Newspaper of The New York Herald, February 26, 1851, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated February 26, 1851 Page 1
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THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 670 1. ' MORNING EDITION? -WEDNESDAY, FEBRUARY 26, 1851. ... PRICE TWO CENTO. JNEWS BY TELEGRAPH. THIRTY-FIRST COdORKSI. SKCOND SESSION. lin?Ui BY Norsk's VAonmc telegraph. rrrrri cobneb or beaveb and hanover streets. Wash iwwTof | Feb 25) 1851 fxtitions. in Mars. Clark and Hale presented petitions f*r th* T??janl of th* 1 ugitive Slave lav. Two privat* blllshave passed. Motions to toko tip various bills were dsbatsl and '.0(t. MILITARY ASYLUM. Jarrcnson Davis m?v*d< and the bill to found a mili tary asylum for th* wounded and disabled soldiers of ?.h? United States was tak?i> ?p, and after being read and slightly amended# was ordered to be engrossed. AUDIT! HO PRINTERS' ACCOUNTS Mr. B*blaiu> introduced a joint resolution, autbo - iaiag the Ssoretary of the Senate and the Clerk of th* Boas* to audit printers' accounts during the re cess ot Congress. Engrossment ordered. RIVKB AND HARBOR RILL. Mr. John Davis reported baok trh<* Hirer and Harbor 'will without amendment. Two private Mill were passed. CALiroRNIA AFFAIRS. Mr. Peari e moved, and, alter debate, the Senate took op th* bill directing that all moneys collected in California, a* revtnues from duties ou goods imported '.her*, from th* oommenoemeat of the war t? Novem b*r 12. 1848, bv all military officers and others, slull b* paid into the Treasury of the United States, ani direotlog such officers forthwith t* suttls their an counts from th* sum colleoted. which is puppotsd t be about two millions of dollars; one hundred ail seventy- Are thousand dollars are allowed for the ex peases of the California Convention, and one hun4re thousand dollars heretofore expanded l>y Calil ornia tor th* relief of overland emigrant*. Mr.< s explained the b'll. aud said all entries of goods la California, prior to November 12. lnj, wet.* illegal, and th* vassals ware liithie to confiscation; out the military authorities undertook t > collect "those duties fer the sake of the conreuienoe ot thu merchant*. It wa* hardly probable the . :nonsy expended to pay the excuses of the conven tion, and reli*ve the emigrants would be received. Xha bill proposed to allow these items and required the balance to be paid into the treasury Mr. 0 win moved an amendment, that the esponse.1 of th* tie facta government of Califomi* Irom the d ite of the treaty ol peace until the State govern m^ut went a to operation should also be allowed, and that the du ties collected between the date ot the treaty to 12th November. 1849. b* paid to the State of California. He entered Into an argument showing that the du ies war* Illegally collected, ant ihouli be paid to Ca lifornia. Mr Peabce replied, and said the collection of duties waa illegal; but if the military authorities had not usurped authority to collect duties the vejsels aud cargoes would have been forfeited to t-ie United ri'ates. Messrs. Walkkr, Gwin. Pearcc and Kwini; coutlaufl th* debate, and the amendment was rejected - yeai 11, jays 81. Mr. Owin moved to amend by directing that out of '.be revenue colleoted from imports into California -hree hundred thousand oolUrs should be appropri ated to defray the expenses of tbe Btate government up to the time of the admission of the Btate A long debate ensued upon ths poll -y ot admitting California at the time she was admitted. Mr Kantoi l advocated the amendment, and thought that California was entitled to receive all the revenue collected there, [and on this ground he would rota ..'or It. Th* amendment was agreed to, and the bill was or dered to b* engrossed the rjsTAnr bill Waa then taken up. but the hour was so late that Mr. Borland desired to postpone his sp-fich ajainst It. After debate the bill waa postponed. Th' rieotte Chen went into *xecutiv* session aad soon afterwards -adjourned. Mouse of H?prestntaUT(s< SY BAlt^'S KLBCTKO-CHIUCCAL TKI.KOP.APit Wasminoton, Feb 26, 1851. CALIFORNIA CUT DOCK Mr Btanton (dem.) of Tean , from ths Committee on Naval Affairs, mad* a report, oonViudlng with a ref lation that th* 11 o use approv* of th* eourss of th S*cr*tary of th* Navy in executing the law of las oeaeloa, authorising the eonstruotloa ot a floating look, basin aad railway, la San Kranclsco. and lee ao i r*as*n far farther delay, by retarding th* contractors Ulsasrs. Dakia, Moody, Becor it Gilbert. Mr. Jonis (dem ) of Tenn., moved to lay th* r<pi>r And reeoluiion on the table? not carried- yeas 8>, jaysV* Mr. Tmmii (whig ) of Ga , oppo*?d th* r-iolu'ion 'The report, be Mid. neemrd to approve the eoum o the B*or*tary ol the Navy. bat h* mi* that th ? 9* iary think* that a dock lor all purp >* ?? ohm be con structed lor halt a millloa ot dollar* inetead < t a mil ,'ion and a hall, a* bo* propoiad II* knew that cavi nharg** are pending a(T*ctlng perioo* connected with :h? transaction* and Cohere** ought to tu*penl ! motion until the oharge* can be looked lot >. Mr. Btaktor *ald that th* ofj-r ol th* department i *li accepted. and tb* depart m-nt otiler-d tba Mat r*et to b* drawn, and it *u eft?-r tbk* th* r?*>mtlon wa? l!*r*d Mr Toombc repeated tbat tb* contra *t hai ot b*?a concluded and movad to refer th* report to tba Coin _2il<t*e of tba Wbol* on tb* State 01 1 6- UdIoo Mr. Steer** replied to Mr Toomhi vindicating th* character of the tranea?tlon aoJ Mil that th* dt y dock In. Haw York coat two million ot dollar*, and w nM aot perform on* tenth of th* *ervlfl* o f tb* cob iloa iiona ot etruoturea on the Pa^itl a noaat cost in,( two :hlrd* 1*** money Hrnty M Weston hal created thedlffi'iliv towhi.-h Sir>? had alluded. Th* noralng bour had now expired and th* Ilouie want Into Committee on th* t itii *itn inn om?tio treeorei* i to* ail.L Among tba amendment* not entertained wa n* 4 tiered by Mr McOewvll. to Indemnify Mr K Mr Q?i*?kli.. (whig) of Me** . c fT*r*d*n aiu*a i . n " aubetltutlng "br in*' for ' foreign ' valuation on im ported ??rchandif*. and authorizing th* appointment of fear appraiser* at larg* Tba Chairman. Mr. B< *t, declared th* amendment cat of ordar. Mr. Arxwi y, (whig ) of Mail , appealed from th* !?? clelon. Tb* Chairman wai -ustam'd aye* Ol. nay* 80 Mr (whig ) of Pa . offered an amendment, what alUr tb* fifteenth day ?f April a*at datletaa thoriaed to be Impoeed by tb* ajt ot 1 Ml ?ball bs *? pt*?ed agreeably to the average ?