Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 17, 1851, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 17, 1851 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 6061. MORNING EDITION- ? FRIDAY, JANUARY 17, 1851. ? PRICE TWO CENTS. DOUBLE SHEET. INTERESTING FROM EUROPE! AI1IVAL OF THE AMERICAN STEAMSHIP FR1NKLW, WITH TWELTE DATS LATER INTELLIGENCE The Departure of the Steamship Atlantic from Liverpool. OUR LONDON CORRESPONDENCE. IMPORTANT FROM SWITZERLAND. THE DRESDEN CONFERENCE. The Receipts of California Gold in England. THE PREPARATIONS FUR THE WORLD'* FAIR. INTERESTING FROM SWEDEN. Return of the Elector to Hesse Caisel. CHE lOHLBIWia WAR. Short Passages of the Asia and Arctic Across the Atlantic. State of the Cotton and Grain Markets, fee., fee., fee. The United 8UtM mill .taam.hlp Franklin, Captnln JT A Wotton, arrived here la.t evening, with data* ^ *? lM' *nd London to the 2d iut The Franklin .ailed from Havre on the morning of l.t Jtuu?ry, wrlTed off the I.le of Wight on the evening of Z and ,n Co'r", Ro?d? ti? tb.aS^ remaining there for the London mall. and for the Lon iLZTir^ h' "pre., at South ??pton, wben.e they were despatched by .Dedal * team er? the Franklin finally taking her Jepartu? irom Cowea at 2 P. M. Sha h?, therefore, perform," the voyage In fourteen day. and ?ix hour.t-he di. T f?W*" t0 N#wYMk ?>el?K 3,144 bUm Poo, ^ port mU- th4t Ir?"Llw The Franklin bring* about 40 pawengerr amon* A?e?i ? I ^0,n,)80D' bw? ^fpatehe. from th! American Legation in London. Her freight U one of tb. moet rioh and valuable ever brought to thi. port *en!h ?" * ?0m',r,iM nearl7 600 ton. of .? i i OOBtl,,#nt*1 ?*rchandl.e. Including J * y> toca..|.llk., glove., eotton and woollen. ? "? *'U,ont * in value. It I, worthy of "? *"?? <" ?.?u b?. ???% niJoro ^rkt0D' to th. .hip of over J" 0(l 1 thU wh,!? Cunard Company have for tha fake ot oompetitlon, been carrying at >10 from avre via Liverpool. Rivalry of thi. .ort 1. therefore daang ng only to the party who flrat originated it ' C.7t'iT,.?L?' ' !h4t tb# '^^'P Atlantic capt W*l, left Liverpool on the 28th nit., her regular t'L"::!'1 "?uv" franklin ??all., we are without any further intelli ..... ?pw.?.a b..'ir"?,7 '*'2 durl.g brr rentage " The Meter.. Baring l..ued a circular on the l.t In.t announcing that they have admitted a. . partner. Mr' cJZl ? Tb,. Koyal mail rteam.rA.ia, h.nce arrivad at Llv.r pool on the 28th Pec-mber, at nine p. M bavins as cemrl^ed ,he vo,ag. ln ^ ll-. 1 Subjoined arc the particular., and ber log, aitracted from the London Tim, i of D?o. 81 ; ? r?^V^r;:T:rh^ bom t^.VoSthVn .".ri'vU0. Her uptendld capnbllitiea however have onthl?o!??!' **?? to accompli. b a rua VJSJSlin^ Of . U ? !L L?L ?' * e*UbraU<1 and unrivalled feau of ewataing which hare .o often been recorded in our enJr,,t >*?' '? conneotion with %m9 tin? fleet* of th# Kovtl and United Sr*r? irhhJh*' H^ruttoflMt ffumofr to th# Mine? on ntmUalrtt^i *.h* P"* th# Ko-k Llghtkiu* xival kd tela, l h* 84turf"2 h?d P'*??ou.ly .tnod un b.?1,r *"d mlnuu. leit. than the ?to bJTfh^A?.1?' ""'^"tate. mall .te.mer AtUn Jit i .*.hM b**t*n ???n her. el f, fully I Hi! ? to be e?n?ldered the lUeteet e* u.t .??**in. !?tt"h,p rrom N"w Ynrk ?a th" 18th : ,b" ol'*red orecltely a" mid dav but .bortlv at toraard. .toiiped herengln.. to repair damage rec?iv.-d fl.J i " dor,?* ? colll.lon with the wharf fifty Ave infant., were th... loet and ?b. taally atartod on i-r vnya,. ehortl, tefore 2 P M During hJr.ub.e inent pm..? .he e.p.rieoeed variable weaker with IZl*:01 wbr'"*- Ind In Irom iL.% ? I W%<1* Cape Clear, having ntetmed b-Jd 5 "OT* U,M d>7' Holy t Vl' M nV " ' u n( b#rr " -J by the marine telegraph, cline , J. | *o4, " h*lf P**t 9 o'clock her ?*elting gen-ral .urprlw and m'?.T fr^il .K 1 ?? ^???rd', the celerity of her Aela 'breu/kJit * WUI b* obw,rT*<' that the ner d?e.T^.- 7- ?"*eUd ? high avarage .peed 'jualle? hltte^a TZ'.V ,U%m'd * <l'?Uno- .eldom ? J, ,k ~.L*Atr of ocean eteanlng, la.tant r?p^. H?r ptiifli#? rtokoD#<l *?c rdln. to mean time and deduetieg44 minute, loet *y. anP/'sr,Dii "?U b* ' 7 aonr. and 6 minute, or 2 bour* and &* ?! 7? minl?tfcf* h7J"U!!t ,amm,T ( ?????' 4 hour, and **? 'turner Arctic, henca on the 21rt of r>er?mb?, reached Liverpool on the l.t Jannary at 2 CP. M .afterapatMge t/rltrm day*. y. . L<* OF THE ASIA. M to'! mT i 1!00n ?i,*rt'di -topped from MO P. ?eel -uwa " ? ^??r#^*'r fl0*t* ????'?? been |a eon wL?V^,.b,:,<,0<k' 2^M PM-d ???? Mo %?r." V*1 ??? ?<>? ?? 24. Morning, light Ml JhJ?" bT"10' Trom " K I"',tanc? run ,1? -Wl?t ?, *"d w '-?t ?J ?3. Ion 81 50. Stronz r wTb!i n n w' ID'?t?n?? run 279 mlla. Disarta 24 Wind ? W by W Lat. 80 41. Ion IT >3 gtroa. *,'Via'd M ?' *?"-?4 mile. ? Will S.W. IatHltr 61 il J Ion Qf J O* n?. bra. we and clondy; 9 F M ei.h.ng.J .(nal. with 5 ^r,rr S' w nr1*! r,,n ai* mu"" . Wind 8-W. Lat 8134, long 20 48 Moderat. ^T''"Jf,,,d,c''>,,dy I>l?tnnie ron 32! mile* .^/:~*',d * " tat tl IT. long I2 SB l.l.ht va lable wind.. It P M . Cape Clear dIHaat 2 mil?e i?|*. taoea run JKiO mile. m?iee v? *? , variable 9 A V.. aSrea.t Tunkar 4 p XlrtrpwaT* 'I,he*d ?Bd ?t 9 80 P M arr?,d ,t The Royal Metl .taaieer devern, with mall, from the We?t ladle, and Gulf of Mexleo. ?a||ed from South, ampton on the Sdef December. The Tevlot a. team, ahlp of l,8co t< n?, and 500 hor?e power, wa. oat on a trial trip the fame day She wa. to leave Beuthamp te? on the Pth of January, a. the pk neer of the new line to the Uracil, end Rio la Plata Mr. Thomrtoa, above mentioned |. the b?arerof the nemorlal from the Mayir and Corperatlm of South ampton to the President of the l alted 3Ute?, praying that Southampton might ba made the port of de.tlna Hon ol the Penn.ylvania. or any other national .hip rent ae?oe? with contributions to th? World ! Fair la ItM Jnrt prior to the PrMklta * d-p.rtnre a depu tan. n er n.l.ttng of (ha Mayor the Tean Clark, an I ""i* th* Council of ionthataptoa had an Interview "II h Mr Abbott Laarenee, to hand him thi. memorial '?? t<M.int?ei?n to the Pre.ldent In taking eh.rj. -i it hleBtc-Meney ...0?d ,, ,h? bu *m'M n,0#t "?r?ly eacond ?B? wl-be. of th. inlia^l I** ?> a? Aouthampton, and r*pre... i blaivlf i.vora^ to the ohoio? of that port. It wu finally arranged by the Dock and Railway Companies at Southampton, that no charge whatever should b? made for the recap tion and conveyance of any of the good* sent freai tha United State* by the American ship or ships of- war intended for tha exhibition. The Southampton people were, therefore, anticipating a favorable raply to their application, and had expressed themselves determined to prepare inoh a demomtration on tha arrival of the vessel? to show their tense of the honor conferred upon their port? as will doubtless be most agreeable and . gratifying to the government and people of the United States. The glass palace in Hyde Park, though not quite completed, was formally surrendered to the Koyai Commissioners on the 1st January. Tens of thousands of|people flocked to see it, and pronounoed it to be the most wonderful structure aver beheld. We learn lrom Liverpool that the ootton market was dull but firm, with limited sales. Annexed Is the re port, under date the 31st Deo - The following is an account of tha stocks of cotton held in Liverpool, as declared by the oommlttee of bro kers this morning: -American, 261,264 bales; Braill, 68,018 bales; Egyptian, 82,182 bales; West Indian, V03 bales; Surats, U1.917 bales. Total, 454,879 bales?show ing an excess of 80.000 btflc* over