Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 9, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 9, 1850 Page 3
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*: Oar Wuhla|tti Owrmpnmdnn?. WAaiii.iao.i, July 6, 1850. Orlando Brmn and the Indian DtUtfatu. Herewith I send you a complimentary and congratulating correa|>ondeace between Orlando Brown, Esq., ai-Cominieeiooer of Indian Affair4, and the Cherokee and Creek Delegates, now in thin city. Mr. Brown'a letter will be read and much admired by a vast portion of the people of the United States, who sytnpa<hize with the "poor Indian" in the many wrong* his race has receired gt the hands of the white Anglo-Saxon oppressors WasMinoToi*, Jane 20, 1850. Hon. OtunM Blown:? is: The undersigned, delegate* of the Cherokee and Creek Indiana beg leave, respectfully, to express to you their feellngo of r?gret thai you are abjut to retire frees the ofllee of Commissioner of Indten affairs. The kiadneee which they have always received at Cr hands, the frankness which ha* marked your log* with them, and the lively interest you have shown lor the well being and pro-perity ot their people, have won their rutire eoutideuce, and will ever canee them to cherish lor you feelings of the warmest *nd ant respectful kind Wishing you great health and happlusae, they are %anri tsrv trulw. Crrtk VrUgatf. Ckuvke* DeUgatti. B*nj. Marshall, John Drew, UWBtidham, David Tana, David Harnett, Will P. Kvu. Lewi* Mcintosh. Aaron Hicks, Old Settl*r Cherokee'* Delegate. The following is a copy of Mr. Brown's reply:? Wa?iiik?.toi Oitk, July I, 1850. VmrTLSVias or the Car.?:a end CiiMtitu Uhlhuitioki: On tbi* day. my connexion wlin you. a* tbe ComtniMlonor ot Indian Affaire, is dirsoieed Permit me .o ray bow tbat your Niter to me. of the date of tbe ZOth ultimo, ha* been the moot gratifying eveut in my public life. I brought into my office uothiugon which ! conld certainly rely, but a disposition to do right Experience, I knew, whs neceerary (or successful management of tbe multiplied and per pl*xing interests connected with the ludian Department, and 1 hoped for indulge Dee until 1 bad time t* acquire it This ndulgence ha* been dealt out. to me with a free and Iberal band, and such errors as 1 may have o< mnitted. baeo been submitted to with a cheerfulueas and charily that base won my gratitude I considered my office as se; apart for a h'gh and aoble purpose. Tb? Com nil si >n< r wae appointed tot only to take rare of tbe interests of the Uuited State*, but also to dirpense justice to what now remains ot a > One* powirful people The history of your wrong* la the most mournfal thtrme that our aunestor* h ??? left lor oar reflectkn. The past cannot be leioediesl the strife of race*, even to the uttermost boundaries of the Mississippi Valley has ceased , the An<l -inun has taken the land for himself, and as a heritage lor his children ?the red man, like the proud forest over which he roamed, haa yielded to a destiny he could not control. Still, enough remains to claim our good olBoea. to invite ue to acta of genuine bnnevoleune, to Incline at to foeter with arts, rcieuee. literature, and religlo.n. a people who are dally proving to the world that they can appreciate such aotiona, and who vindicate their original identity with the pale facaa," by dom >nat rating that they ran equal them in every thing that constitutes true civilisation You, gentlemen, are living proofs of thu truth of what 1 say. and when Sly poor and imperfect labors to ameliorate the condition of the Indians are oommt-nded by such as you are, I am more than repaid for all that I litre done. 1 bug leave to assure you that I shall ?heri*h, to the latest hour of life rour generous nomtncndatiens. and my children shall look upon the Hues yen have srDt mi , an 1 fsel a flush of honorab'e pride in being able, on the strength of it. to say that their lather was (be friend of the Indians. 1 wish you. gentlemen, a successful termination to lh" matters connected with your embassy, and that yon may return with glad tidings to your people, and receive their plaudits for the ability with whieh you have conducted their affairs And. hoping that you may long cifji'V health and happiness, 1 remain, truly and sincerely, your lriend, OKLINDO BROWN. To Messrs. B Marshall. 0. W. Btmbain David Barnett, Lewis Mcintosh of the Creek Delegation ; and John Drew, David Yann, Wm P. Boss, of the t'herokee Delegation , and Aaron Ulcks, of the " OldCheiokee" Delegation. Our Canadian Correspondence. Toronto, July 1, 1350. JZtiyvette of Canadian I^r^islutmn?Tom-foolery in the two Houtei, 9rr. A? I intimated in my lent letter, I sh ill now proceed to describe the two branched of the Legislature here, and the ceremony and etiquette by which <hey are regulated, in imitation of what taker place ; n the British Parliament, which is totally at variance with the proceedings of the legislatures in the other North American colonies, and is, in itself, at once rcdiculous and expensive. 1 wsa prepared to see the Governor General wearing the Windsor or state uniform, in the dress of a British general officer, or as Sir James Kempt, who also held that rank, used to come down when he met or prorogued the Legislature, elegantly dratted in black, with the collar, star, and other insignia of a Knight of the Bath on his person, and to find him received by a guard of honor. For all this, I repeat, I was |>repired, it being in keeping Willi his position as Ihe representative of his sovereign ; but I did not expect to see this studied aping of the cremotual of Lngland. I shall commence, however, with the House of Assembly, the Speaker of wh:ch, as is the case in the other Provinces, we irs a black gown. He is a tall, gentleman'y man, too mild in his manner to ?overn, with the n?cess?ry energy, a |<o,?uUr taaly, ut who manages iw keep toleratde order. Justin front of him, at the hend o! a table covered with red cloth, sits the Clerk of the House, having on ins right the A?*it'ant Cleik, borh wearing gowns. On each side of ihe Speaker are live rows of chairs, I with a desk for each member ascending from the front. On the right side of the room, is a full I length pcttuit of the youthful <pieen; and over the Speaker's chair i? the coal of arm* of KngUnd. H ho meinlMra generally *11 uncovered; hut when a | fi manage is rent down, commanding their nttend' anco on the (JovernoM .eneral, in the Legislative ( iMtncri chamber, they rote, and receive the message standing. On the right of the Spe iker's chair nit the principal officers of government; the liret four ecau tteiog occupied by the two Attorneys Ceneral, Karl and (Jueat; the Inspector General, and the t 'ommi.-wiuner of Crown Land*; b-hind them are the member# of the administration, and the remainder of lb' right aide of the House u chiefly occii|i?ed hy their adherent*, many of whom, however, ait on the opposite side. At the lower end of th? h til, on one side of th" prinripvl entrun -c, are rowa of scats, rising behind each other, for the accommodation of the members of the legislative Council, and tho?e stringer* at ho are introduced hy members, t >n the ofjjjbsite #ide arc uocomtnoda'ions for the g -nth-men connected w ith the public pre*?, in fro. t of whom sit the ilait.ea, who come there?kind hearted souls?to Cheer them hy their presence, or to watch the proccedinga of the Ho::-e;and *o;n.t in-e, perchtnee, however they may deny the "soft impeachment," from motives more congenial to n worn in's heart. At the tight of the entrance an* the Sergeant atArtnf, with a rltmptu*-brui be.ide him. Some two or three attendants wait on the members, and a nage occaitonally hsrda a tunblerof water; the American practice, adopt. i| by public ap -ak-ra in the United States, having in-inuatcd itself among SrtltWi im-titutions in tin* proviuce i I had almost onntt. d to ni.iiti<n, that on the tah'ein front of the clerk, lie* the mace?emblem of royalty. It ia about four feet long, hy two or three inches in diameur, fanciful iy_turned and gilt. 