Newspaper of The New York Herald, December 3, 1850, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated December 3, 1850 Page 3
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Itotin that a semi-monthly mail service should b regularly organised aad performed oa the Pacifi portion of that important route. The contractor <> the route had already so for yielded t > the com plaints and wants ot the puMie, as to *ake o -ca Unally a second monthly wail, but for want o legal authority to make comi>i*u?ati<>n for nuch sei "Vice, its performance had never been properly or ganized. It was voluntary merely, and only occa Mooal The action of the department was urged in view -?f the provisions of the receut act ot Congress roakml' an anurooridtiwn for ac'aal mul servici performed, or to be pe'formed, by mail atoatneri bat I did not feel at liberty to mike an order whicl TOifht divert a portion of th-tt appropriaiif><i to th< pajment of service* not withiu the contem.'l itiot ?f Congress when the aiyropri ttion was mad; Anxious, however, to afford to the new State th< Jequisite mail facilities, in arranirem-int was liud' -with the contractor tor the monthly mail, by whiet the additional service was secured, with the ex prfbn understanding and agreement that the ordei therefor ahould create no liability of aay kind against this depirtment or th- government ; thi' the service authorized by sutita order should uot bcoaridered in fixing thr ani'xmt of aay comrensa tino for mail service by oceui ateam-rs, for whict any appropriation had been t heretofore nude b> Congress ; and that the <>rde.r for such service was frject to be revoked.If Cougresa, to which alone the contractor was to look for a;i allowance of pay, should disapprove of the ??ni- Th^ assent of the contractors to these term< <vu required and ol> tained as a condition precedent to the completion of such arrangement It rem tins for Congress tc adopt Mich measures, in regud t? this subject, a: inajr be deemed just and expfdimt. The locks and keya in usr upon the in tils of the X'nited States, have now beru in service for miny years, and the experienced officer of this depart ment, to whoae charge this b< inch of the service bv been committed, recommend* that the same be ch?agf i. 1 concur in this rr-cumm^adatioa, an<i shall ask that a sufficient impropriation for rhat pur pose be made by Congrejs ' tne ap,>roictiiuj sea aton. The publication of the list of pott ofiices, and o ? new edition of the laws aud regulations, foi Which an appropriation its nude at the last ses aioa, has not been completed. The lint of ofticei iiM been prepared, autl it * printing directed, bu the printing or' tnr new edition of the Uw? and regulations has not yet be. u ordered. The delay Au been caus? d by the desire to await the actioi 4>l Congress upon the bills afl'ecting this depart mrat, which were reported at the last session, and toy the pressure of business whicii has hitherto pre veated such a revision of th'- regulations as it wu deemed expedient to make before the new editioi ?a?#rdered. The accommodations for the post office of thii city are entirely unsuitrd to an office of its impor tance, and are decidedly <lncre<l"Hble to the de partnient and the countrt -v ine improvement* lately authorized and no* n ^ogress, wili atl>r? partial and umportry r-'tiH ; tut other arrange CTents of a permanent ch.i ne'er should so >n b? ?rade. The rooms of th d , - * rtment, also, ar< already unreasonably ccivhl, and additioni rooms for the officers and i>'rks of the depirtni^at and of the Auditor's office, will soon be abiolutelj required. To afford suit?r?i>- aecommodu ions foi these, and for the city post of. :e, it is respectfull] etnwnitud that the contempt ->d extension of th< treat wing of the General Post Office buildini should be authorized, and that the upper floors ii snch wing be assigned to th? Auditor and his clerks and that the first floor be devoted to the use of tb< <Snr post office. The laws regulating the action of this departm?n and its officers are numerous, we'e piwse.i at diffi* rent times, and cmitaw many cbsolet- and conflict jag provisions. An entire revuton of these law., and the passage of a single ait containing all th* provisions of law relating to th s depirtmen', woul< aid all its officers in the di^ch rge of their duties a?d give greater ease, accuracy, ami despatch t( ilii o|h> rat ions. Such a revision i? respectfully sug grand la cocclubioa, I desire to acknowledge mf obli gationr to ray aseUian<? ami ine clerk* in the de l*rtmen? for the cheerfuloe?, zeal, an! aaaiduitj Hh which they have labored in the discharge o tbeir respective duties, and to renew fhe rccomm?n <fotion v4 my predecessors, that 'h* Assist nt Post masters General be pUced ti|*>u the same footing in resjK-ct to their comiwnsation, as the h**adtfl tnirrau* in the other deoarim^nta N. K. Hall, Postmaster General. To the Prlsidknt. REPORT OF T1IK SECRETARY OF THE INTERIOR. Dfiartme.m Of rm Imikkiok, i December 2, 1850. \ 8m:?The duties which have been devolved b' law on the Department of the Interior are of th' BUial varied and iuu*>ruot character. As th ?ame of the department *<>11.1 unply, th-v reUt to most of the interests of the couutry which are ? Ik domestic nature They embrace no < nly variety of anbjecta. but the duues to be peri fine are widely dissimilar, and part ike, in so ne d free ?f a legislative and judicial, as well as an vxt ctitive character. To this departni' nt is entrusted the ieral su f>emsi< n and m'bagement of all matt* t onnectei with the Public Domain, Indian All ' s. Per si >nl',.Mic Baild Hi the Cti s, the P -m l? misty, and the ei^euo: 'ires ol tl - Judiciary It > ir.e duty of the p- n in ch re ol it to ae to the faithful administra a * t*.< laws rela in to these aeven.1 branch'* < tN r >tc service, an to prescribe such regulations an y be neceas tr to give full effect to the leg.<Uti * will. A ?1 ii addition to these functions of >a ex ?cntive Bud le jgialative character, he la rei,uired by law to act i ? judicial capacity, and to ii -cult all ras?s of at fcal which u.xy be brouglit before him for adjudi cation from any of the oureaux in his depirtmeul Many of '!>? ?.< appeal*, e*|ie<!iall / from the IVn.-ioii Land, and Indian office*, arc of great im,tortanu In a iM-cniiiiiry point of view, mid involve iti? exi imna'iou of voluminous records, tud (lie in/esti;; (ion and decision ol inuicat* question* of law uu cuutjrThe act of Coogreta whic i created the dep*n ffnent wdi drawn up, probably by design, hi ver General terms. Many of us pruvi*n>us are exceed ? -j . r? k?. ... . i*pi> T?|;ur, nuu mvi* rr - ila? w .?v? ? ?? t* tup to ili Her *1111 precieioii ih? l? tund-trie* of >i Jurisdiction, or th? rii'ui or n? pj *rm la th Odtw ?. thi? w*? proh ihly the iidicirui coiir* p ?-i1i?Ti',Dc,c i? Kent rally If??- * *ai guide in the a tuattueni of Mich nulMii Hit li would iter in t lie projw r no * ih*t thrre an>-<ld Ik- more defini' trfoalaiion pttacri^iut' the dutiea <iu l-powera of Hi nt, ao thht ili re nuy 6- no cuaHict wit ether rl?-|'4rtni?'ni?, >ud lit'le or nothing left to ui jnete discretion ol the inr imhrn' My inrdtcMt, in hia anon * I report. cill<i you Ctuiition to tlie lujowutuity im ihe It* in refcreju 10 the d<?ignuuou of ih> d-.??M ? > In the ml of the a^t it is nyled * H'?m* Department," b. itir hod? of the |?w orovM-m c.i i? i' thill h Pille " The Department of the Inirn r " The Ute li ciimlxni, onder who*e miih,>i :-p flie dep^rtmn w?? oftfani/ed, ft-it lnnir> I' hoimd, hy the rn indi lory trim* of ilf U?r, u> adupt ihe latter d^tign: tion la !I Ina ofTicini arts ; r?nt it ta ohvioti ly pri jer that Congress aliou d S? iiip,>iemental l^gi-ili ul, remove the ambiguity and n ihia tuhirc*. My I r?