Newspaper of The New York Herald, April 24, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated April 24, 1851 Page 2
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*h'-( writing*," My* tilf repentant CoUnUiS, ''will I WtrtT ?ppe*r, as I n<> longer recognise the spirit in I which they are compose J as siino." The Countess h*- become a couvert to the Koauu Catholic Church. fkt A?<Ulp*t?l In KnfUiai- ( 1%? ( oiirtnlratlM or Tiwupa at London. nun lb* Ltiiiiou Time- April 1U J (o consaqoenee of the unprecedented trad juiility ; oi Ireland and tht >n-k if the Cuminvul<r-in-Chuf to | Jmn <t flumparaiUiNt furrr m tne vi :mtu of t.'hion , whomg tht Grunt h..rh.hu on, it has beendciued ad visable by the authorities to withdraw the 17th ( J*aucur* and 1th Eight 1 >rngot?n-from Ireland. 'Iht I J7th w ill be stationed at Woolwich until August, when they will be moved on to Caatorbury. undthe | Ath Light Dragoon* near London until the enure tune, when the latter will mareh for Kxeter. A buuadrou of the l{ueca's Bays left Nawoa*tle-iipon "lyiu- upon Monthly last for Norwich and Ipswich, 4o relieve troops of the 11th Hussar.-, who will pa-* through Nottingham nt route for Sheffield and Wariv-lcv. The prevent rodueed force of cavalry will be in future the maxtmuni deemed necessary for Ire land (Kroni the Times of Vj-ril lo.j Time draws on. Twenty dnjs more will see the world in llyde-park, and as yet we can hardly tell how things will shako into their places. Some people take one view, some uuothur. .""?nine look upon l!?5l as the true annus miiabdi*, uud upon the tlreat Exhibition as the grandest idea of the cen tury. Cthers seem to fancy that all fairs are partial nuisances, and that the biggest fair in the world is not likely to be an exception. M. Soyur is full of hope. Colonel rub thorp of despair. Meantime other countries arc looking on, and as bystanders often ace more of the game than the players themselves, nirhaps we may take a hint from our neighbor-, ere follow the reflections of the New \'<>)k Hi raid ?n this paeitie festival of industry and trade. " The lireat London Exposition," according to our amiable contemporary, " is, fir.-t and foremost, a great London speculation," and it is computed that wc shall pocket a pretty handsome dividend. "This, of course, is rather provoking to American conceits, for it looks as if we had got clean uhead iu point of smartness, llowi ver, there is some ooo.-olut ion at bottom, ii we are made to pay for our whistle; and tin- wc are described a.- being very likely to do. We shall have our combs cut by the manifest sujsjriority of American contribu t?vns. "John Bull," observes the writer, "is a complacent and self-conceited personage," and the ixhibition on which he is bcut is that of himself, ilereiu, therefore, wc are to be confronted with sjie cinicns of that "liaiyve raw material" represented to Mu tin Cuuxslewit'a eyes by Mr. llannibal L'hol lop. The true grandeur of American produce is to l>o displayed in the " bone and si.iew of the country ?the stuff from which the greatest empire on earth has been cut out of the woods within the last cen tury." But this is not ull. "A ship," we are told, "will probably leave New fork in a few days, with the most interesting specimens of philosop.iv and socialism which any country has ever pro laoed. A deputation of American socialists, tilled to the brim with all the combustibles of red republican ism, socialism, chartism, and anti-rontisiu, will take the front rank of the agita'ors who are to be concentrated iu Loudon during the summer." In this department, at any rate, the Americans are resolved, it seems, on getting the very first prize. Naturally, after such a conclusion, comes the upshot of the whole show, and the //.raA/, thereto-e, be takes itself to reflections on the consequences of the exhibition '"under these very favorable circutn atanecs fora strike at the integrity of her .Majesty's empire." The results are "calculated" with more than transatlantic rapidity, "tlreat Britain is deeply agitated with the Catholic question; there i* no prospect of any material abatement of the prevail ing -tarvation in the manufacturing districts, and starvation is always ripe for a revolt. The city of lamdon contains a population of 30,(>M), of -iinilar materials to the mot) who stormed the Tuilcrle*. and carried off the Hoyul family to prison and execution. It will be easy, then, for the conspiring social leaders to organize a descent upon Man chester." So much for '.he American programme of the World's Fair, and there is no denying that we are "chawed up pretty small in it." .^s to questioning the infallibility of a New York editor, after the recent accounts of what the smallest of the fraternity can manage in the way of compre hensiveness, we of course shrink from the atteinp', and offer our own suggestion- with becoming meek ness. Yet it certainly is hai l to see why we should a-sault the Crown because the whole country in at one about the Pope, and we must need# say that the ?' prevailing starvation" in Manchester had never couic to our knowledge till it was re ported from New York, fin the joutrary, wc had every reason to believe thai the factory operatives had n??t only enough, but to spare?had not only their bellies full, nut "knew the reason why. Perhaps we may be wrong, but v. ry sincerely do wc wish that famine may never assume a worse form than in l-au< a-hire at this mom nt. \s to ear metropolitan mob, we were rather in the habit of fancying that transportation relieved our great towns Iron tbe true Parisian elements of mischief; though, of course, the llenihl knows best. trtill, wc really can't forgit this very day four years ago. when it was shown by a practical census that Tor every evil minded man there were fifteen true and well disposed. Touching the " de* jent on Man obester,' we should humbly defer to more ex perienced tactician', but to u- it seem- "putting the tin kettle before the dog. When "the 1 ui iories" have been stormed, .md London belong-- to the " deputation," Manchester may be left to fall !? of itself. Pari-, if we recollect, didn't m ir-h upon Marseille. The announcement-, however, of our ontctnp - Tory are not confined to speculation. I ho .Vic Font HrrttUi "has received by the last packet a con fidential communication," which, after the American fashion in such cases, it promptly imparts to the world. " We are advise J," 'ays this in?tructi.-c journal, " that a number of leading men in Liver pawl are seriously contemplating a scheme ef seces sion from the whole con plicated machinery of the ?ppretvivc government at l.ondin. The scheme embraces the idea of anew republic, of which Liver pool, Lancashire, and the principality of Wale* are wo eonetitute the nucleus." W hat are to be the exterior provinces of this highly central seat ol power, wc are not told; but the vision of fiery soon takes an American shape, for a line of steamer* from Liverpool to Charleston will be immediately laid down; and w>- are half Inclined to infi r that, the Southern f<tate* of the I nlon are to federalize wi:h the western counties of Britain after the two exist ing empires are dissolved- Mr. t'ardwtll will, per haps, look to rhie extension of hie constituency. We, too, have oo arionJIy received " eointnuidea tions from Liverpool," in which the " oiip-'?*iv<j machinery of government" wn? undoubtedly ? tr.e what rudely spoken of. and a good many st" ngi.