'i>eing Mirnj<>iint?-<l by a crown I In* 14 carefully I In id ?>n n ru*hlon, th- crown toward* tin .-y-.ikrr, IH and ui carried before htm by the Sergeant-at-Arme, I when he enter* or depart* Irom the Ilouae. In ml d to the gown, the Shaker 1* provided with 11 sort of cocked hat. which he occaeionally put* on I it in not one of the kind which were worn about K KixIf rentory eince, before thev went entirely out of faahion?a aoit of Kip \ an Winkle ililf, m l>t Jf turned op behind, and at each aide, a* though it were lutended to prevent ihe w?t? r running down the track of the neck of the wearer, ahould he be I caught out in a ahower of rain, and to enable him to pour it off in front. I Thia hat liee, generally, on the Speaker'* d**k ; but, preeemly. there era three loud and diatine knock* at the door, and the Sergeant-at Arm*. who I kaa inquired the cauae of llM WtartNM without, I I Advance* toward* the Speaker, and inform* him I thare i* a nteaoenger in waiting from the l,rgi*la tive < Viud' iI ; and,on receiving direction* to adirnt I him. lie ahnuldera the mice, and take* up hia position joat ineide the luir. The other Sergeant-at- Arm*, who haa, with a I flfword at hi*aide, MMfted the 1 lh rk of the ( ounril, then enter*, bowing Ittefently to the t-iieakrr, I I "Who, at the lint al itrr, h ie pi iced the COCned hat npon In* head Me i* followed by the c|-rk, a I tell, grave- look 1 r:<r nernonage, hI-<> wearing n I flown, and with a <hap*av-t<rai ander hia arm. lie neither nun t a hi* haad, nor look* In t'i? r"-?it I hand nor to the It ft ; hut, aa umn a* he enter* the B body of the Ilcuer, howa to the S,*?aker,who how* I in return; on reaching the foot of thr table, he bow* I again, and when arrived in front of the S(>e.iker'* I ennir, deliver* hia mr*?*gr, having rn ide another I oben-ance | If th' n re ire-,bowing tt wli- n he rnterI ed. the S? ri'cant at-A tnm tnak Hkiltkrtl howa, tha I ftpeaker alw ) * re' irnirig th* WfldlUlH, ju-t I lining the nocked hni MMbMnNk which 1* then repUt 'I i n ibe tit? k. I Turn we now to the Council Chamber, which ia rather mote gorgeon?ly fitted up than the Hotiue of A**cmMy On what '* Ctiled the throne, it a I nplendid arm chair, richly gilt, the btck of which I 4a anrmounted With a iTOWfl, and in OOCfluied hy I the (iovernor Oenefnlt when he nnflMfldown In I meet or prorogue the Iloiiee, or to give hit aatent B to bill*. In fraflt of the throne, when hia KtcelB lencv 1* not prceent, *it* 'he .->|ienker of the ll n* nlio wealing a gown, and occaMonally a cocked B hat, aimilar to that worn by the Speak*? of the B.ntherli _ _ | B Jn front af bim aita the Clerk of lh* Council, with aa assistant oa hi* right, both weariaggnwn*. Below, outside the bar, are the Sergeant-ii-Arrqs, a gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, with dress word, and chaj*a*-brat. On the table, at tha bead of which aita the Clerk, is placed the mace, an in the other Houae, which ia alao carried before the Speaker; and when the Council ia in committee. aa ia the caae in the other branch, it ia laid carefully in a mahogany box, on wheela, and run in under the table. The members of the Legislative Council are not provided with desks, aa below, but occunv chairs. of which (here are between forty and fifty. Behind them again are seat# rising behind each other, for the accommodation of the auditory, which, however, ia not very large, except on great occasions. When a member enters or leaves the House of Assembly, or crosses the lloor, he boars to the Speaker, who returns the saluutioa. But in the L pper House it is different, the members, on similar occasions, making their obeisance to the crown at the back of the Queen's chair. It is the same with the officers of the House, when they return from the oiher branch, who, on reaching the brass railing at the lower end of the chamber, simultaneously bow, the Speaker on neither occasion taking the least notice of the act of homage, which is aimed above him. In like manner, when he leaves the House, attended by the Mice Bearer and Sergeant-at-Arms, they all three mike their obeisance to the crown, and also on entering. When a message is brsught up from the Lower House, or a resolution, it is by a committee, who advance to the brass railing, and the Speaker comes down and receives it. Thev all |>olitely bow, and the members of the Assembly then take their seats on a bench reserved for the commonalty, and there wait to see what action is hud by the Council, when they depart. There is n full length portrait of the Queen in the Council Chamber, not plainly drrased as the Laglish lady in the Assembly, but more gorgeously attired, to suit the aristocratic character of the second branch, whose members imitate those of the House of I.oid-, in the gravity of their deportment and solemnity of manner, in a way which is highly amusing. During the past week, three measures of some importance have been decided in the Assembly? the address to the Queen, praying that her majesty will reconvey the management of the clergy reserves to the local legislature, having been carried by a majority of 46 to 23. The second measure is Mr. Lsfontaine's resolutions that the seignorial tenure of land in Lower Canada is a public concern, and th it it is desirable toconvcrt it into a free tenure, as speedily as possible, with a due regard to vested rights; that such comrrutation should he ndnihteH unit referrinu the subject to a select committee, which was carried with but one dissentient voice. However desirable it may be that both the clergy reserves and the seignoiies should be dealt with in the manner proposed, yet, as the movement, in both cases, h?s not emanated from the purest motives, and the rights of parties will be protected, I do not apprehend that it will give satisfaction, or quiet the agitation which, for |K>litical and interested purposes, troublesome individuals are determined to keep alive. The other measure was the rejection of a bill to increase the representation of the province, the act of union providing that there shall be a majority of two-thirds of the members of the whole House, which consists of 84 members, to carry any measure affecting the constitution. VThen the division took jdsce, the motion for the second reading of the bill was carried by a majority of 51 to 21; consequently, there was a deficiency of five, and the bill was lost?fortunately, 1 thins, for the province; the obiect of the measure being to preserve to the French, of Lower Canada, the ascendancy in a country which is every day becoming more Anglitied, and to perpetuate those national distinctions that never should prevail among the subjects of the same empire, and which have their origin ia ignorance and bigotry. The clerk of the legislative council, who has not made his appearance during the pp-*?nt session, turns ouf to be a defaulter to the tune of upwards of four thousand dollars. It is difficult to conceive in whst manner he became entrusted with such an amount of th public funds?a proof, if any were reunited, of the recklessness and extravagance with which affairs are conducted here, of which some idea may be formed when it is known that the dismissal of this gentleman, and the consequent reduction of one clerk in the legislative council, will effect an annual saving of between live and six hundred pounds; and that the attaches and attendants about the legislative halls number alaiut one hundred, a list of whom, with their salaries, 1 ahull soma of these days send you. Amuiccs. Our llnirnlo Correspondence. BorrAU), July 2, 1350. Dunne*i of Buffalo?Trirrl?Burning of the Griffith?Hot tit?Bnpfdtf of IVatrr, d-<. It Las struck me as rather a singular circumstance, that in your very extension correspondence, )ou so rsrrly get a letter worthy of publication from the city of Hufl'alo. In every respect, it is the most importunt point in the whole northwest, and to commercial men it is one of the most interesting spots in the whole country. 