Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 22, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 22, 1850 Page 2
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Our London l orrespondtiiscTHE STAT* OF KUROM Lomix'N, Oet. 4,1H50. What u to Beromt of Francet?Movtmenlt of tKe 'jfittt Famtltee- Manxfuto of the C,m*t dt Chambwd? Mtmtions of Napolto?? Ca' Mature of the Prince de JoinviUt?Tht E Lrjetuu_ tual Trouble ?? Sardinia?Tki ScUetwig H'ar, 4*c* We are once more on the e* e Df greiLi events in .Europe, or, at least, a crisi ^ gradually approaching, the symptoms clearly evident to every close observer of t ? f. political hori/wa In 18S2, .Louis Napoleons functions, as President of the Trench Iletaiblic, cease, and he must enter the tuns sgum as a candidate for that dignity. Such were the terms of his election an the 10th December, 1848. It is quite clear, however, that he will not wait till then; and that, notwithstanding his recent declsration " that he will not attempt a j BrumatreS 99 or, to uw his own words, that lie will not risk on a coup dt mam that |>owerful authority which is at the present time acknowledged to be so useful to the security of France' and which was conferred upon him l>y si* million TBtes," he will, nevertheless, attempt something ?f the tort before the expiration of his functions, whilst his influence is still considerable. The French National or Legislative Assembly meets aiam next month; and a message will then he presented by the President of the Republic, in which the revision of the constitution will be recommended, and a prolongation of his own powers as President, or otherwise, demanded. Should this not succeed, he will make an appeal to the l*eple. His chief opponent is the Count de Chambord, alms Duke of Bordeaux, aluit Henry V. This Prime, who had engaged the sympathies of a large portion of the French nation, has cut away the j;rrtss beneath his own feet, to a great extent, by th< publication of a manifesto, (issued by M. Larorh< jaqueiin,) in which he cl iiins the crown mh an hereiiiiary i ght, even should the people be oppotrd to it. Tins step cannot be justified, and has added greatly to the chances of Louis SJiijK)leon Voji y fuit, vox Uti, is a provetb which, in France, ha> been written in blood anu recordei in ht-tory. And ye', after this declaration of contempi for the voice of the people, the Duke of Bord< mii also announces that he will appeal to that body to restore him to the throue of his ancestors. He hns the old nofility, the priestcraft, and roviant' on his side ; but we live now in practical times, not in the illusions of the j^st. Notwithstanding the noble lines of Lamartine on Htory V. II ??t He, l'enfant du miracle ! ll?rUitr du d'un martyr. It ?*?t tie d'un tardil oracle. 11 ??t ue d ub dernier ooupir! Aux accents da brocne qui tonao La K raiiew o't wills, ?t o elouue Du bruit que la mort a porte Ji'ux du sort msrveilleo divines ' Ainu tieurit ear pes rumen In lis que l oragu a plaute. Notwithstanding, I say, the lily planted by the storm has much to go through before it can flourish ujion the ruins i>f a republic. The mitnia of writing and issuing decrees and ihnifi stos seems to have seized Upon Louis Napoleon us well us u|>on the Count d# Chambord. He hns gagged the press, that is to 8'iy, the expression ofpublie opinion in France, in a manner which neither Poliiruac under Charles the X, or (iuizot under Louis Philippe, dared to have done, hverv writer of an article is now compelled by law to put his name to It; the consequence is, that if a nun expresses censure of the acts of the "jmwer being," he is either niined or arresteJ. It Be nits extraordinary that men like Knnle de Gir-trdin. Corrneni?r, (Timon) Lemoine, Arc., should Bulmit to this. He that bows the w ind will reap the whirlwind. Meantime, the President is Mattering the army: reviews (with segirs and chaimuiiiie lor the men) and military f#tts, are the order of (lit day. The ( rl**ani?t.?, or the party of th- young Count If Psri*. remain qui?t. An enitnlt between them and flit- le?ifuni*t?< has Iwen much spoken of, but it if not sincere The i'nnce de Joiuville in also spok* n of h* likely lo ccme forward ana candidate for the 1'resiHency. In subsequent letters 1 will give you a faiihjiil account of the progress and flumes of tbei-e different parties, unbiassed in avor i t either faction, an impartial and close observer of the great game played uikhi thecheasbosrd of Kuroi*. I may add that L< uis Na(>oleon i? hard up for and .that the visit of M de l'ersigoy to Loudon was connected with that subject. li we turn from I ranee, southwards, the demon c>f discord is abroad there, hIso, and has assumed ui> aw li' i|'isccpal diesa?the better to do his work o! mischief. M. Kr::i)7.otii, archbishop of Turin, (capital o Si tdmia,) ft fused to minister or allow to be minis 14 ii d, from political enmity, the lust saerainent* to a d)irg man, the late minister M de Santa Kosa This was a violation of the law ot the land?an abuse of ecclesiastical power, euaiDst which a f|?t i. I clause exists in the \*-ual code. In virtue of that clause, the archbishop was arrested, hauled over to the Court of Ap|?'al, under wh >*e jurudicticm it f? II, and he wai imprisoned iu the fortress of F> m ?tri Ha M. I'melli was sent on a special i.ii i'ii i? RiNM to Xflain this to PtM IX, who we willing to listen to reason, but the coaclive of <? linals regarded it as an attack upon the privileges of the church; and the consequence is, that the court of Rome reluud to listen to overtures i.t.l.l il... .11 I..., .1.. .IJ L ... . 1 v. i.i piii'uiu it:ir:?ru. The Court <>l Aiifcat, meantime, li.ia puafi Kroner upon the mrei?'>?-h?>j?, who ia cond? rnned to banishment from the Sardinian IM* nil m ud deprived of hta nee. Th>- eflcct of thi* wntencc ht Home, we ah all learn by nrxi mail. Anotl??r Sardinian archbishop, Iuif <1 iloubtlrM l>y the |?ri*-*tcrnft of Uont'\) M l^nngm, the Archbishop of Cagliari, capiul of !> ?- island of Sardinia. nfufd to comply vrnli a requcat <>f the u?>vf rr.rnent to give an account how fi.n tmiiHi tor charitable purposes had been expended. He ev?n went?o fur as to fxcouimuuicall the authorities of the isiatd, whs endeavored to enforce the order* of the government. Twrntj-hur houm w?re piven him to retract hi* bull of eacommwiica'iofl; but the tier? i*e. late rrfuiw d, and hau been ronvryed. under an t a<>ri, cut of th? S*r?luiikii territory. Both arclibit).< i ? 11. in ;i11 | r. b il ility, i?r? ceed to Home, and we have every promiae of a religious controversy of uo small dimensions The prcaent prime r of >ktdiina ta the Martina M maim d'Axglio, a literal, and one of the most remarlchMi in? ii of the ag>'j a son-in-law of (he celebrated Mau/oin; he i* hrst rate <lipl<>mMt*t, a poet, a nn ? inn, and an artist of fame in each 11 is nerh'w if fardiaiaa aml <tra.ui< r to tin* < ourt. Toe teit of Italy i* .juief eno'igh jn?t now, The organic law*, lately issued at Koine, w hich rai.-ed such hop* f, have been |?ltcd with mud by the lit man populace. In the ror'h of Europe. the brand of civil war it Wn <.) wnh fenifiil noleme. Th- i Id <!'i<>?tton of " I < uin*rk ?nd th? Ihichies" lu* not arrived ?>u? itrp iitirtr solutioa. Hostilities have been fcilitio r< nfwol The llolsteiners hure once agtin ttm ited the i)amsh linen, liomtiarded FredericMailt, which, up to the larl ndvics revived here h) tr!rgr?| h, still b? Id out, though nearly reduced loathe*. It in high time thit the Euro,* in gnit power* sho*M inti rfere, and | ut u stop t>< this rtlu l< 1) of M?