Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 22, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 22, 1851 Page 3
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THREE DAYS LATER FROM EUROPE ARltVAR or no B1ITIM MAIL STEAM MI IP AFRICA. STATE OF THE COTTOM MARKET. 7M Eirturm* a mmu cmtute. TiB nOMESS OF THE GREAT EXHIBITION. The Detention of Kossuth in Turkey, Ac., Ac., Ac. The Briiiwh steamship Africa, Capt. Ryric, ar imU at her wharf at half-past nine u'elock ycster dmy morning. She left I-Ivor pool on Saturday afternoon the 10th Jut., at half past four o'clock. She hae, therefore, made the jmrnagt tn ten cLij/s tni stventirn hours. Among the passengers in the Africa is the new Fn?eh minister. The Duke of Saloanh^ has been named President ?f the ' -vuncil of Ministers by the Queen of Portu This news has arrived by electric telegraph, yen Paris. Thus the revolution is complete. "We learn from Madrid, that the ger^nxent, on the let instant, despatched a courier to Lisbon, with new instructions tcr the Spanish Minister, with reference tc the suoctss of traidar.ha's insur jeetiea. One of the Madrid pap-e - aim-. .mces that <"ouot As Thomar has been accredited Minister Plenipo tentiary and huv-iy i.vt.-aordm.iry at the trpani-h C'omrt. We learc that the SpaLi.-h g' vtrtaeni is active tj negotiating with France fcr the abutment ? the line of boundary bit we en .he two countries along the Pyrenean frontier From Naples the account* state that the claim ? Car indemnity for the damage done to various ua Imm ,in con?oucnct of the war in Kcily. hare been bronghttca satisfactory arrangement by the mLxel commission There was tc have been ..r. /m u<> in Parte on the 4th but like many other predicted event-, it did set eome off? to th" great disappointment ?f an interested party or ihc people Lad prepared for a/?i , not for a figh:; and although tbe weather, as w.:h enreclres, was unfavorable, they eontri ed to be merry M. <to Clrardin has made, and porslaM in the as sertion, that General 'hacg^rnier prep:red to in vade l.ngiaud with 12,000 men, and now states that the General scat in a written propositi* n to Hodru Rdlm to ;Le same effect. ' iraru.nV parti-aut say he bae the raise in hi* p* e-esdon. The .L.-.rge ha: not yet been denied. According tc Hamb.rg letters, rcei-urcs of eon tekation are being taken by the lvmish cabinet. Tbc opening of the rruokfvrt lvet has been post poned fan the 12th bo '.be 15th inst. fho King of Prussia ai d tac E inperor ?.f Rc-- a ate, it is ?aid, tc meet at Warsaw during the pre wl month. Prince Skhwar ei.lerg i? tc leave Vienna fcr teresden on the 12tk art. The Helltponi. at Plymouth, 1<H the Cape ? f Weed Hope on the 4th ultim< Tb*re l ad been sense fighting, but utt very serious. m me of the Cope Mouiitcd Hit arc -old to Lave g uc to Sbc Kaffirs The influx of Visitors t? th- Great Inhibition continued ana: a?rd. Ten thousand dollars per Arm a." taken in entrance fees Tbc market for American Mate S:oek? remains Muttered. Prirev were follows:? to*t?<: irtalm Five per ? ml Bond*. 1*.V5.... K a '.si ? Mxix-rt ?-?IBoaAalMS I"- a 101 '? HlxpwCeat R< n,i?. l*otl 111 a ? " fix m* Gent f?to- <l?67-?..W: a ? Sew fork State five pet < Vat .u- ?>?*. 1Mb.. 90 a '-'i ?? l lie por iVut Moek. l*5voo.. 95 a 96 1! Yerk (Ity 1 ive per t'eni Pt?ok. 1S51> .. SO a Beaten City Five par tVnt B-.iuH H*56 6J. VJ a 98 g?i.n?ylT*nU Hv<- p?-r l i-nt Stolk BU . a S3 I OLh Mi prr t'eat. PU- k. 1**5 lot a 105 Hamad. um-U* five jn-rCt? (St. B<i. 1*10.105 a 106 Maryland Hvc )-vr < vi t * rt"rtii; { Bond-/. 90 * ? Canada 9lx p? r Cent Bond- 1ST : 107 a ? la the British House of Common*, Mr. Cay ley brought forward hi- motion for a re pea of th? malt tax. lie -aid the effect of the tax was to increase the price of beer to the poor aaan. who had to pay fire hundred per ten*, vpen hb beer, and thi- had the effect of dunini-h kag the enjumption. The Honee then divided, when the number* were, for the motion, 122; again*; it, W8?majority against the motion, 1-V?. Mr. Hume moved for a select committee to inqnire whether the mode of aae<--iag and levying the in tome tax might not be made more equitable. Neaaedi.-cu'sion then took place, and the motion waa agreed to. The other order* of the day were ?hen agreed to, and the II uh a ljoumed The Iireat Western, eteamcr, arrived at South ampton on the ?th instant, with dollars in ?pecie, 40,000 of which arc on account of Mexican dividend'. Among the pac-enger* wa- M. l'ayno? ? "barge d'Affaire from Mexico, who hat inatruc* lions to arrange < ort iln Important affair- with the Mexican bondb UUr-. H ha- a certificate from the Mexican treasury of SJM0,0QQ dollars. The Mexican government is ub< ut t? apply V- the ehum for authority to neg< t:..ic ji ;.?* <: ??," ? '/?>? An old Poii-fc -.ddier. wh- died a fe* d..y. ? n.*e Vi the Hospital of bvaiidf*. in Paris, b ? J reached his 127 th year. Tb? *-oh<ddt threaten* ii iutdatioQ ab g the whole lw? of talloy, 25 league' it. length, between I uux aay and '*>bcnt. A cui lew metforologicai phenomenon haa Jtut tahea plane at l.ardabourg, in Calabria. A lumi aeaa meteor W?' pereaiveut* fall on a barn, which It set on fire. Mr Peto, Mr. t .a-?< y. and Mr ' I.. F. i<-ard . have got tb< c ntract for the fir-* radssay uudcrta h?a in Norway. It f* t" rs. . C ml .t 'eu-oij to < Im-tiajia it ie tipecud to 1- opened la Mav, MK1 The frttfmrr *$ pwili-br* a Ic't'-r fr?a Vient ' ?>( th ."?tit alt.. ?: it ng th it the hmpevor ?f Aa-tr;? Us*, u. ..... ji t, oh. .;', isyntf- ' fioat* of j.ulti r, *y . atnpt* ? >? Caver. In Ci. lui oit, w.> , o? cbe i'.tth vi'itcd byaekud of 1 ttert ?? of v*ri>u< eol -* Th. . actiod In mvri J- v ill-, tr*.U ?. Th- v at ??cd* > )g tici. d togetl.c bj whitb In Afr'c.i.i! i . I.? l ?i. Jrlvu. .i.rt ? arop by tln> y A ??* .| wit. h liiui i .1 i, t- i. ftm a bnililit'ff ) ta tra<l? botwern Lhrerp-- .t 2 t!.? I ni^? J . ?a?t it fho l?rj' -t. with uno *p?i i, <v.,r l?nflt in throat Ilritaiii f r fli* n. -reb .-T. \i -i,. i? a tbr?