Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 9, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 9, 1850 Page 2
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la now certain, and that his resignation will take flack before the meeting of the Legislative Assembly. General D'Arbo?ville and General Schramme we spoken of as likely to succeed to that office. M. Guixot, it ia said, will otfer himself as a candidate for the department of the Cher at the eleciien which is to take place in the course of next month. The Count of Chambourif is said to have addressed a letter to aoine of his frien Is in Paris, expressing his ^decided opposition Tof the prolongatioa of the powers of the President of the trench RepublicIt is stated that a society has just been formed at Rotterdam for the establishment of a regular steam communication between that city and New York, the service to commence in May or June next. The favorable accounts from India and America have given a decided impulse to our manufacturers, and the accounts from the consuming districts are highly satisfactory. Money continues abundant. The rates of dis ecunt moderate. Bullion in the bank increasing. United States securities steady. Cotton had advanced in the Liverpool nurket Jtl. on all clnses of American. Sales of the week 'J8.890, of which 11,650 were for export and speculation. Quotations were firm. Orleans, 8jJ.; fair Upland* and Mobiles, 8d ; Middling*, 7t'd. a 7 13l?d. The demand for cotton at the II me market, on ihe 2-lth inst , wan regular. Prices very firm.? Sales to 2 o'clock, 1,337 biles. Tiit-ordinaire New Orleans, 115f. to 116f. The Corn market was firm : Indian corn, (yellow,) was in demand at 2!)*., and white, if good, much tought for at 31)8. Iron mn&ined about the same as the previous week. The people of Samoa ha\ e r-hiHed ag.iaot the Sultan, and the sons of Ibrahim I'achi are ([U*rreltwg about th- division of their father's pro,?erty. The l\?ris c< rrespondent of the 7Ymet states that the wine grow* rs find that produce is better than had been expected. Ir general the uilityof the wine is inferior; but there are some exceptions. In the Charant-- it appear.^ that sufficient caaks can not be found fcr lac prod ice, ami that the quality ,e satisfactory. In the (.'rleanaia and Beaugeney, bcth quantity and quality are equ ?l to a fair average year The jaim* observation will apply to Avignon and the neighboring di-trie's. The market at Bert y is fill firm. Large quantities of wine continue tm arrive there from the Loire, Burgundy, the Orleanaie, and Auvergne. The Madrid aeronaut, when preparing, on the l&th ult, for hia ueriel voyage over Larope, to con. vknce (he world that a haloon can he guided in any direetic", found a large rent in the silk. The voyage ha?, therefore, been delayed for soin? week*. It is mated that the avcent of Moater.i&ynor, who aaBonnreB that he hag discovered a certain mode of directing a balloon, i? now fixed for the 19th of November. He will attempt t i proceed from Madrid 10 London. The Moniltur publishes a decree of the Tresi. deal of the French Republic, making forty-tour promotion** among*! the captain-- and lie j'.enaa'.s of the aationa! navy. The Neapolitan government ha? given an assurance to the Helvetic Confederation that the 5wi?s who autlered from the bombardment of Me?-lna, shall be indemnified on the sam?- looting as the ciu?.n)n of < ther nation?. The cholera has again broken out at Vienna, in Sweden, and at Alexandria. Tlip lUhtiT* nnn.>iiiii new ?.ork'n Imm ?>ie pen of M. Guizot, to be published at tKe end of this month. Tite Prat is entitled " Mouk Fill of the Keptiblic, and Ke-eitabliahnaent of the Monarchy in hag land, In ltitiO." The second .a " Waahinglon: Foundation ot me KepuMK of th. States of America." The, 3/ nit cur du 6-ir announces that a prand ( urnument ia to take place in the Champ <!e Mar, it Paris. Fifty horaemen, armed ca/ A jtetl, are to a^ire a: thij representation. The establishment cf the f ominicina in France has been canooicilly recngnired I y the Pope. Many sfrarrers resident in Florence, whom thgovernment considered as snip nous, hare ha<i pauperis delivered to them. Id ihe Sardinian dom nions there are??,S'20 inonks and 2,840 ntn?; that is, one moo It for every <170 inhabitants, and one nun tor every The line of electric teItgr?<i>i? between Vienna and Pceth, in H-tngury, has just been terminated, tad immediately placed at the di?(>o?al of the public. The tariff for the tran?miaaion of deepitLhr* by thin line haa been fiied as follow* liy d. y, 50 word*, 3 florina; from <*>1 to I'M) worde, 4 florins; from 100 to'2 '), 9 florioa. 15y night the jnc? h are doubled. The number of iaolatora used tki i in the cons'r uction cf e'** *ric telegrephg iu the Auftr.an States exceed* 40,000. 1 he Duhe of ralmelU expired at Liahcn c n the l2tL lOatuut, after a long aud ; tinf ll illocts. Our i.oiwlon Correspond* nec. THE IT ATX or Ktrnot K. Oct. 2ft, lHfiO. Jhfc' ?'y Im/sKtaut ipattd War m Ewopt?TTlrftitmrJ Pirtltiam of /Vmmm? Attiludt t>{ Huttiu ami Fran r??f?u.ri <* th*. f^tmh Hrj'uMi , 4'' ? 4 4' The tntellij.>*nce I have fo trannm.. to ycu by the irewut mul, i* of .i mot important character. At bc time ?inre the last Frrnch revolution, ha* the afa'e of Kuro;?e been so critical as at ths present Biomffct. It it still to be hoped that tL.e pe?re of fcurcpe will not bed.Mutbed ; bu* the ?!ea?lly-weipon of w-r is loaded, and it is on a hair digger, whic h the slight.-*! touch wil! set oil. Franre mu?* <tede the *te; to-day io po ut of inv KtlnDC to the * fin its of Werm.my. The duration ol the war hetarern Denmark and the Duchies, ftvon d by Germany, in Uce of a treaty of (fice signed with Prussia, with no l*oe|wcl of a cession > f bloodshed, hat a1 leatrh induced two <f the great |*>wers to taken m?M important and seriovs step with regard to I*r???ta. Other ix>Iiiical motives have doubtless irf<d them to do to. f'mn r ant Unit* hart t>, 'aimed l? rntrr OirmaHy, ?? rrd in hand, if tht /* unih Dtnmark 11 nal ?pe*./i/y a ttd upon ac. \si. ?i fo tht t f?/y,an? tht /rvfr V. On Wjdn?sdsy afternoon Inst, a cabinet council wn? held at the foreign office. The follow -i* ministers were pretentL? r<I John Kussell, Lord ralmeriton, the Lord Chancellor, Nirq?;? of Laurlownr, ?ir <;eorge <?rey, ' ?rl <?rey, Sir Francis Marine. i Kirst Lord of the Admiralty,) Mr. Labourhere, Fir ,'ohc llobhouse, and the Marcuia of ClnrrU'arde. What took place at "he council wstcommumcav ed fo the J'lhiti, whirh journal n? *: tnnrning p*bi^hed the following Tha rablnrt whi^n wcnia noi nir.- 11 fhblnl till tb* fith of nait month ta?t yaataMay, at cry vhort not Ire, o a quntlon of cB*t4arrMo ur. g?nay Tha ?JlP.,Te'.lul conduct ol Pru?e1? in helping to protfft tha f fh l???lfll i'l?ttlo war not only ia pita f a treaty of peav? with Denmark, but a'tiall* under ccrer of the treaty. and by m?no< <>f it ha? l?J to a Tory nntnrnl??< might a! moat pay |c(itlai?te ? e?D'r {urie*. rii" ^wtatninentl of HUM and of franco hat* jointly jrcpo?' J to tha jfoaernment of thl? country. that tb? threa p<?wer* ihall peraiaptorlly require Pruaata to fulfil har reaent uM* torn*. with Denmark, and witblra# th? support ahe till eontInn*" t'' sir* to the icbl-?wlg Holataln ??y. lnH??irnf nf rri??a?? '? reiapip mith lAu , Ami 4 anil rrwr. #r> prnpiK ' h mar'A tn lh? tm >7<>rp w d'T li'p tit, &->f ia ? h ?y "nfrniai fa /*"> ' p an intaiien V * trtan prar ? ?? a/ Pt una tin '?c an# iV? ?n4 *? WVn..1 < ? (A# otA?r. In tha flrat Inttaace, bowerer, '.bay require tha c#.opetetl">n ?f EnilaaJ In tha raaonatraaoa with Prmoii, :hout whl*h thay are rot pr?par?"l t? bc?? at preaent. Tha answer of tha British government may peruana ba aatlelpatad. Tt declines to join with Ru??ia an"1 Kranaa tn sneh a ota aa wa have deacrlbad. bat pro.jsoa thai all threa nowera shall separately r*monitrata with Pn?sln on l?er preaent breach of fatth with tba Panl?h gc r?rna??nt Wh?th?r thalr tlipla r?