Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 27, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 27, 1850 Page 2
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Oar H?rrl?bnr? Oarrti|wndtnN. Harkimbitro, August 20, W50. The Cute of Jl/'Ki If*. Bmrh? JVrir Cotton A/iU? The German Vote?A New Pi/luteal Scheme, The recent application to the Executive of thin State, by one of Moaes Y. Beach's sons and his attendant counsel, does not appear to meet with any favor. 1 learn from high authority that the affidavits statujg the indictment, as found by the r??"J 1 AAimitf h.i.l h^?>n nht^infil by Wall street spectator* wuh a view of extorting money from Momjs Y Beach, has been fully investigated. Th? result, so for from having the lightest foundation, stamps the whole proceedings a? a base attempt to throw odium on a resiionsible and high-umded public officer, in order to quash the criminal proceedings pending against Mr. Beach. Admitting the Lehigh County Bank money now woitliletc, should be redeemed by any arrangement oil tlie part ot those interested in its fraudulent issue, such a course does not destroy tlie 'fitent of the parties to defraud the public, as no ioubt ex ?'s that the institution was merely a leader to the financial schemes of the former pub1* her of the New York .S'un, and that ino?t of its issues were confined to ibe snaving shop adjoining that publication office, and loiued to ne-dy inech.inics to |'H> i>ff their wnikmen. Tlie Hiuchinery of our new cotton factory is heipg erisi ged under the superintendence of Mr. biineon Briggs, ot Salem, Massachusetts, a gentleman ev? ry way quHlitied by extensive observation unci ex[<enenee. Thii new element of industry will give en ployment to two hundred and seventyfive lioiid", two hundred of whom will be females. 1 be factory i.* one of the lirst class, and will have eight thousand one hundred and ninety.two ring spuxtUs, ami three hundred looms, driven by u biph pressure vertical i? am enuine, of one hundi'd and sixty horse power. The whole, when finished, will letieet great credit on the perseVeranee of a few genll? men w ho induced its erection, and on the builders, Messrs. dolman and Sin ons, ae well as on the masons, Messrs McCaliu alio Hell, whuse woik on tins building will ct tnpare favorably with any in the country. Tliewurkoa Hie ?as works, which had been suspend*d, h.is been resumed. The contractors D?'W I'Icimm- us Hi*- inuili !" fired H^lit ill sixty days 'I Ihp will he it vituald" auxiliary to uive life hin! huni'88 ilurinir the aeseion of the Legislature, piovidt d til* li'tvu Council will ojwu their ht uit.-, i.ihI light i.j) tli*- main streets anil thoroughfates, which is suggested with nil due deference to th?' wi-di in alio iut? lInx**uct- hi that digmlied body. A intiNt inri.i is iu t-iii'irvo, with extensive ramifications ani<?g our adopted ctiiictia of German txiuciinn, the fount* io-head liriuif in your city, lor the org. iii/iilion of u <ii?iin?-i political eleui-u', at ihe n? xt Presidential *-1* etion. One of th* leaders in tfio dfrign. declare 11 tin* intention of tins body to he no) lung less than u r< presentation in the Stiiale ol I lie I liltnl Stales of one-lliird, or, as ne remark id, of twiuty-iwo members, with their balance vule to lie thrown into I he scale in Congressioiinl district!), wh< rever either (iarty woull nominate a candidate for the * Faderlaud." This scheme is not nn idle on*-, nor in it in the hand;* of m?n destitute of ability?on the contrary, it has niuii> Miij'i rnr.H whose talents and political 8 igaci!> are look* d uj> to an a guide hy their countryri'tn. The intrigue for this vote, l>y some of the cliques at Washington, will scon l>e km wn, aud will have a tendency to revive ihe Native American oiyuMZHtion with ten-fold torce. It is to he h< ped that the good s? nse of the majority of our adopied ci i>.t UK will keep th'-ni aloof from any l?)l|i'cal oifiir:iziitiot), which would weaken their fc-w11> to tht constitution and Uwc they have sworn ! to tl? IVml, Hi.d w inch gii irarite#n and confers on all tl.ittt> of our citiz.-ns, both native and adopted, tiif sell i e rights and privileges, and rtco^iuri no itch distinction be this movtinent would inevitably prodac* The prospect* of the whig* in the next campaign ! appears to he slight. They have lost the pr-stije of the iir-tne ol (leneral Ta> lor, around which a ni.rtl "-1 t f indrpei d'tit democrats rallied iu sufliCit tit fo i ? t<> c.irrv ihe .State on the indep -ndent ticket. Suit e the i'fe?idenlial campaign, the whigs ha*? Ullenlmtk on their old party organization, called I he ii convention as whig*, in Philadelphia, and in inmated a full State ticket, kickine out. without any compunction* of conscience, thi iiide|fpdet t leaders who could n >t cinMftenilv tiike (Mitt in their convention. The remit, by tins suicidal mitiingt nr nt, will he dis11 >ed in an overwhelming defeat on the Stite ticket, ai.d a large democratic majority in ho:li i>iutich< of the Legislature. SrsyrtilAMMA. The I.ai* Sinvt Riot at HarrlslMivg? Arrest of ?lt? Nsttru and hUvtt-Ucii?r?l Eltilt ui<nt til Hie City. Haruhmro Pa., An?. 21,1S50. A party of ten or twelve men from Clarke county. Virginia, arrived here aotne Jays ago, in pursuit o linte fug rive alavec, who, thfy alleged, were alto fugitive* from justice, hiving stolen three horse* to aid in tic ir racape. They found and arreat'-d tl?f< e color? d per?oui in liarrirburg, whom they rUimrd a* property, and aifocharged before Justice B? nder, wuh having Molen three horaea in Yuginia. Ti Ju?iire committed them, without any hearing, to the l'avphui county prison, and their maa- , tera hi-rd carriage* for the purpose of canveymg them a*..V, thiuking that they could withdraw the , charge of larceny, prove their property, and take it 1 nwxy But when they went to the Jnatice for thia |<uri*>ae, he told theni it could not be done. Thia < <yidurt ?>n their purl, induced *orne |ier*nn* to j tlnnU that tin- charge of larceny had been made fur tl.r pupoM 'i 1 nwea?ion of the all- I slave*. that it una ail a in? rc pretext, without imv louadntion. With tin* vi?w of tlie aubject, the pri*on*ra were I'tough' tiefore the Court of Quarter Setsioim. I Judge* IYar*<>n, C*wd?n, and liriater, on a writ ?l ho Itai cvrjmt, and afiTa full examination, were f< nmiKird to prison, to await the decision of the court. I hi* mornirg. me court i.iuu^o i ? lraou; g.?ve anotner opinion, . n<t ordrrrd the priaoBCra to ti? diM hnr(i< <<, ?>n tttv ground that no larceny hid hern |tov< d to have hern committed. hut indicated th it ihr pei>on? claimirg them a* property, could take th< hi *ftriwarri?, in ca*r it was done without any breach of the , eace, and carry them uway, but th it ucha comae would constitute kidnapping if they werrnotrlave* M'her? upon thepri*oaerawereej*ct? ed ficm ih> pnron, and iiimirdiately taken into c-uatotfy by their claimant*, in the vratibule of the prieon, whr;e and when an affray took place beiwrea the nil* fed slaves an j th-ir ninnter or mi?Ur?, and two of the three were beaten in rarh im nr.tr with club* Hint they could offer no farther rraiataaee, the third out in tLe in/let having *uo- ] ceed? d in i ikii'u lit* < m ap*. Their head* were i Ifirri ly cut, anit their houir* brutally hruiaed, th? hUx.il flowing irrely. They were then nundcuti>-d ? <?? ih? r. two jutt *? trii y Were about to be taken away, in order of court n'rived, and th* alavea and 1h? ir ma?trrt were c< trimitted to Jail together, to awat it a > i ?mir>ation lor a breich of the oe*cf. 1 h< whtte?were ??her<}tieiilly brought out OB nahfill errj-m*, and after a lull in >1. hound over to aa;?ear at lhe rieit term of (Quarter Se**iona in Dolphin county, to an*wer on h chirge of riot, in th- ?um ofhvehundnd dollar* each, with c?i?e sufficient wiry in Pennsylvania, to the *ame amount Th-y gave the required bail, and were di*< h ity-d. The al?w* bar! th< ir wouudn dre**ed, and are now ly. ia< on tb? ir bark* on the tloor of a cell where Ik' > will probably W?y till next court Th* d?n. pun* ('I the court appear to bate given great *tti?