Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 19, 1851, Page 7

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 19, 1851 Page 7
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ORIGINAL articles. TV Sryoaaar*.?Mkrtcfcca of Political an A Personal History. Although the present governor of Connecticut, Thoinas H. Seymour, will not probably be re elected, in consequence of there being a whig ma jority in the Legislature of that State, elect; the family of Seymour seem to be still in luck, by the election of Origen S Seymour, of Litchfield, to Congress, from the district composed of Litchfield and Fairfield counties; which district was repre sented by a whig, (Mr. Butler,) in the last Con gress. < higen S. Seymour is u lawyer of Litchfield, and was speaker of the House last year in the Connecti cut legislature. His father was brother of the late Henry Seymour of thia State, who was a native of 1 Jtchfield, Conn. The son of the latter, Horatio Seymour, was the democratic candidate for Gover nor of New York, at the last election, and was de feated by a very small majority in favor of Wash ishington Hunt. The present Governor of Con necticut, Thomas H. Seymour, is a distant relative of the two we have named, lie was a tellow-student in Capt. Partridge's military school, (then at Mid tllctown, Connecticut,) with Horatio Seymour. David L. Seymour, of Troy, in this State, who was elected to Congress from Rensselaer couuty last fall, is also a relative of Horatio Seymour, und was in Congress with Thomas 11. Seymour, in the 28th Congress, (184:1-5.) The latter gentleman, ' while a member of the House, took the pains to i inquire of enoh member as to the place of his na tivity; and he found forty members in that Con gress who hud emigrated from Connecticut, or whose parents had resided there. The four Seymours we have named are of the de mocratic party, as was the late Henry Seymour, of j this State. His brother, Horatio Scymou-, ot Vermont, wa*, however, a conspicuous whig, and represented that State in the I nited States Senate, t for two terms, or twelve year", vi*., from 1821 to IKC1. William Seymour, a democratic lAwyer, of llinghaiiitoii, Broome county, N.Y., represented the [>elawure and Broome district, in the twenty-fourth Congress, 1835-37. lie was elected over the lute celebrated politician, General Hriatus Root, who then ran as n whig, having formerly represented the same district as a democrat. Seymour received ? majority of 1717 in Delaware, Roots' own county, I ai d Root had a majority of 299 in Broome, the county of Sejmour's residence. The late Ilcnry Seymour emigrated early in life from Litchfield, Connecticut, to Onondaga county, in this Slate, and nfterwurds removed to Utica. where his son, Horatio Seymour, resides. 11c was for a long time conspicuous in the politics of this Stute, and was considered by Mr. Van Buren and the Albany regency, as one of their most sagacious and trustworthy adherents. He was elected to the State Senate in 1815, by the democratic party, two years before the election ot itewilt Clinton, as ?'.overnor. When the latter came into office, in 1817, Air. Seymour co-operated with Mr. V an Buren, ' who wa- then, also, a member of the State Senate, in organising the bucktail party, to oppose the administration of Govornor C linton. Mr. Hammond, who was likewise in the State Senate, from 1818 to 1K22, describes Mr. Henry Seymour as a well bred man, and very gentlemanly in his deportment. His great native shrewdness and sagacity had been improved and highly cultivated by association with genteel society. Asa politician, he was cau tious and wary. His opponents charged him with being jesuitieal, but of this, Mr. Hammond "ays, he cannot speak from his own knowledge: for he ? ertaiulv never gave him any proofs of a wunt of sincerity and eandor. lie wa* then a country mer chant in the county of < "nondaga. His opposition to Guv. Clinton. Mr. H. does not think, originated from personal motives, but, is inclined to believe thut Mr. Seymour thought Mr. Clinton's policy, it sustaiucd,* would endanger the republican party, I und hi' lllkllipK personally to Mr. Van Buren, coutroUe 1 him in his |>olilicul action. Under the tir-t constitution of the State of New York, it will be recollected that appointments to i alike were made by a council, eon*i*ting of the < !o k vernorand four Senator?the latter chosen by the ' Assembly annually, and selected from the four great Senate d strn ts into which the Senate was * then divided. Mr. Van Buren, having organiied th. bucktail party, to operate again"t ? ??v. t lin ton, in 181H, was desirous of having a council of ap pointment cho*tii which should be subservient to his v icws. or which the Governor could not control, but for whose arts, the public would hold him (< 'OV. ? lin ton) responsible. In other words, Mr. Van Furen wi-hed to elect a council which should tie nominally ? lintoniun, but which at th* -uuie time, should ba really hu-tile to the Governor, Partly by manage mcnt, and partly by accident, a council of the cha laeter la-t il" ribed, was actnully choM-u. Al though the < lintonians held a majority in the Ac s. uibly, the Bu.ktuils, led hv Vau Buren, managed lo get up a quarrel respecting two ot tie: candi date*. tor tike council, aud consequently the Sera Ion chosen were I'eter H. Living-ton. labci D Hammond. Henry Yates, and Henry Seymour. ' 'f these, the only sincere friend ot Gov. (.linton wa- Hammond ; Livingston und Seymour were de cided bu- ktail* : \ ales was doubtful, but eventually w. nt wi'Ji the bucktail*. This election of a roun it wa- considered on. of the neatest and mo*t Ingenious of the many |K>litical trick- played by tan Buren. The moment the council win chosen, it wns stated ? thut he wrote to a friend iu' vluinbia county lb. following brief letter;? "All i* safe. Seyiumir! Seymour: SsymoU'. The following year, at Un Legislative -.? ion of 1819, Mr. Seymour wa- cbo-en canal commissioner in opposition*to the lute l.phraiiu Hurt, oH tieu, who was then also a member of the Stute Senate, und hud been then temporarily appointed to the ofiici in cue-lion, by ? l?r. ( linton, in pur-u.uuc ot authority' vested in hiiu by law, a? the vacancy happened in the recess of the I?egi*lat ure. As lr. Hait had many bitter enemies among the old federalists. it was ea-y to intrigue again-', bun with member- of the Legislature, lie w?-. how ever. so - ure of hi- *ucc?i*, that he wa* angry w.lti u friend for suggesting fears that he might be tauten Mr. Seymour wa* nominated In the Senate, where the bucktail- had a majority; and Mr. lUrl .n the Assembly, where th. ( lintoniun* prevailed. Mr. Sfjuioor wa- chosen on joint ballot of the two houses, by a majority <f one vote, receiving -ome tilt em or "twenty" vote* fioni hi* political opp.ni. nt*. the ('lint on bins and fed* ra!i-ts, b- *idc? tin vote* of his own party. Tbl* Wat a second triumph of the hurk'.uil- in the Legislature, thrawh the name ot Seymour; und by putting him in the Canal Board, lli.'y not only thwarted ttio wishes "t Gov. ( linton I y placing a political < no my by hi* -ide. but greatly promoted the bucktail party intcrc-t*. through th sagacity and . \. ici-e of power by Mr. S-yuiour. In 1821, the control of the Hoard of anal C'ominis ?ion<r? w? placed in the hand- of '.he bucktail*, by adding \V illiam Bouek, aherwards (.ovornor, to'lie Hoard. Gov. ( linton was "'ill retained a ?.ne of the commissioner", and so continued until he wa-removed by the Legislature in ' he utbe. coBimiswionei*' were Stephen Van lieumelaer. Snn.n.l Young. and Myron llo'lcy. Ihc lattr; v* ntlcir.an, although h< l.ad been a t lintoniai. I.nully cooperated wiih ale* r* )oung, Seymour aud Fouck. , Seymour continued in the Board of t una ('cmmisaioiier". w. believe, for ti n or twelve jruurs storing wlib h time the tuo-t important of the public works were completed, acsirJu g to the origliw. limited and cmtraeted plan. During his career at commissioner, he em h rived opportunities f> r favorable Investments, amiaenuir* d ?>jr hi* skill and frugality a handsome fort me. lie died at ' tiw, in August, Kb*. Another gentleman of the ni me. roiine-te l With the Albany n geney. a* one o' th- minor member* j ,),?! body, wa* Williuin fVymour of \lbnny. who wa* ? lccted at variou* time* to th.