Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 24, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 24, 1851 Page 3
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?foreboding, at om tlaa, them 4t liaaatrtu* rs?.Utv '* finally brought an arTangeu.net of the difficulties, c\ alnaUng ui a spirit ol oompr ,uhjo. end which Lj nit ? (Ml ?M?Milon |?r? do juo? esuaeaf ofenne fo any M?tlaa *r party, Md taft ujv tola '.e the oonatttvUvPl right* ot til But though It baa doc o-ach t v? ??- J. factoring the publle tranquillity nod will yet I tru sad erelong. complete the go-.d work ; (till it " uot to bo disguised that In ext ???<??? po tione of o-t *ojn try, thoro is jot a fe>iini{ ci dtaeoutent, auJ t'i?i measure* iro advocated and ?n i-wmlt,., iu't*<d, an la Boning character utterly incoaau -u* i*'t unity of tho ropufallo. and the lur.it .on ot tha govern Bont. I rejoice, therefore tbut ti?> pu - v.'. though It baa loudly apoam ;>n J rebuked ? ? ta apeakiog yet; and i hop-* it wtU b* haurl la powerful tonoa Irom every city, t>wn at, I from every prairie, hill eDl.?l.y, an i ? . ? i. isj onward by every breeie which *-??*???* "v.- ? v ? ?/ and our own, through the imtu.. v- i jiun t luaitttj to our one. Time and i.'flaotlsu a:- v:eat -U snent* of safety InapopnUr <"??rn'ii^u' Ttnyform that sound public opinion more poweiMl tu?a ph - eal forao, whioh pronounce* a final ju l?mari on n:?)i Md measure*. and theea atan t : Jali a* it ?-? or condemn*. The oomprouii > ?< lo * ? ? tbe <?t mi-ii >a of Congreaa ara now upon i u ? >'?cu ? Book Tb.'r let them remain, in all their as'antia! f-aturM, a? i -violable ae the conatitutiuu Itaaif Let tham ba Con sidered an th? great nation ?' ii-raniem ia'. 01 : imi Tioua objeota they embr*i'? At on a n ino i :ji ,ut .if amtual concession, nnd a pled.;* that sliou' i hIluIUi .feelings hereafter arlm b?l.??n nr ? it J por, l >ui ol cur oountry, they will be ai -r in * aimlla* -?> ~ii i-J tiarmoav and tranquilty be n-atorad hy forb- armca and moderation. II euob counaeis nravaii, ta-, A.n ?/?.? van paopla. for generatinu'i t > ? will ?? .1 to gether aa you do now.up>u this hallowed Jay, an t while In the fullnesa of their hoar ta, rimy tntacob) rejoicings upon thair political cnnlitioQ. they wii ?? woke blaaalnga npan the mein "y of thou*. *h >, utrutr gllng with dlfBcultiea. lalu the t?un<latioua of t.h?? pro?p?rity nnd greatu*** In the a^ual right; 11 an and flniahad their work by a fabr: af fraa-loin _ta i of power, oemented tog?th*i by tl ' o: intar *t nad .uleo tion, nnd bidding defiance t? tinin and trial w!i '.1.0 rains daaoend. and the (looii coma and thr <mH blow, and beat upon It. it win ,, fail, but null net* glorloua with age, protectitg >nJ pr?teatetl by n mighty eomaunity, it will ?>\r.eii 1 it* b? naflt* far 1 Wide, ilka the ahadow of a great roc t iu .? wear y !?ni lain, gentlemen, with great rt?p?ot, Your friend and fellow citizen LK WI8 CiW from jam ks hi;cican\n Whutuhd, mi? Ltm >a r, tub I j IMt. Oantlamen ?I hate bean bwusre i by taa receip'. 0 ^our Invitation to the dinner to bp giaan by the!; n'on Safety Ooaaittae of New Vork on 1 1 ? appraaomng anniversary of tha birthday of the J athar 01 h eoun try. 1 regret that othrr eDKngeiu*nt< wIM lapr'r* ma of the pleaaura nnd tha prlTilaga of uniting trim yon upon this important occasion. Our conatltuttonat Union is tha riobeit politien'. blessing which Providence baa aver baatiiwed upou tha Jhumnn race. We ought not to farget. however, that It partakaa of the uatura of a eoutraot among aoaaraign States; and ita pr*?*r*i'ion inl par patulty mnat. therefore, depend upon U. ? falthfu ? >-? cution of Ita prorlalona by the partiaa to tu* bon 1 If the aanatUntion la to b<a nullified, on th p- etfil thnt a "higher law" oondams it; and if the m>aoi ana nay be resisted with iapuoity. fanatlea and demagogues choose to decHe that thaae ara oontr^ry to tha law of Qod, then farewell, nat only to >h? con stitution, but to all elrli govermnvut Ot all the meaaurea of comproai^* at tha j laat aaasion of Congrea*. tbe only one lb th" 3outh feel any peculiar lntore?t It 'a? ffu^'tira .?<'? ? law. Whilat a large majority of tbe Southern p' jple -will. I believe, for tbe sake it the 'im 'n, fin-ii ? ac quleaca In all tha other auiri r.i? v ; if tb<i t? .r.o ought to feel and realise the un.i< ub* ? 1 and import u tact, that this acquieaceLOe to t?ualei aalaly ui> ? the oxpreaa condition that tha Fugitive ".a a U? thai'. laithfully exeouted R-at u .ur?J they will not pa* tlently anbait to witness their cot/it.toa <n*. ngii;a which thla law waa Intended towai'i "in ?uJ aniorca, Tlolatad and destroyed by mubs and ia?u: recti >na-y movements at the North. Can. and will, tha Fugitive HUv .aw be faith' ..ly executed by the President ?nd th>' i-cn?Utut?'l autho Title" ' Tblf is one 3f the mast important qu^ltioaa ?which has evar been propouudaa baoa ir npo:i tha result may depend the fatr ui out bwaaed U c. Ai though not in hia confidence I no ?<nv' t- ' 1 iucut no ilek In answering this question in th* alP --nat ?? The Prerident poa(e??ea the power ? 12! ? wiU exer cise It with energy and determination v>!ilistn. good cltl/ens will ahcerfully lena biu tbair aid . doubt this would be to doubt whether h* 1* worthy 01 'iia exalted station. Yours, very r#s>*ottu".y J?MKt I-'ROM 8 U. DOWNS. WTaami ii ?? r ? ^ , K"b 14 1H.?1 Geatlemea: ? Moot cordiail; Jo I nt ra ysu a y gratefal acknowledgmeat* for the eMrtW|*it?aM to nr. by aa invitation to tbt public dtoae ' ? t-? t1 ? -i by yoa oa the approaching mialr.-f.irj ol th ? bu'.b <3 a J of th* Father of bin Country . -..??* "*t ?? , aujh tbat the particular attention J innuj- br a-jni" iu portant lutoreat* of my own dtate n >w !?? WtOlMNM and iny public dutiee. gea?r*lly . n*ar tb< -.'Uo f tha B??*ion. will neceaaarlly prev n my * Aa irrati progret* th* mure i nlwl ?t ;.? ? ? ywt the more highly do 1 appreciate Ui.- aer flee* rendered by your t)afaty aad a'-h^r fcindrtd aaaociatloaa and patriotic lull* j j.ii *' tb North, to tha cauie of tbe Lbl- n Vv .19 ,?n n, tat tbe moat dlra ealamitle* might a.-.t bare N?f?'leo n-ir belovedcoaatry.bat tor th-'* pit I ? ' ' ? n >' agitlve Slave Law ol the U?i a ??i;n of Con. *<??' hu been faithfully exeouted To you *? * r . . ?? j nleb. ?d for thl*. Without thi? Hi.-r.i ooo'.J U?? W*>o a ?peace, ao rafety and South Carolina ?? uld o t ? tV, moment, bare been tbe omy ita'e wt.*t? a I'Miuioi Jerling prevail* to any extent The free Soil Abolition aaltation hat t r Ifca Ire time tor a eerie* of yearn, h**o raatta ued and bafUt in your o?n Mate. In Maea* bus. ti ? in >)r. ? ? *? . I 1 other Statee of tbe North th- cau?? of tb- ovinpro nii?e baa been aobly curtained in tbe el?flli >u? in In dlana. Peanaylvanla. an l rl*?wh?re S-vnra Notth?ro Legtilaturea have evinced their dt< nar.ina t> dajat tiee to ibe Seuth by aSMaMtag IM >p batuo o: thla ecmpromita. pledging th?m elv i t? o? t ?a faithfully and by rvaeindloK re-olot.o-H j>'?vlou?ly adopted, wliieh were deeaird uutneuJIv to ojr p?oa liar inatltutioBi All tbia we feel and know and for it we give you Ja>t And proper credit. Oo on then in th* go >d work viu have eo aobly began Ho not pa i*- m ) >u- *iT >rt? t 1* ?00a Your vlctorr-our Tl -tory I ?h all ear will not be coaiplet* aa long aa there rem aln* tha leeat daq ger of a reearreaoe of former aceu** aul e|Ka'.ioae With sentlmenta of tbe hUhe.t aor*l iera'i.ia 1 ?ra jeLtlemen your obt **rvt S II bOWNS KKOM <01151 s?KOEa\T pHiLai>? 1 rnia Feb Jt 1?M Dear Birr - I have to acknowledge your klni avor cf the fvth Jaanary and th* tick* en-loae. n it for tbe teatlval 00 Waabiagtone birth lay ll-artiiy unit ing with jou la your loee for tbe I'aloa tad y >ur maceration for tbe memory ot Waabiegtou I cau-ea roe much regret tbat indlap?>1tion |pr??enta u.? irotn Joining you la the public d< moaatration you propria Tbia arema to be a aeaaon ot eitraordlaary p.iil ti <al bereeiea The Untoa I* denied, aad tha nou? Ituilon diiputed, a* havlag any power over tbe unwilling 1 n one part ot the country, tb* doctriae 1a aramuent* tlvely maintained, and la an"th?r par- tlier- in an actual attempt to carry ir. Into practice bf tnr' Ml Teaia'aaaa to a aonatitational law of Ouajrreva. <>oe al ia furniabiag the juatiflcation and tha other iba force tbough they are In dlreet boatlllty to each other in their theortaa. Tha Union never undertook to make "them all of on^mlnd, aad the c n?'ltu'loo ner<-r ander took anything eonareaenaabl*. M what they 1. h bare underiakea la tbat law? r< i.