Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 3, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 3, 1851 Page 2
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AFFAIRS IN THE NATIONAL CAPITAL. Tlie Last Week of tbe Thirty-lirst CongreM. Gu WMklnfto i CurrMpi>n4euc?< Wx8Hr??o ron, Feb. 22, 1S3I. 1h Prtndml't Protlvmutum ? Chtay Potfagt, fc. The i<roclamauon of President Fillmsre follows close ipon the heels of Governor Bell's proclama tion of Texaa; and although the latter h is more of classic beauty, with apt and scriptural quota tions to commend it, to the laughter of after ages, the former has the merit of meeting the danger to the Union, of a squabble, between a few niggers, unarmed, and a too yielding and timed set ol legal functionaries, about Boston Common. It is a ter rible tempeat in a tea-pot. There will nothing pass th? session but the Appropriation bills, and the anxious faces, to be seen lengthening as the session diminishes, ^enough to make a sensitive man weep. Jt is too bad. Here are private claims, ocean B'.eumer contracts, for carrying the mails, floating dry docks, French spoliation, patent law reform, and sundry other bills, failing for want of time for tction Congress is a . Teat concern, an>l is only equalled by the Smithsonian Institute, that pyra mid ol absurdity, rearing its baseless columns in accordance with the testator'* language in making the bequest. " for the diffusion of knowledge enicug mankind." W hat a huge humbug ! Here is an editiee cost ing an immense eum ol money to embellish the city of Washington, containing a lecture room to accommodate a smell portion of ita ciuzeaa, and a joor professor, with his family, razeed to a aecre /arv, quartfd upon the fund, and where is " the diffusion of knowledge among mankind!" The expenditure equals tbe enormous quantity of sack, to a j-ennv'e worth of bread. The thing will be looked after, in a couple of years from now. and the regents will be called to a reckoning. Mirk ibst ? 1 Irani that the census naent here has placed the public fuids withSekin, Withers <Xe Co. This, 'oo, will be looked bf'tr. No bank or banking h< use should be entmsted with govtrnment fuml.-<, v hi' do not redeem their own pi|*er in cold and ?i ver Cocgreip, at us r.ext session, will bv* invi ??dtolock into this matter. The banks of thU Iitbtrict eusper.ded specie payments ia during ihe panic, etd to help it on, and overthrow Gen. Jackson, and by the operation rua.l.* out of the 1 1 or i cotle of tine District over in ahoat mrfy days Thia was the sctenc>- of bink .tig, v hich Gen. Jackson did not *n lerstand, *cci>riiu? u> ihe language of Nicholas Biddle. The Lord dt l.ver us from the science of banking ! The Cheap Post; ge bill and Bvn&baa Bit'-s are getting on swimmingly, and you may lo >k out for nme wholeso me turtailmt nt in the ex,>en>es of the city post office-', if Gen. Rusk, the charm in ?<f the committee in the Senate h?s anything to tay: and see ng that he is the "S.las Wright" of th? Senate, we may expect he will say something. Commodore Moore, once in the Texan Navy, is rndeavoring to incorporate himself into the 1'nited S'atesNavy, with a go id prospect of success. Washington, Feb. 22, 1891. Dcingt in Waihintf /?? Li bby Alcmbtrt, 4 -c. There must eiiher be a gre-t deal of rascality g< ii>g on here, or eloe the understandings of rn*m bera ol Congrats must be grievously warped against what ia just and right. Not a claim is brought before Congress, not a contract is made, without the lavish expenditure of money in feeing lobby members to press it. It stems thai members can only be convinced by ex-commitsioners of P&tents, ex clerks, and ex-private secretaries and letter writers, to do whtt is right, (t e. lopass what kills th' y desire ) AmocK those "just and proper measures" which lave be?n pressed with "vigor," we may mention the Chir.ese and fc?i;ooy lines of steaoisiipa ? the California dry dock? the patent l<tws ? aim- enor mous "Galphins" in the thai* of claims from Flo rida, with interest allowed, amounting to over $700,0fc0, now before the Judiciary Committee of the Senate- -to eav nothing of puvate bi!ts innu merable. J?orre of these mea.-ures and claim.-' mny he juat and right: but. at present, w. wish in?rely io advert to the fact that not one of them is j?er mittedtogo be'ore Congress on i'? ovo nrriu ? feed and paid a.ents are employed in all directions, to press them, aij't to bung all sorts of intiu-nces to bear. Kven in the Senate, some of ita rn niVrs are frcmi in th"- pav of individuals and companies, who either de?ue Congre?*nnal action, or desire io prevent any action I will refer more tally to h?ee mutters m a day or two. From reliable data it is estimated that th' entire w-[ alstion of the United Slates and territories will be 23, 100, (A 0. "1 he discutsion on the President's message ia r?*p'y to Mr Clay's resolution . was contiuued to day in the Senate, i ?en. liowus nw le a speech in ru,,ort of th'- positiou taken by the President, re slete with tha*. r< od sense and patrittistn which have alreadv placed th it h< n gentleman in a high I it ion in the heart* of ihe Ini.n loving citi/en* vl the whole country Mr Clemens also epoke in an eloouent atd imtnMic strata, as also Messrs. Use. I KxJge, ai.d licugles. Whilst the outrage in IJoston mu?t be regretted by all good men, slul it has aHorde 1 a gratifying e vid? nee of the firm determ.n ition of the executive to maintain the laws ; an evidence which the debate m the Senate | mm u appreciated bv his political epun'nfj aa highly as bv h>* political friends Fanaticura MfeM hold of the Boat on all.nr: and i floated over the anticipated tnum. h whi ;h a repe inon ef the eieitem? nt of laat year would i.ro- j mise But the Ucite.i States, through their chief nsgii-trate sr.d their representatives, have come \ out of the ordeal unscathed, and present another ' it tkl auergih anl permanency of the reitihlic The fotlowiac amount of United Mate* -*ock has keen issued to foreigners dur og the week ending V 1st Ft braary, 1*151 ? Ia* n of INI 11,200 " 1*17 27, ?H) m is?* two To al We may remark, with reference to the court n.arii.tl lately held in th*- case of Commodore ' Jon?s, that the sentence 1il not hnve to be sub nit led to the I'rend'-nt ivr ht-> approval. By law, it is ?>nly ib eaies where 'he -ent> ace is death, or the ? Hirer ib bn ken, that the Preeidem'a confirmation ?s oeceisary VaNicwrof, Feb 21, 1831 A'ti'n n Memorandum* It m i waste of time to speculate upon the ? base ? of public busiaese, by the two houses, at thisxtsfeof the session The only certain me ?sun-? ( a<f surceaa are the appropriation bills. Ail the rest, of any coase u-r.ce, w.U be clear rain Mr Clay at i the signers of the roun 1- robin, we ? u.lere'and, i < nterrpUte ; taaing a bill, without i imi< h difficulty, in conformity w th the suggestions cf tbe President'* message but frr m what we hear <n the other - Je, Mr Clay will fiad him ? if very ir.ach mistaken when he cones to try the expert- ! ?seat Ib tbe Sotithrrn H ajhta State ('invention, elect ed by South ( arnina.it is -j nd? r - 1? >'>? 