Newspaper of The New York Herald, March 22, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated March 22, 1851 Page 2
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INTERESTING HOME CORRESPONDENCE. Omi Washington CorrMfMitM*. Washing TO", March 19. 1851. Ill Prtnd,1iai Progrmmmt?Tk* Sate of the 4 muM Ntuipm/H-r?S*vnrd,t l+/i*t%ee and \ HUo-iiWi, ?rc The programme of the next Preaidannal race ? what u it t Let ua aee. The Southern tire eatera trill either run a man of their own stripe, or will observe a "masterly inactivity," and an "armed neutrality,' and take no part in the conieat. Governor Ca*a will have a atrong force in the national democratic convention; but not a two <huds, nor even a hare majority. Upon the ground that he ta a beaten nag, and that hia posi tion ia equivocal on the <iueetion of river and fearfcor imprcvemet ta, if not on the ^ueauon dia cniaed in the Nicholron letter, hia frienda in the convention will give him up, and go for some other favorite of the democratic party Gcnerala Sum Houston and Will.am O. Butler will be about equally strong in the convention They are Jucktu u men, and were both peta of <>Id Hickory They will not run against each other; hat will agree mutually that he who has the leaser tupport in the convention ahall yield to the other. The L'ntcn newspaper ia now m the hands of the Jarkson men proper. GeuA-til Armatrong and Mojor I>onelB<o were, lihe Generals Houston and BatJer, pets of <. 'Id Hickory. They, of course, will prtfer to support Houston or Butler before any ?iber mu who em be named. And if, between I those two brother peta of the late General J acksoo, axes""? - tw"?" ? ?? M<-t?rs. LniU? and Buchanan will neutralise each other tn the convention, and neither will en the rnmmawn. Judge Woodbury will have a tl.T.fc* prei" hu cliiui*: but not sufficient l!.lf;!5VlieLCTl,tlon to Jr^<' 'o tike him fri'W the heuch which be now graces. Meaira Kobert J Walker an t Diniel S Dickia acu will havt- acme ardent friend* in the conven tion; but not enough to bring about the no.nina U?.n of n her. Should the convention find it impossible to unite etudially ar.,1 hdrrnoiiiour.'y upon ei n< r Houaon or Sutler- an evtm not at all lively to occur? a moat actable, au d quite an unobjectionable comiHomiae J?v Wl!l be foi)D(l "> t??* peraon of the Young Jjiant of the West,"' the Hon Stephen A. Douglas, Senator from lihuoia. Judsre Donilas ?? but lotty-one years cf age, and can wan four or eight years to be made President, while older men cm.not; bat thould he be nominated as a cimpro Mice candidate, he is not the patriot to refuse to eerve his countrv m ihe chi**f e.\ecu;ive chtir, if the w? pie will, otfiuchan earl- day as 1-03, buckl' fUt*Ti s honors on his back So it mav he laWdow n as a reaconaM* x>stula:e, that either Sam Housur, William O. Butler, or S epben A Dou gla?, win ce tht democratic caniidate for toe next presidency. The pian ihit F athcr Ritchie, who hid purchased the old (jl?, t, that Jackson h.i.l founded, from Messrs Blair aid Rives, two pets of OM Hickory should eeil the establishment h.ick to two ottier P?t?'.f the name old hero, and thus appease Blau and Juv> s, and their peculiar friends, if pouihle, nomfftfttypc Tue ? ? flt.fi to #!ect a democratic President in jso2 is to br a mighty <?ne. In regard to the whig national convention, and fhe candidate it will put in nomiaa'ion, there u> little left to conjecture Mr. Clay will h ive a noble a*d rssolute force in that body; Mr Webster will have >. me ardent ai.d well meaning friends there; ?Jr. r 1 1 rrt re will have a force, aia the Fillmore iftice hoioers cmi rr.user: buf Win fie Id Scott's fr.end* will rut number and s'acd, n full head-and awuktrrs taller thin oil others in the convention. Aa.i iso'.t will bf nominated, in s_>ite of all the ef foita ot all of Mr. President Fillmore's cabinet Mais en. Who, when they shall see a chance of Scott ?elecurn, will tar-k about and go for him tnn? ualy, in the hope cf being retain. -d in tlieir pt? eta Suih will be the result? m uk the prediction, ine aatonubmeuof almoat everybody here, and of tlio?e ? ho con e here from alt garters, at the fce?ittiu<n or Tier dtDi Filiroore i a carrying out tiie ?eawea which he <10 gloriously and patriotically tma low* d forth hi htaepecial m rase ire to Congress ?? ihe subi-ttof the threatened nullification of Texa.-, ana m hi* first annual me>ssare is very great. It eors-uu I) breaks forth in accents of re<?re;and hytri oiiMip,. ointment. Who woeld have believed th.,1 the au't or cf tho.-e would have con tinur-d in ? !:,ee euth fuoi inLun-B as M arrival De. veh>, Collector Grerly, Collector Lewis, Commit ? oner I. whm.lt, and Commissioner iiat'er'ield . *r ;*'?? nt at?d iBcotifoverahlf, of th?tr ua "'?"??"l uowcrthtue.,, bvl been laid before fc'm LH.ei Mr. (iltmore d<-bire to tw Tyltrized' !Jo?*ii h?- idi on |o be Sewardiz?d ! Why hi* he p-ocrus mate J action in tire nutter of displarina l-iwtwok.tiocr he directed that <"un ti inary to b< suj>? r< eded ! Has the h< noraMc Senator Seward a**fec him out of his patriotic resolve' Mr Se ward is still here, ?nd Krx>*~ wb .th-hiarem .ine.l Wtef.r . Ilekm.wa that Mr. 1 illmo.-e will tot remove Mr Lwhack. nor Mr. Co. lector Greely, while he remain# in W?H nsron He is expeet/d *? leave to-morraw, thm i'rejident Killmore nia?, m a uimn?-r b?c.imiui; his high i^sition, and wairfi woui.l command the approbatmn und aJmi nitww cf c I good pdrrto'ic m *n fhrouzhout liie l iairo JlJuis njus Vi rfunt. Wa?niNCTO\, March 20, I3.3I. T%4 Phi/j'<,/jjna ( t.rrthip and Strrttary Cm-win? (,'iwri/ A-, ? M*,, ? l>t Cump-t^n 0' Jfc52? hUi:i. d ,\J net ><% the Ckeu H *ird? C'ji?, tL+u<m, Ikn-^hu, Scott, ll'tkiter , and Fitkn ? ? f.'rcjt /h n .tgi or-r tKi of Ui ttrn .r /'1 gh ? t'urcdi, 4-.-., 4-c. The COB rats, ion, if pointed hy th^ Secretary, to iaveMigate the chargta a^aitsi collector Lew.j, 0f PfciUce iphia, h .s r. potted all the evince in the cw. Itmak aa n aaukcn;>t volume of over six hncdred ?nf?s. Th- S'-crr-tary, 1 uadervuad, has not U ? n able to lo< k iaii the matter yet, in con ?^uence of his i.L?*sa. 1 >( crurse, 1: * impossible ?o say * hut decis on he v.,i| ultimately m the in the t-ur, tlie-rt- II certainly, as yet, no reae >a to (?fpoMf he feels mcimed to smother up any im ptoprietis*. The report is considered a portion of the seeret archives of the d- partment? not in leiidr d for ptitiwration? a: ail e-veata, till ? decision h*? heeu arrived at. Should that dacMoo acq'iit Mr Cr |ie;t?r Lew , it .a to tie ho|?d. for his own aafce, the w hole of th" ev id'dc- will t>e fniklwhed; a?d, 1# no#, yoar ct-rreapoft<icat will endeavor lo threw iome li^ht spoa it. The caae of the hms of < -B? rj! Kwcioako, which bus he. n pending hrr* fir several vara, is )? b?- tried b lore he ( ucuit Ouurt of ihe I '.strict, neat Week It Will, n doubt, be* an interesting <*?e? iroUbly ft Dg into a h a or y M K la.-H^ko'j f , >?'?m*iely ci?oected sub the revolu Uo?H,ry *,.iory ,(f lh^ c,,uo,ry Lx Attorney ?'?er,l Krverdy J. h .s n ao<i M .?r r.K:h nu. fc'V. ',r'; Mr Cai.fMrUi.Mm.r *?canin, Pol ticai matters are ?p*.0g ?to ? more fii>K ?a pe it ,f t>* gwtiUtx to be ? v:d*nt th it. in i*e d? mo. ratio- ranks, the- u;~h<-: Cf the pr??eat PMifa ? ? aHair will be Oie- , u-:nf over both 1 .?