< <l?rb<!>r. 273 !? ?? in Joint'1 ? . 0 *y>.ir<i>*k *ad IB* fc?t overall; l>< am 3< t-; '* i'. > ?an ?Ma^nr.'" tip ward* of 2.In to*- Hi" willU p' P?1U<1 by ?or? rngiaf- nf ah >ul 4&) bor- ;> w<?r Th*ra*r ?.f Mr. I* * - mVc hr"a^h? befor tkf l.nuity < ourt o U i tin b f. It api-iar?, ?w??e ((?? iir htarir.?. wi'h 4"".0?t a yoitr at bi? "li? poaal. kr bar Iwm oa thg ? atinont, a'??.-i*tiu? With Ionai anrr..-n, "irmking to rx gambling, yaarn ilia* with bot< P ki?p""?arnt titif *t? oauu \ Kith-' ? ' li at "xrwiiutinW lato fctf otat< f oi l ?a? '"fJvrr"I. Otir f.ointnr < . T, i ^l*v V. I*>l TV W.iVn;? .1 , ? f i ' ? /"*? 7 ? T'nir't'i <"?/?-nt- TV >'??? rt '? ???' ?* /? Una A'nri <f ?? /#?!.?-' (, A- A TV- M(lii?r *111 not ??ring j'-w any fmfK> tut *?w?. I-itti' f"<r* i> kti'?H ?h?? i '? 'titinn }> Portugal, Mft that which jiv?a r,i &cw a?fwut to ?h? affair. The trcn ? iehrat'nn ? th* Ifii "wi???n! yon nil 1??\> L anl of I y lb Frank!'n 4* it fT 'Uii ' l ?. fi> and ri>Mitl?l ' i of pnittierl Jiii it jt'ir ?.f i nr . ;?? trftijrt 1?- > ?kt dotainant iy/ui < it J <ii I .ntjr. y?t. in ?pit of all j, .,?? *t ? ar >. f<r ?agkl <>M ran doc, bi* rh.u?c< fir t futor ar? ^a't^ lo thore of the ' ft* ? irer jn ia j* ?<>t eren excepting Lor Maj ?ty t|u Victoria. It >r c?miiririg to bow IV / <*. In n. op (Mrtwnity to MWaptt it 'Ho* r.ngUnt ft i< an ratprrgw-blr f ( Tcrivnent Wl. a'.i r U h> tl. re- j ?ark?oftbe /fn* Ynrk ttTwM ?*?'? it th* --'ielM I ?((ration to EngUwl, or tbo fct e*f <J by i Rnjai (.mux; rHacfi jf tfcc hUAfud Uuuri tioa ItuU a public and state opening would b? un ctf? to the Queen, or tbo Resolution in Portugal, or the 4th of May is France- brtn tho Time* Mixes upon the tost, and prtnchoe its sermon of eta* bllity in the United Kingdom. Of all tho Uaeona, said one of its harangues a da* or two ago; of all the lemons in science or art whion may be derived from the marvels of the Crystal Palace, and iU multi farious oontents, we venture to affirm that the most important for the welfare of mankind are those po litical and social principles which have alone ren dered the creation of such u building possible. In the mighty multitude which has gathered itself to- | get her in and around Hyde Park every day sinoe last Thursday, free for every purpose whion man can desire within the circle of the laws, there has been no vestige of political feeling, still less of po litical discontent. All this sounds well, and to an observer at a distance it may seem all verity : but there were thousands who would not go near Hyde Park on the day of the opening?in doubt what might be the reception of the Queen?and there arc tens of thousands now in 1 xmdon who feel that it needs only a spark to kindle the materials of discon tent among the masses into a flame, the like of which England never saw. Yesterday the prices of admission to the Exhibi bition fell from XI to 5s., and, in consequence, the receipts at tho doors rose from ?500 to XI,but). The sale of season tickets also, to use the language of the'stock exchange, continued a:tiYe, so that the total receipts of the commission through the day con-idcrably exceeded ?"2,000. The finsncitl suc cess of the Exhibition now promises to be far be yond what its most sanguine friends had expected, and it is now sure, not only that the enterprise will pay, but that it will give the whole building, with all it" immense outlay of cost, as a free present to the British people. John Bull may bo slew in his movement-, too slow oftentimes for us of supple limb- and younger years, but he has u shrewd head for calculation. It would defy all esti mate?the amount of money he must realize from this one speculation. Take theships of all classes here, the passengera they bring, tho freight that is carried, tne goods that must bo sold at au enormous sacrihie, the orders .hat will be given, the purchases that will be made, the invney that is brought, and every other element that will enter into the round g"neral -um of expenditure this season; and to this add all the new ideas that will be evoked tc improve machinery and lesson labo', and advance the value of capital*?an 1 then tell me who shall sum up the benehtthat irnghtciis to gall gain frcta this Industrial Exhibition ! It 10 the o-? dit of this morning, at the Crystal I'alace, the celebrated Amazon group, by M. Ki??, fcaa beer, purchased by an American party, and i to bo tak-vi to the United States for cxtibi. tiou. Th. Queen, >t seenit, was among the bid der- fer the beautift 1 group, and the L'-uke of tn" vonshire, also but both fell back before the r :ai of our cjuiitrymca. 1 hope this is true, for neither in this exh hit.on, nor in Eur pe, is there a i icce of i statuary that can e- mparo with it. The ti^or ha-' i lust ?i rung up?on the ncrse, and has faatened upon his eh' -t and neck w:th merclkas ferocity. The licrao, in hi- agony, is rearing and plunging, in the j vaii. endeavor to -cleaee himself from his des troyer. These two points alone, the anatomical correctness of bath the steed and tho tiger, and the fr,j -ontia-t into which they bring the r.u?cula. power of both, would imnvcrtaliic the artist, hut abov- these, i .ill that displays the gt-niu< of th- 'nc who conceived the whole idea, is the figur-. attitude, carriage, manner and doveiope m n* of the rider. To tfc; finest conception of lunhs an ? < no?, and baft and figure, there is added suehaia ot w iliito beay.y 11 C )B'? determined 1 revenge, a- net- *aw. No do-. ription can give you any idea of it- wonderful arti- tic power. I only hope that the report i- tru , and that tho peo ple < f ' ?!" country iciy have tho tpportunny of -eeing thi- nefd'iruvn cf modern sculpture. jug thi- /<?' . Vui-,-. f modern sculpt Mr. 1'. -1 of Ci:: inni'ti ?? ?? arrived 1. re by I th< last ston in . w.i dden'y struck down by an | apoplectic s!u k, visiting the Indu-tr'.al Lx iubition on Sat-rday la-:. ? -icat oonstcnmtion ' was excited am eg tic vlsitauts, and an iiurn -n?o ? rowd iinto. dinti ly collected art und Liui. It being known, in ?oni^ way, thu! he s i- an American, Mr. Kiddie, our 1 '?.?mmisii' ner, wa- at once aent for, ' and through bis ionic liate attention meiieai aid was pr.cured, and tb ? unfortunate gentleman at ?nee removed te St. Uoorg-'s Jl-?p'.tal. He still lingers in a very lew -tatc; but I am happy to a id that every at tent -m is given to him, that uc is sur i rounded by friend", and that no ex pence attends the emplovment of the test medical aid tha: London can afford bit*, i Madame .