Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 17, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 17, 1850 Page 3
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(hMB,u he had frit sailed he con Id, he obtained the voluntary confessions o? the Diurjra of their guilt, tha elder Drury adm^'iug that he had nude, or had, the box made aud fut, and the younger that he had carried it to the house of Thomas Warner, with a full know.<-<i#iof what it was, for the purpose ?f taking Mr Warner'* life?That the plaintiff will prove on thr trial (if allowed) thedeiaila *f the whole transaction, to renfy and explail these genera! all -gallons, being advised that it ia only proper to s?*i forth fa;ts, anl not the evidence of facts, in thin his reply?that having obtained complete evidence against the nuspectad parties,as he concluded, the pUiuiiH communicated it t* the proper authorities, mid left it with them for their action?That in all tna conduct he was animated by a sense of duiy to the community, and chat he neither formed nor entered into couspiracies, to injure or destroy ih-- Drurys, nor did he do snything that was not pi-rf-ctly leg*l anl proper, and consistent with the iidimI course of the police in the discovery of successful and incenious felons. Fvmtk.?Subject to the objection already tiken, and without waiving it, und <is to th matters contained wi hi n the above mentioned folioa of the answer, the plaintiff replies:?That any uid he m ty have furnished or deMgix d furnishing to the authorities, in the detection and of criminal*, was frnm a sense of duty, as * *!! as because it fell within the scape of and w 4f4~ of the objects of instituting the Natiamd fw ? (itzntte?That in publishing the lives and accounts of the doings of criminals, he intended to h>* mitdic aa-unst them, aad to give what he d?-ein-d to be valmble intornsatioa to the members of the police of the city af New York and elaewheie?That the plan .oniied for the conviction of the Drurys, was con-ined t* the pUiiiutl's breast originally, and h<td no reference whatever to others, mid w ts only communicated to others as it was neceisary to m ike them iastrumental in carrying it oat, or executing i it?That there was no a*freem>-nt or conimuaica- I tioa, whatever, between hi ? and others, a* to or | the details of the plau, or the execution of it, ! ?xcept M far a* othe rs werr willing to and did act ; under his direction?'That Willnin li. Thompson | waa not formally engaged hv him to assist m the i developement of the plan; but th it, understanding j '.hat the elder l)rury was uyiug to implicate him, j he ffered hi# servises to the plaiatd), and they , were acoepted?That Thompson waa to represent to the Drnrya, for (he purpose of bringing him 1a i contact with them without excitingtheiratwpi?i<>n, I Chat he had a lot of engraver's dies hid in a stona i fence, in a lonely part of th?- Fifth avenue, n>jar the i Upper Reaerrolr, which had br^ n previously in Boa- i Con, and for which a reward ottive hundred dollar* waa altered, and that if they (>r either of them would come there on an indicated night, they should re- ' I oeive them?That the plaiuiitf h id reason to believe that the elder Drury waa engaged at this time ia counterfeiting, and would engerly embrace he opportanity of possr.-M'.ny lum-self of such valuable means of carr>ing on his operations?That this representation was made by Thompson to the elder Drury, as the plaiutiii'is informed and beI lieves, and gave rise to the meeting between supposed both the l5ruryn might come at the time appoiatt-d?Tiiat Thomson was not to preten i,*nd did not j?rr!<nd, to elicit a confession from the Younger Drury. that he had carried the tor(>e<lrt box; out that it wmh anticipated that the younger Drury I "would (m be did) admit it?I'll it I 'Connor, the reputed mistress of William Darlinetoo, lawogbecu couvicted in the city of lioston, Mass, for paiwing counterfeit money, which it was un4rrstood had l?een furni?hed to her l>y the elder Drury. it w as su| posed that Darlington would willingly auiit in obtaining evidence of his having furnished the counterfeit money, and aUoofhi* connection with the torpedo box, *nd that ia coa? equence ol lint*, Darlington wa? tir.nt introduced in the matttr?That Thomivon was not to pretend, ind did not pretend, to elicit a confession from the skier Drury, that the torpedo box was made and ?ent by kin?, but that it w<i* -iijy.i.-ie I lie would (as .he did) acknowledge the fact?That William < >. Mikins and I tomiiuc CrasMius were policemen attached to the .Sixth District Police of the city of New York, arid were not previously informed of the .lature of the business for winch they were selectjijTk.. ?u!-!-. ? ..J iuo. I.ianuiu uit.1 uui ?uii|[:irm Knowledge to form a belief as to whether the conspiring and areem*, ' h? conspiracy and the several acts, Buying* and rfoiuys relating thereto, pirticularly set orth ia the answer, is and i?r? the conspiring and :he ctnsfirucy referred u>, and memit, an ) io'eud*6 by the libel wiitiestion?And the plaintifl'further vv/.ies, that he has not sufficient knowledge to ;orm a belief as to whether Thompson nude tr.e orpedo, and employed the younger Dtury to deiiver it at the house of Mr. Warner, as or in maci. !i?r trwl form at alleged in the aiitswer: but the )<>*intifl, upon hi* information and belief, denies / J?at tlie torpedo was nude by Thoinp-on or carried oy the younger ignorance of its character or object, as or is manner and form as alleged in be., aaswei; mid, on the contrary, alleges Thunifwos neitfti-r inaile, sent or carried the tor*do, nor had anv connection writ it, or knowledge of it beforrhinc?Aort the plaiatilV denies lhat all njt I singular the premises alleged be>ween Jolioa fcftr (30) ?ind hfty-thr?-e (.>.t) of the answer were nr are anown to him, as alleged in the answer, ot that they are true as alleged therein, or, lha' kaowir 3 such facts, he conspired with Thomp:? n or Thompson with MR, to accuse and convict, or rauae aa.l procure to b?r accused and convicted, or falsely to ac cuse and convict, or cause and procure to he falsely actusr.l and convicted, tha elder I'rury of having cottnved, made, ami sent, and the younger I ?rury of having, with a guilty knowledge, delivered the torpe<io as in the i- nawer tally aud'untruly alleged at folios fifty-three, <5S) hfty-fvor, (M) and hfir hve, (M) thereof.? And the plaintiti t ri'-s thit Thompson bavin;: conspired and agreed with him as in the answer alleged, it was agreed that they should by i the several means, and in the manner, and under 1 be cireuai?unces uud ron.iiiiun*, and wi:h t-i? anowledge therein set forth, do the several acta, | and ??akr the several fal?e representations and ?>rrtencea therein set forth, in order to obtaia from he vouncer Drury the declaration, and with the further intent therein referred to ?And the plainiill d'-nies that he mi.I flMMfM, in pursuance of the conspirtwy and (retnieni allied ia the answer. f-4 tha ?-rnI riie.ui*. .1 d the several acts. ana iH.|e the several false representations and pretencea th?rria, nnd in manner a* therein aet forth. ?And the plaintiff denies that h<* e.nd Thompam, coneptnng end agreeing, wr.h the intent and in tha manner ra the answer aet forth, conspired and agreed to refuge and orocure the anl of liariinffton. in the uiuner and (or the purpose therein, and i? therein ?ti*rd, an.I II I, in pur.-u mce of such i n<piriaf and a?r? ? nig, engHk- an I urgent the aid of DatHag'oo, in the manner and for the purnoae therein, and aa therein ata'ed; or that 1 hi'inpboa, l>trlinKt'>o nnd tin tUintitf, further c inspired and acrced to accuse and convict, or cause ta he accused and con Meted, or filseiy accuse aad coavict. or cause <nd procure to be falsely accased and convicted, th>* I ?tmrya nf t!ie ^ rieorea, aa<l aa in the anaw?