Newspaper of The New York Herald, November 26, 1850, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated November 26, 1850 Page 2
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THE WORLD'S FAIR OF 1851 The Bnildin? for the Great Exhibition AMAH8E1ENTS FOR AETICLBS OP lML'STRl THE POTLDINO. [From the London Chronicle Nov. 4 1S60 J The graceful outlines of the magnificent ?ni unique structure iu Hyde Park, intended for th reception of the varied product* of the world .s ia dustiy, now begin to display themselves. So in columns, which were a few days siuce raised ti the height of ??feet, ^hi>w the evtreme height ti which, with the f.\<ration of the ir msepl rool which Will !*- ion feei hi::h, the building will rise At u ir.iform hfijfhl ?f ?*> ieet, and breadth of 7 feet, the ceuiral avenue will stretch from weal i eau'for 1,M-S 'rr'< or Vtry nearly on*1 'hiM pr mile lit lore such an ex tended avenue aa thi* ihf li>riff?t (four cathedral antes dwindles lnt were mucin'!' ince. Jn |>oint of width this twau tiful avenue, with its crystal roof, will be 16 fe* w ider than London, and 30 feet wider than eithe \V> .-tiniii.-ii r, Watt'i loo, BlacUiiura, or South wark bruise*. it will ne more than twice th length i t London Bridge, aud, compared wit Wan i .00, w Inch i? the ionuest of our bridges, i will t>e loii,t r in 'he proportion of 7 to .">, aud mor ihnn fot.r-tiftha longer tli&n either Blacltlriara c W??tmin.~ 'er. Each side of this extended avenu will be N unded by columns, placed 21 feet apar npportirg the root. The vibiter entering at ill i int or wefet entrance of the building, will procee down this spinous street, a distance to th 1.tire i? 1 (, ii of L ?ud< n Uridge, whea he will liu hiLui If ju?t entering the noble transept, with i circular glass root, the Center of which will he -I feet higher than the flat portion of the roof. Tn :r-lift |?, whnh wili event! tn the width of th b ildinp t orn north to aouth, will he rather longe t'ibn Hutlingion Arrude, snd of the same width ? t'i ren'ral avenue < ?n th" south stile, nearly o| I'I bite tl:e I'rinceof W iles's Gate, will l?e a ver I thly 01 it- nicii d utranoe, wiUj kevn paint Tl.t ii itiius, u hi h have already bee ?it Hi wit i.? . .11; 01 no leei, ?ir<* 011 ric.i nine t 1 his iren-'tfi, and the massive circular ribs, sixtee n number,which are now nil coni|il? i' d, arc intern ed 10 spring from these columns The under sid (: these ribs is formed ufler the fume design as th nui mis ui>on which thry will rest; and, when con | !etf, it v ill appear as though th?> ro.d were su, ported by iri>ucolumns, which, utier ri~in< perper du ularly to the height of 1*; feet, gracefully lorr themselves into semicircular arches, in order t rup.ort the crystal roof. The building, as our readers are aware, wil consist of three stories, the upper ones recedin behind the lower. On seme parts of the lowe and second stories, cn the south side of the build ing, and near the centre, a considerable <|uantit of the pluzed not lias been alrraly laid on, and 1 a IV w da) s so much of the building will be coverc in as to render the workman totally independent* the weather. The roof of each story will he supported b gilders and truss> 9 resting ujhju four rows ( columns, which divide the tpace longitudiuall into three avenues, the centre one of which wi he forty eight feet, and that u|>on each side twent) four feet iu width. Wrought iron trusses or girderi fiited together on the grouud, span transVersel the forrv-eight feet space, and cast irou girder those of twenty-four feet. The wrought girderi which are ol the same depth as the cast ones, viz two feet, are slightly arched; and upon the oute side, und litttd to the curve of the girder, are fixe the putters, which, running transversely, conuec themselves with others of the same dimension." running in the same direction, and fixed upon th tweuty-foer feet girders. Channels for the cou veyanee of water, ninety-six feet in length, wil thus be provided transversely, at distances o twenty-four feet. Both ends of these gutters wil rest upon the columns dow n which the water the] carry w ill be conveyed, so that every fourth row of columns will, by this arrangement, be made ti serve us wattr pipes. The water from the roo will he convey? d directly to the transverse guttei i y a number of longitudinal or " Paxton gutters,' as they are called by the workmen. These tributary channels are formed in lengths of twenty-foui fett, with a circular groov on the upper surface, o three inches in drpth, ai d a smuller one on eacfc side They are " trussed" by wrought iron rods placed on ih<- inn< r surface, and arc curved to tin wtme radius a* the transverse gutter*, upon whicl the* rest, at tlicuiiices of eight feet aimrt. Tin wnith of the buildinc i* four hundred and eigh feet, nod a? thev " Paxton guttera" will ma ii |iiiulltl lii t $ ft r th<' whole I' tisjth of the butlilioi; at ^distance* ci eight feet from each other, th oii. anty r-quired will b?* fifty-one timea greate th n the entire |. ngth of the building, or aboi th My f?ur tniim 1 lie whole roof will cor?i?t of a *erieaof rid** ad valleys miming tnnaverarlv. Themsh barsHe quantity requited of which would form a In IHrUltl ne.-rU ?rorn Unfa t;> Vorl*. the e.tat <iu uti'y teing 3>2mt'< - ure of wood, with groov* f? r 'lie en | tu n < f tf e fclaaa. They spring froi the i.| ,er ?iirft? e of ihe " J'axtou gutter*," hit whi/h Ii water from the glaa* will run. Th fftoov? t id the am-lt bars ire filled with putty pre viow to tiie giass, winch consists of asiugle ahec ?>f uniform o /e, Uing placed iu them. A puttyin, machine will be at work in the course ot a fei day*, in fining the groovf*, and also a pain'in machine. A portion of.the externj facing of wood in th lower tier hna N en fixed ' >a the top and bottor of the wood f?cin?of the lower story, it isintende to place a series ul corrugated rht et iron lutle platts, fixed in wooden frames, for the purpo<-e i ttntila ion. f- nnlar means of ventilation will h frovii'ed b r the second and third stories ol' th wilding. The work of I tying the sleepers an (rutin umL nl the flooring Itl l?rc CI eiltilg r<it>i<ll>' I potnr i?>rtiona of tli? building- Tin' coutrdcuii intend to < rect t? rri|oiary workahopi wider tin portion of the root which is covered in, Mi that i unfavoraMi weather the of the worka in* not be imi*dr<l. Aliroft rvety proceaa cognreif wirh the erection of the Guiding it now gome on 1 different | irto aimu'taneoualy. Fouuldticua ar leirg dug in one purl, columns and girders raiae in i uother ; here the Iruirv wotk of the flooring htwg laid, ?t.J torn- the roof m txing yla/.rd carpmtrrt a > " uuttering" and huMi rnakina amitli?, filter*, and rivetteraare employed m ikiihii Hffllirrthr tn ?nd girlrra ; f*\mt?ra are p.iin inc 'lie ctli.mua i-.nd frumrwork of the buildup bricklayer* i?itiuug the drtui* and branch arwen in a *ord. th?-r>> are w^ikinn of aliuuKt e\ei * trade, upward* of a thoirvid in niinit>a', rach wit ih?- in ft |>erf'Ct ord-r and r> gjlarity. doii/ hi |*rt town da the ercMion and convl.tion Of th tnily wonderful buildm? Ntiai^ftui inhumes hive l"-en feldreaaed wit reject to the r? KuUtioua of th<* coinmioloaers o the itihjeft of the i?slf of articlea duriac t??f {xrrio of thr Pthibition at the huilding in lly<fe I'ark. ] cannot te too e? n?rally known.thtt in order t carry tut t hi* pit hi project in ha Integrity, il hu f? ii < l.-.J'TkI l ii'lUK iv nr'-i-?srtry 10 |?w?i the tale <>f any artitlta v Uatever, * .th the eicei tion of the mil.onxed Mtnlogaea, and light lnotleia'e rrfr? kkmfltl. Wiih reajiect to the lattr c\ae* of article*, the rt|TT>l"tiOEP under Wilch pel tone will le invited Intrrder for the privilege < applying th? m, * ill ahortly l>e made public. Hi n>?lilk*i h itli to he printing aud pa1>li?