Newspaper of The New York Herald, January 29, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated January 29, 1851 Page 3
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mark, ind other portion* of the continent, has alio beea unwontedly great. The result* of no *uddea and extensive a transfer to America of what is there the moat desirable of all kind* of c ipitai, vu i efficient labor, can scarcely vet i?e calculated B it it ia not labor alone that has breu thus transferred Money haa gone along with it in unprecedented quantities, thua aull further enhancing the rapid acquisition of the mean* by which a free and in duitrioua people accelerate tneinudmdml fortunes and national developemeut. But if labor ia the foundation of all wealth, it ia evident how great a desideratum it must be to a -country of boundless resources like America, to hive aa ample and ateady stream oi effective labor di rected upon it* khorea How far America naa gained within the lata 10 years, in an el- ment so essential to natioual wealiti and prosperity as popu lation, it will be for the present census definitely to determine. But, judguig from the premonitory in dications which have already reached us, we can not be tar wrong in assuming that, diriug that pe riod, nearly 50 per cent lias li-en added to the po pulation. By the ce?.-<ua of 1810 the populttion of the Union wa* a little up -vards of seventeen mil lions. By the present census, it will fall but little j ahort of, if it do net-exceed, twenty-live millions. This is, for the whole Union, more thin doubling in twenty- five years, and when we consid'-r that 1 in some of the StHtes, population is actually, though slowly, on the decline, the rate of increase 1 in other directions may be conceived. Take for instance the valley of the Mississippi In 1810its population did not exceed 400, 000 inul*. The census of the present year will probably show it to contain close upon thirteen millions. Thus, in forty year*, a region, the population of wruch fell short of halt a million, has come nearly to equal in number the population of England- In 1860, the insulation of the valley will exceed that of England and Wales. The rise of some of the western cities seem to have more of magic thin of reality in it. The maa ia yet living who ouiit the first log hut on the spot Which is now the site of Cincinnati, and that city is now larger than Bristol, containing 150.000 souls. Ten years ago its population did not amount to 60,000, so that it ha* more than trebled in that short aipaceoftime In 1840, the population of St Louis was only 16,000. It is now upwards of 90,000. This city is destined to be the greatest inferior entrepot Of trade upon the American continent. But the most extraordinary feature in the case is the growth of New York. In 1840 its population, including its suburbs, wasabo'it 312,000. It is now estimated at clote upon 750.000 The progress of the continent is tvpitiea by the rise and progress of T New York. In 1860 its population will be 1,JK)0,000, and in 1970 it will be but li'tle short of two millions. There is no limit to New York but such as may be imposed uj>on it by the commercial wants of the continent. Aa important consid* ration connected with the census is the new distribution of political power to which it will give rise Representation being based exclusively on population, the preponderating num bers of the west will transfer to it ail political power. We must confess that in the political balance be tween the different sections of the confederacy, power could not be deposited in safer hands than in those of the west. Ten years hence the population of America will exceed that of the British isles. Our California Correspondent*. San Francisco, Dec. 15, 1850. Introduction? Ladict in California ? Chances for IIusbatids?Diitin/fuished Arrivals? Commercial A flairs? The City Property? The Cholera? A Fire, 4c, #-c. For aeveral weeks past, I have intended to write to yon how we were getting along here on the shores of the Pacific; but, from various causes, I have been unable to carry out my intention. How ever, 1 avail myself of the opportunity afforded me by my friend, Daniel Cronin, Esq., who leaves here to-day for New York, on board the steamer California. He is one of the oldest merchants of this city? of the firm of Cronin and Markley ? and goes to New York for the purpose of bringing on tin family and renewing his stock of mer chandise, when he will return here, to make his pile still larger. It is to such men, capable, pru dent and enterprising, that the growth of this city is, in a great measure, to be attributed. It is. indeed, gratifying to see by the arrivals of the various steamers lately, that the feeling of reluc tance formerly entertained by the fair sex of the eastern cities to emigrate to this golden land, no longer exist* A large number of ladies have ar rived during the last few months. Most of them however, were married, and cams to rejoin their husbands. It would touch the hardest heart to see the speculating eyes with which the young men view this new importation; but as the article is no: in the market, it is useless, as the Scotch say, to Veer the price. 1 would not hesitate to My tha much could be done, if you were to exert the in fluence of your powerful journal to persuade many of the fair daughters of Eve to repair to this beau tiful land, where they could enjoy ail the comforts of life, and gam excellent husbands. There is no paragraph in our daily papers more eagerly examined by our young men, every morn ing, than that in which the list of passengers is ?iven? a fact which must be attributed to a very different feeling from that of mere curiosity. Among the late arrivals, I observed the name of Mis Mayes, wife of Col. Jack Hayes, (who ob tained so much notorial v an a Texan Ranger, and who is now Sheriff' of this c ?unty ) She was ?rconti anied by her brother. Mrs Oliver, wife of D. J. Oliver, Esq., one of our merchants, also arrived; and Mrs. Gallagher, wife of Edward Gal lagher, Esq , Coroner of this county, and formerly ?l > eur city. These lsdies were accompanied by Daniel C McOlynn, Esq., brother to the Recorder of this county. They, as well as many others, i have come to make California their permanent home. As another evideuce of the growth of this country, I have to inform you of the arrival of the L vev- -Joseph Alemtny, .Bishop of California, who has been long expected by the Catholic popu- ' lation ^ on will see by the newspapers that this distinguished personage received a very cordial welcome, l have tent you one of th papers in which the congratulatory address and reply are 1 he address, with the reply, appears in the San Francisco papers, in English, Sptnish, and xrvaeh. The commerce of San Francisco is still on the increase A great number of vessels have arrived since the departure of the mail steamer on the first inula lit, each having a cargo of goods and merchandise for this market. The consequence has been a temporary depresaion in the price of almost evrry description of goods; but as the con sumption is immense, thin elate of things will ( shortly give plsce to one more favorable. As long as the sup^r is adjusted to the demand, adven tures of tins kind prove very advantageous ; but when the market