<n< n>'ranaea wPl ba af ore atall than all tha re?t of tha diplomacy that h?? Van lavish*' on thla affair, la a ;na?ti n ?a wblrh w? wtlj not vaatara to flaw an cpinion. Th? funds immediately Hcrlm?d 3 ?ih?, an 1 lk?M will b* a similar depreaaion elae where. The by the I subjoin you the article, which, M 1 [ ^ ^manatee from the foreign cilice, ia of great inv 1 pertance, as giving the view taken by the Kngliah j I government. The Ulobt of the 24th says:? "A morning cotemporary has publish*'! what pur- ( porta to be a narrative of the prnceedings at a cabinet council held yesterday Wear* told that the mini*- < try mot to deliberate on certain announcements made by the Kursian and French government*. Tho?e an- ! nouneement* concerned the intentions of the ??o power*, respectively, to inrad? Silesia and the Ithenish I frontier, unless Prussia frankly gives ever the en-nu- | ragemen^ she still holds out to the Insurgent* In Uol- | stein It was added that our government suggested , the rubstltntion for these warlike measures of a re- ( menstrano* to b* addressed separately by each of the three power* to the court of Prussia. This latter statement can be only a lucky guess, strengthened, perhaps. by such Information as was at the disposal of the irVDCO ftUU UUIBMU l UJUK-BISB. nciVMUHUg >HH racy ol the ittp stuted to have bwa taken by the latter. it wae e??y to reckon on the oc'y answer that could bo made by an Knglish government. We ihall not dwell upon the causes which wiU naturally disincline the Kuglish cabinet to entertain any Kuch extreme premonition a* is "aid to bare been laid before it. Nor need we point nut the obvious interest : of two conservative powers in placing their attack on ' a suspeoted neighbor on the moat plausible and popular ground. It is ruough tor us that the cooduetof tha Prussia* court his given too much justlflcatic n for t the measures ut present in agitation, and that if tha swt-rd were drawn by It use i* and K ranee. It wold be I drawn in dtience of treaty obligations and guaranteed ! rights By tbe treaty of last July the contracting powers bound themselves to do all in their power to put a stop to tbe war raging beyood the Kyder. The King | of Denmark was permitted by that treaty to reduoe flcbleswig by aria* but uot to euter liolstein without previous appeal to the German confederation That treaty has now received the ratification of all the German gofernmentx. But us ye! the King uf Denmark ha* borne all its butden. and reaped none of its advantage*. Yielding to the solicitation* of an ally, who was anxious to respect even the ex.iggerated sus' ceptlbKlriesofUeiujaEy he has refrained from calling I on the confederation to u>e even its preliminary | effort* i"r the reduction ol UoUtein. lie nan scrupulour ly rc*| ccted the troutier that separates the ! Duchies; while his antagonists have had full liberty : ot entering 8chleswig. and retiring behind the Kyder to rei.t at J recruit themselves on ground which a cartfor the treaty of July bas rendered sabred from ? Danish loot Meantime, can Prussia be fairly said to have done her bt-l or anything like it, to carry out the treat) ' General Willisen, the commander of the inr urgent srmj. is a I'ruistan. Not u. day passes without the rpectacle of some huulnd l'ruismu soldiers, in full uniform, rrofslng the frortier to enll?t In the liolstein army Out of the sixteen officers In < ne regiment who Ml in the attack on Kredrlchstadt, no tewrr than eleven were In the Prussian service. At this moment an ' fllce Is open la Berlin, under the very eyes ot tbe l'nissian cabinet, for the enlistment of volunteers for tfeblt**). liolstein. All this, we say, is so eminently d.scrt-diMble to a power which haa pledged itself to endeavor to restore the peace betTeen Denmark ai.d the Duchies, that we need not wonder If OlDrr courm -tlte upon ?o wean a pom'- iu '.lie cunrte1 ti-r of a rival Fiance and Kupnia hold themselves liour.d by tile trealiea ?>f be last century to guarantee Scble wtff to the King of Denmark. and operations for the maintenance ot that guarantee could certainly not he met nii violation* ot national law. H> deeply regret that the Prussian government ha* failed to discover how powerfully their connivance at the continued proxecution of the war in llolsteln ' tends to alienate Kaglioh s;, mpatbie*. Pru?ela may be ' ! ijuite pure that the public opinion of England hap all along been adverse to the (ierman Invasion ef th<* r>uchim ?lie may also be pure that the English government will neverar<|iiie*<?e in the reduction of Denmurk to a position of such lnsignifiraiicefas would, virtually. make her a dependent Kusnian principality. England hah already given abundant proof of her good will to her constitutional and Protestant ally. We have dene to by dippuading the King of Denmark from attempting the military conquest of Holstein. We have done ?o a second time by substituting pa -il r? monstrances for the measures recommended by 1 Franco and Russia But Prussia may depend that thin nor J will on our part will n><t be perpetually available to silence the just complaint* of other power* Her i ereeverance in anything but a straightforward and ninast policy ran ooly end in her being subjected to a verj dipegr^eable pressure on th? part of France and Uvssla. whi h. with ail Its favorable dispositions, the Krgiish cabinet can have neither :he will oar the power tc prevent. All the morning papers of to-day, (Friday,) devote 1? ading iirticle* to the subject, ami copy the article from the Tiuut. England, you observe, refuses to u?e a threat , towards Pruat-ia, being aware that lluaeia and France m*ke the I'anish peace a pretext for f'irthermg their own ultetior views. The invasion of the Ilbme frovinces by a French army, would b-most popular in France and sin.icUsof the Entire. Louia Napoleon might then count upon the army to aupfxxt hin<. Kueein lias had as eye b-f^re this i<> the Sile?ian provinces. Jli.wrvcr iriit* miiy i?r, i uu uvi urt.iair n? r 4yf thatBulbil t: will trotl s.i much to unity in <i<*r?vtriy i Mthis'.hreM, ilcanhd into execution. You will r?*nitmher how iu 1M1, when iher? whs a rumor of an iiivatif ii of the Khemi*h provinces of France, tfie po;>'iJar feeling manifested itself in every >:a:e of Geinunv. I: was then th?-r Uecker wrote his e!ff?rtite<l song? fU sallvn ihn nich*. h*t n. i f. tricn d<-iiUob?>n Ithsin ks., forwhich r.<ui- of Btvtria, (ih? ex-kin:;.) iresented hurt with a tcauUfully chased gotilet in pcliJ. ! wb* in Osrmany, at the time, an<! will never forget the expre. siou of feelm^ tben evinced. A Icreigy w*r would releive Germnny from heriu, Waal it would he wruii^ to '.raw any hasty contusion as to wha> will take pi act*?the spirit ot p^ace is h'rong in this century. Th- more prepared States are tor wi r the less ch mce n there ot it. >> rzi NMHiNftMl . <TM never so fully evniflitied, 11 * i usv | f? n within the last twlveni ?oth. The othrr i'lcstion?which is one of cfvil war? in < ierrr?<iiy, has also rea.