^ontajr na-le her fir.-: appearaDcc this iea?on upon riaturday night, The reception gNen to Lur vas enormous; plaudits, again and ngaiu repeat-tl, tr-vm ci ery quarter of a brilliantly filled iiow-c, welcoming back the ino*t fascinating of if-urn (fi.iinc. It is-aid she never looked bettor, Ior showed her?elf more fully in possession of ill her w-.ndeTfu'. powers, natural and acquired. 1 have never before beard her. and even had I, I am l'ar I from competent to criticise the merit that has stood the teH of two generations of opera goers. >bo . certainly sings ul! unlike what 1 ever heard of aiug , ing before, with an exquisite purity and a miracn I loua execution, that must enchaut all who hear her. i The house took every opportunity of manifesting its approbation, summoning her before the cur tain, and not content with her presenting horxclf in company with her ntlab"ivttw*, insisting on a last and individual appearance, lier Majesty, I'rinee Albert, and their ilhi-irious guest- from the conti nent. were present, and thi house was most bril liantly and fashionably attended, i In the midst of men of every clime and nation, so familiarised to the n-tume of Turk and l'ersian. uud Tuni-ian and So' 'h Sea i.-landcr, within these ! gi. ss wall-, that a"' - r the Chinese Mandarin alone, a- hi strides over the broad arennea,docs the eye of the v >itor wonder, it is refreshing to ace the na tional fellowship that exieta among the contribu I tie-ii- and citiien- of the United State*. A meeting ' I* daily held at 2 o'clock in front of the offi -e of our ] ' emtio -ioner : of which t'ol. Kiuimall, of Mary land, has been c-n tituU-d i're-ident, and Horace Greeley, is cretary?tv C'-u-idi r upon such -ubjeet . y r r-u!d be likely to interest and aid thcun. A large register i? also kept in the Commis sioner- (', in which "every American is exjatcd to record his nauic, place of residence at boms, ?ud a lirc?a In London. The number of our cltiien* here ii already very largi , and every stranKr that arrives adds afresh euota to the unprecedentedcrowd from the Union, f v-jrybody here calls us Americans, a- if wt held the whole continent. A Mexican, a Canadian, a Central American, or a South American, is kn wn a' -ueh by the specific appellation, but a t oiled States tit./en none takes the generiu twin of Am-re a:, t 'omplimmtary as this may rem to u?, I yt the raih. r wi-li that we too had ?(>tn< dcignation |? ? uliarly our own, at all ? vents nuii! the whole touudb ?? csuliiHut i* ours With all our mim'-crt, Lowcver, it hat br-.-n with greet i.iffieulty t u?t the twenty-one jurors of awards allotted aa thi -hare of the United States hare boon selected. Not that lb rc was any aversion oa the l*r: i f onrpniiple toaeecpl ?oh?rorali!e a position? t- to be a-saciat-1 with th? fi-?t seientac men in ;.J! i .-,. ii e-1 iH-nly no andesirable di<tin.nion? b, t tb:: it wa f- It that there ought, for the honor --f ? i r country, to ' c some in<liri-Jual adaptation to ti- j':- - - to'begiv o. I believe ti-- matter ba* been finally di?po? I of to-dar, by aiipoint ing Mr. ' it lev, a? I'rt?i lent; C->1. B. I'. Joou on. of >? w i "rk, en e/rivult ?. .ini Mesm, lira ly, of Ni w York, Su'i.'Ot, Web- r, llaywurd, an I i '-.'be, of T..?? . fudge Diman, of \ irginia, Id. C. It iucaa. of La.. Col hlnvma!'. of M.i.. f ?r. Cl-o-lb .-irne, of II., Ashliell Smith, of Texas, ?'. Mul'aniel.of j N ' \-a U v, C.eo t atlin, IJ.-v. t> i houb . A . upon lb li? he l.xhlb'tlon is I tvery eye ll fa?- j I'l.RK"ll UK. Tin I rrnrta Hajh?M?c. A lu.. - fmm I'tirh arc < l ib-; "?ihIti-t. I-v11. r- of i'j- 1 i tlt? fallowing InMUgotioei Tbc following natemcm in !*> ftwrn guarat.1 ?-i :?* it i* \>y tSir atgtkitare ??f M. IlaiM ?i- 1 Iran tin, i? m cvt.a< rttaarjr that 1 ctuuet rr , ha i fft in giving it I h* ? > t r.uii<t: ?? *?' II ' iitr! r g't r k.jr V I r-nlgay to (t?ewal i*kaegafi*T i'.i* u?* ??H ,f . ... nr. r tk-a t> ttc?" ta f" aaafd*.a* nitfa< t In nrurtannT m; Ut l?tt' urnl tin- unai . din' *|.|" ail |,, ? ni I hjr tl r n-< nun?? < hief ?? il?' Smy M "mapatton ff fario r> a"i ' laaanfftaaA ai?4 nj j. n in . Hi.., , i ' |? i I, rtaankaovn II' r.i ? f th . fiwHt ? I. th otolith of M?r>li i?.' Th.--.-i,. n*.*. <| in U." v niatrgaf vim I at* f It. aa? in U.. it ? f L> tlru 1. >, in. th n a wan. -r of < i... Vf. . .tnii t;,.? ninwiit an i M-i' I .'a( th ? l.ii.'rl-r 111 ">l t I nvni ,i . ..r I iil | j.. -? I t. M I-Ira Roilin that If 1'iOOn in, .. ?.t -H iil T -, ni l. 'i. lit. rt? i ?>faiitia* hi- awa Afi |. v.ntil laa.i in m In ? rirlan.1 ravhln'.. in, 'li> *!>? tf t.r'-at k n. aii-1 t?V [irn? lain, | thr th# ?. - .# f .rw of ,"?? Tn ?Wl ?? In mam -.that 1?, |tj> r iii. Tlic apr-di.l fai t t'. h jil-i## . fi.-r tha ir-* Th 1 "0"M?? a* *1(1 In Mgfc r-. .in ti - ITth f Jan. I'M ?? nnrv! rfaawratnlT wad ihi i -mi hajwrni'T traa Ik. i t-'i>-n? r I <f Aicri. II placard' I a pr<? laaiai i thl ? t ?? TIm ? >v mo? mral lia -n-li ??! tin ' dinwlrv i ', graphic .kmptftah : ? 'II l'f?iMl.. ??! t >'.*?!'< iv. ' mi iimnnl. #tit>] <m t-f MM Aran1 ' .hiV? p < ?, Lamirtln , ?nd h ini-I'lflli i . I lit I It I i kt * n thaf < inmi- > i. >f tor. WHular luninty?Mw. A rum u 4 Mat l.? in fi I? 'n; i. <? ?A/i ? .Jut. l? HIS"' "Who,' a k* tilririlla. "? ? .tJ? I ha. aenl ft. in l'nr.? to ? .rnornl < r, i ..I', i . r ? - n- - fill of .Mgnri.i. .hi* t? :"/ra|?lik <k pa'.th ! -r . > o Ik- I'-ili of .'it - . I" I*. ??*? A' i.Mrr of ^'?r : *JlM' j n < .'tn- :tl ' *\ tig" 1 V. - lh<?n, th-o. a? Hi i? |ifii ,l. tn .a Ipm i iiiif MJ ? J'i >t I".. t?