Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 17, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 17, 1851 Page 3
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NICARAGUA. ?r*>SMpletlM, Wtu# Transit Rou(. rUKktrc |U ? Description of the loantry?Th< Mcfnrrjr, Ac. The following letter was recently received by ?Captain Yimdcrhilt frcm Mr?. Chilis, the lady of 11. W. Child", Esquire, of tho American Atluntic aud Pacific Ship Canal Company:? l*i vas on Nicakauia, March 6, 1851. C. C. Vamilkiult, Esq., President of the American Atlantic and Pacific Ship Canal Cornpa nv:? Sib:?1'ruiu the general tone of a portion ol the ?conversation had during tho brief though v cry agree able interview enjoyed by us through the favor of the call we had the pleasure of receiving from you at our ca*? in this place, while on your late tour of examination of the lines of the important enterprises your company bus undertaken, 1 bccume impressed with the idea that an announcement of the comple tion of your new transit read, so far as is necessary for cargo and passenger mule travel, from Virgin Bay, ,,u Lake Nicaragua, to the harbor of Sun Junn del Sur, onThe Pacific, would, at least to you, be grati fying. With thia impression, in connection with the consideration that the time of my husband nnd the other members of the engineer corps seems alto gether employed in prosecuting the surrey, although now about completed, of u line for your ship canal from the Lake to the Pacific, I have with his eon -ent assumed the veiy pleasurable service simply of advising you of the complet ion of your road so far as above Stated. In confirmation of this, 1 would add that 1 accompanied my husband in bis tour of in spection with II. Wonegar, Esq., tho worthy su perintendent of cutting out the roud, and our es teemed and-hi ll'ul physician, Dr. W. J. Lovejoy, in a ride, to me the most agreeable of all others 1 have enjoyed ?n this country, over its entire length, which is, as my husband informs me, upon the line cut about twelve tnilcs. Wo left the Scvadin house (about central on the line of road) at eight o'clock, A. M.. <>n our adl-trained mules, visited the beau tiful harbor of Sun Juan del Sur, and, after sending some little time ill collecting a few of the curiositiet of the place, and on our return in admiring the beauties of the scenery at several points on the road, arrived at the hacienda, of the Sevadia, at two o'clock, P. M.; here we spent some two hours for refreshments : then proceeded over tho road to its termination at Virgin Buy, a small harbor at an ex ceedingly interesting location upon the lako ; from thence to this place, a distance of eight miles, where we arrived the -aine evening, feeling, at least on my I ait, amply t >tnpensated for the fatigue- incident in a ride, in all, of twenty-six miles. The greatly superior advantages that will be re alised by the improvement and use of this over any other lino of thoroughfare now in use across the Isthmus, wiilbe hailed with joy by the numerous tra vellers that now, and probably willin all future time continue, iu constantly increasing numbers, to pass from ocean to ocean. When your company shall have commenced running your steamers upon the maje-tic river of San Juan, and across the Lake of Nicaragua In Virgin Bay, as I infer from your re marks, while here, they will in u few weeks do, and -hall Lave running, upon the twelve miles of roud, carriages in which comfort as well a" despatch will be realised, the whole trip from tho Atlantic to the Pacific and rm ptr*a may be performed in some twenty hours, and, to the traveller with the means, ?f ,i .'roe of interest and delight in scenery, during III- la : ' portion of the year, that could not be u a use I ? any of equal length in our own coun < '1 t}?.- obje< .f interest at the rapids of Yiego ? > '?>. at tii. Mm hue ha, and other points upon 'lie rivcr^an luan, I J untspcak ; you, having ccutly twic<' passed the entire length oft hi* noble liver, doubtless already appreciate them. From Virgin Kav?a beautiful little indentation irgin Kay?a beautiful little indentation on the wnt coast of (be lake, affording, from the well *e ectcd site of our worthy host, (.'apt. Canty, for the erection of an extensive public boose, already com menced, an extensive and admirable view <>f the lake, it" Hands, lie.?the road passes through the old ttyaahfc improvements in a country quite level and ittle variegated, save by the quite numerous small ? onicalelev ations, tbc bases of which are made avail able in furnishing a more dry, hard, and smooth ?ui-faee for the road, a distance of t>4 miles to the llatanar, a email, though exceedingly pure und never-failing -.t re urn, haviug its source near the summit ot a low gan (crossed by the road) in the great ridge which divides the waters flowing into either ocean. From the first crossing of the T'tata uar, the toad follows up the principal ravine in which this stream flows; now gently winding around a spur of the hill, then making a circular sweep around the head of a very short, though deep, ra vinc. and returning on the opposite side to traverse another segment of a circle around a succeeding ?pur, thus continuing its path around the succession of spurs and short deep ravines, couuecting nearly at right angles with the main ravine?in which, and at maay puces far below the traveller, the I'lata nar, in *t? sinuous course, and with its wild cascades, flows?the road, by a moderate and nearly uniform ascent, roadie* the summit in a distance from the first cro-.-mg of the l'latatmr of II miles. From this nuet ?uiuinit tin- vtiblncss and grandeur of the rough ??nnt?in scenery down the main ravine just passed i* fully di-playcd; and the eye through the oj>cuing formed by this ravine overlooks tne picturesque plain cxti-uding to the lake; nndthc beautiful island ?if t >inatako. about fifteen miles iu length, with its two volcanic regularly formed cones, (one upon either end, aid to be 3."U0or 4,tH*t feet in height.) the one running up to an apparently perfect point, and almost constantly capped with clouds, assum ing now the form of a < hinese hat, then a Turkish turban, an umbrella, or some peculiarly fantastic form, and with it ? half nuked, furrowed sides, iq> l?nring as though luva from its crater but yester day cea-ed to How?together with the broad expanse of the II mpid waters of the lake, and th'- sparsely improved sections, and apparently segtnelrical un dulation.* of the surface ttjioii its opposite side, -candy as a whole excelled in the hcauty of its Innd-cif*.?are from this summit distinctly visible in the distance. And, now, ?tr, however little inte resting you, from the Imperfect description given, i, I h may regard a view from this position, I harard lit tle in saying that every intelligent traveller, whose sgcroc* and ha-te to gra?p Ins share of the trea ?iires of Calitornia are not so great as to prevent it, will linger awhile at this charming ?pot. Dttfendtng from thi* nimmit to the rich gravelly loam soil of the valley of fH. John's creek, a dis tance ef tbree-qnaiters of u mile, the road passe* by quite a regular and moderate iar I i nation down the tare of the bills bounding the deep ravine, in which flews the brook ( hurrara, aho a small and durable stream, with a j-trpudicular fall in fnll view from the toad of 2-"i to #? feet. The principal ravines on either side of the summit falling away s<j much more rapidly thai; docs the mad, leaving the atler far above on the face of hill- of very irregu lar formation, and extending still much higher, r high gives a majesty and grandeur to the scenery high ly attractive. Havingrsaehed the plain, the road "vVrndsinan almost perfectly straight line, on a gravelly soil, through a beautiful forest, though now being rapidly eat awnv, Ij miles to the harbor of fa a J una del fur. The surface of this horse hoe form of bay during my stay there, although with high wind*, wn ? sutfleicntly smooth to admit j ? he smallest canoe to pass over it with entire conve l ienor; ami. from appearance*, this placid sheet o." water has a depth -utflcicnt to admit oceanItaamef < j without the use of wharves to approach within a I dozen rod of it! shorts. I have omitted to mention i ? hat (he surface of the road, for a width averaging 1 about 5J or W yards, is what the natives all nwejd ; (hi* Is done by the mnehettn, while sitting ibc brush, and loaves the road almost as 1'ree from stick', drv leaves, kc , as is the 'iirfnce of our northern plank road*. This, to me. heightened the pleasure of the ride over It. And were it not l"?i a few trees of the larger chi", and ocea'ionally some -mailer one* standing within the limits, of the -weeping; also the necessity of bridging the I'lata narand the channels of two other 'mall streams, now dry, or of reducing the inclination of their hanks, to furnish a more easy descent and ascent in cro-sing thetn; increasing tho width of the pre sent grading of the mule road over the summit ridge, and lowering a few feet, at two or three point s, the whols width of the r>ad, to make th* Inclina tion 'omewhat !??