-l. resolutions avowed- we are bound to s-iy hivt wc do not rv -oiled any overt mention of the new re public, in these tract* of the fiuanctal ref rtacr*; mst as Mr. .Milnerliihuon is in the confidence of the Wading men on this subject, perhnp* be will *et the ?anatry right upon the point. Meantime, wc must hope the World's lair may wot end quite *o *trnng< |y after all. Apjrehetv ??n? are hot alt- g tber unnatural when --uch a ? on ?o?r*c ha* been invited at*ueh a period, and h-y hare found a voice, an 'h" read- r know*, in bo'h kousvs '.f the legislature. But people mi *t -ircly he uhcob*uonable alarmists to persuade thenr-elve that what utterly fail* d when anarchy wa* . i.ln i oont should succeed when revolution 'link* in the awry nostrils even ?f Frenchmen, or'hnl English men would submit to be di iven by for*igrers where they would notevenbe !? d of themselves. No doubt a street mob might receive j.n ncee?.ioa frotr. ?o tourners, but the eipNte-l mfluv of hands rill < ut koth way* The refugee* are clearly a minority, even of their own countrymen. or they wm.M not k* refugee*; and tberofore, for eyery " man of al lien" wbom we may receive ainoug our vi-itsr*. we eon calculate up<>n at least two tueu of resi-tun e ? men who, though in a foreign tnnd, will join ihe ranks of order a* [r> mptly ne Prince I-ouis Napo* leoo in IKtH. Those who can do n- thing in I'aii or Berlin, are not likely to d" much In a ca| ital wkerc be odds again t them will b?just a* great as far a* their fellow-citizens are < oocerncd, and vastly ?rent- * in r-sjs- t of ih? |sipuU'> n around tb.?m kf? bob- .i ?? I' m -rk on 'he f ,n y propagandist att.-inpt at a ap?i4 wb'Mt the iiupu> would He wholly iMromtnnni-able. M. I.edrn Mollin, w- may .pre-utn', d> rs not at any iat- a* pire to b; Presi^i nt of 1 ng'and. and so long a* 'h garris'Uis of V'ii ennes aim Lyons rercainot 'heir traernt way ?( thinking, it i* hard |to *ce h"-v is prospects in Pari* cm Id be prom ;ted I y ten minute*" a*e?ndeTjcy with a mob at Ki igbt - bridge, These nru not new temptation.? Kioetly the *aiue c nditioiis ? cenrred after tbe |n*t. ?ar Between l"l*> and !?/?), from 29J0W to H't.tSO alien* regi*tcred th'-in-'lvc- in I ngland. There weje 'Ai.SOO even In |S"H, These were all political refuges* of the true old race, and i">t a twentieth part of them could show tlint they w re er gaged in any *ettb d pnruiit. Yet, thougti ll.'*? were tfco lime* of "idniMU'h ai.d L'astlr rengh?of daily ?edi tions and sessional "nets," of innr' bing* ? n Lon don and riot* in ripnflelds, of Teterl ,? ivi tinge and < a to street ?nmpiraei< -?no tnl*i-hief s?< ever ex prriem ed from our vl-iters, and the iMien act*, ex oepting as thsy iright o rste in* rsihly, remained almo*t a deod letter. A to the "side arm*," ot which Honorable n tuber* compUir, th" *tave* cf She A division Would *lnv r thi m into fragments. Far be it from u* to disparage the revolutionary sin r ng ?f Parisian*. 1 ut they have r.evef yetenronn tered constable*, wn< ?? daily duty it i* to - ragfran tic frishmen from h fifth *tory to tb*- station m ine. Marshal Hugeaud hill -elf W. .ihl hnvc tore. 1 pals at u "row in Vinegar yard, where twenty sa vage*, after a w*i lanee on ?nme fw> strata com isiTe, were ready In r"sh with l*M,th, rail, and j. per on the single policeman de*paeh<d to qmll he uproar. But au< h oalcwkltIon* are ill beside tJM point. Wc ?rf giving ? gtawd iwutali wc have invited the world to the meeting, end we mean to be all brother*?for the time, at least, and, if God speed, for inauy year* in consequence. To talk about burnings and storming*, revolutions and republic*), u- simply ridiculous uud may be left to tbi -peculation* of "that ingenious press which Mr. Co hoc n would persuade us w so fai ubove our own. Tike French Republic. THE NLW < vBIN'ET OK I.oris x.troUEON. '1'lie following nutucs compose the cabinet, ac cording to the official auuouueeuieat in the 3/oui trur of the 11th iust. ! oreign A flair* M. Barouche .1 ustloe M Kouhcr I insure M. Fould luterior M. Loon 1 aucher Commerce and Agriculture M. Butler. Marine .M Chasseloup I.abvt. Public Instruction M. de Crouseilhes. B ar Men Konlou. Public Work* M Mague. j _ '1'imc has not yet been afforded to tk? public journal* of different parties, to pronounce on this ' ministry; yet then an- already Indications of opp> ? sition, no' oniy on the port of the republican paj-ers, which is to be looked for as a mutter of course, but in the Thiers organs, uud in th- Atntmhtic A tknuiU, which, as the organ of the fudonists. is .-aid j to be about to pas-, if it has not }>u.--ed, into the : hands of Mes-r-. Guiznt, Durbatcl, uud Duuoti, ; the new allie* of the Marquis de 1'u-t Tet, i?ho ! manages the political int- rests of the Hue do J>or j deuux. The Asm-mblet .-ays:? Who can explain the w ritable motives for the return ; of MM. Uaroehe. Kouhcr. uud 1 ould. who hare already ' bam *o near to upset the coaeh 1 Is Moh a setae flow prudent at the openiugofa erl-is which may decide the fate of I'raueu ' \V<- feci no pcr.-onal hostility to the honorable uauie: which form thi* cabinet : there are even soma aniou- them for whom we feel groat e.-teem uud sincere uth'cuou; but we jwr-i-t. nevcrt hole i-r. in -ay ing that such a combination a- tui- is a grave error, of which the con.-muences will ,-oon be apparent. The 1 Pah . tells us that these name- will appear in the Man j teur. W e yet hope tli.it the President of the republic will not commit so capital h fault. There i* not among those persons the liuine of hiij one of those members of the p ir liuineiitnry mojority who took part in the late discus-ious bclweeu the two powers. Tile President ha; been eir eiiuiveutcd. and is deceived Firmness in the govern ment is u great quality: but - leh firmness should u,q be come headstrong obstiuuey. Ministries of defiance have ever been fatal to governments. No one can fail to apply the latter observation of the Asstmblit Xut' Jiuut to the new Minister of the Interior, in whoiubt is a very general opinion thut Louis Napoleon has found his I'olignuc. Honest and courageous he is, beyond eny doubt, and even his uneonciliutory maimers would not be objectiona ble, if they did not fall into un ev:' ready w.tspish pugiiueiousncss, which, without gaining friends in any quarter, ha* excited the hostility of the left benches into downright aversi >u. M. Faucher, too, Tabors under the stigma of n voti of eomleinna'ioii of the < oit-tilm'it A-seui! v, for Inning.'urned the telegraph to electioneering purposes, ib a way that even his coll. agues in office dared not to defend. Against that vote of cen*ure from members of the House only ti\? protested, un I of that five M. Foueherand hi- brother-in-law, M. Wolowski. formed tw . Thus, of the new cabinet, tinee are suffering under a vote ol want of confi dence, passed by th present A-.?euibly two months ago, and one bear- the a!n. -i unanimous stigma of ihe constituent. Loui- Napoleon-houM rather hive recalled the old ministry, -n the ground of hating failed to in duce the leaders ..f ]i.irties to form an aduiinistru tion, or he should have persevered in hi- efforts to overturn their-eruples, while retaining his tr.iu-i tiv?; mini-try. t am-hcr, adde.l to Baroehe, Kouhcr. and Fould, i unpopularity without, ad I'd to It tilify within. 'I wo of the " tre. sitorv"' cabinet are niaiii'aii.ed?tleneril liumlmnndM. Magu :? to n. i!her of whom can there be any legitimate ob jection. i f th< three other names, that of M. Buffet is the be-t known, ?s be has a heady flh d the post in the < 'dilloii- Parrot administration. M. Buffet shares the commercial vi 'wsef M Faucher, which are more liberal than rho-e of French ?tut earn >n generally. But it i- not likely that I be new cabi net will find suffice nt ea-e and leisure to turn th 'ir attention to commercial injects. Another sort of combat awaits tliem. M. Je ('rouselhe- belong* tc the legitimist party. He is an ex-pcef of France, but i* not considered to be one .,f the leading men of hi* tide. He bears the reputation of a worthy gentleman. M. < has -t loup lumbal, nlthotigh only I'i years of ago, has been, since in official employment. An uuditor of the f'ouncil of Stat? under Mart ignite, he w.i* fortunate enough to refuse a prefecture from I'riooo I'olignae; bc.iuue in ISkj an aid-de-caap of Li fayette, and after that was up|>ointed to a civil situ ation by CifimcjrPerrier. In lxki M. Thiers charged him withacominissi in to Hgeria; and in ISP* Count Mole made him u i oum illor of Suie. lie i* now Loui* Napoleon's Minister of Marine. Such men are easily tempted to tuke , (h e, and we must not lake M. Lumbal'* name us implying the adhesion of >i great party. The beat debater in the new ministry is undoubt edly M. Baroche, who i* n very able man. It i-tobe regretted thut he is not cither Minister of the Interior or Minister of Justice, in either of wnarh ]c->*iiiou* hi-- r< ady powers of reply and argu ment would be more frequently called into play. M. Kouhcr i- only a fair second, and M. Fau-jner i* no speaker at all." He can make a hard, dry, bitter retort, or |>?! forth a prosy statement; but ii- is de void ofeloquence and grace. Taken altogether, a much wor?c solution of this protracted ministerial crisi* could hardly have been offered. The I/nion. a legitimist journal, ooldly remarks a* follows on the new mini-try: Th*' new -ab<net it will be wn. i? taken ?v*tu?lvely from the party of the 294- that i? to say from that por tion of the majority who Jt.