is glutted, as has occasionally been the case with some kinds of goods, for some time past the consequences are most ruinous to all concerned. l'.usincMi in general is becoming more syst^mirrd The blind speculations of vnited State* and Kuropean shippers, like other excesses, have overdone themselves, and mercantile opera tions are fast settling down into regular and safe channel* There is considerable excitement throughout the city in consequence of ajudgm-nt lately delivered ?ti the Supreme Court, in which the powers of the old aysntamentos and alcaldes of this town to dis pose of corporate property is seriously questioned. The question is still pending before the court, and the whole bar of San Francisco is invited to a joint conference to argue it. If the judgment should hold good, it will invalidate the present UUe to two thirds of the property of the citr. In all probabih tj the wlii le matter will remain unsettled till the fudges of the I nited States Court dis.tose of it. ? It hss opened s wide field for litigation, and it is H generally believed that whatever may he the the ?' gentlemen of the long robe" will not come of! second best in the long run. The cholera lias disappeared, after carrying off some of our most respectable citizens In proportion to our population, we have suffered, it is generally considered, as much from the scourge as New Ysrk did in 18SS. I have taken the liberty of sending to you, by Adams A- Co.. a specimen ring; it was manufac tured at Woodruff a jewelry store, on Clay street, and it was very much admired hy those who have seen it, being made of specimens of gold in their native state. I have also sent a similar one to Daniel Sweenv, Esq, who, hy the way, is one of mv most esteemed friends I hope Mr. Sweeny and yourself will accept them as an emblem of the friendship I feel towar is you, although they may seem trilling memorials to send such a distance. Before closing, I must inform vou that our Common Council are beginning to attend to the affairs of the city with much more energy and applicatim than formerly I had considerable difficulty to get them lo work right in the traces, ss a great deal of their time was formerly occupied in endeavoring to vote themselves salaries, a measure which I of course have "tenuously op^sed They are nsw beginning to benefit by my experience in legislation Last night we had another large fire a occur red about Po clock, and burnej MntilJ after 2 o'clock destroy ing property to the amount of |73,000. It broke ooi in an unoccupied building on the corner of Sacramento and Leidsdorff streets, burning all the buildings and prooert* on the block. It wan no doubt the work of an incendiary *The office of Mowlsnd * Aspinwall was immediately oppo # 0 "l' 5M on,Z b* tHe ?uperhuman efforts , , 1 C?- who WoB for themselves fresh Istirels The steamer sails today, and it was no doubt presumed by the mceadiaries that there wg? ? large amount of gold m that office ?that it would be impossible to save the building, and in the hurry and excitement they would reap a harvest. Very respectfully, yours, 6ce, Jambs Grant. Items from tke California Payors. MUKUKlUt, KOBUKKIKS, ASSAULTS, KTC. The Stockton Journal, of November 27th, men tions a collision between the Americans and Indians, at Mokelumne Hill, or in that vicinity, in which fifteen Americans were killed, and the same, if not a larger, number of Indians fell. Mr. Hall, a gentleman of Sm Francisco, was attacked on the night of the 4th of December, about 10 o'clock, near the foot of K street, and robbed of $ 1,200 and a watch seal. He stated the matter to the police, und took one of that body with him in search of the robber, whom he thought he could recognise. After a short walk, they came upon the man, and recovered all the valu ablt s, which nit > be (M .iown as remarkably good luck, to say the least of it. Mr. Samuel Norris, of Norris' rancho, was robbed of |7,000 on the night of 3d of December. He has been for some time confined to his bed from severe illuesi, and the key of a small sife, containing the money, wsb placed under his pillow. Stime one entered the apartment during his slsep, open?d the safe, and took off the money, replacing the key where it had been found: This is one of a succession of serious misfortunes which have attended Mr. Norris of late. Stock to the value of $50,000 has, we learn, been stolen from him during the past four months The Marysville Hera'-d says that a young man, named George Roiptrs, was frozen to death in the snow, on the 23d or 24' h of November, while endeavoring to walk from Poor Man's Creek to Grass Valley. Two other men, in company with him, also nearly perished, but were picked up by aaother party. The Plactr Timet of the 7th ult., states that a cabin boy on board of the steamer New World, fell overboard on the morning of the 30th November. No one on board knew of the accident until Mr. Frank Johnson, who was walking on the levee at the time, saw the poor fellow's cap floating upon the water, and called the attention of the hands on the boat to it. Soon the boy rose to the surface, at some distance from the steamer, but immediately sunk, and was seen no more. MININQ INTELLIGENCE. The mining intelligence presents no feature of any extraordinary character or interest, and the specimens of gold that have been found, since the last arrival, are not worthy of remarh. The Pacific Ntut states that active preparations are being made to enter largely into the branch of quartz mining. At the iron works in Springfield, Mass., several stamping machines are nearly com pleted, and more in progtess. A short time prior to the departure of Senator Fremont from New York, he is understood to have executed leases to work his mineral lands to parties of known re sponsibility, who will lose no time in taking the held. A company of twenty-five have associated toge ther for the purpose of cutting a race through a ledge of rocks, on Oregon bar, in such a manner that half a mile of the bed of the river will be laid bare. theatricals. The Jenny Lind theatre, in San Francisco, is now in the full tide of success. Mr. Stark, and Mrs. Kirby, and Mrs. Hambleton, by their superior acting, attract, nightly, overflowing houses. The Atheneum was to be again opened on the 18th Dec., under new and favorable auspices. It is engaged for the season by Messrs. Smith and Davison, the great American magicians, who will commence their series of entertainments at that time, and having put the tickets at a low price, hope to receive their share of the public pa tronage. The performances at the Dramatic Museum are constantly attended by crowded houses ; in fact, the popularity of this theatre has outgrown its size. At the Adelphi theatre, there is always a fair at tendance to witness the dramatic performances. The Stockton Journal states that it is contem plated to erect a new theatre in that city, where Mrs. Kirby and Mr. Stark, together with a com pany of the talent in the State, will be the first to grace its stsge. This new theatre is to be called the El Placer theatre of Stockton. As sdditional items of curiosity, we may men tion the following FIVE WEEKS' SICKNESS IN CALIFORNIA. We observe, by the J'Uuer Timtt, of the 12th December, that amongst the accounts presented for adjustment, to