the estimated stock previously published. The London money market was unchanged, except ing that a little more firmness was apparent when the packet sailed, arising from the upward tendenoy of the exchanges, rendering an export of bullion more unlikely to any serious extant. The Timet states|that the steamship Qreat Britain, which has been purchased by Mr. Patterson, of Bris tol, is for Messrs. Qibbs, Bright fc Co., of Bristol and Liverpool. It is intendod that the large anginas now on board shall be removed and new ones adopted, and It is not improbable that this leviathan will convey passengers between Liverpool and New York during the World's Fair. Tha London Times, ot the 30th of December, contains an Important article from its Southampton corres pondent, exhibiting the total Imports and exports of specie at Southampton, for the year 1850. In the pre sent position of the money market, these returns are of considerable importance, aa Southampton is the port of arrival for the great bulk of the preolous metals produced by the Western world. During the six month* ending 30th of December, the West India stenmers delivered at Southampton specie and bullion value $12 082.273- this turn $2 011,706 test in gold dust from California, and $8,082,967 from the Pacific ports south < if Panama. The total receipt* for ths year from all part* of the World, including California, the Pacific, tbeWeet Indies, India, China, Turkey, tha Mediterranean. Spain and Portugal, were $28,702,098. and the receipts for 1849 were $33,948,276, showing a falling off, in I860, of no less an amount than $6,241,. 177. The total amount qf California gold received at South ampton, during the year 1860, teas $6,411,706, betides the amount in the hands of passengers . While the receipts of gold and silver had so largely declined, the exports of tha preoious metals had undergone very considerable augmentation, the total emission from Southamp ton, in 1860, being $7,736,000, of which nearly $5,000, 000 were shipped for India, principally In silver. The effect ol this article upon the London Stock Exchange was to produoe a heaviness of all kind* of funded se curities and railway (hate*, as it proved the balance of trade to have aet in against Knglaxd in various coun tries. from which, during ths year 1849, large supplies of bullion were received, and to wbioh, on the contra- j ry, shipments of specie are now going forward. The Ocean? Whose la Itl Tha following challenge to American shipbuilders appears in the London Timet, of Deo. 81. It has bean brought out by the notice taken of the voyages ot the American ship Oriental from China to London:? torn* editor Or THr Sir A letter from Messrs Phillips, Shaw, and Low ther. appeartd in Friday's Times In which these gen tlemen went minutely Into the recent voyages of the American ship Oriental, Utaly occupying so mueb at tention. They also state their incredulity that any British merchant ship could be constructed to com pete In power and speed with the above Fair play hae ever been a popular motto of this coun try. and It these gentlem*u, or any oi our xplrited shipowners, are desirous ot dmldiug that question, and are inclined to offer the Induoements granted to the American builder of the Orienta'., vlx., a carta blanche as to dimensions, construction, and material, with no restriction* a* to Lloyd'* rules and surveyor*, the wri ter ot this is prepared toconstruota British merchant shin of same tonnage which will Hog the oriental out and homo In all weather*, and on every tack. The screw propeller ha* reoently been thought the only means ot producing that speed so much wished for. in the present day, among merchant ships; but It is to be feared the propelling power of the wind has not yet bad a fair trial with model* suited for obtain ing its greatei t effect* on principle* which In this coun try have not yet been generally adopted, owing to cir cumstance* which our shipowner* are beatable to ex plain. Knoloeed i? my address, and accept my apology for occupying *o much space. Your obedient servant, A SOI PBCI LOIR. OaErnot K, Dec. 29. The Dresden Conferences With refbreno* to the Dresden Conferences, we learn that the Congress. In Its sittings, had been merely oc cupied with preliminary proceedings and tha verifi cation of credsntial*. Prince Sohwarsenberg,aeoom panled by Baron Mantenffel, loft Dreaden tor Berlin, on the 28th, and both statesmen would return on the 30th. when the real business was to commence. Tha greatest cordiality was said to exist amongst the re presentative* of the varlou* powers. The address with which Prince Bchwarsenberg opened the sittings, has been published The first part of it I* a recogni tion ot the edvantagee Uarntny had derived from tha constitution of the old Bund, the chief af which was the preservation ot peaee for 80 years. He coatended that the basee on which the Bund rested were not only sound snd true, but that they were the only ones sdapted for a svst-m which was to Include a commit nlty of StaUs like Oermany. AU attempts to construct another system, on an entirely new basis, ha I failed: at the same time, he recognised the defects of the old constitution, one of the chief of which was the weak neee of the executive; the great necessity was to stien.then It by regulations that would enable it for the " future to or hold the mmm t hie principle, and t e op dam (e the t as rent of revolution " Hriif ( utrl. h<ra ??count* fmm Uu?'l to the 24th D?r?tnbar. i Tba Blactor raturn?>d to hlx capital on tha 17th I Th" troops which pracaadad him antarad Ca*?al on tb? | 20tb. and wais racalrad *t tha Kr*r. Hf rl gat* by tha military bandi of tha Pm<ri*n and fad*ral troop* | qtiart-rad In tba capital Thay war* followed by tha com man Jar In chi*t and ataff. and whan th?*a had paav I ? >,a Anttrlan mu*io banda took tbalr plaoa* In , tha pfKaaalon and fnarch*d In With It. A larra erowd I had av.nibl'd ta wltnaaa tha rntry of tha llaaalan ; troop* Tha populaea wax moody and *ilat.t whlla tha ' alactoral hnnaar* pa'**d th- in, bnt wh<'n tha artlllary paaaad by thay war# graatad with antbu*la?tlo ehaara ' and ?<?? < mp?nla4 to tha Pndrlch* Flati. a bar* tba I troop* lormad a?|U?rr prarioui to t hair bain i marchad ; to tbalr ra? partita >.arra-k* Th? raturn of tha alaator whl'-h took placa an tba following day. wa* attandad with all tha pomp, prlda. and clrcnmatanc* of mili tary earamoniaf, but tha transaction wan parvadad by | an led*** ilbabla air tf gloom and discomfort Tha populnca wa* *ll*nt and IndifTarant. tha troop* ap- j paar?d dlrcontantad and moody. Tha Klactnr arrlrad at * A M by a gparlal train from Frankfort, and havirK antarrd a carriage, drova into tha town Tha ?llanca which pravaiiail wa* moat profound Mot a j about wa* mix- d with tha pant <1 tha trampat* whloh prarai'd him Hi* a^uli^g* wm guarded hy tw? [ (?inadron* af Hu?*?r* and aa tba procaatlon p??*-d ! tha pat**, OWN war* bnt law fvabia rharr*. with ? larga *ilowan?? of dlsapprobitlon Attar rroaWin* ' mo t o! tba hlghar fonotlr narl** who war* a***mb|ad | In tba ptlaca. ha ravlawad tb? A natrlan Prn?*ian. Bavarian, and Maaaian troop* Tl l? c ramotilai al*o wa* wltna**ad by th? n?opla In tha darpaat allanc*, bat whan tha artlllary and tha guard* dafllad. thay waia ahiarail with gr?at ant huManm. Tha Au*trian <'omml>alonar at Oa#**l had publlahad ? proclamation. thraataeing to anforca martial law acair-t any paraon* who ahoal'i rraat ? a in tba Mrtat*. Alt hotal*. Inn*. *nd public hou?