Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 1, 1851, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 1, 1851 Page 6
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES. nm (?(? ?mi?? *??' ?* ?*mtH Cwr H,. Ml. Political Ufi MM> Time*. We brieCy noticed, a few days since, the death of Ik, H? George MoDufte, which took place at the reeUeaoe of Colonel Singleton, in Sumter District, South Carolina, on the 11th March. Notwithitaad i dm the conspicuous place Mr. McDuffie occupied for M?re than thirty yean, In the politics of ssouth Carolina, the Charleston papers received since hui death, hove failed to give us those particulars of his life which we hndeipected, in their notice of the defease of so distinguished a public man. Hence Wtfore compelled to be less definite than is desirable, JLe following sketch of his political life and times. XZr* e McDuffie, according to the most reliable PZu. ? born in Georgia. At the time of his >th he was about <ixty years old; con^ue^y le mu#t have been born about the vear 1790. Ihc jw of McDuffie is doubtless of Scotch ongii , wt are not aware that it is conspicuous in the of South Carolina. It is certain that -the branch of it' to which the subject of this notice belonged was quite obscure and humble. While quite a boy, (according to an article m tho Greenville S. C. MowMatnter ,) George McDuffie wiu employed as a clerk in a store in Augusta, Georgia, owned by Mr. James Calhoun, a brother of John C. Calhoun. Mr. James Calhoun being in embarrassed circumstances at that time, abandon ed the mercantile business, and moved back to Ab beville, South Carolina, his native district. He in formed his brother, Mr. William Calhoun, that he had in his store u poor boy ho felt unable to pruvi t for, and disliked to return him to a home of P*"** i he liberality and affection of a child, lie placed young McDuffie in the classical school at WUb""*' ion, in Abbeville, then under the control of Dr. Waddell, who educated so many distinguished men, and, when prepared to enter college, he gra UJt^ him in the South Carolina College? McDuffie, halievf . obtaining the first honor. " fo, ,h. favorable Telopement of his genius, after he had completed bis studies preparatory to entering into the prac tice of the law, which attracted tfce attention of th, I|W John c. Cftlboun, under "V?M patronage .?.? p?m'? >?? ?"7" conspicuous as a politician by his writings for the press, aiding Mr. Calhoun in imbuing the public mind of the South with his political doc trines, and views of public policy. In 1H16, Mr. Calhoun, being a member of Cougr. **, a' voca e ? protective tariff, particularly for cotton manulac ties, and cooperated with Mr. Clay the enactment of the protective tariff of 181b, which was tho first tariff that imposed a squnre yard <lu y on cotton cloths, the idea of that effective duty which established the cotton manufacture in the Ln.ted States, having been suggested by the late Francis J.Lowell, of Massachusetts, from whom the great manufacturing city of Lowell received its Ma>e Mr. Mil >uffie, at that time, warmly ad% oca ted the protection and establishment of oinea ic manufactures, although he afterwards changed hU views and course, when his patron, Mr. ^houn, altered hu course in this respcct. The late ' lathew Carey of l'biladelphia, one of the champion# ot U, prom .ive ,,<*?. W- Mr. "h' Idd informed us that he prepared and pubUshed for circulation at the South, sundry tracts conta.n mg writings by Mcl**e, Calhoun, and other Southern statesmen, advocating the protection of American manufacture*, by adequate duties i on foreign goods. These protection tracts Mr. Carey ly disinterested as thev oat of ? yri*e tUTo frVd tdgh tho Southern ?t*anl^eite the tariff doctrine. ofCaihoun, Mdtafte. Z'i uvllfln*. the writings of Southern meu,..n pobtical SiffiSS ! i^o^^-wouid'ha^ bad the -am- mfftenco on ? ? ?i iiit South ashisown wntmfs and K?S' ?*SZ lia >?>??" ?" Mom'? . Secrel.O of War. a33???l ?rea. vigor iatotbal department, winch thou began to turn attention to the subject of internal iinprov emont, HJiU a* an occupation for the engineers nttj*?-h?"l to the irm;, in time of jieace ? a 'ystcm of furveys of river*. harbors, cunaN. and MM ? ? ? >? '? -i up >n b 7 the corps of engineer* ? the *;itttn meetuig with the warmest support of Mr. Calhouu, a# Secretary of War, and his adherents in Sooth Carolina, of whom Mr Mcln.ffle wa< a prominent leader It is not ?arprising, therefore, that Mr. McDuffie, when he entered < ongress, in ML a? a r*pf*ee atativc of (he I Aiffrfiviil congressional district of South Carolina, by the people of which district he had been elected in It?)? should apficar a< an a.) ? H . dow considered a too liberal construction of the eon atitution on the subject of iulernal improvement*. With regard to the protective tariff system. .South Carolina had became deci?ledly opposed to it a' ? wea.?inr of public policy. and ?e not aware that any of her r> pr*i-?iiiative? in Cougre?* have ven tured to advocate it since Mr. CalUvun sustained the protective tariff ot |iM About t lie time that Mr tUMl entered Co#. I gre?s. a serious ijuarn ! broke out between the poli- I lietan* of South i ur'iliua and those of ( > ">rria. A major I) ol tti< i .-..ririKt - i that William H. Crawford, then Secretary of the Tna?ury, who cam* near being nominated t < r I ' r -i-t t i ? ! Monroe, in the < ongrc?ionai caucus ? ' l*W ? should au coo i Mr. Mouroe in the l*r*?ideutial chair. To 14 1* the < arolina imliiician? were bitterly opposed ; and although Mr. Calhoun *m considerably younger than Mr. Crawford, they determined t ? push the claim- ot th. tonn. r. ( i caring then f?. I ieneral Jeckson, who was also a * arolinian.) An I that, we believe, "was the wav th-.iuarrel begun," which cauaed sundry duel*. ai.d u totter }-?!.* i feud, which lasted many years, between the peopl* of the two State* Among the prom mei t .(.porter* of Mr Craw ford in (?eorgia, was a powertul aristocratic lamil . at A ugusta, by the name of' ummirig I >nr oi Uiat family, t.olonel Cumuiing. a man of prou apirit and lofty bearing, became involved in a vio lent depute on the political ' ; i ? v wit Mr. MclniBe, whoee re?ni*nce w?< in Ig fi. I district, M. C., a few mile* Irwin Augusta, where h* aft en appeared la hie pract ice a? a lawyer m the t ?enrgie oourta. 'i bis dispute led to a controversy in the newspaper*, and eventually to a challenge and duel between Me?sr? M Ihiflie and ' umining No blood being shed at this first encounter, the friends of < uiuuiing complained that McDuffi-* had appcari d on the tiel.l .lad in a lustring dross, Which was supp??ad to be a sort of protection from K pistol shot It was also charged that on? of the j-artie. (we forget wh..