<iui??' d an ugly ap,teurance. The Elector rttains Hassenpfluif; he will : uot ul'dicVf?the pw^va resistance of his ?ubrrts ?'i l leiraina wi'mn the hounds of constitutional .efei.- y A -ir i and PruMi i u ve1 vo powerful airhies ready to advance ?t s month's notice. I ' Uxvaris, Mmony, nn<! wunrmnrrg, are ?-,'niiiy prepared fat every eventuaJity. Aua'ria, hv:k>-d i>y th? r* three Utter ftat-.*, hi?-J' dare.I h' r read;n??? t< eafotce the iii.naetiuaa of ihe L>iet, winch I'rijffia i? c ually determined to op|>n?e It was decided, in u cabinet council, at Vienna, that if Ih?- 1 ^cli r hurt ubdicated, Ans'ria should uc? C'lj-y the Llectorale, M all uska. Tor station ha* been referred 10 i;.rbitr*tton?the Em -ror of v -hi toMtg M bima-lf the ofii v of tit?d.t.?(ir. The Umperor, in period; Count NesoeLruds, hi* niiii.ater; Priaca schsaraenberz, (Aumi.) aad ("oiiBt Lf udrntarg, (1'rusna;) hate met far Ihin j urj rse, at V.'ara* w 1 h?- latent advices from IJerlm are U|) to the 22J lacluaive. Everything a* regarda Jfeaae Caaael ia in p* lu a re>;mt cabinet oououi'. lieM at Berlin, ihe Prince <f l'rueaia (heir to 'he crown) eT|>t-'*aed Lim-elf warmly in favor of op;w>sini( Austria by *hr, if nect-Mary In Hinorer the Mvrt ministry h^? resigned. This i? *? fir important. as :he new ministry will, it is aaid, be f ?vor*hle to Ansirie, which will throw the bsl?ace f*cidedly in her favor. It will then l>e Auatria, Bavaria, Saxony, Wurte mb?-rg and Hanovr, tp.cnst Pmaaia and the small States. J'rom France the intelugeoce ol tht week ia second otily in importance in the Ucta ic2u'.ed in tlw commencement <<i my letter The Alpha and Omega of the French political ilfhal 't at the |<resetit montea', are Lo?ts Napoleon hnd ?Jeneral CknganilFr The first f-aratne iH'fpr. Tlf bnhe of a mirsW* h iton ha* h?en ot'? red to the General in vain The (General keeps lua iewa to himself, att-i ?ide* with the Aasem1)!/? to ap| rarance at lrj?t?and will, it ia said, o;, oae the ptoloaaatii'ii of the ("owera of Lotus Napoleon Some ??v he hope* the ;>re*tdeiuial powers will be conferred Upon htmaelf. General d'llautpoul, the Minister of War. has been removed to please Ch*nc?rnter. Thia :a looked Vpon aa a defeat of I?ouia Naj>oleoi, who did all he could to prevent it. It was General d?Haui|x>u1, you will teuieinbf r, who allowed the reviewa a: Satt rr and Veraaillea whrn.the A?aenibly refused the fund*, General < ^hamrarhier ia re* Carded aa th<? representative of the patty ol order in Fr ?nce. He in a circ upon th*- prancing ambition of Louis Napoleon. Aa a sake for hia wounded dignity, General d'Hantprnl he11 l>een appointed ?>overnof>< leneraj of Algeria. II.* ia auc< eded in ihe war ollice !>y Grneral Schramm*'. He i* tue -'on of a genera! otlieer, who distinguithed himself in the wars of 'he ?mpire, an 1 has al * a va borne th" character of ! la^nir a food pan and ink man," as well aa a good '.or So highly wm h?" considered r I.ouis 1 rhtilfpje that h?* ni.ide him a j>eer of Krai.ee, and a* fai l aih aa 1971 he ?m p'aoed l y Marshal Mai- 1 aoo, then Minister of War, tn Ihe important po? 1 aition of htf (1 u ;?eri -mrl dr In ettfrre For several ( i-- ? ? ak? I Jfifs p?*i nr na.< urrn pirwucni ui iu?- imuutij cornmutte, a pnat which h* haa retained to the 1 nr'wnt tune, notwithstanding the revolution. ' Shot'Jy b?f?re tt>e f*!l of Louis Philips, (General 9chrarntlte whs tpohm of ao Mtnirrr of War, and it It well known that M Guizot him the poet, and that ffueed it. The military career of ienrral fcthramme i* >ery jioipiUr. H-.-n?erei j the army as a aoldier at the etirly ?ge of ten yeara. ( At n*ifer, he waa decorated on the field of battle a* a Chevalier of the l>e*u?n of Honor. Hi hdi a i Colonel of the Imperial turd, an oftleer of th? ' Legion of Honor, and a Hiron of the l.mpire at twenty two, and a' twenty-three he wa.? a general. Before bfirg created a |?e? r, he waa a member of , the Chamber of 1 >?puri"e, and although 1'irector- , General of the ptrtnmti of the army, he opp<tae<l the go>ernment on the mjeetion #f Louia Naimleon'a rttriTijj el inevrre'-tinn a? 8tr??,wif| lie w? "j difiri^fed fr< m hia ofTic for that vote, hn'it i? fl irobsble that te it he owa hi# preaent promotion. He ia eaid to be devoted to Chancamier. Per?ifny h*? returned to Pari* from Berlin. This | nvBte amhaaaador ?.f l.oni* Nap.->l?oo will, , , |I m t.a\<\ nwner ? r I it'i, * tril .4 the ca- u 4 he department of the Cher, lie will, in all proba- tioi lilily be returued. Nearly four hundred of the cie nimbers of the Assembly have already arrived in bei Paris. th? The section of the Centre railroad from Neron- Ve lea to Nevers. was opened this week. The total tai ength of the line between Paris and N'evers is :#)4 ha lilorcetres, or 76 league*, viz :?From Pans to Or- co earns, 122 kilometres; Orleans to Vier/.on, 80; ha I'ierzon to iiourges, 32; llourges to Nerondes, 38; It ind Nerondes to Never*, 32 This distance wia lei gone over by the trains in 7^ hours. There are Ci several vtry line works of art on the section just ca opened; the principal one is the bridge thrownover ha the Loire, and on which the line passes into Ne- ur vers It is constructed of cast iron, on a plan 11< somewhat similar to that of the Pont du Carrousel, Be with seven arches of forty-two metres spin each. co A novel ceremony tooa place yeoteruay (Thurs- fri day) in the che.pel of the palace of St Cloud. The ce President of the Republic administered the oaths re to the three French cardinals recently created by ni; the Pope, and presented them with the cardinals w hat and the rol>eB of ofiice. The prelates in qu?*9. pr tion wore the civil costume of their dignity, viz , to black coat, with red Buttons, hiick breeches and fe red stockings. In presenting the insignia of ollice, dc the President addressed a short complimentary in speech to each of the cardinals. The Po.ie's nun- pr cio, the ministers, anfl a large body of the superior aj clergy, were present. b? In hngland, the chief topic in commercial circles th is the aspect of foreign poli'ics. The turn of events hi is now anxiously watched by speculators. Yester- w day the market for stocks was very heavy. The ol deficiency in the cotton crop ia the United States, tli aBd the uncertainty of the crop in India, has become a matter of serious consideration. The at- A tention of th>* government is directed towards 'he cultivation cf cotton in our own (British) colonics, to provide agoiast such deficiency. As I foretold, the appointment of Cardinal Wiseman to the see of Catholic Archbishop ot Westminster, which has J* been followed by the promulgation of a papal bull, B< appointing twelve Roman Catholic Bishops in el Kngland, namely :? ? BUhcoricof Southwark. liishopric of Liverpool, n lil.