Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 2, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 2, 1850 Page 3
Text content (automatically generated)

( I =_=?_ TTie UcfiKi i!,t fii -llah Mlnlnlry. niE DEBATE I.N -r. of .HIO O.N THE UKEKK il'lll.N. On Monday i;..i . ,;u , the discusm u on Lord Stanley'. ...i me Greek question, drew togiMh'T ,.|i> hro* uttendanee of Peers. Thestiy- it u.<o , the space behind the bar, the ... in. Nnd for the members of the I crowded, uud there were abu r-. my - ;io*ent in the portion of the hio ?i." < to th? in. Seldom on t any similar 01 r;> n ' o.-'i. I. i|.er Chamber prosented a more '.ion .net -niking appearance. i Pefote the il hu'. on n< "< Lord Brougham created Mime u i?v moving that the et-tnd- j ing ordws ot it' ft<" -e r>- 'i >r. ed wi'h reference ! to the Chevalmr H. i,.-- n, *1 < vv ik then "occupy- I tug tlie room or ? i < 'tie ivpresseB" gallery. His exrci'. ..< > I imposed to retain His seat, but the I -lu-r f i.-clt Ro I shortly appeared at the Mii' ' .. iv, and Lord tiro igham's object was hccchi; -h- Ai r the stir which this incident excited >d ?ui i<1- 1, Lord Staph.*., n l, i v a nr from hie wish to drag the House through m p..jjers lying on its table, but he could u i: :h- .1 that he had riaen witli regret and ; i K . . li^ tlity of folly, the lavishtxpendit d ingenuity winch they disclosed ']' cmo which her majesty's government had i o-i '<1, w. - calculated to endanger the pet 11 mi i .ii >f this country with the other great j. r - He imped and trusted no buch reau11 would loT iw, hut he would ask, whether the conduct of the governwent had not been characters, d unnecessary rashness, and whether the .'Uiii'-hich had been coinpulBorily urged upon (Ire?k government had not been to it large extent unjust 1 He reminded the house i!i t * recce was a kingdom of not more tn ui II years standing, and that its independence u - " i tiaiiteed by Kngland, France, ami Hi-ma For many years past, the lepresentatives of ti - -e ihr-e great powers appeared to have been itm-tit, nut ou strengthening the authority of tlie t .i monarchy, but oil intriguing to strengthen their "Wi, inftui-nc in the government of that country. 1 ' li e, French influence had been in the a-ce I u.i, a'.d, in consequence, it was believed by our representative at Alliens, that the governnv m was netm i.i compliance with French intere-1, and n f utility to that of this country, 'l ie ? Of the claims put forward, and el winch 'hen 'ordships had heaid so mucn, were on heiiulf of jiersons who could never be coneidere j ,.|tui|. , to in interference such as that uiideilak?'i on then l.einif. In the case of Mtellio .Somat hi ? w - demanded for haviag tortured a Jititi-h ,.ur... <though it afterwa.ds turned out. on ! o>, that no torture had ever been inth< ?i. : t noble lord then passed in review the < of toe ! anionic, and that of the i jonian governn u. 1 declared that it w.m dimcult to argue?m li claim- for compensation its those against (freece in a manner, wearing, asthey did, inc. the mpt-ar-toce of a tradesmen s tj((a than a national ii? vance. He must, how''ever, express bis indignation th-tt cat of such insignificant questions should arise the risk of an .European war I'll modest demand maile by Mr. Finlay, for s piece of l.uid which cost him 300 I . drachmas, was 40,000 drachmas, or ?1,500; yet, ' while the British government were laying papers, with reference to tins demand, ou the table of their .Lordship' House, it was aware that Mr. Finlay's claim had heen willed r>> arbitration with his consent. The noh'e lord described such conduct as a breachW faith on the part of the government, and as tampering wiili tie ir lordships'1 confidenee. With regard to the claims of M P.icifico, he ridiculed, amidst the laughter of the House, the accuracy with which the furniture of M. Pacifico's house had been specified, lie pointed out the extraordinary absurdity of the British government insisting on the payment of ?21,000, for alleged claims against Portugal, which the government of that country had declared not ti he worth one farthing, and remarked, in indignant terms, thit the British Sovemment had pressed for the payment of all its emands on Greece in ,-.i, ami had scat its fleet to enforce that payment within twenty-four hours. He then described the course which the questions thus raised letwr-n ihis country and Greece had followed, and how fUe tgtttf of M. Pacifico's claims had interfered with a settlement, lie bore testimony to the noble ,,nd dignilied conduct of the Greek government, who were unable to resist, anil whose sufferings had excited the sympathy of Bf.urcjie. Mr. \X'yse and Admiral P;.,ker had only acted according to their instructions, and he was aure that the latter would rather have been engaged in the ino-t denrtly contest of an honorable warfare, than in such transactions. The noble lord, in eloquent term-, contrasted the tone of the Knine ror of Russia's ieiisr on the Greek question, to liis renre .enia'ive in tin- country, with that which .Lord Palmers'oii had thought fit to adopt to the defenceless goveri in* hi oil ?ieece. He reminded the House that fiance, though she desired to Tursv a must trie uu, course ef conduct towards inglund, had he' o alienated by the treatment wmch she had received. The question of the island of HaoirmsM was one on which the British .government had no light to act independently of the other protecting powers ; and now that Russia had protested on the subject, he i>up;>os"d the claim i which had been made would he withdrawn. The rrder to take forcible possession of the island, how ever, had not been rescinded, and bad only not l>een executed, because Admiral i'arksr ana Mr. Wyse had had more discretion than Lord Palmerston. Hi; thought that hr had made out the |M>inU stated in his motion ; and if they had been guilty of injustice?if they had mule extravagant detuandi?if they had oppressed the weak and disgusted the stiiuiu?it Iceanie that House to show that (he governiuri t of l.ngltnd was not Knglund. In a strain of the highest eloquence, ha called on the to vindicate ilir authority of a great nation, prostituted hv <ui attempt to enforce unjust demands upon a weak and d? fenceless State. The Maioji is or Lt\>uo?,v., in reply, acknowledged that the ( oveuuueiil was responsible for the transactions which the noble bird bad brought tinI der review, but hi the House of Common*, Lord Palmereton had been subjected to no attack* u|Hin the matter hi question; and he hoped m satisfy their (ordsiii|is that ihe speech which I?rd Stanley had f made, was ind? (?t, d much more to tlie rhsiiieuce of the speaker than ta its intrinsic merits. lie disputed entirely the soundness ol the resolution before the House, in (sunt of inteinational law. He pointed out that injuries to the persons and properties Of l'ntlsh subjecls Hbroad always been held to justify a peremptory demand for redress, and that without reference to whether the government of . the country'where the injuries were sustained, was an absolute monarchy, a constitutional monarchy, or^a republic. Crecce, as the House had been told. Was an independent government, and il ?h? were o, she tnust accept tic rce(Kuijibilities as well as the privileges ol liMt I KM'loll lie quote.) a uumlier of instances wheie for. i oi MtlSM, Whose subjects had been treated wiiti indignity, had enforced re- j dress in an cquslly derisive manner as in the case before the House; and ht rh.$nt hit hit hy mention inf that at thr ,i ewnt momml American thip* oj Mr trrrf an thur i/viv to Litlxm to tnpporl ptrtm)*lory itrmam/i for rtthtu mailt hy tht government of thf I'nittii Stah* >m that of Partaguf. Coming to the main point ol the nobis lord's siieecll ?he expressed his Lord Stanley hn?l con| d'-nrrnded to hiui k M 1'acilico's character. Whatever that char hi ?r might tie, it had nothing | whatever to no wnb th* ques ion Mr. Wilkea . m.ght have h?