterian, officiates as a missionary in Nappa \ alley, uud at Sonoma. Murders, Accident*, &c, Peter Dodds Hogg, Esq., Collector of II. B. M.'s Custom, at Welluigton, New Zealand, week before last, says the Stockton Timet, of the Uth ult., when crossing the Tualumne river, near liodgers' Bar, was drowned. I?r. Richard Thompson, says the Alta California, supposed to have lielonged to New York, was murdi red on the road from Durango to Mazatlan, on the lfeih March, by four Americans, viz. : ? McAlcon.b, Kodgers. Winters, and Shirlev. After robbing hint, they continued their way toMazjtlan, to < mbaik for California; the first then bought a launch, and left for Lower California. Shirley was ( tiiken .ind delivered to the authorities in Mazatlin, \ by Mr. Gaines, now in this city. < >n him was found 1100 in M.-xican gold, which he confessed was taken from the trunk of the Doctor. lie aUo stated that the murder was committed by McAltomb, from whom he received a hundred dollars as his share of the Doctor's effects, consisting of 1-tCO, a gold watch, one horse, four mules, and two truiiks of clothing. Among the 1 doctor's papers was found a memorandum, stating that he had married, in lW<i. Mim Sunih l.vnn nf .sin? Sinir V whn < died in Nt w Orleans; also, that he had sent i>y ?ea f? ur trunks, consigned to a merchant in San Frorcisco, ttrd in caee of accident he wished bis ?ficcts to be delivered to his Meter in Alabama. Ai.y acquaintance of the l'ocior nmy leurn more by allying at the office cf this pa|>er. A man named Martin N'ewherger, formerly resid* ntof New Orleans, committed suicide at Siockton on the 2Bth of April, by drow ning. His body Wiit found a few hours alter in the Mormon ch.ipef. Au ir.queM wua held upon the body, and a verdict render* d that deceased came to his death by driwning himself while U holing under temporary insanity. We copy the subjoined narrative of a nvlanchoiy event which occurred on the Mokcluuine last month, from the Stockton l\rnef.? Lower Camp or the Middlb Bak, ) V hlll', Aj'lll lti, ISfifl. J On the night of the 31st tilt., a delomble accident occurred al (hid place, which resulted in the death of oue of the most lovely and amiable of California's adept> (1 daughters, the w ife cf Mr. Henry Askin?, ltije rf New York. While sitting up at a late hour, awaiting ihe return of her al>?eiit husbiml, sleep overcame her, and her dress coming in contact with the lighted candle took lire, and burned wuli great rnpi'fity. Immediately awaking, she, wuii gteat mi wnif 01 niin.i, Mirang ujmn trie Deii, ' s-rui rolling h< rself in woollen bl-mkets, luormlrd T in situiguishing the fire. not, however, un'il being a ? vfttrly burned ujmn tin* buck and arms. For two , wn kt tin- t*|>er of life flickered between hoi?e and i despair, 1 ut the frngile constitution wan unable to t * the seveie shock. F?eing awiire that tJie ? period of Iter dissolution whs, she reviewed f the project w i'h cheerful resignation, and with a J heart buoyant with hope in heaven the aummona J to nn eternity of bliss U-yond the grave. Like a J bribe Inking its rest, without struggle or pun, on . the morning of the 1-tih inst., sh<- calmly clowd < her eyes in the sleep of death. Her rem un-were (, interred on a be?utiful hill-tide, amid the flowers f which orce she gathered, but now, alas, wave ia penile dallinncc o i r her silent gfisve. Tbe ^tin Krart ifco / trnti/ of Cmnmrrrr of th? 16th ult says:?Yesterday, at the Ityron IIoti?e, corner of Jackson and Kearny streets, Philip Smith of Pennsylvania, and