Newspaper of The New York Herald, October 26, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated October 26, 1850 Page 3
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wards the annual revenue of the general government, while the North contribute! but $9,000,000. But how stand* the account of the disburse* Went of these 131,000,000 of revenue ? Are the '?>22,000,000 which are ukeu from the labor of the S*uth einended at the South, to eUriah her citizens and improve her we'ion, aud only the $9 000,000 which are contributed by the North spent among her peoole ! Far, very far is this from beine the casa. we have nnt within our reach the documen's which are nece-adry to exhibit this |K)iot; but we see, aatl feel, and know that harsh injastice is done us in this muter It has been asserted, on good authority, tn?t seven-ninths of the incotneof the general government ij> f|>ent dt the North ; and but two-ninths at ia* South. According to this estimate, whil?i itn- Southern States contribute of the *31.000.000. $11000,000, they receive back, to be anient ani"ny ui- ir people, but ^??,iKJ0,CC;0; and whilst the N'ur li contributed but $9,000,000 to that fund, they contrive ru to divert the current of expenditure out of it* u uural channels, as to spend the enormous amount of $21,190,000 aii.ony herowu people, whi>;h is $15,090,000annually more than they eoutribute; au t to the same amount, so much taken from the proti's of our industry, to enrich their owu citiz-u and section This is rnuallv true of the revenue iilso I'm n the uxle nf our public land*, and all o'Iit sources of our publicincome, amounting 10 n**arlv $ UKMI.OOOmore, which swells the amount disbursed ammg the free soil Slates to nearly whilst the sums expended at the South itre less tuanf^.OOO.OOO. In estimating, then, the value of the Union to them, as it has no doubt oiten 6?-?n cyphered out in the true " clockinak'-r" style hv the " Sam ! Slit In'" of the North, it ha?, without d ?ubt, been >ia- j certained, ai?l credited in their "bank book." us being worth to them, in hard dollars, at least eighteen millions of doll-ire suuually, ia clear gam, and free of all expenses Hejce the tender affection, the reverential regard, which they pretend to feel, and express for the Union; and hence the abhcrrence which they express at th? thought of ae|>aration from their beloved "'brethren" at the South, and the denunciation <>f tli >?e who breathe the word "disunion" as a thing that ia possible. Hut the .^outh begins at length to understand the sincerity of these profession* of veneration for the Union; an<l the disinteresu-due-'s of their indignation, at those who would dissolve it; and especially, when they threaten to hold us in their embraces, by main force, and witn all the violence f musketry and caunou, if n-ed be. We iewed it as the old trick of D<*m-trius and his confederate " silversmiths at IpfcMMt" who mado silver shrines for the goddess Diaaa. This employment "brought no small tain to the craftsMen," we are told; but the great Apostle, in preaching against idolatry, disturbed the rookery. And then, Toud and Ions did they lift up their voices, in honor of ,** great Diana" of the Kphesians; until, doubtless, the simple ones of ihe town believed theee to bt sincere and devoted worshippers of the goddess. But these worthies cracked th-ir thro its in honor of the grei.t Diana," and would have murdered the messenger of (lod ?uot because they cared an assanum for the daughter of Jupiter, but because, a* inspiration telli in, ' their craft was in danger;" and the A.posf.le, a the performk:. L:*I. J...:? ??i - J ? uvi. ui in a iiifcn uuiirs, mill xiirui,iir i m |>ui nil end to its iniquities. Just w> in it *vitK those whu employ themsHve* in bepraimng the " I'nion" as a glorious " UuiKa," and so (mm; aiul who denounce ai " traitors" those who question its advantages, conducted as it h?s heeu for years past; and who would !>riDg it btuk to its originalj>rinciples of equality andjuatice, or lisaolve it. They feel that in separating from the So <th, " their craft is in dancer." They are in lUuver of losing, not merely the bounties which *ave nie to their manulures, their t-hipping, and their commerce, but the good round sum of $18,000,000 annually, which is taken from the pockets of th- Southern planters i to be transferred, by a son of Ifuid.ttive legerdemain, into their own pockets, to enrich th-maelves and jjive prosperity to their sections. Deprived by disunion of this ann ul ml refreshing supply, they must either per nit the hundreds of thousands of their citizens who are now nourished by tkote expenditures, to sink down in suffering, and the public works upon which they are squandered to go to decay, or they must raise the amount br taxes. upon themselves But how raise them I They appropriate to theinselv??, out of the pablic treasury, not on'y the nine miliums of their own, but eighteen millions and more, couinbiited by toe Fonth, making their share of the expenditures over 27,000,000 of dollars. Now, it kas b-?-u seen that their share of the imports amo nit only to about ?45,000,000 ; U|*>n which it w.ul I retire a d*!ty of 0)|>ercent to raise the $27,000,000 of revenue wniuh lliey are now accustomed to spend H it as no commerce could bear for any length of time a burden of 60 per cent, then the re?ort would have to I be to direct taxes, which it is vrrv doubtful whether a population like that in th'* Northern States would submit to. it may ke assumed then, as a thin* that is certain, that that aHutunl of revenue could not, excent by borrowing, be rip,died for purposes of either war or peace : and thai all the interests and j projects, which sre now fostered t>y that t-xpendi- ! Xute, will be sull.-rrd to lauiriish aud decay. in every |?uut oi fA?iiuiiiii->n. then, it will ?i>- ' pear, that th? dianolutmn of the Uiiiou will hi* ful- , lowed by infinite distress and dinater to the North, | and with comparatively little to the S iuth. L-t every Southern man, then, (irmly persuade himself i Cf this fact, that the Union is of vastly more value j ta them than it i* to us; aad thit it is for them, anil not for u?, to make sacrifices and concession* lo maintain it. As lone a* the principle! of the constitution are faithfully observed, and the Union made to promote tli* purj>o*e* for which it was formed, it become* I our duty to su|>port it. It is true, thit, conductea ' at its best, it i? likely, through all the hacal opera- i lion* < f the federal Koverunieut, to be a hard bargain tor us. But when honorable men hive solemnly joined hands over a roatract, it i* not for one party to deny their obligation*, because, in a matter of dolUiw and cents, the other m iy hive the advnntare. The 8omh, then, it miv be confidently asserted, would never have disturbed the , Union, or calculated i'h value, had all- not been | wounded in some of her teaaerest point*?point* which tench her honor and peril h-r existence. Her juat rights have been lavaM, or denied her. , Her feeling* are outraged by daily insults to o ir Kepirarntativea, in the common council hall* { of the nation; and they use every fl'ort to dr- ' frade at, by intuiting resolutions, directed againet ' u* and our institution*. Ttiey not only do this ta the most aggravated form, hut in their urrogance of j'ower, on tlia moat uaurceaaary occisioas. They j>re?? the Wilait pnviM, nx only over ter. itorjr, where slavery never would have b?en cir- | ried?but they appear to regard the act wf a territo- 1 ry which e \cladea the slaveholder with hia slavea, is in iraelf so meritorious, thit they have just forced California in'o ttie Union, air unit everv re- I iinreim iiT <>f mhiuW imlicy, at- uost ill souud pftf lent, and contrary to the trueat principle* of the :oD>titntion. They exclude ua not only from teritcry which is oar own, e.ju dly ** it i* th'ira, hut untuited to our institution*, but th-'jr now atrmpt to deprive uk ?>l broad laud*, which are well i uitrd to us, which have he?