Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 23, 1851, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 23, 1851 Page 1
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?j-w- -y.v '.ut.--*1 < ? >THE NEW YORK HERALD. WHOLE NO. 6757. MORNING EDITION WEDNESDAY, APRIL 23, 1851. PRICE TWO CENTS. THlATRE.-BOXEA, ? CENTS; FIT, ItU Mn urn it nth, lortiin riaoe it half-pa?i Wednesday evening. April It. will be prwn tacit uUtitl the COUNT OF MO Diitw, Mr. K. Eddy; Mens. Himl. Mr. It. Miitu Old DuUi, Mr. Mlloni; TUtna; im Faria, Mr. E. L. Tlltoa; ~ Albert, Mr. n. Jordan; Cidirnw, d. Mr. Pope; I'twi Johanna*. Mr. Wrasysa; Haydee. Mian 9. Deain; _ a Jordan; M il*. Mcran, Mrs. WaJ ?Jot;' UOarMTS TUBA TBB?CHAMBERS STREET. REAR ? iMMr Ball.?Boxa*. Dross Circle, and Paruuette, 50 cents; Family t'irel*. IT) ??ti; Private Buses, $3 ami Orahantra Scats. 75 oent*.?Wednesday evening, April 23, ?ulll ha jresented tbafarca of the SCHOOL FOR TIGERS? Captaia Eiteflyer, Mr. Jordan; Panels. Mr Johnson; Mary Panola, Mia* J. Hill; Alexander Panels, Mrs. Russell. To conclude with LOVE IN A MAZE?Lord Minever, Mr. J. W. :Lealer; Mr. Antony Nettlatop, Mr. Burtun; Col. Hucktliorun, Mr. Jordan; Mopus, Mr. Johnstun; Mrs. Luoy BuokUiorua, Mrs. Russell; Faith Larkspur, Miss J. llill; Lady Aurora CFullalove. Mrs. Skerrett. RATIONAL THEATRE, CHATHAM STREET -BOTES, AN 25 cento; Pit, 12>? cents; Private Boxes, $A.?Doors opeu at 7; cartala rieei at half-past 7 u'cloek. Weduosday eve ning, April 33 the entertainments will commence with the tragedy of ROMEO AND J1?LIET?Romoo, Mr C. D. Pitt; Afercutio, Mr. M atkins: Tybalt, Mr Hraudou; Peter, Mr. L. Fox; Friar Lawrence, Mr. C. Tnylor: Lady Capulet, Mrs. Drew; Juliet, Mrs. M. P. Grattau. To conclude with the pantomime of the GOLDEN AXE?Giles Clump. Mr. Thomp son; Farmer Guhhins, Mr. L Fox; Colin, Mr. P. Drove; RnMn, Sir Joseph Dunn; Sylva. Miss M. Charles; Mystletoe, Mrs F. Dree Chillis, Miss Malvinu lUECnANK'S' HA 1.1,. NO. 472 BROADWAY, ABOYE 3-TA Grand street.? 0;>eu every night ilnriug the week until lidWlcr not ire. The original and well known CHRISTY'S MINSTR1 I.s, comprii ins an efficient and versatile "corpa" dm''talented " ami "experienced performers," under the ?dBtegemcnt of E. P. Christy, w hose concerts in this city, Rft succession of "live years," have been received with favor bv highly roapectahla and fashionable audiennee. Tickets 25 centa. Doors open at half-post six, onmmence at wirfht o'clock. An Afternoon Concert will be given on Sa turday next. April 20, for the accommodation of Ladies and ?Juvenllni, commencing at 3 o'clock P. M. On Saturday evening next. April 3>, annual ImueHt of Lewis Mairs. FELLOWS' MINSTRELS, AT FELLOWS' MUSICAL Ball, No. 444 Broadway, between Howard and Grand afreets. OMR every nigkt daring the week. The colnbraWd original and well known Fellows Minstrels, "comprising an efficient and versatile corps of talented and experienced per formers," undvr the direction ot J. d. Fellowi. whose con certs in this ?ity for the last yewr have been received with the greatest favor hy the elite and fashion of this g-ent me tropolis. Their converts consist of Burlesque Italian Opera Scenes. Witty Se) intra, Solos, Duetts. I "oorusses. Darn ing, and Instrumental Performances. (>? Wcdnesituy and Satur day afternuous, a grand eonccrt for the aeoommodatlnn of ladies and families, commeuciug at 3 o'clock I'. M. Admis sion 25 cents. Doors open at 7, to commence at S. Horn & white s Ethiopian opera house, 45o Broad*ny, for tlire* nights unro.?This company will positivtly close at the above place nl'rer Wed neaday aftcr Csrnoon and nening, in order to fuihll engagements east md weat. Notice?On WednesJay evening next, April 23d, Jnvt nijht and benefit of Mr. C. Jenkins, the great hanjoist. Tickets 25 cents; door* open at 7; concert to commenoe at 0 o'clock. ?ALBS BY AUCTION, WM. W. SHIRLEY. AUCTION EER.?M \ NUF ACTfJ rer's slot k of Lamps, Girandoles, &o., at auction, on Thursday, April 21th, at 10 o'clock, at No. YH Grand street, comer of Attorney street, positive cash sales of solar lamps, girandoles, cut and plain glass, lantern*, store fixtures, oounter*. show eases, oil cans, &o., in lots for dealers and families. HENRY H. LEEDS, AUCTION EER.?MAGNIFICENT vo lift* ion of high cost oil paintings, selected in Europe recently bj J. I*. Beaumont, E?o., an 1 superior t ? any sale ever made in the city. Sale without reserve. Henry H. Leeds & Co. will sell at auction, on Wednesday, 2od of April, at 10L A. M., in the new gallery of the Stuyvesant In etitnte, Broadway, nearly opposite Bond street, a rare and valuable collection of pictures, probably the most costly assemblage of original works of art ev<-r off. rod at auction in this city, cotr)ijri*ing original specimens of the works of the most esteemed masters, such as Teniers. \Y<>uvermins, Ruys dael, Storck. BrckelenUampf, De lloems. Uynn^ker, L iii 'sso, 1'alamedc*. Murinuri, Zurbarau, Guurcine a.? many otfi-rs of the great European schools of painting, t ;?ther with a - -?-? , ofthe p * " * hoiee selection of"the nro?action* of th- -t esteemed liv ing artists, including the works of De lira ? la> Schelfhout, Van Schendcl, Carter, Akkerskyk, &c,, fltc., purchased of "the artists direct, and have not been copied or duplicated. The collection comprises over 1.W choice pictures, the whole of which were collected by Mr. J. I\ Beaumont, of this city, from variou* t abinets, galleries, and studios abroad, who has spared no pains or expense in making it worthy of an ad vanced tAfct* in the fine arts, and it will, probably, bo found X*) surpass in interest and value anything of tha kind which lias preceded it. The Gallery will be opened for their free examination on lionday and Tuesday preceding the sale. Suit pojitl v. W it ! otifji . H.J ? ( 11 t I .? . ;niv ??" ? t t. ? 1 at our store. Scats will be retained lor ladies who may wish to attend the sale. RC. KEMP. AUCTION EER?OIL lMINTINlM? ? The attention of buyers is invited t > a largo and beautiful collection of tine Oil Paintings, to be sold at auction b> K. C. Kemp, at his Sales Room. *5 Nassau street, between Fulton and John streets, To-morrow, at 10>? o'clock. The collection embrace* many valuable paintings, and the whole ere well worthy of tin-attention or those in ? ant of plea-ing pictures, lor furnishing. They are all * * *h * r ... handsome)) Irwuied, snd will be sold with the fraiucs. Ca talogues ou the morning of sale B r J. II EO Ktf AX, ArCTIONUH.-TirWDIV, April at h'i o'clock. A. M , ?' 2I"> Atlantic it., llrook -i.*nt*?l I'arlor, Chamber .> lyn?l.titMl I'arlor, > hamber and kitshan Furniture? Cata.ogwe.i to It ednevday. At 1), .'cluck P. M , at 73 War ren it.?<.cnte< 1 I urnltute? Maliunsay I'iui?Nudiii, ma ker. At t'j' o'clock. P. k.,tt 111 Willnughby it.?I'art of the furniture of the houce carpet*, bil tlutlm, chalre, beJ ?teadc, table*. etc. Good ?? new. JW. UKliUV, AUCTIONEER.?IIOUAEHOLD tl'R. ? future. Friday, April 25, at I'l .'clock, at N*. .">2 Vetey Mrct.?J. W. will eali at auction, *? above, the furnitorc i <iut?iar l la Uic above bonce, ?urapriaiug a large aMortment uf haadaom* parlor, .lnmU'r. and other Furni for<, China, 1.las,ear.'. Kitchen uten i'i, JfcC. D MOONKV, A I CTION EEK? FANCT GOODS, TOYS, ,D. houeeli. i l furaitara. Kc? T P. I tuple will cell, thin day at lOoTlcek.nt the atore 155 I'tarl afreet, the baUu >'f atock contain, d in a* id atore, cropri.i i* a general a,*<?rt rnent of art:. I - ltianlly kept in fanoy gturr*; alio carpet*, . hair> aofn*. kit. hen fnrniturc, ,t he. Itc. LA COLTON. AUCTIONEER?LARGE SALE OF RICH X , llor.i h Id 1 iirniture. I'iano, fcc., tbi, day. Witdn>-f ?lay. April S.A4, at II". o'clock, at No. .?! Twuaty-fccond atrect, car Fourth ir.-n'i", the *ntir- fnraitarc of a cnflo inan hreakipg up, and will embrac- every aariety of choice llouerhold 1 uruiture, together witl. one roan Wood Piano forte. It.-drooi. and Kit. hen Fnrniturc in any quantity. < ntalognee ,n >ng more full particular,, will be ready at if c'el.K-k, A *. nA.can.TON. auctioneer.-liorsF-iioi.nfitr ? nlture?1 i-.atponcd < n acenunt of the atorni.)?-Cole .V t hiltn. will -,-l| at anctioa on, April 21, at 10 ?'clack, at S3 \l late atrect, n. ?r Ui >a I? *? all the fur.iii are ? untaitcd in . aid h.nar, c?aal?tini( of liraaaol* an.l othc cnrp.'t*, oil ilotlot, malmraay chair*, to fa* and book pier niftier*, rl n.i nr..I *1*"- * are. table*, mantel window . nrtaln*. I all bnip, atair iar|? t?. Mil i t ?p, carpet*, and the uetril va rlct) of<iii furnltur", l tl..<r with the kit. Ion furni ture. All of ti e above ar" in **<? II. nt order. TF.REN' R HOVI.E. AUCTIONEER ? Fi'RMTt'RB-ON Ihle day, Z'-t in?t at 10 "'el k. at No. 179 Cherry ctrrut, n"*r Market.?Ail the f.iru'tur.' in the hon?o, em i,t Inr ?f 8ofaa, Chain, Table*, Looking Ola'****, Hide-board*, j!ed,te.i.|., Hattr. .-o'Carpcte. Oil ' l"th, Feather ll ie and, Stair Carpet* and Rod*, Va*c*. t andlactick*. Kit. ben Fur- itnre.. tc. FT^r-RFN" R MOT I.E. AUCTION ESI JSWELRT, ON 1 Ttl.r.'l ay, at M>. cl . k. -,? No. 3St ll-a-t-.n -tre of O.d.1 and Silver " atrlo lira -letc. Earrinye, Finger r> ixa. Breaet I'ii.c, Guard t'haiac, Pencil,, silx r Ian i". Sp .ore. Fork*. Clock*. Olaa*Care,. an.l D-eA. and erery article to h" acid without Here , te clo*c a diaaela tioa of parta. r,l p BV CIIES1V HMAN & HOGt'ST?FRIDAY. APRIL 2A. at lit o'ccoek, at No. .i-t Put Hnadvay?Oaataei II. i.-ehold 1 .-rnlturc?Tlw tutlrc Furniture of ,ai.l liou-e. nil of ttbi. k la of the l> -I dee ripti n: .n.iutn .ig the kit h*a iiiriutarc. Catalogu.aat rale. 11V CHESTFKMAN A HOG! FT - FRIDAY. APRIL 5*? M-J Hon phol I I'urniturv? At Id o'oF k. at No. Id'.', Read* atrect?The ft rnitur* in raid Man* -. .<! marbln top ai.-r table, gilt | ier glacc. > arpeta, rhalM, China tea ?> ire, dining and card lablt ". French mnh rany l?d?t-ad*, enrlcl hairmattr act, featlu-r bed*, beddir,. I urjin?, painting*, antique French -eoretary and bareatt. kitchen furaiture. H F.NRT II. I.FEDS. AUCTION EER.?HOUSEHOLD Furaiture ? Il.-nre H l*tde t Co. will *dl at auction. oa WcdaMdnjr, April 8, at No. ;?? Jay ftreet atlOo'olo an aaeortm nt ?f it n ? l.nld Fit rnitur-. ronniating of mah' cany piano: centre table*, tnartl- t p?; Br-i**e|, <ar|. mabogany . hair*, divan-, an.l *"f..., in ioiir cl. t* ptlnl nv naodern. mantel ornament,, rocking ? l.elr*, aatral lamp dke : pier gla* ??