*lu* whi-h aimllar I artielea bora in Morton. New V*rk. Philadelphia, i ? harleeten and New Orleans on tb- first D? -?mb?r 1946 when raid act went Into effect. whenever any mannfaatnr'd artlele Imported pav* |e*i riutv than i* v: barged on the raw material el which It i ? la ptrt or ' whole com po*?d, euch article* eS*ll pay tan p< r cent j a or* ad valorem; brandy and other eptrlf*. two bun dr*d percent; and the dutiet on other manufacture* lo be inoreaaed. The Ch*ibm** decided th* amendment out of order. And wai enetalned ajeeSI nay* IW Mr. Uiiiaui offered an amendment, proposing ad- j htieaal dutle* on all kind* ol Iron and various mill. feet are* an a Imposing datlea oa certain article* n >w exempt from duty. The committee then rooo, and th* blU wa* rep rte I t* th* 11 our e Th* amendment* were concurred in. and the bt.l paaeed yea* 117. nay* U. Tb* Senate e amendment* to I ndian appropriate s bill war* eonrurred In. Af(*r whlah. the lions* toek a reeeM. The Hnuie met again at ai> o'clock in e*>a .aitte* tnd took up th* B?nat* immlm nt to th* W**t 1' at Academy bill appropriating twelve thoutand dollar* tor th* ereation ot a rldiag *chool Mr. Iwiktiik, (dam.) of Ohio, moveJ to m ike it a ilenclng **h*oi. Mr. Jom* A. K t*i. . (whig) of N?w York defend*'! the aropoeed appropriation. allowing the ne?**elty for ? tiding ecbool. to flt the cadet* for cavalry Mr iT**tkr. (deal ) of Ohio. <.pp t?*d the anisi. iment ? It wa* to train tb*m up Hand boi *?ld<*r*. and edo-'et* I hem In ? olrcn* ring They were to be *heiie, ed fr >m tho*nn. aad their del laale fer?* protected from th > : lewi of bearen Booh a proposition could originate inly with the old men of the Senate who have finlehei their out-door riding. (Much .aughtor ) Th* Senate amendment wa* dl?*gre*d to. Th* coaimltt** then took U| the h||| ? ppropriali n { | three million* one hundred ami eighty thousand dol .an for tha payment of the I aet Inttalinent to Metis >. wndrr th* treaty of (ildalgo Mr. ?*?***. (whig) of N. Y . eppo-ed th* unan* ( horotofor* adopted of paying the money thr'tiKij fotetgn hank ere and proposed to advertlee f >,? pro,* ? eala for th* payment In th* nature of a loan fhU would eienpt U( from all iurml*** and *u*ptrlvn* of Jfr Crfve took no part with Ihe baakar*. H* looked apon th*1r *?rambl* for the money li ia? hlark t*g*ov*r agambllar table, for the laH *tak*, aad ??! fooated the faying of the moi. ?y to Meiloo herwif at 1 ?oh* deeervee Mee*r* Tetu**. (whig f of fl* , and Vrwra*. (*hi| ? it Ohio continued th* d*bate and in faver of leaving <othc oteantivc th* arrangement for paying the tao ??ami. a* heretofore. Mr (free ?oll). of Me>*achu**tt*. *ald tbtt *Mr. Weboter wonld aot be th* man ha wonll *ntru<t to mak* tb* arrangement* for the payment of tbi* none* U* repeated what wa* notorious, that wb-a Mr Webeter wa* oalled to take the office ol Heoretary -of ftat? and receive the compensation whleh th* g >? verencit deem* *ufflol*nt for the trncal *npport of * jrepnhlW-an officer, h* entered Into ? negotie'ion Ihe ia*ult*l which we* tbat he received t eenij fivetheti **ad dollar*. rel*e 4 In Wall ctroet New York and a I 'ire amount in State afreet. He?ton. Mr Allen b* !*v*d there wore m*n in thi* Hone* who have *?>*? ? dgc of tlAi fact ~(Crl*c, ' Nam* them") ll-trut-d he whig party hed not *c far departed from It* pnrlty ? f former 4aj* a* to *tand np aod vlodlc*t* or pol ate 'he traneaetl.m. end he tru*t*d tbat tb* d.-in**'aii* #arty however divided, jet r*taia*d *aough ol aa*i*at faith and ancient honor to inquire into thll matter' and to put their foot of slern indlg nation upon it, if tatiifiedof the fact. Mr. Aihmvk, (whig,) of Mat* . replied, and said hi* colleague was the oaJy one who dared malignantly to stand up and attempt to dUparage M. Webster, to endeavor to defame no distinguished a fellow oitlsea. The honorable m>tnber has sat at hi* board, partaken ot hit salt; did he thru meditate this deep design llut ha (Mr Ai-hmuu,) did out rise te vindicate Mr ?'?b ster; the world will take care of the Secretary of State, whose own work* would vindicate him Ha, with his colleague, h?d seen a letter in the Boston .itU s, written bjr a correspondent In thi* city, which fays that a member of this House i* in pctseseion ot* facts which would oonvlct the Secretary of State of treason and corruption, and that he was about to oiler a resolution of Inquiry. He (Mr.Ashmuu) had the paper ia hi* drawer, waiting for the member to introduce bis resolution. There was connection somewhere He did not know who the writer ii, but the writer expressed himself ia werds similar to those used by Mr. Allen to- night. There was a coniplracy? not one man but more. For week* the resolution may hare been in the member's drawer, oharglngMr. Webster with corruption and treason; and every day be (M r Aohmun) had been looking to see who was bold enough to put himself In the situation of an accuser, all was silent uutil this late hour of the night, nnd near the close of thd session, and no man dared to oiler a retolution. But the member gets up and with out any other responsibility then an individual one, throws out to the world insinuation* intended te cruelly injure a citizen of hi* own State. The uism ber had experienced kindness at the hands of Mr. Webster more than once He should weep for the injustice he had dona him. The charge is, that gentlemen of New York aid Boston, who knew Mr Webster's pecuniary inability totake the position he libw holds have assisted him. He iMr. Ashmun) was proud to say, that he had the honor of confidential intercourse with Mr Webster. It was oii? ol the richest enjoyments of his life, and he was not aware of what had been asserted and charged, if so, he had nothing to fay in relation to it. It' so, I* there anything in it, even to the greatest exteet, to which it is asNertetl, to detract from Mr. Webster's honor. Suppo^ It true, that in geueroslty and jus tice, free traders and tariff men, merchants and me rhanics are deposed to mak* him presents. I wish my colleague could so act to command that kind of consideration is there anything to im peaoh Mr. Wtbrfter's integritj ' Let the bold de tainers stand forth? tor one 1 stand forth, to meat the attack. I believe tho hone.'t and generous hearted ot ihie House would meet it. Let him put his charge* in a specific form. Mr H 11.1. lAtiu characterized Mr. Allen's remarks as a malignant assault on the Secretary of State, and eulogised Mr. Webster's general character a* a patriot and inaa, and said that he stands stronger in the al tectioie of the purple than before these shafts were leveilt d at him. The committee rose at ten o'clock, and the House adjourned Items from Washington. DESPATCHES FROM BHA/.IL ? PRESIDENT'S MESSAGE ? RlVklt AN;> HARBOR HILL, ? FOREIGN CONSULS ? MAYOR OK GEORGETOWN, ETC. WisHi^orors, February 24,1850. Important despatches have been received at the departments from, through Midshipman Thomas H Looker, who bus just arrived. '."l e .Judiciary Committee of the Senate will meet tc-Kbrrow on th? President'* Boston message, but nothing will probably be done. The River and Harbor kill is certain. Qood progreis if making with the Appropriation bills Henry Addison was yesterday re-*l*ot*4 Mayor of Georgetown. The following Consuls were confirmed by the Se nate:? David R. Ditlendertfer, of Penniylvania. for Paso del Norte. Mexico; Oliver Ellsworth ot Connec ticut, for (Jalto. Iqnator: Henry L. Parkam. of Ten nesce* for Itio 0 rande. Brasil; KdwardA Hopkins of Vermont, ft.r Paraguay. South America Carusl's birth night ball went off in fin* *tyl* last night, and was brilliantly