Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 9, 1851, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 9, 1851 Page 4
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NEW YORK HERALD. JAHICI GOHOOI BEHHtTT, PROPRIETOR AND EDITOR. ?rrici ? W OOWIR OF FULTON and Nassau stu THJZ IX&1LY HLH^lLl), 1 cents per tw-|7 ""riii WEEKLY HKIL.1LU, nrr| Saturday, at (*A <*ha* per Cutty, arts per annum t the Eu roptan Adition ft per annum, fc> any part of Grrat L. Jam. and $i to any part of the Continent, both to inrlu... ,'r postage. VOl.VST.iHy CUHllRSPOSDKSCR. contain*** important tuv'i, solicited from any quarter a/ tke world; if Uttd. will be liberally paid for. Oi'k Fo?kh?n Ooarch NIDtHTI ilK FAHTICVLAKLI ?WI'UrUI TO SkAL ALL LmiHI AND fACIAtU ?Ut TO L'L J LI. LF.TTF.US by mail, for Subs. > .ptions. or wtb m/lilvertitrmrnti, to be post-paid, or the posing* will be de thocte.l from tht money remitted. NO SOTICK taken of anonymous Pi e do not retui n those rejected. JkDVF.RTISFMENT8 renewed every morning. JOH PHIXTINO iAicu|rj with ntalnen. cheapnetl, Pmd despatch. Volume XVI So. I AN AMUSEMENTS THIS EVENING. #OVI LRY THEATRE, iIuwory-Mo?T?-CilMTO. BROADWAY THEATRE, Broadway-A Da\ or Reck Oki.oo? ,'uio.v or Tiia S, t PWIFIO'S CARDEN, Broadway?Irish Lioa?Gizallb CataIiha. ?fRTOX'l THEATRE, Chambero (tr??V?i'ooa Gis i??Da vid Corrt a kiicld. NATIONAL THEATRE. Chatham atreot-A Pa IJ ,'h ai.a k a. NKOCQDAM'S LYCEUM, Uri adway?Child or tmi Kal.jikNT?a Row at ihi Lvcbvu. v IIH ISTY'B MINSTKEL3, Mechanic#'HaU. <72 Bioaiwiy ?Ettv-otian Minstbaloy. FELLOWS' MINSTRELS, F,'.Iowa'Muaical Hall. No. 1M Rrwaawky?Ethiofian Minstralh. AMERICAN MUSEUM?Axvuxo Ftarotajiicu Ar ?A3.M>.)N AND CTBN1NC. DOUBLE SHEET. ilor Yoik, Filiiuy, Nay 'J, 1N31. News ??y Telegraph. 1b Connecticut tlio democrats have elected j Thomas H. Seymour as Governor, Green lie?- ; dritk ha9 been e looted Lieuteaaqb Governor, and Thomas Clark ^ Treasurer, by the whlgS. The democrats have secured a Scerctaiyaf State and a Comptroller. Local polities have atfected the i lec tion, as usual. The new- from Charleston state? that the South Carolina ^tatc 'light * '.invention adjourned, after the passage of r> -olutions iu favor of secession, ?whether with* the '-o-op<-ration of other Southern States or nut?but the Conn ntion, at the same time, leave5- the mutter entirely 111 the hands of the State Legislature .; the o\ .reign power. The -jues feion which will arise, alter this, will be as t > the ratification by the , eople of the measures which are recommended for the coming action of the Legi iature of South Carolina. It cannot be concealed that the I : ion must prepare for a very eeriour difficulty, on a question of g ave and mo mentous importance. There is a runiof that > rales has been arrested at ^avannah, and that the Cuban expedition has been broken up In that quarter. The other news concerning the attempted invasion of Cuba is con fined to our city intelligence, which announce- an important fact with n pect to the seizure of three record-belonging ? those v. ho have engaged in the expedition. We ?ave a further report of the Syracuse Aboli tion Convention's proceedings. There appears to he nothing new said, and the whole afiVr amounts to no more than u -cries of silly, yet violent, decla mation-?now against the Union, now against Soutln.m gentlemen, and then, last, not least, ?faiast the -Vrte York Hrrald?the orators and poet in the wordy crusade baring in the applause ef their insane admirers. Really, the Auti-Slavery Con ention have n. t even the merit of novelty, in a ?ingle thought or expression. Yesterday, the Whig < onvention atRome nomi nated Renjamin M. Huntington, of Rome, as the canal caudi<lute for State Senator, from Oneida county, in the place of ? A. Maun. The report epiak- of the convention as Lav ing been quite spi rited in favor of the canal, aud exceedingly warm aga.r.-t Mr. Mann. We take pleasure in noticing a telegraphic feat performed yesterday between the New York aud New Orleans telegraph office?, of the O'Reilly line. The steamer huropa arrived at her dock at h ilf past -ix o'clock in the morning. The oflcei were ?pened at eight o'clock, and a summary of Europe an news, of two hundred words, was received in New Orient.