#*?carriages might now. with full loads, very readily pa*' the entire length of the road. Ml this, 1 am t?&. will *0011 be done. Although there was but a single vessel, 1 brig, lying in the harbor, and the cutting out of the road tint ju-t completed, there Is, thus early, much strife for the iao*t eligible building lots on the harbor; iitdclearing the valley, some two or three miles book, making brick, tile, kc,, has already rotn ?nenrrd; and other prcpara'.ions for erevtlng addi tional hoores for tae accommodation of travellers ?re in progress. A ride from t irgtn May to this -'pani h town, a M'tanrs of only eight miles, on a fair road, leadiug a portiou of the disthnee along ami in view of this lake, and tbrangh improved Molds of t eaeas, plan ?nins. kc., woufd rtcbl'y repay the traveller ?f a few .toys' leisure. I have already >xti nded this commu nication beyond what I had intended, and probably beyond whit may be interedlng to you. Regard ing the astablishinent of your new transit line as a ureal public benefaction, I have only *o wi-di ynu 'b ' most speedy 3IKCt3S? ^ ffj r.'-P-etfnlly, fc v., fTA.t\ 1... ( UiLJS. Our Central American Correspondence. F.w Juan i>k Nk akaoi a, March 12, 18M. The Brtfixh Claim to the Mof/uUo Shore. Vou would be much astonished were you to wit ness the petty vexatious that we Americans are obliged to submit to, from those dressed in a little brief authority. We live iu hopes of a good time coming soon, and therefore grin and bear it now. A brief account of the British claim in this place may not prove uuinteresting. In my opinion, the real point (now undisclosed) upon which Great Bri tain rests her claim to the possession of this plaoe, is, that the lunds and the power of governing San Juan and the adjaceut country was granted to British subjects, and who, for the sake of protec tion, connive at the possession of the British. The first grant was said to have been muds in 1838; the document bus no date to it. It contains this strange clause:?"His heirs or successors shall have the right to iuipose und receive contributions, taxes and duties," and was made by itobert Charles Frederick, king of the Mosquito nation, and who was induced to e.xeciito the same for the surprising consideration of one whole hogshead of Jamaica run. Subsequently, these grants were pretended to have been annulled by George William Clarann, the heir of Itobert Charles Frederick, who was then a mere infant?I. e., " Inasmuch as many of the cessionaries have obtained said cessions from the lute king when he was not sound in judgment"--or, in plain Fnglisli, was drunk, Ate., fite.?" therefore it is necessary and convenient for the security, ho nor, and welfare of this kingdom, that said cetdons be annulled and abolished. These claims of terri tory extends to the northward to Honduras, and inclusive of this place. But, upon an examination of the documents, i can find no cession further than Gruciaa Hies. The next point is, that the Mos quito nation owes British subjects large sums of money, which they have fuiled to pay, und jw st, we take possession of the country, and assume, as a generous act, the government, as the Mosquito King's deputy; there are many minor points which the web of British diplomacy has woven in this dis pute, hut the facts 1 believe 1 have stated : it also -hould be borne in mind that tiie British govern ment claim only the temporary possession of this country, and have as yet put forth no claim to the absolute possession of the same; it might be claimed by the United States with t lie same amount of propriety, that she should have possession of the country from San luan to Granada and llealejo, as about the time of these grants to Messrs. Shcpurd, Haley, and Kcnwiek, a similar grant was made to a New Yorker, to make a canal across the country, and iu consequence of the commercial troubles of 1*37 the same was relinquished; that person is now in the city of New t orb, and holds an indis putable title to a canal route across the country. 1'hcse facts having become known at Washington, I trust the affairs of this place may soon be settled, which will allow it to become a country of impor tance aud wealth. It is a strange fact, but never theless true, iu regard to all the Central and South American rcpubi.cs, that when they admit of the protection of a foreign country, they degenerate into mere colonics?hut when they cast off all pro tection, and assume an independent action in ttieir own government, and act iu accordance with the true principle* of liberty, they soon acquire that stability and permanency which prove that their enterprise is not a mere experiment; and, in the accomplishment of these grand results for Central America, the United .States is no unimportant ally, hdie should not, by tardy action, and indifferent movement, crush that she has the power to sustain; and one day or other, and I trust soon, lhope to see Centrul America take her placo alongside of her si-ter, the United States, the proudest, freest, and buppiest country under God's heaven. tS. State of Coat* Hlca. ?? Magna out Veritas ct |?r?vTall?^>it.', TU I'll E EDITOR OF THE HERALD. A writer iu the Nttc York Hiraki of the 3d in stant, who signi hiui.-H.-lf"Panama," culls Costa Ri ca a British colony. This is a matter deserving the fulled investigation, and to which, we believe, due attention has not been paid until now. The notion has for a long time been in circulation that Coeta Kica was ndcr the protection, or uudcr the influ ence, of Great Britain. But, shall we be allowed to inquire what are the foundations of that report! W here is the evidence, where the documents show ing such to be the case! If "Panama" possesses any, wc invite him to give them to public light as -0011 as possible. In the meantime, we beg leave to cuution the public against imposture, and to quali fy his representations as mere stuff and nonsense? as the onc-sidcd views of interested parties?or a* th<- ravings of disappointed ambition. Wc observe that Mr. Molina, the Miniate from t'onla Kica, lately arrived in this country, in J his "i-ecch of audience to President Fillmore, has explicitly declared that "Costa Kica is only bound to other nations by treaties confering to none uny delusive adv at ages," and he hasfurthc expressed the desire of his country "to form with the I'nitcd State' as intimate a connection as it ha with any other power." We might add,on competent authority, that Costa Kica, on former occasions, has, through her agent*, signified to this govern ment the tact of her being under no ple<lgc what ever, of a spccinl nature, in regard to Gicat Brl tuin. Indeed, the only treaty existing between the latter and Costa Kica is a common place conven tion of amity. commerce and navigation, similar iu all respects to the treaties which the aforesaid re public has