- ' faction to our cittiee* *eneralh i and even mni' of tk" i *i tur.nn f*tty Bdnat the correct*-** and fair- > Be vol the whole procer ling, *o far a* the c>ttri an I lhe Uw ia eonr- rned. The Judge remarked, <m r?'iutritg bail to an?wer for an offence under be law* of lVtiu*yl\unit, that the ala^eholder or owner ronld be |*rriiitted to u?e a* mii< li fou r and violence * Wi* nrc ?ary to take ai d carry aw*y the *|*ve wUch he owned, bnt 1 thei he OmM not l>e allowed t* go any further, and vest out veneeance vpoa him hare, though It might I* *llowt d bvjthe law* of Virginia, when they got there. A large crowd of colored people Sad gathered a fx ut the iail at the time the *lnve? Were let ont; nil after the beating of the lave*hadc*mm*nced, aotne noixr and violence, with throwing if rone*, fer.. took platand aeverslof the most acuv* one* have been held to bail lor their appearaact at the eat Qrarter ?>e**k?na. The followmp in Judge F.-araon'a opinion ? Pl?< lint nt ?'f IHK Liimr.- ( ommnnwrtlth r* t^amnel Wilroa (>to. I!r.?< k?, and Hilln.?Tbfif threa defendant*, i^fro'f, <mpfit liitrinii the month of Jaly irorn Ihnr mifirn, in Clarh# rowaty. Va., ?f?r llauletown. or Ferry ville, and on the Mm- nieh' th?% w?n of the nefroe* miaar d aiao three honw. tddl't and Kiitiea. Wm Taylor, the ownerof iwo of the ?li?w, and O II. Kieler, re?id?at of lWrry?ille, arneed here voire daye and made information t etere Henry Header. Em , rharpat the abote aimed defradanta with larceny, and aa heiaf fugiftvea I from juel re F|?#a lb*. a warrant <*aa w?wed, and the men were arre?ted aad lodged in jail. < >n Frday, defeMaat* were KfatyM intnfVmrt. defi nded by M? rne Jiawn and Jim ae McKuilff TM oafm. Wm Taylor, aad tea || Rh>ltr. iwi-i w? at a l<>af eiamin dlM, and it w*a "on^lit?lv*ly f-mven. f*? 'he Co?r awllllfed) lh\% tl eae ten wire *?? ? fr?iin ihe f* a?e of Yrfitia, <ad the hor?ea einien w?re. no ili nht. u?"d N the par(e?e of (heir earajw from h?Mlj|r. The whole i f Friday *a? crit|iied hy thia e*. awiiaatH-n, ai d the arcument by rtmaei o? ?v?th Trunk el, Lomherton, and ('arson. On Saturday 1 moininp, his Honor, Judge IVuraon, delivered the follow icg opinion:? tl Thete cut' b were before the Court on writs of U bahut torpvt, the defeuduntH having l>een coin- I mined on w urranto itwued hy a Justice of the IVhC'-. Ii Mtmi that oalhs were made charging them fi with having stolen certain pro|>erty On ouths warrants were issued, the atfendants arrested, brought before the magistrate, and, without a healing, committed to prison. It mitfht he implied, and is admitted, that the offence, it'any, wan committed in the Ssi*te of Virginia. Srvt ral objections havs been raised to the regularity of the warrants of commitment! 1 Thut it is not stated where the offence was eon mint d. 2. That the ownership of the property stolen is not sulliciently averred. The defendant* have alio given evidence tsshnw the irrt gulaiitv of the proceeding*, and on whit I circumstances ihe charge was founded. The oatti whs made, ami a note of the facts stated on the | docket of the justice, hut not signed L>y the depo| jient. We ore ?.f opinion that the whale proceeding is very loose ar<d megulur. The warrant of commitment should Mate whose property was stolen, and where the otl? nee was committed Hid that , proceeding been regular, we should not hive looked beyond it, except when called on to fix the I amount ol buil, and possibly to see w hether any 1 gross mistake had been committed by the lmtgistruie. The defendants have called the party making th'. charge, and also :he man whose proj>erty was alleged to have been stolen, to show the circumstances under which it was stolen ; and from the evidence, it seems that time horses were taken in the blrfte of V'irginis, probably by the three prisoners w ho were proved to be ttb:condini! slavestwo of them belonging to Mr. Taylor. They, it is stated, took with them two of their master's horses, with saddles and bridles, rode them about thirty miles, and tutu'd them loose. 1 he slaves were pursued, and the horses found where tliey had probably been abandoned, in ill(a?e ot William, called John Strange, there is no evidence lh.it tin* hoi e was stolen, although it was nlhged that William *xle oll'a horse belonging to Mr Littlejohn We have no proof of Mr. Littlejohn's hoise having been stolen at all. From unuht that there appeals, lie might have l?een leHt. w?mud ther? hue di.-ini s William, without further inv? stigaiion, us there ih no ground whatever for committing linn. Several questions have bteii raised by the defendant's counsel. First: That the proceeding couM only be sustained under ihe met of Congress?therefore, the i wt,rraut was illegally issued on an oath in ide in IVniis) Ivania. We have no doubt tint warraut was ininro|?erly issued, as the oath should have stated tnal the crime was committed in Virginia, and the defendants had fled from jut-tice But we do not agree to the position assumed, that the oath must be made under the act of Congress. When to made, and property certified, or when 'he indictment is found in snother State, and proiwily authenticated, we consider it conclusive, ana we have iiu right to inquire beyond it. But when fugitives are nursut d into Pennsylvania, we consider it strictly legal to make sn oath liefore an oHicar of the law here?have a warrant Usued?the party arrested hiid committed, in order to await a requisition of i the Governor of the Stat from which he il-d. It is not so much a matter of comity as a police ! regulation of our own, to get clear of dingerous deiu qiients. We do not sustain the proceedings for the I" iii fit of the'Slute whose laws are violated, nlone, but lor our own safety. We are well aware tliat the h gislation of Congress is exclusive in many casts: aiid it ilo- rights of Virginia alone were concerned, she could not urge us to do more th*n ? ferry into eliect the Congressional provision. B.it every State has a right to protect Us own citizens from the felons of other JStates; and if we choose to |>ermit our magistrates to exercL-e such jurisdic- t tion r n mi oath made under our own laws, the fugitive ihurgrd with felony cannot lawfully complain. The Supreme Court of Massichusetts, in 5? page ."iUi?decided that their act of Assembly, authorizing a similar proceeding, did not couthct with the federal constitution ; and the custom at c?>nnii n law of Pennsylvania, on the same subject, is equally valid ; deprived of such power, a large portion of the most dangerous criminals would "escape punishment The only question left open is as to the guilt or ilun cencc of Samuel Wilson and George Bp>oks. An ii|t? nint has been made to prove 'hat these men w < ir in this i ouuty at the time the alleged larceny ti w as commuted, for the put|<o?e of showing a gross 7 mistake in the charge, and raising doubts as to the ( identity. We hnve no doubt, whatever, thnt these men are slaves belonging lo Mr. Taylor, and fled at the time and in the rammer stated by him. We hnve, alto, no doubt that they took the hows, cad Ilex | and bridlts; tor, although there is no direct proo j of the fuel, yet the men and the prop-rty disapi peared fiom the same place at tlie same time, and the horses tire found in the direction the men would |um* to reach this place, where they were artisted; but the only |*>int of any doubt is n.t to the intention w ith which they were taken. *Vlen i ore man clandi stincly carries oil the property of another in the night time, the fair presumption is that he intruded to steal it; bat that presumption limy lie ripelled by circumstances. The puty charged mi.y show that he took the article fjr a ten | orary piir(>o?e?not with the intention to steal; but merely to use, intending to return it, or leave it v here the owner might get I: again. 