Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 16, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 16, 1850 Page 2
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAKES UOHUO* HflKKETVi rKOPKtKTOB AND R1HTO*. kmri n w. coKtcv or rr'.ro* ?wd rt?. iMiaiuin ran ftVMMMk Of-KkA-CAMXh 0ABUKN-BaaMl. BOV1CKT THUTKI, tt?tW)~THi Dmiktlo- -Th? taiHJii ? r UMs M1IIUVS l,ARf?IN,J^t?y Ui A^r> cr Jivdjh Viirk Uu*?a r Tin rirrin NATIONAL. TIIEATRK. Ch?lh*r< Hun-K>mt Hit* Do??-Orin Intu-V'cu ita. CHRISTY'S M'KRA UOl'SC. IMIimIN' U?U-?T*?O?i*m Kmmun. _____ OLYMPIC, Br< ?'l?*y?I i>k< >' Ki?mtUi A.MIK1 CAN nr-im-A..... Pv*roaai*ca* A?r?? oun and ImiMi. KMKVA HOd**-I'tsuitat or O*uro?m?. ?w > wrk, Ta'ada), Jaljr 10. lnx?. AtTMlT* III Kmo|>r. The America, wiih ?iu-- *-'k' IM iMM from Kuro|>e, i? due at lUlif.it. We iiujr eiiwct h*r new# over the wire* m uny moment. Ttlrf;rii|>lil( Soinmiarjr. In consequence of flic tofm, I km evening, our telegraphic dmjHiU'hfS are not aa am^e ? ? they uun!!y are. According to our ptivate information from Wanhtegton, it appears that aoMie atneudment* to the Compromise hill have been agreed to by the friend* of that meaaure, and that they will be rubmixed to the Senate to-day. On the whole, we think that matters look brighter at Washington th.iu they kave for pome time past. We will be able to speak more confidently in a day or two, wording to present indication*. The obsequies of the late l.tmented General Taylor having been performed, bis r?mains having been consigned to their kindred clay, and Mr. Fillmore having been inaugurated President, in i manner prescribed by the constitution, the transaction of the business of the govemmeut was recommenced yesterday by both houses of Congress, and a detailed account of what was done will be found In another column. The Senate occupied the day in discussing the mnibus or compromise bill. Several of the memkars took part in the debate, and several amendments were offered to the bill, by Mr. Seward and others, the former of whom introduced once more the odious and defunct Wilmot proviso. According lo appearances, we arc not far oti'froin a vote in the Senate on the compromise, and we think it very likely that its fate, one way or the other, will be decided this week. Mr. Clay and the other friends f the measure, are working hard. It is impossible as yet to say whether it will pass the Senate, but we are inclined to think the chances are in its f 1Tor. The ultra-abolitionists are apparently in artv miUt mnrtif, and are giving a last kick before they mrr#>nH#r nn fh? irh/tc* Something definite was performed by the House f Representatives. At the o|>ening of the session, k was found that the recent conduct of the cabinet in relation to the Galphin business, Was first in rder. After an ineffectual effort Was made to have the whole subject laid on the table, the House, by a vote of one hundred and sixteen to aixty-thrae, passed the resolution ia'roduc?d by the investigating committee, and upended ro Ike report of the majority. This resolution | wmm to the ettect that, according to the act j of Congress referring to the case; the Secretary of the Treasury was not authorized in paying the interest on the Oalphtn claim, hud that its payment was no *n accordance with law or precedent. The large affirmative vote showa nost conclusively the aense of the Hejse on the conduct of the cabinet in regard to the allowance and payment of the Galphin claim, principal and interest. The w hole of thia disreputable affair ia new nearly, if not quite disposed of. The conduct of the cabinet in connection with it has been investigated, reported upon, and after a great deal of debate and diacusaion, been denounced in the atrongeat terms by the |>opul?r branch of the federal legislature, and that, too, by a vote that would sink any cabinet. That vote, and those previously taken on the skill* matter, are enough to 'liaperae any cabinet, let atone that which the lumented Gen. Ta>lor, in an unfortunate and unlucky hour, gathered around him. The result of thia investigation will, we cannot kelp thinking, have two effect*?first, the dianiseal of the Galphin clique; and, aecondly, the alert ion of xn entirely new cabinet by Mr. Fill- j more. It will be recollected that, immediately af- | ler the demise of General Taylor, Clayton, Craw- | Card Ac Co. sent in their resignation aa cabinet ofTi U. L'.llm,... Tk.. ..... J... .....I:.. I vriiv mi. rimiu'ir. ami?' nas uwiir nutuiuiii^ to etiquette in such ciaes; hut we have not yet ' hrnrrf that the wal of the envelope containing their reaignntian ha* Wen 0|>cned. They now atanl convicted before the country, ol maK . lanceln flier, amounting to nothing abort of corruption; and if juatice were done them, ihey ought not to | be allowed to reaign, or rather their resigav tioa ahould not he accepted. Tbey ahouid be 4iami??ed aa unworthy to fill the office* to wbieh they were appointed and better, more bo neat, more patriotic, and more faithful rr .a nubmtuted ib their placea. There are plenty of oeh men in the country?men who would no more tbink of prrwcutirg claima aa auenta, allowing tbein in violation of law, and receiving a portion f th luoder afirr they were allowed, than they would of committing a crime that would comugn Ann to the penitentiary. Morality is mil at such a low ?bh among our atateamen, that a pure, pa. iridic and con?cientioua cabinet caanot lie selected fiom among them. It apfcara thai the Indiana on the Rio Oande have again committed depredations on th< le af that frontier. Tho?ie aavagea h .ve, however, nearly ran their career, runiahment and r? tul.uti?>? i? in Hare for them. Brevet Mijor (?*neral Drv>< ke *f ihe Kighih Military lV-|>ortinent, i?aued an arder on the fourth of Jane Uat, dated from San Anioi.io, Texaa, in which ho announced hift*nt*n- j &?.? nt commencing, nt an early day, a vigorous . campaign ag?mM iho-e aav^gea, and for thnt purpow give n? lice that all thedi|H*>?hlc dra?ooi?aind mounted iHantry at Fort nMrlntmh, Inge, M'rril, , and I.iaeoln? together with the companies of Team Harger?, commanded by CaptaiM Ford, , W*mr>ies ana ? miner?inr wnni* to neuniler the ( tri' r? of Rr? vet l.ieut Col Hardee, XI l>ragooa?, ( wld m?k' irwn*?lta:e ff inniioii for active ?erTier is ikr h#-ld, until ?!> ounty is cb-arrd of the ; MTifr drptrdntor* ll in to be hoped that then? arraa?*m? it' rill he attended with success, and ikat ih?- Kiof.rande country will becleareiuf th?>? r??hle?s >h??