> ipg of the catalogue* we have already publiahol and it i* ui-nec?*iaiy lo do more than to *t?te thi the comrriaoioner* intend '.o aecure lo the public correct cata'ngue. conaiating of Uo p ige* of doubl fi olicai", printed in dcnKe colnmna, at the l<o pnce of one abiding. It would of Court"1 bo cmpMely inc'iiaiatet With thf churart?r of th? tinder: iking to allow an of 'hi- gorda exhibited to be (old ill th* bmldiu, 'id in order to prt vent an far a* poaaiblc, any iri diciimiit to viaiieri to pun haae, the eoriitnii nniit re have de< M that no price* whatever ah i be ?ttix? d to any ol the article* exhibited it wil be nec? ??ary, hotararr, for iot< tiding exhibitor* t bear in mini that, aa the (;o* at which arti !* can be produced m y in rcrne c??e* enter mt qiieation of the distribution of the reward*, and a the, or \* r-< ,u? ei trusted with the i adjudication. niny h?ve to make enquiries, mi I- aaiMy to take evidence on thf subject,?? will l> advisable, in thoee casta m which the ashimta < onai<l*r? the merit of the article to c <t?t*t in i? cheapne**, to atate ita price In th? invnl - rent t the xhibition. Hot the price, although it rtny er trr into the confederation of the nieri a of the art cle, will not be allowed to be affixed to It dutin the exhibition. In curl where exhibitor* are a lowed to have eetvtnt* of their own to praaen and keep in ordfr the articlea exhibited, or to ej plain tht-m to v*aitera, auch peraona will l>e atnctl forbidden to inrile vi-iters topurchaee the goo.ler their err ploy era; ard an* vrih'ion of tf?f-? nil will be followr d by the etcluaion of the oltend? from the fcuilHirg ? *< i-irioiti". or Tit it r,i iloiso, ktc. (From the l^>?4oa Chrnal<-le, Mo*. 4 | We have already (fated that the drrmnds fn apace totaiderahly exceed lb' amount which th baiidiM in Hjde Park can nflord, and thvt i would he neceaaary for the local comtaitteea to e* erciae atrictly the power* veated In them for III utirooee of reducing the demand* to the limit* a ?l?r ("pw*. Thr r Hfcntirr committee hnre jtwt ii wrd thf following circular to 'h# local omrtiii tern on ih* snbjfct fir? I am Inttraeted by the eieentirr onamitte* t ?f> llnr in oo-iuaintint y>?. for tha intnnnotfn of thn.e part tee who may bar* applied fnr *p?*o I* th troildiag of the eihlbltion. that within the laet thr> doya tk? frx>h demand* for apnea from eom?itto? which had not mad? r?tirn? until thil late perio< Md tha demand* for inerooaed epae* front eoamtttm wfclah had already ma.t. larm r?tnra* hare Wn ? nntrmn and incaaaoqt. that It will ha aotna day* tx JWt tb? return! CM powibly b* di???t?d and tb?toui qvaatity of imm by tk? n?tW Ktng<t?m . aaevrtained In th? ui.mllm*. th? eieoutirv eominiltoe >re iDtbn posit too toaay, that o? lh? total demand* of the I'nltcd Kingdom very greatly exceed ?h?? tmoaiit that con peaaibly bo provided in tho it building. ?xblt>itor? moot bo prepare* to sabnlt to ? trlot exereitie ot judgment on tbo port of the local ccmmittocf. io ?? to reduce the total demand* of apaae to tbeamonnt that tbo building will tarnUh. i lam ?lr jour moat obedient aervant, ' M DIQBY WYArr, Be?r?Ury. The works ia Hyde Park, connected with the erection of the building, continue to be actively . carried on. More than one-half of the value ol the contract is now uj>on the ground, and notwith| standing the <|uetuloua complaints of some of oui " weekly contemporaries, who plume themselves on their extensive professional knowledge of built!m? " matters, we are coitfidently assured that the build' , : ing will be completed within the ti|>ecihe<l time ' I One of ihe publications to which we have referred, states the number of men employed on the gronud as nine hundred, the fact being that upw.irds ol u 1 1.600 were emuloved unon each dav uuriuff tht a i last week lis statement of the number of tnen, '' an well as of the state of the works, and the de 0 tcription of the machine for making the gutters, )" are precisely those winch were given by u? thret '' weeks since. Neuly the whole of the columns in r the transept have now been tiled, and considersl" ble progress hue been made in the glazing of the ? root of the first and second stories ?>f the building, J upwards of twenty thousand square feet having ' | been completed. The glass, which is of the weigh I r of sixteen ounces to the square foot, is four feet iu ,r ; length, ten inches in width, and one-eighth of an * j inch in thickness. The glass is brought to the l? ground in boxes, each one containing h'fty sheets. On Saturday a machine was brought into une foi " i the purpose ot cut ing the sash bars and their end 8 " I of the exact length and angle required. The sash '' bar??of which ii may be remeriiberd 202 miles iu j? length are required?are four feet one inch in length, " and as they are int? nd^ai to be placed in what is ls termed " ridge and valley " style, it is necessary ir that their enas ohould be cut to exactly the :>anie r angle The enormous amount of time which 13 would he occupied in thus cutting by h trid 2ftf?,(MK) v distinct sash bars?for such is the number required y. ? has led the contractors to the construction of this '' machine, with which, by a very sirn,ile process, n. the object is completely attiiued. A larg-number ' of the sash bars are placed securely upou a frame H set in motion by a steam-engine, and the ends ol ** ! the MM ban, which project over either I ids at '.his le frame, nre brought into contact with circular stws, e also worked by steam, and placed on either side ol the stage upon which the frame traverses. Upon one side the saw is placed obliquely, and, in revol' vit'g, cuts the ends of the sash turs at precisely 11 the angle required ; while upon the other side two 0 | circular saws, one being of less dimensions than 1 the other, cut the bars to the exact length, and 11 | their ends to the form required. About hlty sash 2 bars can thus be sawd accurately and completely r within the minute. j TLe painting ol such a vast quantity of sa::h bars y j has also been provided for by means of a " paintJJ ing machine. This machine contains a well, rather longer than the sash bars, about one foot in utpin una in? same in winu, miu nuicu mr pim is poured. Some thirty or forty of the "sash bars" Y. art then thrown into the well and covered with the paint. One of the burs is then taken from the well, and passed through a small frame, the ulterior of which is titled, on each side and at the lop " ! end bottom, with brushes, upon a plan similar tn * that adopted in the " machines." The superfluous paint is taken oli the bar in its passage through the machine, by comin? in contact with the brushes, which are made coarser toWhide the point of entrance, and gradually increase in fineness to the j>oint In m which the bar is removed ; the paint which is brushed cdl drains intc the well. I .very part of the bar is well covered t>y this process, and it presents none of that irregular apprarancc which is to be seen in cases where the material is paint* d by hand. Each of the sashes are to receive three coats of paint, the la^ ol which will be white. There is also a machine on the ground for tilling with putty tiie grooves into which the gla,?s will slide. A numl>er of " glazing carriages," constructed to run along the " Paxton gutters," ^and under the roof, afford the glaziers an opportunity of proceeding with their wotk in wet weather Two or three hundred carpenter .:re employed under those jK>rtions of the roof which are till/.