1 that aa [ ?tverw helnni g me "n;> are m favor of secession, wuh< ut pausing for further piovocauona. W> miit keep an eye u,?n South Carolina; for though ?m|? tea*, ptr $*. to do any serious ?tschief, the dmier Ihs In the hi* extending to the other t*r?i<bern States I ?anrg the paat ten d*) a, several shooting av aifl ! ki.ve oecurrvd within tliis ci'y, uprn|nvate ac er ?b?; bat we are pleaded with the artumBr* that the r^?ngr?aei^nal meeting between [age aad Man try has been indefinitely i?*tponed <>?r Nicaragua aHairs are in ? r? > S >rry to ?ey hat ia all Whit with unt.nmh* I Oo meatir bimneM, the ?tate cf ojr foreiifn relations, and tbe cvndttion of the financeaaod th" currency, , many believe tba? ther'- will have to he an ex'ri ??w* a And such a thing is possible Wju?!MT?n, February 24, I<>1 Th* .V" Phmn in lAs P Jitt *1 It'urlM. The Senate d? Sate to-dar. is full of instructive hi 1 1?, and erjenaliy tlie rem irks of Mr. Khett, ?l.i>, jierhsj*. foreshadow the ;?licy of the f-<Mi-hern ul'ras in the Presi l< ntial canvaaa -n ????id oil frotu all th? national eonveatio?s- -which was the pt?B are ad* iredicted hy the AW Ytrk Jf?aM Tbe Pre??<*B' s nie??a,-e *?? ? aally referre?|; tut we presarrie it ie !?<> tate f?f f irmer Isiialatian tin* leiaM R, to an m h? e*^c.ji?,n <,( ihe t jgitive jai ,?e law It ia ci>gge?te | that Mr Clav ha? Seen driving Mr Kil'm? re aad Mr W?b?'?r farther :h*B they woiil<t oihet w i?e go; bur we do n<>? an- w how :hn ?an be, for tbe a<tmin siranoa hts?im, ly p>rform- d tie f ims'itnrter.al duty With that sil m*a shoild hr ?a'i>fied : bo t *e ?-?>ul<i haritly egpert lew We bnve a ve?y fair chan? e t .r cheap poatig*<< set ? 'he ?br?e or five tent rate l?.r halt o-mee ^s S er?. a* they may l>e paid or unpaid in advance Mir Willie in Don and Juo# 's Brums Booth an l ami, are pla)i?g a' our little Adelphl to good hawes. Miss litre nport cootmuea to draw at tbe Na lonai ; aad toa?orn-w Right we couat upog ? grand turn out to ike benefit of Kowath and hi* companions is tjuls. The Waahington Birthday Anniversary Hull at Caruai's Saloon, to-night, (f5) was an elrg*nt affair The President nod cabinet, Gen. jco'.i( and the diplomatic corpn, were presen', together with a vf ry respectable attendance from b?ih houae*. liaite a number of beautiful strangers, alao, were anioag the atars of the evening P. S? The friend* of the Ebony line exp?ct to carry it on the naval bill, and the friends of the Tezaa navy count upon another amendment. French spoliations look exceedingly dirk; still a la&t dt.-pairing eflort id yet to be mad? Bat with the fortification bill laid upon the table for want of money, five million* for those and ques tionable claims may well be considered as out ot the question. We shall see. Washington, February 21, 1861. The Proclamation ? Chance of Gen. Scott, jfc. The proclamation of the President is an important document, taking the highest legtl ground against the rioters in Boston, their aiders and abettors; but, for all that, not sufficiently expansive to cover all the grounds of complaint that the general govern ment has against the civil authorities of Massachu setts. If the civil authorities of Boston and Mayor Bigelow had done their duty, the sword ot the U.S. Marshal, instead of being flourished over the heada of hia depuities, would have done its office in teaching a lawless negro mob to res]>ect the lawa of the country. The proclamation orders the pursuit of the fugi. tive, and the arrest and trial of the perpetrators, aiders, aed abettors of the outrage; but it is neither retroactive nor expressive of the determinition of the President to prevent similar occurrences in future. The latter, to be sure, may be interred from the present ; but a public document intend ed to guide the acting of the people, ought to be explicit, and leave as little a* possi ble to the inference of tne reader. 1 have reason to believe that, in a quiet way, the President has done more than meets the eye of the public Trie naval and military commanders of the troops and nivv yard at Charleatown have, no doubt, received oraers to act iu an emergency; and the eeivicee of volunteer companies which have been tllered, have been accepted, in case tne law officers of the 1 uited States should be e gain resisted in the discharge of 'their dilies. All this is very well; but cot enough. By all#, the prisons of the Slate of Massachusetts cannot be used for the safe keeping of fugitives from labor; and, as there is, beyoni a doubt, a fixed, determined purpose, on the p*rt of a number I cf abolitionists and tanatice, in and out of offi;e, I iu the city of Potion, to prevent the extcjlionof the fugitive slave law. the navy yard at Cnarles town, or tome vessel of war stationed there, should be temporarily used for the imprisonment of runaway slives. The principal object ol the administration should he to prevent mischief, not to punish i* : an<l the efficiency of Mr. Fillmore will be judged of, by the degree of energy he may display in that direction. Now, I shrewdly su.-pect that though the whole cabinet n.uy be a unit in principle, ami pofess the same orthodox faith, yet the inriividu tl members d Her as to th^ m itius operandi : Mr Webster being probably the most zealous and energetic, and ton.e ot 'he Southern and Western members more i ati( nt, circumspect, and looking to ulterior popu larity As to Mr. Filirnore, he is always reidy to do his duty ; but perhaps not wuite resofved to use the strongest coercive measures in the tegi nning. All practical lessons thut history has taught govern meu g seem to teach, however, that rebellions must be crushed at once in th^ir incipient state, while they me ytt mm, if diaa flection shall not be come general, and that this is the cheap-at and most effective way of preventing muchiet. The President might recollect that in proportion to the energy he ;ua y display toward M lssichaaetts, will he be justified the adoption of coercive measures towards other Stites that nay feel disposed to set the lawsof the ITai'ed State*, and th?- al ejganee they owe to the general governin*nt, at deaance. Mr Webster's j re<-ecce in.the cibiuet is, at this crisis, a providen ial thiol?, "though the fn-ads of the I men rr.ay not know to wh it exteat they are I indebted for their safety to the "g;eat constitu tiocal eipounder '' General Scoit ie makicg some headway here in Washington. Though in the leading strings of Go* Seward, he succeeds in making impressiona on all men and women he com^s in con'act with. The fact 1*. Gen. Scott is not only a great cap'diu, like Marlborough, Prince Eugene, hie grace Field Marshal the Luke of Wellington, hat ul-><> a great diplomat, remembering the ?rea: dipljm itic r ile I for smothering ell the difficulties in the way of his ; deures, by dinnets, bill?, and p r.ies. Tftere are few men here in Wathmgton that cannot he soft ened by champagne or madeira; at all e rents, I i i><t\e tt en rnmy i f thein becoming quite mellow. | General 8(?tt, in tine, is managing h:s game very ' well; or some friend, who has th?- prurience ot'ren | d?-nrg himself invuiMe, manages to do so for hm. Gen. Scott has friends 1a and out ol the c ibiiet, in and out of the S na>e, in and out of the House of Kepreieiitativ?-e, ai d will be the whig candidate for Pr?t-*ient in 1*32, from the want *7 resolution in ? h?