- Common ? oiiBril of that city: und w.m ouee ohu-cn member < f Assembly from Albany county. Iletckiah ? ? Seymour, state 1 ngineer and Pur veyor ?il this -lute", and formerly engineer oi the Lrie railroad; Isaac N. Seymour, Treasurer of the Ihlaware and Hudson (,'nual ' oiupany: and I*:nin Sejm.iui, hil?' 1'resident of the Westcneetef ban*, und now i ashler of the new Bank ot North A metis >a, in this city: arc all. we believe, of the < onnee ticut faniilv ot Seymour*. Two other of these i . u ie tinit Seymours, have tieen in public lite in this city, namely:? rinwldeu* eyniour, who wns clouted A'derm an of the fourth taunt in !*2B; and Jonathan Seymour, who wa* ,4^iwii Assi-iant Abb runtil of the Second ward, in ,t-A; and '21 Thud.leu* mid Seym nir wore huitk ware inerdmiit. m Chat haul square, and hof.li very | opitlur men It wa* de-irMilc on the part ot the ''bI'opb' " men,'' n the purty wa* call.'.I whi li en* r.i a mi/ed in > | p. -Ition to 'I aiiauiaiiy H vM, in I8V.1; t" ?elect u go..?l man to run for (Mercian, in ?i no'-itiort to the then incumbent buna Hall, n dry good* ii.cnV fit. and much e*:eeincd a* a eiti/ iii, ? ut eoiiurrleA with the Tammany Hall uiwl Swusnp rten t .'t 1 lie* Fourth waul Holer tile oV'rul oi nhii'laicie I'lnnltWii* s?ytiioor wa* wla. fed; .ml to He gci-ft.' so:prise ot llie eiti/eiw, n \* G< cteil cm i vide. ma. llivH.whnwa c> i-idercdlhc. irvitie.ble eardida'e c(U' ^Uenip. . na-l-Vu- r. id Lewie Stjmar b?iig broker*, and but little known out of their own store and business, there was a joke at the time, that the '"people's men" had niude a mistake in electing Thoudcus instead of bis brother Lewis, who was the best known, and it was said was supposed to be the candidate wheit bad turned out so unexpectedly was elected. However, Mr. Tkaddeua Seymour inadt a very good Alder men, but only served one year, when lie was suc ceeded by Mr. Samuel Cowdrey of the same politics. Jonathan Seymour was from Hartford, Connec ticut; and coming to this city iu early life, became one of the most digtingui.-bed printers of this city, iu politics, he was a decided whig; of retiring maimers and of liberal disposition. He was for a time connected in the printing business with the late George F. Hopkins; and in the latter part of liis life was engaged in the pupcr commis sion business, still continued by his son, Melanethon L. Seymour. Another of his sons, the lute Daniel Seymour, was distinguished for his literary attain ments, and was one of the most active of the trus tees of the N'ew York Society Library; which in stitution is indebted to his labors for the many valunble collections made by liim in Europe, and added to the library. The name of Seymour, although found among the early emigrants to New England, is not con spicuous in the colonial history of this country, nor was it noted, as we urc aware, in the times of the devolution. So far as public honors arc to be con sidered, the Seymours of America are a modern family, the architects of their own fortunes. in England, the Seymours have been a distin guished family for several centuries. They came over from Normandy with William the Conqueror, in the year lUtti. The original name was Saint Maure, afterwards corrupted to Seymour. <?ne of the most eminent admirals and scverul other com mundors in the navy, as well as officers of the army, liuve been of the name; also the lhikis of Somer set, and other members of both houses of Far liuuicnt. Sketches of the Great Stool Pigeon Gang of Hew York. ONE-EYED THOMPSON. One-eyed Thompson, from his youth, was gifted with more than an ordinary mind, or, at least, his brain wns not balanced in a manner suitable to pass smoothly through this world, without conflicting materially with the rights and privileges of others. All who have read his letters on the event of his suicide, can readily form some opinion as to the character and mind possessed by Thompson, should he apply his abilities to evil instead of good deeds. Thompson was about 35 years of age, born in this city, residing nearly all this time either in it or in its vicinity?consequently was well aware of the habits and customs of city affairs. lie was fond of reading; and in his conversation he was romantic and visionary to a degree?always dealing in mys tery, mysterious movements, continually scheming to a-tound the public mind, whereby he could feed his visionary ideas, by involving the reputation of some fair-famed character in connection with the perpetration of crime. This was Thompson's forte. He aspired to be the Vidocq of New York; and, to attain that notoriety.it became necessary to build up a jritna facie case of crime, in order to discover it to the public. In these last matters, Thompson was not alone, but was assisted by several accomplices. The latter part of Thompson's career, say during the lust few years, he was confined prin cipally to an association with Thomas Warner, the lawyer, out of which association evidently grew the Drury torpedo mystery, and the astounding forgery on Mr. Foster, in which James Arlington Bennet was villainously implicated. All these exploits were evidently the works of Thompson's genius, under matured, deep-laid plans, in which the master tnind of Thompson was clearly discernible to those who in any way were conversant with the character of Thompson's propen-ities. For the pur^e of involving Arlington Bennet, it was necessary to become acquainted with the man, and then devise such plans thereafter as best suited the pioject. Accordingly, Thompson hired a small cottage from Arlington Bennet, down on Long Mand, to re-ide in, and hero their acqu lintunco began. Thompson soon rend the uiud and dis covered the credulity of Mr. Bennet, thereby applying his subjects of conversatim most likely to cfleet the object sought to accomplish. Mr. Bennet, who is a man of learning and ex tensive reading, becomes an admirer of Thompson, invites him to his house, not knowing anything of his previous character; and a neighborly feeling and intercourse took place, apparently, between them. Ift the cbursc of these interviews, during a space of two or three months, Thompson related his whole life to Bennet, embellishing it, as he went along, to suit the circumstances of the ease, mixed up with facts and fiction, until Mr. Bennet be cuiuo completely astounded at the revelations thus made, then got alarmed, and ultimately feared linn, it was during thee friendly visits that 1 bompson ?tole from among Mr. Bonnet's pa pers a letter from Mr. Foster to him, over which signature the writing was extracted by achemicil process, and the sub-dance of a promissory note to a large amount inserted in its place?all by Thomp son. This note, on completion, was put into circu lation, ar.d un endeavor u.udc to trace it to the pos session of Mr. Beunet. The whole soheino failed, and Mr. Ikiintt was honorably acquitted by a jury. W bile Thompson was thus sojourning on the pre mises of Mr. Bonnet, near New Utrecht, Long Island, two very noted characters were entertained by 1 bompson, called Darlington aim Bristol Bill, the burgler, and < hristian Meadows, the Boston engra ver and counterfeiter. Here was a trio, guided bv Thompson'* intellect, and the mechanictl skill of Darlington and Meadows, enough to accomplish al most uny degree ol criuic known to our laws. It is well undent rod that the large quantity of one s altered to tens of the Laglc Bank, Bristol Rhode Dluml, wus executed at this cottage. Mar garet I > i onnor, the mistress of Darlington, was despatched to Boston to circulate the said bill*, uml in. so doing, she wa- arrested, tried, and convicted. Subsequently, she wus liberated from prison on bail, by Warner and Thompson, with an understanding ?be must perjure herself by swearing to such matters were dictated by Warner, when called as a witne-s against the Drurv*. At the fir?t trial. Mirgaret tit onnor was not to lie found, having left the eity with Darlii.gtcn and Meadow*, who look up iheir abod- in Vermont. Pending these trial". Thomp son wa* arrested in Brooklyn ou u charge of being a principal in the torpedo ufliiir, and was commit leu in default of bail, to the King* county jail. During tin* period, Tliomtis* n communicated to t je B ,?tou authorities t|?. whereabout* of Hi i-to| Bill, M i dows, and Margaret O't'oniior, who were all .Inly arreted in Vermont, w. r. convicted of counter fciting. and are dow in the Mate prison. . A* t<> he torpedo afliiir, the fact i? that Iliomwson conducted the whole witter him-clf I be box wa? made by a m in named Mount, 1 bompson* uncle: Thompson fill, d the b .* with the coin bust hie-, and young Drury con vened it to the house for Thompson, with out the know ledge of it- contents. If is gene W* vrJ ,h* "'"rp' do" wa* intended for Mr*- Warner. as Watn-r, the night the bo* wa* , dcliv. red. wa- in i'hibol. Iphia. Mtveral month* tli.