Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 12, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 12, 1850 Page 2
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the invariable tendency of the world, and earn- | Cktliy the scientific portion of it, to adopt the safe course, and to treat as a delusion everything that exceeds the range of routine expenenee. A still stronger probability that the country and its products would be liable to be adversely described existed, moreover, in the I act that all who went to it were milled by inordinate acquisitiveness, and that van numbers belonged to the unthinking t laowi ? ho are least tit to emigrate, and who would be <Jita/>|>ointed anywhere. The noiae made i.) one such l erton would, as the promoters of emigiation well know, exceed, in its first eftects, any expressions thai might proceed from a hundred who were well satisfied. Vet, complaints have all along been singularly rare, and it i? now found that with a fortnightly pott to New York, which carries on each occasion more than 30,000 letters home to the families of the emigrants, each containing, it is to be presumed, the unreserved truths of individual ex|>erience, the general confidence in the riches of the district is inciea>-ing throughout the entire I nion. The depression which has prevailed in hnglaiid dunng the imst two years, and which has been no less humiliating than was the wild folly of which it has been the penalty, must likewise be taken into account as causing everything ? t< be looted at ftom this side through a false me-ti.ini All faith in the iMis.sibilitv of successful en iriyiiee has been destroyed, and there hag been no thought except iliat it must he vain to look in other parte of the globe for that which has been extiutuii-lied here. 01 course, omit r the influence of the facts which have now been urriving in fortnightly succession for a year or tw o, something like a sense of the importance of the movement is, as we have said, at length beginning to grow up; but it wilt he long lietore a real estimate of it will take root. At this moment, eccordwg to the advices by the Ust packet, there ar> from 30,000 to 100,000 persons ut|>roa('hing Cil f> rnia by the overland track. T he emigration 'o San Francisco by wa also contuses, and will ui'rtin be greatly augmented by the tfleet t f ihe lust reports, and by the shortened tra'Mt ihiough Nicaragua. The population of the Male, thfTelore, bids fair to reach before another V ,r shall have elapsed, between 300,000 and 400,ih f-ouls? a total m|ual to one-tenth of the entire I?>1 illation of the Tinted States within the memory' it uaoy. LaH )*ar, when the number of persons in ' alilornis urf* not nnne than 100,000, the most ppreai Btl || the aver.igc tidily ran.uipi* of each individual not to exceed $5. 1 f.-is jear, ii. the statements of a similar character, it* 111'" i n i i? represented to be between ami |Ii : while the unusual height of the waters is ft us a t?iious drawback. If with the next I t r- ?.-e .ii i opnli'lion there is tu be a like increase i individual results, the prospect will iudeed be an i .\in iiMiittny one?and it would almost teem that -< ii ethirit.' like a I rlini; to that ellect exists ainon? the | resent inhabitants, from the t&gerness with wh ffi every report of u swurm of new comers is received. Hut even in the face of nil these circumstances, it i- i ire ill ili apart from lh' gold finding thatde;i ands the duel attention I'oth of the practical it tebdiit and of the philosopher. A (though, as far t!:- ii.iri's i re conci rned, we must keep our eyes < |. n for extraordinary events, still these events are I ejoml t! < power of certain calculation, eitherone wj? or the other. The probable continuance or ii < rr .i-e 1.1 itic supply, is a in titer of opinion upon w f. I Ii ttcli person must be h it to his own S|>ecut i ns 1 lie momentous fact, which nothiug cm II ? do uway with, is, that a0fi,(KH) or 400,00!j \ 'ulii-Sa xwt.s are ruling themselves on the shores oj I- Pacific. A new world is before thein. 'l'hi) lock tcross to China, .lapau, and all ths t 11 of ihe Indian Scus; and the use they will in. ke cf their opportunities maybe best inferred from what they have already accomplished, anil fii ni the known aspirations which the people of the t nited Mates have so long directed toward* tbi't r- .ii n .Already th? presence of a large number of Chinese is a distinctive feature of the |>optilition of Sun Francisco, and already the Sand <victi Ulands, Australia, and Southern and Central Anirnm, hive I>een called into a new life from the tmrtic tlmi hfif been established. The prophecy of Di'inboMi, that the activity of commerce would t arrivri pr ^resaively from east to west, in lajrnlly iu | roo t-j of fulfillment. At present, howevtr, tin re are few et^ns that even thu fact is appreciated in Europe, and the thiiigto be apprehended in, that when in the course of a few years the successes anting fr.'tn it shall have led to excitement, our people, who are regardless, of it now. w ill then nu>h furiously to overdo whit should tx-rn dvtie moderately and deliberately from the tirt-t I' It. to prevent foolish extremes ol tli;s ?oit tbHt evt rv endeavor should be made to familiarize the puoli: with the contemplation of the change that is coming on, and to induce the spirit ofeu'erpiihe to Hdjust itself to the new order of Ikil WMtl It ( in rdtK inilly ami (tofubijf do so, instead cf waiting to regain by a s-dd^n and destructive rush, the <\>portuiiities th:it will have been loht through inattention. ( citrral II*} nan. The Vienna correspondent of the Timet, unde date September 18, writes as follows As 1 suppi 'fed th it General Haynau's account of what took i lace at Harclay'r, would not prove unacceptable, I l ave taken advantage of his p'eaence here, to I an the particulars from hia own lipa. He nad b en at>oui three <|uarter* of an hour in the brewhouse before the attack waa made upon him, and Le distinctly say* that the originators of the o it rage w>re,a* far M h? could judge from their clothing, draymen, but that they were certainly subsequently aidtd and abetted by soma individuals whom ha recognised as clerks. The (iereml does not seam to have submitted with lamb-lik* patience to the indignities < ffered him, far he state* that his stiak came into r> jested contact with some hard substance, wliuh there is good reason for believing was the skull of a draymtn. The truth ol the whipping business, is as follows ?Madame de Ma<i*rspa:h, a lady in affluent circumstances, ha vmcdreaaed up a ligure like the ?aiperor. sommitted it to the hands of her |*ople, who tirat sub < iv an (WMnr <nai?nmc*, ana men interred it with innuy rici'ctilons crremoniea. Ai your correal ondett of the 12th, "A J.andonar," rightly atater, a cuvalry captain, ?h* mmtninded a (Jetichtaent in the neighl>o-hood, took upoa hina#If to aentence the lady to twenty-five Mow* with a rod, whieh pnnuhiuent wn inflicted. t?eneral iia) nau, wku *?a < omniitnder-in-c hief at the lima, waa ninif SO Geinian ri*il?*a (about IK) K nullah) diatanct whrn tha circaniataaee ocaarred ? lleaeviraaw ImMH <!? M"?drr?|ini k antil fie had (>?' n ronie time in Peath, when ?ke called on him and implored him to lil>erate her efdeat aon, who hail been t reated into the army. 1 hava the FVId/evgmeiater'a authority fur atatmgthat her requtat waa instantly graiteri The impreanon produced upon me bv llaynau'a remarka ia, that he ia mure uat< ni?h?