*iV d'-mo.rat.c taudoiates, Cass aa<i I lou -*< n, and the sHecaaa >?( some other mttia .it si- d"?. .a th? ca?- cf Xr i'uik t d? soet Hons lr? t, h bi, rf)y t,. ,mi ,o ?^'f.??d would as a-x.n -e iv 4.V), H^rd M l?at kN. Pigment .art p,, 1 01. -si fn.BJ Hm.uN .?c ^ - Housu'ii, ifexM.ua lea via? this citr Sar.- .0 ,4 hs < itvpipf U ^Ibf; Mm hi aider. , n. fH| ( ?? , [llure fcri im HrJ'^\Lii,y "" 1 well g hut both the**- t'oiii ,1 n tB??i-a. i*e jureoh ti, n of a coovent n, and ?? If taer<-f..r? ?ffal to th?: ancient 1 r , ? -i Bens' 1 ft t# act to be supposed taat the ^f<a>>crtue r-ia v.etioa will commit such ail in :>?cret.o? ?, ^ ?Mfce any ae.Vctioo betweo the rival n . srsat* -a selection which would have the in'-vit <h!c effe#t t,( weak'tt'Dg the party by the cold aupp. it, or, r-r ha,?. < prn ( pi^?it,#n. which the 110 jci ea?ful i? pwsni is niei.da woaid ?ivr ?o tii<- rnia wh? re P*ferrmc* The coaveati >n w,ll di ao s?rii f cdish thiof it will tut upon a third mm and taar man will CofBe fro* th*- gn a' northwest' It w,,l he a man who, althouKh s iff.c.ently haowt>, Mb?t do taste fu! to ,ry partkalar portion of it. j t?er<- is but one man *? ho ansarers to thl.? dea rip I'0t,.'.Vifna?,T?,60* ,Ur"1- <*11' that mm is H-ph*n ?r ??If V illia"" W rhew.l be el-c ed mo her minor, which can ??e.wh,VW:i,1''J "trnni. Tne sam" ineo. lo, ' '? ?rr?ar> ?kny< i?,u 1 e ateet, ?,>? also ao rrm.in .i.n't.' ckii'n"i h' '? .m V. : V:; tit. ^V,- S it."",' >?" elected, good by to the cli a... r^I ' " ?*e otfo ?.n runDlne tr m H?o 77 Wetwter The ob^cf.'lUrfC';' eammodation cannot be made hy whlch i|' I'lii*^, the ''fr ienda" shall he^Mraed 5m? m pauoae the personal contes' by p- rm.-t n-J ?o rnn oa the ooarae in Heaven, for better tun f, f ?ur years Ui^e J tkm ?, thrr?iore; the cater, wnj be betweea Fillmore and Douglass, ud if to, it will be a fair ?nd up fight, >a which party linn will be pretty closely drawn. It turns out that Governor Fish's election to the I sited Slates Senate is a matter of personal con gratulation on the part of the President, if we may believe the Rtyublic of this morning. It Fiah is a "silver grey," after all, Governor Seward's interest in his suocese, presents one of the most remarka ble instances of devoted and disinterested patriot ism which that eminent Individual has ever been accused of. ?But, leaving politics aside, permit me to mention 1 the fact, that Parodi's second concert, thia eve nine, is creating nearly as great as exeitem"nt as did Jenny Land's last December Neirly all the tickets have been sold, and the theatre will doubt less be crowded. Our fr. end WMlitts, the treasurer, has already signed h.s auto nph toover live hun dred "secured seats," and the cry is, still they come. Her concert, on Monday evening, gave great satisfaction The statement that the Secret rv of the Trea sury has arrived at any decision as >e .tarda the in terpretation to be'placed upon H m er'a bill, is a mistake. He # lprobibly, how<s ??-, makeup his mind, with .?? a. sistance of the A < rney General, thia week.t Washing ton, March 20, 1861. The Cau of the Philadelphia Collector. ' I fee it stated in tome of your Washington cor respondence that the case of Collector Lewis is about to b? decided shortly; and that the only reason why it has not been already acted upon is, that Mr. Corwin ia sick. I believe that Mr. Corwin, after he shall have fully recovered hia health, (and 1 trust this will be soon,) will be able cfFicialJy to dispel the cobweb of slanders winch a disappointed calnl hia artfully and wall indefatigable industry woven over Mr. W. D. l ewis's head. Mr Gib!K>n-s I am aware, has published a pamphlet against Mr Lewis, pur ? crting to be a resume, or a icount of the lat* in vestigations had in Philadelphia before Commis sioner Puulevy; but it is not p?nerally known that Mr Lewis, too, has a pam,>hkt in press, rebut ting Mr. Gibbon's account, and carrying the war into Africa- Till this new pamphlet is out, it would be best for correspondents to reserve their tire. Audi alteram partem. Affairs at the Halt Capital. Ol'E ALBANY "COHRKS POMDENCI. Albany, March 19, 1851. j He Preliminary to the Election of United Scuta Senator? Jh Important Vote toit by bring t'co Aim uLct too Lute. It has been anticipated that no election for : United Statrs Senator coul i be made by the present ! Legislature under any exist.ng or prospective law, but that matter was disposed of at two o'clock this morning, by joint resolution. Some five or six days since, Senator Cook, despairing ot" electing a Senator in the usual manner, laid a notice on the table that he would, on some future ddy, move to susi^nd one of the rules which required all joint resolution s to lie over one day after being ottered, before being acted u,ion. Non .? of the \ igilant mi ! nority cculd, of cours?, know when thit motion would be Caljed up, although they were aware, that on the first day when all *h? whig Senators w re present, and one or two j democrats were absent, then it was probable that the eliort would be m ide. On Saturday every whig Senator appeared in his pla:e, numbering se venteen, all U'lJ : though upon the question of & ^.-?pension of the rules it wis well known that Mr. ; Beekman would not go with his party friends. On that day, also, the democrats were all pre.-ent. That afternoon, Senator Brandreth took a trip to Sipg Sing, iutecdirg to remain a few days. On Mucday mcrniag Senatoi Dar: F'at^d that he was unexpectedly caiud to the city of New York, and rsqui-sud that the resolution might not be called u,> untii hie return, ecJ made an arran?em*nt with Senator Croliua to " pair oil"," upon the taking* of ' political uestiors. On Tuesday mornijj, as soon as the order of bujints. for ofl'erin? reoolvtions ar ! rived, Senattr Conk, observing 'ht a'vsen.eof both Mr Hranorethaa 1 Mr Dart, sprung his resolution ?ufp> ndirg the join', rule aforea&i.i. Th ? deinocra ! tie minority being thus unexpecte !'r pomced upon I wtnle two <f iheirmembtrs w? re ahseflt, relied Uf on the oppoi rfion of Senators Baticock indO<veu, bo h of whom the elrepy silver grays have clai.ned i all the fttucu Those two votes, or either one, | and aWo ihat of Mr. Beekman, known to be cer tuin, would have defeated the springing of the " fi|nr? oi-four." A debite occurred of two or three hears, when, upon taking the question by ayes and noer, the votes of the two former gen.le rrec were given in fuvorof Mr Cook's resolution. Before the vote wis sinouneed, Senator Maun challenged the vote ot Mr. Schoonmaker, on the ground that he was a member of Congress, and therefor' not *ctit!ed to a vote in the Senile of tlie State of New York. The whig majority, of course, sustained the vote, as it was tor th it vote mainly that Mr. S. ha* !>een compelled to li lzard his seat in Cosgress The motion to rescind w as carried ; by s mijontT of two vot--s. ' About this time, the news s,reid av?out thecitv that the democrats had been caught nappiug, and that a Senator wus that day to be chosen. The lobbies, atte-roome, aud even the floor of th?