1 do not propose to give you any flour or provision statistics, fcr those you get in a compact and inteL ligible form, in the two principal papers, the Exfret* and the Adicrtiwr, one published in the morning, the other in the evening. Hut in a town of this size?for you must know that Hutfilo, with the suburbs, which ought to be embraced in the corporation linuta, contains a population of nearly 00,000?there are incidents frequently occurring, worthy of a plice in the Herald; superficially Huffnlo in the snialbst city on the continent, an t quite iik? ly in the woild. Our city boundaries enclose less than 3,000 acres of land; we are wholly cncirclrd landward by the town of Hlack ltock, and you cannot go out of the city without going into Hlatk Kock, unless you go by water. Efforts have occasionally been made to take in more territory, but the outsiders resist them because taxes are heavier in the city. The c< si of grading, ptving and sewerage, is very onerous with us, as they must necessarily he in a new place, and many of our heaviest capitalists live just over the line to get rid of the burden. Huriness has Iweri uncommonly dull so far this season, owing to the short supply of breadstuff* at the West, and the high prices on the Ohio and Mississippi. The travel has been heavy, but freighting has been ruinously light. Our accounts , from northern Ohio, Michigan, Illinois and Wis ' censin, all concur in representing the wheat crop on the ground as unprecedentrdjy large, and vessel owners and forwarders, and commission men, are anti?u,-ating an immense business immediately after harvest, to run late into the fall. The terrible disaster of the burning of the steamer Criflith, has turned some travel across the mountains fn m Cincinnati; but the shock will soon pass away. The accident was the result of the most culpable carelessness, to winch condign puills bm* nt should be awarded. Most of our boats are strong and safe, and in a majority of them there is the greatest vigilance and skill on ths part of the nHuu ra an.I *> vtra r * r#* wirill Im' f'lf ff itfil hfTf flfifT. while additional means of eacaj* will be provided in ease of accident. The burning of the commodious and excellent hotel, the American, cause* grrat inconvenience to the great numbers of travelers who h*ve l>een accustomed to make th at their resting place, passing east and west, and to the F'alls. ^ on are aware that Buffalo in an immense thoroughfare. We have five trains of cars passing each way daily, over the railway from here to Albany, two to the Falls, and soon to be three. Ten or twelve steam* era arrive and depart daily, and every means of conveysnce is crowded all the time. Probably an average of anno persona pass through Buffalo daily during the heaviest portion of the travelling season. This numlier of persona require extensive accommodations while here, and since the destruction of the American, most of the hotels have been crowded. But the American being more eligibly situated, and built and cuidueted ou a more extensive and liberal scale, was accustomed to entertain the great hulk of pleasure travel, and the other hotels do not well supply its place. The Mansion House, !?? m'llr.fi.l arp irriiif! and rnn. vrnlrnt f?>r bninm men. Then *' have four or five temperance houses, all of which have go ><l reputation. TheI'belpa House is the b et located, but it ia built on a narrow conrtructel plan, ami it ie managed in a way to give great dianatiafartion The ronhia are email, with low ceilinga ; cold water ie the only beverage, and the guests are called to prayera by n gong every morning and evening. In rliurt, it ia nothing but a good eized boarding hours, where the most exorbitant pricea are n*i?f In fact, you pay Aator House prices, wine and all, I without getting any thing to drink, ami very indifferent fare. Herently, a couple of New Yorkera' bought the elie of the American, under pretence of destrinff to build a spacious and eleg nt hotel; but they now ;aoie?ae to run up a i?etty block of stores, to rent to Put! h groorra. We are thus to have UwNMSl beautiful psrt of our Msin street disfigured by a parol shops. Bat time will bring the remedy, for the aniens will not long endure the ; want of a hotel adequate to the necessities of travel. | We have Jttat organized a company for supplying i the city with pure wnter. The water is to b* taken from the Niagara Hive,, and raised to a reservoir at the western limit of the city, sufficiently elevated to be taken into any house in town. This i hss I ?g been a desideratum, for the water in our ! wells is of a miserable qnali y, hardly fit for ordiI nary purpose*, and necessary ablutions. fk? linen at Saratoga. Umitsd Status Hotbu, Sakat.ma, 1 July 4, ldW. j Quutnett at Smrato/fm, mmd it* Beautui?Dut guithtd Visitor*?Prospects of th* Season, g*. Ia obedience to that impulse which to a regal New Yorker beoomee an inatinct, I escaped t pending horrorsof the glorious Fourth?that jubil of fire crackers and root beer?when Westchesi county move* into town, and promenade*, in * bod down the shilling side of Broadway, and ariat cratic mansions are hermetically sealed froravulg observation?and am new lyiug off in delicto torpidity, under the cool shadow* and refre*hii atinorphtre of this dainty spot. And never wi Paradise more welcome to the weary feet of stum ling aud travel-stained Christian pilgrim, than lb lovely retreat to me. 1 look out of the window my little dormitory, upon a magnificent park, lint with silken grass and embossed with noble tree swaying about lazily and peacefully in tbe breen while the blue sky, mottled with soft white cloud like Hocks of sheep upon a pasture of azure, bent down and smile* lovingly from above. Along tl walks, leap groups of lovely and laughing childrei arrayed in all a mother's pride, condensed into tl quaintest and most picturesque costumes that evi fairy milliner imagined; while within the det shade of the portico iliat lines the entire inm court of this beautiful domain, saunter, with m.t< dening pare, the owners of magnetic ryes and vi luptuous forms, superb in the air of indillerenc with which they accept the homage of the forke radishes in black pants who attend upon them u assiduously as a toady upon his patron, or th Reverend Kufus Griswold upon a literary tug-but It is the lull of the day?thu interval between th morning walk and the dinner?and the ni ijority t the beautiiul creatures already assembled in thi great caravansera of Snobdom, are deeply in mersed in the occult mysteries of the toilet; altnoug a few of the freshest and loveliest, with a beat tiful disdain of all the thousand tricks < dress and preparation, to whiwh in a few sen sons hence they will thankfully and rev? rently ret-ort, have escaped betimes from thei narrow bed rooms, and hurried out for a walk an a rendezvous upon the balcony. Every now an then, a white muslin curtain is accidentally thrut aside, and our gets a glimpse of a I'hidian arm a a bewildering bosom, hall concealed by a pocke liandkerchiet carelessly thrown over the shouUlert as the fair owner plies the comb, applies the pow der pull, or resolutely wields the tweezers. All ia as still as Sunday morning number one ii Kden. And while