Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 8, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 8, 1851 Page 2
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?ce begin to exert themselves, tad there uc now ?even * vowed candidate* wh ?chaS"e.Tf although not f'iual one with the other yet are u?d John ?eWeTtar: H* W^RllJck D^)',ocraU fieydenfeldt, John W G*Zy, S #hn^ .l . elected. Should thev decide in favor ot' bef o?* th?y .! there Wl" ,nan?' ^llotiniri mlelVJf C" ^ tt ch0lce' ?Qe 'h.Iig api>ears tha^ V^ t41 anythlD? concerning election* can be - he L.,nif ^nt ,nust *" dffeawd The strength ne mainly relied on is melting away day by dav 2&r- lhe oJd {'?l?fornian? will doubtless he a&ss The Legislature Will meet on the f>;h proximo, at ??..,C8e,.^ul tkprt" 18 a *tr0D* feeling fa favor of ' ?V'n? '?1 8*'at of government trrn;'orarilv to k? JL ? session commences un<ier very em parrassing circumstances, ther i* no m >aey m tfte treasury, and very little prosj>ec: of obtnuin^ Should Congress neglect at its present session to vote the civil fund to the ?iate, it is impossible the government can get on without a loan, and a pro portion of that nature must go to the oeoole for ratification before the L.g7slature cin vofe ?t rhe constitution provides that no mon-y shall be borrowed except by the first Legislature, without consulting the popular will. ? wunout fin! hlrn"k 'lf 01 jhe mm'B* operations up to this time will be found in another column The mines are at present yielding less profitably than during th! ^!H^,nha' ls a matIer of doubt whether n??> n n**xt ?Tar Wl" not e,l?al that of the past. The quartz gold will be mined with a irr-at tfr pr?"11! during the coming spring and sum ??'. a,(' ?f machinery and steam the ' undoubtedly he very lar^e. _. ,nJlun? in Iht" Mariposa country have com ment. d depredations, and all efforts to pacify them have proved unavailing. There is in town and country a much greater amount of crime against property and life than heretofore; and no doubt is entertained that there exists an organized band, mostly composed, probably, of convicts fron the British colonies, whose trade is pillage and murder. [From th? Alt* California, Jan 1 1 ^ince our last monthly summary we have no siirnng events te uotics. We have, howevrr, one 10 s?dtoou,friendSia the States, ?? gratify wig to u? to be enabled to record. It is ikt- entire cessation of the cholera. At one time it f US hut it has passed away, 'Vdn but also from Srfcra where it raged most stverely tor a whi.e. We do not hear of i?b ravages to any ex tent elsewhere in the country The h^ilth of our State is excellent, not exceeded, we venture to as Ji' y 611 y '??d on earth. There have been a number of society celebra tions, which have helped bin J together still strang er ihe ties of friendship and memory which con duce to much to individual happiness and social Anoth*r newspaper has a'so t>een afldtd to our corps in this city, one more in Sacri ",<,nt%?ne ,n Stn Jose, and another about conung out. The question of "who shall be our next U ?. Senator! has been considerably discussed: but we are decidedly of opinion that the safest time h0Jj??,,Tn%W,U after the ^fWoture have b allotted. The good old custom ot rhanksgiving has been duly observed, and many a happy asson*. [eleh?,a,^ed.ithTby ?*Y ? also piiMtt^ ? k the Sons of New .nglaudanl their quests, in honor of the band wno stood u >on the shore of Plymouth two hundred aid thirty years ?go I his is well. We should cherish thm memories and their virtues, and avoid their fiults. 1, h 7 " f/lt atK>u: the i'?"?ami steim r. over due here now for more than a week. Hut we hoe* her detention is nothing more than what iniv have resulted from injury her rnach n-ry, and that we shall ere long have the extreme pleisure of announcicg her arrival. A number of our most prominent men have died canrg the month. \ ery suddenly were some of them tailed away, and at one tine our city sp;>-are 1 really gloomy in consequence But a different ?-HiPg erists at present. There has been no sriull a?gree ol >|u-satisfact>on expressed on account of an opinion frc i.i the Supreme Court, which goes to vitiate a. most all the land title * in this city. A rum her of steamers h*v? arrived from around fuf.rnTr^0?* olh,'r,' lfce w-rren, Con.ti niti< n, A c. Our steam marine is increasing rapidly. Tfcr Koman ( atholic bishop of Cali'ornia, Ur. Ale welc'' *r"ved, and r?ceive<i a mo?t cheering Our bui-ine? men have awikea-d to the impor tance ci the hoe tiHd Oj>en?-d for whahug from this t"?p?rium t Unfortunately, the first * - 1 ntu d out for ihdt bufiQf*iip( tb?> Popmtian?*t J..U. bf ^-n lost, with a part of her crew. Another *e-.?el uas ? Is? been lost, but happily n<> lives loat. hfpoi.ti fn m the minra have been rather tt arc mo-', of those engaged on the nvers during the sHiiimer. having gone iato th- dry dtfgings, from whom a uo?d account is anticipated uext sarins Another large hre has v.stted us. but its ra /age* are to little , conipu-d with previ?u? ones-ouly about tWi,(*0? hat itfhas scarcity been noticed except hy the unfortunate oul!er> rs. A ,>artof ? apt. 1- reach's cornpinv his nrrived ri?re. riiisHilibe .leasing news to their friends in the states. ( ne of the h-avimt gilcs that h s I* en known lor year*, has r xs> 1 on onr coast and ?*? rthe country liut the damage has not beej ''rt great-the most unfortunite effecu of u y^t known, ^elrlgth'? lost of the Hritish sh'T Mersey at -h- moutn of thi* nay < -ur chief ?u^ -c: of dia ci -s.on he iip in the cry recently, in addition to th " b"rn th?" niflils oru-red by som -tx- ly ?b<? seem- not yet anxious to own up to he jter nvy, as a testimoay ot respect from evtryb > ljr who - w no'fucg of the matter, to everybody els* i' tludirg the A rtr.-nien. Th-s< medals will likflv be to them what tho?e conf-rr^4 upon the Frencfc soldiers at Kotae were consiiered by those troops ?a mark ?| Qictrace. And so they are. Arrival of Caplaln Rrnic h'a Corn j>?i? y . (Finn tli* Alt* I'alitoruia Dm IT , We have received from one of the member* of the *b?,ve company, Mr. William >1 le?, of Car |?le, I > hu > lv?ru i, an ? count ot '.Iwir i > jruey, to MK ' xfai, the treatment t'iey received from Caiimn French. Arc. The com *a> *d a c^Ied 'he ?' (K^rUnJ Ei pre*. Train." It left New i ork cry on to'! 1-i'h ?f May last, for Fmckco, by of Ne# Ollrttli Ll'UC<,T(l<l| th-rie to i.l 1'dt.o l>y apriag wagon* It seem* that Frenck had indued aome two humlred and -hi-y men to pay him fi>? apiece, cr ntractiBg to take them through ia aivty traveling d?>? ihey Were four mouth# ia rea:l?? iajp hi I' .to Onei-lermg mat they had b^n com pl-tely d. cnvej by h reach, and tfinj; a* urly ?'<>rn ??< with fatigi.e and iiMppointrnest, ikey resolved to hold a prblic meeting, and r? , je#t French to aeod the puarnfferi b> pack Biulea to th- ir point ot dealmatioo While they w-re connnl'ing upon the aub^e .t the crwiartivrj by e.*pre--?, fro"i Sin Antonio, that French bad uaed, without aatkonty, (lowland to i Ac mwill a ?amM. in a letter ot ua> limited credit, without their knowledge andaign tore < >f courae, the whole company w?* thrown into confuting- The idea of being abanioned in a ?