Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 13, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 13, 1851 Page 2
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nB 8#?TIIBM 1ICIT8 COMTECTIOK at chaalcbt?.i, I. c. THIHD DAY'S I'RtH'EKMNOB CONTINUED Wedwdat, May 7, 1B51 When we clotted our last despatch for the mail, lion. Mr. t >kk, of the United State* House of Representative*, hud risen to the floor. With im pressive earnestness and ability he supported the views of Judge Butler ugaiuJt the separate -State action of South Carolina in seceding from the Union. Bhe would be isolated, blockaded, hemmed in, and Cut off from all intercourse, domestic and foreign, until the accumulation of the slaves woulu be such as to hurry up that war of races and of extermination, which, of all things, is the most dreadful to contenr plate in its liorrible consequences. At the conclu sion of Mr. Orr's appeal, which was listened to with respectful attention, the convention took a recess till 4 o'clock. .u rtit.N<">s -i "Ion. Convention re.i--cuiblcd. Hall crowded, as u-ual, with delegates and anxiously interested spectators. Martial musie in the street*, and the firing of can non in the neighborhood, by some of the artillery ?orp? of Couth Carolina, give an ominous and war ike significance to the proceeding* of this convention The delegatt - smile at each discharge of the camion, ?s if they already snuff*d the battle in the breeze, lu the interval from the morning recess, it was evident, from the conversation* of the delegates, that the speeches of J ulge Cutler .cud Mr. Orr had . fallen upon stony ground. lion. \V. I*. t li < i\ (of (. ongress) look the stand. A stranger, he said, coming into this lull, Would conclude tnat there whs -<)mt thing of great gravity and vast in nnent uuderconsidcration. And i uch is the fact. It is the greatest of all subjects we are asmmbled here to doiiborate upon. AU vouvur that the present government over the Moth must be -et aside, aud a now govorinuen: ostaiDi-bcd ; and the only diitieuliy is, the time an 1 mode of begiunin;: the work. No man ran doubt .he correct nees ol this convention. The members, ui a v*.ry important -cawni ot iheyear, in referenc o their cross .' uiiiderablc expanse, in invo uid loss - ' nieuce and fo-- oftime?have voluntarily gathered In re is council, to the number of five hundred, to (Rbbera.v and rc.-ul.e upon tL'- coarse which Miuta i aivoiua is to | u.-ue. \V e have to detersaiim bore what we shall do hereafter. 'I his assemblage is unauthorised by law, a . ! a mere voluntary aj<? talion. Cut the tu<vtioii i :v c one up am nig-' s it is before j?we most meet: and I, for one, do not distrust the prcg.e-- of events. They are Ausp.ciou* ; the -p.i it in which the subject his b? u net by :he Convention is gratifying : it is evidently picpar< l for ae' on. Vucr compliment ing J*, age Butler for the fidelity with which he ha I always, and otten ungie-handed, f-iglit tho battle ot Mum < arolina in ?h ? .-cnate, Mr. < 'oleoek ex pressed the pain ard regre* which he felt in being or iD; c!:t d to iifl'tr with tne U: i g lished and t'aitn ful >'ena:o*. in dlc.is-ing the qa.-tion of a pos-i bio co-operation of other .t- it a rn States, ia the event ct postponement of s session for awhile, tic ?onsidered -u li ? op- at: >n a- a thing devoutly to be wished. The Southern States, united, c .uld exact their conditions of remaining in the Union, or | refctibe the exact time for going out with im punity : but he contended there was no sati-factory prospect ofco-operation from the neighboring States, m any movement initiating the work of secession. The advocates ol secession in the other "viuthcr.i State* are-'anding out iu small detached minori ties, h< re and there ; their voices are wasted upon the winds ; they cannot act?they cannot speak : Ony are waiting for something to -tand upon ; they are looking to^outh < arolina t? raise the practical issue : and that issue, upon which alone we can rally the in ar.d reinforce them oil every side, is the n-j urate act of >cce-sion from this f'nionbjrthc State of South ''ai 'dina (Applause.) Our friends in our *i-ter Mates will be absorbed in the con trol!.ng niajoritie- : they will be as l'ucl to the tl.tiiie, on less they are givv u inething positive and targ.ble upon which to ait. The ulea that the Washington politicians ar-- going to repeal the fugitive Slave law, is not to b entertained : that Would units the South, r it th?re is no necessity to repeal it, for the law is, in fact, a dead letter. What other thing will Congress venture to do to strive the ~"Uth io united resistance I Abolish alaviry in the district of Columbia? Xot in our day. What other overt act ean or will t'ongre-- commit to unite the South? There is not hug What reasonable ho]* have we. then, of uniting the .Miutb by delay ! what cxpect ai.on of co-operate action by pausing for some frisb aggrc-sion by Congress to unite the South ? There is no b"i?e. if we delay, all Is over. Where should we cast anchor, where -hall we find bottom, if now we pause for further opprcs-iotvs, aud wait for a better -en on ? A step backwards is our in evitable ruin for ever. We caunot wait. The ban I of deatiuy is up>u us, and we cannot re.-i.st it. We must go oti. The drum and life and -teady t rump ?f our adversaries we bear approaching upon us, all around u?. The leading journal ot Kngland but the other day admonished n- to put our house in order, for that slavery is to b< extinguished by the incvi H*. Why then delay ? We table progress of things. Why have different opinions ofthe practical "iwratiori of aeces-ion. Our distitigui-hcd Moiator (Judge But ler) say? there will be no war?that the contest will be one of custom house-, blockad- -, duties nud em bargoes But lfoniel Webster -ay* secession will be war?ir war But suppose that it i- to be a war of -ustom bou- s : why then our senior S nut or says that Miuth Carolina with a sytciu of tree trait r.il have t" adopt tli icgi.iiing pru tic. d smuggling I -It "Uld - vy the federal gov ? n ment wiTl be re?|io#ribIe for the -muggling, or, at feast, it will have the surrounding Mat- - to leok after to prevent it; and in whatever light we may view it, the net of sccewion must o]? rate to unite the uth with Nath < arolina against this ruinous connection with the North. Upon thi point, Mr. ' oleoek was very animated, euro- -t. and vitn a ?loqueut. maintaining with a fortt whi.h told lik ?lec:ricity upon the? onvention. that the pra tieal lasue of secession once raised by Mjutb t arolina, the JSouthcrn Mate- uiu.-t cymeto the reaeue?they can not void it?for that it will be a contest bwtweon slaveholders on the one side, and the trained band'of the abolitionist* on the other. (The remark- of Mr Colcock were received with a persevering round of applause, notwithstanding the 1 hair in terposed to rap it down. J Mr., BxXjsvs kli. (late tbu colleague of Judge ilut ler, in the I fi. N-nate) text followed in an argu ment oppo-ed to any exprsssion of opinion by this merely popular assemblage, which wo aid go to fore stall or dictate tho policy '>fth? regularly appoint d Mate t-onv. ntion whi< h is t> ui?< t hereafter, lie had dcired that no such action as would commit of neee-sity the legal convention to any -p> < ib cuuss of action, would lw here adopted Air H then pro ee< did t?> a comprehensive view of the institution of slavery. The moral sentiment of the whole civilised world was opposed to it. it.- mean* of do fence w>'ie, however, ample enough, it wisely crtsd 'I he -onth p..-se??< - a large and fertile ter r. ? l ?' tin ? u tuent ? f - If el. ? ? !??? ii' ntary. Interest of ary .