-dece*?or also recomm-nded, <or renot *ery clemly anil forcibly at? ad hy him m hia p jort, ?o whirh I re specitully ri f?-r, th- creation ( i he i flice ol Solicitor of t'le I ivirtniat of the li IfrioT, to be filled hy k I i??it tfonprtrnl to nvei lidKie ami decUf man> of the nn|Miri?nt q'ie<*tiot ci law and fact arising ii|M n 'he numerous apo*a mrm i .L .? finm ih?- hint lilt Mw hr fI r\ j? rtt ucp in ike admiai?tr*u>n ?.f id* d.partmei <nnhlet rw tn ( t'?rci i*?- ih-* wi-^jirn of that ri roniim D4?t<nR, and In uric*- tin ep ly adoption li <-oBjirr*n In all cuiten, however, the action of tli ijolw lor should h* fthju-t to the* r?-vmii>n of tf Jirarl of itic detriment, for n > lung ahould be dor lo din>im?li, to the flightest degree, liu official r sponHhiluy. An the report# of the head# of the several hi Teaux will jfivr full inform*'! > i iii rejjird lo the condition and want* rM|rMmlf, ntu* as 1 hire r t>een lot g enough in offr?** to rn ik? myielf ih roughly a<quaiattd with ail the detail* of their u ^am/Hion and function*, I do not deem it etthi tx-ceaatry or proper, at ?.hia tune,to give more th ?? f??eral review of their op- rat.oaa, with aach e .{ iaiMtiona and Biigpemion* tie thr puhlir- interei Krm to require. Aa prelifTiiaxry to thia review, I respectfully au itnit, in tabular form, <? an mm .rpfof the estimate* f *?ch branch of ?he p-ihiic t?-rvic? within the j'iri ?|fc,Mon of thm ofoce. la a dimitf c >l i tin, at <^pi>Mie lo eajh item, ia a ?Ute,n-nt of the ratim* forthe prear nt fiscal year for similar a?r?ire* Th comparison aeema to he proper, ?? it ?rill exhibit ihe reprewntatltreaof th?- people at * aingie flam a View of the whole auhjeet. tnd at the a^iftin afford me the opportunity of prraen'mr, by #u ctnet commentary on each Item, anch explaaatlo aa I deefre to arter. McrAtTMsrrr or rnt mmmit. JKtltmal.-t ]? ?* JltcaT fmr Hoc, J?nt, IMt, rm MiW wi/A Itotr far M< prr^rnt Jktr.a! >r?r Hoi ' mi n?^ait??nt prnp?T W 01 ?7S ?47 Us< ??r*lea Willi Ml 07?,0S< Indian a*alr? till IM HI 1 01* ?vi PMa*?a -JW.rMai 1.179 MB . . . a a.a a at all ? 111# 0<>0 ?H*1 tl ***** Court# I0174T 00 |#7 ?17 Tnhlia k?4Hla?i Ml ??? 0? IW 075 V*anp- r laaatln* 10 000 00 IDM ?A?rln?lmraJ ?tatl?tln?. *i?. ???0 00 0 ,*)0 p"att??4fary of th* DO.. 11 OUO 00 T.MI ffcUrMa boundary anrray. H-o.ouo 00 $7,iii on if ?s rf.iri ftaaeaa mr'a* aitlMtoi ?l,7 ?, ;<) e The first fact which strikes the mind upon lookc ng at this recapitulation U, that ih- estimiM for j tbe uext fiscal year exceed* that for the preaeat i- tl,7lH,?70 63. r Faithful guardians of the public reaaury will naif turally inquire how does this htppen T The que?tion dt-mands a candid answer, and I shall proceed - to give one which I hope will be uo less satisfactory than free from all attempt at concealment or disguise. r DEPARTMENT ftOHl. , Under this head, the esttmtte f.?r the next year t falls below that for the present #11,097 bS This , results from the fact that thers it u? dc ieiency of 1 a previous year to be provided for. List year there ? was u deficiency of $31,737 W to be met Now 1 there are unexpeniea Balances on huo'l which, in addition to the sum esumited, will supply the wants ! of the department. ! LAND SERVICE. i The estimates under this he*d exceed those of last year $157,11* 29 Tnts is cauael by the inr crease of expense coneequ-nt on the (usiaife of the I act of "i'Sth September, lsji). grautiig bmnty liii.l; t by ilie contemplated extension of the land system over the newly acquired territory; and by the defi cienciea in the estimates of ihe la-i tiical year. 1 INDIAN AKI'AIKS ' Here there is an excess ovrr the estimates of laat ' vear of 41.12:1.033 1'). A r?*f?-rriice to the raunrt of the Commissioner ollmli.tu AfTiirn <v 111 sho>v thtt, whilst mHDy of the items embraced in the forrn?r ebiiniHle have been reduced or omitted in the present, the aggregate of the present e*um?te hn been increased by miking provision f?r deficiencies, which was not done in the eatmute of last year, and bv embracing large sums necessiry to carry into efl>ct new treaty stipulations, and to extend our Indian relations in'o new territories, in pursuance of recent acts of Congress, gjme idea may be formed of the magni>ude of these latter items, when it is remembered th*t our Indian population lias been al uost doubled by our recent acquisitions of territory from Mexico. PENSION OFFICE. In this item there is also au apparent excess of startling magnitude. It exceeds the estimate of last year $1,145,46}) 53 But a little elimination will show that it is to a great extent merely apparent, and that so tar as it is real, it results from causes over which the executive officers could exercise no control, and which are entirely consistent with the true interests of the country. These positions are susceptible of ready demonstration, as 1 will proceed in a few words to show. The estimate of last year fell short of the actual expenditures of the bureau, including the deficiencies of the preceding year, $921,688 45. This deficiency was supplied by the appropriation %f $">60,<>00 ia the " deficiency bill" of last aeasion of Congress, and by $364,<>88 45, which sum is embraced ill uir ptcoriii CBUiiiair nuuiu^; iiicbc buiiis iu lur estimate of last year, and the ajigregite is $2,403,946 23. Then deduct from the estimate of next | year $364,(W8 45, which amount is aske 1 for to su,>ply Ihe deficiency of the present year, and which i is not properly chargeable to the next, and the trne amount of the estimated expenditure of the j Pent ion Bureau for the ensuing year is ascertained 1 to be $2,260,037 86, or $143,907 37 less than the ' actual expenditure of the current year, including the deficiency of $560,000 for 18T>0 This mode of stating the account, however, although it exhibits a true comparison of the present , estimates with the actual expenditures ol'thecur* rent year, does not preseut a fair view of the amounts legitimately charge tble to the l'ension J Bureau for the two years MMCttvtlf, because it embraces among the expenditures of ihe year, , ending, June 30, 1851, $5W),000, which was a deficiency in the year 1850 Discarding that sum ^ from the calculation, the result is as follows:? Ketlmats for year ending 30th June * 1861 $1,479,256 78 ; Add deficiency embraced In present estii mats 084.698 45 > Aggregate chargeable to year ending 30th June, 1861 1,843,1)46 23 Ketimate lor ths year eadlng 30th June. 1862 2,624,728 81 Deduct estimate for deficiency of yetr * ending 30th June, 1861 361,888 45 ' Aggregate chargeable to year ending 30th June. 1662 2 230,037 86 Riresi of present estimate over the ex renditareot the year ending 30lU June 861 416,092 6J 1 his excess embraces the anticipated increase of expenditure occasioned by the extension of the bent fits of the Pension laws, and by the administralion of the bounty land law, so far as it devolves | on the Pension Office. cwsrs. In the last estimate the amount submitted as the probable expense of this whole service wan $1,116,000. This sum having been appropriated for that object !>y the act of 30th September, MHL (chapter 90, peg* 172,) no further sum is dtemed j utcesaary now. Y TWTED STATES OO' RTS. r The estimate for this service exceeds that of e last year fX*>,210, iu cousequence of the antici- | r l<ated increase of busiurss in the courts cor,[ responding with the increase of the population ' i Hiui Uisinetn in the country The estimates of the current year and the year preceeding were , found to he insufficient, and Congress w?i com ' pelbd at its U*t session to make a specific appropriation of |ij0,000 to supply the deficiencies for Ibis service during those years Taking this sum j into the sccount, tn?