(cii Mr Ptephrna dai ie?, for himneUand Mr. TooniSa, that they had turh an interview with (ien'-rkl Ta> lor, immediately previoua to his disease, an haa he?? reported, lie aayathit roch * converan'ion a* haa heen pabl *hnd, did not take pUce. These genii* men are certainly entitled to the benerit of their 'iselaimer f.namT Fwitm **n His I>i*r.ics ? Not only those who five themselves tip to the pursuits of tc<|tiM\ir>m, bu? these even *h? take the contrary course, and give away instead of heaping wp riches, are 4???ied tn vefaiion and disappointment, trerrit Siaitb, a privnte nUiti of the State of New Yotk, k*? fnr some yeara paat b?en engaged i? din if" in? wraith, and giving away land infieffe atasf le, ar>d it rr <y be Mid cut btmo. Wh* ?<k?I k?? he 4?ne t He haa fnund out at leaat i ne of 4ke r?nam asd moat wonderful characteris' <ft of kanann natnre, 'hat m?n refuse to receive g?od{ kev are determiner) not to he benefitted?of, if *%mf will take the benefit, they invariably ah i?e Wectnr l*a*t n>cM a meeting wan called at the several p?re?.n-? of lUe city of New York, wkn have received donationa of land from Mr hwk TV *?}t9i of the meeting waa lo arrange < n>e plnn to po en, or !?Mid ??mf rn* on the Ian to enltiT. te it Only two of the i-l>i lis call* ti t< tin r were there, consequently nothing w done. Tl e<e i>ersc>ns have received the lan ti?k?n the deeds, and remain in the city, followir their Uftuul j oor ui d unhealthy irate.-, rather th b?come free and independent farmers. Win', c mi in? ill this afi'ordri to the socialist theoris' tb? y lire going to e<iu.liz nil fortunes, and ma all men h?p(iy by plenty and good feeding. Th bave ye t to learn that men would scorn the Rift I. pfiatw,nil|| it w.i- in tht tr jx>>ver to besti i'. There doe- not exi*t upon the earth any a hirI 00 wine and so unwi-e, so a^nsate and so ernsate, m> self-loving and self-hating aa m " CM, mittrat liomtnum mtntu. Wi, /ttri cam exclaimed Lucretius, showing that n ? -# .k- JiJ I l in nil Ht'* * c i me worm hub ey<rr ocen me sal ' Hn linrnburuera In tb? Field?U?n. Dlx Htrklmet. The It-irnburners opened the game last Satun at llerVmer, for the foil election. #en. Dix, tutor, struck ihe key note, by pronouncing eloqacnt eulogy on the l.ttw Gen. Taj lor itnd piiuoplea of tree soil nigge rie.ni. What a singi c (injunction of ideas! John Van Buren likev% tnade tin- appeaiauce at Ihe meeting, in the sit ol a letter, and the whole ailair passed ofl witl Hieat deal of rnlbtuium, which was expressed equal rtrains towards the late venerable presid and ihe living negroes. This movement is a very important one, in preient state of political confusion among the parties caused by the demise of General Ttyl It o >?iy evident that the brvken down leader the two old parties in this Stale, Whigs and Dei ( rut*, are alxut to throw to the breeze again standard of negro lil>erty and equality in all the n territories, and to re-commence the clamor for f | roil nod fudgery, w Inch has characterized brol down p? litie,uns for ihe last twenty years. 1 democr.ic y of this city may hold as many meetii as they please, preach harmony till they are hoai but we dcn'i believe there is any intention to p dine liuimony out of ihe City of New York. G l)u has opened the war on the part of the Ba burners, and in favor of their platform which * firrl erected at Butlalo. John Van Buren will I low up with all the eloquence, startling wit, ? t brilliant points, which he makes in his popu harrangues, w hen liberty to the African negrc the theme. The great prize ia the United Sla 1 SenRtor, to be elseted by the next legislature; alone excites all this controversy, and brings ag into the field the o!d platform and the Hags of 18 But the democracy of New York will not alona in bring infected I>y the spread of divisii or by nn attempt to erect a separate platform. I very evident that Thurlow Weed and Wm. Sewurd n. an to play the same game in the wl purty, and, if they can, they will make it a spec of opposition to the new administration of I , Fillmore. Weed and Seward commenced th political life on isms, *n>l their whole plan of i j tion lies lieen founded on. such principles. Ai Masonry was their first platform, and they he ( been adding, for the last twenty years, plank hy pla | of various kinds to it, until it has reached its prea . dimensions. Hut Mr. Fillmore has deranged | their prospects, rind we may expect to tee a simi , defection made in the whig ranks, in the Sti eleetions, ai Senator I>ix and Mr. Van Buren i making smoDg the democrats. Perhaps Thurli Wted, Wm. II. Seward, Gen. Dix, and Mr. V Buren, nn<l all the barnburners belonging to tx of the old |Uirtifs, may unite together and form third conglomeration, with the idea ?f carryi litis State in the fall. Such appears to bethepri I>ect now before us. Mischief is brewing among the aid party leadt of New York and New England, and unless ti great wing statesmen in Congress, and their c adjutors there nnd elsewhere, compromise and tie the territorial question during the present a< tion, they may rest assured that there will be m< difficulty in settling it at a future time, in can quence of the intrigues of disappointed politicii in the North. We really hope that Henry Ch Daniel We hater, and Millard Fillmore, with t < '-tuicim h?d men identified with their movenvi in Congress, will reflect seriously on the importac of the present crisis, and the absolute neceas thare is of settling the slavery question, in order prevent the agitatora of the North, nf all kinds a all shades, from leading the country aatr<iy up the point of disunion and disorganization. Ai.uii!i?Tnatw.m nt Ii tftr* >? Vi w VniK bki?t<>l hii.i., oke-eieu thomi-hs*, a*i> g* >k Wilkes, all Coi-akt.iers.?We give else whet in our columns to-day, a biographical sketoh Bristol Bill, uhat u ilium ii. Darlington, and Christian Meadows, two criminals recently se fenced to the State prison of Vermont, 1 having counterfeit materials in their pomftsin The principal portion of this biographic il sket gives u very curious description of a confedera entered into between George Wilkes, One-Ey Thompson, and Bristol Bill, for the purpose i finding out or extracting evidence by a atool-pige process, in order to implicate the two Drurys, Astoria, in the torpedo explosion which took pla at Warner's residence in this city not many mont ago. The facts stated in relation to Geor Wilkes, One-Eyed Thompson, and Bristol bi are principally taken from the express langua and confessions published by Wilkes himself, a i sold for a siX|>ence the sheet to th?