*>d. Pniwia Mid Austria are again at loggerhead*. The former relu* a to acknowledge a* the diet the nihljr of l'leni|Ot< ntiarrcs. wlnrh ha* met at Frankfort under the au*|4ces of the latter Baron KaiKwii* ha* ?BOtXkd H iron d-- tichletatts as i'riihkmn Miniatrrof Foreign Aflnrs, and has i* Midi circular to the etlect, that if the so-called diet inteifered in the electorate of ll-*s*, which lia*v?wui turned out the Elector, I'ru'-i* wnl take *?? li 0 eaturea a* *l.e mty think in k>e|>inir with her light* and dignities? id. t?t . if the self-elected dieinnH* troo|? into (he electorate, a PrdMiau l/my will stop them. in hnglund, there ia n dead lull; the gr<-at building for the eihinition of 141 it gradually rising into shape, and the first *ymptnm? of attention are nl'ead) manifest in the jonmnla of the rontinant. liordjohn Kussell ia deer-vtalking: Lord Brougham ie )i>ri lung in the Scotch waters ; the other member* of the cabinet are diaoerxed ripht and left. Two more shipwrecks with loss of life, two ?r three murders, with * fire in the citjr, are the only events thai have occurred during the week. The overland mail which armed in the night, brings new* frou India of a considerable n*?- ia cotton; the price per candy at Bombay had risen from 100 to 13ft rupees The cultivation of cotton in Km; and Wrat Indien if a cjueation wlii-h will lw terioualy taken up neit aeaeion, and ai it ia one which particularly intereata the lnitetJ Ntatea, I |wiri?t? devating particular attention to It. In Spain there ia little atirrioff. A diligence wiih ai* een paaaengera waa overturned, and all killed, kick doea not apeak well f*r the highroad* of that country The< hondholdera remain atill clamoring for redrew, but Lord Howden haa received inatruciiona to give aupoort ?o their claima. A bill launder conanWation for the internal navigation of o^nin. In tke operatic world here, wt are aa dull aa ditrh wafer compared to jrou over the water. Both pera houaea are ahut. Charlea Keaa, ia conjunction with Keelejr, haa taken the Princeaa'a, and opened laat Saturday with 4f/ml with 8hakaf>eare'$ Twelfth Night?the houae waa crowded. Macready make* hia aptiearaaoe at llaymarkat. % IrUlft (urrrtpomltucr. Closmli., Co. TUTKRARY, ) ?, Ikila.ni>, Sept. 21, lH5t? j ? Promt Condition and Protytcti of Irtland? Revival of Dvmtttic JnUuitrv, trc. From this place, the capita) ol Tipjwrary, I writeMy letter will meet the eye, and receive the peruBal of many an exiled child of this unfortunate land; but, if bo, let it be as the warning voice of truth; forbidding tears for their < ule, asking regret for their folly; for, however distasteful the fact, yet it is tnie, that scarcely one emigrant in America has not his portion of just blnme in causing the misfor k;- A/v?B?ru T h i r t if v?a rt hav* rnlU.I nn (Ulir ui umiuuuii; ? "/ v..v? and during that long i**riod, energies, toil, study and resources, in their moat extensive national signifiration, have been uselessly expended in the most ideal agitations. Philosophy could not assert her might in the vast domain of this colossal labyrinth, that reason could not fathom, argument convince, or discussion explain. It was understood as " Repeal Agitation," " Alliances," " leagues," and a host of other convenient phrases. Kach contains in itself the elements of destruction, and so each worked out its destiny and died, as each deserved. Famine and j>estilence succeeded, and these, perhaps, were greater blessings than " agitations." Coming from the hands of omnipotence, they might be looked upon as the rectifying priuci pies, out of v\ hich a new system of national condnc* might arise, and on the basis of which could be ' raised a sujierstructure, honest in its destgn, wise in ! its operations, and salutary in its influences. But ! of this 1 fear. From out oht ev.ls good could come, but will it?do, or may we hoj* for it 1 To urgueon the subject would be useless; to (lortray < ur social position mi^lit U* valuable, Historians and travellers huve explained that system to be j corrupt. And so it is. Its corruption and debasemint the natural consequences of a national neglect; the refusal to understand or discharge reciprocal duties Communism, in its most revolting t sj*ect, reigned theoretically in the minds of the people, and its maturity into practice was only prevented by the vigorous measures of a liberal constitutional government. lint all ikat ia U. Ifh fhl? n.lMt M 11,1 fr.|M1 it UTtt f> t n only learn wisdom, lis smouldering tuuw send i orth the broken wreath ?f a smoky vision, deceitfully c?>njured up to delude and humbuu the dreamy minds of ?o ever over-crtdulous (>eopTe. And yet even from that convulsive mats ol broken faith aud corrupt falsehood, there has arisen an utom of its duplicity, hoping for ghin, and sure of impunity, in its fantastic puntomune. However, for the national credit sake, 1 must state that the atom is reducing, and certainly will diminish by degrees, i until it vani-^iea into thin air. But though it may lack support here, and h* understood, with all its { hollow nrett nsioiis, yet, at your side of the world, ! co mucn perspicuity us to its nature and design | may n*t be found to exist, and the voice of "liurgh i Qmjt" inay consequently find an echo in the , hearts, and a resj>on-<e from out the |>ockets of the ! Irish in America. Hut you, i am sure, will not be 1 found slow in exposing the chicanery and di?| honesty of the knaves who uow seek, under preI tence of repeal, to ojienly rob the poor famishing 1 uetiSdtit and artieau of their last shilling. A more hearties* piece of cruelty was never sought to be perpetrated than that of conjuring up the vain I'hantom of repeal for a people's worship. 'Tis a monstrous humbug, an insult to th* intelligence of the nation, and can only be exj>laiued by the straitened j>osiiion of its advocates, who hope, by its means, to put n few pounds in their pockets The crojw of tins year are decidedly, as a whole, much Ih-Iow the average produce. The early iilfnted potatoe has not escaped the blight; aud the lute sown ones are coming from the ground quite j frturni d in growth, aud excessively deiiuieut m quantity. Indeed, an half crop would be au over easguine hoj?e to have realized, as regards tint esculent. Hut even so, the average, m a proj>ortioiial ration, is more than that of former years, when one considers the immense tije or cmigration that is now wafting at every ebb such large cargoes or emigrants us the daily journals record are leaving the various puts for America, l'or my own j?*rt, I must say mat I greatly regret the fuct, because I can j?rc?'ive that to this country there is an abundance ot material to constitute, if properly worked, a large emporium ot national prosperity. However, as thing-) | stand at prerent, 1 can't hoi* much for a revolution in our social chnracter and policy. The wheaten croj> of this yenr is sadly deficient, and the gram not at all good. On ground which gdve tea mid fourteen bushels to the acre in former years, we huve not mole than three, anil at most six bushel* | this year. The price, however is not high, even under the pressure cf a deficiency, the higtiest figure up to tin* lieliig 14^4. per stoue of It |bj. Odts and bailey have produced well this year, and in general the gteen crops h*vc turned out fai'ly. The fTowth ot flax has been bucc? ssfully ext> n.led in relsnd this year, and though its culture htr been nai rowed as y? l, owing to ioca! prejudices or wmit of means, yet, I'm happy to n??ure y?> ! th*t 1 ?nticip*<te next year's crop will In? extensive. 'Tu a most valuable one, and cannot fail to better the condition < f the coutitrv. IJy degrees the wisdom of the Almighty is bring vindicated, and each new day im throwing light ujn-ii and explaining our Met suflirrin**, from out of which, I doubt not, will urise the redeeming spirit of cur dettinjr. Aa a tirn step towards a happy consiliumuion, much and serious attention is being turned towards the development of Irich resources, uud, I'm hippy to state. * i;n much success? i. t. I may meulloa that of Irish |>eat At Kobertstuwn, County Kitdate, the "Amelioration Society" have turned capital in that direction. They have erected a regular e.