the Uity Council of Sacramento, is the following bill of expenses attending the ill ness of the late Msyor of the city of Sacramento, who was wounded during the squatter riot 8a> Fmntiiio, Nov. 90, 1850. Hon. H. Bigelow, Msyor ol Sacramento City, To J. W. Btulman, Dr. To oaah a d ran or d for sundrei daring bis 111 mm at By house $410 To cash paid oat for washing clothes sotted by bifwoands 165 To live weeks' use of the best and largest room In the bouse, at $100 600 To one carpet, rained by chloride of lime, ased in eick room ~~ Tocsubpaid for pair boots M To sundries, bandages, extra (esndlee, extra refreshments, wines, lie , tor self and atten dants St sight, &.c , fire weeks &00 To flvs weeks' attendance of llrs. Stillman. night and day. 500 Total *263fl Intelligence from Ore von . [From the Oregon Spectator, Oct. 17 J The late rains have had qaite a beneficial effect upon vegetation: the whole surface of the earth kMM to wear the appearance of spring; all nature, as it were, is starting up afresh This is rather a novel Bight to one who has lived all his life in a latitude fees north, by several decrees, but more MUM and destructive; where, at this season of the year, we were nrcustomed to see vegetation and the folinae in the "war and yellow leaf." It is now the In <lny of October, and there has not been a frost sufficiently severe to kill the green leaves tf the trees, or even the most tender plants. This will give the folks at a distance some idea of the delightful climate we enjoy on the Pacific. It is true we are shut out, in a gr<?at measure, from the world; but nothing daunted or weighed down by this, our people are cheered with the hope that we will hive a world of our own, or that the conntry will be a world unto itself. We do not mean, however, in the South Caro lina acceptation of the term? Oregon is destined to be tbe great germ of the Pacific, where, at ns dis tant day, the great Interests of the Pacific must core- titrate. California ha* led ofl in thia matter; the excitement was kept up by misrepre aentation; a reaction has taken place, and the tot tering fabric ia faxt sinking into insignificance. Oregon requires no such means to keep her atloat. The noble rivers of limpid water that course the interior? the rich valleys that lie on either side ?the keavv forestsof umber of the finest growth? and the mifd and healthy atmosphere t& v. ever pre vails. all conspire to render it one of the most de lightful countries on the globe. It only requires to be seen to be appreciated The acorn, and gra?? covered hilla of the country above, and the thick matte. i enmth of bottom grass below, relieve the farmers of all necessity in i>repering provender for their stock during winter. The appearance of the country at thu time, re minds us more of the approach of spring than the advent of winter. Snch is the natur? of the climate, we are told, that grass continues to grow all winter. In an agricultural point of view, (we were raised on a farm ourself,) Oregon has not, we verily be lieve, its equsl in North America Not only are the prices of stock and produce immensely high, but the greateat yield, for the smallest amount of labor, ia here awarded to the laborer, of any coun try we have ever lived in. We do not wish to be understood aa favoring, in the least, a diminution of labsr on the part of our producers ; that seems too well impressed alreadv? but there is no couo , try where labor is so mucn respected. Aristocracy has no abiding place in the territory. From the highest to the lowest, the most exalted and the humbl". All have their miluence. In other words, the great democratic principle governs our every walk and conversation. mmoRAtrrs tie nut mot stairs. From some of the immigrants who have just ar rived, we learn that there were some fifty wagons and tennis in the mountains. We regret, very much, that during the snow storm of last week, that a large number of the cattle belonging to the teams perished. The snow fell to the depth of ten inches, which to completely covered up the li'tle grass there was, and which, together with the i fatigue incident to travelling, proved teo much for the weak condition of the stock; m> ny ol them aank down, never more to rise to the bidding smack of the well spplied thoog of the hardy and way worn traveller. A relief meeting was held on Saturday last, an 1 some thirty horses, loaded with provision, Acc., were despatched the next day to relieve the sufler ing. On Tuesday morning, an additional number were sent out. It is to he hoped they will reach them in time to prevent much suffering from want of food. The broken dowh condition of the re maining stock, renders it impossible for some of them to proceed on their journey They will be under the necessity of remaining where they are, until they can receive such aid from here as our good citixens maybe prompted to give We are happy to say that the right kind of spirit prevails here. No sooner had the information reached here, than immediate steps were taken to rescue them from want. < Jood and efficient men volunteered to perform the task, who have, in all probability, ere this, completed thia praiaeworthy undertaking We have been informed that the citizens of Port land have established a line of boats ftrom that plsce to the Dalles, fcr the express aecommodation t>i the immigrants Tke Hi better plat ia te rid 1 the wagon* of all extra baggage and passenger* too. The teama, be thejr never ao atout, will find it load enough to draw over the mountains the empty wagons, currying nothing more than the little pro vision that may Le needed for the trip. If the line of boats is established as an act of humanity, the Sood people of Portland deserve our highest esteem; ut we have not been advised as to whether it is an act of humanity or a plan of speculation. People from other parta of the territory are on the leok-out for their relativea and friends. Now that the immigrants have got within reach of their a? 6i6tance, it behooves our people generally to avail themaelvea of thia chance to do good towards their fellow-men. The trial* and difficulties of such a journey are known to you all | although you may not have had many favors of this kind shown to ou when similarly circumsianced, you had pro ably the best the country could afl'ord at the time. It is your duty to do the best you can now. The people of Oregon City have do*e nohly? may we not reasonably expect l<ke goods deeds from other quarters. We have been informed that a lady emigrant, who ,haa just arrived, bad in her charge, for a good part of the journey acroas the plains, two in fants, a sister and a sister's child, the mothers ot both having died on the road. Both of the chil dren were of so tender an age that they were de pendent upon the breasts of their mothers for nour ishment. This is but one, however, of the many cases that have occurred of a similar kind. We congratulate the living upon their safe arrival in our midst. < We were informed by Mr. Jeasup. a few days since, that Mr. J. C. Angel, of San Francisco, on bcara the Sea Gull, whilst lying at Astoria for re gurs, was robbed of $2,000 ; and Mr. Samuel ampbell, at the same time and place, was robbed of f'200. The money has not been recovered, nor the perpetrators ascertained. It has