-i it a giuiM>r,*aitd cheated at play, 1 vet the priur'ple* which were associated with lua naaie wen u?t coni|iroiiiised thereby. In the same wat. Lord Stowell had pronounced many splendid diro-i'me on pnintsot law, evolving great and impmtHni tfuiha. though the people ts whom hia judgments eferred were manv of them lave dealers, pi rati r -nd adulterers. The noble I lord bad ri l? rr- d to Mi Kinlay'e case, but through the influence of the i rreek (Government the arbitrators had ncvei hern alb wed to meet, anil the writers on interne'.ion- 11 w drcl ?red that a delay was s bad as a denial of rn'iee. Again, in the case of the rohhers chisisiiq , t. k cu-tom-house in order to carry on ? s\ -tein fori bin lermg Ionian subject*, fce reminded the h< thai Sir Kdmund Lynns' letrer to the < ir- i'k govern nent on that subject bad never been sn-wetnl M I'acifico's claims had been made to he r* U government in general f terms, to prevent iiieoavenu nor, if that government raised no unreio nnsble objection. .Subsequently to the dishonest hi ts which the noble lord had alluded to, M I'aedico Imd been a consul under the Greek hii.I he h I I m inueh resoect for that I government to believe that it would employ in I inch an i>(lirf n umn of improper character. The ft claim* which hail been m-de main Greece had re1 reived the sanction of the cabinet, and the house Would not, therefore, he ho|xtd, consider them so exaggerated and unj i?t us the nohle lord had described them As to the feeling of Russia on the j euhject, he attributed it to an impression that the 1 claims against (ireec hud been too suddenly enI forced, and with too hort notice. He justified the etn" nloynient of so l.trge a force under Admiral I'arker. lie emphatically denied that the amity betweenRus ia ami iho country h >d > n dot irbed.and de< l.ued that the roiiuiiiiioiy ot fe- litig, especially with reference to all questions connected with the North of Europe, never stood higher than at the present moment. With reference to the p issing cloud which i obscured for a moment the relations of friendship I between this country and Francs, he trusted it I would Boon pass away lie expressed hia regret I that the ooaveation concluiled with M. l>rouyn He ' Lhttja had not reached Athens in time to prevent the renewal of reprisals. Complications had unfortunately arisen, i nd had bees going on for MM I w e. I.j, which w ere now approaching a satisfactory I conclarion H? hoped to be able to announce that I conclusion wiilun . f. w .I i\ s. even a few hours, I and railed M 'be rlutMC, in ecuielusion. not to I embarrass the pnitkU of the government with I Ibreign powers, bat to reject the motion. I ' Lord AWftMBft did net think that the question I ?b? fore the House required any elaborate demonI Miration The recent proceedings in the Greek II waters had excited one universal cry of indtgnaI tfon throughout Lurope. The equity of Mr rue la)'*, ami that uf M Pacitico, never was denied l<y ?if.-<-cf, aa funnelling (iroper aubjec's of reh-r- !.< <* tn On* judicature of that country, yet it ( ti n! iM'en ri-|iri'M-nted tint there h id been a denial , of jo*lire With reference to the claim put forih , to the inland* i.f Sd|>ieuza and Cervi, the noble i Marquis had iriveu no answer to the arguin-nts of t i laird Stanley Since the fleet under Admiral i Parker started from KngUnd, it had been I employed hi little t !* At reflected credit on f this country. At Lisbon and Naples it excited ? the suspicion* of the governments, and though p it arrivt it nt riv Ionian Island* after the insurree- _ ti?>u, a i apply <>f naval " cats" for the torture of the ^ isl tnd'-rs were seut on shore from it. The entry r into the 1> inline lies was hoaated of as having I Drought the Kmperor to his senses, but tlte Km- p peror I . J previously acquiesced in the interpretation c of the Turkish treaty iu question, and her majesty's r g 'Vernnieiit had been obliged to apologize to the " Kmperor for entering the 1) irdanellcs, and had ? promised to do so no more. He charged ministers with huvinu so ught, >11 acceding the good offices of t France, to put its plenipotentiary, Daron <?ros, in * the jxisiiioii of a sherifTs oflicer. The French J,' government had recalled its ambassador in conse- ? quence ol the in inner in which it had been treated, * yet her majesty's ministers went on haggling with ? it, to the i?ient iuju.-y of the good understanding a which onyht to exist between two such great na- s dons. When he looked at our relations with J Kuto|>e generally, he found them in an unpreee- r1 dented condition. There was a time when this 11 country wsb respected and loved by all the great continental nations ; but how was it now ! lie r| could not congratulate the noble Marquis on the u novel friendship which he found existing with o Russia. A'taina had been deeply lniured bv the tl influence which had been exercised by us in Pied- J mom. We might have prevented the Piedmonteae f war, and we might also have pursued a policy 11 which would have rendered the occupation of B Hungary by the Russian troops unnecessary. The ?, nations of the continent fortunately separtted the t] conduct of her mijesty's government from the tl feelings of the English people, and he was mire p ! 'hat there was not one member of that house who U had listened to Lord Stanley's speech who could ri ay his hand on his heart, and say that every word P of it w. s not strictly and literally true. Lord Carmuan was deeply impressed with a t sense of the danger to which this country was ? exjKised by the state of its foreign relations, lie p had the greatest respect for the courage and ta- p lents of the noble lord at the head of the Foreign ci iVpmtment, but feeling the isolated position in ? which the country was placed by the policy of R that department, he would give his hearty support "j to the motion before the House. 1 Lord Ward defended the conduct of the govern- * rnent, and of the noble lord at the head of the Fo- c, reign Department, and complained that the ques- w tion before the House had been greatly prejudged tl and misrepresented. hi Lord Pkacxiont announced his intention of tl voting against the motion, and rose to protest >' against some of the doctrines to which Lord Stanley hnd given utterance. He criticised the preli- " nunory proposition the noble Lord's motion?a proposition which the noble lord himself had found it j, necessary to qualify in the course of his speech, ti ID contended that (ireece, being an independent tl nation, there was no necessity for consulting any ri other power in a quarrel with her, however politic " it might be to do so. Ueferring to M. Paciftco, ?' the noble lord admitted that he nad no respect fur *' him, and that he had put forward very exagge- P' rated claims, but the House ought to consider nun hh an injured individual, to whom redress had been i, refused when applied for to the proper legal autho- n rittes at Athens. ltoth to Mr. Finlay and M. tl Pacifico there had been a complete dental of jus- In tice: and after a review of all the questions in ' dispute between the two governments, he declared Tl that there was no course left for this country to j* pursue except to employ force. He characterized the motion as an un-Knglish and hostile motion, 7 and he hoped the House would reject it. u Viscount admitted that the conduct of tr the ureek government nail been evasive and equi- < vocil, hut it did not follow that because the Greek tl government liad done wrong, the Government of 1? this country had done right. He pointed out the '' stronu obiections to which the mode of dealing ^ wilh Mr. Finlay's and M. Pacifice's cases was open lt' in point of international law. He also drew atten- 0I tion lo tlie cape of the Ionian subjects plundered by robliers, and showed lhat there, too, the law of na- e< tionn had been violated by the manner in which ti the government had demanded redress. lie re- t< untitled the House that there were other countries 11 in the world nearly as powerful, and much less 81 scrupulous *1 the exercise of th'-ir power than ours, i antl that these countries would probably make a A disastrous use of the example which had thus been > si t theni. b Lord Ktintsm uT, like the preceding s|>eaker, re- u viewi d ? ach of the claims put forward against the I Greek government, contending that in the aggre gate at leant the refusal of them justified measure! 