Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1851 Page 2
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WIH28TDRI C0REB8P0HDKHCB. Our Washington ('?rrrip*?4mrr Wanhi>o rott, April 15, 1X51. of tht Mtxira* Cltmn*?7>u Brazil Cinrnni? Population of Florida?Con.tru tirt Jitltagt "i"hc board to adjust Mexican claims wider (be treaty, is busily engaged in completing its ope ra tion*, and will make the awards to-morrow. When completed, the list will be sent to the Secretary of S^tate, and from thence to the Secretary of the Tr?a*ui"y, who has thirty day- thereafter allowed him by law to deteriuiue in what munnerthe awards vha.ll be paid. Mr. Evans, the Chairman of the hoard, will, it is understood, make the report f<>r 4'ongress, and for this purpose will remain here acme time longer. The other members will at once retire, their duties being ended. The Commissioner to adjust the .claims against "Praxil appears to have an easy time of it. With a disregard of pecuniary matters worthy ofall praise in this money-making age, the claimants have been exceedingly negligent, and lew of the claims have been brought before the < ouiwi--iouer. It was to have la-tcd but on* year, but it has already been renewed, and the term duplicated. The Coiuiu s aiuiier. a very wor.hy gentleman, receives a year, arid his clerk $2,000. According to the returns received at the Census ??fliee. the population of the northern district of flomla. is as follows;? Free inhabitant - W,?t>2 ?Naves Total Sti.tiVi Mr. Webster, will not be back till about the tirst cfth< mouth. 1 stated at th? time the extra session of the Se nate was held, that the secretary of the Treasury had declined to pay the constructive mileage, and that Messrs. t nrc'>r;in and Ki .gs hud obligingly Stepped forward and advanced the needful. This statement was denied by the A'ei-mug Po.<t, but 1 ?lid not obsci ve the denial.. t the time. The way in whioh the matter was a;"a iged was this:?The S? riaie directed that the money -h'-uld be paid out of the appropriation h i the next, fiscal year. The Coinptroller of tin Treasury refused to allow an anticipation oi tie appropriation. In this em -r gtiuy Ceicorun ami 1iggs w. re applied to, ami they advanced t!??? money, with the m*ierjt.ind ig, that if it w ,e not -ub?eipiently allowed by the treasury, it should be paid out of the Senate s con tingent fund. The Senate have the right to give themselves as much as they please for contingent expenses. ?'.real couutiy this. Owr Syraru*. Corriapondcnce. gvr >rr ?E, April 12, ltvl. Ayr.4Wf, a MYiicr/W lMtU of t'? Pv*as ttkcrti* it t* ?,*? *? <o b. c.rcf'lei?<;am?m t .iWrfiw *,*i..i-GVorgr Thompson Public a,id Private &tool*?HettU? Chnrrht??Ctmretd aw" Pro Uxor Bn-di?Horace G,??**'.* Spirtiwil A *** ^C?-< S/'in/"til A Wing Cfc.?* t^.U.nijJ'ifd, JthtB,r a Bread S^tcm-E^nrcoj <*11** fry C'/wii??'>y ?** A'/w Bun.ojPh, TSTn nop in this city. and have now been here for a week, at the Syracuse House, winch 1 bate jJniort alwavs made my headquarter- w ten ?top |.log here, dining the past ten years und l haTe Un so well kept and cared for tb?- week, at this really splendid hotel, that my good nature induces me to drop you a line about matters and things in r^ral, and ^racu-e in particular- You very well knew the late Philo N. Host, whose energy UHl gemus gave the Syracuse House a from Quebec to New < hrlean-, and from Halifax to 4 duncil Bluffs, and that was as far as it was of a i vseto have a reputation when he lctt it; but it no reaches to the ? gateway of gold "on the 1 ae.ftc That high reputation was richly deserted, yet it W simple justice to the present enterprising pro prietor to say that In no respect is the house info rmr to what it wa- in the hands of Rust, while a ? xiwnditnre of several thousand dollars has im proved its elegance and comforts. GilVott s dai J espenditure-1 arc alway* liberal, and 1 am there lore glad to sec that the house, as it did before Hurt's Hotel, now dosed, wa* opened, pretty much mwopliaee the fa-hionable travel. Si much for ? good old .< llou*. Now for I Tuppow you arc aware that Syracuse ,s qui.. a murk able little city. It contains about At,000 in habitants; in 1*W. a little over b.OOO. ??air ahead at the same driving pace. A ery iwrrt number of new dwelling-, and new -tores am vb< p?, are j u*. every year. It will-if lohu W,l kiMon lives many years-undoubtedly become lb* headquarters for railroad machine work. Abou. 5X00,000 bushel- of su'.t are now annually maun factored here. The town has three hotels, (Rust s *,w lorsd. bowewr.) equal to any in the 1 nion Lt is, they are tiptop. You find yourself da ughtfully at home in them It ha*. >} Marches than any other place- in the K~m York and Buffalo. It has more abolitloni-ts? J mean o: the ? higher law." Seward ?tripe-th.u my Other town of its siae in the*tate.:and ha more abolition conventions. It? pnbl.e s-hool are Tl0* ,vec.d.d by any in the Male, unless it be at Mlo ; and its Private achools -ceUen ? hd oration - caied for in Syracuse. And h. r tot n? p*y a word or tribute to the late A ami a rad ZLT-.M5 ' V? trmbcr, almost literally with her " hart.esi on, as ?b, commenced the labors of the t< m but ten day to th.s city about tw l e y ^ j? that time know t.ut it may be al J ^ ^ ,ate the *? did m?rc than all o.u r ^Vra. u-e. Hun Kaiidard ol -ound cduc ^ J?T her charge, UT?ds of g.rl . , practical mind*, lu w ! will long%Ve to ble? s her memory sound bodies will long: h of w hat one Her career here i? ? ,. L s? uml for a comntm -trong mind can aoeonipU-h in iD;,.|li -h.i; a . nrrect example is aldcu oy inie... C, hew large. The ample and etc lien, accom s&rVM tz * iSfvaKS v I??" lta" ,bt ? ?9tf!;,ZiS%i.r .e.v.'.r: AMMh -???? ty. - -. . M v i ll itum-tni. ^ ^ihwH lniiiif'*. * ? ?: K.?\. <? w t^^?rlTheT-ay'th^y'won't bold it in New York here, hu.jun returned from a v.-it ^h't I?f mrrMawap. rg- 1 h n|-on ?1 iv is one of the-!, an.-11 le*d? i 1 don t b? ? ? iiernt will be b. re. He do- m.- agree with ibelli lis belieW In Voting: thev d?n t. he i b , Aiby Kelly and her husbiml hate Mnith as they ^racu.V'i- also remarkable for the .umber and of public exhibitions, l'-.tu ? t \ i?t ?trnnir* to wyt th? v u.if '.Ml,'n.1.... "( ' -oft ? brovkiujr* Notwith?kanU?n>r which. I RB#CRjl|S .t.iritiiul lAtMlirk chttlTU, 3s!S^1B^ iStS'SSrtf b^.e the ? ity Mall: ' wJ'k J^Jptr'kr 1 1 lb?.T"l^Ublc Iml'inffuc uti.1 geutle was told, by a resiieciaoic ? ..hnrrh t a?- I wojd ere long, bo organised in the hir-t ward of ih???iiy. (old ."alinn ) Thi* bum bug, i torn*, i atll . si baled, is making sad work wr u many p- od p?r?o.