adjusted with France and other countrie*. Finally, we arc aware that even the contract which the government of Co-ta ltica had concluded with private parties respecting the construction of a 'hip canal, to which enterprise that country claims as good a title as Nicaragua, has been suspended with tne only view to avoid subjects of quarrel. What is, therefore, t o?ta Kica to be blamed for ! Is it for her maintaining that the priq>erty of the lands bordering on the southern bank of the San .fnun river belongs to her, and that the canal en terprise ought not to be curried on without her par ticipation ! Certainly this is no cause for reproach, even if Costa Itica's claims should not prove, on ex amination. so well grounded a? wc think they are. We find, therefore, that President Fillmore, when answering to the speech of Mr. Molina, gives hitn the as*uran*'o "that Costa Kica may rtdy on th< impartiality and good will of the government of the Cnited Mates, in any question touching the relative rights and interests" of the republics lormcrly com* po-ing the federation of Central America. The reception of the above mentioned Minister by our govermnetif, is, in onr opinion, a sufficient proof that Costa Kica has been judged as having an iiidcpciialcnt action, free from any foreign influence; and their consideration ought to set the matter at re*c With reference to the union of the Central Amer ican Mates, its non-existcra-e cannot bnt be a mat ter of deep regret to every person taking an interest in the welfare Aiip pro-pcrity of those countries. Coeta Kiea, however, deserves no more to be iu? pew bed for this misfortune than the Kinpcror of .lspsin. Owing to her geograghiesl situation, she always observed a passive policy during the wars wag<d by the other Mate* against the Federal Administration. When this had been over tbrnwn, in ISIO, principally through the instru mentality of Nicaragua and Honduras, it war then MM only then that Costa Kiea followed the general movement towards secession. Mill she waited eight year* more in order to as sert her complete Independence, until IKI8, wLmi, observing that there was no probability of the umou being restored on olid bases, and that Nicaragua had already begun to exercise external sovereignty Ivy treating with foreign nations, and by attempting to dbpoae, as absolute master, of objects which, under the federal system, were reserved to the cog nisant e of the geueral government, she perceived the necessity of adopting the same indcpcudcul course that Nicaragua had taken. Mibsequent events indued Nicaragua to form, at a later perb?d, a confederacy with Salvador and I londuras; but on such weak foundations, that it kn* not the least chance of duration. 'I his confederacy is represented by a I Hot of two delegates from each State, appointed by their re ?peetivu 1-egislntiires?who nave already met in ( liinandi ga; but, it possesses no revenue, no army, no judiciary, and, In fine, it will soon prove a com plete failure. I'nfor'.unately, the contracting par ties inaugurated their compact by showing the most hostile dispo-itiuas against Guatemala and Costa Kiea; anu, of course. It could not he ex pected that these now republics would join the con federacy on such premises. They have remained at -of. and they are right. It is a great mistake to ascribe the misfortunes of the Central American States to any foreign in flnenco, when they are the immediate consequence of the natives'want of training in the practices of self-government. The links of union once broken, sectional interest* have been created in every State; and two great difficulties impede now the organisa tion of anvthing like an eOeieot union, vis.:?Flr*t, that none" of the States are disposed to deprive them-elves of anv branches of revenue, in order tu foun a national treasury; Secondly, that they will tie\ er sgrre in regard to the seat of the general government. A few months ago the government of lion luras invited the other States to meet in ageneral conv n tlon. to lie composed of representative* directly elected by th--people of the Stale*. In the ratio of ?ne for every thirty thou?and inhabitants; sneh s rwwvenlitm to h?v# authority for organising a na tional gov ernment, and for fisining a national row ?titwtbm. Ami what ensued' Salvador g?ve an unqualified gs'i-ni; Gnatciuc'fl fivoided g'?ing any definite answer; Nicaragua rejected the proposi tion altogether, and Co.-ta Kica did the same. W'e are sorry to say that the spirit of nationality predominates actively only amongst a small mino rity iu Guatemala, Salvador, and Honduras; it hardly exists in Nicaragua and Costa Kica. How ever, it strikes us that it would be easier to obtain the assent of the latter to any faturo union, than that of the former, for these simple reasons:?h irst, Costa Kica is not tainted with the same extrava v agant ambition as Nicaragua. Secondly, she is disencumbered both of foreign and domestic- debts; her fiscal resources, although not v ery considerable, ure ample enough to meet the expenses of internal administration, and to leave a surplus which, in late years, has been consecrated to improvements; she could, therefore, without any grout iuconvenicncy, abandon to the union some branches of revenue. Thirdly, -he is under no engagements, by treaties | " ith with foreign powers, or by contract with private parties, such as could stand in the way of a satis factory compact with the other States. None of these latter are in the same advanta geous position. Let them contrive any reasonable plan or union, and it will be adopted by Costa Kica. We believe, however, that the union can only be uchieved through tho interference of some foreign frieudlv powers. A Central American Lover of Tbum. 1'hilaotxi-itia. April 6. 1851. THE MEXICAN REPUBLIC. Our Mexican Correspondence. City of Mf.xico, March 20, 1931. Mail Strainers Iniuten Mexican and American Ports. This is my second epistle of this dute, and, of course, it contains but little news. While I was in Vera C'ruz and in Puebla, and sinje 1 have been here, I lime had many conversations with intelligent an 1 influential Mexicans, aomo of them connected with the government, and ulsowith well informed Americans and other merchants in this country, and 1 find the opinion is generally and con fidently entertained by all, that the establishment of n niuil lino of steamers by the government of the United States on a plan similar to those bet ween the 1 nited .States, Liverpool, Southampton, Bremen, Havre, and Havana, to run from Vera Cruz and TanipiooMo New Orleans and New York, would be highly profitable. It would cortninly be highly instrumental in promoting the mutual interests of the two countries. The British have a monthly steamer from Vera Cruz and Tain pico to Jamaica via St. Thomas, and thence to England. This stenmer monopolizes the passen gers, and the best freights, and, above all, she carries nearly the whole of tho specie exported from the Gulf ports of this republic, and hence the scarcity of Mexican silver in the United Mutes. Ame rican steamers, from New York to Vera C'ruz, could connect with the lines now running to llavuua, if satisfactory arrangements could be mado with the Cuban authorities for transfer of shipments and passengers there without exorbitant charges, and if not, arrangements could be made for such exchange at some port in Florida contiguous thereto. 1 learn that theTortiigas or Key West could bo adopted if ,v.? ii - ? -i- ?