-rs to boldly aesurre that poation. There is a trong feeling now on th' part of many of the Southern ultra- to come again i ack to the d? ri ocrstic fold, and to jo in for a national lerno rratic ticket, ''"he feeling is reciprocal on the part of the compromise men, and even the barnburner are willing to go into convention with the ultra South, and make certain concessions, ne:cisary to the success < f the democratic ticket There has l?en Mine taik of establishing a democrttic free toil paper here in Washington ; but it is all snnke. Such a paper could not succeed here, were it edited by Mr nenton himself. i -en. Scott may have the start on th- whig side, bet Mr. Fillmore follows close at hi heels, and the lieutenant general if a>out to be exposed to a ?' tire mthe rear" Thece arc not the tines, say the Southern vMpt *? hu> a cat m a hag. Gen. Scott must speak out boldly, manlv, and un hesitating y, <n all the leading topics oi the day. He is "oo hiehly polished a man to be " ronih," l?*t him at least be ready, or the Southern whig- will support a ticki t of their oarn, even if Gen Scott shoulti be n< minati d Th? r? is moid* ulk of s ich a ticket as Dickinson and I uvis (d Mississippi); but that wou<d be too much leaning to the South. Dickinson an I (<ot?b would be more conciliatory; but Cass and Foole are ahead of all at this time .< 'fall the Southern ultras, Mr Hunter, of Virginia, has ?hown the most ability and tar t, and there is non< that I know who rcu d be more ac :?ptaMe, as a nullitier, to the Northern democracy. Buchanan and Wood bury hive no Ktr^-neth in the Norihwes-; and Gen Sam Houston will only be Dominated if, in the general confusion of parties, a direct appeal must be made to the voting million1. The extreme 9?>uth are mere opposed to Gea Houston than to atv Northern man, were he actually a f.ee aoiler. Q. Wa*iim?to\, Fi;r. 25, 1851. Aftti sms Ripvt I ? (jtntt ai con?/ttt*>n of ojfairt a fit Ftdrrml Ca/ ital The Judiciary CeMiitdee of the S*nate, to which wa.? referred the Presi lent's mcssig- in re ference to the late rescue of a fjgitive slave in Ostcn from the officer* of the law, have not ye: had a meeting on the subject. They will meet to morrow morning, and while, <f course, it is mere conjecture, we suppose it is too hte, and will be die ? \ered by the committee, that it is too late to I' ?iplate epon the Pr< -.dent's sugteationa at this session Again, to-day, on another subject, prnvi l ag for the i?yment into the Treasury of certain balances on hand i f revenues collected in (California, under the military gov? rnment of that territory, the ad justment oi the last session com*- Ojt of this fi>nd the hill proposes to piy to California f I75,<jim tor the expenses of her State Convention. and tlf*',OWi ft-r ex;w-ne? s iscnrrei by the Slate m re lieving overland Tnnrran's Mr. Otit moved, further, to amend by putting in for California, in li .nidation cf e*p?*s?s incurred in her temi?>rary govern m? nt on her own account, the wholr of this tutid en h*n>! -?me |90(U>00, more or leas. This wns T?i?c ed Mr < > win then nseven an i tern of to indemnify California for hergovern n.ent flours up to the time of her a Imiasion into th' 1,'ninn Thi.? oiened the broad fiell of the obligation* of 'he federal government to California, the validity of her admiseion, th' scramble bv s pi al ters on the public lands for the public gold dust, tie expenses of California, already to th? treasury, and a great msny other things relating to the new State, of which all t>ie other State* *eem to be envious. Mr I'.'tijer thought, after California was sdmittrd, through a breach in the constitution, it I was sn additional outrage to th' South to pay the erpenses of ike usurpation of these people sat of ; the federal tren^ury. Hut the amendment was , earned, and the bil was ordered to a third reading [ And the Cheap Postage hill ?i? tak'n up >>n i's j passrge; but at the instance of Mr. tl >rlin<i, the I m te wss [<.- poned till to-morrow ; and thi< en hances ih' darger, hy one day, of overlaying the hill between the two houses The increasing cluster! of lobby m^n in the jmr lienf of the two h< uae?, very sa'ufaetorilv indi cates that, although the sexton is nearly on', there is s vsst amount of business, public and private, yet unfinished, in which a vaat nmher of iersoas are intereele i, and are likely te he, even a?"r the se?-tog has cloeed Within ih? Sew days remaining, there is to he an effort rr .id* 'o taca on ihe efK?sy line of mul s'??mers to the Navel Appropriation Nil, which, it is 'honuht, m ill succeed in dhe House Also, to tai k on to the same Ntl. ih^ sirviemg officers of the Te ia* n**v To d?y sn attempt was m ide to i.tk to Iht CJV j li-t t iQvdif:9ati?s of the twirt *f 1846, which failed, on a poiut of order, by a dozen voien. But if the bill from tfce Senate, prtvidiii four general appraisera of import*, be taken U|>, thrrr will yet be a chance for coal and iron, al though, to all practical results, good for noilung. The tar ifl" will go over. French spoliation can be pasted, if the bill ia reached; for, without a word of debate, under the previous question, we have no di abt it could be pat-tied by a decided majority, jmt as it came from the Senate. But even the friends of the measure despair of reaching the bill. It lies under a heavy pile on the Speaker's table, and to pet at in tune, the rules must be suspended, which require the vo'# of two thirds. While there is life there ia hope, and this is the hope of French spo liations. Washington, Feb. 2b, 1851. S( me of the Items of the Ai>pn>i>riatioi\ Billt , and the General Result. Prominent among the items of the Civil and Di plomatic bill, are ike following:? To complete the San Francisco Custom House $300, 000 To continue New Orleans do 250,000 Do. do. Charleston do 100,000 For Custom House, Arc., Pittsburgh 75,000 Do. do. da. Louisville.. 75,000 We find a very important proviso in the bill, li miting bounty land people to laws already brought into market, and now subject to private sale. This prevents their monopolizing the choicest parcels oF the unadvertised public lands, a game which has been practised to a considerable extent. The city of Washington incidentally comes in for a handsome allowance to the public buildings and grounds, watchmen, Acc , and the improve ment of the city, such as the grading and paving, end lighting of streets, cleaning the canal, building culverts, care of bridges, planting trees and fences for parks, Arc ire , amounting to $171,810 8tj For Patent Office, east wing 200,01)0 00 Total $371, 8t? ? A very liberal sum of incidental items for the improvement, Arc., of the federal city. The whole amount of the Civil and Diplomatic bill is between six and seven millions, independently ot the additions to be made by the Senats. About $l,5u0,0(.0 are arpiopriated for the expenses of the next section of Congress. MAW BILL. The Navy bill runs hard upon seven and a half millions, ot which, for the pay of th? vertontUe ol the strvice, there is ail appropriation ol $2,771,113 Provisions (>?8,(i80 Kepair of ship?, Arc !,:?<?? 