*'< u'hern >tate is that of every other, and, div id'd arnoug them-elves, the will only be destroyed TV on of Miuth < irolina alone cuts h?r oil from hir -out rti allies. iS.ce-? sioa, be believed, wouli be war ; and he was not oertain that any other ^oiitbi'rB Mate would tak< the *ide of "oatk < arolir a in th<- s'ruggle. In the vear l"dj. the Southern -tates *i<t not mterpioe t<> ?rr st the passage of tne Knrw hill The ijatstioa for t hi - 1 oareation w?- n> r. -i-' anee or 'vl iu'issiov, but th< Mtabli-hmout of a new order ot gov* nun oat To be sueee ?tul, i inu*? cover the whole onb -Itvi -y m the Sirh wn a vigorous and thrifty institution It had proved .l.seit to be s.,?hot i' eould not withstand the **? au.ts of its one in its, d th'-re is a div iaion among its upporters. I ba policy of Math larolina wa.? to ' ecfare that she w?? r< ady to dismlve this I mon ? that he -abmitted to th< Jtsdgassnt of vhe ?>t outhera >tat?s, awaiting tlien "-operati'ia; but hat the oosei|UCnee? of secession were too soarn oa* for any single ^tate t" H-k th-in al oe. i*hall e epai.ii' f>"m the other festhern ftates, or hall we await with tbem our common destiny The in?titi|tn?a of slavery is more ?^p>rou?. ??. >n"g, aid t1our> hirig now than ever before While c i. so, we can wait, satisfied tnat its safety <k?pcn li upon 'be unity of the v?uth where tbi- in t tut on is bcM undei the thrifty diaeipliuc ol the Anglo -?^a V"D t see. ( Vpplaus- ) vlr. Jrniv A. ? ai.ii'M v. (a nephew of, sod U ir irg a Strong reseiablswrr t", h ? l.it illu trio-is ? lilt" mi I h'll'.wed lis*! intbe lifeI'Msstoil. Il're.i I the allot this mieting of th* >>uthcrn High's ? .. ?? ions ot t He St ?te. --tting forth itsohhet- t-> be to consult upon measures of redress for t,> i-rnl aggie--low* R?. |(e defended the rc|s>rt of fh ? "mioitte,. ol twenty - >ie. in ti?? greu.id that t e |<roper oi-jtct of the (Jonveit'iu was -oki d oiie uxprc ion of opini 'ti, and that it Wu? proper to, tutimate, by our ii<-tlon li ri. that tho i /.i ur -tnt ? ? onventh H her> en r i meet, mo ' ? mow redre-.' , our wrongs, or take us out of the f mon, with or without cwnf*ration i jipfaaa.) rhrrt is n> dispute here n< lit thi wroi ? w suffer?1 fie o.dy rnseftion >t (hfTerrnee is th? piwrtien of action J Ir ? iilb'tan then proceed | t , .??,w that the ."*outh could t \pi-et nothing of ei :!.? r ofthe uld (aglet, 1 from the nature of their organisations, and the c m- , cas systemtMklib coatrolled tbem II r xplain, I ' the woefw- tystftOrf ot tab nu?-,i. s,-t. n--liow, 1 with its li 'fd- quarters at W i fiingt.itb* i :? tioflf to I'mgr- ? a;e delated a'l over III" Uldon: and all flw the ijsiih The even f-in vt|.i?- f J >hn Rand' ![h (the ? " feav ?, | two ihe-) i "Utrolled ? he w.??^ and m.. crat.-. -tow. how could the fbuith b.- rj|. ? off from tbi- k'-r.npt ->?-?? m of <? lalit.o.i- w i tfie Refill- th ? degrading and rnin-ats >n to the r. n?h ? N ?tbitg -lio.t of n blow which will -e.r. t< r ti e Id t iriy mn " into won fa i-ni w II -vv i a ->v'.hv a fcu; a fuaval iw wiiisM wJtfi't .4 to the J-outh the direct i--ue of supporting u?, or the abolitionists fill tiring the Southern States to the rescue- Let us ?Lri .e the blow (liumcnw ap plause-) If we submit now, we are lost; for one act of degradation but prepares to submit to another, lie contended that fanaticism knew no stopping place -hurt of heaven or hell; that the attacks upon slavery would continue; and that a momentary peace by submission would only renler the more cer tain the destruction of our posterity. (Applause ) A brave and gallant people will never transmit such re meibilitics of life and death to its children. (Ap -pousibilitics of life and death to its children. (Ap fiiau.-e) Let us strike the blow. As in the revo ution of 177b, the first blood shed at Lexington wa.- a bond of I uion to the colonies, so now the tipu blood shed in this contest will be a bond of I mon to the whole South. (Applause.) Dangers! yes, there are dangers?thick, heavy, uud appalling to all but freemen, impendiug over us. But we are like a man upon the narrow footing of some lofty pinnacle. Tnc sea chafes upon the broken rocks behind lain ? upon either side are impassable walls; and before him there it a gulf, dark and impenetra ble to the sight, liis foothold is crumbling under him. If he stands -till he will perish. If he re treat- a-ingle step he must perish, liis only hope is in the bold, forward movement. It looks gloomy, but it i- the only hope of eafety. A forward move ment alone can save us. (Applause.) Let our cour-e be action' action' and tnc miserable little party of-ubim-sion in this State will gain by the results of tiiis Contention. However ruinous, ghastly, aud desolate the work of subjugation? though we may be reduced to chains, auu our State to a blank and howling wilderness, _1 should feel more pride and attachment to her soil, than in all the illu?. ns of glittering cities bu.lt up a- the price of our submission and degradation. (Ani mated and prolonged applause.) It being past -even o'clock, l'. M., when Air. ( .ilhoun b id closed, after -ouie discussion up m a motion to lake the .pieetloh upon the address an 1 tions, it h is agreed to take it at nine o'clock (oluti -morrow evening. # And the L'on.ei t ?n ndjou. ned. L AST I> A V .. NSI , | v.* >!? ? NOT I'KO-i'" T KOt THE ... PA, w. .E . N ,,r H,,rru < .VROLISA rn- i 111!. ' N1' 1N* ? ?? r 1 1 ( ii ART.r-r* ? b, I*>1. Convention rc-a tabled at ten o'clock, A.M. l-Vur hundred and thirty delegate? were present. Kov. 1 r. ui'.i. ar., late from Boston, (Unitarian,) opened the proceeding* with prayer; and for its in trii?ic eicellcme.audu.-- emb.avuig the only ex pressions of sympathy and love for the I nion that we heard in the course of the four days proceed ing-. we give this j-rayer sit full:? ?? Air: slity iled wb" h oldest in thy hand the de-tl i , . I '" ttiy el :-'r? ? and art at^aalu.ed w.th all oui . . v- \\ >"? v. ? ill.I Ih gin. continue and ? uJ a.l ihinc- in ?in... Willi' ut lhy we f.vl ourselves to be poor, Wind and m ??: hi t with Thy bb-sm.. w'' ml> I,, |,H lor til- happl"?l 1.--U -?? out t every trial and<-?e:y '"wv^iuv ke a divine V nediet n <>n the assembly which j I;. re I'OUV' uetl A th.v ar. n ab >Ut to tetu. -l t tiieil trinids and the r in m-s may they *?***'*? the con-ei u-u"-s that th-y have aimed at ttu te t U . i4.i their imnvdiate cm-titueut*. and ol the h.d I st a. le u. nth ?li ? -helterinc wine we all repose May ill -i.irit d - uu.l wisdom and patriotism pervade their leiiVruth'n- v.hith r togeibef or apart, whether in iarj.'* r ? r .mailer bodies, and wilt Thou san -.lfy timin m .nee which they in ay exert >v.r their friend- and Kl '"Tath. 1 "w' pray for the pea. e of onr .h-rusah in. JJjor ten trethrru end eeuipaiilou.. -ak. s wewlll say I i?. afthni tl.y w.uls and prosperity within a May le weapon pr per. w,uch i- formed a?aiutlir PlUnl V. V..-e.eh Thee ill. prol.O -? of tb,.. , UK lent ..ronhet In tlit right, onsn.-.?th m .halt h. .-Uju.-h 1.1 thou halt be far ir- m oppression. t r tnou -ha.. not P ar and from twror. for it shall not . woe n .r tle a. 1 did rinding the arm of public tied, may we realue he precious truth, that our help U In the ninue of tlh L rd. , uho untie the heaven** ami the wurtti Mo,i u.. r. ilui ?.od W "t thou be pleased to hies-. ii In".he var.ou- relations ol life, and e-poeta all le.ded lip hi aud aid in relereuee to that < Isoli ou. f..u ? u iiwhom thv wiw 1'rovldenc.'entrusted loth | ?ire*.f^?'l^forefathers." and w?o have be... lie.,UCUtl.e I pr. out andfutur. generations, a- ay.vat#s^m.i; , and a te-le-n-ible inheritance and deposit May we l. aru ( in in tli\ aacivI word our upeeial ?nd pr*i*cribett ?, in !."'ard to th. ui and may we be enabled so to guide and Mile .lorn a- to contribute to MMrtnporal anl . iet mil if.s.1 to nur own p. ac aud safety??nu t > ?? ?n.r.l Is .?? n <4 mankiml It. -train we beseech The* th. unriahte. us and unhallowed i,.t.-rt.