* Ss nat? chumber, scon berime thrunced with specta tors It seemed as if the people rushed in torrents to ? itr? ss the scene then enacting. Mr Mann, and other d-mocratic Senators, being thuji tfk'-n unprepared, desired in tor oik*, ion whe tier thee was any necessity fjrthai kind of action; and Mr Baboock, the whig < hiel counsellor, was ? apjealed to for tin answ er Now, Mr. B , being a mode I of d'cuity, i almn*s*. and sedateness, has been looked u^on with the hix heat respect, and wasejjected to autwer the interrogatory, as he uniforr ly h?? done every oth*r, wa;h clearness and , precision H.s re,ly wa?, thit he koew of no p->? litical object in view, and th .t he relied altogether uj<in tin- ?taum*nt made by Src 'or Cook, that the crowd of business before the S Bute demanded the tctpentioa ct the rule, in order to got the two j bouses closer together. Tue rule was, of course, j suspended. Immediately opm that f?ct being ancotmee I, Mr '>*en,u, to that n.T?i< nt s'tp.osed to Uc all v? r cr .y, s( r,.ng to his leet, and ort* red a pre imbic aud lerointi' u i!otlaring thit wbi rea? the T<"ifis ; Uturefnd failed to elect u S njtor on a prsviou* occasion, th' r'fore the two housee would, at four o'clock en that d;v, proceed, in joint wetiog, to 1 ilecta?- Eiitor Tui.' ito.oc, cormnc fro.Tihim, Mt?cuih< d every or.e preg-ct. except the woolleys wl o w> re iu th?- *e;iet Th* silvi r trays bui'.led tf><.ut in artoni-hmerit, declared Babcock urrl ' ?rn tiaitof t? Mr t iIIban and the sauonal ad mmiMratiOc. They found tln-ni-elves told in the coo ng Of ifc< se two Sen trrs. What was to be ? Hamilton I wh w>uid now be certunlv thtrra. in acctrcance wrh the dict.ttica of W .? d, retwr.liotaadirg the tioyicMti. firuaoess nt M(r. Teeknun fuller, il thr iUitt Hi gutrr, button hoUd tb< dei!ioer<te-l>ec ,'i02. pr.iy.o^. in Coring ? the in to state whn' hid actually bcc?n?e of Bran I dreth ei.llurt ' Vai the) ? ccMealed aoaw> where in th'- city, and | 'a) in? pos<u :i on tin dmjI sf.Umn, most iotemttrg occasion! Their votes ?rep- now oecea?ary to c<: a nU'r balance the defec tion and des rtion <>t Babco' k and t>o-n; but n ? inforr.-.atieo cou'.l be given of th^ir whereabiutw, except t?.<?t the I ? lit "iine S.ng. aod Mr. bart in New York T( lecrip'oic aes.'atches were s**nt, but no anew- r; and th' democrats were talk lev u rainst time It was co? 4 o'clock, aid no recess, aod no din ger Senators twgab to Uiot and staffer, both for want of food and from woa lerful ?nxie:y, excite ai' nt. and mrntal a?ony Kver and anon, a lo.-o an<1awf. r(aire |ptT tog'th^r. and went over to i t'onjrr's# l!.iil to procure stomach stifTners. Bjt the faitf.fi, I sons or t< m.-eran e w<-re still in sulfer w?c . an<l it wm though: hy a ?*!ect coanittee in ?he snte-room, that the contingent fund of the rynau *h< aid (?? resorted to in the trying, starving, and dry tm'rg'ney. Accordingly the me*scng-r wasdespat-hed for a ^ lanuty of provender, who serm r?turn*d wi h a bountilal supply from the tablra of ' '?L>reet Hall, w bi h was brought to th* senators, Uetuw the horu.rabte senators could no', go after the ir d .oners This would have be?n r>ght ?fid pro^'-r. h id not sometfusff more w rrymai id - been cLaiidrstifiely iatrodu:'t4 into th* heads of Mme of 'k* uctu'|^<"iRi; fathers of the ?pp^r house. Tb*re are now hve thousand petitionrrs asking th* i I ?p.s'a'ure to {rohibit tue ?a> of loebnaung : tfraurhts Ai>' ut rf o'cl iCk, a telegraphic d*sp?t.?h ?s#? re oeivfdfroii .Mr I'ait.m "<ew York, ackaawtedg irtr tbe r (eipt of one from the capital re/iirine hjs immediate prr enc*. but f?r*\uu2 his inability to reach Albany on Wednesday morning, having arrived at the { ler l ist in tim* to fie te>o late for the K o'clock up- river heat T.rne crept apace, and M<e? s. S-oue, CjrUa, snd '^rroll kept the >or unul harpist I o'clock, and then very r> luetaatly yi? Ided. Whi> tb* ayes and nces w? re beir? called, in ruah*d I >r. Uran dreth, ) e' aniv l from '?ing S4ng. He desired to record his vote; but as the rule w.?? imperative, he was not allowed that privilege The doctor being , snugly at hor.e at Sing Sinp e<f Tuesday rriorain/. not expecting to ret-irn to Albany unier two or three daya, hnd the tfm Ymk Jlrr*. of that morn ing, trourht by 'he early traia. pu*. into his hand*, wF.. a he discovered by a tehgra( b4c despitch frrm A.'basy Uiat the Senator itiestiea would f? bro' h? up 'ha- m?rning, Jumjied in t).e next train of c irs for Pong like epsie, and arrived at Albany in the otesnier Arm.ua, and at the Sena'e rharnher two minutea too lite to reco;d hif vote against ehifrig Ptnatcr w. Albany, March 30, 1861. 1 Ati-Rtnt . You allude, ia your paper of yesterday, to the ?nu rent miu meeting now being Meld here. This meeting does not muter over 70 pernone? all told* There has been an extensive flourish; bat the humbug of anti-renr, notwithstanding Greeley 'a fostering care, ia about exploding? lining oat. [From the Rom* Sentinel ] ANOTHKn ANT.'- KK.NT E* I'LOMD. The following paragraph chows Ihtt another of the Bii} bugbears which have been devised to eejole the toiuli st leeeehold Mlttci. ui to ?uatictiri capital for broken winded pelltioieue. ku found It* end. The suit agalnft Mr. Clarke, upon hie Mont gomery oounty lends, iu the very strongest o?se which eould be made against any of hie lands, and on this the Attorney General has been beaten, as every feasible man supposed he would be : ? The Pi:OrLE oi the State Or New Yobe vs. George Class* ?This ease wbieh wee tried at the Montgo mery elrcuit. In November last, before Judge Oady, has been decided against the State and in favor of the defendant. The eult was Instituted by tbe Attorney General for tbe purpose ot vacating and annulling the letters patent under whieh the defendant delated a large tiaot of land la the eoanty ol Monogomery. --Albany Jttlui. Ou Hew Oilcai cwmptn^nte Nkw Orlxans, March 11, l$3l Uutory of the Mo*>,uUo Protcctorate-Dtnner to Utn. Quitman? First Crim. Con. Cast '* Louisiana? Other Curtom i Trialt, fc. By the late news from Central Americe, you have perceived that the English government, by it J intrigues, haa made further encroachments on that country, through Sir Charles Grey, the Governor of Jamaica. Hostilities had actually broke i ou* between the States of San Salvador and Guate mala, occasioned by Biitish interfereoce, and the latter State had called on Great Britain for aid. Since thee, you have seen the graphic account of he arrival of His lloyal Highness, the Mo^uito King, at San Juan de Nicaragua, or Grey Town, I nd'the sumptuous bancuet prepared for him by II. i B M's Consul at that place. As the question of the right of Nicaragua to the Mosquito territory, is becoming daily vested with , reater importance, I will give you, tor the benefit of your readers, a short account of tne kingdom tod its king. The preuentchief, King or the Mosquito Territory, as England has thought pro. er to sty le h m, is u d'npy colored lad, between seventeen ar l eighteen veers cf age, who his obtained, through the bug* lish, a EmatteriDg of education. He is a lineal de scendant cf those who were chief cains of that tribe of Indian* befcre their alliance wi h England, and of their so-called kings since. The Mosquito coun try was an independent territory, occupied by the most warlike tube of any of the aborigines of Cen tral America, before the Spanish invasion, and in the exterminating warfure of that coji'iest they, end another independent tribe, who still exis. in the country lying between the Mo^u-toes on t.ie ecet and San Salvador on the west, were the only people who rolled back the tide or^yin^hrici0^, a?d preserved their tenitcry. The t.ondi r( i, M caragua, and all the other tribes of Central A?