-d than indi|{nant that "JUO or AN) I.tiglirhtii'-n rfiould have aa??alted him. General llaynau d^ned. ) eaUrday, with I'rtace Vbwiruenburg, and all the ofhrera in garria^D hera h ?ve been to pay their reaped" to bun Tk? Rataalait Empire. All the troop* cantoned in the aomhern province* of Ituaeia have received order* to he collected info oie army, for the purpoae of being reviewed |>reviutia lo the c? mmencement of winter, and it is laiaiiively annourred that the Emperor and hia three rIdeal aona will i MM I" Kk*( to < 'dean, to Srhaafopol, and to Heaaarabia. The agen'a jf the government aprrjd thia report for the pnrpoae of eicitisg the nation.!I aid religiout entbuaiaamof the pen| le .At mo fiitmrr ptrimhm* Htutui mwi' rw k t- miiiaNr Kii/ifni,m% at tht it m iking I Iht m muni. The government fivea it to be ui'iierelm <1 that it ia pre,airing foragnerrr mm;< in favor of Mrlaviain and the orthodox religion. Notwrhaianding all thia, the Km,*ror ia far from han?h> d. Hia mot, the atate of France and <>i t i.iann'i <|iiwi hun II i* mIiI thai h-- rrgarda wuh irrat ?fpr? hrnnon thr indoknc* of hi* rld*rt ??n *fiH ihf ?mhiiion of hi* trrnwl, and b* ronlrni, i [. * *ith horror ih?- RTOhltniry n>irt? pr*v?|r?t in I'oUud. la * mavrriw'ioa with hi* Uroriir, M Tmik ml, the MioiMrr for Ihe A flair* of r?.l??d. h?- **hi ? li Taikif bi4 MliwH lll? rf(g|H? t(i I ?h?til4 U? !-? (' 4 upon ih?n? kin i?melW tb? Fel>? viih l:???la Nn* th?y bava ntb*r b">??. Mid I kuH roaMa* to tr?at th?? u "? (ton abtrh will ??>t l(?r*X Ibalr ?ft?rt|.n Th?T trill pr????l lb? *<-rra?pll?kn,?nt of lb* dati** of tb? |r?ti >l4 nblrhl had |ii?^?w4 to in J** If Ur If^tn I* kilt nmiincril lnm*r If thai tbr I*r??idei>t ol th? Irrarh Rrntihlic, notwithstanding *11 the mif If hf 'kiiwi in W on a good fool,ok with Ku?-1?, i* much bound uj> with hacltnil. and ?*f*ci?liT with l-??rd I'alinrraton, wkum hr alwa)*?frak? of a* a danfrrou* iwlniciaa, lo t* m *i?m* food irrm* with him Tkrw ibi*r matter* *i?* wurb mnrr nn??*inrMi lo th* Kiihu** rnliiRf' than lb' artair* of Germany ; and it ia on tin* arrrunt lh*? in ihia r>nntrv IwKtn to wi*h for Ih* r*aU>rallon of leiriiimafv in Kranr* Mil the rr fMnlili' hment of 'h?- kiafdom of Polaad an it **i*trif in IO?, or, ih?r word#. thr i*ire and miii|<lf ??iiirn In the ??? * of K r?1*. M eltlnl ill ihf imlifl of 1*11 pttlN* IMt **? AIIDIM?M>>r? ro ITM-Mtw <<->?< * ( IA< RKfil lWlTtON. Adtkra from Madrid IK of thr 20th all. A letter of that dtif my ? The |>foinim>ni of I Jeneral Don Ji*r de U (*o?? h* to ih?- rrmirmnil of the inland of Cul># ?< ! confirmed )?viridity by a F|h-cmI dftTre. i im *?mr*?l that ifw departure of th?- Unapt co?i,>oa'ntf ihe e?, '.Irion it In#r| fur Ihr 15m of Dcfvfecf. Th* l?o M>ini *ra*r la mw in Logland, with other* l>el.rBirsio ikr liny at Navy, and wnif nirnhMl | ? mele, ?i? to | torrid nnrn-tiiat'ly to Cadi* lo |f"i" Ik' tfiKiv Mid th?- imiiury iiom which are a that pert A rr|o't *u currtat irtoiiUy, that a di**(reeaMe m*mf*?'ation, followed hy an. of ?">oira?*, took pint at Cadix on ih- iwcaaiim of the I tioopa hemr o?d?if d lo rmh4rh There ia no ofli- , rial foun?la.oo for *nch r?puft 1 haa *+ n r? I VMrked. ko **?*?, that the *ft-<-.irinea: ?,f :U n??r | Captaia General of Cuba has beea very hastily I ublished, as n? mention is made of General Concha's successor in the direction of the cavalry, which be leave* vacant, nor of the person who u? to bold that post provisionally?a proceeding which ia directly contrary to all administrative regulations; ana the more irregular, as it leaves an im|>ortant department of ihe war office without any recognized official head. This precipitation, unusual in such castr, has given rise to ihe belief that the 1 depsirure of General Concna is a measure of necessity, either in consequence of the excitement which prevails amongst the troops at Cadi/., or from se me other t onally pressing cause. The last accounts from Cuba state thut Count Miraaol, the 1 commissioner extraordinary of the governtnsut, wus about to return to Spain. Jt appears that the modification introduced by the i Governor of Puerto Kico into the custoais tariff ol i mat island nan causeu bo iiiucii injury 10 tne commerce of Saniander, that the Chamber of Com merce of that towB has prepared a [>etition to the | Qu<en praying 'hat the proceedings of the Gover\ nor of Puerto K ico may be declared null and void, i The new regulation?, it appears, affect seriously | the agricultural interest of Spain. I am assured I that Feneral Prim has been chosen by the govern| ment to replace the present Captain General of Puerto liico, and that his official appointment will ! ap|*ar shortly in the Gazette. | Singular Abduction of an Engllili Young Lady by a French Nobleman. Great Benetton has been caused at Tours and its I vicinity, e?|>rcially among the resident Knxlish, by the triel, last week, before the Court of Assizes of | the department, of the Count Forestier de Coubort, on 'he char."e of enticing from her home a young | girl named Isabella Hamilton, daughter of an Kni{| ii?h clerg)man resident at Tours. Some month* ago, M. de Forestier went to live in thit city, for ; tin' benefit of his wife's health, and in his walks he fell in with Miss I rubella H , who, with her bontu, accompanied her young sisters and brothers in tin ir preawai des. He OiiliWlBfiti an acquaintance I by giving the children cikes, and afterwards made i h i>oini of being every day on ihe promenade when Miss Isabella arrived. After a while, it appeared, according to the indictment, he began to muke love to the >cung lady, ; n l she teceiveil his advances v. itli a pood grace She used also to indicate to i htm, by oldeiu^ a (lower-pot in a peculiar position j in her window, in what promenade he might meet ; her Me at Iist. suid the indictment, persuaded her to le;-\e her.fdtlier's roof, and,in company with the /*>??(<,u girl named Adcle Gendron, sged st-ven' teen, to go to P?ris, where be feaid he would secure her an apartment, and would provide ; for both. Isabella, it seemed, was very glad to get away fr< m home, as her parents were about to fend her to school in Kngiand?a measure to which fhe h:id the strongest |H>ssible repugnance; fhe even, it np|*ared, had gone the length of telling Forestier that she would sooner c >mrni' smcde by poison than beft-nt awiy. Forestier, it was alleged, arranged with berth it she and her servant Allele should leave the house ol the Hev. Mr. H-tn 11 ten in the evening of the 2"2d May last, and that they should go to Paris. He had previously writ! -ii a lett"r to ? friend of his, the IS iron Eugene de | \ ivier, telling him to meet the girls an 1 provide lodgings for them. This letter he beiran riy saying:? I send to yt/U, my dear friend, a young Kn?11 h tirl, aged hfteen, with a pretty little face, ' light Dair, clear blue eyes, delicate nose, sensual mouth, and a slightly prominent chin. She is the daughter of an Irish minister, who has h host of chddren. Sh* will be aecompanied by a little I burnt of seventffu, with auburn hsir, Vc , named Adele 1 lsugh at tlie thought of your meeting these pocr creatures. Take an apartment for them?let it be simple, but becoming" He then tect mmends the friend to be cautious, and says: ? " The father will no doubt take some measures, w hich it is important to render vain. I shall there nadn<, that I may not be suspected; Hndthen I will relieve you in >our guard. My wife is better. 