-reuc ol tln.se >. I . ,ii u. tb. r understand nor appreciate Ihe na.un ol our iii-iit .u ."ii- and ? i.it -h.,t every ,'ouv.iiuult*. out- . .. Ive- among the re-t. may tailhfully explore an l pr > - . and re. till US ? wn evils, aud deVelope it- own true.ie-t'- J , y M iv tn"-? Mates whose institution- an l latere* "ympathia. with our own. .... cesrfully couibtue to -ecur ..! !?; ?dssesaettsr fc/r i?3 the -mrit of that renowned eonatitution. which w. Iia r, c. ive.l ft. m our lather-, and which was cemented au l ' ?.,|.d by their blood and toils Is- ta.tafuUy reeerem,. d and fulhlled by every party ^ ,1 lin.) i IviHH **" iimi wnicn arf m?n > pottio? ?* our fallow-citiaeue b- ?-nei-ou-ly tutcrpr. - d ^??1 ,evented by th< other- Hispel. by thine almi?ii y I d Iwa.iuant Vrovid' nr.- the cloud which now seeia- to ?mm-nd ever our destinies May . sptrtt of mutu-i ha. . ? and lunLlee urrtBdv cfofv MirtioB ??t <?ur ruoiua 'Q vTun.rv Cy -e'Iu Ke . nabn-d .o s,w with one .. .. eve to t.el with OO. I., art and to lie im,?-.le.l In one d. i.etiou towards the common goal V> hhst maluianuiU and del. ..ding -bat each |?tlj tn?y belWTe t? Ike the it.lit irr?ut U\*t nil ?.j?rtmay br \>rr? ftom r?v-ii " ..m-Clfrou. pre.ipitate .et1on^m^n,fyi.?i,n iiaitli in fr ill exagg" rating fvarr and from seu a re Helen may -till eouibitte to place us in the van of the Mtn n! . th And not unto u O l-rd not unto I " buTunto thy mm .m.e through Jesu- Chr.-t our L. rd U the praise the glorj aud Hn dominion, f-r ever WPih, chairman of the < of Twcnty-o..e. male w? additional report, forttee more .Hi* lent organixition of the Southern }lli?ht' j Association? of the state, in a reite? of solution., MlfThir'thtoConv.nti. or.f th- 8outh*ru Itigbt-' Aswv efotfoTVthe districts organise l.-.f ...? a < entml a, .,. ton. under til' pn-?nt offlr-r ' That 111. del. gate, to thi- l'. ntral A?. elation e n Mrt rf 'He. th. uutnls r from each district of 'it' wTod* representation in the ).eK..tat ure and I hat a4-iio annually. und'T the call of the I r> side it i That there shall be a .entral c'unmittee ol nine, wle-se duty it 'hall l?e to eoudnet th eortl'-pondvuce <4 the Central A-?,eiati<m to publi-h soun J f^C. ! 4 That the central e. mwutee t* authorised to hare a -eef. tary and trsu-urer kc , Which plan Of otgnnitatioli wa?, in the Cnur. C 0! ihe day, taken up aiid adopted. The report and rcaolutioni of the tu yonty of the ( omin.t.ee of Tw. nty-ou. and aU*,'U' ihe un.mr.ty (three numbers; were then resumed in consideration. . , . , . Col ' .tun. hoped that < ?1 lUyn. . that h.aie and gallant -oldnr. would now address the onr?n 'Tol A. P MAA-sr., of ( horlerton. (aidtofica. lack -on al the bat tic of New Orleans,) then took th. fl or ||. rose to d-fta. h ' fMi-itioii with great t fl.dcn. e He would be found in th. . \ lal.ew I'o kens i utlcr aud i?ohert " . i.urn well I have addr --ed myelf t> my ntcn ?n tne ft. 1.1 of battle without restraint; but here I an. u?? , .,h.e U> ? tpres- ibe cui dion- which orerpower mo. ; lie could -ay. without he-itation hoWcver tlmt w hate ? r h> i course or her fate, be shoul l stand by . p. u-h( arolina. fol Hayne then underto.dt the eoni.lerut.un -f the slavery oue tn.n a? onestmn. Within H.e lad three ta-i. hs he had tt -,U.l? v.ry -laveholohig >tate in the I ni..n. ei.cpt M\J..un and Arkansas He e-mld declare that the institution was up?n an a laniard in?b:i?"'?it coni-I i. t h. overthrowi. ea*ily: and a f-r co1oni/ati?-n. the eivil.ted woiid ha not the luuar.s of removinf i t. W. stand stronger, or. rather, thk laaUtntk.n ? <1 -lav. ry -tand tnun linuiy now than eTcrtt did ; before II ?e are in want of an outlet. Uba is , ?on ,.g it. It is iwevitablc. Cuba, it ha ?^*n . ,| ran snpport thirty iinHmt* of people. And | V !,.? i ul.u is tilled Op. r before, there Is H#*ieU? , inhabited by nn inf. rior ti'e. They must give | v,.,v te th. Anglo-.xuxon. "^o. t'""r? ,'l": ,m ! mediate rhitg r to lavtry. and Ml U.c future, rely up'W ... the .Wouthw.11 be united wl, n danger shall come lie. th*refo|. . recom- I ? el I ! ulwarane. y.t a It-, tie longer lie believed that if Mr. ? alhonn, thut ill%s tfiim# ch?*ni?i'?ri of !*owfll * wert |.W nine, he would rc< omtn ?n'i ?s to t0 wait stdr-rhear, }e? n Mfl< longer, ( ol. Mayne ? aid, t hut he I., i i ? ? > lib' 1 Oiuprotni-es to be worth l.lil i t d. r ?? ting i .I, uiu-tanees. th' Oth.'f -outh.-rn r-tate? had atonic-, cd To pan*, waa therefor, sugge-t'd. a# : duty t . oui asetef slave hohliog Mat.The uty of' harlesf.iti was not lit) 'IlItK till' r. ? '?? "J "a , " ? r> t resented b* th. *Miu?'n|a of Mr. Khctt No. ?.||< gut let an i Mr. ISarnwell tr< ly r-present-d the lawltfon of f larlealon It w?- con-ervat.ve, l.reaass the |?-ith.n of the city was peculiar. If ? oeccde small str ainers and rt venue cutAete will bVu bad. a?, and not ? sUlUlng's w rtb of foreign goo b will come Int" our port' i'ut in any event, f ? wo.1.1 rise or fall by fouth t arolu.e He w mid stend or fall by the action of this < onv. ntion ? r?w valor ' side th* odds. f rosebet Ue : The brave live glorious. Of laosflted die. The arr teh that trirables in tin- tlrol. <4 fome m". ts death or worse than death-eternal slmme rim. inor WmreuAMH T !^ksi r.h.k n, *i un f k t h< con-id'rat ion briefly ol Ihe nlternative , 1 - oi.tb Carolina, either to submit or to secede Tb, whole .-dwith bad given np lo the North, ex lf,t Mississippi ir.rl .-ooth ? eroltna. ?n< 'beir t-wtttr.fi wes like that of Isoctdn A,,T' when the IVysians, under Xerxes came up to Ihe ii a.,, i, ? f the ."States of t.reece I hey alone stood to i.-ist nn overwhelming enemy- AndI wheii ill Or inn nmbv' adors ean.e to demand of Athen , d laieedi. mon the n nnl offering of stihmtasmn, yei4iahriW4lvr, Uiv7 ^ VW jMuWMS'lvf Wlv ft ditch, ami the other into a well (Applause.) I iv what 1 desire to b>_ tOT%cmtiott 1 Th :T!UL C,ifwlm* lu the federal government. '}?? !' " Uo ?"?? "? waiting for further aggressions. 1 1 hire ii no hope of co-operation frotn our sister ~J* * ?. any movement of co-operation in advance Ol I i'ClilllVi Mow Al/k.a . .. r . ?-v.vuiciH t?t to-ui?cration in aavance or soiac decisive blow. What prospect is there iu Ueorgta. Mie has threatened that if certain things are done, she will dissolve the Union. Hat the will not do it. She will gubuiit, to* ahe lnia submitted, to the ot* the federal govern incut. Our people are ready?they are united. 1 ney ure a homogeneous people?few strangers come among us, and few of our citisen* go away. We are therefore a unitod people?in sentiments interests, and, aa 1 belmvt, in determination. (Applause.) In t.eorgia it is ditfe-ent. I for foreign population largely influences her poli tical elections. hut aiuoug us there are no such influences, except to a small exteut in this city. And there arc but few men among us who stop or turn hack at the account of profit and loss. Noii. then, is our tiiue tor vindicating our I professions, and our consistency. And 1 wo ild | rather meet the enemy to-morrow in deadly con flict, than to continue fn this state of doubt and un ecitanitv. (Loud cheering, and applause. The chair called to order.) I he tioverner said tha: in a tour o\ or the dome uioi.th* ago, ho had not met with a single man? uo, uorn solitary woman ? who wa, not for secession, and ready for secession. 