Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 2, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 2, 1850 Page 2
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?> (or Eaevern New Mexico) to submission | force 4: m. As soon as intelligence of these j events r-\jMc>Va?hington, the two Texan Senatort tecjKio^liave materially modified jhe course | which they hud previoutly pursued. Up to that | time they had supported the Compromise bill, t which proposed to t uy otf their claims of territory | by a payment in money to an amount of not lees j than ten millions of dollars. On learning, however, j the decided step uj>on which the New Mexican Assembly had ventured, they appear to have become alarmed lest their light to compensation should be injuriously aflected by proceedings which were evidenily giounded on the assumption that tanta Fe was not a Texan dependency at all. Accoidmgly they at once declared war against that imrt oi Mr. Clay's measure which related to New ult xico; and their hostility was the more important from the tenderness with which the whole South is known to guard the interests of Texas as the nursing mother of half-a-dozeu future slave States^ On the 30th ult , Mr. Dawson, the Senator from Georgia, moved, as an amendment to the earlier cluueeh of the bill, that the o|>eratiou of th'* Territorial Government which they constituted iu New Mexico t-honld be confined to the districts west of the Rui Grande, i. e., to Western New Mexito. This amendment, which retained Santa Fe in its dei>eiidenee on Texas, was carried by the votes of the Texan Senators, anted by those from the South and South west, and by the faw from the North who are systematically infavor of every thing which w ill embarrass a compromise that is condemned as disadvantageous to the sacred cause ?f free soil. On the next day, luly 31, Mr Pearce ?f Maryland, a professed friend of the measureafter pointing out lhat th virtual effect of the amendment carried the d v before would be to empower the scanty settlor west of the Rio Grande to make liiws for the uch more numerous population dwelling east o' the river?moved that so much of the lull as ;elated to New Mexico should be stnii k out, on the understanding that the cl iuse* removtd should tie re-introduced m their eriginal form, and Without Mr. Dawson's proviso. This course, which was rendered necessary by the n;cde of procedure in the Senate, ?ti ms strar lie enough, but its results were still stranger. Mr Peaice's first motion, to eliminate ilie clauses bearing reference to New Mexico, was readily carried. His second proposal, to restore the claases as they originally stood, was rejected?ihe supporters of Mr. I>awson's amendment Voting against him to a man. The moment that the general scheme of the measure had thus been docked of its principal ingredient, the Senate seems to have been carried away by a movement resembling that lmjietuous rush of men or buflaloes in oue continuous straight line wbuh, in the language of the prairies, is denominated a " stampedo. With brief intervals of debate, and amid exhibitions of the utmost levity, the clauses relating to the payment of money to Texas, those referring to the pursuit and recovery of fugitive negroes, and finally those constituting Calitotnia a State, were successively rejected by decisive majorities. Nothing was eventually left but the portion w hich gave a government to the eolony establish* d by the Mormon-* on the Great Salt Lake. I he result will probably furnish the successor of Joe Smith with the text of a truculent homily. We must hold him excused if he preaches that the heathens are about to exterminate each other in internecine combat, and that ihe re mini nt of Israel in lieseret will shortly he called to take possession of the American world and of the fulness thereof. Bi'i he more ho(*-ful of the American journals are venturing to anticipate that the hill, in its mutilated state, will be sent down to the House of Representatives, which will restore the omitted clauses, and rtmit them to the higher chamber for acquiescent e. Our caution will not suffer hs to be betrayed into a prediction; but we cannot help seeing that this is exactly one of the matters in which ths lower House, returned by the collective population ?I the Union, will scarcely be permitted to dictate to the Senate, which represents tke aggregiteof the State*. On the other hand, difficulties oi all kinds are accumulating, and it seeim. incredible that either house of Congress will be willing to adjourn without scnie kind of provision ioi their setilement. The Texan militia arc positively stated to be marching en New Mexico, and nothing that we htve lately heard leads us to attach a Might importance to the explosion of discontent which will inevitably fo'low .the announcement in California of the Senate's decision. The worst symptom of all to disclosed by the altered tone of newspaper controversy in the older States. It is hard to t>elieve that the actional antipathies of North and South, which serm 10 have gained fourfold their ancient intensity in the single week between the beginning of August and th? departure of our intelligence, will exhale during the winter in nothing nn re serious than words. Ttic Balance of Power In Euro|>e anil America. ('rem tta> London Timsi August 30 1 M xiiiik relating to the baUnce of power in hurope, domed originally from the astuie politicians of Jialy, still forma portion of the learning uid the faith of statesmen even of the nineteenth century. The diplomatists of the present day are daily ?ccui ied in the tank of keeping the various powers of l.urope in that relative order which, by rtaii).) inrr.t, has tie* n for some years p ist established iinmiigst them; and every minute encroachment or change ii viewed with extraordinary jealousy, is always opposed, and generally prevented. Hut v* hlle 11||? superabundance of snutioa is bes'OWed u|?>n the balance of |>ower in Europe, the due arrangement of it, as res|iects the world at large, wruld appear not to came within the sphere of duty eel>-in.p??rd u, on I.uropean statesmen. Iu.lt td, to them huroi? would t>ecm to be (he world; beyond its I nuts liny a|<|>ear to think that there is no chance of a dangerous power arising, aid consequently no reasou for tear with res ect to .tny dominion nhich now exists, or is likely to exist, in any other quarter of ihe globe. This, pevtriheleas, is a very dangerous opinion. If, at the present moment, we listen to the language of tfitfsc who, on the contint nt of Kurojw, ur< deemed great authorities, we discover that their minds are_posm *? <! b) one dominant fear their eyes are fixed u terror (M>n the great Northern potentate, ami tbey s|t?k of the overwhelming dominion of Kussia as the ev? r immineni nl over the freedom and destinies of the world Tlwre is a pirtyaUo among ounrlvrs, sharing in these alarms and di mat expectations of mischief, and who, like their cmtinentul contpeers, are so completely occupied with this one idea, and so pertini.ctously confine thetr atteiitii n to European combination: alone, that they rati see mi danger which threaten* from ?>ther quarters i'hey pay no attention to rales of ..riiKii ngn ,-,1117 1 r <?IU llunU l>/ ?IIV I 1"IUITJ not European, and i? rmit without heaiurion maumpootii-10 1* made respecting territories beyond theee ^|M*rml lidijif, wkirli they would not tolerate fvr 1 moment if put forth with rrtf tnl to any l.niniM.n Sin'r, no matter hew inaignificant. Theae ob?er>ati<>n? are e'lguened by the correari nd'-urr which ha* lately i t-a-d between ^ir l?nry I'.ulwtr and the cabin* t of WHahinutoa, with r? fcrence to a treaty which w.m tuppnaed to have been entered into by Mr. <h*trKld, on the part of hnglaad, wjih thf !*titri of Yucatan and (oMallica, the auppoa? it purport of such treaty bring to rou?ti'ii'e hnglund the protector of the*1 two Mate* With the co re?por?dence itwlf we hnteun fault to find, neither <io we object to the conduct * hit h it deaenhea I ngl?nd to ha\e pwrailed, or with the m?