*? wara to b* cloc<>d at l< P M Count l.flnlngain hal , alao inlorinad tta Standing Cotnml'.taf of tha Dlat that , nay attampt to inaat. or to transact btialna** would ' ha f unlrhad by eour'ra*>ttal Ma?*nr*? of compulsion aar* balrg f rcci-adad with In full <-our*a thr Mlghoat th* El*etorata hut capanlally In Oa??al. In rcnpt'inmn of ? diffaranoa batwaan tha Au?tii*n ?rd PrtiMUn (Jommi**ion?r* In O'Mfal, tha l'ru?*ian crtp*. uudar ll*iifT?I Tlntian. raturned, an tha 'Jflth Oarambar to tha HUotorat*. and adaanctd to within two l??gn*? of <'a??*l bnt afterward* retreated. whan a prcmiaa w?? gla-n that tba Bavarian garrl?on In th*t city fh^uld h* radnc*<1 In ni>mb>r colllKlnn* In tba ?traat* had occurred hatwaan th? Pr??al'tn- aid ra?*ri*n? Thay wara unimportant In tham'*lva?, bnt rhowad tha anlmu* I B-gary. Tha A lanna rorra*poadani of th* l.ond^n TV nn, la alluding to tha prllcy of lh? Austrian ra' ln*t In r*f? raroa to Hungary ?t*ta* th at thing" rtnp >t b? oarriad an a* thay now ar* t?r any langth of lima, It bairg natt to l*po4?IM* to <>armamfe tha Magyar* Th* m >*t f"* p> at. .1 iil>o?nlant praTailt thn'Uth 'Ut ll?ngar; *r 'I *? ati?loalon 1* not t*r dl tant Wk> n*?*r an t<p f 'funr.y | ra??nU 1U<H, thrnaUunal Ivaling l? *ke*a. IMPORTANT FROM SWITZERLAND. Our London Correspondence. TREATY between SWITZERLAND AND THE 'UNITED STATES. Iondow, January a, 1860 Cm at Droden-TK, Treaty between the United Stem and Switzerland-The Report of the Committee? The Probable Effect of the Treaty, fc , fc., fc. Th* decision of th* Cossack Congress at Dresden with reference to Swltserland and Kurop*. it not yet positively known, though all men of .euse fore.,, Us infamous character. Prominent tm?ng the Tile out rag*. contemplated by the titled ruffians now In cau eut in Saxony, will be a s*nt?n?e of *x*cutIon against ne Swiss Confederation, to be enforced with pillaga, murde r and violation, at the point of th, bayonet. The hireling officers and soldier* who are stamping out the last embers of liberty in tha Duchis*, wiU have t<> look to their laurels. The "army of execution" for Switzerland will soon be, also, on the ruin* of another domain, sacred for agea, not only to human freedom within its confines, but holding up a hope and a light to all tke successire benefaotors of mankind. The ex ample of Tell has given, in the opinion of tyrants, birth and force to the patriotism of Bruee and Wal lace. Bolivar and Washington. That would be offenos enough, even if the contemporary annals of Iwltser lend did not present the primitive virtues of her oldest republicans. But the spring is to be the limit of her reprieve; and it is for the peepl* and the gev ernment of the United flutes, probably, to say whether they will stand by and -let the ooffln pass,' or turn the bayonet into the heart of the exeeutioaer. A graver question of duty and expediency never was presented to a great, free, nation, than that whioh is about to be put by cne repubUo to another, by freemen to freemen, by the Swiss confederation to the Ameri can Union in these terms? Will you consent that demo cratic institutions are criminal per ie. of whioh all the professors deserve Indiscriminate and violent death" - and if not, have you the courage to back the opposite opinion against the royal rabble of Europe ? The treaty between the two countries comes very ap" propr lately before the people of the United States in the awful suspense of the moment. The Swiss govern ment have printed large edltiona of that treaty and the message, in French and Uerman, and copies are to be found in all the European capital*. There are, also, other most interesting documents, which will serve to fill up the pause,* and prepare the minds of Americans lor a decision. Having had aceess to them, 1 present th* iollowlng translations ef the reports of committees in both brandies of the federal govern ment at Berne. They will make a general and pro found sensation:? REl-OKT OF THE COMMITTEE OP THE NATIONAL COUN CIL OP SWITZERLAND, UPON TUE TREATY WITH THE UNITED STATES. M* Pkuidkni and Qkmlkmkr :? You have appointed us te report to you upon the treaty oonclnded by the Federal Council and Mr Dud In hereby discharging this duty, your oommittee feels itself constrained to express, in the very onset its great joy, thju the first general State treaty, about to be concluded by the esw Confederation is a conven u?*.p " free people? with the liberal and high mladednatlon teyond the Atlantic. Whilst areuud us princes are forming alliances for th* purpose * tb',r thr0BM- by the treaty submitted to your approval, two tree States extend to each other the hand of brotherhood, solely aaimated m ?h T ?.,0' foundation for the bene fit of their cltixeu*. This, Mr. President and gentle men 1* the opinion which prevailed in the examinu tion by your committee, of the subjeot under coasl deration. and we have no doubt that you al-o, gentle ?". are penetrated and elevated to the same senti Bient*. As the message of the Frderal Council, whleh vou now have before you, comment* fully upon each sepa rate article of the treaty, and as moreover th* dllfer ??t articles speak for themselves, the reporter will subject*** * '*W observations apon the The treaty as Is expressed In the preamble, ia to be a general convention ef friendship, reciprocal estab lishment*, and commerce, and for the mutual surren der of eliminate; It* object I* to preserve and tighten the bond* of friendship which so happily exist be tween the two repnblios. It weuld be uaeleaa. nentlemen to discuss the aro. priety of a treat* of this nature. Th* object* it i* des tined to aoccmpliah, will be seen to more advantage by the examination of th* different dlrUlen*. to whi"h w* now proceed. The first dltlaion. consisting of articles one to four treats of the right of establishment, whlcb ia secured ! upon the principle of entire reciprocity and equality 1 lor the cltlxens of both parties Consequently, eitk I sens of the I'nlted State* shall be at liberty'to establish 1 themselves In each Canton of Switzerland, upon the same conditions at citlsens born In, or belonging to other Bwlas Canton*? in the Cantons of Berne Lu cerne. TeeMn. for Instance, upon the same conditions as cltlxens of the Canton* of Vaud, Zurich St Oall kc and. in like manner, Swiss cltlaeu* ihall *nloy. In re' I spect to establishing themselves ths same rights In one Stales ?* ** cltlien* of the other American These reciprocal advantages are so limited at to ex- ' tend merely to the right or eetablUhment. aad not to ? participation la the property of communities and corporations, nor to th* *xereia* of political right* A stipulation is her* expressed, conformably with our federal constitution, by which the establishment ia ! SwiUorland according to th* provisions of the treaty I I* only guaranteed to Christian oltiicns of th* United I Mtat**. The Canton*, however are not obliged to make use of their right of excluding Individuals of otker re llglout principle*. The further provisions of thl* part ot the treaty ar* ??iv * n,oit Important character. They relate to the liberation from military service of Individual* estab lished?to their wjual taxation with the cltixen* of the country in which they reside; and to the Indemnitle* tor dan*|-i In <?