*.. i. i , .1%,'- f'*fai| av at. 1 1 u 1 'r. ..i. i , . ra!? ? ftvatgftaw iMti 1 u- i-?ri ?r . W tr< tlf iv . *? nl.i , I'arii aii.i W ' on lh. St. I, liifh. Sith ?i>.| Mill of I .?*?, ?itea'lf | - |-..?c? 'i fi .iu th< ' ".'b, r ml biblaallbai ? w** !' M. < -irat'lin tb'o t r iift .vf haofllti' fV" - a lb" .V I if Juris, lu tl ki! ii t-'i Ifit?ma ? .1 tl- tr that ?anyiinaroiMii.-rortJotv kjl bsofl fbl op kf At >.t i T'l " i ; tl .If; .at'.f ) <! 1 ' '-a' Wirp ' ?-:! .nigii.. ris rj ii -||| ' III U ?'!? ? y* i,v Va . l?pVa V? I -a4"i ?? wsro that he mig ht he more at liberty to take the of MM. Lamartine and Ledru-Kol eceeofMM. Lamartine and Ledru-Kollin, and reproduce the evidenoe of M Trouve Chauvel, Protect of Police, M. Araand Marraat, Colonel Kc heillot, of the gendarmtru, M. Franeie Arago, M Garnier Paget, M. Lamartine. and M. Ledra-Rol lin, at to the repeated dimegara of the ordere of the Sovernment to put Paris in a state of defence, and ie insufficiency of the troops employed against the insurgents. M. Girardiu thu) concludes:?" No one in France, or in Europe, has now any doubt that if General Cavaignac wished, he could hare pre vented the bloody drama of (bur days which had for ita db*o*fmcnt three months ?f martial law, and the transportation, without trial, of 11,000 French men. Hut what remained unknown is the telegra phic despatch transmitted from Paris on the 15th of June, and placarded at Algiers on the 18th. This despatch throws a new light on the events of June, IttlS, and implies an understanding between Gen. Cavaignac and Gen. Chaugarnier?an understand ing which, if it existed, would constitute a fact of the greatest gravity. Now, how will Gen. Chan gamier explain thut plot, which is established to ail appearances 1 Will (>eneral Changarnier also deny the other fact?namely, that he proposed to M. Ledru-Hollin, in March, 1&I8, to effect a landing in England, and to proclaim there the Republic 1 lie who does not say a word admit: the fact. We -ball sec whether General Chaugarnier will be as silent this time as he has been when so flatly contradicted by M. de Persigny. People are im patiently awaiting the comments of the journal that 5 asses as the General's organ. The '((fleers of the 7th battalion of artillery dined with the Pre?ident of the Republic, yesterday, at the palace of the Llysee. Tomorrow the officers of the Republican Guard are to dine with thu Re publics | si dent. i'bo republican papers represent these banquets as a fresh attempt on the part of Louis I Napoleon to soduee the armed forces by plying | them with good cheer. Portugal. , ! Oar advices from Litbon are of the IWili ultimo, being of an earlier date than the telegraphic des j,ateh in the Times of verterdny, announcing the appointment of Marshal Saldanha to the premier thin. They, however, state that many ofthe teg: ments had given vivas for yaldanha, including th"'e that were with the king at Gounbra. Hi* n?aJet y had retired with a remnant ot his torces toLisbon. Marshal Saldanha had sent Irotn Oporto a toto- , graphic despatch to the Queen, assuring licr of hie ' *t was hoped the crisis would P**3 without any popular movement. .. u ... I ' 1 i Prom the London Timet. May 10 ] | The course which the Queen of i ortugal ha t ecu induced to adopt in the present critical state of affairs in her dominions, will have very import-.: consequences on the welfare Ot her Maicsty *?ab ject* and the stability of her throne; and, as we an ticipated upon the first outbreak of this "?8ur'?^ "on the Court has thrown it-elf upon Marshal -'aldanha and left it to liitn to settle, as inai ter, ? he rmbrogio, which he commenced by taking u? ~' <uch however, was not the impression of the c-uecn at first, when her Majesty was constrained SStSTJlSSZ '.isrsrd, might have served to bring back the leader ol tha. party when the storm had blown oyer. The name of Viscount de Caatro figured in ah the combinations which were discussed at the palncc, though that pel onag-. luul betrayed bald.iuha s la-t ?abinct, to which ho belonged : and upon his refusal, the l'uke of Terocira was rammoned to patch up the admmi,-tration tlut w^lf ^bral was ob-ened, at the sano time, that Cos.a ab.a, wa< only conveyed by the Montrose to the neigh boring Spanish port of Vigo, anu it was rumored m Lisbon, we believe without foundation, that a . pa nish arrju iTan.Uc was already forming at 1 uj, ?? the -Miuno, not fur below the Portuguese border forties of Valencia. To nil ih e intrigue an I preparations Marsha! Saldanha gave however, a Lromptory veto, in the sha:* ot a declaration, not couched in -ufficientiy intelligible term , that he had not drawn his sword to assist any solution which might end in bringing the t ount <lc sooner or later back to power, and the result shows that he alone i- master of the -Ituatmu The rc-lilt we now witnes- in the uoininatlen ot the Mic-c-sful Marshal to the post of prime minis ter, and we await with interest the choice of his colleagues, and the nature of his relation- withlthc crown. Austria. T1IK FIN'S V i:s OF Till. EMrilli:?TICK KlN? "F CKF.l.t F. ? nil W NGAlUAltOENHUL*?AFFA1US IN VISCVNY. The public looks forward to the new financial ordinances with intense anxiety and impatience. ^o one has the faintest idea of what isto, take l>l?ce; but oreculiir aent*nco?f which fblkn trom the lip* of one or two of the Minister*, have con vinced the nation that some cnerg. tic measures may be expected. As I led you to cxnect in my letter ? of the 27th ult., the fears expressed by the IJoyd "ia ? one-third of the tine* would be levied in silver, are I totally unfounded. The Q*t. Vorrajmtdm: has I since sot the mind of the public at rest on this point At length Karon Krauss Las btcn mduocd to take i s, me additional clerks into his department. 1 rorn 1 inotircs of economy, be nearly worked himifli and I hi- assistants to douth ; his Object, to use ho own word', was to keep down the cxpen-e# of his de I partrotnt, and he i.;o! ably succeeded in saving the 1 Stats a fcw thousand florins. This may iust.y e called the " the penny wise and pound foolish .