*im? laid down aa ihe rule for our future proceeding* .su Ifenry Bulwer *tate* to Mr. Clay, that Mr (ehatfield has had no authority to enter into any *uch treaty on the part of Kr>|{1and. and he further declare* that it i? not the policy of l.n^land to constitute b' r*elf prolecK r of Hiftant Stale* 80 t?r all t? well ; I rt wh.it, we aak, waathe principle laid d >wn by Mr Cl"f aa 1 hat whu h gave the t'nited State* a righl to ?li ifhrglaiid had entered into any auch treaty ? If infi'tn at" u were imply to ugh I in order that the I nited Statea might aiotpe ita courae of conduct with r*f> ren< e to the new i<oaiiion of allnira which under auch a treaty wr>uid e?i?i, th 11 there would he no reason to cotiiph-.in, no ground for re>? ritiag the inquiry. Hut if ihia w ere ? menacing inquiry,?if the dextrine w?r* maintained that l.ngland had no right to enter mto auch an allian< e?it 11 were aaaeru d that auch ^ treaty would, by the I'aitrd Statea, he deemed an unwarrantable interf* rence in Ameriran aflaira hy a K imv ,n atate? he, in fact, a mm brill in the eatnuation of American ?tate?men? then we aay the grr.it i?tere?ta of the world hare he en aacrilieed hy a*?ent rg to a ri'oat ab?urd prrte.iaioa of the Vailed >tniea, and bv emitting her to eatibiiah un ueationrd a doctrine which, in fart, lay* at her fret the whale American continent*, from the Ncrth Pole to < H^e Horn. Mr Jrfleraon, the moat exclii#i*ely American and ambitiotia of the aeveral Pieaident* of the I'nit'd Slate#, hrat broached the dc-trlne that the intereata of America imperatr.ely compelled her lo declare that llw Kuropean State ahould henceforth acquire additional |*>wer or territory in America. litylaod, for manv yeara after tne declara .nm in n' r y imf ' nn"l .-><?! ?. ?H< in po?r?ari*n of lerritwriea on the Nor'h American r< nttnrn) m> rr f vrniit Ihun tkn* o( any nthT MUM, whether I-uropean or Antftwl rNM no?e after that e?ent Fold her AWfloii dofflilioM to 'he t'nite<l Smt?>; i?paia lmikfr|Pil pn>tince *>f Mexico, and the whole continent waa e*idrntly defined to he the property of Ik* two aectioon of th? Anclo-Smon race?the one under the flag ?d I ngland, the oth?r under thai of ?!? - I'liM fMatea. Th* maxim of American policy thui hret enunciaetd hy JefTeraon wi?, in fact, dire*ted afainM KnfUrH. and *r are now led to inquire why the one arc'ion of fclotliehmen, whoconaptate the republic of The I'nited Statea, may acquire territory aid intlneore np?n the continent* of Worth and .Vuth America, while thoa* who atill remain r.nfliah. and < oaatitate the Kaflifh nation, are to h* ejclwded from an* participation in th?-a? 1 adraaia^. With.a th' iaat half r-nmry tl.? ' raited Ware* haa more than quadrupled the eit?nt * tf? tfrritoriea?i*rtly by purchaae. iar*ly hy la- | ' Viffue, partly by conquest. The nation which in 1783 was confined on the north by British Ameriea, on the east b* the Atlantic, on the west by the Mississippi, and on the south by Flotidn, has now bo eilm<l?*d its southern boundary a-*. to have reuchtd the Gulf of Mexico, and so stretched its western limit as to have the Pacific Ocean ing the whole length of its western boundary. The people, who, when they declared themselves iudei pendent, did not exceed 3,000,(Kto souls, now ! amount to above 25,000,000; and this powerful 1 people coolly informs the nations of I'.uro.ie that > its safety is incompatible with any acquisition of territory by any Euro|>ean State on the American ; continent Indeed, we have strong reason to believe ihat the inquiry lately made by the cabinet of Washington respecting ihe treaty supposed to have been concluded between England and the States of Yucatan and Costa Rica, was suggested by tlie f> elilig w hieh first gave birth to this exclusive maxim, and was intended to convey to liugiand u hint ihat the United States meant to resent any such interfere nee in American aP/air* as the one sujfu'sfd That peace should lie maintained between England and the United State*, must be ihe wish of every rational man on both sides of the Atlantic; but peace can only be maintained by a ; just (1'i.duct on the part of both nations, ami any attempt on the part of the United States to possess heiself of further territory would render it a matter of absolute necessity on the part of Kugland to interfere and prevent Buch aggression. Mexic* at pre1 sent lies helpless, und if Eoglaidshould standtd\j j by, and not insist on the maintenance of the Mexican i republic in its existing integrity, one campaign ! would suffice to add the chief State of fenj tral America to the already formidable conft de, eration cf the United States. England has her sen no fleeiri' to acquire territory in central America; but if there be any symptom of mi intention to encroach ii|>on Mexico exhibited by the | cabinet of Washington, we should do widely to extend our protection to the independent republics wbich at present hold, as rightful possessor", the whole of Central Ameiica. And ihe United States could have no rational ground of complaiut if England were to enter into an alliance of friendship and protection, not only with Yucatan and Casta Kica, but with every one of the remaining republic!, Mexico included. This is a subject which for many reason* must continue to occupy the serious att? nticn of English statesmen. It is evident that shortly a communication mil be completed between Ihe two oceans, and we have seen that a very u hole tome jealousy on the part of England has been exhibited with respect to this, which n about to be the treat highway of nations. So far as a nation can be bound by treaties, we are aware that the United States are at this moment, by the late treaty, under a strict obligation to permit to all nations full permission to use, without hindrance, the interded canal and railway. Hut this subject | is to us of so vast an importance as respects our POBseaiioM in Asiu and Austral-Asia, that we are bound to take every possible precaution against interruption at the Isthmus of Panama. The United States has admitted the justice of this assertion by the late treaty, in negotiating which Sir Henry Hnlwer has shown great judgment and prudence, llut a wise policy suggests the necessity of some further precaution by means of an immediate arrangement with the Statee of Central America, with reference to this great channel of commtini cation, through which must |>asn an immense portion of the commerce of tlie world. If any nation has a right to be iealou* with res|>ect to : this subject, it is England; the United States is without any pretext for fe?r upon the occasion, and must not fie allowed to lay down and maintain maxim* of international policy, the only object of which must he to prepare for herself universal d< minion upon the continent of America. Spain and the l?lan<l of Culm. Letters from Spain notice a French proposal brought before the delegates of the fni^ign bondholders, by ihe President of the Public Debts Committee The principle involves the creation of a 3 percent stock, with a recognition of the common arrears, on which a gradual rise to a maximum of one and a half per cent interest is to take place. Nothing, he wever, whs decided. The governm?ut, it was repotted, comteinplHted reforms and rredifieetions'niore favorable to free trade in the cus'onis tariff. Accounts from Madrid, of the 12rh ultimo, state that tl.r government is actively employed in the ornani7 .tion of a corps of 4.100 men to reinforce the garrison of Cuba. It is Mild that the government of Spain intend opening a direct line of communication by steam between Madrid and the Island of Cuba; and that m getiatiens are on foot for the speedy currying out of the project. Count Mirasol was daily expected on his leturn from Cuba, his mission to reconcile the progressive and reform patty wuh the iidvocntes of the existing system of the colony having not only failed, but embittered bo'h against the home government. According to the Clamor fuUioi, ihe negotiation with Ihe Pope for a concordat had failed ; but the report is contradicted. Lord Howden, lit r majesty's minister to the court of Madrid, was daily becoming more |<opular. {From the London Times. Aug 1-t J The relations between the K?