-'1 can Indians, submi ted to tne power ol a, i:i, an the des.otUm of her vice-regal represent i\e. The Mosquitoes warred constantly and 6U-ces. fullv o nninat thu t *>owfriOfl2 ftficr it Wft9 lllU?tT6SS of hi: tie oth< r tr.bes, and had obliterated everv I trac of the aboriginal population fr"rn tl't ',1fh ', 1 excel '-, indeed, the rums of their cities and the I monuments of iheir simplicity or weakness, tor I more thin a ce ntury they exacted a^rct,' lected it from the bettleri at t.rey Tosvn, for the ' nrivflffi' of trading and cutting tiawer there, not ' oiiiv v lnle it was a pretended colony of Spain, but since it has been claimed by the present republics. Admitting, then, that the Mojitoes owupf the same position with Nicaragua and other States, as iLe Camanches do with the Lnited States, " would hard '.v le presumed that Knglind would dare' to uphold the sovereignty of the latter tribe over this ccuutrv; tnl if not, her interference with the Central American States in thb ad air, canaotbut be looked upon as a great violation of right, and simt-t dastardly interfcrenae, which this govern ment will never consent to. ? . ! The first connection cf Great Britain with the Mo-iuitoes, took place after England hid ac?vnre<i tie Island of Jamaica, during the protectorate of Cromwell, wh-?n the inhabitants Lnowa as Ma I r i. ens and occupying the mountains, broke out .n j r- bell. on. and committed the 1 ties on the other inhabitants. The Urwisn troot3 at Jan-tica not being in sufiicient force ?o pr?ven I these attacks, the natives from the Mo.^atto couu I try were hiied io come to their hence the alliance between the chiet of J ?n.l the Enelish Governor. llns alliance was renewed under successive governors, until the Xw. cl Orev Town, us ft is now called as a tiadinz tort and market to purchase the hae and co?tlv dyes and woods, developed itself, wh?nThe chief was, by British policy, made a crowned kirz, thit fo cou.ia of England irieht enter into a royal alliance, Jcc. .. on enuil terms with him. By this farce was laid th?* g- rm of British iaterf-renee in Central Amenci.li alldirs. Tne coram-tcial treaties of f island with the Cen'Xil and Jjuth American republics brought half a djy.cn IcUiinan^ for thc Mofuinto terri ory b? f?>re the world, b it Niciragua ! and Honduras most prominently. Fhey elataed, : and rmst justly too, that it bordered on their ter ntotv, and was a [.art of the nme and as it was only inhabited by savages, they had ari^i: ' rise autnority over it, in ?rler that th y n Zo j civili/' the country, ani enjoy the bene til of its Une rateable river to the lak^s. l.agland, how er, ?luietly sustained the sovereignty of thear ?viea. allv It was about this tint- that Mr. M <nro rntdi his celebrated declaration, thtt th< V .it. d ? ^ates would not tolerute lluroj an uiterterence on tW^ continent l.nsland th n set her dt .torn -Outs < th- Chutfield school, privately at wirk Central ArrAnca. and commenced the protectorate as iiB.oi^n the ulliince formed with the .vW.uifH's. (?n the reiteration of this declaration l.f _ Mr. Pok.Mr ( hatheld, the consul gener il <?f t-reat Briton in Central Am?nci, openly ^v'lo^.li.s i hv? ? io, and h<* has at last ri<:c?? ded i t bringing th'- warriors of th'' aei^rite S :it?- into 1 1 reel n >?* i i titles, which will Uuv the.r allv, lh Mo#'|uito? s, t?> lo pretty much as hu co.ism of Lag ^TTbe f rir'nAs <4 Ge?. C{ni?roan, with a vl?w to 1 console him for the sacrifice he had mad ?tare.ign injj Governor of the Siuf ?>f Mrfsi :'.'Oorier to ol>ey th*- mandates of the law on th- c i being concerned with the fuiWer r. tcn.|ered I im a coniptimenury dinner, wuich c line otT last evrnin". U wasaaout andout SUU- rights dianer, aud mTfsr as th- edibles mr* <'>ncewd, was hiah v credit. Me U> Me??r? Mud.''* A wdsoa, of the St. Louis Hole.. About one h, ,dr d rrjons tat down to the table, among who* w- r. adg MaTir, of M s-'issippi, and t ol C Danley, of Ark :r.s ,s. forrnerly ai<i to?|attm?n in the Mexican war N vera! speeches were Hi ?de, in which It w is h jed that the Tnion woul I not U- diw. ^ ' , ?n! that the fights of the South WouU b ? r v ctecT Toasts were STiven for Pierre 8ciul? , I rights, for the L'nwm, and to th< "i'>ry c'calhoan. The latter was dr.nk "rtaading, aad m sil< nee Cn the health cf < , n- r .< 1 1 utiian | beicc drunk, the old be*0 '"a*. . l?_r] i*?eh dehn< d his v>oMtipn iu th* 'i w <r. ail JTt& s ruggle between the North and the N.uth He d<( tared that he was nino. ;.t < f any arrtua! Mrtici;ation i* the Cuba e*r Iition, the he would con* ss i-s sue seas would have a 1 >M-d him treat vra'ilicatioa He said hii only oil n-ec.-n d in the fact that he had heen made the e?n lid.-nt of the leaders of the expedition, and hid been invited by them to lead th^ o," ratng The gaiunt < iene ral did not say. how?.v< r.^h th r h?- accepted the invitation or not In allulinz to the slavery question, he intimated that h'- was not satisfied with the present oosnon of aflurs, and ? fast the Seiiith demands I the warmest nijert of her fri*nd -, to ma.nrain her nph s invdolale from the attacks of th" North. He conclndeJ with a i:?n'ral review ol the position of the South, aad Lr rights and duties, as he undergo, d th m t or-nleiir * the parti/au character of the re isos, no v*y vml'-nt n marks were male, and much hi lanty prevailed. C!t-ni mitjaitmaii hap lately S?ea eiM the "John CJ Calhoun of tlM Smth. "?o far aa hit State righta doctrine and i*-rhh| a he deernrea thr> cog nomen, !<>Mhere are but few wha are mor* vto* lent in their ofinirna on thia * lhject. i < r a North erner, too, thia aeema a little angular, f ?r he wai bora in the State of New York A> a private fen tlem?n, tberc are few who enjoy a high? r rec ita tion lor noMe and reneroui ?i'talitie* j? an Luiulfive, warm hearted rur.n. and e ieh m^n ar rrvoat apt to be led artray ac t deluded into a faUe ?t?* N *iewa Ti " Era! action of rrim rom which hai evr die gracej lb* rewtda t f any court of thi? Butte, waa Srtuyh. i? tktoritjr afew davaa?o. A Mr h?ith char/"* Hr. Bon tourer with aemcinc and carry ?tj? ' ti hia wife, f'?r * f-ieb he el rim datMgta in ll.p ? p: o? Mr Bettlangrer deni*? th? {Itriiri n't f'ioii!' ibM be fur i tbf plaintiffa wile tn a aervaut, a.. I to ri<J it Ittfe co? ki?;r II u ? n* funni aflaii, and Will make *?port for ti e !;,? .<*(< Avon! a year ajo, a ew caite us in ovr J*i <rjrf. frun thr ^ar.m of Ei?t Jt't\ nana, I ? >" icfl ?/ contract of aarriafe, O firat and< ?' '-on of :h* fc.nd e?er hfowbt in tM? ?w'*te. m wti t? the j-laiti'U a atkoof .wn, j cJaim*'| Mftl t.itn'.-'^ffntr1.h old |4 im^r Ayir -?ro ?j? tf iD'ii" eare h*r i a verdict of fl,000, tad the old bachelor appealed. The majority oi the court confirmed the judgment, hat JeMtee Koet disarmed. on the gvowdtkM there wis no lew which provided for such a cue; that there waa no contract proven between the parties, and as the plaintifl had contracted a inmUge with another person only two months afterwards, he thought there was no damage done, and that the judgment should be reversed Another funny suit is also pending in oae of oar courts The plaintiff is the lovely little daiwuu, M'lle Baron, who sueaTom Placide, of the Varie ties, for a breach of contract, not of marriage, but ot dancing. She alleges that Thomas engaged her at a cei tain rate in the city of Paris, to dance in the bulltt coryt at his theatre here, for a certain time, according to contract passed at Paru, and signed by them both. The cause of the falling out between Placide and the fair 11 iron, is not ex