-y? j tern,'' for not only was public business unneeca 1 sarilv retarded, but the country was loving mil lions'of florins by the depreciation of the currency, while the h inane* Minister was saving the -alaric or some hali-doxcn countillors ot sections. '1 he King of Qreecu arrived here ye-tcrday alter noon, and mis taken un his in the palace of the Archduke Aibn ht. After dining with the Lmpcror, he appeared at the Italian Opera. to morrow a grami review ol the garn.-on in full pa rade will lake place; about 20,000 wen. with eight complete batteries, will defile before the royal visi ter. It I-reported that a prince o! Wurtemborg Is tl-o expected. 1 know not wavtber it is to be attributed to aeeidsnt or to a wish to show the stiar.g. that the Hutguriuii- are iigam reduced to obedience, but the extra troops which have been summoned to Vicuna for the oeea-iou are Ilunguri an regiment". It appears t- me that tic -tandard for recruits has been considerably lowered since the Italian and Hungarian wars, for the streets are filled with young soldiers, who, ih'.ugh evidently lull grown, are complete dwarf- when compared to th'1 nun who have seen service. A note ww? forwarded to Con-tantmoplo a few .lavs since, in which the detention of fourteen ol the , Hungarian fugitives was demand d I r two I longer. Austria offers to bear the expenses. The ' wav in which the con',uer?r and t ie couriered pass their time afford- a -trangc contrast. < u-orgey lives almost like a hermit at Magcidurtb ; he apwar- little in public, and declines a,i tKsbi. His note fiimscm nt i- tb -tu iy ?f ?'hcm i-trv In the laboratory of the Polytechnic ^cb'>'>l; hi- bniginr, wbich I "? cxtrciu . and hi- habit-, folia a -ufl. lent rcfttUtkm to the infiunoti- charges brought aga.ift him the sum nder at Vilngos. cntoyMhs <*?!<?? diea/trt/s. ami tho interest <d ?h iiilf a-mi'li- 'i of t..ur-*t.<h?-hail prr Ctut stock given him by the state, int Iratx and \ ienna. 1 b?stem supi wsor ? lehcllion is to be seen night uf <-r mgnt playing bh m! brra' whist in the mercantile. I--.1 ti-'u ?'c*f / as it ib- re were BOtuohpUees a- str'-i and Ar*'' ''4 the world. A monument is to I>?-t. ? :? ', at the l.m* peror's oxpetiM, to Henri, the heroic d fcB-le. of Piidti, on the spot where he fell. He a. lion is iu all it? *? '/ in ' u-eaay. c have telegraphic ikws of tb* 2??th ult. Irom Ijor in..-, a'-cording to which i ' .rand Im ?.! or.liuxn . ha- been i?-uc7. cinp-iweriug lh. j.ol,. and prt fcc tur.'i t" pines nil p-rs- 1" n-p.--I of ao ints-nti ?(! I., di'iUTD th. public T-ae. r - m Ihm- 1 r a w-. k '? a month, and ct.u ???.. .1 j nv tic in of th. ir liberty f?r the epae of a ; *r. If tseeeisary. A 'V one making a il.-monstratiOB agaia-t t '? X"" verinocnt. whether by Word, <le? d. ? 'w .iiJng, will Im imprUoned : om throe t ? tw. K' n nhs. I i-Id Mar-nal Hade laky 1 *!" t-datl - me o.i tho 2711. >.l April. The Mioi-teria! ? tal'-- a lrnsliiig article. i'i ??very_ In.# ol wbhdi the mry tend discs, at ctl lit by th,' rov -nimcm that the'tr aty of trade hrtwecn I ngUnd and ?"^?vdlnitt bus h- en concluded, i' iittblo. " 1 m In. snt wil. bo ,h. gnat mart f. . Ln?\!" i d ? "'?! be smuggled Into Au-trla ani l 'an-. , uc.d t .enoa will he almost ah Kngli'h p- rt. ?>' IJ'' tiffs' j? If tvcitl (V )* a ' '?! -V ? I \ fiVf. Tin tr'Mllfi I Ion In Ititnla. TV .f J vin ?? liv II. il- - it--Vc Irr-Ujr, at 31 I'Al , ."A'uilf Bejf arriti ?! V ivr> Jti Vpr fr<m IVmvi r. TV ? riinf % if cf Anmnt fio: ricil Ihi * 11; ii. hl l>.it It ??C th'* I una. .mil hnrnoil itvwii tin In?. I'ltfctin 9 l? a In it of a-lu?. Mi"l w? r i v .an^tii during ?lio ma hi between the f"r ;? ? iiiul the tanirjtcr*. Many h"U-r? are In Htuu in 1I1 illfffrat fnu* l.'iuijf*. "f h?* in-ifjft.- ut in l'iha<? r< < < trcl rrlof >IW** In IL'' night. 'I brf * dvcti 4i t?rr:'unl on ? n oViitlnnlf rt?l*l..n' f. A t I.-laj.h*.--?*f'j>,i|t h, ? ifK'i' Itri'iHll, llll'l' tit'.' Ill |>t I ?! IKf 111 I'D ll'k t (1 I t rtviin. litm ?. TI < Vl^nt li iZittt .It 'f !;? " ."'ontc day*A.tftire the tio|Ntrtei il king ? Hlv- for Vltnni'nni Athf ??. i- ? ?] to llv tlirnn of Grv.'"' on* ll ?i?t I. IVnten I.til 1.?,Id bat irg reno'nir'.'i tl;< cru 1 . him If and M* d'?riir'*. TVIne? I I' -ii, tii h i i * right lo It '/rdl ?% ' th<* tr ? ' (.? 1 ' i lh th n viflif t]v ootvllli' * tba' l> - I mLnitt ?I- iui.1 itv brought 1 p in ? ' <, ? !? t?v? ? r-olt ndigj n. .'"vtii* jvurrnr li ? ??? ?? >? ...I tiiii Kinf 1 itk* tw Mqi fnn# ?* t i , 1 d tin* h? won'it r? woi kort' ?>??' if' i ? ? r >i ?to 1 on kit wtj UA??f Twrkojr. TBI DETXimCM or KOSSUTH?THE TEJL'KTH OF El'S SLAN OVEK IMIJSH DIFLOKAOV. Advices from Constantinople ve to tbe 15th alt. A letter if that date says :? It ie with a feeling of shame and dissaftiefaetion that I write thic letter?the English policy has boon defeated again by M. Titoff. The question of the liberation of Kossuth was transacted in a confe rence of the Grand Viiier, Mir Mtratford Canning, and Gen. Aupicfc, and they advised the Sultan unani mously to set the Hungarian refugees at liberty, as the lust term of their detention has elapsed on the anniversary of their arrival at Kutaya. But the am bassadors of Russia and Austria entered a protester tiou agaiust this decision, pleading a supposed se cret understanding between Kossuth, the German revolutionists, ana the Italian patriots. A visit of the Prince Frederick of Schleswig-iloktein paid to Kossuth, and the presence of M. Revis, an Italian