*. card table, hat at ind*. If'. Bedrn- -n I witure?Mai. <* >uy Fren. h bed-tea.i, n marble top bureau*, ingraia tarpet., warhatand*. ehalrt, bockcacca, he. JOIINT. ROLLINS, AU( TIONEEI! ?GHEF.N IIOl'AK ?ad other Plant*, nt anetton. thi, day. at Mr. Trynn', afore. No. 9 J oho otreot? A line a*- rtmcnt from the eelc brated N wrwey of Mr. llender*on. V?rb.-na?, Pan*i**, Tube Rouen. Standard do., Prairie. H -i and Monthly do., ft . 1 Root,. II. tirb'ti and Notx tto Ho***, Dahlia*. Lllie*, Pe. no ,, t ohra*. fce., Ac. Auction notice-tid.mas, auctioneer ? By II N, Much. Hale . hi. day, at It", <T.-l?rk. In th Anotion Room,. It) NovMt William *tr-ct, ol -lerant an l val uable Furaiture. of all dereripti'in* ?a **t of llru-atell* Draw .ng Furnltnee, .pl ndid Wilton, Rrn-Mil,, nn.l otber Carpet*, laege Lnahing-fllaneoo. I'tanc, ho. Tlrirvday, 1"', o'cloet- -<al* of hand-om* F orniiuro, la the npp-r part of tha genteel private re*, t. noe, 2* llteeawioh atrect. iaeln ding I pt? and oth?r Carpet". RuWwopa and Mahogany Furniture IMnrldc fop T?b!.-?, S >fnc, Sofa Chair,, Looking Vlmue*. l'let-ire*. Curtain*. Freneh Mlrmr*. Friday. R)', o'riork-Hale of elegant Fnrniture. at 31 Oliver ?tr.-et, rompri?tng SuperbT llr??*el* Carpet*. F.nili*k IMI Cloth, Hnadaome Parlor Bed Room. Hterment and Kitchen nt-n nllc. J Splend.l IVr Mirror., and ..ther oholen artiele. the line of yeoteel h. n,. keeping. Saturday?Elegant Far ~ Monday. ? ? nttnru in the Sale* ll.uiia. Sunday. I'", o'tlock, at No. Rt Liapenard ?tre*d?'Thn vnlnnhl* Furultoro Intend*.! to be JLiapeaard *tr*"t?The rninani* turni.ur* lutenu* j aoU on Tliufday. nuavudably pnetpned. TlinM AS IIEI.L, AuoUo neor. A 0CTH)N NOTICE.?A IIANI^OMK PAIROF EtMILT Ja Carrtae* llome*. light Wage a and II ir?**?, on Friday, 35th Anrll. *t 12 o'< Inek. ib Cofeo Hon## *Hp, (foot of vy*ll ?Weet ) IV Hnrtr, are very ?tiowy -.orrcl,. whit* man on .... t afl til 14 ?ad tail*, well mulched, frmtfrom nil trl?k?, fault* or Imper fection* (if an, kind, and e?n be w ,* ran ted *ound and kind in evnrv reapeet. They have b?en driven by tho praaont owner foe tun year*. Art aold only oa aeoount of hi* gilng to Euro..* 1 hey win t. bown - n Thur* lay, betwoea 2 I So'cloca, in front of the Merchant'* Rxohangu. n Thnra.lsy, between 1 and . 1'? l**han*u. W. A. CARTER, tneiione.-r, No. 7 Now ,tenet. auction notice.?coach, pii *ton. wvoon. J\ Roekawar. Ruroneba ?On F'rt lay, 'i'.th April, at 13 o'clock, at the Ttmt of Wall *tr*et. wink., .old, a Clarence Couch, made by I Mitrenou It Colli*, in hr-a rate order: two guut Phg-toB, made by Lauruneu It Collp. ; lleggy wagon, ?it *eat R..ekanay, llgh.i liar nab? f r ono or two hbr-*a. W. A. CA RTF.R. Anetton er. No. 7 New "treeb. A' BCTION N'OTICB.?Ft'RNITCRE AT HA CIIEKRT i itreet - Thur*day. 2<th April, at 15 o'clock, the fnrnt twr* of the above bnn?e?Rrn,?ui? and Ingraia Carpet, earvud Mabogh*ut btgk po*t bed*t. ad*; Mahufhaay and cane "eat ebatra. rnekera. l.ed*. looking gla,,e,. malioghany an.l dining tabl**, mantel lampc, hook en*n, glneaanm, and kitchen forni to-r* A depoait froiu all ruruhaaer*. W. A. ' ARIRJt, AatHtiMW, S?. T N?w ftredt. |9 ROADWAY TMEATBR-R. A. MARSHALL. SOLI B Lessee; O. H. Bene", Mumh, -???? e? tnin rise* at hnlf-pant T.-Drnm Circle e?4 Parqaat, Wotntai Family and ThirdlHrslem IS Mala; Onllery. 1W ?*nW; Pri vate Boxes, $S and RS-WednessUy l?w?4 April r * presented, the arena Romantle, Operatic, Tniry sp the VISl6w OT TMR SUN-Eoewn. M?e A"4"1 .. iO, will h? ..J) speotaelo at Anderton; Tee the VI8IOW OT TMR SUJt-K-oaaa. xin wanerwa; an. mar, Mr. Whiting, Oultnnpno Mr. Marrle; Orntaumn, Mr. I Hill; Huninnanpao. Mr. Frederick* Tycobroe. 3i??or Carlo, Genii of the llarp, MUa Olivia, Oeuilef the Ebonif and, Mr. Revnolds; Kunac, Mlaa A. Ueuzeaheim. Kravwaa ta tba spectacle, THAT ODIOUS CAPTAIN CUTTER. I NMIBLO'S GARDEN-CIRQUE OLYMPIQUE D* PARIS. ?Claaatral Equestrian Oamei of the Illppodroiwe. On Thursday evening, April 23. the entertainments will eom mcnco with a spendid Fnney Dress Cnraloade of twelye Lady Equestrians, and will eoncludu with the gorgeous hu tnrieal and heroic pageant of St. George and the Dragon, pro duced at an enormous expense, with new wardrobe, proper ties, appointments, Ro., In which the entire company will appear. During the evening, the celebrated Mr. Mot ullum will appear. B^ROUGnAM'S LYCEUM. BROADWAY, NEAR BROOME street.?Dress Circle and l'arquette, 30 centi; Family Circle, 25 cents; Orchestra Stall Scats, *1 ; Private BwiM. V,.?Doors open at 7; to begin nt half-past 7 o clock. Oa Wednesday eveniug, April 23. the performance will com mence witii the piece untitled theEl'ONliO Y. After whioh the drama of the DEVIL IN PARIS?Count Yanllle, Mr. Brougham; Henry de Bemjsolellle, Mr. Palmer; ???. inss M irv Tavlor. To conclude with a new local peculiarity, en titled A ROW AT THE I.YCBUM-Manager. Mr. Braoghim; Stage Manager Mr. Lynne; Prompter, Mr. 11. B. 1 hillips; Mr?. Vernon, Mrs. Vernon; MUe Gould, Mine Gould. G 1 F.11MAN NATIONAL THEATRE?OLYMPIC. 412 Broadway.?Wednesday evening, April it, A in THER'S BLESSING, or. the New Eanehou?A comedy, with tongs, in five acts, by Eriedrich. BARNUMS AMERICAN MUHKUH-P. T. BARNUM. Proprietor and Manager?John Greenwood, Jr.. Assist ant Manager. In rousequcnce of th" great enthutinsra with which that delightful eomedy, the SERIOUS FAMILY, has beon received, it will be repeated this aveuinx, commencing at hall-past 7 o'clock?Aininadnb Slack. Mr. lladnwny: Charlea Torrent. Mr. C. W. Clark.; Capt Murnhy Mtguire, Mr. Henkiue; Mrs. Orrasby Dolniaine, Mi,-a Chapman. In Oie afternoon, ut 3 o'clock. TURN I NO T1I E TABLRS-J.ek Humphreys. Mr. E. M Kent. To conclndo with the LOT TEKY TICKET? Wormwood. Mr. Y, M Kent. Ad:nt*.Moa to the Mqmuid, whicht nith it< ianuavrabte curit?itiei. U opjn ut all hours, day and evening, from 7 A. M until IV t . in., i and each Saloon performance, 2'? centi; Children un-ler tea , years of age, 11'^ cents. Parquatte and Circle, US j extra. m Ct IRCL'S?NEW YORK AMPillTHEATItE. 37 IlOWEilY. / ?Prices of Admitsion :?l'ri? ate Boxes, Ad cents : Boxes, ; 25 centi ; l'itv 12,k? cents. H'edne??day afternoon andeieuinr, th*" performance will commence with a Grand Butree, al1 ; the character*. TasSeul b) Mum Virginia Lee. Sir. C. ba *r wood will appear ax the Catnanche Chief. Mr. Latter Lee and hi* infant children in their u napproachftble Buttle F?ati. Mr. Isit iunn in hie Krvat leaping Act of Iior*eman?hip. Mr. ? Mi Fur land, and the entire company, in nn unprecedented ! diij.lay of Still Vaulting. Madame Sherwood will appear in her beautiful Parisian Art of Equitation. To conclude with the laughable afterpiece of BILLY BUTTON. | S TUYTESANT INSTITUTE. FIRST FLOOR. NO. <139 Broadway, nearly opposite to Bond street.--New Or Icenit S rennders?G. B. Swaiuc. J. H. Collins, J. C. llainer. Master Ole Bull, J. Buckley. I!. B. Buckley, and M. Shall - mar?.-very evening. Doors open nt 7 o'clock; commence at 8. Tickets 26 cents. _____ B URTON'S.?MR. J. WALLACE LESTER HAS THE ?. honor of announcing his Benefit for .Thursday next. April 21, when the excellent lomcdy of the SCHOOL Or , REFORM, by the elder Morton, will be played for the first , time at thix popular house, and with the following superior i east;?Boh Tyke, Mr. Burton; General Tarragon. Mr. Blalto; | Ferment, Mr. J. W. Lester; Lord Avondale, Mr. Howard; I Frederic, Mr. Jordan; Mrs. Ferment, Mrs. Skerrett; Mrs. , Nieily, Mrs. Hughes; Sheleh, Miss J. llill. And, for the first lime, anew comedietta railed A MORNING CALL, in which Mr. Lester and Mrs. Russell, will perform; with other . entertainments. Box book now open. NIBLO'S garden and cirque NATIONALS. - Wallett. the Clown! Notice.?Dn account of the in clemency of the weather on Saturday last. Mr. Welch has, ] in the most liberal manner, at the request of numerous friends, given Friday night, the 25th. as en extra Benefit, on wlucli evening, the whole of the last srlendid bill before ad vertised will be represented^ riMIE AI.LEGIIANIAN9?HOPE CBAPEL. 7H BROAD 1 way, opposite New York Hotel ?The AllegheniansevUl give a 'Juni-t-rt every evening during the woek, at ll'?p^ Cha- ! pel. Their pr"<raniir?. embracing many new and popular | pieces, will be changed each eveniug. Tickets 26 cents, ton- j cert to commence at 7?? o'clook. Card tg the public ?a party of alias, call- i in* themselves New Orleans Serenxders, are no con nection of the original New Orleans Burlesque Opera and Ballet Troupe, as the original Troupe is performing la Balti more, under the direction of J. f. Sanf.-rd. N.B. -Due s-i tiee will be given ot their appearance in New York. ^ Evenings with bhotuf.r jonathan.-a call from the public.?Dr. Valentine, the delineator oi oc- I centric characters, in compliance with numerous requests, will give three entertainments at the Society Library, corner of lirurdwav and L-onard ttre-t, on Monday . April 21; Tues day 22 snd Wednesday. 23. His entertainment will consist of freaks, folly, and foibles, with oncer, quaint, qiiUilcal, and quarrelsome folks, interspersed with mnsical sketches, steam boat trips. stage travellers, old maids, learned ignorant wo men. young children, curiona law eases, old men and ancient women, del ating aoeieties. Long Is'and folks, sentimental and training tnne music; nil sorts of queer voiees and i rlous fscea, passing rapidly into nil jnrta of people, little b< v? at school, Unngarlan slogers, and a little of and everybody. To eommente precisely at eight o cloci. : Tickets aanitttirg sgentleman and lady. 5?* cents, single tick i (te, 6Ucents; Indies' cxtru tickets, 1> wsls. Minerva room1*, no. tofi Broadway.?extra erdinnry?NAGl.E'S Grand Pnuommn of Ireland.? ABer an unprecedented stay-in New York lor upsaoiso! four months, the proprietor is compelled, by tbs amount 01 natronsgc bestowed on this bsautilul painting, to annoance to nil who hnve not seen it. that it will remain at the above rooms for this Easter week only. It is n beautiful work of art, and combining as it does msny of the most cherished scenes of the Olden Land, Lake and Solitude. Mountain and Wood, will rcpnv n visit on the part eith.rot th' Irishman, who bss looked upon those scenes in his young days, or tne stranger, who knows them only through books i>r hearsay. The admission is only 25 cents. Remember, only one week mors. - TNRANKL1N MUSEUM, 17? CHATHAM SQUARE.?GEO f LEA. Sole Proprietor.?Admission?SssU in I ftystn Boxss. .'si cents; Stage Sests, .37't cents; Boxes. 