-thblishnient there for the manufacture of peV, and the consequence is th-it the dre.iry moor ani wild beg ha>e been turned into a California M'- :, women, and childteu, are assuming * comfortable pennon under the influence of con tant employment and remunerative w*ges, whilst the company ate gaining money. It is calculated that 2>w of charcoal per week will t>. minuf&ct'UCu no soon as the buildings pre completed. The com jinny are ut present supplying the President of France with a iaige nuantity, and over fa) tons have been latHy e?|( tt?d to that country, whilst the orders from Fbglai d, received by them, amount to over ten ih< i:?end pounds. tke what energy and capital wili do. Thi* company, beridea employing all for milea round, have oleo tukrn one hundred p<ui,>era fii in out the Nnas? uaim, Had t*ie*<* hc n.?*r living in comfort and inde|* nden?*e by their labor, fulfilling the great hat of nature, <n?t?*a<J of wither11 K in dtclinr. of sweltering !* i llenea# in n poor hmite In Dublin, aleo. *h?- "boatd of Iri.?h Manufacture" ia reali7in? much j r.<ctuMl good. The pr?>r? cdini's i f the l'oard h.tv given a atuuuliia lo native mduatry in the and an increase of t?rr| lu>nivni in tHe >ariooa departments of lrirh r anufat turr??blank ta, ivredi, etc .?1? tlie coaeequrnce of tbe ! 11:** ord?-r? received by that body. And onr linen trade, al?o, i* aaauming a \i ry Needy ne|wct, the tcroonti received from the I'nit* d fitaiea r? nder a full. ge.'d trade in Irish line?,a na certain I frel that .11 tha la very charing, but I alao cannot conceal from myaelf that it i? all very reatricUd It we coul?i h ive a ayatrmanc revolution, through all Ireland, in our aocial conduct?If we could realise t'?e haryy dream of in extrnaivr and general working ot our natural renourrea, and an individual effort to prumotr the national mterrat by aontrihutinf ningly. a* well a* collectively, to have there r?*oUlv?*a developed, then nil might ho?<e i* all IrHand hippy I bad mterd^d to have- written mere at length in refer* ui. tolk> w leaourcea, hut muck fear that apice will r< t peinui; and hence I prudently dffer to another 'ener a more fen* ml dia<juisition on the iit': i i I'.u: t>Hon c. u? l .'lwg. it may nut tw annex lo r<matk what I Intend dwelling more law ly upon ta a future letter?th it it would tie well worth 'fx-attention of the frienda of 1 r* Iitn f in America toconeider ar to the utility of forming a company forth*' working of aometol he particular reao-irrea of IreUnd. If th?y were t>dothi?, it would do more arrvice to the l?ad of their lave then all the rn? n? y th<*y could contribute for centurie* to brawling agitators or impractn able associations. j We have had glorioua wea'Ver here up to thi?? rcatoely i ne dropof rain in the month The taking away of cfoi* on !*und iya, to avoid payment of rrnt and poor rate*, i? a thine of common oertirrence in thia country, ao that the pipers have geaa> d noticing 'I The National ^ynod assembled at Thurlea, ha* cloved it* aittings, of thr nature of which the publie know little, unleae aa regarda a aynodicwl adrir?*a, joet tatued, co?>demiiaU>ry of the (Queen's colltg* a m Ireland. There Institutions?the moat ' ! and moat beneficial lielandcan l*?aJ?tof? are t<> [?u through the nrde*| of papil iwaihfma I low they will com* out of th?* fiery furnace, I cannot mv Tf.* A.'rening P< tl ha* a long article on the r.ddrew. and comment* wfrrly on tk* condn.-t of the |{if>ho|i? for their o|>po*inf mtcli u*eful IrrtitolloM The ItnMin /Timing tfail of the 2uth in?t . Miln that there *n? only a 'na/oTify of cne for condemning the college*, and that arose frcm the fact of l?r French, the i>i?hop of Kiltnicdu*fh. who* age nod ill health prevented hia at* tendance at thia Svnod, having placed hia i?ro*? in the hunt* of I>r. McHale, nod ?hat Dr. Mcllaie placed the tmat in the handa of one of hi* own * creator**, who would at hia bidding, hare rowed that thr moon nra* made of f reen cheese, or that, *i cording to Primate Cullen'a theory, the ?iin i? an ir.frriof pl?nei and only two yard'* in diameter. The diviaion among the ghoatly lathera op the college qnealion i? cenainlv ? convincing proof of I he *o much Taunted "Catholic unit/ " The IhiMin firming P'*t, a well informed authority on anch matter*, afafea with confidence, that a mr mortal to Kome deprecating any atrong measures against the colleges, hub already been signed by thirteen of th?* prelates. The following is a copy of the memorandum on the synod ical address, us published in the Dublin pupera of Tuesday:? MEMOH ANDT'M. " It ia known that the acta of the late synod | can have no effect until they hive obtained the sanction of the holy See. On this account its decrees are kept secret until the Hfci*ionof his Hoboes* regrnling them shall ha*- been known With respect, however, to the b> nodical address, which wax to obtain immediate publication without having been submitted to the Pope, the same reserve is not required, and it is no longer a secret that it contain* a passage, of which many of the prelates have disapproved. A large number of the body (though nut a majority) were adverse to any publication Irom the synod regarding the Ciueen's colleges, except the rescripts themselves, until certain (loints, not yet decided by the Holy 8ee, should have been submitted for final judgment to his Holiness; and if. when the address, which hud been already voted by the majority, was read at the last meeting of the synod, it was not deemed expedient tn Whfctf the small rrmmnins time of the svnod in the renewal of what would be then an uselesa contest, it by no means follows that any one of those several prelates alluded to has changed his previously expressed opinion." Up to the present moment that is all the people know of the synod. Tlif Dark Side of California. I ROM KNCI.MH COimtsrONDtMT*. [From the London Times. September 30 ) San Francisco, July 31, 1H50. I am, as you may see, in the regions of the gold diggings, hut I am gwing to attempt visiting the real diggings, as the accounts are very unfavorable from timt quarter from those who htve been there. If we were to believe ali tbut we read in the newspapers, we should make our fortunes there in a few month* ; but the fact is, the ditierent papers have difl rent interests in the different mines; the proprietors of each are more or less sj?eculators in the different new cities and townships, and their dillerent pufls have deceived many thousands of emigrant*, and caused much distress among them Some H-w have made much money at the mines, hut 1 know many who have lost hundreds of dollars hy going there. The hardships thtre ate very great, and the risk of life aud property more so. Lately, twenty-seven people have hern murdered at the Stockton min?sby the M-xicuns and Sonolians. The country here, at present, may be considered healthy, generally speaking. It i* generally believed that, next y eur, the digging* will greatly fall oii in their produce of gold, as nearly the whole of the gold dicing country is now taken up by upwards of one hundred thousand diggers, who will lind nil that id to be found before Noveinl>er next, which in the commencement of the wet season. You will see, by some papers 1 have Beut to the Timr?, more than I can tell you here. This place lately ha? increased greatly in si/.e ; in fact, a great part of the town is built on the wate/, upon piles. For six hours in the day the sand blows about to that degree that you could not observe a friend aerobe the street \ it ie fur worse than driving to A?cot or Ep.