- world at lar^ ; One-Eyed Thompson, as he ia call-d, his al appeared in print, hating just issued th" other d the first number of his " Confessions," disclosi what he knows of crime and criminals dur.ag I singular career in this city. Ilia first broehurt very uninteresting and dull, and possibly m I continue to lie so, unless he comes down to rec* events, and gives the truth, the whole truth, in i J lati? n to the mysteries and movements in c?njui tion with Bristol Bill und Wilkes, with whom | took m> active and so singular put, in the toi| do and oilier l usinesi. The most singular feature in this lii'i^raphx sketch of Bristol Bill ia a disclosure of the ste taken by Wilkes, Thompson and Bill, in prepam and perfecting criminal matters under the new cod and almost rupersedmg, in their own persons, sn officers as district attorneys and their assistants, any kind or character. Since |>avid Grahtm, oi of the principal codifiers, of this city, haa h?ld ll professional appointment of polm IHatnct A torney in this city, it seems the moat eitraorditi* d? velopm*nts have been m <de in the | ractice of ll law, in the preparation of criminal cases, that p? h?i? have ever characterized the adnnoisiration justice in any land. According to Wllhet' o? ccnftasiunr, written in hie own language, pulls fd in his own journxl, that in<lividual seean have occupied a post as self-appointed judge, jur 1 district attorney and every thing else, ia relati >n cunitnnl mnttet* which hnte taken pUcv, iturii the U?? two year*, in thi? city. Thi? w?* Hwrtw latly < i? i?ij: fi (1 in the e-of Arlington Jl*nn? ?? caie. b'foBil ilwilH, of th<* n'c?t r'markah nod Mtott*t)r>. inju?ti < i. wrt- l- that in<l<ri?fna ll MTiim a I no to have chirnctfriH the whole the |>roreedmga io relation to I*urjr, according Wilkra' ow n confeaeion. <;t?nd june* h.tve U< 11 *r ! for the farpone ?>f finding indicttn> nt? t? tin c nr got u|? for the e*|*e?a pursue of en nn? inu or implicating intiocent w?*n. Tin* old and r gular law? of cidence Lave been ki a?idr, utui j ike authority >?f emineot codifier*. ia Mibi* t M 'n atartle every senaibl* man in the dummain Tl?e instrument*, kowrTfr, in getting up tfce indkm/llf. under th? new ?od? of ?>?Ki-n<?\ w II yMtiml th'it level and tlirir home H?vi . Bill, the ni?i efficient instrument in the hand* ! Wilke* in manufacturing atool-pigro* e*i|en in | licattrg l>rnry, h.?o found hia home in the H i prison of Vermont C?ne 1,'yed Thompeon, and t l#*-t *>f the \ I'li'in aida an1 latn.n'e, will, ?>#? or later, find th?ir home in some r.iB^r-mal ntm Fphrfv for in Ihio community, where the puhl ?>? t- (?'" j?dgeg and juries, just.ee i* ?ji tl.l'Ugh tlo*. |(l I The Congress of Trades and ill* '/yj I ,j I Elections. | , a9 Tin-motley nondescript body whir^, by 80me is I | ,jt called a Congress of Trnde^nnd by 0thersan In lut- | ,? , trial CiulhiI, meets sgain hi? evening, when j in the constitution wili l>e tipassed upon, and a I the question will Ih: determined which so many ' fl 5 tradesmen uivr.uiubly desire to see solved, whether ke the congr^f p, or council, or convention, or what- , ey ever may be its designation, w to represent ; of the trade* of this city, ?>r |>olitical, socialist and re- 1 gw ligious cliques, to such an extent as to drown the | n> true voice of the working man in a war cry of i ja. faction, to be now commenced, and to be kept up J lt1 till the elections pexi fall. A motion will he mud ' to limit m<>mbershin to I iaa the trades, and thus to purge the body of men who ne have no right to tit in it. If this motion be carried, it will make a clean sweep of the politicians and a* socialists ; and there will be some chance of the 1 sound wisdom of the hone* tradesmen having f.iir play to work out a practical redress of any real 11 grievances under which they may labor. But we fear the ninister influences are too strong in the ^ body.and the schemers too numerous, to allow th it projosition to prevail. If it should be defvated, lse lhen all hope of accomplishing anything us-ful *** through this body is lost, and it will fall into the V* hands of a few wire-pullers, who will turn it to in their own advantage, and Bell the trades to the e highebt bidder. Then will be acted over again tl?e farce* already played in this city, in which the tradeb have been made the ladder of needy or amI bitiotis politicians, who kicked them away the ^ 1 moment they gained the summit of their aspirations. Before such a consummation can be realized in the present instance, every sensible tradesman will Mnsult kis own dignity aid that ?f th* trade he represent*, by retiring from tke eou ven| tloii, and leaving tke foola to be need by the kiaves. | The great error in this movement was, that I it did not begin right; it did not originate ,l?8 with the trades, but with a knot of political trick' iters, and hence the peculiar composition of | 0 the body. What are its constituent parti 1 We ; shall know more fully when the roll wkick was ordered shall be made out, giving the name of kl each delegate and the body he represents. In the , meantime, we may reter 10 6ome 01 uie memoers' aa aamples of the materials of which thia so-called congresa of tradea ia comi>oeed. For example : 1 w Hoioce Greeley, hia two reporters, Johnaaaon and te.8 Otterson, and hia printer's devil, Iienderaon, re' 1 present a party paper, th? New York Tribunt, the i"|l organ of free soil whiggery, and socialism. Then j ' there ia on the other hand, Mr. Daniel B. Taylor, ' a well known politician, once a member of the on' Assembly, and mixed up with every election for '8 years. Ostensibly, he represents the hodmen, but i ' really the democrata, and ia working against fear,l? ful odda for the interests cf his party. Take one . 'es or two more apecimena of the delegatea: Mr. f' Daily, the chairman; and Mr. Crate, the secretary. ltir The former representa? what 1 (Don't laugh, | reader!) He repreaenta the Church of Humanity ! j 111 The latter representa some other body of men, but | IV? they are not a body of tradesmen. If, then, the n chairman and secretary are to be regarded aa teeta 1 eIJt of the character of a body, what is the legitimate ( " inference as to the component parts of that which lar ia misnamed a congrt xa of tradea 1 Why, even *,e 14 bosses" and rum-sellers pretend to represent the ire working men in this assembly. JW Mr- Barr, one of the leaders, who has hia eye aj| i| on a seat in the Common Council, or mayhap in tha State Legislature, let the cat out of the bag, ' * when he talked about the candidatea to whom cer- j tain queations were to be pat at the next elections, j He made thia premature eacapada on the spur of * the moment, provoked thereto by the keeper of the ,ra room making a demand of $2 per day as, extra ? wagea. But we are credibly informed that he af?" tetwarda regretted it'; aid that aome of tha cooler j knowing onea were mush annoyed at the ebullie*" tion, remarking, after the meeting was over, that it >re WoulJ all lpt??r in lK? Herald It ia worthy of re uJUik, (iitti u is wnouy ofiiiiiru irorn i?c inuunrt > ini a* well as the imprudent, but significant,proposition , l^' to dimke that journal the official organ of the con- i ' gress. This last question, whick was staved ofl on the last night of meeting, comes up again to kCe night. The manner in which it is decided, ,ly will also assist the public to form a fair estimate of , 'he designs