25 cents; lar quct, 1212 cents.?Elegant Snloou performances every Attcr no.,n and Evening. Entertainments commence in the after noon at 3 o'clock, and in the evening at halt paati. Ian entertainments are vsried and aelect. and such as can be teen nt no other rlae* of amnscment in New York, consisting of Len s Eemale Ethiopian Opera Troupe, nnruberiog tilt, en performers, being the largest snd at tli- aa.ns *'?" talented hand in UiS United States, n troupe of Model Ar tists who are selected for their heawtv and figure, and who p?TFon?te % nu?nb#r of bountiful Ullcasi. from tnj nioi?r?a of ancient *nd m^lvrn times; ? coi?|?jijf of Arab Girls. who go through a variety of f-at? of strength and dexterity: Yfadame Rosaline, tba only lemale Juggler in the world; a company el Male and lemalo Artists, w Sow ill give an exhibition of Marble hiatu.iry unequalled m tho w rid. together with a Tariety of interesting p rformanoes evsry S't. -II. or and evening. For pxrtt. ulars e.-e hills oi ea. h day. Y-1ASTI.E GARDEN TIMS BEM'TIUUL ANDPOi'U lar place is now open for ths reeoptlon of visitors luring the day. The view from the gall-rlos of tli- splondld sc?n?rx of our noble hay and harbor, hae not an equal in the world. Admission I2)u cents. 1a.) AM ATEUR a. tors-a VERY FA V< m: Mll.F ? iU i , rtunity now occurs to establish n r ?speelahle llis | frlonie Assoewtlon, nt the Lyceum connected with Burton ." < hriT.bcrs street. Wardrobe and properties com plete. with scenery nsr quired, gas. csrjH nter., nnf pminpt bo. ks luri isbsd on vsry rrnsounide terms to pnrllcsofrs , spectability. Apply at the box o?cr. ANIBKDIKNTH IN FIULADKLPIIU. BBaRM MS MtSRlM. 1*111 LA DEL I'll I A.?I'. T. 11 \R num, Proprietor; II* S*nf?ir?l, Assistant Manager. Grand holiday produttita. The gorgeous Chinee Sp^ctarle. The i.r ri? Horse" i*i]i ). brought ant on l ? t#f Monday, April 21, and continued every night during the week. The new setnery i? by I*, Grain, Sen., and as every attention has Itm paid Co the prodtit1ion of the entire may truly be denominated th?* masterpiece of the c*tAb|i?hm'>nt. Hnrii pi' e? ? ae " l e i? ? Ktiled," " (iri?t t" the Mill.' t . it Heart," fce., with ?ian< tng b) Mi?s F Warren, and Mr 0. WiMiam*. will be presented ea?-h night. The performances In the afternoon are r<?tnpo?4?d of the mod eemieat Faroes, the flne-tof Vaodevil|e?. Petite l>nm?s. popular Melodies. * harming Daaees, fce. Tin u, the t housand an'l ?.-ne runoih ti*'* of the epa? i??*.?? Saloons are fall of latere*!. Ad ttlasf n to theae and one performance, 25 cents ; children under Ua year*, 12,&? cents. ARCH STREET Til EATRE?PROPOSALS FilK RENT . int the above Theatre, for one year, froaa S**pt mher I, ISA), will be received on or before let ?iv negt. Addivaa, 8 IlKANSON, & Market str-mt. Fwil apsi.smia. April S, KM. KXPREAS AOKSCIKH, Ac. JJERFORf) It CO'S. FAST EVPHRSJ TO CALIFORNIA. II Single newspapers 5 cts~by the hundred $3? postage IU ?*ta., freitflit 40 c ts. per lb.; tie*t shlptnout w ill be by th fast steamship " Prometheus," on Monday 2*th inst. Malla cloae it 2f, I". M. Smill par?la r-ceired till I P. M., nck axe. not t? exceed 14) nni), water proof, rweiaed till III apea not to exceed 14' In.., mxde water pro A.M'Jtliltiit. Mr II. rford re-idea on the I thmo., an J ac companied anr freixht from Chafer, to I'anama. No. 2 A.tor Honwe, Veaey atrwet. ? M'Rf-i Kill \ nil I'MPATlir R AT K* RED! ' M' A.lnm. Ik to,-., rretl California Freixht I'arkare and I'arcel Fapre.e, p? r I nit,'I State, ftenm.hiM Oil IO, on Bki.rlk|t April.tth. Special WHtiMr, Mr \V N Hi. Ina<n. from oar Bo-ton .thee. Sp.eial freight ax>nt Mr. J. 1). I beeper, from onr I'hiladelphia office, Our n??t r? tnlor F.atroa f. r I'.nnm* and San until" I n ? will t>e de.|atrh<'d per I aited Stat.-, Mail Steamer Ohio, l.i.atrnont J. F. Schenck, Commander, for l'h,|tr,t. direct, on Saturday. Wth in.t., it.. o'clock. P. M. throuxh a- in rharxc of our own Hp, clal Me.*enxnr aad Special Fr,d*ht A feat,la tho.jiii. i t possible time, ?nd greatly reduced r?t??. All freixht to to For* ard hy thi, F rpro mu.t h- d llv.r. d t.. o. on -r I ot. ro the ?th. Hoi.II parcels will he re ceived until 12 n'olooh of llio dnjr of aatlinf. Krwrytklnx mn.t ho rondorod .trlctly waterproof, .nd U" p.. ha/e .hould 'oil 120 lb*, weight. Invoice, are absolutely, to en.l l.-u? to clear the rood, at Now York Cuatoma, hut no fit oh.r,.) I, made by ua for the -era Ire. ADAM* A C,.. 11 k |* ITall .troet. TilK WORLU'I FAIR. PAMFNORRS TO THE WORLD'S FAIR ?TI1K UNI tod State, Mali Steamer III'Mlitil.lIT, It Line, Con. maw dor, wiU IrnveNow York for Southampton an.l Harm, on the dth of May, and ran .till aornmmndate aomr Irat rlaoe lowapn. rnrnwM ?i.itimtho World'* Fat,, trlM hn 1 tM. ?J.r moat eeieoalrnt, ooonomlral. and ri|.( I fonroynnee Th. ,r. ,t .pood and .oprrlT neeommodatlon. of the II iBrrtn, adrantn?o. un.urp?.itod hy other .tramora, I'aaaon r-m rrarh London from Sonthampton In tliroo hour, ?fir*. T7 .hllllne.. Fr. m Id.orpool to London .1* honra,?far-, il #? Th. Humboldt will h? followed hy the Frank tin, on the diet of May. For fr?i*ht or pa.aaro, apply to MORTTMFR Ll vINOSTON, Afont, No. AS Broadway. Tub world's fair.- moss who intknd visit In. F.ttfopo are r"< to drop in nt Tuttle'e Kmp? nnm. MA Broadway, and examine hi, excellent nomrlment ?f trarol^a'dro.einx ra.ox, nortminteaua. tra?"lor?' ewn panion., poeket and cane nmurrllaa. k" At Tuttlo', Km - poriom may ho found tho larpoat a.aortmout of far.ry and lawful artloloa In thi. eonntry, omhrncinx opera xlaoao., rich tana, domino ma,ha, fold and alitorjo-n<ilx. troaiehoxoa. work hoxoa, hnhy jumper!, toya, Ikr, The prtro', are twenty per rmt lew than the uanal rate, f ir ftnry j,.?od?. and tha oriro i. di?ti?.nj m J? s?ch ?r..;le. ViwUei nlnapa itlttBK THE WHUTLEGISDrnVi: ADDRESS TO THE PEOPIE OF THE STATE OF NEW YOU. Pi llow Citiik.nb :?The legislative labor* which were committed to the hand* of your representatives, hare been brought to a close by proceeding* unparalleled in the history of republican States. We, whose name* are hereunto subscribed. denize to present, for your calm, intelligent judgment, a condensed statement of the act* by which the government of this State baa been sus pended, and a review of the subterfuges which are urged IB ezewe therefor. The government of the State of New York ia republican in it* character and form. At the very busis of republi canism lies the principle, that the will of the majority, expressed and embodied according to established forma, is to lie law for the whole. Whenever thut prineipte ia denied, cither in theory or in practice, the essential ele ment of political freedom is destroyed, and the only escape from anarchy is to be' found in the de spotism of a minority, uphold by force. The people of the State of New York, " grateful to Almighty Hod for their freedom, iu order to secure its blessings 'I have establishe'd the existing constitution. They have therein proclaimed their own sovereignty, ityad 1ji?tc prescribed the agencies and forms through which it shall be exercised They have committed the enactment of all laws to a Legislature, consisting of a Senate and Assembly, composed of members elected by themselves, and responsible to them for their not*. They have de creed that the assent of all the members elected to each branch of the Legislature, shall be necessary for the enactment of any law ; and that, upon the final passage in either bonne-, of any law which appropriates the public money to any public use, three-llflhs of all the members elected thexcto shall be necessary to constitute a quorum therein. The object of this p*>vision is very evident. It was designed to secure as full a representation of the peo|ile as possible, whenever their money was to be used under legislative authority. It was intended to secure for such acts a more complete representation than was required for ordinary legislation. The Legislature, on the 17th of April, was proceeding in its ordinary course of public business, when a bill cums up for its final passage iu the Senate, being uuo of a large number <?f biHs for the passage of wMch a quo rum of three-fifths whs necessary. Twelve Senators im mediately tendered their resignations, and a thirteenth vacated his seat and plnced himself beyond the reach of the Senate I'pou taking the vote, seventeen Senators, being a majority of all elected, voted in favor of the bill and two against it. Less than three-fifths of all the members elected to the Senate were thus fouud to have been left therein The Senate was thus disorganized. 1 he quorum made necessary by the constitution for the transaction of important business, was destroyed. A mi nority ef the Senators had rendered it impossible for the Legislature to discharge duties imposed upon it by the constitution. No money could be appropriated for the support of government. No bill, requiring the assent of two-thirds of ull the members, could be passed. The constitutional power of the majority had been com pletely nullified.?not by the veto of the Governor, by ilie dissent of a co-ordinate branch of the Legislature, nrr by any other mode for which the constitution makes provision; but in a way uukuowu to constitutions and to laws, and in its very nature and tend-ncy destructive to both The constitution provides for the representation, in all legislative acts, of all the people of the State. It assumes that, iu ull such acts, all the people will be rep resented And every proceeding by which this assump tion, which pervades every section and every clause of the constitution, and without which, indeed, all its pro visions would be useless, shall lie nullified?any act by which large portions of the people of the State shall bfl disfranchised and deprived of representation?is as clearly and as truly a violitiou of the spirit of that in strument as would be the most bar--faced disregard of some spe cific injunction which it contains. We have, therefore, no hesitation in denouncing the act of these thirteen Senators, who. having enters 1 into a eufispirnry for that purpose, disorganised the Senate by vacating their seats, us a wilful violation of that Consti tution which they were sworn to support. The act. moreover, was au outrage upon the funda mental principle of a republican government. It was au open denial of the right of the majority of the people, this ugh the representative* thoy