Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 9, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 9, 1850 Page 3
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I AflUn mi tk? PmIIc SW|m tf tmitot, OUR CALIFORNIA COBRKS1*ONDKMCS. Movnr Defiance, ua the Colorado, ) Twelve mile? below the mouth of the Gil*, > July S, 1*60 ) Emigrant*? IMingtrrmi 4d rritfurr?The Gila Ri. vtr?A /Jtiert. Ifc tfc. Joat as I kid finished iny last letter, there appeared on the op|>o8ite shore " muif ho kombrti," (many men). A glance showed them to be emigrants, and a closer view through a gliss proved them to be Mexicans. As soon as they detected that they were observed, they gave indications of a wish to be passed over This was an uniertaking for which we were knot prepared ; but an anxiety to hear of the stale of the road (for the Indians had been telling us that the Gila was overflowed, and that the emigration would be stopped for several weeks thereby,) overbalanced all other considerations. It was the work of less than an hour to take the body from one of our wagons, and jmiB OVtT ll me canvas iuj? ?u mc eamr, iu oucu k way aa to render the whole inipenetrable to water, ana launch it into the stream Ater having towed it up about hail a mile, to get out of the lulluence of tne rapids opposite our camp, three men jumped into it, and pulled for the op,n>?iie shore ; but to our horror and astonishment, it was rooa seen that from the clumsy character of the beat, (it being but about twice as long as it was broad,) and from the fact that the attempt to cross was made too near the influence of the rapids, when thejr got within the full force of the current the bout tiecaiue completely under its influence, and was hurled dowa stream at a rapid rate. On, on it went, till within a few rods of where the danger was most imminent, when a divergence iu the course ot the current, aided by the strenuous exertions of the boatmen, threw it into an eddy, and they were saved. Thus, by the merest accident, were ihe lives of three valuable men, heads of families, preserved from a sudden death. The party of Mexicans proved to be from the City of Culiacan, iu the Sia'e cf Sia.iloa, and within about 280 miles of .Magellan. As it usual in these companies, there are u few proprietors, with a large number of peons. They came by the route not often travelled at this season of the year, via Alter. This is the most northern and western town in Sonora, and lies nearest the head of the Gulf, of any wttlement in it. Beyond it, northwardly to the Gila and westwardly to the Gulf, is an unbroken desert, never explored by the foot of a white man, and supposed to be almost wholly H^flfifntP rtf tt'?tr?H Vittfr miH cim<aa WifKin a ft* u/ yearn has been discovered a loud that in passable in the raiuy season, direct to the Gila, distant about 2t0 miles, and striking it about 2 .leg. from its mouth. It ia by thin road that our friends had travelled. They Buy their animals had no grass from the time they lett Alter till the time they struck the Gila; and thet tor four days at a time ihey were without water. Mount Defiance, on the Colorado, 1 12 mii.es below the mouth of > the Gila, July 1, 1350. 5 1\e Intercourse with the Indian*?Present Positvm? Preparations for Defence?Indians?Insects?Fish? The River Gila, fr , frc. Whan 1 wrote you laat week, our relations with the Indians were of an apparently friendly character. The next day, however, our interpr?ter took upon himself to lecture the old chief upon the outrages his tribe had committed against emigrants in times past, and to threaUn him with the chastisements of the American government. This very unwise course at once excited hit antipathies, and he departed in high dudgeon. The next day there was but very little trade, and but a very few Indians appeared at all around the camp. It so happened that just at this time we got into a general row with our men. These were mostly old soldiers and other worthless cnaracters, i^pMikia to control, (lid we detertniued to discharge them, which we did, and they left the next d4y. From causes not necessary to explain, two of my partners determined also to leave at this tune, and they went oH with the men. This lea me company, inclining three hired men, juiit seven strong. Our position was a very insecure oue, aud it was obvious that our lives were every in^uient in danger upon the separation of our'company. It was at lirst supt>08ed indispensable that we should relinquish the objects of our ex|*dition altogether, and return to the settlements. Hut ihis wis thought too sunt a sicritice, and we lia illy determined to fall back to tlie tirit defeasible point, fortify ourselves as well as we could, and hold on till, by the arrival ofi migrants, we could get the power to return and take pot-session of the terry. 80 here we are. If there ever w.is a place where a smill number of men could defeud tueniselves agmnst 4 greatly superior Indian force, this u one. It is a precipitous blnfl up >n the margin of the river, of about two hundred feet high, and command* a good view of the surrouuiiing country for several milt s. At its topmost point, is an open ?f>*ce of about forty feet square. This we have stock tded with a breastwork of log?, and huve mounted thereon our little brass cannon, and whu h we ar^ careful to discharge every evening?a dispUy which, we already perceive, has a |>owertul eff^t on the nerves ol our copt*r-col<?r?d neighbor* Directly at the base of the blutluj-ou which oar fort is situated, the liver takes a turn and ftirms a complete .11 . _. ... .. ... . .1. ... ? ... 1? ~ nA ? more important, exactly where it make* the turn there occur* in the river a powerful ra.iid, there beinu a full, < should judijf, ! a huudrt'il yards, of some ?uiy fret, so a* to rnidrr the ti?w on our 1 side peifrcily impassible lor bwats ?>n the other 1 nd<* of the river, which is h? re about a q Miter of a mile wide, occur* a wnle >-ddy, ? that the navigation of ihe river hy this rapid ia not materially impeded, and this, by the hy, is the out* one between the mouth of the Gila and the Gulf. There is, l>elow us ubo.it ten miles, a Urg r settlement of the ludima thin either of those abovr ua. Here reside* the chief, who cUiius ah*vl ite control over the whole irihe. lie luinorcd us with a visit the n*xt day all -r taking up our atation in his neighborhood, nnd loUl uilf we would act as friends to him he wou'd b" ?o to u*. H?? said h* w?s the same n? kmu in this quarter, that all the land was hi?, fee. thace we hive been 1 here the Indiana have l<eeu very neighborly, and huve purchased fr<-ely. They are in com- ! munication with Uie Indnn* on the coast, and are fully apprised *1 the intei.lion of the troops to com* out here, ll ia from the influence of thia latter fact, I take it, that causes th<-m, just at thia time, to be so very civil to n? Yea'erday we were pomewat excited, from the fact that a large number of rafW i*?sed down t ie river, and in one initance a dead horse. We supposed, at first, it might he indicative of a tram ot *-uiu(r*nt* tha. had been panning over, above ua. Then, actio, il was ruoea'ed mat the lndnns were moving their wnea and children aw,y. pr--par<t ?rr to war. | This ides had nornr plausibility, from the fact, that night before last, about i?u hundred Indians, I chiefly families, pasted *i> by cur c imp, latest night. Our sjpreheastons hav bee* luieted, morning, by learning that the Inli<n? have been i tm??ing over into the forks of the GiU a ad the Colorado, with a Tiew t? nuke their garJsn* This yo? will thiuk late in the season, hat op j to this period of the year the laid.