*** of war or appropriation for pur po*e* of pnbue utility Our calling your attention to theae point*, gentle men. will. Wr imiglne, sufllc* to convlnc* vou of their advantages. Artlole* five and *lx constitute th* *eo*nd dlvl*lon, ! thev stipulate ettlr* and unconditknal liberty of dis posing of property for the cltlten* of the two extract ing acuntrie.. Although the "droit dmuktine" had been abolished by the convention concluded In HIT, yet a difference still existed between moveable and on- . moveable property; this difference entirely disappear* In the treaty now nnder consideration, so that hen** forward the dl*po**l of property Is to be perfectly free, whether it be personal or real The committee ima gines that thl* provision i* a moat deairable one in ?very respect. Article seven relating to consulates, form* the third dlvieirn ot the treaty. It contain* the provision* utnally Inserted la such Instrument*, we dontt think It necessary to dwell upon them at length The fourth part, to whieh. te which we atUch much im porteane. relate* to the commercial intercourse ot the two countries, aad I* based upon th* principle that th* contracting parties shall treat each other in th* Importation ? xportation and transit of their natural aad Industrial product* open th* footing of th* mo*t favcred nation*. union* of nations, States and *ocl*- 1 tie* and that the Hwlss territory shall be open to th* admission of article* arriving from the I'nlted State* of America. In the same meaner as the ports *f th* ??Id f talis si- all be o^en to th* admission ?f article* arriving from Swltterland. under ra*ervatloa. how* ever, ot the respective tariff regulation* It is further expressed, a* a c< nsc quence of these stipulation*, that neither ot th* contracting parties shall Impose upon the products of the other any higher duties than af alnst the prt <Ju*t* of any other nation whatsoever; and furthermore any favor In commerce whleh .ball I be accorded to *ny ration whatever, shall Immediately become e< am on to th* ether party. In the treaties ot the I nit> d State* with other nation*, say* the me? s*ge of the Federal Council, this tllpulatlon it naad* und.r th* recitation, that it the lavor waa freely granted to any other nation, the ?xtenilon to th* con tracting pirtle* shall be granted freely: but If It has l-f en the object of a ronaition. the extension phall only take place upon an equitable compensation being made. Mr Mean abandoned thl* claus* from particular regard for Swltierland The retualnit g stipulations ot tblt paragraph relat* fo cirovui. lances connected with navigation Swilier Isrd is direct *d to *mploy, in her exportation*. Ameri can vi seels, or vesevla of the most favored nations At the t< m.lnat ion ef the paragraph, a reseivatlon it n * ;e by both parties for the adoption tf measures la the interest tf public morality, security and order I r''f the extended consumption. In Swlt rerland of .the staple produce of the United Ptate* *nl from the j very consider able exportation of articles ?f Swiss In dortry to the North American Union. It cannot be the i sut .eel i f a doubt that the foregoing etlpalations are Inibe cbtiev* interest of both contracting Stater i We fr re.ee with pUaeure that they will probably form i he found*. lm upon which the *"mmerclal and polltl* i c*l re|?Mcns of t.ie two countries will continue rapidly I to Incteaee. to the benefit of all concerned Vour comnilttee, eolncidlrg In th* erlalon *xpres*. ed by the Federal Council upon the filth ptrt of the treaty (Art. IS IV) would glsdly have seen an exte n slon < f article 14 relating to the surrender of criol n?l*. Hut as we were convinced hj th>- motlvs* stated In <F.? Bierssgenft.be Federal Oouneii, that nothing mere coul 1 be obtained at the present moment we comlrfi r the cFj.ct, th* acco?> Ilehm- nt of whleh would hsvs been desitahle not to be of suffl -lent lw potts nee to endanger the adoption of the whel* treafr IVh nevrthelf ss Indulge the hope that even ti e stipulations In shelr pretent form will be attended vlth a selntary Isflneae* We past r ver without notice the stlpalations on *ai. ed Id articles I* and 19 tod having terminated onr rapid ex*m!natl?n of th* separate dlviaisns, psr nitt Hi- here gentlemen to express oor tinC-ra con vletlon fhst the fedetai ConaoU an] Its Plenlpotea tlarles ?ade every exertion In tlflr power to five 'to the it caty a bearing otsrrespnndfng ?? fa r M f?*OMDia with tie Interests of Vwitferlaal. Although not all that we deslied could be obtafnred, yet we it*" ackuoa ledge that on the part ot t?e Plenipotentiary of the North American government, coneeeslon* wow made in the fciterest ef an smieehle arrangement In addition to what ha* bus already said. allow u?, now, in concTudlng.topreeeirtto you a few general ob '' Although the- different stipufetlonr ot (ha treaty are ?t a nature to chtnln the apprefal of the Federal as sembly- although the treaty, from the advantages and fncllltiee which it accord* to the olt'nenr ot the two oontraoting parties, muct be saluted a* a joyful event, yet It i* the manner In whish It wae concluded ?It i* the nature of the circumstance* attendant upon the negotiations- it ia mere particularly the fact of a great nation extending to ut by it tift han? ot friend ship, that inveet* the treaty with a profound* meaning ana a high moral importanoe. I* itr not an event of tho utmost importance md joy for Bwitaerlnnd, a country ?o often threatened, ?o often attacked, and In eulted with unjust demand*, to receive from- a State which appear* to be deetlned. like very few other*, by Providence, te be the bearer of progress and ot legal liberty, t > hen* ef friendly affection and avowed re spect'? and ttat through the mean* of one of It* emi nent statesmen From thl* we derive the conviction, that.on the one hand, the position ocenpled by Switzerland ainoe her regeneration in the Kuropean family of nation*, ha* been fully appreciated by the free people of North America; and that, on the other hand, the govern ment of the Union perfectly acknowledge* the im portance of the relation* which should tilrt between I the two State* And. In fact, from the extraordinary i extent of the commercial relations, from the ooniieo i tlona resulting trem emigration, from the similar! ty of political opinion* and Institution*, it become* a necessity for both State* to attract each other, and en deavor to preserve and tighten the bond* of frlendahlp. Innumerable tie* oennect the ancient confederacy with the mighty and flourishing republlo of the new world; nor can America remain indifferent to the fate ot the ancient bulwark of liberty In tha heart of Ku r??our committee In thus attaohinga profound impor tance to the ratification of the treaty propofed by tha Fsderal Ci uncil, and being fully oonviaced that the aoeonipllshment of the object expreeaed In it mutt be attended with beneficial re?ult* to the two countrie* interested, cannot let the preaent occasion pa** without mantloning a measure whieh It imagine* would be em lnmently calculated to facilitate the communication, and promote tbe interoourae between the two State*; we allude to a mutual txohange of diplomatic and con sular representative*. Until now, Switzerland has thought proper to have representative* in the character ot charge d affair* at

