Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 25, 1850, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 25, 1850 Page 4
Text content (automatically generated)

EUROPEAN NEWS. ? Our French CarrwptndnM. 1 Paris, J me 6, 1850. T%4 EUclmal Imu>? Tfit Grttk (jutttxon? Purthtr J Proct*iiin%? of tht Natiunal At?tmbly? K\truptan , Politifi. I The greatest event of the we<*k liax been the vote on the electoral law, which took plac* on the HI It tkm hi!l h ivi.ik K#???n rurri.i hvn vnrv i Urge majority. The number of voter* wna six j hundred and seventy-lour, which were thus di- , vided.?Against the law, 4&i ; ui its favor, 211? majority m f?vor of the law, litt. This wan a foreseen result, und did not produ?o much astonishment in^Jolitical circles. T)ie law deprives about four tnilhons of Frenchmen of their rights as citizen* unfai republiuaus ; but it increises the strength of the honest people?of those who had, in voting, but, t?e desire of insuring the happiness of their coantry. The tight between the two partie??the " moderate#" und the " moantaincrs"?has bwn [ very violent. At every sitting, the socialist members of the Assembly have appeared with bundles of petitions against the law, signed by unknown people, and countersigned by themselves. Their , speeches, with those of Messrs \ ictor Hugo, La- j grange, Lamurtine, Nadaud, and othem, have had the eloquence of a bad cause ; and yet they were 1 tamped with much fervor and energy. No one, during this political battle?in the course of this * Roman expedition in the interior of France," as it wu called by Al. de MoritaUmbert? has spared himself. Messrs. de Lurtigrie, Itaroche, Montalambett, Berr>er, Thiers, and Kaucher, have everywhere adopted the same march against the com- { moaemmy; ai.d it is no more than true to say, I hat the) have dealt terrible blows to their adveraries. Nevertheless, whilst 1 admire the acute (.n<l Inner speech of M de M intalambert, I deplore he epoch which allowed the usage of such lancuave. Well. I he sentence has l>een delivered : the work ol the Assembly in finished. U only now i? uiums to he known how France will accept tin* measure, undertaken, followed, and achieved by it* rnandalnrut The electoral l?w whs promulgated by the Monitrvr, on the 3d inst You will Tind its content* in all the French and English papers. It ia, in my j opinion, a lame law, not well digested, and containing many defective part*, which will produce trouble if ever put into execution with much rigor, j It does not enter into the sphere of my correspon- ! deuce, to |*>int out to your leaders the different j paaaiiL'en v hich are not only whimsical, bat also inexplicable. They will tind it tiieniaelvea. The eighth article contains the greatest nonsense ever invt iited hv a law-maker, ?s well as the ninth and | tenth articles. Hut ihere in no cause to be asto- j niched at it. The law was made in auch a hurry that tbe ?ev*nteen have forgotten to mention that ! it was alpo to l>e opplx d to the election* cf the do- : purtnienta and counties. The next debate 111 the National Assembly wm upon the stamp tn l>e put on the bills of exchtngn, and the tax which h id l>een previously adopted, j was lejecieti by 32b votea against J02. This vote , bad a very f.ivi ruble eflect on the Bourse of Paris. I The lam, but not the learn important proposition brought befoie the National Assembly, w:ia a project of ii law which had l>eeii elaborated in the private council* of the Klvst-e. The i|ueation ia to i obtain a ni| plrment of three million of franc* in addui< n to tie- pn aent sal iry of the President. M. Achilles Fould, Minister i f Finances, and a banker, ' to wIk ni, it it said, Louis Napoleon ia indebted for a rerv Inrur sum of money, presented the project of that Uw to the tribane yesteulay afternoon. The I.waring of that proposition created much aatoniabu ent among the whole au.lieme, and after a lUbnte af a few moments, in apite of the demand of M. Fould, which wa* to have the project examined by the < cmmission of supplementary credits, it wa* I decided that it would be brought before a commission named by the 'bureaux " It ha* been caleul ited tha: now-a-days the President of Franco h.id " three thouftu.d three hundred and tlurtythree franc* " to spend everyday; but it appear* that this sum of money is not sufficient for his exu,,.l ,1 11... tl.r ..IK... \a|?>|eo? will |?>nt-eg* " ten thousand franc* a day," u> epet.d as he pleases, without any control, it ia very much doubted, in political circles, that ' thia law will In* accepted. The atate of our finances j ii m prtc?riuui>, our commercial position w> peculiar, ihat instead of increasing our expense*, we ! eueht to reduce them. The National Aaaembly haa elected new <|ueatora for the year to come. They are three, who have ' l?een nomuixted in the following order :?Genera1 Le H6, M de Niiiat, and M. Baze. I Thedrlnite of io-d<iy, w?? upon a very queer i question. Our legtahuora wiahed to have a t.ix ] upon the "doga" of France. The niacusaion ou 1 the unfortunate Hnimali), w.ta very funny, und it i end? d ainidat much laughter, not only iu the tri- | hunes, but iU among the representatives theniaelvra. A rumor ?> ?pread in the r<m/"iri of the National Assembly, that the "Committee of Seventeen," the i-ame w ho huve presented the elec- j toral law, have Iri'd to induce Louis Napoleon to i withdraw hi* project cf nn augment <(ion tti three millionst?> his *?Ury. Will he doit! 1 doubt it , MM, I Parties are preparing for the election in the de- ] partmeit of the "B<is lihin." The moderate party present* Mr. Chniles Muller, whilst the soculisis nave nominated Meters. Liechtetuberg and Knnle de Girmrdin. j the publisher of the Prttar, who had been Mm moned Ik-fore the tribunal of Correctional | police, for having pi mted and published a petition [ ngmnst the electoral law, wmi acquitted tliia morning, whilst Mr I'lon, hia printer, ?ucondemned to a fine of 3,(XiO franca, and to the coat* of the ] trial. This entent e elicited much astonishment t tlie court, for it wm not expected that Mr.de (iirutdm, the most feared enemy of the government, would thus e scope a puniahment which he had very well merited. lou nniM not imagine iubi mo cocisiisi?, though h liltle cruMird >>v the war <1 vittranrt, feci as it fnri(|ui?hri (>u Friday last. May Slat, the pohcr invhHc<1, hrtM r? n ten an 1 twelve o clock, the place called Hie * I'liton <>l the Associations," aituated In the Hue Mir he I (aconite, and found there all the delegate* of the corporations congregated in council. They were about fifty-aeven, forty-eight men and nine women. amoug whom waa the fumed bocmIisI " hlue stocking," Mad una Jane lirrouro, a friend, I understand, of Meaara. Hrabane and l?ana, of New York. The whole niglu waa cun*ecrat? d by the police to search the houses ol the priwneta' where a great numU-r of weajone, munition, and lota of confederates were found. In ihe ni?-an time the conatahl<-a were ar* re?tng, in 'b* (Junrner M Martin, fifty |?eraona manufacturing powder an i cartruigea. < >n the following days msny arrrats were m<ide, and it is now w? 11 known that there ta a large conspiracy arranged all over the country to upset the present government, sa soon aa ihey could find tha chanca. while this If fxkna (.lacs in Fans, the ciiy of Iteneta aUo witnea???d th'Jarreai of another gang of eonspirstcra They were divided into si I teen banda. each t?mmai ded by a chief, and the attack waa lo Irum at siateen diliervnt points. The.a mr.jrru were ?W<,yered by the aulhoritiea of n? yirte, and tha leaders ol tlua infernal design wera j all t?k> n prt-oix re A luge quantity of powder, t and also m?ny hags of material ready to be em t nloyed in the manufacture of powder, were eeije | t l?y the authorities. Such la the preaent position of J psr'iep :n f re nee. ? The chaiges lo lie made in tbe ministry are ntill c the labjsei ?