(range land, without money or food, biter havi >g paid $200 for a through ticket, wa? n?t vere graf tal I^egal meaanres had been taken hy l-re.iah a ere tora to >> mx all theootit. to prevent *hn h, the company reiolved to pla< ? everything in the hand* of officer* choeen to receive th? rn, and to aell and diatr bate the proceeda, pro r-ita, according to the claim? of the i>aeeenger*. French, whit* at I^avacca. had aeleccd thirty men to a*t a* juror* for the arbitrament of difference* and lor th< pun lahm* nt of crime* an<t offences, hirnaelf aigomg hia f ledge to abide by their deciaiona. In accordance wi'li such orgtni/ition, the chattels were sold. a final aetUement made, and fc) pv cent on all the claim* wae paid over to the member* of the com f*ny, or panaengera. With this amoan'., they h id to jairclia*e their mule*, provi?ion*. and pny what ever necessary **p*nse? might accrue on thnr y urnev French api-ca'ed to the American Mili tary Command' r, the Sheriff, the Mexican an t American consul*, to Interfere in hia behalf and ?tnp hia dupe* of everything. But ia vain Kina lv. a part of the paai-engers, badly fitted out, ??ft Kl I'aao, on n journey of a thousand or lifteen hundrt d milea, for ?an Diego, i^oon after iMvtag, they learned that French had employed some twi nty men, armed to the teeth, lor the purpose of r? bt>iae them. 1 hia he effected, the pa?*engera teiug (eattered Each man, aa he ckiw Bp, waa o n maaded. with a |aatol at hia hreavt, to give up hi* w. aponn, and thea wa* atripf>ed of whatever he p**aeMe<|.. blanket*, clothing, miilta. money, Ac Maay were thua left entirely destitute Finalltr, a little party of half a d07en vermontera. who hapcaed to together, determined to, and did, reai at A battle wu the conw ;uence, in which two, a Mr Wright and Mr. Nelaon, were hilled; Mr Cooper had a thigh hroken, and Mr Holme* both arm* broken French had hia ntrht arm ahattered. and wa* *upi*?aed mortally wound ed, being nhot alao in the side This occurred at Orolitae, in Mexico. When Krem h wa* ?hit, hie tianditti arattered, and the reat of the company were allowed to paae on They auflered ternbly by hunger, thirst and toil, tout bore all with fortitude, wwrking their w<y along with worn dowa bodies and swollen f?et, until thev reached the Colorad t. There the gu deneof th? llouma* Indiana, which had been de* ?erted be them after their battle with the California Irnma, furnished the poor worn out traveller* for a ween or ten day a with b?ana A fter n journey of ?e?emi month*, aome forty reached San Diego, thirty IWe too* p? eaye m a brig for thi*pl*ce, and were twenty-one day* in reaching here, having di vided out the laat provision! and water on board ere there arrival. Here ia suffering and misfortune and horror enough fcr one narration. If it be all true, and French cornea to thia country, as it !a reported he will do, being on hia way here niinua an arm, if the men he has thus injured are men unworthy of such outrage, we think he will be likely to have a ?' happy tune ct it." We <jive our authority, knowing nothing further o?" the matter. nzme-s of the memj kes of capt. French's com* I' A.N V . | Uea. A N. Corss, N. Y. ; Dr. Thomas Foster, Texas; Seth E. White, Va ; Rufus Tillow, N. Y. ; Jas Fittcn, Sun Francisco . Koswell Hewitt, N Y. ; fcaaiuf I Maxaon, N. Y. ; A. Malcenzie, Texas ; Wesiiey I'htllips, do. ; J. M. Strain, do. ; Win Freeman, do. ; Samuel Hislett and three boys, do ; A J. Biker, do ; Pleasant J. Slaugh ter, d? ; Whi H. Johnaon, do.; Thoa During, do. ; Russell Johnaon, Michigan ; Oscar Thaver, do. ; Joseph B. Fortiner, Pa. ; H. Clagett, Ky. : John Mettler, NY. ' Pifii ? E iward H. Rocker, of Himilton, Cana da We.-t, died on board, on thj tkh ?iiy of Decem ber, of coiigegtioa of the brum, aged atom 23. Tile Lt|lilatnrc of California. [From th* California Courier. Jan. 1.] We have permitted all kinds of classification ' o r the members of both branches of the Legislature, by our cotem|>orarie8, to pass uncontradicted. We now, however, intend to put the matter to rest, and leave them to draw all the comfort they can from the statement. We class them as follows SENATE. 1st District Warner. dem. 2d do Hop*, whig. 3d do Da La Querra. whig. 4ih do Woadworth. whig. 5th do Tinglsy, whig S Usydenfaldt, whig. ttb d0 \ Broderlck, dem 7th do ''Fair. whig. 8t h do Douglass whig. 9th do Lipplocott, whig. luth do Millar, dem. Uth do t'ook. dsm 12th do Crosby, darn. 13th do H)r?cn, doubtful 14th do , .. . Crosby, den. J 5th do A dans. dem ASSEMBLY. an Diego. , Cook. whig. {8S5W** '?? i iassras f an Lula Oblcpo ?..whig MoaUrcy Kaada.1. whig. ?anta Cruz............. Kellagg- independent. *"<* }sa?!Wr Centra Coata Brown whig. . Oarr, whig I Withered, whig Ban Franeisao Baanett. whig. I Tb?rn. whig. I II off. den. ?? wgg&r* Tuolumme k Moor* whig. Baldwin. whig f Wilkin* whig. El Dorado. . , Lf u r i kA.. v Marrltt.dem Mariposa. aiehjtr(1goa a#m 4 Killer, dem. Sacramento. ? Lisle, whig. f Koblnaon. whig' * Hall. dem. . Kendriok, dem Maria ) Sonoma ! Napa ; Bradford, dem. Solano I Mendocino. j Yolo j Celusi [ Crane, whig. Trinity ) Sutter M Corkle. dem Yuba Field dem. Butte Saunders dem. Shasta. M 'Candless whig. BECAriTi'LATion. Whigs In the Senate 8 Whigs in the Assembly -1 Whigs In both houses 29 Democrats in the Senata 0 Democrats In the Assembly ...12 In both honses 18 Whig plurality 11 1 utUul in the Senate 2 Doubtful in the Assembly 4 0 Whig msjertty over democrats, doubtful and in dependents 5 IV e insert Capt. Fair's u&mo In th* placa of Yaa Eur- n. ol, agree that he will Kit his sent. We insert (Icn (Jre?n a? doubtful. ' ecause he TOlod for Gen Taylor and hts never acted with the demo crat* in CaliVrni t and will not. as a pirty man Corarrublas 1' a Callfornim. an 1 ha? *s yet f )rm?d no alliatsce with the democrats. although he appeared to? but he doe* not cull himself one Mr Lynn has alwaja a'-ted with the whig* but dif fers with them on the tariff. In tact he is a whig by nature. From this statement it will be seen that even if we j i %r the democrats all th?' doubtful m-mbers and the one elected as an Independent, we beat th< m five votes on j > nt ballot. If we give them Mr. Van Bnren, we beat them three votes. Mr. Karr* t h** always bet n put down as a locofoco, t'tit there i- nr,t u more ultra whi? in Californa. The State i- now unquestionably whij, ar.d as the wl.igi> have th^powcr thev will, no doubt, le^is la'e and ao act aa to secure the supremacy of the whigjartyin the corumoa wealth for all time to . ct m*. The election of a United States Senator, this winter, by the Legislature, and the election, by th" I people, neit full, of two mem^ rs of Oonjrefs, a | Governor, Lieut. Gcveraor, Secretary of State, State Tr-aeurar. Cotiiptroller, Attorney General, and members ol both houses of th- Legnliture, will make the present -eeaion oo? of gr;ve consi d? ration. Important modifications of laws pi-sed . t the lait session of the Leg'alature nm-t take riM, Ml as lime and ;nvesti2ttion may sugge-t The part* cannxt be too careful. We t?elieve all the members f fihe l^e?islafare, without reference ; Ji> i?arty. consider the res|>on?ibilitifs entrusted to i their care arr imcortant to every interest of the , commonwealth We have ?'reat hopesof ^'curing ! correct and prud? nt legmla'ion from th<* wia-iom, srood yense, awd patrio'itm of tho ensuing LfL'iiU ! ture. liitflllgmcr tram the Mines 1- torn tbt Stockton Journal ) Hi* ?!'