plained; but for some reason the black eyed beauty, to the regret of many admirers, left the theatre, and brought this action for a violation of the con tract. The case was set for trial a few days ago, and it being understood that the charming dmuust, Hilariot. and several young ladies of ttie ballet corps, were to De present as witnesses, the young Barris ters of our city were thrown into great agitation. Accordingly, the court room was crowded with kid gloved gentleman of the jgreen bag, and a num ber of mustachioed dxtttnguis, anxious and curious to hear what would be the nature of me testimony which the fair witnesses are to awear to. T<vo young lawyers, who were at the time trying a dull promissory note case, immediately vested it with great importance on the entree of the ladies, and evinced an extraordinary zeal and display of elo queuce in their cauae, much to the dissatisfaction and annoyance of the uu lience. But th-iir anxiety was toon put an end to, hy it being announced that the case wasconnnued; and, greatly disappointed, the audience retired, following the ladies out of court, to get one last, lingering look. M'lle Celestioe Franck, and her ballet orps, has returned to our city, and are playing at the St. Charles Old Chippendale, the manager of Pla cide's Varieties, with Mr. and Mrs Howatd, Hol land, Bafs, and Daws >n, are still drawing line houses. Our old friend, J. M. Field, the talented writer, poet, and acter, has made a great hit this fenson, with his theatrical corps, at Mobile, and gained renewed populirity himself. By the w ly, in visiting the sanctum of a -gentleman the other day, I m*' n pair of gloves hanging up, which were abellrd "Th- gloves of Gentlenvin Onm. bor rowed on a cold night, coming from Philadelphia, Nov. 1*50." Where is Gentleman George ! OiUUBfS. Nsw Orleans, March 12. 1851. Tht Medical Culltge?Homicidc? The MclMmtm%h Wilt Caie. Yesterday being the closing day of the session or the Medical College of tais State, and, moreover, the anniversary of the commencement of the in stitution, it was celebrated with appropriate cere monies. Dr. Mott, the Dean of the Faculty, deli vered the customary address, before a large au dience assembled in the hall of the medical school. It was.listened to with much attention, and no little interest, by all pretent. He was followed by Chief Justice Eustis, the President of the University, who highly complimented the faculty of the col- ; lege, to whese strenuous exertions, he said, the : university was indebted for its renown and pros perous condition. Thirty-seven students, who had satisfactorily passed their examinations, had de- ; gress conferred ui-on them: and the session of the college for the present term was then declared closed. On Monday night, an ?ccurrenc of somewhat a tragical nature, took place at a collie house on the corner of Circus and Com non streets. An alter cation having arisen between a Capt. Warreaton, and a man of the name of Gritiith, words so >n led to a more drsp'rate means of settlement, and Capt. W. fell to the I'oor with a severe wound in his ate domen, inflict* <1 l>y means of a stab with a bowie knife. Capt. W. was immediately carried to a neighboring hospital, where, after lnzerin? for twenty-four hours in great agony, ho expired. Griffith was arrested yesterday inoroinj, an! wis confronted with his dying victim last night. War renton recognt/' d the mm, and swore tint he was the person who had stabbed him < rriffith is to be examined to-day. lie strenuously denies b.ing the person who iullictc.l the wound. The celebrated Mcl>onougU will ca*e will be argued here, in the I . S. District Court, som- time during the ensuing week. It is attracting much attention, no less oa account of the magnitude of the interests involved, than from the celebrity of the counsel engaged < n cither side. The nltiiiiite sad final decision will, of course, be given by the I . S. Supreme Court. Oar Stw Jersey Correnpondnee. Trent *, March 19, 1S51. Adjournment uf tin New Jerit y LcgrJaturt?Sj't ctmcfti of Jtruy lAziilation. The Legislature of New Jersey has just aJjourned after a ae-siou of about sixty- five d;ys. As a body, it poctetsed '.he average urn >ant of talent, o! which the Assembly, however, had the smallest possible there. Of the speaking or floor member* of the Assembly, Iloxsey and liiaeline are the prominent, or, indeed, only ones, lloisey is an independent whig, from Passaic ? a strong anti monopoly man, and advocate of irnerul Law#;" etd, but for his weakness when in an evil hour he left the joint meeting and thus sulured Commodore Stockton to be elected, wouli have commanded the strongest mtlacuce of anv mm in the House ilincline is a democrat, from Cainden ? editor of a p>-per, and aspires to the leadership of his party, lie who tec* htm may well exclaim, " would he were faUer Hineline too bo#ed in the " house ot Himn on." Uiher editor ; in th" 11 ?use are l>r. Whitehead, of the E!iztibtthtou-n Journal, and Con nelly, of the M utnuuih lttm>jcrt>t. Sothipre* is fuljy, if not well, represented. Tin* l.?gi*Utur , though having nun y tins to answer tor, has yet I asied sotno c <?<-<! Iaw?? a general banking Uw, a general tax luw? taxing even bon isai.d mortg*gr? ?an exemption law, a school law, v.inotu nlaak ro*d charters .md charters for Jersey ?'ity, IVer son, sad umenJux nts to charters of Ir nton an i liurl.ngtoa. The liut hours of the two house* were consumed in dirciufcing the bill lor incidental ? xp??n*"s In this was include u t-.oOO for station^ rv for the cigh'y members, l?< ing over fdO each A.i am vid m? Dt was alio lucked to it, i*tvto7 each ni-mVr additional for his incidental expenses. The hill wax lost, reconsidered, and again Uit ; frit, to afiord tiaie f.?r re;?-ntance, the decision ou ih* I vcte was net dec I are 4 until Messrs If tylcr .V Horper changed th- ir w#tes, and th?* hill won car ried This is bit a ? ;aabb!c among th ? dtmoc'aiy, and ft ve the Speaker, I >r Phillip*, uud so.nco'.li r '? light wciahts," au opj >ort unity of declaring th ir patriotic in i ? ntn.us not to touch a cent of the dirty " twenty dollars " This gave rise to an amend ment by Mr. Blderback, that such m >oey as v. as not eliiii 'd should be ai>i ro,>r*t"d to buy feathers for a new w.ag for the llou-^e of ttefu-je. Among matter* of merrimen', at the close ??aa rfki lutioQ to present the clergy who hid i r^yed 1 t< r f h?" " ask'-inbl'd wisdom," a trsiunnml in the b.rm of a booh. Amended and killed, by add nj a bible to each cf the members ot the *? third Tionif." A bill was also introduced for the b?tt?