* estimste tor the coming year is JI4.7MO le*e than the expenditure of the last ri j'Lic iirti.omo.n, rat rxa u'natics, aoticn.r rai. e In the<e keveral items there ar?* no material va4 i ri it iocs between the preaeot and p?st e?ti mates, I | ai d r. it not deemed ne;eastry to enter into auy i j del tiled ex lUnation of them, as the reports of the ii various i fficer.- charted with their munj'm'ai, - will supply satis'actory statements in regard to j o them >- | The last item in the estimate for the ensuing i- j year ts t. I MlVICAN notTNOAKY Hl'RVKT i, | The last estimates embraced nothing on this ac* a I iIk.ihiK um>fi\itr4afmiia m itin tiir (^ni. grr ?, during tin l>at ?r?rion, for th*t object, | amonntine to $105 000 The turn which it U aupjioirri will be u ce?a*ry daring the next li teal year St) i 100,000 J hive thus pr^aeated a brief -ititerifnt of the wunta of the department, and h comptriaon between the preaent reujianiona and the actual expenditurea of the year. In making tlieae eMimntea, 1 liave m?iru-lrrl the heada of hurei.jx to endeavor to cover the whole amount of the probable t-xpendiiure lor the fiacal year. Any other course tend* to eutangle the expenditure* of one year with th??e of another, and to throw the financial arrangement <>f government into inextricable Cxnfuvion MiKtimg Hhotild he aalied from Conrreaa which ilie public tutereata do not require, lut when an appropriation ia ascertained to he i>ec*i?Mry, the deir <nd aliould be lurly m\de, nn.l the re?pon?ibtlit? of granting or with'.oldtng it 1 -ft with the representative* of (he II my in* 1 ?truc*<?o? Inve b't-it coiBI'Il'd with, aa I luve , evety rra'on to believe they have t>een, 1 hope ; ilier^ will tv no neceaaity, in future, fur eatimatiag for deficiencies, unlea* aome contingency ahotild I cc tir which cou.d not htve lieen reartily foreaeen Maying aubmi'ted iheae genenl view#, | will I roceed now to preaent, in a ci?nden??d form, a f* w r marka in regxrd t<> the operationa ol each bureau aep?rately ran >n >rrtc*. The whole nrmber of peraona now on the pennon rolla of ih" I'mled Statea ia!!*,?")* Hut many ol theae arc prohihly dead The whole number who have drawn penni ma during ihe iirat and second i|uarter* of the preaent calendar year ia ' Many, ln"?ever, d > not draw their panaioni a until the cloae of the yeir. and therefore the Uat athtement doe a not ahow the whole ntiniW living The number of deatha reported within the Uat year ia 346 XVOLI'TIOMAKV PK*S|(Wta. The whole number of per*ona p-nai^ned ;ioder the act of March 18, HIS, ia 20. W Of iheae there now remain on the rolla but 1.543 l'oder the act of 15th M*y, lS2i, there were added to the liat of revolutionary iwnaionerj 1,102. t ,? it i -? " I'nder the nut of 7th Jan*, IKI2, there were n)d?t ed to the roll* of revolutionary penaionera 31,7*8 ?- At thia tiite there remain of fhe?e on the rolla *- 5,247 rr And of thia laet numl>er there were but 2. IOM who in have applied fat their peneiona during the firat half * of the pr? ?rnt calendar year ta wtrows or mtvou Tt'iNARr ar".Diana and otftina. Under the act of July 4. IH8H, prnaiomng certain widowa and orphans therein d>*crihed, the number ?r who have been penaioned, la 4,3.44 - Of theae there remain on the telle bnt 1,118 >d I'ndrr the act ot 7th Iuly, I H, giving oeoatOM ! te to the widowa of revolutionary ofllstri and tolli?-r<> na who wre married prior io 17!U, the numier of perto fobs who have been |>en?ioned, la 11,002 ce During the first two quarter* of thia vear, pay?e ment haa hren made under thia law to 3M o- The act of IW w? limitrd originally to five na veara, but o ia > xtended for one year by ih<" act of .14 M.irch, lH4Il; on the 17ih June, H44, it w*a ei tended for four yeara longer; and finally, on the 2d * February. 1HM, the beneflta of the law were continued during: widowhood There are now on the .. rolla nad't the laat mentioned not 4,J*78 )l On the 2f?>h Apr:]. 1M*, penainna were given from IT the 4th March, 1*1* during wid.twfcood, to wld.i wa 74 of efTiceia, mldiera, aeamen, and marine*, who On were married piior to January, I.HOO t'uder thia law the number penaioned ia <#<6. j| It will thoa be *eeo that the heneticiariea un ler J? the lawa deaigne I to provide f<>r the aoldifrra >f the 0,) revolution, and the widowa of thoae whi> were __ dead, are rapidly paaaing away. _ Bnt, 'ra the other hand, the i.umber of penaionera t? under the aeta for the relief of invalid* and the ? widowa of th<ioe wh<> Hied in the aervice of the I Umud Mates, ha* beeo conatd-rably aiif mooted during the past year, in coaaejueace of the war 1 with Mexico. The number of invalid pensioner* ia no?r 4,712, < being an increase during Urn year of 627. E WIDOWS VV SOLDI K1S KMiAUIl) IN THK MK MCA1 t' ?'?K ? Under the act of 21at July, 181S, and the auppl?- o mentary act of 221 February, 1K1*>, the joint ti resolution of the 2*ih ;Jeptembrr, 1H50. allowing o pensions to the widi> wa and orphans of soldiers who * were killed in the Mexican war, or died from dm- c ease contracted in the service, the number p-n- ii t-ioue.l is MM <1 AMOUNT KXl'K.NDKD. tl The whole amount expended tor pensioat during ti the past jear id estimated by the Coiiunis*i<>aer <tt pi (il.lOO.COO. r< Tnere has been piid since 1st November, ISr>, ci on accoukt of revolutionarv service <>t Virginia tr State troops an l navy, $3S<.0i>0 30; and as com n I- ti tation or half-pay and [uteres', $134,511 tl ei I.AND AKRAMS?KKVOI.UriO.NAKV SiRVICB. t' The whole number id Und warrants issued c to commissioned officers of the continental army is 2,Si> si To non commissioned officers and privates. . 9,7??2 w Lind is still due io 111 officers, and to 1'U3 noa- T commissioned officers and privates. jt war Of 1HI2. oj Whole number ol warrants issued to persoas di untitled under various acta of Coagress for services tl in the war of 1S12 is 2*,#76 ol MUX!CAN WAR Ol The number of claims presented for ser- al vices in the Mexican war is $81,373 00 U And for scrip or money, in lieu of land.. 3,332 00 ti' Making an aggregate of $84,705 00 ll THE ORNKRAL BOUNTY LAND LAW OF SKI'TRMBKR 2-i 11, 1850. "I The number of claims already presented under a this comprehensive law, up to the 5'.h of Novem- Dl ber, 1850, was 9,418, and the number is increasing w rapidly?scarcely a mail arriving which does not swell the list. 1,1 The whole number of persooB who, if living, would be entitled to the benefit of that law would exceed hilt a million. tl) The Commissioner supposes, from the best data ai within his reach, that one-half are dead, leaving Al no iwronn In <>laim nn.Uv lK?m If tKia au Hi timate be correct?and I imagine it will be louud di to approximate accuracy?the whole number of ui claimants will be about two hindred and Sfty pr thousand. tx It will thus be seen that tbe act of 2Sth Ssptem- tli l>er, KH), is by far the most important bounty land >' law that has ever been passed, whether we con- c< aider the number of beneficiaries under its provisions or the extent of the domain granted. cj Deeply impreised with the responsibility incident |* to the administration of a trust of such magnitude, tr I have sought to make the necessary arrangements H to ensure its prompt and efficient execution. Forms in have been prepared, with ample instruction) to It guide applicants in presenting their claims, and '>; assurances given that every proper facility will be rt afforded for the establishment of just deminds un- to dtr the law. Plates have been ordered to be engraved for in printing the warrants, and every precaution has in been adopted to guard against fraud and forgery, ni These plates will soon be completed, and there th need then be no delay in commencing the issue of di warrants. I regret to