liberal, at Kutaya, are the faots to which the am bassadors allude in order to give weight to their in sinuations. Now, the Prince of Mchleswig-IIolstein is aa accomplished and amiable man, who bus no connection with the German democrats, but he is the man whose birthright to the duchies was put aside by the famous convention fit July last, wneu the representatives of Russia and England de clared in London that the integrity of the Punish realm prevails against all the treaties, and hud virtually deprived the prince, who has no rights to the Danish crewu, ofnis eventual just clairni to the duchies. The 8ultan, yielding to tho views of Me Titoff, reieetod the propositions of Mir Stratford, and Kossuth remains therefore in prison for a couple of months more, as they say; but it is now just a year that all the diplomatists held the same language, that the detention of Kossuth was to last a couple of months?not longer; and this means, in tho diplomatic language, till May, ltv>2, if piison will not despatch him earlier, because Austria fears toomuchhis proseuoe iu Europe at the moment when the crisis in France will probably arrive. Though tho Turkish government will assign another and a healthier fortress than Kutaya to the detained patri ots, and though she treats them with every respect, yet everybody knows it hero that English influence rr checked entirely by Russia, and ;hat, therefore, the Ri.":ians will always find sumo pretext for tho extension of the time of Kossuth's imprison ment. Hud Mir Mtratford in time protested against tho principle of detention, all this, could not have happened; but when in October, WIS, he expressed his approbation of this principle, ho solemnly re minded the Multan of his duty of good neighborhood to Austria, which demands that the refugees should be rhut out from tbe Intercourse of the civilised world, though there i- no treaty in existence which enforce# such obligation, and he recommcnde i only that Kossuth should bo treated according to his po sition. At this time Hr Stratford was backed by the English squadron of Mir '.Villiam I'arkor, and yet he did not protest against the detention; he approved only the resolution taken previously by the rrultaa, before he was sure ol tbe support of Lug! and, not to deliver up the Hungarians? Mir Mtrattord did no thing more for thein. Tho Turks are aware of this dealing, and when I explained yesterday to a high functionary here that it is a shame for the Porto to t'e the gaoler to Austria, the Turk replied, "And what have you English done f-w tbe Hungarians 1 \ on have made great speeches in i'arliuincnt and in meetings, to the grea' gratification and amusement/ of tho orators, and of the assembled crowd?but we d.d not see the result of iheso speeches?we heard the clapping of the mill, but no corn was ground in the mill: we saw no flour coming out; y?-ur protend ed sympathy for Hungary is a -hum. The Multarr did mure : he gu\ e not way to the threats of Russia, and, at the risk cf a war, he did uot comply with the peremptory demand for the extradition ot Kossuth, though he was not sure of the English support: in deed, your fleet did good for the Jew 1'aiiAet, not f..r the Hungarians. The Mitltan acted but upon the advice of your Reis Kffcndl, Lord I'almcrston, and your ambassador, in sending Kossuth to Ku taya : he treated him liberally, whilst your govern ment never sent a piastre lor the iioliguria 11 ro to tins fugec* who fled to England, and all the suh.s.':rlp ti..ns of your great men for those unhappy fellows I by trie M did no*, amount to the sum granted by the Mal:an to Kossuth alone. You bocamr parties to the tran sactions which finished with the detention ol"Kos suth; you see tbe Hungarians starve in England, whilst we treat them liberally; and now you re proach us for li-ving H'tcd according to your advice and having done more than you did. The Franks are really u. strange jieople; they make a great noise, and then they pretend thoy n.ire done ? great deil, and think that they are entitled to in.ikt re proaches to those who did more but spoke lose." 1 must confess 1 blushed a little, for 1 saw that, after all, my Turk mi." not wrong. More gratifying than the unnappr rcsul" of Sir ?Stratford slant representation* Utile fact that those of the Hungarians who turned Mussulinen, and who were till lut- ly detained in Alep, will now be em ployed Inactive service. Kiirshia, |no,(Guymi.) who remained ? hristlan, icccives the Nils ban of l'erlk 1'asha (General ef Division :) he will probably be sent to the Arabian army, when he might, perhaps, soon get tbo opportunity of distinguishing himaclf anew, for( the differences with Egypt arc not yet settled. 'J he Sultan enforces the j'ausiu I ausiuixt, or, as you call it, the HuttUhcrif of Gulhan. : be insists upon it tiiat the time of military service should be fixed in Egypt as well as in Turkey, that enrage uwi" ' should be uboli-Ucd, and that the taxes should b? levied In a more proper and lees oppressive way than before. If ALo&s Pasha doe- not comply with this perenit>tory demand, the armies of Syria and Arabia will enforce the will of the Sultan,"and Abbas I'asha is likely to be replaced by t-ali Pa sha, the youngest son ofthe late Meheiuet AH. As ? to the l'osiiian insurrection, it seems that it is en tirely suppressed: the Sultan gave the order that the rhieB of the rebellion should be punished, not by the Laltar or by powder and lead, a? the liuuga ' run general* were, but by a temporary exile iu Tripolis, when the Porte grants to then an allow ance, Recording to their former rank, it is a great example of humanity which the Sultan give to the west, but the civilized world is not accustomed t? accept le-eons from those whom they call barba rian*. 11 sports fn m Servia ?ay, that Ali Fcdieh, one of the 1-osniau leaders, war amply provided with no Bey, aud that he hud received it frotu Croatia. The Great V.vhlMllnn. | from the London fhrailrl'. May M ] To-day we have to mention u vi-it of two distin guished priaecssc* of the royal family of Franc" 1 fhe Duelic-sci at < trie an* an<l of Nemours, witti | the young Comtede Paris and the Due de Guar ire?, ; attended by General Itumas, and other* of their luitm, arrived at the Exhibition in tho afternoon, i ' and W( re occupied some boars in an examination ol part of it* contents. The illu-t,i ju- exiles (who wuc accompanied by Mr. 1 Hike,) upoa their en trance. wnt almost at one? tothooOtepartaMte al- i lotted to France ; und it was uanifi -tly with feel ing* Of pleasurable nridc that they remarked tin large proportion ofthe foreign rs . ? uU < to the i productions or manufacture- of lb >r country?the i uitistlc way ir, which they ore arra g?d? the vj-i i vuii'ty of work* "f art, or of ingenious industry which t'ney eompri-e. evm In th<> pr> ? ?nt tecom plete state ?'ft hat part of the Exhibition, and the rich at d rrhtn.u character of a great portion of them?the fccautif" ! cabinets cur >u*!y carted, or j inlaid, the gorgecii glided dee*.rat'-".