*r " regu late n and training of h?g? '* It provided for com missioners (n lining William L. liiyton, Governor* P? nmnston and llmae ) to su^ ru,i< ud trtiiiif and de-kinking of refractory hogs. Ilof? found guilty were to be sent to root in the ?? llobok< n Lind Co ," with a right of appeal to "three disin terested pond keepers." Finally, the governor, chancellor, jndrep, and members of L<-giala'ure were authorized to ride free on the Hack oi all hers ia the State. This will give you some idea of Jersey legislation. I desire to correct aa error ia my Wat letter, in whirh 1 named Mr Hrowa as on<- of th" democra tic bol'rrs. I should have sad Doughty. Mr. lirown is a staunch whig, of IJurlingtun county, and has never lied the track. Oar Karat (?rrri|MNiAriir?. Pnmot fli, V?., Much 19, 1S31. lit turn of Shamir ll'attr H'ttcf ?Sltanur 8* $? r;'u!,anma ? T\r't Men Shut. j The atramer Water Wiu:h arrived at tbia port, 'a?l rvniag. having pit ha:k wb'o aoine fifty or aixtjr mi!ea aoutb of Cape Ilatteraa. Tim cause of n< r return ia their inaHility to make rnon^h steam Tkti vewel ha* recen ly been completely repaired, and fitted out with lew boilers, <Vc Acc., at tnc Waal.injzton Navy Yard. It i* said the officers a, id men were nearly drowned out of their b? rths with th? ? ater thM pot below. 8*je waa boand to Ha vana an J the Writ Indira, and had several jus arrsere h>r the home rqnidroa. Tl.e Mu?<|iiehanoa ia nearly completed, and will l>rohaMy Mil in four or bve week*. Tfcrf e men fcflonfing to the 8ua-i'ifhui(ta, two of whiob were firemen, were aho1, yea'eriiay, and badW wrunded, by a man nam?*d Cooper. O.ie had bn arm amputated, last night, at 12 o'clock Coop r haa been arreab-d and c ommitted. Palltleal lnt?IH(?nr# T''? K'W 0t??Toa i row R?onr l?t.?*i?? A aomaalt ??- f>{ t??lva dtnoorati. In PrtrMw?? hM t <???<! ? ???t<" .*rt deelarint th*t Mr Jinolna 4?aao?rat and tt>*t ei, t'i? oi Pef ?n?b?r last. h? l^M th?m b? ?n pf?rt 1?m"*Tatl<? m?a?o'?a In tb? rr?mt of ! ki? ?)?rU'?t to tha l'Mt?< *rat?a A<asts 1*>* ststs ir?i t <t. u!.?? th? th'HH/ .ftbslattar purp^r .?af to h* Uim him thai b? aaa la farof of tbs lt?4.ng Wf>lg VMCIM. I I - W ARMY INTELLIGENCE. WaH Dkl'AK r.HKKT, A*JlTfANr ) Oppick, Wasiiinoton, March 13,1861. S Promotion* ud appointment* in the Army of ike United States, made t>y the President, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate, since the publication of "General Orders" No 42, ol DtJcein ber 9, 1K50, and the official Army Register, Janu ary , 1861 I.? PROMOTIONS. l'trsT uraiMi-sr or akhi-lihy. First Lieutenant JuHepb A.- Haskin, to be Cap tain, February 22, 1851. vice Reeve*, dec 'ii'tl, and Wayne, (Assistant < JuattermaHter,) and M> Dowell, (Assistant Adjutant General,) who vi cate their regimental commissions. [Company D J Second Lieutenant Daniel M. BMizhoover. to be First Lieutenant, February 22, 1851, vice Wayne, Assistant Quartermaster, who vacates his regi mental commission [ Company C 1 Second Lieutenant Oti* H. Tillingnast. to he First Lieutenant, February '11, tflBI, vice McDowell, Assistant Adjutant General, who vacate* his regi mental commission. [Company B ] Second Lieutenant jumes B. Fry, to be First Lieutenant, February 22, 1861, vice Haakin, pro moted. [Company 11 J Brevet Second Lieutenant Adam J Slemmer, to be Second Lieutenant, February 22, 1851, vice Belt/.hoover, promoted. [Company 1 j Brevet Second Lieutenant Amos Beck with, to be Second Lieutenant, February 22, 1851, vice Fry, promoted. [Company G] SECONB ItF.OIMENT OK ARTIl.LERY. Captain Harvey Brown, of the Fourth Artillery, to be Major, January 9, 1851, vice Gait, deceased. rot'BTU KKUIMt.NT OK AKTII.I.EKY. First Lieutenant John P. M jCown, to be Cap tain, January 9, 1851, vice Brown, promoted to the Second Artillery. [Company II.] Second Lieutenant Joseph C. Clark, Jr., to be First Lieutenant, December 11, 1850, vicc Collins, resigned [Company D ] Second Lieutenant William G. Gill, te be First Lieutenant, January 9, 1851, vice McCown, pro moted. [Company M ] Brevet Socond Lieutenant Jacob Culbertson, to be Second Lieutenant, December 11, 1850, vice Clark, promoted. [Company L | Brevet Second Lieutenant Oscar A. Mack, of the Third Artillery, to be Second L.eutenant, J ami uary 9, 1851, vict Gill, promoted. [Company C.] PinST REGIMENT or INFANTRY. First Lieutenant James N. Caldwell, to be Cap ain, October 26, 1850, vice d'Orcmieuex, declined promotion. [Company A ] THIRD RECiHIEHT OK INFANTRY. First Lieutennnt Israel 13 Iticnardson, to be Captain, Match 5, 1851, vt ce Henry, deceased, and Jordan (Assistant < 'uanermaster). and Buell (As bi- taut Adjutant ( icncrul), Who vacate their regi meniat corn missions [Company K.] Second Lieutenant James N. Ward, to be First Lieutenant, March 5, 1851, vice Jordan, Assistant I'uartermaster, who vacates his regimental coin inii-f?ion. fCwpaj A.] Second Lieutenant Barnard E. B?e, to be First Lieutenant, March 5, 1851, vice Buell, Assistant Adjutant General, who vacates his regimental commission [Company h ] Second Lieutenant H^nry B. Cli'z, to be First Lieutenant, March 5, 1851, vice Richardson, pro moted. [Compan> E J Brevet Second Lieutenant Louis 11 Marshall, to be Second Lieutenant, March 5, 1851, vicc Ward, promoted. [Com pany II ] Brevet Second Lien tenant John W. Alley, to be Second L eutenant, M .rcli 5, 1851, ft cc Bee, pro moted. [Company K ] Brevet Second Lieutenant J E Maxwell, to be Second L;eut?nant, Much 5, 1851, vice Ciilz, pro moted. [Company D ] 81X111 rmmknt of infantry. Second Lieutenant Ralph W Kirkhatn, to b; First Lieutenant, January 7, 1851, nee Morrow, deceased [ComimnyH.J Brevet Second Lieu tenant Darius D Clark, of the Second Infantry. to be Second Lieutenant, J inu fery 7, 1851, vice b iridium, promoted [Company 11] seventh v. eo ime.nt or ini antry. Brevet Second Lieutenant Nicholas B. Pearce, to be Second L-^un-niat, March 8, 1851, vice Sut ton, resigned. | Company 11] Bxiyets. ? "For gall mt ?nd meritorious ser vices,'' during the war wi'h Mexico, by and with the ad/ice and consent of the Senate? March 10, 1851. Brevet Brigadier General Bennet Riley, Lieut. C< 1 21 Infantry, (now Colonel 1st Iafuntry.) to be Major < ienersl tiy brevet, " lor gallant conduct at Contr^ras," to oate from August 20, 1817 I5ri;vets. ? " For gallant conduc: at Churubus co," to date from August 20. 