say, however, that the law contains no provision for the employment and ar compensation of the clerical force necessary for j? its own execution. n< I'nder the terms of the law, as I have been coa- ai strained to construe them, the warrants are not fa assignable. The holders of them cannot, there- al fore, make them available until they have beea pi located and patented. This process will necessa- pi rily require a considerable time, and it is theretore u peculiarly proper, in order to ensure the enjoyment tc of the bounty by those for whom it was inten led, h that no unnecetssry delay should be eacountered. a To avoid this evil, the Commissioner recommends a that provision be made for the employment of two ri efficient clerks, with a salary of $1,700 each, com- tl I>eient to investigate the claims or applicants This qi recommendation (except in regard to the amount oi of salary, which is unnecessarily large) meets my ti cordial approval, and ihe only doubt 1 have 1* d< whether two will be sufficient. To guard against ! all contingencies, I would respecttully urge the i sj propriety of authorizing this department, in the : ol event that two clerk* should prove insufficient to ketp pace with the business, to employ one or more ui in addi ioD, and such temporary assistants as may | w be required from time to time. Unless the depart- I tli ment bas tbe means of sdiudicating the claims as ti fast as they are presented, and of issuing warrants | |? when they are allowed, dissatisfaction and suapi- ei cionsi of favoritism will inevitably arise. lii Should Congress crncur in these views of the tt subject, 1 shall eateem it no less a privilege than a ti duly to tee lhat their beneficent policy id carried te tut wi'.h all practicable despatch and economy. ai rt BL1C I*A.*S i M The report of the Commissioner of the General c Land < MFice exhibits some very interesting facu. a The surveys of the public lands have been preaaed u orward with commendable activity, and, having ll been completed in several States, the archives con- c netted with them have been delivered to the .Slate A authorities as required by law H Acrn. I Tbs tales of public lands In the year 1849 ,! amount to 1 029,902 77 \ Area located in that year in satisfaction .. of Meaican war bounty land warrants, 8,406 820 00 State selections under the act ot 4lh Heptember, 1841 2J9.806 00 w Improvements of rivers 4tc. 186,240 21 S Choctaw certificates 58 938 38 r< Tf tal acres thns disposed of 8.184.410 91 si Paring the three laarters of 1880 there tl Ins been sold $09,082 32 g Located by Meiictn bounty land warrants. during the 1st and 2d and part of the 3d quarters 1.89). 120 00 J1 8tat* election* under the act of 1341.... 379,808 58 " Choctaw certificates. 46.300 82 ? . n A;f(r<jitr thus disposed of In the 1st. 2d. d auil part of the 3d quarters o( 1880. , . 2 818,300 42 q It ib i hewn by tin.' Cominiaeioii'r's report, that fo the public lauds have been a rich source of revenue to the govt rnnient, HvernKiiig at>out one und a ijuaiter millions ot do.lars |* r annum, for the last hfty yeurs, over and above all coi-la and ex^os^s. | It is grtniyiiij; to Hud that the business of the land oflice is actively projiiesyiriif The accounts of all the receivers of public moneys have been adjusted to the 3oth September latt A a,teedv conauinma lion is anMctpnK d of ^tate selections, under the 1 j iiiaiit ot the * h September, lsU, m l for vinous j, interna! improvements under other laws. Mr*surea have hern adopted to ifive effect to the m *- ( mncejit donstii n of "swamp lmd?" to certain ti Statea of the I'mon. b> tht ac: of Congress of the i, 2N'h J**pt'-mber, KVO. j The Comtnitsiouer recommends an extension of ^ the act of 3d August, lHk?, in < rd-r to remove aus- t| C'-nnotis which ntur and accumulate in the adintniftration of tliat office under general Uwj He aleo annge?tt a alif ht tni.Jitioa'ion o the pre-emption provisions of the aciof 4th September, Hit, < and the deirgatiou of authority to the General P Land Otfioe to tell abandoned military sltea, or '' such tracta ua had bet n appropriated to public uses ' at d afterward* relinquished. ti Thite recommendations, if carried f?ut by early b legislation, will l<e productive of benefi -ml result*, a Amongst the hrst and rnoal prominent s-ibjecis n claiming the at'ention or Congress la the neceaiity ? of making provision by la* for a speedy and con- c plete extension ot the l?nd machinery over our pos- tl stations un the Pacific At pre sen' there 1a no m >de r by wh>rh a . < nd title can b? obtained to any part of b tie public domain in that great extent of wrritory. ti Nothing contribute* more to retard the improve- * ment of a country than uncertainty in relation to n the ti lie to it* soil, Gieat inconvenience haa al- b ready been ex|*ri?nced from this cause in Call- v C Grants are alleged u> hnvc been made fur Urge li tracta of land in that Slate by authority of the t? N<am?li or Mem an govrrntnenta Many of these o are of verr queationanle validity,but until they shall have been examined and aetth J l?y a tribunal of ? competent jurisdiction, they will continue to throw P a cloud over the title to valuable bodies of land, M and ?etinaaly affect the aettlement and proapenty t< of the country. To renwdy thia evil, it would <i aeem fo be proper to make provision by law n for the appointment of a < onimisaion to invea- 11 tigate all r laima of thia character, with a \iear to p their final adiudication Put the extent of the p i owfn with which it ahould tx> invrated ia a aub- w Ject worthy of the arnoua conaideration of Con- h gre*a The Commissioner <>f the (Jeneral L tnd Of- <1 fice haa diacuaoed the question fully, and lua report " contauia much valuable information in regard ts it. * MINBSAI. UKIM. The proper diapoanl of the** landa ta a aibject of n much mtriimir diflicsfiv, and one on which a great I divr rauy of o|>.nion eaista among judicieu* men a Three diflerent tnodea of disposing of them have ? hern ai>Kg?aterf, earh of which haa eoma advan- c tagra, and all of which are liable to aerioua ohjec- d tiona. The report from the iVnartmeot of the la- v tenor which accompanied the last annual mraaige of the Preaident to Congress,recommended that tne mineral landa ahould he divided by actual survey n into email parcels, and leased out for terma of year*. * rea? rvirg to the government, hy way of rr-ot, a 1 l?r r entage on the producta. Many persona, who*** a opinion* are entitled to reapect, have urged the e grant of licenses to individual#, at fixed price*, to v mine within particular distncia, with or without I machinery, aa the licenae may prescribe Others, I of equal jndgmenl and experience, in?i?? that the onl? way to avoid difficulty, and make the mineral land* available, la to lay them ofl into small tracia, a ?nd aell them out at auction The argument* ia ' favor of leaaing them are certainly eati'ied to great I r? sneer But a careful examination of the aubject, and a reference to owr own expert* am of the opera- t Hon of thnt ay at em in regard to the mineral landa ? in other parta of the Union, hate induced me to t doubt whether the evils inseparable from it t ' uld not more than counterbalance ftea ad ?