Vienna and at Pari* Your committee fully appreci ates the important advantages which Switmr land baa derived from tbaae representatives. But how much more justifiable such a representative would be between Switzerland and the United State*: Is it not n ndered necessary in a much greater degree by the interest* of emigration and of commerce, a* also from political consideration* ' We will abstain, at present, from making any further remark* upon thl* subject and from forming a diatinet proposition respecting it. but we indulge the hop* that the federal council will find sufficient cause to devote it* atten tion to this question. .... And w* herewith oonelude, Mr. President and gen tlemen In recommending to you to approve of the pro position of the federal council in every reipect. May a briiibt future in the respective portion of both States be the result i f this treaty of friendship ; may the tie which Ik thus formed hold fast In the storm of coailog event*, a* well a* In the sunshine of fortune so that the bright stars of tbe union, and the glittering cross of the confederation may slway* be seen to ahine side by side ae the symbol ot unconquerable liberty. The numbers of the committee. (Sinned) PKVI.lt IM UOF. BISCUOFF, 1 g AUDRREQQ, OVHItri, KYFFKL. Br.anc, November. 1860. arroai of nit co.mniiii.i ok thi cersti u. ok statu t roit iiii :hi it) with i Hi- tsirEu sTans or amk ?ica. 11*. PS?SII>I IT AWO Okiti emk*? A printed copy of the treaty with the Cclted State* ot America and the full report of tbe Federal Council accompanying It, ha* been handed to you. Veur committee need not, therefore, be ao explicit in it* report, particularly a* It* opinions upon the sub jcct coincide, in every respect, with those of the rede ral Council, and with the sentiments expressed in the latter portion of the report of the Committee of the Natiocal A*sembly. . The treaty treata, principally, of three different sub ject*: ? A The right ef eetabllsbment. etc. B. Commerce. C. Extradition ef criminal*. In all these respect* the treaty breathes that frlend.y and liberal spirit which should always predominate In the intercourse between the two republics of which tbe one. although young In jears lis* already mani fested In a comparatively short period, to the whole wcild the most splendid effects of liberty, a* regard* the acquisition of power, greatness, national wealth and social Improvement whll*t tbe other, her senior only In a glorlou* hlntory , but not le*s active, full ot life aad youthful energy, I* now proving to I arope thattiue happiness Industry, frugality. and manly acti vlty ale a j i goh.nd in hand "Hh Uberty. S^lt rerlana. fhe elder .-ister. alter having battled with ab solutism at a period when America wa* still an undis covered waste to K.urope baa recently derived much instruction from her slstar beyond the A'lantlc and be* aoopted in a great measure her political institu tion* The pteeent moment 1*. therefore, peculiarly favorable and proper for an expression by a comniou act of mutual esteem and of mutual sympathies Thl* I* the ,plrlt in whloh the treaty now submitted for jrur ratifcation. originated. According to It* stlpulaticn* tbe clti?M>e of the two republic* shall be treated up?n the lime footing in all that relate* to establishment impost*, eto as at ptesent in our own country. Individual* belonging to oneOenton ere treated In another ? thn* (with the exception of the political right of voting.) eseltiaensof ote and the same Slate. The privileges which we. In our country, have completely wreet d by the new confederation from the Cantons, so jealoua of their rights, are now ottered ton* by the American L'nlon ? Paragraphs four and five contain certain restrictions which must be accepted at present, as a result of exlst Irg circumstances and opinions ) In all that relate* to ooinmeroe, the two republic* accord te each other the rank of the most favored na tion*. Articles ?, li and 10 further si pulate In or der more < ffeotuaily to attain tbe object contemplated in Article *. ? srh ot th* contracting parties hereby en ureses not to grant any favor In eommsroe to any na t*??n union ot nation* Stat* or sooie'y which ihall not Immediately be enjoyed by the other PrT'r It Is unnecessary to dwell upon the salutary conse quence* for Hwlss commerce which are and will cod tin ue to he attendant upon the foregoing stipulation The committee attache* great Importance to the third part (the extradition of criminals). Inasmuch a* numbers of dangerous men,agaln*t whom it Is directed, have o! late endeavored to escape from justice by HJ Icg to America _ . . _ It Isscarcely necessary for us to remark that all the different articles of the treaty as far a* circumstenoes would allow of It, repose upon the principle of tbe most extended reciprocity In ooferl4?rt?g tbe eilntlnj eir?uro*Uncer partlcu | larlr those relating to establishment, residence and j p?r^?p* to commercial affair* by which tha cltlsen* ef Switzerland in America will much oftener enjoy the advantages of the treat* than . u* w, f'ankly ai d uladly yield the palm ot ge?er?slty. aad of friendly feeling to the American I nlon Your oo-m'ttee^ , commends to you genileme* unanimously! ???? *"' " I sincere pleasure tbe approval of the treaty with the North Amsrlcan Prion The member* ol the ?<>????;, K 4mL||, ? WKHF.K Bsnnn. Nov., 1M0 - I?K RIVAT. Much ?? meett the *j* It fcfc?t* painfully Interact- > Irg d?un?iU there l? aon in the Ma**. Th>y *re. aph and *11. like tha bmh|*, treaty. debate*. anJ ?ot*a. upon It. part* of the moat tubllme appeal of oar Jay from the brut* fore* and phr?my of European monarch*, to the arbitrament of an ail powerful (liter republic It It a prayer fro* the fal'htul to the faith I (Hi. for tha faith. It la aa If Chrietiaalty ware drlren by Incarnate dam on* Into the urn* fa -tin-* at. from the entlre*urfac* of the Continent an 1 an Infernal connell, branding religion at a orlm?,ha4 lecrei'd tha daatruetloa of all Itt follower!, la thnt eat* It It not probable Vhat tba worshipping millietii of the new world wowld be Indifferent t"> tha fata of their oo hellerer*. They wauld, In tone ehape, intervene an I ultlnatrly rr-pil the flenda. or at leaat mai>' common cane* with the vletlat. The world Ik now too old and t?o win* to tolerate any Mher career for the repnbli pan- of the I'alted State*. la retpect ta the impending atrreitlee agalnet Rwitaeilaad They mutt rem*mh>r their own dellreranc* irom the Britleh au<l IIctelan? tf 1711. and the Initrnment ef that deliverance. They mn>t unn'ate the i sample of diilntereeteil I- ranee, witht ut ehiwe *14 tli? H"a?bin)Hont and .'effereoat of th* I**?o1uiImi ba'l t"*n btrig?d by terr**, on tgao ?> lull tit Rtbhi't, and. in lUt y*r of thej t'hrt-tlan ?Tf H m* tleer^y. Ilk- rtuel Clnn-D'lon of pot throat We'd, had been ImprWonln*. wfclppleg. and killing. p?t i lot* without pouat Inru'tlag women and tuper plllontly itMeolting P?natee, for daring to brent he In hit pr< >- ttr*. or n-atlnir to regiMtr hi* *111 when ah teat. " II e niof>t bOBOT?''l' triler of the Knlghteol the rati.' fir f uch *-rrlee? ft llt< rail? ln*?haii*llbl* All What degraded dU' I tolght fli toiley, the exe'ted fltfee of jour freemet. hut fftr the pi Iralre of Iranr* at 1 b >w portly pe'ty wretet" of e*ery fhad* ?>f il?#r ration felult he emn ?terantfcif at KvMtitwt the ce?n?t ct tlterojtlfy In tr*l<ndae<l th? Ion ten Ulead* We* the Frenrfc Intervention a litMrl* who) ly out of ttt-rr ponceltalle or??r of w*?int? ' In ??? opition It vat the mo.t pblloeo, iljal of ell t)..' gT??t tptt Wh'eh ?I*0.I1*? th* ' fjien did lap' It |.wat Biore an iMpatWl 'if the p"-p'? then if the g? eetnini ni tad lt? feum 1 w ? the ?"im. 1 ripa?>a? of Pf.nca ,? w?|| %t t?