000 Contingent expenses 528,700 Sieamthipmail service 874,ti00 Contingents, New York Navy Yard.... 105,000 Washington do 100,000 Depot at New Orleans 80,7 iti Pa) of murines 221,100 ? With numerous other items, running up Me ag grt gate to seven millions and a half, mure or less, rosx owes bill. For mail transportation $?!, 176,000 l'ay of |>ot- tin asters 1,875,000 1'iemen and Havre steamers 267,000 Mails across Panama isthmus 45.00J Post Office clerks, exclusive of General Pos' Office -125,000 Miscellaneous ;ttil,000 Total $tt, 449,000 ? A con*>iderubl<* increase of expenditure f?r this detriment, the bill heretofore ranging between lour and live millions ARMY BILL. Pay of the army $2,096,970 I Hicer*' commutation subsidence 570,739 I Officers' horses' forage 10:1,770 For aubsistence in kind 1.070.015 Ciiarieimasteie department 030,000 Incidentals do. 2 ?5,000 Barracks, quarters, hospitals, Arc 400,000 Oll'icers' transportation 120,000 Army transportation 1, (,01 0 Mkuu'acture of arinp OuJ All other items, including several light houses 861.773 Total f7,-l 13,973 Other bills, however, direct and incidental, oa ac count cf the army, run up the whole sum ot expenses to nearly f 10,000,000, ot which some $250,000 have letn laid upon the table with the Fornication bill. That balance is therefore saved to the Treasury. All the regular appropriations will hardly exceed {1(1,000,000; but with Incidentals, deficiencies, and txtr&ordinaries, the whole demand upon the Trea sury for the ensuing year will probably run up to |iflO. 000 ,000 in the e ad, especially if the #5, 000, 030 ol trench indemnities are to be 'placed. The Treasury i# doing well The receipts from cuttoin* are greater thin ever before; bat what wiih the public debt, and the extravagant nijui derii/g of ihe public lands, we expect a deinaa4 lor a loan at the next session of Congress. Washinotom, Feb. 28, 1831. 7 f t Bounty Laml Imu? Mure Shmptatftrt? Re lief i if Fathgr Kilt hie ? Probable S'uh ing of Mtu lux f Bill of #12,500,000- The Uran t Fwy Ihtit Ball ? Booth ant/ Stm?Su H'tUiam Ujnt #? , 4*. There is a fine f rospect before as for a shm >'as".er currency to the extent of #25,000,000 in laud war ranis. The resolution ot the House, making them assignable, has passed the Senate; and there is too much Butccmbe in it to count upon anvthing else than the agreement of the House in the Senate amendments, which only add to the list of b^neti cianea acother batch or two of Indian fighters. The bill was originally as broad a piece of hum buf ging for Buncombe as the veriest demagogue could have invented. The old soldier who sells his 100 acre warrant to a sharper for fifty dollir*. in a pinch, will, upon his "sober, second thought,'' declare the gratuity a humbug; but the speculator who buy a a hundred auch warrants, on sush terms, will hold the law to be a moat wise and beuelicial me asure. But, af:er all, this is but on? of the numerous expedients ft r a grab at the public landi in the ge neral scramble ; and we feel quite comfortable with the assurance that not another dollar clear gain will the Treasury erer receive for that noble pro perty of the ) ublic domain. Miss Dix's bill for ten milium ol acres, to be di vided among all the States for the bene:itof the lunatics, does not appear to go down so well. Lunatics have no votes? old soldiers have. Be sides, the lunatic bill invclves the doctrine of the dwtriNition of the proceeds of the public Unit among the States We must come to it, and go for it, if the old States intend to get th?ir share iu the fcramble A fair divide all around ; th< public lands in Illinois are a little more the property of New York than of Illinois herself ; and it is high time our delegation were waking up to that tact. The House having passed the resolution for the relief of Father Ritchie, to relieve him of his lur densome contract of the public printing, we have lo doubt of the Senate. This will put a plum in the old man's pocket, and will encourage the de mocrats to a handsome thing in exchtnge One good turn detervea another, and Uncle >^in has a long pocket. Thegranl fancy dreaa a??eml>ly in?t nijM, at Jacken Hall, wat a beautiful atlur H iring the ' vein g, we auppote at leaat one ttriumml i?-raona in all, were [.ream!. The t ill wit, undoubtedly, the hi in of the aeaaon A large mtjorny of the dam era were in costume; and the celebrated en tertainment! of the kind at .New;*>rt and 3?ratoga were vhidly revived in our recollection on entering the room. Th> number and variety of character* repreaf nted ia thia iuatance were not ro great, nor waa the quantity ?f ?plrn>1id dreaaiog c<>mt>ar<thle to the d.aplav at the laet irrand fandango, of all na tima antl cla???a at the Omm Hooae; but the ullair ?h? elegant for all that; and tbere were none bettniea ttr??en?, only " a little lower thin the angela," and conwderably more dnirable We had determined upon a deacriptioa of the lealiag character* in pantaloon* and pmtaletW; but an intinntion that thrae aaaatnbliea are contilen'iil, ,>.a?bea the obligation to the public. Annn Bey aad mite, and Mr Samuel Colt, a a good a Turk aa ever troaatd the Golden Horn in the Sultan'* et i<i ue, formed a conapicuoua cluster. Uol. Chi? A May, a a a uteel clad calraaaier, moved like Ar nille* among the (>r?ek?. Mr. Pot er, of Phi ladelphia, (a ?teem?hip and dr? dock man) perao nat?a Charlea V, of S(>ain, the coatuoM copied from a oaiatiag in the Karurial. Beverly Tucker, of \ irginia, aa Monte Onto, accomcinted by h moat loveable little Haidee, formed a very apprv* prute couple. Bat we are approaching the forbid den ground and forbear. We are blcaaed with Booth and eon , and Sir : William I>oa, and Charlei Webb, all here in 1 Washington, performing at the aame time Sir ' Willtim i layed at both thentrea tonight, and ia i alway* r?ceivfd moat beaitily. Ovum* or t?i a Phwbyiaaum Caiur.a.? -Tha eastern divinoa of the mam liae <if the P>-on*yl vania canal ia now filling The water reached tn <s pUce yeatetday The entire line will be rend; f,?r 1 ritvigntion priibably to-day or to-morrow. The weatem division, to I'ittrfiurgh, ia no doubt alao in tiavigal>?e order The repairaare aaid to bavebeea made in a very pubatantial manner Thia i* the ear li* at opening of tfceae wotka we have ever had, aad i he | roepect la that a very large bumaeaa will l-e done the eaauing aeaaon Wa learn that aome ffiea or twenty cara of bae gooda arrived here )e>ter^ay f?f Pitta bargb. and are low being tran * t<?i p> d to boita on the oatial ? H*rri<l>frgH (Ft ) Ami lit J* 1 1 A flair* ?t U? (iw Iwk I tat* Capital. I OUK ALBANY COAHKSrON ?Kf4CB. ' Ai.ha.iy. Fib 20, 1831. | Ah Amendment Propoud to the Stat e VumtUm I turn, to Prturve the Pu ity and Indt/tendence at | the Kltetive Franc hut. Mr. Senator Mann, of the Oaeida district, at>mi a week since, ottered a resolution for the consider- j ation of the Legislature, proposing to amend section two of article two of the Constitution, by adding these word* : " Laws may be passed for depriving j t very person of the right to vote, or to hold any | citiee, who shall, in violation of Itw, give, pay, or receive any promise*, money, or any other property, er valuable consideration, with intent to intluence