>vernineiit of Spain ajul 'Is Cnl.an subi?cts. i.re iust now iiMMUiniiiir n |. 11 of w Iiii Ii the lu'rre*t i - bv n>> nnu lipfd to the |?rtiea niuitt immediately concern**!!. From tiuie mini) nioiiel the affair* of thi# niHtfntliii nt colony have been ndtiiini?t?*i*-<i after u fa-hi' u whit h, in other quarter*. Ik-s bien for many pene? ration* extinct. Al Havana the tradition* of the ltith rrii'ury have survived in full force ami vigor up to tin- preecnt moment, and the legend* related or old Spanish \ireroyahii * acquire abundant probability from incident* actually tian*piring under cur own eye* The inland of Cuba, containing ti> aily MX),OH' inhabitant*, i? governed by a Capt?in (<? neral holding < ftice dirtcily from the crown (I ."pain. His authority it virtually ahaolute, ttie |f oi le of Cuba having no |<ert cipaMonJin the right* of their Ppaniih fellow mbjeet*, but being at the mercy of cuatoni* and ordinance* peculiar to the co'onv. 1 hit this eseffftiOMl practice rhould have been per|*tuated by the tipanith goverrmcnt i* a le*s remarkable fVct than that it thould have lieen tolerated by a dependeacjr lender circnmatarce* which wtre yearly augmentirp it* relittvc important* and power ^tich.however, i* actuiilly the ca*e. In thi* U'th century the Cupmift-Crni roWhip of Cuba ha* been notoriously *< light and beitvwrd a* 'he mean* of acquiring or restoring a fortune, and in ro abort a apace of t.me wna the r?*ult secured, that four or b\e yafa ol office wea reptitf d to be a tenare which no gov?rnor, howrverpoverty-*tncken or oovetoo*, n" d deaiic to exceed. It ir tinturul to view with ?>mr riot nut the report* whicli recent e*|K>*ure? have htought into circulation, but it ia currently alleged that the annual |>erqiii*ilc* of thr place Ml little ch< rt of 4:100,1)09rerlinf, and that a CaptainGen? ral of Cuba, after live y?ara" a bee nee, nught m atotibly ex|ec' to ri turn to M|Kiin with hi- h tlfmillion of reali/.'d gam* It i* probable that recent e?eiit* have only | feeipitated dirrltMiim which had been for ionie time nii|>epding. The reader may |?ih> f? recollect thnt when the Count de Mira?ol departed for the ci'inm m<l in >jne?ti<>ii, a *hort time b? fote the AioeiM an invadoa, he wiia accom* ianted by a eon<nii*?ion whu h wa* nr d'Tatood to lie rtnrged with an inquiry into the general working of t|,e colrm. l administration, and the notori< lis di*contr nt? of the people. Thia c< riioii?*ton, it a| penra, ia now to be wnlidrnwn, but only to be utoeeited by aome more effective inatrunien'* of , tl.. .. .? ' ? i - - -? 1 n. fr i>itii tip on ine I rt (itihr Spaniah ?ovprnmont have cerainly not Iffii decided ?|>on before th?-ir time. The colouin'a hare entitled ih^mprHi a to ren|>ectt*l conair*ti? o hy their l*h?vior at the lute conjuncture They kmf?lrc?d a plain tadinpoMtmai tor"nounce thyroid dllrjuiK'' for a republican coMrticn, and hare ahown prrht promptitude in rupporting the coerratiient agawM i rert or iraidioua atrffrenninna * n it* hflil*. 'n th?> other hand, a npim of $>oliri> , til eiilightei m? lit baa heen to 4ilWd throughout ( the irlaiid thai it Wo4M he iinaafr ft |>? r, ?-mat? , ih?- abuser of jsist timet. Secret aaaocif | tioM of refomiera Hrr kuown to i\iit iu ihe | col? ny, ami Cuban independence Ima hern openly diacuated a* a legitimate prt>Mem. It | * certainly tmr that the pnni<en?ioB of the ialand ( * gi'ar ?nt?-ed to th?- f>pani h crown by two in?w?-r- , ful Siatra. hut ?r ha*e received ample evidence af ] I ?! \r ii* that -iii h : ii.u invea n?..u.-t f >ri i./n ag- , H? n fir- n r? ..dity ii.'il into i a ilimia , of en trclion irniont th* retnbtitivr nnnaulta af a | i.*? ri ?i1 Hiid ? x^H|>ernt?*d people. A variety of , i if ton* ci mtun*- to attach a g?ri?r?l tali rent , to thmr tran-arlur? hetwrrn Sj.aiti and hetcolonv. . ' i* i 'rrr>?t in tlie [ o*uioti of a "prnt? cted" let- ' v't i) ? thui i* to -ny, 11 a territory whu. h ia *'-cur- , rd by e*?mtnon coaaert to jtneiiatwr proprietora, in , ord?r to obviate the dttV'<u1tt*a which would at- , trad a charge of ownership. The a? r'uticnte with , win h it inrruardrd hy at leant one moiety of th? , l'M??d *fat?? havt jnn: f' < n put p! inly on record, , and, altfcottgh the lr>e-nw| gov< raine'nl* l.nvr at | pir?cr.t an incidental rnotive for repudiating th* ar- , .umitior, ye' ('ill a m ?p? Km f in the old tradi- , in nn of the I'tiirn an anjnb- of Wijjh' ; ri r:\ iwr- i miiitr p in an A in* m n II "i lnr Th- i 'iry of i ?(.. -l j t, ft:r HI ? riIHT fl.l I !i lia |*M" I.M> I . .11 in- J ?< 1 ' ',)rt |.jr r f> if CI W'th f?|w n, P'l.ir- , ?!*? irn: ?li?t ftata in th?? ptr*r??i< n of thr itianH, . in r? tntn for a plrr'ga that it rhntilil not h? vnlun- . Uf'K rh*i'*?< il to any n-lct l.tifopran |>n?ir Thif , waa ih?- l*at ri>mi'trinia?" |*rmitt^i< h) tha ctfriimMiii<ri of thr pr lu if, mn?r. in if^f.nilt oi any h*itrr c>||<? ttunit*. il at l? art maintain*<1 tfnt particular , ftalr rf atlaira fn lit whu h trxnf waa to fw> hoi?rf , Thr ift'errna of F.rirlanif in thr rf nra arr of 1 ifipMmt kmH Cut* ard Pra/tl ar? th?' linantHn I , w >!<( . I y if r bar! fitiih ?f th? it n.i? t. rr |?rn>it. . t? if to ?i tn|? I ua ? 'h* hopHraa rm mtar> m ? of rnir ' ( AflKin HiiaHrot. if t? rrrtainly ?rii?- that Ihr (>rt>- , |4itin t if Ihf 4rhiouMi^ rkit|iriMr ipoa OnKa I* , t not **ry lar:r, though the fault i* in no wi?f ifue, t r a tf.r i? a<fi r will prr?rntlr **+ fk an* arm-n<ftr?'nl ' , r f , r rrti-lr m ih? ?ditifiii?fT?liow of fl a iolintf , till, if by arjr rh?n*a if policy ihr harhora of ( Culm r??iid bt ctnully i Iwd agaioM th* ??** j ,| rade, it" would be a verv material point gained 1 n tbe straggle, and tuch a consequence may I perhaps be hoped Iron the effectual reforms now hn premised in the colonial government How , w lar the costly and desperate eflorta of Kng- ' ti' lai.d on tbe African coast were seconded accord- : n? mi? to treaty by the Cuban authorities may be i th mfrned from the edifying tact that, on the very! or f*B) when Narcito Ix>pez disembarked on the coast I ie \ i.h hiB battalion ol brigands, one thousand slaves ie were landed ftom Africa at Havana, which real- tt ized an iimr ediate profit to ihe Captain-General of st no less than 3,( 00 ounces of gold. A new Govertt r is now to drpait for the colony, 111 the person of General Jose dr la Concha, w ho will take with ^ liini a loimnlal.le deitu linimt of Spanish troops. Tlie circumstances of the colony justify bo uuturally the maintenance of a strong garritcn in the j( islmid, that there is to rean n lor attnbu.ing any a txtrsoidinaiy motives lo the levy whx'h the new v i .piuin-i<ei.e rm made an imperative condition 01 ^ his accepting the command. It can hardly be ^ doubted thai (Tuba Will shortly be the scene of im- t portant movt merits, the direction and result of j which will be determined less by the military t foice at the C( mmaiid of the authorities than by ( the discretion ard judgment exeicised in the Cabi- v net ot M?drid. In this country there can be but ^ on* desire upon the point, ard that in, that legitimate commerce may speedily experience the bene- ? fits which would result from the belter administrs- r lion of this spacious and productive island. j [Frim the London Tiroea Aug. 