Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 4, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 4, 1850 Page 2
Text content (automatically generated)

NEW YORK HERA.LD. JlUER eORDOH OE 4RITT, PEOPB1ETOR AND EP.TOE wce n. w. ?ok.nkr op Wjton amu *a??ae rrs. AVWWVVW^WWVVNW THE DJO.Y IILKAl y 2 rmfi p*r ?*r TflK HivFjii-Y rtu /y HuJm, ?Jii if, <U OS* per topv. or %i yrr a "*< *>. , l/u Ewyoit* 1 diHn, t<^r to i/ii7iuif y/i* Mif.igt 41. L I*V/l"f7.U$ by mail, f^r ufc?mpr*m?, ?r utf/1 a dorrI m??li, r* bt put-ful. or i)is potlaf will lit dodu.lod from Iht mm, ,y roa,itteH. VOL Uy TjK V CUKKESFDSDE'fVE, rootniirVif vnforhint mm, tvlmilnl hem uny ya.i rtr r / Uu torrid ; ij turd, teul t* MA*t-?//y f"W /or. KU SdTK y tnkrm / ummynwnu fmmuiHcutiaiu. Ifr dm tHK return rtjrrUtt r.mimun?r,i,to/.?. ALULRTIS?AItt* TS retuimcd terry morntmuA M IMMtMS Tills AFTERNOON AM) EVKNINIL BOWERY THEATRE. Bnwary?Afternoon?The II isti.ce a?u the Kanpit?Joe ie Lonnon?Taeivu the l't.*i>ui?. ErtaiDn- bk?>iiki>?Lokhon Tioeh. BROADW AY THEATRE, llruAaway-SATitAijn-Ti an st?the cuijj 1>ii.i.ehs. NIBIO'8 GARDEN, Broad*ay?l?i~AaD or Jeweea? Ibieh Lion?Vateaah or '78 BURTON'S THEATRE, l Urn The Breeohbs puijtician? SlBigt't FAEIII.v ? MVITEAIOt'E k?.ioki?o?. NATIONAL THEATRE, Chatham motro-Aftirnoon? TIACIMA ki MHV?En m ( AIJVOHNIA?Onmni'E Evaati>E?MK HESTEK KKOCEIMI M >E in ( ?i'A?i'KKPino in AT SlI 1'. Id?A IE 1. EM NO SACKinOE CHRISTY'S OPERA HOI Mei'hanioi' IIEll?Ethio??An MiniTiiniAV?AttoriH'i.n and Afanina. OLYMPIC, Broadway?1'iehce'e Mtntrmni*? Aftamoon And ttdun*. CASTLE GARDEN?lii'iio, liAncino aied Fihewobke AMIR!CAN MUSEUM?I'LttmuEtAacra Eviki Hot a ntainc the Day. Ktw ioik, Tburtilay, July 4, IN.TU. Telegraphic kuunnar)'. la consequence of a thunder storm which occurred at the South, on Tuesday evening last, the lelef taphtc wires in that direction were deranged, and we were unable to place before our readers he Congressional proceedings of that day. In another column we give them what was done in ^ whington yesterday and the day before. The Senate, it will be ix-rceived, were occupied vextrrrlnv nil it... .|.,V kuA.n ..Ik Ik. (M.f.T.M bill, but without coming to any conclusion. In the House of Representatives, the Galphin cabinet were severely hut not unjustly handled by several members. No mutter what conclusion in ty lie arrived nt by the llouse, as Mr. Carter, of Ohio, said >taterday, the people have rendered their ver. duct, that there was corruption in allowing the Gulpliin claim, that its allowance was monstrous and revolting to the dictates of common honesty. If the luriiors Iroin Texas are to be believed, the boundaiy dispute between that State and New Mexico is assuming a very important shape, and an armed collision is very probable. If such an unfoi lunate result should lake place, the conlliet will not be confined to New Mexico and California. I The cabintt at Washington will be held to answer for the consequences. The Southern States wilj ' not witness Texas struggling, without assisting her by all the means in their power. The Northern States will take sides with New Mexico, and then will commence a civil war, the end of which will be the destruction of this Union. With such danger aurmg us in the face, what can he thought of Congress, the members of which are gassing and guseonadiag as if they were the rulers wi mr jwi'jur, uiPiruj t?j uirti bcivauip, nrcira IO the places whi.b they till l\?r the purts>se of curry. idc cut their will, uuil not to promote sectional quarrel* between different Mate* of the confederacy 1 We regret that we Cannot hold out any hopes of the immediate |Hi??uge uf the Compromise bill ? Delaware, it ap)*krs, has come out ug-unat it by resolutions, and Mr. Clay himself, we learn, is afraid that it will not be jwssed for some time yet. 1 nite|>endente Uajr. The people of this mighty and powerfal republic, wiU this day celebrate the seventy-fourth anniversary of that great day, when the thirteen colono-s | of America resolved " to assume among the powers i nl the earth the M-{>ar ttr and equal station to w htuh the law s of nature, and of nature's God, entitle (entitled) tin m j" that day on w hicli they declareJ to an mi i?>riished w orld. as self-evident truth*, "that all Mi -ii ?re created equal; that they are endowed with certain inalienable rights; that among these are blr, lil>erty, and'the pursuit of lu?|>pines*: that to secure tlnse rights, governments are instituted ana ng men, deriving their just power* from Mm conn lit <1 the governrd ; that w s< never any form nl govi-rmneiit l.?*c iiues destructive to these ends, I is the right of the people lo alter or to abolish it, and to iiolitulr a now government, laying it* foundation on such principles, and organizing its y?s tr is nt h hunt, as to them shall seem most likely to i feet tb? ir safety and happiuess that j day on which "the r? yr-tentative.* of the United Mat?s of America, in general Congress a*- j seaiblrd, appralirg to the Supreme Judge of the wot Id for the rectitude of tic if intentions," did, "in the name, nnd l>y the auihortty of the | pad |s t pie of these cttlontrs solemnly, publish and I a, slats i t.iai thsM* mult d eolonit are. nnd of richt I ought to be, fn? anil iadrpcmiftl St.tten; tint they itrr (w?r? ) atwi Ived from nil nil gtmee to th-- HiL ll-liltowu; hliJ ill .1 all ? -blli riloll between them and the flu* u of t re *1 LkiUin ( wan) nail ought ' to te tctnllj dmolrrd " That, tkfrrlvfp, in the da)', the niiuivt inary of which we now crlrbratt with henfiir?, hrewotkn, and illuimiMtiona Hut while wr rrlr' rate it, Iff un hear in mini, that, through llif iiiliuf nrr of (tarry, formed our wogt I'liM-nl dr tinc'ioan, thrne united colonies " are mi o?nt'? r? that the North in, at this moment, arr?)n| ip n, I the fontA; that olJ |>iity luc* are broken up, that M*cti<uial quarrels are being in d.llgrd in, no.I that >inl?*n? a "vtier feeline prrrailn, Um' ?n?I. ?r - i I? ut jr fat rr volution will have abed Ihfir blood to no |<ir,*i?e, and that degenerate aon? of noble ?il*? will throw nwnjr thr Meaning* be- , qu<-ttli' >1 to thrni. ?od which they ought to cherish an the ap( If ol their eye. j Wlul. wi afr, therefore, celebrating the annirrr- I ear) if ih'it giorionn day in which our f.uh?rs pledged ii ir liven, th- if fortunen, and their anered home, to Mintain the Ihclnration of Independence. I?t tin r. .it fin. t I he i.Hitinu advice of the immortal Washington, who, when after having rejfctfil i fM'Wn. t?tind to ih? ahedee ef Mount Vernon, to apei.d the rret of hi* d?y* in pence miii '|tnetneaa, *lii re.?li/e without alloy the ewrel enjoyment of poitnbilig, III the liiidet of Ilia fellowr Clti/.efia, th? benign IkHurae* of gi*?I Uwa ?inl?r a free govern* ?,ut.H l-*t the parting advice of the a tinted Walhioplt'll l?e rtn enthered.and pondered upan, by the |*c|>> c>f the North Ihn day ; While they am en^a%'d in the uanal feativitiea of the or ration. let thin. t? call to their rerollectton wdiat the father of lu? coinitry raid in reference to purtiea founded on geographical diatinctions. In hta farewelf addrena, j who b ('tight to le* Itaped hy every child of live j yeara of age, letajli? In anntewpletleg ?h? ran?ee which way dWarV nor t ill' I It neetire ?? a matter of er|o?? ennrrm. fiat any prr>uad ib'iiiM have hem turni?hed f ir eharartar- , tali a partiee l.j g< araphtral dirrri ulnatt'in* Nor'liem and ni'Utbera Atlan'le and tVe-tern te- 1 ?>fi 11,a tile may ? adi avnr In eleitn a brli*f tb ra te a teal Uiff-nare nf I eal latere#!