and motives of ths leaders in th? congress of trades. ? Aldermsn Haws, the ehairman of ths Young I Men's Whig Committee, is to be associated with Greeley in the scrub race; hence his motion in aK the board to give the congress the room, and the fuss made about it at ths last meeting. Both of bars, also, by a remarkable coincidence, turned of the tea room to account. Haws, who, if we ars 1 n- to believe A Id* r man Miller, has made his phix and or *os? absolutely red by ths good things of the cor,n. poration supper table, is now loud in his condemnsch 'ion of the abuse, and goes in for making political cy capital out of it. ed From all that we can see nnd hear, there is too of much reason to believe that there is a deep hid on ' scheme on the part of the politicians to use the of tradesmen, through this congress, just as the Irish co ! voters are too often used by the dem<t *ogties. It is ; hs not yet too late to set the matter right. The trades gr hn\e still the power in their own hands, if they will | II, only use it, to fling aside the political rogues and revolut onary disorganise , and apply their own i nd o ninu n sense to the bettering of tlieir condition, j (P. by legitimate and constitutional means. But let 40 thrm beware if sociili*m It is a sickly plant, nf ,?y Kuroo^sa growth, wh rli has failed to thrive, or n_ teal frail, in the Old World, and never c*n bioss< to in litis. The ea<>iie has he*-n Iran'planted "" ! her, by some adventurers. Nil the soil is not con- I is peninl, and it peri?h*s before it ha? tune tntike [ iy | tool The m^n w ho seeks to est:?hlt?h socialism . ! in this irpahlrnn country, is eiih*r a knave or a j f?ol?and it is equally unsafe for the people to ful- ' r'-" low either. t?ci i. t the tndes, therefore, be led ic- | s?tra? I'jr false lifkls. 1st ihem not h-*ttntothe j,,, delusions of men who o,vnly avow th tt lh? y are readv In dienn inber the fainework of the social ** ! fsbiie. nnd make no srriipb* of ultennir th?*ir fool J , tr?-iisoii s gainst 'he ulnrio>ia Isws and ei>n>titution of | al Ihe Vn led Pistes, under wnich Ihey snioy an I ?T?nn! ?f frr*<h m an<l (?ri>?)wrify thai I????v will U?h for is \?in in ii) ?th?r eauatry in th? woilJ. ?* Tut Kkw I'akiurr a*d Iusim. Wkh*t*h ? ' c" Knne of ih* nimora coming from Washington. par- 1 "f pcrtlngto a l??H of th* a*w cabinet ?o be aeIK hctro hy Mr. Killnwrr. prrarnt anv Uncibi* fra,,r turns rte*t* th# ? * hi allm i?a to th? Ftate IVpart- [ kl n.ent. It >f'H? thrr<%t? general ofaaion in WiiIh i r? itgior, ami?lar? here, that I )? !< I W. I ater will he c?ll?H to tlif cabinet ami tie mvrtirj with the pow>r" ?r of Secretary of iiate. The only nth?r nam* vf that i? nirpt ><n?ii la connection with thia depittP|> n (til ui that ?.l Mr Wiathrop. of Uornftm Horn* t>" dmibtt hnw>T?r, in <?ptfi?'il an fa whethar Mr tn Wabatcr wiU a?ir|? tha winient, in aoaaa' ^ -ene-a af th? i?iin*a? of the alar*, and ita mef. li? i*i?ey tc m-ei h? wanta a <J aeaeamfcea We <l?.n'i ka<- w how thi* mar M. but wh*a w? look fiTcr \itm m in li r, J, wr irv 'ir<iirrr? w wi Pf< noil >:l thai Lfcairi U rl -rr, ? S?ftb?ta m?.b, .a tb? bi ir?i and tk? wiy w? ? b ? '' full?, fcf iff ?Mi I i<aa.'aW ilia paw ?f Sr?ma> "( ryofWat* Mr U .?thr?t? aMf U >a a??a* raifffti i r?ry t * Uat and ataia** mar*: but hi* aea it'k* ? iK rartai* rb,* af '** 44 lifi< and tb? h#:.| ia wb 1 b ta ^ >ta-4 rplt* w? ?r ti ?r? ati"??f? 4 *'a!,ft anaU ' r' to unfit Mai M thai |*-l ? prv+mt ci ?.a (Hi <r tie contrary, J>fr * tlat*r'> ??ii * imrmg ib? pr?lV i??l w>ma lagnw biaWfli* pal iwtir, a* aatioa*!, aa.l Wbtaf a? ataab I* tW iMt'iiKnatl * iigb't ai 4 Bi'rwia Wtba " nt? >??bian.|r, ?ataPa^nrfdbf MfiMMi (ati ?, ib.? arr ' M.tda.l an e*aM ra-a ??a4 r* 0 1 f|<?n all jiarta irf lk? aiMtainr, . b b?gb,--\?a II r W?b???r *<"?M a tfc' *? #? ? r. y ?f " ' ?l# ' b ?I J t M? mJbtmU-jHt rnrm. +>* at <a ?M "* Ww?|tnf m> M?a* wk fkcff .. aatf tbai Mr] j? U ?ba*#r >IimU by a'l *** ? p*? - kimmrU m tba *, fc..t..i^?.! ?,.* ?..?atry at .*>* rr?a?. fa*. 4i?*<J*aftUg*a ta fvtat at laavia* I Tbkm*m>oi's Railroad Accidents? Awrn, I itkuctiow of Political Existence.?Thrre ha t*en several fearful railroad accidents, during t past week, which have not been reported. One the niofct beautiful railroads, with innumera branch lines, is that which has its principal t minus at the White House, Washington. It known as the great presidential railroad, unc celebrated locomotive on it, it is well known, v minted William H. SewiirH. Thnrlnw Weed v the engineer of this locomotive, and was runn at a r?q>id rate, with cars loaded down, convey an immense number of oflice-wekera and poliiici to a great pic-uic party. Suddenly, while all w in full glee end in ex|>ectation of splendid diam there was found to be an extraordinary deran ment somewhere; and, in spite of the old and periencdd engineer, Thurlow Weed, who often run on doubtful and dangerous tracks, the comotive was run oil the rails, upset, and bur several feet in the ground. This locomotive co great deal of money, and the expense of repair it, for several years past, has been enormous, is now supposed to be a total wreck, unfit for i fUrther use, and will probably be sold for the m it will fetch. Whsn the accident happened, Thurlow We whose only hope was in the Seward locomoti perceiving the destruction, screeched at the to[ his voice and started the great political whis declared that he was not to blame, and that power beyond the constitution" of the macli was the cause of the misfortune which had grie his soul and destroyed all his hopes. Thurl Weed is correct. No principle of patriotism, justice, or honesty, could have restrained him fi running the locomotive to the last. But it is n broken to pieces, aad there may it rest. It w<j be folly to attempt patching it up for another periment. Another accident has occurred in Missouri, locomotive named Thomas H. Benton, with any engineer, and with a train of cars nhi empty, having only a few holders of Califoi land titles in the tender, started off on its c hook, ran off the tsack into a crevasse, and br entirely up. It ft not much of a loss. It 1 much worn, and was making its final trip w the accident occurred. New locomotives will i ply the places of these two, ao completely ruin Singula* Fouck Exrost kes.?During the week several very remarkable exposures * made at two of the police offices in this city,