-h t took a bottle of cologne water with hun on the ground to brace his nerves Tlie afiair assiined a lade-rone turn, and w*< ri<U cwle<i by the press at the North, South and Weal. I f 'aru-atures of the duel? which was bnlwved to have keen a sham one ? were published in |nar iers, aiel the subject wa- introduced in ( ', ? New I ^Vewr's addresses at the time, in humor OH* rhytne*, , jwhieh please<| nmatiagly the Mnaaent- of loelling. T'n<ier th< ?e ? . r- > i .,i j - ,n 4uced to fight again ; when Mr. McDuffle received *he ball M his adversary - p n I - ,tn i.art of hi* body, and earn. I ,%(, many painful y-arn, to his crave In Owngre*, Mr Mi'lttiffie took iv prom.nent rank ?e a debater, froM the ? r in the 1 Ions* of Rp|we entatives, in t<e2l and con tinuing an active awd lea'l tired ta IHH. in oo?sef|iiein.e of being elected t .ov Jrnor ot Soath Carolina II ? h ?d thu? served tbir ?ea year* a* a member of < ongre". dur e passed through m-?ny eieiti.ig ae^nes under the 'admiaiatration* of M ?nro... \ lirn< and Is. k-.n VV hew H wa* aaeertained thai Mr < alho'i il I aot be a prominent candidate for the I're-elency, h'> was withdrawn and placed on th* ticket with (*e. n?rai Jackson, as a eandMate fer \ ice 1'ic-ideot i^ss>a ali? th? latter ofi - b / *otae ?f | the iMadi of Adams, he *u elected Vice Preiidenk I in 1*84, and re-elected in 1828 When the election of President by the House of Representatives, in l 'iWW tuade.Mr. McDuf&e oonteuded that it ?u the duty ot the House to vote for Jackson, as he had received the highest number of rotes in the electoral colleges. Mr. Calhoun also contended in his letters, that a true construction of the constitution should induce the House of Representatives, when no choice had been made by the electoral colleges, to elect the person who had received the greatest number of electoral votes. If Adam*, instead of Jackson, had received the highest vote, Mr. Calhoun said he should have felt bound to support his election by Congress. This novel and curious doctrine, sus tained by Messrs. Calhoun, McDuflle, and a few other Jackson men, found no countenance anion* the friends of Crawford, Adams, and Clav who comprised about two-thirds of the House Mr. Louis Me Lane, then a Crawford man, said, in reply to Mr. McDuffie, that the election being referred to the House of Representatives in consequence of no choice having been effected by the electoral col leges, the members of the House were to act as judges under the constitution, and to elect the iui?n in their judgment best qualified, even if his electo ral I votes stood lowest on the list. Mr. Adams, it I*'1' be remembered, was elected, and neither Mc 1 uffie nor McLane were pleased ? the former votinjr ackson, and the latter for Crawford. *" ? Amendments of the constitution were proposed in Congress, after the election of Mr. Adams, in 1825, proposing to take the final decision of the election of President from the House of Represen tatives, and to choose electors by districts. Mr. McDuffie advocated these amendments, (which fuiled,) and made | a great speech thereon, in which he attacked Mr. Clay, and his friends in Congress, who had voted for Adams, reite rating the charges which had been made against them of bargain and corruption. This speech caused a violent quarrel between Mr. Me l Duffie and Mr. Letcher, of Kentucky, and a duel threatened, but prevented. It was in reply to I Mr. McDufle that Mr. Ldward Everett made his first great effort in Congress. Some time after ( wards Mr. McDuffie quarrelled with Mr. Metcalfe J a member of Congress from Kentucky, which led to a challenge from McDuffie. Metcalfe chose rifles as the weaj>ons, and McDuflle refused to try them, noes being then unusual articles in single combat ; ar?*? {he affair dropped, without bloodshed. ' I .L ,? 'atllson P^rty having obtained a majority in i the Congress which met in December, 1827, pre ceding the election of General Jackson to the Pre ttdcncy, Mr. McL>uffie took a prominent part as a l leading debater, and a member of committees of | the House, and was on the very top of the flood-tide of popularity which carried General Jackson into the ' 1 residential chair, and retained his friend, Mr. Calhoun, in the Vice Presidency. Both of these gentlemen, however, refused to sustain Gen. Jack ie" 'J,*1"' war uP?n the Bank of the United States. Air. McDuflle, as well as his patron, Mr. Calhoun was a warm friend of the bunk, and as Chairman of the Committee of Ways and Means, on the 10th of rebruarv, 1832, made a report in favor of the re newal of the charter of the bank. This report Mr. Ale Duffle advocated in \arious speeches, aud de fended the bank against the attack* of its oppo nents. The bill for renewal, it will be remembered, pawed both houses of Congress, and was vetoed by General Jackson. Previous to the attempt to renew the charter of the I k in Congress, Mr. t alhoun had quarrelled with Gen. Jacksou, in consequence of a discovery by the latter that Mr. (alhoun, while .Secretary of War, had disapproved of the course of the General in the Semi I Dole war, iu 1^18. Pho first cabinet of Jacksou had al-o been broken up, and the Calhoun men thrown ? out, in consequence of the affair of Mrs. Eaton. Mr. McDuffie, of course, followed the fortunes of his friend, ( alhoun, and was never on good terms with Gen. Jackson again. He took a decided stand with the nullifiers of South Carolina, iu 1831 and 1832, and went lor the tariff compromise, which was' ? .HSl" "J,b-V, ,r; (1"-v- autJ topped nullification, tn INH. lie had been the most active among the "pponenu of the protective tariffs of 1824, 1*11 und t 1'^ acted with the whigs in Congress in de nouncing Gen. Jackson for removing the public de jx.-ites from the United States Bank. Retiring from Congress, in iSil, in eonscqOence of being elected by the Legislature of South Caro lina ( .overnor of that State, Mr. McDuffie served the regular term of two years in that capacity, and t hen retired to pri vate life. He emerged in Decem ber, 1842, although then in feeble health, to accept the appointment of United States Senator in the bjace ot Hon. \V m. C. Preston, resigned, and took his seat iu that body soon afterwards. His term ex piring March 3. 1843, he wm re-elected for si* years und served part of hi- term as a colleague of Mr. < alhoun, the latter being a short time in the \? -'"h" Tyler. fhe declining health of *?lr. McDuffie did not |w rin 1 1 him to display the -a me energy and frequent participation in debate in t he Senate, which had characterized his form, r career in that body; but he took a prominent part in the annexation of Texas, the enactment of the tariff of l?mi, and the passage of the Sub Treasury bill; out not waiting lor the close of his senatorial term he resigned iu KMi. after the close of the long scs 1*1 on, und retired to South Carolina with a shattered constitution, a mere skeleton ot his former self. During the few years of retirement which proceeded his death, be struggled with disease, almost unno ticed by the world iu which he had played so pro minent a part. The Chariettott Mrrrury of the 13th of March says: '? So completely had his feebleness | shut him out from all commerce with the world, that I we seem now to be speaking of a great man long dead, rather than of one who breathed his last two days ago." rhe Greenville .llountainttr says : ? "It w.i? the writer's good fortune t<. know the deceased well and intimately, and we may -ay, with entire truth, that w I* have never known a human being of more ex alted patriotism and integrity M private character. ( l>e<>rge McDuffie was emphatically an honest man. vV it h a lariri' amount of worldly wisdom, he dis dained all trickery and indirection iu his private and public life. Killing, as he did, the largest space in the public eye as a politician, it is a remarkable lact, that at no time in his eventful life ami brilliant career, ha- the purity of his heart and motives been question, d by |-.litiial opponent* His extraordi nary genius, piactical mind, and thorough honesty, cauwd the |n*ople of this State, and unsolicited liv Iiiiii, to tli rust upon him the highest honors and iii"-t exalte. 1 trusts. And no umn ever bore his blushing honors more meekly. We know that it WMj^ositm^ly irksoin?