Dennis Skelton of (.rftuisiaiia, gra| pled each oth?r, and commenced wrestling in gred humor, hut the latter becoming angrv struck Smith with his fi-t, and he returned it with fatal fleet, killing Pkelton dead U|ma the spot. A hearing of the ease was had before a jury, and after an investigation Smith whs dlseh irged from custody. Joseph Prokie, a native of Minghouk, Scotland, foirner.v in the volunteer army in Meiico, w*s drown* d in attein|>ting to swim the river .it ?McI/e>n, J?fTr< y it C-Vs Ferry,at Stocktoa. The unfortunate deceased, previous to the attempt, det-osired twenty-nine ounce* of gold dust ia the fiands of Captain (ieorge llowie*. I "UII Uri RT <'F FRANCISCO. In the Mny number of the H'alrhtiutn we find a summary oI police case* from Se??t. 4, 1*4J' to ; March 2?>, ISV), which we traiiffer to our columns t? 1 t'a??s 11 miiT'ler ,,,,,,, 4 Atwmpt to kill H I ?- e. t,j,. 170 t?mrk? ? and <lt?orderljr mn liict. 3!?1 Tteltrtum and attempt* at ulrid*. ... 1H I'erJnrjr 2 Itlphaay n bbery., ....... .. 3 A?>anH aetl t?ttary, 70 I Untlnt a . ' v 1 *'< Iifpirarj 2 r. .* iritlii'f & ]i I'tifflur? 1 ii llntrllrin 40 } DI?clii>r|liH tri ira* 21 j T t?l. 741 f. In addition, nrnrly or <|<ut<> as rmny morr ?m?U f Cffm, ronot-iinff of <lriink<-nnri<a Ate., werr ti cd of without ptorrculion. * ITnrt lugr* and Drntlialn California. MAttlEO. !J In Pan Krinrimt, rn th?- 7ih of Maj, at ih? j| mantr of ll r l'irn I* obyt. ;i n rhurrh, bv thr . , He?. A. U illn.nif. JoNtril am lo j|. ii 1 >n ihr If! inrt , nt Pig I'ar. Yuba county, l?y J. fi l)i? k, Krq., C?|>t. Miram Ftuo, Itoaton, Mm, t loMm hi.iu V <'ami ii"*, of OfknlsMi, M ka t n , loWa N? w I.nri'itud hn?l Nrw York pa- I ' pen pirate cojm. '* PtKD. -I At the FoUr m IHsginj:*, on th" 1^'h of ?Vj?ri'. ^ .Tomm A Wot.t K, forin* fly of ('inrinMti, Ohio. m In >Sb Kninri>rp, on th<- <?rh uIt , ot <iiarrli?rt f] aim djk nt?ry, ki i?ma l. S i.imam. of Nrw H???n. Conn , m*> <i fi7 yr r*. Mr. w.ia long fl known in hii< nutivr city aa a promiarr t arxl vuluaMr rnir?n. At Coli ma, California, on thr fch Anil, 1830, Mt* Hiiim i ? K. Hi ?;i>, wifr of A B. Kurd, ud rt, (tirph'erof F. S. m.d Mnry Ann Crans Tl??v g, ' I' ihi ii hi ii.? at Ion du l.ic. WiMiMifio. I i h. 29. ... I - ' ?i < n b? nrd hriff Fnwn, nmr Deaici*. Mr. Jomica W I'?i< m tin, ol S?li m. , ?R"?I 2i? T'*r* " (*n timrdUlk J. W. Coffin, April Ifith, Ti*i> ' imv, nf tVnofvrot. Ate., mte?f JH y?-?r*. (mimf April 2Mh, Gabriki. Komazi, epil htitindSimw. u In N run rnto nfjr, on lx??rd th* bnrk ?<n Fran- f? i -i < . A i.iJ h, Mr Naai W? *< r, in t'>?* Wlh N< )rrrt>f bi? II' wan fr<?rn Brrerlf, Maw, ? < wli?re b?- lr??(t ? *?ifr and two childrm. A' I < k-\ 'Me, <>r* MninllV, A|lil Zif, K *tm n * K< i i > p, f >' i'ill listen, M N* , ?c t ?1 ? ir? ' Tn Fruncwco, on the mornirf of ibc Wib of April, Cupt. Henry H Wuxu,of Baltimore in the (2d > ear of hie age, leaving an affectionaU wife and (wo children to mourn hi* low. In iSan Francisco, on the morniog of the 9th ult, John Hbnky 1?eacm, Esq., of Saratoga Springs, N. Y. On brig Kate Heath, Feb. 24th, accidentally, Mr. Jeremiah Mastim, of Portland, Me. At Acapulco, on the Pacific Ocean, on the 27th of March, 1K60, Capt. Ai.bertcat'uno, late of New Orleans, and formerly captain of the tow boats on the Mississippi river. His papers anil effects are in the blind* of U.S. Consul, "at Acapulco. New Orleans |>apers will please copy. On bourd brig Ouaddy Belle, April 16th, lat. 6 45 N., Ion. 119 AO, W , Thomas f>. Bi'Bnuam, of Lubee, Me., aged 4d years. Eastern