>f much talk It H|>pears now as i er- I tain ihi t M. Ii*llaut)M.?j| ta lo retire from the Mm iMry of W..r, ?nd i? l>e repltced by (General Li i little. M. I I'llautpoul will go to Algiers, to take i the command of the c?lony. JC7 l>rnoyo de t Lhnys, ambassador of France to Kngland, would r replace (ieneral La llitta in the ministry of foreign i Ml MS | The "Ueek queation," between Frines an I ? (?reat lUitam. theugh not yet settle<l, is advancing s towards its i lose; and the re^rtae of our regular and > friendly intercourse ta an affair lo be arranged with I tima ar.d much diplomacy. d Lord Normanf y haa not left Pari*; and he Mill a liveain h?a h?t? | of the It ue I'tiiliuri Si llnnntr r Nurrlk' ! ?, it in utiilt rsliM d that. <? M'on aa the y nix tier ?i.l > e ?|*.<red, he will nay n ?i?it to l,on- il doo. at l?*?' f?>r * ahort time. The Bote of Ktiaata rr ia cipeef-d with much impatienca hy the two n crustriM. The rumor that the l.mperor hul re- I, rail* d hi* nm^aacador bu f?I?*; but he may do it, ci with ihe intention i f increasing hi? in'l'tence in the ei weatem part of the continent l?ord Pnlm?raton ia pi rtry murh >haken in hi* coun'ry, aa w?ii aa in m Vrr.B?*e; and if the question had not been often^d, i t tn it ta now, h<- would h?v t>e>-n forced to retire fx fiam the cahitict. Fut f-on! Normanby mim rta |?? the n.tnirtr* with much cunning, and oo doubt he w w?n ucceei. Si "The In.at p> ?i received from <rcn?ra. announce m thai the (.'onaerrative party la daily prngreft>inR. th A IV me .nH I immnnf it t* m a majority Tlie ?) r? fu^eea of *11 nationa are prea? nt in 'he Ut'ar city: 01 an<l. nx'tiB 'h? m. I will name M Felii Piat an I tt the famrd Kiaxnni who reaidea either ia the Caat< n of Tand, or in < i?n??a An attempt to inurdar n bim w*? nude on the Jfi'h ult ; but he eacapad, gi ml the jury releaaed tha priaoner. at 1 he new. fr? m Italy of the 2Bth ult.,ia aery dull, ft The only importi nt fart la th? allocation of the |>.<pe, ' to ?teli*er?d in a public wonncil held on the JOth Mar. m 1'intlX tharke, in i', all the powera which coatrihit- pr ted to replace htm in the chair ol St. Peter. In the w la at part of hi* afwech he congratulate* Auatria for n< having acted with geaercaity, aa<l ttntahea by ei- m I* a,. retwing the griff h<- h?? fait on account of the law romulgated in Piedmont, ait well aa on account ( he am-tt of iha Archl>i*hop of Turin, M?am?aor 'rnusoni. Thia ?pe?ch ia altogether impolitic, it thiH preaent moment, for it ia relative to matters vhich were not to he touched after the re-eaiabli*h l.em or me temporal oower ot tne popedom. 11 , * ? n>? to me. an well mm to every man of sense, liat Pius IX. had many etiier things to look upon, ban to censure the acta of the uoverument of Piedl.ODt. Another very curious document is the claim now l>iesented by England f?r the recovery of a num of niouey amounting to ?12,1)00, for indemnity of tho Iom*-m suflered by several liritit-h subjects during the republican domination of Garibaldi. Thus, ihe Pope will be obliged to pay the monev stolen by those persons who expelled him out of hia dominions. This in another trick of Lord Palm roton, who is decidedly the l>e??i countable in England. M. de Keyneval, our ambassador at Koine, arrived there on tho 20th ult , and delivered into Ilia bunds of the Pope his credentials as mandataire of Prance. The kingdom of'Sicily is very quiet for the present. The American fleet, which was in the rinrbor, haw been divided iu two parts. Two of it* men-of-war will remain in Naples, and the third one goes to the Adriatic Sea, with private instructions received from Wn^lniiKton. The English iKjuadron was daily expected from Multa, where Admiral Parker was at the lust accounts. A Hairs on the other side of the Rhine, are daily taking a very terious aspect. The famed word, 11 faut en fuirt, (we must put an end to it,) is in the mouths of all the German politicians. Whilst the niudm&n ^efelog** tries to murder the king of Prussia, the plenipotentiaries of Germany have congregated at Frankfort, and the Emperor ISichola* arrived ut W arsaw, to take into bis hand* the direction ofthe allium of Kurojw. Thin meeting of the Czar with the potentates of Germany, m a very important matter, which will verjr likely be the cause of important consequences. The prince, heir of Prussia, and the minister prince Swartzenburg of Austria, were i?renent in this assembly, where will certainly be decided the affairs of Garmany and lfc-nmark. The Fmperor Nicholas, it appears, ia reconciled to the nolicy of Austria, w hi I Austria is opposed to it. The armaments are on a very large bt-ale. The Russian troo[?s are congregating ut the Southern States of the country, Mid waiting oidera to pass over the froutisrs. The last news received from Berlin, announced also, that the Prussian government will establish a body of 60,(XX) men between Erfurt and Torgau, and another of the same number on the frontiers of Silesia and liohemia. The lioyal Guard will be I ut on the war footing, and will atnovnt to 22.H00 men of infantry, and 3,750 of cavalry. The principal forts of Ciermany are furni.-thed with strong garriKins; ammunition are stored every day; iu short, every thing leads to believe Alt we are on the eve of events of much importance. When will the alarm be heard in Kurope 1 The President, Louis Napoleon, whose journey to St. Quentin was delayed on account of some rumors spread about an atten.pt to be made against his life, and a conspiracy against his liberty, will pioceed to that city nii Sunday next, for the inauguration of the railway. From that city he will make a trip to Havre, and it is said that, during this tununer wirnn, he will >i?it nil the port* of France. A steamer is prew iring for the excursion. M. L>e Lamartine is ijoue to Smyrna, where his intention is to establish a model farm, or institute of agriculture. The Ua*haw of Smyrna has granted him a vast territory, and the Ex-Ptntan/ut, of jhho, iriurv inrir mi iuui iiii'miiis, iu inj uun u uir fir*t Hone* of hi* western residence. The uba^nce of the Ei-Minittrr of Foreign Atl'air* is but momcntaiy. and he will be returned for the next session of the National Assembly. (General liarral, one of the best officer* we had in Africa, was uhot by the Arabians, in a rkiriutsh which took place on the frontier of Morocco. Humor ways, thai M. Thieres ia about going to Clartmont, where lie ia called by hia Kx-Majeaty, Louis I'hillippe, who wishes to he h? lj>---<! by hiinin settling diHerei-t affairs. It sppeurs, by many reliable uccounta, that Louia I'hillippe ia ia very bad health, and that he needa the aieiatanc* of hia old confidant to Arrange several interesting |>oinla relative to the European question. It. II. R. Cotton HannlkatarM In the United States, ' I froai Hi iMtMlmMlt May 34 ] Alluding to some rematka contained in the letter of the rbdudelphia correspondent of the Jf'iriM'rtg Chrcnulf, together with a paragraph iu the XirunnuhliryuLl^un, of Mhj 1 ; anil, also, certain d??duct ions ol the AVu> 1 ork Herald, the Eamotnut proceed#:? The?e statements are calculated to awaken *rioua retlectiona. Not that we are under any ?|>pn-ftensions for the prosperity of Manchester, whatever may l>econie of the New England exotica. It rests on the solid foundation of the wants of mankind. It has no factitious origin. It haa not Iwen cockered into existence by an artificial |>oluical system, which the death of a man or a change of opinion may annihilate. It haa grown up ia spits iif many political obstacles, und though otlier towns may become miinulacturinir, and prosper by borrowing the arta of Manchester, they will rather t??od to increase thnn duniuish her prohperity. The miml>er of bodies to t>e clothed, or population, ia incresung more rapidly than ever. I'ndoubtedlr tha number to be clothed in communication with Manchester, and iheir desire for superior clothing, is rontinuslly augmenting ; and now that .Mailt healer enjoy a the iidvanf.tge of free trade iu food and rree cr.rnage by sea for (goods, there ia, wo believe, no fesr that her prosperity will decline, unless she ay suicidal hands on herself. She alone can destroy her own grestneas. If, in'tead of aseocittiri; the working classes in the sue of all her great enterprise*?one means of accomplishing which we pointed out last week, and he neceneity of which a corre*oondent, in another ?art of ?tir journal, in.