vantage*. It would create a ay Mem of feuds i which would aooa become odious to the people, rite relation of laid lord and troint being ?-?U bliab d between t he government and the occupanta of the miie?,uir je?iuu*jr wu uiuauuu wuim uiai (omuua 00 often engenders would soon ariae. Tue lessee* vould regard the government a* tin exactiag <tud ppresaive landlord, tuid a strong feeling opposed b th? payment of renta would apriog up. The Hicera entrusted with the auperviaioa of the mines nd the collection of the publi? dues would beome object* of hatred and distrust, and the miner*, istead of looking to the government as their gn\ri?n and protector from wrong, would bj driven by te force ot circumstance* into au attitude of hoality to it, as the source of alt the evils which op re*sed them. Attempts to enforce the piyment of nts by l?rjkCttl process would prove abortive, beause the whole community would have an inTest adverse to their collection Collisions beveen the tenants and the otftjers of the law would usue, the leelings of the people would be alieud'd, ami the whole country involved lu turmoil auJ nafu.ion. No considerations of a mere pecuniary charteler Aould induce the goveiniueut to adopt a policy hich would trud 10 eonseipienee* like these he lystem of licenses is obu<i\ious to similar ob ctions, varying only in degree 1 am, theret'ire, F the opinion, that the mineral lands should bj ivided into small tracts, aud sold in fee simple to le highest bidder at public auction. Tne extent 1 the lots Bhould depend on the apptrent richness f themiuen ; but they should be small enough to fiord jiersons in moderate circurn italic?* au oppormity of becoming bidders, and thus enlarge the eld of competition as far as possible. If these land* are leased, it will be necessary l\?r ie government to maintain a large number of olli-rs in California at high salaries, whose resjiousiility must, from the circutnstunees of the ca^e, be most nominal. But by selling the lands all couection between the miners aud the government ill be severed, permanent interest? will be aclired tn the country, and a new stimulus given to ie enterprise of our citizens. IJiDIAN AKKAIRS. Our relations with the Indiau tribes will demand if prompt and earnest attention of Cougress The vexation of Texas, and the recent treaty with iexico. have, it is estimated, added about one hun ed and twenty-four thousand persons to our Inan population. Many of the tribes thus brought ader our control are tierce in their disposition ami edatory in their habits, and, it is feared, can only restrained from committing great outrages on ie persons and property of trie inhabitants of 'ighboring territory by the military power ot th? >untry. No provision having been made by law, uqtil the ose of the last session of Congress, for the ap>intment of agents to take charge of the numerous ibes in California and New Mexico, the go\?rnent had no means of obtaining much satisfactory formation respecting their condition aud wants, is hoped, however, this defect will be supplied Y the agent and commissioners who hive been cently appointed, and who are now on tneir way > the scene of their labors. Shortly before the close of the last session, and fuiiediattly after the passage of the act authorizg the appointment of Indian agents for Califora, nominations were made to ani confirmed by m BnM of three i>ersous well qualified lor the scharge of their respective duties. Instructions were prepared by the department, id when the agents were ready to set out on their urney, u was discovered that, by some oversight, ? appropriation had been made to pay th?ir sal:ies Their movements were, therefore, arrested >r the time; but it was deemed important that 1 unnecessary delay should be avoided, and as -ovuiun hid been made for the appointment and aynient of three commissioners to negotiate treaes with the Indians of California, it wai concluded > appoint the same persons commissioners who td been nominated and confirmed as agents. By dopting this course, the commissioners were enbled to proceed without delay to the Indian tertonr, where they will acquire such knowledge of ie habits aud character of the Indians as will ualify them to enter efficiently ou the discharge f their duties as agents, as soon as the approprtaon shall be made tor their salaries; when that is i>ne, th?ir functions as commissioners will cease A resident ?U|>erintendeiit, and three general <ents, have been appointed, for the Indian tribes i Oregon. Two s|>ecial ageats have been commissioned, i'l? r the act of September, ]<i0, to co operate ith the resident agent in Texas, in conciliating ie Indians of that tftits. I'nder the authority of ie same act. three commissioners have been ai> noted to aecontpmy the joint commission now iguged iu running and mar Urn; the lioundary ui- between the United Suu h and Mexico, for te purpose of obtaining full tad correct informaon in regard to the Indian tribes wao are scatrt d along our southwestern frontier, and, if poible, to establish friendly relation* with them It is gieaily to be regretted that qo authority was ooferrrd by law tor ihe appointment of resident gents in New Mexico, where they are more ecessary than in any other oari of the territory of lie I inted Stairs. The Indun< of that country, omprising the Camanches, Navajoea, I'tahs, . l>ache?, aud Ticcariilas, are the most savage and tw.'ess within our boundaries. For many years ley have been in the ha tot of making hostile lcursion* into the neighboring provinces of lexico, and ravaging whole neighborhoods? uirdering the men, and carrying the women nd children into captivity. By our recent treaty rith Mexico, the government of the United tates has bound itself to repress these outtges by Indians resident within oar borders It is s.-entul, therefore, for the fulfilment of our treaty ti|>ulati<>ns with our sister republic, a* well a* for it-prott ctiou of our own citi/euK, that agents hould be sent among these tribes, who can exerire a restraining intljence over ihcin. The necesi'y for this measure has been painfully illustrated y the outrages which hive been committed upon ur citizens travelling to and ftom Sauta Fe. Ttte t'ack upoa Mr. White and his party, within a few ays' journey of thst place, has obtained u nielanholy notoriety. Me and hi* whole pirty were totally murdered, with the exception of Ins estimble wile und a <Uughter under ten yeHrs of age, 'ho w? rs innde captives. i4iibse<iuently, benm rer&ed by a body of men who were in pursuit of li?-rn, the Indt in? murdered Mrs White, but still nil iIk- daughter m horrible captivity. A', the ist session Congress appropriated *1,500 to be cd in procuring her release. This sum was rotrptly pUced at the dispossl of Cut Calhoun, heneartst lesident agent, (a liose judgment and nowledge of the Induo character fit luni in a rculiar manner to discharge the duty,) with lull ower to use it in such nunuer as he might think est lie lias also been Instructed to convey in rmation to the Indian* thai, uuless thi<* child be tliverrd up, they will teceive the chastiseinrui, y the military (*>wer of ihe government, which litir suvsge cruelty so tidily aeserv es IttONWAt TO Tit* FACII'IC Considerations of great nation il interest seem 1 rsiiitttr Itmf fK? Wis linn ul tnft>rpmir^ H. tfh ntir otWMlMi on the Pacfic coast ahouM be improved y the construction of a g:e it thoroughfare, eniclv within our own territory, from tft?* vall-y of lie MiMisiifpl to thr Pacific. Whether th'? can e h? ?t accomplished by a railway, a turnpike, or ,>Unk road, or by a combination of th" different imtrt of improvement, can otily b<-determined aftr a careful aurvey of thr country and in rrsoarea ahull have been made Oiir only accMa to hem now la hy a toil sow Journeyof moo'.hV du?tion through comparatively trackle-t* wastes, or >y a voyage, attended with many priva100a and danger*. A highwny, cotmn'-nmig at nine joint in the valley of th?