* alt rtewe Han if Ik* aipdi'tia nf party to ar (aire Inlvrnaa within ! yartiiuivr iH'ttMil) tn mlerepri eent t h* I'piatnn* and abwe of otha r dietila t? Ton rannnt ehtnl I y mrreleee te n?' b apatn'1 the jealmitee and h?nrl burning* vllrk aprlnp from Uiree fnierep'ramuMinn*. they tend tw rennee alma In eaeh mh-r tbi e# wbn oa?bl tn ba bwnd together by ftateraal eft. -ti n The Mme llluatrioua patriot Mid:? It lib eweh powerful and obrlnu* motive* tn nn'oa ah'lint all part* of nar ronntry. wiill- aiperlenee hall not have d*aa met rated it* iaiprarHeoMlity there w-Ul alwsyt ba rtaaoa to dtairuvt the ptvrtntwui o. j tboee who, in my qaarWr may sadaaror to waahac 1W band*. Wf ho|>f that these w,irning?, emanating a* the\ did front the great Washington, will he ponderer upon Vnder the Union, we have become the first nation in the wort I, feared and resected b) all others. And while our children fire their pis tols and explode their cruckers, let ue each and al vow that we will hand to them the stored trus committed to us by our fathers, in all its integrity and without S|k>i or blemish Arrival of t)i? lOiirojm?Tlie Condition ant l'roaperta or Kurtpr. The steamship liuropa arrived at tIiib port la? evening. Wt1 published a synovia of her ?rw the day before yesterday; the details will b found in another column of this day's paper. This is a wondeiful age, and un age of wonder We can travel the ocean by steam, and accomplir ae great a distance within u weefc a? was former] done in >u?we have chained down tlie ligliiniiij and can make it beat time or keep time?we ca discover gold mines, matte state constitutions b patent methods, expend a great deal of sytniMtth for niggers, without possessing uny, and do a vi riety of other things which our ancestors nevi dreamed of, and which, if they were to rtse froi their ashes, they would scarcely believe. Vet there is one thiug 111 which we are sadly d ficient, in this age. Unlike the period of Mosi and the prophets, or t iat of the apostles, we ai bad hands in predicting, und make a sorry attein at the business, in a great many cases. We hat predicted a great many things which hive occu nd. We predicted the revulsions which toe place in Europe a couple of years siuce?w predicted the French revolution, and the elei lion of General Taylor. AH these have bee veiified, but on the other hand there are mar predictions which as yet are unfulfilled. We cat not, in reason, however, expect to hit the mat always. We do not claim to be infallible as a pr< phet. Even the liocliester spirits are soinetirm mistaken, and while endeavoring to knock out tb right thing, occasionally do the reverse. We pri dieted uriother revolution in France, but it his nt I yet taktn place?we predicted the downfall t Gen. Taylor's weak and contemptible cabinet, bt it sticks together still by the " cohesive (>ower < public plunder," Galphinism, and California Ian ejaculations, and though last, nut least, we prcdicte u general European war which, up to this tune, \ untult -'.U d. On reviewing all our predictions, how ever, uiid 111 balancing the accounts, we iind a larg balance in our favor, which is not the ens*1 wit : most prophets, and therefore we are satisfied. In icference to a general European war, it is pr< bul e that none will take place during the sojour ot line generation in tins sublunary world. We ai beginning to think that the nations of Eurojie ar too mueh afraid of each other to go to war?tha like the two schoolboys, " one'safr.nd, andanothc durbou't." We have had several false alarms late ly, but the self-styled mistress of the seas, i|uietl backed down, and all is repose again. There ar but six independent and powerful nations in th world?France,England, Russia, Austria, I'russiu and the l ulled States. Almost uuy one of the* is a match for the other, if the remaining [kjwers di not interfere, but the danger of luterference is sue us to cont(>t 1 them all to keep the peace. Beside this, the horrors of the wars which followed tli French revolution, ure still vividly rcinci|ibered,an the present g< neration ure not willing to w itness , repetition of them. Again, the recent improvement hi the ait of war ure so uuiuerousund so wonderful that each of the great powers is ulraid of encoun tcring them, nlthough they hate each other Willi I cordial un?i reciprocal ini?n&ny. Three are aouu of the causes that tend to prevent a general Euro l>ean w?r ; liut tin- most important and ol nil, is the irredeemable bankruptcy and financial rotteunesn of m 11 the great jxiwrra. Their very ex istsnce us nations d'-pends u|H>n the niaiatenitact end continuance of the paper money system, whicl would collapse and explode at the lirst shock of i general war in Europe. This system has beet pushed slid expanded to its utmost limit, and a wa panic would drive it nut of existence, und send si the governments toppling to the earth The hnuneial condition of some of those power WMCkftlty d. veil-,a d during the la'e revolution! The struggle with Hungary made a bankrupt o Austria; und Russia herself is this iluy beggiug o the Jew capitalists for the means to continue he pow?r. England is hnp< lessly gone, and is tied huud and foot, notwithstanding her bluster. Wit nrss her recent conduct in the Creek affair. Franc< is likewise imolvent; m fact, so are all the Euro pesn powers, without a solitary exception. Hut. although thv European powers w ill not, ac reninig to present appearanees, risk their existence in a general war, they will embark iu hostility with any of the smaller nations, on the least pretence, ami fertile most trilling cause. England will thrash tin Chinese, and lore* opium dow n their throats at tin cannon's mouth?slaughters the people ol ludia, un< Hnm xes their territory, as |wynient for the powde und bull used iu killing them. France whi|* tin Alperines, and makes a colony of their ter'itory 1\iihsni subdues Hungary, l'rusuia, lladen, and a the foot ol the list, the United States goes to Wu wiih Mexico and roni|>el* her to ds*|>eiiiie witl hnIf her lands to foot the bill. But the great pow era will n< t wat with such other. Russia, thougl eager for Tuikey, refrains, in the sight of a coali lion against her, Englnnd backs out of the tireel question : Mr. Van lluren tries and acquits Col M< Nub, to get out of the difficulty growing out u the burning of the Caroline ste..iinr ; and Mr. l'oll ubundoued the lifty-four fo.ty or tight platform, fo fear of war with England. fitch is the |?resent position of Europe and o the world. The peace which has lasted f<>r tinny five vmr* seems, accordion tonresenl soia-araiicr* i ct destined to he auou broke n. Plill, however ao i'ii? know* h hi.i h iliy or a year ni ly luiiir forth A ?< mtmiatinn of events may occur winch will ae Pit rope in h blaze, hut the rulers of the Humpm natuns will do th# ir utmost lo prevent it. Tin people, no doubt, arc armou* for a general war I.ill their tub te w ill prevent it by all the bmih ii Iheir power, brritue their own en-ti nee is idi uti bed w ith a continuance of peare. The presrnt go vernmenta of Knrope may. therefore, Uat ui.til lh*j rink w ith the Weight of their ow n rottenness, bank niplcy and corruption, or until the masses lieeomi ruflii iently intelligrnt to nriae in their might, am level Ibtm to the ground. TaiCart'LiTft M.'