not been as certained whether the robbery was committed by some persons on board, or some of the professors of the gambling fraternity, resident at Astoria. It will be seen, in another column, that the citi zens of Portland have had a meeting with the view of obtaining the means and sending relief to the suffering immigrants, who are still beyond the Dalles ; probably in the mountains by this time. They have raised some seven hundred dollars This is truly praiseworthy, andievince* the right hind of spirit. [From the Bpsotator, 0<t. 24 J The brig Desdemona, belonging to Messrs. Aber netby, Clark 6c Co., made the quickest trip, but one, ever made from New York to Astoria. She left New York the 16th day of May, and arrived at Astoria on the 20th day of October. She ia on her way up to this city. She comes freighted with goods principally for the firm, and will land within four miles of this place. Since the rain* have subsided, the river has re ceded here several feet. It ia predicted, by those who know, the prognosticators of course, that there will be fine weather for a month to come. If we had had the management of the weather, we could not have made it more jpleasan t than the Dispenser of all events has Been fit to favor ua with, during the past four or live day*. A gentleman handed us one day last week a piece of stone coal, which, in our opinion, approach es very nearly in appearance the anthracite coal, as found in Pennsylvania. He informed us that it was found in Admiralty Inlet by a Mr. Hancock; he statea further that it exists in vast quantities? that there is a suiliciency to propel all the steamers that may float on the Pacific for centuries to come. It has been examined by scientific men at Port land, and has been pronounced coal of a superior quality. In burning it leaves no cinder, and makes very little ashes. As coal is worth f3 per bushel in tnis country, we hope that the expectations of the discoverer may be realized. Should his state ments prove to be correct, its existence, even there, must eventually become of immenae value to the territory. We would be obliged to any person, who may be in possession of the full facts connect ed with its discovery, if they would report them to us. Kx edition of Albert B?h*m, at Awburn, Ff. Y?, for the Murder of Adler . I Frost ths Auburn AdvsrtUsr, Jan. 24 J The terrible, but just demand of the law waa carried into effect against Albert Baham, in the jail of this city, at llo'clock 13 minutes AM to day. There were preeent Professor J. Few Smith, of the Theological Seminary, and Rev. 11. A. Kelson, of the First Prssbyterian Church, who had attended upon the prisoner since his sentence; the counsel who defended the prisoner on his trial, the District Attorney, and twelve citizens, besides the sheriff and his assistants. We have it from good authority that the prisoner, as a general thing, from the time be was sentence d up to last night, did not seem to regard hia late with anything like the seriousness which one would suppose should have been exhibited by a person In his situation. He indulged quite freely in jokes yesterday, and seemed to be leas thought ful than those who were making preparations for his execution. In speaking of the arrangements for hia execution, he carelessly, and in a aort of jovial way, said that if the gallows was not com pleted till after twelve o'clock to day, it would auit him just as well; meaning that if he was not executed by twelve o'clock, the sentence of the Court could not be carried into effect. Yesterday the pnaoner was taken from his cell into one of the upper rooms of the jailor, for the purpose of having nis likeness taken; and during the time he was out of his cell, he was remark ably sociable. In referring to his execution, he said, that "where there is much loss there is some fain;" and when asked to explain, he said he should get rid of his iron fetters after he was hung. During the [>eriods when the priaoner's spiritual adviser waa in conversation with him, he alwavs api*ared quite penitent? ready to converse on the subject o? religion, confessing that he had led a very wicked lite, but professed to believe he had been forgiven all kis sins, and was prepared to die. In acknowledging his sinfulness, he was generally careful to atate, that whatever other crimes he was guilty of committing, that of murder could not be juatly charged to him. To prove that his penitencs was feigned at such times as he was visited by ministers ot the gospel, it is only necessary to state, that between such visits, on ons or two occasions, he was heard to use language which would indicate that he had no especial regard for religion. It was only yesterday that the prisoner, imme diately after an interview with the Rov. Mr. Ne - son, ridiculed the idea that ministers should call mm l?m to converse on religious subjects, stating that his regard for such things was very slight. John Baham, the brother of Albert, who is un der sentence of death for participating in the mur der of Adler, was removed from the jail to the court house previous to the execution. This wa? a wise and humane movs on the part of Shenn Fancher. The otlirr ( ns uera in the ml wre taken to a distant part of the building from where the execution took pluce, and locked in cells. It was supposed by n ine that Baham would make | an attempt to take his own life last night, and to prevent such an act great caution was used- He was constantly watched during the night, and no person allowed to see him alone, except those in whom the utmost confidence could be placed. I he prisoner slept apparently as undisturbed last night as though he had been on hia own couch in hia I father's house. It has been a eubject of genera remark and aurpnse, that a peraon so yo jog could remain so entirely unconcerned in view of hie ap proaching end. At 20 minutes past 10 o clock thia morning, Rev Mr. Nelson entered the prisoner a cell, and was engaged in conversation with nim till 2U minutea to 11 Mr N. informs us that the pris oner appeared very much aa he had at other times during hie visits. At 4 to II, the prisoner was led from his cell and seated under the gallows, when his death warrant was read by District Attorney Eo meroy,in a clear but some what agitated tcneofvoice During the reading of the warrant the prisoner seemed deeply agitated, but soon regained his self possession. At 10 minutee to 11. Rev. Mr. Smith requested the prisoner to kneel, after which Mr 3. addressed a most solemn and affecting prayer to the Throne of Grace, beeeeclung, in the most earnest manner, that the Almighty Ruler would have mercy on the soul of him who was so eoon to he a- hered into His presence. During the prsver the prisoner again showed deep sgitation ; but upon resuming his seat, there was no signs of a broken and subdued heart. During the entire ceremonies, we did not discover that the prisoner shed a tear, although those around him were un der deep emotion At 11 o'clock, the prisoner * counsel, and the Hevs Mr. Nelson and Smith, shook hands with him. bidding him an allectionale farewell. The prisoner, then asked for ? glass of wa'er, and after partaking of it, the under She rifl asked him if he had any remarks to make. He replied that he had not. only that he was innocent. At five minutes