-hopri-- df Birmingham. Hlahoprle ot Plymouth. ji BUhnprlc of KottiDgutoi lii?hopric of Beverley, RUbnprln of Salop. I'.lftaoprlc of Clifton. Binbopria ot Sulford, Bishopric of MerthyrTydril. Binhopric of Northampton, BUkopric of Newport, tl has raised a regular ~torm in Knglard. The "ma;>- 11 ping out" of Queen Victoria's dominions by the 1)1 Pope, as it has hern styled, is universally eensured 'f by rveiy orgnn of public opinion in Kngland. A 11 meeting has been announced to take place shortly P* in Exf.fr Hall, to take the subject into consider*tion. n London is tilling : all the ministers are ia town, and members dropping in fast. The Queen and " Prinre Albert are still at Osborne, in the Isle of Wight, since the death of the Queen of the Belgians. They see little orj'no company. The court * hps gone into mourning for three weeks. * On Friday last two carrier pigeons, taken by Sir 0I John Kobs when he |pft the port of Ayer, in Scot- tl land, returned. He was to let them loose in tl the event of bis finding Sir John Franklin, or of si being frozen in The birds arrived within a short " time of each other, but without any letter. One of 111 thun had a string ; the document was shot away, ?' the bird being wounded. Sir John Koss hu3 ' three other pigeons with him. 8j Gib*on, tne fculptor, is to execute the statue \oted by the House of Cummoai to the memory of t< the Inte Sir Robert i'eel, and which is to be placed T in Westminster Abbey. d On Tuesday afternoon, the cotton factory of * Messra. Allan, Haughton and Brother, at War- u rirgton, was completely destroyed by fire. Our latest advices from Madrid are to the 19th [ inn In my last, 1 informed you that the rumored retirement of Narvaez was incorrect. The subsequent advices confirmed my statement. There is no chance of bis going out. 71 The KBgltlw SlaTf Bill of tUe United States. I* rom tbe London Post, October 'J3 ] Some of the characteristics ?>f juries are ilUa (rated indirectly and incidentally by the im|>ortant h< law entitled the Fugitive Slave bill, which was tx recently passed in the Fedral Legislature of the U I'nitett States. I'ntil the introduction of this bill cl the slave-owners were obliged to resort to a species c? of lrjibl machinery which was found qaite tnetfi- hi c>nt for the recovery of th? ir absconding bonds- ei men and bondswomen When the fugitive w.ts at at length tracked to his place of r fugeinoneof the m free States, the owner or the owner's agent, as it w might be, on claioung the individual, was met by a g< retusal to return. To eftect by compulsion it what could not be otherwise managed, the d< datMMM had to recur, of course, to the u am horny of the courts of law. Here the w great question wirn the ideality of the slave, arri, c as a qutsiion of fact, it belonged to the decision of h n jury. In a free State, a jury composed of men u WHtmly preootsewed agitins'. the whole system of ai slavery, and often formally pledged to effect the ui abolition of it, would naturally have all t>ieir sym- w pathies enl sted on the side of the poor runaway, ni and their keenest antipathy excited against his It pursuer i-eriawiy, aympamy una ar.upamy were hi not auppoaed to be the preper grounds lor a verdict. 1 The jury, too, pronounce by \ irtue, us it is ?Aid, cj of their oaths Nevertheless, it eo hap|>ened that ta the slaveowners were exceedingly dissatisfied with thew verdict*. They were invarthly against ol the claimant; invariably th*y ignored the iden- <n tuy of the respondent. This could not be borne vi for ever by the slave-owner The increasing l) activity of the abolitionists rendered the c*ae more c intolerable, fur, in proportion as the enemies of <li slavery became more and more stirring, the slives k lied fmm their masters more an.I more freou?-nt!y a and readily The owners, continually baulked ia | < the attempt to regain poaaession of them, and at Mlbbtanmy instances to pnvnt their tl'.'ht t< and their evation into the free tetritory of tl?e h; Union, proposed and carried n Inw which entirely tl titers the machinery for recovering the fugi'ivea. ?li Instead of the before requir d verdict of a j'iry. V in their oaths, all that ij now teceaaary is m the oath of the claimant himself Oil the il strength of this species of identification, t!ie if uti ordinate slave ia surrendered * by the bur- A boim* Mate, and handed over to the control if from which he had tlej with horror Already tha ai new regulation* hav? been enfor:ed with unrelent- bj iti3 stnctiiefa, iind the fluve oaraera are enjoying a si ?lar<ugand ostentations triumph. Aa far aa the n nit1 nficatioii of me fugitive is concerned, no rea- at sonaMe douWt can be eut-rtHined th ?i, in mi -1 .1. cases, the new test of the claimant's affirmation 1* #1 calculated to be practically effective. The chief oh- tr retton to auch a witness ia almost a eonfeaaion of hia ta suH-ciency. That objection would f?e, that he ia a al party inteieated in a principal degree ; or, in other al wards, 'bat he i- the ownar of tfie slave i< Horn he ai clatma. Thisisthe precise p?tnt w hichalon?; re?iu rea b| to he decided. Either, therefore, the witness it unob- hi y cticnahle, or else the owner ia eonfesaej, and the ia ia complete We need not say thai itwe eon* hi uderstions leave the qii**tion of slaveryjtaelf, the illieirne?a or the all< wablenew of the s'yatem in- 11I frinsically, and the rights of the bondman, ox those 1 ae te which hla nuater pretends,altogether untouched 01 In the caae of an escaped slave, the point which j w it ia the object to aacertaiti in the United State* ia o> merelv wh? iher the individual alleged to have fled C be or be not the tame. And it is a aupgtatitre fact d' no satisfactour solution *?f this sim.'ie question 1 ei could l<e wrun^ from the indignant i'tnea hsfon ) whom it waa tried for so many years These tribu- j nals, influenced by many hi?h and general con- / aiderattoB*, and transported by the feelings of their hearts, coild not confine their attention to m the simple ami jingle fact which 'hey had to ** determine. They saw before them the opp/eaaor 81 and his victim, n< t two panties between whom !* . i......... i...........j.,.. . i,..k. , 1.. . hi mn* I?n? ? ' <n? .wuti ? ?cii>ri uiriiim OK] . rot the person whom the rerond declared and ef> I firmed hirn to be, The iury saw before them a lo wretch who had just e*rtp?d from what they con- l* side red moat iniquitous and horrible atMiotions, nnd who ?tood tremblingly waiting to learn from c' their verdict whether he was or waa not to be ni again consigned to unrighteous and rrmoraeleaa toilur??; whether, bring a man, he was to '* be treated as a beast ol burden, and accounted he among the least regarded kind of cattle. In line, ?n the ury, instead of summarily declaring a niked ai fact between chimin' and res.iond-nt, sit In judfl- th rmnt < n a vast syntem of politics and a Ugh ones- u tion of ethics and philosophy. They forgot tint they had merely to ?ay whether aiuih a man ?hi B; Cornelius, and replied Virtually, that Cornelius )? ought not to be a si*** Thissj?-cies of confusion vc of ideas could hardly assume a more amiable form ; w l^wt men on their oaths ought not to confound wi?h m it her points, h?wever seducing and however noble, c?i 'he special point whit?h th*y have tak*n those oiths t* o determine. Vet juries are famous for these S? aandnings from the case in hand Info the realms m if ijtnptihy and theory, and it really is not aur- ru riMi K that their jurisdiction ha* been set aside by he iuftaeBce of the slave owners in the matter of I* he?e melancholy investigations. tb de Onr of th? Raropenn t alllbrnla Scheme*. wl ICron tk> Lon4<>n Tin??,llM M ] f!( In the advices of the California corresixmdent of P># ?>mn ike public will have otaw-rved the result |ifl if the i tonuses held out by the Anglo-California * !cM Mining ?nd I 'rrdgmg Company, to whose pro- Ri, eeiiii ks we called attea ion on the ??>h of May sat This company, IC will he remembered, had n)l upounced the receipt of report* from Mr Jame* th< 'aimer, " an eminent eneinepr," whom they had fr, ent out. aiid who fonnd h mself in a district of | n.I 'Inttenie nchea" on the Atanislaus river, over th< rhu-h he had obtained an exclusive right, for the ( <>., enefit of the sharehiddere This right had been ks rocurf d from a Captain Tremaine, of the I'nited Halt s army, who wss to receive ?1,000, and a ?i njalty of a third of the produce ?' l??rg? p?eoea ,\t f quart?, thickly impregnated with gold," were > be had aa evifeprea of the wealth of the ] line, and the title to it was " aa secure aa ^ d with them, would, however, have been sufti- < nt to prevent even the most credulous from 1 ng long deluded, but for an arrangement which I directors hud contrived to make with Sir Henry i re Huntley, of whose good fai'.h people enter- i ned no doubt. Sir Henry sailed some months i ck, at the head of nine Cornish miners, and the mpuny have lately been advertising that they ve received moat flattering despatches from him. now appears, however, that oa hia arrival, he irnt that no such person as as Mr. Palmer or iptbin Tremaine was known, and that the lolity of the mines, of which the London directors