-lared itself in favor of the Kl>*. e It wa-hoped at one t'nm that the provisional state ?.f things would be put an end toby a cabinet taken from the . ntire majority, around which the different ? hades might have unit-st for the geueral interest, iu or ?h-r to paae thri.ugh the eri?es which are N fore u? The Kly- has. in reality Jon- nothing to rring about th's r> -ult. it ha- wi?h~4 to e.mfine itself within the limits of tie- g#4. That leing the caw. it remain* to he what alt.tod* th- u -w ahinsit will ar*ume t?-forc the Nafiona! 1 -semtiiy Rwttirrland. The ftjliow .tig letterfront the cMtoaof Xeufch.it el, appear* in the ./..tn not frt ni'rf.? on Satuiday about ton nehicllBt night . ???mc aortoua dUlurbun. ? ?* 1 ?K. nut at l.a dwui-'h-fUMb V baud ? >f radiral?. pr.teti ling that una nf tiii'ir pnrty ha I twD *??uult. .1 hy hm. royaJiat* and that the latter had taki n refugi' iu it ?muH'rvativ* eluh, tut t" tb. i 'nr ?. anil attempt d t* break in tlm >!? ">r finding lli-ir ? " .rt? iinarnillnir they ?tin?h?-il all the window* adtl in During thh *c?n.' 'jf .h notation a cry w.?? rui let u? give a clairirari t' tl e Ptrfiet ' and tt ? rim ? | '? ' . ???? ? l ? I imnu llatdy to the roli.if ? ?f that functionary, whrrc th< r mm1 i -ii ho"tir* 'iwi ? ryimr I> "?n with the Pref..: About tuMaight'hecrowd diaporned ?n ? unlay evening tfc? dlttalafn wt* no-md in 'ront nf the Hotel de Vllle TIM gvndanaea were attacked an t a Ilrntenaot nf that for-a hat lit* rp?u'efte turn (hot iiiui and an aMault wa? aim. made tn Major C"urv i'i'-r Th' an uit-tn -f tb- foeMjr of tlrutli ???!* tin- ft-t t" t-gin the .lid irhin ? by leaving a peMtdror. a hew th.y had l-en carom in" dngtnf \ irent le? Hdlr - a boa Ira Plain'* '? \ I 'Iter fr. sn t'hau* de-t'ond* a-tii that gen* rat indiena'' >ti i? frit by th* inhabitant* arainrt th- rioter? They only numbered ah nt ? ?'. ? Id. 1 to whi h thrr- m fr ftreoiiwO to 4>*t rollrrt ,J frun curh-ity On Men lay*' of any of Militia ? ere on dut ? and it r *? th'i ight tbet th- dwturlctncee wooM n' t !? rro1 Meal '! he rt'tno (iautt- in iter a letter :rnm f.au?anne. '?a ting the* the i r-m'h r* f'ig"i - haiing prot< led again* t their rem -val to the interior the federal go. err, me',' threaten! It' eit'nl |c then the in a ure of entMai Jeer* ingaintt I? "f their cowt* 'rjna ' tu- .... | r - I th" <ie ir ! . fleet, i. * rni li'r vr .< ti.i i tIn e.mti n of Vaud. The! lii'rge d'Affaii ? of I ngload la Bene hod d? manded e.,3ifnaiii'n:. in of hr pa a ?- rtr del - reted tt ? migrant* pr< tg t ? g'nnd. in rntan) . The f< llnwing i tfcr te*t nf the prot'oi ? f the I'renrh govcraarent agAinrt 'hr anreMKion ? f the imn-' >rtiiuQ i>ro.inre>! of Au'tria:? l'\r .? I i ... i>. 1 iat ??r.at iMi'ioi a m hi dm 1 have rrceirrd th" d u iil-h- a! i'hnai *i i ir tt.i boner t ' ml ire* t? no op to th? '1th in : The .-irrrMurut of I'm f| i? hail cnt rtrln I r. hnj-' that Ma w?'I arnri' aid n.i-'eratr an .n .train' again l the pmjt ft' f an lncer| nil loa of all the \'-tria proa ore, into the d-miani - < "nf--ler-i ?* wool I ' r? ' "O'idi red by tbf nliiwt nf virnwi, ntni by th - CJer Btan gi'Ti rt lin at" which Were ia ltieril to un it th?t pOw' t The lait ad' ire* boa. nr. from raft n ? /uirt. r ao-l the duvet <"? nitnuaieation- whieh wr hare reei ired tn m th- Kmpi r. r < ifoverttmrnt n ihe m nr tt.at i i-pa taiion- are making to pmer-d. rml that., nmlrr the pie. tine f- uring t i" ? fli ? ucj efthi' ? infeii'i-atinu ai ilaat ri voliitmnary intrigm >. it hn? !-? n 'ie.o.-ht pref er to ra. talili h to , are ? tl,. nfe lent ? n ?hi-li tli" treaty iftlrnaii ?at.'.i'in d. In tl ? in*, re ; of the he! on ? of I" ? ? r in Knn p. inn'hi i an I I t*. rent roafKierntfett, ?h!< h Would e(*eetii l|y i.aefthrt w that leklgr of p wer The k*' ti rorn-nt ' f th ft j nt.'lc ri... Ivwd not to CIm*clit ? !? >m h an innovation, ;|,inig it t. duty to declare that if ?ii' h inin.inli. il he i't. f without 111 i n . it! , | I' llHotil the i mi cnt nf the oiber |..,aer* ahi' h ?lgm-1 . (he triety ' f t ii nna that thi MM-riun-nt of the repot.lie ? < ii! 1 i cn?W* r t).i? a ? a fagreat tinlalii ti nf th. ? r. ntie* [ \t ? I l.tri tlii* htif g iiuod to at .id the r nihility ; i t the diltg. r will, h norh n ta ?? 'it'finng? muM ernincr ' nrlat.r, and pitli?|? anonef u.an it la I lii x.d, intall ' i r. ?!-11 - I e at, n time al i e'. il nr.li r i? threateneit *? iloaH h eply gri. ei| t- ?<. that Un? . aim are ?n?t i 'Hvti.i'1 d of th "-'My of . mliinin/again?t th? dat'grr vi.ltinU.rfftf plac- in'itriBotiatnhle '?e|u i,, i th- any ..f tieh a "Unl1 nation, ami t" ?iolate tl. Inn,,,, dat ? ?tii h liiteraalionnl law a* > t 11 .?? a- tie I I* -fo r.it. tt'ntfti j.f the em-mlr* of llfil. f I p. vi I Bavoity. < "i the fith ln*t. ? w line of' rail ray from It. der to I'- igtie, rofnpitting the -otilhern line o." c onuiu nie. t n with \ienrii. w?i opmrd. The ? nili-nurl r i fiotn 1 re* len through lit I!need part of tha tolleyoi the i',i|ic. \ troin loft I'regtie ?t e;gh? in the aioinirg of "he above *l?Ti and met the t, i n aln-h riultwl fm.it Itre?de1 a' half-pB*t ten, at Podettbaeb. The in-:t#d gneafi Were gfdotM: the t- - i* pr ..re led ? .g. thtt t? If a then, iffctrtf ? 4d? n?r wasgivan mUm ttuteifel*. At funr o'otook the train cameon to l>resdeu, where a grand per formance was given at the Opera; a supper was pre pared iu the saloon of the llarmonia and at the Palace; all the gallcriea and museum! of the 'city were open for the day. The railroad company be gnu the ordinary public traffic on the t*th. Tarkry> Tltr POSITION Ol KOKSI TH. We have advices of the2tith of March from Con stantinople. Kiani Pasha, Abbas Pasha's l.nvoy to the Porte, assure- minister! that his master is a m<a?t loyal subject, and hopes that, in consideration of this fact, the >ultan will not insist on reforms which would restrict his authority and resources. It is said that DsehaflVr Kffendi w ill convey to the Viceroy the final determination of the Porte, which io based on the stipulations tuadc in 1HJO. The Austrian Ambassador has reoeived the as surance of the Parte that Kossuth, Patthyaui, Mes saros, the two lVrreh. and Aaboth, shall still be de tained at Kutuyeh. The other fugitives, some six ty, will soon be liberated. AnHher uoeouat, in a letter from Constantinople of March 25, says:? The sultan bus refused to accede to the demands of Austria to exclude M. Kossuth, and seven of hi eoiupnnions in exile, from the benefit of liberation, und the Austrian Mini-ter referred to Vienna for fresh instructions. It is reported that M. de Mus-uruv who was for merly here, had been ai>|>ointcd Ambassador to the Court of St. James, and that lie would sail on boar.l the Tail", the vessel which was to take the Turkish good.