^<^iiiii to receive the merited icih ? iiinl ifir-r i??ii which hi* genius uml chii lacter alwavs commanded. At the maturation of President J'olk. we were in Washington, ami re mained there a few days after completing our busi ness, at the request of < ien. MeD. to accompany him home ? he then being quite fertile, and requiring the a ??i stance of a friend in hi* homeward travel, in hichmond, Va., Mr. Calhoun joined and accom panied u? to Charleston. We reached the latter place in the steamer about day. and the city autho rities waited upon Mr. t'alboun, tendering him the hospitalities of the eity, and a dinner. After the committee retired, Mr. Calhoun verjr kindly -aid, ? McJhjflic, you ami Mr. T. must consider yourselves my jrue-ts whilst you stay in town.' <?en. McD. tund huinoredly replied, ' Where do you stop V Ir. ( alhoun Informed him. ' Then, sir.' said < ten. M? L>., ' I shall g o to another house, for I want no thing to do with you and the polit iviaris.' In truth, he appeared nervously apprehensive at any time, of being ? the observed of all observers.* In general -'jeiety < ten. McL). was extremely taeiturn. in tb? private circle, among intimate friends, no one eon vei.-ed inore frerly and pleasantly. We hare never known any one po**?s?iiig a keener sense of the ridi culous or one who tol-l and enjoyed an amusing aiienlote Iwtter than himself." " McD'ifRi' has left an only child, a daughter, just grown To this young lady, to whom he was ten derly attached, he leave* an immense fortune, and an honored name, yet more valuable tbau her p rineely inheritance.'' Mr Melhifk enjoyed* high degree of popularity with the people of .south Carolina, and he served them with a single-hearted xeal and com roan ding ability: although the statute bonk* <lo not display any prominent measure* originating with him 11m course seems to bare been to act on the ilefensive, in adiocating what he considered the interest of the ."onth ? for tie was thoroughly Southern in hi* views and feeling*, lie was heartily and wholly trusted by the people of hi* (Mate, who appreciated ? he perfect disinterestedness of hi* character not less than hi* marvellous eloquence. Be* idee serving the Mate in both houses of < ongress, we should have mentioned that he had ai*o been a member of the Mate legislature. The place* of honor to which was elected, he filled with com manding ability and single-brartvd leal. None, ntnoiig nis fellow eititens, weri> ever found to ques tion his motives, or to raise a doubt of hi* *incerity. The testimony of the best judgrs has assigned him a place among the few great orators this country has produced. Ilis style of oratory wa? impetuous, but impressive ; his manner of gesticulation was pern liar, but effective, and he was always listened to by his audience with tokens of admiration, lie was fond of illii-tratnig his remark* by appropriate quotations from the poet*. Moore was one of hi* favorite', and on several occasions h quoted from " the Veiled I'rophet of khora*san," in 14 1, alia Hookh," 'o elucidate bis horror of iji -as ure * and men whom he opposed. The following from a Siuthern correspondent, givi ? a graphic 'ketch of the last appearance of Mr. Mcltuffie in the f'nitfld States Senate "The last tune I remember eee in g this distinguieh ed .statesman, was on the floor of the L ? S. Senate, during a detiate on the liwiff question, in HI?, lie walked to his seat with great difficulty, on ao count of his paralysis ; yet declined the proffered a* -(stance of Sevier of Arkansas, and J. C. Cnlhmin, hot h of whom offered bim every attention W hen he <aUd h? wrote a short note to Ihton, he. I. wi'. who Immediately h-?d his enormoti* chair wheeled to the desk of Mr. I iiiffie, and aid* I him in j.r- 1 ai ir<if his document*. a:id in rieing to hi* feet. The whole chamber was ?ilent ia a mom mt. It U.&UI mmi? Wvvu favu* icfeiMiee t? the briily in Arm it it i of the man who oould only stand by having each elbow supported, and both hand* clasped upon the head of bis cane, or it might hare been in com pliment to his towering intellect and burning elo Sience; but so it was ? an?l,t ho proud, flashing eye of e statesman seemed to acknowledge this homage as his right. His first few sentences were uttered in gasps, us though he were suffering excruciating i>ain; but after ne began to warm with his subject, ne became eloquent indeed. His attack was di rected principally against Daniel Wobater, and he appeared to rejoice in finding an opponent worthy or nis powers'. To describe the manner in which he glided from profound argument into caustio irony, and then aguin to solemn invocation, surpasses my humble abilities, but that he enchained every heart, ear, and eye present, for more than an hour, can be testified to by hundreds. Ere he concluded, he be came so excited by his theme as to forget his in firmities, and remove his arms from their supports; yet, to the astonishment of everybody, he stoou firmly and added the most graceful action to his eloquent hurangue. As he finished, Lewis, fearful of an ao cident, caught him .in his arms, and fairly carried him to hi* seat. A week after this incident, Con gress adjourned, and Mr. McDuffie has never since visited Washington city." Tile Gas Contract? V Pew Propoia' to the City. We learn that our recent expose of the majority report of the Gas Committee of the Common Coun cil, has created some surprise and confusion among them. They find that we were far hotter informed on the gas question than they were themselves, and that it is impossible for them to deceive us, or throw dust in the eyes of the public, whilst we keep watoh and ward for the tax-payers. We are happy to hear that there are somo conversions in tho com mittee, and that the information we have furnished hus enlightened their darkness. A letter, too, from Mr. Cresson, the superintendent of the Philadelphia gas works, has also contributed to the same re sults. In reply to some inquiries respecting gas in "the City of Brotherly Love," Mr. Cresson writes as follows: ? Your letter of the 13th inst.. asking for information re lative to our pas works, ban been handed over to me by Mayor Uilpin. with a request that I may communicate with you on the subject. and I accordingly have the houor to forward the following replies to your several queries, in the order they have been propounded:? 1. The streets and private buildings are lighted by the gas works, which are the property of the t.'oipo ration, and are managed by a board of trustees elec ted by th a City Councils. 2. The works ware first put in operation In February, lKJti. at which time they belonged to an association of private capitalists, but were managed, as at present, by private trustees, chosen entirely by the municipal autho rities. In March. 1S41. the city took possession of the work*, in accordance with an agreement made at their origin, repay iug to the individual proprietors their ori ginal investment, and allowiug them the profits accruing in the five years, amounting to ninety-fuur per cent of the capital. 3. The capital has been increased, from tim>> to time, to the extcut required to meet the increase of demand, which at this time U very great. The increase of capital is derived partly from loans aud partly from the net pro fits of the establishment. The subjects of this query will be found in considerable detail, in our annual re port for the year just cloned, a copy of which will be transmitted to you as soon a<) it comes from the press. 