11 of reprisal. In supi>ort of his view he 4?ot?d c?r. r tain despatchea of the Karl of Aberdeen addressed c to the Knglish Minister at Athens, as showing the r language which the government of that day hold ? to the adminiitration of King Otho. < The Karl of Hardwickk felt satisfied that Admi* p nil Parker hail not stated to th<" government that li he had t>een compelled to enter the Dardanelles by T ?tr< es of weather. J; Lord Brohduam, having listened very attentive- ' ly to the discussion, thought he might take a very ^ short-sighted view of the question, and say that it d>'t not matter whether the British or the Greek , government were right or wrong. Regarded in * that light, the British government might be com- a pared to a man who went into chancery for ?100. r The government did worse, for it went into chan- h eery Tor claims which were worth nothing. He a denied mat the government had international law ? upon its side; and it was frmhtlul, he said, to think to what an extent war might rage all over the ,, wot Id, if such doctrines as ho had heard rashly u put forth in the House that evening, were to lw- r, come established. He hoped th?ir lordship# would b tlo justice to themselves in the public opinion of tl Kurope, |?y shaking themselves t'rse from the re- " cent procfdintf* in Grffce. lie continently ei- | iw-eted they would do so, and in saying thin he '' bore l*-Htimoriy to the ability and the peace- # ful sentiments ol Lord l'al m? rMnii. The House then divided, when there appeared? ti Content*?I'rwul 113 * Prone* M ti ?? *1 lti# tl Non-Centmt -I'rwit, . TT i Proxies ii b b lit h Majority against govertuni-nt -IT o Their lordships adjourned at a quarter jiaat three f o'clock. ? I'ort ileal. I < >ur advices from Lisbon are to the 9th ultimo, tl inclusive. A correspondent at Lisbon says:? According to new* from Washington, the American j rlalm* np"ii Portugal w?ro to be considered by Congress belore being pa-h*d to rupture l>et?n?n th* . two countries; ami it i* therefore prt bable that Mr. '' Clay, the Charge d'Affaire* here, may not demand hi* > p?-?port and rtnbnrk on board a frigate. which he had e 1 pee ted to rail here I should suppose that many ? circumstances connected with the different claim* a would Injure the Amerioan governrasnt to adopt tha R propoeal of arbitration, although it may be right in j mine of the question* under diepute. According to an Oporto letter of the 9th, there was no |>oliiical news. The weather had set in tine u and warm, hut the late inclement storms had affected, to a serious degree, the growth of wine in the Oporto and Iteirnna districts. Shipments were rather slack. A great uncertainty existed regarding the continuance of the indirect sfii|anents to America, say England by way of America, and the Government had published a decree on the 29th ult., winch effectually stopped indirect shipments, but it was framed in such a manner that the interest of the direct shipper of wine for the supply of the j American market would lie seriously affected, as by the decree in question the shippers sending wines to America would have to give bond to the (iporto custom-house that the wines so shipped should not be ri|>orted after being landed in America, within a given time, ? control which no wine merchant could have over his customer in the foreign market. A representation had been made to the government by the Commercial Association of ()j?orto, praying a temporary suspension of the decree, and until the answer was known, shipments direct and indirect to London would lie paralyzed. The news of the decree created great excitement, hut it was generallylsupposed that those vessels which had cargoes engaged for America, would tie allowed to complete their loading on the old system. < hln*. Our nccounts from Hongkong are dtted the 21th of April Our Correspondent says:? The Peninsular and Orient tl Company's steamer Brsganza arrived here on the 1*Ath inst., bringing advices from England to the 2fiih of February. We have littfe of importance lo communicate tine month Various reports were afloat as to attempts that have been made on the life of the young Emperor, | by the late Emperor's brother. The mourning for the late Emperor is to last 100 I The formidable body of pirates engaged in intercepting goods sent into the interior by the Chilean from Canton, interferes greatly with the foreign trade The tea season may be considered closed The total e*|w>rta from this country amount to 52,000,000 pounds, showing an excess, compared with the previous year, of 7,000,000 pounds, consisting en| tire ly of blaci. The accounts from Shanghai are to the ltth. ! The export of silk to (treat Britain to that date amounted to about 18,000 bales The total export from thia country to Great Hntajn is now 11,000, against 16,0110 to the same period m the preceding | year. The Chinese populace were Mill suffering | great distress I The IVIruraguaii Treaty. fFrom the London f mien J u no IS ] The convention concluded between th? government* >f Urvat Rritain and the United suit.*, fyr the oltte ent of tbcir common intercut* in Central Amorlou. md lor the perpetual neutrality of ilm inter oceanlo iue ot com in u nioatiow by ehlp canal. or ol'-terwi**, .hrough the Statu of Nicaragua ha* now received the kpproval of the Senate of the United State*. and we ireeume that the ratifications will forthwith be exhanged The perimal of this treaty conttrmi the ipiniun we have Ion* expressed that Lord I'nlmerKtan in* acted with good judgment Jn abimj ninn Ilia ex nimvr pretension* no hi on?iiujt< auvaucuu in in.' nnt-eci orate of tin* Mosquito coast; but a< the princi>al advantage til i ur rotations with thn native authoitie* ul that country wim tho command wo ha I thorn'j assumed over tin- ni"Uth of the river San Juan, we resume that it will not he contented that the main ondition u( the Momjuito protectorate ha* been *uren cored in order to effect au arrangement nf n,e 'hole question with the United State* baaed on the ouimou anil public intercut* of all nation*. The lirst rt icle ot the convention expressly provides that " Ihe corvrameul et tko United Stater an<l (treat Britain, cr?"> declare tta' in ither 'he ono nor 'lie o.lmr wilt ever tuain or maintain fur itself any exilmive control over the ?id ship t-anal; asrcciug that neither will ever erect or tain' ain any furtiti- iliou* c.niimsn Jin* the eame, or in any iciaily thereof, or occupy or colonise, or atmuine or exerciM ny d. luiniou over Nicaragua, Costa Itiea, the M'squiu oaet, or any part of Central America; nor will either make e of any protection which either allords, or way ahnrd.or ny alliance which either haa, or may have, to or with any tateor people tor the purpoeo of maintaining or erecting ny aui h tnrtittcation*, or of occupying, fortifying, or ouloising Nicaragua, I osta Rica. the Mua-piito ooaet, or any art of Central Ameriua, or of aaeuwiag or exeroiemg dslinion over tho name." 11 would haye boon difficult to frame a more direct nnunriation of the right* coiitentli'd for in tho paper* dating to thin subject which were laid before parlialeut a few yearn ugo. Our reader* uiay recollect that h examining the qumitiou laat autumn, we found thai hoee right* wore not easily reconcileable with tho irect engagement* contracted by thin country with pain in 17*3?that the mouth of the San Juan had iidouhtcdly been tort I fled by the Spaniard? long before ny definite chape wa* giyen to t he Brltinh protectorate I the Mosquito euaet- and that our recent policy in lint rouutry hud produced the inevitable result of brewing the Nicaraguau government entirely into he baud* ot the United State* and the agent* of that ower For all thcae reasons, but e*pocially for the i.