'IJ ] r The measures contemplated at this critical mo- ( nieut by the Court of Madrid for the improved ad- r ministration of Cuba have, doubtless, been sugges- p ted by a sinceie anxiety to conliim the imperial te- j nure of lhat valuable colony; but it is less apparent ,, that they have been calculated with a proper a|>- J, preciation ot what circumstances actually required. v The new Captain-Ceneral will be attended by a militaiy retinue of imposing strength. Nor can it j, be questioned that the garrison of the island, when f, thus reinforced, will be sufficient to overawe mal- r contents at home, no less than to tehre away the r piratical desperadoes of the c(<ntiguous gulf. But , ihe posiiion of Cuba ia so extiaordinary, and the tl conditions of its tenure so peculiar, that unless appeal is iiii.de to the inteiestsas Weil as the tears of f its inhabitants it is highly improbable that the im- n perinl control can be permanently maintained. > The population of Cuba may be considered under ,, a tripartite classification of social parties,each with v its ow n distinct interests. These are the Creoles, -] the colored classes, and the slave population itself j, ? exactly the eh ments which we re summoned into r fuch fatal activity ht t^t Domingo by the first ? French revolution. To these may be added, as a c separate class, the officers and retainersof the cole)nial i.dministration, und the garrison of the island? a migrateiry and variable body, having little or no thine in the chief interests of the j <>,mUtion, and I servipc onlv te> maintain and siniboli/e its i*>litical subjecTion.' Now, even the first of these classes, ' though that to whit h the imperial government might 11 most naturally * { (<*-tl, is left, as we recently took 8 occbhod to < x pi tun, without any recognition of its tithts, us an integral portion of the Squish people. ' 1 hey have bo iinrm diate dejiendence on the crown ' or government of Nj>ein, hut are considered the ' l?ctiliar subjects of the Captain-General for the ' time being, who administers the ullairs of the co- J tony according to a special code which sujvliesfew ' practical checks upon absolute power. '1 tie larger ' class of the free imputation which partakes the 8 color e>f the blacks is not, as will be readily sup- ' 11'.?< (I, niore highly favored by its rulers. Never- 1 theless these coloie d lainilit s are both numerous " and ii.tluenlial, possessing very considerable wealth, J and tanking, not only among the chief proprietors ' of slaves, but, as was also the case at St. Domingo, ' among the most resolute advocates of slavery. The t cieolts and colored eludes together form what f may be termed the nutural constituency of the I colony, and yet they are rigorously excluded from all access to the more eligible grades of the public service, whother military or civil. This arrange- . ment, ef course, largely increusea the patronige in 1 the hands of the ministers at home, and enables a ' political adventurer to fortify himse lf in the poa- ! ression of power by a lavish distribution of lucra- " tive places ; but it has operuted to the eHectual c estrangement of these influential (wrties from the inteiests of the iirireriisl state, and it would proba- 'J bly have snapped the tie of all-giance long since, ! but for considerations to which we shall presently allude. e The position of Cuba is uch that we may de- ^ scribe it without d.*guise of facts, hs virtually Conlerrmg u|?n its inhabitants the privilege of deter* ' mining their own political connections. A more r p< WeiliiI itate thhli Spain is eager, on almost any 1' teirr.s that any patty t ouhl dictate, to annex their v tettitoiy to its own dominions It would, of course, be vain to d> ny tiiat if the inclination of the colony had bee n sincerely and generally tuiiii d to the American alliance, even the ex- ? pedim ii of NarcikO Lt>|* z would probably have ef- ^ lected the intended revolution ; nor can it be con- j ceividthat the Spanish government, if i.nsuppoit- ' ed, could ofler an eflectu.il resistance to a plain declaration of popular w ill, justitii d by years of inif government, and teccnded bv the resolute co- rl ojeri.tioii ot the I nned Sutea under pretexts which would not le wanting for the occasion. On the ( other hand, it has been recently demonstrated 1 that without such genuine consent of the colonial population, no enterprise on which the A met iciina wouid choose to venture it likely to rue- g Ceed. It may le thought, per haps, that if eventa p should tend to a Ctifia, an eligible Hit?-rn ttiv?- might v i.. i. . . .i .. >i.. -I? i...- .. J ? _ ? i i > < .? ? .*! ill ?!.' awrviuic IIIU' |T||iiMi?r It'I ** rill (1 r I . i.y n? wealth and r>. Mn i .!- < ntftttMf tl ?(ujilit < d. .'-uch a contingency ha*, in tact, be?n tl much kept in view of luteyiars by *ecret diacusm< na <>f the imlcontcui^. Ix>t the liabilities in?> |>a- " Ml k Ir? n. it arc m> formidable that it i* never lik? ly ': to l? promoted or accepted by ihe bulk of the con- ^ rtifiitncy. Willi a " bUck" empire lying at a few j ( leugumautance fioni tl.eir very ^bnre^, and with a ^ iinn.i loiif i I'd ex<-ithble alave population awnming |t ? ii 'l< ir e-t?t? i|,?- ( i.bans would Ml lorego the t< lecntity lor lilt < i d property ollered by a (*>werful I? go>?tnment. Their independence would probably 1 cm r? peRible the iude|N'udrn?e of llayti?a confun mm ii ii to which it myr be presumed that no de-n?? Mie now i?intinp. They are thua practically ti rtduced to the aitern.itive* of Sprtiimh or American ,, connection, bt)l within tlx?e limits their choice la ' \iriUi.ily tree. D lioth learoc and X|x rienre concur in puggeating m ilutt ihl* rhoict would naturally fall on that con- I' ci oftvkkkHprt fMcaii Boprvptnderunt, ? in Ii (t, Hie ih>' attraction* ul the old >| ,iiii?h crown 1' ov? r ibore of un Anglo-."v. a on republic, that nothing ! -hott ol the mod repuUive mid ir<\i teute ill-image . ( coi ld alienate the colonista Ircm their originaJ al- p, lc?irnce; i.td we Methat even *y?tcnwtic injua- jj( Ik e hat- hitherto failed in bringing ab^ut auch a remit. AgMDkt iii* tie* of tradition and lineage the i|, American* ci.n only ad\.inte > juivocal proapectaof n hi pioved pro?|? rity and e*rm M nsi-umnce* of p?> it lineal ctntidertlicn. Tl'ey pronnre the (,'ui>*n*<tn p?, ec,u*lity of civil right* and a coiil.rmation of alave in*ii!uticB*- Th'vrepr'xnt .*p*in ?? under the ?1 inl'i.tnce of atHililioiiial Krt:land?ail inlluencc t>i whuh willl* inc?fn.nily ? x> n?d until t-livery i* ll pioacnbed aa rfleciually in Cuba aa in Jamaica, ?' Tin* view of the e??e u atrt n^'henrd by the clrninn>tan< * unoer w'b? h ab ne I fgli *i iigeocy i* ,,' \i?ihle in Uie i?l*td. The ltnti*h Hug iii rarely wen Rr betide llie .v|?i,irli himI Anieiic?n eiiMgn* in the y? pi tcii u* hail i r of liaivann-i i 1 it.- un. h.jiU, i,l l>ural of the Mut-d I < tMuiMua rerveato rrpreaent > xrhiMtt ly Mir hint*-ii-mih? ifl.n.d. That Amr- r' titan iilliirirr iliirili tr itinnlii Urfrly |irntnai Btte, i.ot onl) ov? r our own, but f v? n in mnt aeuae ! ov? r tl.Hl < I :l:e ."vai.i-h w ri ?i? M ir-? II, will Ik- y( readily conceived. Still, tuch la th? inotu.rtivr re- y, l'iil>i< iirxiftirs hetw?#'D th?* Ariiericiin and tynmali j. i harai tera, M.?i ru? h the traditional iik in< ,non to- i>i watda the old ??>nn? ction, that ili? Court nl Madrid ' run ht place ita N . lun.aif authority heyoi.d rink of ' imi ailment l>y the tin nl ni< d? rai< roiice?en>M in J" fat or of the r> n<oafiratii toloay. If the i onantu- . inry, of which we hav< -|>ok< n. Were adrrttied to J; i tMisnaklr t?li te in the dniinittmiii.i of i<?*l r[1 ntlaira and ihe h< nors ol pul'lic iervtc< , there r?n n'r no doubt that Cuha would rt I hid a< thoroughly W S| ruth n? an) j nrtl? could d- ite n i Conudepng that the Uittai portion of the whole ?tj r?\rntie of t(>nw la nuiiMtd Inm Havana, and lhal thr palrtntiye of Ihe orown and Ha ininiMera la *' h> nihalatitiall) ill proved hy the rr?i%rora of ihr co- * J ii niav i| l? x th? r< a<l? r to c? mi r> h'-nd how t j_ re|-? rt?of the alienation or fair ?I 'I i : Kimip- ,h, ; eiidafe (t old have rvrr < lilail d cr? dlt. Itrnuat t)< le n r?i? nil-errd. however, that ih?" fpanivh govern- Mi Ititnt, thoogh m *?r nectaaartly poor, has l?-en ofitn i.rid), ai d rot ran ly i: circuMatanree where " I ii i/r't of in Ritdiate teaii/ation woul I <ct with B.1 lonndMat.le force. The Ametirana, in whine )ea | lilt haM- ha* long l*i u a lainiliar tnalhod of 'fj m quiring or return t irtntog. Wonld not he ptrai- Ilr moaton* m th? ir apptaiM niMi' of thia mm h lovet- n, it apieMagp to then CCti'ili'nt. and though ihe an ralve ol t iiIih w ould r? pre?