1'retonnenn is tending her as if she were hi* own child. fli^is surrounded wiih devoted attendants, has a good hwiK", and Iter physician in ordinary is CDf of the princes of the science. What tan I do more ! I may venture to give myself this litrle pratific8ti< u. Doa'caeoMm*. I tell you that the lather is an hiiglishman and a clerjrymau?two atiimals ! detest, "and who ate, as it were, grafted one on the othfr, expressly to take from rne all tort of remorse." Th? Karon Eugene de Vivier replied in the tame strain, raying, among other tmiuble things, " 1 had some thought of moralizing with you. But what's the use f The wine is drawn, and you must drink it!" At Faris_ the two girls were received by the Baron de Vivier, at.d lie took them to a lodgingliouie in the Bue de I'l niversitc. Meanwhile, For? slier remained quietly at Tours. But it so happened that the family at once suspected him ; and tha l!ev. Mr. Hamilton immedi ttely laid acorutiaiut against him before the l'rocureiir de la : KepuDliqne. The rrocurrur accordingly c<ium-u the count's house to be surrounded by police agents during the night, ?o prevent hn escape. ('n this, Foreatier wrote off to Fans to Vivier to tend iiiik the girls immedia ely, and he constituted hims? If a prisoner. The nut day Mm Isabella and her at'endimt ariived at Touis, and the former was restored to her |>arent*. The public pros?cutor, however, deemed it his dutv to detain Forestier, and to prosecute him. The llev. Mr. Hamilton, on the contrary, was anxious that the matter should be dropped, and he wrote an afif cting letter to the public prosecutor, formally withdrawing lux ccmp'uiut, and enireating him to drop the prosecution. F>ut the procureur represented that the law must take ita course. In the prelimtnary exannnaiion, the h'ev. Mr. Hamilton. Mrs. H aimlton, and Miss Jsat>ella, were called on to give evidence. Isabella varied in her statements. In her first examination she declared that she had resolved on the flight herself, and that Forestier had scolded her on her folly, and had dissuaded her from it; he, site said, consented to aid her wheu he saw that she was determintd to go. Sb* solemnly look God to w-itness to the truth of all this. But 1 when Korestier's letters were read 10 her star ex- , prrsaed the greatest indignation; ake nrverth'leaa did not retract her statement. In her second examination, on the contrary, she declared that it was Forest if r who had tirst propose J to her to tly; and that he hid ollered to abamton hia wife, notv? ithrtanding her illness, to go witii her Mie had at lirat, she said, considered this as a joke, and , hnd laughed at it: but he had pressed her, and had got the servant, Anele, to do ao likewise, h was only by their entrea'iea that she had gone < >n arriving at Fans, Vivier told her that Korestier was in love with her, and would die if obliged to live wnhout her. When told of the way in which he had s|?ktn of her in his letter, she burst into tears, and said, " Ah! it is i?inful to see his conU mpt lor me ' I ojened my heart 10 him. and he leaintd that ] loved him Yrs. 1 knew he was married Ala*' I kaow not how I could have cud ao*" In the third examination Isabella again vanrd her atorv. i*hr aaid *he had laid too much to tlir count'* charge; that, in conaequence cl diaarraiona with her n*trr, >hr had reaolved oo Navirc h?r |*rmtt; that the had declared to Fore?nrr that if hr would not take her i*a? ahe would Miiron heraelf, and ao on. She addrd that he had * ? krn againat him on the Uft 0CC**t'?n becauae anr had Tern told that lie had declared he would fOi n< r go to the ghlleya for lifr than marry b'r At the trial (which took |>lace before a cr urt crowded to excess). Ifabella, hrr father, ncher, and elder *i*tei did not a|>pear to give evidence, though all had hern aummonei. The prim ipal evidence for the proeecution consisted in ihe reading of the indictmrnt, and in the te#. timony of Mr Halley, Lieutenant-Colonel (. nmphell, and a younger brother and *i?terif Isabella n? to the precise age of that young lady They all ataWd tliat the wi> ahout fourteen This point wan important, a*, hy the French Uw, the crime of what i? called rfttrmminiml rj'un* ,'vtu nth *itn<wrr. can < nly he committed when ihe girl ia urder nxteen. alter that, ?he ia considered a free agent, and ia accountable for her own action*, lwmnde Vivier wn examined, hut hi* evidence threw little light on the aHair. When a?ked hy the l'rerident how he could have acted a* he had done, he Mid he had heen influenced hr hi* friend*hip lor dr Forrader It wa? stated that, aince thi? VafortUMte aflair, Foremer'a wifr had died, and that he, anxioua to make all the reparation in hia power for the injury he had d?ne her. had offered to marry her, hut that hrr father ha.I i?o?iiively r? fuaed. Forertier caused avideooe t<> he given b> several rsons, to prove that he had evtryreaton to believe, (lr?M Isabella's personal apjearan e end other circumntanca, that ahe wa* more than aiiteea tears of age; and he labored, both ia hi* interrogatory and thr< ughout the trial. In a LaiX' ikof Ko L ?- * ' Krr horn* After the pVadmga were orer, pMTMifr, in voice of much emotion, raad * p?per to the jury, drawn up at Mkw??"I hate In make. Neiore my frllow rUi*f??, the IicwmI if t (null which the law doe* not puaiah; ni you will arret t Hie avowal a? a further exp*in n to l.e added to my loiif e'iflerinjf*. I'urine t*r> yrare. I urm'glr.l to eave from de*ih the life of on anpel to wf.nm I had atwocUted my de*tiay, when a f*nl ai>d uaforeaeea meeting ?ur,'rivd me m otte of iho?> ntomrD'a of m?ral dia'-oongf' inen', in* ht< h a imp a ha* not auffirient ffrentfh ! maintMin himnelf in the lt?? of duty. Von will not Imrdny liff, |ri.lkm**, fci a mrm-nt'? aelf for- | (rtfiilniM: job will aot coafoucd * fault wuh a rr<m?; )on will not forget that the honor of Miea Hamilton it in'act. and that I havr .>Hrrrd her all fhe r?| ration id n y power " Thr President then ?urr m?d ?p, ?nd the i?ry, after an hrur'a rf-1 >eraticn, retnrnrd a v?rdiri ?f "Wot Umlty " The ?erttMyitl, Afi'lr (tfidrei, ?iiiaclniM in ?h- in? 1 rfiniti'Dt fvr ha*irg in the tliglr of lea- I helJaj hu' the piihlir 1 roae? afor?h*nd<>n'd h?c*?e epairii h't The trtJic! * ? teeeitr d w i;h eotna *iplau?e. which n a?imm'di.i??ly rej re??ed t>v ihe l'r*nd?nt fde f oreet?er remained ia nil till tl.i i ffftita ? ? ? I #* K? - ttr? i! wt? *-*ftirjtt tkf iter to l*t kirn. j TIm Can Ti><> or raft-aM* mt tht Eii|Uth HutmU. [From tk? London Uwcanltk* UuMM, B?>pt 27, P. M l Harvest having been some time completed, tod the time having scarcely yet arrived for pre|>aring the laud for autumn sowing, farmers have at presentcomparatively little out door work to attend to, and they have consequently (as is usually the ewe at this period of the year) threshed rather freely. '1 lie mute that the crop t? tested by thu proof, the greater do the cumj>laint? become rerpti ting the deficiency of gram m propurtum to the straw; and it is too errtain that the produce of wheat will fall main- tally short of what i$ considered a fair yield in average teasotu. l'reeent prices "'annul, therefore, pay our growers; but there is so little to hope fur in regardto the future, anil the pecuniary position of the smaller class of farmers has, during the lait two years, altered go much for the worse, owing to undae lort-ign competition, as to reader it more than probable thut they will t>upply the markets freely uuiil such tim* as they shall be obliged to direct their attention to ploughing and getting in their autumn crops. At moat ol the markets in the agricultural districts, wheat has been brought forward in sufficient quantities to check the tendency to advtnee which prices exhibited earlier in the month, ami in partial instances a reaction of about Is. |>er qr.