-n clap"cd be' seen th. explosion of the " ?<>rpc do and the arrest of the Drury*. and in the iu. an time the famou* *to<d pigeon mnno-uv rc ?ugge'ted by Deorge U.Ik.- to Thompson, took j place, culled th. " iat coum il. ' in whi.-h were cn : gaged, togetaer. tine-Kycd Th. iup*on, Bill Dar lington. alia- Bristol |;(||, William Jenkins, Cra* *ou?, and other*. In tbi?"r.it coun. il, ' Thomp son uml BrDtel Bill acted a' "stool pigeons," un.l an attempt wa* tna.lc to obtain from tno lVory ?ome indication- of confer j?n of guilt. These al , lege.I eor.fr<*ion- were ?aid to have necn mide, and ; "I ':M ?' ? tiow. rtiil attempt w.?" eon by the as sociate J gang to prejudiee the public mind hV fa'. I newsnaja-rs an I oth.'-rwi-e. j , ultimately the whole fabric wu* unwoven, the ' no t".K M I."I I-rtrs nt to the public eye. and thus resulted in the utter deft-a* of the nroV euUons. I |,es la*t bold and desperate schemes .f - or.-p.ra y to c?nvir innocent person* failing to I -u etc.!, apf.rui.-d 111- ? ad.-nth-dmek ?.. Thompson's | tut.ire ope rations, a* on n . occasion thereafter bad I I liomis?on been able to obtain confi.lence through , tn?' 1'iihli. prosecutor. * I be-e last u.v.i-atioii* made against Arlington 1 firm ritr ?'V" '' 'i ''j"?*' ,T,r'' V-"l W.th .. Ml I Ivr pint, at d had they proved -ue fid, n.. donbt Ib-iop*. .nand I o, allfes would have -till continued their wn k.-d and h.-ir.o.i* Crime* against the public icier. But. n- i? turned out, Thompson, finding he ens losing caste in public opinion, instead of favor, f, j* ? l-'nwelf, us a hist resort, w.thu man eallc I I rari.nttin?n former us<*o. nite-aud entered into the matiufa. tui.- ol -ouutcrf-it money, and passing the snme. !?-r.il.ua, was arrested in the net of ,..*"i?g I J be spuriou* ni- i.ey. This I. I urV. ?t J ! i bompson. and. I.tmlly, to hi* la*t net on earth? j the d.stiu. tiimof Id* .xis'-n-. by ruieide. Farn hr.in him-e!t i- i? w In the H.ate l'n-on. W e shall -nntiiinc, fiom time to time, *krtch<Wof j the vnm.iis i i mi.n:il *t. ol fd^eon nftemtimis wltii | wli-.h Tin ip | on Ilk he.ii cor. ,ret-d for th-last ten tr fifteen yearn; ,-oinc of wh.-h will be found I i" be very r* mailable and int. csting. tm lk? P?blk. On the mm* day that our reporter visited the two (a* establishment* of the elty. he al*o ? tatted the establish ruentof Mr. Samuel I?own, m Twenty-tecoud street, near Tenth avenue, where nieteri are manufactured exclu sively fortheManhutUn Oaa Company, a considerable number for the New York (las Company. and also exten aiwely for other gas establishments throughout the V'utted States. The New York companies charge the consumer* for these meters, and also for service pipes; in Philadelphia there is no charge made for either For a long time the public have been dissatisfied more or less with meters, and many have very little confidence in thtui and that for two reasons; first, very few under stand their operation ; and in the second rlace, those who do understand them eannnt determine whether th. y may not have been constructed to Jo too fast, and though their movement will be uniform and regular, they may register too much gas against the consumer, just like a watch that will re glster time faster than it passes. It the meter is made ?? true as the dial to the sun," the consumer can never be wronged by it. On the contrary, the gas ma nufacturer is most liable to suffer when the meter is not properly attended to. It was ascertained a short time ago. that the meters at Washington went twenty per cent too fast, and they were taken down in con*e sequence. The only security the puhlie have at present for the truth of the meter is the character of the m.mu fa. turer, aud the honesty of the gus company who supply then, to the private consumer. But this is not always -at.factory, and it seems necessary to have the meters tested and stumped by an engineer under the Statt or city authorities before being used. A meter is a ni"a m re Uke any other measure, and ought to be regu lated by law. aud subject to the surveillance of U u inspector The works of u meter are like'thowe of u clock or watch, except that instead ot the win. l? htinir moved by springs or weights, they are turned by the action of the ga- in passing through the meter, and the quantity or hulk that thus passes is indicated by sets of hands on the diul plates, corres I.ending to the hour, minute, ami second hands of a watch, numbering thousands, hundred-. al',l tJ'n feet: and in the larger meters. mllUonH. aM hundr,ds of millions. But h?w does the ga? turn tlw works of the meter' It ran only V done with the assistance ot water. Id the gas is admitted into the meter without water, it produces no effect at all, and will move neither wheel. r I, .Ms It will only bo like so much air in it. In the Intel lor (if the meter isa large tin wheel, called a.drum The spare around this wheel is filled up with water to a certain height, called the water hue. which is ascertained by taking out a screw in the side ot the meter, am. al lowing all the water above that aperture to runout. The screw is then inserted, and the ga> is let on over the surli.ee of the water. Th. pressure trom the gasometer, caused bv weight, send the gas with a certain degree of force through the meter All around the drum are fas. ten. d diagonal shaped hollow pieces ot tin. somewhat ic sombllcg the buckets of the wheel of a steamship; and as many of these as are over the surta.e of the water re ceive the pressure una turn the drum, as the gus utuwe* out into the pipe leading t? the burners. The revotut on of the drum causes all the otli.-r wheels connected with It to revolve, and thus the quantity is ascertained, lht action of the gas upon the drum maybe seen at Mr Down's works, through a meter with gla-s side Til moment tlie gas is let on, the drum revolves, th. moment it is shut off, the drum stops. if the pressure is great, the drum will revolve th. fast er, and a greater quantity will pass through in a giveu tiinr If th<* pnwun? i* emails a le**i?r quantity *ill pa>? through At th?> meter manufactory there i- u ga* ometer made w ith great precision, its contents b. - lug ascertained by fiUing it with distil ,-d water and weialiiug it. This gasometer is graduated by a scab in dicating the quantity of gas that passes from it through the meter. For every inch It falls, so much gas must have left it. Thus the meter is tested; and if it is not riuht it in altered wd mwlc right. This is exactly the sort ot thing some public officer ought to have, by which he might test auy meter brought to him for examination by a private consumer. We do not mean to question the integrity or accuracy of Mr. Down, or any other manufacturer of meters in particu lar. but the public ought to have some guarantee that they are not cheated in this description ot measure The meters are of various sixes, from the Urge ones made Tor the UNO of thvgas* manufacturer?, which h?\* a connected with them, and measure half a million feet ol gass in the day. to the smallest slie used by private consumers. The price of an ordinary meter * *H oO. If a meter lias too much water in it. and the whe. 11* too deeply submerged, the pressure of the gas will not be ,v fli. ient tJ turn it. I f. on the other hand, there is no water in the meter, or if the water is too low. the gas wn pass through without any effect upon the meter, and without 1-iug registered. Itence. often, when the employees of the gas companies come round to examine the meters and make thtlr charge for the quarter or half year, they find according to the meter, that there lias been llttl. or no gas c ousumed. How do they act in this emergency Tin y **t down un average quantity. Now it oft?m lap in ns that th. y are deceived, and they cliarge this ave rage quantity when there ha-b.-en little or Perhaps no g?. at all consumed Hen Deputes arise which might l?- nrevented if the gasmen would always inquire Whether any gas has been burned When they find that the meter indicates now. Again, they often make grave mistakes of another description. They enter the figures which they find on the dials tor thousands instead of lor hundreds, or .... and charge accordingly jit . r too mneh or too little. But this is.or ought lobe rac tified the next time they examine the meter, for it is so constructed that It rectifies th. se eirors, and by looking at a meter at any time you can a-certain all the gu? that ever passed through it If all the gas bills when adde* together make the sum total indicated by the dials, then the charges ale correct in the main, though th. rc may have been errors as to particular quarters or half year Every noiu ought to look after his owu meter, aud uu d. rstand it for himself. , There is one very in.