Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 20, 1850, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 20, 1850 Page 1
Text content (automatically generated)

I ? Til ? WHOLE NO. 6006. NEWS BY TELEGRAPH. SPEECH OF HON. HENRY CLAY, ? ti I If KKKTUCKY. ? 1< SETIEW OF THE EXCITING TOPICS OP TAB DAT S b iDk imvn anv iu? una uktblVKV. p a PRB8IDEVT FILLMORE'S LETTER ? ti ULATIVX TO THK f, EECBNT EXCITEMENT AT BOSTON. - ^ Death of CoL ft. M. Johnson, *j <fcc., *ic., Ac. to o Mr. Clay's Sp?Mh at Frankfort, Kf. ' Cincinnati, Not. 19, I860. { ib the hohm of Repreeentatlrre of Kentucky, Mr. lj Payne, frem the committee appointed to wait on the P lion. Henry Clay, to lavite his to viait the Legislature f, tbl? tejr at IS o'clock, reported that the committee el aed performed that duty, and that Mr. Clay responded ? I that it would afford him great pleasure, and that at the 0 Jreignated hour h? wonid Tieit the Legislature in the tl Hall. ( At 12 o'clock, the Senate, preceded by the oflloer* of w that body, entered the Hall, and the Committee of In- di italion, aocompanled by the Hon Henry Clay, ap- ** peered. j Upon Mr. Clay being introdnoed, the Chairman of ai ) the Coaimittre, Jj Mr. Sprakr r Johihok addreMied him ai follows t Mr. Clay, allow me. a? the representative of the peo- ti |J pie, to weloome you to thia hall, the theatre (of your '|l [early ud successful labors for th* prosperity ud hap- J, pines* of tfce people, aid to introduce you to th* ui ions and descendants of many of your oo-laborer in this laid of your usefulness - to thoaa labor* Kentucky U Indebted for ber prosperity and her c< greatness Always faltbtul to the trust repoiad tr ia yon by by the people of this great commonwealth ^ when dangers threatened her, they dad you the hi fearless defender of the constitution and th* rights of the people. Permit me. sir, to tender yon the high appreciation Ot the member* ol this body,for your suo- w CMtlnl effort* as their representatirelin th* national oouneiW, for the success of tho.-e measures whioh ?* fc hop* will giv* peace and quiet to th* country, and t< bind in an Indissoluble bond our glorious confadaraoy. jE To you. sir, to th* Kentucky delegation In Congress, to the distinguished Senators, Webster, Dickinson, al i'oote. and others, Kentucky, ye*,air, America, owe* a * debt of gratltud*. j'. Mi. Cut replied a* follow*?Mr. Speaker and gen- ci | tlemen of th* General Assembly in presenting myL flftlf ht-lnrm ?nu In innlftrmOw wftH ?K? tlon of the lloure of Kepreseutatives, and invita- e* tlon* received by me from the committee, I here w first to perform the agreeable duty of tendering an uprerelon of my acknowledgment, end my grateful it thank* for the distinguished honor awarded by yon t0 to the Kentucky delegation, to the patrlotio and emlaent Senator* of the United State*, to the other tfc member! of Congreis, and myself, who oo operated g* at the late sestion of Cocgre**, la the adoption of meMnrei having lor their ohjeot the harmony, tran- b! quill I ty and preservation of the Union of oar ooantry; and to yon, Mr Speaker, I owe espuolally an axpresalon of my obligation for the eloquent complimentary pi term* 1b which a* the organ of thl* House, yoa have < been pleased to allude to my publie service in thl* and other theatre*. In the absence of theie whoa you B have eo highly honored in a**ociatlng with me, I feel *> quit# lure that In assuming to preaeat for them their respectful thank*, whloh they oould ao much better da j( were they present, I shall have the oandid approbation F of their heart*. tr Heretofore I hare frequently received gratifying fc testimony of the confidence and attachment of uy lb oountrymen. but they were prinolpally eoaflaed to the parly af whleh I was a member. What give* extra- m ordinary and Inexpressible value to thl* o?ea*lon la, if that It ha* been dictated by no party feeling*, but I* the voluntary offering of my fellow oitlsea* af both wj honorable partle*. and who unanimously paaeed a re- k1 solution which hai brought u* together. The last fassloa of Congress opened under the most lowsrlnc rr and nnfarorable auspice* The publie mind had been Ai greatly aglUted distracted and divided upon subjaetj ^ oonneetsd with the Institution of rlavery. I had w' witnessed other periods of great oonteet aad agitation, at In the earn of the admission of Missouri, the whole nation was greatly convulsed, and there was just cause ' of serious apprehension for the sately ol the Union. la the instance, alio, of the opposition of Seuth Oaro- fJ ? tha t?rilT In 1H thurs WAS irreat dan ger Of !?!! fif with that Htata, which raUht, In { J1' ?wtill (Teat*, h*T? apread to tbe aurreundlng Stetee; , liut wbat peculiarity dlatlngulebed the late HtruRgte ; 11 far not* than on toy former oooaelon, U ths aen- r'.' tlment avowed, not merely of *?l.teno? ot danger to , the Union. but we beard In varioue ijuartera an open , m<I nndifgulnrj declaration of the n-ceedty and a '* d^ctre for Ita diaeolution, we beheld, too what we bad et ever before eeen id tbe time of pear*, the aaaembly " of aectlonal delegate* tbe tendency of whleh waato " break up the oonlederacy. Mr. Speaker, In common with other*, I had foreaeen ** tbe darknea* of the gathering elorm, tne, p-rhapa pre- J' lunptlfl, hope that I might uod> r the ble*elnga of . *" Pr< ?l lenee be an hum We Instrument In aaaietlng to al- '* lay It, eenrtltnteil a principal motive with me for ra- f'1 turtlngto<- I.emu before the meeting of Congreat, and daring the early part ot the eenlon it en- th gagrd. almo*t vxcluaiveiy. all my mnet antlouj w< though' a The rnult of iny refl. ctione la thtt aariaa D' f r>eolntU>na which I prevented to the Henate of tba United State* In February la?t My deolre waa to embrace all the ejbjeeU ot agitata n arieiagoutof ' "* the ii?titutlen ct rlarery -tid to I. are n >u? open m't fnr future agitation. and If poaaible. to eattle them InajuetaL-l honorable mat.u> r to eo h the contend- Wl log aruee. llow thee* reaolatlon* wtre received, dlep teed and diaaiieeed rn their Orat pre* nt aM*n, , ' it la not nece??ary to etate. ^ ub?e<j neatly a Com- ' mittee ol Thirteen we* appointed uy the Henate, '? ehaiged with tbn lu.y ol coiiniderln* all the eub- b' J?eta. The CeiuoiUte*- report-<1 and .hair vari m* *' meajnrea va'ted but lnoon?l<feraMy tr< m the reaala- *' [ tlona which I had prev nely i fTeied Tb?'-> different d( tnea?uree were the a tmle-ton of UalHirma at a State Into the 1'nlon. and tbe eetaSI'tbmeut of *' ten it'i I?1 gi.reri I. ent? tor N?w Meiieo and I t ah, ' wl boat the Wilmoi provlev, proposal* for Teta*. for ? Sslng her houu1?rlee, more efllcaaioue pro?i<lon* for 01 th> rreertry of fugitive Mavea. aud the abolition of * lave trad> In the District of iiolntubia i'be men- > aage <>f the I'teddeut, reeemiue j lad tLe admla- P' aioa ef ? ali?. rnia into the Onion at Orel preaented. Jj to t entait'ili 11 * a faiticl* ot douU a? to the pro pi let y of tta edmieaioa aad not b-ln^ aware of tbe " areat and aiteneiva opposition eii-tii g agalnat the J' Southern iminb of t'.>n*r??< ,<? n?l it It waa In " favor ef It* Immediate adnlwluu aa a at-par ate and 1} dletlnrt measure, but wh. n I b -?m ?~qn?lnted with the oppoel lui and ron-iderlng that it waa n | ' tr? ntntlin ol form. I thought it b -?t to unit* it witn olb?r *ti>dri I In on* < minoa bill Tha ad- M inlMlon ot Otlllvrilt wa? opp" ?j ttr?t uj> >i? the ground* of lt? barlag ean?titut*d IW-lt *i? with* j out th? nprw? ?mh' ri.) ofCoi ?n<t oondly. n WrmH th? t<-rrl' <>rlal limit", wtiirh It h.d ??