-n concurred l?y our alor, and won by our treasure and our blood, and ire in fhis respect more our own thin it ia their*. \nd whilst : li? y do thi* to us, who h ive a jmt ight to thuac land*, aa our property : to ua, whom hey profeaa to call brethren, and who have a claim ipoii them as anch, they have, aa if ia utter con- 1 rmpt of ua, our feeling*, and our interest*, off-red 0 pn>' away, to a^ii>indT, toltvish, tho?e land", pon every vagrant, or pauper, or vagabond einininl who may be ? nticed from the real of th? rorld to rome and settle upon them " These re the injuries and insula, which have sunk eep into Ilia Southern heart, anl m ids i vi ry man in the retirement of his pUntaon c?lculale the value of a I'aion, with suck ten aa perpetrate au. Ii snor nitiea And when 1 sm*radded to all these things, the evidence rhirn is heliire us, that they are steadily adviinci* upon us, with deadly ho tli,:y, to destroy our isti'utions, and that they cUim the right to medle with tic, because we belong to the I nion; then becomes the South resolutely to Mae the poai- j on which the emergency rr<|uirea, demand a reresa of their grtevancea, and ample security for ieir rights, now and hereafter. And here cornea up the question, to obtain aa ntw et to which, the cttiiens of 8;. John's Calls* I hi have rnticm 10 nmitin in*1 pennmrnia ?r ineir Batdiditea? 'What doea it become the South to I n, under the circumstance# of their c*ae 1" I Actively an 1 efficiently, ihe South can do noI [imt; M> redreaa her wronta, aa lone aa ahe reI mid* ia ibr i 'nion. She ia in a minority, a hopeBan Minority, in the Hou?e of Keprraenta'ire; and ow, aince California ia admitted, the equilibrium I . deairoyed in the Senate: and we are In a ho,?eI minority there nlao. The South muat thereHire depend, hereafter, U|H>n ihe forbearance and ^Antlce of thif minority, (or carrying out any tiie?,r?, which may he neceaaary for her well-being; I nd ihe kifxl of juatice which ahe may expect in I iture, may be judged of by the apecimrn* which lie North now prep winy tor ua within her own Border?, and by that which we have juat witHwerf <u the admiaaion of Califor m i Nor ia Hiere any mode hy which we can re*ch or l itnoe those rmjoritiea; aincr they are reaponai K tj, ri'Minfp m\d h p? m?l 11 Iie, me u> ii', ? ? m. It may he apprelx-ndrd, too, that aa ie N*rtli hec<>m?* stronger, an<t more inrt>i*ntf*lt ir traitor* to the South will become more n>i*i?>? among her pnhlic men ; and the hr?rd of ihr adfrra, and the ileatona, the Hell*, the Hmiatooa, id ihe Footra, will fearfully rr>u|ti(>ljr among u? /iih the rtmnn *rm of power, ih* treaaurea ?n 1 i# efficea of tfie nation * ill he aei/'d u(fc?n hy the urth, and w?- ahall he betmyed and weakened *?j eaertinti from our ranha through th* hrthea which tall be held o?t to the arnhiiioua, or the needf. If, tie*, we ir?jr e*peet ;natie? ftoin th" North ; we h* ^owerl**** to do onr*lTe? justice; m l if II the indiratioas at prevent, and for the f' tur-*, droooiah no, that we ahall ?^cam? !? ? and ie?t hie to |?ote?t ohr?elvm as lorf we cor r ie irmhera of the tbea % c:H iTt elf for tlit Adoption of the South, which brings up one of the most solemn questions which can occupy 'he heads and the hearts of the American peopeoj and that measure is?the dissolution it the Union. That man must be heady, unreflecting, and shortsighted indeed, who does not have his mind increased with profound thoughtfulnes* and the deepest solemnity, when he contemplates the magnitude of the con sequences which might flow from such a measure. Considered in its possible, if not | its probable consequences, it may involve us in bloody wars, in gieat sacrifice of property and life, in privations of comforts, and in sufferings of positive evils, which in our past sareer we have seen nothing the like of. It u beyond controversy. then. tht> I'r.ivcat intention which has occupied the American ruind, before or since the adoption of our present constitution. Then, certain sovereign Suites di vested themselves of certain hi&h aitributes of sovereignty, in order to grant to a common agent certain powers to be used for the common and equal benefit of each and every of the united pirties. Now, some of those Parties are about to t.ike back the powers which they had surrendered, ami which hive beeu mei, not for their benefit, but abused for purposes >/ the grossest insult, injustice, and oppression, then, they formed a union for mutual benefit, and, as they hoped, for all time ; now, that union having been perverted from its origin*! design, is to be dissolved, in order thit one ol the p.irues miy not be destroyed Can any reflecting man suppose that this is a light and easy thing to be accomplished, or that it should be done except for great cause, or from some imperious necessity. If there l>e any who thus think, I confess I am not one of them; but on the contrary, Inve approached this whole subject with my nund solemnized by the weighty responsibility which atuch-s to the ex prsssion of "my opinions Bat, thers nre evils so stupendous, 11 tat to avoid them no perils or hardships should be counlrml too great to b? encounterej. After wluit I have before said, 1 need not here add, that I consider the Southern States as overshadowed at this time by such evils; and that in their serration fiom the free soil Mutes is their onlv visible hone against pecuniary ruin, and ia the eud against political annihilation It may belaid down, too, as a proposition indisputably true, that the men who faultera through fear of the consequences fiom adopting any measure, be it disunion itself, which his judgment m*y approve to.be proper, or who makes concessions on this question, as from a weaker to the stronger power?that that man has already 'made up his mind to give up his slave property and betray the South when the day of trial shall arrive. But it may be a^ked, can nothing, will nothing be done, to avert from this great nation so momentous a necessity as a separation of the Southern from the free soil States. We have seen that whatever is done towarJs thit end, must be effected by the North, who, having the majority, has alone the power to do it. Now, to judge ot the probability ot this being done, let us inquire whit the South has a light, in justice, to demand. We have a right to deinaud, that the annoyances and intuits should cense, which are now so frequently offered to us through our representatives in Congress ; ami that instead thereof we should receive that comity which belongs to us as sovereign Stales, and that respect for our interests which the constitution contemplates. And as a mean* to this end, that no interference with slavery in any form, nnd especially in the forms in which it has beea heretofore intruded upon Congress shall be per muted, except by our consent. We have u right to demand th? faithful observance of the constitution, in having our fugitive slaves delivered up to us, instead of the violence, imprisonments, bloodshed, aud even murders of our citizens, when attempting to bring them back. We have a right to demand a perfect equality under the constitution?au equal share in all the property, which belongs to us as a nation ; a right to an equal share of the public lands, if not in the proportion of men and money, which we contributed to conquer them, at leHst in proportion to onr whole population, lucludiutf white* and sl:tves W<i have a right to have the equilibrium restored in the Senate between the two sections, which h is lately been destroyed by the adntission of California into the Union; or, instead of this, some c?ther guarantee, by which the South nny have ample power to protect herself against the antislavery aggressions of Congress anl the free soil States. Is there any one of these demands which the 1 South should abate? any one which she can give up with safety, and without winch she can ex.iect a durable peace? To my tiiiud there seems to be no* one' But will the North concede to us these j'trt and necesrary requirement* 1 hope that she will. But my expectations are that she will uot, except she become thoroughly persuaded that disunion will be the inevitable consequence. Then che will sacrifice something, to gain more, and yield us, aot only what we demand, but even more, to secure to themselves the present advantages of the Union. But if she will not, cin anyone suppose that two parties ciin continue to live together, one of whom has