past II. his arms were pinioned behind him. and the Rev. Mr Nelson held a brief but mandible conversation with him. w e > were not able to learn the amount of what he Mid. At II minutes past II, the cap was drawn over the prisoner's face, when he exhibited deeper emotion than at any other time during the sad ceremonies He distinctly gave utterance to the words, u ?!ear me," whicn were the last he uttered. At M minutea past II, the Sheriff touched the spring to the gallows, an>l Albert Baham was ushered into another world. He struggled but very little, con ndenng the fart that he was in full hes 1th At 2.? minutes past 11, the dortors '^mme l the body ano pronounced life extinct The body was th n tsken down, plneed in a coffin, and delivered to the father of the prisoner. If there are any who have doubts as to the guilt of the priionfr, to remove them it i? only nece? sary to etate. that sinee he and his brothers were sentenced, they have, is conversation with e*rit other, at times when they snwoeed no person was in hearing, convicted themselves, time ami again, of the murder of Adler And yet Albert Behani, with his last breath, protested that he was wholly innocent of murder. The grounds ahont the jail and the court house were crowded by petvoM actwed hy i ?<nbid ?ire to be where they could at least hear the drop

of the weight which seat a fellow being into eter nity. This curiosity with mtn is generally ex pected on snch occasions, but that women should disgrace themselves by mingling with the crowd, 1 was quite surprising. We understand that John Baham, Jr. has made a full conlession of all that he knows in reference to the murder of Nathan Adler, to his counsel; and that tbe same will be published in pamphlet form in a few dsys. The Late Fire mt ?*u Orleans. 111*. ti-STKI CTION OF 1HK ST. CIUBUM 1101KL ? I UKKAT LOSS OK WOPKRTY. I [Frpna th? New Orleaaa Deltt, Jan 19] No one who bus not vi-ited N?*w Orleans can ; estimate tbe ext< nt of the calamity which Had fallen on our ci'y t?y the gieat tire of yesterday. The St Cbsrles Hotel was the pride, tfi?- boast, the | ornament of our city. Asa model of archit-ctii - ral beauty, it whs cot surpusstd, if equalled, by atiy ! edifice iu the United Mites The grace, beiu'y, and perfection of its plan, the combination of soli- { dity with elegance, of convenience with beauty, of grandeur with classic pro|>ortione, rendered the St. Charles a source of inexhaustible pleasure and iu- I terest to all beholder*. As a hotel, it was the largest and moat complete, and under its present managers, the best conflicted, perhaps, in the world. The day before it burnt, we dined at the hotel, and were told by the proprietors that six hundred persons would dine there that day. Eve rything essential to the comfort and entertainment of guests, was embraced in the building. There was a splendid bar-room, spacious billiard rooms, eUgant bath establishment, and in the basement stories were several variety stores. Not less than eight hundred persons slept nightly under its roof. The building was in the finest Grecian style, with the most splendid and classical portico in the United S ates, supported by Corinthian pillars of great beauty ana elegance. The cupola, which ascended from the centre of the building, was also a very beautiful and prominent feature in the edifice, th? most conspicuous object discernible at a distance in approaching our city. That cupola was a dsar object to all of our citizens. The heart of every true Orleanian clung to it as the beacon and land mark of the Crescent City. The St. Cjiarles was so identified with our city in all its aspects and associations, that we regard its loss in the light of the deprivation of a limb of our body. The countenance of every citizen yes terday was clouded with sorrow and gloom, during th? progress of the destructive element, and uni versal sadness prevailed when the once beautiful edifice had sunk into a mass of smoking ruins. " Alas ?" exclaimed our oldest citizens, " what a loss. How shall we rebuild it. When will we be able, in our day, to look upon its like in beauty and magnificence!" The St. Charles was built in 18&4; it was the pioneer of the old Faubourg St. Mary, now the Second Municipality. Around it clustered all these fine buildings which contributed so power fully to start the Second Municipality in its won derful progress in prosperity and greatness. It was the sun which diffused fructifying rays for and near around it. The cost of the ouilding was six hundred thousand dollara. Its architect, Mr. Gal lier, acquired by it* design a reputation co-extensive with our whole country. It was built by the old Exchange Baak, a corporation which became ex tisguished, but whose privileges, so far as the pos session of the hotel was concerned, descended to the present company, at the head of which is Mr. Jacob Barker, who has had for years the manage ment of the building. Various accounts are given of the origin of the tire. Some represent that it caught from some one of the various chimneys or Hues ; others state that some plumbers were engaged in soldering the zinc on the roof, and the hre was communicated from their stoves. Whatever may have been the ciuse, it is pretty certain that the fire originated within the building, somewhere under the roof, and had dif fused itself pretty extensively before the alarm was given. It was long before any adequate means could e brought to arrest the flames. The whole roof was smoking, sending forth a thick volume of dun vapor ; and yet the hre could not be reached. It was seme time before the engines came to the s|>ot. The bells, by some most culpable carelessness, were not rung, and those engines which arrived early were not fully manned. Then, too, how could they bring their machines to operate at so great a height ? There was scarcely an engine in the city that could throw the water to the roof of the hotel. Within the building the most energetic steps were taken to meet the danger. The proprie tors and their various employees formed them selves into an efficient tire company, ami by the aid of their forcing pipes and engines kept a constant current of water on the flames wherever they could be reached. But the insidious element had evaded its foe and penetrated into every part of the roof where it could find food. The hose pipes from the engines were then drawn by ropes to the roof, and soon a considerable body of water was brought to bear upon it. But alas! it was too late. The vast crowd assembled in the neighborhood, with one voice cried out, " it is gone;" and though there was no relaxation of effort, it soon became painfully manifest that the building was of a very combustible character. Presently, the flames broke forth from the roof, and i>assing with the rapidity of lightning around the cupola, suddenly embraced that graceful and elegant structure, and then towered to the heavens, one bright, glow ing pyramid of tire. At the same time, the plaster began to fall from the roof of the portico, admonishing those below of the danger of that position, ths only one from which the engines could operate with effect. Rapidly the tUmes in volved the whole building, and, nourished by a brisk east wind, proceeded on their devastating course with inconceivable