Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1851 Page 2
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EUROPE Oiur Parte CpmcpMubnee P aim, March IS, 1861 fcsnblt Resignation of M Duptn? Elections of the Rational Uuard ? Taxation ? Poor Ihx <m Theatres ? Hit Nno Ministry ? New Nominations in the Prefectures ? Army Changes ? Michelet's Lectures ? Rulings ? Events, fc., $?<-. The Legislative Assembly has nut, fur the last %t?k, done much for the guo?l of the eouutry, and the amelioration of political affairs. M. Dupin is ill; and for that, or fur some other reason, a sort uf dullness reigns over the debates of the Assembly. It has been announced in the political circlet* that fee was on the eve of sendiug in his resignation to ltis colleagues, but 1 do nut think this is correct. J was also tuld that, in such au event, Gcucral C'hangarnier would be chosen for the Speaker ot the House, or that General Lamoriciere would take his place. All these rumors may have some foun dation, but they must be cuniimed tu be considered true. The selection and election of these two Ge nerals would be a sort of declaration of war made bj the legislative power on the executive power; and 1 do nut think that politics of that kind have ?ver been dreamt of by the members of the majority of the Legislative Assembly. A great emotion was felt in the House, a few days ago, by the rumor that the President had desired his minister to have the elections of the National Guard, which were to take place on the 25th inst., made on the principle of universal suffrage, aud ?ot according to the last law of May 31, 1850. A committee was appointed, which demanded ex planations from the .Minister of the Interior, M. ^Vaisse, and this statesman, after hesitation, de eland (hat Louis Napoleon had thought that the National Guard was not to be regulated like the elections for the representatives; and finally, he said that he was directed to postpone these elections to another epoch, till the Assembly should make a decision and vote th<> new law which is now on the tapis, relative to the National Guard. It is certain, that if the ministry had not found such opposition in the Assembly, it would have been piissi outre, and another experiment of that sort tried for the Presi dential election of lf?2. Despite the assurance jciveti by many friends of the President, it is certain that his opinion is that he can be re-clcotcd by uni versal suffiage, whilst it is only lawful that the election mav be regulated by the law of the 31st of May list. Well, there is the germ of a conflict at hand. Time will prove all. Mr. Berryer, the legitimist representative, has made a demand to recall the tax of the forty-five centimes, which amounted to one hundred and seventy-six millions of francs. This motion has raised much alarm in the financial department, and nothing shows that it will be carried out, when it *hall be presented to the National A ssembly. A project of law, demanding a revision of the Alms tax, on the theatres, made by Mr. Sauteyra, a member of la Montague, was rejected yesterday, and did lind a violent opposition in the person ofM. Pnpm, who amended the speech of his colleague. No doubt the Poor tax, by the Committee or the Hospitals, on the receipts of the theatres, is large, but it is not so considerable as thought by many. Nixie per cent is only given to the poor, on the whole receipt, and this is certainly very reasonable. The change of the ministry of transition now with Louis Napoleon, is always the cause of much gossip. The following list, which was given to me by a pertou well informed in these matters, will no doubt be the " good one," when the time arives to change the "men of straw," who are now "driving cur political stage." They arc: ? X. Ban i be . Minister of the Interior. II K< uher .In in . ? M. AihiUe Keuld " " finances. II . tieneral Kaiulon " War V. Prosper ile Chaseeloup Laubat '? Public Works. M Admiral du petit Thouars " " Navy II. Majrne " ** Commerce M Dn uyn de L'iluys " ForeijjnAitairs. ? Kcrti ul " Hublie Inst'n Another list, in which M. Faucher is Minister of the I nterior, M. Fould or Ducos of Finance, M. l"< hiui.mi of War, M. Ferdinand Harrot of Pub lic I nslruction or Foreign Affairs, M Mignc of Pub lic Works, M. 1'aru ot Commerce, M. ( harles Du iiin or 1'ucos of the Navy, is also spoken of; but I do not think these statesmen have as many chances as those whom I have named before. A large rumber of nominations have been made Louis Napoleon in the prefectures of France. *1 hese changes are to till the departments with men devoted to the President, whose intlucnce may be dirvc '.< d upon the population to gather the largest quantities < f votes, either in favor of the revision uf the constitution, or in favor of the prolongation of powers to the actual :hi? f of the purer. The burial of Marshal l)ode de la Hranerie, Which took place on Fri<iay last, was attended by an number of distinguished people, and nearly ail the pginienis stationel either in Paris or in its neighborhood. The ceremony took place in the llctel de- Invalides, and was magnificent. The rank of this old glory of Fraucc, w-no was one of the brave -t ol soldiers, was given by I^uuis Napo leon to Gen< ral hxcellmaiis, another noble remain Of our military faMt*. It has been said that* >eno rals t.'udini t aud Karaguey d'liillicrs will also be favored with the mnruhalut ; but this rumor is not yet confirmed, unl, perhaps, the uominatiou will not take place. If so, ( icncral Magcan will be named < ominandcr-iit-< hief of the Army of Paris, aud General >t Arnault, Governor-in-< hief of Algicis. General d'llau'.pool will reuirn to Fran.**, for it ha.s been considered as useless to undertake an expadi tion against the Arabs, who still refuse to obey the d< minion of France iu Africa. The course of lectures on history, er rather on politics, delivered by M. Michelet at the College ?e France, has been closed by order of the minister of the Interior. It ap|?ars that this professor, in stead of giving his pupils a real appreciation of ?torals, and an explanation of the obscure parts of history, on every occasion he used such language that it was deemed ncccssary to put an end tu his lectures. Accordingly the profession <>f the College de France having a.-siiubled, gave a vote against the ir colleague which was sufficient to establish the Steps taken by the minister. M. Micbclet, ill se veral letters which be ha- written to the press, toui plan.s of his being persecuted by the Jesuits. The aimiveisary of the twenty-fourth of Febru ary has been the cause of luany riots and socialist d< fnonstrations, which must be censured by all those who take an hone it interest in the welfare of the country. The last days of the carnival have also been walked by wan y scandalous masquerades nade by the rouge*, in which the President, Louis Napoleon, was represented by a ummno/t un, and hang to a poll. These cowardly attacks against the executive power have hacn repressed by the policy; but nevertheless, they are so many proofs of the corruption whieb has already tainted unl partly destroyed the heart of 1st imtii Frame. Noble days of Ixiuii the XIV*., where are you ' Financial capital is redue?>d, and commerce has net been prosperous lor the la?t three months. The approaeh of l*A2 ha- already produced its effeets. There is in 1 ranee a sort of fear whieh is felt be fore the events, as well as a nt</w after they have happened. i be governsnent of Spain has made a change in the eniba.