the unhappy cits and ctteases have left behind me are stuffing cotton in their ear to deaden the sound of the incessant aqnibhery gc ing on around, or tying up their children's crackei heads and burnt lingers, just outof the horrible din here 1 lie, absolutely saturated with silence, an the sense of absolute repose and quiet overwhelm ing me aa with a keen and palpable joy. You can see, by the busy and contented appeal ance of Marvin, as he hastens from pirlor to parlu and along the corridors and walks of his immens establishment, listening as if by instinct, and givinj his orders with the promptness and decision of . commander of a Collins steamer while stauding u the bav, that the MM is an early one. and ihd the '* I nited States" is filling up more rapidly thai usual. Morris, too, is in lus glory; for he has jus received orders for fifty new covers at the dinne table, and sera a golden time in perspective, for botl master and man. As you may easily gather from all this, we ar promised an early and unusually brilliant season? searon which will restore to this most beautifu watering place in the world all its original glory and add new and brighter effulgence to its renown The miserable uncertainty cast over the tnovem'nt of the fashionable world last summer by tli- terribl reality and the still more terrible rumors of the chu lem. nartiallv oaralvzed the irxvstv and life of th watering placer; but the unusual healthfulness of th present aeason will enable the fashionable world U take sweet revenge (>T all the deprivations and dts appointment* to which they were subjected las year. Already at this oalire-hotel whence 1 write we have permanently located for the (MMMf th< Huron Testa, the Marquis de Cardenas and th< Marquis de Campo. of Honda ; lion. M. Hepburn o! 1 Villi!*) la'Hin i ; lion. William S. Miller and fa mily, and Ilortio and George N. Miller, Efqrs Archdeacon l'anton, nnd ilie laird I'-ishop n Jamnica; lion. D. 1>. Barnard, of Albiny ; Mt end Mrs. I (rooks, and Mr. l>rhon, of New Vork Mr. nnd Mrs. Jones and Misa Lniily Jones, t New York ; the Messrs. Kobert, Howard, an Geo. Gordon James; Mr. and Mri. Aaron Baldwin of L'oaton ; J. V. L. 1'ruyn and family; N. G. 1'er dleton, Esq , and family, and Mr. Scbenck, of Cm einnati ; Mr. and Mrs. Jacob Little, and MrJackson; Miss Anna Lynch, the poetess; Mrs J C. Stevens; Dr. Ale*. Perry aud family ; Mi Hodgson and family, nnd Miss Talfair, Savannah and about one hundted and fifty uncrystallized un distingiiisliables. After tJie ui /xJlui have h.adth*i grand fizzing aatumalia out, to-day, anil h ive sub sided again inta their cellars and workshops, thi b*nu memtfe will take (Kisaesaion in earnert of thi steamboats and railroads, and flock hither it erowds. thir bund of music will arrive here fron New York to-morrow, and we shall fairly ioaaga rate the gay aeaaon?Marion's new dancing am music saloon !>eing fie) nnd all question the inoa magnificent room of the kind in the United Statesahead of Ntblo'a new saloon, or the fam*<l Jennj Lind Hall, and ever) thing of the sort. It is aur rounded with broad balconies, and fitted will dressing and retiring rooms, and everything th e the necessities or wants of a luxurious und fashion able world can possibly demand or think of. Tl.. ...I.... I. ....... . I..,,. .......... ?ll an.l MM prcinlly the Conffrea* Ilafl, which, unJcr lh>-abli management of Mr. W. |{, Ilrowa, i? rapillj regaining us old popularity. lis locution is fine, <in? (Ik* ground* very beautiful i and to thoae who lik? quid i.ml nbiUitiil comfort, it i* a Itiid tratnm Union Ilall lina also elegant grounds, and ia cha raeterized hy a diversity of character?dancing aw praying, flirting unit getting religion, being carrier en there ainiultmuously and with equ ii entlui aiaim. Amatkue. Oar Wlwoniln Correspondence. Ford in Lac, Wisconsin, June 21, lKjO. Tripuptht St. Clair Riorr?Isikt Httrvn?WrMi Bay?Tuu-n of Fund dm l*ar. Having just arrived at tliia place, from nufTalo I thought 1 would tend yon a ahoit account o the trip. Nothing particular ntrikea the eye after leavinj I'.uflalo until you enter the St. Clair river. Thi* ii a beautiful river. The natural acenary ia grand t< behold?the treea just putting on their robea o green. Ilut, when I aay the natural acenery ii beautiful, it ia about all that can he aaid about it, for when one looka at the improvement, aa thej are called, (which, indeed, app??r like anything but improveinenta) you nee the evidence* of eith*i a poor country, or a poor net of inhabitant*. The house# look wratherbeatea and ruaty?not a aigi of paint on them?hoarda falling down for want o naila? broken window*, with rag* and old hati eluded in?the fence* down, and everythioj out af repair, and looking decayed. Iadee< one cannot help coming to the *onclu?ion the they are a noverty-etneken *et of inhabitant* or elee too idle to work. The letter la prohahlj the most justifiable conclusion; for. certainly nature haa done much, hut the half I re neb, hai Canadian, and Indian denizrna have also dou< much to mar, instead of beautify the coun \1J. \M ?:aiurt J uu i?w# in*" u?M?ri tbemarlvea, and horaoa and aherp are acarcej and, with the cicen'ioo of a little alitggy ladian pony, nought like a bora# could he Men from the mouth 01 the river to ita entrance intc Iialie Huron. It ia Line, however, that here ami there renprctable families h ire nettled down, and by hard work manage to make a email living I meat be mortifying to the reeidenta to aee fine ateamboata, crowded with paaaengera aud ami grantn, going weat ai.d panning by their very doora too win# to make a atop, hut hurrying on to tbi more fertile and l>eautifiil U'iaconain or Mmneaota, where good land can he had for ten ahdlinga as ere, and where one acre ia worth a doze# on the Si Clair for productivenena, end a good home mar ket for all that can lie produceed at their own door, and at aood pricea too, connidering the facility e cultivation and the fruitftilneea of the noil A a we journey on North, over Lake Huron, I magnificent i heet of water, of a deep blue color more like the Atlantic than Lake Krte, the appear r.ce of Michigan changea. The pine takea th' precedence, and white aand becomca more plenti ful, until afBr panning the ftraita of Mac-kin ?w nought hot white aaniT ia aeen on the Michigai shore. After panning the Manitou Mindn, we low night of land in evrry diree'ion. The next mor ning, early, we arnvrd at " Tort du blorta," 01 Iteath'n Hoor. At thi* place there are aevera ialanda. After passing the Hoot we are afloat oc (ireen Hay, or the * Bay of l'attnn," an it wai for n>er1y called hy the early Freich aettlera, from the fancied deeper color of ill water*. After ptoain. Sturgeon Hay, and Little Sturgeon Bay?twoamil atr a of tifeen llay?we approach the town o (ircrit Bay, It looina tr|> in tne distance, and looki like a large place (>n the left hand^ can be aeei the dealing of " Bay Settlement." The largo green fields of wheat, the numerntia bourn1 ami bama presenting a picture Mine and prett* app-*?r ance The town of (ireen llay, in the Neenah 01 F< * Ifiver, ia situated at ita mouth, and ia wrl located for a city. Ita brat aeltlement was hy th< French fur tradera, aa far back an 1W0, but l? wa1 not regularly hud out a* t city until Wbili peculation run high, a number of buildings were 1 i erected, and amongst them the "Axtor House" was built by John Jacob Aslor, and (irnished handsomely with silver forks, sfxons, <Vc , which sow remain to tell of past splendor. But since then, the P town has rather retrograded. Iu relations with ' lar the surrounding country, are greatly dependent a upon the improvement of the navigation of the river. " lu prospects are brightening, and the numerous 11 M vacant houses are now tilling up; the store* are all * ;er taken, and a more business-like appearance pre- " y aenta itaelf o? every aide. " ' Meal estate, too, i? rising, and aa the river in*- ^