folding some very curious and laughable incide in which dignified lawyers, merchants, and " r of mark," figured to the life. We allude to aff touching Mr. Geojge W. Niles,?a limb of the 1 not yet lopped ON, who has been charged by m of his former associates, not with extracting te< but money, in a novel and ingenious manner. < or two respectable merchants have already app< ed in the case?and, we understand, the pnnc witnesses?former |>artner? in the concern?are termined to bring up, w ith all the solemn pomp manded by the occasion, several other distingu ed parties to give character and puncency to the estigations. The provisional committee of sot istic freedom, of which George W. Niles appt to be the presiding spirit, have been before two; tices, Messrs. Mounifort and Osborne, and, ii little while, all the other justices in the metrop* may have a linger in the siogular pie that has be for some time, ir the process of baking. "We generally give Burton a great deal of cn for fun, humor, curieua representation* of charar and life?but the scenes promised by manager N are more dramatic than Burton'*, fuller of or nalitjr, and cost a great deal more money bef they are fully prevented to the public. The ciir charaetere is extensive, and the machinery, thoi not entirely completed, will prove as interesting that of any drama that has been presented fu long time. Full programme*, it is understood, ? soon be ready at the principal police office#?< the public will be on tip-toe to have a full vie* the exhibition. Up with the curtain. Booms jjtij Rbpokts on CauroK.nA.?About teen books and an innumerable number of repoi have been published about California. One or t of them, like Gould Buffum's, very readable; the rest, like Bayard Taylor's, ridiculously i sard. Mr. Caleb Lyon, of Lyonsdale, howev has gathered poms remarkably interesting ma rials for a book oo El Dorado, lie has been a' to discover and appropriate some very curious a Important documents, written by the Jesuits s Franciscan brotherhood, all of which will pre very valuable in unfolding the history of that cai try and the early adventures in it in the sear Far gold, lie is about to visit London to issue wotk, in the best style, founded on his knowledi General Persifor Smith, we believe, has eon fid to the hands of General Seott some highly int esting information, of a rare character, that mi; bs given to the public with advantage. Thera so liule reliable information about California, tl when it can he obtained.it should he mads know With Mr. Lyon's book, and Gen. Smith's stoi of infoiniation, the sum of our knowledge woi be almott complete. A book on land titles ? com.', in its place, one af ih? se days. It is not Ui for it yet. All the illustrations are not ready. ale and th? Draaaa, TntarairaL On Dira ?sd The op* moxir. and the drama, promise to b* all very brlllli nrii miiob. Mr Wallace, the celebrated piani?t a Lh? composer of " Marftaoa " and othar operas. Is louraing at Newport, where lie la engaged In writlo new nprrt for on* of the London manager* He I raveiUd over tha principal part of tbia continent, a iRinog tha native and mlied population of South At 'lea where he ha* dbaorered. dnubtle**. the naelenn any a brilliant melody III* amiable and gifted i ir IfU* Wallace, the admirable planUie I* with h it Newport, and. in conncction with Slfnorlna flttrj 'atltioneble trkfon MaiMaretick In preparlaftforai fcrr campaign neit winter with in opera tr"up ?irh?r quality than he hail la'l >ea>pn If hr wai sau?? tkr proprietor* ?( the *etor Place Theatre rtilarpe thai bwildiap. ?o a? to take la the wh Work con?tract npon th>' ?lte an lmm>nw eeteblli went with no dletlnction in price, an.1 make th? i DiMi< n a boat filly cent*. the proprletrr' the pal' inJ tb? Bianaprr ti uld all be profited by the ripen i>t The day for eirlu*irrn?*? ha> gone by. ( public amu-emrnt* will only be *npp rted by e*|i puree low pi iree and in larire bii.l lin?ra wh no distinction* are made The .Italian Op. ra raetle U ard*a. la eminent y euereeefal at the pre*, iimr yielding larger receipt* than even on the ra nirrrnfil nlrht* at the A?t"r Place ectabli'hni" The amount taken, at fifty rente earh ticket, i* fri flfl. en hundred to two thou?* 4 dollar* at each rep (entatlra Thl* i* puree** of the rlRlit kind The! mm -r area '* alway* filled with an Intelligent * conducted taehirnable andlencc. who enjoy the tan ihu* r ffered to them In republican simplicity. 80 III a I way* be The Mae* of . fle>ul>il<j, who han ta?ie for mneie aannot afford from ten to thirty (J lar* e??ry week for the gratification of their lore the leal art Tw< or three dollare arc wllUni I fen We thr' W < at til 'r hlnt? In the hope tli I tradii ca* of the pa*f which hare mined . and are n de?tr< y nt maay theatrical cctabl'*hineat?. may wfeivily forgotten. la the field of the drama there will be aiarh act I ty . 11 '1 rour'cof a frw week* Mi** t'a*hman * *->ea r> tara to thia eenatry from Lond n, where 1 be* fane ta wielt M lee lllia Cook the poete*e. who laid ta l? daageroualy III et? la eng ird to ap?>< *1 ik? Howard ilheicim In*tnn. oa the twelfth P?|i??i.>er and aT rear il* w n* to t .ilty ) li I t ? I ti - >! pc- t- rm her? wain at pre 'at leeeea the field to Mr I'alllaa. aad will tali In a day |w If tff. rl'odn where h> will porfnrm for I a? it year aad the a ret are tn '.hi* w uatry with a laarete Miwt?e**a| rt 1a engage* for foar week* I "a 8he ta aow at' ape May paeeiag 'he wa 1*1 awn*" .. It>?i il-lirtou* retreat Ire* In Ike Battel iee ef theatrical llfil <a?ei |o*l tr???dian? ?en *ea*oa, ,'iere a I- ?arh rltalry Mr On#ta?a? Brooke I* dally* ieried ?> Lead** Mr Fociaat ta la town, and w a appear a?ala a pen the ita|> Mr f a eh* a* wa ta at 5 ertkemy tea K*m pr. pariug kliaeair fur >E- cew and itill mora h' t'llant eart-er Mr Brooke la a i ive remarkable actor-b?s ? vary fine face and person, a h* D(i(t melodious and beautifully modulated voice, and 1 0f 1* a master ot his art. When Mr. Forrest appear* In ^ this city, where hia engagement will succeed to that in Boston, it U laid that the D'Orsay and Bowery schools ot critics will be placed la opposition. The former, it Is believed, will take measures, together with a the balf-and-half small critics of the Sunday press, to V48 repulse bis disposition to appear upou the stage. To ; v*9 this spec its of hostility on the part ot the would-being fat hionables, the ilowary and Butcher boys are wholly ! ing opioid. TLey will claim for Mr. Forrest a fair hear- ' ana ing. and will, no doubt, be triumphant, m they ara ere very practical and forcible in their criticism. ,.rcj The literature of the drama, possibly, will be imge> proved next season. Mr. Brougham is building a theaire near the corner of Broome street. It will run . back as far as Mereer street, having an entrance on Broadway. This may be considered an opposition to , ?