had chosen, to make laws for the government of tin- State. The right of the majority to rule, is the first principle of every republic; and if it be uot observed iu good faith by the minority, in every rase, responsible popular government is impossi ble ll tins hitherto always been deemed the crowning glory of our people tliul they were true, under all clr cumatanct's and in every emergency, to this great doc trine of democratic faith. Submission to the will of the majority, until it should 1st reversed upon appeals made in the manner for which constitutional provision is made, is the principle wliieh lies at the bast* of all our institu tions. and which ha* carried our couutry through every crisis and every eonttict It gave us strength ami sur er** iu the revolution; it bus given us uuluu aud staWli ty from that time to this. Mvery State iu the Union, at different periods of Its existence, has passed through sharp political and civil contests. The U'uioa itself Las bci n repeatedly convulsed l>y the struggle of contending panic* for power and supremacy, lint in every rase, ' hitherto, whenever the issue has been d>elded, the ver dict ofthe majority ha* been accepted as law. But one instance has ever been kuown, until now, in American history, in which the minority have claim *1 the right to ri 1*1 against constitutional majorities, and. by violent ex tra-ci'icditulioual methods, render their will of no effect. The Ligisbiture of South I'arvliiw, In livli asserted, but did not carry out, the right of msistiug the will of the constitutional majority of Congress It ws* reserved for tlie great and enlightened State of New York first to put in practice this aristocratic and dangerous doctrine It was left lor thirteen members of the Senate of this Slate, claiming exclusive democracy, thus, by force an! vio lence. to prostrate in the du.-t this fundamental principle >4every democratic government. It nia-l I* borne in mind if the action of these disorganizing Senator* be /auction- ,1 in this instance. it may l<e pr*ctt.-<-d in every other. The right asserted, if it exist in this earn. cover* every o**e that can arise. It will justify two.Tift h? ot the m< tuber* of either House in nullifying the will of the m?j -rity of both, in erery ca c which can arise unj. r this section of the consti tution. No appri |iriiition ran ever 1>" m nie for the supjx rt of government, for purpose* of nineaUea, for ( ripairing the State cannU. for the payment of debts or claim*. for d<fending the Stale against invasion, or for I any public mirpiwc whatever, if lliis minority see tit to di tint it. If on* political party may pursue this course . to-day. another niny to-no rrow. Tie precedent wliieh lin* now la-ell set would put t he whole legislation of the | State upon every sulgeet involving the expenditure or apprr priatii n ot money, into the hands of a minority, I iiml Hint too, undi r a deiiioeratic bit in of governin-nt, I the fundamental principle of which is that the majority shall rule. It unot be rvident to .-ill thai am h a principle as this, practically carried out, would auhvert the constitution, and prove fatal to republican government It* ten ileneic* and inevitable rrsttl'j may l?- seen in Krane* and the republics of p.,nth America The most giilant struggle* if a brave people, cunt ending for aelf-guvrrn n.ent aud the blessing*of liwidom.have been ncutralia?1 by a practual diategard ot tlii* tuniiameiitai right of the n.ajoiity to rule Idseoutanted minorities have refnaad to abide by the provisiona of the constitution, and to yiild tin it owu opinions to the opinions nnd tin* will of the m:<jil'ty. It Is till* lack of good faith which lias rondmd frtiitl-ij the gallant effort* of the peopie of franee, for the establishment of republican iuslitu-| lions, ar-d the aiortion et tlielr right to govern tin mselves. Minoritte* rebel against dieiaiotti of the j popular vote?party madne-s overleap* the train I* | and barriers of the c.nistiiu-loii, and appeal* are taken fn in tin- liti ision* of the majority to thed?i reae of ftwv. A just relianre upon the intelligence of the people. natu- | rally preclude* all apprehension of ueh a re-ult in this country itut the best sectirity again t it lie* In the ro- ) ji etlon of the prinr'ple out ' f whirh it grown. I'd it be i distinctly undi rati* d that the majority Must rale, and j tlint the derision* of tiie majority must !>e aeeept'd a* 1 law. until la-versed. Let minorities understand that a disorganization of government I- not a recognized mo.|e o ( resisting the voire of the people,?and lliat good faith ' r?*|uir< * ae.jiiii secure in the will of majorities t'roui Well. when the Mnglisli I'arliainent would not legislate to ?uit hlin. drove the member* fr- ui thoir seat* at the point , if the bayeuet The minority of the Senator* in this ?tale when the majority of the Senate would not vote to suit llieni. broke up the govermm nt by abandoning the 11 list which tiie people had devolved upon them The principle of both proceeding* lathe I.imr?the dif ference between them consist* in the kind of force re am ted to. it may lie said that nn appeal In this case in simply taken to the people: that they are called upon to dcci-la by their votes whether the will of the majority i*. or is not . In accord*nee with their wish Mo it was In Crom well'* case He broke up Parliament and ordered a new ?lection lie appealed to the people to sustain hi* art* Mo It always i* in Krai-ee. in Mexico, and in the republi can Mates i f South America An alubttion*, discontent id minority n I* I again-t the majority, nnd appeal to the people The wrong and the dinger in those case*, a* in ihl*. lie In the fact that the appeal I* not taken In con formity with the fit tula menial law wliieh all have agreed to abide by The Constitution of this State provide* fur an ?pp? al t<? the p<? p|e. The actions of the majority are to I* rr via wed and jmlged <vi ry year Itut the disorg* ulaing minority do not nhldu l>y that agreement They rliiim the right to lake Hew appeal* whenever the nu^o rtly propose to enact any law which th'-y dislike It I* i isy to see how such a principle, carried out. must Inevi tably destroy all rrprco-ntative governmeut, and plunge Us Into h' poles* anari by It may lv urgid that nfter twelve Senators had resign sd. twi uty tor still left, and that the le-gielatiira of the Mats might still have gone forward In making the appro priation/. that Wen- lci|1lirtil. To this tht reply i*? firrl?That to make appropriation.* for the multi farious i-tj- fts whirii tlia go?id -if the Mtate re-iulrwd. when twi tilths of the people of tha Mtate were unre pri *? -tiled, and could have no vole* in miking them, wi uld have hern a gn-** violation "f the first prttvipien i< juatiee. and of regard for the popular will .veaiil?That *< mo of ths- moat Impsirtant act* of tha Is-gislature required the assent of two third* of Ml the ?umber* 11- ets-,1 to each liraneh thereof; vvl n* two third* of th? MetiaUott were not 1- ft therein, tb-Ta was no j Ms nate for tunny of the purposes eontomr tnto-i tiy the constitution It* rightful power, tbereftsire, to transact any hu*insv*a, w?* nol Awe from doubt VtfrM?Th?t It would have been In the power of any i ne i-.icnil - r to dictate to the l,< g!>vatur?, supposing it to liave I* en i mpsiwered to trwnsasd business, the amount and *hjs el o( i ts h specific appropriation, un Icr threats >4 'M'Ttint ' ui oil. X* have put the whole inanctai power ?f ihe Statu tbiu into the hand* of a single person, would have been a bttse betrayal of the public interest* and tb? right* of the people. Famrth?That oue of the remaining Senator* declared in open Senate, that uoltin the order of legiolative biui newa fixed by the Seaate Hhnuld be laid aside. and he should he allowed ta proscribe what *houl<l, and what should not. be done, he would uty> vacate hi* scat, and render further legislation impossible. To have complied With such a demand, would have degraded the Senate be low the level of him who made it. Fifth?Each of these twelve Sunatorf/had placed upon record his solemn belief, that one of those remaining, (Mr. Sehoonmaker,) was not a Senator, hating been elected to Congress They, therefore, cannot consistently b? llete that there were twenty Senators loft, nor can they be sincere In urging that acts requiring a quorum of three-AMis could still h?vc been passed This |>osi tinn. whatever may be its intrinsic merits, is certainly good against those who hold it. Upon these grounds, fortified as they are by the most conclusive reasoning, the undersigned submit to tbro people of this State that the step taken by the minority who vacated their seats in the Senate, ami thus, by d?s- I troying the constitutional quorum, rendered legislation ' impossible, would, if sanctioned, establish a principle ! dangerous to the interests, and de-truetive to the rights. ? of the people. In a goveniient which recognize* the prin- ? ciple that majorities must rule.