4. The entire debt contracted to this time is $iW7.000. redeemable at various periods from 1861 to H70. Of this amount. $364,704 60 has been accumulated under the operation of the sinking fund, which, at the present rate of increase, will absorb all the debt some years before it will be di e. As regards the price of gas. after the ex tinguishment of the debt, no defluite action has vet been had The present policy aiuis at reducing the price gradually, until it reaches $2 per thousand cubic feet, with a discount of five per cent for prompt payment. When that point shall lie reached, there will arise the questiou of future policy ? whether to sell at cost, or de rive revenue from the works in aid of municipal taxation. From the tenor of the principal report, you will per ceive that the piesent condition of the establish is highly pro. pi r< us; and the lucid report rseentlv ma by Alderman IKdge. of your city ich einlu < an accurate history of it 1 the 1. ir -h i that thi.- prosperity has been itinu h i i-iiir- dur ing that time This letter endorses, to the 1 ail extent, th .i nority report, and proves that we were rig ' in the position we hud taken, if any proof were waiting beyond the unanswered and unanswerable facts aud arguments put forward in our former article. But to make assurance doubly sure, and to show the most sceptical what a prize the city is about to let slip out of its hands, we shall demonstrate what must be the profit of lighting only a portion of New York, according to the present rates. We take us our data the quantity of gas supplied in Philadel phia, though we believe the New York Gas Compa ny furnishes annually several milliotu of cubic feet more. In 1*49, tho Philadelphia gas works sold 127,671, 450 feet of gas, at the following rates: ? ; 4.524.MO feet for public lamps, at $1 25 >30.0oti il'.4ul.?u0 do. to spring Warden. .Southwark and Moyaincnslng. at $1 75 14.201 (2 744 *00 do to private consumers, at >2 It.... 1*1 474 IS ?;T1.4:xi cubic fret for $J47:J;J The average charge |*r 1,000 feet, of the foregoing quantity, is, therefore, $1 98; and the clear profit ad uiittvd to have been made is $57,000, after paying the interact on their debt ? $33,000 ? or a total gross profit of $f*"),000. The statement of the New York account would result as follows : ? 13 (WO. UOO feet to public lain)!*, at $1 8 i t2T>.UG 114.uoo.uuu do to private coui-uwer* ? ;:9K.uou l'J7 JOU.OQD feet for *424.116 Kxtra profit on coke, the price being double lu New York what it is in Philadelphia 15.000 Total **W.U0 Now, if we deduct the $90,1)00 profit from the re ceipts of sale of the Philadelphia gas, it would give ii- $137,333 as the total cost of the gas supplied in that city. The number of feet supplied by the New York ( ins Company being 128,500 feet more, the extra cost of coal would be about $15; but, take it in round numbers at $100 ? this would make the total expense $157,4X1. The profit to the New York company would, therefore, stand thus : ? Yearly <*!.?? of Nrw Y'urk company *4% 111 Total expense* UT.4X1 Profit fcMl.003 Such is the enormous sum of money annually drawn from the pockets of the citixcns of New York, to ewell the coffers of a few shareholders who have already drawn hundreds of thousand* of dollars from the *arae source. There arc few sections of this city in which the monopolists do not hold real estate, and it is estimated that their entire property is worth four millions of dollars. The dividend is nominally 7 per cent. But where can <>a< Company stork be purchased T What, then, becomes of the majority report of the (?as Committee of the Common Council, or of the report of Colonel Childs, by which it was backed ? It appears there are certain parties ready to put down mains and erect works to light the eity, at the following rates: ? I'ubllc lights at $1 per 1,000 feet; private consumers at $2 50 per 1,000 feet? the ? ity to be allowed the privilege of purchasing the works at any time, by paying 7 per cent interest on the outlay. This is certainly better than the pre .'?nt monopoly; but by no means ?o advantageous as the Philadelphia plan, by which the city has iti ? wii mains and work', and ha* the lighting in it* own hands, ju?t as much as the Croton A i} Deduct iJepnrtmont in this city, have tho regulation of the supply of water. And there does not appear to be any \alid reason why light, one of the great neces saries of life, should not be publicly supplied in the same way as water. 1 >ne thing is certain? that the mains ought to be long to the eity, for then it never could be taken -hort by any gas Company Were it not that the mains of the present company aro n*arly?seles<,it would be desirable to purchase them when their 'on tract expire . Hut wh it Ought to be d> ? i? thi< The interim of tw<> year" ought to be employed by the eity governm ent, in putting down mains of their own; and then they could either light the eity by a gas establishment under their own direction and control, or they could advertise for contracts for lightning, which, by virtue of competition, they could obtain ?n su<'h reasonable term* as in a short time would reimburse the expense of the tpaiu*, and keep the city free from th" grip of monopoly, and be always ready to avail itself of any new discoveries in gn? that might spring up, by which a reduction could b? effected to the consumer* Hut as no com pany will undertake to light the city without a rea ?nsl>le profit on thi'ir capital, the wn?r course Would be for the Common Council to put that profit into the city treasury, in order either to reduce still further the price of light, er te reduce the general b*44U?& It VJM tlttffW Superior Comrt? 0?n?rml Ttra ?In K^ultr. Before Justice# Dwr, Muou. and Campbell The North American fire Insurance Company vs. Graham, Jones, Tumeu, and several others . ? Hearing on pleadings and proof*. ? The bill in this cause was filed to set aside the discharg of the defendant Gra ham, under the Bankrupt act, as having been ob tained by him by fraud and misrepresentation; and also to set aside several conveyances, executed by Jones to Graham, and by Graham and Jones to Turney and others, for the purpose of delaying and hindering the plaintiffs and other creditors of the said Jones and Graham from collecting their debts. The defendant Jones allowed the bill to be takon as confessed against him. The other defendants answered the bill, and amongst other things, de fendant Graham insisted plaintiffs did not show any equity by thoir bill, to entitle thorn to come into court; that so far us it respects him, it is a simple suit in eauity, upon a former decree of a Court of Equity, for the payment of money only ; that a court of equity has no more jurisdiction again to decree the payment of that sum of money than it has simply to decree the amount alleged to be duo upon a judg ment of a court of luw, or upon any species of contraot or obligation ; although the court may, and do, re move obstructions, which are in the way of the ex ercise of its appropriate jurisdiction, to enable it to grant relief 111 such cases ; but that it would be opening u new head of equity to say it should have jurisdiction of all money demands, for tho purpose of testing the question, whether the parties from whom they were due had been legally discharged therefrom by proceedings in bankruptcy. The hearing was commonced in January term Inst, and the proofs for both parties taken; after which it was adjourned over to the present term, ana the argument resumed on Monday last. William C. Noyes addressed the court on behalf of the plaintiffs. He began by saying that there were a