< hi a num lortnidaMe r< i >nn to il>r uttirr* ol California, )et we have litile tfouM that it nniiht Ir ratMd in a few [i i i tin', ni r 11 iiId il"' in > hi * (f i In- -innd well ' ' Mil <>1 )i? Idii (T unt|>l' |.ii'\ kimi fi.r th?* t?rniual " lii.iiidaiK n > I ilie loan If a iMt^f h itil t? nt ,-t in if t> , r>?il wt re cmMentl} tu?|-rr><lrd Uli re th? ryriM ac cnifh Mtni?'et?, ll ia iio* inn < aihle lhnt il might nil >i ii f day he taken. 1 he un iilitieranf the r? I >ny tie t??lf night twn finish in argument fur the "? r?iir hi In n. IP aMi?i|>atirg, to ihe great | rotil t>f " In naiH , anault nh?i*l?f intending without ' i \ 11 I i of all. , 1 list il?e?e nnnd? mi ion* are net without direct Mnert in iln? ie?i|.M)r will I* evident tn any ri1 11 flri ? 11> will he nt the | ?iti to planer it a roup ' *f< I thr Ii < a|j'i?a in qweMu ii He will there ?e? m ? I Ml il lhe lalrltd i<f t uh? end the laihtnua of *ii( Klorxta are ve?f d in the mi Die ftaie, thia J<tale it* i i l<l ?:< > at j'lren.n the i,t>?igatioti of thr Gulf f Meiii i n il wn il n n n >iii| to no alipht ei- 1 ?rtih? w?t?'*nf ih' Can't" an a< a We tniat 1 * hut nihil iii r g? ni i? a aa thi ae may he remote in iV h- > i n i . I n" w. h i?r ,d mii vU to ahow ( lint ih. ?enia nnw to |?nd!ng in the |?.|i<ir? if <ih iiha m11 i rtilled to the m l?nt at'i r.twn of ill tha

Li >?|iitfvl vl*fi?fr?. fat Pwtud. From Lisbon we ha ve nothing new. The Queen id lelt the capital No new features in the diBpute iih ihe United States were meutioned; but an ac;e corret|H>D<*eDce muning on betwi en the cabi ts of Madrid and Libbon, relative to the claims of e United States upon Poitugal. The former, in der probably to create a diversion in its favor with Fpect to the Cuban question, counsels the ininiais of D< nna Naria da Gloria to persist in refusing e unjust demand regarding the General ArtnlOBg. * Brblcrwlc Holsteln. Our advices from Rendsburgh are to the 16ih of lUgUit. At pietent there is a complete Euspeneion of the peralic ns of both armie s, but an engagement is :>ol?< d for. Weather intensely hot, but measures te being itkeri to preierve the health of the troops. Thetownaof Somnen and Frederickstadt had een occupied by the Holsiein troops afte-r the )biies hsd visited ilum, atid the 5Schleswig-Holtein hillen en had recapiured -100 oien from the sties on their route to Scbleswig, and brought lit m in fulety into ihe llolstein territory. The hob ra hnt> bein msking fearful ravnites in Brunswick ; mice the month of June 300 persons had lied. Ob the 7ih of this month the King of Denmark ontracted h morganatic marriage with Lola Kasnut-sen. ' The marriage was celebrated by the fohop of JutUnd. Miille. Katmutsen was fornerly a milliner, and was well known to the -openhagen corps of (flicers; she then bet.me acquainted with the King, and haa ow bet 11 raised to the rank of Haroness Jsnner. She has great influence over the King ; ersons well informed state that the exercises her rifluence in the revolutionary Danish sense, and vaa the person that induced the King to make such udden concessions to the Casino club in the Cotiihagen revolution of 1^8. This marriage is so nr important, that it confirms the extinction of the oyal house of Denmark. On this ground the ninistry oppoted this union till the London protocol ras signed; this done, the marriage waa to the inerest ?t Russia. The A'i Intr Zritung has a telegraphic despatch rem Hamburg of the 17th ult , stating that an en>gement took place on the evening of the Kith, letween a Danish steamer, acconi|>anied by two unboatr, and a Holstein steamer, (the Lowe) rhich was likewise supported by two gunboats, rhe c< mbat continued throughout th** night, and at lalf past (even in the morning the Danish vessels etreated. The Lowe has sufl'ered from the enemy's tire, and one of the gunboats was in danger >f being burnt. The German Fmplre. It is reported on authority, that Austria has invited {ussia to join the Diet, but that the latter will iot accept the invitation. There does not ap|>ear o he ihe slightest chance of any kind of union or maniroity being established amongst the various tates of which this Empire is composed. It is aid that mutters have reached euch a point of ill relirg and diametrically opposing controversy beween the Pnwsian end Austrian cabinets, that unesg one or the other retract or modify their "preensions," there can be no egress save through the nedium of complete abniption. This may not fad to war, but meantime both parties stand upon he roof of a powder magazine, which the slightest ccident may cause to explode, as did the laboraory at Rensbury, but with consequences a million imes more disastrous. It is not in the |>ower of nan to predict the issue. All that can be done is o point out the perilous condition to which affairs iave been brought by adherence to reciprocal "preennoiis,"and es|>ecially by precocious declarations in the part of Prussia, which bind her so strin ncontiettncy, and even peril to herself at home, PfmtU nd Austria* We lenrn from a telegraphic despatch, dated Berlin, August 17th, in Ihe A<i/nrr Zcitung, that he Austrian invitation fur another l>iet (Kundeai B), i< ached Berlin on thAt day, aud that Prussia s rtsolved to decline accepting any proposal in this ir in a similar sense. Berlin letttrs of the Kith August state that it is icw confirmed by the semi-official organs of the 'rustien government that the differences between 'russia and Austria, respecting the hrtHMCtattaa f the regulutians on ihe subject of the federal forresses, (differences which resulted from the reusal 11 Austria to allow the Badtn troops to pass he federal fortress of M'-ntz.) are about to be submtted to a court of arbitration. Austria has h|>omted Bavaria. Nothing is known of the power I'hich Prussia is about to a^ioint. Austria* The tine of 2,000,000 fl< tin*, imposed on the Hunaiian Jews, hasat length been formally remitted, nd they have pledged themselves to dej*i!>it in the ands of government I.(KM),000 florins as a fund for ewish schools. This voluntary tax is to be paid rilhin two years. It is not the intention of governlent to proceed to the sale of tiny of th>* estates onfiscated in Hungary, but to farm them for a peiod of two ?>r three years There can be little or o doubt that they will eventually 1* returned to heir former proprietor". The Legitimist Congress at Wiesbaden The I'tinn, one of the principal legitimist or* ans, contains some additional particular* of the iii>?? at Wiesbaden. Alter decltring that leiters are arriving there every day to |*y their rspects to the Coiint d?: ('hambord, rt enumerates tie representatives of the French Assembly, and ii? n goes on to sa) "In addition to pnlitleal men landed proprietors, rtiits. nirrrbanis. all rank* sad |>tofi"*l<>o* rive an umplr inrr of a noil* fraternity Aooupl th?n> mi n an* Prino* I'baial*. Captain da Monlyniurry. Paudrucii d? Kirbt bciir* M Cotton (forinarly r!c?.(r*|.(r to tb* I ?n. <-r" ot the ( uurd). Count d? mi l.auMgnur Ct unt d<* Durfort. ki'M. >a?ary da niifffird, ilrMaiiiHiliti. da Pi*** d<- Puf*nur. rh??ilnr Krnrit d? Tarragon. Karhaud df Brunt;on da oi? David d* Lortan|ir?. and a v??t crowd of ?th?ra tr hot<U are n mpUtrl; flllrd. and many prraon* art itdmliilf?Tb<i? th>ji ran. Tha Couot d? Chamorri invito f aoh day certain numbtrnf Tiritars to l? UMc andrviry day at ??># h? n-ctivni th<? parbav* U?t arrived Kvrry avrnin# tb.rriaa mral r< <-t| tic n for all vtho rho?i?- to pfvannt tbimlvc? (in tbr 12th. M Pahiral M da Handle. M ii|?tr,W <ia hrr>ait>t and M da St. Uaorga* raprai.iatWi r r.t tha propl< arrived; and ont)iai3ih. t ho uk<> d? > al> r^ay tti? Margin* dn I.nart, brothrr In wnfthi I>11k ' d liaterurl. ami I r Pavc du I'ourtail. h< lltika and I1 in li? ? N ailli'X araaiiHrlnl h*ra iim dlnuljr. Tl a Orand lJuka da Nmmu, tbo w? wbm tba1:? unt da rbnnjlmrd *rri?ad. rrturnad ti'< u It i 141b and >air?*ui?l'1) paid a vlalt to tba riBrc The rlfit w?* returned in due form a few >uri later " 7 hr A?lu?o' Biilirt tkr ffltlowipf remarks on ? rusl mr Dili ?