-om to the races, on a very dusty day, just behind r lot of omnibuses. Nearly the whole city of Sun Francisco is built upon loose fund. It is not the diggings of gold ttiat has made this plat e, but it has been made by the ruin of thousands of British, French, United States, A;c., merchant#, who have si nt their goods here never to be accounted for. Whenever a tire take* place, hundreds take advantage of it, and close consignments in consequence, whether they are burnt oat or nut. Thooedays are uow drawing to an end, and unless gold dust is sent home in atficient <ju tnuiies to p;t> ihe exporter, irUakoaaaot be the cis- if the digging tail*, Man Francisco wiil fall more rapidly than it hus risen, as there is nothing in the country to export in any quantity, but there ts little doubt that the country around, more esjiecially Oregon, w ill be a line field tor agriculture. Those diggeis w ho have been fortunate euough in collecting their pile, as it is termed, seldom winter here, but cletr out imnudi-tely from ihe couutry. M my of the me retinitis here live exnensivelv. but. ill reality, uj?>n other |>eo,>le'a |>roj>eriy. Meat is from <"i to if. j?-r ll>.; flour, X22 per ton: potatoes, 1^1. I>er lb.? they have been, since i have been here, (two months ago,) la. per Ib ; and onions have been 5s b'd per Ib , cow Is. UJ. to Is 9i!.; tish not numerous, but about double the value of meat. Labor, $5 h (lay, but rather scarce, ou account of ihs immense daily arrivals of emigration, they not being able to so to the mines on account of the ?uoimous tix of fa month Hoard and lodtrim; is from fl'H to Nls a wefk House rent from $Vxi tn IKiO u inunlli, uc or.lwr.' tn tfi*- lii'i- and s-tuution. Gam M tog is carried oa to an enormous exent, but lutterly, I am haj>py to say, it his been discontinued on Sub day a, which w? the grind day of da>a in the week. fhi.? place hi* oeen partly buri.t down three times, but been <>n fire sev? ral times. I saw parties actually building the same day ?d the tiie, on the same ground thai their houses flood Upon, before the hot embers w? re c eared oft the ground I never s iw such goa-hesd i-rople in iny life Thia city may t.urlv be cclleti hell upon earth. The worst characters rroin all palls of the glot* are here, and all the known vic? s are carr til out to the gieatest extent I l-ft Ne w Xialaiid in February List, and was left upon I'ltcairn's Inland, iuhutii.cd by the descendants of the mutineers oi htr Maje?i> asbip liounty; four otlifr iNiaseuger-i were left there with me. Two of us?Mr. Garb Ion snd fif?were theie lt? d.iys, the retraining three, L'l days. It was a most infaumus atian; hut here ?e cannot obtain any redress. 1 h? re is plfiit) of law here, but no justice. We arnv? d here :ll days before tin Vessel that left us up< n the hland. We were well out of her, as they wete six weeks on a pint of water a day, and hardly auy provisions. I landed here with only 6s. in my |>ocket, one shirt and one pair of trouser?, hi sides those I h id on, >t n ihiujr 1 had being ou board the vessel 1 left in New Zchland in ; it will, therefore, be a hard owe if 1 do no: leave this country' richer than w*"n | cam into it. You may wn>- WfltP j*uf4e coming here fro-. u|d KnuUn,l. Great d.*tnn ana distur * BC(.0 are ^ntieipat'd here in the wri when the miners come down from the p"~es ; u dav's work may be done theu for a loif of bread, and perhaps lens. They have just com tnenced to pave the streets here with three-inch planks all over. The hind list winter was in some of t*e streits six feet deep The city in about mi u? 01, hem no one wm lead tiiein any fi,nut y, ?<> that many intruded improve'iienta are only lialf liuirhed. Colonial petijde irf looked very clorely after, especially those from Sydney. Shipa ai? not ?o numerous as they wnc A large nnai! ?! iiave gone to N'rw Sou'h Wales fur coal*. There art about U) steamers belonging to thia I luce and the tivert mtide the head* ol Una harWtf. The quit ken news fr?itu hn^Und ha* Ween SI daya, which wan up to Julie 6. Money beua an iut?reat ol 10 percent |>er month on good wearily ?six wet ka ago it was 15 per cent. Nothiig i* much done without money; those who hare moare making larg?* fortuuea. Some of ihe gambling rooms ate ISO feet loi.g, tiO fret wide, nnd 2d feet li'uh. v> ry handaomeljr furnii-iied, ami real about #120,0011 a year, i'arttea have lieen frequently i?hot in toes* rooina, on account of diaputea regarriing the gambling, an I do more notice of th* aflnir taken than if a rat had l>een killed. Tina place ta n horrid hole?very cold in tlx- morning and evening, and warm in the middle of the dav ; and gerierallr half a i.al-> f w i,> I fri>m th- 8 W. from 10 A. M to ?> P. M. everyday during the former noatk*. The wmtf r is much warmer than tl.e sunnier, tut there ia much run and seldom auy w ii|?i tu apeak of. Large shi.-sare bought h?-re oft^n for i'AO to X'l,000, in good order mid well Ion in! in everything. The smaller vwmwI*. Mich tchoonera, (Baltimore cl'ppera) aa those ol from 160 to*10 tons, which were a l-w months ago ! worth $12,<*10, are now only worth ? I.immi io f5,oo0,?the Metnien b?i ig ntw so numcroua that i tin y take away all the n*rr trade from them A strainer was Ijujced lie r> yea'erd ly that hid been i 1 hmlduiu only seven wcrka. Th< re ap|?ara 10 be a very jealoua eye, and a treat with to got po??e*| mm of the Sandwich ItUnda, l?y tlit Yankees; and | >1 there m n chance of getting holl of thrin they | ?ill not allow hem to slip through their finger* No l-.rglish inan-or-war ha* hem h?rs ?ince the *w am>-r i'rivcr, three month* ago, which ia very strange, considering Hie enormous quantity of Kn ' flith shijpmg in the port. ao<l no coaaul here, he Mexii an* and Soncrinnx that have lately left the southern mine* (Stockton) are going to the northern mine*, where a great disturbance ia ex- | nreted will take | lare shortly. If a clever man ' had time, he could compile one of the moat annia- 1 iin work* ever written relnlive to thia place. The I vnriotia and ex traordimiry wava in win. U gentlemen nre emplo)ed feere you would hardly credit. Knouoi.tt, hi. Ihirado Co., Cai.i., Aug. 1. My I'rak Aimt:? I have tried the tniu>*a in all parts of California, bat aa I was never uaed to hard *<ik. I must give it up, perfectly satisfied that I cm not make money in the mine*. I worked five w ??ka steadily in a creek, mid averagi d hve i|<i|. Inrsof dual per day: the higheat ever I made at timing, was ten dollar* in oue day, working air Iwnir* j*r day?three hour* after sunrise, aud thr*e houra l>ef<ir> aunset. I often think of your word* to nie i?" John. I knew you cannot ataod seeing m?n work'og at the rriinea, and ??ot try it yourself, j Indeed, aiin>, I could not help it; the gold fever | wm mi atroi^z on me. that, not roe tent with doinir well at fJ?n Kranciaco, I muni Mar< for the miac*. i flnw??er, although 1 hav* *u<T*red a* much u : inert California** from be mg e?po?e/l to nil aort* of h*rd*h>p?, inn'ijts. and privation*, yef I am not a i hit diMoattgrd I have lieen knocked about alone. I am my own " boar," and never will aire ?ut to I aniN-dy in Califorai*. t'p to the beginning oI i .July, with heavy eipruaea in knocking about, I t may *ay I made nothing over my e*|>en?e?; how- I ev?r. (Intidk the Net month, 1 hare cleared above I t2Hi?that ia, a40 Kngltah money?and upon (hut j I tmull?apitnl, I intend speculating in various thing*, f and make all the moneV 1 ever afiall get in Cali- j i forma in feu manner; I bavc rawed u* |J00 by I i tainting eigne. I am a first rate paint?r for California, una by easy work can make *25 per day. that i* X'5 English i bare painted all the aigna in this neighborhood, and have made a great many friends amongst the Americana. I have speculated a little in horses and mules, but have alwavs loat, aa I do not know anytiiiuj about Block. I have mads acquaintance with a Mr. Creaine, from Lexington, Kentucky ; he is a good man, and a gentleman