great many general considerations that pressed upon him in this case, which might, with advantage, be urgod upon the court, iftime would permit. He would not, however, go into them, dosirous as he was to compress what observations he had to make within he smallest limits. It was sufficient for him to say hat there was a hiatus in this cause at tho time he took charge of it, and that he only was induced to assume the charge of conducting it in consoquence of the attempt of defendant not only to sheltor him self from the payment of his debt to tho company, but to add to their loss by seeking to make them pay large bills of costs and as he thought he could eventually aid in the purgation of those claims, he was willing to do so, without regard to professional emolument. It was true, as was said by counsel on the other side, that nothing of a pecuniary nature tould induce either counsel to embark in sucn a cause us the present, and the difficulty had been in creased not by any necessity growing out of the frame of the bill, but from the desire of tho de fendant to avoid the payment of his debt, and to accumulate costs on the complainants, so as to make this litigation as burdensome to them as possible, a desire which seems to him not to be jus tified either in theory or practice. Whenever such a desire was entertainou by a party it was an at tempt to commit a fraud upon the law, upon the suitors of the court, and upon the court itself. Tho duty of all of u?, said Mr. Noyes, is to lighten liti gation, to make it us little onerous to clients as pos sible, but above all to lighten the labors of tho court. And hore 1 may say, with propriety, that notwithstanding the voluminous ana complexity of the pleadings, and unassisted as we were by any one who knew any thing about the progress of this suit, nothing has boen objected to in regard to facts except one, and the gentlemen on the other side, conversant as they are in the theory and prac tice of equity, have not been ablo to detect any thing in the progress of it, or in our statement, ex cept that one fact; and when we consider that that has been made by a party who has endeavored to shield himself from his responsibility, we are wil ling that it should be taken for what it is worth. If the learned counsel who has prepared the de fendant's answer had found objections to our bill, they have kept them to themselves; they have made none. There has been throughout, so far as objections aro concerned, an admission of our right to come into this court, and we do come into oourt properly with r< [ ect to parties. But if tho court pleases, there in ver yet was to be found a pleader who could please a iitigous defendant in drawing a bill ? it wa Iways either too long or too short to suit his tusti . it contained a great deal that he did not liko, and \ ery little that he did like. It reminded him (Mr. Noyes,) of an unccdote of n young student of one of our colleges, who, after going homo in va cation, was sent l?y his father to mow. He took up the scythe, looked at it ? then turned it one way, then the other, and at last told his father it would'nt do ? he did not like the hang of it. Oh very well, said his father, go and hang it your own way. So he walked leisurely over to the next tree, and hung it up on one of the brunches. Just so it was with a defendant, who, although he might not be willing to hang his adversary, was always willing to hang up the cause. The guntlemeu here, do not want the success of this bill, of course; and having waited their objections, if they had any, they bow seek to raise thein at this very inconvenient stage of the cause. But the court will see the conse quences which would result to parties, if this doc trine were allowed. They complain of the impu tations that have been cast on their moral charac ter; but wu have made no unnecessary statements in the bill. The suit has been couducted through out with the greatest forbearance, and with the most gentlemanly courtesy. I speak with regard to myself. We have undoubtedly charged where the fact* authoriied it, an inference offraud; but let the bill be rcrutiuized from beginning to end, and I con tend that nothing will be found yi it to warrant the assertions of the counsel, who spoke yesterday, of the imputations which they alleged were cast upon Mr. Graham, his mother, and the other defendants. Now, in reference to the old lady, whose fault is it that she is placed in her present position 1 Is it not the fault of her son, who has made her a passive instrument in his hands 1 Ami if that son had ob served the fourth commandment, " Honor thy father and mother, that thy days may be long in the land," he never would have placed her in a position to bring her into contact with his creditors; Lut if a son will be so indirect as to do it, the fuult mu.-t be his own and not that of his creditors. Mr. Grahan has denied fraud by his answer, but if he has been guilty of it the law will tind it; and 1 uow say that if he went into bankruptcy, and in doing so concealed his property, then no is guilty of moral perjury. I would not nave occupied so mii' h of the time of the court on this part of the subject if it were not for the remark* liiude by counsel on t tie other side, in retaliation to what is meant by the charge of fraud. Upon thic point I refer the court to lir.-t Evan* '? Statutes, p. 3ti4. I will now pro ceed, if the court pleases, to noticc, in the order I have marked out for myself, some of the ob jections, taken to our pfogrtM in tbi.t cause; but before 1 proceed to uiy points in detail, let ine advert to what counsel on the other lide said on behulf of defendant Jones, namely, that the bill should be di.intir.-ed as against him. he not being properly a party o the litigation. Hut, as I said before, he allowed the bill to be taken as confessed aganst him; he has, therefore, admitted the conveyance made by him to Graltum in iHtl, and also the conveyance by himself and Graham to Turney and ail the general allegations in the bill of fraud so fur its they are alleged by the complaint against him. He is, moreover, a party to our<lecree, and I apprehend that on that ground we had a right to uiukc him a party to our bill against Mr. Gra hum. Second Barber's practice ? 7th page, 444 Commercial Hank of Krie ?.?. Meech. That case decided that a joint debtor, not served with process, was a necessary party to a creditor's bill, because, although no decree was obtained against him. his co-arfendaut might compel a contribution, and therefore he was a necessary party. If we omitted to make him a party to otir bill it would be demur able, fnd he was properly a party for discovery. If he was not a necc-ary party his counsel should have put in a demurrer, bnt he knew ho could not, and he therefore permitted us to take the bill as con tested. lie was also a necessary party as a fraudu lent grantor, especially when he has not been dia chareed under the Bankrupt Act. In a case where j a bill was died to set aside an award of arbitrators, the Chancellor ordered a reference to a master to examine the parties ; and in this caso we would have j a right to a reference to ascertain the property re- ' tallied by Jones, and for that purpose to go into the i master's office, and to examine him, to show the par ticular details. So he was a necessary party with a view to discovering the resulting trusts of the prop erty purchased by tirahom in the name of Turney, and also in regard to the property parted with by Jones and < irahum Again, if the court pleases, we discover in regard to him by means of the answers of the other defendants, a piece of property to which (>raham and the other parties had no right to. We are, therefore, entitled to have a decree against him for all those various puriioses that I have mentioned. A single other remark will close what I hate to say in reference to him, if he was a necessary party, as I have shown that he was ; arid not having demurred, hut having let the bill be taken and confessed against him, he hus now no rijrht to come in here to complain. The additional "ingestion which I wished to make in regard tohiin