* unfortumate in having a sop ^ bm.dant endowment of marvellourne ? . lothe asylum*: others to eterni y 3 a a* .1 sure r-.d of self-deHruction. ' The bum. of Philadelphia?' hia-tneoy. an. !?' gban- w?r< here, the llr*t of the Week, and b "Dm former, (the ehfor of the two I, l? an able lec turer, as well a? writer; and demonstrated, jeidy, that the po'i'tsinn that these " knock*, even J we could not detect their source?the obververs, I ^an were spiritual. i? an arrant humbug, as lo.s U> iuw.wn taw* ?f nature, a* repugnnnt to rea ,a,ii Thi ffVfoaoe a. which men and women be* W, TC that the *pirit' of the dead, of present a d ?a?t MM, convene with the living by ?? rap. tan, ^UiiUBpinC and bumping about, through often ibe most vulgar '? mediums, " tot ?? *~><i ^ would be demnnsto.l to bring in a verdict for a . l.utn . ( debt of i2Y Yet thi- 1* not. surnri-uig. In -o tern M?Jt* , men mroro they w ? Id wm-? ruling ? n br-oBistiek* a mile in the alrt and. what w.,s fc.r. the old women. wben charged with it, a 1 rr,!t,d it to he SO. and begged the fckrgi* nes* ' t .... n for their nwft.l sin Wtry . fwell. s that' It i? <!??" ?' y' "r ? .'r M< Jt ?r; it, tMltAr'l ''i'tol'/ S<a- Min w thirst for the mum-lion*. This slakes it. Tbey ue all of the ciroelevite school in miirion. St. Paul. St. I.uke, anil all the apostle*, havoDcen con torted to the l>u\is and Ru-h school, since they " -hulled oil this mortal coil." AU the spirits that talk ure of that school; and, what is perhaps no loss remarkable, all the "mediums" through which they talk are of the same school!?a sort of mc-meric religion. If the great, the noble, the lovely dead, the recollection ot whom mellow*,'soften*, elevate*; and refines <iur souls, if they manifest themselves to u?, it is through their appropriate " uiediuin"' thought and emotion. 1 cannot rive you a sketch of hi* aide argument. He -tated that himself ami brother had exauiiued the operations of forty-eight mediums at Bridgeport, Providence, llartford, and elsewhere in Now hnglund, ami that in all cases the trick by which the deception was pru--ti*ed, and by which others were deluded, was detected. Tfceee exposures have set the mesmeric Christians in unite a storm, and if Mrs. Rochester Fox would come here now, she would coin money for a while; und, as she is u widow and has to rely upon her own labor for support, 1 give her a hint that she woukl do well to comply with the wishes of her friends, admirers and believers here, of the "true mesmeric religion." Your benevolence will lead you to join in giving the notice. Mr. Burr's bro ther hag written a -mall work recounting the his I tory of their investigations and the results; and I 1 am told that Mr. Philosopher * Jrecley's system of humbug is pretty well exposed, lie, (lieuian) in a manner utterly beyond the reach ot the ob servers" ken, will produce rapping-" precisely like the Rochester knocking?-at lea-t, so say Bryant of the Ji'twwiHg Pod, and Hubbell, of the Syra -use Dally Star, who have repeatedly heard the box girls. 1 dropped in, the third night the Burrs were here, as also the first, aud was highly amused at a discussion which arose among the audience, (about two hundred) aftor the close of ike leoture, which was uponghost seeing, witchcraft, is -. Une man insisted the exposure by the Messrs. Rurr was not satisfai torv?ethers that it was. A debute ensued. At bi- , anoldgier haired gentleman, ( apt. Teall, it last, an out gie\ _ j'-red ?vote of the house, when it was almost unanii. "ii-ly, amid lou<l '-heeiing. decided that the cxjos'iire of the spiritual knocking- w.i Oolnplete, only three <>r four rising in the negative. They, (the Hun-) went off to Ynbura the next day?a phi--"-of renown, aofhr as spiritual rapping in con cerned?but 1 have n< t heard fr? m them there. You may depend upon it that thi- phase "if ?Jrcolevism 1..,- taken .i "ho! t" downwards, hen-. 1 may drop you a word or two at my next -10| ping plate. A TaAvniABB. Our Albany Correspondence, Albany, April 12. 1851. The Movement* ami Tactics of the Ihiy. At the ssion of the Legislature is now drawing to a close, the majority have taken alarm at the many reverses which their par,y has experienced at the spring elections. A caucus was held 011 Thursday evening, with the intention of devising some remedy for the existing difficulties in the whig ranks, l'ropn-itions were made to the silver greys to form committees on resolutions and address and to present such reports as would tend to harmonize the party previous to the November election. The greys standing firm, very few attended the caucus. Several of them were named, but each and all re fused to participate in such action. A committee was at length formed, consisting of .Messrs. Lpham, Cook, and Owen, of th? Senate, and Messrs. Ray mond. of New York ; bberman, of Dutchess ; Un derwood, of Cayuga; Severance, of Erie; and Wheeler, of Franklin, all Seward woollej-s. This committee will present an address and resolutions at another caucus previous to adjournment, in which it will be endeuvorcd to convince every whie in the ."date, that no real misunderstanding exists; that Reward and Fillmore have buried the hatchet; that the former will remove no more canal officers, nor the latter any more postmasters or marshals; that .Mr. Weostcr is not on a tour of president making contrary to the wish of the President; that General Mott has not been started by the Seward -ection as a candidate tor the presidency in oppo sition to Mr. Fillmore: that Weed and Fuller are to unit? the Journal mid Register ; that Greeley is to be sent out of the country for six mouths; and that the appellation of silver grey and woolly head, i- at once to be dropped, and the universal family of the whig party again will sup together. The course determined upon is to keep aloof, and ? uter into no compromise. The war their President ha- proceeded too far, and the contest beconi' loo serious to show the white feather now. M r. Seward, through his organ, has denounced the l'i? mu. nt as a 1 Tyler; and the Journal has dcelaied open hostility. The silver greys will there fore act only on the defensive. They will form neither Mut>\ ountv. or town tickets; nut when a nomination is made not too transparently woolley, they will hoist the names in the column- of their papcis with apparent acquiescence, but with a se cret determination that defeat shall ensue. The grey- air too sagacious to nominate a separate ^tate ticket, knowing that, at present, their strength lies in their secret action; and although daiiy defied to nominate separate ticket-', they will not make the attempt, preferring the -tiletto to the broad-word in bringing their enemies to terms. No addrc-a or resolutions, which may come from the pen of Mr. Raymond, will in any measure bring reconciliation to the distracted whig party of this Mate, especially whoa it is announced that he in tend- t". iabli-h a whig free soil paper in the city of New Yoik. 1 'i> the other hand, nothing ha- tran-pired among the democratic leaders that gives any indication of the course which they intend to pursue. A meeting of the Mate ' intra! < oinmittoc wu> held the mid db ofthe week, when it *?? agreed upon to resist the canal bill at all and every ha/aril. even to a dissolution of the Senate?an event unprecedented in the annals of New York legislation. The com mitter called a Mate Convention to be held on the 10th Ot ><-pt. mber. and adjourned sine da. The course adopted by the democratic member", la-t y. nr. Laving been ?o universally approved by the jsirty, it may be that they will again separate without issuing any addres-nr resolutions. This will depend, however, upon the fate of the canal bill. The expiring day- of the se--ion will pro duce a mighty conflict on that bill. Mtould the whig- succeed in bringing their set? ntecn votes (>f which th> re is scarcely a doubt) in favor of the bill, thereby driving the fifteen democrats to a re signation, then a necessity will exist for the em ployment ofthe ablest minds in the purty to send forth the reasons why they were induced to adopt thut method to prevent the pa-sage of the bill. In such ?n ever.t.acau us wifl be held, and a plan foi the -ampsigu agreed upon. W. Oar New Orleans ( orrrspontlrncr. New OblSa\?, April 3, Mil. Th M< tilytt TV tt?CrtV0.