-isu on?tne m eters and the tren, capit. lwta and laborers are to continue a kiud :>f war on euch other, the latter combining, under the dictation ?f demagogue*, to atop tha nuuiing of I he machinery for more than ten houn. and declaring in fierce language that they ' will hate a ten hoiira' hill"?and the former using all the power l<-ft in their handa by old lawi aiidcuttntiis, C I which they run extort from :i fegMataN li'tle subject to the influence of workmen, to degrade and opprem their intelligent helpmate* ? and if mutual att tcka are to be countenanced and encouraged by l'arlianient? Manchester may ?ee, aa the Mm 1 irrk I In aid predicts, from the ri*e of cottou ruauuf.nturea in tlie Southern >tates of the Union, gra?? (trow in her atreeu. Such a lamentable result inav be the consequence of our own fooli?hne*s, and the growth of these new factonea acrn*e the water, which offer many inducements, even in th? slate State*, for our own artisans to emigrate ; and the possibility of it should emphatically warn our legislature againat continuing to me Idle with a great ayrteni which i< rapidly d?-Teloriing itself here nnd ui the 1'oited State*, and which it evidently doea not comprehend, we. however, are under no apprehrnaion* that Manchester will go to decay from the increasing manufacture* and prosperity of r>ther countnea. The rapid rise of cottoa manufactures in the S?uth i* partly attributed to political pique. It is to romhat attacks on slsvery. <nd counteract" the malicious anti-slavery of the North," that the South ha* lately taken to manufacture with tomuch leal. It is a* much the ofVnpnni: cf a political th-ory, and "f the protective policy pursued *oward? the cotto* manufartiire, aa of commercial considerations? motive* which slone c II into existence durable ktahlislimcnts. It has, th< refore, a political origin, li < 1.C l__l 71 ii i" IIWI ? aviupiti IT IWWIKI'-H i?n pi u w niurnif ; n?t there aceni* little doubt hut the increaaing Jemand for the raw material, and ih<" n??- in it* >nce, m ill M?>n din.iniah the pr> tent zeal, and turn he exrrtiona of the 8outh frun manufacturing colon to increaee the iiuantity grown. Nor ia he Mof-fiage in th? North encouraging to the Southron*. They majr h ire he|?ed to injure their ountrymen at I*owe|| and Lawrence l>y excea*i*e 'ompetition, without aecunng great aleantagea for biwwltn. The inilU dure were originally itarted from political motive*. and miatitined from 1 political theory; tliejr hue i protection amountng in all to thirty per cent, yet that d.?<*a not aufiicn o keep them going, while our will*, which liar* 10 protection at all, cortinue at work. The United 'talca ffovemnieni haa done all in ita power to lake Lowell and f.awrenoe tlounah, and their it.nl of ?ucre?.a doe? not indicate a sreat and l? edy auctea* for the n?-w political exotica ot th? l<iii 1 h. Tin uph we cannot aatert that the protects* utiea h?re raided the price of cotton in the State* a a crneideraMr suanuty of them ia exported ami cniprtea with our cottoua in < 'hina and the Hnuila. et the manufacturer* look for euch a retult, and be expectation of hcing able to tax their countryi? n 1 ontrihutea to instigate Ihe erection of new nil* in the S-iith, Ima the competition of which r?>we|| and Liwrence are euflermg. In *ome i*e* of rery fine good*, which the Americana titer do not produce or are unahle to export, the ice may he raiaed l>y the dufie*, and the Southron* ?y really l>c able to ?h*re the tai whirh, in oj?MtH n to their wifhea, the .Northern Htatea ha?e J *?n enabled to Irry on thetr countrymcn. The ote<*ti*?> policy, howeter, may not laet, or rather, p thonld ?hv, cannot he Ions m unturned in th* tat# a, and then, instead of th?* Southern ftatea J anufacfnnnc cotton* fur all the world, becaua? , *7 rrow the raw mat'-rial, they will, like our own h? filled with comylainta, and will i?ly e?c?;eed it the wants of mankind and the nairal Mwa of mijoly aj?d demand he in thetr fa?or. I A treat imrt of th? factories thai ha*? been r???ntly btnlt, or are bow building in th? IHonth, ori- . itwitce in urnporary causea; and tba factitious iiriulna which calla them into twiner rnrruimjinii ' Ifr hof?a and f itravaganc*. is mora calrulatrl retard ih?n promote th<- aurr^t-fnl (rrnwth of nnnfi?rtur*? in thr Staira A lr?*rl? th*r# lha it* of labor, rompar?<l to Knropr, In hi*h: and hrn th* manufacturer* ha?e to h?? food on farms >t m?r' than ptrvail in Knmj*, tha aoufacturra m Manc^fc will k*re lem rr?- . ? i-on than heretofore to dread their competition. There in plenty of manufacturing employment to be obtained for ail tha nulla thai e?er have booa or ever will be built, in clothing tho imperfectly cUd people of Europe. Thousands, almost millions, amongst ourselves, are not oren adequately protprirA from (lift Wt*..lhi*r Itv hnnrtl**** r\f rua* ?hi!? in a great part of Fnucf, Italy, and Hungary, and, generally, of Central Europe, the people are dirty, fetid, and du*eai>ed, from wearing unchanged woollen* or uutanned sheeubkuoa. There ii a pro11 in-e, too, of plenty of otner produce to uny for clothing, sue h as wine and oil and fruit and corn, now that industry ia every where gaining freedom, and the shackles that were placed on the soil are rusting hwhy. If our legUlature will but steadily follow out the principle** it has lately acted on with ao much ndvaumge, and refrain from interfering with factory industry, lest it should intlict a deadly injury on what it tneuna to benefit, there seems to us bo reason why the progress ot' Manchester hereafter should not be more rapid than heretofore. Should the reverse unfortunately be the case, the Legislature, it it do not interfere to restrain the manufactures of Manchester, as it has done nothing 10 bolster them up, but left them to their natural growth, will not have to reproach itself with their decay. But should the visions of the New York edilor be realised, should " the whole earth be supplied with cotton fabrics from the soil and looms of the Southern States, as the aucient world originally was by Hindostan, and New York become the great entrepot of Southern cotton manufactures for the human race," what will be the reflection of the Governments of Germany and France, which cannot hope that the cotton manufactures of Berlin and Kouen will flourish when grass grows in the streets of Manchester 1 Kor many years, encouraged by ignorant protectionist writer* amongst ourselves, they have labored, emitting great injury to their people, lo establish manufactures for the terry ami anti-commercial pur|*>ae of being indejiendent of England ? If we may infer from tho failure of Lowell, that CJraniteville is to be eminently successful, and the South it* to realise the viaions of American politicians, more prompted by envy of F^ngland than a wise consideration of what will promote the happiness of the people?how very futile and childiah will then appear the elaborate and mischievous commercial system of Europe for the purj*ose of raising up cotton manufactures! That great changes, wholly unforeseen hr those who undertake to direct the couiae or society, ars in progress, cannot be dmibted. They may not be exactly in accordance with the views of the New York