'J he defence mainly de|>ent* on thrir being slaves endeavoring to esca^>e from their master*, and using their horses for that purpose, and not aamiw /urnwf/i. If there was any rea*onabl? doubt as to th? inti ntion, it would be our duty to s<-nd the case* to a jury of the State of Virginia ; but wa have none ; and if the men wer# on their trial in this coHrt, we should r obliged to instruct the jury to acquit them. The rule of law ia settled in n)im< rous cases, and nt va>ioua |>enods of our jn.lnl history, that, if proi ity is taUen,even ; clandestinely, yet not writh the intention to steal, but merely to use, it is not larceny. If probable en use to fx line these ni'-n guilty wis made out, as committing msfistntes we should retain them for ttial ; hjt we do not think that any crime ha* be< u proven against thei. . and that the taking was a mere tresoaaa No prool has been adduced as to whit laws exist in \ irL'inia on the subject of the abduction of propi tty by ?lar< ; but w ? tat - i' for granted that, in the absence of evidence, the* are governed by the rules of common law. lr the rule is more slut gent in this ?tale, it ah mid be shown by the *' n Anothe r point has lietn raised: Thai the Court t Will BOl ft I mm to t?* arrested, ns they |( have been fraudulently seiiecl. imprisoned, anil v t rougM into Court on criminal charge. for which |r thert wsi-no foundation whatever. Wf are by no means pre (tar d t.i say that this jj charge w as I randuleatl) preferr-d ; b it, on the contmry, tw< ol tlx defendanta. Wilson ami Brooks, ^ ran only escape a trial, ana probable conviction, t| frcm the fact that they were ilaves, endeavoring t< <f?ajh from thr custody ?f their master, and ? liter?!* ' "i the horses t* aul them in their otyect. f( We should rot permit Mr. Taylor, or asjr other n man, to seize his property in i pen court, which \ would he a contempt; but he has an undoubted J, right to take these men wherever lie can lay his ? hands on them, peaceably, and if violence or di*- ^ turhance ensue, those person* are criminilly re- J, sj orstMc who cause it. We have power to prevent the ahise of legal C( . but we have do legal authority to preri nt ^ the rei apture of then* inrn, or any other slaves, h? ^ the owner, w han or wheresoever he miy thin* M proper to e**rcioe hi* ri?ht, eacept in the face of ^ inr COSH . . <? {>11 i*, thrrrfi.rr, ordrrsd that thr Mid Satnurl tf wii?i>n tirorgr Itrooka, and William (alias John) j, Miangr, br discharged from confinement. H ?????? o kuttwvt Favwt pv T,*ir> Sr?rfi.<roni ? a n m<?at f *rrn?itr ayatrm of fraud, by crrtMin S(<rcu- If litr'i in public lands, in Nauvoo, ert'rctrd through pi agrnt* in Philadelphia and N'w York, ha* just rt Kfnmtdi I rown t? th?* authoritira of this city. n !t spprsrs thnt certain rratdents of Nanvno, who 1. are t? iter known at home than abroad, an I who tl rould not drcclvs any body in th?ir own wicioitjr. I put htar land* to that aecti?n of country, and |>m n a f-ilsr value upon th?-m The mannrr in which n th? y tmeed in acc <n>pliahir?g ikh. i? a* follow* IIf thr owner of thr land Ik unwilling to aigtt a rr- tl iript for many thonaanda, wh*n only hundreds r ha\e-l>een paid, thr p"ti h*ae i? fiwt made by on? o ?>f tli* apt culatrra, and 'hen rraold and redrrdrd to < one of ihr other* A plan of thr ground is ihrn tl trade r-t, with street* mnmn( through it, to give ti 1 it ihr n |ir*rancr of brin^ in a aettM part of thr ft country In thia w y. tt?r groaaeat franda h?*? n brrn practiced tipf'n our mercantile community, li anil our mrch^nii a It ia aa d th?t aomr of thr * public in*n of Nautoo are cnncerced in ihia wholr- n mW ajvem af wrong, and that one of thr specula- r tors, who ip known to be bankrupt, and who has \ no# n dcllsr's wor'h of property that c.tn he touched, is certified by a magistrate to hr worth many thou- n wild* of dollars Thr land, tor thr moat pirt, sold 1 by thrar mrn.ls worthl?*?, or thr nrit thu*^ to it, ? hut the ,urr h:-er ia nore thr wiaer until h? mat h er-lion i f roimtr* wht rr fedr 'S? is Out of thr nun. ? ten 1 h* ojw.il ? < t 'h? ? min *r? i*pr? ? ( In hare Tefy ?tct?n?f?l of l?t*. Oooda or h mon'f la th'-m ttt rtrhaaf fur I <iH , I't il ilryhn ar>H S>* > r'li, Ikr tM thttr<?in n lucb ibrj prih rni th>* of dw*i<'i?n an.I g tr*u<f, ttr <-?Hr<l Ihrir " hiinlin* gtont.d*," an.I p ?l?cn nit) of the ?{*r'.i1i*ton> lak^ th*ir I'ara of Nlttm, th- t hi lh?? ara g'ing to th' hunting tl BP i ' S it<' rf ?N? |.nhlio nwn in Wa*hiiigtmt, n Ire m that aertion of the r? untrj, *1* (hart 4 with ii bring r?Mrn?il for ?r ?nli th.-aa aperulalora, arvi it is rrir Fr.n th<- f?irt?-noa in th# a handa of cnain of o< r autn<niri*a, it ia ckar thai v I rrat tr ?rhtri haa i>rra tUrtdy done - F>oU44- a hmmbhbhmhbmmnmmmhmmm lie CitrntlOR of lb* HMgnrlin Generals. The tallowing painful scene of the execution of tie Hungarian t'ienerals, after t)ie treason of Georey, wdiawn by M. Schlesuiger, iu his War in itmgaiy :? On thr G'h of October, 1849, thirteen generals md fetbii oHicers were executed. Four of these ?eioic men met their end at day-break, the coiunuutiou of their sentence to powder und lead ex'iii|>ting ib<.m from the anguish of witnessing the ieath of iheir companions in arms. Amongst the 'est was Linctl Kisa. His brother had become in-?.ne aftei Georgey'e treachery; bis cousin lud fallfii, a second Leomdas. iu the defence of the Koibeiithurm |?ass ; he, himself, the richest landed tiii'l>lieu>r in the Ranst, whose hospitable castle was all the j eA round filled with Austrian cavalitTx.inil nflirers. whs. on the 6th of October, sen tenced to death by the Austrian court-martial, on w Inch but many of the former partakers of hid hospitality. His friends at Vienna had interceded to ;?ive hiM lite, hut in vuin. lie died apnii.ful death; ihe Austrian soldiers who were ordered to carry ihe sentence into eflect, and who for ft whole year iiud face d the lire of the Hungarian artillery, trembled before their defenceless victim ; three separate volleys were fired before Kiss fell?his death ttrusgUs lasttdfull ten minutes. The rejiort ol he tiring watt heaid in the castle, where those oficers sentenced to be huiig were preparing for ie-th. I'oltenbeig h*d been in a profound sleep, irid startled, as he told the Anstnan otficerj by the iist volley, he had jumped out of bed. The unmppy man had bten dreaming that he was in face it Hie enemy, a?d heard the firing ol alarm signals it his out|Mists?it ???th<- summons from the grave. \t U o'cleck in the morning trie condemned oilier* w< re led to the place ol execution. Old Anu h died first : he was most ad\aiic> d in years,and he court martial seemed thus to resect the naural privilege of age. Distinguished by his zed ind < lioru in the cause of his country, more than y the success which attended them, Aulicli was nferior to many of his comrades in |>oiul of talent; >ut in uprightness and strength of character none lurpassed him. Couuilxriniogenwasthe third in suc:eCrio/i,and the youngest. An opportunity had been dlered him late on the preceding evening,escaping >/ flight; but he would not separate his fate from hat id' ins brother-in-law, who was a prisoner in lie fortress, llis youth, perhaps, inspired him *ith a de.