-tlt utl'ioally made ahtli be enforced and aubmltted to Tula la tna pleig> o th* eoaatltutien, made by tba raoale to e?rh o-h <r and which they require every p.ibllc faaitlonery te bit, d himaelf to aarry lato etfert, by thw arnai aaired obligatioa. There le ao eicepttoa or reewrvarlon whatever of aece**ion or nulnncatlon,or nplnUn It I* publicly laid opna bin con?-ieae? with a moat aolema appeal la tba preeence of the wbvle peop.e of tbe United State*, aa hie untvereal guide, *Tbl? I'aloa which baa now aoatianed three fourth* ?f a century, aad the rea>titntioa naaa uader It 90a atitute ua a natiea. It l? oar birthright - nearly all wbo are of an age to eajoy tight" have b~?o born ander It- aad we eannit be deap<)||*d of it otherwtoe than by lawleaa force. Tbe I'aloa. aad tba coaetitutioa made ander It. are tbe crowalag mercie* ol Providence to oar coun'rv Tbev bave beea the bleaMn^a too which haee filled the meaaara of car affection aad reverence f?r W aah lagtoa. who waa ia po many way* tha hi aor?d ia?tru m?nt for aeenrlag tbeai Mhail we then have a new hareay at thla time of day' Mhail we diac a*m th bleaelnga of Providence, aad ahall we al?o forget th viadom aad patrlotie virtu* of that matebl*<? man t whom we owe eo much' For **re*alOB dleeolutioa athitary will la place of agreed aad flged law*. ar? but a ?t.p toward* cbaoe and a rapa liation of all tbat ba? made Ma memory at dear to ua ' Ma*t we ferget Waahlngtoa' \ our'* very truly. JUIIN SIRUKANT. FtOM H A. SOARDMAN. Phii aoai run Feb 17 1SU Oentlem?n -I regret ibat pr feeaional dull -a will preclude my accepting the Invitation with wbiab I am honored to aalte with you la colebrat lag tbe birth da ?f Waahlagtoa. Should thl* aaairereary be obaerved tbrougnoat tha ooaatry la tha spirit of yaur wlae sad pat* iotia reona meadatioa.lt caaaot fall to have a ealutary taMueac* upon 'h- public mlad at thia important jaa <ta?e of Our aflat ra. Oar ultimata reilaace uia?t be up< a that haaaflceat Provldeace wblcb baa crowned a* with *uch BBesampled protperlty Itat Providence work* by mean* of Inatrameata, aad If tbe nation eaa be led to Ionder for one day tha character aad prlaaipl?* of STaah agtoa 41 1 would do macb to allay the acerbity of a*e Mtaal faallng. aad to revive that devotion to the Union tha decay of which In tone portion* of the con federaey ha* awakeaed eo mueh eolicltude. I ramaia. <l*ntlnmea very ratpaatfally aad talthfu ly youra B A. BJARDMAtf. fsom n* JOHN r. warrs?i. SoMoe. Feb 17. IMI. Owtle?*?-f beg leave to acknowledge with many tbaaka yoar polite iavltatlon to aalte la tba fee tlval oa tba Md of Febraary, " la boaor of tbat aaeploloa* day " Clrcumatancee prevent ma from ea joylag thla gratification but 1 heartily coacur with you la tha aeatimeat which haa glvea origin to tbe oelebratioa. aad alncerely wl*h that yoar tribute to the rnemo-y of Waahlngtnn may meet with tbe raa Bw which It merit* from all true Amerlcaae, aad yoar tfhrta for tbe preservation of tbe coaftlta* ilon and tbe Uaion may be prospered I bar* tba boaor to be, vary reepeotfnll*. JOHN 0 WARRIN. FROM Til. S. WILLIAM Ha*rro*n. reb. It. 1M1 0 ?n t lam en -Toar favor of 2?th alt I* duly re?eired, With aa Iavltatlon to tha Ualoa dinner la aelabratloa Of W**blagtoa'i birthday The day yoa eelebrate call* forth tb* ami grate ful amotlea* from the heart af every patriot la tba mwory of tbe maa firat la peace, flret In war a?4 flrat la the heart* of hi* cooatrymea;" aad mblle every State Is ceatrlbutlag to tba araetlag a ma aument ti WaUilagtoa, aay It t??r b* remembered that the DMt ?41m4 tribute of rN|Mt ?? c4< P47 to i his memory U to follow his oonnaels 1 Impressed with frbeee h&UdibM, I S or dlally nv"" with yon 1b Um ohjoct you have la view; but tb? Ok' the i*?r ?ad my infirmities nail bo my apology : foe declining the honor of your Invitation. I as, Tory respeotfally. your* TU. H WILLIAMS. FROM THXO. FRKMNOHVYSKN. New Hbukswics, Feb 1?, 18*1 Gentleman I am honored by your invitation to ths Union Dinner, on the 1U4 last. , and while I regret to lariiue, I rejoice at this and every demonstration of oublle respect for tbo day, tbat reminds ua ol WaHb itivton and revives tbo rooollaotlon of his exalted e! araeter and illustrious services. It la refreshing to r?u.>- ubei hi# forgetfulness of salt, bla lave of country. Mi J with special Interest, bla profound reverence far lb" iu?jf >*ty ot law The dark period* of tba American revolution afford many illustrations of this controlling element of bla character. That venerable body or pa trlota. the old Congress, foeble aa ha knew it to be tn its organization and power*, yet aa it embodied all tbat i m.iiinl to bla country of political authority reoel r ?d at all timva hia prompt and willing ?ubmi*aion ila ueld the tword by their will and when he hud glorious !y a ecuiplished the purpoae that drew It froin tha f<abb?rd he retained it to tha powsrs whioh n;?we it, with the grateful consoiousnets that ha had bseu en e!*l?d through I u finite Ooodneas to fulfil the high mi* 51011 ol Dlrine Providence in tba deliveranoe and inda P i. deuce 01 Ma oouatry . Andin bla farewell counsel* a|:i'aking out tba ripa experience of a mod sveufui life be urge* upon bit fellow-citizens tba stored duty ot obttlience to government " The basil of our politi cal system." in the word* of hia la?t address, '-I* the rf^bt of tbo people to make and altar their constitu tion ot government. Hut the oouetitutioa *;noh at any time axiat*. until ohanged by an explicit and authentic act of the whole people, is aacredly obliga tory upon all. The very idea ot the power and tba tight of tba people to establish government, pra-sup p? a** the duty of every individual to obey the estub l<-h?d government." These are round and wholesome doctrine* ? thay lie ?t th? basis of all our institutions- and commended to ua by tba Father of his Country, they daierva. tor bis s- ke and their own, tha reaprot and support ot every American citizen. It iaonr rightful boast, tbat. ai der God we have no master but the law and only 10 loot; a* we r hull cherish an abiding aad uciuestion ed subjection to this constituted authority, shall we rrmain a tree people There is one other tribute du? from ua to ih" memory of Washington Tha consti tution of the United States is aujong the blessing* wr enjoy, as the fruits ot his wisdom and virtue, with t he illustrious men who shared in the work. There were many, and some serious, differences of opinion to reoi ucile Guided by divine light, and the spirit of brethren they harmonized all discords, and presented tu their oountry the noblest scheme ot government that human wisdom had ever devised Now let as, when s-asons ot dimension ?nd complaint ooms up to di-t turb our relations, let us. as we love the memory of tha past, and the bright namee of our history, differ, as tl.ey did. with forbearance and hope? grateful to God, that . with some things in our institutions to be Im i. roved, we bav? received from our forefathers a biassed it^acy to be ur held defended, and preserved. With great respect, gentlemen. I remain your obedient servant, TIIGO. FRELINQIIU VBKN. FROM COM. CHA8- 8TEWART. WiSHinr.TOrt Oitt, Feb 18, I860. Gentlemen:? I have had the honor to reoeive your Mud invitation to a publio dinner, in honor ot the aus p < ious day whloh gave to this natlan a Wahlngton? the defender other right* and her liberties, ths father o> his country, whose valor and whose virtues havs raised an ever enduring monument In ths affectionate hearts of countless millions of his countryman, so high through his priceless servioes, that no spaoo ean limit, and no human powor ean circumsoribo. He left us united. and in grateful remembrance of him, bo ws ougnt to remain, not forgetting that through the great gift and manifold blessing bestowed upon us, by the dispensation of Providenoe to poor and oft times de luded humanity, tkat in submission to the Divine will, will b- found peace, plenty and prosperity, and that la I' ali a there is strength but lu dissolution there is weakness, wars aud wretchedness. "I he I moo, hound together by law and all -ction. "hail ever stand a pyramid of strength; loosened, it Mil into nothingness aud never cau rise again. I tender to jou my regrets, that tba special duty 1 hui now prolersioBaiiy engaged in, will deprive me ot the honor of attending jour summons. Kut have the honor to remain, very respectfully gan tUiuen. your obliged and obtdlent servant. 