I It raid, but that the Western Continent, with its rapidly rising cities on the Pacific, and its new communications with the most densely peopled parts of the Old World, is destined to effect a great alteration in the condition of Europe, can no longer be doubted. Hefore that, whatever it may be, the commercial and fiscal regulat.ons of our continent, insignificant as they are compared to the ns*'?ral laws which call trade into existence, must cue way ami vanish, and the government* that aie t-o extremely buay in iniposiug them, will be unable to escape the conviction that they have done much present evil without effecting the future g? ed they contemplated. Such has, in fact, Iteen the course in past limes. Systems of commercial and fiscal restrictioa have never attained the end proposed, and they always have inHicted much injury on society as It ng as they have existed. The facts relative to Lowell seem to us more instructive for protectionists than alarming for Manchester. They show that our little dersngnmenU are the results of a system that has affected the United States as well as Europe. No |>eople are more distinguished for commercial acuteness and nirchaiiical ingenuity than the Americans. If protecting a business can make it flourish anywhere, it will have that effect in the United State*. Unf it liuu ft. i 1*^4 Tlirt i\r/ifa/*tM/1 nnf fnn milla at I^owell huve stopped, while the unprotected mills ht Manchester are running. Tiiere ia not enough of other things produced to pay for the excessive production of m inufacturea cottons in the States. They h <v? therefore fallen much in price. A considerable* portion oftha indu.-try of the people which would hare Seen directed, l>ut for the artificial system, to growing food or building ships, has been directed to produce cottons, for which tlmre is no longer an adequate market, and the mills atop. i^omething of the mim kinu invariably happens from every species of protection. It is partial, and from its very nature stimulates the production of commodities unequally, some being continually in excess and others deficient. Ilut all real exchange ii of commodities for one snother, of the products of one species of labor for thsse of another?and thus the partial nature of protection?and to make it universal and equal ia utterly impossible?deranges production, lessens the quantity of commodities in l>e exchanged for the protected commodity, and impedes its prosperity, as we see in the agriculture of Old KiiKLnd, ami in the cotton manufactures i.f New 1 :>i:Ijnii The htoppiue <>f ?evi r:il l otion Bills at Lowell, in ?|Mta of a i roo-etion on their produce amouiiting to thirty per cent, appeara to us deciaive of the fate of the protective sjxteni all over the world. When the government and people of the United States cannot make it succeed, no other l'ovcmiirnl hjiiI people can; aad it must, from the thorough conviction of its being sn error?like the l?eli? f in witchcraft, or ths notion that the glolie was a tiled point, the centre of crestion?fallinto oblivion, or become, like theae absolute errors, the scorn and mockery of all the intelligent and the wise. A California Iwladlt In England. [1'rsm tk* London Tib**. May <*0 ) In June last. wr had occasion to warn ih? pul>l ic with res|<ct to a California Crolrl li^uion* AnsociaIh n which had bern advertised in the London pa*|*r?, with a lint of director# whoss addresses turned nut to he |?rtlv, if not entir? ly fictitious. The warning drew forth a letter of explanation from the secretary to the association," which onlr made matters worae, and the puHic having thus been |Ml ujx-n their guard, we recnTed no further commune cations on the subject. Within these few days, however, certain printed |>aper? MN been transmitted to us by correspondent, whi>se suspicions have been awakened, and which show that the concocters of the concern are still in full activity, and that they must already have raised a considerable sunt. The "California Cold Ksgions Association," it sppears. has changed its name to the" Anglo-California Cold Mining and Dredging Company," and the directors have despatched an expedition of Corniah miners, under i*ir llenry Vere Huntley, R.N., late l iovernor of Prince Edward's Island, to arrive in that country about the end of the present month. Meanwhile, two reports from a Mr. James;Palmer, " sn eminent engineer," who had been previously sent rut as the rngineer-in-chirf of the company, Lave been received in Knglsnd, an.I are now being ; circulated with the hope of inducing people to apply for i hares. Mr. Talnier announces that, with Ins neph'W snd a party of men, he has reached a (district of " immense riches" on the Stanislaus river. and tlmt it* principal n.inra t>nn? occupied ny i h| t.iin Trrmainr, of thr UlM Main army, *lM had purchased (he right to work them for fifty yrara, batgain had l*en m *>le with that gentleDif n, ! > winch in consideration of ?1.000, he ia to allow two-third* of the produce ta be " tranamitted to l.nsland" half yearly. Thr liberal nature of this arrangement on the part of Captain Tmrnine is at the nine time illaetratrd by the fact, that the " litrcr pitw of quart* thickly impregnated with I p?*U" with which the mine abound*, are auffu m it 10 #how that "an inuneuac amount of treasure will l>e obtained," and, Indeed, Mr l'almer report* that the proi>erty neit spring might, in hie belief, be diai*>sed of for ?30,000. The nature of the title held by the captain ia a)e> " aa k i urr aa that of any of ihr b-at tenures held in fcngland," and hia own confidence in the value of what he haa bartered nwav ia such that, instead of Uking hia XI.MO in cash, lie " insiata" upon bring allowed to take the greater portion of it in the ahapa cfeharea. The demand for aharen, likewiae, fruit , t'tlier part ice, ia moet urgent. Mr Palmer Imnaelf would likr to lo?ld and hia nei>hew " truata no difficulty will nn?e" in hia bring allowed to pay foi 600. Two AmTlcaiifcr'nilrnirnaiwociatrd with Captain Trr maine, also prefer their claima to he permitted to take 1,000 etch, Mid Mr. Palmer " (>ega to recommend them to the consideration of the directcra," while a certain number beside* iiiaat be reserved for other applicants. < ?ther nutiirroua enr< umirrments to thr speculation remain to le add- d. Tin and nickel haer already been collected in Urge qnantitiea, and the prrwnce of J (Illinium ia a'jepected to an eitent that M will open a eource of profit superior even to that of thr ^uld 1 11 in?a * I 11 a Ji iirtimafiinri a fha ?! ? u t.tea rt|?fl the hare* will command a high premium in l.ngliwd " about the middle of Jul? aril," nn<i ihrj alto eniertmn no doubt whatever that n fir?t divide ltd i* ill hrcrni" payable to nharrholders about the r I In the fare, however, of all the wealth that it thua rendered certain, the director* are anxioua not ' to rnain it for them*e|vc*. but that the puhlu- should ' avail thcmwlve* of it almoet entirely. Whether * the deurr* of (,'aptain Tremaine and Mr. Palmer Hfid their friend* will receive roneideration ia not ' Hated, but probublv the private interest* of (heaa imtleir.cn will be deferred until thoae of the corn- ' [Minity have been provided for. At all event*, the director* urge " a discerning public to jrive encour- ' ?gnn? at to the project, and to participate ia ita < Urge revenue*, the plaa now *uhmiited giving a ' chance for epemlatton never before offered.** While, to complete the temptation, they quote tha * ric* of the thatea of varion* mining com|?anien ia Kngland and elaewbere that have been ancceaaful, muting all mention of any that have been unforurate i To prrrona unacquainted with the way in which q he public may be deluded over and over again by ? h* ?t?|e*t device*, it would aaem Ifnpoaatikle that I r i arheme of thin kind ahould require word of r ftiwu. Put the fact oI an eipeditinn having n rtually Milrd denote# that money mnat hare hee? ? ???eH. huH the name of Nr lle?rj Vetv Huntley, ? rhotn the concoctora ha?' e?Wwl to en*a*a aa r< 1 chief auperiairadrat of Utt warka (Jtblorata," M Sm* ?at muhinllv Mil nim off lh>ir narrl It i> ! nt-oraaary, therefore, to remind all these whe may have fancy for taking aharea, that evrry aecouui hitherto reorived from Califoruia ha* established the fact, that not a single ia?Uuoe haa yet beeo