~ Niblo's eftiblihhment, which, when surrounded by a hotel, will do longer be a garden, but a theatre. We a presume Mr Brougham will bring out tome new plays, 'ing lie ban only re produced old one* for Mr. Nlblo, and It can afford to gire the public lomethlng new when h" my ban the power In bis own hand*. " The Very Age," by lost Mr Edward S. Oould, is a satirical comedy, depleting certain character* well known in New York tocUty, ,e(] and ita production, uader Mr. Brougham'* auiptces, |Vf> would be as interesting a* anything that has been pro} ( J. duccd at Niblo's during the present season. It may 'want a little pruning, but pruning knives are always to be found in every theatre. Mr. Buchanan's new a play, we learn, Is a tragedy on an historical subject' line taken from Roman history. The scene is laid in the ved time of the Emperor Claudius, and the character of low the court at that time I* depleted with historical ex, of actness. There will be much Interest to see Mr. Bu om ehanan in a massive character, wholly new to the low public. nis commanding figure, bis finished action, >uld *nl* tleTated elocution, are well adapted to the portraiture ol a noble Koman; and a triumph in a new drama of such material* will establish, beyond a doubt, his tame a* an artist. It Is said that Mr. Buehanan will be prepared to produce his new tragedy "mt on the first of September, and it irlll be represented, 109t for the first time, in this city or in Boston. Mr. Buraia ehanan la in the right path. Mr. Murdoch Is still in-> iwn firm from Illness. A* soon as he hat recovered, ho oke will visit England, where he will be very successful la wis certain styles of character. A ehange of climate will hen rfT* h'm new l',e animation. English air Is ,up- highly favorable to Americans who have always lived r(j In a dry atmosphere. It Is well ascertained that we are to have a Trench U?t company ef performers here soon, and should Mr. rer? John Mitchell, of the Bt. James theatre. London, tako un_ a trip to this side ot the water with Rachel, at the time Jenny Llnd appears, there will be much exciten,.n ment among the population. One thing is eertaln< that ovory manager will have to keep his eyes open 'urs for the best eards to play in the first throe months. aw* There will be Miss Cusbman and Miss Daveaport, and ,m<* Collins, Forrest, Buchanan, Brooke, and one or two '''h* others, to commence with, and then the importation* Ja<* will be readv for December and Januarv. Sleeov far- ni*i)a??rs will not answer for next leyon. All must i{?' be wide awake, and find out who in to b? the de. UttMtlfi magnets. (|e. Niblo* beautiful establishment will be selected, ish- probably, for tha iplendld performance* of the French |n performer*. 11 la a very popular house. ha* a line stage and admirable appointment*, and for summer or winter parformanee*. la equally wall calculated At tha 1)roadway Theatre the great tragedian* may be 'u*" expected. A powerful company there, will give a ton* 1 a to the performance* and attract largely, particularly ?'la in anything novel. There 1* no talent now that can n, make oil play*, worn oat, profitable. La*t *aa*on every engagement was but a repetition of the same dit old (torics. The Bowery and National have several trr novelties under consideration. The latter ha* done lira wonder* with aeveral capital burlesqaes, and another season will bring forward many new and lively produollous Button * Theatre will. also, produca a good ( I harvest. The seeds of the future crop are already own. and some light local comedies, of a cuperlor 1 hind may be expected. ; U >r a lb John'* Callcge, Fordhana. rill rirra annul commencement. mil Ysstarday wa* celebrated tha flfth annual tornt 0f meacemeat of the Kordhara University. Thl* college, which wa*. at first, a dwelling house, ha* been added to troa year to year, till now it embrace* an extensive , fif. range af building*, and we perceived yesterday, that rt? (h* foaadatlnn* were being prepared for farther enwo arg>nett It is *itaated in a delightful spot, oomlU j mandlng a fine view troa tha observatory at It* *nm|l_ mlt. and ha* an excellent garden attached, with a farm of about on* hundred acre* It I* quit* a rural > ' i retreat. The pupUr, at present, number one hundred andaeveaty iva, who pay $3uu per annum each. The | eeurae af literature and acience exteada ovsr seven JM' ' ytais. Then, for thoae whoar* destload for the Catholic 1 >?d privet hood, there la an adjolalng building called tha >v P?mtnary ana mere mey art irtiD'a under proper in- i professor* for that vosntlon The Stminary. however. j ch l>u nothing to do with lh* college- both are distinct. { , a A* the morning ni beautifully floe Immensa nam bars throaged to tha celebration - parent*. brother*, slsi<t j t era, u4 hindrad at ovary degree. with troop* of frtands (r_ j Tha llaa tiad was two o'eloek, but tha n^jorlt; war* . there at an earlier hoar, *on>* having drlvtrn out In ' . their own vehicle*. noma la hired one*, whila other* " took the Brit train*. I eat there should not be room la k tt the later one* An Immense marquoe wai erected la front ol tha callega for tha netoamodatlon of the vlsl- ' f" tar*, and at oca ead at It a platform tor Ih-hi-ada of tba I niverelty. fader thi* wide *pread awning tba ladles ... took shelter from the sun while wall lug for 'the com"11 uiran m> nt." or for lunch if they were fortunate enough IM to be Invited The hall* 11 tba college were also filled with both aeie*. aad Dodworth't band, stationed be. tweea the taat aad thecollege,' discoursed uiost eicelleal aiueta " la the meantime aa incident naeurred which anllv??hI tbi scans Fri m the operations ol tha plckr% porkrt* at tha ?el?tration laet year tt wa* deemed adint v.saMa to have a few |olkeidlcrr? la attendsnra Acrordirgly the chief detailed ai* oa that service Suddenly aa e*cli?ai?nt wae vteible aa the lawa aad ava*? ry one raa to aee what It wae aboat. when two meu (a w<r* found I? he struggling d?-*i??rately with two oihi1%, at* It wae *<h a aeerrtaloed that they w.-re not rtou* . blrkpockrt* who wire rawght maneuvering by "Irtr* >n Kvedaid t'?i*,ri tba rtkfi office, who kae? theta Be- ?rll It wae aeetaeary for the afllaer* to aee vloleaca < i of ' retain tbeai fa* th- y itood apna tbair rights. Inaa , i much aalhey had aot actaall; mpleied tl??droperatlun Tha crowd, however manifested eu. h a dlap >. In aitl< a to give th> m a aammary cbaelieem?ai. that they >,1, at length | r< ! rr. d ?ea lb* W*l*<| M th- pat la a to .. the heads vf the paop a There appeared to b? owe* of the gang aa two or tbr?e Ml were feeitmia* to laB'v terfrre In Ibelr behelt t II they ha* a me suspected ihea> of 1 lelvee and had "tn cot and run ' The onsunar* pia I their name* a* .l?l? Wliliain alia* *> Iph sad aia | broil ir J>a a Williams. alia* I.I.tic fr?*"hat? lo 1 Tie flt> ( after ethibitiag tl.?iu all round ta tha ola 1 rr< * . c i dorted them to the railroad aad aaat ik>n h- I *?*r9 V"rk in the ear* OBoM tbeee light Onreced t ntry ?a> cnu?bt .here la a eimilar stt'mp' at f r i IN Ci ninieacemmt and ala? at tiraae hurch up<n lie. 1 tome charitable o<-ca*ton Iheraaaaa latrfe aia -uat ,ri. I of money lost at Ibe eonincnertaent la*t year tine | grmltnian wae left *ih?? UN ,ur I Thle plrca of e?r|trm?