-r allefed. and in pvr?u?are thereof did compare and aar?e, that Thompson, L)arl?iurton and the plaintiM, by the several i means, a .'ft in tlie manner ami under the circumaiaarea therein, and as therein *rt forth, should do the savers) acta, and mak* the several falae reprevniiii .ni nrrtencru therein Ml forth for tne urynoe and with the intent, and to gain the end | th-rein set f?.uh ; or that they .lid severally *n I leenectively, in purauaace of the agreement ao<l t and r??^>ir*rT therein alleged, use the means, do : the arra, and make the several false re pre- I fentaUon* und pretences therein, and aa therein *et forth ?And the plaintiff denies that, with the knowledge it the answer stated, he conspired and i spread with Thomi ?>n and Darlington, hoth or I enber of them, t<i nee the several m?ans, do the | neveral act?, and make the s?ver*l fal*e reprencntaiiona (herein, and aa therein aet forth, and with 1 the several intents, or aome, or one of them, j therein aet forth, und did, in pursuance thereof, use the several meane, do the several acta, and make the several falae representation! and vretenrea therein, in manner and aa therein set forth, and with the several intenta or s?>oie r one *# them therein aet lorth ; or that he, with Thompson aad 1 Darlington, or with them and any other person, conapired and agreed to do .he severs! acta and make the several false representations therein, in manner and aa in the answer set forth, and with the several intent*, or himw one of them therein set forth, and did, in j>ur-nanre thereof, tiae the aeveral meana, do the several acta, and make the several false represent tanons therein, and a* therein aet forth, and with the several in'ente, or some or one of them, therein set forth And the plaintiff <? niea that the lihel .innipla?ed of in true, in any respect in which it tend* to defame him. Fifth?Thst the mattera pleaded in justification of tlie lihel - even if properly pleaded, which is not admitted?are insufficient, an.I do not amount to a Itjstifica'ioT in law or fact, and cannot be used for That pnryosr; and no the plaint'fF will insist on the .rial. Siiih?That these matter* amount tn an aggravation of the lihel, und are set forth, not in the belief or Wi'hifir hope of eaUMiahing * JuMihca:irn, ot the t ??li thereof, hut with malice, and (or the purpose of "till further defaming the plaintiff; itid w the j lrtiniit!" will in?i?t on the trial. Sri'?(*?That the ?n?w?r from filio nitty-four (I I) to foli? * Khtjr-M? (W) *et? forth facta whii h -ire not a Im'ijwole under the "Code of Procedure" in pleading, and to which to *f#k to compel the -lamtifTto is virtually asking from him a discovery ?o<>r <>ath, whieh rtnnot fie, except by hia prr???onl eia-ii nation -That the plaintiff die* not wiive :?si o'ljectioo, but di?tintinrtlr re?erveg it for the It ial, or any ftiture occaidnB, when It ran v>e property ?rg<'d ; and that, subject to this bjectinn of wr>le?ant or redundant matter, hia reply to that part t>f the answer < wade. Subject to the objection already taken, ? < j wub Wilt if it, snd *? t" thr mVtera mi 1*inAd within the la?t mentioned folio* of the answer, the plaintiff renliea: That he lita not wiffictroi knawicdje *o form a belief what statement* BP?1' wmm? or Momenta upon the oltcrges ngmmH (?!? ? pokesof at tolio aix?j -lite {u>; uau aixiy a.x (96) of the answer, were i>u ilwhe.i hjr the detcud.-.u! a* therein alb ged, or wh<. ??*? - <- i.-? or eointijer1!* th? defeudnut menu* tor*>< ' ;,.c *ni? tint l>einjj apectlied the re in-That it iu;' uitierent ailegeu extracts from imblicaiioaa in tha National Police Gatettt, 8ft forth in the auswer, are allowed u evidence ou the trial. the plaiutiu will produce tha several cumWera of ilte piper referred ta, and insist unon reading the whole of the puhlioations, and also all iiublictthons upon the subject in that paper, (if no advised), and the different causes or waiters giving riae to ihem; ?nd be will further claim the right to prove that all facta atated is them are trne, or were believed or supposed, or that there was reasonable ground for believing or aup,e>*iaj tliem to be true, at the time of publication, and that whatever comments were indulged m, were warranted by the tacts, or were ail oil as tell within the range of legi iinute comment. That as to the client or meaning of the publication last referred to, the plaintiff has no', eunicieut knowledge to form a lief, being Hdvised that under leg tl instruction* from the court, th?ir effect and meaning are questions el tact lor the decision of a jury ; and he therefore, in relation to thu,puts lum^H upon tho judgment of the court. %? *.#L_.Tk?? Ik. , k.M sir.ce the conduct and eourw of (be plaintiff, in relation asd leading to ihe artest of the I>rury* was krown.advocated thein,directly or indirectly, in the columns ?f his imper, itnp-'aching the inotiveaof all concerned iti their urrest, and even of the authorities and those acting in concert with, or uuder then, in the discharge of duties they were req nred to perform; und he h-u tried in erery way, through the publication of matters which were utterly untrue, to prejudice and incense the public ag?in*t those concerned in, or connected with, the tlu prosecution, and particul irly ag*in*t the plaintiff? that the articles referred * > in the answer written by the plaintiff were intended to m^et these att miits on the part of ?he defendsnt, and to vindicate especially the plaintiff's participation in what is generally known 10 the community as the "Drury Cases" or " l'rury Matters"?that the plai.itilf will c'aim the right to prove tlteae facti on the trial. 7V?*A?That the lihel wa? not written by Darlington to serve the enda of justice, or for the further or other purposes fully ami autruly stated in the answer; and that the defendant did not publish it as an item of public news, and with the view and intfnt and for the purjuses therein fully aa 1 untruly alleged; and that the drfeudant did not believe it to be true, and publish it in consequence of or entertaining that belief, und aa an item of public newa end not otherwise, and not with any mtlicious or vindictive motive, nor for or w.thont any unworthy or improper intent or motive whatsoever, aa therein fully and untruly alleged. Kltvmth?That th<* defendant ia a common libelhr, and that he tuibli^hed the libel in that spirit; and so the plaintiff will claim the right to prove on the trial. Ttttlfth?Tlist the matters set forth between the la9t mentioned iolios; constitute no defence in bar of tke action, and the ground on which they are offered, not being stated in the answer, the plaintiff " I iiismij me nisi, luai nicy cauuoi ot* received in evidence. Thirteenth?That everything in the answer cont.iiiiMl. inconsistent with or o(>(x>9ed to the allegations herein, is untrue, and the plaintiff claims the benefit of this as u cent ral denial. FiMrtctnth?He object* lo the answer, fnrst, that the jiietended defences are not separately stated, nor can they be intelligibly distinguished; second, that the grounds on which they are interi>osed, whether in justification or mitigation, in of the action or otherwise, are not stated : third, that they tare not defences nor available in defence ; and he claims the saint- benefit from these several objections as if he had demurred to Wis answer. iv'. tUUb Attv. for 1'lff'. City and County of New- Ytrk, *? ;?