kuown where minera have continued to werk aa a portjieiahip l>odj,eveii when the total prefit* were to be fully divided amongst them, ao that the prospect of man working iu order that the reaulta of their labor may be transmitted to ahtrcholdrra in England may eaailv be estimated. In raae, however, thia fact, rotipltd with the rtyle of Mr. Palmer's reporta, and the questionable circumstances oooneored with the inane of the former prnepectua, should not be enough to excite caution, it may be aa well to mention, that the only known city name iu the oubliahed proefteciua of the company, is that of Messrs. SpMaVf, A'woode, and Company, whe are made to figure ua ita bunkers, aad that thia firm, upaa application being made to them, state that the coral?nv have no account with them, and have never had authority to use their namec. ew InTentlona for Lighting aad Heat lag. (Vroai the Loudon Pateat Journal, Jan* 8 ] JosHrii 1'ikkkb Giij-aho, eentleman, of Pans, in the Republic of France, for certain improvement! in the production *f htat and light ia general. Patent dated November 22d, 1b40. hurolled May 22.1, 1HOO The patent re'l invention consisti in certain nppmratva unei procestri /or producing hydrogen giu, by the decnetipotiiiim of xalter, atid its appiuxitton to keut and light. The means and proceaaea by which nr- uuuuui iiiiit i^ai *r? ; nisi?u/ uir uictirtcmuo (incandescence) of iron. Pacondly?By carbon. Thirdly?tty inagneli. First?'J7i4 meant and fwrjxmt for obtaining hydro#* in derompcting water by inrult$ctnt ore. In retorts purposely constructed, and fitted up with iron tubes (enclosed in iron platen) or with iron chains, iron wire, or spirals of the same metal rendered u.calescent, the patentee introduce# steam from any generator whatever?or he e*en produces steam by means of water injected into the retort. The oxygen of the water combines with the iron, and the hydrogen is conducted first into a refrigerant, and thence into a gasometer, from which it is supplied for use. When the iron is oxidiced, the patentee dis-oxidizes it, first by means ol the waste gas of hirnaces ; the carbonic aotd of the furnaces is at first changed into oxide of carbon within the furnace in whicn the hydrogen, as well as the oxide of caibon is produced ; the last gas is obtained by the passsge of steam into the oxide furnace (a kind of kiln); the oxide of carbon and hydrogen are afterwards injected into the retort, containing the oxidized iron ; this latter transmit* the oxygen to the oxide of carbon, and to the hydrogen which has been generated in the furnace for oxide cf carl>on. Secondly?The patentee dis-oxidizes iron by causing to fall on incalescent iron, some pulverized coal, coke, charcoal, pit-coal, ligneous substances, iYo. ; also by igniting with oxide of iron some hydrogen, oxide of carbon, or by throwing on the inmlrM-rnl iron some oil or Knr of the hvriro carbuiets?even tar or smmoniacal waters. Thirdly?The patentee din-oxidizes iron bjr submitting it to a white heat, when thia metal loses ita oxygen like peroxide of mangansse, and returna to the state of protoxide of iron, by which meana the water is decomposed. Prix-tu for prtdvcinf hydrogen gat by the dfomptntion rf voter with incaletcent coal, coke,pit-coal, ligneout mbttancet, or cat bcniztd pit (peat,) or bp meant of cjcid* of carbon.?The patentee cause* steam to pass into horizontal retorts siuular to thoae employed in gas works, tilled up more or leas with deep layers of coal; the steam ia distributed to the whole of the retortu, and o*er the surface of the coals by means of one or more pipes in connectiou with a boiler, pierced with h?les of a amall diametsr, like the spout of a water-jiot i the contact of the steam produces hydrogen, caroonic acid, and a amall quantity of oxide of carbon and other gaaea ; these mixed gases pass otl through the educt pipe into an epurator, when the carbonic acid is taken omtter. The patentee observe* that this a|>ptratus up, and the orydrogen passes otl into the gav lor decomposing water ia similar to that in which coal is distilled, differing, however, from it, as reSards the ateam tubes, the boiW, and the system e|Misitu:K the ateam on the surface of the coils, instead ofpiusing it through them ; these points the patentee states to be new. The patentee alto deivmprtn water by means of wtagnett, working with tndutl bobbtnt; the movement of each magnet on un axu, tett in motion all the bobbint, and at thert it only one retutance of attractive action which it re unea ay mat tj me opp> $ut p<4t, ti fuwjiri{${aieiin* patentee) that in cummwnuattnf tmck force, I pat in actum a ciminltrabU nwmbrr of rtagneh, by meant *f rnfi, and trummimii>n of mechanictu moti menti, tke mueneti dtcompot* thi filter; pur* dydrrqtn may I* averted at one f>Ue, and pure nxy ten at thi tthtr, and it or id in teparati ga*>rrmttri fur uii. The petentee'e improved procea for rendering hydrogen gat illuminating, ia by causing a Hniull jet of lighted hydrogen to |?taa through a burner (the In I' * verv amaU) on a thin atrip of nliuoum, or a wick of platinum wire, the threads Mf eicea?iv? ly fine, Hiid of a graduated section, pro|H?rti< ii' d to the intensity ofthe preeaure ofthefi uneand the burning hydrogen?a very powerful light it thus nroducrd. The platinum threa<ia are immediately heated to nch a whiteneM that the luminoua refulgence is extraordinarily brilliant. lWidea platinum, other unalterable and unoxiduahle metala may be employed. The wick Mil of the shapA necessary to upree with that of the jet of hydrogen ; it may be that of a cone, or anv other figure, according to theaize v. inch the gaa takes when il is allowed ? g t e en fri m the burner; the wick mustbemtde ii ore or lea* strong, according to the greater or I' M intensity of the heat to which it ia expowd. The burner and wick may be modified ia their shape? the patentee doea not limit hunaelf aa regal da the atreagth, the length, or the height of the wick, provided the principle of his invention be retain* d. Procem Jxw heating melting furnace* far oret, />amotivt h</tlert, ami </u-.?xmi: mg h um and oth.r metali.?In melting furnacea already constructed, or jMirnirr- uimzra uir gaa wiiicn ia IdnI tlirougl) the mouths (of the furnace*), and he icc'kr?t''i th#- melting of the ore by the combuntion of hydrog*n, oxide of carbon, tad air combined together; tJ.r liyilrogrn ia produced eitlirr iu lh? rrturta, a* before atated.or in a furnace, from twelve to fifteen fret hi^k, constructed like a kiln, and filled np with coke, charcoal, pit-coal, or other litrneoii* MiU-tance* ; the patentee cauaea a powerful draft to l>e ninintHirecl, at the aama time that he injerta atf am ; the hydrogen and oitde of carbon which are produced together, are drawn out by nteana of a ationg mechanical draft. Tha melted ore in th* furnace ia more or leaa carburetted by the powdered roal thrown upon it, and thia proceaa ia i mpioyed in puddling furnacea, in which carburation ia eaaily effected bv cementation, aa well lor pi* iron aa for ateel. The aame hereirbrfore oe*cril>rd MM ia equally applicable to revrrberatory furnacea, and for > heating foiler* and locomotive*. The patentee heata hoilera and locomotivea by hydrogen and oxide of carbon injected under the boilers in the locomotive* with hot or cold air, by meanaof many mail hole* or divided and concentric tubea net under the boilera, and he alao inject* hydrogeuand oxide of cat bon into the tube* of tubular boilers. ( j rni(>K>yinp ronc?