papers will please copy. The California Market*. Bah Francisco, Monday. May 13?Since the great fire of the 4th inat., a want of confidence has been exhibited in almost every branch of business. Up to the prtsent time, the transaction* have been very small Nothing now chauges hand* except tor immediate use*. The destruction of so large an amount of property by fire in one night. it is reasonable to sappo?e would cause a cessatl n in business. and reudvr the sppearancc of affairs tor some time to come, rather discouraging ; but such is not the cane. Business is still brisk, and although sales are small, prices do not decrease, and every day brings an addition to the stock of merchandise on hand. That portion of the city destroyed by the fire, and which embraced a large number of the most flourishing mercantile bouses, is already covsred with new building*. in many of which the operations and daily routine of business go on. as was the case previous to the 4th inst. The trade in the mining districts, and in the numerous thriving towns in the interior of the country, is also rapidly Incrtasing The improvement in this branch of our commerce bears a marked change, aa also do oar intercourse with Oregon, the Islands, and the lower coast. The clearance* at the Custom Douse, and the arrivals from these places, show a great and decided improvement. Keal estate, Instead of depreciating In valua by the recent calamity, has shown a directly opposite course. Under renters of that portion which the tire reached, have been asking higher rent, in almost every instance, and sales by auction confirm eur statement. Tbe sales of real estate during the piist week, have b^en well attended. and a disposition manifested in favor of tha landed irteiests of San Krancisco. We notice a desire to purchase more on the outskirts of the town ; tbe niotivee for this course are various?many contemplate a still greater increase in prices, while othera prefer these portions for private residences. Tbe demand for flour and breadstuff*, which wa noticed In our report of the 1st iDStant, seem* to ba sngntiy aeriiumg ine aaiiy arrivals are sucn as lo Bfl'ect prices. The exteDt of rales ha* not been decreased: but the quantity and character are mi all Chilean is freely offered ut our quotations. The charge we have to notice in tha price and in the quantity changing hand*. Lumber, the nest in Importance, had quite a rise during the early part of the lat<t week, in consequence of the demand to rebuild after the fire; but the arrivals from the United Plate* and frwn other part* of the world, have been no ouirerour. and the quantity so large, that the price* juoted on Monday and Tuesday were much higher lhan the present range. On the Oik iust . there Arrived in the harbor sufficient lumber to rebuild a town early half as large as ?an Francisco. Cargoes have bt en offered at $40. We hear of large quantities selling on board at $65, to be delivered at Sacramento. Scantling is scarce and high. We have very little rt aage to note in provisions;?price? are about as la<t reported. A fair demand for groceries has existed luring the past week The salea of coffee and sujear ?re not large, and there is an evident disposition not lo buy at present high prices. In brandies and wines f a good quality, there is a better demand 8.ties have been large. No change in the various other articles ol trade w orthy of notice. Money has not been coming in a* freely as was no:iced tart week, but by the tailing of the steamer on Lbe first, an increase will be observed. The demand by the Are. has not Veen over great The prevailing figure is 8 per cent per month. Ob good security for i longer period, 5 to T per cent. wholeialk rucu. June IS, 1860, Ashes. per lb ? Pots. 35 n 40; pearls, 30 a 3,">; snliratus. GO a 36. Breadstuff*?Chile fl'iur, 2C'llbf. $12 50 ? ^13, Chile flour, 100 Iba.. $0 60 a $0 75; Ain. ordinary, no demand; Am superior, per bbl . $10 50 a $11; Ur'don flour, $ 10 60 a f 11; Barley, per lb , 6 a &v? . bread, liile. 