< reorge Wilkts, the plaintiff in the above uction. being duly affirmed, aoth say, thut he has heira read the foregoing reply, and knows the contents thereof, and thut the Mm? is true of his own knowledge, except as to the matters which arn therein stated to lie on his information aad belief; and us to those matte ra he it lievti it to be true. Affirmed before me, \ Gkokqk Augm-t 10th, fMfiO. J Kkhkrt D. Hoi.kks, Com'r. of Deeds. BtVI'UlfR NKW YORK COMMO* PI KA?. (itnrnr H'Uka agmnit Jumei ii.triirm fUnnrtt.? Jaint-H Cordon Bennett, the defendant, hjr lleojannu Galbraith, Ins attorney, d>mir? to >>o much and such |'artii of the reply in this action an u afier si?*cified, and Bay#?That so much of thei reply of the plaintili to the defence, set up by the anawsr of the defendant to the truth of the matter charged aa defamatory, and of the mitigating circumstances by the defendant act forth, in insufficient ; and the def< nddUt fctatea the ground* of d-murrer, and such insufficiency, to be? 1 That the aeveral portion* of the reply distinguished by the word* second, third, tiftn. sixth, seventh, ninth, eleventh, twelfth, thirteenth, fourteenth, aet oppot-ite thereto in the margin of ths paid reply, IM so much of that juirtioa of the reply which la diktini;uiahed by the word fourth, aet opposite thereto in the margin of the said reply, from the commencement of such portion on folio aixth of the said to the word* " knowledge of it beforehand, on folio fourteenth of the aaid reuly, and ao much of that portion of the reply which is distinguished by the word eight, set op|ioaite thereto in the margin of the aaid reply, from the words that if the different alleged extracts," on folio twenty-four in that portion of the reply, to the end of that portion of the reoly, although they respectively purport to be a reply to the defence set up by the defendant, are respectively neither a denying generally or particularly by the plaintiff of each allegation controverted bv him, or any knowledge or information thereof sufficient to torm a belief; nor does the plaintiff, in any ^Hirts or part of the reply above indicated, allege in ordinary and concise i<}iiKiiiiKpi wll|iUl? rr^ miiiiu, nun in audi a iihhh- i fiB to enable a penton of common underatanding to know what ia intended, any new matter not inconaiatent with the complaint, in avoidanc? of the anawer or of any define aet uu tharein. 2 The porhona of the reply diHtinguuhed by the word fifth, opposite thereto in tb>- margin of tha (hid reply, if aleo inaufFicieat, becaua- it dora not allege in ordinary and conciae language, and in auch a manner u to enable a paraon of common undemanding ta know what la intended thereby ; nor don it awear thereby with reaaonable certainty, whether the pirt mil it intends such part of ti>reply aa a demurrer to the answer or a reply thereto; tier whether the plaintill menn? thrreby to alien* that he will inomt on the irnuffi iency of the de- i fendant's answer on the trial of an iaaue of fact or the trial of un issue of law. 3. The portion of the reply diatinguished by the | word thirteenth, set opposite thereto is the margin j of the Mid re^ly, is insullki' m, Uxau?e it does out , alVge in ordinary and concise language without rejietion, and io such a manner as to enable a person of common understanding to know which are the parta of the defendants answer inconsistent ? ;'h or opposed to the r-ply, so as to ascertain or define how much and wha: portion or portions of the answer ii intended to be denied thereby, j 4. The portiona of the reply distinguished by the worda " eighth and ninth," set oppotite thereto In ' the margin of the said reply, are also inaurti- | cient, becauae tbey state conclusions from alleged i facts, and not the alleged fuels themoelTea; and also because they aeek to juatify the publication by the plaintiff of certain articlea set un by the I* fendant in hia answer, as having provoked the pub- ' hcation alleg)<1 by ih>- plaintirf t.? be libellous, and 1 which ia the cause of action alleged in thi* action, and aa well because no such juatitication ia or waa admissible by such reply, aa because auch luatificntion ia insufficiently pleaded, becauae it alleges conclusions from facta by way of justification, inatead of alleging facta themeelTea 5 The last concluding paragraph of thnt portion of the iepl? distinguished by the word "fourth,",*! oppoaite thereto in the margin of the aaid reply, is further insuffic ent, becauae it doea not deny generally, r>r particularly. the allegation in the answer, that the alleged libel, an far aathe iam? ia concerning the plaintiff, ia trne, but denies only that the alleged libel is true in any reapect in which it tenia to defame him, the plaintiff, and h?>au?e thp renlv uitimfii thai the allrcrpil lih#l 1 ricAi defame the plaintiff, which iaa point in iaaue. fi. The portion of the reply distinguished bjr the word " fourteenth." aet onpoaite thereto in the mari h? hM rrj It, f UN in^tifTi' Ml, bec^tiae II I dors not allege in ordinary and coaciae I ingu'^e, without rr; ciilion, and in such a manner aa to enable a perwn of common undemanding to know whfih^r thr | lainiitr intrnda thereby to raiae an !ii?*ue or ieauea of law, an I hare th<- i>nm" tried by tbe Court, or how he will ?*#k the benefit of hia objection*, and have the autticiency of auch objeci tirn# teated. 7. And the defendant eaya that auch reply i* fur- j ! tber in*uffici?nt on other and different around*, j app^-anni? on the fnre thereof, and WhicK ha Will inai't upon on the trial of the iaaue of law formed by thi* demuner. B. Oaliiaith, Defendant'a Attorney. Xrw York, Aug. 27, 1850. Tl Mil. THROf Oil TH> Bt.' I HinO* MofWTai*.? . The great tunnel through the Blue liidge liaa been , fairly commenced. Tlia workmen ha?e eicaaated I about 70 feet of the mvin lunael on the weMera aide of the mountain. and their pro*reaa th<u far , haa been entirely through alate rock Aa only nine men are able to work at a time, It ia alow buaineaa, although they work day and night. It will require four or fi?e yeara before thia eoloaaal work la completed. lint when it ia done, it will be a j monument of Virginia enteriniae, aad a fountain ut trudr ?n<l pr?a|H-riiy, which cannot be aurpaaeed | by any aimilar work on thia rnnnaent ? (r?.) Rtf%Mu*n, 9Hft. 14 ai RtW J wey Curreap*it Camden, Aug. 31, 1*W. | 9eoUtru.l end Topographical View *f iVm 1 Jertry, conhnuiJ. I la my l??t letter 1 described th? feature* of the hfoood divisioa of the geology of New Jersey; and iu thu I will minotely describe the third. In this divuion, which might pro|>erlj be styled the " mountainous division," and which extend* in breadth Tarring from fifteen to thirty-five rml-e. la right angles with the general course of the mountain*, the geological formation* are strangely blesded, Htid, in *ome places, ulinost inexplicably confounded This district is exceedingly intep-alin^?far more ue than the other*, not only in coiiwijuence of ita breUen geolejy, but also from the variety of toil, surface, Jec., ami its mineral and vegetable productions. Rock* of a pretty uniform character are found in the primitive ridces: but they ure generally of a coarse and uneven texture and surface, aggregated with crystals of quart-? und feldspar. Sometimes they contain considerable quantities of shorl, garnete, hornblende, epidote, and mica; and, in several places, I have noticed, that for a considerable distance between these rocks, none of the shorl or garnet minerals can be found. Granite, gneiss, and sienite, are formed in this section by the blending and combination of these muterials. Alio, at some points, the urinative greenstone is seen. The most common rocks in the transition section are gran wacke and grunwacke elate; but there are beautiful mural precipices miles in length, presented by the range of mountains in Bergen aud Morris counties, of Long I'ond, Green Pond, and KaHenlxrg, which are composed of a reddish brown gruiiWHi.'ke, interspersed with indurated clay, red and white jab,>er, and red and white quaru. The rooks incline to the north-west, at an angle of about ft) deg , in even stratificatioas ; and, singular as it may seem, they are abundantly dispersed over and aloiu; ibe bMuks of the Peqa&nnoik,lnun Pompton to Newfoundland Adjaci ntto ths f'?