* in i he vicinity are all wrrtlotfd. Ti.e weather is at thia time very warm, although by no mean* so much m*i*ti later t>erioi. Th? thermometer average*, la the mi.Idle of the ) tyj'>!i in theahade Wit it is from the influence of a wind that nrram occasionally from the ao-iib and we?t that oar moat di-"agreeable sensation I ari?e. Thi* wind )iaa>e? for hundred* of miiea over a deaen of aand and Tolcanic remains, and in which there is little or no vegetation The#-, form the great heat of the awe, get -corrh'i* hot through the day, and retain their high atate of tem^ieraiure through the j night The wtnda, in pas?ing over thein, imbihe their heat, and when it rec.ehea our unfortunate bodies it partakes of some of the characteristics of i an Arabian niroceo. I have heurd of the wind blown g the hair out of one'# head, but not even in I the language of exaggeration did I ever hear it j suggested that it would rau?e the per?piration to ?tart from one's forehead. Hut this ia a literal fact, as I can too well testify. When theae winds occur at night, as they not ^frequently do, they prove an effectual bar atalf at empts at obtaining sleep. This is one of the felicities of our ondi- | lion Another evil with which we have to rotitend ia from an insect, called the nand-lly. It m of Lilliputian d mention*, but is very effective ia its attacks upon the corporeal mm notwithstand ing Tl.rrc is al?o another fly of mo?i gigantic proportiona, that i* very annoying at certain , enaona of th* day, and particularly annoying to ?iw?l? l-taarda and wnrimiw abound, but tn?*y >in* r to lw harmleaa. Th*re ia hut little ante in thla particular locality. < 'ccneion tlly we are a rabbit, and now and thro a few quail. There are l<|entv of tiah in the river, of a tolerable quality and of a good eiac. They have a aucker montn and are r>-d about the bHIy, but t am not enough of an ichihvohrgiat to (i?ei|i?m a correct description. The Indiana deroy them to the aurface and then ahoot them with arrowa The water in the riyer in tolerably good, notwithstanding it* oflenHve apprarance. It reaemhlea, when taken from the riyer, that which ha? been made nee of by a watherwaman, in the way of her buameea. The general aapert of the country, in the region of onrforf. In aomewhat impreaaive fuat in the rear ia a mountain, a thuuaund of more feet in height. From that, with a g?>o?| glaaa, can ha ?een at the north th" Colora lo for many milea beUitr " "at^ra h??o?? unit'd with those of the # Oil*. To the rut may be aeea this latter atreain after becoming united with the Colorado?breaking their united way through a high ridge. Turning to the coath, the Colorado can be seen for many,miles, tortuous in its course, bnt gradually widening until it becomes connected with the Gulf. At the west, occurs the vast desert?which is, you know, a part of the Great American Basin, and one of the wonder* ef the American continent. There is but little land that can be cultivated in this section; it is of a sandy formation, ami cannot, without great difficulty, be ever irrigated. Nothing can ever render this section desirable us a residence, eicept it should possibly be made the l>oint over which a railroad shall pass between the Pacific and the Atlantic States. Dut 1 shall have more to say upon this subject hereafter. T. F. Concepcioh, Mouth or the Gila, Wbstsidi. ) of th? Colorado, July 12, 1800 ? Par tut from California?Building a Fort?Iti Potitiom?Tht Indian*?Arrival of Califomiant ? Ncu> Kivtr, 4'C , $ ('. Just us I was sending off my last letter to you, one of our company, who had started for " the settlements," made his appearance. He met on the way a litter from San Diego, giving intelligenca wluc.1i, as it khows the mode in which matters take a turn in this country, 1 will relate. It appears, in the first place, that when intelligence reached San Francisco of the murder of Glontin and his companions at this place, and of the piles of money he had accumulated, two parties were at once formed there to come down and take posaeession of the ferry One of these was got up under the auapicea of Colonel Jack Hays, whilom of Texas, and ciw..ur,.f c ? r..ma.aaa tka a>k.,. ?.n. uun onei in ui uau i loutim u. iuc umci nuc jjui up, it wbb said, by Col. Graham, of San Francisco, both of these partieB, numbering 20 men each, had arrived at San Diego, one of the-n, it was said, with $20,000 worth of good* to trade with the Indians. lu addition to this, an application for a licence to keep a ferry at this point had been made by a brother of Major Fitzgerald, who commands the forces in the Southern section of California. To make up the complement, a couple of Yankees'were actually on their way with goods fur this point, and would be up in a few days. This being the state of affairs, it was at once concluded to be in<lui>ensible that we should proceed forthwith from our then camping ground, and take possession of this point, as this has been heretofore the place where the ferries have been established, anditis also unquestionably the point where the military force were to be btati?ned when it arrives. Accordingly, the next night we yoked up our teams, and pushed ahead, and without meeting any obstacle worth relating, found ourselves the afternoon of the following day at the I mint at which my letter is dated. This, joumust mow, is on a high bluflat the angle formed by the Colorado, immediately before and after its junction with the Gila. These two rivers, by the by, as they meet eaeh other, flow from exactly opposite point?, and the united force of their waters or some other cause, has forced a patsige through a high hill. ? The spot we occupy has always been called Concepcton on the Mexican maps. It appear* to have been at one time occupied, for in building our fort we found abundant remains of old buildings. There was once, it is well known, a mission in this neighborhood, but it was situated, as has generally been supposed, on the north side of the Gila, about a mile above this. At all events, Major Emory gives it this location. The position here is a very Pe asant one. At one view the eye takes in the Gila, the Coloradoj before its union with the^ for mer, ana me unuen streams as tney nurry on rapidly to tbe south,| or rather to the west, as that is the course the rivet takes tor some distance after pacing our camp. We have built a fine stockade fort, and consider ourselves perfectly aafe. Our Yankee iriend* have come up, and as we have disposed of all our goods we have permitted them to come alongside, and put themselves under our protection. The spring emigration has not yet commenced. This is remarkable, aa it ia at least six weeka later thin it was last year. The Indiana are friendly, yet evtdently do not like the idea of Americans establishing themselves here. 1 shall aend yon a long letter about these people at some other tune. Since writing the above, one of the companies from San Francisco has arrived, and ij encamped on the river, about a mile below us. Several of tlierii are from New York. I learned from them that New river, us it is called, has again made its appearance. This is a stream of water, both wide ond deep, about midway of the desert, that flows up from the Colorado, and, what is remarkable about it. begina to api>ear just as the Colorado begins to fall. It was never known there for sixty years, it is said, till last season. It is %?re?t blessing to travellers, for, without it, the desert would be almost impa*suble at tins season. Ia the fall, when the waters subside, an excellent crop of grass eprincs lip, and this, too, of course, serves a ver\ valuable purpose to the traveller. It is a matter of considerable speculation, with us here, to know what has become of the spring emigration from the States, this season. It is a month, and even more, later this season, thin last. trp to this time, not sample company have arrived, that have left within the present year T. F. CoNcErctow MorTH or tub Gii.a. ) July 231, 1800. S Kmigranh?Mr. Henry Herman*, of K'nUwky? A Churaitrr?7'?? Half brtt l, titu. AUn ? Vmah ! /?f/uini?L,t*iructum of a Acti | of tht I'maht, thttr lit it i nv, 4*<\, jr. I wrote you last week, by one of our company 1 who went in for provisions. Since then little has occurred to disturb our tranqaillity No American companies have arrived, and we h ive almost given up ihe idea of tbeir being any on tbe road. On Tuesday last we had <juite an excitsment, occasioned by the arrival at tbe owoait* shore of an American, who soon came over with a companion. It proved in rw a Mr. llenrjr llermun*, ?