2 a 3, breed Am pilot. 7 a 9; bread. Am. navy, I a 6; crackers. 12 a 14: comment, per half barrel, $8; als. per lb . in demand; rye. no demand; wheat, crusliid. per ib. do. Bricks, per M ?30 a 40. Boots, per pair. $8 a $ IS; light good. $14 a $16; coarse, per dot, >80 a $l'0; high tops, $'J a $10. Candles, per lb.? Jp?rm. ?>6 a 70; tall< w. good Am . 20 a 25; tallow good Jhile 14 n 18; adamantine. (Utchfordi 60. Coal, per on?Anthracite. $30 a $35; toft. 20 a 25. Cattle, each, H? 60 a $18. Cocoa per Ib . 10 a 12. Cordage, per lb.? American, 16; Manilla, smull size. 30. CoHeu. per lb.? Manilla. SO Rio. 28 a 30; Java, 28 a 30. Clothing, isle limited; fine black, lower rates Dry Goods. In molerate demand. Doraest'c (foods?Mhirtiugs. 36 inch, [12 a $14; drillings, heavy. $18 a 20; blanket*, whole, per pair $2 60 a $5; blauketf, ordinary. $3 a $0; L.luiiki ts. colored, $5 a $7. Prints, fast colors, each, $4 t $4 26; loose colors. $2 50. Stoekings. $6 per dosen. ndi oiand. Alpaeca. per yard. 35 a 60. lirugs and Kjes Alcohol pi r gall . $1, arsenle. per lb 1'iX ; arrowroot. do. 25: balsam eopavia. do 75; briuintone. <i ud?. 16. bai a. Peruvian, per lb. 35; camphor, rs1b< d. do. 15; cr< am tartar, dn. 86; corks. rial pur gro , |5; corks, bottle, per 1 000. $8. calomel. $5; ra-tor oil, per gallon. $3. do quarts, per doseu. $10; emery corn ii d< mand. at 26; emery flour. 40; glue, per lb . 50; to. line, per lh . $16; liquorice, (extract) per lb . 60, liiue ulce, in demand, per gallon), $2 50; magu^xia. cal)in<d. $2. merpliiue. per ounce. $8, opium, per lb $10; it peppermint. Kng? $5; oil cloves, and oth . per lb . F4 a i 'i; pota?h American in d?uiaud. $2; quinine, per '? M; qu.ckt ilver. do . $1 50 a $2. rliuliarb. per lb., 12; sugar lead common do . '* c ; seldllt* powders, per lot.. $2 50; sup car soda. per lb.. 50e ; soda a?b.40? , iir?n| nrilla. $v4. laleratu*. SOr ; trusses. per doien. hb; vitriol oil. per lb . Sue ; was. yellow and white do. i?h? Mackerel No. 1. >15 a 17; So 2, per bbl.; *1') i (12. ctdfleh. no demand; herring* nwct. ill a $10. 'ruiU? Almond* 16a ISc ; citrou. per lb . (350; e'.ier it*, dried 10 a 12e : currant*. per lb.. 10 17c ; peach*. iliiid di> M a Ma ; apple*. VtM | prun.*, p.T ll Ull 1 BlIlllH. pif box. (0 60 a (7; do . Mafe. 1* a 15*.; walnut*. per lb.. 4l, a Sc. K urnitur? *till held it high rat** tila??waif and quc?-iiM>ar? plenty and o* llay. (12 per cwt Uat* and cap* very low. plenitul; no *al*. llimp. 13 a 5c Honey,, ('2 a 'i fOj btlt do., f.1; llopa, iht Ih , 20 Hardware TmIi ilt lity niid demand limited; n.iiU, p?r lb . 3 a 4',. Iron, to. la R; *to?i* dull. market overstocked I.end ? 'Iff per lb 2X a 3. do . bar. do.. 4 a 0. Lumber llou.<e? n r M feet, at (40 a (45; by cargo ataorted. ( t"; Aineienn. pi d (50 a (CO; *lilt!(jlf?. per M . (.'in (4: oar*. >er foot. U a 10 Lima, per bbl . V. . (2 50 n >4. do bill!. HK-k*. limited aule* Molar***?Average per ,alien. He. a (1 25; *yrup. do.. (1 25 a *1 30 ? ?a*al Ktor*r?Turpentine. (1 a $1 5* ; ro-in. per bbl. i(W; tarni*h. per pal (2 75 a (.100; ditto copal, in lenand. pilch, per bid (6 a (6. Tar. p?r bbl. >4 a (C. Ill*? Pperm per gal. (1 25 a (1 50, a liale. per ifal. tkir, \ 7.'