<|ininii<-( k, granwacke, in place, res>uig on simile, is frequently observed At Kingwood, Mount Pleasant und Suckasunny, magnetic iron ors of excellent quality is extensively mined. These ranges, according to geological surveys, are on the strata extending nearly 3(10 miles in length from the White Hills o? New Hampshire to Black Kiver, and consequently embrace some of the richest and most productive iron mines in the United Suites.? The beds are from 8 to 12 feet in thicknes*, and the ore is of a remarkably excellent quality. Calcareous spar and eabestos are frequent, and sulphuret of iron abounds in many parts of the highlands. The most extensive bed of the last which has yet been discovered, is that in Morris county, near the eastern bat-e of the Copperas Mountain, and opposite Green Pond. Juring the last war with Great Britain, considerable quantities of copjx'ras was manufactured here. Some of the ore in this regiuu is so highly impregnated with sulphur, that it is rendered entirely uselts* for the forgi . There is also found here large qumtitled of graphite or black lead. Large plates of black mica, chrystatyzsd in hexaedral form, sometimes a foot in diameter, have been found on the Kam*|>o river, near the IfoarM [ Iron works. In the elevated primitive ranges west : of the transition district, compact feldspar and epi- ' dote are very common ; and in various parts of the 1 transition range, contact limestone is also found, j mr vicinity pt uerririnio?n, mil on a line running Houthwest and n?rtheayt from that I point, pndtin.g limestone, of h quality equal to that | ns>d in the Capitol at W&shugou, is abundantly ! d'?(?n*d, and it is frequently converted iato litn** Wert of Pompton Plain*, in the primitive ran/" of j Morris county, in what is called .Stony Brook Moun- | tain, chlorite slate is found in considerable quanti- j ties; and quite recently granular limestone lias also j bet u quarried in the same mountain This mine- | ral is of a beautifully clear white, admitting of an ' excellent polit-h. and is often associated with amianthus and talc, alternating in narrow veins. Th?re is a greyish-white marble found in the same vicinity, whck is rendered porphyritic by grains of noble serpentine distributed through if It is exceedingly hard, and admits of a highly beautiful polish. There have also been observ d metallic crystals, supposed to be chr^mate of iron, in the talc found at this place. From this mio-ral, chemists have extracted an acid, which, if uuitvd with lead, forms chromate of lead, ana which is considered a valuable pigment. Adjacent to Green Pond, a beautiful MMttM of galena h*s been found in the granmacke ranges, and treinolit" srerus to be extensively connected with the granular limestone of Stone y Krook. Alter we anoend northwest of the transition, ws again strive at a |x?int where the pnmitive " resumes its empire," and it then includes th? Wallkill and Hamburg mountains. Theas mountains are than continued by intersecting SchooTey's aud the Musconeiroiig, from the line of New York to that of Pennsylvania, without even being broken by the interruptiMn of a stream. Ths primitive, the secondsry, and tr?n?ition formations appear as if ' they were combined in this ridge, and a portion of the primitive section west of it. There are quite number of innominate hills in this section, such as Marble mountain, Scott's mountain, Jenny Jump, tuniare mountain. Pininle hills. and Pochuck ' mountain. The whole of this is remarkably good mineral district? the be?t in New Jersey. Highlv magnrtic iron ore, but which is blenil-d wi'h foreign substanees to considerable extent, i* found in schooley's and Muscooetcont mountains. The foreign aubstances in thia ore under it almost impwaiblc, in v mc instance*, to produce liquefaction. I remember, wben l?nt a lad, <( filling my pocketa with an excellent quality of gun-Hints, which arc dispersed in abundance along the aides of thia hill, and also in the valley. The Sparta, or Wallkill valley, lies wrstofthe Hamburgh mountains, running in a northeasterly direction r dintnnra of about twenty mil *, to the State of New York. This valley is juite notonoits for the number and variety of its mineral* Hi* boitom of the vnllev r-sts upon a white erystalucd limestone and marble which rise into a low subsidiary ridge, and follows the course of the stream fcr nearly nine mil's in extent. Th* greatest and | most interesting features of this valley, however, an: th' metalliferous deposit#. The liratbed, which ia at Franklin furnare, MfM nk? a bltirk ramn tain mass; but it contains iron ore. very iittle mtgnetir, ami, " as a new metalliferous combination, it hss received the name of ****LI1*"* It is composed of W6 per cent of iron, lfi of zinc, and 17 of the red oxide of mangaar?e. When the Franklin furnace was first constructed, it was n.ipposed that the ore was ezcecdingly valuable, but upon tenting its quality, after th? n 5 had I era ed, it was found, to the rrra; lisappolntment of us proprietor, Mr. Fowler, " that the ore was not only irreducible to metallic iron, but that it obstructed the fusion ef ether ores ' It coald not be employed in as small a quantity as one-tenth of .he magnetic ore with which it was mued, without producing what smelters designate a salamander?that is, an alloy of ma with ruangan<-?e, which resists fuiicn, .iod crystalizes under the blast. At this furnace it hss h*?n very sparingly intermixed with th" red oxide of fi?c. Thi* bed ceases to be discernible . * the surface two mile* north of the furnace; still, it may be traced a din* tence of some seven or eight ruil-s to the south eut. Another huge maaa of thia mineral ia fomd si Stirling; It ia, h< werer, eo combined with the red oiide of nee, that 'he I'ranklinite eryrtnta are em?>*dded in the ztac, " fornung n metaiiJeroi;a porphyry Thi? ore wua Med t< nm i nri<> ? aa braaa, i* the laat war, by merely pounding end miiing it with tcpprr Fre lu^ntly but afrw fret fmn 'he Franklin. there have been larg* bed* of magnetic nude of iron discovered, but ?o iteneively mixed with hornblende rock aa to make it of little worth Tbere Kj.a aleo l>een fonnd near th?- furnace, a aj-eciesof thi* laat ore, intimately blen4ed with plumhafo. There are, likewise, curioua >*4? <>f yllow farad, l? perfect au mtic grnnite, in n htch ire beauufi.1 op*4,i? blackUh brown weaeea of girnrt, of a high rennosa lueire, " crya'Ah/rd on the airfare, accomi ioi< with Itminated ejddotej white and compact maa-iva nrminu'ely laminated augite. in tome pu?? intimately Mr nd?<^rith a|iecka <f violet granrlar feld mr, resembling prtrotilex; " sphene, t r.iwn mr nite, rlatk preen granular auri'e, lik?