|*.rtaot secret In reference to me ters to which the public would do well to attend ten nearly ubl#? the c|iinntity u! ga* ?? ron?ume?l that ought to be or Is ncces?ary. owi g to the full pressure being allowed to come direct on the burner*. iuHeud ?f regula ting i'. ?>v a regulating cock before it pastesinto the in.; t. r When the pressure is groat, much of the go* is wasted bV passing through the buriiei without belug To,mimed, nnd thcnlr is imprepnsted with a deleterious The trut way i* to tin to two cOflM. ouo n *egp STor at the meter, hy which just .ufllclent ga- to light the .stsblishment is bton.and to this no person ought to have acres* but the proprietor or soul" confidential ner-on that he can dejwnd u|s>n. The other rock may W 1. It in t lie cbarge of any person to-hut off or let <>uthe casdallv The quantity necessary for any establishment ran Is- ascertained by experiment, and the best way Is to find what qiiantitv will give sufltcleut light with the burners turued to full ca k By adopting this eounm, ga- ran never be wasted by using too inurh in a part ten lur burner, for it requires the whole extent of the tube to rive enough of light under the duuini-hc.l pre-c-ur.-. As an Illustration of the importance * nr.?urc at the meter, we may nientiou a fart that lias *omc to our knowledge Mr John Elan.gau lawyer r. -iding in Twenty-ninth street, has adopted that plan, and recently, nu comparing l>i* g?a hills with those ot bis neighbor Who has eiaetly the san.e number of burn er.-. and consumes gns the same length of time, he found that he we. not charged more than half a- much by I he gas company It Is ? "? enough to have t? pay a. v. iy high price f'r gas U i- still worse to waste It. I cple . . iiiidiiln of gas smokll g. and say it Is bad or linpuii Tl.. .-au-. of the smoke Is not the Inferior ?r impure quality of the gas. but the excessive quantity pressing through the burner?more than ?,l?p< ''' 'T'lVaht Tin- b< ?t kind of burners?tho?- which show mod. light In proportion to th. gas they consume-are the fi-h Uiled burners The jet burner- are md eeooomiral it is to la- hoped that this statement will be Useful to many of our f. Ilow clllwus. and tluit it will throw light up. n a subject Upon mlt.rh much error prevails owing to want of information. Spiritual MaiilfrtUlloni In (Nnko County. TO Hit: EDITOR OF THE M W YORE HFKAI.D. Sik:?An the column* uf the Hmi/d are at nil timet open to the |>ublic for the investigation of sub jects which interest it< reader*. I cannot ;>sss over the ah?urdity of a roiiiiniinicution in the 7Vi />o nr, without railing your attention to it. It is headed "f*piritual manifestations in < Hsegocnnnty," in i) n- wor to a "Uriah" thrown out by the I ton. tin,ace i iter ley" that some candid observer would more nr cuiu-tuntinlly describe the ? hand raising' nutter," The writer, (O. X. V.,) who " ha? been an observer of Dearly ail the different phase* of t lie manifesta tions." tie scribe* how the hand i* raised by some in visible |?>wer, on railing to the apirit of some de Iuirted relative, and illmdrate* it with the following udierou* fact which occurred in his neighborhood: " A latly was arouss-tlfrniu her slumbers by a strange sensation ia one of her a nis; she awoke, a ad found her aim in a vertical position; she called her hus band, and related tbo incident to hitn, and soon dis covered that hv laving her hand down in a passive position,' (I snonttl like (). N. V. to prove the | nssivencKS of it.) " and calling in the spirit of one of her children, hrrhntnl wonkiriso." i*lie, then, ,-ei m* to know the cause of itsrising, and ask* ?? the spirit of her son W. to .mrry her hand to her head," and " Vt'.," recollecting the force of the roniinand, " llonor thy father, ami thy mother," immediately obeys her inundate, and take* the hand to the " shoulder," the elbow, or, I nbmm. Any other i??rt of the body that itches. "O. S. Y."cor rects tbr supposition that inord- r to becoine a "OM* ilinm" it was necessary to be " innoeulated" by inc of the confraternity mrdmrum, and says that upon want to know if you arc a medium yrnrsalf, you have only to " hiy your hand calmly on a fable ia mm/** me?fi>, and enll on the spirit of some friend, and, if yon possess the a mount of check necessary to Join in, Slid carry on this hum bug and deception, your band will be raised, I sup* pose, ml *tdrra. I concur with "O. N. Y-," in hi* opinion that it " would not pay" to write a more elaborate Mount of the manifestations; although, unfortunately, in this age ?f ndvaneevneiit mi l common *eri?e, buin bng and deception ;my better than truth, candor, and honesty. I mud snv, however, that of all the delasiventinsef.se that was ever brought before an ? nligbtt tied people, the spiritual mania seems to be that most calculated to deprave the human heart, to jriM-liiini n war with integrity and common sense,ami to fot religion and Almighty (Jud him self nt defiance. ,k'in b |j the idea which I entertain of the "?piritiinl manifestation*;" and if any of ) onr leaders ran oonv iuco me tlml I am wrong ? i id it will not be a very ? n-y t.vak, i assure yoit?-I shall he liappy to see such statements from reliable ;>er ron* as will induce me to go mid judge for myself. I be '/V ilmtir'x honorable editor noes not seem to t hi ok the stalcine nt of " t I. M. Y." fn-'t ifled enough; and I most fny. In the langiing" ef Stephen I'luni, " ditto repeated." i have tliv honor to be, sir, your obedient ser. *???'<? .\i- K twyoT. TIM Bm>1I? bMIUto Welieel. On Tueoday evening. the Twelfth Annual Exhibition of this seminary <u held at the Tabernacle. There was a very large au<l reapeelable audience present; In fact, the Tabernacle woe filled to the celling Abaut half-past six o'clock the children arrived, numbering about 170 boys and girls, ranging from eight to eighteen years, accom panied by their teachers and the School Committee. The exercises commenced at seven o'clock with a hymn, sung by all the children, after which an address waa made by Miss Charlotte Dodge and Master James McCombie. A Eulogy on Lafayette and the '* Farmer's Blunder" were then admirably given by Masters Edward McCulrum and Isaac Smith. An Essay on Curiosity was next recited by Masters Williams, liodgroan. Smith and Rogi rs. after which a composition in French was spokeu by MIsgE. E. Rosaclot. The ??Village Lawyer" was next admirably pnurtrayed by Palmer, Merritt, Bullagh, Martin. Brower, Castles ami Wall. Au Essay on Public Virtue was then recited by Master Wm II. CiarrUon, after which a duet and chorus was sung by all the chil dren. The audience was next amused wit li a mark de - bate on the science of phrenology by eighteen of the boys. and it is only justice to say that it was kept up for about twenty minutes with much humor and spirit, so much -o that tin y were frequently interrupted by bursts < f applause from all parts of the house. "Childish specu lations," -Death of Alarlc," and the -Heirs at Fault." were next given by Masters Hamilton, Austin. Mills, 8eliguiau. Rogers, Means, and Muimgrun. after which the ?? Death of John the Buptist" was admirably recited by Miss Mary Taw-bank, a bright-eyed girl of about eight years of age. After she had concluded, there was a simultaneous burst of appleu?e from all parts of the house, which was kept up for several minutes Mr. Rod ger*. the obuiriuun ?f the sehool committee, then came forward, and said that Mr. Greeley, the vico-president, had undertaken to deliver an address that evening, but he went off in the Baltic that moruing. and that he could not come. (A laugh in consequence of this disappoint

