Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 22, 1850, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 22, 1850 Page 1
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? ; z t ii NO. 8886. DOUBLE SHEET. TERT LATE FROM EUROPE* ! ADDITIONAL ACCOUNTS I1Y THE AMERICAN STEAMSHIP ATLANTIC. Tni QUICKEST PASSAGE 0.1 RECORD. Ten Days and Fifteen Honrs from Deck to Dook. OUR FOREIGN CORRESPONDENCE# THE THREATENED RUPTURE WITH PORTUGAL Attempt to Assassinate the President or the French Republic. AFFAIRS OF HUNGARY ANU AUSTRIA, ANOTHER ADVANCE IN COTTON. THE MARKETS, See. See. See. The steamship Atlantic, Opt. West, arrived at Jier wharf ye&terday moruing, at three o'clock, making the best passage on record, to wit?ten tfo9* and fifteen hourt from wharf to wharf? eleven Jkours and thirty n\inutes shorter than any previous . yattagt. The A. left Liverpool en the 10th inst. at 12 M., made the Higliland lights at 9 40 P. M., at 2 A..M. ?uni to at Quarantine, and at 3 A. M. arrived at her deck. On the 11th, off Bardsey Island, the A. spoke ship Princeton, Russell, from Liverpool, for New York. Same day, saw two large ships, supposed the packets Manhattan and Queen of the West. We have dates from Liverpool to the 10th, London to the 9th, and Paris to the 8th instant, inclusive. The demand of the American government on Portugal continued to excite attention. The steamship Canada arrived at Liverpool on Sunday, at 6 A. M., from Bostop. Cottoa had advanced id. on receipt of the Canada'a news. The cora market had improved. Indian corn advanced 6d. to Is. Flour firm. Wheat (Dantzig) 4d. to 6d. advance per 70 lbs. All kinds of American provisions have made a slight advance. The latest quotations for American securities in the London market of the 6th inst. There appeared to be no chunge in any description. Annexed are the rates:? AMERICAN ?CU*ITIK9. Mark. InUreut. Kr.Lrtn. ibU. Prie*. BmiUd 6 p?r ct. dollar. I N53 90 a 91 DitU # " " IHrtJ 1UH a NMK 6 " " 1*T7 10*1 a '' Thtt? ? " " iv>8 10? a W7K W?w York Stat?... S " " 1&VM)0 IM a V> FmafjrlTaaia i " Md a KJ hi. < ' " 1M0 W a 1U0 MauarkvMtU... .4 " 1X68 1<?7 a ? nnwl....... .# (t?r g. ? Mali IMim. (Plaatr** nk) " 1S4I-70 (W a *> Ditto (Uaioa Bk) 8 " ? 19 a M Allktnt 8 " dollar. IMS 70 a ? Dhu ... 8 " 18.\s-:i-8# 78 a ? ^aaada (?i diT) ..6 " dutant. I; 11 M a 100 The packet ship Southampton, Captain E. E. Morgan, left Sandy Hook at 11 o'clock P. M., on the 8th June, and landed her pa^aengers at Falmouth in thirteen day* and twelve hour*, being the thnrittl jNMMgc on record for a tailing vatel. She had between sixty and seventy cabin passengers. The Berlin papern filled with comment* on the Danish treaty; no party in Germany seems Mtikfied with it. Hostilities between the army of the Diiehie* and that of Denmirk are considered probable ; all the villages, from Horsen to Koiding, re lull of troop*. Our French Correspondence. political. MArraa*. Pahs, July 4,1SW. Politic* of Franee and Europe?Contemplated Prolongation of the Power of the I'reiident ? Treaty of Aiarriaje bet term /.mil A'ip.tleon a ml a Niece of the Emperor Xirh Jut? S n-m/itm: it* Profrtu Immente Fleet about to S id from Cadiz to Protect Cuba?(jurrn h ihtl'* Interniinn Poti- ! lion?Ditput'd Paternity of the Coming Heir? J Conlemplntd Abdication of the Emperor of Haitia in Favor of hi* &</n?Departure of Uaribaldi far the United Stale*?Fifteen Tlounni Rrfu- , gen from Sieit:erland to the United State*. The National AMtembly, since the last great affair of the three millions granted to Louis Napoleon fur the expenditures of the presidency, had not a sitting worth being *itntioued. Many little political " aick-knacks" hare been produced, and, at the moment of our writing to you, (he members of our House are proceeding to the re-nomination of a " speaker" and a " vice speaker." Mr. L>upin is fleeted, but 1 do rot know, as yet, who wjl bechoce? for rice speaker. General llfdeau, Messrs. Darn, Leon Faueher and Ileunii d'Aiy, are on the list of the candidates, and t am still without any intelligence from the National Assembly; but this is not of much importance. I under.tau.l, Iron me sure " intelli^f nee," that thr law agaiust the pre**, which was l<> b^ produced in the next aitung (tomorrow), h*? met with so man) o^nurnti iu the preparatory bureau, that it will he withdrawn from the list of the new laws which are to be preseated before the prorogation of the National Assembly. 4 mong the nn?i>< important news ol the week, i must relate that of the immediate revision of the CoosUtatior ol Igtrt, which is mid to be on the eve of taking place. It in a matter much discusnrd in our political circles. The "rape" of the constitution, as it ia callej by the socialist*, will soon be perpetrated in the National Assembly, by general demand, and tiod knows what will take place after. TTr? urn n.i; ? ? Aa I told you, nothing n to I* mentioned in the lawa which ha?e focrn recently prra^ated to ihe National Aa*uibly, but that again*! the bad treatTwni m?4?" by man againot animals. Mr. I* Grammont, onr or our moat eloquent d?*p<itiee, marie a very remarkable eprech, and mingled tua elo?juence with the narrniH?n of nwny deeda of roughnaaa and brutality, which elicited much feeling among hia fellow hearrra. The Uw was hnnlljr voted without any amendment. Ita conae<juencea Will be tc protect the domeatic amniala, whic! ?re aaaoeiateri to Ihe works of ruanaind, and deavrve food treatment. A tine of |l to $:!, and an iinpnaonment of one to five daya, win be impoaed on any peracai who will abuae or cruelly caaugate, in public, a domestic animal. Id caae of aaecond offence, tile, aeuirnce will be doubled; ind Ihe man guilty of aurh a *hamefn| actio.1 will altraya be puniabed by imprtoonment. A very aeri?ua minor la apread for the last two daya. It apiw-ara that ihe majority of the AaaemMy, kiowing n Jt what to do, in flight of the pro^rraa of aociiliam, and the impeduneat* 10 their eltliag Ihe preaent political altair* of France, hare reaolved to .prolong the power of the Preanient. Thia ia but a minor. For my part, I "im far from approving auch a motion. Tne prolongation of Louia N?|<oleon'a power would HI- but a patch" pul U|m>ii a ragged cloth, and Ha ellccta ' would have no power upon the maaaea. On the coairary, it will be nn excitement 10 not; *nj, perliapa, thia ia I'm only aim looked at by thuae who ourage siir h hi unaenaonabte resolution. Whilat ih- ? * ;>? II iii' II" bit we ?.-a*re taking 11?c? m ur , mm v n# t-ir? i. mo r*. p i-im it Mill at th?" 1.1) ><' m? it'n dinm m lo our m it.--*ir? -n, . pud retiring ?t?r.jr <v. nm t? Si. t'lujd. The nrWKfACrr* hHtr | obi > h it IIm MtK ikul he v.** on lb? f-ve ?>t kld< rUkiufl ? joftriMry iu Ih- M-r?l<>rai | rut vl l'f?i. " . 1 .