.VKK MINB UXrlJCMMM*. A painfnJ rumor was .1 circulation here, some tinte liNt, in re<* rd to the p*rty which started by the v l ey rout- ;> L s Ane'lw, and among Whom was oor fellow citizen, Mr. \Vallis. It was ?tuted that Inrt ?r.? a'f>-cU'd them while hunting thnr ??ilea, and kill-d several of the *rty. Intelligence rvce i \ < d from th?m, unf t his occurrence waa ?skI to have taken pi aoO| reports the whole ptrty esfe, and that they h ve discovered the extensive silver r;ane which they were searching for. (From th? ?an p*per } ?r>. niEits 01 o n :' akTZ. I t ."hephetd, who arrived m ?"ir city from So 1 1 ra. hd? brought with him 1 number of ?, ? -cirnsns of gold, wrtll d nrt/. a.-.d other minerals -a?M ?a tnctn he showed as s very curiam piece of fjiiate uartx, hav 0/ a small gollen fringe, st< ut kalf an ilch high, tiaing oot of the cen're like a m< rium'-n!? sx-d imagination c m very easily shape it cto Minerva, the ruling divialty of our 1 State The quart' hn no gold in it except this beautiful spflg. The doctor also showed u- seve- : ral p;*cirrifbii taken from the golden streets of the I town of 8 oora, a .id piec-? of gold in quart/. taken 1 from the r.e?w di!>< ivery recently mid" within a i f- > hundred > aria of the town Among the c<d leotion was a piece of gold combined with the cryMali/'d faalta, a rare t.mon of the two. A pi? e of fUt r*<ch . apparently ' tr atone, is the dor tor 'a poes-eseion, h m the i*r. -ess upon i s fari* of a min.4ture tree ; and in another pUc* the outlin- of a ridge with the f< r na too of tree* crossing it Sci entific men. skilled 1 n geolTjy, have a vsat field for interesting itulv in California. >*VAtiA r>OOINO The mm'-rawho have remained in the vicinity of Nrvadl, are an d to be ii sing very well iu digging. LOT. I OWfl The miner* here are doing a good binin^a* It ia e Mi rrialetl that in this villey ? about three miles in i? ngth? there ia alr?adydirt thrown up, which will yield from ?10 1 000 to f'00,000. I ahould judge there were about 1,0 *\ men engaged, and to whom thia amount will fall A inns' ali are now engaged working Logtown is ,'iite a village; I suiyoae the.exrenot Tee? then twenty store*, two black smith shop*, two taverns, ahoemakers, baiters, carpenters, and one gambhog house? thia la-t bouse, however, does hut a limited business, there being but comparatively few miners greea enough to "buck up" to rnonte or other games. Kucre, ten pins, siid old-sledge constitute the principal g? me* in this llurg We have preaihmf here nearly every Sabbath, and always a good attend ance ?000 ttii.d. The Sonora HrraM, of Dec. 21it, savs ram has fallen abundantly, sad that miners m tne imme li ste vicinity "f that place, are waahing out not lesa than #10, 000 per day x*w rttoocvas. [Tt- n th? SsT?m?at' T rsaarHpt ] We learn 'hat new <lis?overies of gold diggings have recently b^en male on the North Fork of rea ther river, which are repiesented as of a very ri ;h character. ?40U Mrrau rrgROfs <)t a*t*. (fr m the Stooht-o Times ' >ur friend, Mr. Jeffreys, infr rms ua that a vein of mstalliferoHa^iart/. ws? discovered a few dayasinc" and in 'he immediate vicinity of the town of Sono ra. It is repteaented to he very rieh, and there it a<> doubt that this discovery will eterciae the most important influence on the destinies of th< little , *? inclined to think thta vein is the aame as the one discovered by a laoullu ?*?. ?>ut who refused to re the assigning as a reason the cruelty of n?r.'(rr,^r?xc,o",,ir!,m"' m "?? I cultivating the soil. The election iu Sacra rrU c v ,avror*k'7 '<>r the whigs. Ibth ?!H^*JcJL*ln> ^ .Legi?U!ure. That body, it id asserted by some of ltd members, will be a.ljourned to this city. Two or three Marine Iuburaace CVm 'orra' I here? a pretty sure sign Ulfeen!,/S?? ", CJrnm<'rc,al transactions. Some !!,. ^{[ m iln^n In consequence of the abdu-v til ^Tf**8 Sir's bf Captain Snow He awaits hia trial for the crim-*. We have three theatres in full blast. Balls in abundance. And of ?i?U*' ew?miaryi: a,""dat the "'undi of a kind dy is "year. ys are hlVlD? ttrouml the XINSOOU). W. kav !Fr?* the ????] S,?Vhr?:n'tu; Prr htv? "ESSdSSE ihe fill Kui , ch ,^a been thrown up during the fall, but not enough has been done to teli much what will be their success. Previous to the last ; "i10^. about Ringgold were neirly dis eouraged. They were miking but little, and the prospects were bad. Merchants have been coin relied, from the large quantities of provisions on hand, to sell at exceedingly low prices. At'BWRJI. Miners at Auburn are now said to be doing well. This location was one of the very best in Cali fornia during last winter, and, from what we have present winter. D? rea*?n Why " Wl" not be thf ANOTHER LUMP. w . , [Prom the Stockton Times ] in .Kit !lf. , plea,J/e of ^eing, on Thursday last, ?t ?, i, k .a r of l>u,re Ko'd, weighing 10 lbs. ?? It belonged !o a Frenchman who dug it oat, ?y ,iicb o?i". r?'le Dlnei? Society; i * run the Sacramento Tribune, Dee. 19 1 wai t ra,n r9 iU|,on ".1 lu u" 118 'orc?- The miners can wash now if they will, and we expect them to turnout tne shining d ust through their long rockers, as speed raerrdJr a8 f v" The general carelessneis . BonLe ""gbt be seen in th? mining district, vanished before the first few days raio, an J nnfu^i? activity Will henceforth reign supreme until the end of the wet season. The roads to the mines are nearly impaesable for the wugous, and mav soon be for heavily packed mules; so that it will be difficult to transport supplies thither. Un less the principal mining dsiricts are well supplied with provisions, clothing and utensils, these articles will bring prices. We believe, however, that many ?;ii JfJ?? k avti? g0Pd suPPly on hand, s? that they will not be obliged to purchase much from the river towns until the dry weather again returns. We look tor a good winter's work in the mines, even though the, rain was long coming ; but we do not expect so rich a yield as many do with whom we have convers<d. We are satiflied that most minenhave heretofore been sadly disappointed in their cilcu M!.re?rdJn? the, richaess of their claims and the dirt which ihey had taken from them. So it will be, and must continue, until the richer de posits arc a'moet gone, and the regular unprospect l?LrU?v lace of the irregular, unmethodical labor which has been, aad now is. prevalent in . the mining region. In anotlieryear or two we will ?nhuHy,Veni 'a cll"l5'/rom 'be auriferous soil its Iden treasure, and though some men may not then make thtir " pile " as speedily as before, yet ^iLnD,ak aver<tpe W,1I be better paid. If the gold cannot be extracted without the use of water, rail roads will be built to carry it to the sfrems, and sheds erected, not only to save the workmen from the summer s sun, but also from the winter's rain There is sufficient wood for lire, houses, roads. ID 8 f'aMs of'be mines for many years to '??