>* l'ntt?il dt?tet T?i? dty I' n?ar ? hen the l-ene earie* of t he N n ffnrtd will repty tb?lr I eoefast'ft n? hrr ilred fold, and tha fr. tch ptOp'.ewUl recent I h? InterfoMtlin Ot tf people inbehali the republic of Bwitserland, as a very laiT., n,ial?"nt^0/h 'b mo,t obligatloi hitherto knowa to the history of nations in an* u* MARCUS. Important ft em Sweden. The intelligence front Sweden ? important On* dates go to the 17th of Deoember. The project of a reform in the representative System whleb baa tor a long time paat bean a aabjeet of much and tery gene ral intercut throngbobt the country, had that diy been rejected by the clergy and the question may tlerelore, now be considered ae definitively settled, bai omw. according to the term of the eonatituttar of ftw^eden. amy propoe al relating to a change in the fun damental lav requires the sanction of each ot the ?c or statoe which oompriae tha Met tbe noblaa, the clergy, the Lurghers. and the peasantry - before it can bw adopted: The noble* and tha peasantry will, it la ex pected'. aiao reject the bill 7n? reeult to which tha bargherrmay come is uncertain ; but it is auppoaed that thay will adopt it The coadnet of the King with reference to thla im portant subject baa been much adarired by ail parties, irom his ttrni adherence tothe terms of tha conetitu tioa; for thwugh the project originatly emanated from tbe government, his Majesty kav never interfer ed to influerce the decision ot his euhjecta. It waa during tbe slttiape of the last Diet, in '849. and when the excitement caused by the aeriona evewte which wera taking plaee al that period in so maoy parte of Kurope wan *1 its height, that hia Majesty submitted to the assembled Htat< a a project for a reform of tha constitution This proposal bad the des'.red erffect of conciliating conflicting opiniona. and it waa received by the representatives ot the people; and in oonform ity with the fundamental law. which requirea that any proposal for a change in the Constitution must lie over until the next session the question waa ad ourned to tbe Diet which is now assembled. During the recess his Majesty aauaed a carefully j compiled statement of the resulta ot the B-lectoral I law. a* contained in this project, to be distributed throughout the kingdom, in order that tha people might have an opportunity of forming tor themaelvea a correct and decided opinion ot lta merita. Ilis Majesty. in his speech from the the throoe an epyaing the session, recommended the aaaembled Mates to give to this important question their full consider ation. and to decide upon it aooordlng to their owa judgment. True to bla invariable policy never to attempt to in fluence their determinatian. his Majesty maintained hia constitutor el position by thus leaving to the re presentatives ol his people the fubest llbe.ty of action, and although t he proporal has been rejected by the Diet, no reproa h can nttach to the government tor its conduct with r- terence to this matter. Experience s, ems to prove that the new ideaa, which at one period b.td assumed suoh an ascendency in tbe minds ot the people in dihcv parts of Kurope. have not found mu*h s>mpathy iu Sweden aud It appear* that the attachment ot the nobility, the clergy and the peasantry, to their ancient constitutional form of gov ernment is sincere and that thay are unwl'llng tc abandon it in o:der to launch into the difficulties and intricacies ot an entirely new system The radical party ia not numerous in Sweden, and the number oi representatives at the present Diet who entertain ultra opiniona. ia very Insignificant. They will, probably, give th?ir votes against the project. as not affording, in their opinion, sufficiently extensive conceccion*. Kchleawlff-llolatdn. Advices from Hohleaiei* Uolsteiu atate that the newly appointed commander in-chief ot the Uolstein army haii rcsiaiied tbe command . and that the Sta thalterauhatt U&vii>;; resulted that no Prurslan shall again stand at the bea.1 of tbe army. had otfered the' pust to the lianovariat. gen< ral, Halkeit 8ome slight skiimlshing between lbs Danes and the flnls'elners t ad taken place. Discipline was very slack In the army efthe former. The recalled fruesian soldiers were again returning in large numbers to the Duckies It i was tear* d that I he -ettlement ot the liulitein quest< ? ) I would be impostible * itbtut an armed iuterventlu u. Tbe Austrian forcer ?j.Ouo strong, wera supposed to be 1 i n the route to the Dackii't. They would be joined ( by a like number ot Prussians. The French Republic. Oct accounts from Paris are to tlie 1st .lanuary. We lesrn by tbern that, on tha previous day, tbe adjourned adjudication of the li>*9&?7l. of Kentee, Fee per oenta, and 4fa.ai7f. Rentes. Three pei cent*, proceeding from tbe savimr* bank and Lyon* laiiway t >ok place at the 1 bote! of the Minister ot Finance There were live sealed feeders handed ia. which were opened by the Minister ia presence oi the banker* and capitalists as sembled i ii the hall Two professed to be from Karon de Hothsshild. offer- i ing ?4f. 60c for the Five per oents. and 60f 66c. lor the | Three per cents; two fr <3] the Receivers General office, j offering h4t 0<>c for tbe Five per **nt*. and 50f 00o , for the Three per cent* , in J ?u? trom the National | Discount office. ollering !'lf lor the Five per oenta. Tbe It, ncivers Oeii-rul b?ing thi highest bidders, the j Itnntes were adjudicated to theut by the Minister of | Finance, and the mi etlng ti par* *d. The political clrtlee of th* Fr. nch metropolis had 1 been thrown into considers tile agination, by two oc currences. which had brought about a rup' are between tbe mlnist.-y and tbe legi latlvo a seirbly. and fears were entertained thut then were only tfea precursors ol more serious oppositii '1 ca the part o' the Asexnbly. In case thi expected appll' .tion should tie made for an ' augmented allowance foi .M to tbe Pr widen*. of the republic. In 'he slspe <?' a ilotatian Mil. It appears that Allals. the originator of tha pretended conspiracy, bad been found guilty and sentenced to 'mprlsonnent, 1 and M You. the C< mmlssery of Police, attached tothe Assembly, being supposed to be Implicated in the 1 brax. was denounced by the government and bis dis missal lrom bla post, demauisa point blank This dis missal was as abruptly refnsea , much to the discom. tlture of the President ot the republic and bla minis ters. The othrr point on which tbe two powers of tbe State were at l.'sue. was In tbe ease ot M Mauguln. a representative ot th* people, who was arTC'ted for debt hat bis release instantly decreed by the Aa sembly. although tbe Minister o( Justice resolutely opposed tbe action ot tbe Assembly and showed that 1 tbe constitution did not allord lnvlalablllty to the j pereon of a representative Italy, Th* new* (torn th* Aurtrian prcrluce* in Italy i ? . al*o, tar frt>m favor*bW< Qo?xplrac|?ia hal b?*n dis covered. Mut numerous arr*?t* were mail*. Powder ? ad ball and the hangman'* rope am committing fear lul ravage* lu Lombard? nod Venice. India nii<l China. Tb? overland Indian mail reached London on th* l?t of January with date* IrMn llou> bay to the 3d of Dec*rtiber, and Calcutta to th* 23d of iub*r. India continue* perfectly tranquil throughout Iti wh<l? extant . the lubjugatlon of the I'unjaub la now eoneidcred no complete that th* t'ourt of Director* hate thrown open tic rankaof the army t* all cla<*?