the vote of any elector, or to promote th? election of any candidate, or ticket, or to change or affe:t the result of any election." There are laws now in existence under the pies ent provisions of the constitution, depriving any ! person from the right of voting who shall becone, i directly or indirectly, interested in any bet or wager, . depending upon the result of any election. Tnere is also a law in the books which makes it an offence ; punishable by a tine not exceeding two hundred i and fifty dollars, or by imprisonment not exceeding > six months, to pay, or promise, or furnish any i money, or other property, to be expended in procur- ; ing the attendance of votes at the polls, or to con- 1 triou'e money for the purpose of promoting the ! election of any particular person or ticket. Mr. | Mann's proposition goes further, and disfranchises j every man guilty ot using money for such purpo- j ees, from the exercise of the elective franchise, and of holding otfice for ever. The framers of the i constitution undoubtedly imagined that they had guarded sufficiently the purity of the elective fran chise, in the provisions which they incorporated in that instrument. But the experience of only four years has shown conclusively that extensive frauds are committed at every election by the aid, and kthrough the irtisistible influence of money. The evil is increasing annually, notwithstanding he penal laws which now exist. What dread do 'hose laws inflict ? Has there ever been a convic tion under them 1 Suppose, in the heat o! a politi- ! ( al excitement, the case of an offender is sub mitted for the consideration of a grani jury, will his political friends unite with his enemies in un indictment against him 1 Or, if, perchance, an indictment shall be found, where can a petit jury <>l twelve men be attested from a legally returned panel, who will agree upon a conviction ? Such offences are considered as i*>li tical merely, and partizans will adhere to each othf r in deiiance of oath, law, or constitution. Po litical ties are considered by thousands as the " higher law," which will be obeyed, if every other obligation, le^al or sacred, becomes violated thereby ; so there is no security in depending upon penal enactments, and the only method ot arresting the lavish use of money now practiced, is to add a clause in tlie constitution, as proposed by Senator Mil tin. The fact is as notorious us the sun in th<* hea vens, that our most respectable and would-be con sidered honorable citizens, contribute as regularly to this corrup'ion fund as they do toward* the support of their spiritual teachers. From the same pocket is drawn funds for Chmtiauiziug the heathen in Hindustan, and lor heathenizing the Christians in this commonwealth. Funds are now as readily provided by the same hand, to bribe and corrupt voters, as to spread ihe gospel. And it ia fea'ed, if not positively known, that high official dignitaries are now making ana executing laws, an.l sitting in scats of judgment and power, whose money was contributed towards securing their own election. How can such men and magistrates be regarded as pure, honorable, impartial and virtuous, who have obtained an at-cendancy overacompe ator by means thus disgraceful ! If they possess any semblance of a contciei.ee, it cannot avoid bein? seared con tinually. Of what avail is it, that we undertake to diffuse knowledge and promote morality among the people, if an honest exeu ise of the elective franchise can not be effected ! Ihe exercise of that right is near ly universal, being guaranteed by the constitution of mi, and re-amrmed by that of 1816, to every citzen, without regard to condition, whether learn td or ignorant, wfteiher rich or poor, whether ex alted or reduced. If the present practice of car ruptihg voteis shall be permitted to continue a quarter of a century longer, we need no longer point to the rotten borouj/hs of England, but we shall have a practical exhibition of bribery, rmre openly mauifesttd amongst ourselves, oa this side of the water. Mr. Maun addressed the S*natc yesterday, in support of the amendment which he proposed to the constitution, to preserve the elective franchise frnn bribery, in a speech abounding in id?as which ap(*ared to be convincing to the member*, as his remark* were listened to with profound silence and the most respectful attention. His facts, illustrations, and reasonings, must h ive been conclusive, as no Senator attemp'ed to mate any reply. It is the most imj>ortant subject which has, or can be, brought before the Legislature during this session. h is a matter of no political clitrae ter, as all parties have diatiaguished members who aie alike guilty of buying voters ? all are cognisant of the fact? and they should, as honest men, unite in amending the constitution, to prevent the on ward tlow of corruption at elections, and avert an evil which is surely and rapidly accumulat ing. If there are any men, in either branch of the Legislature, who shall attempt to oppose the consummation of this righteous measure, he will uoqu< stionably be stigmatised as the advocate of fraud, corruption, and bribery, in the exercise of the elective franchise. Such a nun may be found in the Legislature; but before he ventures on hi* expedition, let bun " watch and pray." W. Alu.it, Feb 21,1951. Tht Old Hatbratuk Houtt at Nurbitr^h, niw ktuAcn at Tas/nngton's Htad <Juarttri. Several yeira since Mr. Jonathan Hisbrouck, of Orange county, obtained a loan from the State of aome three thousand dollars from the United States deposit fund, and gave as aecurity for the payment of interest and the ultimate re-payment of principal, a mortgage upon certain premises lying very near the village of Xcwburgh, on the west side of the Hudson river. Mr. 11. thinking, probi bly, that he would not be called upon for the pay ment of principal and interest by the S.ate before the general government demanded the deposit fund from the State, rested contsnt until the mort gage was foreclosed and the property sold <?u the day of sale no oerson appeired willing to bid sufficient sum for the property to indemnify thea State for the amount th?n due. The Comptroller was therefore compelled to bid it in, as the agent of the State, for the suin of two thousand three hundred end ninety one dollars. During the list session of the Legislature, a few patriotic gentle men ofXew burgh conceived the ilea to revive the revolutionary reminiscences connected with the Hasbiouck bouse, and petiticned that the property might rtmain in posset aion of the State. Their application wss successful; the sum ot one thou sand and eight hundreddollara was contributed for the purpose or preserving the then condition of ihe building; placed the projwrty in the hand * of the trustees of the village of Xewburgh, and ap pointed a steward, with a salary from the State Treasury, to escort strangers and visiters upon an 1 about the premises, whenever sny may desire to visit Washington's head Quarters On the 4th day ol last July an interesting celebration was held on Uk- premises; the banner which the State had procured was ran up the fla( staff, an oration was delivered, and other appropriate ceremonies occurred. Having been prepared lor viaitora, severs I hundrid during the last summer availed themselves of examining the house in which Washington dwelt duricg the most exciting and critical period of the revolutionary war Haviog thus be* n biought into public notice, Mr. 