*t, it appeared to u* puerile and impolltlo to run the isk of a dispute iu defence of questionable right* of rotection or dominion, wlieu the only practical in rest thi* country had In the matter was to prevent it- exclusive dominion of any oilier power That oh <t ha* been attained by the present convention, and c hope it will effectually put an end to thn ah*urd rocecdings of Mr. Ohattield and 111* American comititor. Mr. Squire*. Tho neutrality of tho futuro anal is thereby guaranteed not only by (Ireat Britain nd tba United Slate*, but by all the nation* which my think tit to accede to this treaty, or to conclude milar agreement*, a* has already been done by ranee; and wo hope that the Intermit wisely shown by II governments In establishing a line of communicant! between tho ocean*, will leuil to the formation of a DUipnoy sufficiently powerful to execute the project itb the leust possible delay At present. in spite of lie vast tide of emigration which has suddenly set in cross the Isthmus at Chagres, ami which still rolls ic floating population of both hemispheres to the lores of the l'acific. eren the common means of per>drI transport are of the most wretched description ut though the urgent want of this improvement is nivtraally acknowledged, we are not sanguine of ay immediate success when wo consider tho umense difficulties of the undertaking, or rather le inadequancy of the means which exist on le spot for surmountiug tlieui The banks of the ver San Juan and the hake of Nicaragua are buried i primeval swamps and forests, inhabited by a languid ad indolent population, halt Spanish and half I ndian, nd are rendered extremely insalubrious during great irt of the year by the heat ot a tropical sun To conuct these vast operations with success it would be dispensable to convey to that part ot the globe a >rge number of human beings uble to support the efcts of the climate, and to work with cuergy under lose peculiar and unfavorable circumstances Uearig in mind the extreme difficulty which has hitherto .tended the supply of free labor under the far less seere conditions of sugar-planting in our own West I nia islands we doubt whether it will be found pessible > provide "navigators," as they might with some aptude be termed, for such works in Central America here is fcareely an instance of the execution of vast ndertakings of roads, earthworks or canalisation in a opleal region without the employment of forced labor, sconipaun d with a frightful saeritioe of life. That is lie history of the great monuments ot Kgypt. with a .rger population and a more salubrious climate, from ' ie building of the I'yramids to the excavation of the lehadieh Canal In Central America tree labor, if obkined at all could only lie got at an immense cost, and would then be exposed to the inordinate temptations rtho track to California forced labor could only be ltroduced by the employment of negro slaves or of onvicts Without reference to tha moral consideraons which would render this country absolutely averse i such a revival of slavery under an aggravated irm. in any enterprise with which Kngland is connect1. the cost of negro labor would prove an insurmounthle obstacle even in the I'nited States, and the introuction ot slaves is contrary to the laws of the ttontrel mcrtran Males The employment of gangs of conlets, who could only be obtaiued from liurope. would e hardly less Impracticable, and obnoxious to objeclons of at least equal weight, of the phyaical posal- | ility of uniting the two oceans by a ship canal, we ntertain no doubt, tor as a great engineer has been card to declare, all undertakings of this nature are iow r?-deceit to question* of expense, liut it Is siremeiy quesitcuai'ie siinLsi sucu an undertaking an be executed by any private company, with that asonable pi aspect of pecuniary return which i*. of nurse, the chief Inducement to capitalists; and srondly. whether, even if a large amount of capital were rovided. the deficiency in the supply ot competent ihor would not prove a very formidable impediment lis 7lh article of tha nresant riinwantinu sr lint the British and American governments will givw Ml support and nrourag< m< ot to aucb paraona, or ompany. a* may flrat offer to commenri lh* canal ritb th< ntcifnarj capital and a year from tb? date of be ratification* la to be allowed, to glee euch conapany right of priority, and to enable it to complete ita rrancimenta and present evidence of aufflrient apltal. We conclude tbat tbia clauae aecurea a riority to the company already nnderatood to are been formed in the l ulled Plate* though > the eharea in that or any other public mpany are marketable, they may, of course, c taken up to any amount by British capitalists b<< probability 1* tbat the company already formed In >nded to confine it* speculation* to the legal privilege . bad obtained from the Plate of Nicaragua by Iran*>rrinit tbat privilege to any oilier which mii(ht e dl'poeed to meet the difficulties of entering upon he actual conduction of the passage When the Irai*n*e ad*antane* of ?ucb a line of communication to II cirilifed nation*, and to none more than to ourdvn.arc conaidercd. we trust that mere pecuniary bstaclr* will not condemn tbi* project to failure. To void the Ionjr and perilous circuit of Cape Horn, to pen a direct line of intercourse with the British Au?ralian colonic*, to promote the population, the trade, nd the welfare of that new born nation speaking the rngue of Kugland which i? already (warming on the bore* of the I'arifir are objected extreme intercut to he diffusion of industry, and tha conquest* of clvlllatlon A lew week" hence tbeae very line* will prnhaiy be read in tha Bay of San Franeiaco and oa the ank* of the Sacramento by tbousanda of thoae who are given lila and activity to tha most aolitary region f the globe The wrateru roast of the American conIn nt is in reality another world to coloniae and to onqu*r and it concern* the Interest* of all nation*, but peelally those of the British race, that the vast currat of busy living men ahould flow without interruylon. and by the shortest course round tha globe fipaln. We have received our Madrid correspondence of tine 10. < Mir correspondent says:? "The funds have Wen atfrcled bf the new# of he expedition directed against Culm having sailed. .' tiers r- reive,I 10 day from ( ul. ( M^-nk or an unary feeling prevailing Ihere. The Three per Cenls rcre d?ne at and 13-lb, and were j buyers, j rllers, after the close. Five per Cents were done t IS, and maintain'd that price; Conn ins, 7(, 'arrive Debt, 4. hxchange on lsondon.W 3). (IroeoF f*avn.?'The literary world is much taken p with the announcement of the forthcoming nubcation of tseorge Sand. " Memoirea de ma v ie." "en volumes are complete, ten vols of impressions, rrsonal, literary, artistic and political. That little ird of the air which carries every matter in this lace, has brought some of the first chapters of the rork amongst her friends, and enabled them to udge of its tenor. We have hitherto known nothing f the author, but the rhtf-dVuvrn with which she MM graced our literature Sh'Utlv we are to lie oadr acquainted with the woman nerself; for here he drops the pseudonvme, and (Jeorge Sand, the gild adventurous youth who has run, for twenty esrs, a career of danger, of jaietry and glory, dispnearw, t" make way tor the more modest and re mne ivmaam* i/uiievnni >oinine cin ne more nrhnnftng than the invocation which aha haa laced, by way of preface, at tha beginning of the lomeetic poem which ahe giveaaathe hiatory of her ife The aerret of the double existence with vhirh ehe aeema endowed, ta explained hy the re'elation of her hirth. fler father waa greattriindHvn of Auc-t>i?? III , King of Poland, who named the daughter of hia profemor of racket*, a ho waa, at the enme time, auiwrintendcnt of the oyal aviariea Thus, on her father'* aide, she an nearer relative to the Puc de Bordeaux than nany of hia crowned ronton*, while in right of h-r natrrnal grandeire, who, (lying in terror and diarrnce to Pari*, after the m-irmge of hit daughter, tept n email bird shoo in the qmu de la I Vrraille, ihe claim* relationship with the vaat family of w>4ttairr?, which she haa undertaken to exalt an 1 o defend I 'pon the tradition* left in her family oncerning thia, her favorite anceator, ahe love* to iescant, ami many a time in the little Arabian wndoir of the Rue Pigale, haa the evening worn iwny amid the aowfewiVtof Antoine l?e|aror<|e, the *>or hird-eateher, and the diver* illustration* of 111* magnetic power over the feathered hoat* of the nr ; while i hopin would imitate in aome in?i?r'v| mpTovi?ation, both the subject of the tale and the vielani holy and impaaeioned manner of the narraor. Thi* aame aympathetic attraction, thi* magnetic power, or what you will, (leorge Sand hva nherited from th- pr>or ?nd "haeure Antoine I>e!;\ -orde, and so powerful was it in her youth, th tt here ia nothing related in the atory or Teverino, concerning the various fenu of the nird girl introlucrd therein, whirh ahe heraelf could not execjte.