* d, in the preparation of the wood for the external lacing of the ground story, of which about 300 feet has been completed. Several members of the executive committee were present on the ground on Saturday, for the puri>ose of deciding upon the best mode to be adopted for the admission of visiter* Experiments were made as to the capabilities of th>- registering; turn-tables or " tell-tales," similar to thoBe used at Waterloo i;nd other bridges. No decision was, however, come to upon the subject. The comnirsioncrs have under their consideration the chances tc be made for admission, and we expect to t><- abb to announce their decision in the course of u k-w d<yr. [Frtm the l.raJoa Afhsarum Not. X] INK K or T1IE OKEAi EXHIBITION. The day hrirg now- past on which demand-* foi space in the Palace of Industry could be received by the < xecutive commuter, according to their formal announcements, we see more clearly the general nature of the collection of products. Although un amount of requisitions have come in W I It li it would require three such pilaces to inert, it is matter of reiri.-t to objerve that the catalogue < f English articles is very far from hein^ complete. ? We find foreigners, more acccu?toin'-d to exhibitiensof the kind than ourselves, much more alive to the importance ol the present. Every mail , from ihe ci ntu.ent and from America brings intelligence of an ever inert asiuu activity in the workfhips abroad. There is now no doubt that Oui friendly rivals are putting forth their best efforts r in ill' run, in- pn/r m \irinijr mn.'i k? ?.... .... , Hirong. But it it clear, at n't* have again and again laid, that unban our heat munuf.tctureri rnt?r the iista?tax their energies to th" ut> lt most?and come into the areoa fully armed they cuniK't auccrabfullv muintain (he hutth of industry against all comers. To uamt \ only two particulars in illustration oi -his* re< !: marks. 1. Of the natural wealth of Finland, per ha|? the h unt developed rem is it? marble. Amonj . the hills of I)erb)shire this beautiful ari l valuabh maltrinl abounds in great quantity n id runty. 1 hah not btcinie an urlicle ol commerce because) [ | , is cot in fashion?and it is not in iaahi<>n becius? ' i' is little-known. Vet we are ?urpru>ed to li.n that through the apobv <'> 'he t^ r.'?>*i-' nuM n;U,* toted, the* quarries are unrepresented in ihe ex inbiiion. (,ire?cr. Italy, and Ami net, will eacf ' cot.tribute their caoices' f|<ecimen?: aod if all tht l( w i :?f i?i>f? away from lljde Fwk trim the Hei tbrt l.ngland hxa nothing to show in thip depart' j no nt, a seitout ?n i>k will U* done to Derbyshire, and itspoj nl ition will If se Ihr ekmce ol seeing i nrwbranrhof industry rs'abli died. 2 We see il (i slat'd that ornamental iron work is very poorly _ t?pieseiit? d. Now, thi* : teat branch of Eafiisii . urt i? one peculiarly lUhle tosutTrr t?y Mich neglect ['. There seemt a terdenrv already to go to n France for this important article u.d nc little controversy has arisen ?a to the question (i relative merit between French and Frglish produce, in ooaequence of the recni erection of the iron rails in front of Mr Hope'i innnridn in I'iccadilly. The iron workers her' contend that, in qua! ty find |Tire ijgriher, they an K< at t-ll'l.e world "; r.ow l? the rime lo provi thrir ?5?> rtiorif. But if th*f a'mndon the mMK ' lli(ir furrifictmpflilnri, wwi will he to blame tl t!? * bmldt-ia oliature houaea tliall cany their or .* df ru to the .-nctr^ful exhibitor* ' If Kn^'ufi artiata p?Trev? re in theae nenlec'a, it will be c ^ aMered. fishily or wronfly. that they f-nreii t < ,m ' their claima lo ?n open arr iiraiion -urel) ?i tli-it KHut rrjuiatirna will he r'.*.red "iy the , Nrtof , o'd ore* thu? jieglrctinj then -eWea, wil1 he di?|li?ced to make it?cm for tTi'tn. A near < ri m imtuairy ?nd iomio*ice o|?ens with Ivil, The ca'aiof ? ?>f ilie e*l.ibi;ioo * ill be to lUr mtui'ifac J tnrrra whui tfar roll of H*t;le Abl>ey i- to the Nor j in*n ehivalry -for a producer to h- out of th? j ratal?^?e, will he *>nuihn;<; like brn -tr 1 of th?- hi?tor? ?>f hi* dej artm?*ut of u.d<try. Thin I e??i?al?f Jiidur-try,?f who h the ?if > in<j 0 k und- are l iih> ring i n every nd?\ iuu< .u-ui:( it a mli naity a* the ynr draw* mgh, will no douht fx x mide to rataerve numeron- ancillirf proiecta 1 Mo-nlly, aa w# II a- materially it will he a ureal r experiment ; and ;he moralist* are he rintunR tti ,r | eculate ?>n'he ^dnea'irn il and other *rt\an?<ir< 4 to grow out of thia & ;>> rins of men from every o '.narter of the t ariii We hear that one eathutiMl i. i m i t-ea to m\r a ptiie of one hun<lr? J jr.iine>KH for j. '!? hrii (?4iy on Ihia pari of the -object?' lie r t' rr' rm^re ?' |i?f tally pr?i'oaed thu* ?"In |. ? Hat manrif r may th? union of all nationa hi lh? t 'iinmi Kxhihifina in 1n">| he made nio<l MKliicltl r. to tfcr ut< v i f < in rrnninl iniMhc in' *1 weif m v of mankind " The approbation of t h?- prince >l c? oaoit. i? i? ~?id,haf he?n gained for this project; bin i's auihoi tin - rot yet Milled his own scheme r of ?l?-tm!-. and the opi.'Ujii < c>f the pre*a art' formally in i krd before any tm?l amnc-nien!* sh*ll M 1 made. AMAVOrnR^T*- IS RIOARD T > RrA< R, etc. T Krcm lb* London Chronicle. November J 1AM> J e 'j he necuiiv# rcmmit'ff htre been mmi active, it ]t ?n .ployed durtnt the last few dsya m arranging > the *a?t miM of returns which have been pent in tt * ilirill frrm the numerous local commiiteea. Hnch A howi \t-r, if> the voliimi^f"* nntnre rf the return* y- Mat th# y do not hope, with the as, i?nnce of tbeu t- f>r? fiit numerous and retire at a ft of aaaist.anta, ( c?mpl?te their taak before the end of next ?vrek 0 Until the return* have been finally compiled, ii would l>e Impossible to form anything like an accu |* rate opinion of the number of exhibitors in th# - k narfom who, op to the Slat of October, had mad< 1 application for apace in the building We feel jua ? i lied, however, in atatirg that the apace demanded faresreeda anything which can he afforded in the >- immeuae buildin* t ia, no dwiM, pvaaible thai M , the eyhibifort mny >n m**r iMtmces, havfde manded a mneh larger amount of apace than ad mi they will require ; and there are prohably also case many peraona who, in order to secure apace, have to oc nade the necessary applications, hut who may | each never become actual exhibitors. We believe that nece the executive committee are at present engaged we k in the discussion of some principle which will he comi calculated not only to reduce the demanda for to, u space to the capacity of the building, but will alao. visit at the tame time, be perfectly equitable to all, and ing l give to every intending exhibitor hisfair proportion poin of space. When this allotment of space shall It j have been made by the commissioners, each local theii committee, with tne assistance of the local com- we i missioners, Hill proceed to the discharge of one exte ( ol their most important functions, to which we conr , have on former occasions alluded, viz , that of the to si \ nclrc ion of suitable objects for the exhibition, upoi The state of things which has now arisen, viz., Sevi the demands exceeding the spaep, was one to sidei which the commissioners appeared fully alive at this f the commencement of their labors, and among the repo oiliest of their published decisions were the follow- sea ing. having direct reference thereto:? Lor< \ " However lnrg? th? bulldiajj may be the quantity It oj ai i into mienuea 10 De Ifhl tor firuoiiiou way ex- upi'l > reed any amount of space that can be provided ; her [ 1 Majes'y's commissioners ronseijutBtly rn?rv? t? them i i selveii ample power* of rejection and selection