velocity. The splendid cornice of the portico was soon one bright sheet of tire; presently it fell with a great crash, crushing in its ruins the noble marble statue of Washington which stood at the main entrance, the present of our respected fellow citizen, John Ilagan. Esq , who had it executed by the best artist in Italy. On went the flames in their mad career, while the willing winds served as their vassal and guide; and tower and column fell down, one after another, till nothing but an unsightly ruin remained of what, in the morning, towered so fUMHU in its " pride of place After the St Charles had been nearlyconsnmed, the fire was communicated by sparks to the Rev. Theodore Clapp's church, corner of St. Charles and< Jravier streets, which was soon destroyed. At the same time, the Methodist Episcopal church, on Poydras street, was in dames, and in twenty mi nutes, nothing but a mass of crumbling walls re mair.ed. This church, we are happy ts learn, was insured for ?10.000 Two adjoining buildings, oc cupied as boarding houses, Nos. I :*7 and TO, the former owned by Mr. Maunsel White, and occu pied by Mrs. Souter; and the latter occupied by Mrs. Parcel. Both were mechanics' boarding houses, and partially insured. Two houses of ill fame, near these, were also burned. In the rear of Dr. Clapp's church, the Pelican House, stretching from Union to Gnvier street, was entirely destroyed. It was owned by Jacob Marker, and occupied by Messrs Moore . The "Pelican" was insured The large commis sion house, occupied by Henderson, Peale, and others, 1 ranting on Common street, and adioining the St. Charles Hotel, was barned. The build ings between that and Carondelet street were .-aved with difficuhy. The dwelling house owned by Mr Lyal, and occupied by Mr Mensmg, den tist, situated at No. 13H Carondelet street, was con sumed, as wss also a paint shop adjoining. Among the buildings destroyed, we have also to mention three houses on Carondelet street, repre ' sented by Nos. 171, 173, and 175, owned by Mr. ; B P.French. These houses were insured. One of them was occupied by I 'rury V Philips, paint ers: the others by families. The residence of William Harry, who keeps the < rescent restaurant, on St. Charles street, adds another to the list of the destroyed buildings It was situated at No. 37 Hevia street No. 3."> Hevia street was also greatly injured. The splendid private residences of Mr Samuel J. Peters amd Mr. Savillebouvre, on Carondelet I street, caught several times, and were in great danger ; so alto was the fine row known as the Carondelet row; but at this poiat in the orogreas of the conflagration, the force of the fire department had been judiciously distributed, so as very effectu ally to arrest the extension of the flames, in spite of the high wind. Great numbers of thieves were busy at the fire The arrests of them numbered thirty six at dark, last evening We noticed a<< less tnan a IdM, in our line of marrh, on their way to prison The loss by this tire will amount to more than half a million, of which about one-half was in sured. The insurance on the St. Charles was only f 106,000. of which #20,000 were taken in the Sun Mutual Messrs. Mudge it Wilson had a ? policy of $-10,000 on wines snd furniture, a great ' deal of both of which has been saved ; their loss, however, is very heavy. The whole community sympathize with these enterprising gentlemen in tneir great calamity, and will lend a willing hand to resuscitate them. The 8t. Charles must be rebuilt, and that speedily, and on a scale fully equal to itsj for mer msgnificence. This is the voice of the whole l*ople. Every citizea will come forward to lend a helping hand to raise it. Ph?raix lik*, front its ashes. We trust the good work will be entered upon immediately. If the present company la un able to rebuild it, we hope that a corporation will be immediately organized for that purpose The cost of rebui'ding it is vsriously estimated at from ?<00,000 to $600,000 The loss of ike Congregationslist church will fall heavily upon our able and eloquent dirine, I ?r (?lapp It was the property of our venerable and beaevoleat fellow citizen, Judah Turo, who, though a member of the Hebrew faith, has for years permitted the congregation of Mr. Clarp to occupy this church fres of rent, and allowed the reverend gentleman to enjoy the rents of the pews I .ast night we tisited the scene of the confla gration. It was a tnelaariiolv chug* from the magnificence we were wont to contemplate with so much pride tod admiration The apacious aad I noble edifice hud disappeared, and a main of dark ruina, and a few pillar* atill standing, marked ttie ;>lace where the pride of New Orleans once ahone in all the ?|ttendor of architectural grace, beautjr and sjmmetry. The acene drew dee|> sighs from the heart of every old Orleanoia, aad ailent gloom aad Borrow ee?med to enwrap the vast crowd that hovered around the acene of deaolatioa. The New Orleana Bulletin of the 20th inat . givea the following loaaea of the inaurance office* by the late tire iu that city:? Columbus (Ohio) ? on stock ot liquor*, &c., of St Charlea Hotel. $5,000 Cres cent Mutual- on St Charlea Hotel building, <15 - 000; on Pelican coffeehouse, Gravier street, #1,000 ? $19,00(1 lVlgware Mutual Sifeij- on St I Chaih-s Hotel building, ^10.000 Geii.-ral M'itu?l ?on St ChtirUi. Hole! building, $10,000; St Charlea Hotel furniture, $5 000; Methodist church, $10 WC? #25 M 0 Lexington? on St Chtrlea Hu tel building, $5,000. Merchants' and PUn'ers' ? Mat?rial in bn^errept of Clasp's church. 42 uoo; hoardingboute No. 137 Poydraa ureet, #900, (half of property aav^d ? $2,800 Memphis ? <>n atock in bt:ildmg in reur of St Charles Hotel, $:$,0t)0 Mer chants ? on St. Charlea Hotel building $10,000; Heach'a carriage warehouse, adjoining the St Charles Hotel, #15.000 ? $25,000. Nashville Life and Truet Co?St Charles Hotel building, $15,000; Methodiat church, $10,000 ? $25,000 New Orleans lna. Office ? on St Charles Hotel, #5,000; store of Mr. Montgomery, on Gravier atreet, $6,000 ? #11, - 000. Protection (Hartford) ? on St. Charles build ing, #10,000. San Mutual ? on St. Charles Hotel building, $20,000; furniture, St Charles Hotel, B>,000 ? $25,000. Tennessee Marine and Fire ? on leihodiat church, #10,000. Union Mutual ? oq St. Charles Hotel building, #5,000. Total losa by in surance offices, $180,000. We received, also, an account of the fire from Messrs. Stimson tic Co., of the New York and New Orleans Express, which corresponds with the above. Ntw MoltTf Power far the Put Pimm*. [From tba Boston Traveller, Jan. 