*H in iht River?Singular Vaw ?f Pwominf?Hmry t'tay?Parotlt?H1Mb Mfftf. 4-' ? ' nr delightful "prirjr weather has fairly set in. 'J he country never looked more charming. The lovely grove- of orange tree- hare pttr forth their flower', and |??tfutne the air with a ino-t delicious odor. ? 'or bt-autiful garden' are laden with the mot iperb ithe 'vergreens wear a brighter Lu . and the large field* are covered with a soft velvet green. April nod May are two of our most ' harming month', and our ' ity ceatiam to be very gay The week had *et in with heavy rains, but Im w. ath'rhar now hscomt settled. This is the third day of the rai-ea over the Metairie Coarse, the race being two tnile b?at?. Kenaer's b. h. f*taah> ton, and Tatteraoa'a c g Little Blu>, are the two ? 'intending nag'. Thachance " are ao even that hut tew bet? ha< r jet been made. I presume, however, that 'in the traek tlx re will he a eon'iderabh' piling u| , butaa th? ra<w does not ewtae off until half-pa t 1 I' M.. I will not tie able to give the re'ult by to dar's mail. The great trial of Kile l<eron. for arson, waa br< nitlit to a ? lose yi -terday morning at twenty toinutr - after two o'clook, when the jury returned a verdict of nni guilty. 'J he liver eoullaw at a stand, with the prospect ?>f 11 fall. There are now three crevas'-" in the |m i h of I'ointe ' oi>ps-e, and they ar< all doing ? \i'r iv? damage. Another erevnsda has occurred at Uncrown:i, in the ni w levee, near the large ere va- ? of la-i vear. The town of Bayou >ara is i i uij h tely under water, and tto re are from three to six feet of water in the streets. TheInn relation was mused by aim flltw or sixty feet of the lia<'k levee sliding off. and in lee- than twenty minuter, sack was the foroe of the ? ur ? ent, the town was eovcred with wuter. The river aial the boast at tbii time prmcat a most ?mgnlar ap|ie:iratii <'. In ?r tnc places the river is seven feet aliova the plan* tation-. the levi es being generally about ten teet high. The view presented from ? 'teHmbunt gives the Imi'S' the apt - .1 ranee of being half inundated. The river is now within one in< h of the highes'. point ever known, and in some place it is M or t ve miles wide, which gives it. tin resemblance of a large lake. At Memphis on the 27th ult., it is mid the river had fallen light inrhes. The examination of a singular ea?c of poisomng rime up before our courts to-day, In ahirb a Mf%* ih.ib' \ ktorlne Rou-sefl js charged with having eider) in rll'iM the deitth of her husband, tabu tank ar-rt ic. Urn--tory goes, that her husband, w le w a tailor, had Iso-oute infwltcd, at! 11 li ?t h '?ilil I i Warc he intended to "akc poison lo ml him . it 1.1 h?s diAeuliiis. v n other tale i'. that I!i u'-i II liiser rired that o> Wife had pfi.v?d false to him, aed tl t 11? fold In lie mist t.'?" poi'on with hi,: tiiiif t Off (ii|.s were j,ie|..ired, #htff he , I 1 m io I'rifk Cr*'t in enter to rv*.' ?ra h*", which he did. ^he than told hiin she thought bet ter of it. ud that her religion had got the better of her wicked resolution. She was arraigned this morning, and pleaded not guilty. She stated that -!ue purchased the arsenic some three months ago, while her husband was at sea, for the purpose of destroying rats; that on her husband's return, he became very desperate, as his business tailed, and he showed evidences of being out of his mind. On the night hetOok the pbson, be complained of being sick; sne immediately sent for u doctor, but all aid proved of no effect. She remarked, that if a tilse statement of facts had not been published in one of the paper- as t< the manner of her husband's death, which east suspicion on her, she never would have been arreted. She was committed tbr further ex amination, when i'. is supposed all th i true circum stances of the euse will be made to appear. The Hon. llenry Clay it expected to arrive here to-day from Havana, and an etfort _ is being made to gi\e him a public reception. Too much honor cunnot lie paid to so noble a champion of liberty, and so gallant a defender of our national rights. All our Senators and Representatives in ConereM are now in our city, as well as Col. Jeff. Davis, of Mississippi. The secretary of M'lle Parodi arrived here yes terday, for the purpose of making preparations for the exouisite songstress to give a series of concerts, the first of which will take place on the 2!>th inst. The Ravels are nightly drawing crowded houses at the .St. i harles, which almost e<{ual Jenny l.ind's best night.-. Many of the planters who have not been overflowed have commenced planting eottoi, and corn is finely coming up. The overflow must i uuse another short crop, even if no disaster should happen to the present growth. The St. Louis Fall room, which Is attached to the St. Louis Hotel, and whi:h has for s> many years been the delight of the Creoles of our city, nas been demoii.-hed of its beauty and decorations for the purpose of turning it into sleeping apart ments. This is a deuth blow to tho Creoles, and many was the sad lament and regret which escaped from the lips < f beaux and belles, on hearing of the destruction of the favorite resort. The place of 'nine of their dearest reminiscence- is bo more. I Could not help laughing the other day. a s 1 watched a young inan who stood musing amid the wreck of ruins, ceminglv bringing to mind the many delight ful waltzes he had enjoyed there, th"-wect speeches lie had made to beauty, and the ovor-burihencd -ighs he had given vent to, as he suddenly ex claimed, "3/ow dicux, tmn dictt.v, <jud tmlcreuxf Sacri k* America in* !" And he left the hall with the air of one who hud lost his best friend. A murder was committed last night by an Irish couple, a Mr- and Mrs. Clark, on the body of one Doiiughan. They were arraigned this morning, and pleaded not guilty. Mrs. < lark^said the whole thing "grew out of a little bit of womanish affair." < hlPHKl'S. Our Boston Correspondence* Boston, April 12,1351. The Fugitive Slave Can?The Late Election?Rcm> vats frctn the Custom House, fyc., fyc., $c. We have just closed a most exciting week. The whole community hus for some days, been in a sort of stew, or fry, or whatever else may be considered the most unplea?ant state of things to which mor tal man can be subjected. If the old saints, who were grilled, or roasted, or baked, according to the tastes of their respective persecutors, suffered the half of what all our peaceably disposed people have experienced, all I can say is, that martyrdom, how ever pleasant it may be to read about, is anything but agreeable in the process. Of all the things that are annoying, commend me to an excitement in Boston. Were there to be a revision of the Lita ny, thousuruls of people would go for having some thing like this inserted in it:?"From all Fugitive J31ave law excitements, good Lord deliver us!" It is not that there has been any act of mobism perpe trated ; quite the contrary, though there have been millions of bloody words uttered ; but it seems as if we were living in a sort of wild dream, sueh as visits one in a fever, or after great fatigue. We shake our heads, in the hope that our half sleep may be thrown off, and that the hideous nightmare will " dislimn and vanish." But the si>ell will not work. X here are the chains around the Court house, to keep it from running away. I suppo.-e. Kvery man you meet talks to you about Mmm's case, and the habeas corpus, and the Commissioner's conduct, and what the Legisla ture will do, and whut it won't do, and the "siege of Boston," and a thousand other things not quite so plea.