But it is the wisn ot tb*> eommissionar* to limit as far n< pott- ? tt ! sible. the necessity tor the exercise of the powers of re- ha\i jeetlcn and selection of objeuts intended for exhibition thrs reserved to them, and fur that purpose, to call to pare ! their assistance the local knowledge aud di?iretinu of Ktol the several local committees They consider that it Mr* ' would be desirable that the local committees should, BBy ' without delay. ?nter luto perKonal communication with . r[ those persons resident within their district, who are ' likely to be exhibitor* ; and that they should Mentain the cl,atacter and number of the objects which it **| i would be their wish to seud to the exhibition. Th?y i are desirous of receiving at a* t arlv a period an possf- Pr8_ ble .the general result of the inquiries instituted by whi the committees and a general estimate ot the article* Brut ' likely to be supplied, wbii-b. in the opinion of the coin- emu mittee maybe titly exhibited, (opposing there war* jjavt ample spare. , ' Before a final determination be adopted in respect i to the selection ot ofcjtct* to be transmitted, the com- lll"' iiiis'lornr* fcnpa 10 b> enabled to depute one or two 8">P' well qualifii d perm n* to Tifit the several district* from Ci >U whirli articles of the sum? general character are likely w lii< to lie supplied and enter luto ptreonul communication eriii w ith each ol the local committees, tor the puipose of goon giving th? ni information on any point ou ?hi;ti they t-l,kl nay lie enabled toafford it; and tor the purpose, also, ct enabling the commissioners to judge Irom the collective npoxte ct the persona employed by them, in what manner the power of selection and rejection A etsed most consistently, with justice to all parti**, and ] i with the ailrantagcon* implication of the xp*OH tor the i. i utpf>f? ot exhibition, which they will have at their con .matd The first object, howevtr. of the commissioners is to reeeivefn in the local committees *u;;h general iufor- ft mation a? to the character of the object* to be sup- .> piled and iuch gtneral estimate of tlieir number, and the loom tLey would occupy, at may enabls the commijr'ontTS to form some judgment as tj the probable men dtniandsupon tile space applicable to the purposes of prod the exhibition whs The precautious taken by th** executive com- rant mittee, to insure to visiters a catalogue of the exbi- gold 1 ition, unou such terms, and of such a character, and as would render all attempts at piracy of the work nitd impracticable, have, we understand, been perfectly edin successful. A catalogue of three hundred and are t twenty ()uarto foiUcap pages, printed in double ajui , columns, and in four kinds of type, to be sold for a W , shilling, and a royalty of twopence to be paid to the open commissioners upon each copy sold, the whole Mr. , contents arranged and prepared at the ex|>cnse of Fox, the contractors, will certainly be one of the moat pr<s< remarkable of the many examples of enterprise ry m which the great exhibition will call forth. We trate understand that at the meeting of her Majesty's Sc , ccromissiooc rs on Thursday last, the tenders Kir that priuting and prejaring the catalogues for the exhi- <inati bition, were reported by the executive committee, The M.d I fie tender jointly s?*nt in by Messrs. Spier, vsri? ! the j a|>er makers, and Messrs Clowes, the prin- taiit ters, having been declared to contribute the largest ed. nun 10 the funds, w?i.- oidered to be accepted. Wt <>hj are not aware of the sum which these enterprising wWi g? ntlemen huve consented to give for the copy- si*ci right. The object, however, of the commissioners, was not to obtain n large amount from the contractors for the copyright, but rather to insure a complete and comprehensive catalogue, at such prices as would place it within the reach of all classes of visiters. We congratulate the csmmia- -pi sint ers on the result of their exertions. lral , There appears to be every probability of an ade- in,jU( <iuate representation of one of the most important |((W j, branches of our national manufacture?that of lo- ,{U, coniotive engines. Our manufactures in this de- nij(t( panment appear fully pre|?red to maintain their |u[,lt high charscter; an<l, in whatver other respects our French neighbors may excel us. they will, at ' all events, mid some ratio r formidable c<>mi>etit?re ***' I in ih'- locomotive line. Amotg other contributors jjjjj are IIicGihI Western U&ilwa) Company, who in- ,JC te 1 d to exhibit the " Mammoth," the most powertul br? ad-pnnire engine ever constructed; and the a 11 \ London and Northwestern have given notice o *'r v th< ir intention to exhibit their beautiful r.nd power- Bful narrow-piuge engine the "Liverpool. Mr. ?,-r' Robert Stephenson intends exhibiting two of his ' loctn;otiv?>, with nil the most recent improve '?> '[! meet* ; and Mr. Fairburn, of Man cheater, ai*u in tends exhibiting three very beautiful eneme*. It ' 13 alto irnti.ded to exhibit the actual hjdraulic pr? fS UK d in raiMre the Pritannia bridge over the 1,1 Menti Straits. v*M POM PRKC Al TION* ro rRUKXT 1'ATKNT t'HACY. and, [I'rom the London Ohionicle Nov. 0 ) fetu lh? Attornay-Ueuvral with the a?a?ot and conaurrence of tk? fcolicitor iisnstwl. heraby gt'ea notice, g that very MMMI applying for a patent ?lt?r th? ' conJ Uay ni >'? * mt'er Inatant. will U> ra<iulr*J te de- , " roait In tha tfflea t>l the Attorney or Solicitor-Oaner- '*CI al an cutllna deacrlptlon in writing or drawing. to ba AUi apprtvrd by the Attorney-General or th? Solicitor. 6. Otneral. l-aiora any rrport will bamalacn uch pa- goo tent. thei ' The eflect of this order will be to prevent a large *,<"p nmonnt of that fraud w hicli not unit' tueuily took 'wsi ' place under the recent syMem, hi consequence ol ?. applicant* describing to the Ait?rne)<Gene!*l or | Solicitor-ttenernl, invention* differing from those WNH w Inch they afterwards specified. The prospect of being uble to vie, n from the article* exhibited in inir thecrrit exhibition a great variety of novelties ''hot ' might have induced many persona to mak- appli- " L ; ca'ion* for patents t* i li tules s udiously vugue, 8 and as they could not be compelled to complete nfie thnr specification ui.hin six mouths, r ev?n ?'il within a much longer period, they would have the ** opjortnnity of including within it any invention* or in*? | in ; r<>vements which tiie* iniLiht see, tud which I *cl c< Id bv possibility be included undt r the utle ?0'< whit h they may have fivrn to their invention If As a consequence ol tin*, the ingenious and con- r*r< fidirg inventor and exhibror would have probably Nr found. wh? n too Ute, that the eult ol In. I?l ore, thej srd Ins expenditure of time and money, had b> en reap ir eluded in anMher person's pntent, and probably Inn the first notice which hs w< uld have received of *ill Una act of ep] ropnation would I. ^e In-en on injunc- j *11"' lion to prevf nt him from procieding either with the *>utr ' manufacture or sale of his Invention. 11/ corn- | tal i , {tilirc applicant#, howew, to rfepoait au outline > | desertion in writing or drawing. to he approved "r'' l>)" the Attorney <?ener?l cr Solicitor Gear ral, I hi* ther n orhroue fraud will he prev?nted, and the rights com of r-Alul'iton, aofata* priority of mv? n(i*>u i? con- f"i" cerm d, to a certain extent tecured lion 12 CAtTIUX TUMIilMI'OI.I A?AI W IXPOUTIO*. ' [troiii tb? Loixloo Chtonli W Not 7 J t The xuhi< ct ?*f the beat mode of bringing the d> l(i tn:.nda within the nnnra of ihe apusc wmch cm l>e r ?d in the bmldioir la one winch mMiiuuea to i >i <<cuiythe attention of t!