0UA8 BTEVVAKr, U 8. N. FROM COM. M. C. I'KRK V. WasMiNoron, D. U., Feb 18. 186 1 . D j Dear Eir I have had the honor ot receiving the imitation ot the Cemmittee of Arrangements, for the t'tibliu dinner to be given on the 22d instant, together with your kind letter of ths lith. and I deeply r^r^t that my official duties as amsmber of a board t.l navy ? Dicers at present in sesfl)h in this city will make it impossible for me to join my feiiew-cillze us of New Vork, In a celebration which holds forth the twofold iij?ct of perpetuating the memory of Washington, and the integrity of oursacred Union lielonging as I do. to a service in its organl atlon had its history, striofly loyal and obedient to ths oca rtilutioial rulers ot the govei nm> nt. I hardly need aa y, t bat my warmest sympathies and be?t w:eh?* will ha vit.h jou. though I may be cecnssariiy absent in pa i sou ?fayl ark tha fa vol of you to lay tbls before ths ? on. it tee Most respectfully and truly, your obedient servant, M. 0 PICK ilV. FROM OEM. JOHN E. WOOL Tlt??. Ft*. 18. 1SU. GsntUmtn:- I bad the honor, two day* nine*, to re wlw your invitation to a public dinner. to be given lu Niw 1 ork. ou the birthday of Washington a day truly approprUte tor warrior*, patriot* and statesmen, t > meet aud " renew their recolie ctiona ot lb ? virtuea an 1 lAr valor the end-rings aud the eacritiist of thi ia'berot hi* Country, in achieving iu liberties an independence A more appropriate occasion coul I i.ot Ixi b>tn obo>fB to coaBrniDriU the *ubhui uoarecter of W ~e?t*ingtou. who was ant io war. flrs in pea ? and flret in the hearts of bil eountrym?n " To ecnl> mplat? bin character la hut to c 'Utemplat* ? ii!? of uli 'easing devotion to hit country. To hi* > x ? r'ion*. through tha -term* m. J tempest* of the revo ibticn and tboM> of hi* compatriot* In arm* we b?h >ld a people extending fr< m the Atlantic to tba Pacific o >an tiijoymx mora liberty happiness and prosperity, ban any ottier people on the face of the globe. Let, then. n<> opportunity pom to commemorate hi* name .?n>i dead*: and above all. te impress ou our heart* hi* larew?U addra**. repleta with Instruction and which, if followed cannot tail to preserve and perpetuate our glori<u? Onion being etgaged to celebrate the day with my Trojan friend* I am compelled to deoline tha honor tendered in behalf of the New York Committee of iiatetj, to join jou in jiur leotii It ie* on the 2id inat 1 am gentlemen very respectfully, \ our obedient aervant. JOHN B. WOOL. FhOM t. PHILLIP* PRfKNIX. linear or K>ia Feb 111 1HS1 (lentlemen - I have the honor to acknowledge year invitation to attend t h?* I nloa dinner In oelebratlonof the birthday of Washington. on th< 3id February lu< Be aeiured gentlemen. that I fully appreciate the compliment; tha recent effort* of a mere faction to dls turb the harmony of thl* confederacy appesrs to have aroured the true lover* of the country From ever y port i' n of It. we have the meet cheering evidence* of attaiha'tit to the I nion. and the birthday of the ' F ether ef hie Country " haa been deeiaed a fitting oc | caelun throughout the land, to aa*?mble together aad | review the eveat* that have paaeed, to acknowledge our obligation* to those patriot* who have fear|e*?ly ! I reasted the atom and tn take care for the future. I that the republic sod the I aloa be aot eadaagered In my judgment. It ia time to dlerobe the demagogue and imi htm in hl? true character before the r-iuatry I regret, geatlemea. that I cannot be with you on ffcls oeceatoa, a? tha approechin* adjournment of Coa ?tee* will raodnr it impossible In MBH juence of the important knslass* apoa ear table* Respectfully years J. PHILLIPS PH'ENIX. fbom oEomai w. ariHT'.Ng llaoOei.tR, Feb 11,1*61 Grntlsmen ?My duties lor that eveaiag forhu my ac c. ptaare of your invitation to the public dinner which yen propoa* aball be given on tha 2M of Feb , i 1 cannot, however, deny myielf the *ati?tactr n *1 ei preset ng ay aioet earaeat accordant and sympathy with the eentlment* coaclaely aad vary ably aet fart a I la yoar aot*. When the American atoale cea*e to retard Waahlagtoa a* their father aad e loyal confor mity to hi* tar reasbiag *oaa*el* a* a filial duty, the hour of oar political ruin will b? not far off becauae 1 th epirit which founded ear llb*rtie* will have beea loci la nothing wa* Waahlngton mora remarkable thaa hi* eoaaletency with himself It wa* the coacordaa untoa af hi* noble qualities which Bade him grea I above any other huiaaa example I'aaeioa never ewayad him to the left or right of the truth II threatened none, wronged aone leered bob*, bu thought of all. eared for all, aad served all We cannot *et frrth hi* character too often fttr the atady cl oar countrymen for it la the tyae aad pat tern of what oar national character should be, her moaieu* as ta our varlou* Interests mataally cour 1 teeua because ever jaat. faithful to ear covenants that we may be true to eurselve*, digalfied by a sense of our owe t ghts and a *enae of what I* due to other*. It i*oa such a calm, latelllgeat. fixed deterniiaatioa of our p?eale. that oar trust, nader Ood. mast be re posed Neither the wlady threat* of braggart* aor ttte declemetloa of ravlag eathaeiast* will *ver prevail over the American heart We will never for the aake ot the llaloa give up what the Unioa wa* lateaded to preeerve; nor will we la attempting to batten the removal or a temporary, partial evil, deetro* the *v* t> m which we b>lieve la deetiaed by th* Ood of tha Ooep?l to accomplish ualveraal good The constitu tion ic the fouadatloa ot eur llbertlee. the Oaloa of rtetee aovereiga la their right*, aaoa aekaowiedged principles. Is the *oraer etone of that foaadatioa -II the corner stoae b* torn oat of It* plane, the whole sa per- structure must fall lato ruias Who dare limit tne benefit which shall aecrae to our whole race, If the prcsrat system of our aatloaal goverameat be pre served to work out Its legitimate Inevitable coaee .juencee' Who can e. timet, the erli* th* deep sla tery ihe war*. Ineatlable of blood the arraet of ?elence. the destruction of art, th* violence ot Unth and th* corruption of religion whloh would follow the' breaki ag up into hostile fragments of the elementa ci at national Union' I cannot hut coaeider the man ?bo for say rraeoa, would atUmpt to destroy our I Hon a traitor to the well being of the whole world acd such is the iafamy to whloh all poeterity would c Bd?tnn him Gentlemen. It I* my hopeful prayer aad eonfldeane. that find, who ' main evea the wrath of man to piats' Him, aad the remaiader thereof will restrain ?>111 rule over all that cancerBS our beloved coentrv The A m ? rleaa people is yet In the freshes** of yoat.h Then ate meay member*, but oae body, Hmostwa ? te ' ae lite, one heart, one mind, oae will With many thank* for the honor done me by yon' t.?ltetioi>, I am, wry rvsneetfellv. year obedte*t ear esrt, OBOSaK W. BRTaUNB FROM J. ROOSEVKI.T nAVI.IV. AacHi-Kriecorai. Kuisinri, ) ? . Haw Ygha, Feb. IT, 1861. { Ontltani: ? I m portAn t profeaeicaal duties will kln ?t your feative oslebratiea 5^' the birthday ?f Washington Ak' jour Invitation could not, la my our be Itt tandK* M ? per?onal oompUmeat, I oan only regard It aa ek^*?**'l to on ncoount of my being a Oatho 11a *? ?anll**tlng a deaire on your part to Klfw ??! portloaa of tha community a " re presentation'* in 70ur " Union festival." Whilst regr*'t)nK tha oireumataaae* that Mam to hava mad* a VUh. 'on Safety Committee" necessary. I cannot let paasth* opportunity ot declaring to you my ocnvictlon, that a ot.* f'"Sle Catholic in tk**e United fctatea has arar joined v* tha cry of diaualon '.bat hAa been beard iL our midW J cauaot but regret that adhesion to peculiar party combination* hj -lv. n to ?ome the appearaace of han'ng done * Whether aa native or adopted citizens oV this grt*t 4publio, we yield to none ia aur attaebmdfc't to the c^usti.utlr a, aud submission to the lawa We .are for tha I'niou as it in. And we nee no necessity that P finale link of th? chain that bin da ui together should be strained. much lee* brc ken. I have no authority to apeak for other*, but I be liev* 1 ?m expressing the mind of every Catbolie bishop. priest and layman, in the United State*, when 1 aay, t but ia this matter we Are as unanimous aa ia our reiigioua faitb; And that, ia cAae oi n?ceaaity, wa are All ready according to our vArious at Ationa to uaa every ut-Aua in our power to avert so great a salami ty aa the dissolution ot our oonfederary. 