*utn^J j fortte?lf ware deemed lo be tuo I 'tUMitt. W* replied m to tb* flrat |riuii tt>?*. OtlilirnU ?u aot tb* flirt Stat* thiol) had heeii r?wlffl Into ib? C?|i>n without prior aanaitoa ol Goygraaa. but Ia?T?ral other ItilM bid b-?n no r?c*tr?d that although It In Mont regular that Oongrepa abould *lr* a it* pr*rtoa? pent i hat I* a matter aot >1*pen<11 tig up- j on tb* orrtltutlnn but I* within th>- *ound dlaoreilou of c?htill; that la tb* ?im of oth r Stat a th-re wa# l?M ground* for tb* nourae whlah th-r to ik. b'?aua* ibey Were llrlng under ih? bl?**ln?a ?f law and order, w tb territorial government* **tabll?h*d forthfro(and tbat la th* sae* of (California owing to dlrl'tana la . Coagre** apoa th* *ahj*?t < f th* Wiimot prorl?o. tbat ibat body had be*a ant oaly unabl* to (Ire It* aa- ' at ta tt* fntiaatlaa of a Stata ot .Jallforala, a but bad totally failed ta uerform tb* high and t Imperative duty at **tabll*hiog a territorial goTtramaat for, and baj left D*r Tlthout law, ' without order, without gorarameat la a atat* ? of alaioat parfaot aaarrhy, fa *ueh abandoned aoadltloa. It Callforala bad aright, a* aay rational oaanualty on *anh would have, to ln>tltiit? a gorera- * di. nt lor tbemaelrea. and to *etahll*h law an.t ord*r l a ta tb* ?>t*at of tb* territartai liaiu ot callforata, we all feel tbat th?y are quit* large aud If tb?y 1 aonld bar* been reformed without rejentlag th* l Stat*, aad r*?an?llng It bark Into a territorial oadltloa. perhaps >ome aiodlflratKia* w-uld bar* , tee a made la the Halt*, bet lar** a* they ar*. It la 1 aot ballered tbat tb*y *mhr*ca aayrhlng Ilka a* I ipnrh arable land aa la nontalaed la ?e?*ral of the gtata* of tb* Ualoa aad eoaiprebenetea a* thoae | limit* ar*. tbey ar* aat a* ex tenet e* aa thoee af T-iaa, wbleb w*uld bar* been mad* atlll larger tt they nould \ ei eoippll'h tt by aom* ot tb* t*tt member* who ob> t*d to th* ?l?e af California pilar ta the lart aaa?Ua 1 , | Caagreae tb* pr*o**dlng ***?w?a. aad *r*a loagar tbaa twelew month* ago Tb* groat < *? art of tb* South wa*. to aeald tb* Wllmot pro via* U.?? ? Territorial bill*. It wa* that Mli E NE' MORN ua restriction whisk oreeted the greeteat 1 MMlOBt4tk*BMt UlttmiBt U the South Will, I he committee reported territorial bills for He* lexleo and DUk without the provtao?the 8oath trlmpbed by the liberal, magnanlmoue, and patrtolo aid of Northern members - It Is true, that I hllat the honor of the South, la that respeot. u persctly preferred she may never enjoy the privilege . f tranaportlng alavee to either California. Utah, or lew Mexioo; but if aha never oan. whoee iault is It ! e: [ot that ot Congreaa, which hae eantleusly abetalned t oiu all prohlbltlena, and haa adopted tha principle of ? on-tntervention. It haa left New Mesleo and Utah erfeetly free. When they oome reepectlvely to r >rm for themaalvee State governments to admit or tl xolude alarery aa they ahall deem beat for their own . appineaa; ana whether admitted or exoluded, contit atlona,upon thvlr being presented tor admission into 0 he Union they are to be received a* members of the con- u sderacy. In regard to California- by her oonstltu . Ion, and not by Oongreea, haa ahe excluded alavery me tom oi aer voomuts tntaruioting it, u unanl- p too*, Dearly on*-third of the delegates themselves . eing from Maraholdlng States In ao deciding for . bemrelvee.-the acted In parfaat conformity with every ound principle ot tha theory and practice whloh tl mm ever prevailed In thi* country, and In antlra as- T, ordanoa with tha hlgheat Moat hern authority. I . sked than?if thara la biama. who it to ba re- " roaohad lor tha axelaaion ot alavery In California, tl aw Mexioo and Utah f M4t Congreee, meat assured- tl r i the reproaehee nut ba directed again* tha p?ola of California, for the exercise of their lnoonteatlla right, and agalnat nature and natnra'a Qod tl >r an irrevocable decree agalnat the lntroluction of aj iavery Into tha mountain barrens and most unpro table region* of New Mexiooand Otah. If theae unurmountable obataolea can ba overcome, the people tl f theae teirttoriea are leaa free to Introduce slavery If t bay think proper, but candor obligee me to aay, that fl think it never will be Introduced there. The moat ifflrult, complicated and em bar ratal ng question ? hich engaged our deliberation, Is that of the boun< tl try of Texas. Three different opinions In regard .. > It pravailed, and were entertained by reaponsible tembcrs. According to one, the weetern limits of ? exas is the Nuocs. and did not extend beyond It; b< aother opinion maintained that it stretched beyond _ la Nuocs to Rio Del Norte, and up that river from * a mouth to the southern Una of New Mexioo; tha * ilrd opinion held that it ambraoed tha whole ooun- w y east of tha Rio Dal Norte, from Its month to It* sad, including nearly all New Mexico. All tbesa liniunt were maintained with great plausibility, not ability. The Southern members almost at aanimourly, and with grtat seal and earneatnaaa, c, rgrd the laat opinion, it appeared to me il ever lere waa a ease upon earth in which a disputed P' mndary should be settled and amicably adjusted by tl >mpromlse, that Texas was one. We offer, It is 0| ue.a very large turn of money?ten tnllllana?tor [elusion of New Mexico from her limits; but than e wara previously bound to the extant ol nearly one fu ill that turn to creditors ot Texas, in oonaeq a?noe of t0 le Vniced Statea having in virtue of the resolution of jnexaticn, approprl*t< d to themselves all the duties c? foreign imports receivable In the ports of Texts, ' vi hllrt independent, whloh had baan previously pledged jf > their creditors Text*, thervfora. does uot, in fact, celve more than about Ave millions of dollar* 'u >r tha relinquishment of her terri'orial claim* I m >tsd with great pleasure for the appropriation of the cj oney. because I hoped and believed It would be er poblic d?bt, and to her consequent relief from oj I pecuniary cnifcair??(-niiiitii. tod. Mr. Speaker, I j,t ish that we bad MM legitimate ground to advance ? every debtor State in Ihe Union a lun auffleient to iy off Its debts, and restore it ere Jit wherever that pi edit baa been tarnished. Wi are all member* of ia ona U'ii.>'is confederation ax J should be most uppy to we every State stand upright and honora- ' y in the general confederacy and commanding the tb teem, the eonfldenee and the approbation ef the (g hole world. II any one State act unworthily in refe- 1 nee to her public debts, bar oonduet bring* more or " rs reproach upon the whole coot?deraey 1 will at pre- ah nt ?ay nothing, though I may hereafter bareocoaMon qi say something, in reepeet to the fugitive Stare bill, n< icept tbat it was the aim of the provisions which are hi abtaoed in it to give air and fuller efficacy to gl e constitutional pro?i-ion for tba surrender of fu- ac tires No one was hard enough upon the floor of m >e Senate to di ny the right* of owner* of fugitive hi tTe* in virtue or the Constitution to be restored to fu s property. The only difference of opinion I* a* to bt le mode of effecting that object ?but the moment tha in >rrtitntionai right 1j concede 1 every thing Is yielded, wt id all will admit that the con-tituliuuil duty on the m irt of Congress iMI falth'ully. effectually, and pi >t ixclu?iv?ly and Inadequately perform the last ki eaeure* in the aerie*.