-?Ms ill Paris ami in several capital* of l.arope. It lias been said that the 1 Hike of S??t<> ?sa>er, was recalled from Pari* for having been too attentive and <*??irW*?os to 4 m' nc ral Narvaer.. This has been denied ; l>u? the 1 aike is to be replaced by the Marquis of VakligMiur, Mon<. I louo-o Cortes, whose title will only U thai <if Anc'i)^ Er1nu*di Mirr A plot was ili.?r*ivesnd in Vrooa on the Stb inst., aad many arKfits have taken plaee. It appears that the conspirators had formed . i plan to uiurder the Kinr, aft to saek the city We bate no details yet on that affair. repoblie. Hut the I mivw appearing, Tfcrane thought prudent to advise Lis to retire without utter ing a single shout T hrjuw was hia*nd. pelted, and Obliged to throw himseli in the arm ' al'a poliecinan forprotectlon. Tne news received Ami Bosnia. anaour,' the rebels have takes pMMnfea uf the fortre?? of f anjalaka. and that the Turkish army was altoge ther disbanded. A nephew of General (aakiskL the celebrated Hungarian hero, has vissiAd Paris M bis way to fcngland, whcnce he will sail for the l nited .States. H H It rARIMA* ?oaMr P*?i?, MaM? 1?. I??. Ijt* tin I'an ? ? Grnmi Sturm cf t/rmi! Xnpnirrm (? Am* mm ? P' tprmrmrnt ttf tkt l*ri?rf Mathidr Ihmviaff Af?i ?pirmHr - ,4ntrr urit F<dnr> >* Pnru ? ThnttryajA?Tht Mail* nf 1 1 v lVnthi?0r*, ?f I *nt ha# begun with alt it* ' 'HMtrftf," if 1 bo/ m ?f fee called the restrained number of daitfing partief ?ad grand ball* What wt eall austerity ia Pari?, to to fire do entertainment whieh i? like a rout, ?r fane y ire ?? ball. Bat one ia allowed to offer a prtdr n*rh drintamt, to hi* private friend, with th# condition that the party will not finieh too lata. Thi? aaftcrity ha* been oh?er*ed thus far, with great energy, and 1 do not think that any infraction ytt been id ade to that rule. Among the tmrtri worth being mentioned, which took pla? iinre my la*t Utter, I will fj eak 9t U*?' <i>?B hJ Sir Kwtuw* fuXlon, % very rich Englishman, who lives in the hotel situated in the Place St. George's, which did belong three yean ago, to Mrs. Wells, the widow of the Aineriea ? banker, before she [married Le Marquis de Lavar lette. Mr. Tufton is a .millionaire, in the whole sense of the word- He inherited from an English lord an income of 50,000 sterling p ounds a year. This gentleman is married to a cousin of Mr. Blacque, the secretary of embassy to the Prinoe Kalimachi, whose wife is Miss Olivia Mott, of New York; and be spends freely his fortune, riving large dinnerparties, and entertainments of the most re fined style. The dancing *oirte which he gave on Tuesday last, was a very fine affair, at which many Americans were present, and which gave pleasure to nil who bad been invited. Among the distinguished people who were present, I remarked Mr. scribe, tbe celebrated play writer, who accompanied his wife, a very handsome lady, whose wit is said to be incomparable. Madame do Lavalette, Madame Blaeque, Madame Carnes, and many other charming ladies were present, and wore the most becoming toilettes. Among the gentlemen I remarked, Mr. Sandford, the Secretary of the U. S. Embassy, Mr. Niles, formerly U. S. Minister iu Sardinia, Mr. Phalen, it c., lie. The supper was excellent, and the refreshments equal to the supper. This party will, no doubt, rnnia it as one of the prettiest giveu this year during Lent. At the Elvsee, the soiree on Thursday, are not yet resumed; but those on Mondays, which were only for the diplomatic vorps and authorities of the government, have now become much more frequent ed by tbe ladies, and, of course, more gay thau they were before. On Monday last, the IVesideut gave a large dinner, at which were invited about sixty guests, mostly American ladies and gentlemen. 1 understand that there were about fifteen of our countrymen and countrywomen sharing the delica cies of Louis Napoleon s table, and inhaling the champagne wine of international friendship. I am still at a loss to discover what was the meaning of this gala ? none of the guests were able to find out the cause of this invitation. Among the guests was Mr. de Villeneuve, an officer of the navy, who was the commander of the frigate on board of which Louis Napoleon was sent to the United States, alter the affair of Strasbourg. This gentleman, at that time, shared his wardrobe with Louis Napo leon, who told him : " 1 urn now very poor and un fortunate, but, my dear Mr. de Villeneuve, remem ber that the one to whom you arc so kind, will be come, one day or another, Emperor of the French people." This is not yet accomplished, and we hall see if the actual President of France is really a good prophet. Th?- grand masquerade ball, which was to take place on the mardi gru.i at the hotel of the Princess Mathilde Demidoff, lias been postponed till the nu caretnt, and instead of being given by the Princess, who is still in mourning for Madam de Reding, it will be given by the Duchess of Wagram, who has adopted the entire programme of the party, and will follow it it hi hltrc. It b well understood that all the costumes will belong to the epoch of the empire, and, though many dresses, particularly those of the ladies, are not very becoming to our present style of dressing, the order is for everybody, and no one will be admitted but those who will wear the genuine copy of a luilnt a la N't/ioicon. The three unfortunate fat oxen which have been the admiration of the butchers of Paris, as well as the astonishment of the public, huvc been killed, and were sold last week. They produced a hand some profit to their proprietor, Air. Arnault, of the llyppodrcme, who was manager of the festival. He took occcasion to offer his thanks to the members of the press of Paris, who had boon very kind to him since he has had the direction of the great cir cus ot the barriere de l'Etoite. Accordingly he sent numerous invitations to his literary patrons, and the | "oxApid" was eaten on Sunday last, at his pri | vate residence. Tbe repast was superb and excel lent, aiid though it was composed, for the mo-t part of it, of beef, seasoned in all sorts of dishes, the wines were so good that the digestion was made easy to all the enests. j^'Thc order of Knight Templars, which is still ox i.-ting in Lurope, celebrated, on Tuesday last, the annhcrsarv (t the di nth of Tallies Molay, who was burnt five hundred and thirty-i ight year? ugo, under the accusation of felony, sorcery, and high treason. This execution took plane on the -ainc spot where now "taud.- the bronse horse of Henry the lVth, on the Pont NVuf. The Templars, who have never ceu?ed to exist, held their auuual meeting in their lodge, Hue Notre l'auie de? Victoire*, ana many new Knights wire received a? members on that occasion. The ceremony wuc imposing and created a deep im pression upon the -mall number of persons who were admitted in the tribunal. A very curious collection of samples of goods from the United States, made in the manufactories of Ma*sachu*ett.?, Kbode Inland, etc,, by a very distin guished chemist, Mr. l'ersot, has been eomiuunicn ted to the < omuiercial Chamber of Paris, and elici ted much curio-ity i.iooug those who examined it. It mutt be -aid, nevertheless, that the collection which was previously exhibited in l'aris. by Mr. Si uiouik t, the ex-Fri'iieh < onsul in New Vork, was much more complete than that of Mr. Permit. Tbo*e two collection* ha>* furiifched to the com merce of Pari*, the proof that the " Yankees" were making wonderful progrees, and the time wo* 11 1 proaching when the I uitcd States ?uuld have nothing to borrow from Europe. The Bishop of Cincinnati, the Ilev. Mr. Pureell, ha.