>^ ei'cutivr committee. I i To ? ! -'in tbi- ' iid, ami at the - .me tf- e to admit I of an adoiuate repreeentnt'en of em-h particular intr. ! *nc h of indtiatry, and In pet treat, ?a fm a? ;n?aai I,*4 I We, diiuippcin'menta ai.?l j<* louoiea on the p?rt ?>i w t? intending eihibiiora, ia a Wak of a ?Maewb*t dii'i wid? i Ciit chthCiW The nature ol th<- hi ulii.iTy for 2 I carrjiig out the exhiiM'ion admita, however, of a Jam dninon of th? ?? dutiea. With the C<>mmieafoners lattf and Kaectjtive Committee must reat th" drrelope- H m?nt of a plan for alluring the amount of f\wce to td ti the local commi'teea, and noon the local commi'teea 4 muat detolrt the duty of <e|rcting the Hrticl*** ten which arc to cctui.y thtir allot u.l ^n:c in th<- I I building. A pl m nn? been ?uegMvd to in which 2. appear admirably oak ulated to meet th* dtlficul- :t ti?a of the eeae, m? far a? the ('ommip*iouera ar<? I concern* d, and which,il adopted, wo ild completely 5 l preclude the pooaibility of like a charge chat , of partiality < r unfairness being brought against (i , the m. U i.? the follow ina - From the return* no-* ?igh . be'oie tie Commiar? ncra, they will be en third to Sept I nidge of the proportion* which each of the four appt aettiona into winch the exhibition will be di- fron vided, bear to each other. The whole ami>ant of 7 i i hre to he .iflorded in the ling would be pura diiided into the same proportion# which theae aec- fuin tiona bear to each other Thia, if fine nrta and 8. raw materiala would each occnpr two |>art?, and Roy machinery and manufacture* eatn fonr p*rta, and orde it i to' 1 i.mount of apace were 1,2?apiare but i (i et, the former sections would each r^juire ?. %<0,000, ard the latter 400,(MJ<) square feet. liar- hthii me thus apportioned ? b<>le amount of space Mate in the building lo the ditlerrnt sretions, it would erf. be necessary to subdivide this into portions for 10 each rfnimittee. Thia could easily ne d?ne by artrr dtv ding the space set apart bjr th<* total nam- eipr her of exhibitora in each section Thus, if there ctmr wr re two thousand exhihiiora of raw materials or II f fine ait?, the ape re to Mt allotted to each would duty ? he an averse of one hundred feet; and if there of c wer# two ihonfiind exhibitora of manufactures Nn^ r and machioery, the nverifff space to each exhibit- th* | f rr in those s?c tior.s, would he two hundred feet, in K t>i- < irorotiirns are, of course, assumed for the cud i

| | wrpose or illustration, and are not founded upon 12 r i my data whatever. Having thua arrived at the Hi'- nverajre an oust of space to be given to in- heloi dividual exhibi'ora i? each section, the 13 total amount to be ailoted to raeh local committee duce I would be determined by the number of exhibitora of th whtch it had retomed in each section. We are sunei rift aware what course is intended to he adopted on hibtfi the fahje?t; btit we thiak the suggestion one lore rably adapted to meet the difficulties of the With respect to the final selection of article* cupy the space which would thus be alloted to committee, that ia a dity which must ol t*ity fall upon the local committees; but, ac lavti previoulyflttated, it n the intention of the nutnoners, before any final decision is come j depute oat or more well-qualified persona to the several districts, for the purpose of affordto the local committees information on any i on which they may be enabled to afi'ord it.| is desirable that parties should be put U(>oi] r guard against a species of imposition which, inderstaad, is now being earned on to some nt by persons representing themselves asbeins lected with the commissioners, and being able rcure a space in the buildiug for exhibitors, I payment of fees from 10s and upwards. i ral exhibiters have been defrauded to a conruble extent by means of representations 01 charueter We refer our readers to our polict rts in another column, in which will be found se of this kind yesterday, brought before the 1 Mayor, at the Miusion-house. is also found that certain parties have issuec itdt ons, drawn up with a certain official ap ante about them, to advertisers, soliciting ;rtisements and pre-payment for them in tht Invites of the forthcoming exhibition, but wh( s no authority whatever to oo eo. The ou!) ons authorised by the commissioners to pro ' and print the catalogues are Messrs. Spicei heis, paper makers, New Bridge street, ant srs. Clowes, printers, Stamford street; anc attempts to obtain advertisements by othei ies, to bo inserted in the catalogues, are fraud* i the public. :?eral inquiries have been m tde of us by in iog exhibitors as to whether the commissionwould take charge of the parking cites ii th articles intended for exhibition might b< . The commiss'oners have decided th it the; lot churge themselves with this duty. Thej : ro accoiumodations for warehousing such ar s, Hnd exhibitors must therefore take this dut] 1 themselves. The decision of the commu ers on the subject is No. 21 in the printed de ns, and is as followsPacking cases ii .h articles are br< ujjht to the building must b< aved at the c ist of the agent or exhibitor, a i as the iiooda aie ex-uniued and deposited ii ye of the commissioners." Dresden. correpj>ondent informs us that, among the nu us uriicie.i inxeneiea tone teni iium r^tnunjr, i rte bell, weighing MOlbs , manufacture J b; ieiich Gruhl, at Kleiniwelke, in Saxony. France* it- register which had been for some time oper e llotel-de-Ville, to receive the inscription o names of such manufacturer* of the depart t of the Seine U might mi. nd to forward thei; unions to the Grand Exhibition in London doted on the 31st ult. The number of decla< ns made by manufacturer* who had obtains medals at the French exhibition* wis 134 by these who had received silver or bronze ale, 867. The first category has been at once it'i d to send its productions, and the second o have theirs submitted to the examination oi y. e understand that the Society of Arts wil on the 13th, with a demoastrative paper bj Paxton.onthe buileiinein Hyde Park. Messrs Henderson & Co , the contractors, are a nt engaged in the preparation of the necessaodels and drawings which are intended to illus the nlyaet im? fears were expressed a short time since e>ur mercantile marine would not be ade t-ly represe nted at the forthcoming exhibition returns, however, which have been made front jus |>arts of the country show that that impor branch of our industry will be fully represent Among other intending exhibitors, we believe Mr. Wigrain, well known for his coniie-ctior our marine, intends t? exhibit very largel) mens illustrative of that department. AnttrWan Arrangements. circl'lar. Rooms ok tub National In?titutk, ) UT 7 l?%il r le executive commuted, appointed by the cen authority of the United State*, on the I.ondui atrial exhibition, respectfully present the fol ng nummary of information on the moat im.or matters requiring the attention of State com ea, and t*f thoae.who intend to become ex ore. C? minittees appointed by the Governors of th' lal State* aie recognized as the proper judge electing article* amiable tufbe aent to the exhi n from the United States Articleh intended for exhibition will be ex [>ed by th?* committee of the Stale or tern tor vhieh ihiyaiwihe produiu. The State committee* will fumi?h ilicates of all urticle* examined and approve< htm. to the executive committee at Washing r>n, who will give the i-anction required by th ich comi?i>eioi,' rs. Ariicbs approved in the manner above pre >ed, will be forwarded to Tendon free n ge, from the port of New York, in a nations el | lac* d, by the Navy Department at the die J of the cen'ral c< Ni'iiittee for thit purj>oi<c ui ill' dun of the exhibition, they will bi rned in the aume conveyance, to the sani< e, unlcM therwixe di?