1 bAve the bi nor to remain with aentimenta ot *ln eera respect, your obedient servant. J. R008KVKI.T BAYLKY. LETTER PROM AI.KX. W. llt'RI,. UoUSK Of K trKKKKNTATTrEH. ) W*?hi!vutoin, Feb. 10, 1861. { Sir*:? I bare th? honor to Acknowledge the receipt ot your letter of tha 28th ult , informing ma. that tha Union Gaiety Committee of Mew Vork intend to eel*, brate the approAuhing 22(1 of tebruAry, by uniting with tbeir fellow-citizena, At a public dinner in houor of tbAt Auspicious; day. And Inviting me to be present on the propciad festive oeca.-don, Kor the compliment you have thus shown me, I de sire to ctfer jou my alneere tbanka. To eoinmamorata the birthday ot Washington la well; to emulate bis virtuss Is better. HI* pure patriotiaia. hi* ardent da votlon to hi* country, and abuva all hi* paternal sfteotion for our Union, caonot be too often recAlled m the memory, nor too closely imitated- TbAt oan be no servile imitation, whloh leAd* ua in the steps of our revolutionary father*. We cannot oloae our eye* to the fact. tbAt our coun tiy ban recently pAiaed through the moat perilous pe llodofita hietory. Way tbAt period never return. 1 he Union and the constitution have had a day of trial. Tha fiery ordeal through whioh they have pasted, abow their (trength rathtr than their weakness. Still it lemalns to be aeen. If tbey are etrong enough in oar hearts. to save them from overthrow, and u* from anarchy And olvil WAr. Sectionaliiwn haf become our great apple of disoord, And the spirit ot the Father of our Oountry continue* to whisper sud warn ua against tAstlng that baneful fruit From the dangers And unoertainti** which hAve suriounded ua, we may leain at lenat on* oer tainty. whioh is that the Unisn can etand ne longer than theconstitutioa It ia folly to talk ol su'taiolng one and nullifying the other We may as well com mand the pyramid to etand, while ita bate ia crumb ling, as aay " peace t? tha Union," whil* Ita oonstitu tioii i* being deatroyed. 1 have, gentlemen, to express my sincere regret that mv official duties will prevent me from being preHent at the approaching festival, and I beg to conclude by offering the following sentiment: ? The Constitution and the Union - Washington loved th?m both; and they will be fonvfr aof?; under the guidance of bis example. I am gentlemen, Very reepeotlully, your ob"t servant. ALKX W. BUKL. r ROM HENRY W. HILUARO. Hot s?: or lt?rFKSK>TATi?m, > WxSitifx.ioiv Oitv, Feb. 20, 1S61. \ Gentlemen:- I have withheld any reply to the invi tation with whioh you have honored me until this naiment, In the hope of being able to accept it. I Bud now tbat my peblie duties will not alia* me to leave my seat fcxie, and I can only express my regret At nr<t being Able to join you in the teetlval which you are about to give, tu honor of the birthdAy ofWAsh rnsrton. p Under tha government wbleh he contributed so largely to establish, our country hns grown to be ahat it I* to day; Its populAtion. Ita wealth , And its power, are Oaily augmenting, and the future, which opens bt tore us, will preeeut a *p?otacle of national grandeur and bxppineas transoeudlng Any which the pictured pAge of history exhibits. I.et us perpetuate thAt government, gentlauen; let us be true to tha constitution: let us preserve the Union I c?m prebend And AppreoiAte the pAtrictic course of the people of the city el New York, And I ehail, from my nsmeontbe banks of the A labAiaa, survey with bigb satisfaction the prosperity of an emporium whioh Is not mere distinguished by the wealth which Its com merce ?*o profusely pours upon Its abarvxs than by an ardent ?nd noble national spirit, whieh Is at all times ready to support the conitltntlon of tha United States. I have the honor to be, Your obedient servant. UkNRY W. 11ILLIARD. FROM J. R. POINSRTT. Whit it II oi aa, 1'atur.ic, ncaa Qr.eKni.Tow*, 8. C.. \ Fobruaty 17. 1861. ) 0?ntlem?n:? I very muoh regret, that neither tha dlstsuce nor tbe time allowed ma ? for yeur letter, by srmi> mlscbAiifw, only r?A?brd me last evening -will p?rmlt mn to Accept your InvitAtion to unite with my tellow citizens of the Union party of New York, la clrbratJtig the birthday of OenerAl WAshlngton That exalted aiid venerated name, endeared to us by so many rerollectioBS of brilliaat and Lmparlaat service* In the cabinet and tbe field, will always recur to ua with re doubled in'erett on tbAt dAy: And mora especially In tke present crisis It Is to tbe zsaIous co-aperatloB of (irnersl Waehlngton. in tli* labors of the convention. tbAt wa owe in a great meunre. the oonstitutioa un der ablch we have enjoyed such unexampled prospe rity. and achieved with unparelleled rnpldity . the cha racter aad stability ot a great nation No on* who has read Ueneral Washington'* letters, aritteu at th? period whsn this ernatitutlon wa* sub mitted to tbe several Elates for their approval, ran tail to see the anxiety with which he watched Its pro giers and bis inate conviction tbat Ira adoption presentsd the only meaaaot aavlng them from auarcby And civil WAr. All who I Ave aver reAd the Anxious ted paternl Aii monitlona of hi* farewell address, must appraclat* the admirable sagacity with wblck he foresaw the condi tion to which dlaappolnted ambition aad blind fanatl < Uir might reduce the country lib peovtratlon ena bled him to undera'.and that political aad aoclal eon vulsf r - would at some time or other, aria*, when pre sumptuous men mistaking tbeir wild echemes of re form lor tbe inspirations of patriotism and thediotate* ot vtl'dom. might reek to alter tbe foundation* of this govrrnment, and to build up soma creation oflhi lr own which would surely lead lo anarchy and utter de erlatlr n Let us nsver forget his advise, to oppose all such attempts toevevtbrow the constitution Let us el erlrh tbe Union, as ths safegrard of the right* and Institutions secured to us by tnst constitution and a* t h<* surest. If not the ooly means of maintaining our liberties aud domestic psAoe, And of commAndlag tbe respei t of the world. I <b* honor to subsorlb* myself, gentleman, respectfully yours, J. B. rolNdlTT Tit* Toast* aad I lie Nptarhti. After the rtading of the letters, the Mayor gave the tint regular toast of the evening, aa follow*:? Tb? Day ws CsUbrata? it favs birth to ths nan Crst In ?sr. first Id peace. and first la tfcs hssrti of bts souatryatea MuMe? " Washington s March " Hiram Kctcwm, E*q., re-ponded, and -poke a.t follow? ?Mr President and eenilem' n, before I respond to the sentiment now propo ed, allow me in rxpre-- try crati ful acknowledgment, to the Mayor and Common Coucil of tm city, for having recommended, and made provision, for ce lebrating thin great day. It i? a inv wh?h ought to he celebraudthrrughout this land, frcm the At lantic to the Pacific, and throughout all coming '?me To contemplate and study th?.character of U'a-lungion, hi? habit.-* and course of life, hi* lunate m .1 h ? i'iMic virtus, and, above all, hi - parting ecu ire ??. h' tWUHfJIWI. cannot fail to make the patriotism of every American grow warmer, to strengthen hi? love of ftsis public and private virtues, and to strengthen his at tachment to the united government of tbu coun try And when, gentlemen, wa there a time w hen It ws? more nece-?ary that we should dnnk at the ongiHal fountain of (?atriotism than tfi ?? ire s?ntT \V'at.hiugton was Instrumental in accom rliohicg a chance of government by revolution. That change could be amhoiited by no principle except the well roni*d? red purpoae of improving the condition of the government, and of a reasona ble |>ro*pect of suctra* If he had filled after the first battle, or the second, or third, It would have been tetter that the first blow at revolution had never been struck. Indeed, after peace waa de clared, and the mother country had acknowledged ihe indepeuilenre of thia, if we had not siic c?eded in eatitblishing a government which would aecure the bleaainga of liberty and order, hat revolution would have been valueleaa It would have been worne than valueleaa, be caiire the sacrifice* that the war occasion ed, and the blood that had been spilt, would