-nt wae pr? 1 tn nary to aafhar * ual of a ffiore agreenhti ktoat A snteadld t- > . r?*? a I ' ,rt> out In the refectory of the aaliega aad Uhwe who had i ' the provi k<' were ?amwien*d at oaa a'*|jr( to par * take ol It 1 he n < m not being ca^ebta'>f c a atntng b ent all at onra th>- compmy enter d In ba ch>*, and rati r nat r?d In the >anie maiim r making n clear at**- f ' fre?h actrra. till all w?re r?fr?^hed The vtaada ??r? akaal- o lent, and la rue pit rhera of lemonade eu palled a plea a. fi >m anturtrik That there waa nrahlag etrong ?r to juatT l? rn. no doubt owing fo the influenea of falhuf Matthew. | t aluce H? late vl*lt to thla loral*. It Ample juetfee haviag been don* to tha Innrh. tha ' 'all (on>mai.e> ment coiunienced In the mar juec Au?n( It ale t'??e- nrreeiit were the 111*lit KeV llr Hn^hea Ke?. I ?< Mr Th?bau t, Previdi-ot of the Co ege IU * Mr Mjr- | l< pJ > VIf-.- ? r. miiMit Re* Or P.-e Ha> Mr Her n 1< > Key. I>r. Ct mmlng* R-t Mr Wal*b. R*? Mr I >u(k r lot- 1 I'n Re? Mr * uirmi. ?<r and I. t Mr rurra 1 .if, ! < - Hir Mr. O'Reilly, H I; i:?r Mr .\i-lly Jar^e* 'My; o Re? Mr Pel n U-r l!p>mln| R#r John Murphy, " *iy M?-re T K l???U. ' J rmnnn Or Riaa*. Vf ? :h? Wllrt Weir* I'raaton. *id e? t'arrtfa*. John I J' I>.i,lr,W II Perk Petti tn,(Oldeby,ft ' ft? > William Kiir.it. |tMikl;a L. I , i pen d the | ^ bull hj <lt-livi*r1114 ibf flrat ni?;. whlrh ?? on " Tim Trti mi h of N??ln?tloii " The dltoonraa wa? Ho qui III, rr nnerted. una *rg?iroentati?e The ?p?akef K traced tb? progrea* ot navigation from the frail ouoa r r,'| to Ihi* InlatI an man ol tir. hunt ?r*?el ormill ihe cmner o' the present day lie *ho?ed the toud rf ! n I, inflame? I'rodiierd tipoti the art* ?#1 iclnpti. in>l. bore ell llf.' n th" rvlrnOnB i f rlrllitation mi<l the ( hriatian religion. After adverting to l.ngland on~* f th* greateat maritime j wrln tha * or I be d?>-lt I with enthnetann upon her ?>ti"?inr ii. renown tli? I nurd Jtatea a country combining the talenl. fie " e?rellene|i'? anil I he iUKennity of all nation' ibi- ?? or eeeaary t**?lt of em'grailon an empire ?h<?e bonoh# dary on*. In the arrdu of a New Pnglandrr, The annta boreali* no the north, the Aat*r^tle pole oa the f? *9 foulh th? rlelr* ?nn r>n the ea?t and on the ?eet the . la day of juiiim- r.t (cliei r* and lauahfr ) "* rm A p*rli taiar.re ol the band then felloai.t // J mil Mom*. of N-w.irk. K J. d?ll r> r*d tha aetteeaay.ah'eh ?aaon the Anticipation*otCoi'lety < In the eonrae of hla remark*, the *peak*r ad r?rt-d t? ? ,IH th* late revolutionary moerment* In Piirpe. aa lllo* trative of aider and literature, and moderation re1 ilating th* tldi- of harbor Urn. aa<l tatn h;. and ratiiil Ml<in. which threatened to overwhelm a >.-irty II* *' in then went on to dcc rib* the *tru<?le going enin tha " aorM hetwi.n plyn<al prr-free* and th- u * ah.fb rjfc*. it TLi* ?tru||ia ?aalJ |* oa iiU vaa .1 V * -- . - - 1 misgrnistic power triumphed over the- other, or r? mpi < mite was effected bttwwi them Tbo yoattg f ntlemnu I hen proceeded to iinak of the mighty inCutrceof the press In moulding society, ana in go\erninit tLe world. The baud then performed a fine overture. Amuni" M Kimball, a handsome Mexican youth, about ciitein years of age, deliver*# a piece of hexameter verte. on the " Return of Pope Plus IX." I.oud applause followed the conclusion of this n~ eltatiou. particularly from the ladies. Antouo pronounces the Roman language very sweetly. Another piece of music was here perfor?a4 by th? band. JD. A Mtiatci, New York, a lad of about 15 yearn uf age. d>l.vered the next e*?ay. whish was on . ' the ItHDge and Prospects of Amarleau poetry." 11* bi'K?ti by comhattiug the Idea that a poet is a cltisen 1 of the world It was not the poet, but the phitaitfcr* piit, that ?ii thu cosmapolite The poet til eminently a nationalist and war moulded by the country. tha scenery, tbe circumstances, the age lo which be lived. The greatest field fur poetry in thu world wm America. It was true they could not boast of a Dante, a Milton, a On tbe.hut tb't wan no argument against what America might pjoduce hereafter In the nation* of antiquity ume times poet* arose in tbe beginning of thalr L tlory. ?0Uietime? in the middle, and sometime* in til* 1mm. In England poetry did not ariae till tbe bastling age of chivalry was past. The people of thi* country need n?t look far forward for poetry. New Englaud has already produced the sweetest poet* 1* our language?a Bryant, a Longfellow, and a Dana. The ?pej<ker then *ave ? description of Americas sceniry and geography, In which he lllnatratad hi* subject by showing, as be certainly did. that he, too. I* a poet? if not in rene, at least in conception tfad imagination and beauty aud force of languaga. la d scribing America, be said it was tbe only country in ti e world ihat wa* bounded by two oceans, in vala ckartng her shore*, on either side, to combat each other In tbe rpace between This essay waa indicative of a high order of talent and of great promise, and Mc. Merrick is a great cheat if he does net one day impress bis genius on bi* country Vehement applause followed the conclusion, and tb* lsdiel were ab-olutcly in rapture*. The speaker looked to young. *o manly, and so engaging. lla dsilvarwd hi* essay admirably. An air having been performed by the band, T. E. Colli**, of Albsny, New York, delivered the next and last essay, which waa npoa " American Aristocracy." This was alao a highly meritorious essay, allowing a considerable ma*C rjr ol philosophy end reasoning, with no ur ea oratorical powei*. lie probably po?*a**es more ol the element* of tbe popular orator than any af tb* snaakar* who prteeded bim. lie compared tbe republics of all other countries and ages with that of the Unltad States, and showed that when weighed in the halanea they were all found wanting He showed what traa American arlstocraey waa?not the white kid upper-tendom but tbe aristocracy of wealth and virtue, and intellect and patriotism, according to the derivation of the wor<l,?h'?h originally meast the man who exoelled, or was b<ghe*t in the virtue of the age In whiehhe lived. The following are extract* The existence of a a?ntlm< nt of praiseworthy and nniveraalambition throughout all clasee* of the community, may be eonsidered a* among the most important results consequent upea s the successful eetabllshment of au American arUto cracy Mortdur, not omj does sucn an amnttion ?ii-t. but >1ko tbe mean* of gratifving It. The humblest nif tread tbe steep which laMi to fun*, and by per onal Industry soatt?r tbn clouds that darken hia prospects. But whatever hi* position In tho State? whatever hU wealth aid attainments?they ean never suffice to elevate permanently, either himself or hi* family, above the common level of