>( hrankfort, Ky , who left New Orleana late U*t I vermin i, and who oume on to Deran^o, nnii theuce truck into the road at Cuiiacon, and caw up to tliia point threugh Bonora, in conipaay with a train of Mexicana. Mr. Herman* inforuia ua tliat, about 20 mile* up the Gila from this place, there came in'cj fh#* r'Hiiii) tii whiL'li hf brlonirfd. ?n Anifn^n almost miked, anri in a lanzuid aad exhausted Mate. lis said that If belonged to Glontin's party, and left here before the murder to no up ihe Gila, for some purpose That M tlmr leturn, hr and In* pirtjr were MfcM by the Indiins, and robbed ot all they had: and 1 that h'' hml I' ft bta companions imp rnlethlra that j few of them coull walk. The Mexican* applied lnm libemlly with provisions, and he left Venter- ' <1*y. the " lit* fellow mad-- his a|<prarance on the otlief aide of the river, opimaiie to us, an I wished to he net across. We, however,did not gr? to him 1Im< nam* I* tiefirire Kllif. H' i? a h-ilf bree.l, from i lie of the Western State? lie was with the lamba at the Uiue of Glonun's murder, and ts upposed to have been its chief insti^ato} He is a rare vilUin; nnd his whole story to the Mexican* an 1 to Mr. Hermsns trm unquestionably a fabrication '1 he probability is, that he ia hatching some plan with the I'turths to romp<t*? the destruction of the Amerinms now on the ri\ One copper colored neighbors are not so attentive m I bey htve bee?, s? l.iom visiting oor camp. I h.i > e no doubt ihev would destroy ua it th y dared to, bat we tre luckily too well protected against them As these Indisne, the Itoiahs, have already gained some notoriety, and are probably destine.I to more, few remarks u,>on their history and character may not be unwelcome. The Umahs number abont ft') warrior* ; at least uch is the estimate of Lieut. Uouit*, who has h?4 I rohablv aa good an o|>portunity for forming a cor* rect opinion a* any one. Tbev htve vilUtp a up ihe Colorado, uji the (lila a few miles from this, at the point ( luit between the Uila and the Colorado, at the ' Algodorea," JO mile* below thu, and on an laland al the mouth of the river, at the head of the (?ulf of California Her* ta thair chief aet Dement, and here, I hare br en told Ky one who haa united it, they raiae fine c ropa of pumpkina, melona, heana, corn, Xc. They atao raiae more or l<ee ofthrae article* at their other aettlement* There ta a fine liell of them even within a few rod* of our camp. The I'mah* are almoat univeraally a tall, well formed, food featured, manly appearing race of men, and their women are even auperior to the in in f*ra<>nal cbaracif notice 1 hare wen tome that m?4tt-t eren be called beautiful. What will commend theae latter to the attention of their f?aluo>iblr aiefer* at the Kaat, ia, that front them wiia probably derived the practice of wearing lniet lea. The t rnali ladiea invariably wear round their waiata a co\rrtng of hark, *o arranged thit if they had over it a convenient garment, it would g v* them, *o far aa drena It concerned^ preciaely the appearance of a Itroadway belle. They, aa well aa ihoae of the othrr ?ex, are verv economical in the article of dretc; the latter aeldom having anything to cover them hut a l>ree?-h clout and a girdle aTiont their waiata. * The Umaha have long been reaidenta of thia clime. Thfir location fti thi? niMghborhnoi li marked on the oldeat Mexican m*|?, They h*<l, ? (heir near neighbor*, munv yeara aince, ihMeneopM, but they ha?e gradually fought them i fl, till th*ae latter litre with, an<l are unit-d with the Peemoora, Iff) mil#a above thia, o? the Oil* The ITfnah*. about w> f*?r? brought themaelrea | ainfnlly tn the Mtif of 'Heir Hpaaiafc neighbor*, by de*tri>) ill miaaion which had lieca ea'anliabed here bt eotne eathuaiaetir ercleaiattira, and by killing <01 that belonged to it. At the tine of the massacre, there chanced to be a company of aoldiera on it* way from Sonora to California, who were, at the time, attending mass in the chapel.? The irreverent Umahs, probably supposing the Spaniards were in a suitable frame of mind to lesave the world, at an opportune moment despatched them with theirclubs. The walls of the mission were levelled with the ground, and its remains can now be distinguished about a mile above the mouth of the Gila, at least so says Msjor Enaory. Wince that time, there his been found no devotee of the cross snflicif ntly enthusiastic to attempt their conversion, and they are now, in the lHMjiiHije of one of their number to me the other day, mm undo rhrutunns (very bad Christiana ) I can but believe that u prudent and sensible missionary would here find ns promi?tn? a field for the exarch'- of his benevolence. as any other on the ertfttineat They nn a sensible and a threwd race, mid 1 have no doubt are readily susceptible to kindly influences. Since the destruction of the mission, little has been known of the Umshs till within a late period. About two years sao commence! ? new en in their history. A rush of emigrants from Mexico and from the United States across their territory, had then commenced, which has contiuue 1 almost without interruption till the present hour. No complaints was made of the conduct of the Umahs till last season. I hey then eouummced a system of robbery and pillnge, and even murder, that Ihh seldom been equalled in a civilized lnnd. Loud complain'b were made to government, and at last Lieut. Coutts, with the I double object of protecting the emigrant*, and of prosecuting the boundary survey, came out here and located nimself at the point we now occupy, in October last. lie continued here for several months,and established the first ferry u|H>n the river. The Indians were very indignant at this invasion of their rights, and made direful threatening*, but prudently avoided a collision. t*oon after he left, another party took possession of the ferry, which soon became notorious as "Glontins." Their fate id well Uuown. The Indians rose upon them, when most of them were asleep and all unsuspicious, and killed every man but three, who were absent. Since that time, two other companies have established themselves on the river, and a military force will soon be stationed upon it permanently. The glory of the Umahs has de|?rted. Their supremacy upon the great Colorado of the West, will never more return to them. Their future fate can readily be discerned. Imitating, alone, the vices of the whiles, they will melt away before'their advancing strides, till ,the places which now know them, will know tbem no more?when, as at a no distant day, a smiling village, or, perhaps, a proud city, may be seated u|?on their now favorite habitation at the lunction of the Oila and Colorado. It will be an interesting association in its history, that on its site once lived and flourished the tribe of I'mahs. T. F. Oar Oregon Correspondence. Okkson City, June 15, 1850. The Legiilativt Auembly?Pulltir*?Trial atui Execution of the Cayutti?Gold.