- ? t net Javanese are disposed to be exacting and dis obliging. Flint such a line would yield good profits, I have doubt. The English steamer carries out, I learu, no .... B?. . .v.uavi vmiwjvui, i icirn, from one million and a half to two millions of silver, in coin and bullion, every monthly trip, averaging upwards of twenty millions of dollars per annum. A consequence of this is, that most of such part of it as is employed in commerce, is used in the pur chase of English commodities, and the United .States lose the trade they would get if American steam ers were established ti compete with the British. So, too, the Mexicun passengers?and the wealthy and intelligent Mexican families are rapidly ucquiring a /mrhunt for spending their time and money in fo reign travel?being without facilities of access to the United Stutcs by steamers, avoid our country; I whereas, if such facilities were afforded, they would, even in their trips to Europe, gladly avail tbcin i '?elves of an opportunity to visit tho United States. Many of the young men of leading families would i goto the United States to acquire their education. By this means prejudices would be overcome and extinguished, good will between the two countries awnkened and ltept alive, and commercial relations and intercourse extended and the bonds of amity and pe ace strengthened between the two countries. The British steamer stops regularly at Tuinnieo, a i well as at Vera Cruz. By the arrangements 1 nave adverted to with regard to Araerieun steamer'. Vera Cruz and all the Mexican Gulf ports, as well as New Orleans and New York, will be greatly bene fitted. Tho aid of the Mexican government, to the utmost extent of its power and ubilrty, may be re lied upon, in the establishment of these lines of steamers, and Mexieans could also be procured to join in it. 1 have no paticnee with those Americans nbo croak about tho "expense" of such under takings to the United States. If 1 had the power, as a citizen of tl?e United States, I would not pause a moment in expending as much a-> wo speat in the war with this country, to drive the British steamers, by fair and honorable competition and rivalry, from the seas of this hemisphere. If tho English will persist in bawling "Britannia Uulci the Waves"? (they nscd to style their mouarrhs kings of France, long uflcr the sceptre over every foot of French soil had departed from them)?I would cons train them to alter the aforesaid chorus by inserting a parenthetical exception of those " waves " specially claimed by Brother Jonathan. The exception might, if the English preferred it, be attributed to tender regnrd and good feeling for their "Anglo >axon ott-sboot," as .Mr. Webster once called us. or any other generous and liberal motive?but it should be made. i*ooncr or later, I predict that such men as Tal merston, Bulwcr, and Chat field, and Admiral Horn by. aided by some of our old fogies with British partialities and predilections, will cause a war be tween us and Great Britain respecting their med dling in American affairs; and the recent bungling treaties relative to the pnssway* to the Pacific, kc.. all tend to increase the chances. 1 have witnessed so mu< h of British arrogance and intrigue to pro mote their selfish ends, in every part of ike world that I have visited, and e*)>ecially in the republics of this and the South American continent, that i do not feel averse to going into the contest when ever there is the least occasion for it. Wc ought to have met her firmly in the northeast boundary dispute; wc should not have backed out in the I >rc /?..s? ?*? "? ?" * ?*"* gnu Business ; and above all, we should not truckle in the Nicaragua affair. We should, in pp-pm-ation for the conflict which must coins, establish rival 't< amors wherever she has them in the American srn<. and at any expense. The consummation of tho project I have alluded to. of mail steamers to Mexieo, may be retarded and delayed for a time, but it will be ultimately ef fected. If our government continues in the stolid -I. which, -n.< i the In aty "I in have fallen u|*m it, as to our highly iin|sutant interests in this country?if our ini-craMc p-eudo -no t? continue to wn-te tin ir tunc, and devote all their exertions to |>etty and degrading intrigues for the |UTsidcnoy or other official honors, or to |Jundering the public treasury by means of useless offices, Ire., you may depend upon it individual Yankee enter in e will not always allow the British to rciain the supremacy they now have wholly by the su pi ac nes* of our government. Private cnteipri-c will ef fect what tbe government neglects.| In connection with this subject of the establish ing ' ..I 11n< - of -t t In- I niii il ami Mexico, and of lines of stages across the Coun try, I should state, that the government here, has contracted with Don Uayatnuo llnbio, of this city, a uitl/innaur, and one of the taost enterprising citi zens of the republic, for four war steamers, and six other vessels for marine revenue service, in the Gulf and on the Pacific; and that the galluut vete ran, Commodore Lopez, of the Mexican navy, (not General Nareiso, of Cuba rcnoan,) left here ashort time ago, to siqicrintcnd and inspect their construe tion in the United Mates, and 1 believe in New York. An intelligent Mexican citizen, a Hiscayan by birth, lh?n \ . Lchetiique, also visits New \ ork, 1 learn, forthwith, on account of Mr. Hubio, to exa mine as to the terms upon which stago conches or omnibuses, baggage wagons, mail wagons. Ire., can be obtained, ana If advisable, to purchase a sufficient number for the establishment of a regular line between Vera Cruz, Jalapa, PeubU,Mexico, and Acapulcnon the Pacific. Acnjnnlro is beyond all qne? tion the best harbor on tbr Pacific coast from < osta Kiea to California. 1 heard Senator (twin, of Ca lifornia. and others, -peak of it in the highest term-, and I intend visiting it shortly. In such event, my corn -pondcncM may be sii'|wndc<t till I return hither When steamers horn the United Mates regularly connect, say once a neck, with this -lag" hue, and . which two in the Gulf and the same number in the Pacific can do, I am satisfied two-thirds of the pas 1 cngrrs to and from California and the I oiled Mates will prefer it to any other route. It will h<> (be mo-t expeditious, the safest, the most pleasant, and the cheapest. litis government has resolved, when the IIin in under way, to afford it perfect protection kqr a gunid of -elected trnsty soldiers to ride with tho mails, and there will not lie the least danger of Accommodation1 far passengers will be made in a hurt time after the line gel* into operation along the whole r?otc; and I "guess" that two-thirds of the roadside tavern keeper* will speak the same kind "f Lngli-h we hear down East. Villag. - will spring up at the different stopping places, having a black-milh -bop, a country store, a school house, :md other 1 aiikoo fixings, from the Gulf tu the iSfHU Tli? follouing estimate bos been furnished me by an intelligent gentb-man, of the probable time ao>l th? b'gheft !?>? lor ? pas-age by *len??r (fvm N?w OrlcaoJ to Vera Uruc, thence by stage eoarhex to Mexico and Acapulco, and thence by steainer to &an Francisco. KftTIXATE. Yrom New Orleans to Vrra Crui, 4 or S day* $60 Vera t'rui to Urxico, if .16 Mexico to Acapulco. 4 '* 40 Acapulco to JSaa h ranch* o, T or 8 ?? oo Kutire passage. 20 days $186 This is the highest co?t and the longest time. It is said the route can be travelled in sixteen days, and after the line gets intofull operation, the whole fare and expense through, of every kind, will not exceed |M The wur steamers being procured by the repub lic are not intended, I leuru, to be employed as are our mail and war steamers, built by Collins, and by Law. Ac., but are to be used exclusively for nural purposes. 1 should not, however, be sur prised if they are, ore lung, placed on this service, if no private lines are started. If so, the United (States should uiaku liberal ?-?rrangements with, and encourage them. Theiethmusmails would then be in a measure rendered useless. We should by all means promote the establish ment of some line of steamers to Mexico immedi ately. A half-dorm enterprising merchants or capi talists in New Orleans and in New York could effect it by uniting with capitalists at Vera Crux, and in I'uebla and in this city. The steamers Alabama