\aknd 'n ni09t l'-ac?8 railroads could be erected round the mountains, with, in many places, a gra dual descent from the mine to the river ln otner places horses or ii?uiep would be necessary. great improvements in mining opera tions durin? the coming yr ar, both as regards the machinery and the ease and comfort with which it w L u ??J ^ ;'i"re *old witl b? turned out ,'^fi r ain daD-<*r to health and life in th^ coming than in the past time. Men will feel more ffie?p8eai.V i! !^mi0rU ?f homf' ^in ,0 surround 1 JL additions to our female population will uipe from their brows that sullen gloom whicti is he genera companion of the new delv-r after i?' 'ike ?**,vi.itt.are now an" the n met with in the mines, and the very si ?lit of happy mothers and smiling children is enough to "?? I ted to society, in the Sure.,! ,h#y have com '"?nd it n<>t. Acc istomed to the awret n k ^ hom'' and fri'nd9 th':r bave deaerted, vanished hCe8 *hUer,n? 're^sure, which have "The bMclei* f?bria of a riiilon. Le.Tlng not a wreck i.ehiol w b?n theae social wants ure no longer f-lt? when famihea ahall dot the bojom of this valley like that of the Mississippi, and churches and school h"ii-es an j liorsries ^e erected, they will lind thems? Ives as much at home as they were on tie other *!deof the Rocky Mountain. . I any of our citizen are now return ns to the ^ .ates for their families t'j re-ide permtnently I anions if, and many others are lor th"ir-, ' not being able to leave their b i*,n s;, on-rat;on* I **rJ: " y/ar or two we will rind ourselves as coinfcrtaMe here a- most of our friends are any where. 7 Ean l ikiictHO at the Clone of Eighteen Hun. drrd and h Ifly Trrm tb? Pacific N??i, Jan. 1 ] We hi\>- hitherto pMHN aa article giv na tome interesting incidents connected wtf* ?' ^an Piaadaoo Fit y Years Ai?o," his ii'ijuefted a i'<>ntrm*. * ith " San Francisco a. the CIt se o( Eighteen Hundred and Fifty." At Ihe period to which the first article refers, the only evidences <?# human improvement, or of the fact that the hand of man had fatdiioned into shape uny thins: appertaining to this locality, w is the Presidio at the northern extremity of thv bonier* of San I' tancisco, and the Mission at th'.* southern line. i;>tween the tWO was a'mo*t a barren wa?ti\ the ? trtliies lieing occupied by a community of per haps a thousand rough, uncivilized men, untutomd in the arte, unlearned in the sciences, and follow ing in the way their fathers trod ain.T first the fbotatef s of man were imprinted in the ean is of a locality to which the ? >es ol the world are u-jw turn< d n almost t-tu|>efied ama/.-ment. Lock at Sin Francisco now' Hid a dweller hereabouts of "fifty years ago," taken a Rip Van Winkio sleep, and aw iked at the close ot "eigh teen hundred and fifty," he would have fan j ted that tn<- Mick art of ma? c had eclipsed i self in w i >rl. in? a change scarc-ly Ir surprising thin the ifh the whole locality had tw?n bodily trans fers d to another region. The rnud hovel, the tiled adobe buildings, t >?<? hide hon*es, lnv ? given way to spier did pile* of brick ani mortar thai rise towering to the ^kies ? inoaune jtn of energy and bfenuitl of a |?ople thit know no superiors, aid acai.owlediie no cquaU,? while the people of thit day have UMt !?-f t the field of action, or bCOMK "MUM ' I wood and drawers ol water" to th' ?lore enterprising and intelligent class whom tn ? tfiiden >an<lii of California? to leave out of que* ?k the " nianileit destiny" which seems to urga fflTtlM American nation ? ht*9 attracted thither Faney may cotiure up, and almost give life and (ha|-e to, i tho'iKjuj unpOMibilitiM. absurd and viMonary, but the utmnat stretch of iin iginatioa would fail tn present a picture 10 wonderful in all its aspect^ as the | ist an I present in tiie history of California We have neither time norapacetoex'erd the con trast to the entire Stat'-, but must conliue >>urselres to the principal city, * here th' changi * which have taken place are more marked than in any other IcKolity : where, "hit y jeurs ago," the extent of population did not esceei one thou-and, but which number may b multiplied at the "clo^e of eighteen hundred and fifty," by at least thirty-live. At tne mines of Californi i and the shipments of gold dust are the principal feature.- of attraction her< and at home, we first enter u|>on that field, ar.d annex the amounts which have been sent for wsrd during each month for the put year, an taken from the manifests at ihe cu-ton hou~e, and which of c uree do r.ot include that taken by private hands. Ail the' statistics presented h^low are compiled from official sources, and for a ?reat portion ot them we ore indebted to the courtesy of Col. Collier, the Collector of thet>ort, and the cntlemanly clerks under him, w ho nave charge of the bonkli? Awot " f or Oni.i. D> ?r iHirn ?so>t Jiti'tir 1st T? lit' KMSSR NrR, I Mo Mcnth of Jaauary. . *4 1- 4t I r?bniary. T34.M1 '? March l.UO.OW April V*>lur) ?? May 1 Til M* " J UB*. ? a ' ? ' 044 " Jaly 3 irjr? 0<x) " Aagvst 6 " f-'p' amber 014<Nt " Catober .... 4fi.?l4nt " N orern hnr ft .HIT 6 til " l)ir>nt?r 1AVHC0 T'tal amennt for the year fj!> 411 Ml This vtatement is a sufficient answer to the too often txpre*?ed ?i-inion that the mines were be c< rmng exhauet< d, and that California must prove a failure by and by. For the p*s? two seasons th? summer m? nths have produced the greatest am mitt of sold, the wet diggings lieing worked then to a greater extent thnn the Cry. Tnia accounts for the fact that the ?hi.*nent in the month ot August eweded that of any other rnon'h m the year Kixing the amount of gol I eiported, and which was reg'ilarlv shi' and entered, for the period named above, ?> IW.WO.WK), in round ligurea, and add to it m estimate of fUMM0,M0, a* having gone forward in private handa, a ad $6,000,000 retained 1 for circuUtioo, and the aggregate shows the enor mous autn of $48.000,000 ; an amount exceeding one-third the total of all the products of the United States exported during the fiscal year ending June 30th, 1860, and nearly one-third the amount of im B>ru; $12,000,000 mora than the exports of the (ate of New York or Louisiana; t35,0<)0,000 mote than Alabama; $38,000,000 mora thau South Caro lina; ft40,oco,ooo more than Massachusetts or Ma ryland; $41,000,000 more than Georgia, and f 43 000,000 more than Pennsylvania. And while viewing this statement, it will at the same time be borne in mind that the States which show the largest amount of exports, are those which iiossesa the advantage of having ports situated on the sea board, and which do the carrying trade of States