|>oaed of The Treesnry Department will afford, ai fa mineable, through the revenne cut er service litiea for forwarding object* from the ditfcren intic | orts to New York. ^h< uld the vessel deeicnaUd to convey th da to London not be in resdines? to receiv n on their arrival at New York, they will b ed at the navy yurd, and afterward* put o rd. free of expense to the owners. All good* intended to be lorwnrd 'd to the ex tion by the government vessel from N'*w Yorli uld br delivered at thnt place duly marked, an i Mutable invoicx, containing the correspond marks, in addition to other mark*, ther jld be inscribed on each package, the word in don I ihihiiion " No article will be recHred at the navy far r the troth lay cf January, l'Ol, a* the thm phiI MM after tliMt |*?i..<l. All riprttofD in I-ondon, for cartas, unpick rranpipff for > Unb.hon, ?nd removing ? lint ch?cp, muM be p*id by the owner* of th il* or^thf ir agent*. i. Mate (committee* are deaired to inform th utive committee on or h< fort the lutof Decern next, w hat amount of ground ar.l wall *pac can creditably till with tht prod uct* of thr? Civ. States. Mate* front which no inlorma on tin* point thall at that time be forwardej be presumed to require no mart of the apac ittil to the I'niUd Matea, and it will be distri (J to the other State*, accoilmg to their srve riiiiire rrentp. . IV 'ailed utatrment* relative to th* exhibition to the several cU**e* of obiecta *ppro|>rtat rtn, hare be? o furnished to the aevernl ft-it mittee*, and w,ll be mip^ied to th??r who m* ire mere particulnr information, upon a,>i>licj to the executive ? ommittee. L All communicft ion* *hot?l4 he a ldreased t Sctftary of the ?xecntive committee Puntr PoRct < h*lrman m C. G Krmm'<v, Secrrury of Ka. Com. it t.ATIOHS nv Till < OJHVIMIOJIIh* 1"H Uwt"?. 11..- exhibition i* to be opened m II) de I'.uk 4m? M the l?t H) of May, |.N?I. The i>m| I constructed chif il> of cast iron and plate gl?.a> "( t-t long, 413 I'M and Urn feet high i a machinery room !?W> feet long and I* lee will he nearly tire proof Cooda will b- reoHvd h'twe^n the first o Miry and the tir#t of March, l^">l A ter th t day none can be received. The production* of nil ration* w.i| be exhibit 'Crtiter under one general cla*Mfi<*atio-i. Artclei txhibiied will be divided into fou ion*, viz i R?w material! and produce. Machinery. Manufacture* Sculpture tnodfla ami plantic art. Inhibitor* will deliver iheirgooda at Ih'ir ov rgr and litk at the building in Hyde i'?rh. Article* liable to peritli during the period c l montha. from the lrt t>f January to the let o ember, are not auitable to be exhibited. Thl ie* more particularly to certain articlea derive i the animal an<l vegetable kingdoma. l.xhibitora will be at the coat of their own in nee Olaaa ca?< a, when required, muat b ihbed by the exhititor Any exhibitor may, by permiaaion of th< al Commi?aion?ra, employ a aerrant to keep it r and explain the articlea which he exhibits not to invite pnrcha aer* Pricea are not to be affixed to the articlea et led, but may, at the option of the exhibitor, fx d in the invoice aent tothe Koyal Commlaaion . No articlea of fore'gn manufacture can b? ittrd for exhibitirn, unleaa they come with thi eaa annction of the central authority of th< ;trv of which they are the produce Oooda will be admitted without pavrn*nt o1 , and ?ealed with the official aeal of the boarc iiatoma till their arrival at the building; bu fa will be required of the owner or agenta f.?i <a>ment of dutiea in caae they ahould be nob rgland after the exhibition ia over. No f?c removed until the exhibition ia finally cloned The rnlea of awarding pri/.ea will conform tr aection or department to which the good) In the department of raw materiala and pro, pri/e? will be awarded upon a consideration e value and importance of the article, and th* rior excellence of the particular apecimena ex*4; anH in the cn^e of prepared materiala, the Ity and impottaace of the prepared product, Md the superior skill tad ingenuity in the preparation, i will be considered. 14. In machinery, prizes will be given with reI ference to novelty in tbe invention, superiority in i the execution, increased efficiency or increased economy in the use of the article exhibited. Its i importance in a social view, and th? difficulties in > perfecting it, will alao be taaen into account. 15 In manufactures, increased usefulness, such ' as permanency of colors, improved forms and patterns, superior quality, or higher skill in workmanl ship, new materials ased, aud combinations of ina, terieds, beauty of design in form or color, with reference to utility andcheanne as relatively to ex! cellence of production, will be the basis of decision. ! 16. In sculpture models and the plastic art, re, WHrds will have reference to the beauty and originality of the specimen?, to improvements in the processes of production, to the application of art to f manufactures, and, in the case of models, to the s subject they represent. I 17 Juries, to consist partly of Englishman and jMirtly of foreigners, will he composed of men of known abi'ity to form a judgment?above the susI picion of either national or individual partiality. 18. No competitor for a prize can be placed on a ; jury for a particular department in which he is a 5 competitor. ) 19. To exhibitors from the United States there r have been allotted of ground space, 85,000 square feet, subject to a deduction of one-half for passages; r and of wall or hanging space, 40,000 square feet, not subject to deduction r * 5 0 ? ff . S "l eC S> ? 0 ; * * ? > 5 <L o! * ' ? e- 2 i f si 1 S? o i a : ' cj 5 if 3 1 s c ~ 1 ? 5 2 8 55 5 \ I sa 8 S ?. i ^ ? a ? t M - i _j r g s ill n 3 ~ 2 a ca- 5 ? 3 ' I S 0 | t1 9 ? I ? r * E r a ^ -7 r) 5 : 6 t | a, i | fl ? S <% *0 ! ?> V s* i ?5 * o F er* c$ ? I* I E j if * I I *5 S t 1 ?~j 1 sb i : 1 ? p 1 The Hontoii l..u ori) t1ie jkalocs* in england of our independent MIl.iriA. . [From the British Army Ditpatch, Not. 1] > The regulars have ever felt themselves entitled ' to indulge in a little innocent pleasantry at the expense of the "make believes," and Yankee milt1 ia. men, and Yankee militia doings are considered fair g^me all the world over. Foote, and our ininuuFde Chiules Mathews have stereotyped these liToes of unbacked rapiers? and Colonel Cueiuvber, Major Sturgeon, Lieutenant I'attypin, and Ensign Tripe?all of them doughty trencher men, and dubj l>ed ?n carpet consideration, are familiar in our niou'.hs, as " household words." ' Stout once a month, they march?a blustering band? And ?Ter, but in time of need, at hand.'1 The most palpable hit at the militia, as a body (we (|uote from the last edition of Joe Milier,) w,is utter* din the House of Commons, during the late 9 penintular war, by one of the Secretaries of Stite. A certain colonel of yeomanry having moved in his place in parliament, thut " the militia be never ' ordered to act out of the country," the minister V slily qualified the motion by adding, " except in case of an invasion." But a true? to J severities. Our sense of the ridiculous was J1 never so keenly excited a? lately, en reuding an article in the \tw Vurk Heroin, headed, "The e Boston Lancers in New York?Great Military Demonstration." Truly we pricked up our ears, and thought of no less than "guns, drums, and trumjiets. blunderbusses, uiid thunder"?when, lo! the affair turi.ed out to be a mere excursion trit< of a K party of the Lancers aforesaid te the city of New York, lor the double puroose of astonishing the 1 natives by the spl*-ndor or their uniform*, and of e erjoyinjj themselves by exercise ol their gutrononuc power*, and right well they api^nr to have r succeeded Under the command of Capt Pierce, '? says the editor, "The Boston National Lancers ar1 rived here last Monday, with their horse*, equipments, and sixteen of their ladies. The latter rep movt d to their hotel*,' (the former of course to their stall*) while Qieir lords and masters "the * I.:incers, after oartaking of supper a'. Cori>onl n Thompson's, took up their quarter* 111 the tents thit hud been pitched foi then. They were received by the Naiioual Guard troop, and there were sere, raI member* present of Ihe other companies, uU<> [' of the Citv (iuniii mii.i I, layette Ouita>" "On Tuesday forenoon, the National Guard, e Colonel Duryea, made preparations formally to * receive the Lancers; and at 12 o'clock the troip of , the National Guard,commanded by Captain Wain. proceeded to Corporal Thompson's, and escorted the Lancers to Pond street, where the regiment was iu waiting to rs.