.* ; tillvr. re. <|t*. fc pi* (4.i 00; palm -n<> demand; Inixid per sal >1 '-5 a $2 11; dilto, good, actrce. 'aint??Whit* lead. pure, per lb 10c a lie. Il'hefiige. p'r lb 12c a 14c ; red lead. 12* a 14* ; t*rdigri?. i niuion, 40* ; verdigris. good, iu oil (I 00; chrome < ll' W in oil. 4* * ; eb: ome gr> en in oil. 40o . I'ari* 3nc ; 'lillnlntc. t* a 7c ; *i rmillon. 6i?* red. (2oo. Porter nd Ale? pt r don n. (4 50 a (6 00. Powder ? Dupont'a an. per doien (Hi 00 a (15 00; keg*. 2Mb*..par lb lfte. ti c l'ri p*r?? d M*ata?He*t, In 2lb can*.. 4Jc. a 45. ttle d? mard; brnndy fruit*. per dot. (76oa(ROO? >r?uni| tion Mimll; chicken*. can*, per dm (12 00; < lutloc. per lb. 40c a 45c ; oy*ter?. 21b can' dot ; 25 Ml a (:o 00 ; pea*. green. can*. ( 4 00 a j 20(0; peaebe*. brandy. (1400 a (20 00. ?alm m; kucer, (12 00 a (16 00; *ardm**, whole. (2.SOO; *ar- ' in** h*!f. (18 U) ; rarduic*. oor-ttairl (II 00. ' rrtiMrtif? Beef prime n<> tale; b--et. mej*. (12 a (13; ' rkul p? r 11.0 lb* . 3', :? tK'tk. prlmr. 512 a 5 14, l?fcr. jfe a f40; n>> ??. 52H ? 5.11; ban n. p?T l!>.. f|H a 82; buitrr. n'prrtor, toa75e . bran*, per lb . Chile, a ICe j < I:i w 50 a 6oe ; chrrra, roiusnon. its a Z'ip ; tit ? ?*i>rrlof, j er lb 26 a U)c.; ?rcond quality, It. a !>c , lard, tuperlor. * 4 4c ; potato*#, p?*r lb 20e,, c?r?e; tire, p?r lb . t> a He , tonguM. prr dm . 52 a *; tairn a ?e : ?*lt 200 lb . ??"k? mo4rrate; ?llp?le. pi-rlb .N. !*hot p?-r btg. f I a >1 60 Fbf>f**l?~ rr d?>? . 57 a 5?. f??l ?t?|. In dmiand. fit n n~ Airirrlran prr lb . 9> a 25e; llutola. pi>r lb,. 4% a r>e: Knpli?h. per Ih . 3ft a 4oe.; Zin<\ per lb., 26 a 3oe. nap Wo. I prr lb. 3*4 a 4S? ; raatit?, 5 a toe. fa dm?prr d?i . r< en J pointed. v-u a 54<l rtnleee? trra pr?'iifid. p?r lb no a 76?; rhnrcriatr. 4 a*; rliot.late P|anli>h nanam?a. whnlo. pi-r lb. Be; do ground d<> 7(c ; glr?r<r a*r Ih iiaUo. aiacM ' rrr prr lb . 54 a f 6 niuMard. bwtUra prrdoi.56a 7, In ditrand; ttni>t?,d '? Ih , 52 M? a *3; niitmrg*. rr lb 52 a 52 26; p?pprr |?r Ih, 51/ a pit; prpprr tomiil. 16 a 4<'a ; rrarrr. 3oe , Hpllitu ? rand?. In ra?r*. 50 a 57 M. brand/. Frrn"b, nil, 1 a fi Ml, I ?>t?'ly. Am prr pal. Mir a tV" , ii'n. i ra-i f 4 M> a Jfl, gin. | r sal . MW a *Wr ; rum m prr pnl *'e a 4<'e ; rum .lamal-a p-r gal M>t? a >e ; thl'kt). t'in . gal, 40c.; w?il?5ry, "IJ I rl?h, a W> a ?? 60; ditln Pmteh. 52 a 52 60 Starvli. per > fr a He H?atlot>rry In fair d?mand ? "tt^h llm d tMigar* kriitlian while, prr lb 3Je a *> .; atllian brown. 2*c a *te ; ern<hrd. rrfln?d whl'e, >r a 4i e ; |??f 4l?r a 4.'e . Manllli brown. 2."?e a He. frvj.o- Irmon. In r??ra 57 M? a ?W; tallow. nil draud, taplora. p? r Ih . Wr a I3?t ; tamarind*, par gal , 8 Tra? |o<>tl quality oolong 76e ; ronng hy?on. la 51 1S1?; nmn p?r Ih . 76r a Wte Tin -par bo*. HO a f M Ti bacfo ordinary p?r lb 10e alUr ; fln?. r lb . Wtr a 2*e ; 'nprrtor. p?-r Ih . %' f a 32e ; n-gara. iperlor llarana 56?ia>?"0, ??.|(ar?. ?o?im'?n variety, J? 512 af 14. dull of ?al< Wlue?-(Jbampa?ne. good. 14 a p2<<; i hnujpaf ne. elrt^r. $6 a 57; rlarrt. per di? . I 60 a 5<>; cordial. rh?rrr. p?-r di>? , 516 a 51!?. ?oar?i*; ad?-ira. p< r 5" 512- niad< Ira. p-r *al? (rood. I a 52. uiala^a, prr k?l. 60r a 76e.; port. p?r e???. a So ; port, par ?.al 7Sr a 52: oherry. p?rea?.. a 12; ?hi iry. p?r pal . 7Rr> a 51 2ft Itratait*'*51 6o a 52pi-r load Krrl*ht? np rlrrf. ?.'