'J6 j This monster press (Hoe's fast printing press) is driven by a novel and moat convenient and power ful little machine, which is seen on the right ot the printing press, consisting of a small cylinder, with cog-wheels and a pully attached. It is called a water metre or power metre, and was invented by that ingenious mechanic, Mr. Samuel Huse, of this city, well known for his. efficient labors as assistant superintendent of the Cochituate water works Thia machine was originally invented aa a water measurer; and this is the first application of it as a motive power, it being found to possess this power to a most unexpected and extraordinary degree. It is simple, yet wonderfully efficient. It consists of a hollow cylinder, 10 inches wide and 16 inches in diameter; iastde of which is a lUnge cylinder, about 6 inches in diameter. This inner cylinder haa flanges, on which are four valves, ex tending from one end to the other of the cylinder, and attached to it by hinges. These valves, when folded, or shut into the cylinder, form a little more ihan half its surface. Upon one side of the metre, the space between the inside efthe hollow and the surface ot the flange cylinder, is so filled as to occupy something more than the width of one of the valves. This filling is made to fit so ex actly as to prevent the water from pacing Upon one side of this tilling, the water enters the metre, and upon the other side the water is discharged. The metre is so [.laced that the valves will, by the force of gravity, open as they reverse from under the solid filling, and shut upon the opposite side previous to coming in contact with it. When thus arranged, the water is let into the cylinder, and comes m contact with the open valves; the inner cylinder revolves until the water escapes u|<on the opposite side: and of course, for every revolution of the interior cylinder, a given Sui ity of water must pats through the metre, is is carefully marked by means of a clock which is attached to the cy linder, aud which will indi cate the precis'- quantity of water which has pass ed through the machine in any given time. The revolving flange cylinder is connected, sx ternally, with cog wheels, a shaft, and pulley; and from the pulley a belt extends ts the driving wheel of the printing machine. This metre, or water wheel, ia driven by the Cochituate water, inttoduced from a aix inch dis tributing pipe through a two inch lead pipe; and the flow of toe water is regulated by means ot a screw gate near the metre. This wheel, though so small aa to occupy only about 24 inchea of room, affords about three horse motive power. Astronomical Observations. ? The following extract from President Sparks'* annual report to the overseers of Harvard College, will ahow what has lieen done in the observatory during the last HMi and the important agency of that institution in the promotion of astronomical science. It will he recollected that the teleacope ia one of the largest in the world, it being of the same dimen sions aa the great telescope at the Otoervatory of Pulcova, in Russia, which is the first of the kind in Binpi ? " The same activity and success have been manifeated at the obaervatory which have heretofore appeared in that establishment. The great refracting telescope continues to justify the sanguine anticipations originally formed of its su perior power aud admirable construction. Ke- j garding thia observatory, as acting in co-operation wiih others m various parts of the globe, for the 1 promotion of astronomical science, the director has wisely adopted a method of proceeding by which his observations have been directed to new and unexplored objects, rather than to the task of re Sitmg or verif) mg what has already been done, e nebulir, which a|>pear as dim patchea of light through ordinary instruments, are separated by the great refractor Into brilliant clusters of stars, with their positions and various magnitudes so distinctly defined that they may be easily tranaierred to a map. The success of thedirector|in delineating the beau tiful and remarkable nebula in Orion, is well known to astronomers, and he has been for acme time em ployed upon another cluater scarcely leas remarka ble in the constellation ot Hercules Tlie measure itient M MM stars, and the close ins|>ecti?n of the planets, and of comets, when in positions not to be reached by common instruments, have likewise ? ailed into use the fMNH ? the great telescope Three new stars nave been discovered, during the past year, in the neighborhood of the Trapezi um, in the nebala of < >rion* and also a variable star, which appears and disappears at intervals of a few weeks; but the observations have not, as yet, been sufficiently numerous to furnish data for as certaining accurately its period. The great tele scope haa also revealed to the aearching eys of the observer, a third and interior ring of Saturn, which had MHM the power of all other instruments. I he indefatigable and skilful labors of the assist ant observer, Mr. George 1'. Bond, enabled him to detect two new comets, one in May, an. I the other in August, before either ot them nad l>een seen in buro|?. Special attention has bern given to the accurate adjustment of time-keepers, by observing the transits of stars o\er the meridian, aided by the long experience of the director in this branch of mechanical science. By a specific ar rangement, made for that purpose, the motion of every railroad car in the commonwealth is regulat ed by the time st the Observatory. The vaat benefit thua conferred on the public will be at on * recognized, when it is considered how much human life often depends on the accuracy ami uniformity cf time, with which all the movements on the rail roads ars directed. An important accessory to the Observatory is an apparatus for allying the electro magnetic communication to astronomical purposes Telrgraphic wires extend;ng from the Obaervatory and connecting with the great lines of telegraphs, convey the reault of an observation instantaneously ? an observer at a remote place, thus affording the means of an immediate and precise cotrniarison of time. By thia process the differences of longi tude are ascertained with the greateatexactneaa, an attainment of the utmost importance in perfecting the art of navigation, and in all geodetic measure ments.'" Th* Lias or Iowa.? A correspondent of the I>etroit />ai/> I7t m t nn . writing from I u buque, lows, under date of thr 12th in?t , sneaking of the lead mines near that city, says ? " I would give vou t description of one of the heaviest leads that ban ever been struck in the mining country. The ahaft eaters a Urge ca*e, from twelve to fif teen feet high, and almost completely covered with mineral. There is on' pm, Hint along the north wall, forty-eight feet long, and three feet s quare. On the nor'h aide, at the tor, there is one of the finest sights I ever saw. There is nn immense body . in square blocks, eight or nine inchea square. This cave ta eighteen hundred feet long, but the mineral does not show in th" rn it There is one more place which I must speak of. There are two aheeta hinging down from the cap. about six feet ten or twelve inches thick, and sixty feet long. Thev are aa white as stow. The cave is about fifteen feet wide, and, in mos t places, is com pletely covered, bottom and top. I think he can take out one thousand dollars worth a day, for twenty days in succession." Oitraok a*d St rcmn tst Iowa ?A letter from I 'ubt^ue, under date of the 12th instant, say s ? Our Ctty was the scene of considerable excitement last night, about t> o'clock Two (remnans occu pied the same house, with groceries on one side, and 1 nigs on the other. One of them, (the drug gist,) the least suspicion not being entertained, threw a tin dipper ftill of sulphuric acid into the face ol the other, and his clerk, a boy about tifteen y ears old, and then tied The hella were rung, sad the people turned out m sww to apprehend the vil lain. Hewfts found thH morning, dead. with a vial of pmsaic acid, of which he had partaken All thie was done, the other German any*, without any provocation whatever It in supposed that they will noth loae their eyea ,'ssss and Dsaaii C Parts? bars boss arrests* at ftsw Hsvsa, Cona . far fortlag aal psrjury Tfcs for 1 rsc is sai< t? V# waru tu rn I OTm Valttl States la 185# ADDITIONAL RETt'RN* OF TBI SEVENTH CINSWt. M ARVI. AND The following ib the official return of the C?