^c., $*c. Popular attention has latterly been strongly attracted towards Oregon City, where events of a deeply interesting character have been transpiring; and so far as they are, or may be, interesting to your readers, they will be noticed. The Legislative Assembly c?nvened in special tesaion in Oregon City, on the 6th of May, on the call of Governor Lane. This session was called to provide lor some things which had been overlooked by the Assembly at its former session. Their doings, however, were entirely of a private nature, and their rehearsal would add nothing to the interest of this letter. Governor Lane is making commendable efforts to have the civil affairs of the Territory in the best iK>ssible condition when the hour of his official departure shall arrive ; and, in order that he might effect hU object, the Assembly were atked to alter, amend, or add to some of their former acts. In doing so, they remained together two weeks, and passed, perhaj*, some half dozen acts, original or supplementary. The members of Legislature are men of good sense and sound integrity, and they have on the whole framed an excellent code of laws. One subject of discussion, though not of definite action, deserves a passing notice. The idea *f a State government has been extensively discussed in private circles; and as the measure is decidedly popular, the subject wus agitated in both branches of the Assembly, and there is little doubt that the que*?ion of calling a convention to frame constitution would have been aubmitted to the people if the flection had not been so near at hand a* to prevent a full and fair canvasi of the matter. We chall be feeling lor the knocker by th? time California in disponed of. With the actual and rapid influx of population, and the many i-ncouragetnenta lield out to immigrant*, there ia little doubt that in lets than eighteen mouth* there can be no objection made to the admiaeion ot Oregon aa a Stale of the Union ou the ground of a wanl of population. All here feel that the claim* of Orcgou reuuire a more miTTit'ritim ilrlci'Htinn to f'onirrm* Wf do not with lo kill our present talented and popular delegate, an<l ahall noon be aokins to add at least two coadjutori on the Hoor of the national Le gieluture It may I* projier here to remark th%t the subject of party politic* Ji.is In-en, lor a few yrrb pa?t, warmly diiouueiL Ti?e mwiliiM of Utti Leiislatuie brought together the leading democrats of the Territory, and the removal of Governor I>ane Htlorded a favor*ble pretext for a party rally; ao democratic Rieeiing or convention wu got together, for the double purpose, I should judjj'" from their publii>h< d proceeding*, of or^ini/ing the party and adopting nome ind yuatiou revolution* witn reference to Governor .nne'? removal At thia meeting the party waa only org-inix-d by the appoinim* nt ot. central and local committee*, and the other formaline* uiual on such occamon*. The motenient i* received coldly by the m<i?*e*, and the proepect at present w, that the party thutlomirit, lliouuh iiDdouSt'-iily t!ie atrnnir-ot on tlie i|iie?tion of iiruiciple, will for a time be defeated by the coinlutied iwwcr of the whig* and the nol>arty party. Mi??t *urrly w.ll thi* be the oaae until purty paper* are eatuhliahed, a* the Oregon N)?/<li>?, llie oul> pa pel uow m the Territory, I* I,,.lit m-tilrul ... a.w ru f f iiuf the inline I (if most tiiriiiintr and in'.i 111 r*?t ha? br? d ?he trial and execution <>f live Caynae lutiiinn, who were delivered up to (ioveruor Line by their nation, as the uuly survivor* ol the murderers oflir. whitman and other*, at the inii?.?i<>n ry Mation on the Walla Walla. After much n??otiation, und ra(?cially after aeemtr company after i on^aiiy ?t the nllf regiment commit into the Ternlory, th< nation determined to purcn*M- peace and afrtv by surrender mi< the prrprtriMl M that horrible maMacre into the hands of American justice. Being tbu* given up by their own |>eople, tli?*?e hve j<-rsona might hare been justly executed on the testimony of their own nation They were, however, tried in |*n court: first indicted by a grtnd jury, then arraigned before a petit jury, and iii i' , l.y the mirvn iug femaloa of lite iiMMacre, ?ln> remembered, rec>/in?ed, and identified them every one, were th?y ftirly tried. They were de fended by K. I'noheti, , Secretary of the Territory, Major K U lie) i-.-.nd 1-aptain'1 borne, of the army Lvervtlimg the zeal of coiink I and lluds->n Ray and Cithofir influence could do, was done to save them from the (rtllow* The pirr, however, pronounced them guilty, and the Jiidgi declared they niu?t he hunjg; and notwithstanding the Archbishop of th? Cothollc Church labored to the last to save them, and followed them to the scaltold with hia wax doll and croaaed ftickr, which the mvages were required r*|?atedly to kiss, yet all wonld not do; they were hung by th?- neck until tliey were dend, dead ' Thna enda mi nlUir which g?ve riae to a war which coat the nation little ehort of tiro hundred ihniMiid dolUn, tad which MupnbiUtm* out of the attainpt of the Catholic* to eattbliali a mimioa in the lie^rt of a tribe already occupied by Pmteetant mi*Monarie?. From thi?, reflecting miada will draw their own conclnaion? The election* came off throughout the territory on the lir?t .'Vlnnday of the pmrot month Party llM wrre not fully drawn in any except tWV <nuntiea. In one of theae (Marion) the organized <)? . mocrata carried thnr ticket throughout, while m the other |xj|tiona of the territory the no-organixa11on pntty carried all fiefore them So fir aa the political iTincvlea of the aucreaaful candtdalea are concerned, tiie remit chow* that the whig* and democrata are about equally repreaented in the l*egialative Aaaerublr It ought, however, to he borne in inind that the election did not turn on lolitka, except in two iMMntea, peraona voting indiacriiiuaau-ly lor whig or loco, a* ihey wereiallurnced by ptraonal or local consideration*. The hrat of thl* month mav he noted aa the commencement of a new era in the progreaa of Oregon. The United State* mail ateamer Carolina arrived at Portland on the Willamette, on the Itt in*unt. Thi* Meaner la one of Aapinwall <V (Jo 'a line which are to rnn regularly between thia |>oint and San Kranciaco hereHfter. Thin at once eoavert* month* into week*, ao that we now are one week vn-m r**n r rnnriTo, nn<i nvf or nx wrrin rrom New York Ami *?A? only are we amnir'd of the regular trip* of the mail aieamera, bat niw two or thiee other* will nmn commeare to run reeuUrljr twtwren ihi# point and (tan Francisco. Nor ia the hgritfN In ?ti) danger of heing orerdone Th*re ia an immense trm< I on I hi* < oaet, ami the travel rikI cwnmew* on theae waten reqnire oalf the n?tesaury facilities to cause a great ?nd rapid eiI pansion. Oregon in remarkable de \ prre almoat every element of real gre?ti?e?a and I I'rmantnt prosperity, and she await* only th? aj? pliratirn of the appropriate me ana to enaure iKrtr development. HitheDo the Meamer* have roafia?d iheir operation* to the coast below San I ran cisro. aad l?oth trade and travel h*ve been restricted to tl* alow aad ukeome ciotivns of sail ietul?, but now, the Improved prospect of affaire ia hailed with universal joy. Well, really, a person will need to write faat to keep np with the rush of events as they pour into the hosom of our people new elements ot excitement every day. The people of Oregon have b?. come convinced that gold might be found plen ifullyon Ifogue river and other streams in the south part of the territory, and there was a gaod deal of preuaration made to commence minimi operations in that quarter as soon a? the waters should sub- i side npd leave the hare exposed But it has been announced thai goM, in rich and extensive d>*posites, hus been discovered out he country above the Cascade range, and in the tributaries of the Colum- I lua. This news, for the moment, has brought ; everything up standing The specimens exhibited from that reft ion certainly indicate a rich vein of | ii eta 1 lit: wealth. The livers are, however, flush i