- to the London Exhibition. Bosnia. After the defeat of the insurgent'' by Ibrahim Pasha, 011 the 18th of March, the fortress of Jai/.a was entcuuted, and the garrison Bed to Turkish Croatia. The Seraskier, while Bring upon the enemy, was wounded in the left artu, his musket Inning exploded ; the inflammation which ensued is already subsiding. On the 21st the Imperial troops took possession of Jaiza, and Oiner Pasha was still there on the 25'h. A further roinforeemeat of 1,000 Aruuuts passed through Bosua Serai, and after plundering a watchmaker's shop, and putting some people to death, marched on the 27th towards Turkish Croatia. All communication between the Herzegovina and Turkish Croatia is interrupted by Skendcr Beg. who occupies Livno with 3,0JO men. The Seruskier is said to have received a very im portant despatch from Constantinople. The llos podar of SSoivia has been ordered by the Porto to no prepared to enter Bosnia with Id.tHH) men if ne cessary. It is not probable that Uuier Pasha will need his assistance. Irrlnud. Tin: EMIGRATION TO THE I'MTED STATES. In the beginning of the last week, ('ays a Du din 1' tier of the 8th lust.,) so great was the influx of emigrants at this port, that some of the agency houses advanced the fares for passages to New Vork unit New Orleans ; but on Friday the former rates were restored, livery day the quays aro crowded by farmers, small traders, and their families, seek ing passages aero-s the Atlantic. ' >enera!!y they appear to be people in comfortable circumstances, presenting no truce whatever of j overty or the effects of famine, an l there are amongst them many , healthy, cheerful-looking young men and women, apparently rejoicing ut the prospect opened by levy ing their native country for America. One" of the princi|>al agents informed me, on Friday last, that the emigrants of this vear are persons of a superior class to those who left in previous years, and that there are few of a poor or very needy class amongst them. The humblest class of the emi grants proceed by steamers to Liverpool, where they take shipping for some American port. As an evidence of tue great extent of emigration from I lster, as well as the other provinces, the I),ri*n jmtriili licrorirr mentions that no less than fifty per sons left that vicinity on Tnursday morning last for Belfast, on their way to America. Immigration has recommenced from several of the poor-law unions,at the expense of the rate-payers ; and ar rangements arc in progress for s .'tiding out an ad ditional number of young women from the wjrk housc*, by government vessels, to Au-tralia. The Kipedltlim to Central Africa, [Eriiui the London Alii -na uin ) Letters from Dr. Barth and Dr. Pvcrweg have been received by h:- Excellency ' he/slier ifunscu. by whieh we learn that up to October la't the trav ellers were still detained in the kingdo n of Air. My last communication [?ee Al'tttumm, No. 1,2*-', p. 1,311] gave an account of the difficulties and dangers which they had met with on catering that country; the inhabitants of which had ?howu them selves hostile to them, so that their fate seemed en tirely to depend on the protection of the Prince Kn Nur, 8ultun of the Kelvc. This lioped-for pro- 1 tection they have been fortunate eniugh to secure ; though it appears not to have been sufficient to in sure their safety beyond Tin-Tellus, the rcsidenco of the prince, in consequence of which th-y l?.tvc been obliged to forego tue explore'Ion of the coun try, and to reiuuin with the prince. "1 hey have, however, been enabled, while thus ? ?atlxiarjr, to collect a g >"d deal of oral information, especially respecting the tract of country to the wci and south-west of Liliat; which, instead of I eing a mo notonous desert, proves to be intersected by many fertile wadys with plenty of water. Anting these novel features, not the least interesting i? a lake, between (ih.it and Tuat, infested with crocodiles. At the date of ldr. BarthV letter, (id October,) the travellers were on the point of setting out on an ex cursion to Aghades, ttie capital of Air ; the n< w sultan having promised them his protection, itud the valiant son-in-law of En-Nur accompanying them on their journey. The latitude of Tin-Teltus has been found to he 1*31 N.; the longitude ha 1 not been finally determined. The rainy season last* till 8'eptember, and thunder storms occur daily in the alternoon between two and three o'clock, ac companied bv a west wind, while ut other times it blows from tnc rnst. It scents yet uncertain when the expedition will be able to ?turtfor Luke Tchad. Hnitlnl, the Uouun Patriot. Th'' eon?pirntor Mnzzini, us b? was culled, war for thirteen vcur* the murk'"! man of Furopean dc?poti*m. llidhtdandleKt bin foot iu hi* na tive Genoa, or in any other spot ol'tin land which had exiled hiui. dcatu by the halter, bjr the bul let, would have been his inev itable fate, lu Aus tria, in Kuoit, or in any other |mrt of eastern KuropO, his capture would hnvo been jwn l for ly ur*v< of (told. I ranee, Switzerland, and I'upland, were the only countries that could receive the fugi Now here, now there?watched, proscribed, i d? In "till pursued his deign, a wandering myth of insurrection, the very spirit of conspiracy incarnate. Wherever a plotagaind de-peti'ia was goin on, there was Mazziai, either by person or by correspondence; sometimes to" tir up. at other times to ftprecs, and inculcate pru leoce. Aaron the Vlps, all Italy looked to hue ; young Italy, that <tared not -poik Ins nainc. thought of him, and prajcd for hun. At lad, Mitktr hwit/erland nor Frame a "did give asylum to ?uch man; I'ugUnl alone - onld a fiord linn a refuge. K ir some year", accordingly, he was an inhabitant of I, union?a lioor. ob*cui?i Italian, aa it seemed, earning a liveli hood by literature. Th*' great ina.* of tnc p*"pl? h" lived amidst knew nothing about hiui. ."?? me thaes hi- name would appear in a new"pn|>cr, coup)' I w ith a calumny. !*ometimea, in a room, one person would whisper to another, "There i* Maz/iui:" and the eje of tho per" n *o addressed Would ro-t, with more or lc;- of latere*'., on tho -light figuie of a man remarks' Ic anniig a tie a* ?and for the burning keenness of his eye, end the inten? and earnc*t metaaeh ily of hi* pale cotm t? nance. < Ttho*e that km ? w lion m ?re intimately, we never knew one that dl l not speak ?>f him aa a D"'.dc and true man: a utaa of irr?; roaidubh recti tii'te, and the most exquisite i"">?ib:iitiea; th" very soul of chivalry and honor Kvea tho ? who disa greed with him in th" whole truer of hi. sj.vulu tions, mrl wlio were di pared to regard liiiu as one misled by a M*tle*a etithu>i?*m that liad nothing to do with lio'ts, and that facts would never acko w b-dge, admired his indestructible magnanimity and his hemic p*'t ?r vera ace. \ndov*r -ueh w i? at otic with linn in political faith* Ma power amounted to rbsolnte fascination. They were never tired of talking of hilt, 'if sfeing liirn. of listening t> him. Ilwjl fferdifpN ban with a fervor ail hut rrli gioti *. The Copying K.letlrle T'lrgraph. A trial of Mr. Hake we II'* 'Spying eiectrtc tele graph ws* made on W edm-'lay last, the M iii<tant, b? tw. en Hrighton and London. An in-trun.eir. at tL central ?mtion of the hit tri" 1'elcgraph < oin pin v in Loth bury was placed in < oanection with a cor-1 .ponding lastrmaeat at t'righton, aad commit ni> utions in writing were opened between tho*! station*. r-evetal messages, which were/.t" <tmilt of the wti'ing applied to the eylind-r ?f the tram mitting instrument, were received io | othbnry in *=*-? ? " lel. Ihe presence of gentlemen connected with the T gin; h t ompatiy. Tho writing, formed by electro t itj imcal decomposition, wasdi-tinctlv l-g.ble, ivnd the -igaaturvs could be recognized. The rapidity wnh which the trnn'tnis-ion was effected, varied li' tn 12" to l">" letters per minute, accodrtag to the .i/?? of the writing; and we uudeiatand that Mr. ilahcwi'll e*pacts to accomplish more than 4*1 let ter* a minut' with a single wire when th* telegraph i> hi regular work. Th'' massage* transmitted were * i ittcn in fnll, with capitals, point*, and f gcr**, but ' ' traction* end even -hort-h uid -ymbol* might be us- ?!. No mani|iulation is requifta to transfer the < |ic of writing from one instrument to the other st a distance; therefore this t, legraphi ? corrosp n d< in '' is free from tiie liability to error whi- h always att) iid* the manual operations of other telegraph*. The wiiting transmitted is an exact copy o| tho ? nginal, therefore no error can ne, or. To e ' hit tb" )? cnliar mean* of scor-cy jrhlck tic < ijying teh-giaph presents, some nf th# me**a: r *. "iv d fi<.in btightMl on Wednesday were l;.ip"?**<| in t * 'y on4b" paper, and no trace of wi 'ing rould