% id *? ni>, would b< l!i< n ..n,. a ciiii'f in Mil,, h he wi.hM try " 4 '? ? v >' -" ' Mr. ?!? I'l fUM*. ''? frli-a.l > . !,oui? \if?oinn, b** U?m obli^eU to retura iv ikrlin, to p?jr ^ E NE a " r: his farewell to the King of Prussia. It appears thnt, in the haste in which he proceeded to Pari*, our statesman had forgotten to accomplish lliesj f?rinaluie.?, and was reminded of them only when he arrived ut our frontiers. I have hewn told also, that tiiib gentleinan to St. Peter-tbure, to ask the hand oi the.dt"ghter of (Jrent D ike Michel, a mr.;c in . (m idi iiicncm?, lor l?ouis napoleon. The Btlairs between France and England have been decidedly se(tied, nnd due justice ought to be rendered to our Minister#, who have directed that question wi'h mnsh firmness unci judgment. They wai'ed until Lord 1'almerston had been ensured by the House of Lord?, and, when such a satisfaction had been given to our national policy, our cabinet did not L* tiitate to accept the proposed arrangements. Mr. Drouynde I'Huya has returned to London, and 1 A>rd Normanhy has resumed hia visits to the Elysee. He was invited last week to a large dinner |>arty, given in his honor and the reception of I.iOuis Napoleon, by his besom-friend, was as cordiil as ever it was before. Apr<rpo% of our English Ambassador; he left Paris yesterday, on his way to Florence, where he is called by some private business, and from which he will return in a few weeks. The rumors of the change of Mr. D'Ffautpoul, our Minister of War, are still d forth* Jujour. Nothing, as yet, has been done on the subject; but Mr. de Rulhieres is said decidedly to be selected for the position of that ministry. Cavaignac is gone to a watering place called Louiche, where he is living incognito, and Jerome Bonaparte, Governor of the Invalids, is expected at Havre, where he has hired rooms at the Hotel Frnscati. Whilst these political moves are taking place, what is to be said about the i.itrimies of the socialists 1 Do not suppose that th-y have quietly yielded to their fate. They do Lot consider themselves as vanquished. You remember what I told you in my last letters, relative to the discovered conspiracies of Oran in Africa, Beziers, Arler, Paris and Nimes. It is certain that their manmuvres are always going on. Their leaders entertain the sacred fire, and socialism is now a sort ef "free masonry," for producingevil, which is unfortunately progressing in its results. Prints of all kind are to be met with in Paris and through France; they contain the most incendiary sentences against all the laws of society The making of cartridges is now a sort of trade; and though many of tnese ammunition warehouses have been already discovered by the police, I am inclined to believe that there are many others which are unknown to Mr. Carlier and his agents. Socialism is also succeeding in the ranks of the army. Its progress is slow, l>ut nevertheless it is progressing, and this must be avoided by all means. What will be the end of all thinl Who can tell 1 The news from Rome iH not of much consequence. The city is calm, hut great agitation is felt in the province. Robbers and highwaymen are encumbering the routes of the papal States, and a socialist plundering system is very fashionable among the birbanti of that unfortunate country. Besides these grave facts, I have also to mention the presence of all those who hare been exiled from their country for political crimes, within the limits of the/Wife republic of St. Marin. That small country in the rendezvous of all the Italian demagogues; and, though the papal government demanded their expulsion, the authorities of St. Marin would not listen to such a demand; th-y answered that these refugees were enjoying the right of citizens, and that they could not be expelled. Tha only power they nad upon them was to induce them to l>e quiet. At Cenoa, also, the socialist conclave is assembled, and they also operate with much activity at Turin and in Lombardy. At Florence, the revolutionary press is very powerful, and within a fortnight the ino?t outrageous libels have lieen published against the government and religion. The Great Duke of Tujcany is still in Germany, at Vienna, but is expected in the capital of his dominion, oil the 10th inst. At Naples, tranquillity reigns with the Kourbon, who is busily engaged in passing reviews and exercising his troops. If you cross the Mediterranean sea with me, and land at Cadiz, you will find in that port a complete squadron ready to sail for Cuba. The list of these men-of-war is as follows:?H yober^nn. of 74 Sins: two frigates, of 42 guns, Ksperanza and IVrla; I e Cortex, a frigate of 32 guns; the corvette Colin, of 16 guns; the Brigs Sanots.of 'ill guns; Hahinero, 18 guns; Selayo and Nervion, of IB guns; an I several other small Tesseli. There are also live steamers?the hlasco de Garoy, 6 cannons, and !W0 horse power; i'izsrro, 6 cannons, and 350 horse nower; the Alvaro de Kazan, > cannon*, and l?i) horse power; Congre.sao, 5 cannon*, and ltt) horse Bwer; and I Kin Juan de Austria, *i cannons, and I) horse power. The whole fleet amounts to twenty-three men-of-war, which are about stiling on the 10th inst , for the Mexican Gulf, in order to protect Cuba and l'orto Kico, as well as the Spanish trade in th" Carribean Sess The private declaration of l^eeen Isabel's husband, relative to the paternity of the child about t<? b? born, is the subject of much talk in th" political circles. It spt>ears that the royal consort of the Que< n of Spam still |>ersista in his denisl of having an> thing to do with that scnndiloos birth, and thnt he is kept prisoner in the palace of Aranjuez. Yef, i no noi inuia mat win prevent the forthcoming child being heir of the crown of Spain. You cannot but say with me?Shocking! positively she rkwp ' The politics of Germany are still in ttatu quo. Nothing has yet b> en decided in the Congress of Frankfort; nevertheless, the country ia calm, nppsrenilv lit least, and the onlv principal allair of moment is (he war of Prussia with IVnmirlt. The question of the Ductile* ia a matter much talked of, and. if 1 believe the lift dispatches received from lierlm, the |>eHce has, at last, l>een concluded between the two rival nations. You will fioH in the newspapers which I sent you, news of much importance, which, if true, will afford prrat interest to the coming debatea of polltica in the north of Knrope. Emperor Nicholas, it ia said, is soon to abdicate in favor of his son, t>aarewitsh, whom he wished, previously, to put on the throne of 1'oland. This great decision will take place cn the lit of I**ceml>er next, and the object of the Cxar, by acting in that way, would he to avoid the turmoil and ' Dilution of all kind, which are generally taking place at every death of the Kussisn hmperora. IteaHes this cause, the intention of the hniperor is to find an occasion to make some arrangements with the foreign powers; and, no doata, such a change of government, during his life, would be very favorable to his projecta. Such ia the small "batch'' of newa I send you bjr this stesmer. The Sultan of Turkey ia still vtailing hia dominions, and haa been received with much Mmt and enihusia-m