* of population. Bikh? Hindoo*, and Muwultnan* The r- iiimnnU itatloned in the country of the lira river* are ordered henceforth to be recruited wholly from the Puajaub. and the meaiure i? 4-nerally r inlderad a politic 011a Th* predatory hlU tribe* of the Affghan tr rder will probably tons roatlau* to be unquiet neighbor* to the gairtnea ot ?o rich a province a* Peahawur. Tb* paaaet through their country are *till nnMf*. but ? etrnntf ontpoat whleh haa b*?n eatab ll*hed between liobat ana the aalt mine* appear* to here had a go<>d effect In OTNilrtDil It* n Uhborh x?d. Th ' health of the troop* in the Punjau'/ andl'pp*r India I* vary Mightly. if at all Improved. The Bombay and the Bengal railway* are both pro graeaing eatlifaetorl.j; conti.'ict* hare he* o concluded lor th* construction of 40 miee af the latter, ?a I ten dar* are about to ba Invited fbr from ??> to 80 mile* mora. Affair* continue in tfa/n ,m la th* Nlttm'i i ml nloae thorn* Q? II i>omrah tb< ll^ht of noble*. 'haa continued firm In hi* reftual of the mlnt*try, but ha* *u?ge*ted to tie Nliam ora<m ?* which If adnpted and eife.-tlvrly tarried out. weuld at otic* wlw> htm 01 hi* difflnnltle* Re haa recommended a forced contribu tion or property tax from all hla Illfhne**'* wealthy ?flclal* ana *nhj??te who have In hi* larvta* acquired that wealth by fair mean* or foul. Th* levying 'ha contribution* tliu* recommended i? being ?rried on In a moat deanltorv manner. and greatly shorn of It* lair propoitlon* tfontrlhutot* ajaeaaed %t I lac ijtlO, utf), by brlhery of mala and ft male ci> nlal*. get off for a payment of la** than oni- f.lth of that araouit. All ptoftM ?illlntcne*i to pay. bat nothing i? bear. I ol any actual payment*. at any rata, nothing ha* b?ea re. calred In the lte*ideney Treasury la payment Of th* great debt to the Company The NepauWee Ambassador laft Bombay for Oalcut ta < n the 'J3d of November aad th* Bl?bof of Madras fi.il 1 d for hi* dicoe** on the !Mth Tha t h.na mall* arrived at Bombay oa tha 24 h of November The n hellion In th* vicinity of Ohlaa bad ac.t aa yet produced any a?rinu* re?ult* but Her Mv je*ty'**htp Tlilegethon. ita.f f^e ''ai/<./ Sfa'e. mm a/ ret Maiteti Aere ' "n mearr<f a/f I 'it fe< ttriu fur I Mr prwltcrtm if <"jtixrr<l. Th* report* on thl* ? abject ara very contradictory; nothing >a?mi certain concern ing the act* or Intention' of the rab*l* excepting that tbey levy a tax <>n th* tea b' at* and other produce of the Interior, oa It* way to tb* custom* It I*, how. ever, elated, at J gene tally believed, that tha Curatm*. *lo?er Peunad attempted to afTeet a paclfiaatloa. by dhtrlhntlng mcney (flOQOOU) am-n.st them ami tha*. r(0 troop, he h*d eeut agalnet the la*urgenta had ftateralifd with tk?i._ Itlarkrt*. VIKANCIAt. AKFAtKH LcthonM Muuit, W idSeadav Keening. Jan 1 *!? ftoeh market* have been llttl J'refjneu'- d t<> daf. few ord*re come from the pub lp. nnd t'n're i* DC pperulallen Afttrth* payment ft the dividend* at inrrea*rd hnelnae* will arl*e trom the inv**!men'? Meanwhile, aa much uncertainty exl*t* a* to the eonr*e Of f naaclal even*.*. opera' ion* ?,re on a limited rraie All the ?ti>cX* opei^.l well In th* aornlnit. and rhnwed a eoaeidetable advauoe; but the puhii'i ' notrrmieB f?rra,rd to rupport the etock* open for i ttea'fer. tie price of Ooa*ola reaeded llWtigh th* r1o*hig qnotatl to arw ?Mill* adv??ee * \eetet!?a>'? trt*e? The official liet report* the f<?l I 1 wiri? ** ti m o otatiita* of bu*tu? ?* ?ioa? -Ora*al? I ft>? the apealag. V S.a*. Thtee per : t n l.-hi.ed Annnltlee v:1,. New l it * ?n 1 % I (jverter pet lit Aaanltle*. flk h- ; IfilwNetlJUJ. j Thewatket t t the atifua'' I * !?? *a? ?urh I f tr ? r ?ad ???a trar/la pet wei n t * bnyir * an 1 ?*li It a 1 ?ic .f l a h? 1, tt*t I! H? ?>** tfi'-i grne huh ta J : Tha price "f I'?ebcqr"t Mta klUl to Ma 1 *??.?> I. I* ?lw*e ^eetetdava tatea *HM o"l 1*1 I tat I ,, ,*e?; ' * hi t *!ll~, I I all *tt**. i*a wi- nreai J 1. a ? |;t M'e .f 'Co, "1 J 1 Ui.. ?<*r*l.ta t-ot r !*,!?. eeain r.*?^ \ > r r'. h V 1 h'-. .* I of i uu CCTTTfTt MARKET. LiVKarooi.. Dec 8ft? There bu been a food dmul (or cotten to- day tfee sales being 12,000 bal**. Specu lator* hare purchased 2 000 hales. Prloes are rather hither. Dkc. 31 ? The announcement of stock this Horning has not produced any Important ehange in the tone of the eotton market, though the baying nas been small ; prices are firmly maintained. To day s businetf amounts to 4 090 bales? 600 expert Jii 1? To dav was observed as ti close holiday la the Liverpool snare and cotton markets. The an vexed tables afford a full detail' of the import*, con sumption. and export# of cotton during Sh? paetyesur:-? iMroHTK- The course *1 events has made this trade, for many years pact, mainly dependent upon the United Stats* for it* supply; and any cUcumstanoc, elthv ?f season or other casualty, which rShll tend ta limit that supply or t? direct It lu*> other channels, must act injaricusly With the single ezoeptlon of 1847. the growvH of the last season i ens less than that ?f any preceding year stoee 1844 . and high ae prioes have consequently ruled daring all tb? past yen*, and greatly us the consumption, us well la Kurope as in the United Stater hat been diminished, the conse qmences must ha\* been m?oh more prejudicial, had' not the growth of itae preceding year teen so esoe* sive a* partially to supply the defloleaoy. The ore* of HSO was only 2 l/WO 00 bain, acainst ^.788 the crop of the preceding year, and against 2'J69 084. the ar< rage growth of five preceding years ?rom India the Import has exceed* J that of 1840 by lld.717 hale*, and It has exceeded t hi import 3i the five paeoeading years fey 132 O08 bales. Prom other place* yt growth the import ha* not materHMly varVd from that of pre ceding year*, and has orrtalnly been In no inch ex cess an to meet the large deficiency from thsUulted States Coosi -wrvion.- - That ther* should have beea some decrease in the home consumption during Cm past year. Is solely attributable*) the increase of once* amounting on the average of the whole year to 36 per cent as compared with the cost of eotton in 1840 This diminution has arisen less frc art he quantity of vara produced aad consequently of lal-er employed, M from the iiuality of thn manufactures, which bay* been found profitable In their production; lor whilat the coarser fabrics, from their rjlbt'.re oost. have baen in only limited request. the flusr goris. produced la increased quantities proportioned ;o the dlmlnlsbail manufacture 01 heavier fabrics. bare Lorn always sale able. and on almost uniformly remunerating terms ta their manufacturers. The total stork remaining in the pcrt?at the close of 1840. was bales. ... 558. 39# The total impwt of 1860 has been 1,748 1M The decrease of stocks now held by tbe trade, as compared with those held by them at the close of 1840 60, MS Deduct the stock remaining at tbe close of 1850 621 ISO Deduct quantity exported 272.400 2 358 6SS 793,61 Total quantity taken for home consump tion in 1860. 