-ire of giving to In* elder companions iu orrow around him an example of heroic stoicism it d> (ilia uiul, on reaching the place of execution, ie exclaimed, wiih melancholy iiumor, "Tuey mght at Watt to have treated us to a breukfast! ' >ue of the guard of soldit r? compassionately hand'd bun Ins wine tins-It. "Thank you, my itieud," aid the young general, "1 w nut no wine to give ne courage? hi um nie a glass of water." lie then vrote on his kl.ee, with a pencil, the following brew ell word* to Ins brother-in-law:?"Tue hots w hich this morning laid my i?x>r comrade.* uw, Mill rebound in toy ears, and before me hangs he ncdy of Aulieh on the gallows. In this solemn noDient, when 1 mutt prepare to appear before my reatttr, 1 oiice more protest against the charges t cruelty at the taking of Bu.la which an infdtnous lumleier has raided against me. On the contrary, have on ull occasions protected the Austrian pnoners. 1 commend to j ou my poor Liska and my wo children. 1 die for a cause which always apeured to miaat ud koljf. If is happier days my luiids ever desire to avenge my death, let them tlect, that humanity is the beat political wisdom. Ufor * * Here ih' li.iu.:'iinii interrupted him: i was time to die. Torok, Lahner, Poltenberg, ?Vgy iNiudor, Kuf/ich, died one after the other, 'eti-ey was the last; pethape they wuhed, b7 this line-fold aggravation of his torment*, to make him iilii r for the destruction caused by his cannon at [Vti>esv?r. lMmiauich preceded him. The usual rtik color of his large features was heightened by uge and unpatienct His view h id never exten -d further than the 'littering point of his heavy abre; this was the star winch he had followed tiroughout lile; but now he saw whither it had onducted him, un l impatiently he exclaimed, ?hen limping up to the gullows, "'Why is it that I, ho have alwa>s Iv eu foremost to face the enemy's re, must heri tie the la->t?" The deliberate slov.*ets of the woik of butchery seemed to disconcert mi more than the approach of debth, which he ud defied in a hundred battles. This terrible .ene lasted from mx until nine o'clock. (Otck Vt?w? ( Pi enldr nt Fillmore and the lt?l>?bllcaiil?m of America. [fcioiu lh? UU-kuw Kail. Au< 7 1 Tt... nt-u Pr?i,l.n ..I ,1... I n.f.-.i Sl.t-a inal?n,l f tiring a young Uwyer, a* we Wfre lirst told, urns out to l>v a person fifty years of age on tt? ih of 1h*1 .lanuury, who has l>een a member ol he Lrgi?lbture, Ma*l of the State of New York, r (I Ha fin i ^ 1 i num. wi'h t hone occasion* xreptions in which political men ate liable, t>inc? Mr. Millard V illmore is a tanner's son, u he Mate of New York. The rider Fillmore, m >resent, cultivates his own farm, and it is a smul me, in brie county, lie i? now in his eightieth ear, Hnd, us an incidental circurnstunce, his ag? rri'lies the general salubrity of farming in New ork Mate. Even in this old country, few farmert ultimate wuh " their own bands" Ihtir possessions t tKat *ge. Agriculture has done little for Na tarnel Fillmore in -New York State; for during is fourscore years' experience, he never w?? ven moderately rich. As the science is proseuted in the l ulled States, we doubt if it ever enchts its followers. Twelve to twenty bushels of heat by the arre are deemed a fair return, and ne not calculated to " over scorch" the Lnd, lute it certainly will not enrich the land's owLer. Iillard Fillmore has done better in his varied walk fimi Nathaniel Fillmore, although the latter aderrd literally to the good old American decUitiot? 'He thnt hf the plough would thrive.J liistMir niui^t * it tier hold or drlvs." :cienee has slept before pioverhial philosophy, and ltimalrd lo those w ho Want to thrive by the plough lie ?u|>ererogaiory character of the ni.tn employed i drive. The American pa|>ers say significantly !<nt Ht fifteen MilUrd Fillmore knew little of book*, it that pgr he w.is moved farther back in the counry, and ? ngaged to leurn the trade of a clothier, our years followed> in which, according to the listing biogrsptnes, he did not improve his know-dge of tKMik". He was then nineteen, when he rtutned to hi- native village, and on the shelves u! recently estatilii>hrd vil.age library, lo civilization, 'nllectu ns of hook* in village libraries, in this ouniry, at that prnod, are described by those who 'mi inlier thrm, as not remarkably srlect. Mrs. ladrliflsdark tales of creeping terrors, ami th* ihi.ilarH < IH nmcU.Mliirh urn* *?*rv roari*#*. form d iho lif ht retdmir. Gmfrilir, a art of the old (i?u r n4mm ih>' library lira n MM ?ttf on, and lb*- namr from the carping, misanthropic haractcr * Inch ii h*?att?inel id |?h<t times. Ilmny dt noru had M'<i'i?en's n?Mtive, and An?<n'i o) *pea or Bruce's travels furnt?hed good reeding i their class The villi re libraries w?-re Dot illsii,*lied because the world wanted p??nd l>ook<, for ieT wrre p'pn'ifiil, but from the ar! of making up il>lic libraries not being g"n>.ally wacticedIillnrd Fillmore rend hard, and he began to atact the nonce of Judge Wi?*l, a lawyer of conderalde practice, and a m >n of talent and wealth, ho advised the future President to abuidon the uunter for the bur, and furti<htd t.im with the iesn* of prosecuting I* gal studies in hi* own aflice. lr. Fillmore'a early exprrience had not been so tuch nt the counter as ai the vat and the loom lie an rather a cloth worker than a clothier. He had ractised that art like a I^ondon apprentice in olden mes. lie waa engaged in dying and weaving! nd the breadih of In* mechanical practice, so inossistrnt with our idea* of tha division of labor, elped to whet a natural deaire tor book* and nowleHge. The secrtt of his success at the bar nd la the office?for,the legal profession admits, wc rlirve, in the United ."State* a junction of both derpartmenls?wan indomiiable iiidti-iry more i?n brilliant taUnts. He worked hard, made mieelf thoroughly conversant wnh hi* cases, a remarkably punctual, and had the art of f?er aa>iHK M iimhIi, bat he iMri i? li ive h \.l Mtl para lively little mflienrr. and srliled in ButU\ then a new town, where leialservicea, like other rotational enfttgrments, were probably not highly i.J. .. .1.^. Ik.l vi r lmi. nillllf IBini, mm i ?i?t pu<h np, ?i mai r iore everwa* enticli< d hy the product* of hi* office, .ejjul avoemtion* do not prefect I*r|re income* in nr J United i>t?lc*, nnd ? he entr-red the State .egiMatute in e?il) life, *cce|>tin* the limited p?yi? nt given to mrmlirr*, hi* i>n>f<-**ional dutie* h id 1.1 been productive, although he wa* the l< ading ivr)er of Buffalo. Hi* election a* a member of ke Mute Legialntnre may have in<luced hitn to lange Iii* *c> tie of action to Albany, the rapUl I Ntw York State. A' a rtihaequrn' date he w? to represent the .Htate in Congrea*; hut Mae political honor* were not nroducuve of forni.e Hie father *nll plough* d aiid reaped hi* eld* in the country; and the Anient hii paper* ay that 1'rewdent Fillmore ha* an "inrere*nng inn y." Ilia fin follow* hi* fither'* profraaion. e twlieve, and hie datiehtrr w*a called from her i hool at Hullalo, where ahe had been mot* ??-di'*bly ?mploved teaching the young, to the \ htte Hovae at Washington Thi* incident illustrate*. aay the American jouraliata, tke simplicity of our republican nunnera lieM?-erneni i* line, hiit the j.ninety of " thin unplieity" it doubtfai Mia* Fillmore could not ave turn heiier occupied than in teaching the i tirg people cf liuflalo No oilier avooation rhatever i* more honorable thin ih.it of teacher; tit if her father** talenta qualified him for the pr??i?<ential office?the chief Riagi*tr?ey over iw nty i.illiona of people, hie po?itioo in lif?- vhould h??# iven i>ilier dutie* than thrwe of teaching, I ri f?**inn, to hi* ouly daughter. Mr. Fillmore' hi?tory iHuatrate* the garial po*i io? of name* in the I mied 8mte* rrof-**i<>u tl fien, of even con?ider?M? celebrity, have *m?ll icrme*, nnle** ihey trade in politic* M?rrh?nt* rd manufacturer* very rarely interfere in political flair*, becana* politic* and lefuhtM f.<r n pan* I a >ep?i*t? bu?r>OM, not *uffi 'tently urodiictire to Uur* them, ? I not conferring a high aocial po*i I (election of Presidents from the South, where the I planters maintain a social aristocracy, although numbers o| the republic. Mr. Fillmore's Insfory