i>l water, a Hi! it may be some weeks before successful n|<erHtioiiM cm be commenced. Among i the |*rsona who have gone into that region are tome one or two of our most intelligent inea, who i will return shortly with authentic particulars i But contemplate f.ir a moment rhe condition and prot-pecte of Oregon. Unrivalled for her agricultural, manufacturing, and commercial privileges, she adds to these also the valuable possession ol the t-hining ore. Miiht not this Territory, for social comfort, universal intelligence, domestic kuppiness, and unbounded wealth, hoou occupy an enviable |*>sition. Hide by side with California, will ('repon run the high and bright career of prosperity in rearing up the mighty empire of the Pacitic. Alpha. [From the Alt* California, August 1 ] The Pacific mail steamship Carolina, Captain 11. li. *t lining, nrnvra rroin nsioria, i/regon, yesterday morning, having left that j>ort on Sunday, the 21st inst. She brings down 14 passengers. We are indebted to the purser for a copy of the Oreg/m Spt< taUr, of the 11th of July, but it contains but little news of interest. We extract the following paragraph relative to the gold mines:? TDe gentlemen who have been absent for Rome week* pant exploring the Ytkimt and Hpokan. In search of gold. have all returned They report having fouud mine gold?a very email quantity however. The utreama were aU no high that a oatlftMctery examlnatloa onuld not be made. It Is thought, however, that when tbe water* mbuldeMM to admit of it. a more thororgh examination will bring to light hidden mia*? of the precioui metal. The U. S. steam propeller Massachusetts, Commander Knox, arrived at Astoria OB the 30th June, wuh ihe joint commission of army and navy officers ap|>ointed to select positions for light houaes and fortifications. The Spectator says that it is understood they have completed their duties so far as Puget's Sound and the adjacent country is concerned, and are now to examine the moutn of the Columbia. The Massachusetts came through the south channel, drawing 1? feet, finding abundance of water. We also learn from the same source, that Captain Thomas Hawks has buoyed aut the chanuel I r.tm TV- .,- Pn > r., o?,l 1 ... ... 1. carried the Tarquina through it, finding it a perfectly good heating channel, with mifficient water for all veneris navigating the river. The old channel round Torgue Point bar has long been one of the greatest difficulties to river navigation. Intelligence from the Soatk Pacific. We htte reoelved the Valparaite krpartn of the 29th of July. Owing to the orowdedstateof ear columns, we ere compelled to be very brief. The atlelrs of Chili are in a prosperous condition. The entire revenue of the jear 1149 amounted to $4.066.280. being an increase over the reoeipts of 1848. of 482.026 dollars. And the surplus of Import* and exports of the past showlnc an Increase ever the preceding year or 4.671.214 dollars. The politics ef Ecuador are becoming more and more complicated On the 13th of June an Insurrection took place amongst the military oorps. headed by Colonel Este. Five of the provinces have reeou ulsed the govern ment of Nobea of fluyaquil. and the remaining three have proclaimed General Klliabaldi. chief of the republic altheugh he 1h sa|d to have taken refuge on board an American corvette bound to Payta. Civil war stiU continues la Central America, the principal seat ot it being Honduras. Guatemala la also in a disturbed state, and Oosta Rioa If on the point of a rupture with Nicaragua, on the snkject of the boundary towards the river San Juan Tne eanal aoross the Isthmus Is the cau<e of discord. anil notwithstanding the reports that the late treaty between th? United States aud (Jreat Hritaln hadrtmeved all difficulties, facts clearly prove the coutrarv. New Oranada continues in peace The Jesuits had t>e?n expuleed by order of the government and no discontent had been manifested by the people In Bolivia, the brliu cabinet m beginning to Inspire more confidence end the value of peeoe end good order ai beginning to be known, liusiuess was improving. MARKET*. VtLrtaiiso. July 29. 1H5U ?The demand for English cotton goods during the month has been eatremely limited, there having b<-en no pnrrharers fur export in the merket and the country detlera h.tve l>?? u cluing nthie* The MatlDiul heavy ralnt butt r?nd*red the transport of go<>de to tha Interior aluoat lmpov ?lble A few considerable galea btri< been effected for home con*umptlan. but of a apeeulatlve naffcra, principally la iau*lln de Ulna and printed mualina Only one arrival from Liverpool ban taken place, tba < halco. and aorna email parcel* of fancy print* kare been aold out of her at $3 IX bond, j'rlea* of all ?ort* of KnglUh and American cotton gawd* ir? f rm and aa Mocka are light there la little doubt they *111 be auetalned. Next month the apring demand will aet In. and a? by the laat account' no heavy euppliea air uom<ng f r?ari n t ?-1 binine** I* expeated According to the laat aenoant* reclr?ed lu ll Knglaiid.ii> rmauy and th<- I mW Hlalea M| t?n and wool had advanced In ?ueh a meaaure. that tbrea of the large*! miiia In Lowell eeaned operation, and m< *t of the Mancheati r mllr were workih* chirt time Tba cotton erop in tha T'nlted Plate* fall* abort compared with IM0. O.OOOOOU bag* and aa per table In ! another part ol wur column*. tb? import of rotiaa in Boglucd In tb?-Sr*tfrur month* <>t lijij h*? d-cr* ?">-d 217000 I>?k> Our draltr*. *wnrr of thf?* fait*, ai* bedding out for prira*. ? p?-r our prlo* currant All darrrlptlon* cl *(? ll. n goodi arc ?xtr?m>-l* dull CoppT little demand at tU .Vi p-r .;uint?l on t>>ar 1 Fmgbt* ham undergone little alteration nine* our la*t report. About 4.1H0 ton* are ?tlll for charter In tb* Hay mo*tly American flu*" From Taleahuano to fan I'raactaro $18 par ton. ami from Valparaiso lo t>an > ranriacs J.14 to J.JO ha* ba.m paid, according to th* rl*** of mrrrhandt'o For Kngland to call t >r order*, A J IAi and ft per rant for A No. I Itrltlah ?e?*el* h*? bean gtvru and (14 for guuno to the Htate* Freight* to the Continent A'4 4? F. nt*rud durlug 11>? mouth, 24 Bl ton* ; aallad do 24 MO ton* ; of which vm* for California entered. 1 Hmi toil* ; tail-d V 4.'?<t ton* Hold dort recelred during the inonlh from California. t"C <00 Kxchang? on London. 4* S'jJ , *llv?r In bar* . * 7d . hard dollar*. 8k d p-r cm: jold abora lay, 1 tL p. ea?t, htrimiaa una Tim-M?ai |no?*a Maw* - Tha N?? OrlMl* Pir<|f<mr, of the mih lilt *?y* lly tha arrival, laat ??nln? of tha ite?m*hip ?Jal?*at->n. Tapt Mar*. t? have raaelred paper* lr>.tn >ial?e?lon of the 14tb ln*t IF* attract tha fallowing from a lett?r dated Baa Antoatn. Augn*'. 1th The people bar* hart long looked on and war* awaiting *oiaa action whUh might bt takan by tha general gorernBant to rapal tnoaa Indtaa* and drlae th?m ha?k to tbalr mountain bona*, and kindle tha war flra ii th?lr own b. maa and family baarth* Th?e Indian* ba?a barn down *db? hundred* of alia* b?low tha aattl*. | i:irlit*, ttot regarding Iba I ui?e4 State* troop* whlrh art poatad on our frontier for protaatlon Fo? thaaa r< a*?a* a larga and ?*ry e?th>i*la*tla puMic meeting ' wa* bald on tha MAb ult . and I can but aay that tb* ; raaolation* tbrr* adopted ara tba **ntltnciit' of our 1 population *11)1 n<lghf.ota Encln??<l I ?and you a ?. py "I th?- raaolutlon* and the Irttcr if Br*?"t M^j"r G.n (laorga M llrookr. L nltril .?uta? Army,in *n?w-r to tlip in* I un|.r?tanl till ordara harr bean frit to iba rnminttr or the dragoon*. at Rrederlcheburg, to <ff[?tab M>n? forty drafiwan in pur?ult of thOM Indiana who committed the Utr depr? latlo*a on the Cibola and that they ?houH not ret urn until | ih?y bad Of?rtib?t and punlehed ?