- before nine o'clock?having passed over twenty-five hundred miles of wire. At a quarter past eleven, before noon, despatches were received here announcing this fact, and that the news had been po-nd at the Exchange, in New Orlean- ? five thou-and mile-having be-n traversed in three hour?' It should be stated, that the summary of the l.uropa's news was <>nly re-written three times between this city and New Orleans. The Morse lice, ou the Atlantic coast, we understand, hare marly (ompieted their ariangcments to conne -t their circuit, -o as to convey intelligence between New Y> rk and N? w ('rleans instantaneously. This they have effected already, between this city and M ?eoi. Georgia, and the result promises to bo highly fax aide to the enterprise of the compuuy. ArilvnJ of the I. un>|>ii ?Tl?e Karnpcun ?vvs. The news from fcurope ha'! p?oints of very great interest f??r the general reader. There seems to be a remarkable activity among the democratic politi* ciatil ?f '.rest P-iitaii). who have really taken the opportunity aflbrded by the national exhibition, to male known to the world the grievances under which the people of that ceuntry labor, and the reUiedie< proposed for a '-weeping reform. The National Chartist Convention, made up of delegates from the greit manufacturing districts, kavc i?ucd a very well ?lrawn up programme a* to the in' ms and objects ( I the reform at which they aim. In the firs' place, in the spirit <?( aiti-rent i?n. they are l> nt on oationalizing the land, hy ?fabbsb;i>g a board of agriculture, by restoring the poor, cciun. .0, chureh and crown land' to the people?ibi e t j be divided and let to State tenants, who arc to be Compensated, on leaving, for improve ments made by them?by repealing the game laws, by Dialog the Mate the privileged pureha-cr of land, under certain restrictions, for the benefit of the disss'*. In relip <>? .the convention recommend a separation of '"burch and Mate, and perfect reli gion! freedom. With respect to education, they propose free colleges and <eh '??,?, and to make it compulsory on parents to edm atc their children by the means tarnished by the Mate. < >n the lab<>r que-tion. the co-operative princip le is recognised an I

anoom mended: and they propose tha' the rotate have a ? r to aid associations for industrial pur js- '. f *n the |?->r law question, they advocaU the right. >f eitisens to demand remunerative employ ment . the Mate, and that the imbecile be -up^ ported by the general government. It is urged that taintiou ot'ght to be levied only upon land and ac Ct.nulated p'operty They propone, also, to li pii dsti the nati ,nal debt by th< money now annually pai 1 si inter est, a p.) lying it u,< repayment of the 4riii Un tu cumn< y they ap.poar to have no hi' 11 !..?>-? An entire 'diange is proposed for the g"- *rt ini.t and sup.p >rt of toe army and nary, And n general militia law I recommended. The press, 4<>o. is to be bn d from aU duties and restrictions. f-ueh arc tie* Inn iamen si prineipli-s advocated by-'li* very lacge per ion ot the Lnglbh p>?j>tila J hey arc * -what nmt ? aw,wiping than Use original 'sit pwltio of the Fi O Iiensor party, or -A th< " f urp dnts and Jtr^e UiiA' of the Aturgc fauty-wie i;. L impo-dble t* *ay, tinier the new nrgnnigation Win h l as n w b <_? mail <, vhar will be the result. TL. only p w?r betw . n i h< great nan? of the pcopio and the n -bilny a .1 gci ?ry. Is the coneervatlve p?M?r -o ?.?>?! pk< iier aad Merchants. rhouid the prijaiie - ft;,.-# last t iic, it emjrtof ? ??. ?l.iffs may he <dieeted, ih ugh t ,? . ..... avcwed to any (treat extent in England. However, it has always been the policy of the Chartists to ask much nunc than they expect to gain, because they are enabled, by such a course, to obtain something. Now, while so large a bod\ is excited to agitate on -uch grounds, and while London is filled with strangers, ready to sympathise with the masses of Europe and of England, we have a key to explain the alarm which ha; been manifested by the govern ment with respect to the possibility of a revolution; und while the republican of the old continent are disposed to strike a blow in the early days of June, if they can have any encouragement und probable success by so doing, we can understand the grounds of those fears which have concentrated thirty thousand troops in the neighborhood of London. A revolution always somes to birth rapidly and unex pectedly. It is the child of circumstances and emer ge ncies, and is born, like Ilereules, with power to strangle the serpents that would destroy it in the first hour of itsexistenoe. Thus we have the clearest in sight into the causes of the extreme trepidation which tte English press, sometimes in the