>has taken place. The trade has also become slow at many of ihe larjje consuming towns, aad at those places where, in addition to the home supply, good arrivals have been received from abroad, the turn hns been decidedly in favor of the buyer. We are inclined lo adhere to the opinion which we have on former occasions expressed, that at aboat present ratea we shall continue to have large imports, and that, with free trade, the average price for the kingdom is not likely to range much over forty-live shillings per quarter even in years like the present, when ihe crop is below an average, and when such terms cannot remunerate our growers. The latest advices from America confirm the previously received accounts relative to the productiveness of the wheat and Indiin corn crops throughout the I'nited States, and also in Canada, and it may be regarded as certaia that tinfull shipments of hreadstufis to Great Butain from the other side of ihe At'aritic will be considerable. With the exception of Itnutzic, where totn' quantity id old wheat t'niiirm on hand, the stocks are i mail at the principal Bali'e ports, and supplies of i.ew having hardly commeiired to come forward, the exports from that quarter may jr-rhaps not he large it winttr should set in early, trom Krance shii menis of wheat and tiour have been refuni'd. aiui w ill probably continue to be made regularly, so long at there is tl.e slight* st chance of a profit od consignments in the English tna:l<ets. Business at Mark lane has been more or less int< rruptnl in consequence of the mischief dour lo the Corn Kxchapge by lie late lire; the damage i*, however, no: extensive, an I will soon be repaired. On Monday we hid a good show of wheat by land carriage samples fitun Kssev and Kent, but from moie distant counties tin- su.yly w as small The atmosphere having for some days previous been damp, the new wheat was not in q"i*e such good condition as before ; still, a cl'-arunce w as made without much difliculty, the haer kinds bringing fully as high rates as on tint day se'nmght, an>l other sort-i st lling according to q>t ilitv. Since then, the quantity brought forward has b< en very small, and though the millers hive mtuiifested h ss disposition lo purchase, pri:es were noi lewer, either on Wednesdiy or tin# morning, Ihitn in the beginning of the week The arrivals from abroad have been tolerably good, 13,31)0 qr*. having bun reported from Bstsjtlav up to la-t lo :ht. (?n Monday, a fair amount of tiusin**ss w is done in the finer kinds, ha> tnj', in addition to a steady local inquiry, buyers of small <jit indues from dilierent pirts of the country. lui|)orlers were, consequently, very firm, and p'revioti- prices were we'l supported, nor has any in- lination since b-en shown to give way, though the demand has cert.>id'y slackened. A cargo ortwo of i'olish t>,lessa ? It the coast were sold m the enrly part of the week, at 88*. (id. lo JW*. tier quarter, cost, freight. and i lie urn ace; to-day ?c lie.ird of no transactions in floating cargoes The to(> price of towu-munufaciurrd Buiir has rrmoi;ii*?i tUtinnaiy,an I, though the anivels of thin articl- front France an I America huve lieen ratfcrr libi-ral, the Ixrstaortiof forfien fcitve r.ot l?-en parted wiih at I money. The supply of Knflnh harh y has been quite moderate, and the fine bit <la have been taken by the tiitliateni at f? rmer rate*. say to 29s jwr ;r. Distilling and giifHirg MDiplea have hare!)' sold * > well iu- last week, though the supplies ?>t the I titer, from abroad, have l?een leas plentiful than of late. M.ilthts been he'd very firmly, and whs quite us dear this morning as at any period of lat-t week. The arrive In of oat* ciititti wine h ive been miimporiant, ami the receipts ol foreign have lx? n smaller th in hi auy piMediny; wrek for some tune pint. A gtcdnitny fmall parcels of new Iri-h have, howrvi-r, con.e to hand, and the trade has remained dull Fine English, Scotch, an 1 the best foreign outa have brought last week's terms, but a decline f.ti |w r qnnr?i?r t#w.t ?.u IruK on ci>d the dralers were enabled to buy at that abate- i men! to-dity. Beans and gray |>ees have moved oil at the extreme rates of lai-t week, but white bouipg |>eas have given way 1* per quarter. No? thing of interest has transpired to Moating cari >e? of Indian corn. Meaara. liailng's Circular. Loudon, Frills?. 27lh Bept, mm-6 P m, With a cbakf* of wlad the antral* Irom mont parts ban t ?*#b numerous and eitrnslrs, anp larg* ijuantl11* of product ar* now Id courts sf landing. whloli will afford a batter supply to ths variou* markets where storks bad became comparatively rvtlucsd We bars ayala experienced an actlrs drmand lor most description! of colonial proUuc*?eolfea and Indigo In particular, while Bugar has alsa b*en dealt la largely Cotton Is firarr The corn market q ilet Ws subjoin remarks on tho*e article* la which tha principal transactions have occurred, other* remaining without material altar*tk>a Moa*y continue* la damaad wlikoat efeang* la tha baak rat*. Th* letters by th* Overland Mail arrived th* 23d laot with advice* to th* following date* ?Calaulta nth JH. mbay 3d. Colombo lith August. Caatoa 11 i Bhan^ha- 13th Manilla 18th and Batavla 24th July. Am in Bin i? have remained without any builn?'? worth aoting Prices coatlnue nominally the ram* A?h?< move off slowly, at th* prsvlous value Rial The sales do not exceed IUO bags, at steady prices l arge arrivals have taken plaee. whloh Mora actl?a demand. Co< ? Id r?quaat. and rathar d*arar At nli to day. *S bagi Trinidad vera bought Id at 48* 104 bag* Para at SX* . ami 100 tip* (i uayaqull -A*. Coi rrt ? Adrleaa from Batarta to 24th July, eomplaiolng of lb* daflclant yiald of the erop : : h- go tuuail} aanall alia of tba b?aa hat* |lrn a lurthar atimulua t<> th* demand for thin ailicla. aad priow bara rapidly adtaaoad with u?. a* wall a* la the prln tlpal onliuen'il porta aod as actlra Inquiry atlll P retail*. Tba following aitanaira raaaactloa* bara taken place 40 000 bag* nati t a t'aylon from 48k ?1 op tn 47a . at wblcb laat rata tbera atlll buyer* 1,400 (wU 1.J00 bag* plantation principally fr.a&T*. a 40* . allh choica mark* fram 73a a Wa A cargo ot J 3Tu ban ft Dcningo at 44a . tinea retold with another of a iOO bagi at 4ba.; oaa ol t.SUO bag* Braiil at U> . naa of I :*0 bag at 48?., aad X4UJ bag* at 4?* for a aaar port, t U00 bagi Coat* Rica 5ta ?d a B3a , 1 &C0 bag* I.agnayra 54a ; 1JC0 >>aga Java 4*? ftd a to* ; l.jro Uga i aaang at 49a , *?<> **> *> ?? A fncan at 47a. w* do* quota l) rat 11 46*. M a ">0a . and 8t Domingo 44a. a 40* Latter* from Holland juat raeelred. atata that* war* buyara of gaed ordinary Java at SI oaata TbaCoa* trad a baa continued Inanimate through tba weak, bat no material altaratlon eaa ba nated Tn j tha prlcaa of any artlela. though tba tanueocy baa j bran dnwnwarda Amarlran Hoar and ladlan corn oaa off alawly. tha aala of tha formar ?<elag latarfarad j with by tba roaatMt arrlralt f.< m iranee whlah la aalllng In retail from 30a. a 3a*. par aaak of 380 Iba Account* from Ireland regarding potatoa* coatiaur i fate-able Va quota laltad State* flour A a Ma pat bbl fev fraab auparflna brand* ardlnart aad aour I J> a a ila Had wheat 10 to tl Iba . U? a 40* ; aad I white 40a a 43a par Imparial qr Cotton.-Th* aala* for tba *aak anmpriaa 3 300 bala* Puiat from 6\d a*'.d . aad Mm balaa Madraa at 1 t'?d . balng ratbar daarar. At Liverpool. Middling Oi Irani la quoted 7Sd par lb l>*t < * ka.-Wa nailca aala* of 84 balaa an* Bangal tafflower. A'7 a A'7 17a 64 ; l<* eaaaa caator oil (4 a | ft VI ; 400 t>aakat* Oaaab'ar. 13a fid a 13a . and S3 ton* I'ailcn aapaawoot. fVli M a A'll 13* 8d At tba public aala* yaatarday. eonalatlng of 'mall parcel* af | Inferior drag* (old Import) hardly anything vaadoaa. I aaa.ral arrtaal* bara takan placa. which, th* igh aou Ing howetar. lata tor aiport ata yat likaljr to aa*t a cuiraat demand Turbay oplaia remain* qalat. at 13a 1 d a 13a; camphor kta ; qalcktllrtr. 3a ?J lUnr-tt I'ataraburg. claan. Bra Manilla dull, at I *33 a A34, Jnta motet oil aloaly. front <14 a ?16 10* for Middling to good lliMI.-ll.ltl Kaat India vara oft-raJ at pablia aala ' yaattrday. aad nil fonnd bujer* tbay ware Moatly of 1 Vary r rtloary quality Uoaa trada MM *,ia ,4 lower. and Iniarior aapcrt daacrlptlow* a tbade ?a?l?r, but fair klpa. aultabla lor eiport, raalitad aitraaa rata* tamo* - llici tb# racafpf of Oalrutta lattar*. with j of A mm of tN ut 1 IS iMhi l a n il? M in^u ) ? ** drnaad ha* artaaa and I Wu rh??;? Itoagal bara , rbin>< ?aad* >t prtaaa r?n|tti? trnu M 7<1 up U? M iln tf tb? comir; ol July ifil (h?r? In no* : *<111 IrtfiMifnlllot to Mil Thr ijmiitll/ flmll'H f?ribaaal?* If MiPBrtw *th pnmain. amount* ta ]?ll.?<brM? At tbf compaay Mltlt Hntlrrdaa | i n tM m?t . tl ?t.llr? <juMitlt; [I M.1 f.iuad <*p?r baj?r? trna W4 to *? r?*t? MaglVtoMpaf j r>at ibnt Mi; ^rlrn. toll pwilt viraM b**-ld l A?M?t>lan> )?it?rdajr Tk? l?i'? tiada r??iatn? qal*t without . haiif In ? !??. Lu* In |??4 dt-mand W.ftirn iu l?c and barral* ; > ? dlij b? >i?rt?? M ia a Ma I* ?tin?r at aur l?t n??Utlo?? Li?iu? CtaiiittiMiif ?wll? |anl J???< *'i ncoli Rr.alith A7 (a a iT >or?vu >-c r . flow Aairrtran. in i obbh4 4.'7 X' p<r I I) n. MuxMIm, At l> AT l<>?. on Ilia *pnt Oin P|>a*m In (ffrrlDg r?'b?f urr? ?nJ >r1r?? tor-fc. moment ?r? h*r?ijr atio'aina.l I# inn* 1 RntUh <-aa?bl to-day < 14 from ta .4*4 j fxitbirt la HMr? aa4AMt0a at? lui i I *14 lor taail lota Tala Ml AM I?* . ao.| gu a A if, tilt*. 44) a 4 44, aalaa Wi. a J?* ?l . com * , rnt M a *4a.. Ilaml Mn M on tb? *poi, alt . >! M fcr ?a<l nf far JUtfc A >f?rulail*? 4???n4 ?yru*(<H t Iny an4 I ;