-eive them; also the Wasfnaif" ton Grays, Captain Vari in, who asaed the privilege ol joiniru in tlie recej^ion. The Lancers, w.ih r their Mounted bind, then passed in review before the New York troo|?, snd performed *ome evolutions, which elicited the admiration of the s,u'Cta'* tors, both military and civilian*." r But the day was not destined to pa?a with <ut it* r disaster. The course of vanity, like that of true |* love, never did run smooth?Smtii atmtri ah</*<4. '? " t'n reaching the |*rk, at I o'clock, th^v halted, r ard a sergeant wae despatched to the M .yor, i? say that the Boston lancers, in purn iiace of the previous invitation addressed to His Honor a..d the t'ommon Council, were ready to be reviewed in '? front of the City Hnll; but the Mayor wis m m t*t iHi'inln A few of ihe council were pivstui, and r the chin of |olice, and a iOfS" <>i in *n u:i r h:* y ccmmand, ? let her with a large number of eiti* zena. The c.uoe of the Major's absence w? not explained, though it semis *o like an insult that it 0 n quires a full explanation. li has uiven rise to Wt arc with the Mayor of New Yoik moft decidedly, i.nd think that it require* m gho?tlo e*. pliin tbr itwtcf of that fun ^lonnry He volrd the whole affair a bore, an I wieelv k< |>t of the ? way. But grumbling wai of do u*e; acid, b*aid>*a. , their t'omachi began to give note of prrpiram>a fc,r the real haeinea* of the day. { "At two o'clock, the whole of the troojw proce.lrd to the Apollo Niloon, 410 Hf?a<lw?y, to itmaer f (leaving their horaea m Cuntl btr-et. in < harg- of e a few men), where plat** w< re laid for upward * of H'i. TlwTlliMal liwatd number* d llti in*n; tSa Wtahing'on Greya, W; the B?a'on Lancra, 110; the Sitflolk Band, IX; and the Wru>hit?gton llraa* T I'.atid, 21," (eac h rm-n hem* hia own trum,>ei* r ) " making, in all, bcanlea other gueata from lioatoa and New York. The en'ertamment w*? giv? n hy the National < iuard, and wa* a m? er* Citable * flair.' L?uiihtl?ar. excelling, in ep?ciire,ia refinement, the funiueto <t Lucaliua, served in the n jjorgeoui Ai tdlo. " i'he company having done jmtice to the eiiel,f lent viands," the teal er?|.e firing commenced, hy r f General 8and'ord proposing "the health of Ci^tam I*.,..? ..I .U. V I 1 ? p iritr, uir nnuuiini i/W'Tfi, wiik n i I ?med with every honor " The gallant Captain reply w** at oner |*thy and charaoteriatK' lis rr?ponded to the compliment in the following r termo:?" You on turn I ly e upect a areerh; but I rid no talking man. I do all my diking before inr . company. (Laughter and ch^cra ) I can onljr I ray, 1 thank you Iroin the bottom of my hi-ar;; and I ei\f you the following aentinvni:?Th? Srvanth K'-giment of the National (imrd of New York, whoae hoepitality we are receiving?the preeiamn . and perfection of their discipline ?tand for an e*ample t? the Union. (Great cheering on the part of the Lancera.)" Caw me, caw thee,*' then became the order of . the day. The Colonel g*ve the Quarter-Maatrr, ? who, with Home humor, raid that he " left home thinking he would have aomething to do in relaI lion to hi* office, but he found he wm gloriously j Miferfedf d, and hid nothing to do " Then an t oth?r Colonel pro|<oard the health of a Ocnev|t; r and tb< a everybody pfnp<?ned every bod* elae'a I health, till it w*? time to retire, when the Lancm i were rarried oft to their quarter* ia a atate of high delight at their entertainment, and the auper-eiccl, lence of the aharry cobblera , Wrdnraday wa* d? voted to aeeing the lions; nd after mack lunching and counter-lunching. the waniora finished the evening'* exertion* by gotng , to the theatre. On I horaifay, the laat day of their viatt, the tracer* paraded through ?// the atreeta of th? , city. <? thia ?ceaaian they called (with cnHoui propriety) to pay their ad#a at the houae of one "Mr Francis Farewell, I .dot Broadway, formerly a member of tb< corps, who entertained thein wan refreshments." (He had hid experience of their habita)!!! Thea " they visited the Nary Yard, and finally were reviewed tit the City Hall by Mayor Smith,, who baa acted so differently from the Mayor of New York A handsome collation was ordered for them aj the expense of Colonel Crook, of the 14th Kegiment, and prepired by the <?lUnt Major Towsey, at his hotH in Liberty street. <'.eneral Duryea, with his stall, did trie honors, and tendered th*m the hospitalities of the city." Gallant * This is immensely rich After having dome justice to each and all of these good things, they departed in a B|>ecial train, carrying with thea "the best wiahea of the ciiizena of NewrYork, upon whose minds they have left a most favorable impression of their soldierlike and most gentlemanly bearing." Prodigious ! \! The European North American Haltway. [From the London Chronicle. Oot. 31 J The great importance of lius project, or any other based upou the same principle, to the United StateB, it is so evident that it does not require further notice; but to the British provinces, and in connection with them to Great Britain, the advantages are so vast, ihut it may not be out of pl&oe to point out where, and in what way, they may bo best employed. The railway, as proposed, will extend to watervilk, in the State of Maine, from thence by way of Portland to Boston, New York, and other cities in the United States now connected by railways, thus allording a rapid and uninterrupted traiiMt, from the extreme i>oint of Nova Scotia, on the Atlantic, to the shores of the Mexican Gulf; this will he of mutual advantage to the commercial relations between Great Britain and the United States But the establishment of a railway communication between the landing point in Nova Scotia and Csnad i, by way of New Brunswick, is of political importance to Great Britain and her colonies that can hardlv be over-estimated. The railway once m >de to the borders of Nova Scotia, or into New Bruuswick, it can be extended, if needed, direct to t iauada, without entering the> limits of the Unit-d States?thus securing a transit through British territory tor all political, or, if iecesssiy, commercial purposes, though ihts, it ic to lie ho(>ed, will never be r? quired by any disturbance of the jietce between the two countries. On the contrary, this combination between the citizens of the Lulled Sutco and Britisn subjects, lor the promotion of commercial enterprise, to winch war has, und nwa>s will be, destructive, cannot but promise additional security, by the tie of common interest for its maintenance. The convention appears to have selected Galway, on the w-ft oi Ireland, and Whitehaven, Cape Can so, Nova Scotia, for packet stations. The distance between the