way of bravado, urd sometimes in that of prudence and caution, has di-played, since the fears of a revolution instigated a warm discussion in Parliament. Nor is the ap prehension of danger yet over. The discovery of some of Massini's correspond* nee on the continent? the avowal of a determination upon the part of the Eur' [ can democracy to hasten an appeal to arms, inconsequence of the interruptions to their convo oatn os by the London police?and the very curious State of France, which is aloutto make, through tlie Mountain | arty, a candidate for the Presidency in the person of a bricklayer or mason?all have a tendency to create alarm, which is increased by the fact that there i- a schi-in of no ordinary kind in tlie church of England, which will favor a rovo lvtion. The Bishop of Exeter, iu a letter of one hundred uud fifty i age -~a voluminous manifesto? ' domes the extent of the Queen*.-authority us head of the Church of England ; he J,rop^iteJ (I repre : dilative eouw n'.i'.u r.i- <li ice"> which embrace's eight haniT'ed clergymen, it oder to deliberate on tin -t.ite of the church, and to take d' cided ground against the Archbishop of Canterbury. Here, then, we have the great elements of future discord; tu.d though we allow that England's government is powerful to -ubdue. who ean say that die can withstand the great intestine commotions which may arise to dismember h;r 1 The other European new.- nor tends difficulties that will rathe- a.d than retard the struggle be tween the ma-sea and those now in authority. Era net and England, it a p] ears, have interfered between Austria and Turkey, with respect to the mrreuder of the Hungarian prisoners, while the Sublime forte has claimed indemnity for the ex penses incurred in supporting the prisoners of Au-tria. This is not all. Turkey charges Austria with furnishing arms and ammunition to the in-ur geuts in Bosnia and other ) arts of Turkey in Europe, which may lead to war between Turkey and Austria. r RPOOCS OF KcWIUCSS AtOLIlION.?The New ^? rk Trifitm* published an article, yesterday, beaded "The Danger of the Future," on the subject ol slavery and the slavery institution of the 5? xttbera States, which may, wc think, be considered u fair explication of the objects, purposes, motives, n.'irals and hopes Of the vast abolition organization now existing In the . -orth, and its bitter hostility to th' .Southern States and to Southern institutions. The article is so important and so curious, as a manifesto of blood and insur) etion of the Northern abolitionists, that we have Inserted it at length in our columns, to-day. The simple andonly purpose of that article, is to I re--? tit to the Southern S'utcs, as the object of the Norther:: abolition!Jts, two alternatives?either the em mcipation of their slave*, or an insurrection similar to that which crimsoned the fields of St. l)< m:ngo about the close of the last century. In order to escape one of these alternatives, the general err en of Northern abolitionist,?which the Ti ibuii? undoubtedly is?will not even permit the Southern Stat s to think of withdrawing from a confederacy which maintains such purposes and threatens such terrible results. We may as well admit?because it is known every where in this region?that the New York Tribune is the principal and most efficient organ of North ern abolition, for accomplishing the purposes cow 0] only avowed towards the Southern State*, it is a 11 arently under the coatiol of Thomas McElruth and Horace Greeley; but it is well known that < ireelvy, though he Las the nume of being the res pot ? bit- editor, has but little influence or control oaer the permanent cour-'e of that journal. Mr. McElruth, who is engaged in all sorts of specula tions in stock-, French claim', copper mines, coal mines, and everything el-<- which can grutify ava rice, j o-.-, sses the contr 1 of the TYifawa*, created it' organization, and has made it, in connection with the Seward portion of the whig party, a more eIciest anti-'lavery and incendiary in-trumcnt than all the < tarrisona and other fanatics in every j oriion of the North combined. \t itb sueh avowals, and with such an organ, acting from tuch motives, is it to be supposed that tin uth, with 'itch a terrible alternative presented to it, an stand still, k> ep quiet, and allow Northern abolition, step by step, year after year, to bring a' out the rt suits which are now threatened and flaui ted in its face ?

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