-ant as the stories of the thoueund-and-one iiights, until you curse the very name of Clarkson, vote Wilberforce a bore, and are ready to give your warmest support to any measure that will provide couifortuble quarters for all Mack people in the Ited Sea, cheek by jowl with Pharaoh and his host; though I suppose they would object to any such deposition of themselves, seeing that that respect able monarch and his warriors were engaged in the great e-t slave huntiag expedition ever undertaken. To adopt a graver tone?there has been a reaction in public sentiment. After Shadrach's rocae the feeling was very strong against the abolitionists, because, whatever may be said to the contrary, we are a law-loving and law-ubiding community, with no disposition to set the "higher law" above the laws of the land. But the gehtleinen who have been most conspicuous in their attempts to vindi cate the " maje-ty of the law," have overdone the matter?some erroneously supposing that what was an impromptu rescue of an arrested fugi tive, was the roult of a deep laid conspiracy, and that the sudden action of a score of blacks followed from a sort of Guy Faux plot, they have show n their teeth to all persons who do not like the Fugitive Mave law?which means nine-tenths of the people of Massachusetts Now, when men are ready to uphold a law that they do not like, simply because it i* a law, they are not very unreasonable in asking that their feelings may be respected. They would hare an unpleasant thing done a' pleasantly as may be. Our ultra " law and order" men think differ ently. and have shown a dispoiition to ride rough ahotl over all those who do not agree with them in sentiment. To what they call a jacobinieal spirit, they oppose an ariotocrntical spirit, quite a? otfrn sive and as likely to prove injurious to the object aimed at. No man, except here and there oue, who tin no influence, seems to so much as think of thut golden mean by regarding which men are Tong-live " made happy and .Mates long-lived and powerful. I.vt rything must be rushed through, whether the law is to be violated or upheld ; and th? advocates of law show theui-elves to be a< lawless as their ad versaries. As the saying is, there B a great deal of liumun nature iu man. Mine of the more vio lent abolitionists, however, have manifested so Lynch-like a "pint in their words, that the reac tion ha- not been so great as it would have been were their hrvwdnes< half as remarkable as their ?pint. I"b?? r??rnlt of our congre??ional elections, held on Monday in1, *bow.* that the froeauil "cntiinent i? far from being extinct among u< Mr. Allen, the very imperaoimlion of that tentiiaeat, w.u* eh.*en over both the democratic and th>- whig candidate*, by u re <|fctablc majority ? lia<l it Wei MotMira, he iniolit have hud a majority twice n- large. In the ?e*rond dMrkt, Mr. Kantoui, in the face of hi* strong speech :igain?t the Fugitive Slave law, re ceived about 3"<? more Totea than were ca*t for him in Jimuary. 'I he Boston f<<<t came out ugninat bin on the morning of the election day, and Mr. llallett mndc, the ugh ita column*, a very powerful argument in reply to hia Ipeech. An organized op poaition to him wa* got up in the diMrict, hut it could not mnater much above MO rote*. nor prevent hia vote being reapectahly inereaaed. Hie freeaoil vote waa al-o in< reaaed, and Mr. Huntoul'a friend^ ?ay, that thia prove* that hi* courae ia auatained by the democracy of thia di-triet; ami it certainly h.t* thnt look, to ~ny tlx I. n?t of it. 'I'hetirae baa been when the opposition of the /*..?/ would have been denlk, politically Speaking, to any demo rat; but that pH|>er aeema to have lost it* power of charming the democracy. The opinion la cxpreraod hy alraoat every oiw, that Mr. Kantonl will be rboaen at the ruxt trial. After making all po"?ible allowance* for both democratic and freeaoil holtera, there ia a majority in No. 2 of I jhk) againat the whig*, in a lull vote. Mr. 1'atfrej willb* ckoecn in No. 4, a* many democrat* will vote for him rath.-r than new a whig ehoaen, a plurality elect ion on the nc*| trial. 'I U- i I nine*" ar.- about even in the seventh diatrlct between the i|. nwwratic nod the whig candidate*. 1 be feeling that prevail* among I he opponent* of the whifa, i* not diaairailar to that which act and Mr. Mann hi* chitiou lad fall. In hia dudrict tlx democrat# hold the I alnnci of povwrr. ami would liavc prevented hia election, had llwy ehoaen to do eo; hut tkla they did not ' hooae to do?eoiuc three or four hundred of th< in voting lor him. t >ne of them told me that had five time* the number of democratic votes keen n* < e-*nry to hi* ??M**a, he would hav e rewired lit* m ; d? inouata looking upon hi* ouarrcl with the whiga aa something tliat ahotild he encouraged. The ex Hence of a l.cting aiiuilar to thi* in the three vacant dirtricta, may enure the election of two d? tuociata and one ficcsoiler from tkia State at the next trial. Voa will ebaetva that, in such un.veot, th. itel.yirion in the next < atignfwfiwm Mn*??**bo suite will b< i ijtinlly divideil, eouritmg V|r Manna* n freer.ijler; and I enn nsaiir* yon tlket be is a j.retty tall *Mcimt n of the pwlltiral animal go called. A n tt|tuf iVrlrttn of our delegation wotltd amitrallae our vote In the llou-e, should the ch - thm of I'reai drnl d? voire u|" tv that bo ly, .'i* it ia l>v no mean* in i? ? -i i mMc t<> belterc that it will. Wha'make* t?.e in i Mill. i? more ready to i "t? in auk a way a* ?!?' itdnie the wliig*. is lbe friek im then in No Ml. Mr. Srtwblrr, Ike whig elect from thaf ib< tiiit. ?.? more fieceoiitak than the fti < "nil eMMk' Hat. hVt?.'lr; lliil for w ing *o, the Wehater whig* pi. vetted b ?' election in the Orel IriaL On the u'ual trial, th?? bNmikrt turned to ou.1 elected km !-* *ner, Uvwwer, u.i he cs >gh' the teb than be hung un bis nets, making aver y good Web ster whig apeeen at a political aupper just after his u The freesoilors voted hun an artful election. dodger ot the most artful sort. The whigs only consider him " smart" and " spicy." lam not aware of any democratic paper except the Jto?t having tiktn ground aguin.-t Mr. Ran toul, though soiue ha.c coiue out in bis sup pcirt. Our ablest democratic journal, the Worces ter Pulluthum, speaks very highly of Mr. Kantoul's that speech, as it well may, seeing that it has substan tially advocated the same views, and with u great deal of force and tact, ever since the Fugitive Slave law was j-a.-red. Other eountry papers have spoken ?t of Mr. " with much decision in support of \lr. Rantoul. I may here say, while 1 thniK of it, that not n few of our whig merchants would not be inconsolable, were .Mr. liaiitoul to be elected. They know that on all subjects connected with commerce he has not his equal in N'ew England. If he should bo returned, you will have some free trade speeches in the House such as would do Richard Cobden's heart good t> hear. Whatever mav be thought of his speech