?" provrments go oa, aad the trade of the Upper Fox *f river developes itself, this town moat improve, and ?! us will seen rival Milwaukee. The importance of this 1 place must strike every one, being the natural out- [ * let of a vast and iiiagiiiheeut agricultural country, J u whose produce Will find its way through this chan- " b- nel. Alieady business men, in the valley of the '? |g Fox or Krenah, are receiving gooda by way of "! . Green Hay, and aa the country giowa, this will be 81 0 the grand highway to the Mississippi, as also to c< xl Minnesota Territory. Numerous towns on this ?' c> river are daily springing up, each one claiming great ' natural advantages, and receiving additions to 1" * their population, which, in a few years, will (>! t m?ke them places of considerable importance; Cl Is but, above all, the flourishing town of Fond du Lac ?' |0 has taken the lead, and, from its central location, Biust keep it, as well as from the character and w s* enterprise of its residents. Real estate is rising, ** >e and the influx of strangers is larger this year than J** *r at any other period. Ihe arrivals daily are from !? p ICO to 200, and emigrant teams are passing through *r the town a dozen at a time, on their way to the . i- North and West. The greater part of these are J- intending to settle in Northern Wisconsin A "J' te beautiful tract is now open to entry, at ftI 25 per 0 d acre, which lies between the Wolf and Wisconsin nc is rivers. It is a high rolling prairie, and oak open- fM * abounding in pure swings of water. Jnl 1- The weather here is always delightful; beyond . * the influence of the lakes, we have none of those ,' ?f high and cutting cold winds, so trying to the con- ji* stitulion, and which so speedily use up consump- lr I- live people. Indeed, every one remarks the agree- J"1 h able change from the weather on ihe lakes and in i- this vicinity. Here 1 find everything flourishing ; "l* >f produce of all kinds commands high prices; the J" i- wheat fields never looked better; BKIImImI and ? * mercantile men have as much as they can attend if to, and with farmers, they are always busy. In P8' d fact, the prospect is fair for a very active summer, jjy. cl I HVisl u ItsrDA inpr>*HiiM in iuxmlistwin nvmr anv ??nnf I ^*1 yfar7 Z r" Z Additional Particulars of tike Late Storm.) [from the Springfield (Mmi.) Republican, July 8 J w'' This thunder storm, the most remarkable that **>' we ever witnessed, dejerves something more than dra n pxssitig notice. For about two hours, say from 'IC10 o'clock until 12, the heavens seemed to be a concave of sheeted flame. There was not a mi- ^ttl nute of the time, during these two hours, that a 'he man could not walk the streets with all the cer- hai tnihiy of o|x-h day. To speak within bounds, three f u1 minutes out of every four were illuminated, and ' ,u sometimes for an appreciable period the minutest '?? and most distant objects were delineated with all .? the power of sunlight. It was certainly the sub- m'r hmest exhibition of nature's fireworks we ever rt*K saw, and when looked uj>on by the side of those of r,"w human device, exhibited the night before, the lat- l'r% ttrap|s ared rather a small sflatr. hce The large new factory at Holyoke was struck Wfl during the storm, the cotton in the picker room. Jha ?vidently taking fire from anelectrical discharge. The WMchmrn in attendance wera enabled to put Am it out without making a general alarm. jfjj i The pio|*rty of Mrs. Bruce, destroyed and da- '?'J msped by the tire on Friday night, was insured for ! *" $2,flU0 nt the Worcester People's Mutual office, ,n," which will cover the loss. Isaac (iibbs lived in K,V| one part of the house, and his furniture, which, to J'<" escape the fire, was removed intothe water, which I*-1}1 poured in such torrents out of doors, was conside- ' rably dsinngrd, aiul was not insured. n<>t Samuel Davis's barn in Westhainpton, was >'?1 struck bv lightning, uad consumed, with its con- "J" tents. An elm tree, on Elm street, Northampton, 'h" was struck. PWjj At Ke ding Hills, West Springfield, we learn * that there was considerable hail. A few windows ",r' were broken, and grain and other crop* cut down. ?ni' , I he wind was very severe, do.ng damage to trees ? to a conside rable extent. ***1' 9 [From the Albany Hxpres*. July ft 1 " While the storm wa? at its height, a bright light in the northrHkt nave x\>? to hi alarm of tire. It was caused by the burning of a l>trn which wu J" struck by lightning a few miles from Troy. The ' Hailing* done to the pavements about the city is verv extensive. lu many places they are torn up, !'' ' and the stones washed far away from thsiroriginal positions. At tlis intersection uf iHunel and Hurt? 1 son street* with bugle street, the side-wslk ami ' pu*i nients are gone, and a trench about Mleen 1 ftet lutiare, and as unny feet deep has been d?'| 0|>rned. In Lydius street, below It road street, the me pavement for the dikinnce of about one hundred net reel is torn up. Ouackenhiii-h street is also badly i'? damaged, as iu fact arc all the avenues leading libr (tan the hills sol The nursery of Mr. Wilson, near the Feniten- ted tiary, has .-utf-red great damage. The conviuts in nio the prison liad heen repairing the bridge crossing am the cre? k, and to give them an opimrtunity to carry sei< <>a their 1< bors, a temporary dam had liern erected, con This impediment forced tli- water back upon the in I land of Mr. W., tearing up nil his line and choice rnoi i green-house plants, together wirh a large number van of rare fruit trees. His garden is completely de- ft? r - stroyed, at least for the present. Five hunJred feet r dollars cannot recompense huu for his loss. We mi i - are informed that the wuter in some places on his her ? lend was over twenty feet deep. tor t The cemetery has been dam tged to a great ex- of tent. Two or three of the lakes broke through 1 the bsnks, the water Hooding the grounds and in- a be updating the meadows in the vicinity. We are son ? informed by (?. Crane, that ar hall-past twelve ver f o'clock lust night, th* water ou Troy road, in the f'"1 i vicinity of (icncral Woith's mansion, w.ta four feet tliii I IB depth, rendering It MagVfWMhi the tXtrMM. VH> Id est of the bridges over the creeks and sire una, red - for miles around us. are carried away, arid the lei 1 farmers have sustained great lose by lb* sub- the 1 mere ion of their lands. The telegraph poles on C< - lire Morse line w ere subjected to the effects of the to t lightning, so M to prevent operations. We are in- M formed by Mr. Brown, the sujierintendent in the tun office in this city, that lwtw. en this point and VlIsIi i, over a dozen of the pub s were struck by the i lightning. They inirst have ntt w.th the same > fare at the West. The (>'R*illy line was cut off rhe with the .Went, hut obtained a circuit with ths ?h>< . kh'Bth. oit f It is impossible to estimate the damage caused anr by the ttonn, in this city alone. Thousands of Jim dollars cannot repair the losa to the streets, build- mo I inga, and roods. We are requested te a iy that the del city Miperintrndrnt* will proceed with all despatch wil , to rd|>air the streets wherever they are torn up and of, . w -1 > I uway. is r There is a heavy freshet in the river, and yen- re* terday the docks in many places were under water. / , The merchants were compelled te remove their low r goeds from the ccllare of their eleres te e place of w h ssfe'y. pro We are informed tkst sis bodies Ksd Keen found. >n>l r < u?tur4iT night, of prrnnm drtwatd from ths of r two tmiaa on Friday evening. a ci Tiik Late Stonin at Tho casualties of ' the storm last night nnml he great. The storm in fhi? city wan severe, arromimnir,! with Ikuadrr and **" lightning, continuing all night. The tire observed Oul in the evening, in aaid to have heen a barn belong- '' ing to Mr. Sharp, in (Jreenbuah, consumed from I" the effects of lightning. The h iil in Hrunswick w?? truly terrific. The sheet of hail wa? about a m" milo wide?coming from the east and extending a? T'r' far wet,! as Lansmghurgh village. 