.vrant z*o:->Kt.riiiA ? We are atill receiving communication* respect ing the aap of the cedara of New Jersey, and th< acienttfir reararrhea of Mr Hirst into thia article Among othera. Judge Barton has furnished ua witl a long reply, the moat prominent point of which it hi* dt duration that the worda reported a* si?oker by him ag onal the (jueen of Kngland, do not live in bia memory. Public apeakera, in the itnpulae o zealous m menta of patriotiam and virtue, frequently aa) thing* which cooler judgment would noi aanction. Theae worda form, of eottraa, tha m ml atnking jaunts ot their horanguea; and though it m eaay to ? harge the ekiilui reporter with hevug exaggerated nprrwiow to injure a ap-,ik?r, there it Cot an intelligent man that credit* MchaUlem nta In former tome a, men could say whit pleiaed th-in for i flecta' sake, and alterwards prepare for thi? preaa an edition of a different cote. It ia not e< now. The modern reporter* are like the e,ira ol the great public, ntid faithfully drink in every Wor I, to rrpioduce it for the benefit of the ooinui inity. Tbia makea our public e|<eakeri more prudent tliar formerly, for men cannot apeak without bem| stncily represented by the newapip-ra. Judg' Barton, it aeenia, his suffered aome inmnvenienct ftr in thia faithful worh oh the part of the pre**, bu aa be doea not rhooae to aaaert that hi* word* luvi Iwrn intentionally garbled for tip." purpoae of >aj rr leg him, it ia lo be hoped that he will bow forgei the teat of the fiiolieh battle of Word* an J correspondence between the cedara ot New J.-r?'y and the |*>eia of Philadelphia, and an tr rutin a* h'Mle litica between tlie nto?lcru Capo lets and Mojtv/w* i lied there been fewer " dead e^ljirrs" throaghont I ' the whole of tbra affair, the^ would have been no 1 ' publicity given to the '.title. h'o eeonihle tntn j, 1 would ever have thought nerioualy of gouw Mil* i print < o euch 'a mailer, and though we can account for it on cer.uiu belie.'e and aurmtaea, we hive no detire to aee gentlemen nude ridiculous by any ( 1 gTutific'itien of morbid vanity or dieeaaed jjdti'iient. ] i ii w r. Herbert cheopre to protect her M ij^stjr j * Queen Victoria, he should enlist in her service. 1 There is no i>ortion of the EngliVh army quaitered * neater thun Canada ; and in hie efforts in h-half of his sovereign, on American ground, he will lose ; labor. Her Majesty is safe any where. M ,e Tut Oomfusion ok Webster.?The confession of the wretched man who took the life of Dr. s. Park man, in the Boston Medical College, has been h read with deep interest in this community. Daring ( Iy thetrial of the prisoner, various theories were set j, op as to the probable innocence of the professor, in though these were generally entertained out of the | ,y city of Boston. In that place, the prisoner was iy convicted, we doubt not, upon testimony which was taken before the jury of inquest, and which fr was suppressed ui>on the trial. The identification | m of the remains found in tiie Medical College as those of l)r. Turkman, was not a matter of proof, e. hut of belief from rumors. If the delicacy of the ^ family was the cause of the suppression of im|>ortre ant evidence, we may resect the feeling, while j,t strict justice condemns the course. No power ,e should be great enough to shut out testimony ufr. fecting character or life, particularly when theevi,k dence is required to satisfy beyond all doubt,the pubre Remind. The Boston Jury may have acted uccordc. ngto the popular belief in the locality of the murder, >n but we still maintain, as we have from the first, that , iy they ceuld not reasonably convict IVebiter upon j. the testimony brought forward at the triul. Had g ; they been furnished with all the evidence before , B. j the jury of inquest, ns to the peculiarities of Dr. i .? VHlLfeiiin'* hriHv tknir vvr/)i^t wmilil liuvt* lifcn ! ' more reasonable, and the public would not havu ? ... indulged in suspicions against Littlefield, which t 5t j were not warranted. * ,{ j However, we do not intend to enter into this ' j1 H i case more fully. The condemned man is seeking, * jf ! by confession and jienitence, to avert the terrible ' ,j penalty of the law. His fate is in the hands of the \ j rulers of his native State,^and of his Cod, and far < i9 lie it from us to interfere in a cause so sacred and j f. delicate. We have been steadfast in protecting ? rC him, while the voice of public opinion h.i* twisted : ( I, every circumstance against him, and only regret | that Lis innocence has not justified our course in 1 * every partieular, for it is lamentable to lind, in an t u intelligent and educated inan, a supertlux of dan- J e gersus and maliguant iwssions, uncontrolled by the ,, e calnt power of reason. * ' CilSKAT INCREASE OF THE ARMT FROM ElOHT * r Thousand to Foi'rtebn Thoi-sand Wen.?We e '' publish, in another part of this day's |>.tper, "General u y Orders, No. 20," which were recently issued from J e the War Department in Washington, relative to the t e increase of the rank and file of the United States ^ l> army, as authorized by ?n act t?f Congress, passed l on the seventeenth of June last. By that act, the ? nunila'r of men in each company of the army is in- p 'l creused from forty-two to seventy-four, which, in 1 9 the uggregute, w ill swell the rank und hie from l* eight thousand to fourteen thousand men. We | ? ^ learn also, that one-half of the infantry serving on J, 1 ; the frontier, are to be mounted, for the purpose ofp'o- e 9 tecling the inhabitants against the incursions of the d Indians, who, of late, especially on[the Texas fron- i tier, have become very troublesome, having stolen 1 upwards of oue hundred and fifty Ihoustnd dollars worth of property, coinmiited niany murders, und " carried away a great many women anil children, " within the last fifteen months. It is very doubtful, ? 1 however, whether mounted infantry will secure * protection to the people of Texas. There ought to be a rt girnt nt equipiied tor this s|M>cial ssrvice, com- ' 1 posed of good horsemen, and armed wiih revolvers, ^ 1 I similar to the Texan Rangers, for the ludi tus are ? 1 excellent horsemen?as good as the Arabs?and 1 J) r to be kept in check, must lie pursued and over- h 1 ! taken. ? This great increase of the army.of the United ti 9 States is rather a startling fact, und one that should L be pondered upon deliberately by the people of the r, ' United Slates. If it is justifiable, to meet present ' ^ emergencies, as soon as the necessity for such in- " crriw in over, a reduction should be nude. We I' * should be sorry to aee this republic in the * position of the nations of the Old World, saddled t. with the maintenance of large standing armies, J.1 who produce nothing, nor add to the wealth of the u people, but ate Mippoiied by means extracted from ' * ' the substance of die industrious claaaes. The *' standing armies of Lur?p? number, in the a?jre- tt 1 gate, about two millioas of men, the cost of whom * 1 ' to cannot be estimated at lens tlun two bun- II ? drrd millions of dollars. We are, however, gra- *' ' dually approaching Lurtqwan nations in this re- n ' s|>ecf. We si e our army increased, in one jump, *' r from eight to fourteen thousand men, an addition b of *e\nit)-live per cent! If we were crrUin thai * there was no danger of the army being used lor had ? 1 purposes, w r might uot be su much opposed to en- < r creasing it temporarily, as the wants or protection J' 1 of the country required, but we are not. An un_ I scrupjlous raluni t, like ihit now in oflice in Wash. Jj ' ington, might prevail on a simple mind'd President ? to use it for furthering their own *elti*h p ir|*Mt*s? ' as, for ins'snee, hi nitetferin; in the bou.i lary dis- ,, pule between Texas and New ,V|. xico. ti f I - * lbs Italian Optra. t? f I The gorgeous op? ra, l.a bemlramide,1' will be per- ^ forund to mono* utgbt for the last tluie. wkieb. si ^ websl'Wi the rilnpany will retire to Castle Harden. ' there to glee a number of niu'ievljentrrtiinineata " This tart wight of the opera, therefore, will be very gi '? ! brilliant probably ami will attract from this fact, a* 11 ? j well a* on aceouul of the beauty of the music ami the ^ I rieellint rharaetir of the representation by the ti t vocalists and orchestra R r shall expect l? a very it it brilliant and faehionehle audieree J, ?' f _ _ li Marina Affairs, : p, I For Kt rop* ?The 11 M. steamship Cambria, ?