! shows that & ji-rsevering man may attain the highI est position in the Slates, as a similar man might I | attain a high iKwition here ; but otherwise it indi, rates an unsafe state of society. A barrister in ' | London might get into Parliament by family inlluI eoce, but he iciild not rise to u high ottice in the nat<- unless his professional talents were sufficient to secure for him a comment income. Mr. Filltncrtt vufmtly ;>o$utfci the rr/uinte talenti, but t)uy art net exchangeable fur a high remuneration in tht ordinary huniuMt of hit own country ; or hit 1 duuf.httr icoulfi not It yroftuionuHy engaged in i teaching, and lut fatiitr at entity years of age would nut it laboriously ociuj/ied in farming. An apparent defect exists somewhere in the Union, when this state of matters is produced. Men of wealth apparently do not take mittll IatTI* In pHtfl ai><l men of talent, even after they have acquired celebrity, do not become rich. The removal of all obstructions to progress, from the dyer's vat to the teats of the Legislature, or in a republic, as in this case, to the Presidential chair, is not objectionable ; but the want of steps upwards, bringing additional remuneration as thi y confer additional rank and responsibility, is calculated to produce personal jobbing by ofiicials, of which the United States have had recently some most deplorable instances, tnd from which they will never be entirely exempt, while clever and experienct d men, without any means of their own eurninp, or from any other source, are elevated to the highest places in the State, for a few years, with the certainty of reverting to obscurity, and, probably, to comparative |ienury, when their term of office has expired. The evil has produced fewer b .d consequences in the United States than it might have doue in any other country, and tiixe may correct it there ; for undoubtedly the Americans value intelligence highly sis any other people : only Mr. Millard Fillmoie lias been engaged in intellectual labor* Rmoiifit-t them for nearly thirty years?and we doubt if his earnings for any single year equalled the payment to a jrrima donna for one week at the Howery. or some ol the other New York theatres ; y et they deem him comj>etent for the; chief magistracy of the republic, and entrust him with the dmiiiibtration of more than one-third of their nited influence and power. Kngllth Pinptrliui In [From the Mnnrhegter Timet. Auguxt 7 ] The Second Annual Keport of the Poor-law Board, (tornierly the Poor-law Commission) although dated the Slt-t December, 1819, has not heen H.ore than a fortnight in prmt, and yet, so important is its subject matter, we feel as if we had already too long delayed to notice it. We do not now intend to nit ddle with any of the " vexed questions" which readily suggest themselves in connection with a document ot this kiud?ouch as the causes and cure of pauperism, and the best mode of managing or employing paupers. On the iiresent occasion, we shall limit ourselves to laving before our readers those facts and figures which must be the basis of &ll just speculation on such questions. limine the year ended Lady Dav. 1849. the sum actually exjiended for the relief of the poor in England and \t ales, was ?5,792,963 ; during the year ended Lady Day, 1848, the bum similarly applied was X(),180,7t<o, bhowing a <lecr<.*nt-e of expenditure in the more rec*nt year of X3b7,8U2, or jC<? >8. |>er cent. And if the increase of |*>pulation in the more recent year is duly taken into account, and the rate per head on the whole population of pauj>er expenditure is struck, it will be found that in 1848 tveiy man, woman, and child in England and Wales, p*id 7s. 14d. for the relief of the poor, while in IslM, he, she, and it, p.iid only each for that purpose, showing a d? crease of 7^d. |>er head. Or if, instead of locking at the MNMV tMmmML we look at the number of paujtrs relieved, we find still a decrease, lu ('(>2 unions, wi;h a population estimated to be near u|>on sixteen millions, on the 1st of January, 1 1M9, i<ersons were receiving relief, while in the same unions on the 1st of January, 1H30, the number relieved had decreased til,1124, a decrease which, taking into account the increase ot population, amounts to (> 4 per cent. And, finally, it m.iy be worth mentioning, that, as nearly us we can calculate, out of every seventeen persons in lingland and Wales on the 1st of January. iSoO, one was receiving ]tarockial relief, either in or out of the workhouse As compiled with the parochial year of 1*18, that ol 1815f shows u decrease of puu!>er?, and of money spent on them, which i?, so fur, satisfactory, llut our satisfaction is diminished when we remrmber thai tin- parochial year ol 1*4* is the worst we have had since the New Poor Ltw I Act came into oi>eration, in 1835. If we compare IK19. nut with IMS, hut MV Willi 1KC?, shall s^e i how little reason there is Tor sr lf-gratulatiou. 1K59. t was a year of preeminent distress, the average I i rice of wheat being higher than for any twelvei month since 1819, viz.<19-. 4d per quarier, and yet in li"S9 the rate per head of amount expended in relief to the |*>or on the ertimated population was i only 15s. Kjd. (an amount enhanced, nodouht, by i the high price of provisions), while in 1819, with wheat ruling so lo<v (comparatively) as -19s. Id., the rate per head was, as we have already stated, lis. t^d.; being an inrreas#, after ten years of the New Poor-law, of 9,j per head ! In 18J8, therefore, the di!<ease of paiijierium may l>e said to have ' reached its acme; in 1.M9, it begins to show symj*tomsof abatement, but the symptoms are, as yet, too tlight to found hopes of speedy recovery on. It may be interesting to know what proportions the very ing elements of tlnglish pauperism bear to each other, and the v/luable tables and statements in the pieseut report utford the means of B(>proximutily determining thent. We do not know what wsa the number of paupers or of each class of pauper* relieved on the 1st of January, IttSO, in all 1 the unions of Kngland and Wales j but we do | know these details for (<02 unions and single 1 parishes, with an estimated population of 15,9!<V l)< 0, a number so large as to uHord it most satisfactory index of the whole pniii>eri*m of the whole population. On the lit of January, K>0, there received relief in these 0)2 unions and parishes, 924,(>72 |erson*. From the tables before lis we are enabled thus to analyze, w ith something like accu. racy, this frightful masa ol destitution und wretchedi.ets Total number relieved in round number*, say. .024 V'u Insane. In round numbers. nbout 14 <XiO ^ sprints. In rsut.d numlwri about 4.000 Able-bodied adult* (male aud female), lu round numbers about 170 600 Mai* and Irmalu adalte <nn>?tly aged and laflim). In round numbers. about 368000 Children under 10, la round number*, about. . .3(M OH) Total KM *i0 la this statement (which pretends to nothing more than approximate accuracy), it will be observed that the ntimber of children undrr H?. and of aged lutira adulta are the same, aud that thene two classes constitute the grett bulk ol our pauperism. The number of able-bodied aa.ilta (which we have pin down at 170,6*10), is stated in the repi>ri to ! . i n.l ol these Uk same authority informs us no less than 5:1,151 are widows receiving out-door relief* And further, txkirg the total relieved as above. 