is this, that, except as to one transaction with Kel sey, all the operations which are the subject of this cause were transacted by ? ?rahatn alone, and from which. Jones is free frotn all claim; but, as I have said before, he has allowed the bill to bo Utkon, as confessed He is now precluded from coming in here ? the court cannot j?ermit hiui? more espec.. illy when there has been no charge of fraud against hun. Mr. Noyes continued at great length to review the objections raised by counsel on the other side, Francis B. Cutting, Ksq.. on the part of the de fendants, rose and ?aid, that being restricted in point of time, his argument would, necessarily, not h? consecutive in its character, but would be more or less discursive. In the first place he would apply himself to the question of relief asked for hy the plaintiff, and to the grounds of fraud, which he itl '< gef, ami he would next apply himself to the question, whether it was withtu tne judicial powers ( of this rrairt to irrant the relief (ought. It was one ku>( t* makm a tsMuU, feat ? **A??t uu^| to h? how far the court cm oomply with that demand. It w tu also necessary to sec what was the scope of the bill, to see what it asserts and asks. It alleges that in 1833 the plaintiffs held the bond of Jones. Mr. Cutting then briefly recited the various allegations of the bill, and then called the attention of the court to folio 85, and thero they would see what defendauts claimed to bo their right, and upon what the bill is inainlj based. The court would perceive that it is there stated that they became pos sessed of an actual and valid lien on the real estate of Graham and Jones, either from Deeember, 1841, or else from 19th March, 1842, or from March, 1845 on the lauds of Jones and Graham, in the counties of New York, Monroe and Montgomery ; but in any event, at either of those respective dates, they had a lien upon these lands, but at which of them they leave the court to determine. Now the bill is founded upon the supposed lien ut some one of these times, and this idea pervades the whole bill, in the principles upon which it is framed, exclusive of any other creditor, it is based upon their right of property as creditors having a lien, and Standing upon this right ? a right which no other creditors have. Time will not permit me, said Mr. Gutting, to go over the whole of it, bnt I will be per mitted to say, it is a bill that seeks for satisfaction of money due to complainants, and that it is ad verse, as respects every one else, although it asserts a rignt against everybody throughout They also allege that Graham and Jones have no real estate ; but they further allege, that they have an interest in some funds or stock, and that in 1844 Jones fraudulently oonveyed to Graham; they then insist that that conveyance is now as against plain tiffs, they having notice of the docketing of their decree; that in 1845 Graham conveyed to Young, and that that conveyance is also void as against ; them. It next assumes another character. It charges them with having transferred the real estate (which had beeu fraudulently conveyed), for the purpose of avoiding the decree ; and as before stated, it alleges that Jones and Graham are pos sessed of some interest of some kind, which tho plaintiffs have no knowledge of, and they insist they Dad a right to come into a court of equity, and get a dccrec for an account of their assets. The noxt characteristic of the bill is, that it charges that Graham made another fraudulent conveyance to Turney, the object of which was to hinder and delay the plaintiffs in the collection of their debt; but in regard to Turney, it sots forth no specific property. It then allegei a conveyance to Mrs. Yaruum, by Mrs. Jane Graham, of a certain tract of land in Monroe and Montgomery counties; and then sets forth at folio 210, fhat Graham was declared a bankrupt, and that he obtained his dis charge fraudulently ; and then avers, that ; subsequently he acquired property to a large amount, which was part of the real estate which ne had formerly put aside out of the reach of his creditors, and which is now vested in him; and thev ask a receiver to be appoiutedfor their benefit, anil, also seek to set aside the discharge in bankruptcy. And here I would remark, that the discharge in bank ruptcy has nothing to do with the collection of their deDt. A creditor may reach the property which a bankrupt may have acquired subsequent to his dis charge, without annulling or- setting the discharge aside. This part of the bill, to annul the discharge, is, therefore, personal to Graham, and affects no oue but him. It then alleges that Mrs. Graham, from being a lady of small means, had come out, all at once, with $100,000; and, furthor, that her son expended $100,000 in tho purchase of paintings and works of art; and, then, at folio 253, they fur ther say, that the general assignoe is a stranger to them, and that they are adverse to him and every body else; and that their claims remains unimpair ed; and as between themselves and the general as signee, they were no parties to the proceeding in bankruptev; and as all such property as was con veyed to the general assignee passed to Graham, therefore they have a right to recover it, and stand in the place of that officer; and that the property of Jones and Graham may be applied according to the prayer of the bill; therefore, it is a bill which as serts a lien by virtue of the decree; and that lien cannot be extended on the real estate, in conse quent of those conveyances; and that they may be set aside, and then ask to sot aside the discharge of Graham. In the next place, it is necessary to see what it does not ask, and . 1 would cull the at tention of the court to the fact, that it is not a cred itor's bill, in the legal meaning of that term. It is exclusively for the plaintiffs themselves. If it were for all the creditors, it would be in opposi tion to the whole scope of the clause which would make it a creditor's bill, and which has been indus triously left out. Now, having given the court a history of this bill, leaving out all the parts which had exclusive reference to Jones, let me ask what decree can a court of equity make against him. It cannot reach the legal or equitable assets: and 1 also ask, what do thev show against him! Is there any ground against him, except that ho is an ob sticle in their way! but surely their bill shows no lien against his real estate. lie admits nothing but what they have alleged. They say that it ap pears, by the answer of other parties, that he owns property, and that the answer of his co-defendants was evidence against him. Mr. Cutting then ar gued that the court could take no notice of any thing outside the bill in relation to Jonos, &c. John Van Buren, Esq., followed Mr. Cutting on behalf of the plaintiffs. He began by saying that he might safcly congratulate the court that they had arrived at a stage of this cause which promises a si>eedv conclusion. The very great length to which it hit ? Men protracted is at lust drawing to n close, and wc are about to ace the end of it. I cannot commence what I have to say on this sub ject without first saving thai my associate counsel h:m so very fully, and in so able a manner, presented the CMC to the court on behalf of the plaintiffs, that 1 might leave the ease where he has left it; but as he thinks that it is right that I should make *<nne remarks on the point! which he has made, will, therefore, trouble the court with some brief observations on tho sc points. I will .now proceed to make some remarks- about the defendant, Jones. lie appears in this contro versy under extraordinary circumstances. He once ?