> Cnpt. I?rit?h. left iIlia |wirt at noon yesterd?y, for ,'t Liverpool, with a full cargo, und a good list of vi pas-i ngi-rs, whose names will l>w found under the J1 proper head. si tiiisihir Rimiir ? This vessel arrived at Rio T' Janeiro, from this port, on the 14th ot May. after a *( ' good passage of twenty -nine days. Capt Hudson, her commands r. ?p< ak* in high terms < f his vessel, and ol aim ot ber ma. him ry 1 he engines w? re not stopped fr once dmll.g the t utire vo)age All Well on board tt jf fiusii Awsaisa. Or Prolans irma.?Tbis vessel *1 , made an eapi rinn ntal trip up the Delaware tast Puesday atlernoi n. with a laige number of lueited guests hi The trip was a eery | b aaunt and suceerstui one. and hi I fully proved her ratability of d.oi>K all that sae ex- * peeled of her Iter maebiosry worked beautifully, 1 j and gnve universal saiist iru n Jt MavtmmU sf IihIIv iiltsals. t Hon t> A star kweatlier. I'bio. Hull K Sherwin. f J Vt , In f Daiglil W llilaitr a Colli ge; 1 apt l.ornlng. * Major It R. Allen, California, I apt I' Strip k! I.aae VI right, and tbirty-niue others, arrived ) eaterI day and took rooms at lire Clinton It..lei i a., v ii , > n n ,i ! rion. M' Ugt N . I.??nt 0..I i'llii r K. \ , ?? 1 ?? I'ur huuilifilMil #??tni>tli?rf atrirrd yr?i> rday. I'1 . I aid it ok n?a>i< at lb# A?tof ll .utd I I> r *1 Muiih t H .N and flfi) ont arilrtd I'J 1 y?ft< rd?) and IwA ? ?? at thr AlBTlcan llotal HI g?n. Ohio. Ur I Uilad*1 y>iiI? I'r t'uy- ? ' Itr. I f A . i af>i Rr. ?n. I i> A , II.u ft T J *? * at 1 fin A f! .< n m.d n? huodr.d nnd fitly If* j i lli.ra atiii'd )i*ltr ia) at lb* Irving limit.*. 1111 I 1 fcf iff A?" b I. ill It r '<| nrrltnlf at Ula prlanlpal " Imlilf II.. tlly. ).tl?iiii; tw tbtrtran hundred ' aid intuljr fit ( ' It o i* i* I hf'jif. ?>l Y.inint. ha# eoif. nted to d#*- I? ' I li?M Ibr BBDlf. i*?rj aildr.-* h? for* thd A in-ricni I a- 1,1 ' ftillilf lb Ihip rilj in l?rli>b?-r m it lb l lift I lit .bald Hath. m wat nt Littln Ko?k, Ark . ?t ** . Ufl Bd*tM? * I it.ii ll. iift. n If nptrt.d to d-linr a Ittnptraiiaa I " I ' >?> rh in baltilB' rt to-day. It ( er Rb| ff me lnatl-llMirrfl Trrm ob Jim A |?>ri?io?f /I H'AiMnff VI It# 1 ' f>nifiii-n, i*/ JSta.frtrMa Judgment for Whiting ?,T In ra?? | r.>pn??d " A.? Iflfl. <f ifd# "> WaiVrnad < IM-ip rt If art f Bo t >'??'? #. #Mrr# ft# It ,* mrnl of d unit |?rt. ! in utly ?? Nan York foj.rltr timirt ra- I ?? d n 11, iti.. if. .a# ? i? thf tti unt a!, 'ttil Id# I d. fr i 'It nt# in ttr.T ?< # bailing.# In r. nw |titiir, ? of |'?i ?ii>p#udit( the aril ot d- B ndantt in * rr>r. m aA '*? to 11 t t .itn of f fl a.,4 44 and to nU olhar rr-ifrW it " titttd. mth ai'ft# to ahidn rt cat. i koi 1 *k THE CUE CF FROFEtMR WEBftTKR. 11* PETITION TO TUK GOVERNOR AND COUNCIL. r.rmatxn or the bet. or pi-team. Ihvm ih*- bt-pfon Daily Adrertlper July 8 J At 12 o'rlock yiPtarday. tb? door* baiuR ihro4Tn ?p<?, to tkr catriutnt was mad* in {.ablta. Dr. ( ui'.aui presented tl a m Pi kip ? ' ra TIUTII, ?e An EntlUny tkr l?'oirinor, ui.rt fa fir HvnotamU Em ntfm < iviiif ?/ fAe CvtHhmmurmltk 0/ UmBtmikutelli: Jol.n White W rfe?t?r. a convict. uudar tanlenae af ltaib. in hi pkjpi jail, in bebali of binirrlf and of k<a ' lit anu btp children. r? pp. rllully petition*. that tka . iruO nt-r awarded ayainpl biiu by tkr law may be ?< ? nuliil to pucta olbtr irpp iiombla and Ignominious put itImirtit a* your bonotabia body may mercifully litem \ i ur petitioner fully admit* that he waa tiled before ' * lair and impartial tribunal and uudir lh? law an It ramie h* jury, ciuipond a* it mi of bouotublr and bif.l-i. inotu men, could have returned no verdiet other iLai. the J a j. but he rerpecttully reminds your honpianK t<dy, that tba two ureal moral lngicdieula ol Ibe crime ot murder, meltee aud premeditation, have iieeer hi < n louud against him hy a jury, but have been ui*e*raiiy inleried by the arbitrary rule* of the law. Iieuu ci nuin general lacts which your petitioner will ikii di uy . but the i xlenualiug detail* ol which no uiau u your petitioner'* aituatiou. can ever po?*ea* legal ividi nee to prove These details your petitioner ban ; lonfcd. d to the friend who presents hi* (>etillon. with luihoiily vo elate them to your honorable body, in me liope that you will find theiein reason to extend to your . petitioner and bin family that mercy of which the law ran made you the diapeunar*. And your petitioner wtllevar pray. J. W. WIllSTCm. BonToa, June, 1860. Dr. Putnam tbi n proceeded to read the following PHRI.IMINAII Y REMARXS. The ground* which 1 am authorized to take In aid if the p< tition of J. W. W ehnter, aud which 1 take uut in au advocate pledged te a side, but iu good faith, is i Xpreaaing my uan personal belief, are a* fol- J ow?:? That the human remain* found In the medical eol- ' ege. in November last, wire tbone of the late Ueorge , t'arkman. ana that he came to his death by the bauds it br W i beter. in a momrut of passion, uuder great .r...n..? ?.... ,i.... . uurderoua intent; that there wee a homicide. but not . t inuider; or it' it could be culled a murder under the igid interpretation of the rule* ot common law pre- ailing in thia conimonweuith. yet that it ?iu uot uuider according to the mural judgments of our people, , ir of mankind, not the crime to which the public lenee ot justice awards the punishment of death, or or which that punishment in indicted under the laual aad actual administration of the law in ilaaaaihuai tie. . 1 am enabled to prevent from Dr. Webster'a own Ipe. a elateL'.eut ol lacta conutcled with the buinlIde. 'X he credibility and ralue of hi* etalemeut oust depend partly on the dale ot it. and the ctrcumtancea under which it was made. Before reading it, herelore, X will relate those circumstances to the 1 ommitlee. My aeipnalntance with Dr Webster before hia trial tad been ol tbe slightest and moat casual kind Boon .Iter hia sentence, 1 received iroiu him a request that j would visit him as a deigj man. dui ing hia iuipri- . onmeut It wae a service uot to be decliucd. X hud lolluwi d the r> porta of the trial, aud artfulseed lu the veidict aa a lighteoua oue. aud had uo bought but that the sentence was to be. and ought to I le. curried into ekicution. 1 did not make it my ohort to draw a coutceMon from hiui early, or to lead litu to commit biuiscll oue way or tbe ether, ou the |U? atiou ot hia guilt or innocence 1 carefully avoid- 1 d every remark and inquiry that might tempt lum to uake any talae dtrUruiiou lie nniuej to underlanu me aud neither deund nor declared hia guilt. | t xp< ctt d he would linully la' induced to comumui le to me whatever he knew about the dn-appearance 1 I Dr. 1 arkiaau, aud about the rrtuulua found at the ollsge. but 1 waa in uo hurry about thla. X thought L< uld be more likely to obtain irom him the exact : ruth, by waitlug ml a favorable time. Accordingly. : l aim Kiy objict tor the tirat weeka to become ac- I [Uainted with him. to win hia conndence aud attach- J uelit by ailt ntiou aud eynipatby, and to endeavor to > iiake tb< so Impreariune of a moral and it ligivus naure. wbi.'li were auiti U to hia allualiou a* a more or i I'm ainful and certainly dying man A* time passed, a< i nitd to myaelf to have aucceeded iu these objecta,