ment, and the lato hour at which they received Mr. Greeley's note i. There was no address. The exercises were again resumed with the grand polka de concert, composed by Wm. V. Wallace, after which a reply to Carry was given by Muster F.. C. Merritt; a composition in English wn* then read by Miss E. M Cook; the Death of Munition by Muster D. R. Prim e; u dialogue by Mis- Mary L Bennett. Miss Martha Dun lap and Miss Sarah Fairbanks; enlisting recruits for h< r Majesty, by lleutb Falkner, Courvoisier anil Campbell; alter which Master William II Bullagh recited the Se venth Plague of Egypt, with muoh uppluuse; a shcrt temperance address was next delivered by Master Ford: lie next was a composition by Miss c. H. McKay, and a IS Ik l/.ivll at i.l' \l alk-t .kll I ' A II j# ? n 1. M.l Ik II-.. .... I L dialogue by Master C Austin aud It. Kulkucr; the exer cises concluded with singing, under the direction of pro fessor Charles L. Burties. From the approbation manifested bv the audience du ring I lie exercises. we should judge they were highly pleased with the manner in which the children, both male ami lemnle. acquitted themselves; at all events we were, and we think thut great eredit is due to Mr. Tracy, the principal of the male department, und to Miss llu'r riet Duncan, the principal of the female department, ami to their assistants, for the training they bu\e givn their pupils. Brooklyn City Intelligence! Bovsn or Eoi i xTio*.?iiuii i*l Sinn must?Sr.w School Law.?At a mooting of the common ''-outsell, a short time ago. a statement was required from the Board of Education showing the state of their funds,he., and what sum it would be necessary to raise for school purposes. The Common Council, it should be stated, are now required by the special law to raise by tax for the conduct of the sch aols not b's,? than $ 1 25. nor more than $1 75 for eaoh child, according to the census. The majority of the committee report that the minimum sunt of $1 'M> will be sufficient lor the conduct of the schools. That the present number of children being 24.422. this tax will amount to $30,527 50 And thi y would require in addition? To pay present indebtedness 15.009 08 For special wants of several schools 17.185 OU Total amnnnt to be raised $62721 88 They considered the amount required to be rui-ed under the special act onerous, in view of the ?? new sehool" law. as. by the latter, Brooklyn will have to contribute about Wti.tKM). (receiving for their share- about ?f 1S.00U only.! and they accordingly recommend a petition to ameud the special act by mukiug the minimum tax $50. and the maximum $1. A mioorty report staved that the amount required would be? The tax as above $."<0,527 -'<0 Kxi-ting liabilities 11.341 4" For small repairs 3.435 00 $45,303 4-3 They alto report the sums to be received will be? Tux. as above $30,527 50 t'ouuty 6.700 00 ftatc 0 703 03 I'nder new school law 18.000 00 Total $61,927 SO cliould these several amounts be granted, the tax to be levinl on the city during this year, for school purposes, w ill be as fallows : Tax as before 30.327 50 t'ouuty tax 6.700 00 ftate tax to raise 800.000 OtUt-O 00 Existing liabilities. 11341 93 final! repairs .'1.435 00 Total 4H Tlicy strongly objected to railing for toy moofj n< t imperiously required, a* being in dire-t opposition t<> th* view* of a majority of the rTtlxu, lloth report* were icfemd lan k to too committ-e. aud a resolution *?? finally adopted to |mHH?? th# 1-egialahure for an amend ment of tlie sps-cial art. m> that the ?utn to be i,xi*e.j alto gether. may not exceed the range of from $1 2b to f I tor each child, exclusive of the sum* required for cite,.-, building* and repair* of school hou?c*. Military 1'aram?Tiik riarr Moovi u.iit Putt.? The first company of t.'ontincntal Guards, under the command of Lieut. B. (>. Edmund*, paraded all the prin cipal street.* of llrooklyn, 011 Mouday ixcuing. und in their unique and hrilliant uniform. presented a very pleasing and hand-miie appearance. Thi* was the flr-t mooulight drill of thi* *ea*on, and several are In '-onteui platiou by the various companiea of thin locality A lloxriT**?.>: Kii/irnois.?Thomas Welsh appeared before the police court yesterday. laptkir with Mi ihacl Ib.niisgan and t'hriatopher Harrington, to answer a charge of disorderly conduct, all huxitiK teen f.uicl lighting in a houae in Myrtle avenue, near Clinton. Um ev. ning liefore. It *eenie<| that Welsh had ouly that ? ftirnoon arrivtd front " the old country, and hating " lallen in" with come acquaintance*, and Indulged pretty freely, tbey very kxhi. ? u-u.il had a - fallitig ?tit," and a row cusuid. The juatice flood Dnnns can f 10. and each of the other* V", and, In default committed them for 'JO day* to City Prison. King's County Clrrult Court. Before the lion. X. II. Morne. Judge. ni:tt ito?- noiiivor xivhkixmk.?$JUU()damaok*. Amu. 17? Hunrr c* Smith.?Thi* action w?* brought hy Mine Cornelia liiinee. a *pin*tcr forty year* of keep, lug a U.irding hou*e in William sburg. again-l Mr J ?din fmuth a yapau-worher. carrying on hu?ine** in "sew York, at the corner of Water and Beekman *treet?; hut al-o lot merly residing in W tlliamnburg, ami aged al cut -ixty The ca*e appeared to have excited Mate Interest and a nnnteroii* audience attendeil the court room n'l day while It was proceeding, having be*u opened tin evi ning hefnre It rt eased that the defendant had, a long time ago heen acquainted with the plaintiff* family, which Intl lui.ry **? renewed In lkll?. when he wa* In the habit of vieiting them, and spent a go-al deal of time In niti-dcal entertainment* thi re. vocal ami instrumental a pur-uit of which he wa* very fond ; and **w.i* allege,! on the one aide, he wa* extremely attentive to the plaintiff to whom he made an olh r i f marriage. That in October 1*M> the e attention* ceased and the .1* fend.- nt married another lady That h? wrote the plaintiff a letter in that month, in which he excused himself, on th- ground ? fill health, and In November, he wroke t? Mr. I.ihm. a relative of the plaintiff '*. Inform log him he had bul married to a person wh<>ni he had never ?????n but twice, by the persuasion and will cf hi* ibMrvn. wbieh he eoulil not re*i*t ; again alluding to hi* ill In altb aud wishing him to bnaak the subject to Ihe ilalntiff 1'er tlie defence the prouii-? as deni< d. and a ?p* ial answer put In that the defendant *** fu- apatle <>f en tering Into the marriage *tate. t? thi* latter porting of tin answer, the plaintiff put in uo reply !*ct. ml witne*..'* were examined on both ?ide* Sir* Abraham-, the plaintiff * *i-tcr, proved that ?h had known the defendant twelve year*, ami be vi*lt?d at Ihelr In use in IMP, and that he had been Very attentive and insisted on seeing her *l*ter In her hod-room When -be wa* ?ery III That, he frequently came aft- r the and feared in the month of Oetober. 1MB, That he had fa ii ??d her sister to move intoom-nf hi* houae* whet* In had nil the repair* and alterations done a* 'he de sin <1; that her sister wa* to pay I?0 a year fit It. ami Hint she lived thi re still Mis* Tihhall and *ci ? ml wltne?*e? w< re called t' -how Ihu conduct and deportment of the parties, and I e n Miisarll. a servant, and John Henry l.abau a nephew, of tin- plaintiff proved that they, Isdng In th? kitchen rosild hear person* talking in the parlor hy mean* of a S|* nklng tube or trumpet and that they did oVUfheat certain conversation*. In one of wlih It he bad asked whether-hedid not hue him, and ?ho ?aid y u are mine, and *o forth It wa* also prove I thutcnsoui" ? fen-ion* the ?!* fi ndant hail lawn very 111. and the plain tiff had paid him very de lie ate aitentino#, bathing hi* I' cd kc f and that be boJ ?o t*Y VfYk*)' "" '"jri Ib'.T'. *11 night The letter* aliuts tu-nili nod ?. r#fdlt in ? tl dci.ee. The ilef*ndant * cnun el argued that the answer In had ptit in. ami which wa* admitted on the pis adlng* to he true, wa* a sufficient an*w.-r to the whole !or a court Would never coni|icl a *perifle pi I Human I' of a void con tract, and In thi* ca-o any marriage which might have lai n had between them might !*? annulled un.br the llevuu d Statute*, (vol i. page Jul. ??-tinn If.) but be wi old |irove the case Th?t the d"fenilant was *o itiflrm that In* chldiren. <>T whom he had flv. (a* al?o twenty grand* hihlrx n.) had tonight about the ? coo.I marriage In c.rdsr to secure him the unre-sary attendance of n nur-e ; that a* the wife had been forewarned the statute above mentioned would not apply These faet* were de posed to by a pkmielnn. who proved that Iks deb n lant had had severe attach* nf paralysis ami was completely prostrated phy Icnlly and ennsMnaMy *o In hi* mental |kiwi r*. i T lie defendant wa* In court, m lug*eated at tin ci tinsel'* table ; hi* appearance did not betray any gr. at di I illly A wltnef*. Mr* Wyman, who accia ipanled He defen dant Ml the I crnsbin of his going to *ee tl?e | laiutiff ill her b. dr.* m gave a Very different net "Wnt iff th. .<c. ityvnee statingthut it ?b? nt the plaintiff * d-4re tin defendant r; me lip stair*, he having flr-t declined to do ?