--that of abolishing the (lave e?j ade in the District of Columbia; that trade ha* lo*t u| uch of it* extent by the r?trogre?*ion of Virginia, tl. id that pnrttoa nf the 1'irt riot of Columbia Iring IL iuth of toe I'otomac. and by other event*. It ia re- al iced. I tb ink I was informed, to a aingle prison er of (pot ia which slave* were deposited These alave* tl pre not in tha Diatrict, but were broi^ght chiefly from oi aryland and Virginia into the District. It waa a dl ade in whloh the inhaMtai.ts ef tha District had no hi nt of laUre*t: <m the contrary, they wished it ai.o- bi bed. Tka Southern governments, years ago, express- & I the opinion tbat It ought to be abolished, It some- ni mes eihibited the Institution of slaverv in one of Ita ai oat baneful and unplaasaat forma. I have mvaelf bi en, not often er lately, gang* of slaves ohained to- hi ither drawn through Pennsylvania avenne, and lu bat human person can contemplate such a spectacle bj ithont painful feelings ? Tha exlstenoe of ths trad* ai ve rife to great clamor and great exaggeration at the th rrth ffhv should it be continued in the Diatriat * U! by net 1st the trader, If be chooaea to continue to pro- ai cote hi* bualneaa, (0 to Alexandria. to Richmond, to m napolla or Baltimore ' If tbe Btatea of Virginia and In aryland will not allow blm to ito there, that It no rta- p< n why he should be tolerated In the Diitrict ' It ia }c itbln the clear and Indisputable power of Congreaa te U x liah the trade In putting an end t? it. Congreee tb i? done no mora than Kentucky, In forbidding trad- cv g in alavea aa merchandise ; than the Slate of Mia- wl url baa done, which ineerted In her ooniititutinn a m mllar prohibition, than many other alave hold- ri, g Statea have dona. The law whloh ha* paaa?d i?l >e? not touoh or alTrot In the alUh'ent degree the it alltullon of alarery aa It exlat* within the DUtrlot; ci doeanot prevent the Inhabltanta from aelling or ai herwlre alleviating their alavea; It doea not prevent p? iem even from gaing out of the Dlatriot. purahaaing ta tvea, and bringing them In for tbolr own uae. The ai w la mere regulation of polloa, called for fey all the r>r Drlderatlona which ean unite It la tbe pauage of K ty law whirh, In the abaance or all paeeioi, excite- i,. ent and agitation, all Important men would eonaur. t>i icb. Mr Speaker, la a brief aooonnt of ?he aya- tti m of meaaurea retomnmded by the Committee of th klrteen That committee thought It e*pe<|i?ut ee unite In one bill all tbeae kindred meaaurea wblab he late to aur recent territorial ao<jueitinu | they eugfct that, conaidaring the actual atate of oplnljn waa beet to unit* them ao that, when ua combined each party might aea what it loit, and uuld be anre that In the paaaage ot the common eaaura. it would find Ita loaaea |c<>mpen?ated by Ita ina Moreover, there waa unhappily, eectlonal aling between the partiea aa to what might j i tbe reeult ot the aeveral m*aatuea which are aeparately propoerd One aald If wa paaa a* hat you want, having got It. yon will aflar- ti< arWa refuae to give ua what we want, by the com- J ration of thaae m< aanree. we would aea and know the Kent ot what It conceded, and what waa conceded to " id b*lr>( one* paeead. th?r? would ba no rlak of bad d? l?h. Tba Irtenda of the eompromlaa war* in laaor II tha ra-xurr* alrber In tb<* aggregate OT lh* I' >t?il wadded to no party of m?re form artuat -d by > pr Ida of opinion they vara aniia*ted ?1lh no otber "?ire ban th? pane* and harmony of the whnla coun7 Tb* opinion* of the eompTomiee with nbii fi'j'ticna ?ftf afatn*t tha m?a'uraa In tba tttfriti . id detail. mJ tbalr objection*. therefore. on tnelr nl"n but t"r their Indi'rreet oppnettioa ' '-n'bi baft>ra tba eaparate blla paaaed Happily, tba ?i bola eyatem of maaanran a< originally pmpoaed nally travailed la botb Ilou*e? of Congree* The * roprtety of the n&loa of irate of tbeae *u demon- tr ratad In tba Ilouae of K*pre??nta'l*ea by the Itet ai ?at, whan tba Tata* Bounlary >ja*tloa w?? pra nted aa a aepamte maa*ura. it waa refined by a raairlty of mare than ?nrty, aad whan afterward* It we* ? nited with tba Rill for e#tabll*bln( a Territorial c< overnment for Naw Mesloo, without tba Wilmot ,f roTlen. It waa earrlad by a darlalra majority And ow Mr. ("i-eakar let ?? (Tba above I* all of the apeerb that bad baan ra- *' Wed at Iff o'eloek tbU morning. wbea the lata- d ana of the boar eomp?lU4 a* to fo to praw Tba ralaindar we will endeavor to pobliah la oar Krening " Idliion] ? DrKb of Col. R. M. Jahnaan. Wimiu, November It, ISM o Coloaal R M Jobnaon, Vlee-Praal lent daring tba dnlalctratioa of Martin Tan Rnraa. died at kls raaianre, at S o'eloah tbi* morning From Waablngton City. t Wa?hiw<JTI?i?, NO?. II, 1(160 Tba Poatmaatar General baa lately l?? 'ed regain- i loan which hare Ii|?m4 mark i;iU??tli energy It I bo department. Tha ilnki irt repaired to make 1 eml monthly report* of the eUte of the bnelnee* on ' heir deaka. which the Postmaster General personally t Depeeta Tha department vat never more efllnienUy < ondacted than at preaeat. Fraaele K Brady and a oommlttee of Phlladalphlans tare waited on the President and ftaaratery of tha I 'rtaeury. with abargea against Colleotor Lewie. liar- | < jot Norrlt. and Weigher George Reed Tha eomnlttee left thi* ev<nlng well tt'eaeed All the member* of the Hoard of Commleaienera on ( ilran ClalK* were present and reenmed their ?ea- I Itns yeeterday. They will meat dally In fatnra The WaeMngtan papers are rejoleln* at tfca roanIt of he Nashellte Convention A letter hae been received frnio Nor*?lfc, dated on " oatd the (la* ehlp Plym uth, Aagi't 'iO'h It says ? * are nrw homawerd b<nnd. teaching *t Cape rr>wn Pt Helena, andth>nre to l?nrf<>lk where we >ip?M to arrive bet*?n th? l?t aid 90th ot Jtnnwy >nr i ffo*re ara all well tfe left the Marlon on tha tatIon. Tha Dolphin left July 10U) for h >ae. ida Call - W YC ING EDITION?WEDN] m? Pmldeat'i LttUr to Dr. Collins, th Owner of Crofts, Um r?gtllT* IUr*. Statu Dartatmsrt, > Washington, Mot. 9,1850. ) Iobebt Collins, lleoi, Qa : Sir?I sib instructed by the President to inform yo list yonr letter of ths 3d instant, addressed to his nclosing seTeral slips from newspapers, ia refer# no o ths proceedings of s portion of ths oonmanity < oston on ths subject of ths Fugltire Blare lsw, ws rssivsd by him yesterdsy, snd that hs has glren t lis lstter, snd its enoiosarss, careful perusal. Yo tste, in suhstancs, thst yon are svnsr of Crafts, on f ths fogitiT* Blares for whom warrants of arrest wet uinsd in Boston, and sail ths President's attentio o the enclosed slips, taken mostly frsm Norther ifiri, by which he will pare air* the manner ia whio our (?