-?? ??? tin nmkirff at ilia prrcen' moant in fnvor of tlir Count i)e < IihmiIiokI at Wiea(ftr.ri.dif Louis Najolron in the matt rn delta ?i'i- ? 'Tb*?kOod. Lout* Napoleon ia not thanniy prince >< Iran I*, at d Ilia hi?torloarapbi-r? of tba preaent pa will bare mora tban one f>dy**ey to recount ii n trtfc ra ik' iifili! bad taken it' flight toward* the 1.1b lbe./l*?i W? .'n lad Pit Unit In n>OT< B>-nt. and d adtanc\d *inwly toward* tba North; <? that *a >*a tie *alini.TttcD of ant.i tmaing at tin fame time i ariital of tba Fraildant of tin nj nbh at L|itm, dtlataf tba rount da Cbambonl at Wte-ba.|?n a I aaittmary inti-t* int" competition with lha Ktn i? - in tba b'(b?a>? and railway*. I* baa Ita hnraea, ji-tlHinf. II* lurrmiitlraa . I' bar It* faithful Ita ipilon* It* acclamation*. It* otitinM Ita reporta. a I lib rrtbu,-i**ni rbina* *><j joy overflow* On a ?bo|a. it lia* I lit la t< ?n?y In Ita rival It I* ita I)at thi Count da rhambord haa not M 'la nnlalemVatt with bim but una ran do without M da Haii niliatt whi n oaf ba* >1 II* rryer Tba Pr<-*1nt ot tbr Kt public drag* with bim. wa a tr>it. M trap V d Haut)?ul an iUnatriou* wartior and M an wbowill lilt lnHitofj by tba Varadamiiatmn iba l'i niatard* Hut M ila ?alnt I'rlc-t la a general wall < M dliautp^ui. It ha be nut vat >lin>*ter ?f r ba la eatable ol tan.mini an . and ara M la I ?rn j*i|Uiiln >1 \a*tn and M t bapot nothing Aa I ,*10* | ?ili?nnt*i y nirn. than. j ou *a?. there I* an i.*l t*l*nre Rut tbaral* ana point ou wh'rh l,?gl' i rj afpiar* to u* In kata * n*rkad advantage i'b M da Chnmbi rd th-ra ara- Prlnra da Montraoy tba Iiuka da Hi* Jmni* tba !>uka da Urla lK< i*t iirakitiii nf mnrnuu a riiUnlt tla^Otitita ati.l " nr ?t? ore lo?t In the ctowd. We ?< nfe?a with I that the pifMilrnliil cmlff la not rlrb In 'lUed t. V ilk ni^fi't to tftrritlcoii thero I* the :?uie e|M.rlty X litmbf *W recently promoted to IB uUd poatlltn In th* l.ejrlon of lloaor But tllllttr "| M do Chain! m 4 "ho ?r? rerelrrd In ante chamb?ra by r i jkt lackeja wom-in* ?ran I a Ilt?tt*? praoint tb'in*?'??? befor* th* ''mint I t mind (iiiamilt'1) with ih? l'm? o( ft. I.uuia II tbr ??*e which Inform" n? ot thla ? ? ,?t frankly ?*< ? etin-bould our aatowr prapi t aiiffer. it lb* r?Wtkrl of M lldHvutr unto nothing to |(M' to ?r tl I.out* It in tru*. bo????f, ttbiyban m t hi Ir aide th* tiring of cannon th* I ir k if bill#, tbr roUtnn tli qur ne* of prrlicta t m >rin?tLltif. but It It commanded The <-??? rli.p M d* t bambord would ha** a* much It* I* il!j only in want of oi'l foidier* A? r?f*rd? ruaty rrda rtmaptd rocked but* and old uniform* tbr r burnt h r ppeara to ua t?ry def.rlert We liar* I hi * til ??) 'hat ?lt gle ret'-ran ot th* Trocad*ro i tmr4 tl<r Miltf. Ibr uiaati r of I he waouln Hlnltdin did not tblnk of lit! Ai d now It ? llttl* too lata for thin llm? l?nitlro>u y niuat llfrut ild lolditra Redly It I? - p I tT ' Alter we but* IP t>tj rrm?rk?h|e detail* on the t|IHlt of Wl*rba?en Hut we are pr> tni*i <1 I * by tb? nut p"?t and we ahall take care to trnat Ibe? to i ur l*adrrr. On< of the *aret!e* tb* Clllt. howetrr. trlla U? that M Vealu, 0 -aw ike t < lint dr I bambord for the flrat time lowrd ime wirdr to errap* him which d*?*rtt? d i motion of an honert and elaratrd roind.' I? It in pit) that It bar not bull rl?cht to 'jaoto th > ijr ' V < hare ? leart the reply of the prino* it I bolt, but rlcqumt. Tkr prior* took nl? handa. | 1 p?r?eo tbr n< wltb motion; every on* nnderatood prare aad pflilie Mdra'lnn of tfclot?Mhlag I r pontniiewim rtrtf !' How many Ihlnfi there are I to 'it ota " raid Muttl, and how murk ther* ia In , turner of thaprmca' Anothrr letter writer en?oi? to d?) th'' rimor> malevolently apread. . l b lead to cau?* It to b? kelleted that th* Cmint d* 1 mbird rrrraible* bla ureal ndelc I.nai* Will. J print* la ?rty robuot knt not fat In tratb, t la very different tklag A ?<mpl? altl??o may he I bat a print* fcM alwaya an tl-gant walrt Tbry t ire only vnlgar republican* who can gay th? contrary Tbc early arrtval.pt Wlcbaden of M de Vatlm??nll la Devoted. Deeidcdly. we br|iB to bar that th? l'realdcnt ef the He public will have tike wont of It." France. The President of the Republic arrived at Lous le Sanlonier, on the eveuing of the 17th, at 10 o'clock. Throughout his journey, the population hastened to meet him, and they every where afforded him the most remarkable proofs of the warmest sympathy. Paris Bourse: Fives, 97 36; Threes, 58 60. The commtrcial reports for the jiast week state that nil manufacturers of cotton, wool and silk are in lull work, and cannot meet demand. The corn maiketsall note advanced and advancing nric?s. On ihe Bourse Fives opened firmly at 074, "hut give wey, cloving at 97 .'Vij.Threes closed58 00. The account* of the President's favorable rece|ition, und his judicious speeches in the provinces, gave confidence to speculators. The speech of the President of the republic, at the Lyons banquet, hss caused much sensation. 1 be general feeling, save amongst the legitimists and dermcrats, is that of tatisfaction. Louis Naj oleon announces his determination to remain at the head of eHairs, if public opinion should be in bis la\or, without regaid to the obstacles placed hi his way by the franiers cf the constitution. Ad\ices report tJlat much rain had fallen during lest week. The wheat now out would be seriously injuied, end prices had advanced. Similar accounts are received from Belgium. Ihc Tour of the French Presidents (From the L?idoa Timra. Aug. ltf ] The joutney of the President of the French republic through the departments of Hurguidy and eastern France is certainly the most singular manifestation of his personal influence and position which lus been given since he assumed the executive government of the republic. The cities chosen for his first appearance in the provinces were notoriously ill-affecttd to his government, and were snp|>osed to be those in which the Red Republic has the greatest number of passionate adherents. Several of these districts are still under martial law; the National Guard hHS been dissolved in some them for its revolutionsry tendencies ;and they have for the most part returted intra republican members to die Assembly. tUut when an attempt was made at L>ijon, at Montbsrd, and at Chalcns on the Saone to interrupt the chorus of popular acclamation, it was scon evident that whilst 'a band of disorderly fellows were shouting forrepublican uibtituioRS, the mxss cf the people bad concf ntraied their interest and affection on the nibti whom they were assembled to welcome and applaud. Accoidingly, nothing could be more unlike the modest journey of the Chief Magistrate of a commonwealth, and nothing could more nearly approach the splendor of au im|>erial progress. Lveiy where the recollections of the empire and the Emperor Napoleon are revived and |>araded before the people. Here a monument is to be visited with Folemmty, representing the illustrious captain on a sham St. Helens, with the exquisite pathos of a French inscription? " To Napolsuo, Koiiot. a Grccaditr ?f Elba " There a city was reminded that the great Emperor had enriched its armonal beatings with the star of the Legion of Honor. When the health of the Piesident whs proposed by the Prefect ot Magon, it was preceded by the "glorious and immortal memoiy" cf the uncle, and wound up in honor of " his worthy and popular heir?Louis Napoleon." The Ptince, as he was styled by the more ardent w orshippers of the rising sun, received all these honors as due neither to himself nor to his nreseut office in the Republic (lor, indeed, that offensive expression is seldom heard,) but to the glory of Ins family and of its great chief; while the only allusion made to the constitution s?eniB to have been wtief. iU-timed request was hazarded by Noizot, the Grenadier oi JuiU, f?F ?n amnesty to one of his particular friends, which Louis Napoleuii said he w as constitutionally unable to grant without the concurrence of the Assembly. In one village the municipal body distinctly intimated its opinion that a | rolongation of the |ieriod of office in favor of the President is iiiUiMx-nsably necessary to France. Ptihsj* this last declaration conveys with sultici< nt accuracy the prevailing dei-ire of ttif santry and a considerable portion of the middle and lower elates throughout France. Kvery one deprecates a roupi/'tlal or u revolution, even to es cape from the conaequenres of the last levnlution; but an ( cent Mrp by step from the rank of I'reaident to the distant grandeur of the Empire, would probably ronniund the support of the people. For if these chang'-s appear to^be dilricult and dangerous. since they imply a change in the constitution of 1SIH, it must be borne in mind that the inevitable aeration of that constirution is still more dreaded by the nation, and the year 1852 i? looked forward t*> as a fatal ten.i, be)ond which no certainty. perhaps no safety, lies. The path now before ihe country, w hich Louis Napoleon i< naturally endeavoring to make an broad and alluring as |>otsihle( has the great additional recommendation that a violalit n of the law in his favor is likely to prove a less formidable effort than the op?