and Fanny, both, 1 learn, brought good freights and several passengers to Vera Cruz each of tho trips they made; and the number that go from Vera Cruz each trip is at least fifty, and it will increase at once threefold, and in u few mouths tenfold, or 1 am egrcgiously mistaken. There are not now good stages between Vera Cruz and Acapulco, that can bo relied on to eurry many passengers. Many Culifornians have returned by this route, riding across from the l'acific ou horses or on mules, and taking the chances of linding conveyance to the United .Stutes by water from Vera (Jruz. By this route, e ren at this time, two tedious sea voyages and the detention at tho Isthmus can be avoided, and also tho t'hagres and l'anawa fevers. The traveller by this roa^ can view one of the most beautiful c luntries on earth?mountain, valley and lake, "classic ground," lor it was the theatre of the exploits of Cortes and Pi/.arro, and interesting from being the scene of the splendor and power, and downfall and oppression and cruel death of Monte zuma. To a citizen of the tinted States it is doubly interesting, for here repose the earthly re mains of many of our gallant countrymen, and here were deeds of glorious daring performed by them in support of their country's Hag, in contest with those, then our gallant foes, but now our generous friends. If these steamer lines and stages are established. the palpable selfish designs of the British, in dis continuing (lie stooping of their Vera Cruz rtcaiu ers at Mobile and Havana, (while they stop at Ja maica aud .st. Thomas,) viz.: to prevent Mexicans, and Mexican specie, and Mexican trade, from going to the I nited Mates, or to ( uba, or elsewhere, ex cept to British markets, will be circumvented. I'aptain Templeton, of New Orleans, was seek ing, at the late session of your Congress, to get some aid from the United States for steamers from New Orleans to Vera Cruz, but we have not heard here certainly whether he succeeded in his project. Mr. Itamsey, 1 learn, will not probably carry out his mail i>roject"through this country from Vera <'ruz to the 'acific. If the lines of steamers were established as suggested, probably several stages would be forth with put into operation, and, by rivalry, secure rea sonable charges to the public, and they would have a great deal of custom. Nay, 1 do not doubt that such lines of steumers would soon cause the construction of a railroad across this He public from Vera Cruz or Tampico to some port or point on the Western coa-t. This rail road would go through the most populous regions of Mexico, and whcie is found her richest agricul tural and mineral resources. Mich work would open to Mexico inexhaustible aud inappreciable sources of wealth, nnd strength, and prosperity. Iit ' for tne Valuable facilities would be created for the safe, and expeditious, and cheap transportation of the rich products of this country to the Ciulf and l'aeific porta. Iler jieoplc would be given a stimulant as to every kind of industrial pursuit that would be immensely beneficial to the nation. Intelligence would be diffused. Property would be enhanced in \alue, and lubor in price, threefold. Mexico has been blessed by Providence above every country 1 have seen, in climate, soil, aud natural rcsouiccs of every character, -shc has mountains, and \ alleys, and plains, riversand lakes, and ports and harbors. All she needs is a good government, and well administered. Her destiny is, 1 have no doubt, as proud and glorious us that of mv own country. The establishment of such American line of steamers is one of the means by which, na certain as the visit of death to all things on earth, in less than half a century the crty of New York will be come the commercial emporium of the world! No one who reflects on the signs of the times?who looks at her position and resources, can doubt that .-he i destined to -upplant London as the great cen tral point of commerce for the whole globe. Her trade will exceed threefold all that London could ever boast. Tyre, of ancient days, Venice, Leghorn, Genoa, Lisbon, and the Hague, were each such eHiporium ; but T^ondon, when Great Br it an in quired the supremacy of the seas, after the defeat of the Spanish Armada, in the reign of tpieen Bess, became the foous, and has continued so over since. It is her inevitable destiny to give way te the city of Manhattan. She is bound to yield. Hereafter, in all future time, the utmost extent of her ambi tion will be to huve a world's fair once every de cade in Hyde Purk, and she will become a city of tavern and boarding house kcc|M.-rs, for the for eigners who attend it. It is so written in the book of fate, aud the decree cannot be changed or altered. Amen' Selah ' You will |*r?lon m<- if I here digre**, a few mo ments, to suggest a theory 1 have long maintained, in order to snow its applicability to the United states and Mexico. i believe in the coming of the millennial. But he who support?* that era is to come as if by a miracle?that it is not to lie a result ?the natural result of events moral, physical, reli gious, and political, which will occur imuhm in re gular succession, and all tending to such result, must ne a very superstitious blockhead. All that lias oc curred in this country arc hut links in the chain of circumstance* which Divine wisdom has decreed should take place, leading to the inillenium. I re gard the discovery and settlement of America?the rebellion and independence of the I uited States? the opening of the African slave trade?its aboli lition. and the civilization and cbristianization the African nrgroes, by weans of the enlightened slaves, and nMSCl/ifr< and their desecn<lants, in the British and A uicricau colonies in Africa?the an nexation of Texas?the progress of republican prin ciples?the aets of ?!??.-j ???i-in in I.up-pi within the last twenty ysars inciting cmig-etion to America? the British l.ast ludia and Chinese conquests?and the acquisition by the United ."talesof? alifornia? all, as events, the grand ultimate result and effect ?d which. In my Judgment, is to be the union of all nations into oue, as foretold in Scripture. It is the prInc.pic of '* cause and effect.*' I I me will have a glorious republican consti tution. It will be a conlbderation whose sole ob 'I'hat otic jcet will be "to promote pvice on earth, and gooj will suieng ill mankind." will have free trade, no bank*, few t*xc?, no army or navy, and will be composed of every rotate in the globe; and its grand dis will probnbly be it' Washington. New York, Mexico, or Jeru-aleni. I am not certain that the process of " annexation" to the ? idled State* is not one tuvan devised to effect such end. Half a flen tury lirn.w, Herat Britain and Ireland may each bet >'iu< part of us; an<{ certainly eai li island would niske a rc*iiociable State in our confederacy. The < 'anuria* will be of ut * Miner, as will the Ati'il Uti, including llayti. I feel emotion* of pride and jov when I reflect tha'. my own beloved country ami Mexico ?re to be the chosen foremost standard bearer* in this divine conq icst of the despotisms of tbewirbl, ami the ??n*uuiniHtioii of the glorious scheme for the redemption of man. .Mexico is no unworthy adjunct to u?. >he has earned the 'listiuc tion destiny accords to her by much tribulation and suffering. .sh? ha* been. as were our ancestors, trod den down beneath the heel of the oppressor. I"*bc threw off as they did, the chain* thai bound them, aud won ner freedom. .Mexico show* the tame title to the possession of republican liberty that we do. But die ha* since been distracted by (be unprinci pled factions of unprincipled military ebieftains ami political demagogue*. *h? ha? had her Arnold* and her Hnrv*. >hc ha* been despoiled, and plun dered, ami outraged; ami yet. Irom the time of the land pirata Cotter and the Inca .Montezuma, -bo ha* encountered and borue all her misfortunes with a tenacity of endurance almost tineq uilkd in his tory; a*J it seem* a* if her sufferings here been, in the ?ud, but sliinuiaula to renewed exertion* for freedom*and increased