have made it a public calamity These con sideration* presented themselves to the mind of Washington And permit me here to remark 00 one point in the character of Waahiagton He had determined to oooote the government under which he was horn. Ha had determined, at the same time, that he would (jive his allegiance to the revo lutionary government. Thia government waa union It had nothing of nreacription to give it claim to allegiance; yet Washington religiously oht ycd the government of hi* country, and hi* I til ? I plen in 1 his res( eet have l.een beautifully ex pressed by himself. In speaking of government, and the allegiance which is due to it, he say a: "Obedience to the law*, acquiescence in the mea sures of government, and re?pect for its iiuthorlry, are the (Tulle* enjoined by the fundamental maxima of trae liberty.' ?[Applause. J Washington wa* imptesaed with the belief that, in order to carry out the revolution? to carry it out to its ultimate ead -there muet be a government established to stcure liberty. You have heard to-day, in the eloquent address delivered to you, hi* views on this subject I will net recur to Ms expression*; bathe was impressed with the idea that the revolution would be utterly valuaieaa sa le m a more permanent anion waaeatabliahed Nsw let as turn for a moment to the firat ateoa toward* the establishment of that nnloa The first meet ing that waa heU m thaauhjeet, waa a meeting of delegates fron a few ftatea, wkioh waa MM ia Aa | napoli* ia 1788. There were but few State* repr? .j-ated ta that convention, and that wai a conven tion h,," ?he purpoae of determine the interest* of trade and c?.Junerce; ALnd ^ere let me ??y, aa I will have cccailoJ t0. ?*)ow n]ore '"Ity hereafter, that the interest* of t?T"e Wd commerce are the iolert ata which firat auggtK**' 'dea * more p erf* c( anion, aad the interest* P' ,rdde &ad com merce are the great conservative pt Jtciplea of that union. (Applauae ) Thoae delegate* met ia Annapolis in September, 1786. New York waa represented hy two delegate* from the city of New York, and those delegate* were. Alexander Hamil ton and Egbert Benson. After a aeaaion of a few day*, they found their numbera were not sufficiently Isrge and their power* not sufficiently extensive, Hid they det? rimned to make a repreaeatation to the State* which sent them, and to Congress, and art port waa drawn up with great ability, which we f the foundation of all subsequent proceedings, and which report waa drawn up by Alexander H? nul'i n, of the city of New York. The conven tion tgain assembled at Philadelphia. The save ral Siuiea of the Ur.tcn were repreteated. 1 shall r.ot now go over ita proceeding* ; but you know that General Washington was chosen its president. 'J hey sat wiih closed doors from May to Septem ber. when they prcduced the draft of a constitution, which waa adopted by the American people, ami under which we now jiiv*. (Applauae). As jcu no doubt know, it waa not the t.abit then for apeechea of members to be reported and laid before the public, aa is now the cue. The convention sat m secret. They had no means of expressing tfcetr views to the country, and, therefore, it became necessary, that thia constitu tion should be explained to the people of the United t-ta'es, to whom it was to be submitted for their adoption. It became necessary that there should be found some men capable of explaining the principles of the constitution, and laying that exj lanation before the country. Who were those men 1 They were found in the day of trial, and they were Alexander Hamilton, James Madison and John Jay, two of them reaident* of the city of New York. (Applause). I think, gentlemen,' I am authorized to say that without the aid furnished bv the city of New York, we should never have had a constitution or a union. (Applause.) The first proceeding waa to present thia constitution to the several State* for their adoption- Among them it was presented to New York. And here let me state a little of our domestic history. The State of New York waa represented in that convention by three delegates. After the convention had terminated its proceedings, two of the three delegates seced ed, or in modern phraseology, they " belted," and the only one who signed his name to the constitu tion was Alexander Hamilton, of the city of New Y'ork. (Continued applause). It became neces sary that the State of New York should adopt that coustiiution. A convention waa accordingly assembled at Poughkeepsie, and the great ma jority of the members were opposed to the new constitution But Alexander Hamilton, from the city of New York, was there, and by his influence, and ability, and patriotism, ex ? ercised inside aa well aa outside of the Con vention, he brought the majority, who were opposed to the constitution, to be in favor of it, and the State of New York adopted the constitution as it was proposed. Gentlemen, if the only way of testifying gratitude to public benefactors is by erecting monuments to their memories, the State of New York ought to erect a monument to Alex ander Hamilton, which should pierce the skies, and every State in the Union should crave the honor to assist in erecting it. (Great applauae ) Thus, then, you see how this constitution was pro mulgated at its incipieucy, and how it was adapted. l>ee before me a gentleman whose appearance here this evening will not allow me to ptssoveran anec dote which 1 am sure will interest you. I have in ny eye a gentleman honor* d by his State, aad hor.oted by his country, who, although a young man, was present at that convention in Pough kee|*ie, with his father, who was a mem ber of that body. His father went there op imsed to the constitution, and Mr Hamilton bhw the necessity of the case It was determined he must go for the constitution He was told that if he went for the constitution he would never be returned again; and his answer was, that he wus in the habit of thinking before acting, aad when he had made up his nund to do what was right, he utterly disregarded the consequences. He did so, aad Samuel Jones, of Queens, went for the consti tution. (Great applause.) He went home; he explained the matter to hi* constituents, and instead of disapproving of the course he pursued, they ap proved of everything he had doae. (Cheers.) Now we have seen how the constitution was adopted, and hy what means it was adopted. Since then, time has rolled on? some sixty year* have passed away, during which time the consti tution and the Union havs been fruitful of Me?sirg? to the people, beyond all precedent. Indeed, the history of America is a history of wonders. The attachment to the I'uion has in creased from year to year, until it was almost trea son to breathe the thought of dissolution. The year lb&0, however, arrived, and with it the long st ssion of Congres*. Nine months of thai session were employ ed, in what? In a most exciting dis cushion on the subject calculated, above all others, to irritate the public nund. Sj?eecli after speech was msde by the North against the South, aud by die South against the North, until the moit hostile state of feeling prevailed, and brought the country to the very verge of civil war; bo that it became necessary for the Executive department of the government to interfere, to adjust the exciting dillerenct* Those exciting diflereuces were adjusted; but a large number of members of both house* were determined to renew the controversy which was productive of such ret-ults. At that momeut the city of New York to? k the alarm ; its businea* interests wer i routed, und they came forward m mam, without tesject to party, to atop the agitation. TUey sound ed the note of aiarm to the country, and it wis re?(onded to thrtuiihout the len?th and breadth of the Union But, grntlemen, it is said tha: this alarm was not necesjary? that the Union was not in danger. Indeed ' It is true, and 1 admit that you could scarcely find an Amertj an citizen who would acknowledge th <t he wa? not a friend of the Union. If vou asked him, he would have said that he was a friend of the Union; but in the same breath there ?ete thousands in the North who were i engaged ma bitter made against the South, and in the :s>uih against th>* North. Ye t, gentle men, they v ou'd have all (old you they were friends of the 1 mon 1 tsk you how ia this Uniou to be des troyed? I* it supposed by any one here that there is to be a regular compact to destroy the Union 1 ? that we are to draw ap an instrument of dissolu uon and. all sign it! No, gentleman, it iato be pro duced by those frelinga of aec'lonalisin If tlieae f> elmga on the p irt of the North generally and on ibe part of the .