so many thorns rankling in the flesh, and so many grievances constantly ch .fitig the spirit? They msy be bound together, as the conquered to the conqueror; a* the ? nsUved to the inexorable superior But, never can t.V y be united in a hrotheihood of friendship and contentment. Such a i r. * is unnatural, aud cannot lust; and whilst it lasts can bear no fruits, except those of bitterness aud poverty. Hut bow is such aUuinn to he severed; and npu what terms shall the partnership be terminated? These -ire questions which open a wide fiald for careful reflections, and are calculated to tux the Sogncity of our widest atitesinen. It is not for a fraction of one of the parties, (as a single Slate,) to decide fur the rest, what is to be done, how it is to be done, and when it ought to he done. Hut for all the parties similarly interested, to decide for all in iH, in min it OOMtwl. Back neighborhood may luive its Southern rights' association Each State may have her Southern rights' organization. Rut it must he for the Southern States, in a Southern convention, to decide what the whole South ought to da. WhaK ver they may do unitedly, or with bnv thin* like nnmlmity, we may rest assured, wiil be doue with safety u> ourselves, and without much risk of coercion from the North. In the meantime let South Carolina respectfully await for her Southern sistera; since she is not likely to suffer w rong or dishonor, by binding up her deatiny with theirs Sc| t? mber, I860. THE NORTHERN STATES: litnifralo of Inrtnl'i Jff|T? Voter* In New York. ( From ths N*w York Rvenlag Fort. Oct 23 ] T?1 TflK FKOPLF. ?F TBI IFATE OF NKtf VOKK Fki.low-Oitizkms? On the eighteent day of Septi-mbrr, lM-Vt, l.y the utiitl courae of national legislation, the Fugitive Slave bill became :he law of the land. Hy thia enactment, the personal liberty of every American citizen is seriously perilled, if not earirely tikrn away ; for, First. By the secoud section of said Act, power ia granted lo a ccrtain person styled a Commissioner, ai any time er placejMJhold a court, consisting >( himsell oaly, with plenary authority, autnmarily and for? vrr to deprive of neraon.il liberty aoy person or |<eraons brought before said Commissioner. 8eco?d Aad slid commissioner (upon oath made before him by aoy one person) is empowered (sec. fi), oa the fjcpart* evult nee of the person so allirnung, to deliver up the person or persons, claimed under said oath, to |>erp?tu il slavery; and said commisaiooer (sec 6) exercises this authority without appeal from his decision by any other court or process whatever; and can nss all tNM necessary to eiecnte said authority; by which provisions the rules ot evidence in common law are entirely set aside, the right of trial by jury ia abolished, and privilege of the writ othabtai corj'tu it practically snnulled. Third Any citizen who, ia obedience to th? written law of God, and the teachings of his own conscience, may aid or harbor a fugitive from un paid labor, is by this act (sec 7) puniahed by a fine of one thousand dollars, and impriaoned during sis months ii wbi tuoiigni, iriivw^uiirnn. l||( thic law could atlect only |>eraona of color; but a link reflection convince* you that it pertain* to the liberty of til citizen*, of whvver complexion. There are white complexioned alavei at the South; hence any white person may be arrested untltr this act, which doe* not specify color, and a white peraon, no atreated, may he hurried ofl w rapidly aa Hamlet, and he c ntigned to perpetual tlavery, becaoce the billcontaina no aafeguird to ertabliah personal identity, no penalty fur the srreat t?nd extradition of the wrong peraon, and deprivea the. party arrested of all right to a motnent'a time to give li.a own, or to summon other evidence in hia twhulf. Mra. Ev^na, recently nuratied in llnne*dal<\ P> nn , is aa white as any lady in the ihnn, ner iir.nii tin in-iuif ?? cuiurcu uiiu no>V re? titling in New Orlcana. Fjr thia elava hill, ther?fore, trial by Jnry, ?h# wnt of hahtat rorfmt, the l*wa of evidence ia comm?>n law, the common appointm^nta, and the common condi.ion of a court of juatioe?all th? aafleguardaof personal liberty, all the foundation, el*. meKa of modem drflnliri, are at onoa awapt awiv And why 1 VS hare he* a told that this hill via neceamry "to err are the comprrmiaee of th? tonatitntiofj, to r?m?ad? certaia evlla inflicted an the South, and to buah tne agitation <>f the qneatloa of elafry." The ?(>irii of eom|ifomiee ia open, finnk, aoacili^?rinf oa it* brew r.o brand of ah inie, in ita aonl bo taint of igao?y ; dri^nding for the fulfjlineatof t a *ir.?Unoi.a^.he p^e* aawuKof all oorrf mef In aurh ?i?,nnt ??. frsine<, lhf Ariw.n. can urr?ai?t,itiofi,ar,?ier whoae nfi? ^^,1. ived near "hreMf. r?h? of a cntarfr -.di,ai|i dotfUaway fi'h U?r Urge pre>ak*crv> Of. T. slavery which at drat shadowed oar land; bat, thii alave Dill waa conceived in no such spirit, reata oa no auch aaaeni; it ia conceived in inault, and rasti far its fulfilment on an apical to the meanest pnavion that livea in the hum to heart. For, it ia an insult on any people, to establish in th'ir midst, a court coaaiating of one m?n, who sball have mstant. ex vnrte. and linul iuriadiction ovar any one of that people, in the matter of personal liberty. It h an insult to append the threat and the reality of an armed force, to centirm and carry out, with bloodshed, if need ha, the decrees of thi? extra-judicial court! It is an insult I upon the American people, tochtiu them Iowa with a law of compromise, which depends, for its fulfilment, not oh tha spontaneous love of Lnion, burning in the breast of every American citizen, but upon the spirit of avarice, anl the fear of death. This law is insulting, when it exclaims to the christian citizen, " dehumanize yourself; see your fellow-man or sister-woman borne away into helpless, hopeless servitude; good Citizen, join in, and help carry them oil! no matter, if he say he is ' free,' no matter if she screams for the last sight of her own children; good citizen, club him, choke her shrieks, and hurry them away to fulfil the compromises of the constitution, ami the law of our free and happy land?" But this slave bill, so insuliiug in its nature, 90 shhmleiM in its exactions, not only fails as a measure of compromise, it also fails as a technical remedy for the great evil of which the South complains. The fugitives f:om unrequited toil, who lived in the free States on or before its enactment, have now escaped into Canada,or have placed 1 hemselves beyond the claimant's power; and now, an 1 ever, men and women will contiuue to tlee from unrequited teil, so long as there are footsteps and carriage roads and railways reaching from Mason nn-l Dixon's line to our Northern frontier Let our Congress tear up these roads, blot out the northern star, sear humr.n sympathy from the hum in heart, and crush out the divine inspirations be free, which comes with every breath into the human bosom?and it will have only begun to make provision to arrest the escape of |>ersons front unpaid labor. And this bill not only fails as a measure of compromise, aud fails as a remedy for the Southern evil?more signally and utterly does it fail as a soother of the slavery agitation in our otherwise tranquil land. So far from alloying, it has served to excite that agitation beyond all former experience, and his iirmiied thf two wet'iiou* of th>> Union to an attitude of sterner and more uufruternal opposition than has happened since the foundatien of the republic. Under these circumstances, fellow-citizens, we call upon you to urge and compel our representatives in Congress to repeat this Fugitive Slave bill, odious in it* conception, o iious in its provision?, impotent in its intended results. So hateful is it known to be, by those entitled to enforce it, that they have as yet ma.le no serious attempt to c*rry it out. But, even if it continue a dead letter on the atatute book, it ia so fraught with disgrace, 80 capable of evil, that all who hold dear our common country, and her good name among the nations of the earth, and her favor in the sight of the Almighty, must join in an agitation that shall only cease with its repeal. John J. ZriLi.K, Thomas J White, John T. Raymond, Wm J. Wilson, Jfnius C. Morel, RoKKRr Hamilton, Wm. P. Powell, Jeremiah Powers, Thomas Downing, Lewis H. Pit.mam, Joserii W. Smith, Ai.hko Lyons, James McCi n* Smith, New York, October, 1850. Committee. Address of Lewis Morris on tike Union, In 1787. 