be -"-n until it was washed with a -.vlgtivii thai Ut* ?t tut ly uad? lb? wbvk legible. T1ST. OREAT E\Hll!ITIO>?THE FOREION tlMTniBI TIO.XS?ARTICLES FROM K'MU AM* AMERICA. [Proa the LuRtion Tims*, April ID.) While all concerned are makiug immense efforts to complete their preparations in time for the open inn or the let of May, and while from the ruffe m rftgrstafttr molt* of puckuges, jointing operatives, laborers fitting materials, and exhibitors, forms of order and tasteful arrangement are slowly and pain fully emerging, we invite the reader to make a tour with u.- round the Crystal l'ulace, and to mark the ever tarying features of that remarkable scene which the interior now presents, Ktiteriug at the south end of the transept, and satisfying the vigt lunee of the polieemeu and other officials who guard it s approach, we find ourseh cs suddenly in the centre of the building, with China close upon our right and India on the left. In front of us workmen are busily engaged laying the foundations of Ostler's crystal fouutain, and beyond a re seen the allotments of Turkev, tirceee, and other sunny regions of the South, iJut the first thing that strikes the eye nr. the brilliant decorations of Mr. Owen Jones, and the light and fuiry-like effect of his coloring, now displayed to full advantage, and completely vin dicating hia reputation us u master of the art of embellishment. Nothing can well be conceived more cool aud refreshing to the sight, or more in harmony with the general character of the edifice, than the style of painting adopted. All the objec tions and criticisms which have assailed the'artist will be completely silenced, and their iujust ice fully acknowledged, when the public are admitted to pro nounce their opinion on the result. It will be re collected that a slight departure from his original plan was decided upon by the royal commissioners, who, like others, formed an unfavorable impression of the generul effect from the first specimens exhi bited; but even in this respect Mr. < >wen Jones has been allowed to have his own way latterly, and with manifest advantage to the beauty of tho building. Fears ure still entertained that the calico covering over the roof will detract much from tho splendor of the coloring, and certainly, us fir as that part of the proparut ions has been carried, tho result is not favorable; but wo hope that the injury thus done above will be more than count.'raced by the brilliancy of the objects below, aud that a uni form shade may reconcile tho eye to effects which, seen at present imperfectly, cannot be fairly judged of. Hut not to linger longer in the centre of the build ing, let iid firm payn viait to the principal compartments, for which purpose the visit.., * to the right and parsed (Un the eastern halt .1 the nave. Through a half open door, on th- left hand side you eutch a glimpse ot >pmn and licr J " minis lied possessions. A great varthon jar tr on Toledo rests upon the floor on one snl<. >?_? e of vinevards aid the grape juice, an la land tavored by Hiicchus. In another part may be seen b; g- ot orange colored netting. suspended trom the hoard ing, containing dates from Madeira, while beneaAh them li,. great sugar canes, now beginning to loo* dry and decayed, and a brass cannon peeling tiui il ly from it leather covering, as it it tound it*, d ".it of place amid so many pr ? he t- ^ try. Still holding eastward on the left hand side, ami leaving the southern States of 1-urope behind, the visitor crosses Belgium, half warlike fr-nn the IB,,lav of artillery ami arms, ami enters on the ter ritory of l. i We France. I h,r neighbors are now thoroughly in earnest about their pre para '-??us. and every duv make consider* do l"?-->" ' ., ' active looking workmen, bearded and 1 loused, and forming a striking contrast to ^ ehanies in apiiea ranee, ply *l,h 11 3'au,.y and an air of very great lutelligou-'O^ tU task? severally assigned to them. On t^ ^rth aide of their allotment a considerable ouautity 1 ? tationarv machinery has already been. hved. Handsome oak stalls, neatly inscribed withtU names of exhibitors, are run up with greui. rapidity, and against the hoarding which separates tbeouv half of the space from the central avcnui , the pro ce's of sign-painting i- carried on m eV'-ty van;, y Of color and every imaginable hmd * found. In the nave, M. do Seigneur, with a baml^of as sistants, incessantly labors at his group of . . It chacl and Satan; and under his continuous c torts the enemy of mankind becomes every day inme hideous and the Archangel more seraphic. . u< work promises, when completed, to be a Duel rent, i hn donation of Milton's concept,on. Miehac , t ul for his wings, would pn-? tor .loan ot n, ami the enemy of mankind has hi- attribute- ot I1"?:? cloven loot, and tail distinctly developed.^ A it I" beyond this group, another aspirant J'Vrlr Tim fame makes rapid progress with his work. 1 i subject is 11odfrcy of Bouillon, tin- great i'?'*1'; mounted on a gigantic charger I ^-^^vl -trd hor*e has hceu complete d, hut hi^ 1* p h.i. to be supplied; and -catcd in the interior of tb?> rider, whose figure has ?my b.-cn put togetbc uti to the waist, the artist, or f<"i,e civ " his assistants, mnv be observedonietly building up the ?boulders and chest of the tir-t Christian fuug j Jerusalem, t >ur neighbor' are. willh t tnct ?,???<?* i?I" g wide passage* for the eir.uUti n I the 'crowds who will visit their space; ami while tl,ey have udoi>ted the general system of di?t??bu tion recommended by the < ominissioner-, the showy character of their display will enai.t. them to give it increased effect, the -ilk* of l.yon-. the Uiw*try of the ?iobelin , the carpet? ?t AiibiM*.*n. the porcelain of Sevres, and the fancy cabinet work, bron/es, and jewelry of Purw. will show magnificently, when concentrated, on either side of the nave. Wv understand that the fittings 'if the whole compartinont are to be ol the ino-teu-tly and tasteful description, and so fur have ttin y ecu -urricd that there is some danger "f the I rem h ex hibition being late in ron-equeoce. Iroiu l rut? e, let us now pass into Holland, and, pauaing there lor a moment t? admire -"me uiagnitWnt caiul* tu bra and flower va-cs and a fine chime or bells, uiovc ouwnrd into the Austrian dtvi-ior. After me the deluge," -aid Pnoec Mettermch?a Ln* saving, but a fal c prophecy we trust. At a.! events, the arts have not i>erirhed in the great r? - Tolutioiiuiy inundation. l'ho four rooma Pt"ng up in thi* compartBiv nt promise to bo leading attrac tion* in the Exhibition. There b a bedstead in one of them, a bookce se in another, and a -nlcb< ar. .induhles in a third, at the extraordinary beauty of which our cabinet iuuk? rs au<l wood carvers will -land eg bust. < 'thcr objects of corn- poiiu.ug mag^ iiiliccnce are being put up dally. and ^ e -uitr. wb'U compl.t.-d, will give ?1 ? of this country a high idea of the tatc and of the Viennese, l'ho only trophy from the trian collection which lui*, i>' yet, tiiVen it- phi. >. in the nave, is a group in plaster of 1 aria, repr. senting Ma/eppa bound to the back of the wil l horse We n-xt pass on to tin Mates < t the / .11 serein, amid piles of tmckage* ?Ignifieaut of com mercial enterprite, and bands -f workmen who la.be in.. - anily in tin cn-tru'tion of a great mtag nnl hall. How thii hull i- to be dee rats d remain* to be seen ; but nodonl.t the interior. wheucompleted, will be w.rtbv of ?certntttiy. I wo objects *1 uid ou,. in the centre aUlo. between the northern and southern sections of the Zollvcrcln allotment, which tu?i?i attract an imiB'-nw amount of |?ul?lk* : n tion and admiration. ?'nc represents a n-ountci tmt'on, Javelin in hand, which -he i? preparing o Hurl at a tiger, fastened uj->n the shonhUrs and ?srk of h. r affrighted horso. Hio ?h^u4. -iU1 -uvagc ammul's spring is giv. n by the artist w th tr. ineudous energy; and tEc ? .,f the rider, halt feminine, jet slilt wai ike, ur surprisingly fine. Th- wort is mam to * me enti iall> in the js.rture "f the horse, hut n the a hole, it is a noble example of bronre ?ntiiary, ni 1 i- lull "f genius. An immense br .nre lion from uilr!: is the other object which .he.ierman Mates have placd ill the nave; and this i- r. ally a J?.