< , and that ths rc wn* nothing like |oxe making bu 1 HI ordi nary fsmveteathwi; al-o tlmt Mi*? Hun e had rotHtantljT been at h< r houae af.er Mr Xudth. until h r vi-lt* w- re made a subject of remark, an t he blmsrif h i I g n>? nto his own r<? m to avoid her. The evlds nc? of wliirh the alHitel* only a syniq.-i-. oreupied the eourt allxlny (*;?.? the rscess of ons. hour) until nearly ?evei| 0 clock wlcn the ci nnsil on each side *umm<*t up 1 tie Judge c ?i clinh d hi* charge *hoiit half pn?t nine ami the Jury rs tiled, and after an ahaenesi iff halt au hour th. y rfftnfwed Into court with a vrrdict for Um j-U'.r' ff P m.xgv* Cltasl KjMM ClN.ll CMrt. Before Uon Judge Nelson tHAf.UE OF ll.'MI NKUtoM ON THE LAW KCNPCCTINO HIE Kit, Iff* OK FATTWTKES. Aran. 17?.11/rrd Hall vs ./uka H'Urt?Thi* ww an ac tion for the infringement of a patent tor making brick* flic i?u? was tried on a former occasion. whcu it uci u pied the . .urt.ightdaya. aud it ha. no. iZ '.Tui (i>r the lust six days Messrs A I. Jordau aud Staples having ronrluded the summing "P on th- part ..f the plamt1unt' Mr * B Cuttin* cl?^1 on behalf of the Judge Nelson then proceeded to charge the jury He raid the patent in controversy iu thie rau^ wa* /ranted on the M September. IWJ. and is for an improvement In the construe tion of the brick pre-., or moulding machine or making brick. The deeeriptioii i? ?-t forth with tenu*P*r?i^ll!Srl,r *id 1 ?*> ? fi'nrnev.. by the pa ir ..,11' .V*';. '' ?**" proJu'-ed, which render part* of'ti/ After d-va-ribing the various Kth u !! the plaintitf then clone- ?* U usual. , laiin. rT. ?n "f Particular thing, which he vou^atten^' T"nT "nJ ?? ?*"> ' -''-11 now call on bv rin " i.firKt, U th?" Wfc'meilt elide, acted [?r ,on/ie, .. ? ? "fr*1 thr platen or hop - vri presapl -m"of th^,7erture The pa^nU'ehdmr'next t hat he was the original inventor of the combination of the carriage K. ..upended at It. rear end in the tram, with the connecting rod. and shall f ,r freeing the in i Chinetrow oh.tr(letIon. The contraction of the cur r ' . "a1}* itM " from d,rt, *?., meaning all the p rt* u.ed hy the patentee iu the ron.-truction of tiiin pu:""<"' ?nl-nded. that I- to ne? it fW.niUirt, which .rem. to have been a difficult thing in thcac machine.; thin arrangement the plaintiff claim* a. ill. invention, and the carriage tliu- arranged in combination with the moveable carriage y construct-' cd in the mode pointed oat in lii. Ifi.-utloii Tlo-.e are Ihe three thing, he claim., each of which he -uppo.-e to he an improvement on all prior machine, in u-e a cina'l' >rV< t riwhether ori f.oH e ? t-the contrivance i. de.-titutc of utility, and ^ ,;v <?"rr,'?,' into practical effect, and wu- abau uta by tin* )?at<*ijt?'?* iiiuuoUUtclv. The defendant'* Xt'-T (""iiT'!Mi11? :">d then they In l.t lut H- thi* claim t. invalid either from want of o-hri. n- lity or utility, the whole patent become-, therefore J It Jin* I* ? qii-dion of law for the Court tod-rlilc' It i- argued by thedefeudant. that in order to have -?v ? the patent the patentee .hould ha,., di-claimed thi. r of ...jat- nt. under the Ttli and ?th ti..,i - of the art tonvortVthi. di.rlaiiiier and t ri.-idit, tin- .uit nan not be maintained and that r,?r,, t "Znf\rix-s fjSA * refi-1 red to, and I am of opinim* that thU ?uit inav be muiutain?Hl under the two Motion- m-v. nth and ninth I <'"*>!? ""twitI.Mat,ding , dleC ,1" made or recorded; hut. in that ea.e. the plaintiff w..uld not be entitled to co.,. I have aiway. henfo?" b. h-r,.'T'k A "f '?<?! but had never w -ore hH.ked partienhirly Into it The prorl-ion in the ninth-ectlou. that non?t- ,hall In- tvcoveivd nnle-. i the "',U"'r ,'nt,'*.r,'J l" f"r'',h'' ?'-rtainiy -how- th it th? action may be maintained for other parts ..I the in Tenth.n. if tftedi-clainterha. been mid "n , i.Uen d "m"' before th.' .uit ha- beer, in-tituted fi rocovern coat* in the u*u*1 way. iude pcnd.nty.Jaoy,,,, tion of di.ctaimer; but it in the pro f ?f ,bt trittl ?? turn- out tluit a di.claiiner on-lit to lave been made a. to part of hi. claim, h- may recover but -hall not be entitled to Co?-. Another -Son nrtN . under tin. mretlou whether tlo rc ha. bee,', uurea .enable delay cr negligence in making a dJ-claimor'?but tliMt.l. a que.tion which g-a-. to tlie.riglit of action; If the de ny .how- great negligence, the jury may -ay that th ? applies< iJv In th " pr7NI"n', ''' ^b..ing d^Vilno r applo . only in the ca.e where th.' j.art claimed by the patentee i. a material aud .uhstautial j?art of the thing patentelj, of which he I. not the inventor Thit d.-eiuimcr. hen-fore, only a,.pile, to a ca-c where' th- thing U a mat. rial and substantial part of the niiichiue invented. Tin- que-tion. therefor - r ?h ln,.J"",uu,1?,' l" the determination of the right. f the party, miles it lie de.crihed u< a material and essential part of it. or has been Introduced into the d-'.cription to mi.lead the public I am of opinion if you tindthst this -lid- or spring i? not e -en,ial to ,he machine, and inn- not lieen introdue-al into the patent to U t'a'tem' ?.bUe- U "0?r",ind f'-'r invalidating t o patent. Then, a. to th. ..-eond claim, it i- a. I liave Patent''tha* ti l ,,"U Ti"w ' bare taken of thi. pah nt, the question prrM-ntrd in the .. eond cl.iim will b- louiid. i think luvolred in the material one that ar..e. under the third claim. There,ore it is n* to to' ihta ? ."VT- "u<'n,i"n witli great particularity I this c-cond claim. In order to illu-trate thi. i, ?P I" tbe combination of the carriage .. a. ron.-trurted with the ronnectlug rods and shafts h.r Ireeing it from obstruction?now, if thi. carriage which is one part of the combination, n- arranged by tlie pi leiiU'e. i. a new improvement, then that, combined With the contrivance for letting it d-wo. though the I it termaybe old, tlie invention of the carriage. If useful cju.bli.ed with the old contrivance, will maintain th c. ml'V'"1/ !'' *'COIld rt,UM''l?UUH! part ..r th comldnation Is ing new, when united with an old co? H r?"k"K , ee-.arily a new om ul d to I. e at ^T'.1 I1*** ,u "" 'bird claim, and to U? real point iu controversy, which i V ' ba?e alria.ly stat.d it This arrangement of carriage, i- a di?tlnct an 1 luj. pendeot elaJni a mat-rial and substantial one. and without which the substratum ol the invention w< iihl fail Tbi< ? rings the ease very much to the point whether that carnage, constructed a. it Is f.,?u,| iu ,i?. speciftcation and III the model, taking it altogether |. ?( i-.. |f ?? im pro,eiiieut Upon llu carriage, which had Wit in u? prior to the invention of th- plalutill This 1? ueer--ai v to upliuld the third claim, and if maiiitalued it will m* hold the M-cond. This is a .,u.-tlon ..| fa-t A giwitt deal of eyktrnce fas been given oa l-.tli .|,|.. all l-ar mg ?n thispoint : and excptith.it, lore are gone legal principles hearing on the que,Ton of fact, and iu which I may aid you. it Is u question which must h. determine.J hy the good sense and souu l judgment ol <h. jury It rise ih ;,Ur." ' *bether this W?. the f.r.t hed or car IP t Irnd ? nr l*rn ii ?id I** ?ait* it i? ndmittfU ft.lt 41 carriages and b-d- had brf.w. I.c, used. b? tl" ,,, X . ''bvMm iff - carriage as e instruct, shirh im 'r , " substantlaJ improveiu. nt for lijrh it I* ii-imI mi alt i,( (Im* pfr%i(n|q r^rrb/. i A W Change would not be sufficient ; ...el, as^ c'tn,*.'7? it proportieu. a change of lorm in f I..- instrument or ? oiitrivance ; a different shape Would not be a change within tli* meaning uf the law. In tin- il-u of mi im mnXTn 'TV" r'J ? "???rivai.c-of suffieient imp.-r t ,V !" V. Kr*e "f b-'Ug the subject or a new and m Bu'ii,ii " i ? TT "some origi.mlit, and m.ui. thing suh-tantui! in the riiange nr.slu. ii?tf a more u?ful eff.ct and o,s ration |, ^..,-7 .T ' , hav-'"b-en"'mod'I'" "" ?"?P'U'el.wnt claim..I to suffi 1.7 , V "hi instrument, aud whk li is ..t ' ' Iini-rtanc. t? become the subject of spat-nt. the jury Imve th. right to take into ron?d.r? tn u ii. ruunertIon with the change, the result Which Z\,\Zrn ,,r,rJ"', ,;f"r "'is reason that the result ? gnutly more Is ii. tt. ia|?gr. ally mori' li.eful than the old ii mmirr upon whirh it i*? un impivYi io**ut if ^u? h !? t:: '1 '? ? reti.'v, hick. and tern,, t'o t ' 1 *""" d''rr,r "'e imporiance ?r tlx. def.nXn, .1" . ,hr ''"rued rouu-el lor the dehndant. that as r.-.|-. t. this carriage a- cmstrncted jy the patentee, that it is to l? regar.l. d as einltn.eiiig a 1st Bi'T i"" 'a within the principle, of the wh.,1?.. .*.T " , ."l "nl,'u "" 'b b has take,, the whoh . | the eomhinallon he Is n..