more remotely located The eight States above enumerated, in fact do the labor of transportin j to foreign ports, not only their own products, but thobe ol the remaining tweuty-two. From the same source of information? the cus tom house books? we have compiled the following monthly receipts of bullion at this port for the year:? """1 Amount of B i.iom Received from Ja*uart 1st to ?*. December 31s r, 1*50. Month of January f 22T.331 February . 19 000 March 100.000 April 400,000 May 267,000 June 116.869 July.. ?????????????????????? 157,000 August . ? 295 000 September 45,000 October none November 95,000 December none Total for the year,. $1,782,000 The largest proportion of this amount of bullion has been received from the Atlantic States, though a no inconsiderable amount has found its way from the old world? sent hither from both localities, for the reason that in no country in the world does an investment of money pay as well. Securities are ample, and the losses small, in comparison with the flood of disasters which sweep over other lo calities. Individuals may be ruined hy fire in an hour, but the money loaned at from three to ten per cent per month interest, generally comes in but for a small proportion of the lose. As connected with the subject of currency, we will here take occasion to say thit in no other sec tion of the globe are the generality of bankers mote careful, judicious, and business- like, than in San Francisco. The rapid chauges which are noted every day, necestanly cornels them to watch the course of events with a careful regard for their own interest*; and the exceptions to the general classification for integrity and business ca pacity, are but few. It is but a short time since most of them, in San Francisco particularly, passed through a panic that would have shaken the com mercial circles of other cities to their centre; and all but one or two came out unscathed, meeting evt ry demand upon them promptly, and to the last dollar. The names of the principal bankers of San Fran cisco are as follows: ? Burgoyne Ai Co., Montgomery street. F Argeuti Sl Co.. Montgomery street. Bolton. liarron & Co.. do. K. K. Dunbar, do. T. J. Tallent & Co . corner of Clay and Montgomery. W. F. Ycun<f, Washington street. The following houses represent parties else where : B. I)avi<isoa, represent" the Rothchlldi. London Weill Co.. represent Willis it Co., Boston anl Drew, Robinson & Co New York. Page. Bacon te Co., represent Page Si Bacon, St. Louis. Jaiaes King of William represents Corcoran 4c Riggs, Washington. D. C. 8 Heebee Ludlow, represents Beebce Ludlow x Co., New York. Godeifroy, Billem fc Co., represent J. C. Oodeffroy & Co.. Hamburg. In addition to the above, there are other smaller operators, whom it would not perhaps be proper to clarify amongst the leading hankers of the city, their traductions being mainly conlined to the pur chase and sale of gold dust, and do not do a legiti mate banking business. For the time included in the perioa for which all our statistics have been made up, viz : the twelve months past, there has entered our harbor, from all foreign port?, 1,743 vessels. During the same period, the iiumbtr of vessels which cleared wa3 1,461. The v fsels arriving have landed upon our shores, 35,333 males, and 1,218 females. The number which have left by sail vessels and steam ers, during the same time, was males and s females. The report of the Secretary of the Treisury on commerce and navigation, for the fiscal year end ing June 30, 181!) shows the number of clearances from the port of New York to ha\e been little mora than twice that of SanFraucisco for the yearendeng I>ec 81, 1850, and the number of arrivals at that Port ? the wane i*-riods compared ? to have been 2iM less than twice the aniouni. A? compared with New Orleans, the diflen nce in favor of San Francisco is, in clearances, :$3o. and in arrival* H45. When the comparison is made with Philadelphia, we find the diflerc nee still greavr in favor of San Francis* ro, being in clearances !?22, and in arrivals 1,137. The same wnuld be the result were the compin M,n mude with uny of the sea ]*>rta in the United Suites. The total value of merchandise received hy fo reign vessels, from Nov 21, 1-IS', to Sept. 10,1850, whs $3,351,1*81 t)5. The tonnage of the ves-els w as 151, <04. The total value of merchandise received durin:' the came period, in domestic vessels, wai $71)7, 275 10. The tonnage of the vessels, It ha* been frequently asserted by persona unac quaint) d with the facts, that California h is import ed more goods, and contracted a larger ag regtte of debt el ^ where, than her shipment# of gold auet would i ay for. To show the error in this atate m< nt, a comparison of the figures above need only be made. The total value of all the merchandise r< ceived here, of every nature and description, from foreign and domestic ports, from Nov. 21, 1-4M, to Sept. 30, 1*50, W is $4,135,257 73. By re ference to the table of gold shipments m this arti cle, it will he seen that the aggregate sent forward during either of two months in the year, was more t ha a enough towi|eoutthe entire debt incurred on account of California for merchandise. In the menthol March, 1M!', the pioneer steam ship, in the trade between tins i>ort and l'.inama, entered the " (iolden Oiite."' With what demon strutioiis of rejoicings wm- the staunch old vegeel, California, received, may well be imagined. In lei-s than twenty-two months from that date, we find the following noble steamers traversing the waters of the Pacific, arriving and departing with the regularity of a tram of cars uprn a New hlag land railroad :? CACiriL MAIL ll!AM<lllr lOllflU Mil California, Untcora, Hirah Bioli, Panama. Oregon. Carolina Tfnn?fi>?e. Northerner, i.ik'i una or MKirh RIUI(W> Columbus, I?thmu?, Antelope. In addition to these, belonging to the regular line*, ere the steamers New Orleans, Ecuador, and Constitution, which have I >em ? ncaged in the I'.i Diiina trade, ar.4 alao the Gold Hunter and the 8ea Gull, which have recently been upon the route be tween thia port and Oregon. The number oi steamers running between tnis port and Panama it) greater than the number employed in the trade be tween New York and Liverpool and New York acd Havre, combined. < ne year ago last ' 'ctober? fift< en months ngo? the firt-t steamer, the Senator, detuned for the river ttade, arrived in port. Previous to that time, the tranait of the river to the porta above had been by mean* of Finall tail craft, occupying some days in a journey that ia now made by many of the vea sH* named below, in fr?ni sevea to ten hour*. There are sow employed in the river trade the fol low its ateamera ? Stbammm Kmti otao in Tltr Kith TnDt Timi \mmri. Tint. Bmator , .764 gutter 61 Btar 'ii K I Dorado l.">3 Miner 76 Llbertad 30 Nt-wW'rld 6-5 Com J one* 31 California 01 Fire I iy It Hartford ...... 261 l.uoy Paahloa...., . *7 Mada 02 Mleaourl 27 Wca. Robtnron 40 Inn SO New England 'M W.Hl cint SM .lank flays 42 Me Kim .".78 Ixennfb^o,. ,. 41 Cbe>apaaka 8'>2 flan. W*rr?n. .... ...SO" C W Gtlrmrll ...... . JO \ ietor Count an 67 P II. fUddiug I II T Clay 1 6 4 Ororglana ?? 30 N?w Star 44 Klna .30 8?n Joaquin. 39 Oov Dana 07 ,l?nny bind 01 MaunMlWhlt* 3'i Kravtua Corning . . . Sfl Pute. 'i<> In inn 87 T' ham a M aor vn# a *ni?i r.a (to. M*j Tompkin*. . . .. . .161 Confident)* about 460 M*rlpa*a to Naw Orleane. abaut. . Yuba It lienicia about l?? Martha Jana 16 ? ? ?aeramaato 3t Total In addition to thla list of *team*r*, there are also engaged in navigating tlir river* and the bay, 270 craft of various hinds Th^re are alao now lying in port, many of them abandoned and other* M*e<f as store- *hipe, between live and aix hundred ve*-e|*, not a few of them of the large*! class that can be found in any of the water* of the globe. The auction business of San Francisco bear* no unimportant r< Imion to the trade of the city an l the State. The number which we propose to name aa the principal individual an I firms legiti mately engaged in this hr<n?h ia seventeen, with out includirg the *core or two whoae "going, fomg ' dia(K>*ea of goods m smaller qmntittn. 