>oaeee*ed a large estate, said to be valued at <10 ? that estate has been swept away. It ?eems that all that large property has gone into the posses sion of Graham. Subsequently^ to the discharge in bankruptcy of this gentleman, he made a small monthly stipend to Jones during some fonr W six months; but prior to the transfer of his library his estate was swept away, and a considerable portion of it to the defendant Graham. Vet it seems that nobody could be found retaining sutnuient friend ship for Mm nmongst all his immense connexion, who would put in an answer for him, or would incur the labor or expense consequent upon defending him when his entire property was swept into the hands of one of those defendants. It does not, therefore, become any of them toshelter themselves behind him; it would he much more creditable for them to come forward ami defend themselves from the charges Mr. Bell makes against them, or on their own merits; and so it would be in regard to Mrs. (irnhnin. Much has been said as to our as sault upon her ? that she is a female, an aged, se cluded woman; and those charges are MKiressed to the court as a ground upon which the principal defendant is to sustain himself. Now let me a.->k who put her in this position? who made her a spec tator: who made her purchase real estate without a dollar to pay for it! who caused her to build houses? It was her son, who now skulks behind Jones. I therefore submit that this canse must be ilecidcd upon the conduct of the principal de fendant alone, with reference to the relief we seek, which is to set aside his discharge in bankruptcy, and reach the property of the other debtors through him, which has been fraudulently conveyed aw*y from us. Now, 1 ap prehend we have shown that the counsel on the other side is in error, and that we have a right to issae an executioif, notwithstanding the bankruptcy of Graham, to enforce the payment of our decreo roin his subsequently acquired property; there is nothing in this case that interferes with plaintiffs except the neglect; the bill states there was a fore closure -that a decree was made, that it was subse quently docketed, and that it was afterwards dock eted in Montgomery ami Monroe couaties; that he was discharged under the bankrupt act, and that previous to obtaining it a large portion of the pro* property was placed beyond t&e reach of any exe cution against Jones or Graham. The manner in which the suit was begun, and the defence taken by the defendant, and the delay consequent on that defence, and the way in which the property was placed beyond our reach, shows settled purpose to give a preference to such creditors as ho liked to prefer. Now I will say a few words in re gard to some other objections raised by de fendant's counsel. In regard to the first objec tion interposed by him on behtlf of the defend ant, namely, that the c>urt has no jurisdiction of this esu?e, I submit that we haveshownan equity that would entitle us to the decree of the court. \Ve ?apprise that this objection, in any aspect of it, ought not to be made here. The court will observe tnat the objection is that we might collect our debt in another court, and that we have not exhausted our renn dy. We think that objection can only be made t>y demurrer, and not at the hearing. Let us look, for a single moment, at this objection, assuming that a party cannot arrest his debtor. In the first place, they object that we cannot enforce our decree, on the giound that we ha\e not issued an execution; and if, therefore, we bad a right to file a bill, and that fact appears on the face of the bill, that wehad not issued the execution, and also the reason why we had not i?*ued it. I submit they should have de muired, and they cannot now raise that question. It has been said that the English cases show that the decree was not alien upon real estate in England until the jiarty had exhausted his remedy; but that is not the rule here, and the case in 3 I'atgn, already cit< d, seems to me to be conclusive on this point. Hut we had a right to come on here for the purpose of settirg aside the conveyance of the personal pro perty of Jones and Orahum, unless the objection was taken by demurrer. If it be shown that a party has no real or jiersonal estate upon which you can evy by execution, and that hs submits to answer 'ust< ad el demurring, and gee* ?? and trie* the I cause, will tho court allow him afterward* to con teat the fact* that are not denied in the answer! It I would seem to me to be a revolution of all the rule* of a court of equity, that the plea of an execution not being issued should be set up at the hearing by wny of demurrer. But we had another ground, and it is this? we allege by our bill, th*t < Trahain had obtained his discharge i>y fraud, and, therefore, wa had a right to come in for the purpose of setting it aside, simply as creditors. We also had a right to come in simply as creditors, and seek to set a*tda fraudulent conveyances, as the court will see b* their answer, that it is not denied but we had soon a lien on the estate as entitled us to come into court to set aside those fraudulent conveyances. I will now consider our ubstract right to come into court, independent of what may be done afterward*. I'll* authority cited by mr associate, shows not only that we had that right but that even where tho plaintiff fails in showing n right, tho court would decree that we would take so much as would go ta tho geueral assignee. My associate has, also, shown that we were entitled to come into court to seek a discovery, and he has so fully discussed that part of the case that 1 shall not take up the time or the court with any remarks of my own on it. Mr. Van Huron then applied himself to tho other parts of the case, in a very learned argument. Mr. V. B. closed the argument. Decision reserved. The Effects of Matrimonial Advertisings ? An affair, somewhat novel and exciting, took place in the village of Cutchogue, a few davs since. It appears that Joseph Baker, of that place, and lata oflireenport, wont to Now York u few weeks ago for the purpose of obtaining a wife. His first more was to publish a notice in a New York paper, stating that a young widower, about twenty-fir* years of ago, having one child and a farm at a short distance in the country, wished to enter a second time into the matrimonial state with soma respectable lady of about his own age. This no tice attracted the attention of a young girl, in tha city, aged some eighteen or nineteen years, by tho name of Kise Craig, who soon responded to Joseph's notice. This was followed by an interview between the parties. According to the account which tha giri gave at Cutchogue, Mr. Baker represented himself to her tv be a gentleman of character and respectability, in the community where ho lived? that he had a valuable farm down on Long Island, with a good house, pleasantly situated, and all tha necessary improvements and appurtcnances ? that he kept cows and other stock, together with a horse, carriage, &c. After a negotiation of a num ber of days, a matrimonial engagement was entered into, which was finally consummated in due form, by a clergy man of the city, on Saturday morning last. After the marriage ceremony was solcmnixea, the parties, accompanied by the mother of tho bride, immediately left tho city, and took tho accom modation train to visit tho splendid establishment of Mr. Joseph Baker at Cutchogue, on L. I., with high hopes and pleasing anticipations, no doubt. On arriving at Mr. Baker's handsome country resi dence, behold it was not there. Nothing but a little shanty, situated in a lonesome, out-of-tho-way