- just returned from Home, and arrived at Nantes, his native city, where he will remain a few days, before returning to the I'nited States. The Hev. Dr. had delivered several speeehes, which have elicited much curiosity among the numerous uudi tors who cofigrcgatcd around bim. The theatrical news is not of much inieftst this week, ami a f> w first performances have taken place. Theee are the iteuu whieh I have to men tion At the Italian Theatre, the illne-s of Mdlle. Rosati still prevents Mr. I.umley from giving the public an oj |<ortunity ol hearing, for the third t.rne, the beautiful music of " J. a Tempeata." It ap|*ars that the wound which the fair fraiunut re ceived on her kn?-e is not yet healed, and this is the only reason whieh prevents the management from gn ii'g aaoth< r tun. the opera of MM. Hahsvy and Scribe. Hut Mr. Lumley bar not been lo-iug his tune, and haiubootling with the Parisian public. A beautitul -mger, Miue. Montenegro, who-*' voice and method belong to the most refined s< hool, made her first ap|<earance a* Norma, on Tuesday last, and met With the utmost success. The celebrated Knglixh ti nor, Sims Hcevet, made his first <hhnt on the French stage, ?n Saturday l*-t, lu Donizetti's opera of " Linda de Chamouuix." As it may be men. Mr. Lnmley is not idle in his management} and it is said thiit his -ek-on in Loudon will be a I splendid affair. At th< French < '[.era House, Mile. Flora Tabri, a \trj elegant -In, made her irntrtr on the stage, ou Monday lost, in the ballet of "i'a quita," and received many plaudits. To-morrow t temiig, the newopcra of nheim, entitled "The Demon of th< Nign'." {!* fttmm ?/. U >V') will be |*rform<?l It is said that this new partition will meet with success. The Theatre Francais ha? produced a new jday, by MM. Paul Merci?r and l.dward Fournier, which ? as received witli much applau-e J'hi- comedy, in one act and in rhymes, I* called "Christian and Marguerite," and the actors who jierforme l the i art-, were the pretty Mile, Fix, Mile, Judith. MM. Kegnier. Maillard, and others of much talent . The tragedy of " Valeria" is still "all the g<" at the Theatre Franeais. lle-pitc all the critics. Kachcl i- suhllae in her two jiart* of Messalina ami Lisisca. Two pU}?of interest, and written bv talenteil authors, have been represented at the Theatre en \ arietes. The first is entitled, **Une bonne qu'on Zen\-.?e." |,y Mr. Henry Bcrtherd. and the second, " MiliUure e t Snntionnaire," by Messrs. Bri*cbarre aixl 1 <r l.u-twres. l'.otb will remain long on the bills of that theatre, for they are played with much perfection by the beet comics ol the tnmj* of M. T Intern-lean At the < tymnase a commlv in fire arts, founded ujion the novel of Mai?>n Lescarit, wa? performed last night, and wa- a real triumph. This novelty is written Ky Messrs. Fouraier and Barriere ; and Md'lle Hose C he r i , who |>erformed the part of Ma non. was greeted with nniremnl approbation. At the I'orte St. Martin th. long- ij*cted tragedy in rhyme, of M l.atour de St. Jbar. celled "Les R- ntiers," will be pr?xlaeed en Saturday. The Amhigti coiui jue is preparing the third part of Monte < hr'?to. which will be entitled "Le ' owte de Morcerf It is written, of conrae, by Me?<r?. AU tender Ihimas and Ma<|uct, and the drama, no ioabt, will be interesting. The Theatre de la < ?a it* will produce, on Mon day iM-xt, a grand melodrama, called "La Muet,'' (the l>umb.) which, it is said, will meet with another triumph. Befoee el?*ing my letter, I muet d#nonaee the ngly trick of the Poet < '(Tue of Lngland with the ma ils of the steamer Washington. If is well known thai tlii" steamer arrived on Saturday last, the *th u u* . at Southampton, and that on tbe same day the bags were deliver 'd into tbe hantls of the Lnglwh p>st*uaster. l>e?pite this advance on tbe mails of the Africa, which only arrived at Ltver |Kwd on Sunday morning, we have not yet received in Pari* tbe letters and MWapeper* forwarded by tbe Washington, whilst the mail of the Africa has been distributed to all tho?e who had letters and (Si per* in it. The Knrii-h new -papers have puh f#ned isi ragrwphs. speaking of the large amount of letters brought by tne WajJnngton, and, neverthe less. those letters are stHl ill enknown bags. Such a gro?s neglect has ita cjvnae. which is, undoubtedly, the mean Jealousy of fcnglawl te.war-U America, and our cf mroerce, in if relation# with the I nited State#, complains a greed deal of the affair I un derttand that a despatch ha* been sent to the t' nited States Ambaasador, Mr. Hire*, signed by a large number of Americans and merchant* of l'aris, r? '(nesting him to demand an etplanatioa of the masters of London and Pari* for the neglect givento the mail of the W u^ipctVI W* shall see what will hi U?? antwff. J A K TH< KngUih iii# lniUna NowvpApor Freee. [From the Loudon Timci<. March 8 | KEFKAL OF THE ON K.NUWLKUWK. Last night a public meeting was held in St. Mar tin's-hall, Long Acre, to promote the repeal of all the taxes on knowledge and in particular of the penny stamp on newspapers. The laiga hall waa filled to overflowing, and some interruption was caused at the commencement of the proceedings by the " pressure from without." l'ofessor T. II. Key took the chair ut half-past 8 o'clock. Among the members of Parliament present were Mr. Cob den, Mr. M. Ciibeon, Mr. t . O'Connor, and Mr. Stamford. The Chairman, who stated that he presided in the absence of Mr. Grote, said that he hud been for thirty years an advooate for the repeal of the taxes on knowledge. lie thought the present a suitable opportunity of expressing the gratitude be felt to Mr. Rowland Hill, as a laborer in this cause, whom he regarded as one of the greatest benefactors this country ever bad in procuring the penny postage lor the people. (Cheers.) We bad obtained cheap food for the bodies of the people, and it now be hoved as to gain cheap iood for their iniuds. (Cheers.) No one could object to the diffusion of knowledge but those whose power or whose wealth was founded upon fraud ; and with them he had no sympathy. What wag wanted ww, not only the advancement of knowledge, but the diffusion of know ledge. (Hear, hear.; It was not enough that one class of the community should be educated, and the other half ignorant, because then the people would make only occasional advances, to be fol lowed by subsequent reaction. (Hear.) This was the case in Spain, where the intelligence of the towns was counteracted by the ignorance of the country. It was also the case to some extent in France, and in England too. (Cheers.) The minister of the crown nad admitted, although reluc tantly, that the franchise ought to be extended. He would only be consistent if he also attended to the spread of knowledge among the class whom be proposed to enfranchise, (liear.) The ohair man concluded by reading a letter from Mr. Hume, M.P., whose absence, he regretted to state, was caused by indisposition. Mr. J. (. asm: i.i. said that France and America had their penny periodicals and penny newspapers, but in Lnglaud it was exceedingly difficult to maintain a jienny jieriodical, in consequence of the tax upon paper. The Messrs. Chambers' weekly tracts nad a circulation of 80,000, yet they did not pay, and were obliged to be given up. They had since started a 1 ^1. publication. Tut it bail not obtained half th > circulation of the others, and they would be obliged to give up thut ulso. The reduction of the taxes upon knowledge would lead to the employment of thousands of persons in the paper and printing bu sinesses, and all classes would be benefited. The working uian would have his daily paper for Id., and, instead of being obliged to go to the alehouse and pay lid. for beer in order to get a sight of the paper, he would be aide to take it home to read by his own fireside. (Hear, hear.) Where we had one newspaper at present we should have ten, if the pa per auu advertisement duties and the stamp duty were repealed. The government guve ?100,000 to wards education; but it ought never to be forgotten that they took ?1,000,000 a year from the people by the taxes on knowledge. (Hear, hear). He moved ? 