( were reoeired and treated for inertly ask in bat the ilarea l>? retarned according to the lava < he United Btataa; that they hare been arretted and* ariou* warrant* a kidnapper*, and oa other frirc >u? pretences, and unreasonable ball demanded, an aut jour friend* have become their sureties for nor ban 920,000. Ton alao *ay that many oases In whiel Boer* have not performed their duty, will appear b lie slip*, and that warrant* now lie dead la the Mai bal'* offloe. Tou then apeak of the pernioloo* effee fcuch proceeding*, and of their tendency to dietur be harmony of the Union, and of the great impot ance ol havlag the law faithfully executed' aa< Mil; Inquire whether It 1* not ia the powei nd I* not the Intention, of the Exeoutiva ? be United State*, to cause that law te b ilthfully and properly eaforoed. To thl* th reel dent direct* m* to reply, that yon caaao 1 more deeply impre**ed than he i* with th* im ortaaoe of haying every law falthtally executed Teiy ktatute in thl* country, passed in acoordane ith the provisions of th* constitution, must be pre imed to embody the will of a majority of the peopl I the Union, and, as inch, is entitled to th* respee id obtditnoeof every true Amerioan citlsen; and thi institution which the President hu awnm ?? inn - ? ? ? " -?r jrt. ha* mads it hU Mpeelal duty to Uk? oars tha is laws be bithtsllj executed He ku bo though swerving from hi* duty in this or any other out it will, to the utmoet of hi* ability, firmly Md faith U; perform it. Bat how is he to mum the inwi be executed? First, by appointing proper offl ra to fill the ariou* offloe*, and discharge theii irious functions with diligenee and fidelity, an! any (hall be found inoompetent or unfalth 1, by removing them when he ha* power of re oval, and appointing come eempeUnt and falthfa Been In their plaoss; and, aeoondly, In sxtrstui ises, wherever the law* of the United State* ahall bi >po*ed, or the execution thereof obstructed in an] *te, by combination* too powerful to be *upprea*e< r the ordinary course of judleial prooeodings, or b] iwer*. verted in ciril officers, with po#era whioh thi w authorise*, and roqulre* them to oall to their aid would be his duty to eall forth the milttin. and net army and navy for the purpoM of ovsroomlni loh forcible combinations against the laws. But, oi Lher side, prudenoe and justloe require that then ibuld be more satisfactory OTid?nce of oflloial dellnicncy or loroible resietance than mere rumor oi iwnpeper *tat?menta, and yet the*o are all wblch ltc b??n furnished In thi* oa?e If any marshal nseots to perform his duty, the law gives the right ol iUon to the aggrieved party tor the injury which he ay suotain; an* it he refuse to perform It, the statute is imposed upon him a severe penalty; but if he reM, or wilfully nrgleot to perforin it when this shall ' ratlafaclorily mad* to appear to the Presldeut, then, addition t" nit liability to the aggrieved party, it DUld doubtless be the duty of the tixeoutive to roovo him from oftlee and appoint anotner in hi* see. Bat your letter oontams ne proef of this nd, and therefore *eem* to require no notion. It 1* uallj olear that no oase la preiented juntltyiug a call jon the militia, or the u*e of the Army, to execute lelaws, and the President h? *o rnius i* patriotism and devotion to the law* whioh ha* way* characterised a large majority ol the pwople Boston, that he oannot, tor a moment, believe lat It will ever be neoeasary to call In any e&tra . 11 >?r? .M ? >< >" I.?. - ivlduals in*j become exeitej, and may. la the at of the moment, offer resistance to the ltwi, at La kM no doubt that la mob an imut ?a? uoh to ,ba regretted?tba good sensed tbe ooauuity would aooa rally to support tba el?ll authorities, id tbat thca* sustaining tba lav woald triumph; it ba directs ma to assure you tbat if uatortunately, i should Dad himself mUtakaa In this. aad tba pain1 neeeeany should arua. ha should ptrlorm hie duty r employing all tba meant which the ooustlc utlon id Congress hava plaoed at bli disposal to ealoroa 1a law. A* to ths complaint that your agents ware Djuotly prosecuted. aad bald to ball In unreasonable aounta. for pretended offences, tba President dlreots a ta ray. that howevsr much ha may reget any sueh justice and Inelvllity. ba 1* not a a are tbat ha baa to feint dy thetvll. If tba complalais against >ur agent ba unfounded tha defendants will, douot e, ba acquitted; and It mallolous. they hava wlr remedy la an action for a malicious proeeitlon But all tb?sa are judicial mattara ovar blch the Executiveoan exsrolss nu ooatrol, and tha 'il complained of raiulta from tha acknowledged ghts of every Individual to |>ro*rtuta any one lor aa leged < B?nee, or violation ot light. With raKard to ie importance of avoiding *? tar as practicable, all .uies of Imta'Ion l>etween the North aad tha rtoiitb, id esp? elally on Ibe exciting subject of alavery.were ha emitted to advise he would sugge<t to all the Inpornee of permitting the laws to tat* Jieir usual coursa, id tbat eveij tiling tending to intimidation, or illegal, urjuet annojance. should be scrupulously avoided >?ry eflott tbonld be made t? cultivate a~ internal sling. We should be a people of one Interest aad i? sentiment knowing no local dlvlaion aad tolerant no sectional Injustice. Our I'alon. so d-ar to e heart of every true American, can only ba prerved by a strict obeervaa.:e of the eonstltution, id an Impartial administration of the law*. I aa, air, resnectftally, Your obedient (errant W B DKRKICK, A -ting Secretary ault-Flndlng with th? President** Lctlfr. Bai.timurk. Mo?. 19,1W0 th? Georgia diaunlon paper* denounce the Preeitt i letter, > k*N attempt to Interfere In the eiee >n of delegate* to the convention. , The Charier ton CetHwr en J Uenury al*o denoung* In ?troag term*, on the (elth of * brief telagraphle fp?tch, d*?< ribing Ita content*. rttinrllon of the Mlrhl(en Central Railroad Urpot?Inr< ndlarlem at liufTalo, 4m Brrraio, November 19. IMO. The low by the burning of the Mlohlgai. Cen*1 Railroad Depot, at thrte o clock, thlr morn ig, U estimated at $100,000; $40,000 to the company id >70 000 to there who had wheat, floor, anl other -nperty In the atore About 40 ton* of good* la annltu were eon*umed. The depot wa? 850 feet long, id 00 wide, and wa? one of the bei* in tb? United ate* The Are originated in the elevatteo nupnla, ippoeed to be frnM the frlotioa of naehlue; Tn< >mpany have already commenoed preparing tlabu ir rebuilding and have planned an lmpro?rmeat bj hlch the bnilding will be aared In future f*om age* ral conflagration It will be divided lair are-proof lettona ltr lirooka aavi It will be rebuilt in K Inaandlarlaa war# at work h?r? laat right Mm ?r? Mt la At* dllfrraat alaaaii. at tha apma tlaio, li ha vicinity of Kin. Kill otl and Olliton atroat* rblrh r<>n?uaiad (?"lfa bulldlag*. InhaMtad all] y rolm?d p?<>pla a* dwelling* and oaipaatarx' aai rilMli ah?pa l.naa aol rnvrtalu d; but aalalj ovarad by lanaranra Dtitrwitm Fir* at C'harlraton, cm?*i.ktoi, 8 0.. so* iv, 1*50 Thla mornlag. about oaa o'clock, a ?< broka eat li ha aataaalva foundry of Oaanta. O'DrrjiotkCt Ituaiad oa Ratal atraat. aaar tha Jalna wharvai rhlrh. with lt? aontrata. aula |ai|a woollaa atora >ou?a and oth?r building*. wara; artiraly daatroyad rt>a loaa on tha foaailry la aatlaiatal at $40 000, bu HOH) rf alilrh *a? ro??r?d by tnaurano* An aatan It* conflagration wan at oaa tuna af prabandad. o?ln o tha want At water which t?r a tin# paralyaad al H?rta to chack tha flamr* Thcrawaa lor'una lyn wind nr tha shipping la tha tJalo* dock* nuld hav br> n con?u?r?d Tha brl* Ktl< n Raydan. Smith, 'rorn Havana, knun In Naw York, haa attired at quarantine with tb saptala flak. ( al??Know ltorm-l??ka?a?r Aahorc. Kaia, Nov la, DM Wa had atow riota aad a pra.ty ?evera g?le u Iba laka ye?terday. Tee aihr Traveller, laden alt railroad Iroa. from KI**?ton tor OI??il??1, wit Mhata on tha ptalnania No live* way l?it Drtantlna of lk( Viiltrn ta, ,W. Boar**, Nor In -A * Tha *taam< r Nlate of Malae atatl#d fraia Kali Klv to-6 ay, to take Vha ptaae of lha K -iplra <Mate **?l< b??t la KM tip, bat la fn??qu. rw of tha gala *>?? p hack. ao l will h< t l? w naitl tht* analog Tha b? m mbt J(.?v l? b Hn< ? ?.? f?l 'o Ik* ltaala(iai tin arrirad atlM lki< mtM| IRK I ESDAY, NOVEMBER 20, Culou rctliral?Thu Ch?lrr*,&e. baltimomk. Nor xi), i860. The wblg? and democrat* are getting up a (mv