attended. V(>t? of Thank* to Mr. Secretary Webster. Uasaistuso, Feb 16 18>1. The following jclnt resolution has finally passed the house of Representatives of Pennsylvania, com mendatory of the letter of the Hon. Daniel Webster to Chevalier II ulteman -- Resolved, that the thanks of this Legislature are eminently Id to the lion Daniel Webster. aad that they be and are hereby tender*)! to him for the very ab'ennd patriotic manner in which he ha* vindicat ed the well rstabli-hed principles of the government ot the United States in regard to foreign nations, In his letter to Chevalier llulsemaa ( barge da Affairs Irom the government of Austria to the United States, dated Dec 1st, 1810. The Late Outrage at Baaton, 4te. Boston, February 'it. 1851 In the case of Cbarle* 0. Davis, for aiding In the late rescue of the lugttive slave. Shadrach Richard U. Data closed for the defence. He spoke of the present extraordinary state of thing* - th- proclamation of the I'rnidfEt- the rumored sending of troeps to Biston ? Boston in a state of siege ae , while ail w*a compara tively quiet here He thought that th* peopls of Masiarhusset* while th* law was in fore*, wjuld not forcibly resist it It Massachusetts was a pro vince had no voice in passing su< h a law It would have caused rebellion here He said that th* people must resott to discussion and the ballot-box to.' btain its repeal 11* argu*4. at length, that the prout was not pi.rhcient to send up the accused. Th* pi'trlrt Attorney followed in reply. The court then auj' urned till te-morrow morniog, when *n *piaion will be given. Partus are rallying for the election ef Senator to morrow It is thought that the pro*p*ot* of Sumner have not bt?n improved by r*eent event*, aad that h* cannot I)* elt>ct*d. Fioo* Haytl. HAMt or MIOOUNO, a0aIN*T Till CAPTAIN or TIIK BIIIP I.KANDKR H.nroi, V eb 25. 1151. Letter* from Cape lleytien. to February 7th. reaeived by a Orm Id thla city, atate that tbe (loop ot war Albany bad arrived there from Havana. to look Into the matt*r ol tb* arr-at and datentlon In prlaoa ol tba captain ofthe A?"riran brig Lranler, on an uofaund f t charge of smuggling Tba authorltlea had acknow ledged the juitlce of the oUlui tor damagee. and thread to pay the mm lemandad f'l ik)0. but thl* ;.r#mlfe waacaly a v. rbel on# Captain Piatt aaid h? ; ahotild d'patcb a #tate moat of the matter t<> Wa-hlng tor and a?h leev# to return and enforce tba payment. It It waa not bef tv voluntarily made Tb* autaort HM at rape llaytlen had ?l?.'ed Captain Plat: on ' hoard tfte Albany, and were mueh |.|*aa-d with thalr rrreptloii The Albany aalled oa lb# 6th, on h?r ra- . turn to Havana Ccffee wai ?caret, and American prorUI ni were { |M ?y 1 lie F r? ahet In (he Hartaon HITtr? 1?Tl|a< tlon Rianmed. Aimhi Fab. 31 l*?l The water I* about four laebe# daep t n the floor# of tba #tor*i on tba pier, and I* atUI ri#lng Tb* Oregon arrived h?re at eevea o clock thli mora' j Inn. .<-b? enccuaterel #on?e floating loa near Peugh keep'le; but the h?avr bend wind la?t night drove nil tbe lea above that place aehore giving b?r n good ! darnel to Albany Weather bright and eold. Hen* f Blow at PUtettHrgh, ?fce. FiriNVIuN. Km 8ft. 1960. | A terrific gala peeaej over tbla cltf yeaterday. an- , a'tenlng >t##trer? from their mocriege and oarrylag them with {reat rlol*nee again#! tha bridge plara. and drifting a great dlvtance np the river, blowing down ? bimneya fence# telegraphic polaa. In., and It la aup j.r-e?d iBiaiea#* <1am*r* ha? been dnn# In tha country. I Ther< are elgbton feet wa'er In tha river andatUI rulrg Fr eight to Cinrlnr a; I 10 eenta A email break In tbe meal hn# prevented Ita opening to-day. DeMturtlTr Fire ait Vllta? Fanrtnn lloraea Bnrned. Un, ?, Fab ?6, 1M1 . Mar#h##' II fry etaMe at 'ached to tha City Hotel, In thl* rlty, wm burned at two e'oloek thla m">rnle?. Inurtetn hor#?a w*r? consumed Vary little or ne property aaved Origin of the Are unknown. Lo#? e#-unat dnt about ??.OU only inaured. Sup posed to be tbe wnrb of nn Ineendtnry. ^appnatd .Wnrder In RnlTale. ?vrrai.O, February It. 1861. "he body of a woman anppoaed to have been mur dered. we* discovered thla morning near Parker a t* at yard, op the canal Her name wee Catherine l.auly. The bod? heara marka of violence. A aaen. nam>d Water# baa bean erraatad, on aaaploloa of bring coat erned in tbe affelr. Market*. NiaOitnaa, Feb M, Mil. There I# 1ner*a*ed activity In tha market tor cotton elnee my ln?t bat price# em depreeeed end tnvor the pi.rcl e?er The traneectlona for two daya aaoaat to IP Crtto bale#, leclud'ngtmlddllng, at intfe There le ea advancln# t*nd*aev la frelgbta, and there le a fair aircnat offer ir? Owner* of veaewl# are a#blnf \? per |h f? r eattoa for Mverpool. aad are hear of aoae ea g?g> ment# et thl* high rate, ae many holder# prefer #>ndlng *he?r anppllea te that market to dlapoalag ef th? m aev? at tha very lew price# now enrreat la other market* there la ae elteratloa ef lapertaaee t# r-pnrt. MEW YORK LEGISLATURE, 8?b?U< bt morse's magnetic tklkorafh., Feb 36, mi. PETITIONS. Three of the Board of Assessors of the oity or Now Tork. for a law subjecting all foreign com panto* aid masulacturlng companies to taxation. HILL! ItrOITID. Mr. Cboi.ius reported favorably on Assembly bill, to provide tor an agrnt to represent the State of New York at the World'a Fair, and providing for his com pensation. Mr. Cboi.ius reported adverse U the Assembly bill to appoint five persons by the LeglMature to repreeent the State of Ne w York at the World'* Kalr, to serve without compensation, and the Senate killed the bill Mr Cook reported a bill aasendln; several laws re lating to life inKuranoe companies. UNITED STATES SKNATOR. The bill providing for the election of Senator in Congress was called up. and Messrs. Morgan. John son, Schoonmaker. Qnddes, Bookman Cook Carroll, and Baboock addressed the Senate, explaining thoir poiiUon. Assembly. Albany. Feb. 2*, 1851. rcTirioiii rnutiiiKO. To compel the railroads between Syracuse and Baf falo to lay down a double track within elghtean months; to abolish tolls on the oentral railways of this State; ten. to prohibit the nale of intoxicating drinks; to stay the oolleotlon of rents on manorial lands, three, to preveut the jails of the State from being um! to oonfine fugitive slaves, seven, to repeal the ties school law; to prevent treasonable meetinxs In this State un der a proper penalty , against par redemption of ooun try bank notes, in the cities of New York and Albany; to make It a penal offence to remove a tree citiien from this State against his will; three. to compel the flew York and Krio Railroad Company to carry out the ori ginal provisions of their charter; of citisens of New York, asking that the Commissioners of immigration may be elected In the same manner as Governors of Black well's Island. IWSSTS. Mr. Townsxno reported unfavorably on the bill al lowing Notary Publios to tako oaths, acknowledge ments, he. Mr. Bi.aceitone reported favorably on the bill pro viding for the appointment of an additional number of Commissioners of Deeds for the oity of New York. Mr Vuaui introduced a bill incorporating the Union Steam Navigation Company; also a bill tor an appropriation to the Institution for the Blind. Balling of tho Mexico, dee New Oiti.k*.ia, Feb 30. 