- 'he ri of I-ake < ham| l*m phoephate of lime. apinelle ami black (pint-lie, cpeculai iron ore, brneite, bron* lite, p?irga7ite and idocrte, rircon, tremolife, ?mIwdded in cryatala of white nngite, actynolite, bort cryatala of augite nearly black, aexumii't 'h^ appearance of volcanic rocka, apatite, an apple green fe!d?p?r in crystalline carlK>nate of lime, accompanied with beautiful cryatala of mica, nnd htingonal platea of nlumhaifn, aoft and almost n* funilde aa hornb'ende, a very brilliant pale ire'n hcrnblende, passing into tctynolite, which baa been flcrciminaiea m?n if ite, r l ie an J WM'e eapphire, worrrawa *reen cryatala of a'ifltr, at le> ?t an im h in diameter, presenting he**?drnl and octali'dral pry?ni?. with almost r ,tiaI fare*, and tetminated br oblique tetrahedml pyramids In nd.Jition to tW, geologist* who hare ma le a more m taif examination of this valley, ?ay that there have Mao hern found here, *ra|<olite, or *( merit*, nrietiical pyrites mixed with others, reft mlitinir the sulphurrt of cobalt, or nickel, with a substance like blende, accompanies by detidrodrite, ard arfillaceotta tluate of lime." At thia point a crystalline enlctreona rotk alternate* with craoitinea of feldspar and qnart*. or with btda of sienitie granite. At other placet it disappears, end In its place a continent granwacbe, a'oii ?i porphyritic appear* ; and, contemporaneona with the other formation*, it ia obeerred to he overlaid l.y a mam of leaden, rninatelv granular aeconmeatone, containing orjani< remaina nf ih? usual sheila and coralline* and layer* nf bli?kish h?T?eM?aor petroeileT ? ryaialt of blue lluat. o. lime have been found in large nnmtvra in thu rock and alaa m the granwacke beneath it. The c*ti' ?p?WwK 1 tin tra aataietuue* very numerous ia the luaeetone, | and lined with paeudoniorphoua ii umh, and white I itumte and quartz of cry aula. Tnua it will be >b- , r-r i vci(, ihai in thia NNN can be found, aa at Lake I Champlain, a blending together, or a union, of ail j

clnaa<'k of rock*, except elate, bui which pin dtv j a iedly int.. each oilier, na if cotenil;oran'V>ua. Thia moat wonderful formation extenda into Orange county, New-York. In the mountain* near Spar- | tu, large nu*.-<ea, :nilee in extent, of the red mide . ot zinc, ere lo' nd ; and, 1* thia metal is in-'* fuail.le, it may in time become quite valuable, IM add ' much to the wetil'h of Una portion ut the Stale, i l'rcui two inconsiderable eugar-loaf peuka, coin- | monly known aa Mia Adam and I\?e, a white crya- I tallir.e linuatone, which i? of a rerv singular for- I mat'oc, baa been traced to Byram township, in Suanex county, in au eveu and unintT..iptee eourae of : twmiy-tive mile*. Ita width, however, u i variable?sonietimea it in neatly tn-o nnles, and i c.firu not more than two rods wide. Kieept at I Mount* Adam end Kve, ita general inclination it low, frequently undercut* the tin.tstone of a uiire | r??? nt its continuity m pi ices is sc irc-jljr discernible, except by boulders and loose stones r? uttered abutddiitly over the surface. It i? sup l'??'*<1 to extend to h.aston, with occasional break*, lu th? primitive region, it has > -?-a ussried t^ it gold aud silver have been f<>ui><i ia uu.iy pi tees; l'?t on close examination, the veins lit?e It. en discovered to be nothing but pyrtee, which very much rot-1 mble these metal*. Kxtensive deposits of magnetic iron ore, and other remarkable mineials, occupy a considerable tpace in ihe primitive riduesmritbwest, particularly Scott's Mountain and Jenny Jump In Scott's Mountain, in oloee proximity to I'xford Furnace, ca; acious mines of iron were worked years at;*, tome of the shaft* and drifts of whirh are anil ob?* rvable. In 1832, however, Mensrs. Henry aud Jordan purchesed the work*, and commenced operations on a more extended btfale. They opened a vein of magnetic ore, which is blended with carbonate of lune, from ten to twelve feet in width, enclosed by panetea of mica rhale. Theelemeuts of primitive rock are found numerously and strangely united throughout these mountaina, which atlbrd considerable,interei)tto the naturaliat Tin re isa valley northwest of these primitive hilJs, vhioh is about ten miles wide, extending over the rorthern i>arta of Sussex and Wuiren counties, a:id which isdrained by the Pawlins hill, (lowing into ihe Delaware. This i? called the t'awhns Kill V ?||ev. It i? numerously dotted with littla hills, knolls and low ridges, which present quite an interesting Bppearanre, and seeru scattered over the valley in much confusion ; but still, they are easily traceable on the incliaution of the mountui's. limestone of the transition formation, in this valley, alternates with slate A ridge of considerable magnitude, composed of slate, hounds this vallty on thesouiheast side, almost from the mouth of its creek to Newton, and on the northeeMside it is equally distinguished lor its limestone quarries. There is another ridge oi slate, suitable for rooting and cyphering slate, found north of the limestone, excellent i;uurries of which are worked on the Delaware. Abed of g.-anwacke has also teen discovered between this slate' ami the Kittatir.y or Blue Mountuina. This mountain contains 1 the usual si>ecies of transition rocks, granw icke, in evtry variety of a^grega'ion, slate, mountain limestone, and greenstone. It ris 's from 1,400 to 1,600 feet hi?th, and is covered with wood, "in which the deer, bear, wolf, and most wild animals indigenous to tiiountamoust countries, still roam." Anothi r little stream, called the Flat Kill, wat?rs a fertile tract of transition limestone land, in a northwestern direction from the mountain. The mountains of this third section are principally in their natural state?only now and tnen a roil bent adapted tor agricultural purposes is fo'ind in the alluvial valley*, which hre well calculated 'o | roducr all kinds of farm vegetable#. A beautiful tjifcimen of marble i* found at Mendb&m, in thi? district, capable of being huhly pslislied, and suitable for ornamental architecture, re?vmbling ibe marble of Flor? nee. Thtin have I givrn in detail the most s'rikinc features of the thr?e grand divsions intowhKhi l Ji' ided the eological formation of the St: t? of N? w Jereey. lVrhaps other end more minute investigation* may yet diacover more attractive features and richer mit.eraU in 'his .State, bu', viewicg it in its present condition, it may not ha out t f tlie wuy to ssy, t! at New Jersey, aaide from her manufactories, valuable and productive fa.rr.a, hnd other sourecs of wealth, is now as rich & mineral) g:cnl State as any in the Union, in proportion to its area. It will also be seen that a wiee Vrovidence has well. dap ted it in every particular, for th' uae and bent-fit of the different conditions of man, and that Ins gnnd purpows ate evolved in all the works of bis bauds. D. W. 11. Iht Loudon Kxposltlon ot Industry. We translate from tbe Journal dt$ Ltibalt, of August 19, the annexed artiele-? An additioual motive has just been added to the MBMIMi ones already combined to in<luce France ro eeua mr promina or ner umuairy 10 me universal Ckpoaitu n of Londoo, where they are to be 'r d ly the government. Ir?-?