-, theljlend- r ! of the woii* in gold and silver, t'e beauty ol the Upcetrle* and elegant cmbroid. rice, tic inauar .- ! abie artidfos of fuiiiHure ratio r pcrta icing to the province (! fir." art-?the silks . i d tho shawl-, th ji n< lry, th? Ba/ryM'te'tr, and 111 /" ? >ii !Hi"h ' is the eharti'ter of tho eomt-artmonts <-i ? < ? 'idc? wh'le the other, less splendid, but counlly charae. j i- rired ! v fertility and Versatility ef Inv ri'.V kill and mechanical ingenuity, presents en iiaamti*t ! number ? I arti- !? ? Tint rest and atilitv. AJir.tM .'t i "MRiM I ?!*'>. The \ i?ii r. saoti ? .ueringut the tail- r nlranrc ? ?fill* I uil>!;r>jr, find* 1 iiriM-ff iii the rain toflb> t> r r t >iy.?e ?| i. ?! ia tin# Ilnll of Nation* by oar t .itlanll. frond*, aa<l will, no J iult, feel e naowhat d'-n-'j uiuted at the c lnj arativ. \y r aj... aruuee which th Ir department prccn'i. Ir :)u o n of the oat -1, omo*itt tba (pace ooenstal by tb. I nlted Str.toa, is a huge wood enl Iron I Iri I;. - whil., im if i# rrpr- H itt grace by tin ?i.k of farve, there to the beautiful ,i,,i ii'ari*f Amcrtoasart,11.. i. are of the tiraek ."iter, kindly allow. -I to be c nlaiLi :?*?! by Mr. t.rnnt, ita owner, at the eurnoat roy.-at of the An e.ioan eowwalaaioner*. And a- ' I v it ratraordinarj low lire* will jti tify th>i ea n -t i. ? for it*. xhlbi'ioti, and w iuld *ut <? i?'oi ? . how t!' i 'her? is gen ua la Aturiea. Nor la it ? nly a j.. oji'-n of Atucrkan ft! t; it t.MulnJa <?t of the \ ? ?u dt it'u i, tb i tb it i' NC11U i *cr.|. a- tl c ?rrnostat ivo of mode m, if i t the r. ii of twiit t art j i ij.i < ihIty M it ftltado not alon : but there ?? ('iiigulinlj- inoe jb) to be *"en etnae to it m ?tle ?poeiiu n Of Awerie.iii aen'j turo-tlu l.ipiriag in oinr.?ttmngly r< minding u of tl J 'jr?.?af ' . liotor, ?' whoec Inanly brow ot. i fa to ag nj " 'i J.e li-Birl Jigttre i*, ho water, b; far the jh ri. r two. The eubjeet and ides a""" of the two. lie mbjcct and ilea of tl.i< gr< it woik of Auterieitn genius i.r ? In in re fn w ralli nt I iirjn.?-ire tbeti that ui ib ? I i.rwtel manor l?s? ??.. < i uneirnt * oil1.1art. lr tb Uf tor, tin mere . ??t." I< it m < if beauty?i IM*. tin ?liri king moi'.-ty ol xii/'in inn '? nee and fit" trrmVing liarfolMeo of outraged free l >xa. It; ir ; IMoto defoiiba l.ow i* |t; ltd* thi ia erjn - tl in tb ? <omitctin."e, or what a Mwah. ?' luVoiiocii H'tata to hung are and it. Its f.-i'ioiition was 'liraiatiWe?all through the day i wit? -'ontl^r the e> < tre of a group of adSllror*, nt i| R will Lavmt the mind ft every wh< la ?ce'i it. ? jx-n examining th gen *il eha* i? .ter and t(foot of ilets rion sal1 mn'. enmpnffr i.i nit, and ol -ueb of t'to'e moatatrikb _*featares an MM l|IS| atl'l V* rw *? V* ?'?mw lU-mirn ia> ? ? a' WttUf ? tney - bane In att.a I !"? r.fttb fl. tho peefat'% to 'Bob otfee* g> 11 < lt r iuiprtaakm of the -rliol otfee' on eaoh 'ee , i oijr,, rli?|.M, p.. f r parurg along ttw galb> tl.?. ll?iwtU<K?w '.l)?erT? that the "t ipoanion*' ia tiii* half of t'w? ?<lift< ? ia rtothalf fmi b^i -that there are wh?>le to irpar'tnen"* nm ''ij.ied - that ita.. '/ e-7 e.'9 ?';a r'MV?tb?t in thi galierlfl (particularly the ecuth eide) there ii comparatively little effected?that ooneequently the whole hae, upon careful observation, an incomplete appear an oo: and towards the east end, oocupieu by the United State* and Russia, a very bare and meagre aspect. Yet this will only serve to increase his astonishment at the immense magnitude of the building, since he ran easily see, as he walks along, how much more there is in what is presented to his view than he can venture to hope to grapple with for a very long ~ 'tn tb while. Beginning with the east end, he will ob serve, as already alluded to, the comparatively rnour Sre appearance of the American division. They avc taken aBout a dozen capaoious compartments, and they have occupied them in a mercantile mat ter-of-fact kind of way, giving to them more the look of a display of goods for purchase than of ar ticles of taste and art for exhibition. Thus there is a lamp stall, presenting some scores of lamps, ull pretty much the same, and many precisely the same, in pattern aud in size; so of a shoe stall and a harness stall; and a pistol stall, and so forth. And all the interior arrange ments of the compartments are of the same charac ter ; business-like, with rectangular regularity, and uninteresting uniformity, with a great deal of space unoecupiod?seeming as if the goods were spread out to cover as much space as possible, rather than to present the most pleasing appearances. There are in these compartments hardly any which could be called works of art; but of articles of utility, there is certainly a great variety ; and no doubt, upon inspection, a vast deal will be disco vered of interest and value; but we are now taking only a general view, let it be remembered. We may remark, that in tho galleries of these com partments, nothing seems forthcoming to fill them, l'liey are in some degree relieved, however, at the back, by some splendid specimens of decorative printed paper hangings, some by English artists, as llorne and !