- Mississippi andlerunating on the coaat of the Pacific, with lateral lanrhra, would not only furnish the mean* of con enient intert oniniunication, hut would lead to fha stablishment of a chain of settlements along ita me, which would link together the widel* acnara rd portit r.s of our country oy an inseparable bond f union The gigantic character of the work, however, dmoniehea ua of the necessity of adopting every renition in aacertaining the bent means <n effecti?g the object With that view, care should be then to obtain full and accurate information aa to he shortest and beat route, hiving due reference ot only to distance between the termini, but alao d the soil, climate, nad adaptation to agricultural urpoaea of the intermediate country If the reort should be favorable, it would then b? for the n?dom of Congress (o determine how fur the proable Augmentation of the vslue of the public land, he incrraird facilities in the transportation of the iail, rod the other advantages already referred to, ihich may he reasonably anticipated trom the ompl< tion of the work, may juiiitf liberal contriutior* of land or money toward* it* construction, therefore beg leave mom respectively to call your ttrntion to (he object, and to ?u*ge?t tlie propriety f authorizing an immediate ixamtaatioa of the ptintry and auch surveys aa tniy be necessary to etermibe the practaMllty and probable coat of the rotk. Aamnrt/n'lut. Ht K**r. In stimying the various m*er< ?>a of the country, o one cin f 11 i< how little has t/een done y eovrrnnif nt to prc.iutctke can* of agriculture, t la true, the cultivutor of :h**oil, io common with II other cltsee* of *o?tcty, rmnjri the protection >f the Isw* sod the Messiog* in I " eminent. Hat oofli'thicnj more aeanii u> b? due o a branch of industry which nifloys more ihia all our population, and, to a great ? \teat. ju oains he oth? r. The power rI the general government over this uhject i* limned, bnt tht* furnialie* ao good reaaon rhy it (liould not he eierciaed so far a* it does intimately extend. The ordinary mean* ado|>teil to afford ['WllltlW o the manufacturing awl commercial interest* are omnarativeiy inoperative in regard to the agricultiral. A tariff can do hat little, directly, to benefit f.e firmer or the planter. The staple product ins* <f the Seu'h are peculiar to that climtte, sad, hrnfuie, arr la no danger ?f competition from abroad. Those of the North and Writ, in conse- a quence of the fertility of the soil and the low prices at which land can be bought, are produced at 1cm < cost there than in other countries, and consequently, \ except under extraordinary contiagencies, need no | protection by imposts en the breadstuff's of foreign uHiiona. ? 15ut atill much may done by government, at a a small coat, to promote the intereats of agriculture, r The science is yet in its infancy, and great minds tl are now directed to the stuJy and.levelopement of ' 1 its true principles Experiments "are in progress to V ascertain the tualitie? of different soils; the com- ? parative MOWN properties of dillerent animal and ti | vegetable productions; and the utility an<i efficiency ?( of various manures in fertili/.ng an.l renovatiug the tJ) 1 exhausted lands of the old St^tr s. f irr Encouragement nny be atfoMed to eu'.t*r|iri-<'*8 th like the^e, and facilities fumithed for in* collec- se | Hon of bet js, plants, and vegetaLl?* from all pirts ki ' of il.e earth. .?ail their distribution throughout the gr MWlTf fa < Premiums may be offered for the best pnctiril ev iffniiM j 011 the ditlf-reut tranches ot husbandry, , th which cur be published and seiit abroad among tue people. T>y mriH like the-e, u spirit of uhilnsn- tir pbic mini iry may be stimulated, and giea' imp ilse la jiixeu to the interests of agriculture Much Ins pu ulreidy tfen dene Hi this resect, through the iih agency i>f ihe Patent Offtee; but the *ubject is too of j important to he left in this nil int condition. th | Tlit* last Mununl report from the department re- j po commended i?" establishment of un Agricultural i th ' Bureau, to atlord to this great braucu of Am"* lb | rican industry the encouragement which it so well j ! deserves. This is no novel suggestion. It had the ; cli sanction of Washington, who, in his laat annual j he message, referring to the propriety of creating an i su agricultural hoard, said: "This species of cstdb- | re lishment contributes doubly to the increase of iin- pi; provemenr, by siimulatiDg to enterprise and exjieri- ! y" nient, and by drawing to a common centre the results, every where, of individual skill and ohser- ob vation, and spreading them thence over the whole nation. Experience accordingly has shown thi:t j they are very cheap instruments of immense na- j tionul benefit " I therefore renew the recommendation of my j predecessor for the establishment tf a separate ; i bureau, to be entrusted with the duty of promotixg | the agricultural interests of the country. The vast i extent and rapid development of the miueral re- | sources of the country seem to require that ude- : quate provision should also be made by law for the collection and analyst* of the various mineral substances which have been, or may oe discovered, so that their properties may be understood, and t',r their value correctly appreciated j JeJ| The purchase of a farm in the vicinity of the na- i tional metropolis, to be tilled and managed under e8t the direction of the bureau, has been lUgeitei as {? an important auxiliary in illustrating the best moJes |'u of culture. If this idea should be favorably re- | ''1 ceived, 1 would respectfully add that Mount Ver- i l''e non, whose soil was once tilled by tne hands, and eul is now consecrated by the dust of the Father of his dei Country, should properly belong to the nation, and cai might, with great propriety, become, under its aus- i1*! j picej, a model farm to illustrate the progres.- of Cttl that pursuit to which he was so much devoted. 1'?' CINSI Shortly after the passage of the act of 23d of May, J* 1850, for taking the seventh census, aud far other , purposes, a su|>eriutendent was appointed, and the oV other measures deemed necessary to secure the HI1 prompt and faithful performance of that duty 1,1 adopted. The returns which are now coming in '* daily from all parts of the Union, give gratify ing a.ssurances that the census will be completed within the time limited by law, and in a manner highly j** creditable to all who have been engaged in it. la some few instance.-* delays may occur in coneequence of casualties which could not have been '* avoided, and in one or two of the most remote ter- I ritories, in the receipt of the schedules. HP The amount of valuable statistical informition collected and embodied in these returns will far exceed anything of the kind known in our past his- rt^ tory : and it is therefore important that provision should be made at an early day for printing such I abstracts as nmy be deemed of practical utility, in a jrr | style and form worthy of| the subject and of the country. I'r< The report of the superintendent will show that additional legislation may be necessary to do full justice to the marshals of some of the more re- Al mote and s|>arsely copulated sections of the country. "" in* Mexican hophmry survey. ' My predecessor rejorted to the President, on the vo isth of May last, in answer to a call from the as Senate, for information relative to the progress of , tj? this survey, that the initial point on the Pacific, iot and the point of junction of the Gila with the Colo- i at rado river, had been determined and fixed; that the intervening line of boundury had been run and cu marked, und temporary nionumerits erected there' tio on, for a distance of about thirty miles; und that ve the operations of the joint commission had lieen Ju suspended about the 1st of February last, Wy an to adjournment to the first Monday in November wl ultimo. The tem|>orary monuments alluded to are ml now being replaced by permanent one*, and the joint commission (that on the part of the I'mted ai States bavins been re-organi/.ed prior to my taking t charge of the detriment) have doubtless assem- vt bled at Kl P.iso, according to the terms of their 'o adjournment, for the purpose of running ai?d mark- L< inv the line thence wrstwaid to the river Gila. ? n It is the determination of the department that to this work shall be pressed forward to cempletion H? with the utmost des(>atch, so that, if possible, the as ex|?