- of chi rge. The expoaition of Hoodon will, it ifrmi, have a aplr-ndi<' progteaa The idea whi'h pervadea thia tiDivrraal expoaition, 1a in rurh aliaolute conformity with the M|>int of the timea, that no aooner haa it been pro< laimed, than other nationa lin?ten to lake it up. The United Statea, whoae enterpriaing are determined to keep pare with burope, ave formed n project, of eaav eiecution, for all wfco wnvld place the result of their industry before the puhl'c eye. In lieu uf aaking that all the articlra neat to their exhibition he menafactntvil expreaaly with thia vu w, the Americans are content *o make a aelection from thoae that ahall have been aent to London, believing, and rightly, that thia ia the l?eal method for collective together article* of the greatest value, as lar aa the iuter<at they may create ia concerned. Thie i*<?ject. though emanating from a mere private individual, Mr John .lay Smith, nevertheleaa m?y he considered aa a national one, for thia gentleman, in the very outlet of hia undertaking, ia austaimd hy recommendaUMM tO numeroiia, aud coming from aurh high aourcea, that there ran he no dauht with rej gard to aympxthy and intereat. The Secretary of Foreign Allaira in the United Sutea, the Go. vernor of the State of New York, the Mayor of the city of New York, and varioua other perK-ni of high a'anding, give it their moat cordial approval. The \meriran exposition m to taka place in 1562. The place where it will be held nas not ye t been definitely &i*d npon, aa the choice will fail upon the elty which will i tier the gr-ateal advantage?. The 'mention ia between New York, 1'hilndali hm, and Hsltimrre; hut thu matter ia of naoiuence. and the ureeiae nlaci will ha known in due time. All the coaU of tranap station and from Amerca, Mr. John J*y Smith ia tn pay. Whtther the price paid >7 the public to witnea* the expoaition, will auifice, or not, to indemnify him for thia, concern*, nt cour*~, but him*e|f Ae'iog with that truly commercial apirit 'hat ch?r*ct< rise* hi* natlor, he rifer* in each Kun pran State, a necnriu which will an*wer to eaery utie who *end* anything through him, th ?t wh tever article he doea *en<C will T>e in no way deteriorated, and will be returned unharmed na aoon aa the eihihitiro ia over. It will riffice to wythat, in Krglaad, the Meaara Hiring are to he aeiuniy; we do no; know who >a to perform thia d'liv iL France. Hu* Mr Smith eoea (till further than thia. Ha undertake*, if it be ihe derire of t*e e*hibit'?r*, to **|] th* article* for iheir account. Mr Smith will ctnune himaelf tn tUe limi'a which they may pre?< n! e. With the addition to the ommal plan, the Areeticaa nbibition will greatly re*embl? a bazaar; but if thia addition hAt uiy convenience I attached to it, it ia not b r thoae who e?h hit to complain; we think, onth^ contrary, that the arrangement will pleate thr-m exceeding. Aa many of oar produc* ar* marked with anch excellence, that they want hui to he known to h? appreciated, thia opportunity ia one which our, we doubt not, will gladly improve. With a guarantee offered, which [reclude* all fe*r, anxiety or distrust, it cannot b. x pleaae them tn ?h?w what the* c?n do, and, too, to a nation fond of Comfort and po*ae?*in* the meana of aiijufirng *. I ?! Am"rH lilP nf\Tf II Birnfl,' /<n?rktml for th? elegance of llflr a Ut Franf.ttif, h?nee I'aria ia the ntjr which wealthy Ana-ricana prefer to a&jrin the w^rld. The eifubitiona of our pro duct* tr*n?por??d to London, wilt augireat to the ptj|?wlatifm i<f the t'nitrfl State* the Met of tronaiinlip* ai home a part of the mmtMri rf I'aririan rrrjirh eiihtcnce. 't apjwara, then, impoMiMe to p*no*e, that the exhibition* in the United f<tttei will n??t he f?liow< d hjr nvmieroua order* h*r*. Anil Heaven kpo*a oui wnrktha^* n?ed 'h#m ' It ia a ourioua movement, that which it present r*??e* the moat .nlighuiud ratna* to ! o nmumaaie to an<?her their"idea*, and to ?eek by mutual ?i?it?, to deriv* from ear-* oth*r element* of mmf. r? and welfare. The railroad* that covr the continent! ia every poeaiMe direction, the nil* merou* ?te irner*'hat r oh the ?ea*, the exhibitinra iehere nation* c ill their ncigl bora to a Mruggle profitable to all. all unite in a beautiful mtttnlIt of aign* thai p >in out ih* tru? .*| ir.i of our ejHK h. Kiaee m*n hare become m" e free, natioi.a have beyun to feel th" necessity of apirtmchisg each other more cio?eljr, of enlightening one another, of acting like member* of a IO(ir laniljr. in IK tic ol Tt lAtin;i<Hi(>, on* trrcul, Mint ftiat* b?'*- ?u luxrtl .or'it::tion? *"d t the fnrta of thn kind of (hit nniTernal dhihitlon, t are net on* of th* minor rraconn which mnat rn f faj* III* mli?htrnad men lo 'nr ' T' 'hi? o#*, f whethrr it ia to t?kr p!?r* in l?ondor, or to tw? t tr*n*fort? ' from therr to N'?w York or PMI*> | delpH Aa connected withjtl.ia mutter, Mr John . Itjr Kiwiib must h* w?lroin*il ?mon< u?. I , Mfik ? Virus RilatitR ro V\:r.\.? K -nor < cu'*m wrote a lone unirl# on Oiibnn ntftim, in i whi^h '?? mil Mint the Cn .ans h*?f no right to be frro. Th# M *wtor <mn'i down on Mr. Ctictis, tad | "i the Spanish fOTenawrnt a blowing ?,< < A Vutwril tm iairlM. farewell! thou great ud gracious land, Glory aad woad?r of the earth. f orerer eaeaiing to expand, Waktuiag to a*w majtatlo birth? Great, good Columbia ' farewell! tiiau ehneen eecond home Of humWeee tbouxands?oountleae host* That fly from desolation'* doom Totbosoglad hospitable ooaste Of thine, Calamftia! Of myrladi. thon'rt the cherished goal? They shape tosanl thee their earfer light; second sun thou xhin'it?to kouI As bright us that abore the eight? Great, bright Calaabia! > thousand kiud farewells to thae! Ten thour^nii salutations fair; I bsiikn. t? ?r?, and praises, gushing free. Ah<t rntay a li?*bed. heart-? hi.prayer, Vor thee. Oulumbia. Ayr. thousand bladings, warm an<l true, 'I'm thoueeud wishes fur lb; weal, A woild ?'t homage? but thy due? Atd nil tuat besrt cau torra or leel. Vot thee, Columbia. For tbou the stranger know'.it to crt?l Witt ?elcouii-s glowing an the W?>l, And wrll tbu wanderer's wearied Oat May tbiifa kind welcomes oharm to reit In thee, Columbia. What ran I wish thee* All hast thou That thought can <lream or tengua can nam*; I'laatHd victory aud success thy brow Ilava graced with every wreath of fuua, Thrloe crowaed Colambla Tby people> great undying lore Huilda walls ot adamant and steel ? Tby mightiest harrier this ?hall prove, And pledge ot tby perpetual weal. Thrice arm'd Celumbla What can I wish thee? Arum and arta Shod o'er thee glory's richest gleam ? Still at thy call, orowned knowledge starti ? What can 1 wiah, or think, or dream. For thee, Columbia' Continuance,"'?still the game carver, The same triumphant course ' prnsesd ! Onward !?with chaugeless. stateliest cheer, The universe shall follow Lead ! On ' on ' Colunbia! Tby step is lightning, and thy breath An earthquake-storm. far felt around; All earth's part life seems rlnep or death To thy great movements, without boand. Thy maruh, Columbia. Man's loftiest happiness and good. That? that thou still do'et eeek and ask; Uy thee 'tis nobly understood 'Til made tby one itreat sovereign task, Thine aim. Columbia. Thou cresoent country ' ? evermore Showing a brighter, grander facia, llonor to thee, still o'er aad o'er. And honor to that glorious raca? Thy sons, Columbia. Thy Titan sons ! they heave on high '1 he mountains ot their greatness still | Tea. tbeirown greatness seeks tba fky, To scale its sun heights at their will. lie proud, Columbia! No need have they of tow*re to aid, Of giant steps, or cloud capp d steeps; Their tow'rinp heads the heights invade With feet firm planted In the deeps, To serve Columbia. Tlieir spirits sweep like waves ot Are On the untrod shores beyond to break, And. a* tlx y xtill aeotnd. a*pirv. A world < loundatlim toctn to tliaka? Not thin*. Columbia! Tbou nobler. newer world aubliiua ! Thou Lut a long, bright rare to run ; Still >ball tbo*e tplrlt* *oar and climb, Elnce naught *eemn g*iti?d till all ii won Vor the*, Colmmbla. Caueafcu* ol creation thou Kiting above all b?ighti jet tried , 1 he Ttrj sphered might mm to bow To m< *t. ball-way, thy creat of prid?? Toy rtara?Columbia! Thy Titan ?on~? they cumjuariag paM. And empire In their pathway tprlugt Ilistoiy uplift* f<>r thi-m her glaan ; K?n< wl for them < ut-pr. ?d? her wing*, And ihoutf, "Columbia ! " Thy daughter*?fairy form* they wear ; b lower* of the retting *un, in Tain ; Their mill' a riaing tun appAr. Till wint the taat a own rotenta reign ? Thy Wast, Columbia! Vartwell to each ' farewell to all !? 