1'he farm of Theodonia Ihisenhury, about four mtlea distant east, waa desolated?not a vestige of all hia corn, attn pot a toe a, rve, wheat, or fruit, remain*?all demo- n lishvd by the hail. Ilailatonea were parked up I*1 larger than a man's hand. Mr. 1). think* some would weigh a pound earh. II" eetimatea hia loaa , 1 from the hail at $1,000, in the deatruetioa of hia gTowing cropa, to aay nothing of the damage to aj"n his dwelling and out-houses. Mr. Adam* and "" several of his neighbors were among the cofferer*. p" TJiere waa some If as of stock mentioned, and it U orn to be feared we shall hare to record a long lint of 0I^ loaeea and grievous suffering* by our friends, when . we hear fram the country. Tha Widow llimes's " house in I'oeatenkill, waa struck, and one end of it knocked down, though it did not t.vks fire.?JVojr . (JV. K) JfWgst,/Wytf. p N?w Ton CriT Ot utM in lUurroti.?This militury company, whose intended visit to HoMsa .( was announced some days since, arrived here at |V| II o'clock A. M., on Saturday, and were received (f, at the (>ld Colony Ik-pot. by the City Guard*. #|i)j Captain Tlx nipson. Tht New lYork company i? ur emphatically a tine specimen of the citizen soldiery, f commanded by Captnio Wn M. McArdle, a true ^ military man, and is accompanied by Allen and . I I > t todn nvlft.'a iu lal.tala.l kraua kind I 'if* , two roBi^nnift marched to the TrrmotU llo-tee, f 1 where they iwrtooli of a collation From the Tre? nxnf, thej tint(h<d to the City Hull. wh--re they * wrie introduced to the Mayor, who, ma very ?<>r- 1 r dial addreaa, wrlcomed the atranger* to the eity, I Md rapnattl lit bo|M thtl, tritWat Wlitj " tnk^a ' i in." they would he well "done fc r " From the l* - City Hall, they marched through Stale and other V? 1 ! PtiiMifil Mreele, to their quarter# at the Itevere ?" ' { lli tiee. Teaierday, hoth roviganien, in full ont- , i form, attended divine aervice to lh'- morning, al . * f Her. Mr llarrett'a Cbarrh, Ch?n'>era atrmt.? i "ri Potlbn /Jnt/y ,hlvfrtimr, Juig * I ?? % (' win* an Plena. I ... Jedgt Woodruff , ?#* * ? '-<if4y 4 5teridaa ? 7>i /eat'arfen faiu- '"J r ? Till* na?e. *hl?k ha nrrupied I tie oth I ro?i-t rtnre lh.. j,| in.t , wa? adjoorm <1 Inron "iiuenc al?? , an arridant I a.log orrurred ta >ue of the jar ?r?, aen Mr Jehn Mora* 1*4 Ueeond rtfo t hy which hi* )? .j *n* badly Injured The one till br r???iu 4 ai *3jU ... I m Mi II I* ?H? t? MWsi. " FrMck OyUlMii of lk? PmIUw m4 Proa. pacta of Oaba. (IruttM from La Preaae of the 90th Juoa J A laoath atnce, all the European oa 1 Ainencaa 1 reaa were occupied with the expedition ot General <opez. This audacioua attempt haa awakened the ttrntion mf Pariaiaa t?ai>era; but thoae of MTaahiftoo, New York, and Madrid, already had atudied r siiiiaiion 01 liir isjauj 01 i una,and tne questions ttached to it. The word of annexation, of acquiition of this istaad, had been pronounced, a long me ago, and, already at the becmoiag of the year i 'WH, Mr. Yulec, of Florida, ottered, in the United ( tates Senate, a formal proposition hi that aenae. He | 'ithdrew it, on the observation of Mr. Calhoun, | tat '*it was imprudent, by an untimely ardor, ( ad an uncompletely matured project, to expose { Ve success of thia un|K?rtunt atVan " It waa un- , crstoed thns, that thia annexation, or the acquisi- t an of Cuba, should figure on the programme of le democratic party in the nrxt electoral strug- c le. From that epoch, the question h i* been in'seantly treated in Madrid and in Washington, ,i id the American journal* on several occasions, are declared that Mr. Polk had commenced with ., io Spanuth government, negotiations which were }. ' a nature to satisfy all parties. This fact, put in r rculation by the journals of the United Stitca, t id sometimes continued, sometimes contradicted r r the papers of Ixindon and Madrid, ia to day c ithout a single doubt. Mr. Polk had really made j me (>|>enings, which, it ia true, were coolly re- f ived by the Spanish government; and it is easy ] conceive that the expedition of General Lopex is not rendered its dispositions more favorable. t! This attempt had given issue to the most energe- ? !, and, at least, on this side of the Atlantic, to the j ost unanimous reprobation. It could not be c herwisc ; but this is not the question. We must p t deal with indignation, but must reason politi- b, lly. It is consequently necessary, in appreciat- j, I the chivalrous sentiments lo their just worth, fcj examine the facts as they are. ? Now, on thia question, the facts are reduced to bc two ineontest tide points. The American ? lion is destined to absorb all the Northern hemis- t)| pre; the i-land of Cuba tends rapidly, necesiarily tj, free itself from the heavy guardianship of the w tropolis. They may discuss the general utility p| this double tendency, but it is imjaisaible to con- <j? t the reality of it. ci The history of the Union furnishes, at every Gj je, a proof of the irresistible attraction exercised n, it upon the territories, and the people who are j? ghbors. It must, against all, absorb those w >plc, those territories, and gradually assimilate m to itself This assimilation is complete, as ,j, n in Louisiana, at first so French, and in Florida, ncli was ceded by Spain. 1 he union, walking :h gigantic steps to its glorious destiny, has tj, ,wn buck its frontiers to the liorders of the I'aci- n, Its free institutions have penetrated to Santa fP , and are now in execution in Sun Francisco. .,H nada is overpowered, ana, in soile of England. f(l| movement, suppressed only for a while, will fn re a successful result. How can the island of jr, ha, that great fortress, which commands the tK If of Mexico, b? able to escajie this common ini ! J E Ve know very well, that in Spain, the public th id is opposed to the idea of giving up, even by a ular negotiation, this magnificent colony, the nurces of which are so abundant, But we be- j, e, also, that the Spanish government will sacri- i], , at last, the Castilian pride to polity, aud to B(l II directed public interest. It knows very well H t, it is not from to-day that Cuba thinks of fol- wj ing the example of Mexico, and of the other ][ lertcan countries, which have repelled, by arms, domination of Spain. The independence of j? i island is one of those events for which an in- (;, igent government must be prepared?for it is vitable?and because it ia more advantageous to 0p f up, to-day, willingly, and with good condi- n, is, what can he taken at the tirst moment vio- j?. tly, and without any coni|M'nsation. i f-j -ong since the inhabitants of Cuba dreamed, to only of the independence of tke island, but of j,, annexation to the United States, and the Span- Bn, government knows very well the motive* of j *p redoubtable inclination, which bus already Dll luted several insurrections. 