,1mort teyouu my hi pea. At leagtb, on the ?ld day of May, I had made up ny mmu to addreaa him in a wholly new atraiu. aud o driiiund of him a lull statement ol facta 1 then dieted myself to be on such tertna with him that 1 ould abruptly and authoritatively deiuaud hit conticuce 1 did do eo. and I was uot disappointed in the tault. Ou rtiteriug hia cell that day. X told him that was going to broach a new aud important subject to :m. aud he must listen t? me acriously. aud uot re- , ly till 1 had done I then said to him. that he rauat are ft It u>l along that there waa oue barrier to our ree ei luiuuuiratioii; ope poiut on which we did not udertlaud oue auotbrr ; that the embarrassment bleb atutidid the avoiding of that point obviously nil tar to defeat the sat i? taction aim proai 10 nnuMI a inch ought to mull train our interviews I ml tU*1 he must rrriaiLijr bar* aome kunwli dge r"- , iveting the tali- ol Dr. I'arkutau. uhicli 1 had nut, ! ud ibut the unshitri a itenl must be t? btm an op- ( rtiflii and Inlolnalili bartu, that tha Ubi bad nuir ?hiu ba t>u|t hi In share it with aonta cue. and, liiin lilt- circumstances. with lot., that 1 bad acrwpu- i lusly luliort* I.Hlisrto to prers biia on this poiut. aud rged it now oaly iieaun I believed it would ba tor la relie t and peace ol niiud, tbal 1 thought ba must cl iij ibia tuna tliat ba owad lua tha trutb, and lent e Could ttusl lue; that he need not fear tu toll me be whi le tiuth tor I waa not there to re|>ri>ach biui. or to judge him but to eomtort btm in hi* distress, nd to Lilp bitu in making peace with God and bit 1 might, ta lira wbila e livid, and die aben be abould die, with tba Luulilj ot a ainm r and the firmness of a man. and. I rurti d the hope of a Christian; that iu order to hit ring ol any real fervice to biui there must be truth od true relatione between ue I cautioned bim nit ? anrwir me baetiiy not to apeak till ha waa prepared iell the whole and absolute truth; that 1 would udiavor to put a favoruble aonatruelion on hu l< nee; that I waa in no hurry, and that he might >ke a day or two more to conriuer whether my adviee i him to make a full ducluiure wis nut ruasouable ni gm d 1 ap< ke to bim some time, in a strain which I hava lUa indicated lia aes mad to ba much uttected by bat 1 aaid. and when I pauaed. be said iuimrdialaly. i am ready to tell you all It will be a relief to uia.'* a tbin proeeedi >t to relate the tarta which 1 have nee inib- died iu the rtatemrnt uow to be preaenled. put to bim a great number of ((ueationa. all ol whieh e aii.*Wi r. d pri mplly and with every appearaace it i'< m?*d to me. ot in honest purpose to tell the truth, oun of tba minor taets and explanations were given ) bim cu a suDaaqusul day. but the outiiua ol tba bole narrative, aim the uioie iinportaul details, wera Iven at the interview of May Kid It Is important to observe that at the date, the writ I i rr< r was piloting and also that Dr Webster* pa lion for a lull | ur.J.'U with alronj; declaration* of bt rr InBormt-r ? n? in tbi- baud* ol ibe uotornor T thi ?rlt fbuuld (ml, bo cou*tdered eterything a* kid upon ibti petition. tb? drrltrkiioui ll onnimid and tbo document* aud alUiatit* beb>lhted < old to obtained fur ila *Upport Ilia Imiui-iJiata iiuliy Di ni>; aud HDiinly >< noting hiin entlroly nit> lit were In rooking l*ol? mil |itpni tiu-lK n bio petal. n I niu round' n? that nl nie bi bad lit'l tbo r> tuot?ft Id'a ol approaching the tii'iiilir lii any Hhrr way tban armrriiug to lit* hi r ol Ibal pi-til inn ant Ufau (a ?iui?ui|. ate tua uiitnu wbi-lliir commutation aoiud bo a practlcau? *ti ti a diailabia ailiruatitr ttla wholi- thought. tar a* bo tutorial no d any bi>po, Wan i>| a pardon on 10 nil ul.i1 vf iuui i'rHcf., In tbo uutw ol bia allalitc. to tuiidiuly piu*od and iliil a I til an apikiauco of auxioty vt bat It tbo writ annuld t>? rauud and a low trial fvllow. unniii not yvu bo nun miiiil aa a wiitm and rompiilod to rutiai ail tbai I a?o raid to you ?" 1 told blur " No ; that lb? irrument would not put me iuto bia roll at lit* coudtntlal lilt no and lb- n try to u*? no a* a *py, that litlil la hb outage not to bo thought of, and mat winid not run a* it iu be *o iaavd. ?baio*or might bo it* to iuy**i( I bad pianou*iy told n. tliat I tbould in tor rotoal hi* ?laloiu?ul< to any if ahli* ho Itted, witboat hi* ronacnl. aud that, il 1 irtitidbiin bo niurt Imh- ail to uiy di?cret*n. I I tuio thai It bad not i rrurr. d to hm uilud. Ih it hia atfBrlita to Bio cold lift bo u?>d by ill0 with a 1 low tn hi* ad> antag*. but Lr bad a tuonionl a aobrtldo lift I might 1 o cmpelteil to rotoal thoni to bia ' am 11 r re. rout to bio to malto bl* dlacloauroa 1 to ply boraufr bo aa* Buwllling to dony my oarnoat 1 quo.'t wtihod to m*nitert bi* conbdoiiro in ate and, t tbi fan o itmo *a> p'.ad to h*re Ibo opportunity of ' Doting bi* mind of It* drondlul **rrot. I will add h?ro I not uitko any il. manil | r I?r W*b*i*r at tko *iigg?ailoB ol any logal or otb. r . t*lid of bl*. nor did any p< r*on know ol my In ten- ] on to mak* it And nouki-r I?r Vt taiai?moul. nor , i? fart tbat ho had made any. wa* communleatod by | o to any potaon until inure tbau two work* aflor It j id bi t n Merited by mo Min t tliaC *topa | ??o I* . a take n l>y m- without tbo ronrurrmce of llr. '? ban r and ot hi* roc gulfed logal adtka? r , Tw* or lhr?o day* alter I r.roitrd I?r Wabator'a , 1,111.1.1 I adt:**,i Ih? withdrawal it* iniii rai? at n?t. ai (1 I hop. d B n*l,i of hi* Brit petition to' the J steatite. and it withdrawn llin |il, n* th. r -i.i.-.i. ri of Trofii- r Web?l?r , bi< h ? plihil btd in full by t? legrspb, yeMarday ( otl.ll , j Afti r i, adlng th* Mati ment Dr. Potn*ra prno**d*d | in*:? l*o ?|U**lii n* artre ailh ri nurd to llr H'*ber'e Mali in i.t i"lr??. In it t" be l*li*rtd* Mromi, if It* it a. i in uld it lt*d to * mitigation ol the (enlanaa I IHHIIli I) ike MBit I i Atnr all tliet ha* pa**i d nothing ran ha claimed ' In lk betw ub the ground i f III* perronal veracity. ' i* nn i> notd ratibot no* be tak> n fur anything be * iij ?*y lb codm ilium * il h i hi* raw And rat ? ri ng and I think ?ufbrl*nl r? a?on* for believing ? ?tati bo bt to be true 1 III Indicate to iha a m I Ittte u nit of iliote ahirh hate a, ight in lu; oan r Ifad a ub the bop* that tin j m i; be able to Bud the mo fotce in lb* ui I hate alttailj railed th* attention of theeooimittee I he riri-ouirtanre* under winrh the utatement* vera d. by f rot H,b*ltr the ?irt ol appeal to which r i j wete a rerponee; tho relation In which be and my- , * II *ti od to < a) h other Bt the time, the relation In p in h he *l< od to the Kierutit# hi* firm petition , I g gob* lb and he plant,g hi* whole reliau** on i t *i,a tin doriibiente with which ht thought that it Uld be l? fllfl, d ai.d bating had. ae pet. no idea of a tainibg or *? king a ri n.tuutetioii ol hi* **nten?*. ru*t that a full a*,di ration will be git*n to tho** run,*tarr*e a* going to ?hi ? that Or Webatar did l make np hi* notp with ant tiew to th* na* that i* w made c t It I II i* *1at?ment. though rmldenly and oneipeetedly n ai ded and promptly giten ?o a? to prerldde tb? a nf a prepaied ?t?.ry eobtain* no roiitradirlloa* t? rfer tly onb*l?tent with li**lf. and with all tb* kaown I# of th* ?o?e. p i W hllr th* *t?tement dent** premeditation ?f the if Iride if ? (| tain* *ail*fartorilt tho?