society. They may live with bim in the page* of history. or rest be*id? him in thegTave- the mantle of the-re fa'' n"t on the shoulders of a worthless0 It is true we have no ages of Quixotin memory, when knights err at Oeldo and *ood? in quest of lomanti' no vaunted deedsof devastating heroes -nod of barbaric splendor that appeal to a stupid, indis] rrimate admiration for eu uan to the heavenly feelings of the heart or the iii> illNtasl sera tiny of tlus mind. We can boast of no " ivy mantled towers," no lordly piles the t rauitionary scenes ol many a wia&rd drama and legendary tale, and whose battlements and towers, beautitul even amid their ruin and desolation, strew tbe earth in all the grandeur of desay. It *s have not such things to boast of. we have other objects more tender, holler, more thrilling and subllm* than ever appealed to human sympathy or along to g-m rous hearts. We have the remembrance begun at Lexington by the youthful, vigorous, uatoral aristocracy of America against the selfish, worn-out spirit of aiistooratic Kurope." At the conclusion of his essay Mr. Collims delivered a touching and ;pathetie, and. withal sensible valedictory in whieb he said at the oloee : " Whatever the vocation ?t our lives, let ns cherish within ourhreaatsaa elevated, manly ambition. Lot a* strive with vigorous ardor tor that highest mark ol honor our country oan bestow?the privilege ot being united to the glorious confraternity of tbataristoorary of America that reeogDltes in the candidate fur merit no distinction of rank or ca?te, of language or of Jaith " This youDg man, whu bidp lair to distinguish himself as a speaker at some future day. wa? warmly applaaded Tbe baud hating performed an ovsrtnro, Rev. Mr.' O'ltkti iv if J ths?n (Ullfuriil tn ftiMrvaa In thn <rr*'i? Utter He couiiueured by alluding to the Cruaadera, when the knight knelt dowa to receive the bleaeing of Uod upon hi* weapona, when he fought for liberty, for right, and for civillaatioa itaelf. an<l the virgin valor af cbrlatian Europe broke the wave of bar barium Bat it waano lt>ng?rwlth lhi'?e carnal ??| Ooi that the ehrlatian waa called upon to do battle The pen and th? preaa were now 11 e at nil i hat were to be relied oa for victory ; and theee they were bound to uaafor Uod and hi* truth] Woe to tha day when learning it made anything -laa then the handmaid of religion Th?y were notjtrnvellern in search at a rule for their guid tnoe In Catholic truth they had a taidthat waa plain and broad, and they had the lamp of Uathalie ptaty to light than on their way. which lamp would be fed with the apirtt ot God The Ker. gentleman concladad with aa earnest, eloquent, and beautiful appeal to tha graduate*. Thin gentleman U an excellent apaakar. and a murmur of applauae ran through tha Aoembly oa tha eonclnilon of hta addreaa lie 1* from Uanada, whera ha ha* been nine* ha waa tbrea yeara old. lie waa bora In Irelaad He haa the reputation of an aaaomnliaUad divine TBa Vice P real dent. Her. Ww Mt-apHV than annouueed t hat Or??taa a Brownaon of Boaton. had vea?iv(<J the decree of Doctor ?f Lawa from tha Ualvaralty ; and Timothy Hurley of Waw York, aod Aiphonaa La> breton, N. 0 . the degree of maater or Arta. The .lollewing received the degree ol Baalaator at Art*:? TLouiaa Colllaa. Albany, IT. T. David Merrick. N T. Antaniu Kimball, of 7aeate?a*. Medea. >'a<rick Mai ooy.Bandon, Irelaad. 1* ill aoi Kugar. Brooklyn, L. I. J mm a Mi ran Newark. N J. Patrick Gavvor. Inland. The Vict l'liiiatai than proaaadad to awavd lb* pr> niiama ? RHKTaatc. Proficiency?Cbarlea Pincki ?f. WelleaVoro'. ?. 0. Application- -C'harlet Prendergaat. Savannah. Oa. Latiu Translation?C Pinckney. Kaglfah Diaoourae? Ouatave Theband, Madiaon N J. Latin L'?>mpo<ltion- C. Pinakney K vtrt. neat of Religion?John K-lly, K laiuluatlou - 0 Prendergaat. Pitmlum lor Thraa Distinction*- Jama# M'Nalty. lima Lav rata. I'roftcier.cy Penie O'lionoghua. !Taw York Appliratl< n? Itenla OD.noghue tiie* k?Jt tin P. MeVjuade Latin Oompoeitloa - John f MaQuad* l.at a rianalatior - Patrick 0 l.remv Rngliih ronipo-ition - John Bellinger, Barnwell P V Mouerti llletory?Jt hn llelllnger Pttirh?Den I* O'Dnnobue Kvid> neva of Religion Dealt O'Donoghna. Prtaiiuai lor Three I>latinctlon?? Michael Bonnet rille, John Cruddea. and dtepben Brady. L IHI. I'roflcienry -Jeremiah Martin N Y. A pi lieatloa- Jerem ah Martin. N Y. Unrk? John t'earvn I aim l'nini>?-itl >n -charlea Duahanp. S Y. La la TrMialatioa- Charae Uiirhamp N. Y. kt>?li?h- ai^raltioa -flenrga P Norton Hi if! J?t> niuah Martin. 1'ien-h- J?ha keatiug t Itriei ian liwetriaw -Jeremiah Martin. I lentil-attain -t'harlea Daebamp Pram um t?? thr a Uletlnettoua Patrick flafney Hariiawav ea all Wl*a I <1 Nntily iirnrr .''rmlak Htftla (t? m*UJ - Jr>bm 4r\1ah?o *!?? ?? !> ? ? V>U?o ri?aMif 14 Knhly W? k>? !? ? <*' Ikr tln?r< o( *?i??nil pr???l'i n* i' - i , k ii I Ik i? in it t?.l t h? mill <r la-"~? w |<i?i*i-tii( but In !<>r iha p-i'il r. Tk? % >f- I><i4m t ?iat> <1 ihtt in ?oim,|ii?ii?i> nt th< lot* tb.t mov raging. Ik" ?rmlani? ?mH git ? drilf>r*<l (ur*ul; to tub, tut oal; th? n?in?a . a i Th?? ambi'loua ?n?? ?? &?prit*4 of th? plr??ur? f hriKf f ; ( forvanl fnf th<* prUa *n>1 fnnt lb. r? ami *< !*< r> ?f ? **>? Ihrtr off pr4n.( appla-i |. l ||- .i Km ri.-m.m- ?>' i i rop'tloM ml kr fil br?'i<>n Bui ha rut ?hnrt (> the gUmi*4'u ba 4* lf?r?4 kj th? Ri<!i?p *M oaitlM r Ikf i-vmi lb* tktiti'lar p?*l*4 and tha rala r tl ImmU l? beary w*? It tM It ?i?t? i th? ton' In >?MI| , Mora ?<! it r?"?-ary to pl?rra It to lot I run ihr???h ? ban tba laat train mn> It *w thn I ? in man a ?m?n. an I hid n ri'i kid h |t?r)tfltrr thMifh tba *at gran* l rat il, ami Iha rain roggtmg J"?n iklut and 'loary baia al l rin; 4rnrl?ti?n of Ho*tj *hr? tho ir? ??r? r. a?h. (t. ?b> nth I bar* wa? a hut of rstr* n?a all ?? . net ?ggr-n(h an>1 many U<1li>a w?ra obll^ < fiai,<1 nil lh. ??- Tha *ar? wt-ra iipa tr*!* ot tao otrt r.arhlrg i h ?i? b? r? gtiint. Ti.a riln u a tomI* > da ia? a? r . n lb* nln*mrnt Th? ?ho p"l?on?d tli* ' cK night family our h(?d ? J r?r??i|; h i?nt4 nn'l nit *?rir? i 1*1 vis*- i> fc?? h??n 'h# ) *o Irlnh .t h?ll?- and n a suit h ?h? In now In prlvm, d gl??? no r. mob ft h?r < * n I n't il A I LH I'OII ll'HUPKi THE WEEKLY HERALD. Tk? K?r?f* III l*a?a thi? port to morrow aovn, * lldlf* aad Liverpool Tlx- Biolla *1)1 ?|om at ilf f??t te ?>l*'k la ih? >?.!! ,m Th? !?' ?*<? rr?ld. tltk tb? lataat M*( tr?m all part* of tha >aila?a( will ha pahll#h?4 at half pad 9 a'alodi agla aapla* *Ii p?a*a Klrgant RiMal ( ipIi, knr?llf>. Caka >im ? ? hf<?l a ih? awt? fa*ki< makl# ? ha4 at t<rrJ*ir*. M Hr?a4aajr. *arB?r *f ? ?? r-.i Mi It. r?>ll kH I krui? u..t? >1 2 ftllltrttl. r ill ai"?at?..? f kit ?< i??? #n??om?rt, ak*ra IlkiaWn %?? (?? na U had. ?f th* ta??

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