'he population of the island is composed of e rlrruents : the nstive element, the foreign, the European. Between the Creoles and the 'opean Spaniards reigns an antipathy, which is I lamed by the conduct of the home governnt. All the places are occupied by functions- F i tent Irom Madrid, and the garrison is exelu- : *" ply rr>ni}M>M?d ol European officers and soldiers. " ete functionaries display generally, in the isl ind, *h potic manner* and a haughtiness, which wound* |D 1 feelings of the inhabitants?so much so, tiinl, computing tlinr ixilitical, commercial and iatel- ? hnl itateJwiik tut of tne how wwiwit, ' jr l*iiitl iiant iltia rigorous gu&rJi<tu?hip is not euffi- eo ntly justified. *l ndeed, the island of Cuba possesses, to a higher of (Tee than fspain, all the advantages of au niluse commerce with all the world, and it has it irr tern, like the mother-country, the sources of ,i(i abundant riches exhausted. It possesses a more fl, ral public instruction, an administration more n# id, and better organized, finances belter regulu- (ot ,'and which are"m?de public. It studies with re activity, it imitates with greater persever- *1' e 'and success all the progress of Kurn.ietn r ncc and industry. As early as lr*J7, it iiad iph-ted nine railroads, and two others are now ^ j ihe course of construction. It had employed re than twenty-five million* of francs for these r, ious enti rpli.-es, when Spain hud not yet stirred j n her indifierrnre, and consolidated her imper- Joi fragments in thia kind of enterprise. Its com- ?n rciul transnctions amount to more than three he idled millions of fianc* annually, and its in- f re is more than sixty millions, the greatest part Tr' which is absorbed by the home governuv-nt. \ , i los state of thiugs, sooner or later, mn>l bring 5;, tut an explosion. Already, at several periods, j i ne attempts have taken place, and although se- j ' rly repressed, they ate like a threat for the by lire. The garrison of the island, composed of rty thousand men, is disseminated nil over the ' t extent of this lerntory, and Havana Is the only oublable place. The other cities are list pro- , ted against any attempt. We have just seen proof wf it al Cardenas. Consequently, by its graphical positron, by its distance from Spain? ; 1 which it gives the greater part cf its resources, o I which would be very much embarrassed in a 1 iP of action?the dry when those renou-res 1 ill be cut off. Cuba will free itself, if it enterlaias serious wish to obtain its freedom Vhat, until now, has restrained the Creoles, is frar of reetng the insurrection of the negroes j king oil the yoke of the whi'es. liut for that lb irrhension, long since the independence and the icxation would have hern accomplished facte, t the rupid increase of the white population re- Jj v? s, every day, this single obstacle, which has (l ayed the explosion. The Spmtsh government jM IW forced, and no doubt sooner than it thinks b< to negotiate for the cession of a colony which it eo ddiged to give up, and perhaps, as we have aJ- lb dy said, without a sufficient compensation. j w It all events, the United States will not, aurely, sight of this territory, the acquisition of " u h will l>e of enrh importance to them Cuba duces sugar, coffee, tobacco, indigo snd cotton; I there, where culture is impossible, nnn?i wi upper, now worked bv Knglieh iom(nni??, give u [>rin<l<-mt.le income. Cuh? j? ibo Innloihl* *? Kilitwrjr position, and the Untied Htatea could Mieh at Havana, dock yard* and maritime af? ale, and ihua command all iha commerce of the F ? I a to France, we cannot perceive the internal ieh ehe could have in contradicting tb?a gigantic elof'H??-nl of the United Mtatea, unman our alatea?, trom evolution to evolution, are now ci>n ted to the dot trine of the Americ in equilibrium Rationality of t nntral Awrrtre, RXI I.I aivn AMRRII AV ?V ?TKN, I >iv? I t KVt ?T> r inn aoaiachiril oovrr*ukvre 01 k' r'u'R. < tract trow a periodical paper publlefenU at Ran Joan 4a t'aata Itina JiaiuiT W 1 | | | i vari< ue puhlirationa there twa be? n a call for eatahliehment among ua of a eyatem of policy cmiuatrd " eeaentiaUy'* American, with the eilon of all influence on the |?rt uf the monarchical ernsienta of Ruropu. Thie ha* Wen earneatly j. mi far Ihatthoe* who are not of the aanta in n are looked npm nn ?n? nuea af their country, he ait. ntion of many pvrnoun hna Iwen attracted tine utgenty, who are unwilling, in a matter of h ini|e>itance, to go blindly forward ; and there- r? we pro|aie? to tonrider the queetmn maturely . rr.| i illy. ue .dill r* cf llie n< W?| ap* rt puMiehed in Nicaragua ha ,s. Wudor obrliuutely inaiat mi the nationality of itral America, and on an enperial American *' t-y againet Luropvan govrmmente, and pitrticu) agaiiiet Lug land. ilia well, tln-n, to in-pnre > the propriety and eoaandeacy uf thia policy, the motivea which actuate ita aupportera in mg it. net* Kic? and C>u?teiualn alone, it ia anid, keep r>ce ; hi. J iUm liirocf, which iacnM?e<| hjr pru- ' { r? HD<i a mute enlightened policy, ia interpreted )(1 ? ah pr educed hy * aaaptckflM killueore, unduly pi Ufchi 10 bear upon the government* of thnar re- m Ik*, y??|? do out hcaitate to acrwae them ul i who! ol palriouam, and of ignorance of their I iairrmti. iow, what ground* are there for theae arc naIB, ltd who are really the panic* deceived 1 It at inie that the public ahnuld kinw whet truth Hi re to in nil thia ; nrd that it nwjr do to, the fol- |? ill k 'jiieitiona are put i? o' it U hat I* nmleratood hy ane*cl??ieely Amr* aft n policy in onioMi ma to the immxri luca' ^'eini wi fcutnpe 1 W here are the pnncipleaof th'? i?oli? to treated, hnd hy what author* 1 I* <1 On what reaann la the accnaation fwtnd'd ati tchia brought ag.iiiial Co?t* Kiea ladt ifl item ilx, jet having concluded trr?ti-a with Knplmd and Id er l.i rt>!>-an nitiona, whiUt thel'moi Stwtea hi ? h%ve treatica with thoae old go?crnni? uta, ml pe (I toiaiatera ?o lyoodoo, t aria, Madrid, St. I'e- te ihnrir. aad other l.urcpexn Cwmtal S tt in. a of i the King of Holland ?? naniad umpire u, the w disputes on the boundary of Maine, between Mm North American Republic and Great dfciuin s la 18%, the question rained between Frame and the United States for some millions of franca, was ier> mmated amicably by the media lion of EnMhuad i there was also an intervention of France and or Chant Britain in the question of the separation of Tesw^ between the United Stales of the North and Meld* co; what, then, is the meaning of this inconceivable pretensions that no European intluenoe should be tllnjItlMl in a m?no" 1 ,1? -- ? . kv? 11 wean uut IM scientific book*, the produce, the machinery ?uf manufactures, and the capital which ih to develop the industry and riches of theae countrica, are not to be received? The North Americana themselves^ he mayor part of whom are Europeans, exist prin:it>*liy by means of their intercourse with Europe ( vky thru should we follow a contrary conduct is his 1 3d. If we break with England, as we are reommended to do, where should we go to sell our oHee, our indigo, our corn, and many other prouctiuus 1 Would it anawrr to send them to the Inited States, to France, to Chili, or to China? Suposeing even that the merchants of these countries ould atVord to do it, could we get from them the vsiousurticles which are required for the consumpion of our people ? Would the prices be so mode* ate, aud the advances lie so easy, by this interourse, as they are generally in the English trade V s not even the industry of the United States pi-tered by the eapital and the advances made by .uglaiid ? 