against the fugitive bill, 110 one denies his extruor dmury attainments. All those movements that grow out of the Fugi tive Slave law are bearing with a terrible weight upon the old whig party, which is wilting before tliem like the caravan before the withering blast of the simoom. That out o f the wrecks and drift wood of all parties there may ultimately be formed a new whig party, which shall rule and control here for a long period, is by no means improbable; but that party with which Daniel Webster's name is identi fied, and which used to be as full of life at the pros pect of battle as the war horse mentioned by Job? that party is dyiug, dying rapidly, but hard. Its leaders for some time laboreu under the delusion that they were about to split the whig party into two pieces, at the head of one of which they sup posed they would be able to form an alliance with the democracy. Time and rough events have mea surably dispelled this delusion; and the whig party, instead of being divided into two factions, is likely to be broken up into half a score of political camps. Two removals have been made in our ('ustom House. A Mr. (iourgas, one somewhat noted us a democratic politician, but more recently as u free aoiler, has been removed from a Jl,500 situation, which was conferred on a Mr. Starbuck, of Nan tucket, a Webster whig; and a Mr. Berry, a per son w ho owed his appointment to Sceretury R. J. \\ alker, lias been compelled t? > make w.;y for a Mr. liobart, of Hingbani, also a Webster whig. Both changes are popular, neither of the parties removed being of that c lass of men iu whoso personal wel fare any one but themselves can pos.-ibly be sup posed to take an interest. Other changes, 1 under stand, are in contemplation, Mr. Webster's visit to Massachusetts having operated 011 the fortunes of his fiiends like the rising of the sun on the earth; it has dispersed_ the mists of the morning, and brought out men's virtues like a tine varnish. Had -oinething of the kind been done a few months ago, the effect might have been good, but it is now too late to have any other result than as l'ar as it af fects the fortunes ol obscure individuals?a matter of small consequence to the general public. The quiet manner in which tsiinms was taken awuy, this morning, is considered by some of our conservative people as a proof that there has been a great deal of fuss about nothing. There was not the slightest disturbance, and an intelligent witness of the whole transaction tells me that two men could have conveyed him on hoard without the least trouble. It is said that two or three more fugitives are to be arrested to-day. The telegraph will give you the particulars. 1 have heard some few of the strongest advocates of the " supremacy of the laws" say that, the fact of the ability of the eit jity to suttion the law having been established, it would be ns well to let the matter rest; but this is not the general opinion among the conservatives. A committee of the .-date Senate are engaged in in\estiguting matters connected with this affair, so tar as they have affected the action of some of our local officers. It is said that Mr. Hallctt was sum moned, but that on being sought he was " not to be found." It would be a most amu-ing scene to behold him undergoipg a cross-examination by Se nators Robinson and Keyes?a sort of gladiatorial combat, which would bring out the abilities of all concerned in it in the boldest relief. Mr. Hallctt is as sharp as a Damascus blade, and the two Seua tors named are among the oldest of our public men. Colon va. Our Mil nil cot a Correspondence. ^t. Pat'i, March 30, 1*51. Officers of the Government?The Governor a nl ChUf Justice?Soil of Minnesota?IjcmI Cheap and Mo nry Plenty?Governnunt Payments?Produc tion*?Population?India m?Emm ration, tfr. ffc. i notice that in the correspond* noe from all parte of the world with which the columns of your intc lesting and useful journal a re.enriched, Minnesota, El Dorudo of the Northwest, is ^seldom represent ed. This should not hi; and. for the purpose of applying the deficiency, 1 venture to tend you a brief communication. The territorial government was organised, as you know, in March, 1N49. Alexander Ramsey wasap pointed Governor; C. K. .^tnith. Secretary: Aaron (ioodrich. Chief Justice; 1 ?avid t 'oop, r, and Brad ley B. Meeker, Associate Justices; and Alexander M. .Mitchell, Marshal. These officers, with the exception of the Govern or and Chief Justice, are competent and faithful public agents, and popular with the people. The Governor was, at first, very populur, but un fortunately involved himself in simulations beyond his means, and allied himself with I'.Chouteuu, Jr. It Co., wealthy Indian traders, successors of the American Fur Company, un odious monopoly, all of the interests of which are opposed to civilization and settlement. This alliance has biuiedhis offi cial and private action to such a degree that a com plete revolution has been effected in his popularity, and it may be truly said that there is uot now u more unsatistactory magistrate iu Minnesota than Alexander Ramsey. The Chief Justice is not the object of any serious attention. 1 lis utter want of ea|?eity for the position held by him makes him the subject of ridicule and merrum lit, but nothing mure. The administration would gladly be rid of l be legal I him, but it is believed hecannot be legally removed save by the tedious process of im|KU(hiucnt. The soil of Minnesota is astonishingly fertile. Wheat, corn, oats, potatoes, It:., grow here in j gieat luxuriance ami |icrlcction. The climate is delightful and hrulthy. No portion of our country offers stiongcr inducements to formers than Minne- i sota. The large non-producing population?com- I po?cd of military men and Indians, supported by the I government and resident in the territory?crt-atcs | u demand for agricultural productions which a half , century will hardly enable Minnesota to -apply. I.aml u cheap, und.gwLat is rare in a new eouutry, ' money is plenty. A large umnaiit is annually expended In the ter ritory by the government. The following annui ties are paid yearly to the Indians of Minnesota i Winnebago* s t*7,llu Menoniinees (to be moved ho re in June)..,. ( hip|ewu? t? l.v r) ! - X.750 Owing to the non-payment of the annuities due , la-t autumn, the above trilies will receive, this yiar ffUXI.MI The 1'nited states will ex|Miid for roads.... ?'? I or tin Legislature? 21,000 In salaries ?if government officers, expenses of enurts, lie., about lO.iXM For public buildings Ut.ttiiO For forts 30,two I fiHi.ino A large -um to he txpen.led among a population niimbcimg only about h,5f>0 white*' Minnow>tn i* admirably adapted to manufacturing Itsextensivc water power, not excelled in the world; iti* ready and cheap acre** to market by mean* of that grea' artery of trade, the Missiaaippt, commend tlie territory strongly t > the attention "f capitalist*. Thn-e moat acquainted with such matters ray that this ia the best country for the growth of wool that that they have ever ?een. The gru*?c? of the ?rairiea are more nutritious than in the rhiutb and hast. Minnesota furs command a price twenty-live win ?f a rich r* Waul (f wealth and happiness in Mhi ?erefn. hsitamrr. rer < ent in ndsan.e of thoee eollcetcd elsewhere, leer, animal* similar in nature and habit* to ?heep, grow to a larger *me here and have fine*' "kins, than any I have ever seen elsewhere. ."?and of the beat quality for the manufacture of I gta?s is found In great abundance on the banks of the Missisippi, m ar JH. Paul. I Itare ?een aotne | artielelmade from it ut < inciunati. Taeyarscx- i tremely beautiful. The preaent population of the territory is com- , Iowd, principally, of emigrants from Maine, Ver- i motit, and northern New York. The people are ' intelligent, refined, and induatrioui. t ?ur social circle* are email, but ill the highest degree plen um! it us I (hirrful. Although we have been iso lated from the civilised world for about five month* by the *t*?ppnge of nnv igat ion, yet time has not Imng heavily uf?