* sus of Maryland, u? furnished the couveatioB uf the Superintendent. _ _ , , Ctmntin. Whxta Fret CoCd Savtt- Total. Albany 21,752 397 724 22.973 Anne Arundel.... 16,642 4 Mfl 11.244 12, Iff Baltimore City... 141, 441 24.M8 2,H4t> 16B,0fS l>alt wnore County. 3-1,222 3,600 3,767 41,589 ( 'urrrtll . .... .. "" 47" l99l?o CwLhne 6,096 2.788 H08 9,6t2 cSSt ....... 8610 1,820 4,48a 9,618 . I 1*482 2,612 843 18,?T rhVrlM . . 6,666 813 9,684 16.162 f/rrt,rdk 1KB IS 88 9S Ken! :::::::::: "Si ?i? *>27 iuw Montgomery iJ-JJJ Prit.ct (in>rgf.... 8,902 I.1IH 11610 -1.^0 ,%"! IS ft.811 i:i,?>Ml M y, i*{ 4J7 ;< ??3 5.5H8 22,4 68 7o!f7 2 590 4,131 13,811 wil woiV.'.'.'.: ?> *?? *a? WojcesVer U,*21 :J WM 18'("? 89,201 576,160 The total population of the State In 1^40, 469,232, of which Mi, 495 were slaves. The above returns show an increase of 105.918, slave j>opulation has decreased 291. rhe total tree i<>pulation is 4So,946. KFNTt'CRY According to the United States census re'urna. the popvilatKin of Kentucky in 1S50 was 987 950 of whom 776,713 were free, and 211.237 slave*. The United StateB census of 1840 showed a total population ol 779,828.-of whom 597,570 were free inhabitants, and 182.268 were alavaa. I acre we of population in ten year*, 208,122; or free inhabi tants, 179,1 13; of slaves, 28,979 NORTH CAROLINA. Ti e census of the whole S'ate of N orth t""?"* na has been fully ascertained, with the exception of the county of Mecklenburg, and assuming the number in that county to be 14, (>00. 'he total popu lation of North Carolina is 870,687, of which -??, 00 are slaves. The increase of alaves ia about 3,000 since 1810 The increase of the entire ovulation since 1810, is 117,'2(i8. MISSOl KI. Vo**tut tUmvt. Fret. Total Adav . . 53 2.298 2 361 Andrew* 62( ^575 9I#S Atchison 30 i.ftM j'm, A u drain 457 3,061 5,508 150 3,322 3^72 ?a,? 141 3,528 3,669 Benton 469 4.557 5,02* "??Se 8,666 11315 14,981 Buchanan 902 12.074 12,976 2uHer:: 63 1.863 1,616 Caldwell 136 2 181 2 317 Callaway 3,907 9.921 13,828 Camden.... 130 2,208 2,338 Cape Gtrardean 1,675 12.241 13 916 Carroll 621 4,827 5.448 ?a"8 478 5.612 6 0W ?*??*? 82 3,278 3,360 Chariton 1,786 5,765 7.551 C?k 504 5.023 5.527 ??y 2,742 7.790 10, 322 Clwton 439 3,347 3,786 C?,e 1.037 5,717 6.754 Cooper. 3,100 9,868 12,968 Crawford 2*5 6,112 6.397 J*"1,* 269 3,978 4,247 H"11" 88 3,560 3,648 2,7 5.053 5,290 I>- kalb C5 2,010 2,074 ftodfe 11 1.070 1,081 15 1-217 1,232 rranklm. 1,460 9,562 11 022 C-aaconade 114 4.8W> 5,000 gentry 50 4,197 4, Iff 1,137 11.342 12,479 Grundy 149 2,856 3 000 H*rriaon 13 2 434 2,447 iJ?nr G72 3,380 4.052 J 'ckory 185 2.145 2,330 HolL. 127 3,828 3,960 llo7ard 4M,1 #.<*? 13.971 J?ckaon 2,070 11,031 14 001 J"!'" 213 4,010 4,223 Jefferson 512 6,416 6,928 Johnson 896 6.586 7.461 Knox... 266 2,630 2.896 Laclede* 140 2.35H 2,498 I -a Fayette* 4,614 9(r77 I9m Lawrence* 249 4,770 6.019 j-?-" 1.205 5.372 6 677 Luw:oln 2,027 7.396 9 422 i'!nn 380 3,680 4 063 Llvit gaton 30K 3.941 4 249 J*a?on 803 6,263 6.666 m ?L* Yj" lm 3 616 3.H34 McDonald 83 2.153 ?2* Madison 696 5.305 t>,00l Marion 2,843 9.398 12 241 Mercer... 14 2.676 2.690 Miamaippt 7W 2.377 3 123 566 5.4:? 6 000 Monroe ..2 048 8,496 10.543 Morgan, not returaedf 500 4,024 4 524 Montirmery 1,037 4.452 5*489 New Madrid 1,173 4.060 6 233 kT'n-l 241 4 029 4,270 Nodaway* 70 2,044 2J 14 Oregon 18 1,414 1.432 271 6.434 6.700 U?,k 15 2.281 2.296 E'JJJ 793 6,427 7 220 {/"u? 4.259 5,14* Ejk* 3.275 10,3*4 13.609 2,798 14.131 m'jw ?olk 36# 6.817 6.185 P"Mkl U3 3,897 4.010 L .?am 10 9'"? "20 {? j 'i'L 4<7*3 6 151 Kandol|>h 2.156 7.28 t 9 140 MM 8 8HK 10>IZ Keynolda 25 1,821 1 849 H iplejr H6 2.744 2 830 (^?aflr? W 9.505 1 1 ! ?T>? St Clair.. 448 3,108 3 560 ?? Francois 1.321 -i, 2H5 Ste Oenevieve 616 4,699 5 310 St.Louia* 5,917 98,917 101.83# 2.719 6.121 8*43 5^7*" ? 9.2.12 3,287 ???" 393 2.78H 3,182 SKarknon 9 ,.|HC{ l.?* ^,hrJ^ 198 3,754 1.252 Stoddard 50 1.239 1 2* *JuUV? 2H?6 2,981 Scotland 161 3 <33 3 7*4 ?"'7 99 4.276 1,375 Texas, not yet inf.... 36 I ,.880 1 9|5 ZtTVa fti5 4,926 5,961 Washington 1,077 7.738 8 810 260 4.168 4.418 Wnifctf at 3,305 3 387 ToUl 87,617 8MLM9 681.017 AirrpurUleoapUU by the AiditeDt Minhiti. bat th* r?tnrn? not j?t all rvcrlred ill eiamlnad by tb* Marvbal t E*ttniatM returned, baced upoa Assistant*' lataat iMmmiu Texas. The returns from twenty-eight couotiea received, mm up aa followa:? CaUMliVt WW In Shun. WWfrt Slirci. K?r Augustln* 2 0*6 1 Ml U<<1U<I.... . 43* ft* Colorado.... 1 .'i34 7*1 Victoria .... 1.449 ?TO l'Ktrrp 2 1*0 1'lfl Calhoun *76 X? Travla. ...... S *74 Tot Da Witt 1.14' **? Titua S.1A9 467 Kstaalo --to 10 llandarson . 1.166 HI Pan Patriots.. 197 t K auftnan. . . , 9'2 66 Nuwii .... 6SI 47 llait 1487 41 Mb*rt? 1.09S M> liua.lalup- . .. 1.176 000 J?ff?r?on , 1.66V 2V6 (lonialaa .. . . asi 6(1 Van/.aodt ... 1 ?%# 4# 1 Trier 1 476 410 Cald??U,... 1 0*0 aM I eon 1.316 621 Fort lUad. . . 1 0?1 1 M0 raioa 406 14' Kaearra 3 653 Ml nrleaaa. . .. 1.214 4S9 OtORClA. I The returns frem Chatham county, on the let of I June, Ii6n, wai 23,901 Th* population of the city of Savannah waa 7,811 Th* population of the whole county ha* increaaed S,80o ?i?ce 1845. Th? *alue of th^ real aud personal eatate in the county ia *10,619.238 The population of Lowadfa county is 7,734, of which number 2.335 ?r? alavea There are but 99 frr e people of color in the covnty. Rt tMom Krrocn or Rrw ? A atartling incident ! conmcted with the minery which followa m the , train ol King Alcohol, aaya the Pottavillo (E*a.) /Ve??. occurred in the Kev Mr Johnaton'a Second Methodiat Church, of that borough, on Sunday evening laat While the collection waa being taken up, a man, whoae peraonal appearance evidently denoted a ahattered conatitution, and conaequent miaery and nflerlnff, threw into the ba?ket a amall paper carefully rolled up, which, on tubaequent examination, waa found to contain a half dime, the laat remnant, it aeema, of a waated | patrimony; for on the paper waa written, " Thin j ia the laat of four thouaand dollara left me by my father? ram and itaeffecta"' Who the poor fel low waa, or whence he came, ia not known, for he waa a stranger, and evidently a wanderer upm 1 the face of the earth Death rao* Fatoirr The Ciauaasd says ? "We are advised that during last week the Allegheny mountaina were covered with ice aM snow, and the travelling over on tka National Road dangeroua The atacea were hard 0 con trol, and many peraona latimidated from travellia^ . From a gentleman recently arrived, we learn that during laat week a merchant who waa eomtnn went, in looking out. waa ao much frightened hy the rnn 1 mng about of the atage, and the danger that threat ened, that, on taking hia place, he leant back, and a few miles thence waa taken out a corpae, having* I donbtlew, died from tke effect of fright."

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