Kven now, it ia mid, that ahe loves to exhibit to ier viaitera at La Chatre, the faaility with which ihe can faecinate whole flock* #f wild bird* by neana of a ararlet cloak and a few handful* of rmfet, exactly aa denrrihed in the atory shove menloned? Pmru Von tof omdent of ikt L-md-m Ada % TIM) Oeatrnrtlon of Fourtern Vt>?rli by loebrrgi the A lift ii tic. (Prom the l.ondoa Advertiser, Juan Y1 ] The arrival* during the lust few days from the Atlantic, hive brought ami intelligence respecting lueses of a large number of vessel* amidst the Moating fi Idsof icebergs in western latitude*; timl amongthe number, we regret to mid, one win from one of the 11 lull ports, witii Iteiween eighty to one hundrel J arsons on board, every soul of whom is?uppo??d to inve gone down iu the unfortunate vessel and (>eritibed. (!re?t quantities of ice are generally looked for by the traders in those i>arts of the Atl rutic, about the months of April and May, the result of the breaking ugof the frost in the Arctic seas, and driven down to the southwarJ by the force of the currents. The masses that have appeared this season, exceed anything of tha kind that has for years 1 been met with. They havo beenimmense, rwiih ; of ice, many miles in extent, towering up in all m tuner of forms, to a very gieat elevation, have swept | the waters of the Atlantic, and there is too much 1 reason to fear that the losses appended form a very few of the mishap* that occurred. The ill-tated vessel, in which so many are believed to have perished, was frein Londonderry, bound to Quebec.? Ten daya prior to her being discovered entangled in the ice? the twenty-seventh of April?she was spoken with by the master of the Oriental, from Liverpool. IShe was scarce of water, having had boisterous weather, Hnd on account of the number of passengers seen on deck, it was supplied her. On the 27th, the Oriental was beset in the ice, together with two other vessels, and perceived her some 10 miles to the westward. .Site was in a most perilous iKisiiion, evidently stove in by the ice, and sinking. Signals of distress were hoisted without the remotest chance of gaining assistance. For two days she was seen in the same forlorn condition, when she suddenly disippcared, and very little doubt is entertained of every soul having gone down in the foundered vessel. Subsequently a great many bodies were seen intermingled with _he ice, together with some prrtion of the cargo ; "lie latter led to the discovery of the port to which i "he veaeel belonged and her intended destination. 1 The Oriental was eleven days before she got clear . of the ice. Another similar catastrophe was wit- ; | nessed on the 2Pth of M uch, about 20 miles to the westward of St. Paul's, by the ship Signatte I M. Mowatt, from Alloa for Quebec. The vessel I was apparently an Lnglish brig, heavily laden, with painted portholes, fdie had got lixed in the iee, and had been cut down by it to the water's edge, admitting a rush of water into her hold, ller crew were observed working at the puinps, evidently in the hopes of keeping her atloat in the expectation of assistance ; alas, however, she soon sank, and all on hoard met with a watery grave. The exact number who perished was not learned. ; Letters have been received communicating the to- j tal.lossof the (istensible al so in the ioe. She wan from Liverpool, bound to Quebec, with several passengers. Up to the 5th of May, she experiencea heavy weather, when they fell in with an enormous field of ice, and got fixed in it for five days and nights, in the course of which her hull was pierced by the huge fragments, and she became a lost vessel. Pumi* were kept going till the arrival of the brig 1 >uke. Cant. Welsh, also for Quelle, which, after considerable working, succeeded in making through the ice to the sinking vessel, and rescued the whole of them from an iuevi:ible death. The Ostensible went down within 20 minutes after. Two other vessels from Liverpool, the Conservator and Acorn, were both lost near the same time. The former was on a passage to Montreal. She got pinched by the ice, within three daya after losing sight of land, and tilling, immediately went down|; lite crew were lucky enough to save the ship's boats, in which they were picked up. The Acorn met with her destruction within 30 miles of St. John's, Newfoundland, the crew were saved by the iilepsing schooner, of Sunderland. Among the [other losses in the ice are enumerated, the Ilihernia, from Glasgow for Quebec; the British schooner Collector, from St. John, Newfoundland, for London ; the brig Astrea, of Weymouth; the Wiihelmlna, of Aberdeen ; the Gosncll, of Newcastle ; the Sylph, of Lcith : aud three others, names of which are unknown. With the exception of the latter the crews were saved. Most of the unfortunate vessels were heavily laden, and their losses in total cannot be far short of ?100,0U0. Important Marine Case. AI'MIKALTY COt'KT ? THK CHARI.K3 BARTUTTT VS. THE KTKAMKR KUKOI'A?COLUMON. stroaa dr. li'iniwtm. [From the London Shipping <i aiette, June IS] This was a cause of damage promoted by the maMer aud owners of the bark Charles lUrtleit, and her cargo, ne?in?t the ?i<-uiner Kuropa, for having ruu Tier down th?? 27th June last. The bark, of the burthen of 450 tons, laden with iron, lead, Arc., and having on board one cabin jiassenger and 102 steerage pabseogers, was bound from London to New York ; the steamer, of the burthen of 1,NH) tons, with engines of tiOO horse power, and carrying the mails, was on her voyage from Halifax aiiaUuitcd States, to Liver|>ool. The proceedings si-k viMiouciia V7 ?i>. ?" i'nt mode of plea and proof 1 he libel given in on i>eu?ir .? Charles Bartlett, alleged that, on the day in question, she was in the track for outward an.I homeward-bound vessels passing to and from America, and at a greut concentrating point for both; that in the afternoon there was a dense fog, and the bark was heading N. W. by N., close hauled on the larboard tack, with all requisite sail set, and going four and a half to five knots an hour; that all work was suspended on Iioard, ! order to keep a cood look-out. About halfpaat three o'clock, I*. M , the wiml being W by iN , iiiul the sen smooth, in lat. SO 18 N., aa<l long. 2? W., m the miii? parallel of latitude with Cat*- Clear, and 7<NI nnh'a distant from it, the master heard a rumbling noisa to windward, like diatun t thunder, and the crew saw the steamer, at a distance of UN) yards, steering K. 8. K., one point forward of the bark's beam, and going twelvn knots an hour. Tits master of the bark instantly ordered the hall to be rung, and the helm to lie put hard a-port. The hark fell oil' a point and a hall', hut the Bteanier having first starboarded and then (torted her helm, without stopping her engin-s, came stem on into the hark, striking her abreast the main shrouds, in consequence of which she sank in a minute and a hail, and bki ol the passengers and crew were lost. The responsive allegation brought in on la-half of the Kuropa, admitted that the acrident occurred in the usual track for steamers, but alleged that it was two or three degrees to the north of ths usual track for s tiling vessel*. It dented that there was a concentrating point in the Atlantic, and alleged that the Kuropa, in the then stata of the weather, could not be seen bv the bark at a greater distance than from 1-jS) to 200 yards, but averred that the noise of the paddlewheels might have been heard in the direction of the hark three or four miles, and that it was ovting to some