effort* to sue ain the great principles of civil and political lihert/. \ #<? way depend upon it, "Y'mng Mexico" is nw skeiied and a roused. It t* rallying under the ii.olt.ucif" I'untto Aildaalt," und it i* determined that <ke vpirit of progresa hero shall not be *litUed Willi ?crcptcosed. H wiline longer sutler i hi* free re Cublie awtl ita true and patriotic people to linger ibind other nation* is the ninn-h of the age in pvditieal, iiieeal. and physical improvement 1 aha It continue my iiwwgMdo here for some weeks, a* it will aid mu in obtaining the most reliable in foimatiau. .Speaking Spani-h and French, aud having a smattering of Herman, lam not a* yet *u>pe?4cd of being a New S'ork Yankee, hut I oan noi e?cape being discovered after the HentlJ, oon taitnng my epistlea, reaches Vtwa Uru* and tbi* The mt *7- i hough some may not like their contents, I shall not fly the country. I have avoided our lega lism here, though 1 hate letters to the Minister ami f'eeietary. The minister ha* not been here Ibr *< ina time. I found that I could get aloag be*t without knowing them, or their knowing me. I anticipate, when my letter* are reeeived here, that I shall be regarded as an emiesarj of Uncle Ham's, instr ad of being merely an amateur corre?pon<lent of the BtnM, which, by the by*, l bold, e{ the two employment*, is decidedly the most useful and re spectable, for 1 can speak out as 1 think right for or against any one?and diplomat*, even when they have sufficient sense and honesty to tell the naked truth, are tongue-tied by what is called " official propriety." ManuTTat. Newspaper Aeceanli, [From the Mew Orleans I'icayuue. April 8.1 Kauovich, Since our last, the brig Fnion, Capt haa arrived from Verm ('rus, with dates to the 27th ultimo, and the schooner Oregon, Capt. Trenia, from Tumpico, with journals from that city of the same date. \Ve also have files ofpapor* from the city of Mexico three days later than before re ceived, with several letters from our correspondents. From our letters and pajreis w? make up tno follow ing intelligence :? A well informed American resident of Mexico, under dute of the 22d March, writes us that the government will soon be in the gruatost distress. The American indemnity money was nearly spent, and where a further supply was to come from, no one knew. The custom house* were producing less and less everyday. On the 16th March there should have been (280,000 in cash in the treasury some bow or other; but instead of that, a deficiency of (2,600,000 turned up. The samo writer says that the present Minister of F'inance in Mexico does not know what he is about. At present be has a grand project in his head to in give back to the Verm Cruz Kail duce Congress to giv road Company the per cent duties invested in the company, and in order to gain this object, the members of Congress will be tempted with the plan of a railroad to Acapulco. The present road lead ing out of Vera Cruz, onlv two miles long, bus already swallowed some millions of dollars, say all the (rj jier cent duties on imitortsfor the last eight or ten years. A brother of the minister holds the right of a railway a- far as Medellin. I'he |ieople of Vein Cruz are decidedly hostile to the TenuantcpM road, so much so that they wore about to protest aguin-t it at the capital. It was thought, however, their protest would be of no avail. The inhabitants ofTnmpleo appear to regret the depart are of CI en. La Vega, who had started for Yucatan. The Avuntamiento paid him* great honor-previous to Ins depurturo. A company has been formed at the city of Mexico to work the sulphur mines of Popocatepetl. The small pox was -aid to be ruging to analurm ing extent in the cities of Aguas Calieutus and Morelia. We see in ill Monitor an account, to the effect that in ( liihuuhiiu there had been a union effected between the Jesuits and I'uros, with the object of tarrying on hostilities against the government. The exclusive privilege has been granted to Se nores Mariano Ayllon and Vincente l?o?a-to navi gate the lakes and canals of the valley of Mexico for ten years, with steamboats. Some of the Mexican paper* are advocating the necessity of closing such of the convent < a- have not the full number of inmates, and applying tin* funds raised to public instruction and to objects of bene li cence and public utility. Interesting from INtw Mexico. INAI QIBATION OF OOVtltXJU lAMLN s. CAUtOTW? I11S AODIIESS. [From till' fnnta Fe New Mexican. March H i J">' appointed for the iuatiL'u I V' i"(JV,'rn?r ?'""ICS a. Calhoun, the procession formed In frout of hi* residence at half-part 11 o'clock under the superintendence of Wm McJrorty, as Mar-' lhal, tu the following order: ,, _ Music nud escort of honor CoTornor J S. Calhoun, acd ex-Uorernor John Munroc. '1"?. thief Just ice .1. Iloughton Hon llugl, N Smith Secretary of the Territory, and llou lhmaciano Vigil, ex-Secretary of the Territory. Territorial and county officers. Clergy and Bar. < "Otmittce of Arrangements Officers of the Army fit ilea" generally, i. ?... . P'?i?ion of escort of honor lowing Ic'flr ' P?l?c<\ the GoretOOf delivered the fol. or. i- i ' hfl,'r *hieh a salute was flred. and the 10 tU" C",bolir church' Fellow 7o!,RESS '1F om'KR*OIt CAUt<vr\. ? J Itixena:?An era in the history of New Mexico llie'p.'o'pie for jl dfL ,l"' "8 lo 'he capacity of iik F?opl< tor s-lf-govcrnnicnt is to be aolred or.-iu.iw h n as on! ?>?l >?orc glorious I IheVnion ' The f :.nd ''X'-I-O.-I nt States of is In tin' hi.ii I r ? ' * x'00, under I'rovidence is in ilie rumd* of hor own m>u*. and if wii.#* nn.i im.iha tic counsel* prevail, a brilliant destiny awaits ner fir" T* J 1H4S. Interposed a barrier n ? adjustment of ijtiestion> associated with tl? fbr t'h* |"K "! ,c"0,,lp N,-w Mrxir<' fortunately CM t ifc'f lh" ng a-peet of i towered lor n time, has Tauhdted. and it is H rr: ".KHln ?PP*?c above tlw |?.|ittc.,l borl state ui *n )"'.to un iUuatrioua ronjuurtion of ^Istenee t W .7? " VP PC'r,",d U,,ir ??u M'tienl SrV1" y strangle discord and save the review lli V .' i tin,P 11 U ?"* '"y pur,!',!, KIikI- laift.and commend to the consideration of Muiimr -T "'U,tU""ut " rrcordl J '-J "'<? immortal Don ,b? "*"?*? ?"? cheer." have ?dvert!-d \?1 struggle to which I one. and the law wh7ch tTZZZKX < Lt""'n!lt r,LT '/1 'ti m'",t f' -nlt, growing I fflNt ? Ollttwt Till' t'Ol|> f It llf intl .a a..I ..II si... I ,i * ?' -uit? \ruwuiir . r #v-?? "Ya il"' ?'OIUtUullon. and all r extended ^ NelViZ tPe?i"a *lll,""r'" hy and with the ad ' ceand consent of the Senate of the I'nited States has ta'ndl is'f'.r. v, ^ u' r T'u lh,? Individual who ! i OU. I lie office o| 11 over nor <4 New Mexico t'h. ?l"rrt?Ui V I"1' 'l?'"* defined in the third section of the territorial taw In the folk/Wine words ? "1 he tlovernor shall le-lde within said Territory .hall I""' "f th' *??tU therc^Xli S! form the duties and r.-e. ive th,. emoluments of SutJun tendent of Indian atfairs. and shall pr.,ve .TuT, passed by the legislative Assembly l?.f,,r, they shall t ike of said territory and reprieve, f.w offence, against the laws of the 1 lilted f tales, until the decision of (be Prc'i idl" fflr.Vrs^th"";?h.r.-on, la- .bail commissi,m all ra.-ers Who shall la- ap| to offir. under the law. i.i h?.n J " ""--ry -d-hall take care that the taws to tMithfullj PKffVtrd.'' w .i1 W'r:. "''"ir-'d to cause a census or enumeration of the inhabitants of the m-venl countie. to i.l.'V.! district the territory and m give t? each - "-ntntlon in the ratio of its popul ation as near a. may U, (Indians excepted). Further, it Is my duty to order elections for thirteen members of Coum-H twenlv ix io "'ngp.M Th"0""' "I H,P'",'"?'I?"? Kid a l?. legale iijcn m. ibeiw* uii.J VMrioiift other <1 ut!??*< in* im lining V.NamUffiUH.'',,, h "P'"""'"^ "'id a-? i V. P "fficlals previous to tlw meeting of the first '?* K'slature f,.r this territory and these ,Julie. shah discharge with all prudent dispatch. It is uiy purjMise to discharge my ev>-ry dot v w ith tl... KUt'tb ?'