in all the cities where he passes I will finish this letter by announcing to you the departure of Garibaldi to the I'nited States The famed Tribune of th?? Roman Kepiitv lic of l*lf? embarked, a few w*ks since, at Liverpool, on board the packet " Waterloo, bound to Piew York. He goes to the " land of the free " to Ule the command of a shin. " upon which, I regret," aaya he, " not to l?e ante to hoist the white and grean Hag of Italy, the standard of Italian freedom." May Sign or Garibaldi be lueky in his new trade. We nrefef him ta he in the Hnifed States than on the P^uropean continent. Ileada like his are too paasionate for the aifety of our inatitutions and the tran<|tiillity of Knrope One of my friends, who haa ju?t retnrned from Switierlaed, assures me that the political refngeea who have brea so long residing in the twenty-two cantons, are leaving that country. Many of th?m arrived last week at I<oos l<e Saulnier?capital of the department of the Jura?and were provulad with p's*ports to Havte. * here they will embark for the United Hta'?e. Nearly all of these refuveea are from Baden. Wqrtemherg and Hungary. '? ney are young, well dressed, and furnialied with tha unifctma of their country. The expenses of their journey are defrayed by the Helvetic Republic, and it ia ?aid that their number amounta lo about fifteen thousand. 1 his considerable emigration ia quite significant. Two Mexican Generals arrived tha other day in l'aiis, on their way to the military school of Metx, where their intention ia to stwdjr the fcrrnrejry ?inu i?riir* 01 our aoi-ners htiiI ofl1r?r?. The art of fiffhrtne in not much improved m Mexico. nr?i no doubt these gentlemen will derive muck profit from what they will study in the country. Thus, yow Americuns beware, if yon ever h *re another war with Mexico' Adieu. R. II. R. r*BW, July *. l-iSO. Rtiah-m and Anninnntt<m?Etrap* nf Ismu Aitpoftrm fnm Intended Mwdtr, hy a fwtirt of Prnnivlvania?AVtr Sfxakrr, Viri S/>takfr, and Mrnthm a/ the Xntinnal Ammbly? Th* Imiw agntnut tht Prtu?Fnrnnipmtnt at Vrrtauht ? Avgmrnfatiim nf tht Prttnh AWy? PalUtet of (Strmnny, Dmntarlc, AuttnJ, iff ?A fftWMM &qv vdrrn in tht (ttrmnn Srn%? Mam*ft of tht f'wnf rft Mrmltmotin trtfh tht Prinrru nf tht Tiro AmVirf?T%t Uniitd State* and Portugal. Murder and a??w?lMttrti are now, it appear#, lli* motto of socialism and of Its confederates. We h-tve had, within the last four moatha, tha attfi>?|)tto murder the Kipjf of I'ntsti?, by !*rfo i|r, ihe Mtf'nOit I>f i'ate, gainst the Ituecft of w ro V* v M ? MORNING^EDITION?M England ; and Saturday last, another crazy man, imbued with these faantful principles, was waiting for Louis Napoleon at t'>- eati-s of the Klvwe Na tional, to thoot him with a pistol. The name of th? new would-be murderer if George Alfred Walker. He is 18 year;> old, and tin ap >renuced printer by tiade. The re >ort is, that since ten o'clock in the morning, thin individual had been remarked walk ng on the tntttoirt of the Rue ' Fuubourg St. Hororfc, waiting for the opp?rtune moment to commit his assassination At every carriage which he saw having the eour of the K'ysee, Walker crossed the street and came to examine who was in the vehicle. Colonel Vandrey was ti e last one whom he examined wiih curiosity. His uniform and inustachios rendered him something like th.* i'resnleut, ami Wslker cocked a pistol which he hid under hi* frock coat to commit his murder, when the cartinge suddenly turned, and he pievmtrd from u?ing his deadly weapon. At that moment, one of the policemen who had closely watched the whereabouts of the young man, approached him to make him ptisouer. Walker, seeing the constable, went to hint and said:?"You are a policeman, are you!" "Yes!" " Well, I have no chance; no matter, I must confess to you that my intention was to assassinate the President. 1 have been wailing for the last four hoursto perpetrate the deed. 1 see he is protected by 1'rovidence, Thus 1 give it up." Immediately the madman was taken prisoner, ai;d being searched, they found in his pocket a large pistol loaded with buckshot, and the discharge of which would have been very dangerous. During the interrogation, the prisoner confessed that he had of'.eu frequented the socialist clubs, and the political re-unions of this godless of fraternity. NMthing of importance, no paper, no clue to that mysterious attempt, was discovered at the house of the prisoner, who lives at Kue Chezalini No. 3, with his fumily, whose members are considered as irreproachable. Walker was accounted, by those who knew him, as a nmn of desper*te character, liviuir with prostitutes aurf men of u very low class. His manners are very rough, and his temper violent. On the 21st of January last, he was taken prisoner for a riotous assault, committed in the Passage Toutt'roy, durmg which he had pursued the |>eople passing by with a double-barreled pistol. 1 have been told, that George Walker is an American by birth, from P< nnsylvania. He came to Paris fifteen years ago, with his father and mother, and they have l>een | Iividh here since then. Youiik Walker, at an early | uge, deserted his paternal roof : and hewasscarre ly ten years old when he was considered, by all those who knew him, as a "very bud boy." Such is the moat important newa of the last four days. If Walker has not been aent by th? socialist party, no doubt he has been inspired by iis unholy principles*; and.the infernal catechum, from which he lias been taught in the clubs and other assemblies of the kind, ia the instigator of his attempt against Louis Naiioleon's life. It is very possible that Walker will escape the laws of the country, la it not cuhoua to see that revolution", such aa those we have in Lurope, instead of producing heroes and great men, are but giving birth to murderera 1 The newa from the National Assembly ia not of Hindi interest. As 1 informed von on Thursday lust, M. lhipin was re-elected! .Speaker of the House, and the Vice-Speakers and members of the kicrtturiat were: 1st, Messrs Daru, Henoit d'Azy, (Jeueral Uedtnu, and Leon Fauoher; 2d, Messrs. Aniaud de I'Ardege, Lacaze, Peupin, Chapol, Heekerrn, and licrard. The project of the " Law against the Presa," is alio the cause ot much debate among men competent in that matter. Not only the whole partisan Dies* is opposed to it, but also the printers and tMicktellers, and all the statesmen of a moderate l?rty. You may remember that auch a law waa the cause of the fall of Charles X. in 1H30; that the consequences of the " Law of September," during the rugn of Louis Philippe, were also the cause of the events of February 2d, IS4H. It ia to be hop*d that the new project of M. Boroehe will not l>e also the occasion of riot and bloodshed in Paris and through the whole ot France. The red republican soculist parly, though very calm in apl?'arunce, are but waiting for a pretext to tiegin their war againat society. We must not furnish it to (hem. It has bten decided, in such a difficult |>osition ss that is which w? are, that an encampment of I2.MX) men should be arranged in the neighborhood of Pari*. The place chosen for that purpose is Versailles. Louis Napoleon, accompanied by General Changarnier, General d'lfaiitpoul, and a very numerous Etmt major, went, yesterday morning, early, to that city; and after having examined several s|*?ts which were jwinted tfut to hi n, selected the Olaiue Satory, an immense square spot, three miles wide aad five miles long, to be the | place of that encampment. These 12,000 men will be drilled in the same manner as those who \ are on the ttrd lit gwrre, and their presence, it is [ hop. d, v ill be iiiuuh dreaded by all ilio-e who ara diesnung of iasurtection and the overturning of the government. M h<lst soldiers are about to be congregated at | v cieauir*, me tniiaiiiu-m 01 our sailor* is cont nurd in our large *ea|K>riH, and it it rumored tint eveiy large or ^mall man of wnr of our country ia to le aimed, a* if in a state of war. What is the nu ailing of all this 1 What ran be the cauae of all three ptc|<nration* I It ia aaid in the political circle*, that a Milieu! UMlltolki in about to i-iU? d < III a fbvtalgM. A "pleasure tnjrngr" would be undertaken to l<oniii n by the l\tnn*n socialists, with the intention ot p?) ing a visit to l*dru Kollin, and other exiled tnenil>era of the party. After hating a?:complitbed these polite mrmfeMations, the ' Mountaineer*," desirous of givibg to tbr world the eiami le of a cosmopolite propagandivtn and political cotnriiuaiatn, would celebrate with the delegate* of ail the oilier nations the inauguration of iiir H (mvirsul Mountain," by sharing a la'ire oin! ner. After the ceremony,' they would visit the Kxchanie, J*t. Paul, the Tower, Arc.; and finally, would return to the Opt ra, to put them*<-lvc* in presence of the British aristocracy and of the court .of Kagtand. f*iH'h ia the programme of tha next iripof plaamre to London The lennimi <t party hua been much excited, for about tea day*, on account of the late near* sboat the (ountea* of Chamhord. the wife of Henri \ It w*a Mid that thn lady, who had been pronounced by the doctor* a* unable to hare any childien, waa juat in a very infer', nine position You may imagine how glad w* } all the member* of the party lint, unfortunately, the (ri$trfIt tit Franrt, and other legitimist i journal*, have received letter* frotn Trodhortt, announcing t hat thia news waa falae. Thua we letnra to the Kmtmlt Cnrdialt l>etween the two familiea of Bourbon; and thia ia the beat plan they can follow, to return to their country when time will come. Two very important facta have iuat taken place in (iermany. The dieaolution of both house* in Wurtrmbeig, and the definitive c<>ncluaion >?f peace | between Prusafa and Iienmark. Thone two event* are the beat proof* that revolution in tGermany ia finuhed inside and outside. The treaty of |ieace waa atgned at Berlin on the 1st inst , but the ordera came Ircm Waraaw. The twn was held hjr the Minister of Foreign Affair* of Prussia, but it K? M A. V ._..l>~.4.. li-r..? WIM there ??r? in Germany two Urge powera hjr which the other* were aomewhat directed, Anetrm and PniMia. But new, it may He mM, with re??<)n, 1 that there ia but one power, and that ia l(m?ia. , A? for tho A mm-mh I y which waa diaeolved at .^tntt! gardt, on the JVi mat., it wan com|>oaed of men of i revolutionary phnciplea, and thrrefore the king, j who wai o|'|m?rd to the viewa of iheK delegatea , I of hi* people, ha* taken the liberty to turn them out hjr proprio motw No doubt an insurrection 1 would hut e taken place, if Wurtemburg hud been ] an indew-ndent country; but you may know that t*.(l00 Auairianr are ready to invade Wurtemhurg, and to act in ti>e aum? way aa they <lid with the great Duchy of Ba?|en Thna, trou may consider ihia aa the end of the German <fr*nia. Germany, now a days, ia aa it waa before IHH, with the dif ferenc* that all of ita powera are weakened wnd reduaed. Aa for the debite between PrtieaU ind Auatna, I ronaider it aa the decire eipreaae.f by each of theve powera to be the lirst in Mnh in the vaeaalage of Ruerla. In apil" of theae eventa, do not ?U|>po?e that democracy ia destroyed in tiermany. When the country ia redact d to the mme I Mate it waa in 1M15 it will b< induced kr m.ike another eiperiment, and I have no doubt it will be a terrible affair. I rery important fact ia mentioned in the Gaiftti ; of Col< gM The Kuanian aquadmn, hiving allied from the port of CronMadt, arrived, on the 21 mat , ! in the hay of Co|>enhngt-n. It ia compote I of eight me? of war, of firM rink, two fritrt'ea, and two ?teatr*hipa The arrival of that fleet In the Qermairaeaa ia the caute of rnani conjecturea. In f-pnin, the mar' tge of Countde Monternolin j with l>onna Maria Fernanda, PtiMMof thf Two Piciliea, Im* attracted the attention of Narvaei and all ike plater men of the country. The great o|n<i?nirn made to that marriage, by the -V?ni<?h Bnnif try. will he of " no conaequence," and it will tak# place, in spiip of ill ih? ir re i 'r . ' ? The oiily fault oft|i- Kiuguf t> tew ir h U ?* ??' 1 - iRK I ONDAY, JULY 22, 1850. bt 11a, has been in making a mystery of such a simple H -t us thai of the wedding ot hu daughter wilh a pre"*n?ler to the crown or Spain. 1 will finish my correspondence with the news receivtd from Lisbon. relative to the oontest now existing between the United States and Portugal. Th>- claim of your cabinet, either right or wrong, i^ the. can-? of much ?ossii> throughout Europe. After the fatal issue of Lord Palme rston's proceeding? in Greet', the renewal of a similar claim from the United Stairs is considered not only as very inopportune, but also as very extraordinary. A. rumor baa been spread, that hostilities had already been undertaken against the port ol Lisbon, by the American squadron, but I do not think it possible, tor it seems to me, I have been right in saying that General T?ylor had not the power to give such orders, without th<- sanction of Congress. We shall see if 1 have been mistaken. Adieu. Yours, 13. H. II. parisian ckmsip. Pas is, July 4, 1850. Grand Fancy Drru Ball?Balloon Atctnsion? Theatrical*?Americant in Parit. Whilst you are celebrating the glorious anniversary