-niric ino^a, in wnirn inf air nriH ffarfa of the tender*, which are purpoaely c?o tructrd u reaenroira?are made to enter The pati ntee couetrurta iraa burnera with double currrnta of air, that 1* to My, thf air acting internally aad fiternally o? thf flarnf; thra* burnrra harr th^ a<1??nti>(re of praef nting a Inrgf inaniity of air or of osyftfn to the ccmbuation of ihf sat The paifntff dof a not ronfinf huuarlf to thf preciae detaila in thf construction of thf apparatus, or thf prrciac m<>df of carrying out thf pn>cf i?fa dfacnbrd, proflM thf gfnrriil f?*aturfa of ihf mrchinir.il arrangfrr?f?ta and procea?fe for carrying out hi* inTrnnon be prfaerred; but what he claima aa hiam rntioo ie Fir><?The production of hydrogen g?* by thf decern predion of watfr in farnarra and retorta, aeivirg to dietil coal, aa hfreinbfforf dracribed. Secondly?Thf proo?aa for produnnc hydrops and a amall quantity of c?idf of carbon (carbonic ondf.) aa hfrcinlWorf draenbed. Tlnrdl*?Thr ty mtam of lb* f/?r tnatfr </ magntt* put mMim bf anp mttkanfai frnfut>. at bfrtmlffvrt drtrrrt+d K? urihly? Iht pricrm fur hfdrftn ind tf nil an 1 nf mngnrti, put in itfnWfi/MrovWv, bf urnjr firrt trAalrrrr, thr (w g im fcftnjr irpamidf <11 hrumktfori drrttfn* Kitthl)?The metna of rfndfnnf platinum aod r?iher unalt'rnl lean ! inntidmMf insula illnnim ing, by thf cnnibnMion of hvdrogm, or even of ?*y(ten. be reinb*f.?rf dfcribed Nithly?The mf?rt? of rendfring platinum and , Dthfr nnaltfrablf and inoxidi/tblf mftala morf or If hi illuminating by m'HM of hT>lrogan, or of by- < UfT' n and niTtfn, or a!w> of hydrogen and air I umtfd bf for*, or at ihf place of combtiation, an beFore dfwtibcd ' 5e*f nthly?The proceaa of illuminating, by baaing platinum and oihrr morf oihlmble mfUla to J .minim white heat, by mfana of hydrogen, burnt ither alone, ar combined with oxygen, aa before t |e<< nhrd. I Thia specification containa deacnptione of pro- ? ra?ea whi< b arf not claimed. aad claitna of pro- J -emea which are not deachbeti. NlwallaafaiM. t Thw Ciuwr rr* iiaa Majvtt.-TW cradle, * liirli Meirrrd in Turkey boxwoodof the fineat * tmiiT, rrnr> wnm tor nmon of th# r?y*l r*nnlt*a >f I?rr?t ifntam nr>H (a ^nrg. having at on? r nri th? armorial hf?ni?e? of h?r m tjra j. HaSo- ? a?rl? fiaipherl, forming e^ntr* ornamrat; be- j eaifi the thiefd, on the rocher, ia ee?n a beautiful In piBf female tti*i?k, Noi.rmwiifd with a wreath f |<oft>ie*, having hut*' win*?, and b?ing *nr- '? nnnilfd bT thf orTfn |<liitrti Thtotk'r rnd, lk?t n I ! Mf, the back of the hrad o< ihr craJle, m da ' voted to the arm* of hi* royal highneaa I'rincc Albert. Titr ahield i? in U>n ct ntre, and arauod it, among the folia#*, the ?ix erf aw of the priao* are acaitertU la the lower part of I hi* end, ou tha other rocker, a aletping m?u>k ia discovered; it reurfkrutl Hiiiuniifl 'riw^rk^rv tlirnwn nvt*r nmt of his few terrumau-a in |>oppieaand folliage. In the iuU-rior of ihr head of the cradle guardian angel* arc introduced, and above the royal crown i> found imbedded in foliage Thefiieaea, forming the moat im. portaia part of the bidea ?f the body of the cradle, are coiupowid of rosea, popiH>-a, conventional foliage, buttttllin, and bud*, wlule beneath them nao a beautifully-arranged variety of pinks, studied from nature. The edge* anil the mude of the rockars are enriched wiilt insignia of royalty or einsterna of repot*. It may be mentioned that the Queen herself suggested ihe geueral form a.id material for the cradle. Mr llngrrs, on delivering it at Oaborne-houre, had the honor of an interview with her msjeety and the prince. The illustrious pertM>nHf>et> carefully examined it, and expressed unqualified a|>probatioD of the design sud execution.? luidy'i NiVmpaptr. Th* Tomh op Ijadt Bi.w?m!?otom.?The tomb is erected on the greea eminence on the confine* of the quiet villafce of Chafiibourcy, and overlooks the preen plain that ttretrhes betweaa St. Germain and 1'aiis. The sepulchre la the creation of Alfred D'Oraay ; and there are two inacriptious upoa her tomb, by Harry Cornwall and Walter Savage Laudor. Au appropriate embellishment haa juat been added ; an ofli-hoot of the parent stem of ivjr which arews ever the houae, in Tiw>erary, in whieh the drceawd lady was born, haa been transplanted to the toot of the railing which surrounds tier monument: it has taken root and apread, and thus the name ivy that aheltered her cradle will overahadow her tomb. Mokb Gold?1/iscoveries of gold mine* are daily talked of. We have now a report that in the Piedmonteae Alpa has been found the source of the wealth of the great family of Borroineo, one of ifa huvinff h#*#?n hiiri#?H At Milan with ; treasures far snrpa**iog anything told us in the "Arabian Nights' Entertainment*" Compared with thia new auriferous wonder, it ia aaid California ia but a barren rock. ' Some of the speculator* who hold shares in this marvellous mine expect t? have the rest of their livej gilded over With eternal sunshine, and calculate upon supernatural felicity. These waking dreams are. no doubt, vety fascinating, but, alas ' they will be found unreal visions, which corrupt and weaken the understanding. Hmalr, Ik* Drasia, and Art Abroad. The " Huguenots" was represented, ft>r the sixth time this season, at the Royal Italian Opera, London, on Saturday, June 1st. The cast was, Valentin, Mde. Grifi; Margarita di Valois, Ride. Castellan; llama d'Onsre, Mdlle. Cotti; Urb?ino, Mdlle. de Meric ; the Huguenot Soldier, Signor Laria; II Conte di San Bris, Signer Tagliafico; II Conte di Nevers, Mons. Massol; IV Cosse, Signor Luigi Mei; De Ketz, Signor l'olonini; Meru, Signor Rommi; Maurevert, Signor Soldi; Capitano della Guardia, Signor Talamo; Marcello, Herr Formes; and Raul di Nangis, Signor Mario. Director of the Music, and Conductor, Mr. Costa. Ws learn from London that MM. Scribe and Halevy have bat n daily engaged in the superintendence of their new grand opera, "/ja Trmpetta," at her Majesty's Theatre. The lx>ndon journals anticipate a brilliant success, and it is to be supported by the entire strength of Mr. Lumley's va?t establishment. Many alterations htvs necessarily taken place in the plot as drawn by Shakspeara. Hy an account put forth to gratify the habitul?. ws lean something of tbe dramatists design. rinding that Shakspeaie's play is essentially musical, ht wishes to develope thu feature by giving it a regular musical form, and introduces incidents not in the play, but suggested by it. lie supposes the witch Sycorax to be alive, and makes the audience hear her voi :e from the beait of Uie rock in which she is imprisoned Ariel will appear under the fotm of Carlotta (irisi, and Mile. Hayes will be the spirit of the air. Miranda will be personated by Sontag, Prosoero by Goletti, and Caliban by Lablache ; and the unholy alliance of the monster with Trinculo and his companions, furnishes comic scenes in the spirit of the original. Curiosity is on the yw? fit * for the result. At the conclusion of the new burlesque of " Esmeralda," produced at the Adelpbi, Loudon, a scene was introduced totally irrelevant to the plot, but which caused much amusement. " Esmeralda "was made to 8U[>eriniend a "wheel of fortune," from which a few prizes were drawn and actually allotted to the audience, the course of luck being determined by tickets given at the entrance to the theatre. Finally a living female statue was awarded to a gentleman in th- stalls reprereuted by Mr. Worrell, and his right to take the artirlr MM was difjPWtad by his better hulf, who, personated by Mr. Wright, in clouk and boonet, remonstrated with hiui from a private box. Mr. G. V. Hrooke took his leave of a London audience as Sir Edwaid Mortimer, and was announced to sail immediately for this country. The London pe|?