1*21 8U0?we will not, calculating from the data in th" report, go far wrong, if we thus serrate them into the two great politico-economical divisions:? In door. Ill 1*M> Out door ?00 *10 Total The report lays some stress on the reduction in the number of vagrants relieved from 18,714 on the 1st ol July, IfM*. to ft.HMi on the 1st July, I*-1H, a decrease of 8,062, or flH-7 per cent; yel as the expense and amount of vagrancy bear a very small proportion indeed to the total expense and amount of |?uperisrn, there is not much to be said u|?ib that matter On this subject, however, it m?dr by Mr It H l-arnall, the inspector of a district which iacludea parta of the countiea of Dribjr, Liimln, Not'ingham, Stafford, Mil tli* wholf I art Hiding of Vnrkuhii* "The uMilinn," My* thia gentleman, "of hatha to thr vagrant warda, accompanied by itrict search of thr persona and clothe? of vagrants, provea to be aiiigularly ucc esafiil in checking mendicancy; for while under the direc tion of the medical officer, th* hath oresent a no annoyance, hut i? rather the reverse to the really deatitnte wayfar? r;' it i* deatructive of the moat dexterou* expedient* of thoae who are artificially made np for the profeaaion of beefing, and ia rxtremdy troublesome to thoae who carrv about them the meana of aupplying their own aecraattiea l.n.igratim and education are the other chief poin't on which the restart touches, and ita appendix detaila information. (>n the hi at of theae potntr. the report observe*?" While emigration to Canada haa greatly diminished during the year, that to the Australian colonic* and to the Cape of ( ood Ho|* ha* much increased The aid which the government aflorda to emigration to the latter colomea haa been the main cauae of thia incre.i*e, aa by Mich aid, the coat of the parishes or unions haa been brought below that of emigratioa. An 1 oih*r circumstance favorable to emigration to the (ape abd Australia ia, that it ia open diring the whole jfar, while that to the North American coloai* a i? limited to ?ome montha of the year only " 1 he total number of panper* who have emigrated at 1 he publM? expense during the year !*?, i* 1,4T7, at the total coat rf ?12,.WO Aa regarda education, the eflortaof the board to extend and form achool districts, and *?pply competent teacher* and uroper ??heol-hooh*, are, no doabt, praiseworthy; bat ao l< r>g aa the country la without a ayatem of national I eot ration, ?mh eftort* serve only to recall the melancholy dictum:?"The Englishman ha* tiro vnivetfitiea, the workhouse and the jail." We conclude with a liat of seven countiea which atat.d out in prominent n lief for the amount of their pauperism The money column repreaenta the hid expended ia th* relief of the |?tor during the I fanth^ai >?ar of l(H?, the column which preaedea ?IMM???????C3 it gives the population of the county according to c the censui of 1841:? li MtJdlewx 830.114 ?643744 " Lancathlr* 1.470.286 5016 > > il West Killing of Yorkshire 810,867 32#7o6 ti Hurrey 623 '?18 26 J.73J Krol 634.882 212 457 LtTOn . . 430.221 211 024 Norfolk 343,277 301,001 g ____________ a Our Claims on Portugal. The eorrehjtonueut ?f the Loudon Chroniclt f wi ilea from Lisbon, under date of the 29th ult. as 11 lollows:? After despatching the steamer of war Mississippi, * to coavey the intelligence of the failure of the negoiiation to his government, Mr. Clay embarked on board the Independence frigate, under the command of Commodore Morgan, who proceeded to J Gibrulier, on las way to resume the command in the M? diterrantan. The departure of the American Minister, on the 20th inst, was not followed '' by immediate hostilities, us had been anticipated at hist, ami the w hole proceedings will be submitted to Contiexa, before any eliwgentmeasures are ' adopted to enlorce the claims. N ever the less, the ' trade of Poitu^al will suffer from the higher rate of > inbUiance. as no one call foresee what course the c free and enlightened citizen of the model republic nity decide upon, and Portuguese vessels may be seized without any further nonce. Meanwhile it will be interesting to know the exact Mate of the question. Alter the proposals of the Portuguese government to submit all pending cltiims to arbitration had been rejected, they finally agreed to the payment of all demands, under protest, excep'. that for the General Armstrong, which they refused to acknowledge. They accompanied this refust-l, however, by an otter to submit (he claim to the decision of the King of Sweden, or uuy other friendly sovereign. This must now be considered the only bone of contention between the two countries, and J shall, ther:fore, lay t he chief stress upon it, after briefly touching upon the other demands. One of the claims is for $10,089, seized on board ihe Suepherd, Capt. J. Hall, on the 17th February, '] ltfi&. l>y the ancient laws of Poitugal the ship- j ment of com was absolutely prohibited, aud ren- t dered the culprit liable to capital punishment. The J pita set up in defence of the captain was, that he ( bad brought ihe money from Antwerp, and a sea- , tence was pronounced, ri the first instance, in his favor. This was appealed from, aud reversed; but t on a second appeal the original sentence was duly , confirmed, and an order issued for the immediate , delivery of the si>ecie to the ciplaiu. So far every , step was perfectly legil, and, iii the case of a Hri- , tish subject, no further proceedings could have ? been commenced without a violation of Oliver | Cromwell's treaty. It is to be presumed that the , eitizen of the United States did not then enjoy r the same privilege, or his government ought to j have interposed at once to protect him. Not with- , standing this decision, on the &M April, 1*3:5, Don ( Miguel, the dc faito sovereign, acknowledged by t the L'niltd States, was graciously pleased to order 7 a new trial. In virtue of thu royal order, the j sentence was reversed, on the ground that the t captain had violated the laws of the custom kouse j by not Manifesting the money on board his Tessel , wbeii he first arrived in the pott of Lisbon. No t doubt can be entertained that this ought to have been the decisions of the tribunals throughout, but . few will admit that the court which finally adjudged the case on the 10th .lune, 183-1, was at all ' competent to take cogui/ance of it. The l'ortiigutse government, however, have always maintained the validity of this proceeding, and ullege the uiter impossibility of any inteference on tne patt of the executive with the solemn decision of a ! court of justice. A demand was made on September 1, 1811, for $?l,(it*4 til, to indemnity the owners of the Miles lor the loutii 8 sustained by them under the folioming circumstances:?That vessel, having put into Mi7.mii I >n|ue in |<reat distress, was taken iu charge by the Portuguese authorities, and laid on shore, by which slit was so materially damaged thit it became necessary to sell her. They likewise seiy.ed the cargo, consisting of 8H0 barrels ot oil, and after obliging ihe captain to pay all the disbursements, compelled him to reship his cargo, which was declined lor Boston, on bunrd the Portuguese baik the Principe Don l'edro, chartered for ami would not iierinit him to strike a more tavorable bargain with the Levant, which might hive been take n up for a much smaller amount. The Principe i*on Pedro, on her voyage to Boston, sjirun^ a leak, an?i put into Pernambiico, where ths car^i was sold to the Portuguese Consul, notwithstanding the prott Ht of the cm plain of the Miles, and the net plot reds wete applied to the re|<airs of Ihe said vessel. The Portuguese government allege thu the Don Pedro was not a vessel of war, but merely chartered in the same manner as any other merchant vessel, and that the c.irgo was liable for gross average. They expres.