'h* namea of the n.orc eit? nsive houses are a* follow* : ? MiddMon k Washington etreet. K'ndlg. Wainwrlgbt a. Co . Mon'gorn-ry utreat It II l.iltti k Co , Montgomery etreat Thaador* Payn* k Co , Mnntg'?n??ry (treat. Jam** B Hale, Montgomery utroat .ten** Carter fci'e Montgomery ?te*at. J , B Riddle k Co . Montgomery itiaft. Btiklt. DotU h Co i Wukli|toi itmt. Starr. Minturn k Co., Washington i treat. Caldwell k Emrion, Montgomery itreet W. J IbitvMd k Co., Washington street. OaralM * Co.. Waafalnftoa *tra?t J'rederiok Dunbar. Washington itreet KetUUe, Mahonv fc Co., Washington street. Moore ti Polger. Montgomery itreet. (lower hi Co , Montgomery street. Hackag fc Harrison, Montgomery (tract. These comprint the principal auction houses in the city, and for correct business habits, liberality and integrity, will not sutler in comparison with those of any ?ther city. Many of them occjpy rooms far more 8|>acious than those required for the business of the long established and moat ex tensive houses of the Atlantic cities. Neither time nor space will permit us to enume rate in detail many kinds of trade which are fol , lowed with satisfactory success in our midst, and which form no small item in the trade of Califor nia. In addition to what his already been men tioned, we will add that San Francisco, with a population of over 8.3,000, sustains seven dailv papers; while New York, numbering half a mil lion, can boast of only double that number. We have eight express companies, the principal ones being Adams tfe Co, aiid J. W. Gregory; over sixty brick buildings where, six months ago, there was not one; eight'or ten lirst class hotels, at the head of which stands the Union, (just erected by Selover dc Co., and under the management of Isaac M. Hall,) the St. Francis, Delmouico's, the Revere, and the National. liut a few months since, the boundaries even of San Francisco were hardly defined with sufficient detiniteuess to guide the inquirer in Lis search. Now we have one hundred and seven miles of street laid out, one quarter of which is built upon and occupied, and over seven miles of it substin tially planked, and most of that distance properly sewered. We have now a semi-monthly mail, where a year ago it was only an occasional one reaching our shores now and then, and halt the time not as often. One marine insurance com pany has already been formed, with a capital of 1500,000, and another in progress of organisation. Sut h is a bird's eye glance at San Francisco, at the close of " eighteen hundred and fifty," as corn pared with " San Francisco lifty years ago." The change is wonderful and surprising ; but when we add ihat nearly all this has been accomplished I within two years and a half, it is no secret that the I world lock on nrid wonder. Civilized nnd uncivil ized niitioLs alike have heard of California, and | most of them have witnessed, in some degree, entic ing specimens of her mineral treasures. But she has a mine of wealth in her broad acres yet undeveloped ; agricultural itches that lack only the han 1 of in dustry, the energy of the people into whose hands | Destiny has placed the country, to make the wil I dsrness " blossom like the rose,"' and her plains | and valleys to yield licheB far more lasting and | stable than even the glittering ore that each stroke ! of the miner's pick exjnjses to the broad light of the noonday sun. But California is not " for a i day." The history of the past, her position in the 1 present, as-sure us that there is a future in store for I lier more glorious than has marked the progress of I any State, or even any nation, whose history has i been written. We do not speak enthusiastically : l we say what we behove time will fully warrant us in penninn. The germ of a rniuhty people on the ' shores of the i'acitic has been planted ; it ha? j grown into a stately, proud position already, and al'hough the past has witnessed much that api<ears like a dream, the future, as devtloj^d by time an I | energy, will give birth to yet many fold more as | tonishing results within the irolden gate of San I Francipco. I Wrcck or ti?e hbtu i-opmminni nenr nan Franfl?c<)-Sli UtTcs Loiit* I From the Ban Francisco Herald. Dec 30 ) The gale on the 15th and ltith mstant, appears to have been very severe along the coast I he vessels that have arrived in port during it e s last two days, report having suffered severely from its e,The' whaling bark Popmunnett, W'lliam H^ Taylor, matter, of this port, which sailed hence rn the 14ih inst, on a whahng ??""? }???" dered at sea during the gale, and bix of i r crew, numbering in all watery grave. It appear- that at eight A. M , on Sunday, the 16th instant, it being the mate s watch, a terrific sea struck th* v5* ' d< \ larboard how, throwing her on her b ani 'tt , and burstitg her mam hatch bars oH,an? memos the hatch in water, when she instantly filled. The watch on deck, with the excePtJ?*^f the mate, were washed from the deckninto h sea The captain and nine others succeeded in ?ftiinp into a boat, but unprovided with either oiri PH to govern the bout, food to eat. or clot ty to their backs They had left the v?*lbaiafew seconds when slie foundered. At 11 P. M_. one of the number, a teaman named R. StU1 . >1*-" lrom exhaustion A |>ortion of the lining was torn lrom the boat, with which they continued to pud 11 a distance of acme hundred miles. After | about in this way, with a lieav y ?ea ?Dnin?,for fifty-two hours, these unfortunate men were pw_ k U up by Capt. ifogan, of the Col. Tayloe, and have Kcfn gafely bruucht into this port. We are informed by Capt. 1 1 that it would be impossible to describe their Btatewhentakenon boiird his vessel, and that in hia op'mcm they could not have survived in the boat three hours longer. They are still suffering severely eapec.aUy he captain. Their names are Joseph C. LttUe, tirst mate; James Taylor, second mate; Wm.Sooaner and Bernard Keen, boat sterrers; W. Ba l.lwin, cooper: C. Perkins, George trench, and James Koundy. seamen The names of those who were drowned we have been unable to ascertain^ The ship W. V. Kent made the harallone Kocks on the Huh, when, having lost sails, spars, etc , ?he was compelled to run before it, having wind from the southeart. , , The Col. T?iy!<?e experienced the gale from the southwest, lost sails, bulwarks. Ate . , , The brig Ellis had it from the northwest? lo-' a boat, orid was compelled to throw overboard about fifteen tons of her deck cargo. li rilan Hostilities In California. [From the California Courier Jan 1 1 It appears, from til the accounts we can gatuer, that the Indian tribes of California have take0 the bold Stand ia their avoirs with the whites, that t ey mu*t have undistuibed control ol their old huatin^ grounds, or perish m defending them This .