1 he free, tbe Iwautiful. the great ? To mount and wood, field. Hood and fall. Toy want o( fttrrngth. m l walk* or utata. And the?, Columbia' L?t trari tbria parting aarrowi t?U ; Bintera, nf?t alrtar? mlnn. adieu ! And. glorloui brothara. fara re w?ll ? I f tMtl can ba larewt>ll t" you, Aud the#, Columbia t Uh ! who can nay " V arrwrll " to ttaea ' Wbtti rr ?k go thy tracks wa Dud ; From ion* lu lone. from ra to Ma, Wa ball thy majoty of mind, And tbaa, Columbia' IJara, thy gnat Heat* beatrlda tba mala ; Tbarr thy blaat ml*nloni call to ll?aT?-n ; flara. doth thy boundlatx ronioiriM raign ; And tb?r?, tblna artl?t? aouii bara atrlraa? Ver thaa, Colaabla. f<r tba* frr thy trna glory ctlll, Lalior* full many a gTflei band ; Horka of thy ?onj' oraatlaa kill Adorn full many a stranger land, for rbaa, Columbia. Ks tbara la aa farewell to tbea? Still more and mora tbina Inflaanoa apraada; Wberter w* mora, by land or ?aa, A Ufa a 11 ; h t thy pra?rnea aheda ? Tby do war, Oolaiabla ! A gl'rloun lUa- a danllng light? Kleaniu? all thnaa who feel and taa ; A Panh a poitlon of tby might? ho! tbara l? an farewell to thee. Ot tblna. Columbia! And l?a<-t of all. ?b-n bound to iboraa Wbleh d*atble*? ti?? with thaa unit*. What though bctwren old oaaaa roar* * Kaglaiid )Htii mingling in htr might With tbra, Columbia. Tli' n no farewell but blnaaltg* xtlll, And many a kindly |>artn>,< word , And maj tln-y gala tua *t>b?d for skill To touch aud thrill an an?w?rlng ohord la the*, Uoliiinbl Scorn not your Mngllab t Iobm 8rorn not your Kngliah iMir'i taari, For th?y >r? trutba and truMlag one* And raeh A world of f?#llng h?ari For your OolumblA Ba Ma??lag? on yon oarka ! Thay bring F Mr 11J hi| and fAltli In glad larraaa* From tbam what wraith of good ihall apriog. Vt licit rlebrat fralgbt la aartha dnp p?a<-a? riiy |.?ara, Columbia f Away with rarklaaa atrlfaa And war* Tboa* (>arka ha?n n>hlar nilMlon* foetid ; Tba pm>|'lr grit amhaaaadOM hail thiy ?b? l aught but eourord roaad ! Hay thru. Columbia' For tboa. tha p?<|iU'i prweloaa waal boat atady well aod juatty walgb 5. ran with a (troog and ?acr?d taal , Anddotb not cac b*at '?r?? tbrm. aay ! H'ply Columbia Blaaaad ba tb? hark# - M?thlnk? I haar A about, aa of tba aaaa?"Rajotaa! ar.h ' raat tnj?aa<a " miliar ao'l ntw Kapaala ihy th uun<l ibundoriiiK rolra, ' I'-ae* p??r? Crlaabla" War a {lory fad**. and day by day, Art kr.nwl*df?. r.t?rprl?? and trad* March In macutflrant array Thai Mill iucb progr*** may ba mad* llraran -ara Columbia' Lnlbur'l ><) . Tran?lat ad from th? i;?nnm In th* a am* lUnu u the orl(ln?l by .limx viarbatb A air n*h .Id la th? Lord onrOod ; A aood daf?n<.a and trnir trua , Tfca larkn??* mtlm at hi* nod Tb? b;>n *ir* nil ta ha l??d? u? I hro*?b Th* ?ick?d 0?d ?! f hall dm** nigh ! In m>||kt and rratt h* takaa th* (laid, With affort* dread to rt*ld And ra lb* aattb no mitrb ba'b ?a Oui ivoii aa<l *nrn??t *n*my Of'O- own *tr*n('h wa not hint (M. Pi..ltt?ri by niln rapid word pat 1t n? frb'a th* I ntallaa Ma*. Tba Rl??t md ''hai?pl"? of tha l.ard l'ow nam* you Mm *ho 1* ;*ur utay' ,'m ji th? Ohrtat, onr h*art r?pll*a Tha only Mod of *artb >nd abl*a ; T" H'm, h** * boat th?ir homax* pay Wi 4itM Film not ; 11* II win th* day TKotwh tan 1*4 darll* throngad ??r pa'h Via ha?.?i* of pr*- to work oor 111, Khy howld *a (rr-atly faar tbatr wrath * II Jam* will mat? u* victor* *IUI Thu aortd'a biff with vacgaful frnwa, ?larhaJ? bta i?tr>>n boat* In tight ; W* "almiy bid* hla t,*rn??t might d ?oon to tr *a tha uaurp-r a crown t brltt'l <l?|ht*?t word can at rib* b'm ft"**. Through ?torm and nh?nga ChrlM'a word andar** Why abould liaii a powar our ?< art* appal Ood.a firr larrn* our a?ul< ?iMira* , lilt flalrit* afthcam* hnnt't fall ! >n I* ?!? corxjU'M r.lim l?? tf?lll Drlfon h..rn? U?^l?r from "hil l an ' wlh And of faa?, of <oo.l?, of Ufa Still, Canaan ??r? fnr <i? raaaln A fr.bit'i (nilf-t iathlm r?in Rtiuwui' AcciD?.ir. ?The fi?? o'clock V (reiB from Hum >0 luat^, due h*r? *tabout . i*. wis delayed fill about rig hi, mm' naven rail** rt>m ?hia rity The tire on the ?"iiain<- wheel andImljr brol a, *n<J flrw up through ih* houa*, and i|??n th* tra< k -in i?* |*?a:n{(, li? aonte odd freak, ri'lng off 'he atearn It grtuvh th* rngineer in | *??ral (>iacea, though n?t a^rioualv inj'irinjr Mm. Had hw hern ?lifhtly changed. the ahootnu Mre mna? hare killed him inatantlf, and any j ither? who mifht hare bees in the way of It.? l*?'rU (Sluts ,) t'onrtfr, tift I IfV Kaah i-aantf, Indiana III tarnlafc 40,01)4 rohaat kl? bat far mat k?t Mia fail aM I **? Vmm 4*mUm la tk? Halted KUMt l>ro? ih* l.oodoa t'hronlols, Au| 28 ] The irrrjiUr progress and jostling of ?ve?U m the I nited State* leiive the spectator in donbt whether tlte condition of politicil affairs in that country be inore pregnant with promise of saf??f or with menaces of dauber. It i* announced that th? weight which the Senate cast *<> recklessly into th? scale ot disuuion an t disorder has been hastily withdrawn. Penitent or frightened, it has pae.-ed, aa separate enactmenta, subatir tially th? aann meaaurea which, hs portions of Mr. < ;lay'? Compromise hill, it rejected by decisive uujorities. 80 far aa the upper chamber of Congress M concerned, California ia now a State, and ten mil* lions of dollars ar? prollered to Texas ?s ths prtc? of liei claims on Sa?ta Fe. These results are only \*h?t might have been expected from t Ue> air of unreality which hun^ about the miserable exhibition oi the sist July. if ia nut, quit* certain that lit** recautation has been so timely or ho compete &* quite to restore the pro^iects which faded in (lidt unfortunate sitting There neeins to b? grave ground for fearing that the real or apparent subservience to Texas, betrayed by th* defett of the ('(>111 promise, haa emboldened ttie Texan liupresrbtHtives to enlarge their demads, ; nd the Texan government to persist in it* sedition* preparations ; and, ut ail eveuta, the want ofseriousu'M and consistency which the Senate hasexhibited must haw the worat ertect on the conduct of the lower houM, whose members never feel thernselvea CI I led upnn to show a larger measure of self-resect 01 decency than the older and more reverend assembly We gave our renders to understand, in our last notice of thin subject, that the strange dec -ion which the Senate adopted on the i.tst day ol I ut month, was chiefly to be ascribed to a ;haa?- in the dispositions of the Texan Senators From t: peculiar relition of the Tex in S'ate to the Souita, and from the artificial value belonging, in th? present political uncertainties, to the votes of single individuals, and still more of single States, thern are hardly any consequences which may not b? anticipated from the perseverance of Te*ii? in an geressive uolicy, either at Washington or iu N*w Mexijo. Whether she will press further th>) advantages she has gained, will dejieiid mainly on the ini|Ktrtance which she attaches to th-* iaimcdiate payment of ten million dollars in hard cash If she grievously wants the money?and uos.-nsM number of persona in America appear to suspect 'hat she does?she will probably lend her aid f? further the Com)?