'I hut nil taxes which impede the diffusion of know ledge ure liifslily injurious to the public interest, and are most impolitic sources of reveuue. and that their reten tion I'y the legislature is utterly Inconsistent with the opinion now universally profess.-d in favor of popular niu^tiou. t ^ jn scconjing the resolution, con gratulated the meeting upou the auspicions time at fhich they were ambled. K vents had reduced the budget to a state of liquefaction, in which it whs melud down to its original elements, uud had to be cast in a new mould. While the t hanttllor of the Lxehequer was pondering, he hoped the pio tent meeting1 would bo able to set the stamp ot tU purpose upon his new budget. (Cheers.) 1 A gentleman upon the platform here produwd a copy of the Nttc VorA a daily paper pub 1 i-\ied at two conts (one penny). 1 here said, from fifteen to twenty newspapers publi bed in New \ oik every day. AW every vitoh"| its newspaper; and the consequence was, that the people of the United States were well educated and ins^nietid.^ (C heer* the resolution. It was said, that to remove the stump duty upon ncwspai>crs would be to make that class ot litera ture "low." But the objection seemed to him to be founded upon that eternal "snobisin of the f'nirlish character that made everything low Jhat was not exclusive. (Cheers) Aey were told that a good case might be l?[ every tax; but the taxes on knowledge striuk at the root of all other taxes, for the removal ot this, taxes would so far difluse political knowledge, would so democratize the House ot ( ominous .that the people would take rare they were not more taxed than was necessary for the wants ot natiou. (t heeri.) Mr Count*, who was received with great ap ,1a use, next addn sscd the meeting. 1 he l^t h? ,?a to take on this subject, in another plate, would it unlit ee >?ary that be should trouble them at any length, lie believed that i,? other tag would have called together so Urge au assemblage, but this was a tax on knowledge, and when they com plained of the government for continuing it, it wm !,, point of tact, laying an nidi-- t merit 1 government for depris mg the people of mental food. (( beers. ) He was, and always had been. an advo ,?t. for the advancement of knowledge, and best three taxes were in ,-oiut of tact im|*diinents to knowledge. < >f the'e taxes l*rha|.S the most ob ject!. , Wil- that of the jsenny stamp on news papers It was. in the fir-t place, -o ' trifling in Its 'proceed .that it laid itself open to the suppo-ition that it ?>' impose* not for the sake of the amount it vielded to the revenue, but Tor some sinister l>ttr The annual receipt from the lax was about ItdfiO.OW. Not less than from W.UWJ.W? to *>. WV U*> newspapers passed through the port ottoe e ery vcar. Now. what they proposed was, th it iviry n. that went through the post office should hare a ?iucen's head uj*>n it; and that, their Mr. Hume would tell them, would produce a? large u revenue as was derived from the present systain, hut, wluthcr it did or no, the 1?- J a small sum on such a commodity bore no prup.?rtion to the benefit to result from the repe al. lie fully believed it we had no stamp duty, and no duty on ^vertiwmonts or 1 per, that we might base nanny daly new* , s wi'h latge circulations. A paper had betn pioduccd called the New York Tntmtr, who , wa published at a penny. '1 liere were others as cheap. Yh. actual cost of producing i>a|?r in tint country ??? us low as in New Vork-fiterary labor jtw as cheat' ? all the adjuncts were as aooessihle? why, then, *?' not the newsj-aper as cheap in l.on< Ion as there 1 U would be. but that the C haiicellor of th. Kxchefjuer intervened, (t beers.) I"h? fact was, that this country bad i?? tlailjr press. lii? Wjy press only existed in Undo,.. It was scarcely Known in the country, and it was not the exponent of the wants and interests of the working class^ (( beers.) l*t them bn.k at the " lenders of the dailv press ami their politic*, and aompnra them w lib the leader# of the weekly press and he asked which wi re the better? (< hears) W hv, 1 k'? , !,per could live upon the I s, I, ties of the Morwiag Hn itH or the Jl/? rms( (Laughter ) lie ! did not wish to constitute himself a judge ,? tin e matters, but he did say, that those who patron ized the weekly press, ought to have the oppor tunity of supporting a sun iterly rhcapdadvpr*^ At the same time let it not be <uppo?ed that he would -ay anything to injure any portion of the "lai ly pre" He complained not thnt the daily pre?s exited at the price of 5d . as it did. He would hue that pre-? to its present customers; but still, he -aid that they should have a press that the t rest of the community could patronise also. ( beers. ) W hat a curious exception the daily I*** was 10 tverv other article of ' ll they wanted a. lie'tionarv. for example, they e>>uld have oneat any price, varying from a shilling to a guinea ; but ff tVy wanted a ticw?|.aper, M ? neither -nore nor )?>?!? ? was the magical price at which It was to be purtba-d. They were told that a cheap article must necessnrily be of a low character. it. The cheap newspaper ini|(ht not h# quite so witty or fascinating. Krhaps, in stvle a? some of the dearer publication*, but it still might be h"ii< ??. -t might for ward, aii I d.r- "t to th. l'urP""'. . ?,.dif h. wai.f'l ?' a 1 wli-.l. -.|U- last' lie -boul I upward; but if h- want.. I a no retruMo.^ h. 1, 'uM find it there (? ) M -nte ..u,.ii bad said that . though id;, ,, kind "\y\'r*. ?',??. 1 1 d. t.,,1 wa' wi-e ,n -h. gi? , and he ba l ,l.,?l.t ,t the me. Iiun, of literary and pditKal in f, Miiatu.n were made free to all, that the benefit t,,?ft ?..? gen/ral and universal II" look.-d nt?jn tlK repeal of the advertisement duty as the ww '/?* w n for a cheap pr.-v In fact, there could not be a.h. appr.- until tb- duties were r- p*aled_ The v 1,.1,'t d<. with th, as they had do,., with corn and they should always find in him a free trader I.U., of f? Mr N liolt fteld. M I* . for non-attendaoee, and atwth' r fr'n, Mr Kwart. M I' The hufr lion in, nil-er era lo^clXO towards tha object of the meet pr-onnanied Shaw, who addrc??ed the meet ?,K hiii id consi'h rabl? ,nt. rrupt ion. r-nf tab d that th. "i:l V war to remove the tax.- onknowledg, wa to .triiifgle t<, ohtain univer'sl "Utfrage I he ja o pie would have r.o power t? obtain th"e or similar |i?ri,l reductions until tbey were properly repre M.nt^d. bf(T^ ) . , The re-, lution wa? then put and earned unani m Mr Hirkf'.n. who w?= intr' du< <-d to the meeting as the late editor of the H" uv\ moved the MMMI ft? follow* Ttist the e*e,se .n Ht?r th. ta* -n ,n,t ,|? .?mr -r. r. though .ppmrently ?' n p.rt.dts.- .re In r-ltly p:.rt. .f wh,rh I, fr.. U - iu of tb. preM by hamper!.* ,t wtth lie had not anticipated meeting them to-night, but he had received that morning aeotnmunn at ion fa * ?*?*. - ** ***? 9t " check upon Barclay and Co. for MM. on behalf of