.oo r 1111 Ik ,.n .lr.xm.111 76 rta Pr-T ^>T't. * > I prr M (.tr tnbrr prr ton. p- r M Inm. r U?Wrait?. H l*f ,on r. up r ?rr? I,?r?tr?ir?r P?r l? | M doan fa?t to Pan?ma IMi V<<H? to 1 i 111 and tor Mirrlw aod froifht W ?/*? uraium c>a?t. k M to r??urn. f7<V>*> ?i"M. ??am<-n ?.n 0 a ?1C9 raptain T*y out of pott *??t a ?X*? c ii.ta-n | ay " rt??r?. ? > 0 a f N?t?'i do do r> WV IMiport ApiriU 100 p? f <-t rn ? it Wlr,??. N r*f I i??ouf?ft?r?4 |? 4< 30 per 5 j V>r?r<1 V p*t " Knhmifo drawn a? ? i?ht. j Id dull, lor filter | ?r ?unr? $I)M; Mo|i| iuai. kin In lrad? , Hntij tak?n at fK'iii II to 10 per ' at t?rl4 diiil hi;>re?r.t? lororrd for b\ a OH lo < i? V?'Tk t < mnU'i.'r* on ?alr? i f m?rrli?n<lt?i* In ' ?rr 10 f*r rt C?m on ialr< of nidi at auction H N ret frmm<>?lon? on ?aU? of rral tat* .1 a 6 par << Rial* n>id<i?t? ri lim-aroa P?n r I.Vnur, Ma* 11 - Brrad 13r ran ) liUn.Ol.; >ofc? ?mhi, tej drlai fi fruit? applet. 4fte ; pnchn. 40o ; eh?rrie?, 96* ; ral?in?. $10 Mi a *12; flour. 200 lb aaek*, $16 a $16; 100 lb. do $8 50 k $0; barley. 7>?c. a 8o.; moluMt. $1 ?? $1 76; pwrk, m??*. $37 5? a $40; prime. $26; bam*, A( c a hoc ; baron. 30e a 35o . lard, 46e a 60e , batter, B6c. a $1: champaign*. $26; cheeie, 76c. a SOe.; rlee, lOr. a l-o ; *ugar. brown, Sue. a 8o? ; white Manilla. 40e ; crushed loaf, Me. a 66* ; brandy, in ca*e*, at $0; per gallon, at $2 a $3; rum, In per gallon. $1 25; air, per doaen. $8; porter. $8; claret. $7 50 a $8 60; champaign*. $26; 49. tMar. Ilclland gin, U> ca*e?. $7 a >9; per gallon, $2* $2 oC; pickle#. per dokeb. $16 a $20. The market continue* to improve. A large number of nates have been effected during the past we< k, and ]>urebaaer? from the mine* are iliickiug to Btoekton ' faster and faater " We learn that the price of flour I* steadily rlaiag all over the 8outhern mine* although, In many eaaea, heavy ?toeks remain on band. In conaequenee of tba unusually large number* of mule* whioh hare arrived Irom Mexieo. and the information that the*? areaaly a tithe of what ate ruw/# ftllll maw nln>rll? K- -J these animal* are receding in value. ' Affairs In Oregon. We have received the Oregon Spectator, published in Oregon city, to the lttth of April, whick is nearly a month later than our previous advices. The marine news will be found under the proper head. We make the following extracts from the Spectator-.? AGRICULTURAL. We are happy to learn that the fanners throughout the territory are actively engaged in putting in crops. We are assured, on good uuthority, that the amount of grain in the ground is nearly, if no* altogether, twice as great as it was last year. An< from th?* general demand for seed potatoes, wt should think, if the season proves favorable, that potatoes would be cheaper next fall than they are ut present. steamboat ahot ! We learn that the machinery for a steamboat has atrived at Astoria, accompanied by the workmen and engineers, to construct and run it. It is contemplated to have it running at the earliest I ot-silile period. attempted suicide. We learn that M*jor J. S. Hathaway, U.S.A., attempted, a few days since, to take his own lift* by cutting his throat. As we are informed, he was ini|>eVled to the appalling act by delirinm tremens, or, at Irnst, mental derangement, produced i y the excessive use of intoxicating spirits. He was, however, arrested in the act, and hopes are entertained of his recovery. thk winter of oregon. Hugh Burns, Esq., of Sultnoiu^h city, has kindly furnished us with the following table of the weather during the four months which constitute the winter season of Oregon. Nov? tuber 1st?Cloudy all day till four o'clock In tha altiTiK on. then rain. 2d?Cloudy, with heavy showers of rain at intervals. 