11,OM bag* Baagal tan tkup4 kudi, at M i M. UniM- 9a. fita 11*. M. (iiTiiTii, In tk? ibHiM ef public aalas, continues In demand, and 200 tonj bar* changed band*, at from 26e. Od. to Ma., for Bengal. (60 torn nitrate soda kan barn dispoaad of, at 14a., aa4 60 tons of old Import at 13/. M. par ewt. grKLTKE WW steady, at X18 6a. on the spot. Buck.-We have beam without publio aalea this weak. Pepper In Improved demand. 3*d having been Paid for good altted (Singapore, and 3>id for west soaat. imente firm, at 6K4. Nutmega. maoe. and olores bald generally lor advanced ra tea, pending tha result of tha Trading Comf anr'e apica (alas, to take place at Kotterdam, on lat October. Bi gab.- -the home market opened on Tu-aday with a very good demand from both grocers and refiners, and pilces may be quoted fully Od dearer. The lata airivala of waat India not being yet landed, the supply has been scanty, and the sales of the wtek do not exceed 2112 hbds , with 14 000 ba^s Mauritius, Kannal Jk i? Th? fithwr Km. left anm nri^M 1 ion niulMl brown Hahia at 19b 6d a 2Us fid; 700 case* damaged, from 3d*. a 38*.; 178 bhds Porto Bico. 36s. dd h 44a ; 8 000 bag* low unclayed Manilla at 30*. ti l. a 81*., and 4 600 box** j?Uow Havana, from 38* 6<1 a 41s In Ilollan4 good business doing, at higher price* In Antwarpand Hambro. holder* arc Arm In Imitating on advanced rates, hltheito, however, very reluctantly complied with Inth? Mediterranean port* the demand continues moderate. At lit Petersburg nothing doing. Tallow.?We have had less doing, but price* remain steady at '.IV* tor new 8t Petersburg ou the spot, and ;S8s Vd for late delivery; old. 38s. a 38s .'II. At sale to day, Australian brought 31*. 6d a 38s. 9d , and South Aiueilesu, 34s a 40a. Tka ?The advicts from China have given great confidence to holders, ani good busints* has been doing In Congou, at ,l,d alvaooe. principally in go>i common and medium kinds, from ll\d a Is 'id, an<{ none af the former is no* to be met with under Is. Tt> ?Knglish and tin plate* as last quoted Hanca in Holland Is still <|uote4 f 463?, here it is worth 7Vs. a SO*.; and straits 78s. To sacco ?The market continues in an exalted state, and prices of all dnsariptions have further advaneed. The chief transactions Lave been in Western strips; lid has been paid, and line parcels are now held at llJid. a is. ror Western leaf. 7)?d a Sd. has been j'Sid for a few hbds.: while um- Virginia is held at Hd. a I'd , snd strips at Is a Is Id., and holders (.till appear very sanguine that higher price* will be established. Ti ariKTiM ?Mo sales reported, former rates main tainrd both lor rough and spirits Whai > book?Unlet at last quotation*. The third series of (ale* of colonial Wool were finally concluded on the evening of the 20th instant, snd the result has been very latiefactory, upwards of 60 000 bales having found buyxrs at a decided average advance ot 1)* d per lb . as compared with July rates. The trade bought very freely throughout, and exporters have taken abcut 8 ( 00 bale*. Market*. I.ofttjo* Mn*rv Markkt, 8kf r. 27. 3 P. M?Consols close MB), to liOJi tor money, aud W>'a to 96\ for the account. Shares are very firm LivtvrnoL Cottos Market. Bkpt. 27.?On Monday l?'t much in the laineway as oil the Monday of the previous week, nuder the influence of htiong aud mora disastrous a< counts as to the state and proepeot* of the cotton crop in America, we had a very animated and mm ki t About 10 000 b^les were fold on tha^ lay. tbe rarly business at an adv*n><o of a full d and in some tew instances A?J. ; but before the close of Change the iuarkt t bad become weaker, and the morning'* prices weie bately supported. Since that time we have had no active mumueDt. but. on the contrary, bare been quietly and gradually ?ub*idiiig to i^eaily *he cam* scale ot p-ice* as on Friday last. We caDDOt clone our observations this week without remarking that, satisfactory a.i are Rome branches at tl.e spinning trade. It In far otherwise with considerable paita ot the manufacturing interent. Hume of these gtniltmen complain loudly as to tbe results of what they are doing, declaring in earnest the necessity of abridging their consumption. unless a very speedy amendment take place in the state of their market. In the meantime, boweTer. the consumption i* still going on a* b?for? The committee ot brokers place ' fair ' Uplands at 7 ,.d ; Mobile, at 8d ; and Orlear*. at N'?d. 12,1'jO American. 1 660 Surmt. 390 Kgyptian. IK I't-rnam, 330 Uarauham. and 1000 ll.ihi*. have hern taken on speculation; and 1'00 American. .VJO Hurat and *00 luhia, tor export Sales tor the week, 40,800 bales. Lokhok Co** M?*?f:r, Pent. 27 -The quantity of wheat fresh up to-day from the neighboring counties, Is moderate, but the attendance being somewhat thin, trade war quiet ?* Monday 's prices. Iloliiers of foreign remained turn and though Mies were not large, terms were well supported. Town-made flour brought former rales. an4 chip samples make as much money as at the beginning of the wrek Inquiry for barley, beano and pea* rt filiated, but they were each held at former quotations. Fresh arrival- of oats trifling, and consumers purchase 1 to a limited extent at Monday's prices. White wheat 46s. to 61 ; red ditto, 42s to 4T?. Lit a* root Coa* M?aaicr. September 27 ?The supplies of grain and flour, the last three days are upon a moderate seal*, and the general demand at the same time has brrn limited, without any change In the quotations of Tursday. The corn market ruled dull this morning, and buyers of wheat and flour bad a slight advantage ? regards price There was bo alteration in the value of oat*, barley, beam*, and peas iLdlaa corn maintained lata rates, but the demand was languid; the beet American yellow la oiiL life od. ?o Stir per 4?0 lbs. liturnoL Pant.s Cl'Basa i?Friday. 8< pt 27, IS'iO.? Sugar?There continues a very good demand for all descriptions, snd a further advance ha* been obtained of fully Cd per ewt; the sales consist of TOO hhds. U.P , I'm'ij bag* Ill egal, log-tber with 4 Sou bigs Madras, at :;3a tn .'Ua iitrewt outitort Fi?r???n?The j demand continues g< e<J but without any further ail I aance iu price*; yellcw liaeeua 2-*.; Untnl 1T| <V1. > toll (or browu ud 21* for while, I'otto Klio 4oi. to 42j. per evt duty paid Colin? For ordinary deprrlpllons. an advance of fs to is. par rwt lis" l>?en obtain** Jamaica. t4? to li'ii par evt. plantation Ceylon. 5ie to t?.4s . natiTr. 4Ua to &0a : St Domingo. 47s to 4t?s ; Lagusyra &3? , liuaja^ull cocoa. Soa , and I are 27s per rwt. Klr? -Caroflat !6< 3d for ordinary, to 16j fir Oca. Bengal. Ke 3d for low broken, and 9a bd to lot. 3d. per rwt fcr middling to food middling wblta Hum l>emerara ol u choice m irk 2a ?d p> r ga'lon Tea Sales to a considerable esteat have taken place at an ad\anee of >,d per lb on com mr a congou In green taaa there l( a fair bualneM : Mig at full prices Paarl aago. Ml to .In 14 . laio flour, lha.. plumb-go 1N? par cwt Brown mator oil. o\,d par lb Amarloan baaewag i.6 lit* par cwt Saltpetre remains without chaage. nitrate of soda. 1 13s *d to 14". per rat ruas? IM-r lored Balni*n brought JCi lit to ?6 per ton; ctb?r kinds steady. l>yaw<.o<ls - I laia wood A 13 l!n to A14 10e. par ton Turpentine. 