*>n our hand?. halls, parties, ill rduc soiree a, sleighing excursion*, and all other sources to which civilised men resort for fun, kave ahsismded. And then, too. we hare had <>" ra-ionally u visit fis>rn nur Indian neighbors, who have rnteit<iii>srl us with exhibition* of tie " beg gar's dance," or regaled us at a "medicine fea*t. ' which ia s,.?IM (hitig far more agrc able than u fenst upon mcdicire, 1 a**ure you. We e.vfeit the arrival of ill* first boat of the -en nil ahsint the first neck in April, and then the (ills' sif emigration will flow in opsin is. J havi Iwsrtl of 21 families who contemplate comi ;g hith< r ' it in i re county in Indiana. Tney wan! to e-vap fit in < ie county in Indiana. They wan! to e-cap. fi? rn (lie agio' and fever to llii healthful iiorti. yn region Well, let them come. The more the m rrier. let all iin n stay away, how. ver, who expect to live wit In rit rum tirtl labor. Thercare too m.i'iv itrtaws here nlr.ady. /finest indu*trv w I he >i,e Oar Florida Correspondence. Tamta Bay, East Floriiia, March 27,W51, The JtforMKMh of the Troops?Billy Bandeg* and his Tribe?The True Policy towards the Imliem*? The Backwmd Condition of the People?Not the jimci bans. It i- now near thirty years since this place hat been first settled by emigrants from other States' and has been near, all that time, the head quarters of the troops engaged in the different troubles with the Indians; and it issurprising that, at the present day, the place presents the miserable appearance it does. The government have been all that time spending money in building houses, Jtc., and still the pluce has made but little progress, and I think, only for the stimulus it gets by the presence of the few troops that are stationed here, it would ulti mately go to the bud. Whether this is causod by the inactivi'y of the people, or other euuse- con nected with the presence of Indian- iu the couutry, I will not undertake to say; but one fact is certain, the place does not uppeur to prosper. A lurge por tion of the site of the town is fenced in, and is call ed the garrison ; within it is comprised quarters lor officers and soldiers, stores, stables, &c., and is by far the best portion of the village. The re mainder consists of a few scattered bunding.-, irre gularly built, and has anything but a piepo-sessing appearance. This place enjoys the reputation of a favorable climate for in\alias, but it is not much frequented, us a want of proper accommodation pre sent- numbers from visiting it. The excitement which was raised relative to the Indians some year and a hull' ug >, seems to hu\ e all died away, 't he troops that were sent here at that time have, with the exception of a few companies, been ordered to other parts of the country, and now that the government found they had no just muse ot war with the Indians, a few citizens of Florida, who were instrumental in provoking, and done their utmost to keep ali\e, the bad feelings be j tween the whites and them, have petitioned Con gress for remuneration for their military services, i which consisted in occupying a few log forts the i fear of the inhabitants obliged them to liy to ut the time. It i- stated hero that the last "talk " at the Coo ' loosahatchec, whichH'upt. Casey, the Indian agent, I had with Billy Bowlegs, ho told him that tho gov ernment had resolved to remove thein, and that he was authorized to give them some time to delibe rate on the pioposuT, at the expiration of which, i' they still ret use to emigrate, force will bo resorted to to compel them; hut I think a preliminary step; in the event of such a contingency arriving, would bo to inelouse the present force lie re, (200 artillerymen, acting as infantry) by 1,000 dragoons. It is also rumored that some volunteers hue e been raised by the State, but I imagine their worth is only appre ciated by themselves. And if such a thing as a war with the iudiuus ever occur, (which is not pro bable) troops raised in this State would do more harm than good. ('apt. Casey, in udopting thi ne w policy towards Bowlegs and his tribe, may be follow ing out a plan to effect their removal through their fears; and in addition to this, it is said he has prohibited all trade at the military posts with the Indians. This comes hardest on them, as up to this time thej'have depended for theiraupply of ammu nition, food, clotnes, &c., in return for the pr<> duce of the chase, which they disposed of ut these posts in return for the above necessaries. A policy similar to this, if strictly carried out from the fir-t disturbance, would have done more to effect their removal than tho presence of 1,000 troops, or otters of unlimited sums of money?it would be literally starving them out. A person is struck here with the difference in the manner- and appearance of the people to what they ure in otlun' parts of the country. They are not possessed with that air of life or intelligence you generally see amongst people of the more northern States. A kind of Tungor or jaundiced look appears always to attend them, and it is something surpri sing to me how they are able to render the misera ble soil (a fine, loose, white sand) to afford them a In ing; but when it is remembered their food con sists almost solely of Indian corn, and little atten tion is required to produce its growth, their indus try is not overtaxed. Florida has cost the United State! considerable by it- Indian wars, and the political agitations con nected with these und its admission into tho Union; but 1 be'je\e it were not too much to say, the coun try could afford to lose it without any lo-s to itself, Were it not for its geographical position with regard to the ret of the I'nion. Here, after being over thirty years in the possession of the United r-tates, it has only 40,000 population, half negroes, and the rest, through the effect of the climate or othor causes, worn dowm below the ordinary stuudard of what a man oughi to be. Our Irish Correspondence, Dcrlin, March 25, 1851. Stwin Xaiination between Ireland and the Vnitii States direct?Projtct of forming a Com/earn/ with a Cajoled of X250,000? 7V Culture of Max, ff., fe lt is an anomaly, by no means easy of explann tu>n,Jwhy Ireland and America should lime so long delayed the establishment of a direct line of communication. Pa-ring aside the cant of the Knglish press touching Irish apathy and incapaci ty, and looking at the map?it does seem pacing strange that the inalienable natural advantages of Ireland should be overlooked, and the costly and bururdous route of channel to Liverpool pursued. The necessity of selecting some other pucket sta tion has been pres-ed upon the government by parties anxious to draw the traffic to (inlwuy and thus dcrelope the wc-tern coast. Hut Luglish states men, true to their traditional policy, slight Ireland and her western harbors, and award Holyhead the coveted honor. It mart be self-evident that if American -learners can enter the harbor of < ialwuy and there lund their passengers and goods, that tb?y effect a material saving in the time of the voy age and in the ?barges levied for lighthouses?and that they avoid the ri-ks of an intricate naviga tion up channel, seriously augmented when fog prevail undthc narrow ?eas arc crowded with coast ing and foreign