-ctations of Cong re sa, as indicated in the appro- poi pnation act of 15th Mav last, may be realized Mi itbi.ic Bt'tt.OINOs. 'n' Mv prederesaor, in his rei>ort which accompanied : rvi the untiual of the late President to Con- W1 pre**, took occasion to invite attention to the con- | ,'u dition of the public building*. and to show the lta tendency of the Capitol, Patent OfF;e, and the Treasury Building to dilapidation, from the perish- 1 able nature of the material of which they are con- j *' structed. Porsonnl observation luta satisfied me j J11 that hia feara on that suhiect are well founitd. ,rt) l.xpe rience ha? demonstrated that the standalone of 101 vhieh they are built, when left unprotected trom "n the action of the atmosphere, rapidly dtsintegrat'-a. J"' The only ttmporary preventive which haa yet *'4 hfen du-covereJ mi l applied ia a a'.rona continir of j co, paint, which, by cloning the p?re* ol the atone, | prevents 1 he abaorption of water. Thia expedient I " baa bien found to be attended with partial aucceaa "I in the preaervatioa of the Catatol and President'* 0l' Lou^e. I would respectfully recommend, therefore, M' that an appropriation be made of an amount surti- j rl cient to defray the coat of coating the Treasury ln1 Building thoroughly with paint. Hut at the aame n" tiire it rhould be left discretionary to adopt any irrprovfd method of eliecting the same end In rej a d to the Pau m 1 >fTice, ax the winjf* are v' to he ot white marbV and theende are now protec- I t??l by being joined U> the wingm, leaving only the 1 front and rear expoa"d to decay, and aa not merely " duintegiation but actual dil?piditii< n has already ctmrrenced, I would recommend that the entire j exterior factnz ol the front be removed, and ita 1 '* I place supplied fy a \eneering of white marble of j the aame juility aa th*t used in the consttudion of 1 | the wing* The whole buiMing would then pre- j 'n I sent u UMform appearinre, and be rendered c??m- 1 paratmly inaesrt.cliMe by atmospheric agency <>J' I Practical workmen have expressed the opinion 1 a" I that it can be Hone at a small ?ost when prm,>ared I'" j with Ha beneficial resul'c, and without m any de- ,T1 I prrr nnn'i;' -ring iiie aecurny an i mniiiiv 01 me . ' w*l!^ Fin ahould any doubt be entertained oa , ih? nihi?ct, rciri.nfic rnfit.1 rr? might tw consult- , C( ed ard mean* uken to Hocertain the actual c<>*t in ' " time lor li gisdativr action before* the rloei- of the * approaching w*??>n of Congrena If the fault f bould he favorable, it would then he time to in- "* q lire how fir the anme ayacm should he pursued I' in reference to the Treasury Building The exten of the colonnade in tront < ! that building, how ever, gi?e? reason to doubt wbrilxt the name ?ya wl Um can be readily adopted in regard to it. The IJ> only >X| edit nt that is left, therefore, for the pre aetvation ol ihat nnn-eive structure, it by a coating 111 of (?int m In this connexion, I be* leave to urge the propri- 10 ety of i i>mpletir<g. with aa little delay aa practic% 1 ble, both winita of the Patent Office. I'ntil thie he done, the large sum* already expended will be '? of no practical, and the edihce will preornt a j ' mutilaw d apperrance. 11 Hut there are other considerations of the mo? T urgent character which call for their completion. u> At prcaeit, iIm mkmofletn attached to ine I ie- rf panment of the Interior are icattered through aix different buildings widely separated from each other, four of which are owned by private indivi- ** duals Three cf the?e are n<?t oaly unsuiu d m " thrir intenor arrangemcnta for the purposes for which th? jr are used, hut are of combustible rrnte- 1' rinla and contiguous to private dwrllings. The 11 officers are th? refute subjected to great inconvenience in communicating wi'h the heart of the de- * partment, and the puftlic archives are in constant " dinger from fire. The rent n >w paid for rooms affirdinp tbia im- '' perfect and insecure accommodation exc-eda l^.OOO '' per annum Hut the room* in the War Drpnrt- {" meat occupied hy the Indian Bureau are needed for " the puriioara of that 1 >epartment, and th<ms in the {" Treasury Building, occupied by the General Land '* OlUcn are required by the Secretary of the Trrn- ,} iury. ii'l notice to that effect ha? been givrn to tins IJeputment. ^ If additioaal rooms are rente*!, to be used instead * of those vacated ia the War and Tretaury Buildings, iha amount of the ann lal rent to he pud will " be more than doubled, and th" mort valuable arc hives of I he government, comprising the muai- I meats of title to many million* of acres of whit was once the public domain, will lie placed ia a P condition of great insecurity I therefore recommend that the two wings of the * Patent Office be finished, sad that they be appro- * priated to the accainmodatioa of the Departmeat of the Interior, and the different offices thereto attached. They will thna be brought under one " roof The communication between the head of the Defmrtment and the different bureaus will fce * greatly facilitated, and the rrcordi of faveragKnt My lodged in a fire-proof building. Thaw u* tdvantafea which will be cheap!/ bought by tho xpenditure of the sum neceamir to complete thow vtnga. INTRODUCTION Of WATER INTO THE CltT. The vut enlargements of our territorial liait^ Jid the rapid growth of the country, ill wealth nd population, have been attended with a cor- \ eaponding increase of the public buvineaa and of \ ' muiu^i ui itiiuub nnpiovra 10 |?fnorni 11. m n irge proportion of the i<>|>uIation of the city oI Washington ia directly or indirectly connected ? ith the allairs of government. The represent*- i vet of the people and the States from all section* r the Union annually assemble here to perform if-ir high functions, and are detained during the ester part of each alternate year. Maojr of -m ronie from salubrious regions whtrethedifitra incident to more Souths rn climates are Ualown. li would seem, then, to be a duty of th? iveri ri.ent of the most imperative character t? opt ail neee?*ary Keeautions to guard a*ainat rrythif f which Irnda to endsnger th?* he<tltl? of t-se servant* of the people anil their f-tmilies. To uccentplMti this purpose, and at the same lie to contribute to ihe comfort of the whole popuiion find to & fiord un effectual safegu ?rd to til the blic i tfires asutiist tire, I respectfully recomcud tbe introduction into the national metropolis a copious supply of pure water, to be thrown, u? e hr*t place, into a reservoir on gome elevated int in itc vicinity, and thence distributed through e public buildings and densely populated parts of e city The improvement of the public grounds, by ending iind planting them with trees and shrul>ry. and providing promenades and fountains. i? a bject of kindred character, tending to the same s-ults, and only second in importance to the supy of water. 1 therefore recommend it also Co iur favorable consideration I have the honor to be, sir, very respectfully, your edient servant, Alkx H. H Sri art, Secretary. lo tne rRESiDK>r or the ? mted otatks REPORT OW THE IB01SVA&7 or WAft. Wak Dkpartmkmt, f Washington, November 30, 1*50 J Sir: 1 l"-e leave to tuhmii (be following rejiort ot operations ol thia Department during the list If:? 