1861. The American mall steamship Mexia > sailed from this port yesterday for Chegres, with 166 passengers In the case of Oen Henderson, now on trial, oharged with being eoncerned in the reoent intended invasion of the inland of Cuba, they are, as yet, unable to em panel a new jury. Meteorological Observation!. BT HORSK'S LIMI, OKK1CK lb WALL, STREET February '26-8 P M. Buffalo. ? Weather clear, wind southwoit, tter w (meter 34 barometer 29 70 Rochihtkh ? Cluar and oold, wind west, thermome ter M Auiuis.- Btailkht and cluar. wind welt. tktrmomi tar 31. Bvsacisk ?Clear, and wind north, thermometer 27. Utk-a - Evening dear, wind weet. thermometer 31, barometer 20 010 A i HANt ?Oold bat pleMant, wind north, thermome ter 37, barometer 30 ?00 Tkot.? Clear and cold, wind north thermometer 30. Br. John*, 0. K. ? Clear and fine, wind northwest thermometer 25. Bi slimjt on ? Clear, wind northwest, thermometer 30 Whitehall. ? Fine evening, wind north, thermome ter 32. City Intelligence. Hoi riitjTi of 8imtok? Hwuhik" ani> Pootk ? Gen eral Ham Houston. late President of Texas not* U d Senator, wmi entertained last evening with a mag nilioent dinner at the Irving House giren by I ha Common Council of our olty Several distinguished gentlemen froiu variou* parte of the Union were pres ent, and the brilliant affair parsed off la floe style The best of feeling was exhibited on this oooa *ioa. and the company enjoyed themselves from flee o'clock till ten Senator Houston will leave the IrvingJIouse this afternoon en route tor Wash ington, via the railroad starting from Jersey City. Senator Foots left the Irviug IJous* yesterday at temonn and was accompanied to the 8 >uthern train for Washington, by a large ocncourse ol friend*. The Massachusetts VoLUSTlUI ami Net* York Toil STrm-R>?n w *v OtMJti. Uersioi* - The Mas sarhusetta Volunteer* parade] through tne olty yes terday. escorted by the New York Volunteer* the lat ter wearing glaxed rap*, and b!ick frocks and pant*, ?with musket* and bayonets The Maetaohusett* corps wore a grey uniform and each compsny was attended by a bend. Both carried the tattered but glorious color* which they bore triumphant through the bloody strife on the plain* (it Meiioo It was a touching sp?o tacle. and awoke remlnifoences of gljry. not unuiln gled with sorrow. After marching down Broalway and round the Perk to Tanmai) Hotel the <|uar ters rt the Massachusetts compsny. who tiled inte the hotel for dinner the New York Voiunteeraentered the east gate of I he Cat k and marched in front of the City Ball where a large crowd wa* eollected, an 1 where Uen Houston, accompanied by U>- Mayor and 0<>mm >n Council, revle^fd the remains of the gallant corps with eye of a warrior, and a recollection of com panionshtp in arms which did not fall to stir the deepest emotions ol a soldier* heart. Though they were but a handful, they seemed more preolou* In the slgbt el a hero like licueton than a ecmplste regiment of inferior troops. The surviving officers were present and were dressed la their unllorm, and all (book bands with the Qeneral A touching incident took place Col Burnett intro duced a poor volunteer who had lost his arm den Houston shook him cordially by hi* only hand. The crowd seemed BUrh affected Alter presenting arms and saluting lien. Houston who uncovered the New York volunteers j t ceeded to Tammany Uotel where tbey dined with the Massachusetts men and in the evening escorted them to (he boat tor lloston The Massachusetts corps are a fine body of young men. and in number* presented a contrast to the gallant few that ate left ol the New York Volunteers. Ths. Btosm or* Mopioat asd its Enirri.-Ol Monday nigbt the rain stotm we* tollowed by ? rlo l>nt gale from the northwest when it became ex ceedin*ly eold. The ferry boats were *o retarded la their course by the itreng'b of the wind that thev eould not maka their regular trip* Several unftnlsh ed homes were damaged, both in Brooklyn and New York A large tree was blown down In Ileitis street, Rrwklfl The t ops were blown off rf some bouee* In filth avenue. Mans ot the veesel* In the North and Past river* dragged their anchors. The ship* Ange liijue and Antarctic, both lylngattheQuaranuae. were driven Irom their mooring* A* Arrasv m*rn two Mis-Ovi Kn.i.rn ? Coroner Qeer, yesterday, held an Inquest, at No 7 Jame* Slip, on the b< dv of William Muulton aged -14 {ear* who came to hit death by blow* Inflicted by tederiek Cook while engaged In a rig ha at a bouse In Cherry street It **sm* the deceased, on Sunday night last, wa* in liquor and had quarrelled with a young woman, by the name of Ann Co.-grlff. about a cup of tea The dispute arose in the kltohen and the ?. ceased used very offensive language toward* her. sailing her a bad woman and aaid he eould prove It. I She denied hi* ptwer so to do. and he beenmlng more 1 violent threw n enp at her. She than obtained the I aid ef Cook the bar-keeper, who eame into the kitchen I to ascertain the d.fflculty The deceased asked him If he wanted to take It np Cook replied that there wa* no one else to do *o, and be did not mean to stand by aiid bear Ann called *uch names Dec-aaelthen stepped up and struck Oook. and a light then ensued between t hem. In wbieh deceased receive J soma sever* blew* After the parties were separated, he left the house and went to lodge at Ne T Jam** Slip. where he retired to bed. and In the morning he was found 1 dead in hi* bed. The jury rendered verdict ' that , the deceased came to hi* death by blow* Inflicted by Frederick Cong, and that each blow* were given la I self defence." Osavo Union Cam Bail.? On Thursday the 6th of March, will be given a (Irani Union Cass Ha'l at which It I* expected Mr Cass blmselt will b* present The most active preparations and eatenslve arrangement* are being mnde for the occasion. Nsw Fraav soat on tmx DaMiLfew Ansnt Frsse ? Yesterday wa* placed en the Hamilton avenue ferry, a magnificent new boat, railed the - Whitehall " She I* the longest, largset. and swiftest boat yet built for any of tie Hrotklvn ferrlee She I* the flneet boat, toe. of them all, with the exception of the Union This concession to the people of South Brooklyn will be fully appreciated It I* intended we understand, to rnn a third boat, and nl*e to protract the lime at night till twelve o'clock Instead ef ten The latter arrange ment I* absolutely necessary tor th* prosperity of the terry and th* c-invenlense ol fie pa**enger* Tur J a VA^rs*. The lecture of T)r Bsttner on Jsvn and the Jav*D*se. having been postponed, will be d*