*<outb generally, are carried into the Congrea* of the United State*, why, there would not be a day during the session in which re sulta might not be produced most disastrous to the Union The wheels of government might be ?topt-erf The government could not go on 1 aa/, gen'lemen, the wheel* of this government could not travel by reason of the bad feeling existing in the country? by reason of prejudice on the part of the North toward* the South and on the part of the Souih toward* the North What need we talk of meeting* to dissolve the Union? There are other way* of dissolving it. At this point the aadience became impatient, and Mr Ketchum wi* ahliged to stop in bis remark*. The second regular tcaat was next read, a* fol lOW*:? The Constitution Ot ths United Statss Munis- Co luMbla torsvsr " The Hon Edw?id Evikitt, of Maraachuaetta, responded ?? follows:? Mr. Chairman and Gentlemen? I rise with great dflidrnce to address the company on this occa sion, aensible aa I am that there are gentlemen (>re*ent much more capable of doing so acceptably, than lam, and much more worthy of the honor conferred on me by inviting me to respond to Ihe to mt which has been just proposed. I thank you, air. notwithstanding, for allowing me the privilege of being present on this great and interesting occa tion; ecpecially, air, ?to I thank you lor the honor done to me in calling on me to respond to that great and noble toast. ?' The Constitution of the Vnited Stales." (Applause ) Sir, you have done well to give grest promint nee to that toast in honor i f the constitution, on the birthday of Waahington, ' for more |than to any other influence, under Providence, the country owe* the constitution to Washington. (Continued applause.) Did not the hoa. gentleman who instructed and ii.t? rested us so much this morning (Gen Foot*)? did he not tell us from history thst the very first ruggestion made towards the constitution? not the first official set, but the firat private suggestion made towarda the formatioa of the constitution? wss made at Mount Veraon, iathe house of Waah ington, and by Waahington himself 1 (Applause ) And yet, gentlemen. I know not how to speak to you on thia great theme; for after th< moat in structive, ana appropriate, and aessonahle com ntrntsnrs on the character, principles, ami policy of Washington that we hearathis mormag, it seems ss if every thing had been said that conld ba said . Still, 1 know, gentlemen, it la a field m which sn Am* ricsn audieacecan aever tire Washington in to us m our receat history? withia our own daya, within the experience of our fathers? he ia all and more thsn all that hiatory and traditioa, aad vene rable antiquity, have accumulated on the name of Alfred, and the two or three great names of others like him, if others such there*. worthy to be re membered in comparisoa with Washington. The memory of Washington ia indeedan ia eatiinable por iif n of the moral treasure of the country: aad t do net know, geatlemen, but that t might almoat aay, but for the aacrifice of hnmaa life that wauld he oeraaioaed hy it. one would rather that half the comiaeat nh*nld sink ihaa that we ahoald lose the m? mory aad the aharaoter of Waehiagton? f Great *it'?a??e)--n character to be held up to the imitation o< our children, to be poiated eat to the admiratioa of the Strang er, to be commended to the fervea Applause or all mankind, and to be handed down to the latest posterity. Gentlemen, Washington was all this and more But thin is no: the highest or beat that can be said of htm It was his great mission to render the moat important ser vices to his country, in his own time, and to benefit all future eges, if we are but just to his memory and true to ouiaelves. And this year seems to be, out of many years, a most fitting one to commemo rate the memory ami services of Washington, la : that ever memorable address, gijven to the people of the United States, 1 think, on the 17th of Sep tember, 1796, he alludes to ?* forty-five years dedi cated to the services of the country." Wow, gen tlemen, forty- live years from 1796 carri *s usbick to 1751, just a century from this time, as the com mencement of the brilliant career of Washington, j according to his own statement. General froote 1 has given you so full a sketch of the more recent | political services of Washington, that he driven ! me back to the beginning of his career. In this vesr (1751 ) he received, young ae he wa-, I boy as he was, his firs; military anointment a- I adjutant general in one of the districts into which Virginia was divided. Three voars only had ' elated from the treaty of Aix-la-Chapelle-, but the movements which had commenced on the pan of the Ohio Land Company, west of the Alleghantes, had aroused the jealou-yof the French and In dians ; and, in reality, the^e insignificant local in ter* m? were the original source of that great seven years' war which ended in the capture of tiuebeu, the expulsion ot the French from the continent, and, remotely, to the independence of the United States. (Cheer* ) Gentlemen, young as he was, Washington rendered the most important services in ihiti war. He was but nineteen years old in 1751, when he received his first military appoint ment jus: alluded to. Two years after, you all recollect he went on a most romantic and danger ous errand, to the residence of the French Governor m V erango, and his narrow escape from the perils of the elements and the rifle of the aavage foe. You terrember the campaign of the following year, 1754, when on a memorable day? on the fourth of July, 1754? Washington, unfor tunately for everything but his fame, had to capitulate at what was then called Fort Ne cestity, the very same day on which the articles ot union, proposed by Frauklin, (alluded to by Gen. Foote) were signed at Albany. We see him in the next year in the terrible campaign in which Uraddock was slain, and in which two horses were shot under Washington, and his clothing was pierced by four musket balls; and then the courage, the fortitude, the skill and the |>eraeverance, with which, young as he was, be couducted the retreat of the wreck ot the royal army from those inaus picious fields, which raised him at once to a posi tion before the public, and to a hold on public con fidence which years of success, on many occa sions, are hardly enough to reach. Well was it said by President l)a vies ,in 1756 or 1757, in a ser mon to the volunteers of Hanover county, *' let me point, as a remarkable instance ot patriotism, to taat brave youth. Colonel Washington, who, 1 can't heln but think, has been bo wonderfully preserved by Providence to render some important service to Ins country." (Great applause ) I ask you, gen tlemen, where in uninspired history you can point to another prediction like this, of a youth of twenty-three, fulfilled as this was in the subse quent career of your Washington. Thus was he heralded into the service of his country. In the gTeat scene of that service? the revolu tionary war, that great drama in human affairs ? 1 need not remind you how everything seemed to cluster about him. There were others who ren dered invaluable services in the cabinet and in the field; but Washington was all in all to the cause. 1 do not think 1 am doing injustice to other honored names. There are many? more than 1 can count? who rendered invaluable services to theircoun Uj? who spoke the kindling words of patriotism in d*rk times? who rendered most important services to the country in diplomatic positions abroad? who reaped honorable laurels on hard-fought fields? but it was in Washington alone that the heart of the country cast anchor in seasons of darkness, of calamity, and, but for him, of despiir. (Great applause ) And, air, when the revolutionary war waB fought to a tri umphant close, and the colonies seemed unable, ui tier th" old confederation, to recover from their exhaustion, what was it that induced those States, each proud, and justly so, of its hardly earned in dependence, to atidicate something of their sove reignty on the altar of patriotism, and consent to tbe establishment of a strong central government ? C.entU men, they well knew into whose hands it would first no ? they knt-w that he would set u>> a precedent that his successors would not lightly de I art from 1 am almost tempted to quote the sub lime words of Milton ? ? far off hla coning shone. They needed in hm cave none of the poor ma- ' chmery of electioneering? none of the nominating conventions in Philadelphia or Baltimore (ap I'lauxt ) ? it netdtd none oi those to point out Washington to the choice of the people In his case that great civil act, by which a Iree ptople conatitute their rulers. An act winch 1 think we ojglit alwayB to WNM with a?