6a Od to As VI par cart American tar , has advanced 2a par bbl. Hoeln -? lid to 3a. for ci iaon up to *a Od per cwt tor the Da?r qualities Ashee?3As to t&s 6d for pota and 9us ttJ to 31s tier cwt. for pearls Hides salted I.Ima. 2'?d par lb Brimstone. A3 Is I'd to ?,\ 12a <>J par ton Fine Per?lan berries. AT pa - cwt Olive oil sold at full til Iras, real oil A'37 for pale and praportlonate rates r?r colored Cod oil A'34 to A"I4 10? partus. British spirits of tnrpentlne 2Ve. to 2Vs Sd per cwt Palm oil continues to advance, on the spot. AW to A20 10s.; and to arrive. A21> to A2V lis par ton X'-U) is now rei quired Tallow, 8i>s to 3vs Od ter Petersburg Y. : Mouth American. :ills :id being realised for the b-st qualities llemp. All par ton Jute. AM ts to A10 17a. ttd ; eclr yarn. A22 to A23 10e., and eolr junk A 14 lua par ton. I liiTPumn i pu'i?iw^ r nj?T Dfpi dl ? Thar* bit bin ntbn m of* lining Id b~paf tblo waak, I ' ia4 wa lack for a continuation of thU Iwproreaient. I aj lb* daal?ra atork* ara getting low; holder*. bo*- I Bfft bnyara freely and the tendency of price* ii | d"wuward> There bar* bnn again loni tranav- t tloa* In old pork for eiport and tnere i* ?ery little of thl* daarrirtioa bow lett. In other aort* ther* baa oat been ranrh doing Tie d>nuil for baoon haa ?o?tlnued actlre aod fnl! price* bar* bran ntl? fur all I oa lit la* tba better elaa* of Weatera now attracting ' aome attention. tba mldlling and ordinary being war It flaiabed Sbouldera bring fall priaea, but lowar rata* haw* baan ant.mltted to f<r ham* Cbeeae of ln> quality woald aall pretty freely bat other aoet* ara carceiy inquired for Al an adeanca of rwt to 1* pa* cwt there ha? Wa a brlak demand for lard and tba aalea reached nearly SCO tone Mni dUtrt Tt tut Riroar. Friday. S*pt?m>?r 27.? We hare llttla or no cbaage to report In the atata of tba market alace Tu?day There la ao excitement ob*ertabi* aaaoag bnyer*. and tba general toaa it if aot buoyant, at Iran tolerably ateady The Llrerpool anion aiarkat baring ahowa aynptom* of reostlon alace tb* beglnoinir of tba week. all elaaaaa of buyara bar* bare i *en < perating witb eonaidtrabl* baaitaaay, and on a limited arala Although la anar mm aop yarn* hare b?en efTerirg at prim-a allehtly under tlioaa anrraat oa Tueaday ret upoa tba whole tba nrmneea In yara* baa baaa wall auatalaed Roma India buyer* hate b< tvn to operate in tba flaar anaibara for tba aaat Thet.rrman bmiaea bara dona little alnce Tueeday. Thariotb markat raaalaa without la irrTemeat aad In a aioat unaatietectory atate for tb# producer. Any little advantage gataed at th* aarly part of tba w?k haa been baraly maintained Hotel* at Rarttaga Iprliiga. Your aiinnymou* coimiwuilni haa rather over hoi the mark. The project of another large hotel for the increasing e*cen* of visiter* did not originate with inyaelf, or with either of the arcompiiahed l>ee|iera of ill* United State* Hotel, who muat har* troulle enough with (heir old concern, without being bothered wi'h new one. The project originated wnh the late Doctor Clark, to whom th? community nre greatly indebted for his liberality, in tiling Congrra* Spring for viaiter*, and for d?-votinp the aplcndid p??li to the free uae of the puMic. Vil.r. rerentlv the siieetaof the popular I niterl 't itea nod tnion llotrl*, ?) tnptthiaing with thousand* I I who could not g? t 10. have renewed the project: > and aeveral gcu:|emen hare i?kf n the liberty < f uniting and proposing to constrert hotel of ample I drnir r.aions, with cottage*, Arc , adapted to the taste 1 and coe*eriienca of the puMic, to occupy seven acres >t high plait). and the slop.- of Temple Mill, grovea, Arc., ard the adjoining three acres of tl its, extending down near to (ingress Syrtng The lands and structures will neither cost one-fifth of the estimation of y?ir disinterested correa.mndent, nor will the length of the buildings and cottages much exceed tw? thousand two hundred ft-et. Pot tical description? nn> mia'ead excl? hie (ieop!e, * hile a candrd and ditniti-d course would Ne more likely to 111r}Mr? teriprocity in oth'tx. Ileeides, tltlii r party may find profitaMe occu|?tio? ia at- < finding Miicllr to their own afliira, with >nt intern-eddlitg with I he coi>cerna sf o'hers; an I thus itw en*er) rises tvn\ spring op and it mi iah without di-ttithiri; those already ( :at>li*hed t J \j. K Pctem. New Yotk, Oct, lk'flO 11 ?rs was a h? at j frnsr at tiresatilis > C sa the Mtt all III Oar Cu*?Uu CwmpMiwu. Tobonto, Sept. 14, I860. Propnud Railroad bttwun Laku Ontario and &+ron?Urtat Wtiterv, Railroad from Hamilton to Sandwich, opputiu Detroit. Theie ccema to be no ead to the di*cuwioa relative to r railroad between Toronto and Lake Huron, to touch at Lake Simcoe, and an little probability of its having a satisfactory termination. I believe 1 ha/e before ttated, that the cost of this undertaking has been estimated at .?500,000, of which McbBf#. Wood X Co., of Portland, who are willing to contract te complete it in ten years, have agreed to take stock to the amount of ?350,000, provided the city of Toronto wili take it to the extent of ?100,000, and the county of Simcoe the remaining ?50,00O, to be secured by their municipal bodies. This the latter ha* consented to do, contingent, however, upon the Corporation of Toronto performing their part. This body hau had under its consideration, for some time, a bill to guarantee the prescribed sum, if stock id taken up to that amount; but it is accompanied with such stringent conditions, thit the object of its framers is, evidently, to defeat the measure altogether; and in this dilemma, a proposition has been made to substitute a bonus of ?25, 000, for which the city is to be assessed, and debentures to be issued, payable in twenty years Yet, strange to say, so unpopular is the undertaking at Toronto, that one of the aldermen In j deemed it necessary to call a meeting of his constituents, to ascertain their views upon the subject; which was couvened last Saturday evening, when quite a rich scene was enacted. The alderman was charged with selfish view* la calling what wis termed a "clandestine meeting," although h> had hand hills s'ruck oil' at his own expence, which were posted up in diHVrent partsofthe city, and with sellish motives in being the advocaie of a measure, which in the importance of its ulterior results it is impossible ut present to appreciate in connection with the great West?and which must cause the val-ie of property in Toronto rapidly to advance, and would bent-lit every class of ihe community. I was very much amused the other day, with the reason given by a gardener on Tany * street, about hill a mile from the Like shore, for being opposed to the railroad,?he said c matt) men whoatpre?ent buy their seedsol him, could puns his door, and purchase them in the heart of the' cit> Much on a par with this sort of reasoning, was an argument used by one of thu speakers at the meeting, who said, if the produce of the West w.;s brought by railroad to Toronto, it would thence be shipped to Montreal! Only conceive a p?r9on in New York objecting to the Krie Canal, or either o! the railrut:<is whose terminus is in that city, upon the principle, that the mineral and agricultural wealth, which by this means is concentrated there, might he subsequently ship'>ed to Eunpe! Yet it is by such ab?urd and njrrow-niinded arguments, that a great public undertaking id net here, by persons who would never be heard ol beyond their domestic sphere, did they not in this way make themselves conspicuous; and who bring to there meetings others, as ignor.m', and as prejudiced as themselves, with whjw aid they swamp them. Just to it was on the present occasion; the individual alluded to, moved that "the meeting had no objection to railroads, but were opposed to the Council having anything to do with the formation of railroads;" and the Chairman finding th>- faction which was present would carry the motion, with two or three gentlemen of enlarged views, who had attended, wisely determined to absquatulate by a side door, and turning oil the gas, left the main body, as they supposed, in as complete physical darkness as that ill ? Inch their benighted mind* art enveloped. They had overlooked, however, two glimmering candles, which were on the table ol the Secretaiy, w ho was captured in his attempt to cscapr, brought back to his place, and compiled to record the resolution as carried. On Mondav night the cor|>?raiion met; but as they Bewared determined to have "the bill?the whole hill?and nothing but the hill," a decision was not pressed by the friends of the railro.