4th. With regard to the complaints made at lie occupation of the Musqiutos and of St. Juan* nd sometimes also in relation to ltoaian and Baize, who are those who have for so many years ouatanlly prevented these ideations from being roperly treated 1 Who are those who have unruled the government of the country, broken the onda of union, and exhausted the means which lion Id be depended eu for maintaining the country nd raising its importance I Who are those who* Tier having created our difficulties, can do nothing lore ifuui increase them by provokiug the ill-will T foreign governments'? I*et the writers upon natality reply ; let them tell as what those patriots ould do, if the points so called for by them wer aced at their disposil. No doubt, just what is >ne now with the immense uncultivated lands iiduig in all directions, which are sometimes lered as continuation for debta that have origiited in revolutions, and which aometirms serve ioc mgmary project* or colonization, or enterprises bich arc never rcalzied. It seems atrange that the endeavor should be im > quite the contrary to what the North Americana >, at the same time that they are proclaimed aa a odd. The Mexicans owe to a similar conduct ie great loss of territory, and the many further ir-lortunen, losses, ami humiliation they have au?> red. Here, as well aa there, laws, have been Kvd without number, inviting the immigration of feigners ; but these laws have tailed in their eflect. >m i!? - simple reason that men who emigntla am their country, seek, in the country of their ado^ >n, |*-acr, order, secuitiy,and ftcility of using thetf dustry for their own advantage without dangnr. it amid mo many revolution*, can they expect >'se wishes to be accomplndied ! 5th. If the question tie one of |>olicy, rather an one of a well understood interest, how then ia possible to overcome the obstacles which prevent e accomplishment of this general republicanism much desired 1 Whit is to be done with Ilraxil here there ia an Emperor?with Saint Domingo, hich has recently been formed into a monarchy i i'W shall the monarchical European lalJueace ha tinguihhed in Canada, in Havana, in the MTest dm ielandb, and in French, Knglish, and Dutck iiinna ? These questions are asked, not only with the iject of removing (he doubts which exist as t* e policy recommended, but that the publio may informed in a matter which interests it so nearly, lere is an effort making to deceive the country, lake possession of it by degrees, through tha orders nod the anarchy which are encouraged y d this ides, concealed under the cloak of natioaiv, integrity, and other Haltering terms, must ha idc obvious to every one. Th? Panorama of Steamboats. Nt? Tost. July 3. I3M. ?is,? As you are sretbs only editcr in New York wha peares to take an interest in giving your raadw nis knowledge of the ritent snd bu>lnr?? of tha oily, : Information thnt can make your table# per lee* ould bs slforded to your paper by thoss bsviug nap formation in their power to give. In your table of ateambonta snd routes round New irk. though the most important wers given, sows of nrlderabts moment were nit included Permit ma la va yeu the names of some or tbe routes snd businma other steamers belonging here, Aa to lerrlil. there ta ona troin York villa, to Astoria, isbop Ilugbaa.) from Hi atraet to Long laisnd 8 at* ; from New York to flreenwood 3 boots; >m New York to New York Bay. Cemetery , frost w York to l ort Lao ko.~Prank and Hubert A a act, herein Boston ) there la a route to Klfaahethport in eonneslos 1b Central Railroad- Red Jacket and Water Witoh. loot tor to Couth Amboy, Joining railroad?J oh a iter, Prank fort and I nd< pendens*. 1 uolher- (two In fact distinct lines) to New Rrnnak Jobn Nellson and anew boot. (Reindeer I think) libera to Nrwburgh and neighborhood -Osiumbas^ ledonia. tViliiam Young Norfolk and America t pass, ngrr line to Aewark I'a?lae ; tow line na? C Jltartb; also several propellers >>n this rowta to Rnud Brook UorrUlown ho also to Joean Hons* Kdaia Louts. inoinrr i ni- D.-ilaa that gir. n to Albany Hmplra, >y and opposition P.nta I'laaa Lnctkt r rlramar on the .Horwteh lina fMoopatra Itha* liDrs f>r King, tun Rinaraid. Norwich, and iktiai h. Plrrnu.nl Tti'mM Pnwall Prla an.I H.w llaraa r<> llockWud tin Pwnlluw (burnt, to ba auooaadnd anoihrr boa)), and Arrow To I>< iby kv Anrnnla To Bridgeport K< ger William* md Niagara To Haugi rtloa Kalrn< l<l ttud Kobrrt I, (ttaranl To 11u b11 k lalnnd < ily T* Now London nod Norwich A Ho* of aararai prmllera ol Mm to 400 ton a aarb. To Hartford A lina of propellers, as to Haw London. To Pbtlad* Ipbka- A Una of Iron propellers, sua* ten or right To Baltimore A line of propellrr*. To W aalilngton H J llopa. To Middlrtown Point or Keypnrt John Hart Additional boat on Rtonlugtun llaa MaamohaatttA. To Astoria Potboy To Nra Hamburg Ac Pplrn4ld In addition to tbeaa th? Trnreller la altaobad ta ia lira Harm Una Maabattan to tba J alary City wry, Fairy Hunan to Chriatopber atr-M tour Hat did not rontnin tba following A Mao tin, id I'arltlr. of t'olllna' Llrnrnno| |,laa. WaihlntlaA id llrrmann. Or ran Pleam Nor l!n . Franklin and arrr n< arly rrady for llarra Poalbarmr and nt. f< r ("barlf aton , Florida and Alabama (two nrw at.) fur the Paean nab lina; (imrgla, ilhio and Pal n l.aw'a <bagrea l.ina, t'berobna and Philadelphia rtwland ft Aapmwall'a Line do , Rmpira City and Ormrot City J II Howard k Pona'. da Tharr la al-o. th? fd owlog boats engaged la lowing Albany Cayuga. Orwago, Baltic, Trojan nod BalU, Bekuyler'a Lina nth.r l.tnaa "nndu-kr Mi I raw I. worth Commerce, Pwtftaure. Indlanna llllooia 1 here are engaged towing to and from .Haw H'aan rk the Puaan Thfatla New Vork. Legtalnlor, Hal*, w, I'rlnraton. Kryatona. and oilman Thara nra alao rt.?g J running eiauatona ka, a Korbe.ter (now aallrd tha Cataract.) Alm.raA, Id N< w Jeraey ) Nlmrod ftnllalo Ma. Wla (old .lamaw iJ mb) Mermaid. (propeller,) Koaeiuako, and Na? Til. rbi-ra ara aim profitably engaged In towing nho^ t harbor tba fallowing bonta bail las many otk?il I not know Jacob Ball, IB John OrtfBth, Artlrn, IB Hahantan, ira?brtttf% Pampaon, 30 Kowiar, llarrtilan, 31 T-iupeat, Ajai. S3 Btorm. T- Irgrapb, 3-1 Pagainnw, Warn. 34 Wallal^ut, Cinderella. 3B Richmond, T. Palmond, 30. Jamaica, .1 antra Pallia. 3T. flipaay. Oaaaa. (rarbrigtoead io) 2A John Jay, I PlAtA#. XV 1 (rorkrUl+B#d) ?) Ailoria. Newtowa, si Frano.Aaeor, r nekton. S3 l>arl?a. Margaret K?mhle, IU l>eBer?l Worth, l'anlel F>rew 34 I'luto Many Of the (Hull ntmlni bar* on their wVtol "i** ?" ' Mil* of ad rertleeiaent naaaea .1 Iff.rant from at to which they arc entitled making in cob* Inetaw? ?on"l Jcrali'a c nfu.ioii """ t heee ad<1< d to your Uet. I an ivinM*it, ara Ihc whole and It would be a work to bo prowl f tw i?e a complete and cntlro lint of tble hranrb of tho If trade not only to refer to a? the evtdoaew of I to oepcrlty. hat ae a eonroo of knowlodgo to poronae iaroted la that arm of onr great neon Keepertfully yoara, STNAMItOAT. Nrwei inn, Jalr Mb. ISdt. We For roe T notice aa rail-etna (whirh, an doabk, unli.trntloaal ) la year Panorama of atnawhoata. te eteatahoat Coiumhae. which leareo the toot off lenth*re et ?ert every day atllt P W . tor MewhurgK, Ddlng at II net-i r?w ?.,1 ! .1.. I' k rheilhaiann and Traveller leave New Vork erery day at 4 P. .. tor Hart lord Ae yoa ngee.ttfcat tbnaa Irli ruled III eiad yea word, 1 toko tble opportunity lAMBtmff. Vmlsnt f*T<>a? *t Btpratxt, N. Y ?A Hoary orm ot wind end ruin, accompanii d with rival leheo of ItcHtning and heavy peale of thunder, ered ever tfce my. hrtween aeaea and eight ??? ? It laet evening A hotit twenty feet of the root of ure >o IN( Mitral W hurf.occupied by Cobh.% Co. io Mown oil, and ehm l one half of one eidr of tha nf of the North Church wne aleo blown off,* ft of whirh lodged on the roof of a dwelling riling n? it lo it, rntehing that in alao. The proNitn yart of Smith <V llrother'a elevator *u i v n ill an, end we rrgrot to atat' thnt t'harlen nitk. one of the lirnt, who eeriouelv injured A tlion nf the elevator eerwiued hy w It. Kockew r, Kerj , waa alao Mown clown Quite a aiunhey ehrdr treea in varione parraof the rity were Hk?e ire blow n down C'atwigr, ft

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