# eirrniu-tan*e? n irh Tiff bxught lor ward at Um trial, a* tending to j ?b<? tiirb m lending for tbe blood? tb? robn Vtktlbb ?b? ut the gaa of the dteai ?ting vanlt lio<r U.i? In id I ought to refer toI'atlM'ltaftln" lj I'ltitr ? ?' thit Webeter told bin he would h?' < no trouble with Or Pirkmen. for he had ',ttlid nib hi01 huppoie that P?ttee recolh-oted the mrde liybtlj? mbith Dr Webeter think* ho d"*e not ? tl.eii the *oid* ?t ro not literally true; but they worn jurt unrtbo truth if pri dicit.J on the ei pent at ion it it he ebonld make torrni with I'arkman . m tt preu riitiil n tbe t xpactaticn that he ihould itlenre bl? tlo'tu l> winder Iu eith-r r>?? they were predicated < n a i i'Utli K' ory, And a* thej hi one expedition Jtiri k( kf ii HP me umer, mey produce uoimng eilUer ??y t<B the cthir bend. Dr Put mm suggested, at some ircpib. tlai by adapting Dr. Vtkikr'l declaration, thai ihi bimn idc was uu| n meditated. lomn clrcumslancts are aeccnntt d 'or. (therwlse almopt inexplicable btrh ore the openness of the appointment. bis nakug no show of ability to pny Dr 1'arkmau. and 1 be fat> tl at bt bad madeuo chemical prrparatlona to rirrtroy the body And. agaiu. be urged, that Dr. HiWlir't etatimrat ?ai confirmed by well known Unit* in Dr I'arkman's character? exacting. someliB.ik MMr? and exasperating aDd with a mania tor makirg blp debtors do just right?while Dr. Webntar's rbaiacier. on the other band, is sworn to as timid, ysl lriitable. hasty. and sometimes paesis uate Dr Put nam then nigtdtbe insufficiency of ths alliRtd motive tor premeditated homicide, the littls sum ot |H|, to a man whose property war considerable, though tmbarieesed And be added that, it he bad di liberate)} plaunid the murder, he must hsve well enstdcnd the vital question ss to the effret of his bsTirg the uotes with the msrks of cancellation upon tb? m lie followed this suggestion into detail, and then closed this branch ot bia argument by admitting that lb? re was something inexplicable about the notes, wbith Dr Webster himself probably could not make char Ibe theory ot premeditation certainly bud ths moral pit bubililter against it; and granting that he could Lave conceived Ibe plan, atill there was a greater moiul improbability that be could, wben|tbe moment can e. have execute d it. Having thus unswered the first question as to tbs " statement is it to be believed ? "?he passed to the second inqniry * If. from all tbe facts and circumstances of the ease, credit shall be giveu to tbe atatement of Dr Webster, and tbe committee shall conclude that it is most probable or equally probable, (tor that would be enough.) that tbe b< nitride was committed in ihe beat of blood, and was unpr< meditated, ought tbe prayer of the petition to be granted, and tba sentence commuted ? Here hi waive d sny wish or ccinpetenry to discuss the h gnl qui stion that might arise as to malice being implied by law. and about shifting the burden ot proof Ire m the Commonwealth to tbe prisoner lie only ulludt d to tbe kuusu difference ot opinion on that point In tl.e (supreme Court itself, presuming, however, that the Executive Council would not wish to impeaoli at all < in of its decisions, or that the people could desire or fir. 1) ibster's lriends ask such interference of tunct.. i lie supposed, however, that if Dr. Webster's statemi nt could hurt been proved to n jury under udinis sable evidence?tbe verdict could uoi have been murder. Or it then, tbe Court, coustruiuid i>y the rules rf ike Ci mmon haw. had instructed tbe jury that tbey must fu.d such a homicide murder, be supposed it would have bieu regarded everywhere a case for the Executive. Ibe precise duty of the Executive was. to make tbe graduation of punishment to crime more ? . ....... OIIJ g. u.nil I ujvr ... li?? C..U UU 1 n rijiard to tlie putti.bun nt of criminal homicide, it ?n ina to be a teltlid point in tin* wind* of the people. and in (lie actual aJniiuialrution of the law. that the rent, ice of death, however often the judiciary ma y be conitrained to award it. thall be carried into I exei utii u ouly in caxe* in w hich it in proved and be- I lievt d that the murder it deliberately intended, and that in all caret in which the dt liberate intention ia wanting, or ml made out nor necetiarily inferred, an- 1 olLi r punirliim lit let* horrible, but ellll tevere and rutliriiul. aball bo tubttilul* d by the Executive in tlila latter pi tition. taid I>r I'ut mm as I believe the rate ot Or W abater Mar,da. I believe that the praytr ot hit pitith u ought to l'? granted, ai d have pre- I tented in Lit xUtcmeat, and in my own naiuc. reason* w bli hi think thould move the Governor and Council to grant it 1 am here out af my urual aud appropriate rpliert. not to wrin a caae but to at tint the committi c iu tin ir eearcb tor tbe truth of the cate i Uavu no inli reet iu the matter dietiuct Irom that of thu ( ii.un nwtalih My tympalbiet in the rata are. flr?? lor truth and juatice. and tecond tor Or. Wobtter. Or H i beter. continued bu, dovt cot pray fur a full pat den ft olu tbe Executive Ilia ft iendt cauuat claim it it r bint, lie it a guilty man The homicide he haa comuiltid it not juatihable Tha provocation, though gteat wax only in word) and menacet. aud did notJuatity the blew It wan tha remit of a patelon. which he admit* be ought to have under coutrol. and tor the ci um ijuenrex of which be it juttly held retpuntdble lie acknowli dgi d that Or. H'*b?ter'? conduct after , thu ?fit nee aggravated it that a man of right moral tone wind mrtantly have mude public what he bad dune Igum the imprredou made ol blacharacter by I hu *... I It.- ? I - IJ -... V . Ili( ugh Lb rourai ion as k inedii Ill student Hud nadirs 1 man should La regarded while it was judged Li is taking possissloD of the liOtra baa a very bad look, not to L* palliated ?a lelony Indeed, rnough to blast bin rberacti r for prob.iy but >1111 all that* b id facta, putting (he worst interpretatien on t he in would uot. separately or colli clivtly, coiiitltuta tbu crilua of Hi uidtr X>r. *11 eter'e fnltllt rtnal and social , >?id mcicuMd Lia luoral responsibility. dwabtlrsa; ? but thry Increased any punishment say Imprison- ; ntrtit. la JOft tbr li rnc degree. Ai.d tbia ta difference euough against him. without It-flu ting upou >iiin a sentence urtarcr In terms, which , ll.i govei ijiiirni Inn no legal or moral right to do. It Is aomtlimes said, to that reolv, that "Dr. Webster must be aeruled ascotding to Lis sentence, because It ill not do to rehix lb* rigor of tbe law iu favor of our In bis position He must dia. whoever else may be {and " Is a cruel senllinrnt. aud subvcrslTe of cvi ry principle of bumuiiity and of rigbt. The tuagistiati must i? cognise no caste*, and must take care Test be become tto conscious of tbrm. through his strenuous cBorta to ignore tin m Dr Webster's case, like every othir. must be determined upon its owu met its, and upon nw other consideration whatever Home of his tiiiLds have all aloog believed that hit cause baa (sen serlou-ly pnjudieed by bis social position ?and that tbe anxiety not to rhow hlui any undue tavor ou aen unt of It. has unconsciously operat. d to deprive > liiui ot some portion of the favor which might be ac- ! sorded to criminal*of a ibffereut rank tiod forbid that llils should be to. 1 know It is not so with regard to I lie treai mei t lie receives fr >ra the ofBrer* wh # have the custody tf hi* person. Dr W ebster certainly i ught Dot to have hie sentence uutiga > d Aereiue be is what | is rallvd In our loose social Oiauuetlons, a grulletuan; j and as rsrtainly bis cate ought not to be shut out from a candid and merciful consideration, because be is that It is neither more nor less nscessary or right that be should be executed ou that account, CousiUeration of casti. however tbey may allect a portion of th> public unfavorably for him. most certainly will not afl? rt tbe delths ration* Of the t'ouueil either way?but l>e brush) d aside as only fit to be entertained by narr w tsi <I t o id minds ol om I. rial class, or jealous aud , malignant inlnds, of another. Happily tbe Executive has not tbe bold alternative of executing or vf peidonlng the prisoner May 1 be i mil 10 ruggirt I lint lu tut* cu??. impruonaicut ill b< *1 no-*, r I lie public rode of justice ' W In u In. Hi Uirin *i*tcin*nt i>liiv!l btn (one oat to II.ii public, it ilibciibc belief* J w ? miji expect ' tilt I* till le I ?11 * ri d l> mull II ud* ?. tftl by gt* III U.ajnltl) of ibe million* w bn hate become UUrrittl lu tile Kit- belief *a Ob account of It* c?u*i?teuiy ill inherent pnhkhiMy noil t t>* i Ire uni-tlnrrl I?t of iblu to truth "bleb it ?