*,, production. H.cking "f beast.!? represeiiMxl with luarrcUons Adelity, and even to the light, half stealthy, velvety tread, the likenc. is ? 0111 ulcte The great massive bones, the muscular de vclopement, and huge chest and manc.arc brought out w,ih telling effect; and the beholder ?? he lookr ta I ni >?t believes that te really -ew *'? >"rn in the w?v " We now enter upon the department of 1>? s.animlu?try?small, comparatively, when tent of the 'tars dominions is remembered, and with nothing at present t - ;d.?r"t m" ?. Hut treat expectation* arc formed of the go ds to be fxhihited therein, and it is snid tliat the t mperor Hikes a deep interest in the matter, trom the dc? , otic rule of the a. tocrat to the republican mdostry !.t the t'nited Mate* the visitermakeabut Mnr eensins have hud th-ir geographical P"*'^''' revcrsi d in the < rjis! i'nlncc. and '^rT i ernVvast in-Had ot the far we-t." Hut -Mil their lortuoes in part attend thetn, and tliev find them .. He* "located" in u territory lurgi-rthau they cm , "Annexation," However, i' ""t their p.v - ion in llvdc-pork, and finding that the spore as ?.gn. d to Ui. ni hy the r.yi.l coinin"-i"" isbugertmn they want, th- y Imv. very pro^rly given u what ? 1,4 V d; i not rc.uir.. The eon?e<|ienc? i*. that >m ,,f our n;?ti'e exhibitors will emigrate to their end ihe building, and when the opening takes place visiter* Will find di-tiimt traces ef that movement wl, I - continually augment ng the m-oiircc ?? the Western world f-mn the 'up rabundant population of the mother country. 1 he pr f,. < ot unpacking ha- commenced in the I nited Mates c>ui|.artment, but the nrtHcs dispb-vcd ?ons.it chicly "f plough* and other agricultural ,m- I , t ui'nt*. The show of "Yankee notion- w.U bt examined wiih gn at interest by the r?W.e, am1w? trust, not v ithout a kindly feeling Iowa ds the ' hihitoi* and towards the struggling industry m a great and young community sprung from our I'm*. f<ttuir..i'g along the ?"Uth side A the hudding,M-j ward. ill. transept, but one^.nntry re.n^n .ift. ci-i.tiy tirominent to he noticed, and to which w^ have i"d Jet alluded-that is Sw.trerbind. Tt o among all foreign exhibitors, arc worthy . pnn-e for the forwardness of their preparation*. I,em the out It they have been honorably " itnf ulahed in this icspeet, and no doubt the tcu i oftVir energy will he made apparent in the lcnec of their arrnngnuents alien the exhihitt'.n . i - I ft n? pause for a moment In the transcp. to , otto* the .k.widall of two of the InUf tret* thai. on the no, (h side inue ded the View. ihe wi o oT tb,- ivv? >hvuld long ag'> Uav? bv?a I impropriety of their remaining has lor mouths been obvious, and repeated applications have in conse quence been ma do to the l^ominiosiouers o I WckhI* und Forests. Slowly and reluctantly, and at the last moment, they have given their consent to what should have been done ut once; and now, in the .-pace tit us left clear to the eve, a splendid set of cast iron gates, from the CoUbrouk 1 >ule foundries, may bo seen filling up the north end ol the transept, und appropriately terminating the vio?v in tli.it direction. Ami now let the reader follow us into the western division of the building, und observe thut remarka ble scene ol 'energy and labor. It is impossible to witness such a display without strung feelings of hancat pride in the sturdy, masculine, and varied characteristics of British industry. The trophies selected for illustrating, in the central avenue, the different section- of our native display will present a curious contrast to those in the other halt of the building. They will partake 1cm of an utistic and more of a practicul und utilitarian character. There will be statues and fountains, but the prominent objects will be the models of our great public works, the gigantic telescope of iiosse, the Cole brook Dale dome, the display of erystils formed froni chemical substances, of Spituiielda silk, of fea thers by Adeock, of cutlery by Kodgers, of Cana dian timber, und such like. Many of these arc now iu process of rapid construction, ami for the rest immediate steps will be taken to get them in order. issible, " Fach section will, as far as possible, be represented by a trophy in the nave, placed, as fur as possible, in a position corresponding with that which it occu pies in the building. Ilut to get over the ground and indicate the exact state of the pre parations, Ut us proceed westward from the transept on the ,-outli or left huml side. The Cast India Company, first in order, are rapidly nutting uji their stalls and sending iu their goods from Leudenhall street. They have some speci mens of artillery to exhibit, iu sign of the tenure by which their vast empire is held. Nearly every other object in their collection still remains unpack < d. Our colonial possessions come next in order? hero, too, little is yet to be seen worthy of notice. ( anaila appears to be a large contributor, and is likely to shine in this department. Passing across , the tributaries of the crown, we enter upon the prn ? \inee of British industry, in tho strict scire of the word. By a circuitous route we penetrate into the i Sculpture Court, on the extreme south, and amid groupa and statues find artists busily at work com pleting their contributions. Treasonable us it may sound, there were to be seen yesterday, amid other objects equally disjointed, headless representations of Her Majesty and Prince Albert. Between the Sculpt ire Court and the centre aisle, Pugin's Me diaeval display iutcrvenes. This has been complete ly shut out from the access of tho curious visiter, and it iJ only from one of the galleries which sur round it, that a gliiup-c can bo caught of the interior. From what is thus seen, it promises to be an exceedingly interesting part of the general display, not the less curious as a step hack ward upon the arts and tastes of times gone by, when all around is progress and reliance upon the future. The !? ine Art < ourt, on the north side of the transept,is tilling with a great variety of beau tiful contributions, among which arc models of dif feicnt styles of architecture, specimens of carving, and men like. The collection contains, among other things, a model of Shakspcarc '? birthplace; nor here should we neglect to notice, that an ad mirable statue of the great poet has been erected in the nave. The next division that strikes tho eye most prominently on the south side of the building, is that set npart for agricultural implements. For some days past the judges have been busily engaged in estimating by practical trials the comparative merit" of the different articles iu this section. We understand that the show is one of unexampled ex cellence, and{highly creditable to the implement makers as a body. Tho necessity of economizing space has cleared off every thing like rubbish, and tiie articles produced are each of t heir kind the best that cau be manufactured, both in materials and design. Some of the portable steam engines have been got up in the most splendid manner, and us pieces of snowy mechanism, are hardly iuferior to the dashing railway locomotive. Fussing under the great organ in the wc-tern gallery, a curious spectacle presents itself at the main entrance there. The upproach is completely blocked up, with wagons bringing in goods and taking away lumber. Huge blocks of granite und eoal are lying on the ground, as if the task of car rying them turthcr had been given up in despair oil the very threshold of the building. At a little dis tuncc off, the boiler bouse, for supplying with steam the machinery in motion, is lapidly ap proaching completion. The whole scene reminds one of bees swarming to the mouth of their hive; and what is the Crystal Palucc, with it-' 8,000 or 9,(HHI busy hands it work, but a great industrial hive! Passing from the western entrance along tho north *ido of the nave towards the transept, a more striking progress in the arrangements is visible than in any other pirt of the build ing. The carriage department is tilling fast with elegant conveyances of every description. For the dirpluy of rolling stock and other illlil improve ments. a permanent way of considerable length bus been neuily completed. The section of machinery in motion will soon be iu thorough working order, and will cinbruce a variety and excellence of rne chauism, for manufacturing and other purposes, al together unexampled in the history of the World, into the fresh wonders which that department pre sents since our lust notice we cannot uow enter, but no one can pass along those masses of curiously adapted metal, and wutrii their perfect finish, with out being struck with amazement at the skill which created thein, and at the manufacturing and com mercial energy which they now animate and sus tain. Such is an imperfect sketch of the spectacle which the interior ol the Crystal Palace exhibit*, livery day changes ami brighten.