-, however, their readiness to Rlund the amount paid for duties in Mozambique, as soon as proof shall be produced of such pityni'-ui having been made ; and ihey propose to sulimit the case to the arbitration of mercantile men of the city of Lisbon, nominated t>y the two governments. > A claim for compensation to the owners ot the brig Magoum, originated in what is termed by ths Minuter of the United States, the illegal condem nation of that vessel at Mozambique, on the sti*- ( picioa of having beeu cng-igrd in the slave trade at Anfiouche, as well as for the unj j-t mit>nsonin -nt ami barbarous ill-treatment of the crew. Th'-case serins to have been adjudged by the MPM triliu- J; nals, nor is a complaint urged ot any infraction of the foims of law, ao that one is not a little surprised . to hear rf an attempt to disturb a judicial settlement. Great suapicioa is thrown upon the captain . of the Magoum. by his ignoring that Angouche 1*longed to the Portuguese. However, these three > claims, though susceptible of some little doubt, might be fairly lefXto arbitration, wuh every probn bility of an equitable arrangement for the Uuited States. Hut the claim for the destruction of the General t Armstrong, by a British squadron, in the port ol | l ayal, is so coitraiyto the principles of internv l tional law. that the Portuguese government has acted widely in resisting it with all due maderatioa and (irmnrss. OB ih>-2H'h ot September, 1814, the j American privateer General Armstrong, manning l 7 guns, with a complement of 90 in?n, commanded by Captain Keid, obuined permission to take in water in Kayal, on condition that slf was to depart the followins day. An hnglish spudron, cou- ? lifting of the Plantagenet, 71, th?* Kolla, of fa guns, and the brig of war Carnation, under the . t omniandof Commodore Lloyd, appeared etl the ' W'tt in.mediately afterwards. Lieutenant K.un?et wna aent at nisht, in aa unarmed Ooai, in order to ' hoard the privateer, and her papera, hut a ' amart tire waa opened upon the boat from the U'-n- * ?ral Armstrong, before the la.iat provocation had b?en given. Two of the boat'a crew were killed { and ?even wounded. Aa toon aa thi* unjttatifiable aggreaaion waa re- " ported to the Commodore, he ordered several J ,M M hea to be armed, and to an M U th>' privatei-r. J A moat vignroua defence wa- ni fl- by the crew, not ' only froni ihe vessel. but also from atrong poei " lien on the ifland, and they thua compelled the ' launchea to withilraw from th?*( Mi'eat, with a l<>-a ' of nearly two hundred men in UM and MMid. I The Carnation waa then directed to range alongside of tlie privateer, and wi n MCCeeded in ailencins ' her, but the crew eacaped on ainre, after aetting " fire to the veaael, which waa completely deat.oyed. The Porwgueae Governor remiMiatraied with the '! Commodore, but all hia eflorta proved unavailing 1 to induce him to reaped the neutrality of the pari, aa ihe Britiah were moat unjuatly e**a,?erated at 1} the conduct of the enemy in committing Una tla- * grant outrage. J nr ifuui ui mi Mir?c tuvuiiixiaiiiTv 19 puTrn by fhf concurrent te?timony of the Portngneae g,>vtrror, the Pritiah Commodore, mid Liutenuit ' Faucet, and ia hirdly di>puled l.\| the Arn-ncinn n themaelvea: nor ia it likely 1 hat their aaaertiooa lo " the contrary would racft with much credit from any impartial peraon. That no juat rauae of complaint < *i?trd may be ' M rrrd Iran the f.irt that the transaction waa bu- Jj fled in complete oblivkm for u,>warda of 13 yeara, "* and that a claim wai fir-t brought fo'wtrd by Mr ,a Kavan?t:h on the l*th of Kchruaiy, IKI7 Thta waa D M Mb) Ik* lSlHI|im Mioiater*. aad a correa- 11 pondence haa been carried on at rariowe pertoda be- ' twecn the two goveri.inenta without any adjuatment, although Mr. I'paher, the ."Wretary of the ? 1 mtrd Mlntea, officially informed Cup'atn Reid on tbe loth of January, 1M4, that Ih* claim could not c be au?tained. Thf Portugueae, whoae territory hid been moat f undoubtedly violated by both the contending " panic*, did not neglect to make a formal re^uiailion to the BritUh government A pecuniary com- 1 penaation for the damage canted to the port wai m obtained, in 1H17, from lTord Caatlereagh. who offeren""*" ani'tble apology for the mi?condoct of I'1 Commodore Lloyd in having em 'toyed force, be- ?l fore he had communicated with the prouer authontkK and demanded the puniahment of the ^ggrea or. Hilt the Portuguese Ambaaaador, the l>u|e of I I'alnaelJa, at the aaaie tima that he accepted the '' aum, very rrudently proteated againM an) liability { to indemnify the claimants for the deatruction of j' the privateer. It ia evident that do raeponeitnlity cat attach to " Portugal for an act committed by a aquadron of 1 ?uch overwhelming force that th?- Oovernar of Faval had not the meana of re???t1ng them ? What? ver injury waa inflicted on the American 11 wu the jmt puninnmeat of hi* own precipitation j I hut wrre It acknowledged that the British were J the aeeailanta, then the British Uov. rnment wouH * be hf>uad in honor and good faith to screen ita ally fn m all evil eonaeqnencea. A voluntiry d^cUra- J1 ti? n to that?fleet would be infinitely mar*- gracious ' than fry reluctant awnt In a matter of atrict jua- b Ike. It would reflect the high** credit on our ,B Koteign-< fiice to imitate th? conduct of Pitt in ** I'M a hen Admiral H?*eawen w*p mip^on-d to " hare ;nfringeil the neutrality of Portugal by pnr- f ening the enemy. in the heat of action, wjihiu the JJ pr> frril*d limita rf th? coait. That ^rvat man, ' "dm am ti rtnambtU rtmttn gmtibut," equally omidetate of the susceptibility of a weak ally, as e was tenacious of the glory of his own country, nticipttHd any demands for satisfaction, by directi g mi ample apology to be tendered by the miniser at the court of Lisbon. Foreign in unit- ?nd the Drama. S?T P*TtK!-m kou ?M. Louis Schubert, mana;er of theUt-inidu "|>eru in this city, has just died, ifter u short illnes' iSi'i.ro.NA.? SmiU't Angirio Circa, a composer who :Hve tirrai promise i f future fume, has just died at i pi t mature Hge. Mii.an ?At the theatre Carcano there has just ten executed, W''h great success, a new eompoiihd, by the Count Castelbarco, entitled Lc brlufie. Madrid ? At a grnud concert, which took place it the Conservatoire, several pieces were sung, talen from /y 1'rojilitte Among the performers vere M? sdainen Lara tuid Angles, Messrs. Olivares Hid Uij?i>a; there weie fifty choristers, and the orheMra was composed of seventy musicians. \ IkNMi ? Morplli huB &nKiiiiftp<{ trt fKm arlrrtinia ration a |>lau for the re-organization of the Italian >pera. According to this project, the season, Ninth at pi sent opens on the 1st of April, will :on.mence on the 1st of March, and continue for hue IKMlMi tis before. Tin re are to be lifrv-five o m.\i> |tt-rlorriiaiices of opera, and twelve to fifteen >t the bullet. In the course of the season eight I* rap, ?t least, are to be given, and two entirety icw aiYieuna. Madlle. Warner has taken leave >f the public in the |>art of Fides. There are in ation at our opera the revival of Mehul's "Jo.eph," and the opera of' Othello." A new balletis n o iu pieparation, entitled Lt lJinble Amoureux. I.hii'sic?The new 0|?era, in four acta, entitled n11 itY, by Robert Schumann, was performed for he tj i -1 tune oa Um 28th alt., but it has not realized lublu < Apectation. lt is saia to be mere concert nui-ic, without any ilramatic power or effect. J'kui.in ? -t>ohr arrived hete on the 14th ult., ioniu m iton, Urerlau. The Association of Artistes tfut-Kimi- have decided <<u erecting a monument o ih? memory of the deceased chapel-m ister, M. Nic< ai The hundred!) anniversary of Sebastian l?rh wiH he ted here by a grand festival, !iveu by th* Smgiug Academy. On the 18th ult. lie ceremony took place of layiugthe first stone of be national monument to be erected in the park if the Hotel ot '! luvahdes to the memory of the oldiers killed in our late political troubles. In the vi n ng Mendelsohn'sorutorio, ' Elijth," wasexeuted in the garrison church. The following eveurg there was a grand musical solemnity at the >j*ra, which commenced by a grand march (feU tiun/i) and the liaru.