We shall now proct ed to consider the pretexts by which these persons endeavor to justify the course tliey 1 have taken They are all embraced in the statement that the bill upon which the Sorate was about to act, was one. which, in their judgment, ought not to puss? and as a majority of all the members elected to the 8e- 1 nate were in favor of it. this was the only way in which it \ could be ill ft'a tad. It will be eh ar from what lias already been said, that this excuse does not affect, in the slightest degree. ? the principle involved If a minority may defeat this bill, in this way. any other bill may be defeated, through all time to come, in the same way by any minority that ' tqay be opposed to its enactment The constitution was never intended to rlothe the minority with any such ! power. The provision requiring a quorum of threo- i fifths, was never designed to empower a minority to de- ' fent legislation ; and in the oonventiou which framed the constitution, the bare suggestion that It might bit so used, whs scouted as impossible and absurd. The lion. Michael Hoffman, who waa the leader of the dominant party in that convention, and the author of this cluusc, said that it whs designed "as a guarantee for safe legisla tion," by requiring a full representation of the people. "Mr. Worden" (we quote from the debates) suggested that thi* would put it in the power of two-fifths, by with drawing. to defeat wise legislation. Mr. llotfmnn replied that t he house from Which they retired would deserve in famy, if it did not imprison them for It." This is perfectly conclusive a* to the intent of this provision of the con stitution, and shows that no such power is conferred or contemplated by it. as has been asserted and exercised in this instance And the effect of sanctioning tilts pro ceeding will be to engraft upon the constitution a new iroviaion,?that a minority of two-fifths in either branch may veto the action of the Legislature. We arc quite willing that the people should decide whether this is a safe end just principle, and whet hi r this i* the proper and constitutional mode of amending that instrument. Hut it is alleged by this minority, that the bill embo died n violation of the Constitution, and that they were, therefore, justified in resorting to any mean* necessary to prevent its enactment. Granting, for the sake of the | argument, ttiat the hill was nnconstitutionai. it is sufficient to say in reply .'that the people of the State have no where delegated to a minority in either branch of the Legisla ture, jurisdiction over questions arising under the con stitution. The judicial power uf the State iowouferred upon court* of law. Those courts have jurisdiction over *11 cases ,in law and equity, arising under the constitution or undr law s purporting to Lo made by its authority. If the major ity ta each branch of the Legislature enaot any law, aud the Governor sites it his approval, the presumption must he that it does net v iolate the constitution : and if duuht arise: s upon this point, courts have been organized for ito decision. And I Kir the duty of mini ritics to abide by every law soenaeted, j until ita unconstitutionality shall have been pronounced by those courts, who are the only competent authorities. liut the minority, in this ease, have usurp-if that autho- I rity. These thirteen Senators have taken It upon themselves i to decide a point whieh is committed by the constitution ex clusively to the court* of law. And then, not satisfied with I tisurptn* a power of judgment * ith which tlioy are nowhere | clothed, uud pronouncing a docl*i->n thuy h ive uo right to give, they violate the eon* itutioa to curry Ihatdeciaiou into effect! They profesa to have been governed in their reroln tionary movement by a desire to preserve the constitution | from apprehended violation. And for its preservation, they do an ai t that v iolatrs the very first principle of the con stitution, *liieh enjoins submission to the will of the ma jority! He madman, who fired his dwelling to exterminate | the rrrmin w hich lie feared might injure it, seems to have | teen their guide aud model. It seems impossible that any one who has the slightest r?- ' gnrd for the cunatitution, for the rights vv hich it was design ed to protect, and for the forms aud instrumentalities it iias provided to effect that object, should willingly sanctionauclt j a proceeding. No matter what may have been the charac ter or the objects of the hill in queatlon, the course taken by ! the minority to arenre ita defeat, is at war with the eonati tution and with the very existence of a republican govern- ! rnrat. Due prove inn has teen made by thu constitution to ' prevent the passage of unjust laws, and for mailing void ouch as eoutravi na or eneai'd its sanctions. Hut the disorgani zing miuortiy lias nullified all these provisions, nndusurpol the authority they confer upon courts of law. But we deny that the lull m qauction it of the character alleged, it it ueither unconstitutional nor injurioun to the public interest. On the contrary, it was designed and is cnl I eiiiaood to i prry into full nnd complete effect one of plainest injunctions of tl e rnn-titution, aud to promote the best in terests of the Mate of Now York. The constitution, after setting apart portions of the revo tern of the t inals o! th < fitate for specific purpose*, require i that " the remainder of the revenues of the said canals shsl1, in each fiscal year, he applied, in such manner as the Legis laturr shall direct, to the completion of the Erie Canal en largtmcnt and the Genesee Valley and Black river canals, tniU the Mini shall be completed." Two things are very clearly enjoined by thisclnnsc:? /Vrrt?TUt the revenues which remain, after satisfying the ads of previous ?? netlowa. la eaoh fiscal year, i in applied to the completion of these worki. And Si rord--That the Legislature <?ViaII direct tho manner in which that nj ph< nti.-n shall If made. I'pto this time, theM revanuea hare boon applied to the completion ot the canala, by being paid out, iu each fiscal vear. for work done upon the in. The Legislature hitherto has directed that the application of these revenues should be made in thi particular " manner.** Hut no one hasever con tended nntil wry lately, that this was the only manner within the pow.r uf the Legislature t? prescribe. The very fact that the manner of applying them is left to tho dire tion ot tho flslaturv, iiiipU.s a discretion?a right to choose one of several. If a better nay should bedevil d than that adopted hitherto,?one which should secure tho object aimed at by thi clause of the coastttulion, namely, the < unpletion of the Erie canal enlargement, and the Genesee Valley and lilack Liver canals, more certainly, more speedily, and with greater cconoinv. and who h at the same time .mould not con tra true any other provision of that instrument?it would clearly be the right and the duty of the Legislature to ade pt it and carry it into execution. N - w, we contend that this bill does embody such n plan tbat the "mautitr" in which, by its provisions, tho Legisla ture illrw ts the surplus revenues in tnrh fiscal year, to be " nf plied" to the S| eoihed works, is ju?t as . on*titiitloiial as that which l;aa been adopted hitherto, and that in csory other r* spec t it is far Lett'r. The manner of upph 'ation pro vided by the lill!, is simply thif : ? AYrtf?Ti e surplus revenue* in each #f t!io fl<s?*?1 years W'l, 1WV2. J-.?3 and are to be applied to th ? completion of the casinN Ju>t as the y have been hitherto, by Lin; paid out for work dune upon those cauals during those y irs, or prr v ioo*)y. SttrnH. All the work accessary to 30triplets them is to be d ric within these four years, and by the sprinr ??f KVi the I ric < anal will be cnUrs-d. and the Genesee Vail > and Llac k Kivtr ( nnnl* will be tini-hed. 1 hird. The surplus revenues, in rwh h -al year after 1*64, are to Isppli-d to the completion of the canals (as required by th?-constitution), by being paid out for work d? tie upon tl can previous to that time. T his is the w hole scope and *tih*tanc?* of t!ie bill. These | are its main provisions, and its detail* arc shaped #0 as to j carry them it-to rffc < t. The canals will 1-e completed w ithia tie t.est four years, being paid for partly by the surplus r* 1' i.nci of ti es* year*, and partly by promise* to pay out of the r? venue*, of the years *u m etiing Those pr?uii*?-* arc | in the shape c.f r? rtiHcat< ?. and they 'teelarv ap n their face , tbat they are to 1h paid owl of those fevtwuei, and without any other ebJigaticu. pledge, or liability of any W'ft on the part of the 8t its. It sr< n,s to us that the rairman sense of every man may be rwlkd on. to cotvines him that the bill thus only enrriee , into effectone of the plainest injuR< Hows of the ? ?nsiituti n. Ti e deign of that clause of the ?on?titwtioa w *# evld ntly two LA if. To comp*l the completion of the Erie Canal En lsrg* n.? at. and tho (i* n? ?ee V alley and Iilaek River f'anaIf. Strand. To make the surplus r- v-nuc? pay for doing it. This till efle? dually at cure* both these objects. It will ' complete the canals by IftM, and will pay f.?r them egclw Sivefy out of the snrpl'iw revcnnes whic h the constitution 1 ?a press I y devotes to that oh,ret. Is it not clear, then, that the injunctions of the cor stitntion are fulfilled more e?fvc? tually, bemuse mors speedily, and with greater economy, in this way, titan in that which hss been adopted hitherto r These poeitic as are t?o plain for denial ?r doubt. Hut It is said that the hill erentes a debt against the* Mate, and tbat it thus encounter* the prohibition of the constitution. W e have been unable to put any snch construction upon it. We are as str' ngly opposed a* any t an be to any measure which will involve the Hint,, iu debt, ltut . thor?< is no possibility of any such result from the operations of this Mil. The cefti ficstes themselves declare that they are payable esclnidvety out of the surplus revenues, devoted by the constitution to the completion of the eanale. and that there is no pledge, liability or obligation of any kind whatever, resting upon the Mate f?-r their redemption. The only obligation which the Mate incur* is t?> devote these revenues, after 1AY4, t ? the pa) mint of the certificate*; and the obligation is created by the constitution. The rnrtifllrntcc will r*-present the work done upon tho rtnnl*. And the constitution reqnir-s that w rk. or whntsv ? r rrpresents it, to I** paid f?r out of these snrplns revenue*. Ti.e Att? nicy General of tbl* Mate. Mr !?cvi A. Chntfleld, in an oflU lal document, which, we r rwt to say, must take its place am- ng the imperishable archives of the* m New York, contends that these revenue* will be rdun ?l frost all obligation to redeem the certificate* is*wed upon if'-m, whenever the canals shall be completed. "If these ranale," he says, "are r-mpbtel ia three years, d mm ??t ? hie r* maindvr become ralieved fr?m this eonstitwtiowwl de dication, and ?uhje?t#d to the disposal ef the Lcctxlnturc ? The application of tho remainder to that object shall eenee, not when the d?*ht contra*, ted for their completion shall b*? t aid. but when the said email nhall be compistod. * And the -am?- pn-iii n was s?eum d by Mr. Mann, Just h^f??re resign ing his seat in the Jtrnate. These eerttltoato*. it will bo re metnbered, represent work done upon the canala. The la* fortr, who hold* owe of them, would hi* somewhat surprised to le told, a? th"*e dittinguished gentlemen tell him. that I e f uld not be paid, because his w?rk was done; th vt th?