in every reaped. We cipect to open a store here this winter; in the meantime I shall be knocking about to raise a sufficient capital, and he working at hia trade, (car|>enter.) Our log house is situated a mile above Ringgold, in Pleasant Valley, in the woods, juat at tne foot of the Sierra Nevada mountains, and the first house which the overland emigrant cornea to on the Pacific side of the eternal snow-covered mountain*. It would grieve you to the heart to see the poor starved eniiL'rants arriving across those mountains from (he States, thousands of them every day; their sufferings through hunger are indescribable. 1 will give you one instance out of a thousand. About a bha <>* ? MtAiintttina uiiira naanoKU three young men came to our house just us 1 had done supper; they hud not tattled anything hut mule's flesh for a fortnight; their provisions becoming exhauf-ted they haa to kill and eat their m'lles, and they said thousands were in the same condition, and would be all summer, as very few-of the emigrants brought sufficient provisions. I of course gave them a good feed. Now, however, stores of provisions are sent out across the mountains to meet the starving emigrants, a ad their surierings are allieviated. 1 thought I sulTered coming round the Horn, but that wa(a pleasure trip to wlitt the overland emigrants endure, and will endure, until October, when the mountains will again be impassable ; thousands of them must die, and those who do arrive in this unhealthy country are unfit for work until they rest awhile. Many who have the means, go right back home again by sea. 1 really do not know what on earth puts it into people's heads to leave good homes and civilized society, to come here to scratch up gold dust, exposing themselves to all snrts of danger, (ireat lies have been told about this country; exaggerated reports have got circulated in the oipers, while the plain truth has been generally tuppressed. Now, f have had some experience nd have no interest but to tell the truth. I have dug in some hundreds of places throughout the gold regions, in ravines, creeks, and on the banks of nvrs, and occasion-illy iu the sides of mountains, and I never washed a pan of dirt without finding in it some sjtecks of gold das', more or less; but the difficulty is to get more th in will pay expenses iu such an exp-nsive place. Some make fortunes in a short time, but these "some" are few; h indreds of oihers barely piy their exoeusea. ?Snme sort of machinery must be invented to work th^ gold du.-t wholesale. Now, so long as gold is found, this country will flourish?which may be for ages, as the gold seems inexhaustible. In the cities and towns here, mechanics of all sorts will find employment; but those who are comfortably fixed at home, are fooU if they leave it, though for youug fellows like myself, with indefinite prospect#, (more particularly mechanics) if they are prepared to encounter hardships, let them (coine, and they will make money, if they have health, and don't get di?cour;iged. 1 have bought some mules, and turned them loose on a ranch to fatteu till next spring, when 1 will cross the Sierra Neva. aa .1D<1 ivocny mountains, caning ni in>* vr.f-.ii am Lake City, and slay a f< w days among the Mormons there. There is r>o pleasure in this country. In our house we have mice, ra's, snakes, lizards, scorpions, centipedes, toads and frogs, and insects of all sorts, from inutquitos to Hying beetles and poisonous spiders I saw a* snake lying on my bed the other day, to I just took the rifle and shot him through, blanketsaud all; h* measured 4 feet long, and win us thick as my wn?t. Since that I have got an Indian hammock made of grass; I paidXi for it, and sleep comfortable. 1 am contented, s<> long as I make money. I sleep with pistols (loaded) under my head and rifle by my side?sometimes they are necessary. 1 live in ths milst of Indians. One day, while lying in bed, three Indians anil a iqaw cume in, and, seeing ine there, one of the Indians laid hold of some bread and was giving it to the others. I told him, in Spanish, tJ leave it alone, hut he still went on, so J sprang up in bed and seized my rifle, and, taki.it! aim at his head, sang out " vampot f If th?*y had not vumpond I would h?vr shot the whole three of them; as it was, 1 whs as near shooting our as (Missible. If they had shown any oppoaiion I would hive closed the mortal cart er of the lot; but I was thankful lAcfWUdl tint 1 b id not to tire, for I do not want to kill any human being ? but one requires to he constantly guarded afainst these meanest of Indians. The day before,"two Indians killed two white men with their arrows, in this valley; but they very sHdom commit any depredations now, for the whites take revenge on them at the rale of ten of their lives for one white man's life. H-re eni I; 1 have to cook all for myself, living in the woods; cut wood, make fires, bake bread in the a?hes, roast my coflee, pound it with stom*g, buy my beef, molasses, and rvery thing else. Before the overland emigration came in this year, there was niiiy one woman amoug?t a population of 3,<KK) nuwuk Kuiu, Biir mauc nir a jncr"Ui ui a hand-ome paint box, for making her a drawine of the town John W. Singular Mnrdrr In High Life In T?rlMf. A Koiuance of the Harem. The following aingulax narrative is given in a letter to the St mu/iitid t of yidntillts A few yeara ego a Gretk girl of uncommon beauty wac married to Mr. Malinger, an hnglit>h phyncian residing at Constantinople, where he i* t.l acquir* il a hiyh reputation Several children w?re born of thi* in image, wh>cl>, io all api?e trance*, Mtmrd likely to continue a h<*p,iyone. Trunks to hi* profemon and to hia ai<ungai*h'-d me*4** ^_ Mr linger received vn?i;a fr<>m th- ' rlra ?Mhe empire, &ud ? ??ii??rwi'?iy " ..minis ntherj from Hia c.*j, i.t>ha, now #on-ia-law of the Sultan. ounl ap|>ear th.it the di>ctor, h iving discovered the existence of an iotrigue between thia gentleman anil his wife, reaolved upon quitting Can?'.nn'inople, uno taking the guilty oae over to England ; but the Ciret-k rcfuoed to submit, doubtleaa alrra ly bent u| on other ?<chemee, tor she aoon after obtained u divorce, uud attaudoned her children anil her husbmid Alter her divorce the connexion of M idami' Mi-linger With Kethi P.inhn wan but of ahort duration. Hut the shortly accomplished the conqueat of Mi'hemet l'atlia, who had Jiiat b?en ii|?pointed to the Ctovernorhhip of itelgrade; and in order the more entirely to cautivate tin* diatinguished personage she became a Musaulnviu?a circumstance which inirnediately indue 1 the enamoured l'at-ha to hike her with liiin to hia teat of government, and, tuially, to mak*- her hia wife. Although greatly attached to hi? wife, Mehem-t'a h i,->,?in-t?? waa n?t complete, an there waa reason t? fe ir their umou would he sterile. Accordingly, he one day ventured a kind of reproxrh to hi* wile on the subleer, who immediately replied with a m 11e, la jiiio uir i iu? <ii >uur iny mra ! wny did you not mention it looser 'How so!'? Would you prefer a boy or a girl V * A b*y by all mean*.' * Von shall have one.' After a short iatrtval the craltv (.Jreek feiined to b- in lite ct million h# r lnr?l <l**-ir> ?l. while every means w?re employed prudently to exile lnin from Ins wilr's ut-artnieut. The bliudne?s of hi* ptaaion rendt red this an easy task, nor did a doubt emu bin ii11iid ua to the legitimacy of the inf-tnt pre#?ntrd to him, which he named ilelgrade Bey, and the town shewed itself duly icnsihle of its sensorial honors by the most splendid rejoicing* A short time aft'rwaid* hil ricellency Meh-.n-t Pa?hi we* called to Constantinople, and sut?ie<|<iently appointed Ambassador of the Ottoman Porte in London 15uf pre vious lo his departure he expressed a wish that lo* might have another boy, a brother and a com,-anion for the beloved Lt (grade. Mis happiO's*. he said, would aot be completed unlea* he had two fine children almost or the s^m** age, of whose future career he alrendy formed the iu >it brilliant anticipations. A? she had done in the tira' instance, nil w ife ?icl&imed, "You shall hii\<ore.'