,d irsued a lithographic drawing, was equally iditcoverable. (uder these circumstances, Sir enry has permitted the miners to hire themlves eat to another company?the Mariposa?who oily propose to amalgamate with his London ends upon receiving the turn of ?100,000 for condiDff them that privilege. As the amount thus quired would merely purchase the right for the ne Cornish miners to work in a particular spot, ithout furnishing the slightest guarantee that the oceeds of their labor shall be handed over by them their employers, and as these miners,if they prer working on their own account, have nothing to but to use their practical skill in selecting d locay for themselves, the nature of the oiler and the esent condition of the shareholders may be easily >preciated. Sir Henry Huntley appears to have en as much deceived as they have been; but at ie same time he must be open to the reproach of lving by his name given support to the scheme by hich they have suffered, and the real' character which he might previously have ascertained by ie slightest inquiry. ntlclpnted California Trouble with England. [From the London 8hipL>ing Qaxette, Oct. 2-1.] The large amount of British shipping which is [>w tradug to San Francisco demands some atntion at the hands of our government It has ten long knewn that the property of our shi|>ownrs and traders has been subject to all kinds of xtortions, violence, and other lawless conduct, at llifonit; anil jeL With the ldige amount of trade airied on there, the liritihh government has not lought it worth while to appoint a British Consul i protect the property of our merchants and shipivnrrs in that locality. It might be truly said, in lis case, that " they nvinage these thia^s better i France," whose shipping, i' should be rememered, is of far less magnitude th.in ours. There i a French Consul at San Francisco, who is ucvely employed in the protection of French pro rnv ami ricmu whi^ciid. We have been favored, by a highly r? Bpectable rm in the city, with the following extract from a rivate letter on the hubject, which, we trust, will ave the immediate attention of our government:? " Sin F r a m isco, California* Sept. 1. " There are now about 760 ve?sels in pe.t. ol' which ) ur British. Everything. as respects whipping i* in state of destruction here I hare had to pay each of y arew six dollar* a day for discharging cargo, and. a* day. being unable to discharge, in consetjuenoe ot M lighters not being alongside. 1 declined to p*y for lat day; in consequence the men all lett. and 1 have nee been summoned for the wholeof their wages for the ojnge. The inferior court has already decided against te but I have been advised to appeal to the Supreme nurt, which I intend doing. The British ship ot war ? dalus baa recently arrived here, but the I'aptaln id natle to render me any assistance It is a moit lametul thing that there should be no British Consul tthis port. There Is a French Consul here, who is iking a very aotive part on behalf of French subjests. be British bark (Jloucenter, ot nearly 300 tons, was icposed of under execution for fl.000; and the tench ship Chateaubriand, ot 1 000 tons regUtrtr. also nder execution, for >1 000 It is genersJIy conider?dhere that thl* wholes! ' oontlscation of shipIng will lead to great diffic y between tLe British ud I'nlted State* governments Important froai Spain. he i'omi'llt'a i el> ttate OF relations between stain am) t1ik i'm 1kd states?tuk a.vkk.' ans Taken at contoy. [Correspondence ot tha London Chroniela ] Maj kip, Oct. 15.? The latest accounts received (re, reflecting the Cuban question, au<l the reladob between the governments of Spain and tha nited States^ growing out of it, are of a gloomy j mracier. l ne negotiations nave urcu uuiciij irried on at Washington ; but the government re is not satisfied with the manner in whijh their ivoy at Washington has conducted them ; and a ?ort time since there was even a question of reloving him, for want of energy, Arc.; and a note as tiansnutttd t? hun, for presentation to the jvernnieut of Washington, of such a character tat, had it been left to his discretion, Senor Caltionde la Rarca would probably not have sent it i Thin gentleman had been left for a long lime 'itkout uy instructions, and, in the critical cirin which he was placed, it is stated to ave been his object, as far as possible, to avoid liatrver might irntatr American susceptibility, nd stford a pretext for picking a quarrel?and this, cder the strong conviction that a quarrel, for Inch anything like a legitimate pretext was furshed by ;?}>uin, would be welcomed, more or, mi, by all parties ia the I'nited States; and, in ct, it is the opinion of thine best acquainted with ie ectual state of thing4, thit, however diplomai niay stave it olVlor a time, a quarrel will inevi.1 Iy i^row out of this question at last. The ministerial journals here hailed the advent t Mr. V/thater's cabinet to power, as if Cuba was nte safe in consequence of this event, anil lathed th?*ir praties on the new l'resident of the nioa as they had on hii predecessor shortly be>te liut iney are now beginning to assume a it!er?nt language ; and the Ktpafu to-d?y has a me Brticle, the object of which ia to show, from multitude of cousidrra ions, that there u no derctlenre to be placed on the jiolicy of Mr Weber's cahiiu t, " the '* asiouishiag lenity" of which iwsrds the conspirators against Cuba it explains the position of th>' American government, ati-l ie power which popilar feeling and national rfire of aggrandisement lessens in thatcouatrv Without dweuning the meri's ol the EtpiHi't lew of the cane, i believe that those who hive ie l.e*t knowledge ot the subject con-ider lha?. any tenable ground be nfiorded for it, all merit-ana will be found on the same side on iia question. All desire Cuba, more or less ; id those who would not ssnction an invasion > Adventurer* in a time of |>eace, might conder a nuarrtl, for which a good pretext was far?hfd them, as ruther a godsend than o'herwue ; id it has been, therefore, the (Kilicy of ?<euor 0-tl ton de la ISarca to steer as wide as possible from ich a rock ahead. The Spinish government, tiating j robahly to the large force, naval and rniliry, which thty are accumulating in Cuba, and so, perhaps, to the pr-?pect of forming European iinnits in cik 01 Drrn, an- ihkiuk a nigrif-r lone; d I tff one of the New York piperi, a* quoted f the (la, allud?? to a report that " J*i>?in, in r official communication* with this country, has km a tone to which we cannot give way with nnor.'' Count Mi-nsol left Cuba for Spain oa th<* 10th It , in a (ailing packet. (Vnenl Knna, a,> x>uued cond in commind in < uba, arr.ved at the ii ivan* ) the 12th ul? , 10 the transport 'hip SjoUciIh, I'h lirxNtiu r Pavin, CoI?