ef your great independence,and enjoying yourselves amidst gun-shots, crackers, and (ire-works of all sorts, the glorious results of your freedom, I ?m chained to my arm-chair near my desk, and slave to my duty, to write to you this letter. I had been told, a week ago, that some Americans, living for the present in Paris, had ni untested the intention to celebrate here the Fourth of July. They were to congregate at Vefour, and give a grand dinner arrotf with champaign and animi, with good spirit. I made many inquiries about this ceremony, but it appears that, with few exceptions of private parties, which are to take place in small families, as we say entry nout, no public demonstration was resolved upon, and thus we shall I.OU. ?r T..I.. _? ..II v.. T ...til ua tv uv i uuiui juij ai an. nu maun, i win have mine, and 1 intend drinking to-night, at my lonely dinner, a half bottle of Ileidsick ill touvtnir of your glorious country, and in remembrance of my friends there! Ilail Columbia, und Yankee Doodle ! If Americans do not associate much with their own countrymen, be assured they associate very well with 1' renchmen and our lovely dame*. Go to Versailles, St. Germain, Asnieres, Montmorency, St. Ouen, and many other places of the environs of I'uris, end if you possess a good memory, you will recollect having met either 111 New York, Boston, Philadelphia, or other cities of the United 1 Mutes, including Saratoga and Newport, the strangers who are the most numerous in those fitei. They are the nucleus of all our parties, and 1 will 1 say mote still, they are their ornaments. Saturday evening last, being at the grand fancy ball given at the Jardin d'Hivtr, (which, by the bje, was a complete failure), my eurj were aooa attracted by tounds of well known voice?, and turning round, I had the pleasure of seeing six gentleman iust arrived by the "America," whoso slinking of hands with me was quite delightful. After hxving for some time spoken of the " Laud of the Free," we plunged into the dark arcadei of foil nee, and admired together thejl'ansian luxury by which such u fantastic palace has been built and dtdicated to Flora But, alas! we were sorry to see it abandoned by those who ought to be the most aident and devoted priestesses of the divinity of gardens. Osoite all that had been loretold of the crow .I which was to congregate there, the immense dancing room contained scarcely six hundred persons?nearly all gentlemen. The actresses of 1'ans were only represented by the ele- 1 gt>nt Mdlle Scmaneck, of the Theatre Montausier, Mme. Dupuis, her charming theatrical sister, 1 the famed Mile. Leontine, of the Folier Dram-itiqurr, and two or three other small characters of 1 the rorfm dt Lalltt. There were no more than tif- 1 tern costumes, and they were mul porllt _lu I tbort, thin Ktirit mntquit was a ruupmart/ut. The I President, I.oum Na|>oleon, who had been an- I ni unc* d to visit the place, whs absent, and also hi* aidri dt rutnjt. The only well-know* character of 1 he family present at the hall, was Prince Murat, " chit-chatting " with the itllei dt nuit I resent at the hall, and he appeared to be in a very excellent humor. ltul'oons of nil sorts have flrd this w?ek over our city. At the Hyi>|>odrome, a man was to ascend under a lialloon, tied by the body, in the same position i nd costume of Mercuiy. liut, taken sick on Sunday morning last, he could cot leave bis bed, and r? trained uniidnt the spec! itors to se* from hia window, which wn situated next to the Hyppodtcnie, M and Mme. Mdrgat taking hia place in the car of his balloon At the Champ tie M irs, another person, M Merle, fried to nuke au ascension mounted on horseback ; but the animal kicked so niui h, and the wind blew so hard, th it he postponed his entertainment till Suitday next. At the Observatoir, M. Iiixio and another member of the Academy of Science*, wishing to inake experiment* on el?cirnity and other sconces, 1 -ft, Saturday last, the tower ol the Obt* tvatory in a large btlloon ; but they niet with many derangements which 1 prevented them from enjoying their "trip *ruidat the clotida " Last, but not b ast, jou will find in the numl>er of the journal Iai Prmu of this morning, u description of a machine, newly invented by a French enaineer, who has found out the meana | to direct balloons through the wide air with as , much safety ss one directs an engine on a railway. , I recommend to youthe perusal of this description, which is essct. I was present at the exhibition of the rm-ll machine, and it caused me to remember the trial performed at the Tabernacle by Sigoori M uvv and Martini. Theatrical news is very dull. The opera house | hsa shut its door*, under the pretext of unavoidable tepana to be done to the huildiBg The last performance took place on Friday, with a great enteitainment given by the member* of the company ardoth?r artiata of Pahs, for the benefit of the C'atut da f>rm< la nrltui* malhrurtnux. The hottre w?a crowded Mme. Laborde, who ssng the pretty opera of " 1* Kossignol," and the three Ust acta H "Llldl di LaiBWCrtWHJf," VII i he lioness of Ihe evening She won not only the bravo* of the whole house, hut also the buu^ittti ci 1 all the ladiea there prt rent Hoger, the aweet ten- 1 or, was sl*o very sueceasfu', as well aa the barytone Uaihoillet. Ceilto and t'l. Leon danced the new naitet 01 - .-reua, and the entertainment only ended at half past two o'clock A M Kachel gone, and the Theatre Francaiae haa | hul the old repertory of Moliere, Kegnard, and the new play* of M. Solard, de M'i?*eH, ?nd other young poet*, to offer to ihe ami.t-urn of th? , legitimate drama. The la?-t literarjr sketch |>erfrtmed theie call- d " Ia Chan lelier," (I he Candle-holder.) a very |M<viant, hut eiiravagant pr< verb of Alfred de Museett, which ia be*utinilly I eifoimed by (he alile actors of the Wt At the Comic Opera Moose, a new musical olio, ' entitled '*l<e Tallyman,*'by Messrs. Valid and CboSuaM, miiMchy Mr Joese, met with a very elegant >ucce?a The partition ia pleasing, and it will aoon he popular in Paria. The opera comic ofAdam Giralda," will aonn he brought liefore the foot-hghta of Mr I'errin'a theatre. At the Yarietea the " Ilohennan Life," (I-i vie de I'obeme,) haa been received, and nukea much dim ny. The panorama of the Mississippi, painted hy John Pmith, after having met with the most legitimate nicrean at the Vaudeville, ia gone to H*vre. Me?ara. Hisley nad ?? intend returning to l'aria, at the beginou!*; vf n<m autumn. Their gigantic picture haa beei aticceeded by two new playa, which hav* been received witn much appl <<iae. ! The first called 'M^e President de la Btnoche,'' and , the second "I.ea Soctetea Secretes." The iiretty ( Mme, Paul I^rneat, and the graceful Mme Htidrr, are the atara of these two vaudeville*. and they perform iheir part with much pathon and feeling, The so long Iwfnre announced drama of "(*hodrac liucloa, ' fo toded u(>on l'i( enigmatical life of the well known urinofihe I'alaia Royal,orhnne long beard and ranged mil of clortiea were rendered w celebrated from l?2(Mill l*|:t, and whom I have ofien assisted with ten unit pieces, waa performed on Saturday list, at the Ifirthe Ht In The j plot ia drrmid interesting. the puna well dutri- , buted. and it waa received with much at?probation and uorrial plaudita. 1'ho other theatre* are atruggling with much activity againat ihe heat of the summer, and their effort a are, indeed, very reinarkatde, during auch a weakenitig season. Horace Veniet, the famed painter, returned, on Sunday laat, from hia journey to St Petersburg. Many cause* have been e.ttributfd to hi?'V?i''h departure and pro mot return from Rtiaaia Hut the amiable artist, whom I aaw yesterday morning. -leclarea that be only went there for hia awn gratification, with llie iols desire to e*pre?a lo the C,t\l the resiw ct and vratitiule he f. I' h?r hia klndtvaa toward* him )i in untrue thnt here<-*ivnlih*aurn of MAO frnnr-, miiii f.