1 beg leave to claim the attention of my fellow citizens, a few momenta, on the subject of the con ; iitimon, proposed by a convention of the United 1 States, for their future government. Well aware of my inability to do it justice, I will t submit to jrou a few coasidera'iona that may be I worthy remark:?l-'irat, ita importance in preiervi ing a Union, established at one common risk, one i common interest, and Healed with the common i blood of our citizen*: its relation to our internal strength and security. Second, our commerce. Third, its salutary effects upon the landed interest; and fourth, upon the people of this State as public creditor*. 1st. From the administration of our State governments, since the |>eace. it evidently appears thit local interests have had stronger influence upon them than their iioeial and imhtiral compact?the membt ra hive conspmd against the head?every day widens the breach Experience constancy admonishes us of oiie truth, tlftit when titer-* is no l*nal y, Uiere cannot he any obligation. I'nion, therefore, by being able to control the difi'erent members of the confederacy, can render its parts active in ita preservation, from which res'ilts internal security and external defence. This im|K>rtnnl idea, if traced in all its attitudes, shapes, and \urious r .'.tenia, will be fouu-1 in ihe ellicient construction of the new constitution, whereby the peace, love, happiness, and interest of a part is maintained, by a like au ction of tn? whole. 2d. The commerce of our country, which is the real source of our wealth, cannot be promoted but in the Union of America. By gentnl laws we can make terms of trade with the British or any oth?r nation in Europe, advantageous to ourselves; and instead of being exposed as we now are, to restrictions, and subject to send our produce from our own country as freighters of their vessels, at an immense expense, we shall become carriers for them in ahipa of our own building. I have heaid m?ny |>eople remark that Great Britain received more benefit from us now tli in when under her government. This 1 cin readily conceive. Not charged wi.h any colonial expenses, she takes our produce from us at lr r o#n price; she imposes her manufactures upon ua at her i\mm nrir*' tv? nnv h> r for lh#? Irnn. mi lnti.in of niir own, Hud we pay for the importation of her*. Tnm it h?r harvest This is our death. It may be well to penetrtte, If poMibl*, Into the wen I mum ' * o( this evil; wr shall find if springing trotn the q<i^'ities of the two governments. Compare them. We shall find one constantly examining itself, And adequate, by prudent policy, to the reparation of a dcfect in any of its law*. The other, a slow operation of disunited twdies, incliui d from evrry motive lo lly from the centre, wi'hout any o^tlt to return kM to it, rivalling each other in commercial regulations, and in all national pursuits. Hd. The landed property, instead of being 2T> or 80 percent below what it Mood at in the year 1771, will rise much higher in Vdlue than it sold at th it period. The new ooostltatioa foei directly to produce this change. As a friend lo the merchant, it is a friend to the farmer?their interests are the s?nie. Whatever then operatea to the advantage of commerce, extend* itself to agriculture. The atability of laws enacted by the r-^reser.tative body of the Vnion will g ee a circulation to all the silver and irold in (he country. The f inner* will be able to borrow money noon the credit of their landed possession* Confi fence will suc<ee 1 to distrust?will extend itself to citizen* of the same State, to citizens of ditlerent States, and to all ranks of the community. Upon this security, foreigners will compare their happiness at home, to the advantages this country may afford. The view will be flattering to their future fortunes, and the precarious funds of I?ur?i>e will be drained, to accomplish the valuable acquisition of procuring Amerie-n lands. Let us ntnte, and we shall be feared. If we split, we shall be despised? foreign policies will sport with our follies and weakm s* ; wc ahull be pi iyed oil against each other. If mv information is right, the conj stitution proposed h?s justly alarmed the cabinet i of lfritftin, whose views by no means are withi drawn from us In the event of t'nion, the people of this State are 1 particularly interested as public creditors. It csnnot l>e denied that the rise of landed property, i the increase cf commerce, and a prudent manage, ment of our imports and excises, will be a fruitful source of revenue, vastly superior to the exigencies ofg. iveroment The sumlui will be applied to the foreign and domestic debt. The former mar be advanUfeously payed oil, through the medium of commercial intercourse, tinder a proper ftg?ncy. The latter, by a<>*uming a nation*! detcfiptioa, will he consolidated into one general maa*. the interest of which will b?- provided for annually. It will be culled American stock. Under th^ne considerations, it may not he ami?s to remark, tha? i thiP State, durum the late war, was th" theatre of artion. Asaailed on every aide by the common enemy, its militia were ofie in the field; its quota of continental troops were L?ge, and the suppliva furnished by the farmer*, have left ih?m to this day with no other ricns of payment than their just and large demands it then follows, that ita farmers ann soldiers, haviag more due them than nrixens of other States, in proportion to their numbers, will have more to receive. The Sword and the Plough will not, until thi* time. ire*t cach iu proper reward. One national stoflk, interesting the individual! g<*n<-rally in its ureai nation, will foster an afT cUou for ea< h oth^r. In the eare of disunion. I could draw a picture of the consequences, founded upon human nature, that wonM pierce the coldest heart with horror: ambition would feed discord ; the strong would ?>1 press the weak; violent pnastuns wauld be played otf against violent prejudices; and who knows, hut from the wreck of the ge?er>U confusion, some .1 ...J ... .1 .... Kk..n.. uct|vi nan j iirr, nii'i iuii us vi uui rn'rniri , From titt: t'rrn* Rio OminR ? Wr le*rn, through the Deputy Pna'maeter at Kin (trend* Ciiy, that thf notorhwa i'alano', whw from cuttody in that i>Uc? we notirH ao.Tie timr einre, ia agiin at hie old tricka. On thi evning of thf 1st Inat , he hilled a man (a team^er). Win. Urwjr, at or c?ar t'tmarcv, ia M?.tteo, an4 flrd to ihw aide o> the river. Ifr w.? tired 41 three timea on the atme ni?h?, ia the atreet* of Rio Grtnde City, hut aiirceetlad In e?c?ping T*re affair caiiaei jt*mI etcitemeat in that (>i iw, and every effort was male to aerure his arrear. We hope the ICOwdffl will be ranght, ml brought t?i BrnwrnptlU (Tw?) Stntuni, CM. 9. I Our Pari* C*rr??pondeuce. I T1XK POLITICS ?F SUROri. I Pari* Oct. 10, 18S0 7V Military Revirwi?Mini tin of War Culled to Account Anticipated Proclamztim of Louit Sa. pole on at Emperor ! and Annihilation of the National Aittmbly ? Decision of tke Miniotry to revik the Contti u.?fiL. ttriei n/ tie FAyttr National"?Profanation of a Solemn Ceiemany in commemoration n/tkr Prendent'e Mot Iter? Dang rrou? lllneet of the QiKtn of lltlgmn ? Piedmont and Pope Fius?11* fe Catiel Jljtum growing hw n? frunu and M. Hadowitz?Jtuntna and (he King of Ha