* netitution auth' rites payments out of these re rennet, only until the canals shall bt completed ; and that upon the instant the last spade has been it ruck, and the finishing Vlow given to the work, all constitutional obligation t*? pay for the work he* upon It, cases forever. It may ho aid. with equal Justice, tbat the contractor who hold* the rertifiowtc of the engin* ? r for w ork done at the completion of tho canal-, has no claim upon the e ffvewtK* for reim !ur*?mmt The pica is one that would not be tolerated for an instant in any court of justiie on the fsce of the earth. To say that it is not Justifl* d by anything in the constitution, is simply to say that the State is not authorised b? that in :?tromcf>t tn detrac t those whom it hires to work, nor t^i withhold from the laborer the wages he ha* fairW eWfWTdU The snrjdns r?'v? nuei ar?? devote I by the constitution to pay meat for work dona upon the csmals. until they shall* e coth plefidj and this dedication will remain in force nntil that pnj meat shall have been made, whether it be bvfore tr after the work is done Ingenuity ht* been tortured by the enetniwa of this bill to Wring its provision* within the prohibition* of tho constitu te*. The uwdsp'f* d, ?? tgeteit# vt tkcif Wyst Jcd^ ment. bthere that thue effort* hire been hopelr??l? ?aln. una ml?a? Th? most labored efforts ot the most ingeaious minds bard ?. to ""d.r erea plausible the pretext that the bill nould involve the State In debt, or in any other way en ? oounter the provisions of the constitution. A paper. a4 aressed to the I-ieutenaat Governor, and signed by the resign ?ff,Vu"'An5en^'d *' an al"-l"xy for their course, asserts, itho is f, 'tt question " authorises a Uan of nine millions of dollars, wtflhoul sulmittina the law to the approval of the people, and without imposing a tax to pay the debt created, as the constitution requires." It proceeds to say that "it authorizes the creation of a debt of nine millions of dollars, and pledgee the future resources of the canals tor ltd pay ment. r The confidence with which these assertions are mad-\ after the public discussion which the subject ha* received, implies a remarkable relia nee on the ignorance or credulity of the public. It is not easy to eonfonnd a loan ou behalf of the Mate, with the sale of certificates which declare, uj- n their lace, that no liability exists on the part of the rntfor their redemption. When any person contracts a dolt, ho is bound to pay it out of any property he way possess. If the property mortgaged i* insufficient. wliatever else he has may e seized for its pay meat. But when au individual or; porution sets apart a Innd, out ol which alone mom y in le paid, nothing but the fund so set apart can he held! be paid, nothing out the tuna so set apart < an oe held tor payment. No debt is incurred by the person pledging? the only liability i* upon the fund pledged. Precisely the some thing is true here. The surplus revenues, and tiny alo ire he! ' ?Id for payment. The debt is against the fund an l u? t against the State. And we have a conclusive recognition of tl?i* distinction in the constitution itself. The first a-ction of the seventh article sets apart a portion of th-* Canal r*ve nues as a fund, which is to he sacredly applied to the pay ment of the Canal debt. The second section sets apart an ther portion to )*? applied to the payment of the General Fund debt. The fifth section says, that "if those funds either of them, shall prove insufficient to enable the State, ou the credit of such innd, to procure the means to satisfy the claim* of ttie creditors of t!io State as tlmy become paya ble," then taxes may be imposed to meet the deficiency. Here i an explicit and uumistakeable assumption, that the credit of a fund maybe r.s-ed for procuring money to carry out th? objects for which that fund was set apart:?yet the money bo procured !????? not constitute a d ht against the State, for if it did it would be forbidden by the twelfth sec tion ot the same article ot the constitution. The case in question is precisely analagous. M ?m?y in procured on the credit of the surplus revenues, which are set apart by too constitution as a fund from which the canals are to be corn pie ted. f point, which seems to us clear enough in itself, has anchei been \ery elaborately argued in both branches of the Legis lature. Desirous that no doubt whatever should remain upon the subject, it w as submitted to the examination of the af lert jurist* in the I'nited States. Daniel Webster, who ia universally recognized a* the highest living authority up m points of legal or constitutional construction, has declared, that in hi* judgment "it is clear that these certificates are to be received at the sole hazard of the receiver, or his as frigi.b, w ithout any obligation on the part of the State, direct or indirect, in law or equity, to make any other pro the repayment of the sum which may he advanced;" and that " he does Hot think the transaction amounts to the co ?ting of a debt w ithin the prohibition of the constitution." The opinions uf Jtdm C. Spencer, Samuel Stevens, Daniel Lord, and other distinguished jurists have been published, all presenting the same view of the subject, and arriving at the same conclusions. Upon the other hand Mr. Levi 9. Chattiold, the Attorney General of the State, has submitted to the Senate a paper which can only he characterized as a violent partisan diatribe against the bill. We ai'i every intelligent man in the State to read this communication, together with the re ply to it made by the Committee on Cauals in the Senate, and to judge for himself, not whether either of them, in point of language, manner and matter, is a disgrace to the archives of the State, hut whether there is solid ground for a rational doubt of the power of the Legislature to apply the revenues set apart by the constitution for the enlargement and com pletion of the canals, to that sole purpose, by paying for w ork d< ne in anticipation of them. The "protest" of the re*igning Senators follows up these reckless statement* by averting that the bill in question "creates an obligation or pledge on the part of the State, so to arrange and regulate the toll* ou all of our canals as to pro duce at least a given amount of re venue to pay the mortgage, however oppressive such impositions may be to the forward ers. or destructive fto the trade snd business of our canals." It would not haw been easy to make a statement upon this Soint more directly ut variance with truth. The constitution e< lar? s that the canals shall remain "under the manage- ! ment' of the Legislature for ever. In the exvreise of the power ' thus distinctly conferred, the Legislature by the eleventh se?ti< n of this bill, to fix a ba. is for the regulation of toll* upon tli - canals This they have not only the right, but it is their duty, to do. But it is not true that "a given * mount to pay the mortgage" is pleiged by the State, i under all eircum* tancef, and " however oppressive it may be to the forwarders. or destructive to the trade au I business of our canals." Un the contrary, specific and complete pro vision is made for all the emergencies of seasons and of trade. The Sen at r* who signed the declaration we have quoted, must have known that the bill which they professed t ? have | under examination, provided for an arrangem nt of tolls on the basis of th* average business for the three precodinc years, so that tho same %inouut of articles transported ?lu uld produce a certain revenue. Nor could they Wave beeu ignorant of the fact that it was distinctly provided that, even in rise of pestilence or any other emergency by which trade should he interrupted, no obligation whatever for the redemption of these certificates should rest upon the State. The toll* n* present fulfil all the injunctions of th<* consti tution. and leave a Mirplus of nearly eight hun lr thousand dollar*. The object or thia ssstloi is to HutMi that, If the business of tlic canals doe* not fall "ft, the amount of toll* collected ahall not be materially different. Abundaut pr> viaion i* made for all continguncict; an that it i* impossible that for* arders should be oppressed, or the trad* and lmsi nt-Hi of the canals destroyed. >??r is it true that the section involve* any " obligation" or "pledge'* on the part of the State, to keep the surplus revenues at this flxod point. It is ?efficient to say, upon this point, that the Legislature has no power to create such an obligation; and that, while good faith will require, on the part of future legislature*, ?u?li a Tnanatfoment of tUe canals aa will secure payment for the completion of the canals, they cannot bo bound or restricted, by any present action, tin the exorcise <?f|the power which the c< institution confers upon them. They will hav ? full power to regulate and arrange the tolls as they may deem ttoet conducive to the interests and the honor oi the Stat *. We ba\ c thus examined the pretext l by w hich the actor* in this scene of violence and disorganization seek to excuse their condui t to an intelligent people. * have shown, a* hat torn shown over and over again, in ofiheUl papers and speeches In both houses ?>f the l<*gi*)ature, that the hill in (junction does not violateeither the letter or the spirit ot'tho constitution, but that it was designed, and is well calcu lated, to carry into effect one of the plnine?t and most im perative injunctions of that instrument. We rofer to there document* for the moat cogent and conclusive refutation of every pretence and evety subterfuge, l?y which its enemies have t ought to justify their hostility to this hill. 80 com pletely har it been vindicated by argument, and *0 tirmiv ar? it* provisions t?tabli*b?*d in the r - |uireu?< nts of the con stitution, that wc dad It difficult to a.-eribe the cnvt-u iu I opposition it ha* encountered to the cause* nssi gned on it* hefialt. We cannot believe that this step has been taken, si in pi V beenrse those who t-ok it doomed the bill liiiconsti tiitioi al. Wt are compelled to look elsewhere f r the in >? tlvee which have prompted this most extraordinary pro ceeding. We believe that it springs partly from hostility to the completion of the canals, and partly from the plitiil considerations shadowed forth by the Att orney tieiyital m bis official report to the Senate. 