-d. 1 legret to add, that the few i>ersons of ca|>ital here, who can spare a portion or it from the calls of business, or the accumulations of oltice, do not exhibit sufficient interest with reference to a subject of vital importance?even to themselves; and I do not think the required amount of stock could be taken up here, even if the cor|ioretion were di?|>oted to guarantee its paymeiit on unobjvotionnMc Irrma. Indeed, it was stated at the meeting, that ?20,000 had been that day subscribed towards the Ouebec and Hilifm railroad, which would be of no possible benefit to Toronto. A very different furling prevails at Hamilton and it* vicinity, with reference to what la called the Great Wnirro railroad, from that city to Sandwich, o|>|?i>itp Detroit, a diftance of about one hundred .tnd eighty mile* ; and which muat nurniount a ndpe of Irnd of about three hundred feet in height, in the vicinity of that place. Ah the corporation (here have agreed to i?aue debenture I to the eateiil of ?'1'ni,(ioo ; aud there hae been a public meeting at tialt, ubout twenty Hamilton, which hai voted ?25,000 for a branch to connect with the mini trunk, of ten inilca in leng'h. It i* much to be regt? tted, however, that the repre*? ntative* of Hamilton prevented the |?a*age of a bill, during the Mat aeitoion of the LegiaUturr, (ranting a charter to an American com|>any which Hand ready to open a railroad fioni *nm<- point on the Niagara river, nearly oppoaite HuH'tlo, which, nweeping round within twenty nnlea of Hamilton, might have been connected with that city by a branch line, which the) poaaeaathe ability to complete, and which, puboe iuentlv, would pursue the fame course t* Sandwich, which it contemplated by the Great Weatem company, through, probably, the bertaettied and moit textile portion of Western Canada. Here again, however, the aatne aectional jealouty and local feeling intervened, which ia everywhere to inimical to the gem-rul improvement and nlvancment of Canada. Th? French influence in (he Ilouee, which determine* almost every attention there. wa? hrmiuhl tn h**r mmn ?> ?n-i tH? lull ww lost, from th- fear that product- and travellers would find their way acroa* the line to New York, instead of through Hamilton or to Laka Ontario, and thence to Montreal and Quebec, forK'-iimif, at the same time, that the railroad wauld offer to a numeron* agricultural population the -hoice of two marketa inatead of one, and that Ten were the productiona of their land* carried to llnmilton, yet, if New York siipearrd to be the >e?t market, they would be earned to ?>?wego, tad ultimately find their way thither. Axtaicva. Toronto, Sept. 27, IHOO. Erf'ot Fa\r at Angara?Return of th* Gov*rmnr iitnval?Holirt of kit Arrival m .Vnr York by Iht HnaUt?Pntt ttfict?Rtipomiblt (i-rrtmrntnt ('htingt/ iht IVtUand Canal, $-< There ha* been a great agricultural fair and catle *how at Niagara, and prize* hare been awarded or the beat ?|>ecimen* of homed cattle, horaea, beep, agricultural implement*, domeatic manufacurea, diiry and agricultural produce, the fine art*. Ire Among the pnze* awarded, waa oae to rfe?*ra Kappalje >V Hrigga, of Rochester, for a anning mill. On the la*t day, the president, J. B ftarka, Eaq , delivered the annual addren; and Lfter the prisea were awarded, a large company Mt lowv to dinner, at which there waa the usual rjuanum of good cbeer and apeechea. The Oovernor < General haa returned from New fork, accompanied by hia Counteaa, who haa been landing a few weeka on the *ea*h?re at Loaf .-land, for the benefit of her health. I obaerve hat iIk UtraUi haa noticed the neglect of the city uthorltiea of New York, in not calling upon hia otilahi)', during hia ?hor< ?tay among them Thta the more turpnaing and unpardonable, no aooo ftf-r the rerent interchange of conrteaiet between he citizena of Huflalo and Toronto, in which hia Iicellency took an active part, and which mtiat ia*e heen atill freah in their recollection The ..trl f I !j:in mu*t have hern grateful, however, i?r thia otnixeinn of the uaual ctturteaiea to diati finished M rang era, aa hia object evidently waa to oid notoriety, when he selected, with good Mate, he College Hotel, inatead of the more thronged k?tor or Imp? houaea The notice of the Htrahi haa had the affect which entiripatid h< re ; aa the neglect to which it alude* i? attribute* to an adverse feeling entertained ownrda him by the city authoritie* of New York, n i onrequerce of hi* giving hi* anwnt to the Re- , >eliion Lo?ae? bill laat year, which led to the tub ?<)U?-Et rx|iU*i?n ot popular vioieuce at Montreal; ml i* considered ?? pari and ptrcel of the coo- , rmpttble little n*?a which waa displayed at crrtaia , lurrt during bi* remit tour to Lake Superior. 1?d the wntera on thia mbjert known a little more if ihe American people, they would not hare attrl- . tiled to the Ma)or and Corpcraton of New York hir injustice; and it Would be well fur fhoae of be Provincea if they Would t?ke a leaf out of heir booh in conducting public ollirea. It ha* been frequently observed by strangers ikiiicb ihe 1'aited State*, that whatever mar be Ite >? lenient attending nelettioa.KB'l the amuseffoita m?de by each parly to be successful, but no sooner is it o?er thna the di*romfit>-H ptrtr Imits with a rood erase, and ao >rw>a?l III. rill le afterwarda eth'Wted. ilte the ennlrarv j i the p?ae in ?be Pnwsh I'rsv.asea, wbt/* Dm two I faction* that agitate them hear towards each other i the most rancorous and malevolent feeling ; tad which, with reference to the circumstance alluded to, they have extended to the Kari of Elgin whose only act tkat has been Ceoaurd, during his government of three or four years, has been his giving tfce royal assent to the lull referred to, instead of sending it heme tor the approval of the Quern, which it was not competent for him to do, the measure having been carried by decided majorities in both branches of the Legislature, and the hom<government having conceded to the colonies the right to manage their own local ullair.-, and lo ap. propriate the revenue as thsy may deem proper This is what in called responsible government, the council by which the Governor is advised hiddinit seats in the Legislative Council, or beiag returnee by the people to the House of Assembly. And if, in the present case, they procured the passage of the bill, and afterwards aavised his Excellency to argent to it, they are amenable to their constituents, who will pass judgment upon their conduct at the general election, which will take place next year This system of responsible government has been, the war-cry in the colonies for the last twelve 01 thirteen yeRrs ; its introduction having been steadily opposed by the old tory party, who, since the seitlement of the country, had monopolised all the influence and power in the colonies, aud who, linding the direction affairs were taking, should have neaded the movement; instead ot which, they did all they could to obstruct it; and, since its establishment, have beeo equally determined to pre vent its proper working?hive thrown up their cap?and shouted for "inde|>endenc?",,and "annexation." II iftfy would De content to "hide their tune," as is the case with parties in the l'nited States, it i* probable they would again soon be iu power, as. generally speaking, th jy are much rejected, ap<' the present members of government have evidently disappointed public expectetion. The people see that the game of office-seeking is that which bo?hr aides are play ing; and &s they must have rulers, are desirous of beiug governed by gentlemen. It was understood that the new Tost Ofliee law would go into 0|>eration on the first of October, alhough fears huve been expressed that the Legi?uture of l'riuce Ldward Island not having pn.