| liable My own eon rucilo,, ef tb" uet Is. that (hat nrl?el,4e d n-T!mdv If tbe plaint ill in your judgment, lias maiutaiue 1 Vu,a be carriag.. cmatrueted hy l.iu, is a sub-lautial I I r T',""!' T"[lT.!"D7TU<"tl0"" i- ? mine., 'b* eht-sTalum g ,n.. II )OU believe ||,e evld-ne- su-tains these view- the hn um |,t",V'" 1" TT ,f b. lieVeThe de U"1 'bis earring- i.- no iinpruvement hi-vq n ??< ?? the |uitent inu-t fail t-. r rn:'\HX n.at ,c onrnTf- n I'lalmlff Is a stl s-tant.ul Improvement ? r tVe - r?" !rJ" "o n 'he question |g.w hell,. h t of7, T ,7w 7 d-f.nd?.it Is Id..,thai with m . Ih . 'ben It is SI, infriugment. I--. I... t? li.k I'w " "?r D"?,h' r i- r-on has a rigid to we it Without hi- permission If the plaintiff s earrUvg. a substantial impruienMnt on all prv vioua ones, then ? ""defendant must prove that his carriage Is different fr. u, that of th. pUintlfT. 5d.,m ,X. ," ? urnir-g that v-u arrive at theroulusinu that the rights of the plaintiff have been Infringed. Is one of niln-r - on sol.'-ration, the great que tion I- Ingtlif right of the party to th. maclnm Tbe r?l. of |.,w win ., the lufiiugWnt i m->d- out. is I.- give t.. the plaintiff the wetu.il l.cs wherh it .. ?stal.li-hed he |,Us I a,?| ? ares ii th T rV ,"l'lttry "?? rlnd.rtive dam ?g- ? It th. damages ur. insiiffi. i.-nt. II,. re Is a pr..v hi .,, Tl 1 7 h"r,'"IK "" r ",r' '" 11 "b" '?? triple them ? Id VlTth.I ?i.'Vr.V.V' T'lV'.a1" "" *11 'b* "Whines L . 7 . detenu .ml. If th- eau I- mad- out. son,,. M .'n .7. ti ' "'Id by the defeo.lsnt. but tl. r.. has a. i.l I rV.T.1 '" "bie or tell Of tti.in, whir Ii lh' * ?????"<?? 'be Tbejunr afl-va dewt .1.-lil-ration. br light in ? v. r ?Ji:t fcr ili* pUititiff of dNtiiKK' ? IMPOP TAXr to PATFaXTr.l-*. ThC is^ii-hni r r,,%ju r,"?n Inrring. u? ?t of patent f .r the the dir. ' " . "" of " S|.|S a re. I f.r IX Xi I'l ,Ur Jlr,r""n ' f the court the 7hT ?""'"T"""' lr' bl- th- amount sought w).? ;HrWrW ' ?^ber cases in which a riutiiur ruling hUi* t>1 frul imtnt Vwtnd ?Tb? (traii?1 Jury r-ixn?* Into court, and handed in true bills in the following raw- ? Ii . i'*^ f'"1** *s Iran-is MUllams.John Burns Martin Meekin..lame. Itr wn. Jaiues piiliivmi. \\ illism j iTI 1^ HutiplirK R<?Wrt Kntin.JiiDK !* and Edward W ilson, for a revolt on Iward tb. American -hip Isaac Webb, lying in the Kast Itiver; th-l nit >d Mates against ? .1 Chas. and George ptouffer for cruel and .-tiiiMMl pi.niahment inffi. t-<1 on Henry Wilson on isurd the ship New Hampshire; th. I nit d Mates ugain-t ?tanira \-saar. Jr . for en,be cling a lelt-r the I tilted Mate* against tUmuel shearer, for htreeuy of -old du-t on ,b. high m?. .he lniie,i dtutc. ajiiit"ThWas Msg raw. for taking a letter from tb.s i*ost Office ti?, t nit-d Mates against William .-wart/ and Joaiah Ph.-,. lord f- r po-s. awing counterfeit g?td d-.lUrs TU ? curt tb?n adjourned over till Saturday ui riling ?Nprtnir Court?Clrrnlt. 8t toto linn JihIk<- Mttrhi II tim 1* ? III lli? <-h? of t'lirrliietun T? Ihr Now Vnrk ? til llarlitn Kmlrnml Ihr jury ivmlrrnl a ?mlml n-nllrt utatinp tlmt th"? U U? ifil Iht- htiU'iof tin plaintiff t'mk (!*?? Oi ni tfiurli' fri iii Ml# c>f th?> I ?ci>ni"!lrin on tlw Urn-; hut a* tin y ? onlil uot lay il w?a I hrnuj;li ni-iflltfi noo or c?l?'a ? n? ? lh< y foiitul a Iirtllrl for Ihr ilrleliilMU tnprrlAr Conrt. IWton lion .linl|fi' -niiilf"ril tlA'i " ?tvlnt'cr V l'?*l if. J An .1 P ItVfrirrff. U tr *%rrif Tnia aa? an notion of trypan a .-a n-l til lali- i In rm fin Ho nlt>'(Tf d illi-ral arlinro of a quantity of bArilwaro. tin' pmprrty if I ft* pUintllT uimjr liy tli ? ilift in not mull r an ramitli-n nfr*ln*f .1 W Pnat an I tlir Vi I raafnnl in Ihr i??r IHT. Tim cnnr ??i tria I vbtr tffi'ff ocvi Uii ^7 Ui J not n^ '-r feali 1 Tvrilk" Before the Recorder and Aldermen Kelly u4 MorgtS. Aran. 16 ? StnUnrr of an oU ofonder?Norman Bag try. who he* frequently been before the Court on chnrpM off receiving money stolen by women, war thin morning plarrd at the bar .barged with receiving fiWJ, which was stolen from one Alexander Muutarg. nt the Onrey House, Jersey City ou the 3d of Mnrrh. last A nan named Chnrlea Norman was charged with the theft, hoe the authorities deeming Hagley the greatest offender, re tained Norman aa State a evidenre to be uaed aguiaat him Bagley concluded not to stand a trial . he plriuied guilty to the iudictmcut. uud wus ? nUn>-i to the Mate prison for four ycara. ? I lighl-tingried Hot Act ?An inaor. ul-appmring young man indicted uuder the name ot William l.ewia, fhia real uamc, wo learn. i? Luce; waa called to uke hia trial, on a charge of graud larceiy, in etea'.ing a watch. worth filial. Iron, Mr Frederick Itcichard. of 01 Clinton Place, under the following circumstance* ?The prisoner waa a hair dresser, in the employ of Mr OifHii. in Hroadway, opposite Delmonios's hotel. On the "JTth of March, Mr. Keichard went to Mr (lifttn's estabtisluncnt, to liave Lis hair dressed Th, prisoner waitvd on him. und took off, not only his su|icrtiuous hair, but his watch, which he niaiiHgeU to remove so adroitly aa to attract no attention. Mr. itcichard discovered his Ins* shortly after he left tha shop ; ke therefore returned, and a-Led the prisoner about the watch Lewis denied all knowledge ot it, and Mr It immediately applied to et-officer lUlyea, who went forthwith to Mr (iiflln. and Informed him of the circumstances under which Mr K. lost his property. Mr. I! instituted a search, which resultwi in the discovery of the watch, iu the bed occupied by Lewis lie was there for,' taken into custody, ami the above-mentioned facts were clearly proven There was no defence offered The prisoner was found guilty, and seutenccd to the Mate I'risou for two years Tin Jvhn S 'J'ay!ur to win,in reference was made iu our "Sessions Report ' of yesterday. as having b*-en robb?sf of VJNi, at ? West Rrisuiway. resides at Newburg. or some village on the Nortli Itiver. in that vicinity. Aran. 17?Theft nf Can tat' .Spring* ?Two men named David Strait and John Joliuson, were indi-'ta-d for graud larceny. In stealing a i.umher'of carriage springs, the property of W in llarriman of llnsnne street The prisoners pleaded guilty to petit larceny, slating th.it they did not intend to steal the property. but mi rely took it as they said " in fun The court did not ?cem to think the prisoners were thieve- and thevforc a,-, copied the plea of petit larceny and suspended judgment Striding Monry?George Gluis-a-nbcrgh. a young German who could with difficulty sp, ilk Kug.ish. pleaded guilty to grand larceny in stealing j.'LK) 11 money, c insisting of liank notes and gold eoin fr, in John I'hilllps of No 1 ill1, Greenwich street Part of the money was found '>u th" prison, r. who confessed his guilt Th- court -cuteneed hint to tiie Mate prison for three year Jiurglnry ami H and tommy?\V illiatii Cavcnaffh was placed at the bar chargeu with burglary and graud lar ceny. in entering the clothing store of A 0 Getlcs, No. 7k Ve-cy street. on the the l illi of March, and itoaling about t >0 worlli of properly, consisting of liandkerehicf-, and articles of clothing. The prisoner wus seen by a po liceman. to go into an empty tenement iu the in ighbor ho d of .Mr Gettes' store, and 1,-posit a bundle, thorn and make off again. The policeman examines! the liumlle. uud found that it contains,! haudkcrchlcfa He took it away, but ou cousulting with another offie, r it was concluded to replace tie.' bundle where it nu- left and await tin, return of the p--mn who placed it there The officers had ju-t completed their arrangements, when the prisoner approached in great haste, gathered up tin- handkerchief-, uud was making off w hen one of the policemen hailed him. and asked hilu what he had. lie replied that he did not know; it wa miUi,'thing he had just hit hi.- foot agaiust. and so pinked it up; it was nothing lie said, that la-lung, ,] to Lim Of the last fart the officer was well eatisficJ. and so took the. prisoner and property into cuntodv. and conveyed tbcm to the Third ward station house, where the property wus soou claimed by Mr. Gettes. Tho prisoner stoutly denied the theft; but as he could give no reasonable account of his possession of the handkerchiefs, the jury fouud him guilty. I 'avenagh stated to the Court that he had been ia the country hut about tour mouths. Recorder?Did you intend to become a eitix'n ! Prisoner?Yes. sir. Recorder?And in four months after you arrivid you engaged in a burglary. Now. such people as you, who nunc to our country, "to enjoy the benefit of fri-c institu tion-. seem to think that freedom consists in setting the law- at defiance. The only way. therefore, to convince you that we have le.ws which must be obeyed is. to make you feci the effect of breaking theni The nenteu" ot the Court is. that you is- imprisoned in the 3tutc p:?i-on at Sing Mug. at hard labor, for four year Slon Hi inking?Wowing up a Soft?Two men n.uu-d John Williams and Henry Mnith were placed at tb" bar. charged with feloniously entering the wholesale gns-ery store of Messrs. Alger It llrolher. corner of Dry and West streets, on the night of the loth of March, and stealing theiwfrom f'Joj in bank hills, a draft for $100. a check for and about t*7? 