1 be ri'signine Senators declare in their '*pr >teit" that th y arc "in favor ot th? enlargement of the Eri canal and of the completion of the Onemse Valley and Black River ca nals;" and that their ouly snxuty is, that the work should be dt-ne in conforn itv with the constitution. It t* dltlL ntt to reconcile this preL-nce with the determination they have evinced, at every hazard and by the inoRt violent step*. to defeat thi* bill, without allowing the authorized e<urt*of law to examine and determine it- constitutionality. It t? net cksy to believe them sincer- in pretending to favor the completion of the canals. when they assume that a liill pro {Mising to effe< t it is unconstitutional, and break up too .egialatnre rather than allow the majority to p w* it, and Mil tiiit its constitutionality to the tribunals authorucd to > decide iijM.n it. The hostility whh h these movement* ev ince, i*not again?t any pnrtfc nlnr manner in which th? ?Milui<ui"nt an t canal* shall be completed,?hot it iz a aitisi the enlargement and canals themselves. The actors in this *?????#?? of violem c.n lady and represent that sjdiit which ha* al ways r?? int ??! the t ularg* nn nt oi the Krie canal ae a useless work, and denounced the tbi . * e Valley and Black River v tnale a* " sturdy beggar*' at ti e door of the treasury of the State. The* are now making their final struggle for the destruction of thisegr?at work*, and tlic energy and viol- nee they dis play, are due to the fOfmdcwsnt** they feel that defeat will put an end to tin warfare they have *?? long waged upon the financial ebara- tcr and credit of Un state. The frier da if the eanots, ?ti the ..thi r hand, freelvfthat thia is a ertti< .1ri ?d in the history cf tkfi" great and be im ticei.t works, and that if they are not ik w ron}j)!**tod in the manner prop???d. they will probably never he completed at all. The> hcli *ve the*t position* t<? t?? dem -n-ir*U< ;? EVrtf??'That the surplus revenues, out of which, Recording to the Constitution. the canal* must be completed, will no ret be sufficient to ac? ?.n pi: h that work, on less the Erie can il enn maintain the m<?n? p ly it has bith?*rt? enjoyed, of trana t ? rtir g the Inm v articles which constitute the commerce between tin R estart! >t*tNlMd tbs AtUutii ports. ,v##( ud?That with ??niv it* pr? ?eut tapntdty, an I the rat* * of fr? igl.t which t\ nt caj scity r< nd?*r* necessary, it in?<t in ?vital iy If ?e a large portion of that co timeri* ly the various ccmjH ?ing routes either fnUh* 1 or in prices* of completion. 7%it H~ 1 hat w itb the apa* itv ehich the practical <?p*ra t In <>f this Mil will give it. the Eiie canal can red wee It* freights, irv? r? ase its I u tines#, an;m t?l the revenue# of the State-, pz) for itself an J give the Matt of .New V?rk eoutrol fep ver of that great and ^rowingcommerce. The a (im not which i? n-w devoted to the wrk in each fl* '?1 jeer i- nearly c&ht hundred th'jfsml dollars. Even if this amount should h continued, Ube work of enlargemeat < on Id not ! finiahel. in th' manner hitherto adopted, witklt fifteen 1 r tv er ty yetr*. lint, meantime, *r- at competing works arc in progress on every side. It is not only from the railroad* of onr own fit ate that the canal has com petit i"Q !?? fear, but from the w^rU by which tie g \ ertiiucnt ?f Canada I* seeking to en gross the carrying trade ?.f the W e?b, and from similar work* now in pr-.gress thr? " ?*, tt>#. Mates up- n onr Southern bor der. The etfH nse fevkktlfsi the canal, at it< present , rapacity, rannef be reifnced bel w a certain point. The 1 niiiiimntii cost of transporting a barrel of flour fr<>m Lake Erie to the lludaoa river, ie n??w tueuty-two and two-tenth* cents. But it i an be dem ?natrated that flour from the west em Statca can reach Nt w York at a cheaper rate than thje, (increased as this must be by the tolls which the State im poses,) by o?f own railmaai, ??><! -till I'hr.p'T hy olltM ttcrk* in |>r?r... nf t.R,tfttli^> Th. < w.t, uaillii ?tititkl> fo.? bniatN, mil,., it. r*M< iijr b? nWlMj ?:i I f'ftT dollar of Mmn l"."t rtur li \br 0 ?mpl.'ti.ii itt <? n i Itryimrnl. On th. I if t'w .nrflnr iry.tioo, ffyntfltiit. rnl.rr' m.Bt c.l?l" OBlielpoIr J. II ini'B., Im pr ctm*, or tmrk d IK'>0'i r?id f r ni l of Ihooo r-v.ou.r, tl<??.')?:i come la h?ri?ft?r, ? t* ,C"P".?d lo b? iloiio by t'lio lull, the rnl.rn' ment con or nmI'lrlril St o,co, tlir rot--, nf fr"i.tht mil be rr'tiirrd. ell f ?r -f r mp?tltl >n 'oill be nt in 'n l IhrmiMMntnti" nill bo In rcrrt. itr.d the itlMipUli Bill h?i ? | .id for it., II ?? frrr loll'. Tlir?, Motrm nt. otr aarceytiblr of |>rrfortly ronrlntlrc df ok r.trntn B If lb* ' .nol .holl lr rnlorrnd. tin co?t "f ItBB.tH.riin, * I .rr-l of floBr fr> m 'rinff.ln Alb.ny will be rrdn. rd from tBCBly 1? 0 i' oti to nine ?'-nt. tn I the <? r? * rtber .rtfrlrf Bill !>?.>l in yTBfortl 'n. Tbr r.nol Bill the,, nf roor^. ni"li'>|HiU(e oil liic ImOC/ erBiiBrrre m the Srrtkrrn st > It mil ,?? ure f?r It.n fli.tiH'1 all the InrfMMlin ter.ilr wklrh th. BOtBt.l .jr'wth <?1 tbr H'r.t Bill invnlt e. .t ad the .BrplBi royeBoee n ill be Slhioi srfsfdlB|[|y. The tr| rrl of Ihr t" mr it tee on Conol* In the tiw.-mbly t.hul.r ,n(, ?n,| ralenlolton. a yon thl* -n'. Jrct which or- ?i tthy ,.f attention lit" thrrv ?h.,wo, in th. Bi.'.t C n* * a. a n r. tbnt mohlnt .11 r .-wiblo oil naer fot r"BllBd*n'i,..-nfr' alax eyrn tii.t the rote <>l in nren.r In bn?lar,r (mtablUhod by thn e?b> rirnre nf the rn?t In lo dimlnl.h, -.nd nllowin* n folline orf, In eonoodBoni o of the rrdaml V,|U ?b nbeot ?n | tionr r^nly.l.nt to ono taelflIt of th , .?r',nte re, cann, the .arpln. r-yean - BlViltlntw.,, b, th,. ?i?r l-'C, h.vr I'.11 cry d"lld?of thr.r rrf .t.,,B,,d fell n bnlBBrr ?f twelc rmilli' n"in th fund. "y?y mof?. il ie.h, wn. with ennnl eortointy, thot it thrro .honlil not ho na lareeaee of t 'ibiiIo dollar In the Mil tot* ?f th" O.nol". the nyprn." "f th.rnlnrs-mrnt would ty the yrnr I.-7I be folly Mid ty thi e'trpln. nrlMH, and a onl.nt r of O'nrly t ,y ? tnllli'O, be l"f? in I he Tttn.1 It I. not eMy I" or. h"W iiitclllicrnt men , on "lint their eye. to fait* en o-aflaettr ?. tlic.-, nnd <.p|?.er, ait.ino mnrh mnli,nlty .ml trench dc.pemtc mean., amc? are ??> rlc.rit < aada, ire to the boet interrrte of the tUntc. The < oneli'tatcm rmnlCte 'he ci mplclh n of th, en > ennle '? lie. ?ct *|.erl na Ntlil irt'Mt.lf * trnet fund, out of wl ich thai work mii.i to done. If that fereno.' 1. to be ntl il, d only I r trial yenl "<?? a. rreelrcd. tlfi-. a ..r twrnty ami he mo-wate* la I be ?of k | thi State atonaUmo Vui loe#tie Inlcmt ofihe MM*larertol. fnia 0 .lal< on nl Off nd' .l l? th" r-anrl of thn C.Ml f. iPifitire of tlx *e.t iu' I). it ?Pi *(? that thtte has tea [ expanded in the enlargement of the Erie Canal, up to **4 including 1450. the enormous turn of lis 96i r4tt I Th*? interest on that sum to 1464, in is'fti.dhft Supposing the work to proceed ne it has done ' hitherto, by the application of the surplue re venues yearly, as they accrue, and to be com pleted in lfifib. there should be added to the above the intcfest from we to into, twelve years 11,530,004 Tbe further cost of computing the work will be 11,000,004 Interest on that *uiii 10,000,004 Total cost of the canal 404,117,657 The total cert of enlarging the Erie Canal, by tho proceaff adopted hitherto, ia thus shown to be more than gtxijMfon* million* of dollar*! Is it not time to adopt a diffenil pulley, hy Which this enormous outlay may be rendered available at the earliest povsible p? ri >d ? You will see bjf the above statement how much capital would be actually ?unk and rendered unproductive for fift"#?n years or more, bv tho wretched system of carrying on the enlargement of the canal tv driblet* and in patches. Evvry man must ceive that, by expediting the work, a va.-t amount would be actually ?aved to the State. And yet, when a proposition is made to complete that great *urk. and to expedite, by ten or twvlv v year*, the tian wlicn the State shall derive largely increased revenues from its use, ?>y simply antic ipating the surplus revenues devoted by the constitution to that rpecitc object, and when it evi dently meet* the wishes of a majority of the people, and of , their roprt sentatives in the Sonata, it is resinted hy the mi nority, by proceedings unparalleled iu the history of Ame rican State*! The whole cava may be clearly illustrated hy a familiar analogy. Suppose a tanner, holding a, bond and mortgage which yields au annual interest of one hundred dollar*, hMl partly built a house which he designed to rent, and which 16 w ould cost a thousand dollar* to t?ui*h, and mat he wished to finish it solely from the pr . ? ed* .,f hi,) ,ud and mortgage. If he were to expend upon it each year the amount of th# revenue devoted to it, it would tsk#- ten years to hni?h it, he w-ultl lose the rent mean time, with the interest of liic* money, his house would decay almost as rapidly a* he could build ii? and he would be very generally regarded a* tit for a luaatto asylum. Yet this is precisely the policy which the opponents oi tills bill insist must be pursued by tlic State iu regard to hoc canal*. If t he farmer, in the case supposed, were to finish tiie house at once, pledging the Interest of his bond and mort gage, as it should come in, for payment of labor upon it, or of certificates representing that labor, does any onesuppoe* that he would hate incurred a debt, in the legal and sonsti tutioual meaning of that term,?a debt for which his whole property could be held, or that he had mortgaged his farm ly pledging the interest of the bond and mortgage ? Yet thi* is the pretest set up against tho ease of the Cauhl bill under con.-ideration. It proposes dimply to Boll certifi cate*. entitling the holder to payment from the canal reve nues when tliey shall accrue, and from no other source what ever. It proposes with these c.Ttific&tus to pay for work, don.