Itvered to morrow evening at Hope Chspel I'r It will eommunlente ngood deal of entertaining an I val uable information In relation to China a* well a* Jaw a Fin* in Cmamssi* liittT. Yesterday afternoon about one o'clock. ? fir* broh* out In lb- upper part of the building occupied a* a drug *tore by Or I'ay ton, on the corner of Chambers and Church street* It originated In a part of the house u?ed for making rbalt*. The loof wa* almost destroyed, but hy the egertions of the firemen, the damag* hy fir* wa* con fined to the upper st^ry. T*ie damage by wate?, to the drug store, was con-lder*ble, probably the lo-? I* 91 CM) The law c ffice of 8 we-ny ? Spalding adj dnlng th* drug store, wa* also drenched with water ftraious Ai < iosnt rn?M vnr Faliino cr an K?i**n*. srsr ? A serious accident occurred about 4 o'clock yesterday afternoon. In the rear of Ne 8 Second eve- j nna Several laborer* were engaged la constructing a vault of about twenty five feet in depth wh*n on* of the sides gave way. eatehlng two of the laborer* He. aeath The vanlt was walled with ston*. and th* whole weight fell upon the men Alter ngr-at deal of labor the * tow As and earth were removed and the part lea released (Tom their perilous condition fine of them was very seriously hurt, and th* ether ?tightly INTERESTING STATE DOCUMENT. The Onslaught of Gen. Sam Houston on South Carolina. THE REPLY OF 6ENBRAL JAMES HAMILTON. Boston, Feb. 22, 1851. To the Hon. Sam Houston, of the Senate of the United States ? Sir? I luve just seen in the New York Heruld of the 4th inst., an article in which you have honored me and the State of my birth and allegiance, with a notice certainly some whit distinguished, pro ceeding, as it does, from a gentleman who occupies the position you do before the country. I can take no exception to the iasll'enaive refer ence which you make to myself; 1 have as little desire aa you express, to enter into any personal controversy with you. Whatever miy have been our former relations, they are now respectful and kind. By a tacit, and, 1 hope, mutual consent, we have buried the hatchet, which is sanctified in its interment by those charities which belong to th0 best feelings of the human heart. Therefore, if you had confined your animadversions either to the mischief or inutility of my invocation to the State of Virginia, (in my recent letter to Mr. Cheves) to interpose her counsels and mediation in this crisft in the aflairs of the South, so full of peril anl anxiety, 1 should have been silent, and have allow ed the letter which you addressed to your relative, to have passed for exactly a? much as it wa9 worth, without any attempt ou my part to depreciate its value. Hut you have thought proper to assail the people of South Carolina, whom it is far more easy I to abuse than to convict of dishonor, or ot a want of an enlightened and courageous loyalty to the constitution ol their country. In reply to your ceusorial strictures, 1 will do better than alii rni 1 will prove that South Caro lina has done as much towards the iormation, stabi lity, aad teaown ot this Union, as &uy one of the S'<alee in the whole confederacy. rlhis, per haps, is scarcely according to her the measure of justice to which she is entitled. You miy regard these words as not lightly said. .1 will establish them before we finish itiis discussion. I desire to indulge in no unmeaning generalities. You will iierniit m?t now, in a summary as compendious as 1 can mike i:, to give you a brief recital of what South Carolina was? of what she is; und, ic curring to that philosophy which teaches by ex perience, what the will be, if the courage, devo tion and intelligence of her sous ailord any assur ances tor the luture. I fear, as retentive as your memory is known to be, that you have for gotten something of her history, and your fervid und gushing attachment for the Union has made you m some degree insensible to some of the les sons that history teaches. With th-se preliminary remirkj, permit me to recur, for a few moments, to what iniy t?est vin dicate her from your censures. A plain narrative of tacts will show what have been her services and sacrificed to this Union. . . Gen. Houston, you grew up in a horse raising country, and 1 presume that you have some con fidence in blood. The j>eople ol South Carolina sprung principally from the Huguenots ol trance and the Cavaliers of Kngland. They have, from that day to this, never lost one feature ot their cherished linesge. In the simplicity , in the beauty snd heroism ol his character, our gallant Marion was but the counterpart of that glorious Huguenot rhief, Plessis de Mornai, whom the setting sufs found upon his liorse, und the rising sun saluted on the battle field If the English poriion of the early colonisisot South Carolina retsiued the chivalry ot the Mock from which they spruug, they exchanged the politics of their fathers under the teaching* of Milton, Hampden, aa 1 Sidney. The greatest and most Bitted of her sous the American revolution found fashioned in the best schools of England to the of the high duties which that eventful crisis had imposed on the country, lo th? first Congress which assembled at Annapolis, tlur the passage of the Stamp Act, no colony s? nt a blither contingent of public virtue aud tal?-ui than Sooth Carolina. Although she had beeu dandli d in the arms of the mother country, as the most favored snd petted of a:! the colonies, she wan anionic the first to strike heroically lor liDerty snd ii.dei*"iid?ute. ,, , When the old colony of Massachusetts Hay and Sagadahock meditated revolution, where did sha send her youthful, her chivalrous, and her Kilted , musionaiy, Joaiah <.|uincy. a s ripling of ?s. lo South Carolina. Yes, old Massachusetts "ent her favored sen to South Carolina, to know if she would back her in stern aud resolved reMStance to British tyranny. It is, perhaps, a .e.narkable tact that on Mr. Uuwcj's arrival iu Charleston, ?'"??re he wm received wiih open arms, the most inlluen tial men in the the n colony met him at the 'house of Miles liruion, who was th.- largest merc-ant in South Carolina, engaged in ih<* Alrican slave trade, than whom a more sterling i?airioi the American Revolution never produced. Hire, in the hospita ble abode of this gentleman, was held the hist federative com lave of rebellion. Here, South Carolins, without one interest of her own touched by the mother coun'ry, one oppresiion to complain , of, through her chiefs threw down the gage of battle, and told young Quincy logo hack and tell John Hancock, Samuel Adams, John Adams, and tbe whole retinue ol the patriots of Massachusetts, that South Carolina would s.and by her in the peril and the desolation of the coming storm, bet | me pause for an instant, to ask whai has become ol ihe descendants of these men! Tney lureiy cat not be among those who seek now to hre the temple of concoid in ihisouce happy Unto? Thiff, Gen. Hou.un, is the hrst item to the credit of South Carolina in the history of ihis con Lsi us now proceed. Where did she stand in the war of the Kevolation 1 what were h?r battles, her sacrifices, and her sutleriogn . The hrst victory of that Revolution was so- i nounced from her own cannon? for Bunker s Hill, although a glotioui struggle, was no victory. On the 'AH* of Jane, 177W, our gallant Moultrie repulsed < ne of the bestappointf d British fleets that ever visited our coasts. After this event South Ca rolina resisted the whole blandishments of oriuah diplomacy in the endravour to win her from her alliance with the oih? r colonies The only tt ply she made lo these solicitations were made at kam oen, the Cow pent, Eutaw.aud the Hanging Ivock. 