Union FeetWal, at New Orlean*. to weloorae Henatoi Foot* on bit way baok to Washington 1 The cholera ha* broken out at TodUnopoli*, Indiana and two member* of the State Reform Onren'lon hifi ^ died Tba convention waa abent adjourning on th< Hth, ii wnwqoonoe of the epldeaie o The Uarylaad Convention. a, Not. IB. 1R60 The Maryland Reform Convention met again U day A ? resolution waa offered In favor of eleoting the Attornej General and Depntiee by the people. It waa referred u to the bniineea committee. A oail for atatintiea of th? . lottery rystem waa adopted. The President wa? requeried to open a eorraapondence with th? Secretary t ot the Interior, to obtain an aarly copy of tha nenini ,f returna of Maryland for the uae of the convention. r a .J?l WlovMa < Batawwah, November 19,18(0. d The itNmn florid* arrived here, after a patiage ol * 00 hoart, afalaat very etroag head wtada. v Oar Philadelphia Correipoadmtti Philadelphia, Noy. 19, I860. ' JVn# York and Baltimore Fireman, <$-c. b It is a gala-day with our fireman, in honor of the "J arrival of the Independence Hose, of New York,the Howard Engine, of Baltimore, and the Mohawk I' Engine, of Camden, all of which companies bea longing to our sifter cities, are now the guests ol t their brethren of Philadelphia. The line of escort t is very imposing, being composed of twenty-seven companies, nearly every one being accompanied by excellent band* of music. The In dependence hose carriage ia greatly admired. and tbe superior excellence and spirit of the paintings on either aide of the cylinder are the theme of general remark. They are the guests of the Humane Hose Company, who design giving them a handsome entertainment. The Howard engine, of Baltimore, is a beauitful affair, entirely diefriisilar from any we have here, and isgreatly admired for its novelty and magnificent adornment. The United States steamer Jefferson, until lately attached to the ooaut survey, is now receiving new boilers of the Montgomery patent, from the Southwsrk foundry of Messrs Merrrick & Son. She is ordered to the Pacific, to be attached to the revl enue service. The York and Harriaburg railroad ia to be opened for public travel about the 1st of December, I George W. Fulton, Eaq , of Baltimore, having been appointed superintendent. This road laps our Central railroud at Harriaburg, and brings Baltimore ne?rer to Pittaburgh, by ten or twelve miles, than ia Philadelphia. Slate legislatures. >?San ATU-> ?House-^ Stole. 2'mw of Election. 3 ? * 5 ? * f ? f* * f y> Arkanras Mondtr, Aug. 5, 1-60.. 4 21 ? Zt 51 ? l"?S ndbv. Aag. 8, IPSO. . 6 13 ? 4 35 ? ?4. Caroliaa. ..Thur?<fy Ask 1, 1*50.. 23 27 ? <7 M ? J'?OB?>lvania'rDe?day, Oet. 8, 1M50.. 17 Iti ? 41 W ? Obis Taeaday, Oot. A, 1M0.. 17 IB 3 34 St 6 Florida. Moaday, Oct. 7.1 >-M. . 9 10 ? la 21 ? New York.... Tuesday, Not. 4. lfcit).. 17 15 ? ftt ?4 ? New Jtwr- ..Tu??day.No?. ?,l?rtM,.ll> 19 ? 2* SO ? W iter nain Tnarday, Nor. 5. I?50.. 3 13 I 17 *2 ? M???achni?tt? MoBdaj, Not. 11, 1.SS0* ? ? ? Ititf IZ\ Sri 'Tbe 12-1 under the democratic head Innludes the coalition members. We put them there because they are opposition to the whig*. We put the ftee Hollers by Ihtnu-eivAS as far ss they are classified under that name. There is no choice of eighty-feur. Court of General Neealona. Before Judge Daly and Aldermen llaru and DeLamatsr. Not. 1# ? Trialof lohn Butler for Patting Counleiftit Money ?John Butler was placed on his defaaoe on a charge of forgery in the second degree; In having on the night of the 16th of June, passed a counterfeit note purporting to be HO. on the bank of ??a wnien. it was aiTegeu, tne accused anew to be apurlous. Peter Brlekweedle being duly aworn, testified tuat on ths evening o the litB of June laat, the prlaoner oane to hie plsce of bnslness. [which is a butcher's stsad at the corner ot Chailes and Fourth streets) and asked witness to change a 110 bill, the bill wai a fin note on theOwego bank; witness changed the bili.glvleg Butler In exchange two >5 notes. Witness saw Cbailee llutler, tbe prisoner's brother, outside the shop door at the tine the aeoused was insids getting the ehaogs A persen soon eame into the shoo and gave wltnt-as certain information wbiok Induced him to go after Butler and demand the return of the two $6 bills. Hutler at once ctmplied with this request, and a reexebange of bills took place. Tbe bill was here produced and admitted to be a oounteifelt note. 1. e, a n< t* altered from (1 to $ 10. Thomas Lovett sworn-1 am captain of the Ninth ward police, and was so oa tbs 16th of Juu* last; 1 waa In the station house when the ptlsnnera John and Charles Butltr ware brought In; 1 w?nt Into the bask rix and searches them, I found upon the pereoa of the prisoner a >10 bill of th? Bank of Owego (Ulli. bail re jroduced was bare shown to the witness. who declared It to be the same one found upon the person ot the aroused ) Tbe prosecution here offered ta ptove that a latge am on lit of counterfeit money was found uj on tha per son of Charles Butler. Counsel lor the defence objected to this as It was not yet pruTi-n that tha brothers were oouBtcted in tbe transaction. Tbe Ot urt STimM the Direction and deoi led that pvkk I'm un<i urru nuuwu uj mi brniimuo/ ui iiiv win* wIibim, to pro*n connection ol iht> brolbara la fha ttanfaitlon Tha rounacl for tba d?f?nca viceptad 'jo tb? ruling ot tli? Court WitBi *a proo??dtd-W? found (evera 1 counter fait bill i da tb? paraon ol Ckarlaa Uutlar, tbara *?r? fit or rlafct not** ob tha Bank of Oirago all altered from $1 bill* * | Crotr rxaalaed <?n<- of tha bills *> wrapped arouad a finkll magnifyleg glaon, I caauut racu.leot wkioh biUlt Win llarrard I.aadabu r awora -I am a pbyaiclan and itu|(ltt, I k?rp a drag (tor* In Chrlntoj.krr atrrat, ob lb* ulgbt of tha lftth ol J oae t h? prlaonar "?m Into aiy ?ior* and a?k?d for a bos of La*'* bilnaua pill*; b? ?fli red nr In payonot $10 bill as ibe Owafi Hank; I lu?%a to take It tud l? ??Bt out, and ali'f a abort tin* ratlin i d aad raid ki* bad no a >one ima I- r uill?, i I told kin I waalid Bona of bin bill* and ha (til away T i mot by Clark, avorn-I am apolinaoiaa of tba Ninth ward; 1 arraatad Jobn Mntbroatb* inliB|of Iba )5th Jane; I received iat< rmatloa whi<-b Induoed aia to go and arraat tba pri?<>u,.r, I arrt-aled hlo In (Jreenwkch lane and took bin to tba ntailoa bouaw; oa | I ruraa) tbara, I nit offlrar Wrltrrtull alch Ok?rl'? Itu11 r In roefedy; t? took tbam b<>th la; oa our ? ;. John Hi. tier aiM ma what b? *<< arraatad Inf. I t>ld 1 Mm It aw lor pacing couutarfalt mtoay. ba aatd ba kaew not blng about It; thai a waa no anaey oa John airapt tba )l?i bill alita<iy abo?B, tba broth?re da ma J | all ac'tnalatanaa wltbaash O'her By a Juror- John denied all knowledge affJbarlaa. Iianry W Smith Mbk duly aaora. iratlOad aa follower I lira at IIIabok nr at, nu tb? Ib'baf Juna leaf, 1 raw tba prisoner *t ending IB tba door if tba drag Mora aln ad J mentioned; Ba want from lb?ra and JolBad hi* brother Cbarlee. and want towards , Bletcker etraat, wltneae aaw tha at go Into a urooary tor*. and Jobii want lato tba buteber a abop. Cbar>eg meantime, atacdlng In front af tha *b p; Jutau <-?mI tut of tba ehop and parted up Oberlae atiaaf; I wi<at Into Mr Briekweeflla and In eonx^uaiioc ol what I told hi it, wa both alarted la pmauit ol Jobn, wa oaar 1 took thi in and than want to tha ete'i-.u bnua?, and pruf'ivrv?f or nnio^rp urn mnn ?? ' nv?i ? ?? ? ?? r arr?U*d bulb John ni.