11 had ' ecu said that in the event of seoe-iion, tho act establishing our p?rt- of entry would be re pealed, and they would be closed against us. That would be an unconstitutional acta and whether passed or not, it would have to be with, or without th* consent of the Southern States. And that act itself will determine whether they arc to be fur u? oi against us. (Appl?u?c). He had heard it said that all this clamor boded no gijod to South I aro una, but he believed that it was rl^nifioant of her speedy loerntiou, and the liberation of the South. Hon Jaaiks A. Kr.ACK *u-tuin>d the views and sentiments of the preceding speaker. lie I'd roved it was the duty of South Carolina it there was no co-operation?it was her duty to act alone. I here are three things of the greatest moment involved in this issue?our property, our lives, our honor. By submission, wo tnuy su .c our lives, an I, for a season, our pro perty; but we lose our honor. Hy secession, we may lose ? ur lives and our property, but wo cannot lo-e oar sod-respect and our honor. (Cheers.) lie was annoyed to be told that it was infamous to submit to the wrongs mid outrages heaped upon us by an unscrupulous majority; and yet to be told that we must wait till other States see lit to take oil' this burden ot infamy. He had not heard a single man here deeli re h'.rn-elf to be in favor of tho Union on any tonus. It was dangerous to delay. The ma chinations ol our enemies, and the gold of the fede ral government, if we delay, will be brought into re position to reduce us to complete . abmission. Mr. Badger, (editor of the Hir.ut' AW, of ><?rth i urolinu,) cauie forward, and in some geno ral complimentary and revolutionary remarks on hehii.f of .Sjuth Carolina, responded to the flattering ob-ervutions, yesterday, of Judge Cutler and others upon the sturdy and reliable character of North ' aroliua, when brought up to tho rosperisibility of standing by or deserting the in-tituiious of the >outh Mr. J. d. M.-c .vr.r.jofFiiirrteid, followed in support of separate secession. In reply to the objections that >ouiii Carolina would be blockaded and held at bay, without bringing on the i,-ue ol'a cmflit With the le lerui government, he maintained that a blockade was in itself an act of war. It wa- a war measure; and in attempting to enforce it. the world at Lrg. became mi interested party in it. And what would be the policy of (Ireut Britain and the other nations of hurope, in rneh a ontcstT it would be closing u|> our ports, not only aguj-t ourselves, but against the whole world, lie was accordingly, in favor of separate socc-sion. Alter some conversation on a motion to take tho Question, C'ol. Max\ Crkoc, chairman of the Committee of I wenty-one, then took the rostrum to present the closing u]ipeai in behalf of the committee's re port and resolutions. He, too, contended that a blockade was war?that a war would unite the ."south in supjairt of ."south I aroliua. The dollar and cent view < t the case was uliuu't too grovelling a Ques tion between honor und infamy; but even in that view, the ultimate result would be the redemption oft lis. II . .1. . I .1 . I .. . 1 ... . " s vuv ivn.iiipin/ii of the Mate. He pleaded strongly for the act of I'llUV ? [si i a re S. .es-iou, and eloquently fur the uuited action of all true South Carolinians iu this move ment. [The closing appeal of Col. < iregg was re i eeived with uiiirked approbation.] .Mr. \V. ,\J. Liw rev, of Charleston, -ubinitted a -trong remonstrance against any allusions of dis paiagi went ot the l'oveign-borii population of ( bariestou, and against any supposition that in i 'his contest with the federal power her citizens will be controlled by mere dollars and cents. Ho was a native, but^ repudiated any such ideas. \V ben the issue is joined, Charleston will be with the Mute , ?ml her adopted citizens were too valua ble in this emergency to be made tho subjects of unpleasant distinctions. (Applause ) l he Convention took a recess till four o'clock, resolving then to proceed to vote. M rcKNooN senator*. I Ion Mr. < "rr moved that the minority report be taken up and udopted. After some discussion on a point of order, Messrs. Kkai- and Fi.k i.in urged the propriety of all pos mow concession between the parties in this l ou vention lion. John A>iie, of Charleston district, mov td that the vote be taken by ayes and nays, on tho report. lien. Ana.vis, of Columbia, appealed earnestly that that motion be withdrawn. It was the great object to be united, instead of creating in any way a division in the Mate. The moral force of our j action wid be partially lost, with ever so small minority arrayed agaiust us upon the record. (An | plausc.) * r Mr. John A. Calhoi.v hoped the majority re ! port would pass by aeclnmatiou. This was not the place nor time for drawing lines of division among , us, the only result of which will be to carry suen lues of divi-ion away. lie hoped to see the city and the Mate, now and henceforth, standing firmly together. Cur only hope is in our union?the only how- of our enttnie.- is in oar division. (Applause). Mr. Amir, under instrnetions of the l baric: ton del. gat ion, withdrew the rail for the ayes ami nuys. (Lively cheering.) . Mr. Asjik, Ceii. \V. t. Martin, and Mr. Sim mons, of the f harleston district, then severally pledged them elves to the State now and hence ! lortli. I he vote being aliout to be taken uponthc report, I Hon. .1. L. I'kr tnoved the resolution reported by the minority a* a su) stitute, as follows:? Hi ikred. That feeling entire cona.wuee in tin coa.ti. i mil' O.I I I .rim on of our cute government. una the wi-dum and tjrllty (?.f ihe Convention .betel under the aet |H >? d fit lbe la. I w?i.m of the l.egi Utnn vri WW ner lei fly iv|||n,t( to leave to th. l.l the in ?le find inea-mv of I re.Jrer f..r lie vrrmiK" vre li*v. suflefed Ifoni the fe.1.. ralgovrrnm-ut. *? Well a? tUettni. of it. application; C'id wiiliout iodieating or -nsai-tinu ihe . .oir-e it h--' I hi 1 |o puiMM- we Iwreby ptrdfe ourae'.te. to '?'?id. hy their action nhethir Ih- -sine .hall I, f H>ion from the I nlun with or without the co-op?r?tloa of l lie other twtli rn Stat I he awtion wa? rejected by v.-ry large majority. 1 he resolutions ot the msjoiitvr weri then taken J up. and were voted on separately, as follows: ? I flew.ited Hut in the opiai n ol this uni ting. Ihe Ntate f ^<.vith i'aroiina mnnot submit to the wrawi i*4 ssrrev-it ?? whleh have lie n ps-qe I rated hjr Hie federal gwverument and the Northern flutes, without ilislmnor ?n l ruia and tliwt Is iiee.w,?ry to r. Ii. re herself there, frotn. whether with or without ihe co-operation of other fotilhern Males To this resolution there were fiv: diluting voices. ? 'J lte?o|*ed. That riueeit of anion wc h one or m-r? ' t our sl,ter flairs ot the flouth Wlieth r thr .UMl the ?U|.| < -ed floutliervi * ougreM i#f in any other iu un.-r is an object worth many acri ce. hut not th. aacrilicc lut ivt'.i iu ?utimU.-ion Adopted ur.aiiimouslj. 3 IIeMilred. That we hold the right of -eerwalon to he e??enl?al to the sovereignty miH tree.1 out ,.f it,,. .atl < f)f thin ? mifedetary. and .hal the d. nial igliud right woulj fnirn.h to an injur, d Male th- strongest additfoual cansw for its ever rise Adopted unaiiitn onsly. i He.. |ved. 1 hal this m eiing |.. k? with eoulhleDec .'Ilni hoiw to lie I .invention of llw I'liiple to ,lirt ? - v. icign power of the Mala t u -M. n.. - f it, rivhfs. at ih. rotitest |>rw. tleahlep.ri.-l md In the m . t elfeetual inanror and to ilie l^-gl-Uinr- to adopt the ut'eit sja-t 1yainl.l1 < toil uua-uri s t??aSd? tin aoieeud <i this resolution there were -ix di-'eating oices. 'Ihr <|tieMion wa? then Inken on th? adoption of Ihe address, and it was adopted with but ?t,e ,(?. sent ing ? nice. ? li lt. W vi. If. ?.i?r, of i nion, ibuiitted the < rdlowing resolufitn: ? It. solved. TllSt this meeting is Dot disposed to sepa- ' rate from tb"-e who rxpri ?- a >'illmgu. . ? to nhide the late ol Il,e Plata, lhat rd ..Mr s eept tli.-ir el. d-r to swvtalw the anion of the eo?atltutl<*M| nrentioa. ari l li nt w. htivs nn aW.IIng vonfld tie. that South Caro lina will prei nl nil undivld.d fn.ii In r ? aetata* i ' <u. J.-hn 1'. I. ( naniisi.N, I'r.-idcnt, having been r. mpliiu. nte.l by a resolution of thanks ad driared the ( invention He bad been aeewtoned t'' pnrtieipnle In political a* cmblnge- for the last : twenty-flve years, but lis could truly sny that lie 1 bad never seen such a delightful erhit.ition of eon- 1 filiation, decorum, and dignified manliness and in- i t-|!igenee, p. it. aest inldng. Jft. w?, pr?,?i ?f tf. I.uf innre than all was he proud of the harmony their councils. 4'roud wns lie to feci and know that there were no traitors in the camp, none