'ona than llaabrouck, who suffered the property to fall in ihe hsnds of the Stale, aow comes forward with a petition asking the State to resell him the property. His petition was refeired to the com mittee on public landa in the House of Assembly, by whom a report has just been mad-. The com mittee remark, thus:? "Among ail the objects of revolutionary interest possessed by our country, none is kait closer with patriotic reminiscences than the antiquated Hasbrouck houae, a venera ble relic of the olden time It wn in this tene m<nt that the father of his comtry answer ed the incendiary Xewburgh letters, which | were written to inflame the minds and destroy all confidence in the hearta of the gallant soldiers of the revolution, sowing the seeds of treason, jealousy and discontent The touching eloquence brea'hed through that address stilled forever those uaquiet spirits, and in Washington's own lan guage "gave one more distinguished proof of un e sampled patriotism and patriot virtue rising su lie nor to the pressure of the most complicated suf ferings, giving occasion for poernty to say, (when Sfeakingof the glorious example they have ex hibited to mankind) had thit day been wanting, ihe * . rid bad never se? ri the last stage of j ? rfi < - lion to which human nature is capable of Htiaui ing." It was to tbia house he returned after the saddening execution of Andre, when mercy and justice struggled in hie bomm, y<t, with more than Spartan heroism, he sarrified every weaker feeling upon the sacrtd altar of a nation's retribu tion That while the escutcheons of every S:ate in this confederacy are being engrafted in a m <nu ment in honor of him who was "first in war, fir.-t 1 m peace and firat in the hearta of hia conatrylleu," it seema peculiarly appropriate that thi? hum ale teneir.f at, as in caae of Arntidea of old, should be turned, by a genero is and patriotic people, iuto a temple to his fame, identified with the precioiM ' memories of the past, and tae priceless ho( of ihe futgre Tbni ibt wmoii fee spoke ia thej report to the j Home, recomneaiiac ike State to retain pww s on or that revolutionary relic, which haa been during the last year preserved from that decay and dilapidation to which it waa faat hastening, in the hoiai of Mr. Hasbrouak- Although the peti tioner rr.ay have recently awakened to the recol lection o I the fact, tlut the premises descended to him through a long line ot ancestors, and there fore wiahea to regain possession as a family heri tage; still when all the facta are taken into con sideration, especially, that of having yielded to the temptation of borrowing money upon its pledge, it does not show that he possessed any l>articular affection for the premises until they be come noted? stece they become the property of the State. The committee refused to recom mend to the Lsg tela tu re, a re-sale. W. Albany, Feb. 24, 18A1. A Contest to rttain a Seat in the Senate, and another to obtain one tn the House? An Extra Session talked of, to make new Congretnonal Districts. It is now rendered certain that I was mistaken in a former communication, when I stated that Mr. Schoonmaker did not desire to retain his sfi? in the Senate, in consequence of having been elect ed to Congress, after the 4th of March. The dis cussion on Friday clearly discloses the fact that Mr. S. desires to retain his seat in the Legialature of this State to the last moment of its session. Some ten weeks since, Mr. Johnson introduced a bill repealing a section in the revised statues, which declares that a member ot the Legislature, elected to Congress, shall, within ten days after the fourth of March, signify his acceptance of the office of member of Congress, or he shall be deemed as having declined such acceptance. On Friday, the Senate went into discussion on the bill for tne repeal of that section of the revised .statutes. The entire day, down to six o'clock in the evening, was consumed in committee live sixths of the time, in a rambling talk by Mr. Carroll, for the purpose of staving off action until a future day, with the hope that a democratic majo rity might then be able to prevent the bill from being passed in committee. The whig majority, how ever, stood their ground manfully, and took early precaution to send their janitor for a supply ot cracker*, chcese, brandy, and other stomach sup porters. The call of the Senate brought back several Senators, who had purposely absented them selves, when a quorum passed the oill. As the repeal of the statute was openly contended to apply to the case of Mr. Sehoonmaker, it ap peared very indelicute, if not inappropriate in hun, to take part in the proceedings. It was a matter which involved the question us to whether he could hold his seat in the Senite alter the 1th of March Mr. Babcock, the whig leader, plainly stated, thit if the Btatute was not repealed, Mr. S. could not remain in his seat alter the 11th ot March, unless he gave notice to the Secretary ol State of his non-acceptance of the otiics of member cl Congress. Although Mr. S. did not address the committee during the discussion on the bill, still he remaiued in his seat during the entire session, voting u,>on every motion in behalf of himself. One of the Senators, in the course of a speech, propounded a few interrogatories to the member of Congress elect, the answers to which will show the anxiety Mr. Schoomaker felt for the immediate repeal of a law which s'.ands in the w^y of his remaining a Senator onlv a few days longer. The colloquy ran substantially thus Mr. Stone, addressing himself to Mr. Schoomaker " l'o you consider yourself a member of Congress after the 14th ol March next! Mr. Schoomaker? "No, sir, I do not." Mr. Stone, again?1' When, then, do you expect, by virtue of your election, to become a member of Congress ! . Mr. Schoomaker? " When I fake the oath upon the assembling ot Congress, on ttie first Monday in December next." Another question wai put, enquiring whether Mr Schfomaker considered that a vacancy exist ed in his concession tl district, between thu third of March, when hi# predecessor's term expires, aiid the third day of Dt-cember, when he expected to be sworn into office? to which no reply wis made. These facia -how that Mr S. had a per sonal denn* to hold his feat to the list mommt. Now, after all, it may not be that Mr._ Sclioon makcr should he reproichtd for his anxiety to re tain a teat. In the first place, no election for United Statrs Senator has yet been eliected; teither has a day been fixtd upon when another trial shall be had. And a3 there is much difficul ty, and prsibaMy an insurmountable obstacle inter v?r.ing, still circumstances may arise towards the latter "end of the session, which will render Mr S's vote indiMpecsible in settling 'hi? much mooted and perplexingly "vexed question." But there is another reason, and one which I think is the prominent cause lor retaining Mr S. in the Senate. It is the formation of Congressional districts under the late census It