- upon the canal*. It simply make* the revenue# of 1464 pay lor work done in lhhft.Just a* tho revenues of 1450 havw already been applied to payn cut of work d .ue iu 1-49. It ef tullihlui uo i.? * principle, introduces do new system, but luenly exteud* a principle which has ulwaisbecn reeogaise# and acted up..n durtugt'io whole hi>tory of our canals. Its practical operation will be, to complete the canals at once, increase their . urplus revenues, and thus provide for tfc* speedy repayment of whatever the work may cost. Fellow-eitiiens of the State of New York, you are all deeply interested in the speedy completion of the Erie Canal enlargement and the Genesee Valley and lilack KicerCauahs. Every man who produces wheat, or any other tuoans of hu man suh?i*t. nee, and every man who consumes it, are alike interested in reducing tbe cost of carrying it from tbo ana to the other. E\ery man who pays taxes upon a single dol lar to the treasury of the State, is directly interested iu ac celerating the time when the revenue* cf our State canals shall abolish the half-mill tax now collected, and render aid taxation needless for everafter. Every laboring man. whoa# sole deiHindence for himself and hi* family is upou his daily labor, H directly interested in the passage of a bill w hioh wist furnish immediate employment, at fair wage*, for thouaands and tens of thousand* of laboring men, and complete a work which will give a new impulse to commerce and new fields for laber in all time to come. Every innn who lives upon the line of any railroad, and who has occasion t?? use it for pur pose* of traus|?ortation, is directly int#*r#'?ted in ths contj4w> tion of a work w hich will, by competition and by the in creased business which it will create, enable those roads t# reduce their freights. There are but three classes of eneuie# to the hill f??r w how even a plausible excuse can be devh>w<L They are:? First, Tho holders of State stocks, who. having bought them at pur and hoping t?? *<?!! them at a profit often or twelve per cent, fear that the issue of these certificates will interfere with the success of their adventure. There is as reason to apprehend auy essential falling oil in the price oi .State stocks; hut even if there were, must the interests oi the great masses of the people throughout the State be sac rl fi.eJ to the u>urice of a few brokers, tankers, and ipeoula* tors in stock*? St<ofid. The holder* of stock in railroads, which cnioMtt with the cttuul, fear that they may he compelled to reuuow their freights and their dividends. To this objection wu rT.'vi.?t even if the stockholders in railroads should fait to sc'iuir* all the gains the> may ha\e anticipated from ths mouopol) they enjoy, the people who use the roads would be gainer* in proportion thereby. 2. That the railroad* w 1)1 shar? ta that increase of buamee% and that promotion of the general prosperity, which the con ) Iction ot the enlargement and the lateral canals will pro duce; and that they will, therefore, be directly and largeiw benefitted tlo r -hy. If the canal is n<-t enlarged, ths vmC road* of this State will be injured by the road* of I'enasyl vsnia and Ohio, a* those roads afford a ne irer row to to New Y ork fVoui the Southern sections of the Western States thaj& our ow n < au do. The enlargement of the c.mal will destroy the competition of tfie railroads ot other States, and tho# essentially aid out ow n. X tutil the canal is enlarged, consideration! of pubfti# policy will justify, and porb.ips re?iuir?'. a continuation of toll* upon the C'? ntral line of railroitu*. and the imposition of them upon the Northern and Southern roads. Loth of which, if freed from toll*, might seriously injure the hud nee* of ti c Erie Canal; wh? reus, tiie moment th?- speedy comple tion of the enlargement ia secured, these tolls may property Slid -afoly be uU off. ^ * Third. The third class of person* who would naturally bp ?j poM'd to the completion ot the ennui*. i* made up of tno*a political demagogues, with whom partisan consideration* are always sutwrior to the interest* of the State. The only reply which will prove effectual with this class of enemies, murt come from the votes of the people then selves. A proposition*** made in the Normlljr, by on* ef th* ei p' sents of thi* bill, to borrow eight millions of dollars foe the purjpo*e t f Completing the canals, uim! iiuposiug a direct tax lufltisftl to pay th?- iut? rest and to r?dorM toe priootpwl within < ight? * n years,?the whole ?|u<>tion to he submitted to the pep?l;.r vote. It is sufficient to say that th? revenue* pr vi?led by the constitution are am pi,- for th* work te w ht? h they are set apart .'?that to complete tbe canals by a direct tax, would te unequal, oppressive, and unjust, ? wad that for the** reasons tlie propositi u was not accepted hw the friends of the canals. As wt have already stated, the action of the Senate tipeg tliis bill, as well as upon many others of great tin port anew* was suddenly nrrvcted hy the abdication of thirteen Sena* tor*. Among the bill* thuH defeated, was one prov iding fog the rpecuy enlargement of the Dewrgo canal, whoh had passed the Aisembly ly an almost unanimous voto, nnd which, but for the revolutionary Movement already i tirnd to, would nnd? ultvdlv ham Ucvn.r % l.?w. That work could not. under the constitution. paid f r cut of the surplus revenues of the < anals, wti- h Mr-- exclusively davoted tt < ther ohjeit .-: the l ilt I- fore tf ?? I. giclatnrr. and which, we trust, may yet b? passed. provi i.-d, then fore, for b *rr< siax tl.? iitoiey ue? d for that purp .*e uiin? r auothcr * ctiosTeC | the constitution. VY? are com p? Ucd to bcliW e. l\ fa ts g'*aera!lv known, nnd by declarations made on Inerh authority, that no anafc revolutionary and dt* rganuiug i.. ?vcuvi?i as that by w lark this 1 ill bs* been resisted. Would have tak u place. If tha tnem1*ers of the Senate had btvn left to ti.e exercise of their ?w n Jmlgtm nt, inul. f a free *? of their doty to their com stitm ut? and the St.'te. That this w a ? u >ttl*e case, we hive t ? ? sclifivt vtdenci i : nly in *? - which hav% come nuncr onr own nb-? rv at ion. but iii -tatemmla distinct ly irsdt ly pr<mtnvnt member* of the party with which the r- igt ing 5. i.Mors are i. ?.? , t. 1. A Ii tingm l.. d Senator w ho refused tn beeotnt a party to the ill rgvnitatlon of the 1 o?l) to wlii? h l.e 1. |.,iig> d, detlare I m delmte up m tho taut ? ay of the ?? ion that " pr? poml. ratitig and exiraordiaarjf it f'neti?? a had 11 ? n brotirht t hoar upon the resigning be iiih-f' foci ntrol t In m that he bad h- n nearly so ? >ni rol led, but I,, hud avoided the o? erpu"*ering responsibility.'* And tl t?* it seems that the n-u of y >ur representative* have been 4 hi tru# t.-d, and the | ri*gV?*?s < f yottf government baa hei n arrested. ? y a m . ret u> .1 t ? w !,ieb yon nev r con tided thi pow.rrf legislation. The hi*t??ry of ths Jnobia j i hib in wuotl ? r country, which overawed the repr* conta in# t of thr pe? pi? ?r t finally p. -ira'- d ?!.? ir li??erti?? ant their re pi# hi i# an i i tituti n? at tin f? t i .? 114 kltimtl nt, how we rrfard aweh l?4ttettt with in diffiretice, cf pnl confidence in ??.. n whe ha** fielded ta I Ih< m.' Am th> i declaration, ? t ally inij rtant and riUling rrol mI ly iu port ?? the same f?. is. w m th#? \m*m l') in t? m v r - vt*., have seen lurking abenl thee* leb hit . 11 < <. ?'' '.f t r I r about :? ? ar? nss. lal #?rlnr t#? pr vent the ? nl ?i anient ? f the eaenU Th?y hav? ir>i<tim* uid * ried t S>sdr fiopow.** know w hetl? r th. y ore true or n# t I#*., little doubt that, iu tba hi *h hninled ti n th# v have tak#n, e rsdgnin^ S natore were n-ade th# t. ? Is and dnp*?> of ? \ ?t| m.?n p lists an4 n? i, ?, rt . fp <t. wigue?, wben i|nl row led lata tba j I alls #?f I and drtvia fr ?m their sen** the repm m;# t *i ivef y< ii kad t heeea. fill' f ' itisens ?Swch ar'1 the infin-ncea which have c. t tr-lied the nt-tlon ef a perti a cf your K# pre#, nt tineas itisftrvu te any whether the j ere such as anon Id govern! < ncu# t of inrn * hi, net let 4 fre* nd int# lllgent yseila i Such are the pr. teats I t which th#?v attempt te excuse their curdrct ;?it r**t? ?|tli y > i t ? ??r e ih. r t-iey are #atte f ? I r 11 I t r ? t Irli ol r t l.e M.-tioe ef Wi -???? ?? r 11 y. it- * i ti.eir ta f -r tl e |HMnpW44 tf 44a %_} ^tiM ,_J_Lk#i_. 6 llfj < ? e th?- -am tt*#w rating in# aewr* I nlar tola, aud tl i pre bit for uiin"ritie ::ir W.. ..VU [1ln> ,1" ti dIiIini i. ?l*n> >1 1'jr ?ll tl,? wh?.' ti nt.? n In r ,n.t?iy .-H lily t?o *b'S wmlx*#* ? Hmc t?? # '?? e. . tv. I >< .... f. r. Ml. T rl. ? .1 u-.11 '.r ai??c pin- ?Ih.ti> ?. ti nti?n In Mi ihv A?f-nilJy ] Onr Allmny Cnrri<|miiilrn(r. Aimir, April 21, IW 7'Ae Prmrrratir l*ci\Wf .'M.haa.?l-w /.<ee tirat f?i FiH I'nratW'H?CaTwIt m. R.vhvmJt On the rrralmt of tlic ndj urnia nt of the I.-v-da tarn, ram Mm > of 1 oik pnrlice nftkal h"dj were brIJ. and roni inlltn* appolnUd to prepare and i me rreolnt ion? ??4 addrewee to their rre| relive rnnrtiinenelra Tin- vidreaa on the ibnomilc aidr appear* in print thia evening. oe rupylng nearly three column* < f m?ltw It ptirporta to rive * hl-tnry of th^ leyi-latlnn durlnrtth* recent MMcino, tut dwell* mainly wi the -uhpct f fhe Coml blU. whiufc i' n? ? tin nil alwnrbln* p* IlUeal t >ple In tkla eit* Tho mlilri'-x i? a mere rre ipltnla:i?n **f the ?p*?i-fiw ami argument* made axaln-t the bill while under ili rniwhwt in the two bonne* It i? ?nid to be fn*m the pen nt fmatnr Mann an*t the name# of all the fifteen S. natorw we affixed and all th" ilemneratlr nxmbrr* of the llnoeo, eaeept Hrwti IturmuRha and llnteh. who aap iu troth, be now fairly ranked atnonit the whig* The tlorernor h?? la*ued ani thef proelamatlon to dny, anthori*lri|{ an i leetion to be hel I to till the raeanrMt whirb h?re ocrnrrrd by the re*lgn?t|on of the twetvn Senator*. ami one member of ArenMy The day which he haa deetgnated. la Tur?ilay. the twanty-aerenth ilay ? *f May? thtiteen dny * prvvlou* In th" tlnre when the extra *o*rlon wlU ei nretie The Secretary of flate tvu aleo yfvrn notice to the Sheriff-* In the reaper live roun> Ilea wh? re the v-trench* aneh ap?el?l ehwe tlona will lie held in accordance with the proclamation of the MoWernnr?thnae comprUe nearly one-half ttaa ronntlea in the wlv le State The eonteat will he one of groat anxiety activity and IntrTr at The whig* declare that the raual ahall be en Inrv* ?t now or never They have declared war agalnet all railroad " ?nnn)?i||r?," ami are endeavoring tn raian an laette?canal* ncatn-t railroad* If aueh a i|iwwM a ahonhl he Tulaed. and a formldahli- party enter Into thn content. It would be more detrlnu nlul to the ranal in tinat tlurn any other rutta that could he puraned The ranala are remaining In ifafn ywe, while the whoin Stale la alive |o the rallroa I mania The canal*, aa the* ?re controlled, have bcrnae the m >al p.wrrftil political marhtnery that evev exlat. .1 In the state, and it la i>?gh lime that mraanrea khonid be taken t*a take t oW oejt thi baud* it political (mtaiajiic. "Wg

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