-n? i Lxgoa, ii:m1 several '? I Seen, and V rank .uul file km rala J. rniha, 1,e>merich, Manano, and other ehiefn, muni for C iha, ifihrcd ut l\ liz on the lf>th, to nbark for the Havuna. T'trt it'tt.rrifrnm C t< f.W Kanf K*t*mII tit tdwrtttf e litl i,timlh, u tit vi,Iy f 0>? 00 In paint Hf/ai I, intl' :d It,nf a i?um ?f wiUlS I ? (A* ipanitS tnhrjun,it it r/y tn he m drain upon it, mt ''it rata at whtcA the armaria* frrr it* defenttate entnq <m Practical men iy,a<ll it to the l>eet advantage whilat ><>u can, id pay oft' jour debt* with the \ rooeeda : bat thia r> carded M MM Ml. by lil DM m f? ver, wh<> tve ptoclttim?'d by taeir chief orran that Cuba tall be either Spanith or African?ad-|iendent c?>nv, or a tecond St ltoningo. Th> sentence icm d at the H?vaii i on the American captains ken at Con toy, will probably contribute to the miplication of iiftair* between the twogo/ernenta Mamui>, Oct. 16.? It ia confidently stated in the it informed martera that the government here it'timf *fj orir>$ to the authimtut of Cuba, to iiftn/l the lurrying into effe t the Hnttnrrt putted titnil Ktmr af the Jmrncunt taken at l'<mtoy,mn/l nt theft i? rentun to hove that thi? caute of ttrift til be ultimately not tHi of by thiir be.ng art ut W/y, aithe great ma w\ty have already been, y thf? step of the S,*rn-.h Government, time ia alwed for negotiation, nt all evnta ; while there u ry little doubt that the execution of theaentencea culd have be?-n immediately followed by the oat serious conie-juencea. It is itid th it a long rrcfpondence haa taken place on the avhject beoeo Mr llarringer, the American envoy, tnd nor i'idal, Miaiatcr of Foreign Afl-tira; aad that altera had appronchod at one time very near to a iiture. N'oae of the journals here have alluded to thia rtof the Cuban question, to which I Have more an once t Ivftted. They confine th?m*Hvea to nouncing Lcpe* and hia American coadjutors ho are plotting future lovaaiona, which the Ame an government iabeli*ved lobe very deairoua to eve lit} while, but for iha prudent resolution iw taken, the two nations would be plunged into war, without the Spam*h pnblic having the host j r? vioua knowledge of what waag'itn?on A 8?ntander letter of the 11th says that 1,200 n were to embark at that port ?n the Ifi'h for e Canary Island*, to twin there the force* sent m Barcelona and Ctdi/, and tha: the veagela Inch are to convev them are ready to receive > m tieneral J. Coach? reviewed on the 12th t forces which had arrived at Cadix lor em*>4rtiin, which w*? to take place very ahortly; aeral Ceneha htmaelf, with the other generals no arccin niav bun, being expected to leave iu a imer oa the 15th. [Cnm?^ml*ii?t of tha T.aadoa Tlaaa.] Mj?r>aid, October It.?All the politic*! journal* re, cfevery shade an i color, are furioua at th" with v iigoity of "|?ain by requuing the States of the I in Union to exercise their good offices for the restore- iti ?inn r> S * maa/1 nriila ruli. n <Ji n < kuf >.?>? tk.t (uirt I m< UVU VI n ?wu UHU11 Dianuiu| iirinrru in*- mu Il? countries. The splendid steimehip, the Castilla, fi sailed on the 13th instant from the port of Terrago- w ua, having on hoard, the Queen's regiment and a pi detachment of artillery. This vessel is bound for tf Cadiz, to join the expedition for Cuba. ni [ Krom tba London MeiaiDg 8hro*lols Oct. 32,] ir The recent legislation of tne American Congress ti on the subject of slavery is producing immediate t) results. The measure designed to strengthen the %? constitutional urovision for the extradition of "per- si sons bound to labor," became operative on receiv- tl ing the President's assent; and it has already been f< enforced in one or two instances, of which we can- h not read without pain, or without a lively sense of d< the destructive agencies which, though mitigated 1) for the time, are still working to disintegrate the a composite structure of the gr*at federation. fi There whs a period, as old Americans tell us, pi when a feeling, widely dilit at from that which s< manifests it6eTf at present, prevailed in the South* L era States regarding the escape of a slave, it In those days the planter gave his negroea law. h If one of them ran away and was recovered, c he was Hogged, or worse; but if he succeeded p in crossing the border he had regained his na- ft tural rights, and the owner left him alone, tl The point of view teems, however, to have n shifted, concurrently with that singular alte- v ration of sentiment on every tiling relating to v slavery which has been developed in the South fi within the last half century. As n susceptible ii pride in its domestic institutions took the place of g regretful acquiescence in hn inavoidable evil, the t] flight of a negro assumed a ditlerent aspect; and a of late years the activity of the abolition societies ii in enticing a^vay the slave*, and the tacit coun- n tenance which the free Slates accorded to these v proceedings, have excited the fiercest resentment p among the Southern proprietary. At the instance o of their sister governments, the Southern legis- t latures on the border adopted the severest pre- d cautionary enactments, and, with the uid of pri- I vate vigilance, ihey maintained a systematic t watcli tor fugitives from the Delaware to the e Mississippi, particularly in the vicinity of the two t great routes which conduct northwards from the t South through Cincinnati and lialt'-nore. in spite, e however, of all the measures of u-r unscrupulous n oligarchy, the annual average of escaped negroea t was extraordinarily l.irge. Once icross the fron- r tier, the runaway was virtually safe. Ths fede- r ral constitution declared, indeed, tint his mister's right to his serviced sbould Dot be ex:inguishe<F by hi* flight?hut then he w-is always entitled prma facte to the local privilege of the /?ibcnt corjiit, and the question of identity, which was instantly mooted on hii being brought up, nad to be determined, like other questions of fact, by a jury of Northern citizens, la hardly a single instance has such a jury been kn?wn to return a verdict ia favor of the own;r. The power of reclaiming a fugitive negro had, in truth, ceased to exist, and multitudes of colored persons were at large in the great Northern cities, whose sole < title to freedom was the impossibility of successfully attacking it. Hut the measure just passed by Congress deprives these unhappy men of their only safeguard. It withdraws from local jurisdiction and from the cognizance of jurors, any claim which may be advanced to their jwrrsons. A citizen of a Southern State, after making oath that 6uch or such an individual is his slave, may arrest him at once on Northern ground. The case is then brought befors the District Court? i tribunal which. In subordination to the Supreme Court of the United States, adjudges interprovincial questions, and administer* the imperial law of the I'nion?and it is decidedly summarily, on allidavits, by the presiding functionary, who may be a Southerner, and who, at all eveuts, is little affected by the public opinion of the locality. uiiicriuutiiny lur iiir u ttii<{uiiuy ui uir t muii, the three or four colored i<ersons who were first selected for arrest and condemnation appear to * have been long in the enjoyment of liberty, and J long settled in the places where they were seized. * It is possible thut thc> may have owed the misera- * ble distinction