skulking In hind at the critical juncture. There ' had been shnJes of difference upon the mode and time of redress, but none as t? the insupportable in<l'gnit??s inflicted njmn its. lie said that M.nth < srolina had apjiealrd. Implored, and reasoned against the se aggressions, I ill argument an>] for ? ?aranee were e*hau?ted. The aggr.s,i.,ng the fotith seem to la inherent in the \ >rth. pro- j gr- s*iv" ar.d increasing every year. Tito' only practical rem. <ly against tiiem was now |g-esente.l in disunion. We can. without convulsions or dis skflsivH utuvMg vttfstJvt , bvvatuv w? at: prepared to plunge info tbc baiards and perils of the un known \uUac VSellor the banquet of a charnel house than the lingering degradation of a noble people?better ail the danger* of revoluthn), than consenting to become the victims or a domestic tyranny. Let us submit, and we shall he degraded among the outcasts of the earth. The only hop# of escape to South Carolina, is to assume her own arms, in her own defence. Let us, then, resolve to stand by South Carolina ; and i am with you, now and henceforth, here ami hereafter. After the adoption of other resolutions of thanks, the Kev. Mr. Cowman offered a prayor to the tju Srome Governor of Nations, to no the guide uud irector of the councils of the State, so as best to secure the liberties and peace of her people, and the ('onvention adjourned situ <itc. The resolutions and the address, but more than all the composition, character and tempur, of the Convention, are -iguifieant of the aeoesaiou of Srouth Carolina as a foregone conelu-ion. Chabliston, May 9,1851. Close of the Con tent to,i?Imminent Danger of the Secession of South Ciirolinci from the Union. The address and resolutions of the Southern Eights' Convention will, no doubt, dispel some of the incredulity of the North rn respect to the state of public sentiment in South Carolina, iu regard to the imminent prospect of her secession from the Union. A word or two of explanation will make the danger jierhap? more apparent. The ('onvention was composed of nearly five hun dred intelligent men, from ull parts of the State? men of largo property, generally, and with every thrfhg at stake in u revolution. The address and resolutions werp adopted Unani mously, with the exception of live or six dissenting voices. 1 ? 1 Judge liutlor, I.angdon Chevcs, Mr. Barnwell, and Mr. Poinsett are overwhelmed by the popular . voice. < >ut of the live hundred men, we hat* not heard one declare his desire to reiauiu in the Uuion^ur a belief, und*>r nny arrangement, iu its obutinuMcw. Everydelegate with whom we have spoken, ;is surec us that the people of hi* district are ready for accession to-morrow. The l.cgi slature and thi' "onvention which fyivc to decide next February, or sooner, the course of f*outh Carolina, are composed very largely of the members of the lute convention. If even the people of Charleston were somewhat unprepared for the'e proc? ediugs, they can hardly fail to wake up the North. W. Thtntrlral mid Miinlf?l? V. nv f:iiy Theatre.?The most attractive ontci tuinwonte of the season are otforcd to-night, tor the amusement of the dramatic public, at this ola ana fumou- ilieutre. Mr. I. b. llaiu{jlin appeared la-t evening as 1 iebard, and wan received by a very crowded house, with deafening cheers, Hie taint ed and interesting daughter, who appear* d as the Duke of York, was al-o received with the create-'. cnthu-in-m. To-night Mr. Huiubliit 'ippear-j as < 'thcllo, a character in which he way be sAid to have no superior, and Mr. K. Lid.v as lago, with Mis- t . Wemy-s as I 'esdemona. lhote wh? rc* number Mr. * I iainblin's ajle peruotwi-tiwii ofrthe Moor, w 11 not hesitate for a num. out in dvtermm ing to visit the Bowery Thoatre. Ihe entertain ment- will close with the comedy of "All the World's a Mage." As M r. 1 latnhlin will perioral a round of his bo-t -hupspearean character-' dunng this week, tho-c who love pure read.tMv grn T.'Bj actiou, and genuine histrionic ability, nave a ricn treat offered tliein. ? , K"Bki> viuvav Theatre.?-The entertainments for this rveiling will consi-t of the farce of " .My 1 rs ciou- ilet.-v," with Mr. I-midge, Mr. Sha^v, M?>. Abbott aud Mrs- Knigbt in the principal charts tcr-. The entertainment- will conclude wrtn-tne magnificent spectacle of the " Vision of the >un, which, during a long and -ucce-sfbl run. was every night received with the mo-' cnthu iftsuc cheers. The scenery is generally admitted to be, perhaps, the most gorgeoa- ever seen in this couatiy, and the acting by Mi.--e- Anderton and t'ougeuheun, Mr- Harris and other-, every night rewarded with marked demonstrations of pleasure. I J-mor row evening, Mr. Havidg-, a very eleier comedian, and a general favorite, takes hi beiioht, wuen a t.ill of great attraction will be prc-ented. Mr. Davidge ho* many friends and numerous acquaint ance-, and it is hoped they will use their best ox ertions to give him wliut he ri'hly deserves .a bumper. Xm/i'. (., Ar.i'i N.?This being the la-t weektbat the celebrated Hous.-et family will appear, no doubt this beautiful theatre will be filled hi every department. The aiuu-cuients this evening will commence with the laughable piece ol the ?' Wash erwoman," with Air. and Mrs. ."-loan in the prin cipal characters. The next fcuture will be ttie splendid ballet of ?'<.Welle," in which the Roussct 1-ainily, Caroline. Adelaide, Lheiesinc, aud i lemon tine, with their tuther, will sustain the principal character!. Those who delight iu the host dancing should tee these highly gifted artists betore they leave the city. *' Berton's Theatre.?As usual, the entertain ment- here are very attractive, in addition to which wc find it announced iu the .-iaall kilts that the IVeaid* lit and c abinet, iagither with the Governor of tht State, are to vi-it l humbcM rtrect theatre this evening. Where Burton can find room to -tow away the jicople, wc are at a loss to know, as on or dinary occasions the theatre is every night crowded. The amusements will commence with tne beautiful comedietta of the "Morning Call," whioh W'll -bo followed by a |>opular ballad, by Mrs. ilolmnn : ilancing by Mi.-.- Walter.-, and splendid orchestral music by an excellent band of musicians. 'I he en tertainments will proceed with the admirable pieiS: ' of the "Toodb-s," in which Burton will 'lisplay his great comh* ability. Ail will close with the k4?>ciiool lor Tigers." National Theatre.?Th? faroc of "Victimit ing" will eominenee tbeentcrtaimnenU". with Messrs. Mat kins and Fox, together with Miss ( rocker, in the principal characters. This will be followed by the grand and magnifies nt spectacle of " 1 haluba, the Desttojer, or the Burning Sword." This piece, which is considered by every visitor to be the most gorgeous of the kind ever seen in this city, must, from its splendor, have a long and successful run. The scenery is beautiful in the extreme, and the dris-es and other requisites are of the most costly description. The appearance of Mrs. K. 1 home , in the beautiful character ol 'J haluba aids consid erably to the attraction of the niece. Purdy is a very indefatigable malinger, ana ju-tly merits the ?iiccest with wh.ch he is meetiiig. Hroioiiam'* l.vcrt vi.?Mrs. Blake, a very clever artist, and a great favorite, twki s bar benefit this evening. The programme of < ntcrtainmcnt is ' excvdiiigly attractive. The performance's eom inenee with the elegant comedy of " !?" ndou A- iiiuncc;'' the part ot .""ir 1 lareowrt Gourlly by Ilurrv I'lacide. Mark Me<Wle by Mr. Win It. Blake; Max llarkuwav by Mr. f.jnne, and i)?i sle. by Hioaghaiu. I-ady tlay Spanker by Mr I Walla ck, Inn , t.racc llarkaway bv Maiy ! Taylor, and that of Pert by Mrs. Blake. r?u< is a II'at cast, and, no doubt, will draw an lunuen-e liouse. Mile. LfiicT-B.irre will dance, and the entertainment- will conclude with the^ laughable and bigbly amu-ing sketch ol a " l!ow at the I Lyceum. i ("iiri?;?'