18 17. Brtvet Major Abraham C. Mveri, Attestant I Quartermaster, (Captain in the stall,) to be Lieut. Lol< nel bv brevet. Breve: Captain < 'scar F Winship, Assistant Ad jutant General, (now Major in tne staff,) to be Ma jor by brevet. Captain William H. Gordon, 3J Infantry, to be MBjor by brevet. Second Lieutenant Simon B Bickner, 6th In fantry, to be First Lieutenant bv brevet. Bre\ ets ? " For ghllant conduct at Molino del ltey," to date ir<>m September t 1847. I !revet Colonel Ethan A. Hitchcock, Lieutenant Colon* 1 Ud Infantry, tube Brigadier General by brevet. Brevet Cartain Steire H. Fowler, 5th Infantry, (now Captain,) to be Major by brevet. Brtvet Cr.itam lohn 11. ? ore. 1th Infantry, (now Captain,) to be Major by brevet. Brevet First Lieutenant S.mon B. Bucka'-r, Se coid Lieutenant b;h Infantry, to be Cjptain by brevet. B*Kvrr* ? " For gallant con > ict at Caapulte pec," to date from September i:?, 1>17. Jtf'i j .ft by Bitvtl. P;evet ("attain Lewis G. Arnold, 2d Artillery, (now (. ap'ain ) Brevtt Captain George W. Baina, First Lieute nant l b Artillery Brevet Capta'D Philip W. McDonald, First Lieu tctia,,t 21 Dragoons. Brevet Captiin Ldwurd Jjhason, First Lieute Bint tii h Inluntry. Brevet ( tain Samuel 8. Anderson, First Lieu t< nnnt 2d Artillery Brevet ( aptiin George 1*. Andrews, Fits: Lieu tenant Ud Artillery. < 'uj ta:nt I Brcett. Brevet First Lie a tenant lan;s X. Palmer, Second Lieutenant Mounted ILJ-nr n B re rot First L<eu:emin: Gtorge E Pickett, fvh iM ititry, (now I irst Lieutenant ) Brevet First I. eutenant John H. Lcn train, Si Artill. rv. (now First l.ieu>nant ) Brevet First Lieutenant Guravus A. DeRussy, till Artilli ry, (now First Lieutenant ) Brtvet First Lieut^nint I'lyesL-s S. Gran', Ith Infantry, (now I irst L eutenant ) Brevet 1 irst Liru?nunt Thomas R. M.'ConnsIl, 4ih In antry, (now First Li ?junan: ) Br?\tl Lieutenant Oolooel li .rvey Brown, Ca,? tain Itn Artillery, (now M?ior 21 Ar.i'lery,) tob" C?>l* n*-l by brevet, "for salisui oooduct nt the gate t,f I'.flen, ' to late from OtVMsMj 0, 1*M7. B evet Major Edward K 8. I 'aol.y, Asaistint Adjutant Oeseml, (Ciptm in the but1,) to be Lieutenant Colonel bv brevet, " for gallant con duct at the lkien gate, to date from S- ptembtr 1 1, lm; Brevet 1 ir*t Lieut Alfred G.!?S<?. Secoad Lieute nnnt Mi tinted Kill-men. to be Ca| tun bv 1 'evet, "for eallunt conduct. Garita of Beleo," to date from September 13, 1817. Brev?t Major John II. Wiader, Captain 1st Ar tillery, !? Ik- Lieutenant Colon 1 by br?x et, " for Sailaiit coniluct on entering' the city of Mexico," to ilate from September 1 1, p-'i7. I .rst Lieutenant W.l iati T. Sherman, 3d Ar till?r? , to be ('ap'ain by brevet, " for m ritorioua serv frsin California during the * ar with Mex.co, to date fiom Mai V), 1*18 II ? APPOlVTMENTfl. MEU \L Df.rxKT.1KM. 8. Wylie Crawford. lr., of I'moiyltiiit, to kf AMitUnt Kurfeoo, March 10, 1931, circ L?y, de Celled. OltliJICI Dr.r*KT>?' IT. John M Cnmatock, of New York, to be Pay master and il Uury Storekeeper at U*?tervltct Ar?> n<l, .Marrh 10, 1801, m j ice ol t>?u leri I. an ting, removed. Ill -C48 r ALTIM. (3 ) Fir*t I.ieite n?ut htacii Co!nn?, 4th Ar. tilery, l>ecerr.ber II, 1*00 Second I.?u'en?nt Anthony 9. Suttoo. 7 ih In fantry, March 1851 Brevn 21 Litutemot Achillea Bowen, 21 Artil lery, l>cmib*r I. 1850 < Oit~4iBMOM v At ATiif> t'lMtli t?i? rnnvrafoum 0 THE 7 r ii ik.tio.i o. rtKA' ror mam, IH, ISi<>, (ft ) Cm|> am Joirpli A An*- mtaut Quarter mamrr.4 February 2"A IH?I, lat Artillery. I ir?? l.ievtepant Hrnry C Wnyn?, rirat Artil lery,* February 22, 1S">I, ' * luitant UmrermMter rirnt Lieutenant Irvin McDowell, tirai Artillery,* Ffbtmry 22 A??Htnnt Adjutant < i'fr il. Fir.'' Li< u?? mint Thomas Jor-Jan, Third !ofaa try.' Marcb 5. 1851, A*a?unt CJuartermaeter. I irat Lieutenant Don Carlos ll i-ll, Tuird lafui try," Mirch .?, 1^6 1, Aa?i*taDt Adjutant 1 eoeral. /'? nnrii, ( I ) lint lieutenant Throphilua d'< 'refnievlx. Fimt Infantry, proinoiiiin ?f Captain, October 2-i, I ViO /><aih?, (ft.) Bff?l IJril Col T^trii K II. < i ill, Maior 8 eond Artillery, at J'hil?d? Ii hia, P* , January i?, 1#.?| Drevrt M- i??r Wiltiam 8 Ilrnry, Cmtoii Third Ir^ntiy, in ii y of \?w York, Min Ii IH.'?| Br? vet Clptiii Alexander ft:.?rro?r, Kirxt l.i^w ?en>nt Suth Infantry, at I or: ?cott, Mo , Jan iary 7. MSI. Cn|>'ain Iafi?e s K Regies i <rit Artillery, at Flush. na, V Y , 1 1 bnwrv 22, 1 I A-* tent Si.rjeon 8?lve-"er D?y, at Allegheny Are?ri?'. l'a February 21, l^jl IV ? The ?>f'icrr? ("wanted and appointed * ill )?? a lh?ir i>roi ' r r xunro'r, CJri*ate?, ittd station without delay ; thos?* on detached service, or act ing uuder special instructions, will report by letter to tfca commanding otfi. er of their respective regi ments and corps. B' order, K Jonks, Adjutant General. MlMOUMica Should any of the Brevet Second Lieutenants, aaeiuucd rermauemly to regiments by "General Orders," No. 8, of the llih ultimo, be willing to accept promotion to a vacancy happening ia a dif ferent regiment of th* same arm, ai.er aU the Bre vet Second I ,ieuten> nta b#-longi*g to such regiment have been duly proD xed, they will immediately make known their wishes to the Adjutant Gene ral's tfTice. Vacancies ?>f the grade of Secoad Lieutenant, on the firat of July next, will be tilled by the graduates of he Military Academy of the present year. 11 JoNgs, Adjutant General. t Staff commission (only) vacated. * {tegmental commisaion (only) vacated. Hon. Daniel Webster and tl?e Fugitive Blare Iteaeve In Boston. The following letter ha* been addressed to tha Mayer of Boaton, by lion. Daniel Web?ter, ralatlva to the lata raaeua of a fugitive alava ia that alty WiSHii'.TON, March 10, ISM. Sir The President baa bad tha pleasure to receive your latter ot tha 16th February, aaeloalag official copiee of tha order and re?clvs* lately adapted by tha two braaebea of the g overument of the oity of Boaton. It afforda htm great aatiafaotion to perceive that anch measure* havo been taken by tha anthorltiee ot Boaton aa give aaaurance tbat ao other outrage, similar to that which was, h? presumes, the immediate came of their adoption, ?U1 be permitted to take plaoe lu yonr sit v. From his earliest youth, ha has bssn aooustomad to regard with the greatest reapeot aad veaeration the eity of Beaton, and the commonwealth of Massa cbuaetta. Be haa been taught to believe that their Inhabi tants were, aim em above ail other*, the frieada of order and good government; intelligent enough to appreci ate the eattntagre ot free inatitutiona of their own (boioa. and capable ot understanding and resolving that great political problem, ot the compattfeUity ot irosdom with order ot lib. n y dintinguished from licen tiousness, and of aelt government tne farthest remov ed from the diinf era of anarchy; that they were espe daily devoted to the uuiou ot the States, and to the constitution which ertablmned. and atill maintain* that Union; acd tbat tr>eir patriotism would never fail to conn* el them toiulblull their obligations under the constitution, justly and fully, and in the vary spirit in which such obligations were entered into by their renowned aneeetois. Kctsrtalulng these sentiments, It was difficult for the President to credit the accounts which were raoeived ot the outrage on all la#, perpetrated in Boston, on the 16th of February last. That a prisoner, In lawful custody, within the walls of the Court Uoupe. in the centre ot the oity, and in full sight of the offices of the municipal authorities, tad been, at noonday, lorcibly retoued, by a mob or one or two hunar?d persons, irom the ofiijers ol the law, cariitd c ut ot the building and through the pub ( llo streets, in a sort of triumpn. and enabled to enjape altogether, without an attempt on the part o! any of the authoritea. or any of the oitisens, to preserve or der and maintain the law or to purine and retake the iutfitive. was a siauaent that seemed to him too lia piobaLle to be true It waa Kith a leeling of grrat relief that he received useh explanation* '1 tills strange occurrence at !howedit to hare ben u i entire surprise upon the citizens, at d upon the authorities: an act of