the objects for which they were now assembled. ? (Loud cheers.) This donation was from Mr. Ed ward Lombe, a liberal Norfolk landowner, the donor of 5001. to the National Public School Association. Mr. Lorn be viewed the abolition of what he called the infamous taxes on knowledge as an educational question. (Hear, hear.) And he (Mr. Hickxon) recommended thin view to the consideration ol? all the friend* of national education. (Hear.) The object of education was to make good citizens of the people by teaching every member of the community to un derstand the laws he was called upon to obey. ? (Hear.) But how could they teach the poor man the nature of the laws if they prohibited the circula tion of the only publications that treated of the ad ministration of those laws 1 Newspapers were only accessible to the poor mau at the public-house, but what was wanted was that they should enter the cottage door. Such publications as the Penny Ma gazine, Chambers' 'tracts and Chamber*' Jinu, of which he did not wish to speak depreciatingly , did not come homo enough to the real objects and business of life, and the working classes would sacrifice them all to the cheap newspaper. There was some reason for the allegation tnat the higher classes in continuing the taxes on knowledge, had a sinister object in view, viz., the maintenance of po litical privileges and political monopoly. If ever the people carried the repeal of those taxes, it would be by taking the mutter into their own hands. He believed it to be within the mark that there would be ten newspapers for one if the taxes on knowledge were repealed, and thus increased and more remu nerating employment would be given, not only to journey men printers, but to the whole literary pro fession. The local press would be especially bene fitted. The Russell administration appeared to be entering upon another lease of power. (Several voices ? "A short one!") They had lost very con siderably the confidence of the country. (Great cheering.) He trusted they would turn over a new leaf. (Aery ? "It is too late!") At all events a general election was close at hand, and, although he was not favorable to pledges, he hoped tho taxes on knowledge would be admitted to stand as tho first to be repealed by a liberal ministry uud Parliament. (Cheers.) iJr. Lee seconded the resolution, but wished it had included the duty upon forcigu books and tho ocean penny postage. Mr. E. ELwards supported the motion, and ad dressed the meeting to snow the additional employ ment that would be given to large classes of persons in the printing and paper-making trades, if the taxes on knowledge were repealed. London, with 2,500,000 of people, tad only six morning papers, while in New Y ork, with a population of D00,0(K) or 000,000, there were thirteen. Mr. M. Gibson, M. P., who was cordialiy received, said it had devolved upon him to move the repeal of the tuxes on knowledge in the House of Commons, and he hoped to renew that motion. But a member of Parliament, in a like ease, felt in a most forlorn situation unless he know he was backed by public opinion. (Hear, hear.) It was for tho people to carry this, as they had carried other questions, and they must remember that no free knowledge, or any other kind of freedom, had been ever handed over to the people as a free and spontaneous gift. (Hear.) lie was afraid there lay at the rootof the opposition to tho repeal of these taxes an unworthy jealousy on the part of governing men of the spread of knowledge umong the people. (Cheers.) It was said that the spread of cheap newspapers would make government in this couutry impossible. It was far more likely that ignorance would make government impossible. (Hear, hear.) It would bo much better that our institutions should rest upon the basis of an enlightened public opinion. If they looked forward to a period of universality of suffrage, nothing could be more important than that tlie great body of the jieople should have brought with in their reach the meaus of understanding the law* under which they lived- The government wa- afraid to carry out impartially and literally the provisions of the Newspaper act, which, he contended, ought therefore not to be continued upon the statute-book. It might appear that, in asking for he trepeal of all these taxes at once, they were asking for too much; but they were all connected with each other, and he for one would not be contented until the three duties were all repealed, and until tho press was set entirely free. (Cheers.) 1 le had no doubt whatever that the tax upon advertisements was not a means of revenue, but a revenue destroyer, siuco it struck at industiy and commerce, the prosperity of which produced revenue. Ho ventured to say that if this tax were repealed, in the next year's returns of income the amount would not be missed. It was not, iu fact, a consideration of revenue that prevented the repeul of this tax, but a dread of extending cheap knowledge and cheap newspa pers among the working classes. The ( hanccllor of the Exchequer was preparing a new budget. He had no great confidence that he would come forward with a proposition for the repeal of the taxes upon knowledge ; but they must not be deterred froin petssing on this qnwtionby any statement that the financial arrangements of the year were concluded. He held it to be perfectly fair and parliamentary to press all matters of this nature upon the attention of the government, and he trusted that he should live to see the shackles struck from the press, and perfect freedom introduced. (Cheers.) The motion was carrid unanimou-ly. ' 'ri the motion of Mr. Collctt, seconded hy Mr. Ilolyoake, the following resolution was ulso carried, mid the meeting separated at midnight:? That l.y allowing a nutnlx-r of r<Klxteiv<l newspaper* to circulate a portion uf their Itnprwion without -tamps. 1 ami denying tin- name |iriyil< jri' to others ; and by per iiitttinf; news ntiij |*>litkal comments to he itii rt* j in j tin- un>tMiii|? <! puhlii -attou* >>f tin- ui< -tropolla. while sup pre-slng similar publications In tin- country. the ll-iaril of 1 I ilium! Ri'Tcuui Mil llTirtrd Itwlf with tin- |>ow.-rs of a r. n-or-tiip. tijually foreign to tlx- lawn of the Uu.l au<l tilt fvclings of tin- people of thi" country." [1 ri m thf Tinea, of March 7 ] < 'no of the first rule* of agitation i* to find un an- > (agonist. \ ou eaniiot have a "run" utile** you " hnd;" nor i* it easy to keep the tabic in a roar without a "butt" lor your joke*. Mr. Cobden | knows this, ro he never tak-> up a cau?e without challenging a foe. The majority of mankiu<i are indifferent and adrift on almost any subje :t that can be mentioned till tbey ure provided with Home body to be angry with, or somebody to Uugh at, or ?somebody to be beaten. They hare ouly to a.-k Mr. Cobden, and he will ?oou find theiu (port. Now, what have the daily metropolitan journal' to do with the "ta.xc* on knu? ledge," except to jiiiy them and wish them removed! Ilut Mr. C'ob den ingeniously contrive* to represent u* a< mono |>oliat " protected" by tha tax js on knowledge. .Vine of hi* ri aders out of ten will go away with the impression that but for these tuxe* there would be furh u coin|>etitioii a* would swamp the iivepeuny paper*. Ac for theae taxe?, it i* scarcely nece--ary that we should rcj? at our opinion of Uiem . We are the largest payer-' in the kingdom, and we be- ] lieve that, UJ- in tin- former reduction ot the stamp du'y, we should gain iintnen?ely by their removal. We, nevertheless, think that there are other tuxes which pre-* uiore on the eomfort, well-being, and progn of tin- people, and arc content to allow tlietu priority. As, however, the question concern* us very cloacly, we would rather not take a prom incut {?art in it ( ?ther* may if they think proiier, and they will have our hearty thank.' if they deliver us fn in our tri{de fettet*. But, we repeat, ou no prc tence whatever can the present daily metropolitan pre** lie im|dieated in toe <|ue*tion, iriasm ucn a* it i? the target victim, or, perha|* it should be Mid, the larg< ?t channel of taxation. A* ttt working man, say* Mr. Cobden, cannot aftord to j-ny tive|>ence a day for hi* paper, a daily I ??