* "Impossible?" replied the huab.uid, at first Hiloudcil. "A* truly as Mihomet i* our pr<?pfcrt." "Well," replied Meheawt, "(3od is great and it was thu* that yeu announced my lirst born " At the end of a month she again declared her** If mi trmte, and the Pasha wm the most delighted of m? n. hut he was soon obliged to set out tor L >ndon, and his wife was left at Constantinople lo complete her accouclicmt nt. This w-as all the Ure? It desired, and using the same mean* as before, she presented one fine morning to her a?*embled slavt* and to a lew persons of Iter husband's fain Iv, h fine child of the male eei, who received the MM of i sand 1 >y. After tin- 1i(?se of a kw days the child fell seriously ill, and wan n?*nt, by order of the physicians, to lVra, under the care of ita goTtrMM. F'era, an every one knows, ia a suburb of Constantinople, inhabited by the mercantile community, and by the European Ambiseadors. It* air is en re r than tha' of the eity, and Kccr.lingly, voting I snud wan aoon brought back in perfect health by hia govemr a*?the same worn hi who had perform*d the office of nurse at the birth of Belgrade Singularly enough, however, an old black eunuch, who had brought u,> th- l'asha, possessed his entire confidence, and managed his entire household, could by no means recognise if*. Dud 1'ejr in the t hild which was thus brought hack, and in the prcs-nce of several slave*, said to his mistress, "Well, my lady, if tint child be Usuud llty, he haa become singularly altered by his sojourn at IVra, among th- in tide la/' The mother remained silent, and carried off the child, directing a tWce glance at the eun-ich ? IKMibt had established itcelf, however, iu th* old man's mind: moreover, h?- had lonp he??n enliaht>n?d with respect to bis mistrcM's doings; he Iib< w the whole lustory of Belgrade Bey, and the retron he had not mentioned it to his mister wa?, bat lit the time he discovered the trick, the Pasha Nad ciresdy grown fond of the liule h*iog whom tie believed to be hia son, and the eunuch had not 'iid the courage to undeceive him. Bnt two stifitoeitifioii* children in the first place, and th -n the mpudent subetitnti?>n of another child to the one vhich Lad b?fg rrccivtd as a lefi:un ve offspring, formed a complication of knavery of which the indignant old inan refused to reader his#??lf an accomplice bv remaining longer inactive. He betook hiiuaelf to Peri, aad proceeding Mep by step in hia investigations. with that cautieus prudence and intimating artifice ao peculiar to tke people of the Eaat, and especially to the inmates of the harem, he succeeded in acquiring positive evidence of the death of the veniuble Usoud Bey, and of the sub* sanation of a child of the same age, purchased of parents in the lowest grade of life. The eunuch then returned, and, pointing to the pretended Usnud Bey, said to his mistress, "Madam, let me beg of you to send that child back to his father? Mo4*uI, the fisherman. 1 kaow all." At these words, the woman became livid, and left him, saving, "It is well." Shortly before the time of afternoon prayer, she sent for the eunuch, and was told that he was taking a bath. No sooner did she h?ar this than k?* Win iliiniu.iiulwlu frtvrm* A T h A nl.i man, as we have said, wu governor of the Tath&'s household, and, as sueh, occupied a sumptuous apaitment, to which a bath roooi was attached for his privute use; it was here that hismistreM sought him out. The eunuch was attended by twonlaves; she dismissed them with an imperious gesture, and remained itlone with the old man. " Vou were determined to find it out then 1" she said. 44 Yes, and 1 did find it out." " To whom have you spoken about what you discovered V' " To no one yet, but I shall write to my master." How much do you want to hold your tongue 1" " Nothing, I am determined to speak." " And to write 1" "Yes, 1 mean to writ# " " Then tike that to seal your letter with !" At these words she threw a noose around the neck of the wretched old nun, and commenced strangling hun. The eunucU was feeble, and, taken hy surprise, could offer but little resistance. He struggled in vain; his assassin continued to draw the fatal noose tighter and tighter still, and hs she redoubled her efl'orta she exclaimed with the rage of a fury, "Ah! you wanted to know hII?you sh-ili Uiidw more than you bargained for ! You sought for light, did you ? here's eternal darkness for you! Now write to your master! write, old fool!" At the vociferations of the assae?in. and the groans of the victim, one of the slaves returned into the apartment, and at the sight of the hoirible scene, rushed out and began crying all over the house "The khiinum (mir-tress of UW how) is murdering?the khunum is strangling ths eu nucn: a scene 01 general comusio:i ciisurn. Some of the slaves rushed, terror struck, into the street, repeating one after the other, "The kninum 19 murdering! the khmum is murdering!" Others hastened to the hath room, and only reached it as the old eunuch, overpowered, was stretched out senseless upon the marble floor. Betraying no alatm at the publicity of her deed, the iiwum loosened the noose, and slowly retired between a double row of her servants, whose iinpiecations followed her to the door of her apartment. Tne eunuch hxd been kind to the slaves, and they lamented his loss One of them raised him from the ! round, and discovered that he still breathed. They ruhhed him, and a physician was sent fur; but it was too late. The wretched man returned to life for a few moments, and found sufficien strength completely to deuounce the guilty one, and to give a detailed a^connt of his assassination; but he expired immediately after. All Constantinople was soon thrown into a state of agitation at the news of the crime, which spread with the rapidity of lightning The Cadi arrived, and, in spite of the khanum't rank, the authorities determined that she should be arrested and conveyed to prisou. A courier was then immediately despatched to London, to apprize Mehemet Pasha of the fatal occurrence. The culprit haH already been examined several times, ami up to the present time the only defence she has set up, is, that she poceeaaed a power of life and death over the ennuch, whom ( he considered as her slave The aflair remains at thisetage for the present, and nil further proceedings will be suspended until the arrival of a communication from London, or of the husband himself. As you may imagine, this mournful event h is created a sensation in the higher circles of Mussulman society. It is presumed, however, that the Sultan will not be deterred by the rank of the cri-uinal, and that th? punishment of the crime will he signal. The Elector Of IIomc, WHO LA1EL\ ri.hu t'KuM Ills KINO DOM. [From tbs Colngs* Q?zett? J Imagine a portly square-built man, on the other side of forty, with regular features, a sinister countenance, and a bearing which completely accords with the usual dresp?a general's uniform?an1 you have the Elector before you. The moral as/ect of this man it i^ difficult to present, for his actions are a long succession of contradictions, which are only reftrable to two common categories?boundless egotism, and an equally unlimited contempt of his fellow-men. He believes in n? truth or honesty under the run. In his subjects he sees no nuuy presumptuous subjects, whom fit rouit make feel his pow er upon every opportunity, in order to hold them in check He hates the democrats, sinethey will not admit that such a sovereign aa he can really rule by the "grace of Go J j" h lutes the constitution ilists, because they would limit his pnnct ly prerogative; he hates the orthodox in church and stite, because he regards the former as h>pocrites, a^d the lutter require payment for their servile patriotism. Formerly, the military life was hit hobby, nud Btiii he finds his highest gratification in the pomp of the paT^e ground ; b it, since he has convince d himself that Mvi??oever the alternative is presented to the army to oveil!,r;l ?'lher hirn or the constitution, the soldiers will declare iv the last man for the constitution, he his mistrusted his troops and lost no oi>p?