-.-ia of Spontini. The second id oi iIn- Camp of Ciilfaia was next given, Madame v<rMt r MiMuiiung the part of Vielka. On the ocas-ion ui the r- storation of the King's health the tun ton ilt ihai't, lien nig, gave, at the church of " t. Meplien, i s crtd concert, composed of th? vol ks of Schut/, Meudelrtsohu, and liennig. The Uuzitte AluwuJc, of this city, has ojienea a subicnpiioB in favor of the widow of Conradin kreut:er, the author of the ''.Night in Granada," who died auly in the greatest misery. lu the course of the nsumg month (September) we expect to hear Wsdlle. Lbelinir, a pupil of Madame Viardot, a jcung and handsome person, gifted with a very .banning voice. Kioa.? Amonust the new works performed here las l?tn ihe Hunucni it. This opera, which is >Ih>? d under the name of Hmntl rt Valentin*, hat1 net with great success, aud is frequently peroriwd. 1'aris Chit A new comic opera, in three ict?, the words by the inexhaustible M. Scribe, ilia the music by M. Adolpbi- Adam, has beea just nought out at the < >nera Continue; it is entitled 'Juuldu; hu, I a NiwviUt Pry eke. This new work ' ?/ ii/wiit in the liOtrtto, full of comic humor and pirn, ai.rt is likeiv to rival in success the most opul.ir of M Scribe's amusing opera*. The music good, without being very impressive. Mldlle. 'elix M i-l.in jieiformed the heroine in a very pleasne style,,and M. Auarm is a promising tenor inger ; ibis piece is altogether well brought out. md likely to have a run, in spite of the heat of the leather, which uiai.es our theatres deserted for he ui fnt <> emui-'-meiiM of I, * lar.lins. the Cha t-au (I'd Fleure, the Cafe Concerts, and similar >lnres The Legislative Assembly has voted, viilnu ihr luet lew days, the subvention to the laiiiuiul theatres, and the Conservatoire, for the 'tisuing yrar ; it is* the same in amouut an at premt. Koger has left to proceed to Hamburgh, vhere he is engaged to sing for a few nights in Lc Piijil'tU; on lii? return to 1'aria, the rehearsals of he L'?n/ant /*?< dtgur will be continued. Madam* Uboni is giving some mignificent toirtri in the irovinces; at the last date ah* was at Nantes, iiuprtz recently gave a concert at Amiens, and mother at St. Quenim, with hi* t>upils, and hi* oui.g daughter, Madlle. Caroline Puprez, whose ihatiuiag ?cice is greatly admired. Madlle. Nau, * tn> i 'nt present delighting the audience* at the ?urrt y Theatre, is expected to return to Paris at he close of the present month. The closing of the iraud Cjiera is Mated to h*ve been partly from lecefiity, in order to make important alteration* iiid repairs, for the better security of the theatre ind tin' actors. A new safety staircase, in the vent of fare, and for ordinary ut, is to be erected m-Iiiiki the s'age, and nmay alterations are making m tli i>iTinr ; the r<Vatwils are continued, and tversl woik* w ill l?? reedy for the re-opening, rhe regular payment ot the artists' salaries isobli,atory to those having ? laries up to (i,000 francs, lotw ith.'tanding the house being closed. This i? he fourth ytur this establishment hat been closed. r< ni various circumstances. From the I6.h ot Vi'ii . I"!!', to.Iline, ISV.I, there hive been sixtylute |w it?>rmauce? at ihe wptra.of the Pr ^ntf. nd the receipts have amounted to M?,6|7 franc*. >1 a da me L ?h?.rdt ha* renewed her engagement i tin opera fur three years Garcia his left for toulogne-fur-Mer, where he intends giving con ert*. Jknmy Lind ?This distinguished vocalist quitted itockholm on the JC* h of June; she embarked on MiHtd theceanuT tJiithoid. fur lulvr-L HknHlif lefore her depurture, Jenny hind Mai to the pre?i,<ntof th?* 1 emperance Society ol Stockholm the urn i f I.iniO in iIoIIhm h-neo (about ?3)0) to be liatnbuted in rewards utnongM thoae who have ?*i ohaer\>d the pl<*dt*nof ab-tinence from B;>irituiua liquors ?Iui Hcvur Muii'mit. Bnts*w.-M Balathier baa reaigned the niairgement of ourjiheatre, confided to bin by the tinicipal authorities. IUstzib.?l.t I ol tTAndarrt will I* speedily i ou^ht out here, with an entirely new coin.iany We hear thit Fn/rlto ia in reh-araal, and will be be next novelty of the atasoo, at the lioyal Italian >|*ra, LiijJ. a, which, it ia aaid, will terminals boat th<- 271h <>f thia month. The *elect company from the Haymarket an I .)<ex,ni are |>erfi>riiin.g in a little circuit round liiminghuiu 1 bey played, on last Tuesday evemg, in Birmingham; the lirat piece wan the drama f* Old Honesty," in which Mr. Kogeri played 1r. Wehater'a .mrt of Michael Bradtbiw, (the nckl.jer,) i.nd Mr Tilbury, who w** tno.t rarmly receifed, distained the onjiml chiracter f Seotimua Hook. In the comedy of " Married ?ife,' which followed, the caat embraced all the ruicipal member-i of tne company, who are gr'-ai >\< ri'ihere They piny on n? xt 1'u-e.I iy am: ilneKtuy, it Worceatef, diring the race*; thev rill be at Wolverhampton in th- race week, and, fter again viaitiug their circle of towna, conclude leir aummer trip by playing for a lortnight at t<? Itentiaiu. The Adelphi companr enter upon poaee anion of lie Hi) market fur a few week*' performance he nieces played will he " The Willow Opse," Jack in tke Green,' and " The Double-Bedded !oom " , The success of " Mansaniello," at the 8orr?f 'heatre, haa been no complete that the managelent have determined to continue playing it daring ?e ensuing Week. A i.'-w ?-(imnt for hiftrionir mme * ill nuke hirat appearance bef. re a l*ondon audience, as a ght comedy artor, at the Olympic, when the perrmancea will be for the beneti* of Mrs Brongha ti he JfLutant in, We mderstsnd, a Captain Hicks, i f?. r\f tKr Hal rmn. w ? ' .--J? ' i . . 'ir IV r' i-1 I'MM' ?pn i on in Lublin and Ldpburgh, where he played liort time mace. Mr Aldridgr. the \fncan travediaa, i< now per rming ai the (Queen's theatre, M tncheatar. Mr. Itesjaniin Webater 1a Marring at Manhealer. Mtnneur lullicn terminate* a very aneceaaful nrxsement at the Surrey Zoological Oardeaa on ?e tfilh inat. H Ttit llirroror?iitv?A newfaree, under ?h.a tie, and written hy Morton, la in rehearaal, and ill N- prodnred at the llaymarket nett week. H Mr Sim* Re?ve* and Miaa Catherine Hayea w>ll roceed on a provincial tour at tha elate of the |ieraaeae<n. H The " I laughter of the 8tar<>," announced at the trand, ta hy Mhirley It rook a ( ?rl"tta < -1i?t taket her benefit at her Majesty' itatre, wh?n "La Soinnambula" will b? perrmed for the laat time thin teaaon; the favorite lift, " La < iiaelle " and aelec'iona from *' La ftnerelda," and " I,ea Metamorphoaea," will ba produced, m which that celebrated arliafe will Pl'ar Tha ecaaon la rapidly drawing to a cl " Mr Mma liervea haa ?gn,tied hia iBteatioo of ivmg two concerta at Heading, morning and c?eait. ? n Tuesday, t ie 13>h of Aaguat, beinff the day revioua lo thai hfd for the rereaa He will be plotted by Mi?a H Ree??a, Mr Freak Bodda, liaa Kmma l.ncnnihe, and Herr Kufce. The uaiveraal t>opuiahty of CtfMtt l?r?, aad 'T juatl' acquired fame aa the hret daaceria nrope, woal.l le aoffcrieBt of itaelf M ??ra?t a ril'iaat audienr. at her Majeaty'a theatre, Which fi?ed for her h-Befit, and pnaillveljr hat H?? a? "atanpe thia aeaern To prere her maetery of all >lea of the choregraphic art, rtie will preaeal eeirnena from " GiaeUe," " Kareeralda.' aM her balleta which ah? haa rendered remow. e?id*> theae tematationa, the " SonaambtiU Will i performed by Sob tag aad Si ma Raa?ea.

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