? Miwtkl* continue in the saiuetuo retrtul career. ri bpir hall is always filled with the most fashionable audience, and their performances | give gcne;al satisfaction. I FkIXOW *' MIV STB FLA AND THK .XI VV OriJANN m r> x VP* R- have made a pormanont and tav>rabl< impression, bv tb.ir select pet foi in.inee-, on the play-going nnblie. Tlie new hftrl sqe Apeia wul bv lepcated this evening. Ho early. Axu UK AX Mi -r.r.vt?The Grand rr.nci ion.? ! To-d.iy tbe President and suite arc expect. 1 to ar rive at the Battery, at mid day The procession will then move up Broadway, f iti/cn* and Aiiui gcrs will find the balconies, the windows, ami the terrace on Ihe top of the Mu-eiim, the most satis factory joint ol view of the proeesdoh of any in New\ork. Secnrc your plaoCs early In hongc of tbe day, the pci formanees in the afternoon and ( veiling will be more than u-nally attraotivc. ('haiuvT'iX .*"1 RRS vliKRS.?'I his talented bard of twgro performera wlU rejieat tlisir exeollont en urtn torn cut* this evening at Bleccker Hall Tin At inn ASIANS wire grevted by a large and i fnshionable audience, at their first JOlfW In I rov i j ut nee, on Thursday ?vening last. 1 bey sing in i Woieester lo-inortow evening. Mr. liainor. the popular voe?H?t, *111 give one 1 of his select entertainments at Morristown, .>. J., this evening ... . , , Miss t usbinan and Miss J avenport are pUyirtg at Cineinnatl. Wnperlor Canrt. It*.fore lion Judue Duer A( TION IOR ,111-IASS AOAIN-I IIIWkA* T. MvRNI Ma* 12 ?/IMail R Istuv lz rt. Ildntrts i? Barnum.?Tbe plaint I fl in this ease complains that on the 2Mth May. 1WO, the .iefendant, by his ser vant- and agents, wmrgfnlly entered upon hl? honse, No 1MB Broadway, nearly opj-isite tfio Lh? nc?e Museum, aud, without permission, bored holes through the timber and roof of those premise, and nailed and fixed biaecs and bolts ujvon tho roof of th- house, and attached a roj* from which be su t.ended n flag of an exhibition; aud it is alleged that tbe liouse of the plaintitl had been recently erected, that the walls were green and unsettled, and that a great pressure and strain were put upon the walls by in< fins of the suspension of the sign ; and the plaintiff further contends that ho has sus tained damage to the Hinount of ffitsi Thf defendant denies that any ipjury was done tbe premises, and contends that nc had the perin'S sion i f the person oeenj<ying tba lie?sc to tvi-p-vm! th1 ling from tbe house. VftvUft fvr plaiiitiff sUCQBU damage!. Cur New Orleans Correspondence. New Oeleans, May 4, Uftl. Interesting Particulars oj the Cuba Kr/mliiion?Tlte IVay it M.v Managed?The Triumphant Success oj Paroii?The Tdivaatepec Trtaty. Summer has left u?, it would seem, to imilo on some other country more deserving. The past week has been very cold, attended with heavy rains. We have had severe frosts in the upper parishes of the State, and in the ca-tern section of it. It seems to have prevailed generally; for Alabama, Mississippi, Tennessee, and Kentucky have also suffered rcry much. The young cotton, to a great extent, has been killed, as well as a large portion of the tobacco urop, for the lust two days we have had tre mendous falls of rain, accompanied with incessant thunder and lightning, and tho moisture still pre vails, for, while I am writing, the liquid is oomtng down with the force of the Falls of Niagara, accom panied by any quantity of iluid. The second failure of the Cuba expedition is too widq spread to prove at this writing of any intorest. t have been informed, by parties who preleudod to be initiated, that the failure was all owing to the miserable management of the ollicers who hud tfhafgd of the dhision which was to embark from the Northern Atlantic States. That portion of it in your city was conducted by two Spaniards, which was .-sufficient of itself to us-'iire a failure, llud the management of it been left to Americans of distin ciuguished ability, there might have been a hope of success'., Hut the idea of Spaniards trying to get up an expedition in this country is perfectly ridiculous. Why, an American might as well try to attempt a revolution iii < uba, under the belief that his slight est movement would act be watched. As soon as tdic news reached hero by telegraph, informing the ^arti/C.s concerned that a dissatisfaction existed among many of the officers Of tho forces on the At lantic seaboard, apd that the affair in your city had been so miserably conducted that un exposure was inevitable, a large force which had been secreted iu rh * city, it appears, was immediately disbanded, rind tho mi u and officers Jent home, and all other operation- and movement- immediately suspended. The expedition, it would ?eem, had been got up on a vtry targe -cale, mid had the direction of it been left entirely to Americans, instcud of tfpiui iimlsj it would" no doubt have sailed, at lea.-t.? Everything, it -eems, was done in the most impru dent manner, mid caution almost totally disregard ed. Young Montes de <Va, u brave and most gal lant fellow, who had employed the pilot at Havana, to eoiiduut the expedition on the < oast, lost his life solely for the want of caution and prudence. '1 lie pilot hi(d readily acceded to Oca's offer, had ac cepted the money, was put on board the steamship Oeorgia fop this port, uud matters conducted almost a? openly as if tho pilot was to take charge of a Spanish vessel, in-tcad of that of the expedi tion is is. ' Instead of having the pilot watched, or putin ehrirge of some one with a pistol ready to shoot him, if he acted suspiciously, he was permit ted to be at perfect liberty. The consequence was that phe pilot became seared, repented of his act, went ashore, and betrayed Oca, who was gar rot ed. Another young Creole of Cuba was also garrote t t.lic 'other day, which is not generally known. Young. Carlos Kohlin, son of the Countess of Kohhn,- of- .Mntau/u.*, had some years previous been banished from the island, lie had light hair, and had always worn his beard very long. Some months ago, lot the purpooa of carrying out, -oine of dition" the plan- of the expc Jiti onista, he shaved offhis beard, leaving but his moustache, dyed his hair black, and went ba<-k to Havana. His disguise wa- com plete, and none of his friends recognised him. He visited the en/ir> at uight, ond took no precautions whatever to present his being discovered, 'hie cyening, an old companion detected liiui by his voice, and asked him if he was not Kihlin He denied it, gave some othcT name, and said he was from the island of Madeira, llis companion was deceived, and walked off. A spy being by, how ever. gave the information, ami Kohlin was ordered to ha nut abed. It wus during the time of Mr. < day's visit a: Havana that a number of balls wen given. ?? one of which Kohlin was present. Al ! t hough in mask, while walking with u lady, his conversation was overheard by a spy set to watch I)mi, ai<d as lie came out lie wus immediately ar retted and thrown into the Moro. He was missed afterward! by his secret friends, but no one could tbll what hud become of him, until it was lately ascertained that lie had been eonfinjd in the Moro, was tried, found guilty, and sentenced to be gar roted. Kohlin was said to have been one of the most daring and talented men of his age. There are several v-paniurds yet in our city connected with the liberation of Cuba. Two of them are sons of officers holding high rank ia the army of Spain; the father of one being no less than a < leueral. I think, however, the thing has hardly ripened yet; but that in tlve course of a tew years the liberation of Cuba it honnd to be effected. Another expedition will hardly he attempted, until u battle it fought iu t'uha. When the blow is once struck there, nothing could keep our eitiiens from going to their as sistance. The- third concert of I'aroili cuuic off uight before laat, before the- largest and most elegant uudieuce- of the whole season. ."