norer ? TSe DanikS Qutelion- -Remrrrction of the Kingdom of Poland?Pteparotione in Spam to teiul Forces to Cuba. The reviews of the President are going on, iu spite of the unpopularity of theie military display* with the politician*, which are considered ai attempts to bribe the French army by mean* of champaign*, cigar*, and eatable*. The review of St. Maur. wbieh toek place lait week, and timing which tha troop* represented the bat6* ol Yi"agram, wai signalled by the name events which have given to these " princins paetim?H ' a>i unpopularity which will be a deatfc blow to the President. At St. Maur, m well as at Uatory, distributions of llquorj and eatable* were made by Louis Napoleon's orders, and tb* mi-mbi rs of the Society of the 10th of December who were on the spot, shouted the most violent cries of" P'iit Afapeh on " fire I'Kmptrrar!" aud others, whioh may be considered as unconstitutional at our present epoch of republicanism. The committee of prorogation were alarmed at these d?a>*nstvatloti?, and assembled an Monday last, under the presidency of M. Dupin, who had returned t? Paris precisely for the occasion. A great number of representatives who were also at Paris, assembled In tha Chamber. In short the Chamber was oro??ed, and hough the conference was kept secret, 1 have been Intormed by a member of the Committee ot what took place there. Tba most violent reproacbe* w*re made io the Minister ot War, M, d Uaulpoul, on the subjeut ot these reviews, and of the conseut he had somewhat given by his presence to the orgit\of the troops. As for the unconstitutional shouts of ' t'ur A'apotion Km- , pereur though the Minister denied that he heard th?m Ha was iiKlliviul tn nnnfaat that tKuw ! > * been uttered, and lie was much puzzled as to tho | i answer to bt* give^o the just slaime of the represent*- I ( tlves. M. CarllerJ was alio catbd by the Committee, and lorntd to explain bit eODduot on the occasion? | 1 The Minister of pollen, though a little more cunning 1 I and skilful than M. d ilautpoul was al'o intimidated. . The remit of this conference vat. that the Minister of War deniod that Louis Napoleon had any project of 1 roi?f. d'tiul. and tkat he Invited the whole b >ily of the i representative* to be present at the review of datory, , which takes place to-day at Versailles, and at whl<h " twenty thousand men of cavalry " will be present 1 Much has been said in advanrelative to this re i view According to the most exag?lrat><d reports. l.nuis \ Napolton Is to be proclamed an Kinperor, aod will return. this evening, to sleep at th? Tuilerles in the bed ( f his uncle, which h?s already i? prepare J this i morning, for that occasion. The members wf the c.>iu- \ mitt.ee of prorogation are to be taken prisoners. The National Assembly will be annihilate and a new go- ' eminent will be instituted, buch is tue prophecy for 1 the review of this day. but Tery likely all this will go < into tmoke. If anything particular in known b^ture the departure of tba mall. y?u will receive It with this letter. Tha only programme made pufcllo is that Louis Napoleon has departed this morning at seven o'clock for Versailles. mere he has accepted an invitation to a breaktaar, from l.ord Normauby, the British Aiabassader. whence he will go to the jilainr of Satory, where forty-eight squadrons of cavalry will represent thv battle of Kylau. The Fresldunt will wear, on that occasion. Iks order of the (iolden Kloice, which va< sent to him by t^uren Isabella of t'paln The necklane which be received from her L that mads tor Philippe III. and worn ky that king. These military pastimes and large meetings of the troops have therefore given plaoe to very strange ru vers. which lave been mnrh felt at the Bourse. It is said that Louis Napoleon will establish his Mto* militant btfore the reiurn ot the National Assembly aud that many generals have consented to becnm ; his aidsde camp The ministry has decided to act. and to claim, by all means, the revision of the constitution. I c and the prorogation of thepoeersof Louis Napoleon. j Home other persons, who think that the* are better i informed ixunil nit I'm- I. mis Napoleon was only | disposed 'o make an appeal to the people, ia case the legislative assembly would nut corment to hi* wishes. I have be* n told. also by one of lit* representatives, that the Majority of the House would b* In furor of tbe rwrl'lon of the NHUtnttn. but tbat there will hi added to the new one a special article. by whioh the President would l? forbidden to cuiuinaad, In }>cr?MM. the pub'lc fore?!, to yaps review*. and to be pretest at any military diaplay. If that ever take* place, who will bate a cau<e to repent 1 Who will nay M'icul/ u ' Will not tbat b?- the real illustration of I he 'well kaown fable ot Kaop"?the dog dropping lta prey for It* cbadow ? A pamphlet which will undoubtedly attract much attention in to be published la a few day*. It is ailed "The Mysteries of the Klysee National," and will coEtuin many curious documents. 1 will endeavor to procure one of tbe flrat copies which will ba Issued. and 1 will tend It to you. Oi e ef tba moat attractive oerrmonlesof tbe week wa* tbat which took plac*. on Friday lavt. at Ruell. In eojimemBioratlon ol (juuen llartenee, Countess of Ht Ltu, and mother ot l.ouls Napoleon, Her grata had beec erected there by tbe tide of that of the Kmpresa Joeepbine. and It ?a< always re?pected, eren during the reign ot the Bourbons. The charch of Rueii had boea arrayed with its mourning dr??a, aud the slglit waa really (" lemn and imposing The President aeeoiopauted by hi* rtalf. and escorted by the battalion Ot the 17th regiment ot infaatry. arrive* at alevea ! o'eicek. and the mm began a few minutea after. I There. ae well an everywhere, l.oui? Napilron bad b en followed by the Dretmbnillardi, who spilled tbe sol?ranlty by those looikeh shouts ol " Vive Napoleon !** aad i Vie' I Kmptrenr At Ohatou. where the President passed tha review of 1 tbe National Uuard. an hour after, the >aa> display of of ' m?'< k eijlhu'uaem ' waa oOered to the people by tbe ! (??* oi the Kly^e. but it proved ' no go " All this Is what we call. In geod ticaoH. lirrr ? i poiutu ni.r h.o, a, uui ? (waste one s powdenon (parrows ) Tbn health ol the i^ueen ol olelgiuai is said to b? In very great danger, ller majcety. lustea I ol r -Oliverlug. la growing worse; and It Is believed tbat (be will die beloiu long She it surrou.i-b d by ali her relations wilb the exception of the Uu. liens ol Urlxans and the Duke if Nemours. wb>. < n tbe eve of leaving Clara Biont, recti ?ed a ti by wliich they u -?r 1 of lias arrival oiM VI Tbleraanu Oaeimlr Perie. who had cro*?ed the channel In ord-r to liwf* a private interview with the headi- of the 4 uil'an* Umlly Mao; rumor* have been *ptcad relative to that viait to Claremout. it 1* | well kno* n that M i'tiler* In the private adviser of the Ducbee* of Urlean*. who never doe* anything without hi* con?> nt-therefore tie target tl*ld ii now open to : conjecture*. It la aaid that tho /won ol t!>e two : branch?* of the Bourbon* is decltUd and the return of 3d. d? Ralvandy (rem Froedhorff. where be bat been received with much Iriendehlp. hit* corroborated the** runisr*. Tbe n?w*p?p?ra of Vienna auaouoce. on the date of tVe 'id ln?tatu. that M d? falvandy had pub 1 llrly announced that the two branch*'* had decidedly ocn*ented to a fu*ton. and that the Ducb'f* cl Orleaua would eoon adhere ta ;hi* arran(eneot, by whlah ber eon ha 1 Hie bent cbaace to return to |?rauc?. la Piedmont, allalri, Instead of being on th'i eve of a relation. *eem to b* more and more confined Ther* I* no found*'lou to the rua<>t that an arrangement l bad takeu place >>etwetn the gov rnoviut of Tuiln and tba mlnl*try of tbe Pop? It had been *aid that Plus l.\. ?u to discharge tbe bi'bop Irnniai a* h would ' an ordiuary . Thi* is not the < a*e. Th? biahop. i a* you Knaw. ban heeo condemnej by a tr.bunei to banishment. and he waa taken to the frontier* of I France. 11* ia now at Lyon*,In the depart ment ol thi Rhone, where be watreoelved With much honor. Thu< *tand* the qnaetlon. and though *o?e people ?ay that I'ieJmont mj live without being >n food tern* wlib Roma, an I make a eontract for a loan which 1**? ti-c"* ary to the public treasury of that kingdom. I think it would Ik a terrible Mow,If the Pepe were erer to throw hi* " interdiction ' oa Piedmont. ?h?t! tbe whole I population I* compotrd of Tary plou* Catholic* As ! tor tha loan It ba? bee a already contracted Me*ars. { llothtchild will be at tbe head of the arf>?ir; but they h?. k..? ihx.ilil.r..! I.. 1 ..- II...a th? orllr : meat ol th* tribute which Ita* l>*-n tailed upon Pl?d1 moot by tha traaty of p?ace of ll*Jrt?kl. wul b? ?I cored and paid to tha Aiutrlan goTrrnment. The infla?t?