{??? r ix the luxury of the higher und middle classes; and we addfW* owawlve* accordingly to the taste* and opinion." of tln>*c classc*, and not to the mother wit and (DMiphftkald judgment of the working man. The daily journal-, he Mjn, do j not re pre -cut the feeling" of the many, but of the few. finch iwcrtMW, in our opinion, are more easily made than proved, for there may be much color, but very little truth in thctn. Ifcw* the House of Common* represent the opinion* of the many! l>oe* Mr. Cobden him*clf ! lie ha* several time* ex(>rc**ed hitn?clf very strongly of one opinion when the majority of hnglishtncn have been ilecidodly of another. Arc hi* view* on our foreign |ioii?'y and on the Ivcclesiastical Title* Assumption bill popular? Nay, 'poll the moh, and will they assign to taxe* on knowledge that fomnoet place in our bur<l?-n* which they oc cupy in Mr. Cobden'* own mind? Again, if a daily pa|>er co*t* fivc{?once a day it doc* not in the aveiagc cost a farthing a day to each reader, for every copy, we will venture to *ay, ha* more than twenty reader*. Any working man may get a sight of alf the daily papers at less than a penny a day without having to drink hi* pint of beer at the same time. We wish he could do it .cheaper *till ; but *o long a* the daily paper* lie all day long in every public hoinw- in l^indon ? so long a* the pro vincial papers, borrowing much both in matter and opinion from the I ?ndon |*per*, are equally accctud lite, it i* hardly fair to say that our reader* are not of the workiug cla**, and that we, therefore, do not con*ult it* intere*t* and opinion*. We mu*t add that there 1* something ?i raster in thi* line of argu ment. 1'nder cover of a crneade again*t taxes nn knowledge Mr. ( "obden ?eek" to di*|>arag* the daily paper* of the metropolia. They may nave *in* to answer for, but this i* not the proper occasion for calling them to account. Then, of cour*e, come* the never failing compa rison with the American paper*. There are ten daily paper* in New York, *ay* one speaker, *ome of them ii penny apiece; one a halfpenny, and the beef, we believe, not *o much a* twopence. There i* a penny paper *ay* Mr. Cobden, which *ell* AO, Out) copies a day. Put on one point he i* eijenf . fie any*, indeed, " Your reporting talent and general literary ability i* to he had nt a* cheap a rate berc as in America;" but be forbear* to *ay that the American daily papers are eonal t9 the Ixmdon daily paper*. We leave to other* tb#4lelleate comparison of political opinion* or IMerary rtf le; it i? not onr pla/*e to make the comparison, lihtl w? observe that Mr. ? obden i* tqually content t<l let it alone We will confine cwnItm t? nof? tangible ground#? a??r? mat ten of tnaiMM. No American penny, or twopenny, weekly or dail^^^^Has to give a fair ana accurate report of the^^Pmoings in Congress, or of any meeting whatever, anywhere, on any subject, in the Union. All speeohes are re ported in brief, and, what it far worse, with a strong party bias; while reports of meeting are uniformly " spiced " with slang for slang for the amusement of the reader and with an utter disregard of candor and veracity. We say it advisedly, that the scrupulous fidelity, which is al most a religion with the whole class of British re porters, is unknown ill America. If a man wants nis speech to be given to the world, we will not say fully and accurately, but free from tht; grossest per versions and embellishments, he sends it whole to a friendly newspaper, where it appears as a separate article. Lvcn in the best journals of the Union the debates in Congress are given in a sketchy, not to say slovenly, manner. A s for the original articles, political or literary, we repeat . wo leave them alone ; but we should like to see Mr. Cobden get up and point out a single American paper which satisfies niin in its mode of treating political, commercial, or social questions. Such journals may be amusing and gossipping, they may be instructive to some extent, they may tie very useful, but they do not pretend to tnc same faithful and historical character as the daily journals of this metropolis. There really is no comparison between them. After limiting himself to the subject of prices in the comparison oetween the journals of Loudon and New York, Mr. Cobden ventures to do more when he comes to compare us with our own weekly con temporaries. Tney represent the opinions of the people better, he says, than wc do. " The daily press is not the exponent of the wants and opinious of the working classes." "As far as I can judge, I must confess tnat the politics of the weekly press are much sounder thun those of the daily press." "I can only say that, looking at the pontics of the weekly press, they are written a4 much to the pur pose, and with equal talent, as the daily press." Now, we will not be sedueed by Mr. Cobden into any comparison unfavorable to those whom he would set up as our rivals. But when he insinuates, by comparison, that the daily papers do not write to the purpose and do not declare themselves a honestly and plainly as the weekly papers, wc beg to atk him whether he has been himself so fortunate as to impress the British public with a clear and uniform idea of his own politics and "purpose"! We have heard the greatest variety of opinion on the subtest, and that froin many candid and intelligent observers. As to the weekly papers of the largest circulation, wc very much question whether Mr. Cobden could tell us of any one of them, plainly and explicitly what are its opinions on the subjects it usually writes about. We have read articles in them which, so far from being " straitforward" "and honest," at the expense of " fascination"' and " learning." ? two qualities very properly made secondary by Mr. Cobden, ? did strike us a* " fascinating in style and learned in diction," but yet either saying more than they meant, or meaning more than they said, and leaving the mind in a painful state of uncertainty as to their real purpose. But in all these comparisons, as well as in his anticipations of a penny press, .Mr. Cobden has left altogether out ol reckoning the most important element of our cost and position, or our "monopoly" as he calls it; we mean the enormous expenses we are at in our foreign correspondence, in our parlia mentary and other reports, and in every sort of in telligence. We should be afraid to say what the copyright of every paper has cost us. Mr. Cobden, however, is probably aware of the fact, that no at tempt is ever made to protect that copyright from invasion. Monopolists as we are, we allow all the journals in the kingdom ? among them Mr. Cob i den's friends of the weekly press ? 1<> appropriate a* ? much as they please ? and freely do they avail them ' selves of this liberty. Our " overland mail," which ! has co-t us jCHX) or more, arrives, perhaps, only in I time for our second edition on Saturday, ami be j fore it ean appear in one of our early issues, wc may have the pleasere of seeing it at full length : in the Sunday papers, and a score or two pro | vincials, not only with no share in the costs, but ; often with ?ut even one woid of acknowledgment. : SE iS 5rp^? Cnc7LiN?V,'TurJ"i.'.S ?"i^i l">? what" one of tho-o S""1'1'1"" /.""'F? riaht of the (treat mM of information, such as reports and foreign newjil .At. .?.!? -lave that navs ?"d nobody eventnntiKs us, but eve n if we a? '.o have fifty daily coiniKiti'.