- the effect. The work to be accomplished is carried forward with gigantic force, and the p.x .-urc of diminished time is now vi?ibly telling iu every part of the building. For the credit of the country, we hope that ourown exhibitors will be teady by tho 1-t of May. Let them exert themselves to the utmost, and we be lieve that success will irown thvir efforts. rrn*r.Y and m>, aruat evuibi now A letter from Constantinople, dated March 15, ?entnins the following :?"A Turki-h government gUuiuer quit' this city for Condon on the 25th in-t., with the valuable cargo of objects of art for tho fireat Kxhibition. About .Vsiouse have been made up; several province- have not yet sent in their con tingency, among others Ho?nln, Bagdad 11 ml Mot mi. Constantinople fumi-he- n number of Interest ing object*, especially in p<>ld einbrolilery. Hut what will (jive great popularity to the Turk- is the "ending over ot a tno-t beautiful kaik, with two fine robu.-t bout men. who will probably -how off in great ?tylc on the Serpentine. The Turkish go vernment ha- announced that till ?uch a are willing to avail themselves of the "team opportunity to proceed to l.otnlon will be conveyed at the expense ot the Sultan. I aiu informed that about -eventy Turkish arti?an? be ' e accented, lieaialcdin I'aelia has been appointed Tnrki-'i eommi*"i"ner; he will be accompanied by Ahmet Pacha, ami will have a most brilliant "uifc. The former is a Circas-ian, and one of the bHdsvtuH tr.cn in Turkey. He was the-lave of a poor Iviatib. when suddenly he via- discovered by hi- i ter, who i- one of the >'ul tnu'" favorite wiTee. A f< w dav- -uh-equent to thi* mc< ting (leinah din received h'-liberty, and eigb teen months alter found hitu-elf i'l th<- p- '"ion of a pachalik, n magnificent palace, and at the head ot the Hoard <>f Admiralty. Being an intelligent young man.be ha' applied bin 'elf to*tudy, imd i -aid to be a great scholar." The Rotation of the Kartli rendered A lalble. jlr ui the London it lobe. V prtl .*? 1 The experiment now being exhibited in Pari", by which tLe diurnal rotation of the c?rth is rendered t nlpatle to the -en?c", is one of the mo-t remarka ble of the modern verifications ?.f theory. Although the demonstration br which th< rotation of tho earth lias been established l>e ti'-h a? to carry n Conviction to the mind-of all who are capable of comprehending it. to which nothing can ho imagined to add either torec or clcnrnc--. nerertbcle-s even tho natural philosopher himself cannot regard the present experiment without feeling-- vif prot-?ued in t'-rcpt and satisfaction, and to the great, mas?. to whom the complicated phy?ieal phenomena by which tb? rotation -f the earth has boon c?tabli?h ed are ineotnprchen.'iblc, thi* experiment is invalu able. At the cctitre of the dome of the 1'autheoii a fine wire l? atta> hed, from which a -phsn of metal, four or fiv e im-hes in diameter, is ?'i?pended ??) a' to hang mar the floor - f the h olding. Thi- nppnra lti? i- put in vibration nf er the manner of n pendu lum. Under, rod concent Heal with it. in placed n circular table, ?otnc twenty feet in Uiutuuter, the eheninference of which i? divided into ?h-gree?, min utes, fire., and the divisions tiumi cred. N >w, tt can he shown by the tn >?t ch-m* Mary principles .if mc ehanie", that, supposing th- earth to hav e tho diur nal motion upon it- av* whi it i-- imputed to it, and which explain ? tiie ph eomenn <-f d-ty n >d night, Kv. . the plane in which thi- pendulum vil>rale- will not be affected by thi- diurnal motion, hut will maintain -tri? tly tin- -iiinc dire -ti->n dr> ing fvv -nty four hoars. In this Int'-rral, however, tin- table oxer which the |-'udiiluin i< *u pctuicd v*ill coutin- J uitlly change its position in virtue if fh- diurnal motion, so a." to utuke a complete revolution r-oud It ' centre. Miner, then, tho table that rev Ives, and the pen dulum which vibrates over it do. - not revolve, the consequence I" that a Hue trie.. | u|ion the table by a joint projecting from tho bottom of tho hail w.ll change it* direction relatively to the table, from minute to minute and from hour to hour, "O 'li.it il -u< It point were a p< ucil n ,d that paper were ?,iread upon the talde, the cour"o f"i i led by tin* p-Mcit liorit g twenty-f ojr ho-' * would form s 'jrdrnt of lilies ladixi. ?> from il; ? centre ftlie table, and the two lines foii'd alter t'u ? interval of one hott- woakl a 'a - * fmm an angle vso'li ea"h other of 15 d-'g , being the twenty-ton:th part of Iho eiruu uf r-n -e. V.J this i- rcnlercd actually risible to the crowds wl.it htluily Sock to the I'.uthe.n to witnc J this rc r.v tkable?. vpcriment. IT? practised eye wfac/tT.'v'. observer, espetially if aided by a proper optical in strument, innr actually Me the matron which tha table has, in common with the earth, u?ler the pen dulum, between two sucMMivc vibrations. It is, in tact, apparent that tho ball, or rather the point at tached to the bottom of the ball, does not return precisely to tho same point of the ciicumfereacc of the .table after two successive vibrations. Thus ie rendered visible tho motion which the table has iu common with the earth. It is true that, correctly ?peaking, the tablo does not turn round its own centre; hut turn* round the axis of the earth; never theless, the ofleet of the motion relatively to tho pendulum suspended over the centre of the table, r< precisely the same as It would be if the table moved oileo in twenty-four hours round its own centre, for although the table be turned, in common with the surface of thecarth, round tho earth's axis, the ]*>int of suspension of the pendulum is turned, also in the same time round tne same axis, being continually maintained vertical above the ventre of the table.* The plane in which the pendulum vi brutc-s does not, however, partake of this motion, aud, consequently, has the uppcaranco of revolving onee in twenty-four hours over the table, while, in reality, it is 'he table which revolves once in twenty four hours under it. (jttamboikt UulWlng nii tUe Clyde, IKrom the lllasrrow Mail. March Jl.J While considerable dulue*t pervade* some branches of our manufacturer, we aie happily ena ble-: to state that in the great department of steam boat building the utmost uetivity prevails, Indeed, i we (iue -tiun whether, in uny previous year, tho ' lending engineering establishments ol the Liyd? have presented such an aspect oi business and I bustle as they do at this moment. Mr. Robert Napier has contracts on hand comprising no tower ; than thirteen vessels?mostly of largo size?either to complete them from the keel upwards, or o fit i them up with engines after being built cisewbcro. Among the former are four magnihoeut iron steam ships on the paddle principle, building in tho yard at Goran, for the Pacific Steum Navigation ?? pany. Kach of these vessels will measure 1,200 tons, with engines of400 horsepower, lho first, we understand? will be off in June, the others oD lowing at intervals of two months. Mr. Nupier had likewise commenced two liob.e screw uoajiers, ot 750 tons, and 150 horse power, to run Liverpool and Constantinople, in connection with the Grecian, the Arabian, and the Astrologor. Another screw of 700 tons, and lbU hurse power, for th? Glasgow and London trudo, will be ready, it 48 est peted, within three months from this date, the same eminent builder bus also on hand ail iron .