<1 Cbarlra Mutlar. ('roar-aiamlix d I * ? John and I'barla* tojathar I (bout I wo Biiaataa, tbay toolbar f?r half . Mark afiar Jrha riar on t of tha dmii MM John J I>a?la *orn I liaiirn llfMl on lh? 16t b of Juna, I kaap tiara. I"BU ftutlar ( ??< Into 017 Mora about aim o et"?k in tfta anlnft ot tha Uth <t Jnn*. aud iiakad in? to nhanK* a f < barl-? llutl. r hail 1 h * % '?" m'.naw* . MM, and got a glaaa of baar, .lohn Hi InmMM waa buying aim* pill* at tha drun a'or- Ju?t h -low and 1b? drugglat hart ra<(uaatad llm t r..1n- in ?nd g?t tha bill rTiacgad I than look hi* bill ti>4 *%? bin I* airhanga 1 J>6 bill 01 tba Bank 01 Attl-bor ?' JaBia* I). W?|i rflald, laori I Itrnird i hul" Hut lar In Kactoty ?r??l arar Prrr; rtrol. I haard tnat 1 thara ?ir? paraona In tha ualgMmrhn" J |ivnn< c.onntat fait'j and I waat with Mr llrlohwoadla ani ' arra?t d < harla* S Tb< pm?i rutlon baro raatad and tba dafanoa, ul'ti? out ai,j t?rn>al opanlng Introduead ?ltn*<a?? to prora I tha r> atartar rf tha daf< tirlaut Paiijanln Cainrtallo, aworn I am a ??g?r mano' laeturrr and couiaitaalon aiarekaat. I h?*a ?nn?n tn? aerti**11 tor a numb> r of yaara?aotna ??? ? or alghl * y?ara, ha*a al'aya aataam?.l bim ? m >a of good clia taitar ha bar d?alt *1111 mala *ag*ra Karab f Ihoman aworn I know 1 h* p?r?<?n wh> baa t?i b M <<krn ol b> ra aa i.harUa Hu'lar hl? u?? ? " tint. I barlt-f but Comfort, I b*r> kanwn tba aaaua-d ^ en li^a , fa liaa aiwaya Itr I* I koo?, haan an * hi n?*t, It.euattioua man. ha worked at dork building. *a?t brought hl? tnoaay hoaia and paid b>a 41 bta f rota ?latnload I ha arrtiaad I* ?f "On lu l??. h? mairl-d a.? daugb'?r, I ha*, alwaya aaoaraiool ffua tba family that tka alma of hi* htolbat araa r.-mfc.rt 1 1li'j raaa ?? aiimm-d up by couaaal on alttat aWt V .l"dga ball rbargad tba Jury aa ta tha pntataat la* In'olr.f. In tfaaaaa and tba prcp-r appll' atloa of tba i.ttBtr?i l< I* Ilia h i or raxl?w^d tba toatlmony <ar fully at d i<t<partlall f uarrad tba Jury aat to h> tulil< d by altital a) Mpatblaa hut If d^ukta aitatad i? ?| pit :li< m In taTt>? oflba pM?oa*f Tb- juij a I-h> ut I arinj <n< lr ? ft!* r?t?frad?a?r d|.fnf?*ilUy Tl pio?amUu| Attorney ai"?ad t >1 jm ga.t nt r ? '??' tl?a frtaatxr Mr * Pbiilljiao ' ro?.i.??l r?riba ftatagri,. ia<d ha liit?rd?- to m >?a t( m aitaat cf ji 'pmant tla mutt r??rTu'ad lb- mofl'ia at atl' pr?'a' fti 1 >#?fitai.?? Bntlar to tb* Ptafa pHum t : C?? tl< t.jr: Ji-* 'Jj'./sHft. ?*? IER A 1850. r D?i>tel AV?l>fctrr Mid the Union Hafety Com. itttee?III* SpcKch bi the A.-tor >! ?>(>. ^ At b?lt pa*t 11 o'oiock. y??trrd?y toraooon. tlMCom r mittie c f Pafety, appoint*d at thn Uta L'ulou m^dliuv !a <'a>fl? flardrn. aMemblcd at fbctr bead quarter! and prfcettdt-d thccea to me?t the Hon Dfenlot W?b?t?r.tfro, r?-t*?y of State, at tho A?tor Hmm, at tba hourot ( noon The cunmHtrc coaalated ef tile following gen tUuK-n - Grorge Wood Mosea Taylor. IHram Ketchum ' Sciiuyler Livtcgatca, Cbarlea O. t'art at on, Oldnon tintttnijrr. JotkM J. Henry, Joaepb Krrnochan, Fnn eia 8. Latbrnp, Charlea O'Conor, Marahal O. Roberta. Uenry Grinnell. Jatnea . Thayer. Jaoob Aima. Luoian ' B. CbM?. Jdo D. Van Bruren, JimH W. Qerrard. Rol b*rt Bmitb, Jam** Brooka, Imm Townacnd. Charlea K. ' Butler John J Ciaco. Nicholas Dean, 0 D. F Grant. Dennia Prrklna. Ralph Clark, RobertC. Wetmore, B T i NichoU, J. A- Waatarrelt, Samuel L. Mitchell, J. Phil lipa Pbuenix, George B. Batlar, Goo. D. Olllaapia. David W Catlin. Kdward Sandfbrd, Franoia Grlffln, Charlea B. Bpicer, B. If Whitlock, B K. Collins. A. If. Coatens f Wm M. Lambert, Job* M. Bradhurat,Ogdan Hoffman,' George Douglaaa, Wm 8tovaB?, Richard Burlaw, O. W. Hempstone. Bajnaal H Bproulla, Jamaa T. Brady, A1 frcd 0 Beuaon, Jobs McKaon. The committee w era accompanied by a number of otbar gentlemen among whom wera Mr. Monroe, CapI tain Strlngham ot the NaT y, Captain land* of the i Nary, tba lion. Mr. Curtia, the Uoa. Mr. Pbuenix, and Iloa Jamaa Brooke, menabera of Congraea. There wara in all npwarda of 100 peraon* preaent. r On catering tha reception room, Mr. We hater waa introduced by Mr. Francis 8 Lathrop, tha chairman of the comnlttea, to lta aereral member a, and to the other ftnUtmnn present. Tha god-like Daniel having warmly shaken hands with all, Mr. Lathrop. addresatog bin, aald, Mr. Ketchum will now zprtfl the hi timrnts of the committee. I Mr. Uibam Kitchi m then addressed Mr. Wabstei, a* foUews Mr Webster Many of the gentlemen hera present heleng to a eommittee appointed by a recent meeting held in Castle 0 arden. one of the largest, most enthusiastic, and patriotic that aver assembled in thli I oity. (Cheer*), The pnrposa for which the committee j was appointed, and that purpose, by the bleasing of | Ood, we mean to execute, is t? retire and foster, | among the whole people of this country, tbe spirit in which the Union was formed, and the constitution adopted. We shall do so by peaceful means, and in tha exorcise of enlightened reason, appealing to the houeet convictions and disinterested patriotism of the people. We walcoine you. air, to this < great city, lull of wraith, resourous commerce, J trade. intelligence, arts soienne. and literature. i All those blisaings are owing to that constitution and j that Union wbloh yon hare so often defended ? (ap- , plans*)?and now we look to you tor their future de- , ! roe mere than to any other living man (Great rhtering ) We have nut been Indifferent to your oour>* t: We have watched it since the sfrenth day of last r March, and we know the vituperation with which you v have hem aesalled on every tide because you c?n< t ut, not ter the North not for the fcouth uot tor the c Karl n>>t Irr the West, but for the whole couo'ry (Kiitbu'iantir applause ) W?t have come hera to holl j, up >our arm* aDd to encourage your heart. In tha r nan,* of this committer then, I ?ay. go on an l be at . eun d (hat the sympathies ot all Rood ?ne-i will gn'h*r around jon and year name rhall ?.e handed down to I on*rltv with Immortal honor, (tppleiiae.) We havn v e?a>e to pay yoa our reeprots. to tender you our thanks, il and to declare our confidence In vour fidelity to the ti Union, as yoa proceed on your way to the capital, t whero the country exp?cti and believe* yon will do () your duty to these I'ntUd States and te that ?>n<ti- j tutlon by which they are linked together to bonds of .. mutual interest and evarlaatlng peace. (Load ap- . pis use.) Up k'i.ti.h,,vn tinvtnff ttinfl ronrltldW? C Mr WriuTiJ then responded >i lollows ?I feel hii;h. j' I; honored by being allowed an opportunity to meet j th1? rcmmlttre. and especially by the remark* mad* a by my friend Id jour behalf. I approve with all my 1 hurt- 1 will support with all my mind and might the 1 -W^. vir OMU |/M1 y Tta ?