*ld Indian* From the enclosed copy of the letter of General Brook# you will aaa> that tn fu'ur* ?r may parhapa hare a llttlo mora traaqaUllty. tbat I* to nay ju?t a> Inn* a? the Iadiana l.eli??e thena I'nitod State* troopa err cavalry mt: btit a* aoon aa they flu! oat that they ara ] mounted lafaniryia-n (hoy will l>e lata them In right good cggi? ?t I id afraid A petition ?a< circulated laat ?< #* addrraied ta the QoTrrnor. with about 110 ignataraa. requesting the Ooaernor to ralee. or to rail Into Immediate aertlce ol the Plata, a aufflalent force of aolonteara to clear tha country of tb?* marauding bond* of Indiaaa t laarn from Captain Shannon who arrived la town on tha 31at alt . harlag laft Klo Oraade City t?r|?? day* alar* that marly tha whole eonntry r? thta aide of tba Rio (Irande, trom Ragle Pmi to Hrotiitlllr. aan la a etate of tha graatrat aJaim and ricllrmrnt. on account of the depredation* eiiamittfd by tha Indiana Captain Shannon rama up by tha way of ?anta Tereea Well* l.oma Rlanca and fan 1'atrlclo bringing ai'.b bin a droaa ot mulaa Ha did not mart with any Indiana, althaugb h" frfjuently raw frmh " ?lgaa Tiaaellera generally hare tn rroaa oa tba othar tide of tba Rie Wrande In going to IS* differ ant towaa on thla atda of th? K t I ?n forth* reaaon of caoaplng tha Indian* A great maay boraaa and mulaa have been atolen by them New* from Ra^la I'aaa rama In tbia w?rk fram reliable imi .?nnn if rnwFT" WBI n** w?n 1*1 piw" ?t fti FrriMit. for Iho murder ot II K i!?ln *? tbffo killed by tha nitnrl ablU la th? lit ot trjrtna to toAk? hla weu> H? ?m ?h"t la lb* h?ad. ?? dl?d )n?Uatlr. from the *?or?a. t l??rn that frport frna Colonel llnrdv* raarhrd KmI* Pa>?, which *ta??d that Captain 0?k?a had eaptur?d ftom th? tadtaaa a?ar land*. ninety pa<>k* and m?l? It I* uppnard that tha Indiana ??r? m hard pa*hn4 by Captain Oak**, tbat rti?y war* farecd to !??? thrlr ale* * N?w Comst.?A nrw comet was discovered at half naat ten o'clock, last evenwe. hy Mr (i. P llond, of the Cambridge Dbaervntory, ta the con Me nation * nmHn|iaMitlu?. tr? ?t*gt?ea nnrtn of tar AM>" l>r?ri. I to hourly motion la incr*a*u?( I in right aar<-Minn V wet.., ami dfCTOMinir in declination X3i*c Hy rrmifwnunn with a ?tar in ArjelnndM> '/.on* HI, it* plarr win a? follow*, at imo. *?(. mh uh o*? u. k. m I. > nmH ?n A a U Wl >V?an li?f North, ?P Ma ) Jaa 1. IMS WM. Crancn B>WU, 1 CVymuo Aujcg 30,1SW. WMt India R*Wi> We have received (ilea of the Kingston (Ja ) Despatch and AUverhttr, by the Empire City, to the 2ttth ult. The weather, at Kingston, (Ja.). ',tta unusually warm fjpr aeveral days. Preceding the 29th of Auguat, the Iaiand of Jamaica waa very healthy. A meeting of gentlemen aaxioua to promote the culture of cottou in the British Weat Indies, waa Kflri in Ifinirat/in T a niuiru nn flat* nf Itttaf month. The whole subject of cotton growing was debated, and estimates submitted of the c*l?nm? Hud pro tit tliat would arise from it. Several let'ers were read from property owners in the island, ottering to fiivr, in one instance, a tlinu?tind acres of land, free of rent for three years, to the joint block coih^aiiy, which rt was proitosed to fouu tor growing couon Samples of Jamaica cotton had besn beut to Liverpool,. recently, tor the inspection of |wrsons enaagi-d in the trade, who r? presented thut it wn? worth from eight to eight and a half pence per |>ound. The meeting (ussed the following; resolutions:? Kemlved Thut tbe num proposed to he raised be ta er? aaed to X'i liuu In proportion ot not less than K'lb Kesolved. That a committee be appointed to solicit subscriptions. Itrtolvcd. Tbat the remmittee be requested to report to the nest meeting, whether it will be more advisable to expend the whole sum ralatd, in the cultivation of cotton by tbe subscribers, or to make advances to small proprietors who may be engaged in cotton cultivation ; and also to report on the eligibility of a situation for carrying out the operations of the company Sir Kobeit Uowcher Clarke, the Chief Jualice of tSartmdop. has hern appointed to act also as Chief Justice of St. Lucia; the Hon. J. G. P. Atthill is to be the resident Puisne Judge; the lion. Louis La Caze, the Attorney General, in the room of Mr. Atthill; and the Hon. Cyprien Mallet Paret, the Solicitor General of the latter colony. The appointment of the Hou. James Scotland, Inte Solicitor General at Antigua, to be the Chief Justice of St. Kilt*. his t>een confirmed. Accounts troin Martinique state tint serious injury had been done to the shipping of that island by the gale in the early part of July, and that a government steamer had t>een despatched in quest of missing vessels. The Governor of Jamaica has recognised J. W. Fraaer, Lsq , as vice Consul lor the United States of America at ^<tvanim-lrt-Mar, in that Island. The Killusion Daily A'lvertiter says:? Since the departure of tbe last mail for Great Britain. this island bas been very generally vinlted by copious ahowera ot rain, attended in aeveral districts by ihuuder and vivid lightning Some slight injury to property haa occurred on the north side of the island trnjieror tMmlouigue, of liayti, according to accounts received by the packet, was not to receive ! his imperial crown until the end?f the year, or early in January The ceremouy wan to have taken place on the 28th of August, but is delayed until the completion of "u grand chapel," which is in the court* of erection in the palace vard, and 111 which the important event iH to take place. A new plan of curing and improving sugar by centrifugal force, is now in operation in Birbadoa The gam to the planter is represented to be from twenty to thirty per cent. The Barbados Globe says:? Mr Drumm repeatedly plaoed in hid cylinder uncertain quantities of what could not certainly be called " rugar." tor the sampled experimented ou were fermenting maraea of what waa little better than thick m?laeee? and yet is the ehott epaoe of four mlnuti-B, the renult produced wai a quantltlty of pure augar, of excellent quality and appearance, quite free from molaseea, and with the grain uninjured by the operatlou. Oar It?w Jersey Correspondence. Morristown, August 21, 1850 Morrii County Courts Again?/ndirtmentt N. Mvrrit and Etui Railroad Comj>anv?Important Civil Suiti?Nflirt to Bill Uulderi of the IaxU State Bank at Morrii. i ne August ierm or our courts is now in session; and though the Grand Inquest in and for the body of sur county, have hid no more hank failures to investigate, they have found it incumbent uj>on them to present two bills against another cor|<oration?the Morris and Essex Railroad Company. The first indictment against them in effect, not in fuct, charges their conductor, Isaac Van Pelt, with tin assault and battery on Col. Nathaniel Mott, of Kockaway, P+w Jersey, in ejecting him from the cars on lite morning of the lifth of Juiie last. The circumstances, as I underMaiid them, are these:? the company, a* a checit on their conductors, and that the trains may not be decayed in giving out ticket!, and making change with passengers in the cars?in other words, for the great oonveaience of the public?have lately adopted a rule requiring all to purchase tickets at the several ticket olficej before entering the cars, or pay an additioaal live cents when procured in the cars. Col. Molt was at l>over, and reached the depot just in timet* jump on board as the train was leaviug, nnd wh'-n the conductor called for ticket*, had none. Tlie extra live t ents were demanded and refused, the cars Btop|>ed, and .he intractable ( oloii-l r llence the complaint and bill. The trial will involve some rice legal questions, and will not, probably, be brought on this term. The second bill chan>et. the company with keei>ing up and maiutaining a nuisance, to the great damage and inconvenience of the people in and abow Kockaway. It is alleged they iiave built upon 11 ml otherwise obstructed a public highway at that place. Vn frtniin?1 !ui?inpia hnu na v#?f Ki?