>nitthiiig of the solemnity and conrctentious nese with which we approach our religious dunes 8n act loo little deemed of in the?e days) ? in sthington's case even this great civic act was but an avgMt ceremony. From the moment the federal convention had decided that there should be a President, end nine States had adopted the conatitution ? although there were electoral col lege* interposed between the people tind the candi date*, add votes were to be given for two persona lor President and Vice President, net aiming which wss intended for either office, vet in Wash ington's case tlNVW all found; for Irom the n.t nu nt when the constitution was adopted, he was chosen in the hearts of the people. (Enthusiastic Amm) Ml the stages of aa election, all the forms of vuflrage, were hut the outward promulga tion of this spontaneous moral choice. Well, gentlemen, after he was elected, how often in hia ar ministration did Ins personal weight of character, his itdividual influence, carry the country through the severest trials ? In one instance, especially, when the minds of the people were embittered on the one haul, by thedetentiou of the w.s ern |> >ats, and the interference of the British cruisers with our neutral trade, and when, on the other hand, we were drawn very strongly towards France by the contHKion of political reform, and the grateful re membrance of valuable services in the revolution, the influt nee of Washington was able to subdue the si nubilities of the country to the measure of a just policy, and restrained them from rushing into the revolutionary Wirs which wasted the strength h nd shook the stability of Europe for more than thirty years. Now, gentlemen, what I would ear a> atly ask is this? must all this mighty influence of the character, and principles, and memory of Washington- must they all be buried in his tomb ? (Voices? Never; never.) Is all thit he was to us, and to mankind? all his Political wisdt m, his txi<erience, his unsuspected disio umtedneas? all, in short, that made him to be Washington ? is all thia to be conaigaed to obli vion, in his dark and narrow hou*e on the bank* ol the Potomac 1 (Ories of " No, no." from all [arta of the room ) No, Heaven forbid. It is the great (Tentative of oar rational nature that mind snd its influences can never die ; and unlesa we are cold and dead, we shall listen to the voice which apeaks to us through his immortal address with deeper reverence thaa that with which we shculd listen to his living cauaae la. That addre*? was the most car?lully prepared product of a mind from which nothing crude or ill-considered ever went forth? the maiureat result of bis life long experience. Atthecloaeof hia political and miii tary career, haviig fought through two great wara, one of w hic h ended in establishing the indepen dence of hi* country? having heen twice unani mously callfd to the chief magistracy, and about to retire from office for the last time, and, aa he thought, forever, into beloved retirement, aa he chII? a it? he gave to the people of the Unitea States hi* last rounsela, as he cells th^m, in iMMj can never repeat without emo'ion? "of an old and sflectiona'e friend." You have read it a thousand times. You place it in the handa of your children? you appreciate as you ought those Inet words of wiadom and love, which gushed from that noble h<art but a few yeara b" fore it ceased to best for ever And what ia the leading advice of this ever memorable address? Is it not adherence to the I'nioa t I believe, if ita pages were cMated, a full fourth Mtf of it would be found devoted to this theme. He tells ua to watch over its preservation with jealoue anxiety. As to love of liberty, which you might suppose would be the principal topic, there is but a single sentence? a couple of tinea ; he just alludm to it aa aa in dweihr.g sentiment ot the American heart. As for the preservation of Ptate rights, which forms so lead ing a topic in modern diys' systems of policy, I believe thst Washiagtoa does not ao much aa allude to them I think he does not asme them? aet that he urd? r* allied State righto, but ha knew there wss centrifugal agency enough in ao large a body of Mtatea for their preaervation No, gentle men, it ia Union, Union, (Union ? the first, the last, the constant ?train of this immortal addr?*s. A id what could my poor voice ado, If I were presump tuous enough to attempt to do it, to the parting counsels of Washington 1 I say again, if tneir in fluence cease to be felt, it ia aot because Washing ton ia dead, but because we are dead, and cold buried ia the grave of criminal indifference and apathy ? absorbed ia the gilded cares of that pros perity which we enjoy under the Constitution: or, what ia worse, wasted by prejudice, by fslse theo ries of government, blinded by party, and mad dened by traffic and faction 1 agree with G?n Foote, that It is time for everv man to utter hia voice in s r cords aes with the parting voice of Washington. 1 know it ia aatd, and by many excellent and patriotic, hut, aa I think, greatly mistaken eitiaens, that the Union la not serisnaly threatened; that the dan ger is wholly Imaginary or greatly overrated. I wlah I could think a*, rat I muat say that ia the rtrah of all Um uudtma Ig^uiry that I have bee* I able to make, J hare come to (he contusion that the Unit n is m great danger. I am lot h mueh moved by the acta of organized bodiaa of legislatures, of conventions, or by acta of riot, dio i order, and lawlessness in a of part ot the cocnt ty. ' Theaa things carry with them their own oorrec I ti on to a certain extent ia the North and Soot h 1 I know how much haa bean done by excellent aal pairiotic citizens of the South, to stay the diaaffeo tion to the Uuion in that quarter, (applause) and I agree with the sentiment of Mr Webster ia thai admirable letter juat read, that ninety-nine hun dndths of the j?ople of my aectiun of the country are for the conatitutioa and the lawa. (Tremeo doua applause). For that reaaon, I aay, I am MC ao much led to the opinion I have expressed by public acta nnd demonstrations, aa I am moat deeply grieved hy ayHiptoma 1 have aeen in both extreme* I I the Union, <>f a rfeep feeling of bitterneaa and ill-will? a apirit of denunciation of the motive*, character, and policy of the oppoaite s? ctiona of tho Union, and of all at home who are auapected of having any charity or sympathy with their fellow citizens at a distance. Thia, air, ia what grieve* and alarma me. Why, if the several portion a of the country belonged to different nation*,? if they were alien in language, in religion. and in race; if they were aworn, like Hannibal at the altar, to wan a war of deatruction against each other, they could not uae stronger or mora bitter language than I have reed within a few weeka, by men, both at the North and the South, who entertain extreme api a ions ou the agitating aubjecta of the day. I aay it ia thin which gives me the greateat alarm for the continuance ot the Union. The outward facta are but the manifestation of the apirit of disaifec tion and bitterneaa which will, if not chedb ed, sooner or later will cauae .the Union to crumble. 