? : : U""' ?nd impai: transitioB r?iT, 7 ? ^fs'ly. to the end that in yo?r hitherto unkn * ?'"Kularly rouatituted governnwnt. one .1. . hnhnown to the nianiwrs of tbe limes, to one pendeut upon yourowu wisdom for surhUwsas nwy M-cttre your happiness and prosperity, and upon your Uimneseand patrioti-m for their due enforcement, that r'ihe ,'ny i 1,0;,U' "rdsot tndisturb the rain.U irth, pa-.jou. of mm Kvmoruls nm.t oteur. >ml ra. LTr. lThTl1 IT "W" 'haU be leerle-.l, ,C .ompli-h.,.!. Id the manner uuthoriaed by U. I trust, however, that I way have OMusion to r, move Iwu few snd It is uiy unalterable purpose to lioid tlw .esh-H justice with an luipsrtiai l?nd. and to observe, in all a I n r rstt. .. Tlw prolei tton of p.-rsous and property in Ibis territory den, in. .. and shaU reeeiy. mf earliest eon.nil-rat ion^ Agricultural and ni. rsaotile pursuits call aloud f,w ,,r,u tect o u our mineral and -dLr re^ur. e, m".t he ra e y asc rtaiued. Our .one and .taught... u.u-1 he fitted to take their position with the wis.?t ?f th,. ?ge \ sound merullty, in puttie and private life, luu-t u V-tab li.hof To achieve ti* the people of Mew Mexico these iui|.ortuut nud vseenthtl poiut. for the w. II beine ,,r m 1. vtfioals and communities, requires tit. h- artv*.. .own! Hon of every hoa-st mind wUhin her boH. r. 7 r]T?t *>? ?? p- - ?d"n s u piac, S to H. core t hose grand pur|>ose. ,u " " i LUrr.rT",l"U ' " P,""'"?-J ''T that Hod. wbowst.h sovvr us and ?w.|er. all things aright lav I*lore the .cgislative Assembly such further w< ws and recrmiaiendatloas as I may think wdl advance sod pro mot.- the general good. 1 Iu conelusion, niy fvUow eltia. us 1 call luu.n "?"'"^t.temto/y, bis i^er-Tiery ^ who ba-an abiding affe, tien for bta wife, his daughter his sister, enrh and every one who love, his country 4?d d< sires Its elevation iu a christian point of view 7? well as in the gran bur and magnificence of iu political dea Hny. to aid nndto take an saliva part in attaining 1 he glorious otyects to which. I truet. we justly aaturr \,?i may the t,<d of alt nisdenL of all truth, ot all 1 "filar and ?dull merry, guide u. in the way w? should g,' tiff* in Dos roN.?This morning Arc was iliscovar cd between the IxmkUimlery of H. M. (Wland and tbe wgnraomui Ihitton k Wentw.wlh.m fhe Tl 1 bl 'b7 u . .u ,,u?reM a?'d before it could be checked th* entire contents of both ii-art mrntswereentireiyderiroyed. The origin " ,hP fi t is not known. I he stuck in the wareroom in eiuding scven.l >tat. documents, were entire"; dc Annmal If iUilLfu ^ * P.'rl ^ lh,> , ">e Animal Rnibnau Kcpnits, Kcport of the Commis tosT.'r'.'h t" I:0' ?' Hof,un- tl?* Annual lie j ort of the Agricultural yrwieties of Mbs"aehn?eHs. vr*\? .ri i* 'y *?? e?p,w- (""-i"8' IS .? most entirely,) and a number of small doeuments uoinpletrd. and others partly print ?I'll Tje doeunrobda, la MM. were all saved. 1 he atundipg press,-, in the wareroom and the presa os and tools in the bindery were saved in a damaged stale. 1 he loss in sheet Mock was verj heavy, pa<? tieularw in State doeument", which will hare to b?: The building was owned by Col. Thus. '*? l'e 1 kin-; and is insured at the Union Mutual offire, for f-MM), which will more than cover the lose. Mr. ( ?|? land had no insurance on his stork, ai <1 the lo-* lo several of his customers will l?e .-v ... r, , 11.1.miprs wtu be very heavy. Imttoiv It Vk cut worth were insured at the Merchants' office for ilA.UOO. Their l<n>e can not jet be ascertained. William I'raree. tdmnber an.l K.hnvrd Perkins's re?tanruut, were "omswhat damaged hy water, but they will not Imi delayed iu 'n,,r 7Vww,.rrm< A/r* )4. r' A proclamation has been i<?,ie4 snmmonia* thafan. Ttxeutrtr.l m4 Nwleal. . ,??*' .*r ?Thr beautiful tragic spectacle of U?f. }bl* of TnbuMM." which i? hailed with the most enthusiastic chiSSU. will he presented Ibis evening Mr K Mddr ini tains the character of Cola J? Kienzl with grmt dra matic ability, 'and Miss \S -ra j*h m Claudia, Risosf* daughter, receives what alia richly deserves tha warm est marks of approbation. The other characters are abljr -lutained by the clock company Mice lltOcrt will uliw a favorite ballad, and thr entertainment* will do** wttlk the thrilling drama of -Jack fheppard " The ImiWm character* in thie piece are sustained by Mice s Deals. Mr. Tilton, Mr. Pope. and that excellent stage manager and good actor, Mr II. K. Steven*. Hither of thece tw? piecec would, on an ordinary occasion, draw a goo* house. but when tha two are presented on the name even ing. we should not he urpriced if the house vera crowded. Broadway Thi aiiu ?Tin- success of this establish ment ic wonderful Kvery evening, the houac is filled at an early hour. The cpluudor of the scenery exceeds any thing we have ever seen before. It must have cost ? large sum to present this piece in it* unparalleled magni fies m-e; the interest itevcrgUgH, it is kept up throngh out;?when one iiuagines he has seen alt its beauties, se ine other gorgeous and dazzling feature i* presented. The working of the machinery is excellent?the acting very good, and the dresses and decorations are superla tively grand In tine, the Vision of the Sun is the moat brilliant spectacle we have ever beheld, and will have tha i IVcct of repaylug the manager for his great entcrpriaa. Tin- entertainments will commence with the farce of " I'll he your beeond." with an admirable cast. We ad vise ail who are fund of spectacle to visit the Broadway theatre. Nislo s fi.sro s?The programme for this evening id very attractive. Nearly all the arti-ts, French. Kngliala and American, will appear in their vuriona acts. Mile. Loyo. who is much admired for her graceful riding wilt exercise her dancing horse, which is nightly witnessed with delight. The brothers Loisset are exceedingly cle ver, and will exhibit their great dexterity on horseback. Mr. Katon Stone, the best and most daring rider in tha world, will perform most of liis surprising feats on his hare back steed. Mr Mct'ullain, also a celebrated equee trinii. belongs to this twin There is also another fea ture of great interest, and that is the equestrianism of Mile Marie, whose elassic riding Is nightly rewarded by beers. I!t rtox's Tiikatrk.?Nothing enn exceed the populari ty and great success of this establishment Kvery night the house is crowded witli highly respectable audiences, attracted no doubt, by the beautiful piece* now being performed there, namely :?The excellent comedy of ??hove in a Maze." and the admirable piece called th? "bchool for Tigers.'' We hnve paid particular attention to the performance of -hove in a Maze," and we posi tively pronounce it. from beginning to end, one of tha beet comedies we have seen for years. The piece itwdf is excellent, and tin artists east for the various charac ters arc all men of the first stamp. Lester is the gentle man wherever he is placed. Jordan as |the lover, plays his part evenly throughout; Burton is himself tin- b-st. eulogy we can bestow; Mrs. IIu-m-11 is graceful and ex? (I Ill-lit. and givi - a brilliant picture of woman's un lyiug devotion, when once her heart is fairly caught Johns ton is an admirable comic actor, and Mrs. Kusscll is a general far orilo. The amusements close with the "School lor Tigers.'* Nauosal Thfatcr.?The entertainments at this popu lar retort arc as u.-iihI very attractive. The perform ances will oMmncncc with the dram* of ?? Hasina Mea dows." The character* are all w i ll tilled and the artist* whoapixar in the leading parts. Messrs Hat Wins. Fox, La. furor. Dunn. and Miss Mcatsyer, will be sure to elicit, what they every night receive, the hearty cheer* of tba audit lice. Miss Malvina will a|>pear in a favorite dance, and tile entertainment* will proceed with the farce of a ? Day in I'arie. with Mis* llatliaway in five character*. The oreheslra will neat play the overture to " Massaniel lo." and the entertainment* will terminate with the fa vorite lmllet of the ?? Fri-ky Cobbler." This bill is sun to coiuu-and a crowded bouse. Dt iovciiam's IivcctM.?If untiring industry, energy, and tact combined, can command success,' then tbn most brilliant result* should lie expected from the un wea vying effort* of the manager to enter for the healthy and I'Dcvojitioiiuble aiuusenietit of his patrons. Nn Week pa**o* without the production of some novelty. To-night the performances eommeuee with the "ftpim. of Air," which will lie followiat by I .a Sleilienne, by Mademoiselle Dtjey I1"ere and Mr. fwith. The next feature will be a new comedietta, entitled "T!?