is now ascer tained that a lull compilation ol the returns throughout the the whole country, cannot be com pleted in the Home Department at Washington, btfore the exp.raiion of the hundred days for which the member* of the Legislature get paid. There fore, it is now a matter ol paramount importance that mi extruordmaiy sets'i.n of the Legislature shtuld be held in the course of the coming summer, in order to district the State, for the B?xt ten years. This is a matter of much consequence, for |>oliticians in power well Lnow how to gerrymander the Stale so as to benefit their own party interests. An 1 unless Mr Schooinaker can. by any " hook or crook," be retained in his sei?t, the whigs will not have a con stitutional majority in the Senate, and consequent ly no extra jession will be called, and the whig t will " trurt to luc k" for a majority in the next Le gislature, when bo'.b houses will be new bodies. Therefore, Mr. S , as a party mail, is probably ex cusable for his course in the Senate, on Friday, in voting to frequently up9B questions' involving his own right to a teat in that body al.er the 4th day of March It was declared by a democratic Senator, during debate, and repeuted with much emphasis, that any vote which Mr. S. may give upon the question of United States Senator, or in organizinir Coagres ?ional districts, after the Ith of March, that pro tests would be entered, his vote challenged, ao l the validity of such votes be contested before an 1 United States tribunal and the expounders of the constitution of this State. Lxtra sessions of Congress or the Legislature have not been well counfenanced by the people, and it is doubtful whether whether Governor Hint will iwue his proclamation for one In the House there has been a sharp contest for several da\s, in relation to the seat held by Mr. lajne, of Yates county, contested by a Mr. L'nder ttood. The claim which the latter gentleman sets up, snd relied upon to oust his democratic adver sary, wis not fortified with sufficient testimony to warrant the committee on privileges and elections, 'hough a majority of his party friends, in reporting favorable on his petition. They are both admitted to seats ia the House, but Mr Inyne only is per mitted to speak and vote, to which privilege h- is i ntitled in consequence of appearing with a certifi cate frc m the county canvmsers of his election On f r .lay, the House concluded to send the c|iair i an of the committee, Mr Hishop, out to Yates ci unty, in search of further testimony t? sustain the application of Mr Cnlerwood to a seat. The rrntro^ersy will undoubtedly continue, as in the 1 'range county ca.?* last year, until near the close of the s# ~sion, the sitting member and also the con testant receiving full pay, and "stealings in " So it goes ? ith those who love the " dear people^ Ai.havi , March 1, 13ft I, An other InlrrtU Bui in Albany. Mr Morgan, from a iele< t committee, reported, tins morning, to the Senate, the following very im portant bill W . act i* sri.Aiini TO Tin: iiTr.as.sT oi ho-ih. f?e ] Tha Interest of money shall oontlnu* to b* at t be rate of sesan dollar*, and no more, a poo on* budf d d? lam for a year and at the same rat* for a quarter t r l?M lum an d fc r a longer or shorter term K?c a .No cmtract or assurance fer the payment cl money with Interest , at a greater rats ol interest tban Is allowed by lbs preceding section, aball be thereby rendered void but. wbeneTer la asy action, t.rcngbt on such ana tract or assurance. It shall appear, upoa a special answer to the complaint l>?ln? mads to tbat ? fleet, that a greater rate of Inters*! ha? bee? directly or Indirectly reserved taken, or received than I* allowed by law, lha defendant shall raoossrhls lull costs, snd the whols Interest reserved or taken, and the plalatlff shall have judgment for tbe ba'ance oolv, whlen shall remain dus after deducting the whole t mount of said Interest. fn a Wbsne?er a greater rat* of Interest than Is allowed bf Tfc* first aectlr n of this law shall have t>**n paid tb* party paying the same aajt reeoter back the amount of the whols interest paid, provided an action shall b? presented within tao Tears from the time when the said Interest shall bass been paid (in 4 In the trial ol any action ?herein It shall ap pear. by the pleading*, that tbe fe-t ot unlawful Inter sat having been taken or reserved, la put la Issue. It sball be lawful lor the debtor (tbe creditor beinu liv ing) to heroins a witless, snd he shall bs admitted as snob; and the creditor. If he alia'l nffsr his testimony, it all also bs admitted as a wl'new*. together with any other legal etidence that aay be introduced by either par'.y. In A For the pnepose of calculating Interest, a n>cnth shall h- considered the twtirtb part of a yea-, and as consisting of thirty eaya and Intsreat of any numb* rot days ie*a than a mouth shall be estimated by the proportion which such number ot daya shall tsar lo thirty ? m 6 Po much of title third, chapter fourth, and part second "f the K< vl*ed Statutes and of the laws of i?47. ehspter 4 # a* Is Incenstatant with the provisions ol this set are hereby appealed. A terrific stem p*s**d o?ar Cambridge, M J . a few days steee, which naroofed the (ti,?rt Ksaes. and Maw tfoea sef. ral bousesu The damage la the country ad Jae%?t ia caasMaraMn. IMS Trov, Feb. 24, 1$3I. The LtfiUativt Anmvtrtur j Dinner. The Mutual legislative dinner came off yester day, a* per programme. The company was mer? numerous thaa on any former occasion, amount' ii g to aome three hundred, among whom were hia Excellency* Governor Hunt; hia Honor.. Lieutenant ?/<rv*rnor Church ; Mr. Morgan, Secretary of State ; Mr. Chatfield, Attorne) General ; Canal Commiaaioner Mather, an.i > many other State officials. Nearly all the Sena tors and members of the Houae of Assembly were present, besides a large number of the tlitt o? f Troy, at whose expense this entertauunejit war got up. The dinner was provided under the su perintendence ef Charles S. Colsaun, a brother to your popular Astor House Coleman, and a catererof equal excellence and celebrity. 1 can not better give you an ide? of the abundance ami' magnificence of this a Hair than by asking you to . insert the BiLL OF 1-' ARK. AT THB TROY HOUSE. WASHINGTON'S BIRTH-DAY DINNER, Sati'Bhay, FkkIU1 ary 21, 1SJL I 0000 socr. Mock Turtle. Oyitcr. ritH. Striped Baa*, Steward Haddock, Stufled, Wine Sauce. Sauce. Codfi*b, Iki Bauct. Hallibut, Butter Sauce. COLD PI8HK8. Poned Turkey. Hum with Jell?. Boned Chicken*. Oy*ter? with Jelly. Boned Partridge*. Filet of Chiokea*, Jelly. Bused Pie*. Vuaili, Larded, Jelly. Rii.ikvh. Boiled Turkey, Oyater Boilel Chicken, Ctlory Sauce. Banee. Leu of Mutton, Caper 8'ce. Calves llead. Fickle Sa'oo. taTlrni Tender Loin of Beef, Lard- L'hitktn Salad, Frtaeb ed. Style. Cre'iuettea of Chicken. filat of Beef, Madiera Sweet Biead*, with Mush- Sauoe. ruoaa. Calve* Tongues, l'epper Lamb Chcpe. ltreadcd. Sauce. Leg* of A/'hioken, Dock Veal Chopi with Sj innoh. ? tyle. Bt'wed Duck*, with olive*. Veuitou Chopi, Currant Filet o( Muttos, with Sauce. Green P?a?. Filet ot Chicken, Tuait. Fried Oyster*. (lyttert Fie. Slewed Pigeon, with Wine Fitet of Partridge, with Bau< e. Iruttle*. Timball