two ports is about 2.000 miles, and asi-uniin^ a speed of seventeen miles an hour for steam vessel?, ihe Atlantic can be crossed from ] oint to pout, m live days. Thus, by a railway from New York to Halifax, or Canso, by a fast steam packet from thence to Galway, crossing by the Great Midland Railway from Galway to Dublin, from thence to Holyhead, and from Holyhead to London, the pas-age from New York ta London may be induced to seven days time, employing about 1,200 miles of railway and 2,000 utiles of steam navigation The packets employed should be used for pusseng'rs and mails only, carrying as little weight as possible. Vessels designed for crossing the ocean with speed should not carry merchandise. Screw vessels will carry emigrants, occupying only a few d i>s longer on the voyage, a?d, by using the railways, place them at their destination in one third the usual time occupied. The movement in lavor of this railway ha? hi'fn fitr/ nothent-'i hv the ifivt-n hv our own govtriim?nt to the Mdluid Great Western lfailway of Ireland, from Dublin to Galway, and to the general intetast now shown l.y them in the selection of some port in the sru'h or west of Ireland for a packet station to America Of the advantages Ireland would derive from such en establishment an estimate can hardly he formed; but to make her th- highway and place of einbarktuon to and from the New World, fur tUe tens ot thousands who annually cross the Atlantic, must bring advantages that will materially aid in rescuing h^r fr< m the misery and degradation under which her people are now suffering. This project has been taken up warmly both in the I nited States and in the provinces, and parties of rerpectibilitv have offered to take large nmounts of stock. The members ot the several Legislatures have promised to advocate the grant of punlic lands and other assistance by the states through which the railway will pass, and it is to 1** hoped that the promoters may find auy appeal they may make in this country, eith?*i to the government for countenance, or to the public for ussiatance, receive the attention it deserves. From all that is shown, it promises well as an investment for capital; but that it is an undertaking of great importance, both |?>hticaily and romrn'Tcially, is be yon J contradiction It tyay interfere, with the particular irterests of companies now ettnblitliru, and mav divert some portions of trade from the present channels; but the British provinces, and consequently the mother country, will be treat gaiocrs if this enterprise is accomplished, and in this sense the public will value it. 1'alsley Sliuwli. [From the Kngllkn L?di<*? Companion J Not so much following in the wake of the French manufacturers, *s advancing in a parallel path, the 1'aisley weavers are equally indebted to me senum" maina cawnniere as a model, and nave displayed k:mI perseverance in bringing then work near to its prototype, so far as the first general effect is considered. As we remarked in oui firmer chspter, it is the close inspection of an Indian shawl winch most distinctly shows the difference of itH fabric from any other, though there are two mode* of wmking the pattern of an Indian shawl?the one l>y embroidering it upon the material, and the oth< r by working it into the web during the process of weaving. The lirst mode is obviously needlework, and forms the less valuable kind of Indian sIirwI; the latter is not so simple, f'r<d bears at a glance a nearer resemblsncc to the French and Painley manufactures. In the prodvc ion of this, the more ccstly Indian fabric, c number of iktwrs, made of ivory, and .som'-t'meg of wood, about the *ixe ??f a common packingneedle, are ux-d Thry are sharpened at both ends, end each tkt w> r is covered with a different colored wool: and wi h them the pattern is workeu Mitch by flitch into the web. The hacks of thes*sbawls, of course, ?h iw the efiect of this minute and laborious handicraft, aud present a totally diff? rent appeanmce from the l.aropeaa Hiawls, ih? pattemaof which are woven entirely on the loom ? nly, howevi r, the very inferior Paisley shawl are made by the power loom; the finer ones requiring the more delicate work of inaaual labor Mid the numerous shades of color which are used, each demanding a separate shuttle, render handlot m weaving indispensable. There is on?? disadvantage which the Paialey menufacturi'ts labor under, whieh would, perhaps, nevei Iw guet?td, or thought of, by the unmitiatedand though touching on a ,>oliic?il ipiettion, we in jur mention it in eluci?ia*ion of our subject. Th?heavy duty ou paper, from which the French an wholly free, is severely felt in the use of the Jacquard loom, how severely may be imagined whea n' iiiruinT ??i^ I?;I ?iwiu|r um tiiiin mucr u in computed thai (or a certain I'aialeir shawl in contemplation fur the great exhibition M next few. th* roat of prrparinjftlie Jacjurd will lie ?470, ou? ct which sum the duty on inr cud-board will he no I'M tkan Aifi Ift*. Of course, th? pre>?m ion for commoner fabrics is much lean c wiiy, but aiill iheiaiiaia due pro jortion; and 'ho.igti it in true that the Jacquard, no<- at t, will rnt<ke mi infinite number of ahuwla. it i* alio true that fashion ia j>ro*etbtally h< kle, and nrces* rily lnn<i? advantage. We mut, also, bear in miud, that numeroua Iraijrus do not, in romtnrrciil ( hraac, "take." and that, in the* ?wfi, uearly a !< -.d loss ia tUe result. .N'evrtUeleaa, our oleitrh<?d< d and enterpria?of Scotchmen Bre not fant-hearted ei'her *t the present or lor the fu'ure; ard whut they ?re doing, the wide window* *'f our in?>?t ?howy London shop* will tell, and the hmmts of fashico in this autumn season yet mon ndvuiitnceouvly display. We are certain that )'ai?l*y ehawia are frequently taken for French Cashmeres, nor do we Iw-lieve thai any <>ne bj> an e*j*rimc?d deibrcan perceive the diflerrnce between a <hif d'-r-vrrt from the North and a Paris shnwl. Of course we are not spenkinjf of those common fabrics which,from the xi??nccof clienitneaa, are Mde partly of cotton, but of the fiatly woven wool slnwla, the imitation Cashmere*. Some of the mo*t beautiful we have seen are mxdt of wool imported fiom Australia; the genuine Cflhhmere w ool ia also freely used, as well as a fine wool from (iermany. where shawls, too, are in vie; | but the liiHnufactup', thouchof long standing, does not 10 w? 10 have aulhcient individuality to nieni any particular notice. Fo? their paiterna the Pauley manufacturer* are indebted bo'li to India and France, hut more for th? e? neral kfea of what will work well than for anv jree!?e futtern; end to curiously successful are thrir on n de?ignf r*. that tome three or four year* *lto a Paialey chnwl wan detained ? tile c'MMii' home a* being French The owner of the shiwl, the wife of a member of parliament, m*i*ted upon thp contrary 5 hut to positive w?re th? anth >ri??e#. thnt the *hawl ? as only (fiven upon Kerr and^cou sending to them an agent who prodn?'?l the original pat'Tn. The duty on P?i*lejr *hawl* ia *0 heavy in Tnncf. ' ermany, Italy, Jtyain, and Portugal, IhV it almost amount* to a prohibition, ranging a* it doe? bein-fen thirty and ??ven'ylive i*r ce?t. The lone hh-wlabeme more esteemed than the apMre one*,, and ciinriderxl artictcs of luxury, it ia by no mean* unusual for dealer* to ent the former toi two,, in order fo erade the higher dwty, and to have the twa halve* fine drawn together afterward* Tl?e?e *hawl? are greatly admired on the continent, ?*' we ohaerve in a recent number of a French jo irntl* thai a new ahswl lately adopted by the Parisian* ia c?ll*d the ?' Paisley '

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