vessels. (?n the other hand, steam er- leaving ( ialwuy are iu a few hours away upon the waters of the Atlantic, whereas the steamer leaving Liverpool or rau-t waste twenty hours of r^ky navigation along the coast before she gets to the parallel of departure of the other boat. " here would be, ron-equently, a eaviag of coal, of time, of ri-k, and of expenditure; any one of the reasoas should suftos; but when the four are com bined, it may be demonstrated v\ th the accuracy of a mathematical problem thst the steam communi cation between America and Karope must adopt the harbor of I ialway. Their wasM abortive attempt by a broker here to get up a com pa ayt and be even went the length ot getting up a prospectus; hut his name earned with it no influence; and no action seems to have been had in the matter. His ippinl, however, served a good purjm-e; it rxeited public opinion. It -tiiiiulutcd enquiry, and it roaseri the proprietor* of the'ialway railway to exert ion. They have now spoken out at.d their pfO'pectu- Is to tin following ? fleet j? I'MsrrtTt's or Tin: mornv a\? ttotlh at r.w unr rn.ur.iMr. Tin- graat and rapidly inrtnMm intrroi-urw with the "?lit* World r>inl' i- it a mati.r of paramount im i hut tin ih'iili-?t anil Mfi-t rout" lor |<aa ami Irttcfu >hall l? n.lopt >1 (ialany hotBg tin mi?t wa-tirly p'ft I* Kui-p* and tin gTi-ataat ft.? lltt??? *ni! rMHtdrarirt fur i? ^Mkrt "t l tion. It la rri fi? il to Mlthlhh a linii of Itfrt rlaof ataam ttwU to ply Htr*! Ualway and awrh port or porta In North Ano-rica a- in it In n-aftar l>a d"ald"d Mi Tba o|h nine <4 th- Midland Oroat Wi -tarn Itallwny of Iralaml aliiili i- ta lulu ptaaa on tha lat of Jtagnat n? at will ? nnii'ii !? Ua railway a ad |i |i giaplUa comuiu nif-atinn trim (ialaay t?> t?uhlin ami tlianne to all th" ) riff I| a 1 plan * In Orr-at Britain and. through l.ondon tn tin- gnat linaa ? {ri.muiiinicatinn <m thr rndlnrit l>f l.uri-pa By making (-ulnar th" lluropi-an port of nrriral at.d <li-|iartura a -at ing of almut 4'?> milaa In th" ara voyajra "III l? i lfi i t"d. a- f (Mpari d * itli IdiMMot. and a -aringif tinw to l-oodon and tit" ptiudpil trading plaNt of firint Mritain, him ut ting, nn tin an-ragi-, to Inliy fortt-? ight In ur- and. l-y adapting thr lanat ? i | i rii." i onrtrtn-tion of iron -tanno r . ? ninhinitig all tit" ratahHrhrd hnprot?Maot? in a|f(d and -nf.-ty. a furthar diminution of t inv ran l? ? flnati-d. tMi h will ri-dura tin ara T'-yagl n iihiti an nt-arair" of m ti n day*, wliilat f.rtm (ialaay to ItgMlon will I" ureomp'i-hf-d regularly within righti-m hour- (iulaay to fart- nlmtil :m h mri a It ia propoaul to ha?a tin n- -"la i on-druatad rhii hy forth" !??"?? a*- r and ma I north" and to attain tin utm ?it ?|?-(il i' nriutrnt with rmnfort and aiti-ty aim. tn i-roTido tin Inrvi t, amount of ac-mnmudatKm fur an innd rla?? |aiaai ng?r-. ron?lattnt with pp-erring th" tiK?l aupirtfr rotin nlrnaa and comfort f-r lh" flr?t f laa? |ai?"ngi r- Tha m li rtion of tli" p rt of rirrlTal mil ilf pntture In tm?rtaa to In- tha awhjiot of arVangi-tnant w ilh In r Maji atjf'a gotarnnu-nt. or a itli ?ih-Ii pnrtlau In Anwrlra a? nmy "t'|.i ar mo-t MKantagi him fir lh- to (art of tin- undi linking. Tin pn liminury inqiiiru - alrt ady fundi nil .nl -tr >ng |f?iw f'r halirrmg thai. uad* r Judh imi- Mlkafr nu Ma. I ho Utah I taking nu.y I" modi' to yln Id jnml r. Iiiiinaratn-n for th" non-nary aapMal In n now BMjnrt. if ?( intrftnlirg a atiarnetar. nnd whhh wi-ly rnn dwatid. Mart lilt in .ataly !??. ? H i- nf groat hiagaitud -and ilupi rial ? a. it IrdnrMr-d nr-t prudi-nt. iu tin ttr-4 In r ? iiii-i tooMaln tin- ftilla t information i n ? x ry point r< klio ti il w ilh tl.i uti.ii ? t Ika f-llowiiig pinih ii ? ii haro ron?ant"d to not.i? a I rtriaif 11 I I ? ion. 'tn fur that Bvrpnaa I'll- nam" an tloar if d.ri(ti'j ami 'oakhi-luara in tli ? Wnataro It; iiv . T at" *? m? lltiolrad It !i ygxp-f d ti ra..i- a < a i It nl of iC.'Vt d"" In i h< Or t il ut. t ai in r>BW hat? (if i..'ih f-aob. on u"h "oni'ifdonn. *i,f prjilf In i?rh i ?trir-.o' r- may 'tffciiftar -He p|gl> tr hf iu? I ? layund tli? am nmt ? bicb be shall individually subscribe. A da posit at oe. Jht chare to lie paid to defrny preliminary expenses of inquiry. end mo further responsibility whatever to Imi lu cur red until the report of the committer -hull be undo alien each raiweriber will hav* the option of proceeding with the undertaking, or not, as ho ahull theu consider desirable. When we reflect that the traffic would necessarily past over their railway, that passengers would be dependent u] ion thciu lor their safety and comfort? that they could alone enter into those combination? with other lines which would secure the certain transmission of merchandise from the contiueut and tile English manufacturing towns to Galway, it i? obvious that the steam line should bounder the auspices of the railway company until all doubt were removed as to the capabilities of Galway har bor. 1 buve had several interviews with the acting directors of the railway, who are promoting thu project, and can, consequently, speak with certainty. The leading men are wealth; . and able and willing to carry out the scheme; uud the public jnind iu Ireland is ripe for the undertaking. It is intended to reserve one-half of the -toek for the Amorican and colonial market. The shares, X2Y, and the shareholders empowered to vote by letter. ? I hey don't contemplate any rivalry with other compa nies, but holding, as they do, the keys in their hands of the Gufway Railw ay, they desire to deve lope its superiority. They wish lo prove that the Galway route is tne shortest ar.d safest, and having accomplished that mission, the public arc free t? buy their stock. They invite men of both nation? and all parties to co-opcrate in a work eo eminently calculated to lessen the objections to ocean travel ing, and accelerate the rapid and safe communica tion between Europe and America. They count upon an expression ol' sympathy and friendship on the part of America towards Ireland, of whieli sir many substantial proofs hat e already been furnished^ and they enli-t the interests of your mighty cotton dealers in a project, which, by the aid of the electric telegraph, can ensure twenty hours later intelligence than any other route. The report of the society for the < aeouragement of the growth of flax in Ireland, is not satisfactory. I Ister is the only province where preparations hat been made upon a large scale; but even there only fifty thousand acres are reported a* sown, and for the t est of Ireland about-one-fourth more. It w nil I require above Ave times that e>:tent of hind to 1> ? sown, to supply the import now furni-hed by foreign countries; uud us it is only when that stage of cultivation has been reached that IIjn can distur ? the cotton trade, you may comprehend the slight prospect there is of rivalry. There is more probu oility of the beet-root sugar trade being establish ed. 