^r-, M.ine of them, perhaps publishing at noon, it wiU V,e necess ary to come to some arrangement on 1 : " w<T>HLK.r can ^.u .Mst long on a mono M." will).;*. *??. L thought. he will discover that he ha- not em bracid the whole of the ww?*wr Su?^w,?' n?. that -he various coiupari-oa- he ha? ui-Htut^ tween the paper- of the "nctropol^^lo je existing or imaginary rivals arc not altogttBcr iiir. At, at S^ii Roger cxprw-e* it. there s uiuch to be suid on both sides of the question. irk. Pnlluft ?n?l Hun?rUu lUfagff? ' w" ilouo Litti r* and Opfi.loiia from America. Ilr. m the Liverpool Mercury. 1 We understand that the government have umler tuW, n to urovide a t-uui which will funnsh ab?ut ?* to each ol the Polish and Hungarian refuses who have just arrivc.l at Liverpool Iroin 1 urkcv, for I 1 he of paying their passage to America. on iidcring the extreme dittfeulty which foreigners now cx|*rienee in obtaining employment in this co^try, the sufferings which the refugees mm ? si<le. it here have already undergone, .the difficulty the., friends find in procuring for the? even a-c^mty support, and the great demand for lttber " cU "l preint exists in America, the meagre of the g x, ... me.It ii] ,..n- t.. I., prompted by l1"' ' ' .nane feeling' towards the refugee-. It appear, however, that certain gentlemen, belonging, we believe to what is called the extreme democratic amongst the Poles, have taken upou thein Lives the serious res^-nsibillty of -drijig thc<* |K..,r men to n main in Lngland, at th* risk or their being expowd to the moat abject misery. easy to conjecture what motives may have in?pired the author- of this advice, but .t .s tolerably^ear , that unless th.-y have larg. and immediate fund" at their disposal, it cannot have originated ...a due ! r,.c?rd to the welfare of those to whom it is off.-ioU. I' he following letUr has been received by l-ord Dudley < outts Stuart, from M- lM*y? formerly secretary to Kos-uth t? I nlvmal Kroitrrati' n nr.d f. l ;.ii**ti"n ouipanj M 1.. at> Y. ur t nWiip Is' 'n" doul.t, mw?re th*? th. L;'..u?.r,,, ? '.'.v. ' ? , rtea ?* tan Dow t<- waver, and a-* t > I few i??> " r,U?r?t. ? In ???<? ' ww. n. y aai Irerint Urt tfcagw* I '? ,r. 'V.,,: ? ; - ! -. . 11 to th. ui k<y me will produce the ner.-?ary en-tl. I .... . ... ? ' 1 ?'fl,llv M in..- V T? the Kigl.t II. '. . I ? ' - ? '' *' \V, entirely coincide in the observation* above | ;?,,l r,- th- sat- ??."!? .wanstlMW fag* i Ht riots in I nland If* that we sh-uld refuse m t hat 1.. pitality which we are always ready to i xtend to every honest man who seeks a refuge npon our -hores. but .... ' " "h ""I ll*". t> of affording them continued relief, and on the probability of their being reduced, for want of i , {,. a ?tate of destitution. < ?ur country Is t.? Nil fef a number of foreigner, to obtain l?mciW^hC^ ploymcnt, as the lact that many ? of the lol' "h r? t uif'ees who arc now suffering in London the great c? privation, because they cannot procure work, ? nd it. whose behalf incessant appeals are being mn le fully establishes. We can only, in eorroborar Uoa of our own opinion, with rettardto the refugees n .w he guests o/our town, anT who, it would ?P near, are being dissu-ded from proeeedmg to the United States, reproduce an extract from an a4 dress ..I the Literary As#.wiation of the *".rier>?l? of Poland to the l'oles. d.awn up by iU I I j,rd liudley J^tu-rt, whose devotion to the causr ... l'oland is well known to the world, and mu?t -a*' tie him to the respect and admiration of every .over of freedom and humanity. In rera^ thr exertions made by the friends of 1 oland In this country in favor of the refugees, his lordship owns that the sympathy for the cause, among the wealth ier ., has so diminished as to make it ??<** sary for the association to appeal for funds to the l'oles t.l?ced in e?y circumstances. ?? With difficulty, -ays the address, "has the asso ciation, during the last eighteen months, continued to afford assistance to the sick and inffnn; and to those still remaining on its original list, and to ar sons arrived within the last mentioned period, it would have been compelled to deny assistance alto gether, but for the generosity of some noble sons and daughters of Poland, who, being aWv-t he state of indigence themselves, have cither from their ow Polish homes, or from other parts to *>?ich their destiny has led them, forwarded to the the means of mmi-tering to the want- oftheir more t Lcrtaocf, 9t t^ Mwciafon ka? ?? 1? ac been nmiM to tppMthe momey only to the re moval or raeh of the refa;e*" ?? might be desirous of proceeding to AmerieaJl The number of Poles who have bees thus fanrarfed to America, during the IMt twelve months, (exclusive of -16, who, hav ing come from Malta, have been lent there at the expense of government,) amount* to 88. 'l"hc price of the paneage, from London V> New York, varies a little according to the season, and other circum stances, but ?8 generally suffices to pay for the pas sage, including food, and to furnish the passenger with the means of providing for immediate require ments on his landing. Thus, a sum which, in thin country, would soon be expended without producing any permaneut result, may, if employed in forward^ ing a man to America, be the means of enabling him t? obtain an independent existence. Most of the refugees who were forwarded last summer (after their arrival at Southampton from Malta) to New York, found profitable employment there the day after their arrival. " The association being well aware, from long observation, of the great difficulties which refugees find in procuring a livelihood by their industry in this country, and being uuable to shut its eyes to the diminution of the disposition to assist tnem to be tound in the wealthier classes, is disposed earn estly to recommend to the refugees, who are driven from their homes, to proceed to the United States? that being a country where, it is well known, that every one willing to work can find employment; whence (unlike the States of the uoutinent of Eu rope) he is not liable to be driven away, at the will of the authorities; but whence he can, should ho see reason for it, always to return to his country, in a shorter time than was formerly required for passing from one extremity of Poland to the other, or for travelling from Paris to Warsaw." Several of the men forwarded to America havflf written as to the condition in which they find them selves in thut country, and the following extracts will, no doubt, be read with interest: ? Extract from a letter, dated New York, July 23d, I860. ? "Thanks be unto Almighty, we safely arrived at New York, on the 20th instant. There is no more sympathy for the Poles than for the Hungarians. The Hungarian committee ccased to exist two months ago; the Hungarians, having taken considerable sums, dispersed themselves in different parts of America. The facility of finding employment gives us hope that we shail be able to maintain ourselves respectably. We have found hero some of our countrymen, namely, Karcsewski, * Plinta, Chwalibog, Mass, &c., who interest them selves very much for us, and wo trust that, in Ui week's time, we shall be placed in different situa - tions. Every placc seems good where wo not. America is not so charming a country as it is repre sented to be at a distance. Materialism has the upper hand here; but those who wish to work can get a comfortable living, without any great effort." Extract from a letter, dated August 9th, 1830. ? " We arrived safely in New York, having been thirty days on board, and all those who had a pro fession got work immediately, with a good pay, namely, a dollar a day." Extract from a letter dated New York, September 15, 18S0: ? " My Dearest Mother ? I would consider it, on my part, a crime to accept from you any assist ance in my young age, with the health and strength^ I possess, and particularly in this country here, where whoever is willing may find employment, and where no kind of work is considered disgraceful; for ' work' is the vox pomtli. For my part, 1 havo an iron will and determination to work, and, there fore, work with perseverance, readiness, and devo tedness. 