negligence that the bark was not thereby warned of the abroach of the steamer. It fur ther alledged that the bark having been reported by the man on the forecastle, at the distance of from IM to 2iN) yards, the third mate ordered the helm to be startamrdrd, but m the same breath, beforr the order wm or could be obeyed, he revoked it, and directed it to be put hard a-|>N8t, which was instantly done. The engines were ordered to be *tO|>ped, but the order had lieen anticipated by the engineers, and they were nut of gear, so that Ix-fore the collision the ste truer had come up to the wiad a point and a half. The Charles lUrtlert was going from five and a half to six knots an hour, having all DOM sails set, and had neglected to fire guns, blow her fog-horn, or nog her bell at short intervsl", so that those on board the steamer could be cognizant of ner approac n. i ne eviaence aunuceu in ?Mp|M>n in these pleas was extremely voluminous, an.I in many reapecta exceedingly contradictory. The estimated low# wi* ?I2,<M). j Pr L'*?i?otoh said?Ib conjunction with the gentlemen by whom 1 am aMtstml, we have con- 1 Hidered til the point* in thin case which I suggested aa necessary to l?e determined, and I trast th it | there ha* been no oniiamen aa to any one of th?m. We have come unanimously to the following determination:?That no rate of nailing by steamer*, or other vessels, can be Mid absolutely to be dangerous; but whether any given rate is dangeious or not, must depend on the cir< umstanci-* or each individual case, as the state of the weather, locality, and other similar fact*. That the rate of I2| knots an hour, in a dense fog, in the locality where this occurrence took place, must l>e attended with more risk than a slower pace; but, aMtiming that it might !>e accomplished with reasonable security, anil without probable risk to other vessels, such rate of going could not be maintained with suc h security, except by taking every possible precaution against collision That proper precaution was not taken by the Kuropa?1st, she had not a sufficient look-out; 2d, we think that no proper arrangement was made as to the engines; iH, because no nerson was placed to report to ths engineers the orders as to the engines: 4th, because no second tiersnn was placed in the wh?e|-house; 6th, that th'- or<l"r to starboard the helm was erroneous We are of opinion that, if proper precaution had been adopted, the accident might have been avoided, and that the collision took place for want of the proper precautions With respect to the ( harlea Bartlett, we are of opinion that a good louk-out was kept on board; that she discovered the approach of the Kuropa as soon as circumstances would permit; that she adopted all nroper measures t? avoid the collision, bv ringing the b?ll and putting the h'-lti to port. Therefore, I must pronounce against the F.nrtifa in this case. Mr. Kotiikkt (the proctor for the Kuropa) gave notice of appeal. IIkm.KT'S MMmT^Kuittlc Titt.Brtt\rw.?A sinking experiment has jast been made under the direction of the French government, to test the efficacy of Mr. Ilenley'a tnagno-electric telegraph, which is worked without batteries of an) kind, an* at a fraction of the cost of the Voltaic system The line of railway ?seum?d for the trial was that from Pins to Valenciennes At the Paris end the director-ia-ctuef of telegraphs for the Preach go verament, M Foy, wipei-intended; while at Va! leucienne* were prevent the minister of public ! work*. Count ShekendorfT, the Prussian Aiuboaad- j dor, M. Motmy, the thiefeagtueer of the ' railway*, Karon lX-vaux, M (^ueielet, aud M. , Cabray, chief engineer of the I?elgi*n government; the three latter bein? members i?j a commission ui 1 appoiated by the Iielgiun government to r&- | u iJO*t on th? bubject. The distance w 140 miles, J li'in#; the longest telegraphic line iu France, j 6tl .nu?*r a mow satisidcioiy a-ues 01 wins on me ir, I binelf distance, first with tlie full power, and j,. | afterwards with ono-twenlieth of the power, the I . wires were connected *> as to treble the total uii I length of wire, unking 510 mil?-? to and from 1'u- | ' ris and hack?the nu^iiHic mesMaffe being corninu- pu, I nicated through the first wire, hack by the necond, i e j through ihe third, and l>ark Hgain by uu? earth. It | wttji not anticipated that the magnet could possibly ( w' woik tbroueh this cnormcu , resistance; but, in j am fuel, it in alleged it is worlu-d as distinctly and ra- ' crc pidly as when ouly made to traverse the 180 miles j rat with full |>ower. The ordinary telegraph with bat- ? tery |K>wer u?ed by the French Koveriiuu*nt, was tee then put in requisition ; but not the slightest ll>'ct i law was produced. (>n the single distance, even a mg- aor nal was sometimes not obtained fur several mm- ' of 1 utes, owing, it is said, to SOUIO fault it) the bitle- j and rife, although tin* officials were exerting themselves j for to the utmost. The government officers <tnr) others j / ilMNltd 'he Working OfWiatiMM from 10 to 3 kill oV ock, and expressed themselves thoroughly hs- mil ti.- lied with the successof the trial.?I*ondun .Veuv cos sen Anotiikr Camaima* HisiiorRir.?Arrangements fin liave l>een made for the immediate establishment his of another bishopric in t'aiiuda, by the subdivision plo] of the iiresentdioceae in Montreal. The Society for per Promoting Christian Knowledge have come to a ami resolution that, considering the vast extent of that boy diocese, and the great importance of its subdivi- wh sion, the sum <f ?1,000 be granted towards the M? endowment of two additional hishoprica in Canad.i, die* the interest of that sum to be assigned, under the An direction of the Council for Colonial Hishoprica, diet towards the income of the proposed bishopric, until j>eri the establishment of a second additional bishopric tola in Canada Cast, when the sum of X'2,000 of the T above amount shall be appropriated towards the lore endowment of the lirst bishopric. It has also been tall, agreed that the treasurer of the society shall be bet* empower-d to nay the ?-1,000 as soon as funds shall ! l?od be raised for the accomplishment of the object of ] vots one additional bishoeric. The new see will be that ! T of Montreal, the present bishop taking the title of | rylii the Hishop of Quebec. l'r. Inglis, the Hishopof j ot>i Toronto, is at present on a visit to this country, for the double purpose of urging the desirablcneHii of founding the new see, and for taking measures for the taking measures for the establishment of a u|jJ college in Upper Canada.?London Weekly Chro- j i,i? wle. I the Mni.iJt. Jr**Y Lind.?A letter from Stockholm, ~ of the 2-lth JVlny, says:?The day before yesterday, Mdlle. Jenny Lind arrived here from Lubeek, by the steamer Gauthiod. At th? landing place, the celebrated oantntrice was received by a great iiuin- War her of young girls, nil clothed in white, who offer- War ed flowers and wreaths to her. A carriage, drawn JJ.Rr by four w hile bones, suit by the Philharmonic j J;."1 Society,COadtKted Mdlle. land to her hotel,where i some apartments had been prepared for her. In ^ the evening, the houses adjoining the hotel were j illuminated by lights placed at all the windows ; a ' tvHi chorus of professors and dilettanti executed a sere- Wm nade under her windows, and hundreds of young W ai men promenaded the principal streets of the town, Wui in nroceaaion, carrying flambeaux. Mdlle. Lind , will give six concerts at the Kojral Theatre at I Stockholm. According to the custom hero when a noted artiste arrives, the tickets for the places .KI ara put up to public sale ; more than 15,000 persons disputed their possession, and they have been sold W a at exorbitant prices. Millie. Lind will quit Stock- w's holm towards the middle of July, for the waters at wa Kms. Her engagement in the United States commences on the 1st October, but she will not embark for that country before the month of Se|>teniber." Wa Messrs. Brown, Slilplrjr Co.'a Clrrular. Livxarooi., June IV. 116i). The cotton market remain) without change. the sales In the past three da;* aro estimated at 16.mat bale*, at the closing prices of