>riuni'v of ' "TiiiuM" haired to fhe yflisei* vT.?o uo not understand th?t iBtir emissions pledge ihem to become the blin i I instruments of his arbitrary power His inos veuerated example is the Kmperor Nicholas, who hiI nik(a Sihitria m /lavalnv f ivKnao nir # *!! ott en |>arade. Thanks to Providence the sphere of the Elector'* power is very circumscribed, hjt within it hernut* do opportunity of acting out * despotic nature. Take an exampleColonel Von B , an t fficet univer?allv respected, had erec'.e i an elegant t>umm< r rest lefcce near to one of the gatej of Cartel, *nd was accusomed to spend an hour or two each day in hi* flower garden. On? day he wan carefully watering a bed of favorite plants, when he waj surprised by the F.l.-ctor, who wns riding out for an airing. Tl?o latter reined up hi* Tiorse, mid called the colonel. "What do 1 *ee,nr; doe* swh an employment become hoofficerof the staffl A wa'eriuj can, indeed! You would do well, sir, to hold your uniform in more honor for the future." ThJ* stu'ter?d hi* most gr-tcious Majesty, with a voiae anything but agreeable; and eight days afterward* Colonel Von li. was removed far from hid house and flowars, with one consolation, however, th.il h< wa* alt o Ut from his |<et*y oppressor. Similar wns the cn?e of another officer high in the civil service,who had jus: built a bouse, and when about to move into it, was ordered to leave Cwwl, for uo other reason th in that it was known he bad counted much upon enjoy ins hi* intended new residence. ?ince these occurences it has become a bye-word arrong the officer* of both services, "If you would be r? moved from Caastl, build a house, and furnish it comfortably." Several officers were remored from Cassel, because they were too intimate with some of the lihersl* thrre; other*, however, for a very dilli rent reason? for the sacrifices they hsd made for their sovereign in trying rn rrents; for fit i* one of the characteristic* of the Klector that lie holds it to be degrading to acknowledge a debt of gratitude to any one. A* he will be iiillurnced by no one, he will entrust to no mm ?. - - I/. ? III I- -I- - L- - zardmg life and h nor in hia service itan 1 n >l an in< h nearer lo his heart than tfi* ra?t of the world. It would, for example, he a mistake to imwine that such persons as tlasaenptlug and hia aK*?ciai?*s are trusted by the Prince. He upholds them because they aie hie ino?t ready instruments, and arc willing to do any thiug for a consideration. He know * well enough that Hassenptlig's Patriotism an<l f'ulelitjr do not transcend the value of the a*larv he drawn: he knowa that that mm would he the first to In tray him in the hour of extremity; but he find* a charm in dealing with men w hose virtue nothing ran revolt. He treats H :saen| Hug w.th the name tnprrcilionsncM which the latter exhibit* In ;ln'??' kfMtlk liirmbut the rm>re dttlilie ikl |?rni>le manifest townrdathe mimater, the more does hi* master delight to heap autward honor* upon him.?C'o/og??f (itizrllf. Submarine Ti ltaraph between Enataiiil aad Irrland. Negotiations are heing enterad into with the Lontaof the Admiralty and government authorltiea for ihe establishment, serosa St. George's Chinnrl, of a subaqueous telegraph, upon a similar tho-jgh much more extensive acale to that now being undertaken between Kngland and France, the promoter* of which have, it la understood, after i inaiderable interviews and treaty, come to terms thia week with the French government for the exaluaive possession of ihf promised electric line from the French coast to CaUia. Preliminary aurveys h*ve been made for this proposed oceanic commumcat'on Hrr>i--a thr I nan ( Kuniirl anil the nm'i i?n either aide, combined with thr eiinmarioe aite aac rfhinrd by Bounding* for the unking of the wirea, arr found, owing to the foundation bring comparatively free from ro?.ke and ahoalaa* comp?red with the Strcite ofPover, and with treble th? extant of chanrfel, to be favorabl". Notice* of the intention of ih<-promoters to apply to Parliament ne*t tension for an authoriiatiop to lay down the line will be given. The ^rei'iae pointa at which telegraphic oUtiona on the hngfcah and Iriah coaata can he eatnbhished will depeud on the remit of the government cotnmiaaioa new purauiag it* inquiry into the best place for the e?uHi?hmen>, on the weal nf Ireland, of a great transatlantic packet elation At pre*? nt, two telegraphic roiitea are propoa-d; the one ofmty four mil*-a acroaa the ('hannel, from Holy bead t" Kinifttown and Iiiiblin. and them< Kf the Ureal Soothe rn and Waaler# Kailway on to f ork and Oalway?the other from St. lUvid'a Head, on the Weleh ronit, and on to Weiford, W?. tcrford, and the extreme weatern potata vf Ireland Iio Berrhavsu ud Crookhaven, the latter bring the last point* touched at by ves*els outward-bound for the Atlantic. From ihia point, on the extreme western coat* of Ireland to Halifax, the anarrl telegraphic station on the American aide, the distance is 2,155 mile*, and as this might be accom> CImbed by the steamers in live or six days, England y means of the network of telegraphic communication in existence on the Atlantic sea-board on the one side, and the lake frontiers en the other, mty be put in possession of all political and conunerciat intelligence from the Americas and European continents in six days, instead of, as now, in twelv?tar fourteen. The project, though it ia asserted it might be done wiih safety, does not contemplate anything like the immense enterprise of a wire under the Atlantic Shoit Koilers on French Manners. KEEN- >1 CBlLDaiN. Paris, September 26, 1850. For the last half hour 1 have been gazing front my win low on a lively group of rosy-cheeked children. There they are xtill playing at *' all hand* round" about a pile of leaves, which the winds of an early autumn have loosened from the boughs of the tall chestnut trees of the garden. Now and men mry nreak the circle, and, with merry laugh ter, throw over each other the red, brown, russet and yellow remains of the summer's Iteautiiul foliage. One can almost fancy they are singing those dear little Lanzas used on similtr occasions oy oui young people in broad-brimmed Leghorn hats and little aproni. and commemorative of the rare merits of "sweat beans and barleycorn." The illusioc would be complete, were not the flashing black eyes so much mere numerous here than the soft blue. Wiint animation of countenance! what lightn?