>l Vk . ValuU UICCU ug in Ua*Ue ftar : den (Cheer* ) 1 believe the time has coot.fully come j wben there rau?t b* a now rally of good m?n, and In t te)lig?nt men in support nl tl?e Union State*, and the [ coneiitution ?f the (wral government. Gentlemen fur country ha< been pre^p-ron*. and the private \ ' pureuite of lif* have attracted *o much attention, that 1 j great b< die? of cltiarn*, to whooi many of you here a preeent belong bare bevn hitherto engaged too ein'n- I i Ively in tbeir own affaire, to Internet tbeuieelve* rery * deeply In the principle* meature*, and policy by whloh "" the government If upheld and the Union perpetuated. ^ But a change ban come ovar the iplrit of their dream n Th?re are thousand* upon thon*and* who are nut eon. p< nected with the administration of government, who I i reoelve no enolnmenti or honor* from it. and who only wi*h to*ee It fnlfll the end lor whloh all govern- I |( ment* are in*tituted. the protection. the security and . the good bt.lhe people. And it U not turpriting to me to i i* ree the great man* of the people who are en{a{id la j ni ?V? mi r an it a nl anil Mimnttri. at la<t arouaeJ to a < tir? of the condition of thing* braught about by unhappy domeetio dt***n*ion?, threatening to harass v; and annoy at pmant. and at lea*th to overturn tha M constitution lt*eif (ApplamM ) Above all plasea on Ir earth. New York, a* It baa received mo?t largnly af 1 thoae advantage* whloh flow from tha protection of the eeoeral government, ought to ba th? flrat to glva w its euppcrt to that government an J to maintain tboaa r, Institution* which are the wellepriag* of ita proa V parity. The growth of thia city exhibit* in a re- )> matkable degree tha great enterprise of 1U inhabltant*. and the progre*elva eplrit ot the age In which ^ wa lire; but It elau equally aihthit* tha result* f( ot the protaotion and foalartng care of good go- |i Trraniiut 1 waa never In New York till the tl time I waa (anting through It on my journey to Congreea. In tha flrat *e**lon that I took my *e?tai ^ | a representative At that time the Inhabitant* ,, of New York and Brooklyn, taken together, numbered w 1-ee thaa ISO fOO During the period ol my aervicee la h Centres* (it I# tiue It la rather a long one ) the popn- I *' lat Irani tbeee two citlea ba* grown to three i|uvt"ri ^ ot a mllllea of people, an I the production of wsaltb 1 w ta* increi?ed in (be tame ratio. It U no bad govern, tl nient that sustain* thia wealth and prosperity I tl hit.k the population ol tbla city haa doubled Itaelf la ** he 1a*t teen y y? are The l*e* cannot be bad. nor o can they be badly administer-d njr can the government be hart under which theae great reenll* have be. n proouoed In so short a time. A gr>'*t tn?ov reason* Induced It* founder* to adopt the preeont *v?tem I" ?1 ^'iiTrriilll' im u j, .... , _ ana > thnr<?,h eo ?y?t*m of Mtlon ?u oat 'I n-apon Auoihar th>- raaolutlona-y lat>t. which n w ? to ha pmd and tha itUpoaal of th? publlo land* j f, ? blrh at thai cay. wara da?ni<-ri ?? ? *?) tor tha par- | po?? Bat ami'lii all tha raufw that InNnanoad tha , patriot* tba lafolutton. tha laadlaa tha tlmulattng ' < n? wa? tha id>a of aoifcoiaraa a ?nir?*d ?y?tnn fro* J' Manai hn?a<t* to Oaorgta #it a dilfarant aat ot ral?? ' lot illff>r?iit Ritti- hut o?? e"?a?>U4atad rod* fm all. <> It t>a4 Ikr r?port? mil t?rloa> otbar ioitnni'till j (' ttlailt.| l? tk? iMBation of tlm Union ail aap?nally pi tha raport ot the romnilttaa" of wlilflh Hamilton aa<l v VaOln n w??a nhalrm?v. la 1TM ln>m? rtlat? If aftar tha (, p?ara. j on will find thta Idaa p?rva<llnc In aaary ona of i ,j th. m II yen laoh oaar th-?*a ilcHMimenta. you will ha | . >ati?fl?d t hat It waa eommarolal ron?id?ratton? whlnh i It,. I th* adop<ti n of tha ronatltutlon Ton will f.tid that to dix-nm-at In favorof tba Union amanatad | " tri'Ui ar> rouuty that did not tonrh tha tlda wat-r It '' waaII ?-ama In Ma??arhna? t?? andNaw Hampshire Tha i p KKimtlo* whlrh ratrlad tha Onion wara l?lj month Mul j trill and f'umharland In fact tha martMrn" aonntla* I ? Thi* thow* that tha conotltntlon orl^lnatad In 00m I ? tn? rrr looking. na d uht alao to th? inaana of paring ,j ih> national dabt Inenrr^d for tha axp*ndl!ara du-lar v tha war and lha maan? of proTldlnf tor fntnra aontln- , - * a ?? ?Wt. - -U4# *Ka? I* mmm h?Illtfi in k-.n . p > w. PK,.,. ...... .. ?? ' r><n i f Nm Yi.rk, T know not bow far hark It I* " 'tin" I totil an DTniiit nf tb# ln?taila'lo?i of 1 * m tin !< n ? I'ri-fMnl In thin city I hm rHd It f >?n) ? Ha*>lM> Bud alwaj* with emotion And I i ?,?? r read It IK*' I <114 not )f?l tlml when he ?too4 up. . nmnxM hf th* nn-n ot that d?y. tha merchant* , *?'l ?lf. at *r<t to** lb* oath aimint'ternl to it fcl l'kt(Mll?f UftMrtM the* kirn* ttll h?? f i d a and a mtn it the hnl of ' i *?>wlit rn?iit? tha camiaarnlal pro* parity t|\i rwntry. ?hll? It would mu tin tha honor *? (i ?!? ? ntid |>'<?i>T?a tha f>aa>*e mil harmony I t III* I nitio (Ureal rbe.-rto? ) It I ? ni nt of niili>a and aoo^erratlon lint how < r n4 i)? ?' iv w hear Amy u't.r d*T. froai tttf I t irt of the aoimtr* 'f what at war with tha pra**r 'r'Uft ot ib? I'finn aart t?a<l? to r?ail a*'inder the l i k* ahleh hlrdlt. t**?thrr. When w* wltn*"? thaaa fMfif* It ! tlira ta l?rn In tha authority of <len-f? '< ?*b'? ttrri aid Artnk frach dran?ht? of patriot!*!!! ' n i hi I't.tial T? a' In* It l? |in. h.>iiia O-i'f At iflrai ti an wa hat* h. rn. ?n I ?o 1-nMh- th? litt ' ail) aa ?o h?ar the nama Wf hlnfhe anh~*a ' ?? . il tik. (M?'alr i nra?il Ul?i *arT ' I * ft ef? M h? * om * on! ' and a* mq rmi fi'Kf ii<v|i#f |l a* *h" dlff r?a* N^Mti and itt* l>m ' t ? , taaal- a in r- >>(My t t. ? I' '??|.tn .n, , IF" mr i v noihtr* to 'i< '*r- ?ar hnant ?nd M>l(tf lr*ar of I la r'a i 1h? I *V n wi|| ha > -?l i ?i vapttnv i??)f 'i hi II in .tn> Worth an I ik?. a niK ' ** tf>?y%lll * i *1 li fllfi air A<t*a ii.d v?f *rd ' i-.n- m '?? t m?i 11 wluaiiM). M iii'l ^ it..'>i ?a?*4 If | ^ ??I LD. 1 ~?- r^r~-?* ?* ? 1 -* PR WE TWO CENTS. tha gr'Kt t>ofy of Ar erlsaa chUrn* who daalr?a?? thin* b?t protection and that thai r n*n? nhould ba rr?pa?tad IkrMffltniii the world-that whtnh tntf nocd (UTprDBKDt 1? bound t# afford Thus the country Will b? honored tbrMd. MW<f otand forth m an ?ample toaU th? fro* ration* of tha world. In conclusion gentl'aan. I thank yoa for your fclnda?s? ardtha aantimrata yon hara >ipwwil and I pray j on to accept m; hast .tiahaa for J OUT bapytneia aud proaparlty. Thii brirf. but aloquaat and approyrlat# itom, w?k followad by antfrnalaatio applau??. and tha eonBictaa having takan their leave. than withdraw. Tl?* domination of Oew. Scott at the Clar* ton Banquet?Another Bpw?h front mt* Claytan. The following is the speech of the Hon. John If. Clayton, at the Wilmincrton dinner, nn the liiik inn., together with the prelirainariea nominating Gen. w infield Scott, for the Prtsidencv in 1862:? Mr. Mi Micmaki. nU that he was glad too sea his friends around htn enjoying themselves with so much zest, not only because the occasion waa 000 which properly inrfeed it?an occasion intended to honor, and honored by the presence of, one of tho gT^at men of the countrv?but because it furnishod satisfactory proof ihat their recent defeat had not in any degree dispirited the gallant whigs of Dela* ware There was no reason why they should bo dit-pirited, because, as they all know, and aa everyone who choae to examine might prove, their dofeat waa the rrsult of rausea and combination* which could not again be made to operate. Bat, aaid Mr. McMichael, if, without being regarded a* obtrusive, and without intending to commit any one but himaelf, he might be allowed to make a suggestion, he would point to a means of oertaia victory, and that waa, that they shoald rally under the glorious banner of Winfiela Scott. Mr. MeM. remarked further, that this waa a theme upoa which, at tbia time, it would not be proper for him to expatiate; but knowing, as he did, the intimata relations which had long subsisted between Mr. Clayton aud Gen. Scott, lie would ask hia distinguished friend, to whose beautiful and truthful rulogium on the lamented Taylor they had all liatened with such saddened emotions, to say what ha knew in regard to the surviving hero, a requeat ua which he hoped the company would join him. The call for Mr. Clayton here baing loud and general, he roae and aaid Fellow citizens:?I do not iatend, on aa occasjoa like thia, to make a political speech; but as 1 havo Seen requested by my friend from Pennsylvania to eive my opinion of General Scott and of hia aerviceato his country, and as you have seconded tha requeat ao warmly and earnestly, I Cannot refuso to do ao i inn 1 iu uuuur uuc jcaiiam suiuirr ui imj country, and I hope to live to do justice to another. The memory of Taylor is embalmed in the heart* ? of his country men, and their voice has consecrated Ins name in tones louder and more emphatic than ivere ever uttered in token of their affectionate remembrance of nny of their illustrious detd, except he Father of his country himself. There still ives a hero worthy of the highest honors a nation' ratitude can Itestow; and that hero is the conquerr of Mexico?