-he was encored throughout. I never be-fore saw un audience so completely carried away. Mrs. Sidilons, who was said to possess moro expression thau any other woman iu the world, coald hat iky have surpassed l'arodi, whom i look upotra* the queen of tragedy, for the certainly bus ? power o^expres.-iou that few arti*ti* poasess. It it true, that-, to appreciate- the- beauties of wild ltatias hush-, one must cultivate liista-te for it, as well as become acquainted with an urti'tt?that is, hc-arbcr sing once or twice before he- can fully appreciate her. The fact is, it is like- a man first i eating a leaved artichoke. At first the vegetable | -ernis unpalatable and iiuipid, and the tn-te for , them i# cntin I\ ae,,uiied; out 1 MTW kne w a per I eon who once bad eaten them that did not become vory fond of them afterwards, and take to them like I n eat to a milk pun. l'urodi is to give oik- concert more, to morrow, and afterwards, it i- said, she will ? perform in several ?) teres ; hut whether at the Ifre'ncrii Theatre or at the M. Charier, is uot yet known. If she- gives u series of operas here she will crowd the bouse every night she- playi, for the peo ple arc crazy to see hor acting. >trakoseh, Hinting that he could not get along with the orchestra, gave op the manage-merit of it to our favorite leader lrerc, Oabichi, who succeeded something better. The story about the Tt-huuntriiec treaty being rejected by Mexico is not true. '1 he treaty. a* pre ; parrd by the ^enn'e. is now ready at Washington, ! and trill be curried out to .Mexico by .Mr. Letcher, { --ar minister, who is daily expected to leave that city r?t route for the Mexican capital. There is not I a doubt but tliut it will be ratified, though, at tirxl, there was a strong feeling against it. Uue of our ! city papers foolishly stated, some weeks ago, that I tb< whole affair bud faili d, and that Mexico had i relu-ed to entertain it, because the Mexican consul i here would not clear a ft- el for the Coat/acooleo river, it nut bi ,ng a port of entry; but he gav?- a i clearance h?r Vera Cruz, with permission to enter any iith'-r port- on the cu:i?t. I had intended giv ing your leader* the particu I I if- of one of the most singular nnd romantic cases, vrhi-h was bronghvtn light in one of our courts yc* ? terday, that I ever heard of; but uncle Niiu's mail I wont wait for ine, *o I shall have to defer it until | to-morrow, when I will give you also anything else i that may turn op. Ihu-iitt's, Tlie C'nlmn I;*|m illilon at the ftouth. [from the \,-w iixk-aa* Picayune, May 2.J HY I,are Information from a reliable -our< ? that th ?Aprdltlon from this country for tin- invasion of ''mIhi ha- t? i n Ui-UmU, U. not only in this city hut also iu Ili Atlantic- torts M<??t of the offirers and no n who had iiwunliloi hero have returned to their homes In th - ft ,-st ?*?vera I of the h a,line spirits and officer* of lit last i xpeilillon have h ft In n- wlthia a few days pOAt. on dlffi teStf ttp-rlver boats and according to our liifnt mn lit s styteJne^t. thvyare slightly dhguatcd wUh th< had iiwo renrnt of afisirs on tbc Atlauvu- re j ff'r<Tn lh? t-svsnnhh fila ) IIrpublican Msy r>) From agetdleemn whoranu-from Florida yc?lerdi y. in th- Magbdio. we barn that the "emigrating party villi It hail r- lltelcd near .'*? k??-tit III* have all disperse to their hs-nn s I he party, about tlie 2i,ih ult . nomlnr i d ???me (AM men. hO of whom were to Ik mounted They expected to have hfl Florida In the Cleopatra, and In-r detention in Ne* York is said to he the immediate en me of the break up Heart uot. of rour-c. iu tin secrets. ! t ut we suppose llirl the ledger* found great difficulty in ; arranging the details ?o as to iruard against accident*. I and hav< all the different part* of their gi-tu rat plan work t<g?thrr without making their own movements public, latterly tbey liave Im-ou so closely walrliivl l,y j Ihv halted Stales olfir.r*. that it embarrassed all their | movements The expedition may. we- snppose, be now p-garded As at an end The Norfolk . Irjti* states, that about the 1st May XsVi nun w. re < arampid near Cape lltnry. well supplied with i provisions and ammunition They wi re dtiliiog every , day and pretruded tola; engaged in the eow-l surrey , They gen, rally spoke* foreign Unuuage. mostly .wpatUsti | da It.e 4th lust, a sresmts.at Calh d. on hoard of ? liteb ! ihry emlntrked Tlo-lr destinationK unkuown, but iup | ? wed to be Cuba Our Washington Correspondence. Wash tan row, May 12, I KM. l int if Mr*, trtn. /fattn/liia Ik H'tvlmiftoii Monununt. We were unich gratified on Saturday with a visit from Mrs. f.tcncral Hamilton, now in her ninetieth year, to ike WaHiington Monument, in such good health that she hiw accepted an invita tion froth "Mrs. 1'eUri, grand daughter uf Mr*. <>?ncral U aehington, to make a trip to Mouut V cretin. The monument ha* already reached eighty five feet, nb?mt one-sixth of the whole height, which it to be five hundred fret, and of the stone* which have been pr-sented, that of the Ltnpirc I^tate, black <nd white marble, id decidedly the mo t cias.c 4bd beautiful. ProfcMlonal B?|fin In America. We trineUto from the New York Ecod'Malia, ad iiitgreeting article ou the professional beggars, com monly known among the Italians under the name of caUmmi. These vagabonds arrive by huudreda from Genoa, and having been provided by special ugcuts with false papers and certilicates purporting to be genuine documents, they visit every cor ner of our country, and ufteru few years of begging, return to their villages, and become landholders, with the money obtained froin credulous Americaiw. The object of the editor of the EcoifJtutta, in ex posing theso vagabonds, is thatof sustaining tha Italian national character, to prevent Americans from being lightened of tbeir money, and to put aa end to these shameful proceedings. The Eco iTItulia contains the following on the subject:?" Every year there arrive in this country, on board Sardinian vessels, not less than eight hun dred professional* beggars, known among us under the name of catrnoni. These people conic from Bor /onasia, La Croce, Foutanu, Buora Chiavari, and from the neighboring towns. In these cities thera ase special agencies corresponding witli tho-e in tho nited .Ftates, through whose mediuui a heavy per ccMtugc is realized on the money cu.loctsd by the cuU'iUtin in America. These (Hrolessional beg gais are ull landholders in their own country, and mortgage their properties to the cupUius of vessels, to nay their passage to the United States. The captains anl the owners of the vessels in Genoa trading with this country, assisted by kilful agents, visit the abodes of the catemni, and by ex aggerated tales entieo these peoplo to leave their na tive land, with the assurance of finding ,u much, gold in the Uuited .States as Jh the mines of Califor nia. A few months alter their arrival, they aro i generally able to redeem their mortgaged estates ? iunl send money home, either to indu -e other- to I < ome to this country, or to buy more land. '1 he agents of these professional beggars 111 New York, Boston, New Orleans and other cities, having ascertained the departure fro-u Genoa of such auu j such a vessel, and the precise number of "it/ 'unU on board, are alwavs preseftt at their arrival, to provide them with board; ai d as -oon as they nVc landed on American ground they a;'.