place, with every indication of indolence and po verty, instead of a neat, comfortable dwelling, pre sented itself to the astonished strangers. The poor girl and her mother, after taking a fair view of tha premises, and discovering the imposition, and tha manner in which the daughter had been duped, overwhelmed with disappointment, mortification and disgust, at onco decided to return to the oity. They found a friendly shelter at the house of Mr. Halfeck, at no great distance, and after making proper inquiries respecting the character, habits, and circumstances of the said Joseph Baker, as they were understood in that community, they declared that the marriage had been brought about by falsa )>retences, misrepresentations, and hypocrisy. A awyer and a justice were soon called in, to untie the knot which had so recently, anil so imprudently and foolishly on the part of the girl, been formed by the parties. Writings were duly executed, by which tlie young lady relinquished all claim and right of dower to any property whioh the said Jo seph Baker might have, with a consent, on his part, that the marriage contract, to all intents and pur poses, might be dissolved. The mother and daugh ter took the cars on Monday, and returned to tha city. We understand that Miss Craig, now Mrs. Ba ker, is an industrious, respectable girl, a tailored*, in New York, and of resectable connections; and that the matrimonial alliance between herself and Baker was with the advice and consent of her mo ther, who, it seejns, gave too much credit to fair protestations, without proper proof. The girl, wa apprehend, has learned that answering aii adver tisement of that description is a silly and somewhat dangerous practice. ? Greenport Rrpub., March 29. Fancy Dtk** Ball at Portland, Mr. ? A cor respondent of the Itostcm Timet, writing from Port land, Me., says: ? The gr:in<l fancy lutll which cam* off here on Friday, thc'ilst inst., wits inde -d a bril liant affuir. Empire Hall was gaily decked, for the grand event, at half-past 8 o clock. Bright eye* flashed beneath nodding plume*, far surpassing the glitter of the jewelled dresses. \V"e felt oarself in for a time, hut soon we were lost amid the represen tatives of all nations ? the grave Turk, the sprightly Spaniard, daring (Jreek, John Bulls, IlighUudi'rx, and sons of the < ircen lslo? in fact, dear Tim'', wo revelled thut night in fairy laud. The music, sweet nnd voluptuous, floated round us. That music wiu from Morse'* Cotillon Hand, and the best of the ?season. The whole affair was superb, and the first | in this place for many years; and it was got up by the following gentlemen, who were the managers: ? Messrs. Fowler, Allen, March, and Kiggs, to whom much credit ic due. 1 send a few names of the prin cipal characters of the evening. Miss A ? ms, as an Indian girl ; very pretty costume. Mis- II ? n, as a Highland lassie; very fine costume. Miss A? In, as a Yankee girl ; well acted. Miss A ? In, as a |>cu.-unt girl. Miss L ? 1, as a Swiss girl; well dressed. Miss (' ? u, in polka costume. Mis* I' ? ks, in a ?ery pretty fancy dress; looked finely. Miss J ? son, as a Favorite of the Harem. Miss J? ly, us the Countess, in ?'Love.'* Mis* S ? s,nsa Greek Girl of the Isles. Miss M ? r, very neatly dressed; as were also the rest of the ladies. Mr. Fowler, as a Spanish nobleman ; finely dress ed. Mr. Charles Allen, as Siah Bean, \ ankec ped lar ; this gentleman kept the company in g.*>d spirits, by his drollery, all night. Mr. Charle* March, in military uniform. Mr. J. Kiggs, as a Spanish cavalier ; finely dressed. Mr. Woodman, as Charles II. J. A. Coaly, a? Gcsler; looked well. II. Boothby, as the Duko of Buckingham. II. N. Kich, a- John Duck, in the "Jacobite. L. Bume, in Moorish costume ; looked Ins character. Mr. Boothby, as a Highland chief ; finely dressed, and looked well. J. Knight, as Page to C^ueen I'JIixaheth. Wm. Allen, as a Yankee pedlar ; quit* a genius. L. llsley, as Don Cesar de Baxan; well dressed. Wm. \S arner, as a Buccaneer during the first of the evening, thin changed for a Highland suit. K. J. Mci'hcrsnn, as Marco Botaaris, the Greek patriot. J. Kadeliffe, in a Turkish suit; well dressed. Mr. Walker, as an KnglNh arrt ; well done. Mr. Scale, as a sailor. Dr. 1 1 .-aid, ft- an Ksquiinaux ; looked savage, yet oily. Messrs. Jewett, Scaiuuion, Fosa, and others, as Haon Guards. Mr. Hava, as nn Knglish Jockey ; looked well. Many gentlemen appeared in military uni forms, and our firemen's uniform looked finely amid that gay throng. It was a happy time. DtSCDT r;ro\ thk I^ottehy Vrxdm* of Bos T<>> ? Yesterday there wnsa grand eharge made upoa the lottery renders of the citv by the officers of the law. It wss, perhaps, not altogether unexpected; and since the descent ujkhi the propshakers, it wu feared that their turn would come soon. Likoall the operations of Marshal Tukcy, this business was done up in a lump, that it might he more genora! and effective. Warrants having been properly pre pared, awl placed in the haad* of officers Morrill, I .eight on, Philhriek, Spoor, I 'utter, Adams and H ice, about three o'clock the different parties pro ceeded to the lottery offices in the vicinity of State street, and made a general overhauling among the dealers in the fancy stocks called "lottery tickets.** Four warrants were .sent to No. 7J Devon* hire street, nnd several persons were found there, with the forbidden property ii|>on them. Warrants wore also sent to No. 'it \V ilson's lane. No. H Devonshire street, and several other places in that vieinity. Thirteen persons were taken in the different places. They were conveyed to I.everett street jail fo* safe keeping during the night, and will lie taken before the police court , for examination this morning. There were several of them who were extremely anxious to get hail, not likittf the idea of heinjf kept inclose rpiartcrs over night. Justice ISogers wat sent for, but he said it was impossible for him to al low them to go at large on bail, previous to their going before the court. Seeing that it was of no use tn murmur at their hard fate, they resigned them selves to misfortune with the best grace possible.? A verv large number of lottery tickets were found in their possession ? some were good for nriies. A* it is, they may all be considered as blanks. Thero was some trembling among the victims when tho officers entered their establishment, but the force was too strong for them to contend against, and they were raptured with scarce a struggle. One man dropped a wallet well tiacked with tickets down hH trowsers' leg, but on leaving the room, it slipped down npon the floor, and hindered bis being let free, as had been determined upon by the officers. The par ties will probably most of them be able to give bail, when they are brought before the police court thia morning. This affair created quite a sensation about town last evening, as the persons taken am mostly well known to the community of State street, the head quarters of larger gambling operation! than shaking props or selling lottery tickets. It adds another garland to the wreath entwined aroand the brow of Marshal Tukey, as a roup 'If- mam, and is second only to the oharge npon the gamblera? tho dog war not being worthy of being mentioned In connection with It. The following are the names ?* the persons arrested and committed to Leveret*, street Jail i F. K. Freeman, Hiram Davis, Levi .lea ning, A Ibert C. Futon, Dwight Proaty, ? Walker, Joel Brett, De Witt C. Brachett, Dexter Brigham, Ueorgo Goddard, D. P. Pearson. Samuel Welch, KaowUvn- ? #?fon HtnM, March 29.

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