1 will now state what I do, and how I gob that e mployment. Arrived on the 30th of July at New York, after a pretty prosperous passage; wo did not find there what we expected, and what was promised to us in England. Everybody saw at once that he would be compelled to get his living by 1 work, and we disj)crsed inconsequence; but every where the want of knowledge or the English Ian gunge. which none of us possessed, presented great difficulties. Those who were unaoquaintcd with any trade, went as laborers to the railways, whilst trades men found a corresponding employment cither in town or in the country. [Here follows various means used by the writer of this letter, and the de scription of employment which, as stone and marble muson designer, he has obtained.] 1 went, in con sequence, to an American artist's and got a placc. I worked with the greatest assiduity for three weeks. He paid me for the first week three dollars, like to an apprentice; for the second week 1 received four dollars, and fur tbe third likewise four dollars. Al though I never learned that art, still, lioing per fectly well acquainted with the rules of design, I succeeded above lay own expectation ??, the only drawback being a want of expedition. Still, my work being, according to the opinion of his own work men themselves, worth three times as much a* v lint I got for it, 1 felt myself hard dealt with, anil left him in consequence, having previously obtained a place w here I c an earn six dollars a week. (>ut of three I pay three dollars a week for board, lodging, and washing, and put by the remaining three for drees. This in the way, my dearest mother, how i got, by a little inanicuvring, three dollar* urnro than an apprentice, and the expectation of an in crease in iny wages, if I succeed in working quicker, for as to tho real value of the work they do not find fault with it in the least. You inust know, iny dearest mother, that this is a work which pay-1 un commonly well in this part of the world. I have every hop* to increase very shortly my wages to two dollars a day, und pcrhup.~ to three during tho spring. In South America they pay as much art tive dollars a day. You see, then, in.v ik-arest mo ther, that I have every chance of doing well, and the increase of mv welfare will give un the means! of tx-ing the support of your old age; 1, whom you considered lost, seeui to be the nearest to that point which will secure to me as well as to yourself, <*oin- ' fort and happiness; for this is the country, indeed, where people make fortunes; and why should I not succeed, with my present assiduity and perse vo rancel ? ? ? I, for my part, can assure you that in three years at farthest, 1 shall be well off. if < l??i pleases to grant tue strength and health; and with my welfare yours, my dearest mother, will be se cured." Kx tract from a letter, dated New York, Not. 5, IKiO \ ou desire to have some details rtspectinC I the position of our countrymen in America; 1.1 then lore, hasten to comply with your w nil' Tlioj l'oles who, in 1H34, above Ui*? in number, were *ent I by Austria to America, arrived here under the in fluence of the most fa* orable circumstances. Tho recollections of the glorious campaign of IKKt-,'11 were still fresh in the memory of every one. Tho companions of l'ulawski and Kosciusko wore still living, t >ur countrymen met with an enthusiastic Welcome; they found an ? xcellent op? ning for th ir exertions, which if was only necessary to 'mbraco with a sort of determination. But they were young men, and. with a few exceptions, unfit for any thing, and generally unacquainted with th<- language of thriountry. Thus the difficulties wliir-h were in their way discouraged then much; the MM fa vorable opportunity* acre lost, and a constant in-| flux of the Kuropeans has diminished demand fori hands. Vet then i? not one here, from tho-c whoj came formerly, who is existing, as it is mo-tly thtfT case inLurope, like a bird, without ploughing and sowing. On the contrary, all hare permanent avo cation- ? respectable iniaus of existence ; many even have suoecssfully excelled in variuus prole - 'ioii' It will b. . officii .lit to inent ion here < ? 1 wucki ind Tochman, lawyers, who t property; llinta, Muss, Miller, LudwidAi, Ko>vnkowski, Uinski, and several others; Krcitscr, ? ianiys, l'odbielski, who are generally known in the scientific wirld. The ifungarian, ??< w< II as the Polish revolution, ha- excited a lively interest in the Americans, and has called forth considerable sacrifices. The Hungarian mil tee, established in I*t0 by I'jhacy, was covered) with subscriptions. Hut for certsiin reasons th< i ommittee was dissolved, the subscription? ceased J and the reaction in public opinion took t.-l? ? It was exactly tbe time when we arrived iu America] the time Most unfortunately selected for lis. Wit.h?j out, therefore, any co-operation on the ]>art of the Ann ricans. almost all hav e placed tin in ; . ? - tole rably, in spite of the unfortunate mania of < .ililnr Ilia, for wlin h th' v have abaud<>u<"t th<> in ? i w.n tag-mis situations. The evunts ?.f IMM awl Ml having thrown on the shores of America a grc?( number of the Oerinan malcontent", ideraidj increased the diffn nlty of flmling etQ( levnunt. Notwithstanding sll this, a man. Without even the knowledge of the language, but able to W?>i K mode rately. i- -ure to earn always three dollar" |?m week in any manufactory. On the railways, by tin; eon ?truetions of building* or canals, where .?lth and robust -trength are mitiirtd, seven oreight ?hilling> can be earned per day. With these fact- l>ef<?re us we Uave our readeri to judge if the offer mado to tb? refugees, far tbeil conveyance to America, ought to be refused. I) th< \ prefer being dooMied to starvation foi tin of their principle and opinions, which wr fMBMti be thej d< ni'>cratic or anything elsM1 Mu: tin inos( honorable way of holding an iuUpciidant opinio! rest* in an earnest d< -ir?- to w ..rl< and maintait ej self, rather than in being an object of public bene volence We are Informed, that tbis day the re lit J mm will bavo to state what course they iuten.l ink] h i in reference to tin off, r made to them, I thai MM those ninong tlmn who accept it will in futtirq be taken care of by the authorities. Statk of Tahties in i:\ot.Atn ?The Mtrmrif divides the IIousi of Common" into the following five parties: ? 1. The whig", wbo- "uppor free trade, a moderate anti-papal measure, and I prospective measure of moderate parliamentary rc< farm. 2 1 he tory protectionists, who "'import !i new corn law, a Stronger anti papal measure, a mo< dif.ed income tax, and no reform S. The IVelites, who "iipport fiee Made, re> anti papal ui i i ?, financial policy unknown, and no reform 1 I he radical and Manchester party, who suptvirt free trade, tio null m u.-ure, eontiniied in- t;?.l and redvred duties, Mid cxtenslvo r? form j I h? Irnh party, who support no anti- pupal in .i lire, and are divided on tree trade, tho budg< ' uid r| form, bat witb ? radival Uudcncy

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