- provided with false printed papers, ben ring the signatures of j lunginary merchants, or the countorlbitc 1 seals of foreign consuls or Italian governments, -tating that the bearers are men or women of good moral oon duoi, who liavo been victims ot itieendinri-oi or in : undation, of cominereiil misfertuues, shipwreck, or I iho like. The recent political events in Italy hav ing caused a great number of exiled i atriots to leave their native land, the agents of the proles -ional beggars being aware of tho sympathies of tho American people lor the oppressed in the ;au?c of 1 freedom, they introduce these in/mm, < to the public as political refugees, or else a- collectors of money I to revolutionise Italy once more. ? " If tbe true political emigration from ftaly has not fiund in this country tho .-ame assist nice and cordial welcome as the Hungarians, it hou'd bo attributed to the society of professional beggars." To .suppress such iniaurous transections too Eco i Italia proposes, in case there be no laws im,Sardi j itia to meet the evil, the ."-ardiuian official authori ties in this country should inform theirgovernin< nC of th<- fact; while the editor makes uu appeal to tho pre-s of Piedmont to republish his articles on tho subject, being certain that publicity will do inueh towards putting an end to these seandalou and dp graceful proceedings. The .-'ardiniiu brig Arbace, Captain Prove, says the EeoWItjiha, arrived at New Vork on the 11th of April, 1861, having eighty-throe profes ion n 1 beggars us steerage passengers, among whom were two infirm old men, eight infants, ..uj iwo helpless cripples. We trust tlje city authorities will concur in as sisting tho editor of the E<o d'ttntm to suppress so base an imposition on our fellow-citizens. Presidential Movementa. "O.v. HANIKI. WIBSTtg .NO.MI.SA TgD tOU TUB 1'KtSlDKNCV. s | from the Norfolk fVa.) Herald. May 10 J . At a meeting of the citizens of Vork county, Vir ginia, convened In Vorktown, on Saturday, Aith April, 1851, to take into consideration the momen tous subject of a successor to the statesman who now presides over the great interests of this Itcpub lic, the chairman huving announced the purposo of the meeting in a very impressive manner, 1* A Fouthall offered fur their adoption the folio wing preamble and resolutions, which were carried by a unanimous vote:? The citizens of Vork county have ever been sted faet in their attachment to the principles of civil and religious liberty ; mindful of the sacrifice ol blood and treasure by which they were achieved and especially proud that this, the consecrated spot where they were consummated, "u tbeir own, th< ir native land"?taught frsin lisping infancy to cherish ove for their country, and a prufouud veneration for that great and invuluublu compact, the Federal ( onstitutioii, by which, alone, the rights and inter ests of all arc defined and secured, the ample resources of the Kcpublic developed and made tri butary to that cnviublc fume, in arts and arms in literature and silence, for which Anuri a is pecu liarly distinguished among the nations. Them, and kindred sentiments and reminiscences, have caused every reflecting mun amongst u? to regard with deep sorrow and intense solicitude the late indications of defections to the Union, and alien ation ef the different sections of our once happy confederacy. 1 In looking to the cau c.? and lesding influence' which have arrested temporarily, (may we not hope, staid forever) the tell destroyer ot this beau tiful system of human government?we behold prominently distinguished among the sa-red baud of patriots, who have bared their bosoms to tbe storm, and perilled popularity and every a-piration of personal ambition to nalui the unhallowed pas -ions of demagogues and fanatics?the voteeaed arm, the sublime eloquence, the umlauii'cd firm ne-?, the patuotlsui and heaven directed wisdom of lianiel Webster- 1 he long and arduous career o ' this eminent eiti/en and enlightened statesman?tk? power of intellect and force of knowledge, which have borne down nil onpo-itioo, and -lied a halo of glory over our beloved country?point to him a< pre-eminently suited to guide the ship of stale' nt this poitentou? spoch: to us-uage the teuipe-t which still scowls over the land, ominous of ruin and do vsstatioA to everything dear to us, and to restore peace tranquility to our extended border- and l eimaneney to our noble U. tltulions? the peculiar boon of heaven, the pride of the patriot, the h.st asylum of human liberty. We would not disparage, we would not detract a tittle fiom the claims of any of hi- g.eat ,i_ lustrioiiseontcmi'ortries, who have stood shoulder to shoulder with I in the fierce conflict which so recently shioudrd the boi*--of tbe republic in tho mantle ot despair; much le- would wiomit an ex prr.-sion of the homage of our hearts, elicited l.y the noble bearing, the indomitable patriotism. tb? unswerving fidelity of the virtuous and enlightened ciu.en who now presides over the republic. <)ur rt-j'eet, onr gratitude, our affections, are due. aio cheerfnlly accorded, to Millard Fillmore, for his de votion to the eoii-titutioi, and bis unflinching firm ness in executing the laws ?f < ongrts and . spe rm ly the fugitive slave law?the only guarantee ?f .lomestie poaee-tbe highc-t test of his devotion I toe rights a 1st interests of his whole country 1 uture years will recognise mid honor hi- tnin M . ndent worth, b\ according him the higlw.-t pla,? i 'b?' '.epuldie?l.ut, we think that the long c our so ol public service, his advancing years ami hi- Into -iteriflee on the altar of patriotisui. - hould gj,rt 1'i.niel \\ ebelcr a precedence to all oth< iI'herc llesolved. That we will -u-tuin Ilanicl Web ster for the next ||? ?f I nited Mnt??, eommencfag Irh March |?a "i Uc.f.neverthiless, to the nomination of a whix convention, -hould one be regularly ta'led. Iicsolrcil.That Imnitl Webster, having ims?cd I unscathed through the liery ordeal, stands approved ' "? ? statesman equal to any and Ti a* ' l"?<ri?lvr. ady, ( u,ii?, self immolation, -hould the voiew of hie c?*untrjr Uc(Build thi* Moriflcvs Jle-olvrd 'I hat the elevation of Uaniel Webster to the I residency would only be a h. ...ning ox jiie-ion or national gratitude due to the gallant de 1-inter "I the I nuoi ?m| eon-tit ut ional f.v.dom.and Ol nation,d iid gnniion nieiitcd by tin -e who, liko lie ineendiarv ol old, luvve .-ought in the* dc-true tiouortbe temple of liberty to gratify their hc||. born and hell-sustaiacd ambition; surofy tlicy shall hove ih> ir reward?an immortality of infamy. I.esolvvd, That w?> Invite all friends of thcGoi) -litution and the Union, without rc-pcet to party 'gbntions, to hold meetings in their re-pectivtv counties, towns nn,| cities throughout the United ."?tales, nnd express their uoiivtiircucc wi;h us ill tins noiniiuition. 'I beir nnnies. their human name- of infamy The rlimm of all seorn, -hall hnttg on hj^i, ...... . . AiuMtra /Meoweiu'.r. r xnltnl o'er th< ir less nbhrwr'tf e..nipi.<T? And fe-tering in the iufhtny of year _ .VarfAr.i tutu,. U'lt.t.w it paki k P. Lag, t hainnivn. vv it.Li.v.M IlowARn, ."keretary, !,f '\?-i.K(JKt, Hank Rouni ns ?^-huyler Hubbard deputy shertf of (Inclda county, parsed through here le-t evening, on h.s way to tJupcre M,ng mLclinrfo Stephen Barton, junr., of xlord, Maes, charged with being concerned in the lobbery of the < 'tscgo ( 0. Bank, whom he arrested it .. ^"'vrdiiy, on a ru<iuisitiou froin Gov. unt. tis I.allied was also arrested about tlia T *n'1 *n'1 WB" lfft ?n charge of "Hirers who will bring him nrt to-morrow. Bvrtoa is snid to be a m,m of much wcalMt, and here-,of?rn '?t goiMl standing The evidence against thou la snnl to bt very strong. The amount stolen, i- will n membercd. was thirty thousand dollars.- At U'ny tj'tt ft'fi trr, May ly.