<l?r thai h? h?<l l?f? ?*cretly charted to cniry a ( NapoI'"* t?> tjMrwr Ntch<>U? J>'V? 1 ?inirr, the well known rtitlo of the Jmrmai tin Dthatt, in now hu?ily engagrd in a game of ; <*rmirof", a ?<.n of rhallenite which w*a vni to him by the rliihuf domino***of l.*>n<lon Twoalhl> | ! fv< I of Lu^Umi, drlrgateaaf their cornradea, [ E lv ? ? # ; fc > !r?4i ....... .. on muuuny IDM HI I ,iriH, an I ine JJitmt* l>e- I gun last niylit Who will be the winner ? i 1 think it UHeleBM to give you thejMTticuUriiof th? i diu'l which took place on Sunday laat nt V?-ri4nill?-n, i between two member* of the National Assembly, < Mews. Valentin and Bixio. These gentlemen, I who abused each oih.-r nt the tribune, (bought that I a ri>uj> d' tpit Wim sufficient to lilot out all their vu- 1 ni'm. A very curious way of thinking. < Before closing my letter, I nnist te|| y0? tha' the t news received froai our detriments is not very < satisfactory in reference to the harvests. Mtny ( places in h ranee will be ruined this year Thus t the trade in grain and other American exportation* ( promises to he extended on a large scale for the ] season to come. Adieu, li. II. R. i AM Kit ICANS PECKNTLY ARRIVED AT PARIS. II. Bollinan. Pittsburgh. 0. flniith. New York. Dr K. M Uraliam, New I?. J Levy. Philadelphia. Orltans. L K Tavernler, Montreal, Janus llarey New Orleans. 0. K. Dr ('baa 8. W Stevens, A. W Nelson Bt Louis Win. J. Kerr. Phil tdelphia. K. C 8ea, Philadelphia. Jimn M. Drak" New Vork. <1. Oulh. New Orleans. Capt 0. Ulbrlck, New OrVoi Kent, New York. leans. James A Wright, Phlla- Victer Burthe, New Ordtlphla leans 0. F. Kinir, Boston John It Simphor, New 8 B. Strang New York. York L. A Myers. New York. N. I*. Bailey. Westchester. O.N 8tranton, New Or- Dr (J. Sumner, Hartford. leans. J 8 Morgan. Hartford. < A.ltipka, Philadelphia. Thomas Neamith, New T. Murdoch, Baltimore. York < Wm J. Budington, John Katon. New Orleans. I Charleston. 8. Abbott Lawrence, Baa- < E. Pleraon New York. ton. 1 W. Pearoe, Providence Robert Hull. Hartford. i 8. M. Karland, Boston. 0 Hoyt New York. J A. Brady. New York. Wm. Uraene. New York. c W . II Lotchford, New Or- II. Kmhurg Brooklyn c liana g. A. Willoughby, Brook- h J 11 8tauffer,New0rleana. lya. ii 8?m K. Butterworth, New Wm. Lattimore. Krie, Pa. e York. Jamea A Kay mind and t Daniel Farland, Boston. lady, New York. i| a1 The American Claims on Porta(al?The Pu- a alt Ion of Kngland and tha Viiiled ttatea? a [from the Loudon Chronicle, July rt ] a In opening the great dvbate of last week, Mr. P Roebuck took occasion to inform uj, with every " appearance of hiffh gratification, that an Americ in squadron was on its way acmes the Atlantic, with ! u orders to extort, by the blockade of the port of j ^ Lisbon, redress tor certain alleged grievances of '< old standing, for which the government of Portugal had rendered itself liable to subjects of the l nited Stales. Th? honorable and learned niTn- * ber had discovered in these claims on Portugal a felicitous parallel to our claims on Greece. ? Nothing could be more |wt?no illustration more <i< seasonable and appropriate. For our own part, c< having no case to bolster up, no purpose to serve, P< by hunting in the annals of diplomacy for prece- f dents of oppression and injustice, we were inclined to view with less satisfaction this hostile proceeding by a maritime power of ihe first class against a 1:14 friendly and feeble Slate. So far from feeling any disposition to share Mr. Roebuck's glee, we regard ' ' this disturbance of the peace and harmony of the 01 commonwealth of nations with a regret which is ec not at all diminished when, on the one hand, we c' call to mind the close and intimate relations that 1| have ever subsisted and still subsist between this V country and Portugal, and on the oilier, the niture 'j of the long-dormant claim* which General Taylor's bl cabinet has thought proper to enforce, after a delay ul of more than a quarter of a century. For a short ''' statement of the facts on which the most important ?*' of these demands is based will show that, if it have really any foundaiion nt all, and if the forcible pro- "" secution of it be anything better th*n a downright robbery, the moral and euuitable liability to make reparation rests not with Portugal, but with our- 1-11 selves. 01 In the month of September, six-ind-thirty years neo, during the war which commenced in 1412, an 11 Ameiican schooner, cruising under letters of " matque in the neighborhood of the Azores, put r' iuto the port of Fayal to replenish her supply of " water. A few hours afterwards three British men- ] w til-war round' <i the nortti<*aatern imini or th>* har- 1 bur, unci anchored within it, and d boat from one 11 of them wm shortly seen rowing towards th* |?rivateer, filled, a* the American captain afterwarda ll averted, with armed men. He hailed the boat, n and warned lirr to keep oH; but the warning being, *' an lie drclutrp, diaiegatded, he tired into her, kill- ^ nig te>?ral of her crew, ami wounding other*. He " then warped his ahip ill ahere, clone tinder tlie gun* H of the cantle. In the course of the night an attempt w wat> made to rut out the privates by a boat party * from the Hritith et|unHron, and thia pro\ing unsuo- 1 CrahL the guns of one of the ve^nels, the brig " Carnation, wete brought to bear upon her with ao much eflect that, after a frmtlem attempt at reaistance, the crew deaerted their ahip, but not until y th? y had partially drmohnhed li*r to prevent her ' falln g into the hand* of the enemy. iShe look tire j and wan det-tioyed. 1'ortui; il bring nt that time a c nentral jower, the government of the United St.ite* | ri claim* aa compensation for the l?aa of the privateer 81 the larg* aum of $2Q0,MU0, and tliia dem ?n t forma e the pnncipal iirm in the list whuh haa been pre- e tented at Lmbon by Mr. t'l?y. I^eaa peremptory " than Admiral I'arker, Mr. Clay allowa twenty-one cl da) a for eonaide ration, at the end of which period, 'I' (about a werk from this Ihne,) he threatena, if h s tli lull remain* un*atiflu-d, to eitort the amount by at Itinuala. ' The jtenernl principle of internationil law upon ' A whiih this claim ia founded, is perfectly cleir. A tu capture ?tVecN d by a belligetent Slate within the hi maritime territorial juitadwiioB of a ^oarer. c< ia illegal unci void; and it la ihe duty of the neutral >' flovetuiueiiMo reatore the pro|>erty taken, il it be w >r?