1 .603 Kk> ir? or thk Maukkt.? The experience of the pact year has shown the extending trad* of this country, and has also proved that although her exports have been more extnnstve and varied than in any previous year yet that the consuming power of foreign coun tries h?s been i quel to the lar^e supplies she has af forded them the stocks In nearly every foreign market bkinf Nuch. tbst shipment* are now in\ ited. under clr. cumstances prombing a favorable result That thi* extensive trade should have prevailed. In the prei*nc<* of a rapid and progressive increase In the coot of good* so exported amounting in many Instances to :I0 par cent Is an evidence of the elasticity of the foreign trade and of the great competing powers ot the manu factures ill this ceuntry During the whol* at IS'iO, tbe heme trade has been good tbe home consumption of manufactures, influenced by abundant labor sa l cheap food having been lar^e beyond all preoedeu*.. Th* uniform abundance and low value of money have fa cilitated commercial enterprise ; and there has been a total absence ot all Interruption to the home con sumption of cotton, from disputes between the spin ners still th- ir bands With trifling and short inter - ruptions the price* of cotton have sieal'ly advanced durlngull the year, under tbe Infineon* of advices suc cessively received of the deficiency of supply to be ex pected from the I cited States; and the quotations of American generally are n?w about l'jd ; f t Krazll, 1 1 , d ; ofKgyptian l)id.: and 8urats ab>ut Id p*r lb higher than at the dose of 1840. Bi rpLv ? Although the stock* cf cotton now remain ing in th* ports of this country exceed the estimate* previously formed of them by ftQ.OOO bale*, the oxoesa lwinir exclusively here, yet the total amount t* only 621.111) hales and is lee* by 10 J 4 '>; bsles 'btn the ave rage of stocks *0 held at the close of five preceding MM whilat the estimated decr*a** of (tasks !n th* hands ot cpn'umrr* is ,'?<> 000 bib ? the supply rem lin ing In the continental ports having experienced a still greater relative ill minullon . and this deflolewy de rives iin anxious importance from the unfavorable pro mise ot the preseut crop of the United State* of whloh the general estimates now formed do not ex.-ead 2,l.'i0 000 bales Whatever produotlve power our own Indian possessions may h?realter d?*elope at ore-eat they do not af7ord any supply commensurate with sush a deficiency a? may occur; and this subject will com. mand tbe anxious consideration of all who are tnta SNtll in the trade or in the welfare ot thoao for whom It provides useful and valuable employment. The ex port has been larger than in anv previous year: It haa amounted to 272 4<<) bales against 2M 300 in 1849; aad 189.606 In 1148; of th**e 100)160 bales have been ex forted from Liverpool, 09 260 bale* from London, and 600 bales from other pert*, of the following daaorip tlcns- American. 160,910, Rraxlt. 21,200; Kast India, 9t>290; Kgyptlan. 900 and West India 100 bales Tka political disturbances which hav* so long limited or interrupted cxmmercl ?1 intercourse with th* Kura peea continent are happily at an end, an I the present year opens under circumstances of great eneourMa ment Money Is abundant and food of every kindl* cheap; general trade I* active and remunerative, flnd ing ample employment for the industry of ths coun try , and the commercial position of Great Britain ha* never been more eminent than now com* trakk. I.iwarooi. Co*-* Munr. Ti udat, Pec. II.? Tha trail* hu b?u tztrcmely quiet. aid with tha eaoap tlon o( a law transaction* In barral flour there kti been little or nothing doing. and a* matarial altera tlon In tha value ol auv urti. In The weath.' r ouo tlnur* unuru'lly mild tor th* geagon. At thl? day'* market, tb*r* wa? a limited attendance of th* towa an<i country trade. whose transaction* war* contaed to a lew (mail puri-haae* tor tha supply of their im mediate want* Wh> at and flour nominally main tained their *alu* In tb* *al?* ni 4a. Oat* and oat meal were offer* d on rather eaaier terms, without lead ing to maob buainea* Barley. brans and pea* with oat change In value or demand Indian corn mat with llttla attention, but fl at yellow could not be bought under 81* p?r quarter J 1.* There wa* llttli' KnglWh wbaat at mark at and iia value underwent no change The arrival* of foreign wheat and floor war* ? train largo and k*pt tha market In an active state Tha trade waa oonflnwd ta a few rata 1 1 >?|fi at Monday'* rate* Karl ay alow Mia, kdt cannot be qaoted lower If any chaage occurred hi oat*, they were rather ?a?lar to parr has* thaa otherwise Been* and peas dull, at late rate*. PRODI "OK MARKET Lo* ix>f? Prod c t M n> > r- Mincing-Lane. Jaa 1 ? Tb- puhlle nai kat will open to morrow, Thursday), but tha public sale* declare I are not large Ooffaa -We ara without I tranaactiona, to report to-day- Qaod ordinary rati**. :.fi* to 5T*. Oottna? About 0Oo halee *old at tha full price* af yeaterday Tallow rwmaia* at Ma M to 37*. STATl of tram Man hutm. Tueaday DeoemOer 81 ? Tha firm po. *itl?n of tha Liverpool market, uotwltbatanding the adveree advices from tba Htate* and tha advanoo la Ibe rata of dieaouat by tha Haak ot hnglaml. ara ?Hiking *vld? nee* of the public opinion in It* fa* >r. and what I* thought of over eatimatet of tha yt?l4. Te day the atnckof cotton ha* haen darlar?d In l.lver. pool. It amount* to 464 H7f bale* of all kind* being aa e*r#at of TO 000 bale* over tha estimate Liat year t) ere waa an eicaaa of 90 000 bale* Thta la raally ha initiating Batter abandon at oaoa tha prateaee af keeping a correct tabla. whloh 1* tha aame thing aa abettlag a aystem ot deluaiow. Tha recurreane of a blunder o! thl* glaring kind ha* baan th* subject Of general ridicule and Indignation on 'Chaage to- <*y. and ha* *om? what for tha moment damped the ardar <1 oparati re Yat we nev-r aloaed a year with lighter stocks ot all klndaof both good* and yarns. and there I* a very buoyaat feallag a* to tha fut?re. Tha ad vice# from tieraianv ara very eaeouraglng. aa Weil a* ftom foreign market* generally and tha home hon**a being eireadlngly light in *tock beoau** ol the rela tively high rate a prevailing ara looking f r a large aad prosperous bualaaaa la th? year enralng kl ?cri tiru i v, Dec SI W* are unabla to report nay large bu*ln?*s dalBk- amongst the aiannflaaturar* b?re, stock taking at thl* aearon preventing tb* buy era operating, excepting for Immediate waat*. althnagh In acme branch** of tha trade msb aa pieoa gooda. a fair di-mard e*l?la Th. -lyt* are well enapinyad. ? hiah I* an Indication (hat preparatloa* are making aetltHy for th* *prlng trad* Bale* ol thrown ailka hare been to a fair rili'Dt. but prloaa are wlthoat the leaat iuiprorem- nt a> yet. la raw atlk* there I* no alteration In price* alnca oar lut. Tha market I* quieter than It wa* lit r i ra*? iriiK Pee SI? There haa ho*n a good trade dolor t? dar In th* t'iotb llall am >ng fanalea and WOailaB good* gem rally for tha Amarinan market. Thrre be* beea a mc*? than u?uai anmher of torelgn buyer* i.i town for th?tlin* af th* *ea<ca. 8e?aral "t th- war- I.mi?i ? hare hean rary bu*y du'ing th? weet. fi r i"! etifcca'al otdt-r*. a? d aftr>(et'.?r. th?r* ha< baaa a brlr k l'U*lne*a doing The -" hag been rathe, a *tlll B*** iB th* ?-ocl market to-dny liar 'i n, T>?o UB Our pi"? hall ba* twn praMy fell t Untied to ? ay f*r ?be la*t Catar lay of th? year. *>iii' I* g?n*raUy o#a*id*rud a "dead ira'':*t Tha^ chief I uainea* h?* iMew In tanay cood*. of whV h a t*fr quar.i^y ?* Sow b- Kg ioannf?-'iir?il to ij'ler Mia yam trade I* in< re ba<')aot, and th* ahlf^aing h <n??* fflte out rrd r* freely at ad ran -^4 l'A?re la i ?rr?lv r? a.uch In woot.*Bd th-.. uk>a\ M y?ry flrin l.ti T>?r SI Th* mark* t ha? Ve**: welt a'faadwl, *Od c f i iii'? r'og Ih* *r?a -n of tl"?. r a' a? 'Wt g-'-* le !>*it K'S arti a* f <**|My t<w a i ceo** i ^>a ttolltii oile. getttaliy. h a a *a?iaf*'t v?r *ia*e tha ti r k*ta I i ir-rf gen"rallf "?'* ? wpl ij ?, ?' I a* e;a-|?g lit *<?* leri> | fee* .-ot 4*1- . f , a ?' I* *l ? *1* " I ni ? f ' 1 "'? > let! a III ..e?S?Hi> H ? h ? t'f ?*t-.U'- ???! ? ? ' .r- i m .Bpfchat* t ?k'ag *t ? t i'l .... tag ?-i **r

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