7u in small change Mr. Seneca Alger testified that, on the morning of the loth or ll'h of Match he found his store In charge of pAtnearn. who in formed him thut it hud been broken open during the night previous. On going iuto the store, Mr. A dis covered that his iron -ate had bevu blown open l,y the use of gunpowder. The outer door ot the safe had been Mown entirely off. and had apparently boon the iwn up tlirs ugh the ceiling mid fallen again upon the floor. The inner door, upon which was ? complicated lock, was also destroyed, und thn- aece-- gained to th, laluaMes which the safe contain, ,1 According to the testimony, it 4p p. a red that, at about 1J o'clock ou the night of tho Kith ol March. Mr \Vailing, a privato watchman in ihc n> gli* Is'tlns d of Mr. Alger's, h, aid a creaking n.si-r, as if made by the opening of a d,s,r. and on cully he -aw th ? prisoners going toward., the d's k lit- niiue l?i,{riy cried ??stop thief," and made after them They took to their heils. but ran in nounter directions?one going up D, y street, and the other starting off down town. II a-iu: the cry of " stop thief ' several officers *?> re on I he u? rt. and the prisoner* ?w l?fh secured before they had run far Williams liu,l some of Mr. Alger's prop, -ty on hi- person when arrested, lie. therefore, plead* d ?, lilt*; aud Is-ing put on tiie land, swore that Rniitli ?..* not Willi Ihui Tin proof. however, was. thai wh-n Aiit'tUl wa.- arrest, d. hi- hands a, re be-uu ar, 1 wilh auup si r. ami he hn,l the odor of fliat combustible intl' i .al in his clothes Slid about Ills person to a degree that at Ole'e at trueti-d the att< nthni of the ofllcera of police; tier,'was also found near wlo-re he was arrested a ell" k, whi--li Mr Alger rteognlxed and ideulllied a* one that had been r, ui' icd from his slon The prisoner on a hard run when overlak, n by tin- officers AU the c circiaistaticc* coBihiniug against him. the jury. without leaving their .oats, returned a verdict of guilty of graud iu ? oy against Smith The prisoners were tlo-n ? ,dVd up for sentence; and the Recorder. after nduilul-terin;* *. ? *.*,'-e oral castigatioo to Iheni. eelilcuced them to Ih, Bia'c pri-on?William, for five years; and f mitli f r l'-,u ' years anil six mouths, C'hu t' ,;f . it ault and Hc'trry. with mint! In 17 I ? t fir r man. mined Frederick Huirirkcr. wn put on trial, charged wilh shooting Fraiiei* t'avrnngh wrjth in'.-nt to kill liim. ? n the 17lh of December I..si I'he ?? ,mp.ainan'. t'avenagh. l?'ing raited to tiie stand testified that be lived In 1 h** anie h-u e with the d fr tula ill. of wR, m h> n tiled apurtm* nts The house was on th Tlrrd ar, owe. near Fortieth street On the night 'J th, a<sau't w.tn, lmd be* n out wilh his wif, and culliug at a fro od a,they had enjoy* d them-elr* s till ab ut hvlf-pv-t eh vcu. *lr a lliey ri'turned to the liou-o ami t ?in.| tloi halt d ???r locked They made eonsiderulde n<d.s ; luit ?s ilea del not -uc'cd in bringing th" inmates of llie h-*u -- to tie d.sir witne- then proeured u st-ne. with -viii. h he stove ill the pa nu. Is of the door The stone and lipka pin iH'ls were ilitri'dueeil. and arkimwl dgej by the (?- snto i The stone was a I odder, like u paving stouc, will ?*,- t* -t llieh, . In diainets r W itm ?? broke the I , *r iu, and *o* mediately r* celviot sonic shot in his right li.iwd and r.gld l"f ? lilt the part of the defence. It was a-s, fle,| th. . wlc u the <l<s,r wus broken In, Mr llurrii ker Ih utaii', it >,? the work of burglars ; I,*, therei n,' fired I. s p thri ugh the 8|*erturf mude in the dew Th p, t ?. |o?.|ed with Mnall rliot Dr M arner. who wa< calh d to see Cav- o? r!i f ('?? thai hi- wound' were very slight; he did led . *n-*i th* III at all itangemus ; be only h-ol ?aea-ooito <lr.-a? tll< III oi.ee ; th" -hot were small bird sled It was -di iw. that a civil suit ia n.nv p-udiug iu ?hi"li ? if;h elniius %& 1*10 daliiag*'*. Til*' jury, therefore, . ,.,* ' .d- d that it was Is-sf for the |mrties to svlli, lie it al :> r ?n th? civil eouit* They returned a verdict of Not Mi, My Poller Intelligence. IhiaK i.c a Istttr. mnj /'m p. ?? 'th. or V"ti: . f II. Thirtn nth ward. arrc?t?d on fhur-diy * <? rtuaa. hy to Lame of John Miller, and a w. nun railed Miry V4, u . on n r111!rife of cMalnilf a loiter tr .III Hit |. ft < *> ? illro Inl t'i Mary II Mattm. S.> t?. M-r ???r >tre, \. i whleli *#? a draft for l-iii mmir piyahh- at our day . ah:, at the . Hii e of M T ItruiiUago, No IU W ill etre t Tie letter. * In n in the poarerel.m of Mary Midlines.. I 'd. i r wimlirok.il i>|>. ii by tli. iu and tli>' draft |in nt >.f f payninit?ami in order toob'atn llir ni >n< y it ?.. r. oo.l iiereeanry to peraonale M .ry Martin Arrnrdtng ? M.irv M .it line rrprearnted bt reelf t?i br M try li Ma-.iu an.; mi '.irntil lo r ri.ino and Miller reptv?eu>d htm in la her broth, r and rimed hi- n.itnr a,. John Marti*. Whereupon Mr A !* J intra, i lerh In Mr Hrundi<>,p.l thr draft Tlil? ooriirnd ? M tiinr in th" m? nth >1' Mar. Ii. ?liirr which tiutr Mr li V llaurer, of v n II ta bor Mirhigan?wbo forwarded th" draft not h?ria -rr. cri?. d an anawcr at kimw|. .Iging the receipt, fvw iro ,1 another Irttrr to Mi.** Martin, arklng If the ai'aft had bi n rteeitt 1 Till" letter war the tlret iatiai.it on re t|et llrj thr eniatt nee of any aita-li draft hanug bta n a.'nt tin th* reeript of Him li tter rtgilaut Mwreti wat made hy thr jadlrr. atol eulee tu. utly It wan arferUtard fr> m l'hri?tlan I'nok that a Irttt r containing th draft In nut ation had hern aeen ill tl|e pnaaeaait.il ol the arenard partit a Tin y were ?rcordlnfcly taken into cu?tndy. and t onreyrd hrf. .rr Jnitire Tlni|>-.n who roinmlttrti th' in to priaon They will thia tiny be transferred before lhe I nitrd Matea i'ontmiaaionrr. for eaaiuiiiatlo* .1 Ei-hmr.rtt Fii-rman ? I'uring thr fire on Wedivadar nt ninp. at Ihr atttrr of La* reuee k Brother. Na to Jt.hn atrrrt. the p..lire of the bemnd ward, detected a man hy the name 1.1 HradU Upftt. with a lire . ap on, i mi mlrr of one of thr tmrim eoispanira. filling lie pi rketa with thr fancy good* In thr Hnre. ?nnabttog of frin|tt*a. taaarla. ellk button* ke llfllerra ferny and Bauni look him into euattaly. and found Ida pock, t* to la-filled with the atolm articbw Thr diahouert fellrw waa ronrryrd to thr elation boner. and thrnre h-fore Juetlre tleWn. who committed him to priaon for trial W c nndeiwtand that the hre mmpan* <4 which th- ac ruat d waa an unworthy m.iahrf, lutend to ra,w| htm fi nliwith from the company 7b Hewue ?f a latin* fee I /torn Pro it,latum ?f nailer M< untfort. ald't <1 l>> Officer > andcrbrck and a rh.Udrl I hin oflltn r. rielted a Inn e of ill fame on Tiieaday night, ? iluat. d nf No .3 tlnind "tnrl. for the purpoar of raw. u itig a young and beautiful girl hy the namr of Miry Brow n. fr. ni the <lr?triit tire influence* of a honar ofprna tltuti. n It teem, that the father of thr iui*gtii>l?<l g'rt. on learning the whereabout* of Ida daughter, who had b ft hi r In in. In Fhlladvlphln. and taken up hrr ah<e|e in thl? rlty. forthwith prt oidnl to Nrw York accompanied hy enr of thr poller of thnt city. The officer* wen", alone to the holier, hut *. re unable to learn anything aatlrfac t< ry frt in thr w. man. culled Heal*. the reputed k -ep. r Are.rdingly. the ningirtiatc proceeded to thr premiers ei .l demanded the |.rtalueti..n of the miaaing glri. At tint the w. man rmleaton d to mhlead thr ju lice. but on finding lh? poultice it. termination of the muai-trwtr w." ettln-r to haar tin-girl or eotirry all the inm tire of tl.r honar to thr rtatlon houew, ehn ultluiilrly pr?*lf ed Mlse Frown who wee pleeed In euetody of Ih. father ?n.l tile Fhilinf. Ipliia < IB-1 r and ycetafitny ntoriiii'f *h? waj .npyeyed b?eh fo I'hllad' Ijilli*.

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