<tight into their own courta lor adjudication?if ^ not, to pforrcute a claim for reatitution, at the in- I ' alance of the injured party, in the courta of th? na- Cl lion to which the captora belong. Hut the jurist* 1 tl of the United tStatea theniaelvea acknowledge, th it j tr in tuch a ca?e, the complainant can make no claim i for d?mnireH. or lor arivthmir more thin a r'nti- > t tution in n+rtr of what ha* l>ern taken from linn, | I' by the deciee of a competent triliunal. Tkia in the i principle. Ilia on* winch ha* been frequently re- i li MflM t>) aMnln \Vefi ire o< given up v?Mela taken by foreign privatecra wiihin * ct nn? n-rhut of our own ahorea, and brought into I* our I'Wii porta for adjudication, and we liarc, in " our turn, made re|?iraii<*i) for ca;>turea affected by di I Bgli li km <4 ?Hr oft tkl rotata of * neutral i l? ptiwer. Hut our junata have ahown no dia.MMiiittn *' to extend the dorirme beyond the limita dem tnded at by & due reaj?-ci for the righia and duties of a neie in tral Stale. *'The aanctity of a claim of territory," S raid I.old Slowed, in adjudicating U|H>n a claim ' ' prrfertfd by the Portuguese government 10 a lijtcli 1 3> rhip Mid catgo, which had been c*ptured by it Uri- j d< lull vtaeel, during the war, in the watrra of the gl A/.ore*?" the a?nctiiy of a cUun of territory ia ei undoubtedly veiy high. The court ia at all tiin?a F very much dispute* to pay attention to cl-urn* of ct this M?ciea, and to none more readily than ?n thoae B whit n concern the temtoiial tights of the Jute of m Portugal. When the f<ct ia established, Hover- th rulea every other consideration The capture i w done away; the property mum I* reaiored, notwuh aisrdirg that it may actually belong to the ni' iny th and if the captor should appear to have erred wi w full) , aid not merely through ignorance, he wo il to If subject to fuither punii-hii-nt It ia to be re ? inhered, however, aj the Mine lime, th it it n " point on which foreign Ntatea are extr~mely li ibl nt to be miainloimed and abuaed, by the intereated re S< prerrntattcna of those who are .mxioua to cat'-h at it their pic lection. The claim of territory ia, there ?>( fore, to be taken aa a matter struti juris, and I *1' be made out by clear and unimpeached evidence A The protection of neutral territory ia an excep te ticn to the general rule only ; it ia not th thcirfare, to be considered aa d'area;v*ctful tl to any government, that the facta on which am h h claims i re found'd ahould be accurately examin- p ed." Thia general role haa been aomettni*a de- b lined ai.d enlarged by special treaty engagement tl between individual Statea. I'hua, by the treaty of 1MB, beiwe?n Great Britain and L>-nmark, It waa li piovid>d that if the ahi|<a of either of the t! c ontraetirg jx-wera ahould be seized by an ene-ny * in tbe poita of the other (b? tug neutnl), the Utter " f boo In parane and recover the prize, but that the ,t pi>mnl ihoalil be at the expense of the captured d ?liii> The 1 lilted Hta'ea. dunna the war ?f I7<lt f %rreboimd hr trratifi *hk three of th* hflltp- j tmt ration* (Irnncf, I'm win, and IMUn-l) to |i?otrrt, l?y all the mean* in their |??fr, the *?? ?elaoffhnne nation* within their water*. and to nuiwt and teetore them if captured. But itvy j ?'i* not l?>un<t (mid* the American commentator, | Mr ft h' ?tiin,) to make entn|<fiiMiii>n if all the mean* in their i?>w?r were need and failed of effect. In 1794 the ?*me fovetnment entered intoaaimil?r enp?R> n ent with (Jreat Britain, in the event of the rat lure of hi f llriti*h thipin American w,?trr?, to ' u?e ita Midioft endeavor* to nhum from th < f > n<l:ng party full and ample aatiafaction for the | ii 'i?lii to l?k> n, whether veaaela of war or niTr1i?nt *e??ela."' We do not iird?rn-nnd, however, that the el iim rc>w utp'd apmnat Portugal ia fonnd'd upon injr IreMjr. |i ) ro? r<dn nj>on the g. iieral law tif n>?tii n?; an I thr nulf gromtil u|*>n whirh it c?u p >* iM? 'ret in, that the (tovernor of F?f?l, mei'iia of offence api*ar to have eon?*at*d of a few dilnpdatrd guna, aerved hy eight artillery men, ind at'i i otte I hv IQO rnld'er*. rtid not o|- p hi?fir.' u ?>n thice rritLb Qf.i) tf *i( (o?t ol tl?< to ? r"vm?jr* LD. "nvo CSNTS ? V _,I ?. _ . **ck th? Ttuc-u ?r raw incin preparing ;o au "?t ~ j icbooner. 11. our opinion, the Governor of , icted very judiciously in confining himself ur if irnple remonstrance. Hut further, Captain Keid^ )#n story shows that thr fault wu his own Hf lis own adinimion, he fired the first shot. An>l bad if yielded under protest, as he clearly ought to live ilnue, to a force which could have Mown bias iut of the water hy a single brondai le, it woulJ hen b<tve become the duty of the Portuguese gov? rnment to intense for the recovery of his snip [supposing her to have been illegally captured}, ither by a representation to the Hntibh Coininolore, or bv a proceeding in our Court of Admiralty. Instead of that, he chjse t?commit the inconceivable folly of oflering a resistance which could end in unttuiiK but the utter destruction ?f his vessel, in the (|. rnolition of which, indeed, he and hu> crew lent a helping hand. Whether, under suck circumstances, any claim for compensation can b? sutitnned agaumt the government of Portugal, ajH penis uiu?, to siy the least, extremely questionable. but there is much more in the case than tins. It ap|>ears from depositions sworn before the Viee(.otibul at Fayal, m the very same day, a fe?r hours after the affair was over, by the British officer who comriiandt-d the boat's crew, that the at* was provoked, and that the neutral territory was really violated, by the privateer herself. Lieutenant Fawsetr, of the plant igenet, deposss:? ' Th*t on Monday, the *Mih lint , at about sight o'clock in Out rveulDg. h? was ordered to go in its pinnace, or guard boat, unarmi-il .in hoard the brtg 'arnation. to know what armed vsssel wu at aaohor in the bay; wben Captain Rrntbam. of ?aid brig, orlered him to inquire of naid vessel (which by information was said to bs a privateer); wben said b ?at cams ?ar the privateer, they hailed to Say they wir? luiericans. and desired the Kngiish boat to keep olf, >r tbey would Are into ber; upon which Mr. Kawsstt rdered bis men to back astern. and. with a boa* 100k. was in the act ol so lolijg. when ths Americans, n ths most wanton manner, flrsd iato said boat, kill? d two men and wounding seven, sons of thsm mor "..J, ouva turn, uulwiiunlBUUlUK "Kl'l rHWHKll rr?ui utly called out uot to tnurd-r thmn ; that tbay truck aod called lor quarter; that no rualatano* of ay kind wan made, nor could they do it, not having nj arm*, nor of ooura? aent t<? nttaok aaid Teasel; lro, ?e veral I'vrtuKuese boata, at the time of said an recedented attack.were gotni( ash >r*,wliiob, It Hfl, 'ere aald to l>e armed boata ' We also find that, before commencing the stick, Captain Lloyd, the officer in (-iminind, gave >rmul notice to the Cover a or of I'ayai, in tbeae rni?:? " i'ermit ma to inform 70a that on* of the boat* of In liritannic Majenty's under my command waa, itbout the i>ll|tbtett provocation. flred on by the iu erica o tchooner Uouxrai Armstrong, in eonaenence of which two men were killed and seve? oundcd and the neutrality of the port, which I ' "I ett-rmiuvd to reopvct. bat burn thereby violated In intequt-uct- of thin outrage I am determined to taka >M?aalon of that v?s<el. and hop* that you will order i>ur fortd to protect the force employed for that purine." Now the de|>ogition on oath of Lieutenant Fair tt, of H. M. 8. PlautHgrnet, is hh good, we aupmc, an th?' unmp|M?rted asseveration of the iniuRi middy of H. M 8. Fantome ; and the accoat T the aliair jiiven hy the Commodore of the British juadron will probably be held, at least in tbi? i?uutry, entitled to an much credit as the atory of i?