<?n fuli*>n fin this trrm. The Court of liumtrr Kraaioua will < . i.i. i .! tin-, moii..i.!.', lo ir h i A MM billi'. ^ The Circuit h?n thua far been occupied in the celebrated and long cornea trd cwrof .1 iSe ward, Jr., va. Thr MorrisCanaland Hinkini; Comptny. Tliplmntit) nana a valu iblr (arm at the head watrra of ihe Morris Cull, and briiissaan aclion lur .1 mi ??." done him in conaequrncr of thr cotniainy'a rrrcth k h dam at thr outlrt at thr lakr, and raiaintf thr w.itera ho that th> v llow hack u,*>n uuii iuji?re plmatitl 'a landa. Thr d>fendanta deny flowing any lands of the plaintiff to which they h ivr not i it It- un<l< r an aaaraament mnde whrn thr dam waa first erected. The trial will probably contmae thr grt aler |*rt of this week, the pUintill having not yet rested. For plnintill, I!. J. Mille, 1? A C in tidier, ! : W Whrl|i|ry, hi"|>a, and thr Hon J. W. Mill* r The liittrr, oar fienator, ia confinrd to hi* room wi h an attack of fever, mid ha* not aa yet b*in able to br present ut thr trial. For dr- i fendant?, F. T. Frelinglmysen, Theo. Little, and Aaa Whitehead, Eaqra. No. 2 on the civil list, la another very important cat*?l*n ex demise Florence C. It ice en. Jeremiah O. Hamilton A m<n*ion house and firm, Miuatfdnt I Vnvillr, thia cotintjr, valiird at fift?rn thousand dollar*, ia in controversy. The plaintill hlin(!v auit to <jecl thr defend int. and recover thr premises, alleging defendant's title deed hid, on thr grotitid of inability on thr part of thr grentor to?i<ntrnct, by rraron of imbecility and iiio-tntty, 1 and fraud practised by the grantee. Tlir trial ia art down for Thursday morning of this week, nnd ahould thr canal cauar drlat it beyond that timr, von ahull be duly adi'i?-d. For ilnntil!. Tbeo l.ittlr, Morriatown j K T Stli iu k, Fonda, N. V.; li. Williamron, E. Town, and Ait Whitehead, of Newark For drfrnlants, K W. , Whelpy, and .1 J. J*cotirld, W?rri?'owii A. C. | M IVfiinngton. Newark; and r*anfi?rd or Jordnu, ofvouruty i B? fore dosing, I would remind bill hollrnof the late Ptate Bank at Morria, tint the tune for presenting all claima or drm>-n?t? to thr rrrrivrrs, ty. N. Wood, J. (). Whiteliriid, an I II Wi.lmmh?, uqf, >t iltnr uliice m tin* town, will n|'if on thi- 12'liof Ortol>er o<*xt. A* to thr probable dhidrnd. or dividenda, that m-iy hrrraftrr be made and declared, the current klirl i#, the billa rn^twntuallv be worth cur hualrrd cent* on the d^tt--oi nothing. AII d?*p? iH< <'n 'he rrault off the iniir* tnMifnt?d in the Onrt of Chancery agtina' the old dirertion AIVHKT Z*. |HT?-I. I have to inform toii the imi-ortant cau*e of l>en ex dein II ice * Hamilton, g<>ea off for the Irrm Judge Ogden JircrWMrilJ lr??ea here on Monday next, to ot?n the I'umiic Court* at I'alrtawn, and thr time iatervraiotf will, moat probably, be wholly concurred in thr trial of the cauae now in progreaa, Seward ra. MorriaCanil and B inking Company. Ifonntfttt P< ***.? We learn, aaya the Hayoti Sara l.ftgrr, ftom a friend, tuat from Jarkaon, that mme lew da>a ago, a |??rlion of the citiiena of that place were horrified at the aight of a mingled rori-ae ol an infant, ? lurh wa< found in the jioeeewion of eeveral dog*, in a tenanted lot Krom all that we can learn, it aeem* that aome 4aik a?d dtvilirh deed baa been door. Suspicion ha* been fixed upon a widow ladv, and cirrumutanrra are clearly again* her?it ia ?ti|>no*erf that it ?a? h'-r own < lul?C and that ah. lulled n m hidr her ahame, bat in burying it her doga followed, dug it ui>, and brought u tack to the hou*e, where it wa* found in a mangled condition Truly, thu irttMrt ha*# bwi a horrifying for a mother to look upnn?ikr mangled corpa* of her rhit<i in the pnfwmon of dons, ki?ui( a* a boar of coatentioa 1 < n**Ainn K virorm?W<- underataad thai Una naval officer, when hi* vraael, ihe Mongol war Albany, wm entering th^ harbor la? week, ordered a boat'a crew to |Mit htm a?hore at OohaaM, from which point he immedialrljr atarie.! for the South. The veaael came to the Navy Yard, tinker com mand of Lieut. Ridgele y It la aaid the reaaon of Commander Kandolph'a hasty departure rovatatedia tHe'hct that recently, at IVnaaeola. ',?* hud rauaed to be Hogged ikf porrr't ateward, who, not bf?| a member of the aki|i'f crew, ay wrI*ring to teat the I'gali'T of the i<nni?hm??t More a?r^ h?re. *nch fa the carrent nmor-fi?<(m Tk? Storm. (Proa the ChlgM o (1U) Tribune, Kept 1] The storm baa written iu muk upon the lake shore b# legibly (bat years will not efface it. Tba first evidence of its effect is to be seen betw ^e? , haodolph and Washington stieets, where, for the distunce of nearly a block, the high bank has be-n I curried away for the distance of naif a block, aud I the deepest cut, from ten to twenty feet, took tree* and fence with it. The ne*t point, and where the wares set in with the greatest violence, is between Madison and Monroe atri ?-t?. The dee|test cut cannot be less than thirty or forty feet of what was the solid emI baukment, which, as it was undermined and feu, carried away the fence separating the lake shorn grounds from the street, two rows of treea in tha street, and at one point, nearly op|<ot>ite < General Stewart's, took the railing for two or three rods in* side of the trees, the water encroachiug upon ths carriage way. | On Saturday afternoon, we watched the fierce onset of the waves ui*)ii the land for hall an hour hi this point, and though the atorni had tiirn somewhat subsided, the rate at which the emtunkment i disappeared could not be less than severtil feet uer hour. At every third or fourth wive, when, Mter ; successive eflorts, the boiliag Hood had acquired a suflieitnt monientum, it daslied furious'y up the slope of blue clay, took a huge mouthlul of the I earth lying next to it, and then a slice of the bank above, havinc no supi>ort from beneath, would fall. ! T. w ? .k?. it .k- k>ii ! raged with the fame violence ft>r twelve hours I longer, the greater (>art) au(j perhaps, all of the I Htreet would have disapjtesred at this point. Aa it was, we found, on visiting the s|?ot yesterday morning, that borne tea feet of ground had disappeared since the previous afternoon. Only the day before the storm, General Stewart hid got limb' r on the ground to build a protection for the embankment opposite Ins residence, but the water claimed it for its own. Another deep cut, though not so serious as tha last named, was made opposite the next block touth, between Adams and Jackson streets; and for a mile or more south of this paint, as far as the eye can see, the hungry waves have eaten a huge slice of the embankment, of the width, we should judge, of from ten to twenty feet. Ttie whole amount of ground carried away, for the whole distance, will not fall short of six or eight acres. The Niagara was u good deal weither-bratea on her arrival in |>ort, and the strain of her machinery, added to the tossing of the waves, turned evervthing topsy-turvy within. Some of the cabin winnow* were stove in by the violence of the waves. The damages, however, are not so serious as to require a great length of lime to repair them. We learn by conversation with those on board, that she kad a constant struggle with the gale for thirty-six hours, all the wau-from Mackinaw; and, owing to the violence of the storm, was unable to put in either at Sheboygan or Milwaukee, tlmugh she had freight and passengers for both places. I On entering between the piers, Bhe passed over the bar, whore there is only seven feet of water, and ! her draft is nine or ten Had it not been for the tremendous lift of the waves, she would have stuck fast. About two o'clock on Saturday afternoon,steamer