1 his is the seeond item. General Houston, to her ciedn, in ihe history ol ihis confederacy. She lought for independence and for union Alter ihe termination of this war, to the scccess ol v* hich she so powerfully contributed, what n?-xt 1 wn her conduct ! She went in.o the Convention wlith formed the Constitution of these l nitea Staus, more thoroughly devoted to the formation ol n iiatu nal constuatun thHn any one of ihe states^ There w? re no *tars in the lirmainent of that greai ; assembly which shone w ith greater biifUint ssthaii these- she se nt It h a fact beyond all dispute that her del. gallon most zealously sustained every pro vision in the* Constitution calculated to sirenfctnen tfce national government. . This, General Houston, is the third item to the credit of South Csrolins, in the history ol this conie Although her public men were intimately asso- i elated wiih the ?' father of our county in the war of ih?- Hevolulion, and shared his confidence and estei m to tu unbounded extern, yet, when Hie danger* and hereaieaof federalism fvc%me mi- ^ nifeat, the great body of |te-opl*> deserted ih?u an cient leaders, and declared their adheaion to the pnnuptes which Virginia had sanounced inner cel? brat.d maii'f?ato of 17W, a t <1 which was sig nalized by ihe victories which Thomas I e Wet seen ii. d Madison won in ihe civil hiitory of our country. I'<e it remembeied, too. that when she \? >. .i |i>r Th< maw .)? II. t ? 'M hi- could hive inane | one of the most beloved aud gif:ed of h?r sobs 1 re sidint of these Unit<d Slates, by her own vole, il ?hr h*d consented for one mono nl to have com pton.iieo h< r principles. . . . lW? Tliis, ( !en? rsl Hmiston, Is th* tin Hem in the history of ihis confederacy, to the credit of South Carolina From this period to the war of IS12 her iniiMDolny and loyalty to the Union wf re ?? cob rpiruotia aa the abin'y and geniua ot her r?*prraen la i*ea were ie?plenri< nt in huauining it. Although wr hml tcarceiy ? wainio to h? in?prra*ed, or a ahip to hp m<>lp?tfd on the ocran by Ureal Britain, wf Wfnt in (or the national honor of thr country, with un|urnir(1iial?'d gallantry, which waaatakrd i'n ikll war. No arcurarii hlne liflit m*dr " night hdrona" <? i.tir coaat? our trraaurv waa i>our>-d mm thr r khatiatrri treoaury of thr Union, and our ion* bled ?n ihr a<n, and on almoat every battle Pf Id Oil Ihf Infill 1 hir in thr Kth item, General Houaton, is the hiatnry of tiaia confederacy, to the credit ?f Month Carolina A I'e r the termination of tkia war, her l<?y? | attachment to the Union continued witho it 1 abatement. Great as was her interest in freetrade, I bhe opened a reduction ol the revenie duties, | hb she was not desirous of breaking down the induatry of the Northern State*, where large | investments had been made in manufactures, un | der tht enrrursgement and atimulua that war had atiorded. ller generous concessions were con verted into an absolute right, on the part of a heed It *e majority, to shackle the < mire iu<luatry of the country by a system of monouoly and restriction na odioua as it waa tyrannical 1 need not recite to you the steps by which thia monstrous system of injustice at last reached its detestable maximum of prohibition, in the tariir of 1828. South Carolina, single handed, atruck for the freedom of the in duatry of the whole country. No base slanderer ?hall rob ua of the glory of thia victory. The odioua tariff was repealed, and a solemn pledge waa given to the people of the South that the dutiea should be|hereafter levied lor revenue, and not for protection, although the latter might be in cidentally promoted. This, General Houston, is the aixth glorious item to the credit of South Carolina, In the history of : thia confederacy. Alter this triumph, accorded in a spirit of so much justice and amity by a majority of both branches ! of Congress, South Carolina returned to the track i of her old loyalty to the Union; but, unfortunately, ! it waa hut a temporary truce. A gang of unprin | cipled demagogues, in comparison with whom i Cataline and Cethagua were patriots and honest i men, made the discovery that, by agitating on the subject of slavery as a question of political power, ' they could tuminon to their aid the inlluence of ' the pulpit, and light the tires of a fanaticsm which 1 would give them a control over the government of the Union, even if that Union was lust in the con flagration they had kindled. Jn the darkness of this night, did South Carolina ascend the watch tower and treacherously call out that ?' all was well," when we were in the midst of this peril ! No. She mtt it at the threshold; she denounced the outrage, and demonstrated at once the viola tion of that coni|>uct by which the rights of the slave holding Slates were guaranteed. She brought into this discussion an august intellect which is now hushed in the repose of deatu. No man could meet the mighty argument which he enunciated, and reason was triumphant where even prejudice could not be subdued. I maintain, fearless o.f con tradiction, however deeply I deplore the present excitement in South Carolina, that the re-actiou which has tuken place in the non-sUveholding States, on the subject of slavery? the scolt* and shouts of execru'.iou which are lavi?hed upon the Wilmot proviso, and all the farago of an atrocious fanaticism? are to be atl ributed to the attitude which she early assumed in this controversy. The Wil mots have fallen so low that there is no newsboy, even in the streets of Washington, who would now do them reverence This, Gen. Houston, is the seventh item to the credit of South Carolina, in the history of this con federacy. * r"* r.lTm .. Hie celebrated Missouri rnm, ? " ttfh"nPd i a grossly aild ii?<ranI)y VIo|,n ?MV h*s **?? California, yet it is enough ik ? rerntoiy of ?he people cf the orherfiuJSiS sSl nM^ortV of quiffctd in Unit u i?n? ^u7ni iuve ac tOFubmit to what seerVs tV?UC '"'k C4ro,loa of the force of a moral neceMitv"* ?!. in g ua outrage of this km.i Jn* ,h en uv,,n? o' j'tecipitatn.g ihc couiitrv m! rt"8P?a8ibility think no i ,* C,V|1 w*r. I election, 'l cannot "sUt 1 7 6 he,,,tat" ia *'? adopting the lanouonr ot nn i Vi"IJ loa ^ere and phifoacphic&i' of mudm '?e Inoslkrautiful and justly Mvf>" Tu a(,Ul or<' who Hays, | bumuu movements, there are V..0,!Utl0B,,: " 'n *" ditions, ns w?|j ntuH*r,i. f Ce"*? ethical^con and "lie meS CX.* ,*hVi,h moral* as well n* i^nce ? w?rha* ita all controversies the , ul!*,?fv''r, 8,f*riiof which involves Innocent ,!Ir, lng' H8 " 10 ">*< i'Mrttn bringing it atom whi't^T htVe had no worst of .is c?.nse?iuenc^^ ?yet.imay "ufler 'he It should be the I?,,st solemn of' h'um ' '** 'V' " ' liopr that mi roiin.,?? J '".r?" resolves '* ibis ioUbib resolve, will bring' hr ?'e ,thel mike '"nil at ore* the halm ^ii 5? . t to l"**?r bo When, therefore. iSitif .nTiV/' U'T tru,t dressed to Mr C'hevea.from TV Li . 