of Macaroni. boast. Capon Chicken*. Larded. Saddle of Mutton. Sin loin of ?eef. Loin of Veul, Larded. Goo?e. Turkey*. Duckj. OA Ml. ?addle of Vcoiion. Oan?aja Back Duck*. Partridge*, l'rairie Bens. Wild Cuoie. yua.l*. Wild Duck*. Pigeon*. Hi:iTAIILM or THE SHAM*. nut, Irene K Ki'sef, with Cream. Apple*, with Rice. I harlotte dc Home. Wiiie Jelly. Orang' a Froated. Chocolate Cream. Frui: Jelly. Apple Churl" tte. Fort .ellj. hum Jelly, l'lum Tart*. Apple Tart* Miioe Tart*. Cranbi rry Tarts. Vanilla Ice Cream. Apple Charlotte Blanc Mange. Lemon Ice ijreaui. I'lvim Pudding. PYRAMIDS Maccaitni. f rolled Cake*. Nugat. Ffnch K *sM?. t'Bt IT*. After ihe subBtantials were liberally disposed of by the guebts, the regular toasts were read, ap proved, and of course adopted by a plentiful infu sion of champagne, as eash one waa read. Then came Bpeech making. Gov Huut resjKinded to a sentime ut intended us a compliment to the " Go vernor of the Empire Stute. The Governor is a tolerably ready, oil-hand speaker on most occa sions. but it seemed last night as if h"? felt const detably embarrassed. llis remarks were listened to with attention, but they did not fall from hi: | lips with that fullness and freedom that have clia ! racteriztd hie seeches on other hilarious occt ! sionu. At the Gilbert dinner in Albany, when h was Comptroller, his remarks had a much more Iiappy and enlivening effect. The gallant aud universally honored Major Central Weed also responded toatoist given ir honor ol ihe United Stiles Army. The Genera' is a brave soldier, and stands u,>o.i the roll of Idine next to Major General Winlield Scott aimnir the living defenders ol American lienor. Tht~ General La* carved a fame to glory and renown his name aud deeds of noble daring ire upon thi lips of all hia countrymen, and all desire that, a; they are the property of the natiou, they may b fondly theruhtd, and transmitted to future nene ratu us. Lieut Governor Church was called up, and addressed the meeting for a few moments, will* much earnestneas and animation. From his uauai mcdest appearance, a perion would not suppose there was as much tire i a huu as h<; exhibited at. the bupi er table last night. He sj>oke eloquently fluectly and feelingly, but very inappropriately His speech was ol the ultra free soil stamp, alto ? gether untitling the occasion. It wu a bold bid. tor the gubernatonal chair in 1S")4. He waa en thusiastically cheered ty Senators Johnson Schoonmakir and other whig free soil Senators, although his casting vote, a tew days since, pre vented those gentlemen from making ex-Governot Fish United States Senator. Mr. Church i* * ready speaker, and wouli make a popular orator should he mount the huttings. The next speaker whom the meeting mounted ujona chair, waa J. W Fowler, of Hillslon Spi This gentleman ia the |>opular principal of the National Law School in that village, kept m th< old Sana Souci, formerly one of the most cele - brated hottls in the I'mted States, when llallitor was the great resort for Southern invalids,, during the summer months. Mr. Fowler mad the inost appropriate speech tha' was mad? during the evtning, ana was listened to will greater satisfaction than either of the others. His theme was '* Washington, and bis brar** crmpatriots of the revolution." His allusion to the father of hi* country, to GeneraU Stark, Putnam, and others, we.* aa effort of pa triotic oratory seldom surpassed, and received frorr his listeners the most enthusiastic and almoel un restrained applause. Professor Fowler is a tinishe master of eioqumce, if there is one in the United States, and well draerve* to be placed at the head of an institution like the luw school, where tne gems of eloquence and orafory are implanted in. the minds of ihe aspiring youth of our country There were also several other speeches and ha rangues afterwards nude; but aa the wori.ings ol the champagne began now to be developed in nisa iogt, hurrahs, ribaldry and Indian yells, the amuse* mints of the eveninjr, a' eight o'clock, wer? brought to a cloie. The train of rnri tor Alban> now ai p<ar< din front of the Troy House, and Messrs Lesley, Carrol, Mather, myself, and a few other*, accompanied the honourable, the members of ?bt Legislature "homeward bound," as far aa F is< A Ibany. Thus ended thf anniversary of Washing - ton's birth-day in Troy. Onr lUcltuionil Corrtipoiidsnrt. Rii'lMOTD, Feb 21, 1860. Gat m Richmond? Atccndm% Inrlincd I'Untt? Swctirful Erpvimtnt of Mr. Frtnrh't hii'tn lion for Arromj'hihmf thii Ohjat, <rr., 4*. Thin city aftrr a long period of darkneaii, hu at length been blessed with gaa The streets now present an agreeable difference to what thejr die' gome nights aince, when it waa really dangerous to walk or drive without a lantern. A great improvement in railroad* has been mid? l.y James S French, Kan , of thia State, by which he ran aacend the undulating surface* of the eartl without going to the expense o I excavating 01 tilling up. The experiments that have I ren mid' before the Legielature, d'-mon?trute lb- ?ntir. practicability of tliit r"? 1 b-ing adopted It ihe grrnter advantage of any other that i now known, combining. an it does, halt th>- ooat, liall th' time, an t 11 .erlcct security in ravelling, a* traina may proceed at any velocity, ei:her on * t-t Might road or at a > irvc, without \ ,> nsit)ility ol beiiig thrown from the truck The road on which the e x|?entiiente were made ia built on a grade of two hundred feet to the mile: a small engine of oi.ly three tona d*ew up a i>ass?niri rear wuh on? hoi dred and filty persons, stopping a' any moment either descending or ascending, while proceeding at a velocity of twenty miles an hour A ro?d conttiucterf on this pi*n ta not al!ect<-d by either frt at or anow, as adhesion, in any qiuatity in iy b obtained, thus enabling an engine to ascend high er grades, and carrr larger !oa<la thin could other wise be dune. The beat engineers of the State have examined it, and have failed to ofler anio nic reason why il should not be adopted, thm ta citly confeaking its entire superiority to all other* now in use. Should Mr Trench succeed in hiv ing it adopted by the State, in the construction ol a< me of her roads, he will b>* ih ? moat sacneaaful inventor ever known. as his plan m iat be^ use< hereafter on all rotde. not only ia ih* I'liit-M Htat'S, but throughout th- worl I I will c ill or Mr F , and obtain a mechanic*! description ol hia invention, which 1 wilt send you in a few days _ Or >bk vga. A Gar^o 01 Cm ftrratlirirtn Rrokm tp? The Fin man, of Jeffefwin, N. Y , retires the clrcum at 11 nc* 1 attending the breaking up of a guig of thieves, counterfeiters, and depreditors in general. By this report, a Mr .^entitle, who lost $1,301 ? worth rf clothing last ( ?cti her, recovers his pro perty, as do also several othera. A man aimed Wilcox? a leading spirit in the gang? waa com milted to jail and escaped u?t f?||, an,| nvitimiag the name of Brown, went to reside ia T*?g* f'o , Pa. He was caught through the inrt i<*nce of a i.riooner who waa in ml at the tut' of W '(enrage, nut refused to accompany Into Ssvrral arret to fcgve aJftady beta mage

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