of priority to the facilities for ducovery and capture which their mode of life afforded; but, at the came time, it is not improbtble that, in choosing for their earliest victim* individuals engaged openly in the avocations of freemen, the Blave proprietors may have been deliberately hurling the deadliest of intuits at the hated North. The seizure tirst efircted sterns to have been determined upon with the view of testing the sufficiency of the protection given to Southern property by the new statute. One James Hamlet, h small shopkeeperin New York, wat> captured, condemned, and removed to Baltimore in less than thirty-six hours. Immediately on his arrival in the capital of Maryland, his owner announced that his Northern friends might redeem him for a moderate sum The money was instantly raised by subscription, and the r\nscmed Hamlet was brought back in triumph to New _ York. We observe in the American journals re- . ports of a meeting held in honor of his return by some thousands of white and colored sympathizers; aad, if we did not keep in mind that the language of an American, miking a *|>eech, invariably Hows at a Isvel considerably above his thoughts, MM that where i white fftaktrblHI negro ora or is volcanic, we might be tempted to imigine that 'he next mail wouli infallibly bring us intelligence of actual civil w ar. The chairman, a Mr. Powell, iu alluding to the Fugitive Slave act, proclaimed that " this covenant with death, this agrtement with kfU, n i ust he trampled under loot and violated at all hazards," ad ling other amenities of which the foregoing is a 1'avortble sample. C After the chairman's Rddress, the clauses of the billitselt were read one by one, amid a tempest of lierce execrations. The Kev. Charles Girditier ' then declared thut "editors of the United States had concealed the real nature of th?n bill from the public," and " were a set of villains " II- advised the blacks to " take the life of aay man who attempted to arrest them." The Hon George Ntles said that the " only argument he would uhc against this hell-Laahed la-v, was the bswit- kuife arid the > revolver. jlt. ^iiuin recommended in- negroe* to " i-hoot down the M^tynr an t h:.~ officer- like ilogs " Innumerable orations of Mmiloi complexion-ueefded, and the meeting, which *44 an- j nounced 8- the a lout? jern -, separated with vollt>sof curse* for he lull, and, according to 1 some account*, with vehement groan* for the ( I num. Scene-1 of the ?ame character are reported In lM>e i>??n enact-,I in alin<>?t all the I irL"- towns of New York and Ohio, and at Philadelphia J and Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania With regard, however, to the intensity of feeling lit Pent- < h)kvania, we niu*t nay we hnve our dirabii There 1 i? a |<ara graph in our tile of American journals, I whit h would have formed a lilting text lor a lay t eimon from Sydney Smith. A party of negroes 1 having escaped into the hill country of Penney I* 1 vai>ie, Mime st ore 1 f citi/ena *ali"-d on' with ritl-s I to csr>tute them, and to earn the handsome reward t which their master 0 had ofiered f. ?r their recover jr. I After shooting one or two of them, they got an old | wt man to entice the starving remuaut into a hut? 1 came ui>on them while eating their loud?carried tbrm off, and secured the money. j We most not, perhaps, argne confidently from any m*iiite?iationa i f discontent ?t this enactmeat i whic h may appear ii the free 8tatea 1h.1t touch the frontier; hut it is not to he doubted that in New KngLnd, which is the true antithesis of the >v)Uth, there reign* a deep, a wnon?, and a very dangncua exasperation. Nothing >ut hosulity waa to be expected from that sturuy and liberty- j loving population ; but a peculiar impetus has been pdniims'ered to their natural bias hy the opportune ' ingenuity of an abolitionist, who has circulat ed some millions cf t!)ing sheets, main which two 1 veraea of scripture are printed Th-st pipers con- J tain a wel' known pmsnge from Ileuieronnmy (xxui , 15, lfi), " Thou sh?lt no' deliver uuto his J master the rervant which ha* e*caj?d from hia 1 niualar itiifa t Km II. ?. I. . II <4 - ll < U *??? among fo?, in that pUoe wh-ch he -h ill choose. in J one ot thy gatej where it liketh him best; thou <halt r ot oppress him " On the heir of the P iri- ^ ran*?with whom, t?ken in the mum, the li'eral interpretation of 'he I'.tMi -al text ? still nti Article of i implicit faith?thin citation li?? hid nil the eflect of < a rel? stial admonition ; nor i* there -ny |>art of our intelligence which i? m> much calculated to catun J ttriive apprehension an the ecrotin:* of pr<?eediuga which have been taken in New Knwland, in sup- j poceil obedience to th* divine rom-ntni It is iin11 asible to sjieak lightly of the meeiinira in these Eastern Mates, with ^the aolemn Ivgudge^ of t he spankers, the associations lorin*d for thr protection and rescue of fugitive*, and tiic formal invitation* to return, which ar? being addressed to tha negro* a who have taken refuge in t luuda At present, however, no cap u e hna been auemp'el on ( New Lngland territory ; and, aa we presume that < aueh an a'tempt mus? inevitably be unau?ci'aaful, and prove profitless to theadveuturer, the probaUli- C tiea, under ordinary cirmm<t>tucea, would Iip against ita bemir m*d<? Hut tveiythina is to be f feared from the reckless audacity of the 8outh ; , and the prr|*r?'inna which have Ke?n rrvide for re- f sitting a federal law are, at the best, an ugly t) mptom j lite Rnmlan Rmplr. r The / urnai tin l/to it* pur>li?i?< ? fie following , nmaiks on the financial condition of Musti*;? H We have Jnat bad cemmunicsted to ua a ra'her v curious document. ! is 'he re,-ort of the opera- d tionsof the credit establishments of the Russian P empire during !*<!? At the annual Pitting of the lOinot A?j|uat laat, at which the direcors of these eatabliehtm nta asNembied, tho miniater of n Finances of the empire, read a coin pi > e t. tfxiwt of j the fifanciel state of the c untry The fir?t im- n prenioa produced by the perusal of this document 8 ia an advintafeoua idea of the efforts made by the Hustisn government tp fa ere sue ctedit establish. r>< menta in lis Mates, to specialise credit, svi i,? otf-r J, it, under all forme, to ail kinds of bu-oiH-es, to all , classes of i's subjects according to th i- social ^ 11 " ' 1 unense superfice on three coiinest*, ih*t by i frontiers it touches China, and that us capital ir jt more than eight days distant from Paris or om London, we cwnnot but remark that, fora?tat? hich playa so great a part in the world?which esents itself under such an extended appearaoce? le rrbultd obtained show a cominerci tl developetent far inferior to what we should have been iclined to attribute to it. Ths principal operaons of credit during I84i>, were?1st, in the autorization to issue, for the expenses of the army hich m^dethe campaign of Hungiry, under Martial Paskewitz, seven series of treasury bonds of tree millions of silver roubles (13,500,OOOf.) each; >ur series only, or 53 million* ot francs, were, owever, issued; 2d, in the loan concluded at Lon uii uy inrnouiPsoi oieiginz,ot cm. reiersnurg, aim a ring, of London, of jL'5.500,000 (or 140,250,000f ) t IJ per cent, with 2 i**r ce at per annum siakiu.' indj 3d, in the re-opening of the exj>ort of specie,., rohibited in 1848. The rapidity with which the cond of these operations?the loin contracted In .ondon?followed the conclusion of the eampatgir 1 Hungary, gave a useful lesson to