1 1 ai* Hon ?f Virginia, ] looked in ik ' ,e UK('rl)0?i biiity. if the invobi <1 ? ,.? *" Pre-<minent proba etn 8iai< m at her cam la I ?ia" lh'" 's???"b thoiized forma of th/ir reai^?ven Undrr thf au" ? pacific aolutmn of thei hn! co" ??nutiona, that *?? achieved, oZftki?ZZ*'CO?Porenr m'??" not de?m pf, h&MP Uri(irr '"Po^'We? which I did ?olutK-n might be con.umm?i*rf ? .,K<fency~'tt* d,#" sion of a civil war whiehih! ? W1"1"1" ">e convuJ oue or more of'thpSu,^ ''T* of country, i do not shrink nSe?^11 ,CI on the the responsibility ?f ,h14 r^c ?mm?UHr,"'nj,,e' fr,,fn line it to be Wl?. ptcifu- Inrf T n|d*"wn 1 h?" South Carolma couW not do lr fh , W"?? ! ence, \'ir?uii'i n.. 'hi for the want of i0fju. t'ney and effect. If bh^n!" W,lh sre,t H? her honor, mid the honor n^V! 1,01 D0W coa""d?,r staked i n the ?oo<i /huh v. 1 S"uth, as Slave Uw is to le enforr i w{|u'h 'he Fugitive irg S tate?? if, ? thta Jo?t .h" 'hr n,on-l?vehold c??il "for thr ninty-nijah I^n n!#? ?!re.',Vpd to must have mad* un 1 ?f * ^*ir"-ahe creiitu toouradvrrvanr. ?'nH / f n.der at dl?" no fault with South Cwollna fr tr,'l^,'r c*n find throws hrrielt ,he breach | ^ a-,rance? ?"d ?r?" not <iuite as .-rood a rrorhrt <,rn"a|. y?" , ?taferm?n The mkomh,. , J?u may be a ? n which you Progno, " ite hl'n^r^'1*' ^ l?w, like Ik, llaf. yon wL A;1'^ ?'?ve good city of itoaton r?.rL ' ,,<face ln ,he 232?" ? '?>" -< SeT^CUa o'fK I fr.r, how, ver .hVt th'e ^ i0^ ""i ^ ,V-r,h^ the lattrr will hair to i ? r a ol before a conviction of ih* ? f-r nittrp '"imme nt <>" l?w will ri J, ' !1::'11' "I 'xecunng pt'blic opinion, not on?/ ,? ii!' , r!rri,rnt forc'- of ?l ol. gy f?r \ e imoift at Vfi mm! do 1 'h'ok *"UT your nronheev h i mori? succea^tul thin ieX/SS m&lml'u ZF,?:tFu,tkta- yo" cl'? >*' LefUlaSwTf Su sf. e ",Xi"i,Ve "W' ?n its mrn.fiers at the ? A. . or ?url""" ?urrly it con'd oiTlv h?!*L lh."'rM'0? Vet ??d ? ?|m ii j ol fh ?(|' aWrd * a l,,on"n <<f ihe l^efisUiurp w?# when the meinbt r* iasptratn n which is gp, !? n?k?WU^?* M ?MB than wise I r,,^, Lmrn m,rr W*U lave b<liere? iKai^i th*1 ' 1 n ent w^rr ohn' tioua t? ih!l h People of Ver ?'??'! ?. mud# agaiart ?ou,if..^#r*e Lb" Ran I ? iter for the tu" < f l?Mr? Z ^ Z'^' " " on ? artb | ihouvht i 1 rtrunkrn nation '?ce of Vrrn'ont w, h th^L "" ranov" ?"'? Jhp inundate, her drru"T"rM W"h wh,ch Iti vitiu.s Of in?obnet\ ? ih?? Vi cl,'BB"nir ?" 'he Hl oh< la htid leen einrr Jr ru,n an<1 Mnnon B*?, M .duUVr^H rr?? lhr llmi" 'hp devil'. ' wl u iwtaliona, hut moral, ss w.)| asmedica ^ WM ? ol our hari victims ^ ,n which some I* d to COu?iderahle ,h? Tf":; ,ni*hi I" ^ KUuld h? drunkards in.SL !*-, Hut ???'? con mnnity as Vermont wh!^ t re, *'ou"an^ moral ?ro slavery, in , T. 7 T " V dr,r*" n^ wiih ei(uaf loaihing- that a ffrav* abhorg. ."hiskry 'tifliienep ol l*th sV.m.M k ' mbly'ui,,,pr w^'-.hP r^u!!:^ ' ''<hrhy:r much in <i.ed paasirz straairc M. \ ia -OffPMiBC thV ,m , /'v1"1''- ,;'?n^ra^ >? conmltiiu the Miirit wt i/h Virginia, waa that, '?re ,n I7 W , ,h,i 1 her L?g?l.: I of tuiate Wl h Ve-in?.nf ?2*"?wew,*l"l ahould f* >ng her principle, wH 1.1 h ,'r7rN,,> "{ ?rr.end (Hphra/e whlrh'thJ h,'"U' r?nderpd so tecfcrical ? iK.. ^C. h**? ehould have mede her aimpal ft ? o ''om' mon ?0 l'hilip fober m . it. T, J ,r"T " Philip druak "r?v? ? thia difcuasion,?inf w'hi7h 7?ho ''f{ 10 Can*lf,fr '? my claim to b"C T fl- 1 v"""c?'p I mlfL ,i e r r,ron'"-?'h<nyour I'arolma In thi? vei P0-1'"0" of iwll I irovprsi? I believe P*1"'""* undetermined coo hO|^ it~thB| th?- ^ "uw" ' ?iocerely arp penetrated sirsinai no fiesh asgrr.iinn. final)* Jjefer .< ?fl,n?t th* institution, of (he Hon 'h, ^' hern .S .iel 7'''P' "n'' fr".Vs of -he ?th? her honor l".Tam ,nrJ m"nn"r "r ou. aa ^ena In ^ ,,n -o ha/,rd aaion would un . fnuat bp her couw, becauae it ia Ui.k .t' ' "nd at oacs ia harmo.s With thp confederate du'ipa .hp owe. ??* .k other Anther, i Male.; f?r .h* csnno. ,n ,h? L TeVs "n .r^l ?,'OBr?,?h? our fo.'miry hr *.' ceasfon, .Iff r h? r iprntohal m-a.tinn v,k the will stand wit ,-e she deea if she accede#, aa I touch in contact, if not sympathy, heraiater State*, whether for good or for evil. But whilat I affir a this aa my belief, I am equally convinced that ade will run all the hazards and perils of secession, if aggretaion doea nat cease, if she haa not a sing e Southern State to unite with her in her actio i. 1 warn you of this, as oae ol the avowed aad boast ed conservators of the Union In such a crisis, it' her paat history should not assure to you the fact that she will stand her hand, whatever may be the peril, recent events will not be without their authority in rendering this probable. It is known to you that our p-eopla shared largely in the opinions of the late Mr. Calhoun, as to the unjustifiable character of the invasion of Mexico, the inexpediency of the war, and the portentous tvils which the acquisition of new territory would inflict on the country. Yet Carolina, is her ha bitual loyalty to the Union, when the honor of the country was supposed to be at Btake, sent one of the h nest regiments that adorned the division of General Scott, aud gave strength to hia masterly movements r or the achievements of this regi ment, 1 refer you to the records of a war in which do standard was borne higher, or streamed with mors glory, than its own ; yet these were, gene rally, mere striplings ; our grown men inoaity remained at home ? where they will he (bund. General, when an enemy lands on our shores, let him come whence he rawy. Cod forbid that the moral resources of South Carolina should ever be tested by what she is ' capable of doing against the Union, with her physical power, however much this last may be countenanced. This day, consecrated as the anniversary of the birth of the Father of our Country, is calculated to excite far different reflections than those which belong to the strifes and struggles of this confederacy. Yet we shall tind every thing in his example and precepts to rebuke injustice and op pression, and nothing to justify submission to inani te'BT wrong. We . cannot be intde wiser or better, Central Houston, than by lingering arouad the monument of this mighty spirit It rises as fur i- hove the level of humanity as the pyramids of Siiostiis ascended above the thirsty plains of Egypt. Its foundation, like those miracles of antiquity, seems to rest in the centre of the earth ? its summit glitters in the skies! Protected by the CMMlilBltM, anil sustained by jus ice and equality among its members, 1 re gard the union of the Stales next to the spirit of liberty, and the forms of social and civil polity re siding in the States as the first and greatest of humaii blowings Hut like all the blessings ac ccided by the Almighty to man, it is a subject to he estimated by reason, not to be mystified by a blind su|ieratillon that cannot |>erceive the evils which are undermining the very fabric