last week, and about 2.699 of It on speculation The corn market continue* dull, with a tendency to I further decline, Iba growing crops bclug very protuiaing. Markets, I.omton Com* Taanx, Monday, June IT'Th* weather during the past week bas been of a very varied ,, ciiaracter; in the early part it wa* very bot, then cold ., and wet and on Saturday ulqht we bad a severe fr< at The only visible eflcct from the latter is a rtnnge in _ V some of the potato field*, from the most luxuriant green, to stripes ef black, and inVorna rae a the dark- *1?' eued ?i pearauca over the whole field. The corn trada ulr; here on Friday exhibited all appearance of firmness, tax and a tendency upwards, and in some part* of the country a slight advance in wbeat was obtained by the ha* farmers. At thi* morning's market the fresh supply 'pK of Knglisb wheat was small but i arrival* ' 1,1 last ?i ek were large, which rather cheeked the demand, 'rf 1 m~* -? advance could be realised on Monday'* 1 prices. The hngxeu -nnnlv wa* all disposed of ,ow and the sale* of foreign were to a muaeieia extent. * and much firmness is displayed by many ol the I holders, who are not willing to accept the present bal rates Kngllsh barley bas materially fallen etf in >'*' supply, but the foreign arrivals are more than b ad<quale to tb? demand, which bas rather Blackened, ?tn prices, however, remain without alteration Malt 'r" continues exceedingly dull. Oata meet a lair sale, and i flue quality, fresh and sweet, have rather improved in 'n ' price, but the eut-of condition parcel* go oil very j Bos slowly at the late rates Beans aod peas are unaltered Am In value. The falling off in the arrivals of krenrh i ' flour has rather improved the sale of Hnglish at la?l j 077 week's pries*. In seeds ami other article* there was prei no particular alteration, floating cargoes of Polish | thel tide,-a wheat are more inquired for, but there is a b3,:i Mam*n? a aumina lor it man corn i II3.1 Coins lloau K?o?. April 14 Although thrro ban boeu ralhvr a ttrmer ton" In our Import " ninrkel, th? attempt In fore* **lv* would immediately cr_" affvot prion Tko daiuanri fbt uio?t article* i? limited, , owing, It I* ennrrlvvd, In a great iima-nre to th"lntrrruptlou > lb red by pirate* to the tran*tnl?*lon of J'/' good* Into the lnt?rior Cotton ban Implored (owing i--I i'm hi | ' rt" hiiI ili? -t'k-k Ml hand living MMU 1 lituihay quoted. tn. 7 t> to H In.; Madra* tn H d to 2; J llengal. tn 8 7 to 9 Th? -ab* am reported at about ,, , TiKObalM, Btcrk 11','M) bale*, agaln.t 04.OUO la*t year Cotton Varn No traoiu-tion* bar" taken place In 'f! tbi* article, but holder* are firm We quote Mo. 1'V21, {' *25 to 17. Mo jh :i2. 12* to #), No .*42, *2?S to .71 i, block I bale*. again *t 5 717 whole and 1.227 half ['* bale* la-t year. cloth* nhuw a nllfht Improve- " ment, but the demand ha* been limited Tliu ?ale* , are intimated at 14 000 piece* gray, and 12 0'*) J* pier** white. The quotation* are for gray*. *2 40 to 2 75; and for white*. *2 20 to 3 25. 1 Woollen*-Hp tripe, bar* declined and price* are *1 J",' to 1 5. Long KlU?l'rlce* have ryceded and are quo- | 7* ted *7 to 7 40 scarlet *H ao Camlet* f: in.-li-h qui tad . ' *21 Io *2'i Dutch *17 to *."2, J?i piece, of the former J*' r| and7iK) piece* of the latter hare been *old Iron (quo- '* tatlon* again nhow a decline being for nail rod *2 55 ' * to 1 75, bar, *2 25 to 2 56, hoop, *2 *i to 3 J>; tin J?" plate* |* lo to a Co Turkey opium *4*0 in llm Dd * demand. Coeblneal *11' lo 169 Tea Very litU* j buelnen* ban been done In thi* article during the month. the market hwlog bare of all good description* of either Jl black or green The export from July I l*4s?, to April .m. I860.32,271 *00 lb* Mack. AdMTfV I ha grenn; total, sa.'.dl 500 lb* from July 1 1*4* to April ;?i 4*4* .'7 J*. , 154 4)*i lb* black, k,r?tt4U0 lb* green, total 12 H-.l kn? ' V Ktchacgeon Kngland. 4. 6d to 4* 7<1 . on India for 7,' Company'* accepted paper, 222 to 224 Kraight* 4 4 Our adviec* from flhaiighai are to the 14th ln-t Tn* demand for import* had been limited and although holder* evinced some flrmne**. price* for u"<t article* had receded Tea The market wa* bare of either kind of tea I.award* of 2 590 chenta of common black tva. J, packed at * I b u were ml | t | the American mark t ,. at 0t to lOt BUk ?In tbla article a moderate buiinea* (lr, bad bevn done, at rate* fully equal to I ant quotation* j|rt No really flrnt quality wa* in the market No 2T*at- , ;a, lee. *416, No 3. *;it*i, Tay*aam oommon t?. fair *2*0 J^|* to 631II. The eipnrt to date amounted to 13 Swi bale* rat|{ Long riotb* have declined and quotation* war# for gray* jan 5124 to 2 66 white *2 55 to 2 V. The .*)#< e.t i mated ?? t at 4o.i**i piece*, ntock 4'Ai (**) piece* eteluaive of tha ,nr> Otter-tiool* rtrirn *t> atelne. *ke t.. 41 In.* .. Ofted. *) to $7, ir*rlr(, )' t), MMlitl Kvchanga wj,? on K rig!and t<i to < fr.iglitu nominal, no. ,j , thing offering far Borland (>f , bnn The Hhmhliig Affair at Chagrta. tha I, the undcratfaeaT having nren ?t??- article in >on your pa|>er of June 7, hcided " .shocking hHait at a'1*1 Chagiea," beg lenvr (being an eye witnraa) to give iB* my statement of the aflair, and do justice to Mr. ,ur* Mancoaoe, whom I ronaider unjustly represented. Jf ' I. John MeTupek, on the 19th wt May,did inform Mr P. K. Mancoaoa, that Mr. Thomaa and Capt trra Newcomb, of the etenmer ??rna, had spoken of fnm ? # > (Mancoaoa) in a very diareapeetful manner. When the lie became in |<oaeeaeion of these facta, he went to ??? Mr. Thomaa, and demanded of him, in a gentle- ? manly manner, what he meant by euch obaerva- """J* tiona a* he had made, derogatory to hia character, **t to v?hnh Mr. T. replied that it was Capt N'ew- ' jjln| comb, and not him Mr M. replied, let Capt N r>u, attend to hia own aflaini, and not interfere with thrr mine Mr. Mancoaoa and Thomaa then settled tr?n the matter, aa far aa they were concerned, by ah*- th> I king hands, and adjourned to the ( reacent City J*'' House, ami took refreahment*. They then pro- | J'.n<J reeded in companv to the ctrcua. At the end of the performance Mr T and Capt Newcomb, to- Jf".| gether with George, were waiting ontaide for r,,u Mr M to make hia abearance of which he (Mr uh. M ) had been informed Mr M seeing a friend of and hia, (I?r. Magrew) inquired of him if ne had any aeaai arma about him, he replied he had a piatol, No? which the Doctor lent him ; Mr M then drew hia ,h* watch from hia pocket and handed it to me, re- ,MU questing me to take charge of it, at the aame tune, j requesting me to go with him and ask Capt. N j mon what hia object waa, when Mr Thomaa stepped ' p0w forward and aqua red ofl to Mancoaoa, who poshed If him I sick and told him to go about hia buaineaa, earn when Thonraa squared ofl again to Mr M . who Jeetl then knoc ked him down ; on hia riaing they clench- | ""J ed, and both falling to the ground, in tha aculfle, JV the piatol went ofl Mancoaoa waa taken away hy (h>t two of hia fnenda Job* McTwang. flrm, .Swora to betorn me, thia 38th day of June, A D. 1*0 Fu* H. Uma, . Com of Derdo M g Our Kikton Carriapoiidtnef. ?iatom, Cecil County, Md.t June 29, H6t. lit Weal her- 7 V Crops?Salts of Jm*uI?Com f Homicide--Politic*?Soi<u of Temperance, Ife. For the last three wwi* the wcjtther has beca lCORinioinly dry, aud the dust had accumulated the depth of some three or four inches in our reets and highways, much to the annoyance ot it filers ; hut last night we had a delicious ihaar shower, which washed old Nature's dusty fan*, d rendered the air balmy and bracing. The farmers have been busy with their hay the <t wo k; but u majority ot them have now aecurthis crop, and some are engaged cutting their icat. There has beetl an averane viel.l of h..? lif (he weather continue* fair a week longer, tho pof wheat in the county, notwithstanding the 'ages til the Hy, will be largo. Several valuable tracts of land were sold at trim's sale, from the Court House door, on Tuesday t. One tract at llattlc .Swamp, containing 110 es, with a tavern, bold for $4,900. Another traet til acres, near l'nncipio Furnace, for $3,11611, I a third oil the Jhg