>ki|>per of a New York privateer. i^i much for Mr. Roebuck's |>arallel Thi? im n- claim which, after having been allowed to umber until the witnesses were probibly dead, id until the in ventilation of ihe facta had becoma ipoHMble, was, for the first time, brought b- for* e Portuguese (?ov?*rnmpiit io (he year 1?CJ7, nod now l>eing enforced?a pro|M>#al of arbitratioa iving been peremptorily rejected?by the coerva measures for which Sir W. Parker hm just rnisMd a convenient precedent. We shall b? nous to wr what reply the demand for lnd*mly, which Portugal will of course preaent to tb? al wrong-doer, will receive IU L)owmng-alre?t. there i? any power which, by ita maritime prsninence, ita relations with Portugal, and ita inter t in the subject-matter in dinpute, ia peeulurly it it led to remonstrate, on the preaent occasion, ith the cabinet of Washington, tint power is real Britain. Unfortunately, it haa recently beea le ainhitiou of the British government, not to Mi d example to the world of a digudie1 and aorupuiuh reaia-ct for the dictatea of juaiice anl lor (ba laxuna of putilic law, but to emulate and outdo ther nation* in transgreaauitf u<l deapiaiug th*i?. ,nd the very precedents which may be quoted by tie Americana now, or by anv other power herofter, in excuse for any irrrgular act of violence la rhirh they may think proper to indulge, are tho?a fliich have juat !>een cited in self-justification by lie ministers of the British crown, amidst lit* lioughlleas applautM of (he British Parliament. (Prom tha Looilon Tioi?? July 6 ] Tt ia a natural, though an in lireet, cosse^uenca f the mode of proceeding recently employed by .old Palrneraton to enforce cert-tin claim* a? fait tie Greek government, that innumerable other laim?, not more doubtful in priuciale or ex lgge?>' d in amount than ihoae of Don l'acilico, h iva Urted into life, an I that other states hive heen ncouraced to report to proceeding* which (h? lato xamplc of l-.nsrland forblda the Hrm?h goveraient to condemn. The case ef the Atn-ricaa laima on Portugal, which haa already been m id* ie subject of a peremptory ultimatum, btcked by ie pnfence of a naval squadron, i* a aurlling ina nee of the facility with which such precej-ni* e followed ; for not many year* ago, ? lata mencan Secretary of State hid hun?elf declared the claimant*, that "argument and import unity uvuig been exhausted, the American government >uld see nothing in the circumstances to j unify r warrant it in Imviniz recount to any othar weapon*." Subsequently to tha intelligence of Ir Wyse's demands on the (/reek government avuig reached Washington, it would seem that leneral Taylor and hU cabinet have renounced iia forbearance, and Lisbon ia accordingly icnaced after th? example of the Piru'ua. It ia a curious coincidence th it the Portuguena nvernment ahould have played an indirect part ia ie principal question at Athena, aa the original rbtor of I*arifico, and that it ahould now be held able to ihe American government for daioagaa [ cantoned by the forcea of ano(her power, ovev Inch it had do control. But the latter eaa? ia, if *esib|e, more monatroua and extravagant than int with which we hive recently had ocattioa ta ral. On the 2tiih of September. 1*1 t, during tha i*t war with < ire?t Britain and the United St tiaa. a American aimed pnv?t?er, the " General Arm run*, \^apiain nein commanding, en'ere<l ihn ' ui/al Portuguese harhor of Fayal, to wttar. he was followed, though not actually ch i*r<l, by ie Hrtimh In of war Plantagenet, 71, K.ou, I, and the Carnation brig, ami C.i(>- nn H id orated bis veasel to he warped in shore under th? ina of the castle for s tfety. In the course of ths rening a violation ol the neutrality of the part of ?>sl undoubtedly occurred. The A n*noan iptain swore that four arm?d boats from th? ritlah veastla were approaching hi# ahip, arid a?tils that he suspecting their mtentioaa, warned iem ofl ami then fired ii|>oa th>- n, killing and ounriing tome of their inm. The be<t? wrrs lid to have returned the fire with Hiect (though at assertion ?a< contradicted, u in fact tiiff ?fe not armed at all), but subwv'^itlT wore oU the ahipa, whence th??y returned at midnight ith a powerful reinforcement, and a severe action i*u**d, in which th>- " Usneral Arm?tronj" wan length captured and destroyed hy the tlriti?lfc. 9 that even by thia American ver??wi of ;he story, was Capt. Keid who lirst violated the neutrtliif the sort The sllidavit of th<* Hrinsh officnr lowa, however, that the boat fire I upon by the men<*ans waa unarmed, and wis ?eat in merely i make inquiries, in spite of which it ?u hri?lly attacked hy Captain IJ*id'? ord^r*. ll ow-iv-r tin may be, like many similar occurrence* in the eat and chances of war. th" ensuing treaty of r*i e put an end to all diacnssion aa between th?* elligcrentpowersr but it l< not a little usjust that kir y-sil )s sftetward* such a Case aa this honld lie made a greund of comoUint mid hostity against the neutral. The Americans allegn. !iat the Port iguese Governor ought to h?vs anrr'ed and enforced the neutrality of th> htrbor f Fay a I, although he had put one hundred infanly and eight artillery-men in a castle with r-??n?-rl lefences; and ihat aa the Governor of Fayal ailed to give to the American privatesr the |?rorction of s ne<itrnl h?rbor, Portugal mu?t pay ft?r he destruction of that vessel a sum which, avoiding to the Parihco seal* of calculation, un nodeatly laid at 2TW),H00 dollara. There undoubtedly was in this case a violation >( neutrality, though it i* disputed whether that notation w?a hrat committed by the Hriti?h f<oa?a inder Lieutenant Fawsett, or bjr ths Amnrieaa irivateer in the harbor. But it is apriiviote w he law nf nations, ss laid down by Sir Willitia Voti (the Llixa Ann, 1 IH>d?on, 211) thdt ? wharn i violation of neutral tcrritorv jabea^ i??ace, that fiintry iin.r, wm.w u. ?? ??iw,?rb? H, the ri?ht <>l <l*iu An.liug r?paraimt for thr imury ?hi?h the baa ?i?Uio*.l. %n<i he rurinf wh???* i>r*>r r,y ?** b* *n Mpt?r? l cai?wl l?uu?> If Ifive the claim, but on tat r???ori to the lentrxl ?<>r hi? remedy." But if an tll*{il rt)??rr or attach fca? b?-*n in ic-ural W4t?r?f. |i?mp ?rar?f*r?l ptirty tlii? U?i of reBfdf KK?H?at th* amtral, it fr>l? 0*1 that the neutral fc??, * fortiori. ?U<Ni |hr f|Miraiion again*! the Stat* wWb h?? ibu*d it? j?T?t?ctioa 9t vjoHttrd iu riffcu. V % *

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