-nsatioii bill just sent down by ihe Senate to the lower house. But Mr. Pearoe, of Maryland?the gentleman who originated this m measure, and the same whose unlucky motion defeated the great Compromise?has already uncorded to her a more liber.l boundary than did thtt iir<ii#pf i\f Vt r ( 'lnu Tli? T#*r ina muv i**?ifoijr he encouraged to believe thai a little more clamor, and a little more obstruction, may enlarge Mill more materially ths limits aligned to their State, without subtracting a single dollar from the proll'ered ten millions It ia iko possible, though not quite so likely, that their irritation at the proceeding! of N<*w Mexico, nod at the support which these proceeding* seen likely to receive from President Fillmore?com tuned with their sectional partisanship, and with I their natural desire to extend the area of theii do! meMic institutions?may ultimately overcome their j partiality to a subsidy, and may tempt them to a bold stroke for the whole of .Santa Ke. It is pl.iw | that the more violent of the Southern pirty, who do not now titled to conceal thHr confident hop's that a severance of the Union is at hand, are <|oisg I everything in their |*iwer to inveigh- Texas into the course of policy just indicated That the fix| ecutive at Galveston has actually desp itched ita militia into New Mexico, and that th PresiiUat and Mr. Webster have solemnly declared their intention to interfere, if necessary, between ths Texan government and its so-cullf.l de|>eiidency, tire probably so ninny reasons with these politicians for attaching themselves to the :?use of the tntlcontcnt Stale, and lor urging her to more disastrous extremities. It may probably tend to render our readers mors familiar with the terinsof the miration, undiscussed by those immediately interrai^i in it, if we remind them that Texas claims, as part of her own territory, the whole of the enormous area bound *d *o the north by the parallel of ' !*> an, and on the w<#t and south by the great river called the Rio Gran t# del Norte. Inasmuch aa Soul hero acquiai'.iveneaa, even when irmat extraordinarily developed, h?a never a;ked that an inch of ground north of 38 29 ; ahouid lx* slave soil, these pretentions of Tenia? implying an they do that the territories couth < that line rhould be dedicated to u^gro aervitu U? are co-extenkive with the most extravagant hopaa ever conceived hy the South. Mr. Clay, purs'iiaf his BtiMion of mediation l>etweru the aectiona of the Union, proponed that the disputed countries ahoald he divided l>y a line northeast and aouthweat, whirh may ha roughly described aa nros-in^ them diagonally The portion of the territory uhutting on Texaa wan to be a'signed to her, and wua therefore to lorn a portioa of the half-dozen slave Stalest* be hereafter carved out ol her area. The reaidue, lyingon the ui>|>er watf ra of the It io Grande, waa to belong t# New Mexico, and it wiia to tie cursed with alaverjr, or Mealed by freedom. according aa the poimlatioa ii. J 1.1 I......I,.. I., I.. 1 f. C1..I. arrangement wn at tira*t accepted by the T?x*a J?enuiora, hut it w.isnlierw.irda repudiated by them, on the oet?-n?ible ground of its im.b'ii.iacy to their claims l'jx>n this Mchi*m with Mr ('Uy, and upon the rejactioa of the Com| romise hill, which wsa it* consequence, Mr. l'earce introduced hi* proieot of compensation, which assigned them additional territory to the extra', of about two hunlred *(iura milea. It eeema that the Teian Senatora showed themee|?ea favorable to tkii proposal, aad ?utioned it by their votea. Since, however, the tiaal diviiion in the .Senate, the extreme Southern p*rtitnna belonging to the House of Kepreat-ntativea, have held a meeting, and have resolved that they will support the ii^htu of Texa.t to the whole diatnct Mouth of It) deg 9> m.a , should she think kt to ii.rist upon them. It i* to ?> f-ared that the alluremeata ef this ekilfully dispone,! bait will b? heightened by the intelligence that hostilities ar* actually comm> ncing in the disputed district*, aa4 l?y the meaaage of I'reaident Fillmore, d '-noun iaf the conduct of the Teian Kiecutive. We have said lhat the policy which the Tenia representatives may be iaducel to adopt will, m al probability, determine the fate of the Ciliform* and Cottipt i -ution bills. Their hostility or their vaoil* lution will equally imperil these measures, ami the danger of failure ia largely increased by the compoauion and character of the lower hmiflo of Cmohi WUk the iaezperieaco tad t wpmMvi youth of ita memltera reud?r it an assembly ia Mime re*j>eet* inhmtaly more hasty ilun the ."*eaate, their closer conn? rt.?n with the people, and their briefer tenure of their seats, breed a too implicit subservience to aeiieral opinion an I an i^aorde terror of un|a<pularity I lence, though threat*, denunciation*, aad Nrtll ej- '-aee* of all kind* have been rife ia the House of Hepreaentative* rnce me coiiiiii<-u<-f rncni or ine ?ion, n ??? been found ahaolately impossible to wring from it clear opinion on ant' one point <?f ih'- alave controversy. Not leaa than two or three hundred resolutions have bee o submitted for it* sppreval, *ad wnr one has heeo rejected. In a body thui Huetuaticir l<etwern timrdity and u.i*aion, imm< nae h^zai Ja mnat attend the career of measure* which are the touchstone or j<oj?ilari'y and th* wat'-hw< rd of party xeal in **t ry c >rner of the Inton I'nin we receive dif net intelligence of their *acre??ful ynnivg, we cannot congratulate the Uaited Ptatee on a fortunate cloae of a eeason of trials Sinort <a Famii.t ? INed, in !*alem, Maas , AtTiat *l?t, Miss .Sarah I'urbrrk, age.t forty-on# aron I'urbeck, of Boston, waa alup-mueter in he trade between Boston and Great Britain, inJ die.I many years *'nce, aged NO yearn. > >11 a re-, urn voyage he found Boston in |<oMen*ion of the , and hi* veseal w*h seised. He, with bin family. Were |>ermltted (o leave Boston, hut he left liia win. A*r<m Purheck, now of thia city, in charge of bis houee and property (here He continued there at the time of the buttle ?f II inker Hill, and through the time that Ronton waa in the po-?e.<aio? of the British After the British retired, he found powder an left, that fire thrown into the fire-place would have lighted a train that would have blowa op hia houe< lie gave the alarm immediately, and othar houaea were ae?rrhed, and it waa fauad that aimilnr pre) aration* had been made to eiplode them Theae particulars we have from the father, through the aoii Afterward* Mr. I'urbeck entered the a-my, in which he sened two yeara and a half. After hi* father'a death he |?ft the army, and waa several years encaeed in the naval service <m hoard privateer*. After tne war, he settled ia this town. ??< ? I hetween tin* cil? unil IWton, until the infirmities of ?r? disabled him from thi*duty; althcwuh Jew |?rw>n? have frh lew of the |>re?*iire of h/". He was Itorn Uctohar 22, I7M, andis ?<>w nesrly % yum of iffe? and the oldest rth/en of this pl-ice. He is now lyinn nt the point of death Wnhin a w ?-eh he hss heen walki' g nut Mreet*, and his vision wm mi scute that he could see to [hf li tip pins, whish hss occu^ed much ?f hi* time 'Inn ig the lest ?esr or two Mr l^trfcecs wss toll, a week Since, thst he could hnre s* ninny skiving* s? he wunted, snd he took hi* wheelbarrow, snd worked mi steadily through the dsy u lo break himself down, >.ri-l induce the disesse which will doiiMlers brine h"Ti to h'? end Hews* mimed in this city to fu.Mh Munyan, who died three years vince, sfed 79 .' 'lie wss truly r most eitraordmary instance of coilursjioe, having l?een for 16 yesrs slni'iet ete|t;?i?ely, meht and day, tlv sole nnrsa of her suffering chill, who eviiired yesterday, sued 41. His <lsn|hter, 5arah r irheca, just deceased, is mirsc le of suffer nu, endurance, snd uncomplaining patience For nineteen yesr* sh? hss hsd |s?ns of the mnm violent chsrscter, and etcmcisUOK even to bshold. With every movement her l">nes have started from the sockets, and she Itss not lain down in her bed during ninetaca vi *rs. For fivs year* "?e of her leg* hss f>enl entirely iinder hrr.snd 'hs other much s* j but during a s?s?m on Monday ni(h'?he eatlrely ?traight, and r"r?iaia*d s* Umi'm Vac.

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