3d. 4th. 6tn?CI. ar. 0th? Cloudy. 7th?Cloudy, villi heavy showers of ruin, at interval*. 8th. 8th?Forenoon some rain, afternoon clear. 10th?Clear. 11th?Do. 12th?Do. 13th? Forenoon cloudy, afternoon a light rain. 14th?F'orenoou Mine rain, afternoon clear, l&th?Forenoon clear, afternoon rain. It'ith?Kain most ot the day. 17th - Rain all day. IKth? Forenoon rain, afternoon clear. lfih?Clear, two ahoweri of rain. 20th? Forenoon clear, afternoon rain. 21it?Clear, except a litavy shower of rain in th* afternoon. 22d?Forenoon clear, afternoon rain. 331?Cloudy. 24th- Clear. 26th?Cloudy until four o'clock P. M , then rain. 26th? Forenoon cloudy, nfterneon rain. XJth? Forenoon rail,. utoruoon clear. 28th- Clear 20th-Clear. 30th?Cloudy. December lft?Cloudy, rome rain. 2d?Kain and mo* all dny. 3d?Char. 4th-Do 5th?Do. Cth?Do. 7th-Do. Sth?Do lith? Do 10th--Snow all day. 11th? Forenoon mow. afternoon clear. 12th? Clear 13ih? Forenoon cloudy, afternoon h- avy rain. 141 h?Snow.inoft ol the day. l&th?Bnow all day. D'.lb?Cloudy. n ine snow. 17th? Clear. 1Mb? Cloudy, mow it intervals. llith?Clear 2oth?ltatn most of the day. 21st? Rain sll Usy 22d?Do 2od?Forenoon cloudy, afternoon rain 24tli Kain ten o'clock, A M . until ni ?ht I 26lh?Clear, except a heavy shower ot rain In the forenoon 20th? Clear. 27th?Cloudy. 28th?Clear. 29thClear. 141th- Forenoon snow, afternoon rain. 31?t?Clear. January 1st?Clear. 2d?Do. 3d?Do. 4th?Do. tih- Do. Sth?Do. 7th-Rain all day. Sth?Rain all day. Sth?Clear, loudy and rainy all day. 10th?Clear. 11th?Clear. 12th?Forenoon clear, afternoon rain 13)h?Clear, cloudy, and light shower* of mow at interval*. J ]4ih?Rain and snow all day. 15th-Do. 16th?Clear. 17th?llaln most of the day. 18th?f bowers ot snoar at intervals lVtb?Clear. 20th ?Forenoon clear, afternoon rain 21st?Cloudy with rbowers of rain and snow at intervals Md? Do 3W Do 24th Do. 1Mb -Clear. jMh ? Cltar. cloudy and showery. 27th-Clear. 28 th - Do. 2Mb? Du. 30th -Do. Slst? Do February 1 at- Clear 2<1?Do 3d?Do. 4th?Do. 5th ? forenoon rlrar. afternoon rloudy. ami noma rain. 6th?Clear. rloudy aud Fhowery. 7th?Do. 8th?Ruin all day l?th? Cloudy, puma rain. 10th?Clear lltb Do 12th?Do. 13th-Do. Hth ? Do 15th?Cloudy, with a light mint of rata. 10ih-Clear 17th - Do. ]8th?Cloudy and ahowery. 19th?Clear 9"ih?Cloudy and showery Jt liit? CI par. Ltd-Do. Xid-Do. 24th? Forenoon cloudy; afternoon rain. 26th? Forenoon mow. altvrnoon clear. Utb-kiitt ?<th? Do. Uiih? Do. The p??t winter has hern generally a one. Theie have l>een a l. nsii'i uher of days than usual which might he called rainy or etoniiy days, while, at tlie s.tnie t me, there have alao l>een a Wr numlwr of entirely clear dayt. With the rxc*|>tion ?t a very l?w Hay*, the month of Fehruar* lin* been peculiarly ntild and pleasant. We n ticed that oni citi/.eiiH were generally preparin their garden* fur the earlier teed*, and Irmmplan ing ehtubhery and fiuit ireea. \Ve do not thin that in thia vi inity, Ice wan formed at any tirn J during the pant winter ?<> the thicknena of three n?aiwii?iM on nit ii in i nc \ iHuiriuitt rivrr 4i rcn Vancouver wh* frozen over once, and th?