#s and gra'.'e of motion t'what delicacy of feature! Too much delicacy perhips; we might be better pleaded if the boys were a little more robust and vigorous. Poor fellows! It is not theii fault, for tin y have not reached their present young Mate of development except by passing through the hardest trials. Their growth his been a veritable progress under difficulties. Why fhould not I here record their sorrows, and let the mothers in America hear their cries, so constant but unavailing I For the first few months ot his existence the French b iby ts a close prisoner his arms are pinned down cloee to his sides, and his leaa deprived of all liberty of movement. H * is literally rolled up as a bundle. Th* Indian pajioote, wrapped up in a blanket and strapped to a board, is not more motionless. Set him on end and steady hint well; he stand* up as stillly as an old jtersou. It makes little difference, for thit matter, whetl er yu set him on his he.yl or his feet, for, in rigidity, he resembles the Kgyptiau mummy At his birth, he bids a tearful adieu to the pleasure*, to highly prized by unswaddle4 babies, of working wi'h his hands and feet, putting himself in the attitude of a Lilliputian boxer stretching and kicking out, and rejoicing in hie half consciousness of newly-acquired liberty. He is condemned to lent lor some time a stock-still observer of the world on which he has entered. Some two liuiidn d little fellows thus bandaged up, may be setn in the large hall of the foundling "hot-pital: front thirty to forty of them laid parallej to each other on the sloping bed before the fire, looking like many billets of wood, all ticketed at one end, and protecting in (heir manner against so Mil) u reception. Ah, if thii were their only compliin*.! but no. all the mecesnary arrangements for getting rid ol them have long been mideby their parents. They are treated a* unwelcome visiters, incumbrancer on a narrow fortune, intruders into a world al ready over jwopiei; consumers ana not producers The property tii* y nave in common with the leecl 13 incomenient and vexatious, inexorable fashion decided long tco tint nature, in requiring a m?th< r to nurture Tier own offspring, has been guilty of an egregious and vulgar blunder. What sacrifice personal beauty i:ud the pleasures of society to mutern : I affection! Pure tolly. Custom has sanctioned the decision of fashion, and uow the portrees, the fimmtdnhamhrt,the milliner, and the wives of the shoemaker, the tailor and the grocer, abandon their children as readily as the aristocratic beauties of the higlur circles. The benevolent Society to Encourage Mother* to Nurse their own Children, with ail its efforts through |>erson&l influence and tracts, h ive not been able to arrest this custom. Happy the children whose parents are rich enough to keep a nurse in the house ! If she ha? been well selected and well supervised, she leaves them strong and healthy, hiving been, all thing: considered, no I ad substitute tor a selfish mother. Hut the vast majority ?; I'.tri- infants are not s? fortunate. A few days after tli*-ir birth they art sent iuto the country, one, two, ten, fifteen, sometimes ns much as fifty leagues, and placed under the care of some |>easatit hoiii'D, who, for a monthly MipMdL ;wr< M to return them in good order at the end of one or two ye*rs. S'lch is the generalness of this cu?tom that a French Herod, should with to slav all the children in this capital] **' two years old and under," would tind few victims except the children of per*ons too ;*?or to (au them out to nurse, nnd too aflectioiia'e to send them to the hospital. I have seen somewhere in a French author er eloquent philippic against the custom in a certain nation of savages, of putting to death the old and feeble among them; but I have seen no evidence that toe sense of humanity h? been deeply wotitide I by the custom of deserting infants, so general in this country. Aud yet such a custon is to us inexplicable on any known theory of human nature. Caii we conceive of a mother gazing with a joy, which makes her heart palpitate, on the irn^T '"i; ),rw hi* alabaster arm? on his little breast, and his lipr " Ilka t iro r. d rottB on a utook, "Which. In their luuarr beauty, kissed *&eb othsr and, the next instant, sending him to wither in the fetid atmosphere of some country hut 1 Hut he is sent, the pirents rniWing mny resolutions about going out frequently and surprising the nurse. But the toad is Ion? and ti ne precious ; after a little whil? this vigilince is relaxtd, ana1 long months glide IWay between the visits. The nurse has her own iffaits to atteud to ; so she bandages the clul J tie {.oin hep\ to loot in the approved style, draws ihe curtains nf^'.ind the cradle, whioft she pushes up in a dark conV'% and s.Hies fctth to visit the neighbors or to labor in the fTcMs. H? may strengthen his lungs by crying of sleep, as he may choose, until her return. The HAine nurse has not unfrrquently four or live infants usder het care at the same tim^, managing to elo- out misernbly the dt iiciency in their nourishment with soup, pap, tnd mashed [potatoes. When the mothet comes, a few mom ha afterwards, to see her cherubche?'Uf.d boy, with the diinpl--s on his plump little minds, sue noes not recognise turn in me wanftcfd crrilare. with livid mark* mirier his eyes, and lone thin blin*h lingers, which is pres> nted to in r finiMM a i!i?od of Miter MIL Miwj out by the stiiimnu* of rem ?rse; this is followed by a cevi re ratine of flie neiilnent uurse,who does not fail to retort on the indifferent mother. Th? scene doses by the father's ttkiug the child lo s?me othrr nur*e, ?nd visiting it m?>re frequently The child often fills a victim to the ruggr<ln<*ss ot Ins treain eni: the inorMlity union; children at nu w runs up to a fearful ratio. Ilut imagine the child to hive reached the age when custom requires his return to the house of hir parent*, that is to say, of one or tiro years. For h month or two previous he has t*en well fed and petted by his nurse, whose conscience as well as interest lead- her to take this unusual pain*. Ho reaches hts father's house a stranger, and is afraid as he j.as?es up the grand stairway and sees so many eyes fiied on hint He clings to his uurse's ?ide. ar d beg* her to take him bo*,* with her. When she leaves him he is inconsolable, nnd, for man) a long day cries to get b.?ck to his mother in the country. He will not believe that the tine lady who now takes care of him is his mother, for ho has never s?en her before, it saems to us that the love between a mether and her child thus brought back to her can never become so beautiful as it is in countries not 10 far led away frori nature by a fals' civilization ; and that to this cause rntv be , traced tho almost entire absence among the Parisians of what we call " happy family circles " The child is too apt, as he grows up, to repiy, with interest, the indifference of his jarenti towards hirr in his infancy. And if we seek for the cause of the great difference in physical development among in*- [*opi<\ thrfr of certain cImm t?*ing. almoat without axception, handaome and vigoroua, anrf thoor of oth?ib otuntrd and meigre k* ague pa. tiriifn, may we not find a aufllcient one io tli? cu?tom jw?t ckacrihed 1 One word a.a to the aurara. In the picturing* of Fr? nch nmnnrra and cuntomi exhibited of Utr yeara to the Ameriaan people in auch rich profUHon, thi? cWaa aeeina to have been forgotten. And yet it it numeroua enough?more thin four thonatind are employed by the aingll inttitation of the 1'aria Ki> indling lto*pital ; to theae add thoae rm|lo>rd by aimilar inatitutiona in tha eithty-aix dcpnrtmenta, and yau have an army of a hundred thouaaod, without counting the rmith larger numlier engaged hy individual* Nur*iag it a huaineaa?a commerce?a branch of laduatrr, a? well aa making wine or manufacturing cloth. Thepcaaant, when he marnea, caiculatea on it aa a a<>urce of revenue: hia own children are to b# brought up by hand, and the birth of each ia to net him at leaat five hundred franca. He *eeki to form arrangement* with the hoanital and phyaiciana of the neighboring town, to have from one to five children a> nt to hun lo be taken care of. Thia care, though inferior to that taken of Homulaa and Itemua hy the *he wolf, i? to l>e paid at fro* twenty to fifiy franca a month for each, which yields him a good income. If he cannot make Mich arrangement*, hia wife . w?? ? urn*.- inin me f*mujr o? Mm* rich *>ur*eoi?. At hr?t ehe to ohaeq>nra?, nwkwnr.l, *n<l timid Her manner hp the treiud*tion? and aniietiea of the purmu teach her hrr rower. .She begins l?y domineering over th? m>i of the eervanti, ?nH aoon nhe reign* over the whole liehment. An the health of the cMM d'maorf* that sli* ?hall not l>e crowed and put into an ill temper, Uiet ordera tre firm to the domestic* to ohey her

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