*now i l,e itsue. Th< y refuse to listen to any |>ro,>osiiiou for i>eace ? lor any amicable termination of their , difficulties with the whites. Indeed, the exa?pe rated stftU' of mind of the Indians on the whol e v ?st coast, towards the whites, whom they regard as intruders upon their possessions, is likelv to in volve us m constant troubles /they adhere to their determination, we apprehend that they are all doomed to perish. ? The Indians in the northern mines, have openly attacked trading and mining set.l.ments andco^ milted many theft- and murders This they have done repeatedly. There is no evidence ^?t they w ill cea.^e to harrass the whites. A* a matter ? course, i he white, will retaliate. They have al ready v.sitei upon them severe and terrible ch js iteenien s We do not, however, consider the Indians the aggressors. Some wnite men. in a spirit of wanton cruelty, have shot 'hem d?wn w ithout provocation, and thus produced a feeling of implacable hatred to the wh tes. which no peaceable overture- yet ottered them have been strong enough to reconcile, and they have becotn d,This*hoi>tile feeling is assuming an open and un disguised appearance among the tribes on the i n and Klamath. Several skirmishes have lakrn place, and the whites, in sparse settlements, are in constant apprehension of marauding and murdering bands of Indians. < 'n this accsuai, all travelling and prospecting parties go armed, andarec^it* al ly on the watch against Indians. This hosti.ity to the whites hah existed, to som* extcot, for many years in Oregon ln *ime parts of that tern-ory, msny brutal and ferocious acts of cruelty and mi - <|er have f>ern committed by them. Recent infor mation from that inarier shows that there is no abatement of hostility, hut on the contrary, their opposition to the whiles is increasing ?he thefts and marders committed on the immi grating parlies to California, on the (ula, and Uilo rade. by the Indians ure well knoam to our read ers It is aid that not less than three hundred ihoiissnd dollar- have been stolen from these par ties, and over seventy persons mordrred coW bloid. There are several powerful tribes oo these rivers, and they are kept constantly organu'd In o scouting and marauding bands, with the attat king small companies ol 7. 1 , Isolde 01 Southern California have been comp? iled to raise several companies to attack and severely chastise them There are no means, we fear, of compelling them to be peaceable. A war of exter ruination, we fear, must be made "non them, and continued un'il they are all killed oil, or so reduced in i, umbers ss to be forever hnrmlesf It will be sei n from if" following arti< le which we rf ry ft' "i It" M -rbm Jmrnal, that the In rtiniis in the southern mine: arc in oj>en hostility to the whi'es It says: Ws hare b??n inff rrael by rse?atly down frrm ths mine", th. InSiBBS ha?a 1 rt?u hostility to the whites and h??s committed s ^ Yf f 11 1 murder" In th? o*l|bborhf?#il of * old '"sbtsrs sstsral week* sin?e. made a trip to Ban Francisco tor pood* and on hl? return toth-moun tain* found the Indian" hostile lo such a pltrh lhat they n fosed to permit him to brln? his goods aui on* tbern lis stored thsm *t a eroesln* of the Tuolumne and went anion* the tribes, under the supposition that he ronld pacify th* m But all his effort" prored unavailing They said the* would protect him and bis Intimate friends; but that tbsy would war to tha dmih wllb all filter whites Colonal Johnson, tha Indian saer.t. visited them with Hava?e and ends* Tor. 4 ta make a treaty with than bat thay retnsad to beM him The principal ofcief said that h's peopi- ha I Vaen driven hy the white me* from tha bunting grtnnds of the valleys up Into tha barren ' ed tills whara they mu?t starve.crhelaj^me maw ner prerlded for Tha < olonel laid tha? thrtf f. I her. tha Pseeld.nt of tba I aMed PM?I? tended to siala protlslos far tbe? Tha chief ask 4 tut h. m About j,CC0 mil** away h* remarked Tory sensibly. that b< fore thrii great father could bear of, and relief* their distresses all th* Indian* night die The Colonel al lured them that they would be protected If they re mained peaoeable with tha whites and retrained train committing depredation* upon them. To thl* the old chl*f again answered, that It Made vary little dif ference whether the India* waa hoatiie or paaoaaole, they were abuted by tha white* equally aa bid In the on* casa aa in the other Th* white* and Indian* ?*parat*d. and tb* latt*r betoek themselves to th* mountain*. Beveral mur der* of white men by th* Indiana *oon attar followed . Tb* feeling ot hostility which exiat* among th*I? diam la so atrsng that thay ev*n tut 1* davag*'* i n uian wives leave him An armed body of Amaricai* U now la purauit of the hoatiie tribes and Bavage is a leader ot on* division of th* white*. P. 8.? Bine* writing tb* abov*. we have learned ?one further particular* la regard to th* Indian trou bles, confirming the reported murders by t be in, aufl also their declaratlun of hostility to th-? whites. According to previous arrangement*, tb* ladlvm. under Bavage. ou the Little Mariposa, and on the Fresno, all left the abor* camps on the night of tha lUth inst., and oentered in the mountains. 8ava;;a was at this time on the little Mariposa, and at the hour of their leaving. In the evening, wa* engaged at th* oamp of one of nls frleads As soon ns it was as - certained that the Indians had left, hi* wire*, with tha others, he must*r*d a party ot sixteen men, and started on their trail, and during tb* nlgbt cam* upon their camp. Thinking it uaadviiabl* to dlatnrh thtu at that hour, he concluded to encamp with bis party at a little distance from them, and. In the morning, try and persuad* them to return; but it I* supposed, from the (aot of the Indians starting ont from their night's camp at such an *arly hour in the morning, and leaving behind them an aged aijuaw. who had probable died from fatigue, and two living chil drea, that they bad ascertained, by some means, that a party was], on their trail. Savage and hi* party still pursued, and during the day overtook them, but all bis efforts te persuade thera tc return were fruitless. They would not let bin approach within two hundred yard* of them, aad at that distance they told him that tbey had murdered hi* men on the Krezno and burnt up hi* camp, and that they were going to carry their squaw* ana chil dren back of the Snow mountains, aud then coming; sown to fight the white people so long as their fanes were white, for cutting down their acorn tree* and oc cupying their lands. Tbey wished him to go home and tell the white people what they bad said, and not to tell any lies about them They also told him that be> could go back and kill the two children which they had left, and bury the bodies of the men whom tbey hud murdered on the Kiezuo, stating that they did not burn them with the camp. The m?n murdered on the Frezno were Greely. of Maine; BtiDln. of Ohio; and James Kennedy. ofKmpIr* City. A man by the name ot Urown, a butcher in the Mariposa, escaped badly wounded. These aie the faats. as related to us by gentlemen from the Mariposa, who hare seen Savage and otberr who went out with him on the first expedition, aud la the main may be relied upon. At the last accounts, Bavage, at tb* bead of a party of about one hundred men, was In pursuit of the In dians. It is estimated that, the