*rs are silent with respect to Mrs. Mowatt and Mr. Davenport. The concert season has been very dull in London. Concerts were out of fashion, except chamber concerts at private houses. 1 k< r are an annual tax on the good nature of the nobility, with, perhaps, a few rare exceptions. Mr. and Mrs. Charles Kean are announced aa engaged at Cork and Limerick. Cerito and St. Leon are still at Pari*. Among tbo wax productions of the famous Dr. Anzoux, in the New National Exhibition in Paris, is the mcdel ?f a silkworm two feet in length, in which the minute structure of the insect and its silk making machinery are wonderfully brought to light. At Edinlturgh, Mr. Whitney, from America, gave the hret of hi* enteruinmeuta on the eloqurrra and poetrv of the new world, in <4ueen Mreet llall. Mr. Whitney's oratorical powrri trf of no common order. " His voice," aajra a Scotch paper, " is rich, mellow, and powerful, giving great effect to the apecimena of American eloquence, with which hia critical and descriptive remarks were illustrated. Hia graphic impersonation* ??f hia varioua subjects, in tone, gesticulation, and look, are at once forcible and amusing, evincing eicellent taste, and a tine percejition of character. In the keen aarcaam, and shrieking tone of the celebrated John Randolph, the manly, open bemingof Wsbster, and the drip, imomsioned, thrilling voice and manner of Henry Clay, Mr. Whitney ae> med (3 transport na at once to the atena of debate. Not lesa eflertive were th* skdehes of ladiao character, and the illuatrations of that wild majesty which belongs to the Indian orator." caars Baring's Clrcalar. Losdom, FrIJsy, Jun* Tth.lUo Tber* has bsea Increased activity la tha aoloaial and foreign prodnes markets this trsok, and an laprovs snt In ths valus of both eoffos and sugar Csttoa natog tn*r* rr?aiy oirarad. m Mnrcu; *o lira, and lb* corn trad*. Influrnrad b; th* rw; hfsnkli vrtlhtr. kit barn Jail. By th* ovarland mall. which ?rrit?<1 on M 11.it , wa rrralrad adrlrr* from Biiinb*; to l*t Ma/, ndl'nlrutta to UOth April. alan learn by Wlagraph tha trriftl ?t l,i??rpo | of th* +Pwmlite" ?taam?r from N*w York la tb* lubjolnad mntrll will h? found. M naual, a r*e< id of tha ptiualpal trancaollun* of lb* mtk. Amarirnn *tork? ar* dull nod th* demand hu t>aao lark Ibi* Waak Tha It oat on I'ity Witrt Honda, with coupon* pa) aMa la lloaton, bara eom* oaar to aavaral partiaa. and baa a haan ?<?1d at M par r#nt, with Interact for tha bnywr from lat April. Unltrd Plata* (' . M a W4. ditto o? 1M7. 109 a 11*?, ditto 1W. bond- -tth raup'n*. Ill a 111 I*. N?w York f*tata atoek of 1AM 0, VS. a W, l'ann?yl?an<a 6 *d a IT, Ohio #' . 1 MO. lOUalAt, do 1*70. IttA a 109; M**aa*hu**tt( 6'a. "tar ling. 107 ?l?T)f. Maryland Starling V2 a WH Mlaai*alppl. rianl?r?" Bank, il aio. ditto U nion Bank ! a 2v AlabamaOallar baada To, ditto (tailing 7k, Virginia ClWlVlj Kantuaky '*, VT a V* fki m mm luti *> It. tiiairr. *t iHnuM' Tb? r%aa *f tba brig Kir.dlcnt wa* In ***<lf*lad bafora Wa T D>l4r>l.fCnllaJ "ttaia* i'om altt'dlxf on Wadnaaday a?cnlnj l.laut Uannaaooft taatifird tbat aha wa* rapturad on th* ?- day of April la*t. la th* port of Aiahrra**. Wa*t C?a*t if Africa. by tha L'aiWd fttato* *l?op of war John A 1a*>* > n mandai Bowatl *ha wa* board'd by Commandar r In parion. and fc<and to baa* oa board a t?rg* quantity of watar J*rkad baaf farlaa. rta*. bread loo*, tobacco plpaa and item*. wo. dm apooa*. and watar pipaa and wa* *l*o auppllad with a ! ?* dack ThU batrg daantad a *nSci?at ground t..r aaapieWa thai > ha w a* an gag ad In tb*alaa* trada, ?h* >v accord Inaly rapturad and *aat home a* a prli* Tha raplain and rraw wara coaiunlttrd to Hard tbnr trial b?r< ra tha Tnltad itata* Dliirld Oonrt, whlab m?at* la Ihl* rlty la November nail Th* following *ta?em?n? Saa barn furnlrhed n* by tb* raptata of U>* brig II* ailrd ftrtn *aw York, during tb* paat rear.aa ?a*aaw i?r on board a *blp bound for rallterala ivhllaat Rlo.'analro owing to a diMmlty bataaen him and th* " fain ha abaaonad th* trip. Wkile waiting at Rla 'or a paetaga 1 . ma. an Amarlean kooaa offered to am flny him to taka tha Kirallaul t? .Imhw* where a I'nrfngiirea "npercargo wa* to *e/l *? Brazilian ?ou*a. II* accepted tha offer. *nd after th* carg wa* pwt on board and tha ree?el r??dy for *' took aharg* I Hid proceeded to that port whan tha enpercargo | *nd?d for tba purpoee of calling tha ?a*aal a* h* wa* aM mad by tha mata hlmealf not nndaratandlng th* ( 'ortogna.a laeguage. and tb? Miper. n-go could ?ot ( rr^? I?n|iiwn- Iin'i "? "* P ?VT N-in m rw rn h? *M rap'ur?d Ha ha? Mtar? fr"in Captain *r?all. ahtch fca ?aya ' ?"? that ha hKlimpU tliaa 1 hiti inada hla If k? h?1 baa a M Tha mnttBM'r* hr n*ht h?*?a in thaftt Warya < hr4? ophar Panrlaraon "tm ''annlngham Th?w Nnt.'ldlaf, < tiarlaa ftrown and John Van Brunt ??r? ??- ] ailnad yaatarday W?r? Ihf I 'dttmlulonrr on a charg* f harlnjt hnr?ad tha ?hip Maaaachnaatta. of Via* IW4nrd. at Maria* laland <>waa CuanlnghaN ?ai dtakarpad. tha olfcara war* raaandad for rurtbar ataml ation on Tuatday naat -Nmf?lk (fa) HmmU, *nr II. Them** H FVrkina, of Hoainn, baa T?lnat??r?d ? Mharrihe f I ,nm lowarrfa ?be erection nf a moiiii? nt to < ? . Warrro. wba Ml at lite battJe of luak* Utft. 4 ?? ??^ Tin 0?niu mt INN. We yrMerdav visited the l^j**riin>-nt of tha I?trnor h?r thr purpura of witucMJig the ?rru|?nKDU that have brro made to c*rry into effect urn requirement* of the law of May 2&I. 1S50, provuti >g foi txkiJip ihr wvenlh renitu* of th?* United State*, The tiecretary of the Department h*?ytv*n to tba eubject hi* clow; atteutiou; and ths oilieera of this txireau exprrta their thankfulueaa to him ft ika valuable awl he haa rmdered thria ?. J. C. G Keoordy, K.-q , the auueriQteadeat tf ikm c?tiHue, ia actively and vijtoroui.lv engaged in tha proaecution of the duti<*a of hia office ; and hia aids appear too^operate with him in n Uudtble m mo'r. These cotiMst of Dr J. F. tinlliu, Messrs. J. K. Roche, and J G O'Neale, clerk*; G. C. Freach, ad Cnurles I. Caniield, principal picker*; Mat- * thew McLeod, T. J. Stelle, G. W. Wtshtugtoa, end Nichols* Kin#, asai?taiits; R H. Willi linsoa, Kkj., of the Department of the Interior, is the disbursing agent lor the census fund. This foroe *iH of court*- not be adequ itr to the discharge of tfca duties of the office in nil the auge.it of its progress. I We art* pleawd with all the arrangement* and appearance* of this office; order, regularity, and precision eeem to mark iU whole proceeding* ; and Vet, we doubt not, its despatch of business will baldly keep pace with the expectations or d*"raa of many who will at timea be required to await tta action. Thus the m trsbhls, and iheir assistants la the Statea adjacent to us, will no doubt be e&?er at once to conaummate their work, and yet it la obviously proper and nece?*rv that the more remota Statea and territories should be first supplied ; eve? [ then it is not ualikely that iheir returns will ba lha hM received. The extent of the business of this office m tj ba better understood by the reader, wheo we iuforta him thit the packtge* of documents to be distributed amongst the mar?hals and assistant* wiH weigh about 100,000 |>ouuda. The schedules alone. * a large portion of which have already been printed and delivered, will consume several thousand reams of paper. These schedules are of six aiuda, im follows :? I ? Schedule 1, require# an inventory of the fife* i?