>rntion of the law against his claims, or in favor of any republican or loyalist candidate. Hclglum, The floods bad dour great damage to the lowlands. For sixty.one miles U-tween Lille and Namur the fields are coni) lettly flooded and Ihe cro|>s destroyed, as also in other placet on the line. A letter states that if the floods are general, Belgium must be a buyer of foreign corn this year. Accounts from Belgium report that serious inun dation* had occured there, l>y which flour and grain had raftered greatly. Italy. The IVpe is in md perplexity, in congruence of the conviction rf si* murderer*, to whose sentence ot decapitation he is callid upon to affix hi4 name. No execution haa yet taken jdace under the reijjn of Piu* IX, owing to his invincilU reluctance to sipn ? death warrant. He wishes the miscreants to he ??nt to the galleys for the rest of their lives : hut the government and the judges are not incliued to aive way. Accounts frcm Verona state that the Austrian 8overnment had rejected the proposition* of the LeniKurto-Venetian deputies relative t? the loan of I20.IHA,OCO of florins. The government does not wt?h t? pledge ittrlf not to issue any paper money in those provinces, Malta. ( liolera declining: attack* on the llfh ult.,and t'O deaths. On the 12/h :C1 attacks and 31 deaths ; total attacks, rot including army indnavy, 1.H17 ; , deaths !'( <?. At Alexandria the cholera caured many death*. Sardinia* Advices from Turin oi the 7th instant stRte that ir.ui h agitato n existed in confluence of the refusal ot ikt drrn to aHmirn?ter the l.t?t sacrament to M Santa Rosa Minister cf Commerce, on his death bed. I(n?*la ?ml I'oimni. The I'crtirht Z?iJh?c pive* Ihf following account of the Kumun naval force <>n the Wih ol A lift lift:? The Furftan fleet cnneintii, according to official report*, of 1W Mil of ?hipa of nil port* nnd si/.e?, mid t?re ? follow?:?4 line of battle ahipe of ISO; ft of It (I to 11#; 2l? ot K) lo 5*>; I* of 70 to "O gpiuw; I'd Irn itcf; CO ennrfttfi, bri|r, and ?? Sooner*; and 1 34 *tr ?mer? Thi* naval h>rcf ii divided imn tire tqiiidn n; lk? Keltic qutdron con?i*t* of about 4( *< mm. Incli dug the artillery; but the paper Male* ihat the ck vt? are not of the very beat >|iiv In* o? tner.and amor/at thtm are many Jewa from Poland. Greece. Acrordinc to iatelttgtDC* from Allien*, nf the 7th inn., the hitigiaou the eve nt taking a journey, and b?? ap(? inied a regency, crwairfing ol ihe^ M.niptera, pr??id?d over by the <^ue< n The Minister* ol Justice and the Interior taave reeigned. I >eliam ha/ accepted the latter dc|mrtment, with the inter.mr of Finance and Kccle?ii4*tical Affair*. Turkey. Letter* from CooM*ntwoi>|e, d ited the 1st in^t., Male thai ihe account* c,f the insurrection in Hulc.irm liMVe l.irii miii h riiiffitcr^ii'fl tn.1 k,i>a K >.l tb< ir chief source in the *mk mindnl Zin, i'.ith* ofWiddin It arrm? that the aheplirrda of the Iiatmt of Lrfcoua, i* the province of IVItfradgik, bad tee* a<curtom"ri to i?iy their tsie* in money ili'nd ?f in kind, but it vn? reftifed on the laat oc<a?i>D by the J'arha, wtiormwrd their alieep to be ??i/fd for their UlM. The enraged ahepberda attacked the collectora, and kiltrd ?<irri< bt llofti Alirmtfl at the illegality of their oun <?ndi>ct, th?y march* d i>fl in * boHjr of tbrre hnnned, to lay their C4?e before the l'*cba, list that fvnciioMry, tenlflrd ?t their n'imh?-r?, earned ihe guiea to he ahut againti them. Th" l'lthi thrn ordered hie troop* to chaige th?m, and mnr.) of litem were alain The gti\?gr soldiery then |itc.?i ided an the aurrotinding vill?ffe?, killing rh?- j oplc Mid destroy ing th-ir property, a??d they Cvr.milttd mm h enceMea thai the hi Win forced to send other troops agmaat them, who put a Flop to th? ir crieltit a. A second deputation from the hhej hetda wnited upon the Pacha to represent thrir ?ad atate to him ; but he a< i7.ed them, put tb< m in itona, and sent them o(T to (>inat*n'ino|.le as i hit fa of the iri-iirn* nta, mi l reprea'-nted thtt hit province w?p up in arm*. Hut the r?-al f*n? hate her n 1><id I* fort the I >iv?n, an.i i- is hop-d ihat the f'a? ha will not escape pttniahmcnt for hi* ' trnanii-; m< nt, * < nn. hi d ?\ 'T The ialelligrncr from Alexandria to the Tth Inn ?>. N*eral tasrs of cholera have oeiurr'-d l>oth en ai d ai Cairo, and there ia every probability of ( iMiiher visitation *.f the diseaae in this countiy. , TK> Virero), who, coaaidering ins station, and th'* nf1i>? rre he exercises over the mis?> s, ahould htw more flrmatrs, took to fight frurq Cairo, as J | food as the cholera m&de its appearance there. Him biphnesa would not even come to Alexandria, but ordered a steamer and a frigate, well provisioned with siorea of every description, to meet him at Ltamietta, to which town he proceeded, down the Nile, and there embarked for Rhodes, on the 6th. S< me cases of cholera have also occurred at Suez, among people who had arrived there from Cairo. Most of the Armenians and other Christians holding authority in the government of the country, from Artin Bey, the Minister of Foreign Affair*' downwards, are in disgrace, and Mohammedan ideas are ijuite pre|>onderant, all the important posts beinp occupied by Turks. Kanee Pasha is busilv engaged in the supervision of all government accounts, and muny embezzlements have been di?< covert d, particularly in th? stamp duties and sales of giain; and Yoosst lV Bey, a reputed son of Boghos Bey. who lias been for upwards of twenty years in -fticc, has been put into prison. Artii^Bey lms no authority whatever just now. The Nile is this year riiing very slowly, and the new crops do not come down eo fast as usual. Cotton has risen to pl4 per cantar, but there ia very little business doing, and many persons are leaving the country from fear of the cholera. India and China. Via Trieste, on Wednesday, a telegraphic announcement of the departure of the overland mail from Alexandria lor Marseilles was received ; and via Beilin, on Saturday, a brief outline ot the in?. llllJ?r.n,. &..W. .1.. e- ? 