1 am not an alarmiat ? I never have been. If I may allude to a matter ao unimportant, 1 would eay that, in all my humble addrratrn io the puhlic( 1 huve ever looked on the bright side in reference to the future. But if there ia to be no relaxation of thoae unkind feelinga between the different aec tiouaof the country? if men will not make up their minda to live in good feeling and good faith under the constitution and the lawn? that consti tution which was framed by our fathers, aa good, i8 wiae, aa patriotic aa ouraelvea ? if they will io on indulging thia fierce apirit of mutual hostility, it will, at no distant day, result in a separation of (he Statea, to be followed by a war. or rather a teriea of wart, which will change the aanect of thia country, and the cauae of conatitutional liberty tor ever (Great applause ) 1 do regard it aa de monstrable that, in the event of n separation f thia Union, it is aa certain as the sun in eaven in mid- day, that the sun of ihe republic will go down from the meridian untl set in blood. know that somepersunsof sanguine leiivramnat. dallying, as 1 think, unwarrantably with the*e dreadful futurities, have peranaded themselves thai it would only be a change to two confederacies in stead of one^and that iu other respects all would go on much as it did before. Sir. 1 am very loth to enter into any speculations of this kind, on one side or the other; but, in my humble judgment, there will not be two confederacies, nor any confedera cies, but as many despotic governments as, in the chances of conquest and reconquest, military enter tains may be able and willing to establish (Pro longed applause.) Gentlemen, let Germany teach us. How did she come out of the chaos of the dark aces, after a thousand years of internacine -v?r * Did she come out of it with two or three confedera cies *! Gentlemen, she counted more than three hundred independent principalities, as they called themselves, but all lying at the mercy of the d< spot and the strongest army. I presume not to look into that dark abyss. 1 turn fro n it with ' t same horror, a thousandfold increased, that 1 felt when iu my youth I was surprised oil ike Mack and calcined edge of the crater of Vesuvius, when tae sides of the mountain were already quivering w.ta the convulsive throes of an approaching erun'i m To attempt to give form and ouiliue? to incisure the force ? to calculate the direction of tfc>< molten elements, boiling and bellowing in toe tier) gulph below, and just ready to be let loose by the hand of God, on the pathway of destruction, would b<|as unavailing and prrsumptioua in the political as it is in the natural world (Applause.) One thine, however, 1 think is certain We talk ot the separation of these S ates, assuming 'hit ihey would still remain the Statea which they now are; but I think it is as certain as demon-tratioa, that their ancient sacred boundaries, founded u*t at all on featunsof physical geography, remain ing, as they do, in oj? n defiance of mountain* aud rivers, drawn without thesligh test regard! i milit try defence, as if it were the design of Providxnce (hat we ?h< uld be bound together.not by military btm?n>, but by cords of love? boundaries resting on char ters, on prescription, and agreement, and ren fered sacred by the constitution and Uuion of th? United States. I think it cer'ain that some of those boundaries would fall the first sacrifice to a ?eyata tion of the Union lloyou suppose that tbiriv ua? Siaua, when the ties which bind ihetn are hr >kea atid when thia scramble for separate power ahal b<gin, are going to | ay strict regard io those uu.-te ? and myatical entrenchments within whn n stout little Khodrlsland? which, iu companion with ?oin other States, ia rather a corn fit Id or u flower g irleu than a Stale? lies as securely forutivd a* vour owu imperial State of New York, which hol<i- tk> Hudson in the hollow of her baud, a I e* erciaea her colossal limbs from the lakes to i:te ocean? (Oreut applause) When the I'mon n dissolve*4, do you think that h >ly coua i.j'umi! spell will remain unbroken which preveuu your |>owerful neighbor, Pennsylvania, enthroned upon the Alleghanie*, with the broad Susq-je hunnah for her spirkling cincture, and the twin tributaries of the Ohio for the silver filM* <>f her la mj'l? !?. from raising so mu h as a fcuger sgtiusi gallant little Delaware, which nes lea seen rely within the fringes of the gorgeous robe of her queenly sister? Before the revolution, there were controversies about boundary between many of the contermmoua States They were a^iiltc-ite* by the Privy Council, often arbitrarily enouga, g?nerally against the larger, and in favor ot toe weaker colonies. But the decision exe ut<-d naeif. I'ucif i?u)?mrrr mm em was the motto of the h onaa government They dend"d aa they pl-ated. If the colomea liked the decision, it was well; if ihev did not, they might do Kemething else, I >r which there is a bomelv word, which I will not re,*al (laughter) When the royal government wu thrown ofl, some of these controversies su-viveil; some new ones sprung up. There had bri-a, or were, disputes between Pennsylvania ami Virginia. IVnnaj lvsnin nnd Connecticut, New York and M assachtisetta, Massachusetts and all the oiler New England colonies. But first, the old coiife deraiion, with its tribunal* (such as ihey wee*) and still more, the happy constitution of I7IW, breath* d ita own vitality arid power into tii?> aa tient monuments ot the land l)iaput>-? were s -t tled, controversies adjusted The grniua of the Union, with the law of the hnd in her right hind, and the law of love in the left, |>eianhu lated (to use the surveyor's expression) the linea between border S'ates, and discord c* iae<l But, gentlemen, if you divide this Union? If you tske from these boundaries the character of aeca nty which is attached to them in the w y I ha*e described, what then ia to hapi^en T When those States shall start oil a new c.ireer of ae|fi*h aaceat srey they will not he held hsck by parchment ntlea from dead kings *nd queens of l.aglaiid, whose bones for two hundred yeara have been hu ldle i <s the cr)pts of Wi Rtimiiaff r Ab^ey. ( \ mShu -e ) Why, when I was in London a few yean^go. 1 had to procure a copy of a patent grant-d by the Duke of York, afterwards Jam*a 1 1 ,tobe used ia a controversy, I believe, between New Jers -y .sd Delaware, about Pea Pt'ch Island, of which. I suppose, you have all heard and I also had to procure a larg* f*tm volume I papers to be used in a controversy between my wn State of Massachusetts and Rhode Llaad. at 0 boundary, which ran hack to the charterof lt?."9, and which whether it ta set-led at the i>re?en'. d ,y 1 am ashnmed to say 1 do aot certainly know And now, when this family of S ates? (no. uot a family of States, for we are going to reject that kindly neme end the bleseen thing it expr?s*e?.) ? but when this group of hostile and rival States ana I start on with heated passions and exasperated ha treda on their new career, can their boundari'a be I rotected by dasty parchments, aigned by hand* which are thus lon,j turned to dust 1 Sir when w? 1 have repudiated our Madison and H on lion ; )ea, | sir, your Hamilton- when we have repudiated their work, 1 don't think we aregomg iop.?> super stitious deference to the work of t)harle?, aad Jstnes, and Klixabeth- when we have turned a deaf ear to the voice of Washington sn l A lama, and Jefl?rson, and Kranklni? the M"ae? aud the Propheta of our pclitical dis|>eiisaiiv?n? ('?rrat theering) ? I say, when we have turned a desf ear to them, do you think we are jrtnng to permit a creature like the Duke of York, w bom his own people, aye, his own daughters, drove with scorn from the throne, to riae from the dead, after two hundred year*, and govern us by a riper sceptre* Then, gentlemen, as to the .Supreme ourt of the United State* I do not know what others may think on the subject, but for myaelf, sir, (sddreneed to Chancellor Walworth, who aat b) Mr Kverett'a side) I will say, that if all the Isbors. the sacrifices, and the waste of treasure nnd blood, from the first landing at Jamestow-i or Plymouth, wt re to give ua nothing else hut the Supreme ('ourt of the United State*? thia revered tribunal for the settlement of international die putea, (for such it ia)? 1 should aay the sacrifice wsa well made 1 have trodden with emotion the threshold of Weatminater Hall and the Palace cf Justice in France? I have thought with respect of a long llns of illustrious chancellora aad judges, surrounded with all the insignia of office, clothed in scarlet and ermine, who, within theae splendid halls have, without fear or favor, admin istered Justice between powerful litigants Bat it ia with deeper emotions of reverence? it is with something like awe? that I have entered the 8a Court at Washington It ia not that 1 have those straias of forensic eloquence rarely equalled, never surpassed, from the Wtrta, the Pmkneys, and the Webster*; it is because I have Seen there a spegiuea of the perfection sf the meea

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