(loud applause)?Winfield Scott, khoee name will never perish while a history of lis country is preserved. (Bursts of applause, Ion? outinued ) I do not design at this time entering into tk? rilliant career of thin gallant soldier; but I cannot elp reminding you uf some of the leading acts of ik extraordinary lite. He commenced his career aa a soldier, in tha "ar of 1812 He was distinguished, in the firat iatanc?, by his exertions at the battle of Queeasi<wn, where he resisted, for a long time, tha Hons of a superior force, but he was at l;ngtk verwhelmed, taken prison ?r, and carried into th* trilieh |X)Hse?rtionH. With him was the gallant band hat fought by his side, many of wh?m were nshmen. While on board the vessel which wu nrrying him to the British North American poseshions, he heard an extraordinary movement, le went on deck and found a Brituli utlicer callng the names of the soldiers of the American rmy, in order to ascertain who among them were nehinen from their " brogue, so that, in purraince of Uiiiish doctrine, they might be puimhed. Gen. Scott instantly ordered every Ameri!ao soldier on deck to be sil>-nt. Tftey obeyed nm. Thirty-odd Irishmen, however, hid been as>eitained by the British to he such from the rallies which they gave to questions put to them.? Scott w?s thortl\ afterwurdn exchanged for a British cflicer, and thenhe fought the battles of Chip*wi Plaint and Nucara. In those battles m iny >ri?oners surrendered to his troop*, and he immediitely gave notice to the Brimh authorities that if hey ouched a hair of the head of a single Irishman rho bad fought under the standard of the United Hates, for every Irish life no taken an Kngliah lif* hould |wy the forfeit; uad that a bloody retaliation rould be exacted by the troops uo<ler hi* conland (Applause) The result w?? that all those >ison? rs were surrendered in exchange f >r Hritisb risoners captnred by Scott on the never to-be-forutten plains of Chippewa und Niagara In the last of these battles?thut of Niagara?ha ?t two home*, which were killed under him ; and : the close of the eniragem* nt, perhaps fire mmutea fore the action terminated, he received a Hntiah iiitlut hall through one of his shoulders, which id him prostrate on the earth. He was dragged hind a tree ami left for dead I shall nay nothing l this time of his actions in the war sgtinut the uc and Fox Indiana, nothing of hi* distinguished rvices on the northern frontier, to prevent the il> gal incursion of our ownetlizena into the liritish Hiia<ii >n possessions. Hut on the present occaoii, when f illed on so emphatically, I cannot forar railing to your attention that this ws< the man ho seconded the gallant Taylor in Mexico, and [ivered hia own brows with unfading laurels at era Cru/, at Cerro Gordo, at Churuhusco, at Mono del Key, at Chanultepec, and io the very heart f the Mexicau republic II ;aineti the splendid tie of the " Conqueror of Mexico;" but he de'rves the still prouder one of the loyal Ci'i7i*B, i htul even when wronged, to his country an<l her i*it-faithlul under the uutrsge of ingratitude, and tie instigation of revenue ((Jrrat applause) When in the city of Mexico, after having conurred the enemies of his country?after having rought the Mexican power completely in suhjecon to the Americsnsrms?an unexampledindignitf us offered him He was called upon to resign is command in the presence of an army of thirty lotinand men, flushed with conquest, and devoted t tneir leader, at a distance of more than a thouind miles from hune. In obedirnce to the baro 'ord of an executive officer of this government, at it' distance, he resigned his command ; thus tiding by his example the laws of his country; nd exhibi ing a s,<ecimen of submission to thoso '? ?, snd honor and obedience to the institution* f his country, rarely paralleled in history, and such s would have made a Greek or a Roman immorkl. (Apt-lat'se ) This waa an example, on hia *rt, worthy of the fame of a Itelisarius, and of a renter than lleliaarius The Hparttn epitaph at 'hermepy In has stirred the heart an<l thrilled tha i rvesfor hiindieds of years that ?re panned. " renter, and tell the Laceda'inonian* that we died ere in o!?edienoe to the laws " The spe?tacle of n American general, after such a trsm of victa rr, m iii?- in hu vi mirn >?n nruif, r?rijr uoiirm cart in which wa? devoted to their chieftain, not Mirirndrnng hi* office but auh-ni'ting to a nurt martial, th?n bHievad to be packed for (ha ni|>OHe of degrading him, wa? an evidence of deo'mib and sacrifice, and *ut>mia?ion to the law* of ?* country, nnder the *'ronge?t po?sihle teni;ralon* t?> r?**i*t them, rivaling the example of W.Islington himeelf at the mo#t hrilli?nt period of hia lie, when he resigned the command of hiicouti ry's armie*, and lnid hi* victorious a word at th ret of an American Congress (Tremendous ap>l?u*e.) Fellow citizen*:?1 dwell not upon these events ihich hiive *<> recently occurred; I dwell not l>on event*, with which you are all familiar; I w> II not upon the liattlea which he fought; hut I lould ?fk, wlfte it the Stale in the Am^ricaa Jnion whose con* have not been led to victor* uder hia banner, and who have not *hed their W<?d un^er the flag that he comm^uided 1 (Ap luiiee i Where i? that unknown part of the terrii ry of the Ignited State*, where an Anaeriena *ople Is fiund residing, in which.?with nucha t.?,s aa Winfteld Scott to enforeft th* lawa, to which he himself haa furniahed so striking aa umple i.f obedience ? any man woo'd dare o resist, or even think of resisting them 1 Why, -..inn * aronn^ nerweii won ner prouit?M tri?>Mea ttrdrr hi* lexd. Not a *on of har Palmetto r>K<m<>D', not on" of nil th* gallant chiltr?n of ihnt !*t?'e, would dare rata* Km par* ifal ?rni in *i>pi>fii?ioii to the "Father of the Aim* of the ITnifd -itatea,"?the Hft? who hu >ti'?n >h?.t thr irreateM ?lory in patriotism, and hat th" tiue-t honor, *a well aa the hoat of Kim, i? " to draw the sword for ??r country* (fi?*t t apptatttK ) I i*ed not aaMi^e too. my fellow eiti*ena. that I t mid th??a tmteh for the purpose o# i?tr?iloripg the name of 0? neral l*eott here f?r "a?y l o'ioral |.nrp"'e ; in juatio* to h??n. ktio ftni aa 1 do *e|l, (.pree'n'in^ hint m I d?, a* "t?e < f the iro?t dintintyi 4hi d patriots and one nf th?i irreat??t warrior* of the ??< , I ronl.f not, it|*>n thit <r? ?j? n, ??y If* th?n 1 nnre said i* ohed ^ce t? ?>< < ? M with wliirh I h <?e '?een honored Wr CI*;, 'Pn f'' lh'Sf?*t WT|i?! fftt Utg