'J he soil and climate favor the gro vth of th* root, and the patentees of (he now process consent to establish works in any locality where they can be secure of one hundred and fifty acres of bee root. Flax is not so exhausting a crop as many people fan y. but it returns no manure; and foreign manures are little used here, in consequence of their eo-t, us compared with the returns from the land. Chi the other hand, the debris from the beetroot, after the sacharine properties had been extracted, would be serviceable on the farm. There is much to balfle a spectator of the strug fles between free trade and protection. In the ighest quarters, and from the mouths of men re puted s'utestneo, the veriest twaddle issue. In the Lord* lust week, Grey, the colonial minister, ar med that the British millers could not suffer, us in the long run their skill and coal would give them Ifive the victory?that just now the French millers might monopolize the trade, but thut the high prices they paid for coal must drive them out of the business. Now, it i-- notorious, that the French milling is per formed by water or wind power?that they neither purchase nor burn coals?and that Lord Grey wa? talking upon a subject of which he was profoundly ignorant. The fact is confessed by all parties, that the French have walked off with the mill ing business, and you may buy French flour in neat small packages of "iu lbs.: a better and cheaper article than either Irish or English millers can furnish. The large mil. s for flouring are com paratively idle, and moreover the cultivation of wheat is being gradually relinquished. If the pre sent policy be purtued a few years longer, Ireland will cease to be a wheat growing country. The speculation docs not ptiy. It i? nioro remunerative to fatten cattle, though that trade is depressed by the foreign competition. Then was a cargo of Egyptian wheat landed at liundulk this Week. It i- selling .it fifteen shillings the Irish barrel, which is equivalent to aeventy-nve cents the bushel, ship ped from New York, freight paid; or seventy-fi\ cents, less freight uml charge?. The lowest price the tri?L 'simer ever imagined was twenty shil ling- l^r barrel, and thut price would not pay lbr the labor, leaving rent out of I be question, i on may fancy the consternation the import from ligyptha? occasioned. I be | lund.ilk Dtnt<?rat it furious with the whig free traders, uud many other journals con fess that In land has been sacrificed to enri :b a few Manchester cotton lords. The work of ruin is ad vancing steadily: it is ericping into the manufac turing towns, and if you were in Lee is ami looked at he vacant t??nenieiit- au<l listened to :he hinguagc of the workmen, whose wage* have been reduced and who cannot command continuous employment, you would doubt the boast* of titc Turns. Tie cot on lords have not cecnped unhurt. True it ie, they get la bor on lower teiin* and dream that they eau supplant the American fabrie. but th< i?- heme con sumption is declining ; and the home goose was al ways better wuith plu.'kine than lie; foreign goose. '!'he V ice Royalty of Ireland is not t<? b- di? cussed tbi< ?es-ion. The process of pruv incialuing the country is delnyed, while mightier matters en page the im|M>riul min?l, but in all the detai a of govcrnmtnt a iiursiuioniou- and ungencous <pirit animate* the cabinet. Dublin ha* long been oolc bratcd for it* hospitals, and ber medical men enjoy Kuropean latue. Tlmse hospituls are to be quietly extinguished. At the time of the Union, they re ceived granta of uiooey: and the clear understand ing th>n was. that the allowance* were -o be con tinued; but in violation of the implied obligation, ten per cent bus been deducted this yeu'- liumth grant to the hospital*. and the eurtailaent is to pro oe? d year after year, at the rut*- <>f ten per cent per annum; thus in ten years they will be.'onvo extinct, and then Irish student* must resort to London fu, ho-pital practice. Then I- a river in the suburb* of I hi- town, called the river "Dodder;** it flows rapidly from the mountain* in the vicinity of Dublin, anst, in it* cour-e, fumishe* abundance of water power. It you truce the banks of the stream you will en counter twenty vacant and dilapidated builoing*, with broken ntili danx in front. The?e were facto ries of cotton ami cloth, which worn con-tantly em ployed, and furni>hed work to thoti*uml* when the I nion wa? consummated. They are now idle and desolate; the owner* ruined; the worl people dead, or in foreign land*. Su<di i* the history oi Ireland, everywhere repeated. Dublin was once famous for its cutlery. The trade is suppressed Knellsh capitalist* combined, and actually sold articles, like the balanced-handle knife, in lhiblia, below the cost pri"e. They pursued this plan for many year*: broke up tlx local trade?united the i.ill'ul artisans to l.ngland. and destroyed their Ir?*lt riv ?!*. 'I'hat gifnd ami extraordinary in ,n, (jattiil, i* 11 uring forth hi* torrent* of iudiguuni cloqocm in London: lie s'artle* the idle dreamers by the holdnca* of hi* concept ions, the exquisite skill ui hi* oration*, tin *ubiime nod elevated divtriti ' he iuculi'iite*. II* has nobly vimlieatcd the elm meter of Ma<./lni from the calumnies ol the ultra montane school. Mi-- Tnlbot divides wi'ii h:nt tlo pnblic attention. The victim of that, pervrrtel understanding, i-ord Shrewsbury, -he he* repudi ated the 'cntsment* attributed to her, and involved the Bishop of Clifton and the Prioress in the Bute* of their own weaving. A fri< ml of lu.oo. who wa* at -chool with her, describee her aa uii_ .hing but clever, or ^harj ; t>ut circumstance*, at her time of life, rapidly alter the character. The t'la-s l'alnee has proved leaky, much to the amarement of the ? ouuuittee. The Irl-ii contribu tion* will include bountiful copies oi fK-- ancient golden ornament* discovered at various coo 'li?. They have li-cn faithfully re-produced by \V'e?t, tbi well-known goldsmith. Nunc ot the Uvbiw is are gorgeously worked with "ilveratwl g< d thread*. The weather ha* boo wartu enough to bring out the pear blv**on<*. !? Our Philadelphia (nrrrapoiirlenre. riiu..tpci.rci.?f April 1'). I ?Of. Adam 'itMK lit of thi /.i _,.Ittf t Tk? L'ni'ltttarc of f'lir Kill adjourn.,.!, i> -<Uy. at ahich joyful evet t ha.r doubth - 1> (I in duced hy the e*pir. lion of the ycifeil Wy<m<l which the per diem allowance of in. uit>er' i-. kj l.iw. re duced to tfi'lve "hilling" m-tend >>f tfc ? e <!? ?''itr-. VVhiit ha* Ijeoi il?.m? . ami wlint left unihn". mi not W arrived *t without n rigid ?saiuiiutUooof tKe.nn nihil- lillu, hurried through with -nf Irdiee-rch luuto that there wn? no time to Ucertali) iunil tifohl piovieiori*. FttiWi:i? * Af.vmvtA.?Wo hetlf ?? <> n.;- from all ilireotione of the 4l*c*tfwM dwirul the h-ivy rmn ami ?torin of Monday i ight?it* dam ij?e ti? i ro|i? nh<l fen<-i*, ami d?'?truetloi of . N?m ? thirty Mile* Met of tliia ula>-e, the ruin a aecom nnkil hy heavy wind, which effected ofiuiil havoc, fhtlllir eonm ? t-ion, il *oli>e fllWtlWK, i- ane? Htitbrtiho iviianiM, lid extensive puftkM* of the lower eo'intrv flvtelntl. Mr. All*' . the on tiHitor on the Mohih Mill route, Wo I. .in, I..{ * \ kmn ijiTiwohj hi attempt Injf to .,a crook a fi vt mile* In k* ilii? |?l>: ?. . 11> . piis-n'MOV* ami driver CVenped: the tn iil? have since h"en r. .m e<l. \ jMi?enger irforia.-t u that rle i Ii.hmIi In. huni tin n yesterday, .it ? oltnehii*. forty to t: ninl th?t, lit West I'nint, it, hr.4 I ei'cln i| tlie hiido*. The ri-e in the ' en- ha In - n nnpr< -edenfc? in ra pidity n fid ext. i ? "ii-i.l.rii'ir il the effect of loitr t Mr* etnrm I he volume o' ruin wit* have h en in n i-nre. i tie ' (ahum -, h um, ho-r.-.'o thirty hot .n M man> Iioimi, . .1, ut ihe Ititi ? mi* w*? Written wa* ??il| fining \\*.. it ut i ? i |?.i: i- n ? -oaf* <?( heavy Iwmngo to the river lJuuUUvwv-- M ?W f' i># f (Ala , Jt,m mi/, Apru 10.

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