itself. The time has ariived when hosannas to the Union, however vociferous, will not be considered as the best mcde of preserving it, and continued shouts of "Union! I'ntun ! Union.'" will be deemed as teii?? less and ridiculous hs it would be for a publis man of jour dimensions to be caught in the streets of Washington playing on that " iut liable lastru ment of torture," the Scotch bagpipes. The reign of humbug and cant is rapidly disap peaiing; jugglers with fools' caps and ostrich feathers will soon find it dilicult to get people to pay at the door, and 1 feel quite as certain that we shall survive the reign of politic <1 mountebanks, as the medical autocracy of Swatm and Dr. Townsead. I believe the Union will survive all th**e terrific exhibitions of empircism, not by the administration of doses of cant or humbug, lutiuitessimal or large, but by a fearless and courageous resistance to every violation, however minute, of the great charter oi our liberties. In conclusion, General, if you desire to nuke South Carolina as p? nc'-lul as a dove, and thit she should return to h*r old loyally te the Uaiou, remit the Unu n bad' toau hoi. eat interpretation of the constitution. Persuade Congress, with whom yen have fur more influence than myself, to arreat ihs dii-cui-sion of the j-lavequ' stion in the halls of both houses; to stop all ugtgretMion on this peculiaily sensitive subject to the South; to abstain irons a meditated violation of the Compromise of l*tf?,oa the tatifl, and to cea e making profuse uud unjust donations of the public land*, or still more Itera tions ap|>ropriaiions out of the public treasure? and my life on it, y ou would never hear from her one div i-orant note of nullification, which seema to ifnt.irh jour nerves as sadly. General, ai the dam if- 1 cat gut and <o tt'g-psn did the aiumber ol the en rag* d musician in Hogarth In ref* tence to the hrst of these topics, the North has nothing to do but to heed the admonitions ?f one of the first ?nd most gifted of her soot, lis hss told his country men, with a wisdom ami truth that are only second to the lofiy moral coursgt with which he h it- met the present crisis, that they have no more ?? to do with the institution of altvnry iu the South, than they have in the isl ind of Cuba." To follow this injunction if to give iierp*. ttiity to this Union Yet this comes from a N' >r h em man, when, 1 fear, some of our Southern states men are prepared to surieader our outposia I cannot epeik of this duiingui-hed individual is language of my own? it is too feeble ?nd poorer le?b? 1 must employ that of an unknown gems*, ("ttal nomtniM vmbta,'') on whose intellectual level he is wotthy to stand It is not the Hill v apprehension of being thought a partisan of Mr. Webcter "that will deter me irora doing signal justice to the man who, I confess, has gtowu on my es'eem; recorded honors shall gather urotmd his monumei.t and thick* n over linn, it is a solid fnbric, and will sup|>orl the laurels that adorn it *' It is time, General, that I should have done. I have inflicted an unmercifully long epistle on your Ctience, and, perhaps, on th it of those who may less willing to bear it. 1 could not have very well ssid less in defence of a Slate which you have thought proper to assault in astocia'ion with my name. I wish she had found smonc her sons a mote gifted champion than myself There hd? stands, however, without fear; and, I trust, in the end, w ill stand without reproach I have no ap prehension either for her honor or her courage if the sallies of high public spirit, and the keen in stincts of pride, which are her's by inheritasoe, have thrown her in advance of h< r ronfe feral**, I hope, as well as I believe, under their friendly f oui.>els, she will, iu the end, retire gracefully and with sll the dignity that b long to her courage, te the line that they lor the preaent occupy. Ilut, dejw nd t>|*>n if, she will retire nrmed, sn l without one smglc standard lowered. Siie will give the I no n peace and her devoted loyally, if the Uaioa will give her justice. Hut whilst she will ask nothing more, she is repolved to take nothing l?*ss In no S|nrit, certainly, of hns ility, or evea of ua kindnese, I subscribe myself. General, Keep* c t fully, Your obedient servant, j Hamilton, Of South Caroliaa. Italic On k ? Ilat'ai Tha op-r? a?*?on will m?i bceloa+dbut la tha o'>ntlm> I h? b-n?ht? of th- aa t?T?1 mrtiiin ahould not t>? naglacted that T u(H ? banrfit *111 b? ttll attended lo auki, wa 4? a >t JihiM In addition to ail tha tea. ur.-m o! the oompac.y at pie?f rt la tow*. together with Nathalie Kittjamaa 6i<* tora Hofti ?||| make h? r flr?t appearanra to night la * II (llurammlo " Thi* mu*i< at event will dr?? t. 'ga ther a very faahionabla au4taa?e, for th? Ndy ha* Ji< tlBKui?h?d h?r??if in lltaratura, and th?rai*u-t? enough In tha mrtrcp* It* to bid her w?|?.im? to the Be* field la whir h ehe propoa-'a t<> ai*rt h r taleat*. The opera in Bo*ton It *'inin* ntly ?ti'*ra*afu| "?r >dl and Mi** Virginia Whiting appa?r*l ?? Ron** ? nd wlulletta oa M?n<lay tight Parodi ?o? tha l.lghert hmora and Miaa Wbitiar mat* ?? far.iraWa an laipreeeloa aa tTl?ad* r?aU dealra. In ih ? lul M'?? bowaaer Parodl UlnH ?t tha tomb, and tbo audlearo il?p?r?<-4. The .f tf fftnr aay? Aao'her largt and brilliant aadleme greetrd the ? p*'? trmtp* al the lioatoo theatr* laat areoing Higaorioa Parnd4 a* i n., a*d MIm Whiting aa (I uiietta both re<-elra4 mtn h applauae and *>rt <> l>d befor# the curtain at tba clo?? ol earh of i he t?o flrat acta Jual befora t ha tlMf of t h< opt ra Parodl aaa aff-rtfd hf a -n I len ill Baaa and wan obliged to be taken troai th-?tag? Tba curtain tell and atter an apnligr from Mr Walker, tbo aidlflra ratlr*d The laat n?t?? of I'armM war* aa aweet a* ah? eaer uttered. and we wer? happy to understand that the had ree<>??red aoo* altar tha audience diap?reed Cm a in ? 'a Mi**ia? ? It la ua?,aa* for n* to a**ar Into any comment up?n Ilia ni?rlt? of t hi* unrivalled company their raraatiiity n( talent la too wall kiavi a ad handsomely apiT?oi?t?d by tha altiavaa of N?w Tork** will bofoio l tl ? o?ai-a of ?obm at tha bMt Kthioptan il-Hn-a ora, who will latradU'ia a* uaual a variaty of th? b??t roaal and laMtuB'tttl p?rtorm*nraa. Fri i nwa' a. Tb# larar* of Kagro alMtralaf can bara enjoy * fraat of fun ooaihinxl with % roaal a?d ln>truia*nt*l?Btart*lamant a?ldom otf-rad. Tbalr *ar ga ara rradorad with *??ato?a?, an j thatr in?trn n>> ntal partoruanraa *ra ctrcot-d with (raat harrao ny With au?h attraeiton, K?liow..' hall mailt aor tal *ly ba crow If d Thi I>o< taaa Th?aa r*ln>it plaalata atartad y?a trrdar for thor Rrand tO'ir tbmnnh the Ualtad jlinta^ and fatrBd to |i>* enncarta la Philadelphia at trat. Thay bo donbt, will attain tha haat aaoaaca J?nny Mod la a?y*?taJ at Pittabarfh abaut tha lut of Htrtk. In tha it. l<Onla rircalt Oourt, * rardM M II' wa? ?>a?a oa tb? tth iaataat la f??*r nf A D Hlt<l*a. apaln.t J H Brant, lor (W?c lByrUu*aa*t Jiirln* tta J?ar 1144.

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