Europe. A? ad been l>efore thowo, in li<2S and 182U, by th* ampaigns of the Danube and of the Balkans, u roved how scantily the Russian government is unished with what may be, with reason, called tie sinews of war, and how, notwithstanding het lilitary resources in men, horses and material, it irould be difficult for it to support a long effort without the assistance of foreign capitalists. The ict is so evident, and must he so well inderstc a Europe, that we must believe that the Russian overnment would not have decided oil soliciting his loan but from imperious necessity. It was ar. vowal painful to its amour projrre- and, regarded [i another point of view than its political side, this vowal must doubtless show their error to thost vho still think thai the abundance of the recious metals is a certain symptom of the riches if nations, and that the accumulation of specie >y governments is a sure guarantee of their freeom of action In fact, setting aside California, lussia herself produces more gold than all he rest of the world together, and there U no govrnment which contains in its coffers so considerate a mass of specie The treasures locked up it he fortren of Peter I , at -t Petersburg, amount ' d, in 1819, to a sum of three hundred millions: r.d yet, for the campaign of Huncary'if wa3obliged o have recourse to foreign capital. However this nay be, the amount of deht inscribed oa 1st J.m iay, 1KX), wu, in capital, 336,219,000 silver roubles, >r 1,312,985 OOOf. Thi* is, more |<ariicutarly in iew of t)i>5 resources which the future promises to lussia, a modera'e amount; but it Is not quite the time with regard to the floating debt, whicW, after leducting the securities lodged as a guarantee fot lie notes which represent it, is settled by a surplus if one hundred and sixty three millions of silvet oubles, or 738,AOO,(KX)t uncovered. For a Statr vhose annual revenue does not exceed fi.'e hundred nillions, and perhaps is below thit surti, this pro< rtion between the floating debt and the ordinary eroursces shows an irremiUr state of things. and loubtlese pres8gee the necessity of some new loan. SitfBilon of tbn Franchise In Great Britain . [Kromthe Londou Ailv?rtU*r, Oct ?-] We learn from a source in which we place every eliance, that ministers >nt> nd to bring in a meaure. immediately on th?* re-assembling of Parlia nrnt, tor an extensioo >' tne elective iraacUM. >Vithout protesting to know the main fealurw of he intended bill, we have the best rea-o;is for be ievine that it will contain such comprehensive irovi Ions as will ensure a very great addition to he constituency of thecouutry. We have furthei tasOn to believe, that thr propriety of a very li eral extension of the ele? torai qualification will b<.mong the first subjects which Lord John Kuasell viU bring under the consideration of hi cabinet, it its approaching series of meetings?:he firs: of vhich tukea place to-m<>rr?>w. iututlfi ?f Crime In Great Britain tit 1840. 'opulation of tingland auii Wales. (1841). . .15 906 741 'opulation of Ireland. . .. 8.175.121 "opulation of Scotland 2flao.lS^ tJARnro WITH OFFKNCK, CONVICTED, ACytirrEDETC , AT ASfT/BS AMD SESSION*, WBl I1GI !? AND WALKS. Charged with qffttut. g Offtncti. - -3 ^ l ll 3 11 > ? > k ^ u ^r Igiintt theperpon. . 1 ?i?) 248 1,846 1214 45f iffainnt property,with violence 1.016 181 2,?78 1591 371 kgalntt property without vtoleaee 17,301 4,802 23.053 10 063 3 69; faliciou* offence* against property. . . 2*t 30 2*3 144 91 rorc*ry. coining, he. 6.a 150 878 545 8V Iffences net Included before 7V> 122 871 564 23J 'otal 2 41ft 6 401 27.81b 21 001' 4~7T IBKI 410. Ch i 4 with tfftiict. ? Offtntft. -S ^ II I* ' S I I S l~ th? prncu... 41K". 870 4 275 1466 1.1k i*?iii*t prop??i ty.wlth 2 246 434 2, <182 1143 Ml iffiinat ptop?rty,wtth out Tlol?B0? 14 Tv 7 381 25,17? 14 i#4 4.2V l?llei'u? offrntM aftinrt property... 44; 143 707 S17 18t oi*?*ry,coining. fee . iM 84 371 140 ti; '(Ten cm not lnaludrd bHorr 8 1. 1 718 0 881 3130 2 071 .'GUI 31 O. . 048 4146# 21302 8.87. enit m>. C'k.4 t t-l lei'h o/Trtur 5 ' 7 ' 3?? Off* ,,. r 1 j j|r kgainat the p?r*on. . v 104 1,00? 731* M lg*ln?t property with Tlelvtiw V.i 144 710 M4 3' lgaln?t property, without tioWns# 13u 777 2 134 1 648 8 Uallcioua < fT*ue*? f?lo*t property. . . 72 41 f 'o?g#ry. coining fc* 111 47 U0 114 1 'P?uc?n not Incladnl b?foi Uh 17 JT 5 1M ? CoUl .'J ifc* 1.129 4 347 1 274 20 Having been fuvornl wr.h a ropy of the taMrs o :nminal clit-urins iu < lUnri, tor l.tit), now lira iH?innUtra to lfi<??- prr, i <1 lor l-,D(!dli<l ?a<i ir?* unri, I am enabled to *11 i * cominritivp view o he t'fl?acea with whirr inhabitant*of ihethret treat division* of the I' ??t i Kingdom wrre o'wr? :d within the Mine drt> i.te ,*riod. Tlie tables fo Gotland give no inforn i m to thr in- 'ni ' o lecrenae of crime in 1*^ . ?a compared with an; Former (>ertod,and th?p t i?, in thuptrticuUr.com iriH<.u cacDot br mill' *>rn Knj?! in. ?nd Ireland. A* r-gard* age and n ictioo, the Ir??h table ji?e the Mlowiiu rmn' .in. M. / *. f It iit'l nn'rl? 171 * i(?*dand writ* f 4*4 ?U " 14 1.V23 ?M -iadonly.. . . 3 0J3 1,30* " ' 21 3 731 14.1 N?tth.r real M 7 lt>l :: n nor wrtU. . . .Ji i ?7 617 ." " 40 4.3*4 1 170 ? 4 ? > SO JIM 7?> rot Mtainad 21 W4 131: ? "Ml* 01* *boT?.... .00 370 117 rot aa Ulned.22 701 * 74 The tahlea for rtcotli M i?e following : ? ttand an rl2 *4 ) H ad an4 wru* (tahOT* 12 3?2 101 ?rll *li f [| 19 ao4 '/? > R<*4M< writ# 0 - 21 1 0A.1 377 o?tw?ll I ??1 71 10 14 30 Ml *> > Uh?? read 10 u 40 24T 0" oorwtiU .. S70 31.' 0 to 1M * ? . \bor? CO 2a 1' talaatilnaJ w 1 U Tot a#c'Uin?d 3 ST.4 l.U The tahlea th-n si?* " ' Mlowia? re tulta:? Jiarvrd wi'h olf?aw at aad ??ilo?< In Kafflard. of poyula' . \ ii?71\ trr land n 1B4 Mtto Scotland 1 la (W1 >4 t rr i nr. Frof?rtioa? CoatMtd >. < <land oa wial . Ti't Arqultt'd i . 1TX ' In I''land.. HO't Aeqilt>4 on trial I0V " Con?lrt?-rt la i* .'land 73 1 * Aeialiud a u .. . Malt. K. mi It M tho?a rhirjKl with Ml. In li'lard. oruld read inn ? -u*. | In 3 , 1 laft't Vuld ni ithar raad a?r ri . . 1 |? i\ 1 la 1 i 6 )t ' holt- chaiy*d ail h ? fl. >n Fi' I land, cauld r??'l mul ?nu 1 In 1 13 1 ialS. t ,euld not raad or writ* 1 In 6)a 1 l(D< The ayatem adopted m N ??'lnnd for hnoging of r ,,uv . ? ,v jwuiv wr.nn 10 CMIV IAi|'' |<ni|,vi- | ion of con\ictiona, ?d?1, ri mpiirrri with Ireland, I fW Wquidili. Unanimity not heing re-i .ir*d in urira, thr tend'r conip?e?ion of a boot e*ter ii of I 10 n?*il to the guilty. In c-?aea of acquitt*!, the I erdut of Hot guilty or not proven (aa the c\%? I rr<y be) 10 alao more aatiafaetory tltnn th?* india- 1 . .minatenne nf not ?mlt? ; bring more in ?tri? t fl trordance wt'h truth than the Mtertion. thu jl there the evidence do?-a not fully anppnrt tne in- W irtment the party on trial ia not guilty, vf whoa, jm ititnl guilt, at the mime time, neither jidge n?r ?ry ehtettaiar a doubt; now the Scotch verdir'.H til proven, e.ractlv meet* meh ea*?a. I mif here H bicrve, thnt of tf?e 2HO acquitted on trial the ver ict in 22i on*e? waa not proven, and ia oo!? #i ot guilty ; whilat th? niim*>er returned in Ireland 1 s not auilty, waa no lea* th n 8,875 I On a reference to the uolea of agea, it .nay ap rar aomewhat atrange that more iadi?wtioa of J r mind ia eihibited *i h>n ten vear* after the air- I f discretion Ma b?e?? r*-*rhed than at any other jfl milar period, either before or after; it michr ifl mo*t- afprar_adviaab''* to make the legal age 31^

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