-ailing vessel ct tjms, for Me?rs. K.dstoa of this city; and a steam pleasure yaaht,with pal<llo?, of 250 tons, and 120 horse power, for Ashton >mith, ute M. P- for Andover, being, we believe, about tto eighth steamer built for that gentleman, no doubt the most princely steamboat fancier ol _tue age. But the chief throng of work is in trie engine making depait uient of Mr. Napier's vast establish ment Tt e visiter to the \ ulenn !? ouudry may witness pairs of engines, each representing a col lective power of WXI horse, in preparation for two stupendous wooden ships building at Greenock, bv Mr. Robert Steele, for the < unard line. These noble vessels will be 2,700 tons bur then, being considerably larger than any ot the present Cunard liner'. l'he first will bo launched in August, and tho sceond soon atter wards. Lngiues of ?00 horse power are likewise making by Mr. Napier for tho Magdalena;a steam er of 2,500 ions, at present building in the rhaines by Mr. Pritchard, for the West India M^P '-tcam Navigation Company: besides engines ef l.UOOhorse power for the Agamemnon, a wooden .me of battle ship, on the screw principle, building at her Majes ty's dockyard, Woolwich. Tho latter will be the luiaest fcrew power afloat. A smaller war steamer or frigate, named the Miranda, hasjust been launched at Mice rne?s dockyard, and will be at tho Brooinielaw in about a month, to receive her ma chinery fioui the Vulcan. Like the Agamemnon, the Miranda is to be propelled by screw, with cn itines of 251) horse power. Messrs. Pod k M < .re gor arc neuily as busy as Mr. Nnpicr, having work in progress sufficient to keep all their hands lully occupied for at least a twelvemonth to come. 1 his enterprising firm have at present on the -took* a. first class steamship of 2,100 tons, and .170 horse power, with screw propeller, intended to ply, as eonsoit to the favorite C ity of Glasgow, between Liverpool and Philadelphia She is U be chris tened the City of Philadelphia, and will be finished in luly. A large screw steamer of 1,900 tons, and 070 h?rse power, for the Glassgow and New York trade, is likewise in a itate of forwardness in their building yard at Patrick. This vessel has boea started by a spirited joint stock proprietary, includ ing sevetal of our leading Glasgow merchants, in consequcnee of the brilliant success of the recent experiment made by Messrs. Tod k MGregwr ol direct steam communication between tins city and the great commercial capitilot the h nited States. Mie is expected to be ready early in August, when ?be will doubtless be hailed ns the first ot a really ?' royal lino." In additien to two small paddle ?teamers?the one a river steamer for Gork, and the other a pleasure yacht for ."Southampton, Messrs. Tod k McGregor are about to lay the keel? of two powerful screw steamships of 1,2UU tnns, and 2150 horse power, for the Peninsular and I'rienta. ."-team Navigation Coinpnny. \t c also understand that they have just contracted for a screw steam ship of 1,400 tons burthen. Messrs. Smith k K? gcr are building a beautiful ?teamcr of 425 ton* and <0 horse power, for the Dubliu and Liverpool trade. The establishment of Messrs. Thomas Wingate k Go. bus just produeed a handsome addition to our fleet ot river steamers. Thi? vessel made In r trial trip last Saturday, and proved, we understand, a clipper, bhe is to ply between Glasgow and Loch Gull, and is called the Ardintenny. Messrs. Win gate k Go. have three other vessels in hand, name ly, a i uddle steamer of 500 tons and 200 ho:se, to ply between Luglaud aud Franco ; a *erew steamer of -iuiilar site, for the same trade ; and a river paddle steamer for Australia. In Glyde hang Foundry, Me*ws. James k George Thomson are hu?y with engines of M0 horse power, for a splendid puddle steamer of US) tons, lately launched from the building yard of Messrs. VI ood k Reiil, 1 ort ,lasgow. Ni users. Thomson have also contra'ted for e urine* of 190 horse |?owor, for a screw steamer of *4)0 tons, which Mcsrs. Wood k Reid are at present building, to ply between Liverpool and t on-tuntinople. At Renfrew, Most*. Henderson k Son have a large steamer on the atook*, besides refitting various oilier vessels for tlio ' lyde. 1 bo Lu in barton building yardsaro, In like manner, nliv? with the clung of well employed Indus' ry. Mos?r?. W. Denny Brothers are building for Messrs. J. k'r. Bums two serew steamers of !**) tons each and 1W) hor-e power, to ply between Liverpool and < on ?tautiiiople, m connection with the r'numro'li anil the Margaret, besides having "tb'T ves*?ls in pro gress; while Messrs. Alexander Di'sujklo. are engag-d on a superb river steamer, fitted up with a ladies' saloon on deck, nnd otherwise presenting an uppear since at once and uiii<|iic. I ho lattor iw about U0 feet in length, and is to lie -applied by Me?srs. Campbell k Vlacnub, of Greenock, with oscillating eiigiucs of *0 horse power. V select party intend availing thcrn?elve'. w hear, of tins lini dsome craft, in order to vi-it the great London Kshibition. and her owners profes* tin in elves eon file nt that she will create soiuo little *en-ation in the Thames. At l'ort < iU?g<>w and < reen k the ?t< aniboaGbuilding trad.-i? equally bri-k. In ad. dition to the large operations going on to the build ing yards of Me.-rs Woo-1 k Reid anl Mr. Robert Steele, to which we have alluded, Messrs. Laird k Go. arc making engines ?,f 750 hor-e power for two wooden ship-, building in Kngland. of 2^''*) tow*, ' for the West India Mail Steam Navigation < o. Messrs Laird fc Go. ar? likewise making engines ! of 150 and 2?A) horse power respectively, fortwo ves sels building at Dumbarton by Messrs. W? Denny Brothers, and also engines of H*> hor*6 nower for a I pvidle steamer building f'T Messrs J. k Iburn*, lor the Glasgow and Liverpool trade, to he called the M? W. A puddle steamer ef .VW ton*, and 2s) horsepower, is in course of eoostn "lion. by tho same t m, for 'bo Trinity House, l ubbn. to bo employed, we understand, in the lighthouse -ervico If will thus be seen that a really magnificent fleet ol steam vessels, of all si/es, and inismled to navi gate many of the river?, ami nearly all the great oceans of ths globe, is about to go forth, a* th? crop of a tdrgle season, fiotn tbe building-yards ami engineerii g workshops of the Clyde. While we re joice at the indications afforded by this prosperous -late of our steamboat-building trade, nt the solid com'nrt diffused among a large, respectable. anl meritorious i lass of our operative populatin?,. we recognise still laiger and loftier grounds for congra tulation in tin. p. o?|*ct wlndi it opens up over all the civilized world, and among all the I amities of moiikiiid, of increased facilities of intercourse and fiesh guaranties of peace. T.ain vnm*m in Cutis.?The fo'owing affair ha* created a gnat seusatioa In \thea* i?"nc ol tho numerous b .gands of the name of ? avoertnn lias been arn -ti <1 ?i d condemned to deuth. L ap|s ar* tha". he had been fbund guilty of -ixty-five !"',J "1 brigandage, and seventeen murder*, bu he ba l money, afd be I.ad mafic sucl. u-e oi l , thai Le com tnvi.i t? obtain a pardon Irom ??"? Mmi-t-r ol Jus tice 'I he n< ws of the pardon created a great sen ration ill Athens. 'I be affair wus brought )< for? lb< ( hamber of lHputies, when tlm u?c tn olo of the prerogative of the crown on* univor ally <? >n d< n* I'd. 'two me miter*, MM. Goumonudournkl anil Vlaeho, nia>le a powerful attach on ?1 e govern ment. and declared that it vra* in e..n*e.|uen. e of the pioteetion given by the authorities tepersovs fitui d guilty of crimea, that brigandage wa ?o pre valent in'iree<e. Tm f'orpn* Tnim > lit--ia.? The copper works of I!u--its. ac dl* einina'e<l ttirovurnont timal, Altai, ' aucasu* and Finland. I he total annual ipiaiititv of eopfter worked in Russia, i? C* I mated at 2z'?,i*Hl j?tu?D?#.ls*)J>) i ViloTrumrne*. I bat amount tony be increased to Akl.iirt ponds in d upwards, stioiihl the work* ?t Taliil, wh efi pr> dueed marly 17.nt*) t.oud* of tnet il In 1?H, COtv tinu? to imprevt in a niailer jffoportivo