Canada, from New Butialo, hove in sight, and after beating south cf the piers, passed ttn-in and took up a jx^ition inside of the north pier, where she lay till towards evening, when she came in 1 without serious difficulty. She had been roughly i used by the storm, her works on one side having been considerably stove in. We regret to learn j thatcne of the waiters, on attempting to p iss into the kitchen, not knowing that the flooring was gone, stepped through-into the lake ami w^s not 1 seen afterward*. We did not learn tun full name, I but he was called "Dan," aud belonged to De| trolt The report that the Canada sprung aleak, coini pelling Capt. Hullin to come in sooner than he intended, is totally untrue. In coming over the , bar the boat struck once, which broke a water i supply piiie, near the bottom of the hold This permitted t/ie ingress of considerable water, which i bad to be pumjieil out t>efore the break could be repaired The hull is as staunch and tujht .n ever. The Canada was unable to touch at New Huti'alo, but lay anchored oj>|>osite that place the whole of Friday night. She consequently brought no mail*. by persons from Milwaukie, we learn tint tliare nre two ves*e|a Hshore ne^r there. The steamer Su'tana made Milwaukie, but was compelled to stand out. She laid at anchor during the gil>*, a short distance out. We learn that she suffered considerably in broken furniture, bestde losing one of her pi|*s. The steamer Champion was compiled to put bark, and made Milwaukie safely We learn Irom the aoiitb end of the Itke, that three vet-sels are a?hore near Michigan City, but have not heard their names. [From thi- Charlotte (X. C ) Journal. Auk ] On Haturili; night lut, w* w?r? vl*lted by on* of the severatt ttormK ol wind w tt?r sap?rt*ues4 an 1 faooa uliat *r rinlrfm It li?? n very general W? did n?t have much rain, but In other quarters th? rata I'll tiitorisntK.su much tu. that tha Catawba rlvnr and nearly every creek was swollen to a trmmiilius height, A gentleman who raw th river on Hun ?ay morning, Informed uk that b? mm bohilil ?u -b a stl.ht In hi* life the whole expan** ol watar w?* ?ovi rul with raft-of floating tlinhor, waterm<-t >u* ko. The river wa* about ten feet higher than u?ual Th? amount of damage to the corn in bottom lau Ik. must be vrrjr e?t' Mlm. anl ttlS daftfMtl .? to tlm'i r malt *1ko b? very great Most of the e-ra Ik pro?>r?:*4 and from app* araucrs the fodder will not b i hardlv worth gstberlng In some locations. th? storm rseme l to ba severer than In other*; bnt w? rejoles that we hava btard of do damage to taJlvtdudls ths l i o|m. The Uatoo H< Hire. (ba .) Ua.i.It, of tu* **Lh ult., **>?, that Ui* crops In Kant and 1Te?t Raton K"i|? ara talr and promising Tt.e cuna will yteld m re than wa* anticipated a fsw wnkn sinra. flif er>p* b>th of ran* and cotton, ars "cmlog finely m Ka*t Feliciana and a good average yield mti be antl"! pat*4. The ft Kranclavill* 11.a ) Chiunulr <>l tba itlti ult , aj? ?The ray* of old Bol for th? wmt p?*| bars been unu-iially penetrating The thermometer ha* aton4 at WS in the ?h?<Je Hinee our last notice of tb* coitoe ercp, there ha* bc?n a slight Improvement, not -urtl cient however to change the opinion *xpte?-ed br us a? to tb* yield We have a?*ert-d. and still a?*ert, that It will fall -hurt at least one-fourth Mauj "tour planter* have ecmiuenced picking al'hmgh I. it little rotl on ts y?t open No *lgn of the worm yet. l b* Hayou Kara /.?.fgn ha* the following ?IV" l??r? from **?eral very lufliienilai pluut*T*. that al'hough the stsnd ol cotton I* not *o good a* that of tarorabla s<a*o?K. y<-t tb* boll* ars l<rg? aud nim?rou> In fast, Kervrnl think thai tu* crop In till* and th* parWh of Kast Kslleisna will rijutl tnat of goo l ordinary ??asoa*. Two planter*, In particular, have in! > rued us that thev hare n>or ?'en cu[t< n italti io or .li/le <A Inric<- Imp Mid tull a- the rorton-talk* >-f tha praariit (? I.art " k w? on|>t>d frointh- Xlnd>>a (t.a.) llrrnU nn account of a ?talk "f eoltou ahick bun ?wnbun4rid aqnnrrf and aNo of ao?th?" whlrb b?ra Out hundred ?i|U?r?? Tbl? lid on- w- th>i<l?l oxlraortunaiy but a action *ro?in< frt?uj of ..ura think* that rfra Ilia' i? nothing to bra* I I MS that tinea ha r?a 1 tb? xtrar) In nur l??t i ^p'r, ha ha? counted ?l?bt bnndr-d niaturad ball* oa on* talk, and on ona Ingle brancb of another ?talk ha e xiutaa ninety <-l?ht Tfi** Ml Landry (U) M'kiif. of I ha 'lit h ul?..Wa bar* rrrtnlly c< n??r?<-d aiih ????ral li>ti-lllg?at plantar* of onr pariab. who all a<r.. In ?tatiut that tba fro>pM< ol tfea ronliif prop <X ? it ton and (ntar ka a ??rjr poor ona lb* corn crop boa?rrr la > nd to ba ii ry pronlflnc A latter data* IU?Uop 1Y?a? A?i-u?t t? ??;< -Tba corn crop I* now fully uia. u<>-d In lhi? *a. ii .o >1 ?f Mat* ai.d pro??? a ??r? anundant i n* totlou l? al?o ? ry promising If m- g*t on" bit* g"<>d rata. *rarj |'l?nt?r *111 iMk> more than b* mo ttlkfr A Ivttcr 'lat.-d Pan Ma'aoa. T>IX. Augua' * ??y? : ? The crop* hero u* ('i>rill; good, and the r >u ntry I.. ?lth? All without rmpH'm *r?- tar fig I Ing foe ?ur Panta >> territory and Btloulilof our riglua. It prett renee to aubmlltlng t" aholltl >B |l<-ta> I' ll Th? w. ath?r I* en-eaelrely vara?too warm tar th < preir high temperature in politico. A letter dated ' Otlanl Nntnl nauilr.TttU. Jlly St. "?li Tba crop* of (bit wrlion of ciamr; ara ronitderably abort of the romom a rerage - com, generally. *111 fail abort there will ba enough to *upI ly the h' Be cntump Ion but lheegp?ete-l immigration will cnu?* a ararclty Cotton may parhip* reach to ball a crop. a? It generally look* well but in* <|naatity planted wm raetrirted for want of aced. ami th* itmi I* ?*ry had >a? from halftn two third" a much i' ?h"uld be on the ground The ColuB l'U? < Miaa ) Ih-mortal of the 20th nit hai the following -Tba pr<?p?ct* ol a good roltoi troy hata materially declined In the I ant two week* In thla entlaa of coanlry While coma of our plantar*, who bar* been bla.ee! with light ahowera Mill h p* lor t full crop tk? indication* are generally gti'ai?rai ? "Hag to the de?triir'i..n > f the late crop na' on If by the worm bat kltob; the tailing nf a>|uar*? in rn(? lOrBM of long drought Oao ortho aort Ma afnl aad judlcloua planter* In tbe country predicted to na ; tb* oth?r day that the crop of Lowndea wonld n?t ag. eaod H Ufweight to th* acre 7 h? > icMMirg M ! ? i Pf'Mc f)l lit lltn nlT iff: W r ha?? vltb niinhtf of BlMtoM litlng , ll liltr?nl Mtti ol Ikli | Vtrtri) tognir. tU ill npr???i?t tha boll w>.rm w Mut wij to Ikttr (MtM I >n? pla?1-r My* h* r .naiad (hlrt; boll* (It a ?ln?la italt. ^InrM by tha worm and (bat la ? fl?M nf t?n ?rr?? <.f n?w land thai bad (?? l'fH> aad th* l?|> put lata hag* an<l oarriad ?# ?< daatroy I aaai tdia( to tbr r?rlp? publi?b?<1 br ? ?>? Ua>* lata lot daatrntlng tha b"ll ?o?m Fl?a Ibl" II will h# mi that n.ukff io|?ptof aatiaa. anf !? ? Iaa4. I* araof agala?t thia d*atn><-tl*a laaaat Watokatb* (ollowlaf (V?a tha ?r??a*b-?m i 41*.) 1 Kwm afthaMth alt -* ra?-al??d a faw d?ya a?a aary >a* Ma Ik of eottnn, a/ ?ha llaa? Tar?-ty IVom tha plaalatloa af Mr Ja?* rro<?? Tb. .taU thoaf* J ant *ar? larga ?a? r???r*abi.T ?*H b?ll*4 W? kan bad Uttkrf ?wk *f mr?l nrpraaatTalT mmtu1 and ttf a a. ?. aw 1. ?*?* *! lisht ?hr*nr? ('??" Ullin 1* lb? flrfnltj Tilftfl o? tS? lieh Mwk an I laBtfa tk**?M?n kM kMI affarlBg Iat tk? laat tbr? ??l? hr?| ndI; UimI kUiilm km wmrnl o#tta1?w?*k, that th* crop* la thalr n-tfhhnrbnntft *r? ??t llk?ly to t ara oa? tain thoa l*?t TW. PufelBi ro??a?c?4 protty ( aartllj ob Moafej UM. Ml?a A aialla flptaaar ?nMmllta4 aulaM* f?w <taft Mar* by 4m?al*f. la Ik* Nohaak rlT#r ?ba f* ?V a?r?* r?.r??Hakl? bail; aa< ba4 tx>aa laaao* for a*f*? 11 *?' r*f?

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