'uif"" uwuiuaj, the express oetjwtchei.of the London journal* were reoetved by courier,with complete accounts; extending from Bombay to the 22d June ; from Calcutta to the 3d July; and from China to the f22d June. From Bombay we received a confirmation of the report that Sir Charles Napier had resigned, on account of the disputes with the Earl of l)aihousie. Sir Charles and the Governor were at Simla, and the forrner would set out on his return in October. The Earl's health had much improved. Affairs in the Punjaub were quiet, but executions were very numerous at Lahore. A i-epoy had been shot by the Afleedees; ln<t there was no proof that any of the ehitfs were accessory to these acts of individual aggression, and the communication through their country continued uninterrupted. A plot had been discovered to assassinate three British officers whilst travelling from Peshawur to Kohat. Thirty-nine Seikh prisoners had attempted to master the vcbkcI conveying them down the Ganges. They seized the murkets of the guard appointed over them, and tired at every white man they saw, hilling two or three, ard wounding about the same number. Two of the Seikhs hit victims to their own designs. The mutineers had possession of the vetfcei for some time, and, having obtained some boats from the shore, succeeded in effecting their escnpe ; but before many hours elapsed, several of iliem were reiaken and placed in more secure custody. Frauds oh the military fund to a considerable extent hud been discovered, arising, from a defective way of keeping the aecounts. The tecretary and the auditor had been, dismissed. From the Xuj.hi's domiBions we learn that another intestine war had broken out in hi* capital, the combatants beinf some nnH Rn. hillas on one side, and 4,(KM) of the Nizam troons, with guns, mi ilie oth*r. The llohillns occupied a fortified building, with thick mud wall*, and, after having buMaineo, without loss, a cannonade of twenty-seven hour*, during wiiich they ki41ed sorm lifteeu or tweniv of tlieir assailants, evacuated their fortress, on condition that they should receive the i mount of their claims and he exempted frcni all punishment on account of their wild way of obtaining jt'ttice. The N'iznm's vassal, the Newab of Elicopoor, had defeated the force wluch his lord had unjutiiy 8<it against him to diwposses' him of hi* Jjicletrs. Accounts frtrn China of the 22d June announce the arrival of the new Portuguese governor at Macao, with a small military ?nd naval force, and state that, according to 'he accredited report, the trhflic in opium whs about to be realized, with the consent of the new limj-eror. Some doubt, however, still exi -th on this point. Several deatht' had occurred amongst the European soldiers, chi'fly from fever; and a large number were in hospital. ChiitUan sects would be permitted in the empire. Sew Zealand. \Vc have received papers from Aukland, New Zealand, to the l(iih of March. The Arte Ztalanf/ff Iff ihrft H*f# MtflT ?tnti..rr fli?r>? l>a*4 kv..*?n to upprehend a long-ilreaded collitiun would take place on the Cih, between '.he contending W&kaito tribes. gives si nanative of some fearful manifestations i)?a' W4 M' llMltf en tl at day, and when a confhet, in which scores if not hundreds of lives might have Uen lost, was, to all human appearances, averted only by the influence and exertions of Mr Whlli*, n missionary 7he Com Trad* ar.d Harvests of Karopt. [from th? Mark I.aim Kxpresa. Aug 80 ] Though the hum si has been interrupted by |>artial shower* in different parts of the kingdom, cousideriihle progrets bas h*en made in the more forward districts. and a good deal of com In* beer, carried in fair condition during the week. The accounts of the )ield of wheat do aot improve; indeed, the complaint* rtspeciing the deficiency ol gTain in proportion to straw have increased, which we are not surprised at, considering the prevalence of blight among all the earlier .-oris of wheat, ard the lots when was naturally to he exacted from the fact of large breadths of corn hiving been badly laid by the heavy rains and high winds experienced in July. It it yet too early to sj<eak josttively as to the extent of the deficiency ; but from ull we have hitherto been enabled to collect, we are of opinion tint wheat will prove less productive than in moderately good aveiage seasons, and th.tt a considerable proportion will be of coarse uality. This will orove a heavy trial to our fanners, as there exists little prnepect of the value of the article advancing, so as to cover the loss to wbs'b, under such circumstances. the ihcrttiess of the ueld must subject them. Thev have lound it sufficiently difficult to compete with the foreign growers w itb so ?ood n crop as that ot las) )ear; fut we much fear that the present season will prove still more trying to all engaged in the cultivation ol the land. 1'tices have certainly ri*?n ttont the lowest point, and present rates may |>erhsps he about maintained; but we much questior whether the advsnre established is at all adequate to recompense lor the shortneaa in the quality per acre. From the tenor of the foregoing remarks it will be readily understood that we are not sanguine ol r.?y improve rner.t in the wheat trade, we feel hilly peisuafleii rtj;it we shall not have an averagcrop, aiid further, that a very laige portion of me potatoes will he ! ?(; but we are equally well convinced that ihia *111 not have much influence on prices. In the southern countries u( Kurope the harvest has keen fini?hed under very aiis^acioua circumstances, and in the more northern parts it ic fast drawing to h conclusion. All the accountr a(itee in speaking highly of the quality; and allowing ituil the partial loss of the rye crop in Gertaanr urn iioiiu..d n iy c?u?e >m ex'ra consumption ol wlifai.aiill a laige surplus must remain lor ahip* MU to t Ireat liritain. The new prnduc** cannot, *' dmit, conv forward immedi?tely ; ip<t<-?d, i'i? m Ike more distant ports, comparatively little is hlnly to reach n? !>efore next spring, but no re.il recnrity caa be frli in th; interval, and as our nierclmu;a and farm*ni will constantly have the drratl of Urire ini x>rt? tiefore tb*lr ryea, tW fotmei are not likely to be much disposed to make invealmetiM at high ralea, or th* latter te Itr either able or willing to hold back sappliea. Tbia ?emi to be the view pretty generally taken cf the probable future course of events; and notwithstanding she unfavorable accounts from the agricultural iliitnr'i, business haa >main*d ion vrry <|utet ?tate, with 'lie tendency of price# rather downward* at m veralol the leading provincial m irke'B Bad weatlw r would naturally have th- efl clot causing aprrtilation: bu? provider! nothing further occrra to ? n?!ane> r that |airt of the crop* still mthr ti? Ida, iio tnateiial or |>eriiianen( nae in the value ol agricultural prvdacc n? likely to take plac*. 1 li>- ad* ic?a from Si otland are atill of a favor* able character, hot from Ireland the accounts abm" (rfMatoea are sullicieotl) doahtlul, the dineaae havirg. il ip paid, extended fr m the sou.h and wat to the north of the talar.d. Wheat eeetna to have beer slbetrd there hy blight and mildew ip the aame mantii r aa on 'his aide of the channel; but the crops ?i spring corn (more especially tlioae of otla) me well ?poken of. Potatoes w^re, owing to tlte tear 'hat the* might not keep, being forced <>u the tiiatketa, and wi re consequently very cheap. The r> porta from the continent respecting the barveat are r.f a decidedly fivrrahle rhtracter. 1 bin der storms have been egpefieoce 1 at fim-a, by which local damage haa been done, but the aear< n* have, on the whole, bren auspicious, both io the south and north of Kiirn|?e. lu the earl) p?rt of the week a heavy fall of rain appeals to have taken place in France, whieh hid raorrd holder* of gram to raise their pret*na<<ia*: u<incii| *Mi movrmrnt liml i>< ' (?- *!> Ire?|jr rei|<ond<ri to by buyers, r.rd the trade lia.l remained quirt at the |>nnri|MI markets. Fton the Baltic the account! are of muchth* same cb?r?cter a* before. The letters generally de?cribe the wuth< r us auspicious, and fie wheat crop as 1t? mising ; spring corn m, however, not *r wrll tpoktn ?f, trnd rje in rertainly deficient orer laiue jtnion of notthern Europe There iasmtie Nit of potato d.sease in the Netherlandsand put ot tirrrraujr, l?u? this does not seem to have had much infiu* nee on the graii. markets. Me.tnahile, neither hit)?rs t or sellers hud she wn any disposition to enter ittnftrih ruu -w ments, ind the ir ansaeti"0? ap l#ar to ha\e b< en ot very little im(K>r'ance even at thi'M |ila< * wh? r?, until ret* ntiy, a good deal of business had bf ru done. < 'ur 1 tannic Ifitersaie of the 10th iaat. Though then had brea no inclination to buy, holder* had n n hinril \? r\ him, and prices wrf then iiite a* Ifh as they had ??rn the week before, e |nsl tn *. f 47s. hsvmg he?n demanded for fine high ii,u??l ar tm.les, w.ighingttt lb?. per bushel, ami