-n only f??r n l'i*w daye. In the early part of tin* winter wj hud two or three heavy falla of pnow, yet oa'.tlo lived, i nd liffd wi II, withou' human aid rven, oa the hilla in thi* vicinity. The oliMTTaliouwe have miide on the weather have greatly alrengihenrd our mIUmliment to the delightful and Librium* climate of Oregon. ARFIVAf.. A. llolhrook, Ee<) , U. J*. Diatrict Attorney for thia territoiy, arrived on the Toulon, and la now in the city. imhai i?iFFtrr?.TiK*. It apju ar* that then- ia mime jtro^'Cf of difficulty with ti portion of the Chinook trib- of Indian* i S?tiou? threats of violence have Jvcn uttered, and * lioeiilc dfincnMrations m ule. Dat we hop-- it will l>ar? of) without producinc a hostile colliaion. And *< ihere ?|>penr* to hive twen intoxintinif apinta concerned in the aflr ly, it i? to he hoped th<* white [ititlawx who g.ive ih*-?n ?he liquor will !> dealt aith aa feverely as the degraded ravages whom ;h? v atimulnte lo ratine and murder, From a letter, a?d reared to Govrnoc Line by Lieut. W. E. Jone?, who is Mationed at Astoria, ire are permitted to niike th? following extract, xplnnntorv of the preaen' aUte of the difficulty : ? Kraai vM^nea ri ra?i?l? obtained. It appear* the ?'hinooli I ndiant mur-t" rt <1 W m flteerna <??i# at the lour jiiitM r>f[rT* |wt frmn tba Koer?rt. from Indian ?tatanrnilp ?e |r?m tlmt thrre Wira drn???J ; but the outtli riittinltK* ihnre ?ll??. and mi a ??Tf fa'til* late, lie tlir Indian* to lafca him to lift, bat hty mtal'd and muiri> r?4 Mm that Ihrjr mi*ht *?t h? pro|??rty of tbaabola Th<* body r?f thia n?"vn ha? lot b??n loiiaii Tw n.f tha Indian* anga^rd In tba ?; liurder harp be?n arrr?t>d. but th? olh?-r l? a? y?t at | tbarty The Indian" nra mueh aiett?d and ?rhtl? In"lleal< J hata tln< al> rod vloltnea if thalr ewmr*d?a >ra not r?lra*ed my eommn-.d ?ufn.i?-ntly trim I mi III.! IhIk- th? ina'lT in na'iu mm' Iimnjj ul lliinkiiK mi. h a fitrw with lnvlr.|n it* m ?u? inuld b* (>n ilur' i*? "I ID"r?' till in I ',i in g J I th "i lit t ?<. r? p"rt t?.<-f?ri? ! > yon ?ni| in/ ? -rmaniij i fflr,r. aril ??alt further ln?trncii '?i?. Ailiov. Uw Col. L->rin^ ai? both *!>** ?un 111 | >.i>> it i'< ih<- Hi -t ; if r.? ?!.? v.?H ?. V Vii nrtt, the frrr?t?rjr of ib* IVrri'orr, ifnnvdiii? l> mMh v"?l -i in ifi M i j II tinv.v. it I'urt 'incvarff, fr< m which wr citract tiif followr?; ltiarmtirh a* th?r? Unorlrll po??r h?r- ! > i br ?nnr?.ir? I hip. rtfully submit lh? ma*l?V to our ?cin> <l. i at tor an ] Invoki- ?nrh all a? It may *? n J our jn,?i-r to afford. in placing lb* murJ?tr?M withd th? rrtirh of juntirr. Cr.r ul tlir two Imlinn* that wrre nrrwtrd rfT-cld hi* rhcii)*, lrstvinir only on* tin *nr?t 8 tch Mhr Mate of ihr ntt'iir, nn<l audi will continue to * thr n'ti:r?-nf niir ililhcnlt!-* witli <>iir h->rflfr In inn*, until triftfiiiii mnl pflicwnt meaattrfii nrr rtii,itrd to itrirM thr cir?-rr of th* ui?4?nncipi*?l lnir turn who will tmllic with th* ladittu m in TIIK !? ilTH ( IU1NF.TTh. following fxtrart from nlrt'ef from Cipt S. ImIiji, Jr , to CDpt. John H. Conrh, in rHalion to If SmthChutnrl, ullor.h moat gratifying it?:HIiri.ce "Baku Lmkimji, FII 27, ISoO?Wt if* oM> If tin I'.ir- inn- tuit tlin ik;li tin- "'"i1 * i? u?r- imp' w.iirr wr i?i?i wnr- _ 'iih a trrrtifiiHrttifi en. The gmlfM ont in ah,> | I f* W frrm ^nrfjr (aland, an I the channel la ? I it" -'ii.i tr nf > M 'r? the norf" I hmrl H Ii now breaking a H- r i'..irn To I liana*I ia ?tr?ii:ht, and with th?" rxr<?[iti?n of th?? I ar, la net leaa thmi M-ven fathom* w-?t?-r C*pt. I I hilp ha a door and i* doing more for the month f the (.hin.t.ii than all the aitrv<-?ing and eip'ong rxfirditiona that ever ram>- out heir. I to all I nu ran to rncoiirojre their remaining here Ifnn- I ~ J

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