- t habitants. with the number of dwellioe-tfoasac numbered in the order of viritatiou; the numlber of families ; the name of every per&on abiding if each ? family, age, fex, and color being indicated, and tha occupation of each mule person over 15 yffars of age ; the birthplace of each ; those married fvithin the year; th<*e attending school; thoa* oprerW who cannot read or write ; the deaf, dumb, (blind, inaane, idiotic, pauper, or convict. Schedule 2, relates to *lave inhabitants, giving the names of owner*, number of alavea, wilth the age, sex, and color; fugitives I'roin the |Statej uumber manumitted ; number of deaf aud dumb, blind, insane, or idiotic. I Schedule 3 relates to the productions of agriculture, and fills for the nam* of the owner, and agent or manager of the farm; numbers of acres of land improved; number unimproved; cash value of the fsrm ; value of implrmenta and machinery; the live atock, including Ijoraea, ? mulaa, atses, working oxen, milch cows* other cattle, Mheap, and swine; the value of liva stock ; value or animals slaughtered during tha year; buehels of wheat produced ; of rye, Indian com, and oats; pounds of rice and tobacco ; balsa ct ginned cotton; pounds of wool; bushels af benns and peas. Schedule 4, calls for the products of industry, w tth ibe name of the corporation, company, or individual pro luring articles to the annual value of fiva hundred dollars; ilie name of the business, manafaoture, or product; cainta) invested in real or personal eetate in Hiich nutineas ; the quantity, kind, and value of mw material and fuel consumed ; tha kind of motive power, machinery, structure, or resource ; the average number of hands em-doyed. male and female, with the average cost of mal? and ft male labor; the annual quantities, and kiad^ and value*. Schedule S, relating to *ocial4tati*tir*, calls fur the name of the town, county, or city ; the aggro bate valuation of real aud perianal estate, s?par?itely ; aggregate taiea assessed : the college* acadomie*, free school*, other schools, *ch*ol house*, money raised by lax for schools last year, money raised in other way*, and money received from the public fund* for school* ; the public librarie* and number of volumes; the name, cU.-s, times of issse, and circulation of periodical*, incljdiog newspaper*, and information a* to the *ea*oo?whether this ha* produced average crops, what crop* ar* hort, to what extent, and what is the average par year; also |<articular information respecting th? number, color, nativity, and co?t of supporting paupers; the criminals convicted, the numtier in prmoa, thrir color, and nativity ; the cost of Ubor, including the average wage* to a farm hand per month, hned by the year, and boarded ; the avernge wagw* of a day laborer, without l>oard, and with board; the average imyment to a carpenter per day, without board ; the average wages to a female domestic per week, with boaid, and the avwrige price of board to a labor.i.r man ,>er we.-k ; alao, the number of churches, the number of persons each will aciommodate, and the value of the churches. J^chedule 6, calls for the name of every peraoa who died durine the year ending 1st June, 1H50. whose usual place of almde at the time of hi* death was in the family visited ; with the age, sex, and vumii ui iut ii frrauii, wnruicr irrc or viavo, 111 irried or widowed: with the nativity, month in which the death occurred, occupation, and diaeaae, or cuute of death. A portfolio, in which the schedules may be carefully preserved, will be sent to each of the agrata employed; an.I accomp.inving each aet of blank schedules will be one aet tilled ur>, that no mi**^prehension may ariae respecting the maimer of filling up. A pamphlet, containing the Census bill and particular inatnicliona to the marshals and assistants, will accompany ach aet of piper* We will, aa roon aa thia pamphlet ia issued, supply to our reader* a *yn?|?iH of the information and directiona it may contain, together with other matters of intaP-M relating to tliia aubject. We wculd here remark, that upon thecen*u? office, and upon all it* ageni*, a delicate and important duty rent*; and that while great prudence, caution, and circumspection will necessarily he observed by them, they Mill cannot wholly perform all that ia required of them, without the co-operation of their fellow citizens throughout the republic. To every honieatend, to every place of limine** and 1*1.or. and to every field, the agents of thia office whould receive a kind welcome, and it atioiild be the earnest desire of every one to imr>srt to tliem all the information in his po**eH?jon. It ia ( the happineaa, the proaperity, tlie welfare of the million* that our government aeek* to promote; and the knowledge now to be attained is esaential to the intelligent legialxtion of Conj;re*e upoa *ub)ect* nesreai to tlie intere*'* of the masse* t?f the pemdr. M there be, therefore, entire harmony and concert of action, and let our fellow cttuena ia every region of our wide domain vie with each other in sivir.g the reipu?ite aid and information ta those who may tWl thrtn this miasioa.? H'oaAtegton FrruUi'. Military Parade Grama A. Ml. KoiTDB In reading the ilrrald of Sunday, I noticed aa article headed " Fourth July," which at.ited " that the military display of that day would be verybnlIraat, and that there waa a considerable increasa in the number of the troop*, and that Oen. had been invited to attend and inapect them on the Hattery Now, ?ir, doe* it not ktrike you thtt tha 4 Mattery is very ill adapted for that purpose, not haicg any way near large enough to accommodate tha troop*, not allowing them any room to mincaevra in, or giving aa opportuaity to the thoaaaads wha te that dav at iibrtty te participate m the amusement, besides injunrg the grae*, end spoiling tha | or amy <>r inr rtrraifung place we bare in tna lower pert of the city. If it wae "dire neceMity'* thet compelled the City Father* to ipimint it, not another word coald be mid; but whm m> many larffar and more mutable plarra are convenient, it ia worth a word to m(.uite if it ta the comfort and coiiriifiri of th(. I eople, or private rexaona of their own, that induq* the authoritrea to c hooae a epot where, certainly, the former ia not likely to be obtained; a ad it aeema to me a p*tf that the well-nnraed gram of thia beautiful place ahould be trodden down and ?P*iled, for no other reaaon ihin that their w#r?hi|>tul wiedom ha* d'-rided, (hat their will ! MdMriMM aver the wielr I'lenNiiree, and caoaf<?rta of the hundred* of th> uaanda that inhabit tba nMr In Eurcpc, where military paradea are frequent, fitting idaeaa are alwaya ch<?* n where the peopl* who like f0( h die| laye, have plentv of room te witneae them?in Loudon, "the Myde Park;Parte, " the Champ da Mara;" TVrlih, " the Ha?cubide," and Viei.na, "the ftlacie' each b-ing acme milea in ejtrnt; while in New York, the irrt city in the I'nited ."fa tea, we have " the Battery," which cannc t contiat of much more thaa one-^aae'er mile. What ia the reaaca of thia 1 It ia not that there ia no land that can be procured, for ther* i* j'leiity; nor can It be for waat of money. f->r a city thai paya her Aldermen ft78 per da? fil^.^ti a yeai) lor tea, can w> || afford to lay out |W^W to buy a 1'itre of land that would not diagram* her, landing aa *he doen aerond only to one in rom n -r? e ?nd | nUlu n miirni; : 11 the jit? ml clliea of But In the preaa t ikathif auhjertup, and rcnvirrathe worth* l.oard H ta tofhetrown Interest to attend lo if, unci Ui*n. aoort inleed, ahoild w? iee, iimdi up ip out midet. a p<?riJe groua 1 rnta.1 lo our |? | ulati?a ?a<l importance Fam ivn or 4 Hamot n Ttf"itaa*a ?no 'h* I.T?h ii ?t tha ?f? Itt'ire bridge, whirb a|>t?? Had H i?fr, n-ar ( I .rk ?v .!|r. fe II ?i< Ii rr n?n loiio rraah. At the hme there w?? a i??m of ai? haraoa 'TMPinf, which were hilled. Two men, whawerr il??ot? the brntfe, wrre (H?htfii|lr injured?one of hem having both hia Iff* broken. Tha hrirWf# rrII a diafanra of ai*?T fret. Tha ran** <?t tb? lendent in attributed to defert* in the buildinf * natenal The |n?? i? about f 13.1)00 There ware 17J deatha in lloatoa dunif tha VMk I - ~ - > t ' /

Other newspapers of the same day