<> of AaatrU may b<- abterred In 1 Tuwii;, where tha praaa la munlnl. la rplt* of kll tha preceding treatte*; and. no doubt, th?r<- m?y be ? ? tha Iron hand nf Auatrin whl?h Impede* It* RM'pnpon tha Uraat Duke, and force* him to fight atfalnet hl< own opinion. In i.armany. affair* are mora embroiled than erfr, Tha allnir of lleaea Ca?*rl Ik growing *?r? tleneral < lit) nau. brother to tlie "llun,;?-U& butcher," who had been ordered to tak* the command of th* troop* of Oaaeel tried all In hM )*>w<r to reatore the I'rtnre to bin dominion He wlrhed to lorce the ta*e?, and order*! the ?u*pen*1on of the publle pre**. The Na tlonal Cuard fefaeed to obey th* law by wbl?h they w?re to turrender their mneket*. Tn churt hl? autho rlty wa? mlennderttood and the General Auditor !* *ned an nrreat, by whlah he wa? e.-oii*?d of ahn?e ol power, k deputation * < pent to Wllto?m?bad. to th* Chief of the gut*, but w# do not know, a* yet. th* rota It of all thla. In Prueein, there I* much aald of a elnng* whleh I may *o< n take nlaoe in th* cabinet ot Merlin. M >* 1 Itadowlti would he el?ct*il President ef tnr Oouniil. and Me??rt de Mant*ufel (who I* to he replaced by i Mr. Matblr) and Urnm o? ftran 1?b >ur* will retire. ' Th* arrlral of Mr. Hadowlti at thu MltiiHry I* <inlte I aiguineani; ???, innugn it 11 ?mim mil im | r? r Wlebolaa ? not la fnror of It It I* e-rtain that h? I nill toon changa bin opinion The rtnparor of Atiatrla 1-lt Vlann*, ? fortnight *f?, on hla way to tha fronttara of HararU ?ni Ha* my. I th?? ha I* going to mart tha Kio<< of Bavaria WartanuUrg and ftaaony It W hMlata 1 that a dafanalra f ml o*an?l?a traaty will k? algnaj hatw?an thaaa pn I tan'ataa. m l that arary m?au? will ba rmployad to | \ ?akatlioKing of lianov-r Join th- l?*gu? If that , |ltn I* ?grwa?f tha fVdaral fonoail will t?h? <*- i I g? tl* *tap aa *rgan of tha Oarmanin ?;onf?d?r?tt >n I Ai fir tba l>nni?h qnactlon, It li carUIn that It will oot. b? rrtt'M Thor* h?< baa* nonrlndad a prlrata I und-rMandtng hatw~*n rranoa. Anatrl*. Kngiand. and 1 Rna?|a. by which, in < th - int proelamatlon of tha ( King of banuark ?<ldr*a*ad to tha paopl* and army of Sihl*?wif lloUtaln by whioli ho will promlaa am??aty , , and jnaranty of th* iinmtii right* wool I nit b* M i towad by *9 inunadttta anbaltatnn. thaaa pnw?r? vonld { lirir adUfaly Intwrfhrn. by taa and by land In tha ! m<*n1t*ia. tba flight attll oouilnnaa la tha Panhlaa . Tk? aWa of frhdoiiilwlall ha* boan ?antinu?d t? tba ' Mb Inat . and daring that laagth of tim? tha Danlah I bara r? takan tha city of Tonntngan, whl?h hal baan ftitHafty o<?n|>l*4 ty tha Mdatain troop* Tha toon I of Fr.-narVhatadt, Into nhtah tba r<aal*h arm f ha 1 ra- I I Urr4, uofet the c?m?to4 of th? L?tom 4a 1 Pin, rwfuned to aurrander, and had only proposed to [ leave the place with at met el taganei Th? oommander of the 11 ul stein army, Colonel Von dor Tann. birlag refueed to conaent to auch a condition, the Danes declared lhat they would bur) tbem*olT?? uuJ-r the wall* of Priederlchatadt But on the 6th invtant an attack waa made by the troopa of ii?Utoin. during which they were defeated. and. after havieg loet 000 men, retired to Htideratapel and S<th?. The King of Denmark arrived on the tfth of laal month, at Flenabourg, wbare he wan received with much h^aor One of the molt Important event! of thin year will undoubtedly be the resurrection of the klugivm of Poland, which la mid to be oa the ere of taking pUce. It it DMIiriiil that the kmnarnr ! < hua rl.... I ? r- I that tie will kith to bis Kon. tb? bflrof the orowu of llumU thi? kingdom ot 1'olaud *u<l that ho will dt all In bt? power to coi>iir?x?lt! under the dceptre ot tis new kiig all tbe people cf ftfUvonj No douht thin will be one of tb? bent illustration# of the reiga of Nicholas Id 8 pain. great prepMratimi< are male t1 )*d 1 f >?< ? to Cuba Tbe flett. which will nail on the lith luataot, un>ii r the command ot tbu Count J? U Oouoha, vt ill dj ccnipo't d ax follow* : ? The Hoherauo. a man of-war nf 74 gun* Tbefrlgatie Kfperauia anil I'trla ot 42 guns, Corten. of SJ guaii The corvette Colon, of 10 gunit The brlganttBe* Patriot* llabauera. Pelajo, N'.rTion und \ illavrurio foraiiuir a tore* of 7rt ijun*. The goelftlfH Uabanero, Irabvl 11, and Juaaita. having in all 14 pan* Tb- lougree Terehia. Christina Currucca Comet*, and Donation. each with u cannon of 48 Two utramxrH, the lilaaco d? (<a*ay and Pi/.arro nf 3.r*? Lome pow?r each. i<nd having each ?> ?ut?j. Tbe Alraro i!i Baian aad Congnao.ot Itw hor.e power racu, and cairylng 0 gun*, and last, the Don Juan d> Aumtrla of 3 cannon and 100 kern* power Tbe whole making a fence of iii ftbtp* and '! ? r.mnoa Tbi? fleet will be nuflR.'ient lor the defVon* of Cuba | aud Porto Rico, and for the protection ot tbe Hpinivh 1 trade in the gulf ot Mexioo. U. U 11. THK OOStiir OK PAKIN. Paaia, Dot 1?. 1850. McAiatn an-1 the Republic?Annua! Krhihititn *f I'aintingt ? f'ernet't Pictureg ?TKt S'untltik Gallery ? Sin Iuei?NrM- Mrnof-Hrar?Halluonini(?Ha r.??Tfu Nt paulrtr .'lmbatiailor?Lola Nunlti ? Old A nteriomn Sailor?llrtuvn from Siberia? Iitalh vj Or. Fou^uur?M. SimoiiHrl?Ma'l'lle Ducy iiiH'rf, o. A very heavy min has been tailing over our oity. lud with the exception of two days- Sun Jay last and Wednesday?we have been In the moat disagreeable state, the Mo Adam roads of the boulevards are muddy j and In a shocking oonditien. and one who crosses thesa public thoroughfare* is certain that he will sink three inches in the cursed "McAdam.'1 Such are the im- . provementa. The Republic and McAdam are mud and no mistake. A speculator haa discovered that an ex. j sellent speculation would be made out of the compost of the McAdam, with which he would mould bricks tor sleaning knivet and steel So far, so good ! But what peculator will find means to make something out ot I the French Republic ? " That la the question." The annual exhibition of paintings will take place in 1 a month, and, after a long controversy, the admlnls- , liation ot tte Louvre has selected for its place the court of the Palais National, in which the uiasous ars now erecting a provisional building, capacious enough to contain three or four thouaand pictures. Many 1 remarkable worka will be exhibited this year. Among ' the asoat important, I will mention those of Mr. IIo- 1 race Vernet. representing the ' Entry of the French , Army at Rome," and th* " Great Review of Satory," j (10th October, I860.) which will be ready in time for ' the exhibition. The ovlebrated Frenoh artist, no doubt, I will render this imposing sight with all his renowned talent, but many questions are already put on the tapis to know how he will represent the lunch" ot the troops It is said that he will represent, in the background, a sort af allegorical life of Louis Napoleon. L)n the left will only be seen the " Citadel or Ham1 isdontle light a great cumber of hams" deat'ned to the fufilrr otthe French troops. Piuce 1 am now on this subject of paintings, t think t my duty to retraot a liitle bit of intelligence which ran contained In one of ray letters I told you that ouls Philippe had given the -'Muree Btandl?h'' to 1 he Louvre. This news bad been spread )>y the frienda if fh? s v kiitty Kilt, if tnnaari (hnt aili?h ta r\f\t tka ace. The'Mufce Btandieh" 1* now paoked up, ami rill b? delivered Into the haad* Of the bullae** agent I t tLe iitmily d Orleana Tbe statue ol Oenerul Oudinot, which ha* be?n ex- I libitcd here In front of the l.ouvrn wan inaugurated n the imh tut . at liar, to pretence of the Urgert rowd ever rr?D in the city. I Another etatue will noon be erected In the city of ' lalon, Department of the liourhei du Khune. in memory ! >f A dam da Craponne. who waa the lutentur of the londertul canal* by which that part of Kranoe I* made he moet fertile of the whole country. The larg- man-of-war. J..i fillr Jr I'ar.t of whl?h I poke to joa in peTeral ot my letter*, wai launched on the Hth Init at ltochefort. In prenence of more than 4O.00U p*rnona The whole affair aaa rpleultd- and now FraDce pOMeMea another mammoth nhip. which III icon dleplay her national flag on th" wi.le oe-an. The fiile dt /'tin wa* txguu In 1SC7, and the uloo-y if ent for her construction amount* to three million* it Iranci The balloon raoea are *' all the go" in Paria, and ?vea n Kurope. Among the luo.