** f ?!"??' Cant Cutter.*' A favorite Pa* Heul, by MademoiaeB* t Vies I e. Signer l.orini will sing the celebrated seenjv "bpirita lientle." F. Oriebel will perform a fantasia on. the violin; and the entertaininents will conclude wilU the grand l.urles.jue of the "World s fair." This I* a bill of great attraction, trait wlicu it b known that tka receipts are for the lienefit of Mrs. Krougliam, an admi rable actress and a general favorite, we need scarcely say the house will be crammed I'ii?i?n'? Mimvrki ?.?splendid and varied entertain ments :ire offen d Till- owning by tin' abort celt bra test audirigimil hand of Ethiopian porfTmrrt. constating cliicfty of the best aoug*. trio*. ^uarteltc*. instrument* ph cm. danrini;. mil aitljr njriogi, Tin -ama bountiful tide of suaees* follows thee unriTalli'd performers. Ntriirgcr, now in the city ran enjoy ? very pleasant eve ning by visiting Merlin nils' Mali. Fellows' Mixavai-.i a.?This tale nted and unrivalled band if negro psrf. Truer* are nightly gaining more la public estimation. The prngniiiuiic for to-night ia tt cecdingly attractive. The aoiiga are given with great harmony, and the instrumental |>rrformanrm are exe cuted with strict precision ihirlci-quc opera, dancing and witty tnyings.etillTen the nmuaemcnt* of the eveulng. Sueeesa to the proprietor" Hoax ami Winrv's Minaini La appear every evening at the Coliseum. 1 hey are a very talented eornpany, a let offer a progruuinie consisting of -ome of the most aeiect and aniueiiig aonga, in-trum< utal piece*, dancing ami burle'i|ite*. lilMM i Mi an w.?With famcveranee and aoiiluity this pi pillar resort of amu em. lit lias l?ii made one a? the nmat prospermia places in the country. This after noon. two line piece*, ?? lii* l.a-t leg* " and " Wander ing Minstrel*.' Morton*great pLiyof-AU that (ilit ters t? not (iold " will lie prislueiil thl* evening Thn part taken by Ml*.* Chapman cannot he -urpiiaaed by anjf i ther lady orfttfe. Mr. Clarke, a* Stephen I'luni. i* am ply able to ruetn * In- shine verdict from the mo?t ae v< re critic. Kail not to see this domestic production. Auphitiii star. Una ? at ?Tlie prrfomianees at thi* ? stahii-iinicnt i-oqllnuc to attract delighted crowd*, ami the m-v elite* that have recently been introduced arc re ceived nit h marked demon-t ration* of favor Mr l.ava ter la e, the eelelirated ii(iii|ihri*t. and Mr Mclartand. the great vaiilter. are e.peelal favorite-, whila the riding 1? hold, spiiIteii ami effective. The performance* con clude with the favorite old afterpiece of ?? Hilly Button.'* Tin .iu.[i.ll.i*IAM.?Tile e vorallrd* have sot about a goul work Tiny have determined, so far a* it U ia their powi r. to give elevation to the character of our ma air. Let every pcr-on wlm ran. go and hear them; and our Wi rd for it they will feel lie tnselve* doubly repaid for the time and IrotvWc in doing *o. They gv,e their ? ixt.-culh concert this evening at llopr Chapel. OliMi Com i ri ?Mr. X Inn nt k rIIrcc. the great run poecr, w ill give r musical entertainment at Tripler llall, on Tuesday evening next; am', from the splendid musical pin i? si 1< < ted. together with i lie distinguished ckaraoter of Mr Wnllaee. for III* great mm leu I silence we predict tlint one of the most select Iiiid frohlonablr audlcuowd i verseen within l he walls of I hi* famou* rouoert room, will appear llieie that evening. Mr. Ossiax K Doix.i. of Bo-tnn. who it will be rreol lected. paid to hear Jenny hind in that rlty arrived in town yesterday, and tisik room* at the Irvlug llnus*. We understand In li?* engaged Triplet Halt for fuesdng evening. the 'JIM h of this month 1'avoRama or mi I'ii i.aiw'* Panc.av ?*.?The atiove ia slrurtive (Hiintlng ran be seen nightly at Washlngtoa llall It i? ii elrs, for u* to enter into comment abowk the above panorama a* the crowd* who nightly throng the liall. la -iiMcirut testimony of its merit* I'onavM* o> Ian vso?Thi- earning l*-ot apart for the la-nelll of the t*l? nted tec Hirer, l>r Harry Tboan who hare not yet seen the above Wautiful painling. can enjoy a rich treat by visiting the Minerva Husibj thin evening. < own at Com mow Plena, lirriston by lion Judge Ingraham Aran I ft. Jila Mrti r. I'm (' t/MWva and flsup Afrf'ann.?Thl* cau*e was argued before i the t Nwrt on the 14th in-t wlo n a motion was ma te by tha defend ant*' coun-i I to di.-mi-s the rase f >r want of jurisdiction. The judge gave his ill ct?lon till* day. II* -aid the ob jcrtiou taken by the defendant to the Jnrl*dictlon of lha court, i* well founded The deposition show* that Met atm whose rrstdenee originally wa* In Albany, waa, ?t the Mdm id the -utt. a resident New tlranada, wherw he had la-en for *,,ine time tie could not. therefore, have tain served with pr>.r?*; and not being i resident ? I thi* rountv this court had no juftwtieftoa of the cam. I lo thirty dhird aawttutt "I tha ?od?thili> the jtirintle tion of the court to all case* in which the defrndanta ail imiilo, or are personally ?" rvevt with the summon*, with in thi rltv ot New York; and by the lMth *r* tton. thir I ? bjectiou may lav made, althovmh the same I* not taken ? ither by il<marrer or nn-wrr In this ca-e. the plain Iff* ha* *h?wn affirmatively. fact* which est*hli?h n want of jurisdiction over the race .ind oa that account, the action inu-t b? di-ml**ed (onrt of Ippralvi Before a full bench Aran. If. ?So* .to. hi and 41, three raae* aiik* Ra lert V (srant. respondent again*! John .lohnaan, appel lant This wa appeal on an action of covenant, brought to recover the third instalment on a rertain artlclaaf agreement, in which the plaintiff claimed that tbera wan dm from the defendant the sum of S-T-I, With lataraah fr< m the tir?t of tpril. lMo The claim *?< resisted am the ground that the plaintiff did not fulfil the eiweaant on h'* part, that he refused to give a dent if the prsml ses for a hi- h tbi Indebtedness of the defendant aroaw. nnd which he had agreed to do The action waa tried in .Sullivan county, in IVtob-r, lath, and cornea befora tkh Court of Appeals on a bill "f exception* The lion Snmiiet Foot, the newly appointed Judga l? the res ui of Judge Brwnsou, reelgned, baa liken hi* (*?% ? n the bench. Tift CkBTAMd * in TttK MiNaiaarrt Rtvrrt ? Phff scnger* who arrived here yesterday, bring lha mod mrlnmhcly accounts ot tho condition of tha low lands, especially from the month af lied Rtvaff downward. There are at least fourteen rrrv.vteea between that point an<l thi* ctly, nnd the whala ad the low country ?e*tn* so much to reaemble a fa* nrral intind ition, that it is difficult for traveller* give much specific information. Thare are threw crrta-rc* in Morgan's Bend and its nsighbothsod. in Pointc Cottpce Parish. None of theva b* stopped. Indeed the lahor on them ha* heam stop|wd. The largest of these is at the saw iail'? below pishar's store. Its rush and rov can ?? haard easily at the dietaaee of a mWe sad ahalf It has inundated all the plantation* we*t af Bayaw Kordocbe, between which and the Miaslvsippi all trav elling is now done in ?hi#" Bayou !wt H wholly, and Pla<jweminels nearly, under wntar. Ab Bay on Sara, the water is rnnntag orer the new levee, t'olonel Sja"ar i* at llanuemina, hut has not aneccrded/et.?(Wstai I Vrsrait, Apt J About twenty *cafcr*. with 100 000 iwabv had r*tuMB4 tnmthv Ice to St- John*. B, F ? I'teefavg Iff ApeU L

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