1'he aggregate strength of the army, as at present ublished by law, an4 supposing every compaoy have its complement, is twelve thousand three ndred and tweiity-six, (12,32ft) officers and men rarely happens, however,)hat * company ia comic; for while on the one hand, the enlistment* a never exceed the limit prescribed by law, aths, discharges, and desertions must always use the number of men actually enrolled and in y to fall far short of it. This is particularly the #e in regard to troops stationed at the frontier eiv, for as the men are all enlisted in the older ates, considerable time must always intervene tween the happening of a vacancy and its being led. It is estimated by competent judges that, ving to these causes, combined with sickness id other casualties of the service, the number o# en actually in service and fit for duty usually II* short of the legal organization on an average from thirty to forty per cent. The report of the Adjutant <?eneral, hereto *;>nded, will shoA' how this force is distributed 'that document it will be seen that seven thouuil seven hundred and ninety-six [7,7!N>J of the elve ihousin<i thr*e hundred and twenty-six i,:!2<>] officers and men composing the army, are itioned in or are under orders far Texas, New rxico, California, and Oregon, leaving only four lueand hve hundred and thirty [4.33DJ in all the it of the States and territories. When it is recollected what large acceasiont ve, within a fewjears past, been ma le to our ritory, that an extensive seabqard will require tifications, and an enlarged inland frontier needs .lection egunat th? Indians, it will appear miest that the present military establi<hment of - country is entirely inadequate to its wants, low me to call your attention to the remarks oa s subject contained in the report of the GeneralChief. The most imj>or!ant duty which at present delves on the detriment, is the protection ot Texand New Mexico against the Indian tribes ia fir viciniiy. This object has engaged the anxis attention of the department, and ail the means its dis]Kisal have been employed toetiect it. riie recruiting service ha* been actively prowled, with a view to bringing the companies ?taned on that frontier to tneir complement of senty-four men, as fixed by the act of th* I7ih of ne last. Prompt measures have also beeu taken cairy into eflect the provisions ol the same act, tiich authori/.es the mounting of a poriion of tlie lantry stationed in Texas. Karly in August last, the seventh regiment of inutry was ordered to Santa Fe, and had pro;eede?l i its destination some distance beyond Fori Leanworth, when a steamboat, laden with supplies r ihe expedition, was sunk on her way from St uuis to that jiost. In ctnsei|uence of this accident. u mr autmicij amir ui mr arnmui, n w?? ?>rurr'-'i return and take Up it? winter^u*rtrrw at JcCmi irra* kf, from which (Oint it will reaume ita m trch early as jracticablr in the aprm# From the rertH of (he officer* in command in Texaa and New ciico, aa well aa Itom other reliable sources uf < rotation, the drimnownt ia fully natiahed, howrr, that the force now atatloned on that frontier. th all the rtiuforc men is it will be able to wnd re in the Fpriug, will be entirely insutlici-at for inonrtica. .J In order to mike the troopa aa available as i>oaile for the (rotectionof the aettleiuenia, they have t n ite|*r?t? d into mnall detichmeut*. atauone i vanoua poaU along the frontier. But, aa the ntier ia many huii ir?d mtlea in extent, these it* are neceaeunlv a i?n?iderable dixtince apart. d the turnout vigilance *ud activity on th?- pnrt ot r officer* in tommand canuot jireveRt ?imll nda of Indiana from |>aa?ing between them, and remitting de|ir?-daiion? <>n interior keitleitteui* 1 he only description ol troo|i* thn< can effectually t a * top to these forays u cavalry. t'nlik*; those their race in thia pari of the continent, tin- lama that occupy the va*t and open plains fro-a the uthern extremity of Texas to Or. gon, in all their ' (trillion*, whether lor wa; or lur the rhaiw, are mruiM) mounted, ant ur? well skilled in th* bag* Rient < t the horae. lu then incursion* rate f *hir ?etti> menu th> y are crom^ed, not ae Uch by a fling of hostility aa by a love of jdunr. aim, cotj.-t juMiily, ? Idom move in l*rg? uum'it (>i(-|>?rid to encounter an armed force, bat, I'dialing into Mnali parties, wstch a favorable ipoliumty, Biahe nudden and ra^td inroads ibio e seitleuitxr*, drive oil whcle heids of cattle, id cccaaionally commit acta of allocking b*rnty. Kmboldeced hy the impunity with which th?ne curtii on have been heretofore too ofieii attended, .( f ni'<ifiri.Uf.l l?% ? hs- mil I elm mill uKi.-K ? fc? ivf I* en tr * arded, tb?*c bold marauder* have of [, vi ntur' fl much lurtHi r into :h* ixHtlr m?i t?, d evrn within a lboti4iMincrol our mtliur* la. All the road* leading into the country ur? |r*t?d by thrm, and c*n?"t iw raU-ly travelled ithout a military eeiort They ?t,.od in liulr awtri!i>|* ? n too:; but a light and a< jve c ivalry >tf!d (urtlie ainl cha?ti*r tlieiu. or recapture ttieir khder, whereby their dei>i? dationa would t?e more dangerou* and leaa profitable. fV*?r?l ibitr tribe* h??r made rtdne piogre** iu? iviiun>n, h?vinu fixed habitation* ?ud (-nuaidrrahle nm> rty Hy pumuing theae to t'.ietr hcinra, andreuitiiiga?-verrl> upo* them, they would won he uutht at it la their intrrent to te?|-ect th?- property of it.* lines. Th< officer* In command in thr*?- dr^it. i lit* concur in the opiMou that to enable them in i this, a larger force, particularly iu m ?untrd ( n, i? indirp* m-ar>lv n? cr*?ary. Aa a t? iiif<>raiy eun* nl au| (>l> incr 'hi* drhcirncy, tbe i-omm^iiaK (iffltrr IU Trihii c tiled out aeveiftl rotllpanir* volunteer*; but the ?hort period (or which ihu cription or force can b? I- e illy called u?n?ii to rve. render* it more expensive mid le?* ett'icient an it would otherwise be. Doubt* are enterine<l whether ihe experiment of mounting mf?ny will prove ?tit fulul Litile, if anyih ng, h lined by ruch an arrangement on the *c> rr cf 'l UI niv. anil nolilieia cnlmlt ci With m> r.f.. r_rw the If utliidt forcavalry <iuiy wUI arMon be >ie to adapt thrniaelvea to a aeivice l'.?r which fir nrevioua b?bita may not at all <ju ili'y i h em ia tnerefoie veiy miub to I* denrrd that Cm* tMWill. tt an eaily |>erH>i<, consider tbe proiety of increasing th 'army. and particularly of 01 more rik IM>? |.rr* ill mounted luea. Tbia additional force * ill at lirai be attends! with proportional addition of expenditure: hut inn berved that in the end econimy will he piomoted y it The tuppfiea net-eeaary f?r the t< 01* ?tt> obfd in that country are now nearly all takra cm the other 8i*tea. The?e nu(t*li? n have to be arnrd a great diatanrr hy land, and owing to the ?dn?m of the roada, the ncarcity of prnvuiona and rovenrter, and the exorbitant prtoea de minded fur ibor, the coat of trana|iort?ti?ii ia enormona. The illcwitg ia thv actual coat of iranrportmg ptrk and i ur (ibe two moM important item* of auppU) to vrtal of the military pone ia IVxaa arid New lexico, vix ? To the nearer interior poet in Tesaa, per barrel irwth f8, fur flout |o .">? To Panta I> and Loa Veg<ef New Mexico, for i rk f.12 p*r bur*I, lor '''<ut i Jl. " To Taoe, Socorro, Abeipie, and Savoyette, for Ptk fll.f.O per b?rrel, for "ir $27 To I'ato del Norte, Texa*, ?nt to Sin l.liiarto nd I>? na Ana, fn pork $W per iwrrel, for floar 31 >-0 The above atim? are p.i.l for tnnaporting bread nd meat to a c? ontry, a larife |?>ni? n of which to uecei-tihle of producing ahiirdaot cropa of grata, Dd nearly all of * hich to teell adapted ta ur?/iaf i i d th? -e Mima will continue to l?e p*nl ?. loan a< e iot urtious vl the IaJiaaJ continue t* prtvem

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