suaces*. ; lul temerity, on the part of a very inconsiderable I cumber of perron*, which only needed to have been apprehended the shortest tim? beforehand to have I been prevented. I The President U confident that ths great majority ol the citizen* ot Us tun are entirely loyal to the I constitution, thai they view with juat indignation all such outrages, aad all attempt*, whether by writ ing or speaking to incite the ignorant and unthink ing to such acu of vioianoe, and that they are rea ly to dltcherge the duties in -.urn bent on thorn, by the conctitution and lawe ot tte United States, faithfully and fenrlesMy. under all circumstances, whenever called upon by the proper authorities. The occurrence of cbe l,">th Februarv is crtalnly I greatly to tie regretieO as it gives oocasion te those not unwilling to rnia u;-?a it to question the di<pn dtion of your Miow-ci liens to comply with their constitutional oHigatiou* in goo 1 faith; and the his tory of such an outrage is spread far and wi le, reachn* where an explanation of it m-?v nev.r follow, and ereatea ill feelings towards those whose only connec tion with it Is, that they were resident* ot the plaoe in whtoh it was perpetrated. But if, as the President doubt* not it will, this event shall arouse the atten tion ol a'lgood eliixns to a sense of the dangers to be apprehended from the inculcation ol such doctrines aa hate been spread abroad in the country, tending to ehake the authority of all law, to unsettle sooiety, and t> i:b. t've men irorn all civil and moral obliga tion!, and shall put them on th-ir guuj again*: the further diffusion of suen pernicious sea'.imeuts, it us/, in the end be productive of happy results; aud, certainly, the elmoit unanimous expr?<Mon of indig nation which it called forth among your eitUsns, ba lance*, to *omc extent, the ill effect flowing trom it. The Prut 1 lent dees not dou'.t that ti. ! people of Maseai hutrtt* i : : ? ly ? >? 1 understood the dit'.erease between the fteest oUcnseton of political measures, and oppesition t > legal enactment* already made and f*tabliehed. lie ia quite cure tbat they regard the law of th? land DKait sentiment. or an opiamn g but aa a rule of conduct prescribed by the general aithori ty. and which all are nound to obey, at tke risk ot the penalties attached to Us violation. The President directs me to tender you hlf tbmka lor the tranimif-ion of th? rerelution*. 1 remain Mr Mayor, With great respect, Your obedient servant, DaNIUL WL J itLV.. IXTFEMTWO I BO.U TtXAS AND Nk\V Mr\*:0 ? Tiie ISoi'MiAK y Commission.? The Ne v Orleans /'mnunt of the 13th in^tint, ?: ? liy th* arri '*1 yrtltiilili of the steamship Gilveston, we have re ceived i -alveston papers to the 7ih mnt , uu j a!?o papers fiom other part* of Texas. We learn fro u the Shu Ann mo Hri/ern Ttxun, that, on the Hi uh., the bod/ < f a Mr. Howard wti found n^ar there, t:a\ m? n ver.il arrows sticking iu it. It had likewise be? n scalped. S< veral hor.-ea were Stolen by the Indians the same niight. <Ien Brooke has o-r<ued an order approving the conduct o I Captain Ford's wcunud compmy, during its it cent o4r ra tions on ihe liio Grande. Gen. Il..rn? y, Col Hardee. and C.i| : Trench ar rived in dan Antonio, a few days ago. 1'iie Utter gentleman is to take charge of the government train tbut leaves dan Antonio, sometime in the iprinir, for I.I lVo t;spt Fren -h had cha ge of" the hist tram tver Lent ky the government to IJ. PtfO. The San Antouio and Mexican Calf FlaUwiy project i- getting on very well. The ci'y has sub scribed f'O 000 and oih? r parties, $ HK),oO?). I.ieut Thcnus, of the I". 3 Army, arrived in Galveston, on the li.h i ust , by the *t> atii-T \ ac lit, l*im< direct from danta Fe, by way of Chihuahua, hi I'ato, end Saltillo. lie brings with hioi th? firrt niup ol New M xico that was p'obibly ever exi cut? il from i cniil survt y 4 an I observation*. '1 m Indian hostilities in JMew Mexico at ill co?' tinue. Alter Lieut Thomas arrived atGalv mUj.i, h? re teittd a lett# r from hi I'aao, dated siucc h" left thai place. The lolloping is an extract from it Th^ Coaia>l**ioii-T? (jointly) bars fl led th* r'artin? point t?*r arautril tb? copper niiu- ? and ? Im<. tract f l ruuutry m t b? Ulli wolrh ?? ill I n : . Col . Cralj Mart* l<>r tfca eipp?r mine* oa th* It'll ol January, to ettabllab a post. The point e?tahli*hed is the intersection of the thirty-second parra'lel of la'itude with the K?> tiiai.de, winch is atniut eighteen mil '? nonh of lit 1 aso. From this point the trejty pro .id ? that tn? l.neg shall run ?1ur wt -t till it strikes some bra-fli of the Gila, aid ih^ nee f>? low tint str< <m lo itr ?uncture with the Colondo. In case s..il line should not strike the Gila, or any of lis bra/nh^e, it is th< n t > proceed west till it apjroache t i nearest point to tne Gil?, lr>m which point th ?> boundary is then t<> run due north to the *>i a. It is now ascertained thui the only branch ol the Gila th" weMerly line can strike, connects with the Gila some h( y or one hundred mib-s we t of the coi |er sod gild mine*, and runs in a north* westerly direc ins, leaving the mineral region coa? siderably within the Uaited Sittrs. It ia yet daub ful *h-ih>r this Wr-sf lias w !l even strike this branch of the Gila at all, ia which case it will huve to run a lit le beyond tiie m ndian of 10!' de# w?st, *h eh is the nearest pom: to *.h? main 6o<l? of th<- Gila, bring about on?- hanfred liiiles to the south. Tl)i? houn lary is considerably to the fouth of the actual boundary of N -w M >\ ico, as understood ?>/ tin M'-xicsns, and tak.-? in a Isrge port .on of country tnat has always btfion/ ed to the Sut<- of (jlimuihua Tli? IVratta of Armstrong TO MMKa WoatXift NEMiOKTr, ?"?> , Sir iUviuv RMwrt In your widely circuUte.l journal of tb>- lt? b instant, under the h>r.d of city Intelligence, th?t m | h^d heen h- H on the body t f Thou AritiPtrwur, of the Kirat w.ud polio*, and that a verdiut ofdi* d of congestion of the br ua wan returned ; it e?fim atnnge tome how ?u:'i < conclua on < ould h*v been come to, wbea t:iere no/i n m <r;- m ? xammation m*<le,i%n<i 0*1: i-r o( tlie two |hy?i"itD? who attended the dooe.^1 were p|r>? nt Ht the ir urpt I w*a rnlh-d on m a ?r?-at hurry, on Wednesday e*M;<ujr. hi t ? ?en ?"> and ? o'clock, t?i atted I a tn ??: who hml ??! k -n p?"-< >1, uni re ) tested by t^i ? ? \ nug> r to hn j with me aucU thirga a* I th > i^Ht rroniM'e W^n I ?ot to the house, I imt-en* quiries of AroiHtronft'* wife, and the other i>?rt">nf> prt*<nt,?s t" the can**- of In* illoesy, when :?iey ?tatid that he h?<l >nk? n |?ison,io conse |Henoe ol bin beintf about t? be dmmisied from Ihr police I dit'C'ed a eearoh to be made for the bottle or wrap I* r ib ?t contained the alleged poiaon, to en ?Mk m* to aitmmiater the boco*ary antidote* SiM said thet he m?al h?' ? thlc n it ou'snle, and that he b*<l betn on the roof of ill* houte immediately before lying down. Your oh't servant, T 8 Mi Ktrtv. A M , M D , f?7 Drtntich street Niw Yoltr, IT h March. Ibfil. George f C1ark?nn, a rtolent at th? Mlnsnnrl f*nl rrrrlty. at Celuir.bta. Mo , ?i (but, a nhurt ti m ? ?!??? by K' h rt A Uiant, on* of til*, t uto.s tfc* Mt ??< la MfMbaNk

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