*? fiivt made. mul If. th-u the extreme MlllrWte of the la* thuuld tx'executed i.pi n biui he uiU certainly be thought to hate been tli ait ?i.b .lb tune ere eat y rigor, ai d to have expiated . Lit (J? ed? too Ij Ai d thru Ibe public ty mpulhle*, | by an unalterable Urr ot the uilud mu*t pi?- orer tun thi tide of U? and juHlcc to bim a> a ?r r.gej Mat ?wri t gt d Willi tlat Ucl wreug hich t? iMiuettecrabie at d irreparable Ai.d il It rhould b? f-lt that ' tin Ibbi < i ot atiil dbroi.kolate faiuily of the Mmricl? j th< bo ?t di?irif?? d family. 1 think i n lauh ?had had , thilr uniquailed acgul.b lucre* ed one jot beyoud tin bi Duo* of juelice aud the n quleltlou* ot tbe aortal adtare lbe public L*art rould baldly pardon that Li t ibe puu'f liloe lit he gradual ed to tbe g ull I pr-fed ai:d ?.? liett d. aud It tbi exact Hue ol right cannot be ri nattily f< ond li t the peoaity tall a little abort ?* it, ratio r tban go a ba.r'r breadth beyoud It. If tbe 1mpeifeet ?eal*? ot public juatice cannot be exactly pi.l-rd Id that in nblch th- prituuer* latere*!* are | actif be clearly fern to descend, though by the illgltrtt p>eeible d'gree of pfi p n b raaoe. Other- , lie, the example le I oat, and the public feeling nut (i nnctenee rouieiuto a hatful autugonlaui agaiu-t the . auailnietratlon Of the la*. Let c< mpaMtnu and cba- j tity follow tbe criminal In hi* ut h weeer di mi ft d; l.ut take ran ta kei p all rational ?y ui pat hire la?t b< ut.d on the aide ol la* and juttlc* Ibe pren nt juration, lot*r?*tlng to moltitade*. and utif I ea kabiy momentou* to a few I* in tin hand* of n I. i tn *l.'ie wlxtoni. re.-t and eleno ney tbe | public ana the prieon' r look with * jual eonilJence f.*r i Oinilin it once nghteoua. merciful; *urh*d*?llirn a* ball leare biui a debtor though by i ter ?o , it lie mil a debtor to the Common wealth wn >?e peace he ha* ttoiate.l and at lb? taut* time thall nphmd (be law in It* m?je*ty and make It a terror to etu doer? , Hilhthe** word* I?r Putnam eloced hi* appeal, i tduiug < tny that It the committee could report larurtbly I'r Webeter wad. nf cuur*e. no, it auxloo* that 1 to y rhould report a* *oen a* p***lble Bi t be atked. j >n lit* wwn part, that before they agree i u a report | <t la for able to the prayer of the petitioner they , fould b. ar arguoeuta from other* than hmteelf. at an . < >tber MttlBg. I TKI.KORAratC. I Bo*tow, Joly I 1u0 Tha flr*t petition of rrofe**or Web*ter to Council for ( tardon. and now withdrawn, appear* lw the VraitUrr | I o uay. In It. he "iol< anly aeaerla hefora the Haarehrot all h< art*," hi* Inn* cane*. Ua ?ay* lhot,hta wife can how wher* he war. at ateeral tint**, when ha wa? ?aid o I * at r ollrga, and that lb* oald?nao of two 01 tha liitf vitiiHiii l?r tb' (uirtimtiit em ba graatly lmwilt Iba following paragi , h a to appoara in tbo latltion ' I am iba alalia of alratunttaneaa. or a fool eonapl- | ary. or ol lha alt?Mipt of nun a ItiMiltmi to oauaa u.platou to fail oo ma. Influanaail prtDapa by tbo I Kwpict 01 obtaialag a iarga rawarO V' IIa Iwi aot bovratr, iuipliraia any ooa In tha marItr, aa oaa gtuaraily rrportad ?a b? tha oaoa laat light Al hi K ? It It S HUPli THE WEEKLY HERALD, j i Tha alaamahip laaiBo Captain bya. *111 laaaa thlo ort at noon, on batnrday. for l.lrarpnnl dlrnat Tho { mil* *111 oloao at half paat tan o'rlnak on that dty ' bt h h?i jit* aid will bo pakUahad at miao o elooiL ' % I Cl'y THE ev* <> ink. ruinni OF juit. TMtrrO*; *11 kii ?'* ?'l h" P*r?tion? *in Wln( bUF In (M? cii) Kr the c? l< lualion of the Fourth. furrbirrr of ithj d?>rit|?tion of firework* ?nJ prewntu ? rr t 0i rt> <1 ?? n'urrion* plnnntd for thto d?T Fnt ?*ul?r?fct lojalty to our nloriciu* indopendilrr tdllia ortr l?ri *?*uiuj. tod from ?uu*ettill rti-r tht n.ornli>p ib?r* *u one um>?iolu| iutU of fir* rrtrkt i>. and expliwloii* of e?#ry kind or firourm*. Tb* r*kflold>i>K *?? >i-ct*d in the l'?rk for mugniftoenk | Art ?oikr Th*r* ?>ll ii* firo work*. nUo, in Mndiaou 1 KnUhre and II Itnalinir ilr??rn. and. of anuria *]il U mnufcrrlrrr )irl?ttt ouri. The turn oat af thw military i? expect, a to ho very Ant. No public de(u"i>etmtton will be made >e Jay la ; Brcnklyu A salute will be tired in the morning, wbieh i is paid tor by privete giibscriptian. the Common Council being too ec u* niirel to efforil it. A few of tha military companies will turn out end parade upoa tleiifown hook The tlret com pear Continental Quard* will go to .Ikuixiee at eight o'clock. The Franklin and ' W a.bmgt n Lite Uuards we believe. go to Oyster Bay. or Bub) Ion. I be aarlou* place* ot amueoment and I refrerhuient will be opto lor the accommodation of | thove who list. Thk Phu-xdki mi* headquarter* of the la o comi au < a of Philadelphia nrcmen, Ih French* Hot. 1 they visited b We k well's leland and Brooklyn, with No. Id. and were highly gratified with their trip About hall put ai'trD o'clock they rtturmd and gouthwerk Company brought their beautitul .ngire iu fiont of tha City flail for * I trial. Th. y were dreared in their handsome nni| form end twenty baring got on the eugine, and tho | hoerbeiLgattarb.o, the etn am wae directed toward* the runimit of the <lty Ilall. but did not reach thw i ibe tlegstaff A little ol the epray at one time r.acl.i d It. but not the stream iteelf. It wae, bowt-Ttr. a very hue from a 7)? inch eylitideror engine The old eDgine belonging to tbie con.j any. (which waa of nine ineh cylinder.)* wue the beet and n.oet powerlul in Philadelphia. Ot* TueeOay eernitg <he firemen dined with No. 13, at Frcnch e Hotel Bouthwark Kngine ia at the honae of No 13. The Humane Wore I* at the houee of No. XL. Tiik Cut Ulaho. ('apt McArdle. will leave the city for Newport to morrow, by the Full Hirer line. They* wilireniHtD at N. a port unlit the arrival of Dodworth'* baud, wbo leave bete en the evening of the 5th inat. I pon the arrival * t the band, the corps will proceadto Norton, arriving in tbwt city on the Gth inat . at abou*. II o'clack A.M. A uuu.ber of the Uuards ' will go on l all h the band on the 6i h. and join the oorp* at New! port, which will render their parade in Boston full and effective. Thl Bowman Gull*.?The fountain In the Bowling Gre.n was completed yesterday, and U in htll op.-ration It is exeeedmgiy pretty, though email. It 1* rcudy juat in time lor the Fourth. Tm WtiiHii ? Ibe change in the weather for Hit la.! tao day* bar bteu very considerable the thermom.ter having I.,lieu Hurt* en degree*. I*ast evening lore tod. d rain, but we hope it will not mar the *uj**yKii kl of lnd. p* Ddeuce day. Tun Taksim. o? ihi Tunis iw the Pahx.?Yesterday, tbe trees in the l'a>k*ere all tarred, to prevent tho little boys climbing th? iu to see the exhibitions to-day. We su.pect it will nut prevent gome of them from perching on the brauebe*. iF?r.owe DIM KK.V. r.f u.? I Hf rnronw, yesterday, hi lil tn inquest at (In- Iwt of llouwou street, on the body < t an unknown buy. ?h? vu found floating ia the ii< i k without c.ot hi iik supposed to have name to bis d> atb while bat I iug The boy appeared to be tfbnuk louitein yours ol age. tour I-et six inches, middling Flout, rai.dy hair, lull forehead, aud freckled face. Verdict, death by drowning. 1?