-t curious >? a-ioni I will uention that ol AT-wr*. (iodart which took plati on lunday laat. and attracted at the Hippodrome a arowd >f 8.(100 peraona. Mr Hodart. harlot achieved the filing of hie ballo'n, took with him Ilea pu?4?o<eri?: ? leearn. l>e Mleolai, Turgan Ma/en. Daxchampa. and iodart Jr.. departed from the Hippodrome at a <juarrr part four, and at f a minute' to t"n ther arrlr- d at eitial 1 village Dear Oftende In Beigiam. Iiiriuithin sad" 100 leagues (300 miles) in leas than Are hours, he balloon of M?aer*. tiodart U the l&tgett ever ->eea n Kran<-? or England. It U of 10 raetie* 10 Inihen leight, 14 neirtiU Inch** wide; it* ilrru'n'ereoce ia >1 b* matte* 77 inrhe* and it* "upirfloie* of 142 metre*, l i oatalM 1 tWIMK) i|u?rta of ga* W nil* thia journry wa? tatluK plase S* "tor Moutenijor. th* t>pauUb aeronaut. ia nothing hm prepxraiuok kt Madrid wheuca he will depart on tha ljth intant. Tbe ran* of Cbantllly. which are th* ntoat o?l*- ! iruted of lb* ai'aaon tot k pUce on Monday la?t and 1 ?*r? brilltant a* n*r b- fur* Thoiw of thai'himp la Mali will b' Kin on Monday wxt. and the ir-miutin till b# dtttVotod kf tha ci'yof I'arU. X>? fcclW | blch will rim on thai occasion *r? >nll to l>* if the Inaat Moid and tbla alii atid a n> w intermit to th* deannot ol our ipcrtMnen Tl<? Ambaaradur of Mepaul arrived at Marf-IKe* on | be -'Id inatant nfter baring paaio d thr >o ;'i the Ur, "ft of om ,><oath?rii dtpartifi?>jtf wh?r-* ka wa.i reel?id with lb? utinoit en'hu?1?*ia At l.yon? b wn* n" ot the city ; atol at Mtmiltw ha h?J the . dearure of i.ieetirg two ladla* of rank tr m hi* connry. with whim ha war able to ipaak blaoan UuKuage. ladl.a an- Mir-lam*** Court and AlUrd t*o I nlUn wnin?n Th? Utt?r ia tba wiljw of Ueaaral Al- | aid who ?a? during bid life tb Mluiator ol Kau^i-t inf Klug ot I>*hor?. '1 ha Aeibaa-?dor of Napaul emarke<1 on tha "lb Ir.at for Al-mi< lrl? where ha will roaa tba l?e?ert to tba K?Utt?a, and tbara take a taainar houud for CalmilU l.ola Mcbtaa. fha ealcbrated *' itturii rt. do*? not ilfh to ba eoorolad. loo* tha depart'lie of tha Indian 'rinca 11 1a aald in m ma uuarteM that harlot lad the iornaMin*7?l our humanity aha hot raanirod o rptlra lctoicooTt-.it liar Ijttntl.in l? to jo to iadrid and there to rntct tha lloufo ol tba Carin-llte*. V'e bale a Frineh proeerb whloh aj?, "(MiW (' 4imM* ri irnl I >ftir if .it/ail hti mitr '* 1 bod tha plaaaura. th? othar day of ?liaking hand* >lth ao old Aniariean pallor, who hod b?*n tak^n from .ngland to I'arla, by o doctor to ba praaenied to the rtdrni; nf UtdiciiiP an a ap?wi,u, n oi t h* n>"-t a?t?>Uhli g longevity. Thin aaauian. whoaa ntinn U Wale, oro in Now York, on tha lat <'ctober, ITtU. wn ona of ha companion* of Captain Ccok. and followed hi in on oard ol tha two *hlp* Ko la??nr and Reaolutlon. dur>g tba travel* of tba celebrated trarall?r to th fabliau ahoraa. Wala wa> proaent at tba uiird-r of Copt, ook, at Owhihaa and arcopad d-atli ?> if by miraela. ' t r. f I'r ?i u in ' Ona ot tha moat enrioon raturo? from Blbario, wharo lai.y ol mv countryman wara tost durlog tba war of p'lton and wh? tire ao In rat urn?d U that of a man amad S? t.antlan llaaU sak- r e.) ftUl <11, who wan etpur d in Ilia, and aaut to tba tulna*. Tho poor old ion found hia wifa uiarrlad to ano.h-r, hb* hal at- { erted him flaa jaar? and h?Tln( not h"ard oaythlng bout hta lot*, bad married auoUmr man Dr f oO'jular, one of the nnit ralabrated doctor* Of ' rlo. who m> </?i a of the a* Kin* Ixiulo Philippe, ni Pro'iMor of ifmifar .ii/aifta. at the Aeadamy. dlad few day* ago, 111* loaf U uiueh felt among tha ir-mf. Mr. ( haaplon. well known In Part* unler the knlakatne of " the man with tha blue cloak," whoae chart* leu am ao nimerona, among the pour, duting erery i|nt#, I* arry dang>ron*lj III Thin noble hoarlod aan la eighty.flro yaara old and faara are entertained ba- b? will die Mr llamii<i formarly Vrenck Contol In N?w York. *? h??n Iiini"! r\ni?'Ui 01 ma ( OKI 01 Ul? l,e<! ?l> 01 lonor. Tbl? juat r*?ard for the ?w?i<*e? rendered by he representative of Franaa In Naw York during bla 00 ehnrt ?tay In that elty h?? bt?ii much appreciated n I'arl* and no doubt (hi* will Ami au eobo on tba tlior >lde of the Atlantic Mil lie liury Doric. the pretty and talented A ?, rlic i* enlaced by Hronghani for hW n?? theatra to lew York. leave* Knropa by the Aula, which take* thla ftter I uniKritMdthal Md IU Farto ??rrl-? with l?r th* prettleat tnilrltn ift lh< >'frr aver exhibited on ne hoard* of a th>- itr? 111 N. w \ork And no linht i*t alegane* ai.il her talent wilt roo* be mu<-ti appraolI?d by the amateur! of darn ing who are ao nnmaou* In tha V ulUtd Ftatei II. II. R. fttnte of IO(jrp(. r.Fioi a rkfaf.ration of tiix i?ni*w aixt?Tm-~ *n?onxwwi or Annn rev, etc. Artin lley, the l'rtmr Minister of Kgypt, tied rum the country on the 14th September, in a r'rmch ateamer, nnd proceeded lo IVyrout, whence te was to embark for Constantinople. Sonw think hat he ia Mill on Uiard the Kremn aleamer, which >aa returned from Hejrrout, aud in now in tin* port >n her way hack to Marseilles. For some m<>?tlis H?t, Artin Bey has been in had odor with ihe J 1 vv | 'inn government, and AM.n? l'aah.? w*? h?"oniins more and more estranged from hin. Ot ArMn Key'a visit toConatantinofle in the beginning t?f the year, the Sultan received hitn with th creates! honor*, and it wna generally auppojed that the IYrae Miniater'a anihonty w*a confirmed, and ihat he would always he the Head mm in Kgypt. I mil then Artin Heir had been both Minister of Foreign A flails and Minister of Commerce, buitho Utter appointment wm bestowed on a T>?rk, -vM he retained only the former. An audit of all accounts fip|?riaining to the Mimatry of Conrnercn having been ordrrt I, ?etrral coft?idfUi?le m ! yH'VMj* ijfc<wsred, and u it is well kno#a I iK in? k? held office Artin Btj hHfM Isrfa ink ( money?some say as muii as ^UK),800 stertng? some suspicion was directed against hun. On being demanded to give an account oi the deticiencieu he invariably brought forward some excuse to delay the investigation. H? was then summoned to Cairo to assume Ids ofTio* there as Minister of Foreign Ailnirs, but he refused logo on the plea of illness. Finally, having learned that Hassan Pasha, the President of the Council at Cairo, was on his way to Alexandria with orders to take him ui> to Cairo, Artin lfe-y availed himself of the only chance of escape then left him, and secretly got on board the French steamer, which lrft for Beyrout on the very day of the arrival of HsH?an I'asha at Alexandria. A few weeks ago A run llev, ajiprehending, no doubt, Dome harm to iiimself, nod applied for leave ofabsence, on the plea of ill health. Permission who nrnDif d to him, but on hit* asking to take his family with him he was refused, the government, no doubt, sust?eciiug an mtention on lus part of not returning to Egypt. if he once got away with all hia family. Stephani Bey has been appointed Minister of boreiun Atr^irH in the roem of Artin Bejr. I'Jdhem Pasha Ins been named Minister of Commerce, in lieu of lanmil Hey, win has held the appointment since Ainu Key was deprived of it. This chance has given general satisfaction, as Edhem Pasha, from the nature ot his office, will be in constant contact with Euro|?ans. He is a liberalminded man, educated in France, has spent several years in England, and is conversant with the printipal European languages On his appointment. Abbas Pasha recommended to him the moet scrupulous impartiality m his intercourse with Um European irurchants. Tbt S?ttltM?n t or Um Territorial DDjwts In Aiiitrlts. fKrom the l.oniiun chronicle, Oct. l.J acilities of telegraphic communication ar? so widely extended in the United States, and the 8|ipetite of American newspaper conductors for news of a certain description is so capacious, and grauliea itself so promptly, that we were not without hope of being enabled te announce in the course of yesterday the disappearance of the last element of difficulty in the slave controverajr. The distance, however, which intervenes between Galveston and New York, and the extraordinary falsification of intelligence by the Southern press, has rendered it still, in