lillt, containing Ib3j acres, $3,300. i hoy fv the name of Charles A. Jackson was led on Thursday, by Henry 0. Simpers, about 1} Its from town, under the following circuiiisianJackson, who was about 15years of age, was t by his mother to borrow a horse of Simper*, liners accused the deceased of persuading one of hands, a boy named lioldou, to leave his emy. Deceased denied the charge, whereupon Suus, who is a violent tempered man. cursed hint I struck lum over ilie head Willi a hoe. The 1 was just able to get home and tell his mother nt hud happened, when he became insensible. dical nnl was immediately procured; hut Jackson 1 the next morning from concussion of the brain, inquest was held ever the remains, mid a verrendered in accordance with the facts. Sinai was lodg'-d in jail to await his trial at the ( 'r term ot our court. he wings and democrats are marshalling their es, and preparing for the political contest thia , ami we will, no doubt, have some warin work veen this and the 2d of < ictoher. Well, aomey will lie defeated, anil whoever gets the most s will l>e electud?that's a fixed fact, he Grand Division S. of T. of the State of Mae uid, holds its next quarterly session in I'ort J>et, on the IHtli of July. L'l.icoutuui. Tlie Growth of Boaton. > Mated ytmturday the total population of It win* er the recent oen?u? to which we now add a taeh owing the population by ward*. together with number ot foreiguern in each Thin table in not hi, liut may bo nlightly varied: ? aulk Hiiomimo thk I'oruLATioa or thi Oitt or Borrow, iw 1660. Total Othrr Total nf Population. tritk. Owirtii. KweifMn. d 1... 10.280 3,637 756 4.398 d 2. . . 0 107 6,364 1,136 0 479 d 8... 10 073 4.709 617 6 4*4 d 4... 16.222 6.101 3IT 6.483 d 6... 10 002 2.i*S 444 t,4!W rd 6... 6.987 1,461 474 I .934 d 7... 6.003 1.811 40# 1,743 d 6... 10 000 7.004 611 6,6?r rd 9. . .10.604 4.770 703 6,411 rd 10. . .14 636 S,l<32 1,160 7.099 rd 11. . .10 370 6.031 3 491 7 613 rd 13. . .13.900 6,000 1.208 8,809 rotal, 136,708 62,901 10,369 61,119 PortM.ATioin iiw 1846. rd 1 8 105 Vtv.rd 7 8.8.W rd 3 9 717 Ward 4 8644 rd 3 10 034 Ward V 0 *10 rd 4 10 617 Ward 10 13,f.64 rd 6 8 510 Ward 11 11270 rd 0 6 173 Ward 12 10 >40 Total, 1U.H4 N' miikr or CoLenrn Pcwaawa iw Ka' w Waco. rd 1 117 Ward 7 38 f 150 3 $ '2H 0 B 114 10 at 0 360 11 141 0 1 1*7 It 99 3,113 CoLonrn PoriLATiew iw Boaton, at DurananT fumoi. 742 1374 1825 1117 766 646 1630 1876 790 T'itt 1646 1767 6O0 1174 1640 l!??8 610 1400 1643 I'M UO 1740 1060 '2112 i'ard 7 nhown a decrea?e from 1845 of 671 and Ward ' 630. Till* ia probably owing to the erection wf rea luntead of dwelling boueen. aud alto to the unroll* n morala to the couutry town*, where both ea an<l rent* are cheaper It ia eatimaled i bat loin , In I I.e.... Ill,I .,1 II,.. i?...l .ulialanl I.I < taken up tin ir riniJi uck it thee untry while d? l>u?irt*? in Boston. ?lnr? th? laul cennui The ilurnio < *rit? lui ot hail probably al?o carried off ai one to two thousand *11 of the Ward" ?t.o? an inrrea?. from MM, a? tol? Word I 1 WIS; 3. Ml#. 4. I 4U6 6. I ?* ?, ti, 7N, ?. a, w. I,MS; || 171. 117 loo, II UN t will b* ?u tliot foreigner* eoiupo#? ni'orly una f of uur population. of whom oil but %bout IioaI Irish I the total population of W?rd N, containing Br o4 '< t, (!u lMi) oil but 1 .iCU, or fl???i?thr, or? loreignn 1845. of the 114 3 fi inhabitant* 3".491 wiira born ttoaton of Auk parent*. Ill US were born in ton of lorwigu parent*. total horn in Bonton <it < riron and fomign parrot* 41 070, toiol net born lo?ton. 73 iS*l, A uterican* and ihelr children. 77,, foreigner* ond tbrir children. 37 i!"M By th? rat enm, it mmm tii?r tii lairtuu ?od r children arr7.i 108, forriguer* and their children, *9; majority i>f American* ond their children, 14ft By thin It will b?i sua a, thot whtlo Ilia Igni r* ond their rhildrrn hove in<Toi%??dnnrt< 1S4.S, :'.T, the American* and their children h%,? d?> i?-?d 1 Ml# he eoiiiirt " numeration of (ho inhabitant* of lloonow known woe m id, in I7i<i I'he number ih?a orte?l wm 10 i,i,7 t n that er*?ii* It wa* tound that V per?(ti? r>?ided north Mill I'mek,'1 H* rkKtone atreet. and'iUIH ?,,uth of thwtlin*. u 174- a i ori?u? w>< taken wim b /?? n t< tal of 182. of which number 1.874 ww? colored lea?itv iiN white* In I7i>il a canon w? tok-u wkut e 14 11W white. and I Ml colored, making o total 4,781 Thl* ?? token during the preva e of the fcmnll pni. and many o| th? Inhabitant* tied to the country the number ol >laTe? in Baain 1764 wo? UM n the '..I of June 178.'! ti??rra?r Barnar I protested auhject af taking a c? n*n* of the colony n( Mmi?actt* Bar whieb wai aeted upon February id 17*4. ?cen?u* wti not completed howewer till May 1788 hat enumeration B<?ton mi rrported to contain 2? inhabitant* nee the year 17BO. a crn*u* ha? been taken eoch >de l>y order of the I nited t*'at>? government In J'?t? .k', and 4t> a n-u* wo* taken by I ha uuthoritlr* The following tahln -h iw* the retuma ie by the provincial nn-ui in I7H6, tha tui'ed e? crniutrach ten yror? Com 17Ai, and the mty >oa, each decade fr< m l*i, p?. (.'mm I ear* C'onu. 10 Ml I Mo ium I I*??.i* lav, 7n<m .. .. . .. '. .'. '. .j-nm i?u*jm 1M.TW .M ifi?l >thm 7>aiWi<? Jut* im Naprrlnr I'rart, niiui. r?? Brf. r? .{nigra ttaklry I'Din' and I'MpM. ? ? 1 I* ioi<ia? rt ?V tfapnr and Cvf M'l(if Nrw IV* Thu rn?? w%? triad bafora Mr J?*Pandtord wlian, by dtrrcuon 'of thil Juj(?, t r?r?M r-lurn- l lor th* Jrl?>>Unli, to which tU ntiff* airaptad ?n 1 tha rtaia now r. m-t brf> ra Court fur iifiimKOt It app>-arad ihti thaCorpjon ordarrd a MWr? to l? built a?ina tlma alnaa. ? r dtrr-'t and appnintad thraa MkMnn tn afiportiwa ha adjnnint property tba *ipan?aa . th?a aaaaa. tnnh tli* <>ath ot uIKm and uta?)i|>iitl; th? Cnritton r*tn >rad th?in and auhatltiitad thra* othara inada an vat I mala of performing tha prortainM lia nrdinanr-i' they aftarwarda to. k tba >?tb flir?? I at thry p< rformrd thalr dntlfi baforw d Tha Corporation laatiad a "arrant again >4 plaintiff for V<"4 allr**d to bo dua a< tba a-?--?-d on plaintiff'* proportion of hanallt or antafff br^alrrd by lhr?? lota of land ha|on>to nlai In .lan<' ?tra?t and Laimblar ? fiirnii waa larlrd on for tbat amount rialntlfpa ronwonUndad that tlia pmraadin?a vara raid for aail rra*on? fir?t for tba a-a*aanra baring *?*ad n ut oath and aarondly that tha Corp .ration prolad without any apparent n?r. a?ity that tha *a >ra mada thr a?t|niat> bafora tbay wara aw?m and nath waa a ftitura proniia>ory on?, that noaatmata mada within thr ra^llrrfe'nti of thaatatuta and Ibrw p?r?on> who undrrtnok to art aa a*>aaaora, ' not prnparly appol?a*d tha Corporation baring iuatrd lt> authority by pr?vtoa?ly appointing prop. raona. who w-rv compatant and who had not da?d to art. hut wara aup-raadr-d without any othor ? than th* m?rr will ot tha Onann ''ouaril Aliopoial or*- d hy plaintiff noatiaal W, that tha ar ra should tiara mada tl<a <* %n 1 r<>ll*?t.-d monat. bafora tha witk waa dona Tha Ooun ?r tb* Corporation urged hi* point* for tb* doant* flr?t. that the ??timet* med* trior* in'ract and h.for* th* a*?*?iinr* war* ?w*ru. I* not ??#*?*mcnt anntem plated hy amotion 270 of th*aat 113 and tb* law of 1*24 It wa* for lb* purpa** of mlng an approximation of tha co?t of tb# work n tha Corporation rant* tha work to b* ***cut*d dona at thair own *?pcoa*. ? in thl? aaaa ) an aam>-nt of Mich i ip>n? with intcr*?t i* to b* mada atimata ! ra<jnlrad hcrau** n< na la naoaaaary aa aapanaa ha* baan a*aartain*d lla aian eon. led thatt ha a*t<*?ro*nt and confirmation > In conformity with th* *tntnta. and binding conclil'lr* on paraon* a*aa*aad; that tb* 0o?i Council baring the powar to a**aa?. bad alao tha *rtn*m*nd th* ordinance by appointing other*. ?y cood cao*a atiatad. and of tha *tl*t*nca of taeb a tha CY intnon Council wa* th* *ol? judge, no oblontofh* chnng* can h* nrg*d a* th* ****a*ort appointed ncrcr entered npon tba dlaaharga of r dutlc* Counaal tharabira contended that tba *m#nt In qn**tion I* in ail r*?p*et?. I*gal and th* jndgm*nt of tba *p*otaJ farm abould b* nf*d with coat* Park**, ni tb* Point Clear Hot*4, waa tiawatd k* U4 Uwi, trblla bathing nang MoMU