> atm av>: ok tin IIcapt?The coroner held on itiqmet. yesterday. at the corner of Ann and Nasrau Ft net*, in t In grocery etore of 0. J. Decker, on the body ol M m lllatr. aged about forty years. a name of fcoulh Carolina whu died suddenly in the store about one o'clock on that day. In the bat of the dereared was found eight or ti n letter" dated at different Inter tale, troui bir wife, who it arenia reaidea in Charleston. South 1'ari lion. Ibedeeeaeed. it seems, ha* been in vi ry j oor hvaii b tor some time past. Verdict, dvatfe by dihCUFe ol the heart Dkaih by a Far l.?The Coroner likewiae held an it qui st at No. lib Ureeuwlch street, on the body of a (litniati by the name of Conrad Ortcl. aged Sti ya irs. who reme to bi> deatb by failing down into the front baMtncntot said house over the stoop, a distance of some ten feet, which caused his death. The deceased, it >ci rue. was ititixiiated at the time, which ia b?litved to be I tn cause of the fail, lie has left a wlfa and tcur children Vt rdict accordingly. Moi.k fiurniM An ioi.nts ?At 8 o'clock, on Tuesday evi nitig another of those Irequent accidents by camphine occurred Kluabeih McDciurott, residing at No. 125 M uilii try ?lrcet was severely burned by the bursliLtrol a raliipbiue'amp which she was in the act (f filing flu as? conveyed to the City Hospital. At half pa*l eight o'clock, a similar accident occurred by the bursting ol a lump tn the house of Mrs Ellen MoKiidoin No 15a In Ian -j street. Her clothes caught Cre. and Fl.t was uaugi toiuly burned. The accident 1? d to an siatm ol Lie being rung by the bell of the district Waco* Accident.-William I.avion a lad nine years of age. was thrown from a wagon, in fluffoik street, about 4S, o clock ou'1 uesday evening, and broke his atui. and also >ustaioed sewre iujury in his liand. lis wtaken home to No Division street. Asciara AcciMn ? At the seme hour David Lookwood, a grate seller. No Uo4 (irsen street, fell fro?n the scafloldiag at the top of a rhiuioey, at No. 'Al3 (irsen i treet. tn aking his cellar bone, and otherwise dreadfully injuring himself. Fill, or Tiirim lltimr from a Wiroow?Attwt o'clock yesterday morning, iBI'iti I) rim on and Uillespie. ot the Fourth Ward. found t woman nam od Mrs. t'nlc. lying in the ar?a of ih? corner of Oliver and I brrrjr itrtrti. wbtre?he hail either jumped or fallen fr> in tbe steond story window, She waa aarnad tula tbe bouse and medical aid procured. Trif to Km bhiru?Tbtre la something new under tbe bud lor there I* r? in petition for lb* steamboat Irani Wlmru IIuiLii<k and Nrw York, for the Int linn In tbe history of ilnm navigation. by retareuca to our adr< illnui nl> It will b? >r?n that thr beautiful n?w steamer Island City I* running twioo dally, at irDti fate beleeeu Hu>biD|| and Now York. The public la wise enough to take tbe juice of tbo orango while tbe proprietors ut tbe boat equecse it. Go while you can cnj.y Ibe beautiful gardens ot Flushing at a mall coat. _ lollic It ell thence. Riot Rttwfrn l/.t frt.a and /. crisA /-.engrgmtt? At tha foot Of IlOTiT street yestt rday. quite a riot took place Ulartu a number ?l Irish and Kngiiab emigrants, just aritved. In wlm-h bloody nneee. cut bcada and biuWd eye* wa? I be result. It atoms that dutlng tha paassge across tbe Atlantic, in the ship Kxcclsior, kome tndigulty was Riven by tbe sailors and Kngtishm< n to a Catholic pro at. which terminated on landing }> ateioaj ? lurr- aeed by a little Htimulua taken In the abapt- of tinner in a ngular row or riot. The police were i-alltd to ibe apot. and after murh trouble the riot wee quelled and peace reetnrod. by the arreat of aonie ten or twelve ot ibe rltiab adi r?, who were locked up In tbe Fourth ward aiailon hod?e by the order of tne chief. I taiexia from what we could learn among the many atones afloat, that tbe disturbance comno net d at seu. rausiil by a religious differenc e bitween a t atbolle priest Ubda Pre?h_> terun miuiaticr. The Catholic priest we' a atcoud cabin passenger, and the 1'realty It tie u minister a brat cabin passenger, anil that during the peat-age the priest was permitted t? w alk tbe qiiarlt t di ck wrlib the first class passengers. II Was In tills wa) that the two mlciatcra became acquainted after wbn h a dirruesion arose on rt-ltgioua auhjt-t t?, w bleb cau>ed au animated and angry Iceltag to tot. and ti e pntel waa ordered tf tbe (|uartec dirk and requested to keep to bia own quarter'. 1 to Ftiglt-li pioon gers took part. It la believi d, with the IrottslaiH iniiiL-ter. and of course tha Irish - a. a si -1. . S ._ - - r'?'? Iii? fiirm, IJIP cur-rrjueuce IT** UUl on the f>i >< *t Ki.iI.lh from itii (hip. It tut roon pr< mtilgbtt u among ihr Iriab itriril <rr4 ami big thou an u. that their prieat had been tneulted \>j the mat* ft thi ihip and the Kugiieh pM<rn|iri. ? 1 1j'? information ru.iu kindled a .a rag.' feeling on tt? part of I boat una, *ud a lar. a number of them muotntd uu the docb.and a* aoon a* tbe Kogltah paai?Df' r? rami on .blue Ibij acre fell upon and hnatcn, tu older to liii>ii||? tbe wrong and Indignity raid to to hare bo n dotu tnaarda the prieet Among nit thn Morten told je?t?iil?) during tbe ronfual.iu, the abort ia about lb* In net eoueUli ut, although we eauo.t I. urh tor tbe cotreetiieat in all Ita particular*. An lb el* ut pi lire ?.|e hi charge ot the dock, and in tbi ricti.ii j i t it, d ip during the dajr and craning, a* It uu i zpecli d un n-eault w. uld be unit on lit* hip. __________ I Illicit Mtntra Mnralml'a OfWl I. Jrn Jnliu Manned U*<lif of the ecbuoner 8u*%a l.ndwig. ?ai arreated on a charge ot baring com milled an aiih .lt. allli a dan?tr,.d* weapon, upon William . 'bn*on. one of tbe crew. CoMMia I'iia* I'ait I No. nJT to 1M. odd nuaiher*. both lariu-it* t artil? >ua 44d, dot, tiud to Ttil, lien number- both Incluatfa. IIu rati! fur Ihr Kutafth of July, la the cry if all ih.1 ?? hi toe aula ..*a* ta Joi n ia ti.a fiairiMi ip >ri**4 tr M' .-n I rrnch end M i-.r. ttuo.e in the ui-ro..*. enh u.a .relation* ol lha tr-pa loa -aiu .? ot toe benin. la i altrrau n, a I'u* pr .in*, oaer coacett. enh la"-"! *?iai..<a l?l*ar.lia, f .r iha au> It of aat coaarrj Inaada flu w.?l? i? raiara airmail ; aea la tbe rrealag a gl ring* euiltoima af p.rfirm btee tip a Bae r*ni| an* ol aeinn aritil*, funny paatxaiua.-a. ,4* aaote*. mug*. al>a giateaqa# Iralic* ef erery daacripnon, l?llai*etuag t. a ma* in. ea. lire..roe. gi.piired ea the aaler. eaa lie grebr III,.. ol J el) Hall. win.a i? airaa Ilea nf gdgltieaal rapaaa* gt tbia magnificent i lea* ol p..put*g *uio>? meat. _ Carpth^W in. Met-roily, 131) William itrobr, ?r.. ir?aa* aeol.i I. r .at, > ar<l* ot carpatIi * aaa all tlolhe, a. vtnap let *a#b W* ad*r*a taeaa in want ol rlrh rarpei* I- giee una a call, M" | .? ?? gugliah lelre.ifl I arret-. u> a I, I let. inat lauiled. AH*, a laraa aa ?et\u>nt ol hr.*,. Ihutr wuiidri ful Patent Tapa-atrjr Tlir??pt) < ?f|f ? bib all thr r Hi", la lound ualj at I ha larattta N .!? rt.aarj, Uiftn AnnarWb't, i.ii tin aa. ai.a t Ingrain t : and l i. ?r Hit I i,il ? Br an" ?? ml aall ju.i a?? it.l tul im tb?a; Iba) ara ? (> abat|h |>? ?la I Nam .?A Nlaort llaijr li*l a Trnr ata ? It lonhni aa|*(i. a.-a naaotaa ilia atnat to ?tj that. Ikara la a- I " at and . liar r. abl ? natal la 'ma alt;, trbara >1.) I. kit, rut b It at 11*1. ambiaan-hif.aau aijla, aau ba b . i far tin | ina at at Jtt.S 1.4 , It Ana airaat. lit liatlmial tlia laci and alliribt It. A Clll lMtH. | Ihr Klrtl Tltlnn to Ua^dnnt firing^ fla?t L)II.? l atla rir>iaa rn;a thnunan, and taan ranking to' kMH>, h"- I> rnltua airaat, la art ?aa ut hla ta|?rb K' ttj tmataii ntattrt. Tt.ay ara ua I jutart, praltiaal. nail Ltti Btiat krtlrlta aaar tatradaaad ta lua liuth.tiailaa. (ttnrral Aaott. A nib*tilAt ant l)af?ai I aa ' ai' I r ran . I tint iitltnt. it -n .Lot tabaa i r in. i.altar; VI llliittrn.Bt A ait fit t at, alj Mnta at II HA III A l>?intrrraa Uallar;, A* Bad *17 llaoadaa;, anraar at Fair aa raaat. nrnadna; bb||U(rrtaii (lallrr;, Ra> 3A3L fnactt;, la lit plara antra all ahu faal |.ai t.tolar.; *""d an 11 rri ?ill rail It I.;, air. hatt th-lr nktm.taa matin. Harr'njltaa a ll' ta I ait prt | arad la mtha a >? l-?< lliati a ibcvitbd. A littttta la a tata naa It had aa Urv a* M enaiv

Other newspapers of the same day