Indian force numbers six thousand stroug. and if so. they have it in theii. power to do a vast deal of mischiel. Since writing the above, we notice that Dr. O. M. Wozencraft, formerly of this city, and Jleddiei McKee, late a prominent merchant of Wheeling, Virginia. Indian Agents, have arrived in San Fran ? eifceo. Mr. McKee is a very intelligent and ener getic gentleman, bnd will make an efficient ollicer, unless he has greatly degenerated since we knt* him. We hope that these gentlemen will at once attempt to reconcile the difficulties with these la i dians. Outrngrona Case of Kidnapping Females. [From the Alta California. Jan l.J Some time in the month of July or August la^ t? Ihe American schooner Jupiter, Capt. Snow, ar rived ut the island of Dominique, (one of the group of the Marquesas I 'lands) and renwined there for several weeks. While at the island id Dominique, the captain and mate induced five female, one ol whom was the qui en of the bay, and only fourteen years of ege, and the others the daughters of chiefs, to go on hoard the schooncr, by some false pretence, and soon after they were on hoard, go' under way, and forcibly, nud against the will of the females, brought them to this port. During, ihe voyage the females were treated wills great cruelty, and alter their arrival here they were treated still worse, so much so that all of their, jumped overboard, and endeavored to escape to the shore. Having been saved from drowning, they were egaiu taken ou board, and soon alter the schooner sailed lor Stockton, still retaining the ft males on boird. Col. Collier, the collector of this port, a re presentation of the above facts to the Justices ol the Supreme Couit yestsrday morniug, and a writ of habiat enrjius w.ts immediately issued, directinr. the sheriff of Sfan Francisco to cause the sai l females to be brought before the Supreme Court, and suir.mrning Captain Snow and Mr. Coleman, the n.ate of the Jupiter, to appear and show the cause of their detvntion Alexander Rose, a MMM on tiourd th<* Ju,>ii?-r, wda shipped at Dominque, where he had resided for two year% subscribed the petition U|>on which tbe writ was granted. Col Collier s'nted ihit two vessels are now in |>ort ready to sail for t!?e Marquesas, and will cwuvey the fern ilea to their hotrws. Th?; csptains of ih<? vessels represent that it would b extremely hazardous to proceed on their voyt/e without ihese females, i.s they ?re fearful tha the natives will take revenge upon every Arn>*ri can vessel which may visit the islands C done Collier states that, while in this port, Capt. Snow forced the females to receive the visits of diaaolu e men. niid in this vile busintss he collected a con* sideruble sum of money. Ceiitna RtM!itlci of rnllfornfu. [Horn the l'alili>ruia Cornier. Jan. 1.) Shortly alter Mr. Hull, the o nem acent for tin' ccur.ty, commenced hts duties, he furnished k. with a ni, embracing ?orue piruc ilar- rela ? tivc to the tir?t MOO iuhahirints, which we p?b lished. We are indebted to the satne gentlemac for the following, relative to the next or #icoeedun, 9,1'<25 inhabitants registtred by linn, as fjllowa : ? Horn la fonlgn coun'r ft 5 " State of New York T"~? ?? ?' Maeaacbustttii t'l* " cth?r StaUs 1,917 Children und*r I \e&r and born In California . . . IOC Born at n>a- Pacific Ocean 19; Atlantic Ocean. 7. 'Jt '? ?' on rape Horn i ?< " on tb- Equator. . . . . . * Bern in the RocXy Mountains * >' Nehiarka Territory " Patagtnla...., * Total Towbiohadd 3 iflki And we bare now enumerated l'i #?& I ?of which 7. 123 are foreigner*. and 6 ,H)l ar?* Ameri can torn f it /."on ? l'2<<n,f which wer?* born in M State of M&esathu-e ts, and 1,MM in New York. The Brent being required to take the whol^ county, ku, since his former re|?ori, h?vn a con siderable portion of the tim* out of the city, or ir the outskirts, where but alow progress vraa made in the enumeration. The above statement, l?o ever, comprises only iht>m* with. I thf < : t y . Tti? region yet M) lauiertM is com >rned MVMI Broadway on the north, 8tockt<>:i on the wea' and Sacramento on the south, bring the mo? densely populated region of the cry, and where the service can h? done in ich more ej The special law allows the ag'-nM in I'tia State and Oregon, additional tune Ixryo. d the I at Janu i ry, w hich is allowed in the Sta es Mr. II expect to lim-h by th?- i -t ?.f Ptknuy NMbUffiml j is experienced in getting the return*, at the oc cupsats of many h mute a are absent from early morn until late at night. The moit numerous class of persons in the city sre mariners, next to which, in mechanical pro fession or trades, (exclusive of peraons desig nating themselves as laborers,) com- c?irj*nter/<. an I then team?"-ra. The female population wi!1 be much larger th*nwa? anticipated, of which r. large i-ortion are from the Krtinh colonies. Th< Im w this year requires the registry of all person*, old or young? the o< cur-ations, birth i lace, to ether with the personal estimate of the indi ividual'a real estate in th? jurisdiction of ih?' Inited fStst?s, end many particular* are to be looked after? hence the wort is nlow Theagen' estimates that there is a floating population ol about one- fifth, which it will be imputable for hirr to enumerate, at least as fully as the Uw requires Oar Present Population. [From the Alt* Caltror ?ia, Jann?ry I ) When the course of political eventa directed the eyes of the United Statea towards this country, an.l the events of war threw it into our occupation, which the treaty of <>uadalu|>e changed to a per manent |*>s?ession, there were not a few of our pe?i>lf who turned their faces(thitherwar?l, tired, l erhai?, wiih h fruiileia search for wealth, or fim< or station, in ihe " settlements," and determined a' least to find independence where there was plenty of breathing room. Most of such made little defi nite calculate ns of returning. Others, too, cam from Indian and hunting and trapping life in th" Rocky Mountains, from Oregon, antVfrom Mexico. Few of these expected to get suddenly rich and go bar k. Generally they came here to settle. Bat WlMI the cry of inexhaustible j_?ol<l struct the worid ania/r d, vast numbera who woufd never have thought of coming thither through the lov? of excitement, or for the purpose of cultivating th> soil, |oin?d in the grand cavalcade, aud tan*' I i h ? the locusts of eat up all they could ootain, , and disappear. Some came lik* Mahomet when be fled to Mecca; their journey or voyage was th?ir Uegira? an escape from feared evil* <>r pun ishment?rather than a very definite object. ? "ther* came like the Pilgrirrs, to find snd enjoy freedom; to build up an empire and inscribe their names on the pedestal of its col imns Soni>- came like the visiters to ? waeriag place, to leave when the sea son should be over. Others like devotees to a shrine where they expected to live and die. A Urje portion of the evanescent his already left us. The la/y have gone, or, becoming too poor, have found it necessary logo to work upon si's* svstem to enable them to ei.her go or remain Most ofthote *-h" expected to get any quiattty of gold without labor, have generally become dis

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