some measure, uncertain whether or not the Texan government has abandoned its audacious design of an armed interference in the concerns of New Mexico. (>ae account, which our corres|>ondeiit reproduces, and which we shall be glad to find coutumed by our next despatch, states positively that the Texan State Legislature has peaceably accepted the sum proffered by Congress in satisfaction of the Texan claims; and we read in the journals that the Governor is believed to have recalled some militia, which had already commenced their march upon the north western frontier. In fact, the palpable checks which the young Slate has received during her brief career, us the exclusive champion of the Southern interests, may be fairly supposed to have taught her ihe advisability of greater moderation and a less presumptuous attitude. All the measures of cettlement against which she hod set her face have been at last adopted by th? Central Legislature ; the rebellious message of her Governor has been universally treated as n document of great impudence ' and small imt>ori?nce; and a lust blow has been given to her crtdit ami influence by a rumor (probably a fake one) of her having hazarded the overture of /># rfMiii f r A A knti h lil*> nrniMPfri fit f tif ? v*?/>nf i v* nfR cere, iu one or two of ti?e more violent among llw Southe rn Stutes. We imagine that her acquiescence may be presumed on no other grounds than the certainty of shamiful defeat, if she continues to resist, and ihe natural attractions of the money which is offered to ht r. To a young country like Texas, populated by a hardy ana enterprising race, the pa> ment into hand of wtnt* millions of dollars must constitute an overpoweiiag consideration. A Mexican province might dispense tor centuries with roads an1 | ublic works ; hut the first thought of Anglo-Saxon communities in America ia to provide them on a wale commensurate with their lljlnHl 1'oryearap st, Texas hi* been trying t.i borrow the means of construction. The funds, which not very long ago might have been elicited from the pockets ot Knglish capitalists, by the mere rnu me ration, in an executive m-s?age, of her minerals, produce, and water privilege*, are only lo be collected at a ruinous sacrifice, from a generation which hns been bitten by Mississippi. Texas must accept the compensation money, or suffer cruelly for the |<ecuui&ry sins of Iter sister slave State. On the very admissible hypothesis that the rights of Texas in New Mexico will fie conclusively extinguished by tUe acceptance of the p ly menu which the com|>ensation bill authorizes, every brant'i of the great question between North unf South, ia its latest phase, hus been arranged in precise accordance with the suggestion* ot Mr. Clay. To* rfisjtcta tin rubra of his compromise were adopted, by the House of Repreteutativei, after a series of undignified vacillations which we recorded fast week ? having tven first sanctioned in principle, the* rejected, llien re-considered, and finally pissed into law. We discern in this extraordinary scene i lively illustration of that con flirt of motives which must have agitated the lower House. A few of iia members may have liestowe.l their unreserved ipproval on the projects of compromise* before hem ; but to the great majority they must h ive >een in a greater or |e?s decree unwelcome. I'nike the Senate, which is delegated by the States, he interior b.auch of the cenual Legislature diectly represents and retlecti the m is?es. The nemhers are immediately accountable to conatiiuncifn whirh hiiVH h?r ilv Vr-f t^a\iihA fh?* li^nvtra he I njcii lma lucurttif, <ind wlin u can acarcelf >e prevail" d n^on to ralax the pl?dge* which they ix acted of adherence to h Southern or it Northern olicy. Not a third, probably, of 11??* repreaeaativrn in th? House had been endowed with uflicient power or prudence, to rrcure their renin urtfftier< d by prorniae* of uiicouditiou.il auport or of uncompromising enmity to the Wihnot >rovi.?o. Tlius nil the influence* immrdia'.ely ipeihting on the body, with whom rested the final lecim n of th? ?e dispute*, were of u local and seo;icr.al character; bat, at the name time, ita ilutiea a?It imperial. It had anaeniMed to legislate, not ig loil, but forihr I nioa Though thlHii aa regards its ae\eral members, by the populationa of circi inscribed dittncia, it wan delegated to govern i great federated empire. U is to tne nuuyoiiiaia between the purposea aud the mutiiod of it* constitution that we must ascribe the fluctuation* of ita rolea. Kesjiect for ita coaatituents, and lor tha tolemn pledge* it had mven th-m, alternated with reveience tor the aacred obligationa it bad bouad taelf to discharge; ami so even doea the play of nolive* appear to hue hem, that the L'aiou aeems ilniort to owe ita preaervation from present iwnl tm lothinc more apprecrible than an acrident. At a future period, we may attempt to auhject to i more formal aualyi-ia the circumstance* under *hith the latent chapter of Aniericin history ia Icsed. For the moment n great danger ia averted. ' n the admission of Uah/briua. mi i m the nruhl- - ilicn of the rlatr trade ill l^uluinbia, the North inleri/wirnif farir into the enjoyment >( as inuch m it can equitably demand; while tfie douth has rained advantages <|iiite out of pro;>ortiou t > ita isnnaic weakness, in teeming the extradition of laliiivr negroes, aud thr organization of thr tetritoles without tor Wilmot proviso But a more aoaaiued glancc into thr |? r?|?-ctivr of thr future oust show thai thr great dilute, and thr eiunolon of the mighty wrong of alavrry, which caa >e thr ?nly result of its next revival, are only ad* onrned till thr tinners of time. The principal coursaion soeotded to thr .South, by granting to N?tr dexico and Utah the privilege ?>i fixing for themelves thr condition* of labor, ha* onl> been gained ecatiae th?* pre|ion<lrrance of evidence was n lavor ol thr utter unfitness of tho?e countries or alave culture. To th?' north, east, and wrat, he bounda of negro servitude are nettled, and ths meting of a final limit to its expansion is equivalent o the dearrnction rf the aysi<-in Thr enormous oatliiH ca of their instrument of labor, asd tias onaeijueut necessity of rontinually breaking up tirgin soils in ?>rd? r to apply it with profit, are ths considerations which.have inspired thr Southern ropnetary with their relentless greed of new terriory. Thr slaveowners know that they must letiih if clo ?d in, ar>d that nothing but the brow! i?>aniit.li* of Texas,now desecrate 1 totheir service, revent them from instantly exhibiting the tokens t decline and decay. How soon the sy rnptoma ol xhaustion will be discernible in the vast arra of which Mexico w?i deprived, we can cnojectaw a hen we have more reliable sccotint? of its 'opacity fcr cultivation- The timr, however, for lisplaying them must come at laat, uuleaa it be sgain ixwiponed by a second violation of the rights m nations, penetrated for the sake of perpetiintinir a standing outrage on the right* of man. [:<>n(tnntlv watcliins iMith the ureat Northern oar* lies, hut idrntif)id| it?elf wuli neither, the South may a#aia heroine th?* umpire for whoao count*unnce ih'T will contend with aemled?fereMC. A% r>l I oriumty may t/ien ? "? prrwnt itaelt, when aa nrrfm of fteniy or an ebb ut principle haa takftn i>?>w>e*?iou ??f the m??ws-" th* Continent down to the Imhmu*" may becime the watchword of ClfttiUirr policy? and Mexico may be annexed to renew the leaae of ilitmy, Ho*. Hf^ry Cuv at Hn?i ?Mr Cliywu i%ceited with gr?at demonstration* of reapect and popular enihumaani on hi* arrival at Lexington ltontirea are kmdlad, aa<l cannon diacha-geil in hi* honor, and an Immenae crowd a*?emble>l to meet him He wm compalled to make a apercK t? the multitude. After ihankmK them for tWetr kindnraa, and makinf a few lemtrka upon th* onditiaa of th? country, he told theui thut, hapcy aa ha was to meet thrm, there wm an old lady bant a mile and a half off (pointing to Aahla?(i> with whorv he had lived fifty reara, aal hom ha would rather 'ban allot them H' leaa*d, after th zood natured r mark, au<' a .Her?4 to |o ho\M.? Ljmtf\Jl4 Of ) t'wiKr, ?v|. W.

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