-v.ti he required law previous to the traiikier Uktiv I lace, will defer it for another year I cnnnot set 'hat this omission ran have the anticipated eTect. Nova Scotia and New Brunswick, through whie I ' the mail having done nil that to accessary It is high time this fipMMMat should be placed under the control of the local government, as at present it is grossly mismanaged; and it iu reall) surprising that men of bu-iness should submit, iu 6ilence, tothe detention and deUv thit occurs in the transmission of the mails; that from New York to Toronto, for instance, being sent all the way round t by <iu< enstuwi , soiiittmies occupying-ix days ia its tran?mL..ion, when it might be forwarded by the E'rie Railroad direct to Rochester, and acrossto Toronto in thirty-six hours, and in less than two days by the America, whi ;h calls at the intermediate poits between Coburg and tl:i<s cjty. Then attain, a letter for Halifax, which t>v beiilfc sent t<Boston, and subsequently through the formei place to Newfoundland or Bermuda, which by Rochester, would reach Boston in thirty-six hours at farthest, and Halifax by the British mail steamer in less than that tune, making three daya in al'. has to be mailed here fifteen d^ys belore the arrival ,.f di?B.n?p ll Poller winch leaves immediately after for Newfoundland and Liermuda, the instruction# from 1'ngland preventing the Uepu'y Postmaster funeral from sending leitera to such dorian'ion by any other than the "alow coach" laud route througu the other provinces. The Sin;coe and Lake Huron llailroad still occwpies public attention; several rwpectabW mercantile houses have subscril?ed XKN) each, in addition to the turn for which they shall he assessed,, towards th : completion of the undertukinc; aad a very general feeling has been express^ by the more patriotic and better informed portion of tbe citizens, that the plan recommended by Mr. Holmes, which is, that the community should hi arsessed annually for its proporiion of .?100,000, _ the amount thus paid in taxes to be invested in' stock; and tf the corporation would assume the responsibility and act u|>on the suggestion, therewould be a hope of ultimate success; hut everything is neutralized by the masses, to whom tht subject is annually referred, and who not perceiving how intimately their own interests are concerni if in ihe matter, vote in opposition, les: those who are better oil should be benefitted. lluring the seven days preceding Tuesday, the 17th inst ,one hundred and sixty-six sail of vessels passed through the Welland Canal. A petition i? in the course of presentation, numeiously signed by persons in Canada, who are interested in the trade, pruyiug the Governor (ieneral to close the canal against American vessels, in retaliation for the order fiom Washington closing all ports (excei>t those of entry) against Hritish vessels This would destroy the trade with Oswego, aad materially aflec the supplies reaching New York this fall, which could not, to the required extent, pass through the Erie canal, and would equally affect the supplies mat would otti'-rwise |>hms into L?ike Champlaiu. end thence to ik>ston. Th?" last moiion made in the House of Aaaenably, at the close of the last Keesion, was the notice of a resolution, that if reciprocity were not granted by the Tailed State*, the legislature would impose prohibitory duties on all goods coming through the I'nited States into Canuda, arid which, now that the abrogation of the Navigation Law* permits foreign vessels to compete with British an to freight, can be introduced, via (Quebec probably, cheaper than through New York. Axnicu*. Political liitelllgo>>c<N'ati?r*i RtroBM in N>? Jimii.-The National Reform State Convention of New Jereay assembled at Newark. on the 10th last . anil nominated Iloa. l-aar P Walitor, ol Wisconsin, aa their candidate fot tha Prssldeacy la ISil. Urituii ? Considerable troobl.- will be had la the first district ol this State la MMjMM ol th- re fasal ol ei Gov. Johnson to writ In Coagreaa to supply tha plats of lira. 0. M Conrad. Gov. J was not a' home when ba waa nominated, bat a few days balore the election sent a telegraphic dsspatah Iron Mem pbla. Tenn , to the silent, that nader an elrnamataao*' would ha ba a candidate Th* despatch did not raaah New Oris am until th* day attar tha alaetlon. A new alcetloa will hava to ba held MssstrNt'SrTTs.?John/. floodrish Is th* whig nan dldats lor Unaarsat. In tha 7 th dlstrlet ol thla Stat* Ira Barton In the filth district, and James H Dun can In tha third district, ara whig candidates for Con gresa In Massachusetts Charles Allan Is tha Ire* soil candidate la tha fifth dlitrlet of the same State. Mfortlng IntelU|re>iee. Inisnm* (Ki.) Kti ts ? A>s?< istio* CoraSK.? PiSst Pit- Moadav, September IS: ?Produce Stake. lor thra* year olda. >1(S) entrance >60 forfait. ?A dselaratloa Two mile beats twenty entries, sti started ? James A Orlastesd s b. e Louis Dtlrr. by Imp. Parpedoa. owt of the dam of Doublooa .. . , 14 1 James L Hradlfj's b. s. by Chorister, oat of Downing a IIeg* lord'a Mare (13 T kti U Bufordsss by Wagaor out of Cub 4 I f John M Clay's b f Mag le, by Yorkshire, dan Magnolia, oy flleaeoe 114 James K Daks ss o by Wacaer owtol Cheery Elliott, by 8 amp tor 6 dr Joseph II Cooper s e s by Wagner dam by Kodolph dlst Time. > 43-8 421* 3 4.T. SnowD D?r?Tuaaday Baptambar 17 - Tbra* ail* h?aU Tor** ><00. fraa for all i(ti ? T B PaUara?tr*b m Chtratr A yaar* old. by Olaoooa dam H?t?r Maloa*. bj SUwkh.lJar. Ill Job* M Clay ( | l.llda Blaa by Gray Eagla. dam by Bran* wick 1 Idr Dr B Warftald b. m .t rial yaar* old. by imp .Batptdoa. dam M1m Laaeaaa by l.aaca dtot Tina. 6 4?-ft 44 X. Thud D?t?Wadn?aday B?pt lS -Pirrt raea. mil* baatl; pur?a >100. fraa lor all ifH ? J. N. Oay '$ b e Yorle. 3 yaar* old. by Torbahlr*. 'lam Lady Raotl. Importad by Aadrnataa. .... 1 I Jnba fl t'blla* b g Hrbroa ft yaar* old. hy Hray Kagl* dam Ana laaa*. bT Bnmptar 1 J. Ilarp*r'* g I, t yaa. old. by Gray Mador, dam by Moaaa. 3 3 J. H Ooopar* * , ft yaar* old. by TaUmoa. dam l.y Rodolph 4 4 T. I Patw.aon'* b m Topa*. yaar* old, by Olaaaoo Ida Dr Tomilaaoa * eb |,l yaar* oM. by Margraa* dam by Kallpoa ">d* J. Willi* b at Roaaana draartold. by M?a laarToaaoa dam by Vtrgtalaa 7d* Tim*. 1 49?1 41H Bam* da*, aaooad raea Bvaapataka for 3 yaar Otda. alnt la daah ' a mlla with tbraa yaar old wafcbt*. * traaea UN forfait f *0; ?otrW ;t itartad ? J. M fliy'i a e Wad* llamptoa. by Roatoa. dam Margarat Wood*, by Priam 1 W Mtrr* b * by ioaio* dam anknowa 1 0?o Tboma* e * by Roatan dam by Mador 3 Tlma, ] ?1 Pat atm D???Tbar?day. Bapt It -Two mil* baata: curia >250. fr*a for all agri John llarpar'* ( g Btora, 4 yaar* old. by Or*y Ragla. dam by Mingo. 1 2 | J. M Clay'a* f. Maria Wood* 8 yaar* old. by Yotk'hlra. dam Margarat Wood*, by Priam. 3 14 JamM K Dorka'* a g Tangant by Wcaaar dam Oharry Rlllott J t t T.ftO H Bnford f * 6 Raauelare, 3 y?ar?old by Waanar oat of Cap 4 4 3 Tlma, 4Cfl - 4 09 4 0? Tra?-k rary baary from rala Iba algbt bafora PirrH D?*?PrldaT. Baal JO Mlla baaU 1 )>a?t la I. pant* * l.VO fr?* for *11 a??? ? C. K Rof*r*' cb f Tails 4 j**m Md. ly Oi?y Rag)* dim Kli>* Ji-nkin* by William 3 1 S 1 1 John Clay * g g l.lttl* Blue, by Or*y Ragl*. dam by Rroaawtrk. . . S 1 3 1 4 t VF*bb Rr>**'* rb m RlUa 6 yrar? old. by Relip** dam by Tif' r 3 4 4 1 lr? John Harper1* g m Fanay Bradford. 3 y?ar? old. by flray M*do? dam by Mh?N ft a > *?s I. I.M Howard * f h 4 y?an old. by r?y la?l* dam by M*d<v 1 I di* Tim*. I:U-1H-I MM>I?-I4I-I MH. lb* bars. *ad *om? ita*ha of fr?i?. la tarob R>a?t, of Wlaad. war* d??'ray*d by a* ?ndla?y flr* a f?? n'jrbt# *! ?*