>cott, others by French, as Laurent and IVAlmainc. Those decorations are extended down behind a portion of the south side gallery, forming a pleasing background, while on the other side, one still more effective is supplied in the stained glass furnished by Wailes, of .Newcastle, by bailey, M'Connor, and other English urtists, and some foreign ones. Returning?adhering, however, to the American compartment-'?we may mention that one ol them is devoted to carriage equipages, which are certainly extremely light and elegant, but which some connoisseurs, in our hearing, pro nounced "too showy." Assuredly, such graceful nnd delicate wheel spokes or axle trees never were e<n. The I nited States have a large amount of space, in which each machine Hand* by itself, with a clear passage all round it. '1 he greater number of these machines aio for agricultural purposes, but we noticed several which belong to the clas-'ee of which we are now treating. Of theso wc would call at tention to the caloric engine, on account of the ex cellence of the workmanship, and also on acccuut of its being an attempt to obtain power from hot air with less expenditure of fuel than that required for a steam engine. Although tho engiue cannot be worked in the exhibition, owing to the regula tions adopted by tho committee with regard to tiro, we hope that some date, derived from experiment, will be published, a* we understand that this en ibod giuc embodies certain improvements on that con structed several years ago, iu thin country, Mveral presses and punching machines, on .Dick's patent, are exhibited by tho inventor. Wo alo noticed a stone-dressing machine, lathe, power-loom, raw mill for cutting ship timber, and a grindstone, which was labelled "Presented to Lord Stanley"'? which wc presume to bo a Joke, although rather an obscure one. There arc also r. few carriages, ono in particular which is n niarkablo for the lightness of its appearance. In tho nave is placed a large lattice bridge, "f wrought and cast iron. The French machinery ic rather crowded, while the space allotted to the United States is not nearly half filled; a portion of the latter, at tho southeast corner of the building, has therefore been very properly transferred to I ranee, while another por tion at thi northeast corner has been allotted to Belgium. YV e must now close our cursory observations with the remark, that American l'hotography Is highly commendable, but in other departments of optic* the United States do not appear to shine. Tho nw't conspicuous object i- what our countrymen beyond t lie border would call a " muckle great"' miscruecope; but whether its excellence is commen surate with its magnitude we have not yet had the mean.'' of ascertaining. In the v arious foreign and colonial section', nu uit mo." mincralcgical and metallurgical specimen* will Lo found. Canada sends various samples of her iron and copper ores, beside* minerals contain ing silver to the amoant of ub'>ut U par cent. 1 here is ul"o a ea"C containing native gohk obtain ed frotu the < ?r< en Mountain* on the south-eastern siiie <>f their prolongation into Canada, where the ?ands contain pieces varying from the most minute grains to the weight of several ounce*. Aui-ng the other prod let" of that country are white carbonate af maguesiu, 1 ithographis stones and gypsum, to gether with a variety of ochres of various shades of color. In the part of the building devoted to the pro duets of the ' niteil Mates, will be observed large specimen* of native copper, together with iron stone, coal, and other substances illustrative of the geological re-ourees of that country. At the tost end of the nave is a fine specimen of line ore, from New Jersey, weighing 16,100 lbs., taken from a short distance below the surface in Mi'scx county. . California furnishes ?|>ecimeu? of gold ores, and a b' ttle of mercury. If the respective department* of France and the Tinted Mates are more conspicuously empty anil oufUrnEhcd than most other* in the Exhi bition. we could quite anticipate that it might be alleged that some national jealousy of our ancicDt and most formidable rival* had di cottragtd their contribution*. If thi* plea should '?e urged we desire to resist it at once. The "imple fa t is, tLat wc are punctual and business-like? which, for -ome reason or other, these two great States nro rot, at h ast on this occasion. Wc arc glad that no consideration induced the ('ommi-> sioner* to postpone for an hour the opening of tho Exhibition. Whether our guests were ready or not, we op ic d our doors at the t'mc ap]iointcd. If their placv" aic empty, let not the entertainers be blnmid. I hi* *i think a u*eful lesson?one not only creditable to England, but in other ways im 1 oi t it lit to ourselves and others. If the Tunisian could fill hi* stall* with stsoh interc-tingeontribu t iotis? if t Vylon and(lanadacould exhibit so birgolv ?th-re i< no ria?on that .,cw York and l^iru vbould b( bebindliuiid. , f r.mi tb< 1 .r n l. 'ii Tlairr. May a.l Ir tic opposite corner of the bailding llrother Jomatl au display* a great number of useful, and, it wu-i b folded. Vvry bi nutiful "notions.'' The most prominent baton of the American division. it i" t. r.i, i si large di play of patent revolvers, on a ?it abb principle; but the get' v> and more [."liable principle; but the gcuiu" "! tic- nation shows Itself in tlie mean* of mat. tnin ii g life. u< well as in those for ik iroying it. We cai.i ot, ictl. i d. ine -uruge ?ur farmer* to . xj-ect that it wi>i c v. r an-a. r to U'g, to plough, or to nar row by .?i in, much I- -* to traverse large farms undtrgi I by steam j?li?<?.*, uonveylng steam pow. ? ta tie n.ost ?? ying fields. Hut making due allowu. ? ! r th* r?t , v .?igcn->,f i ircnt--r , we have io d-.v'-t tl .' th- Uriti-h far:-n r may learn a great I. *1 I. .. vi i to the i ? ;,hen r angk of the r.uilit'c. . in will burn at least t!ii??that tho t iiil.u .*? me, ve not, .ft. rai', in that paradimb ealstati ?i virgin -?.il, ten feet ll-i -k, andcliinn c e'iuaHy J i"j iti<.u?, v?in*h >* to ifispeiMC with labor iii-l money. Th. A am ? i i ?. u ? ' h.v,- tow .irk ? ,r thi ir t. ii>t u. n.mi a* We have. If th< British Rsrmer h<u | del re t ?ec otli r extreme* o" agri culture. and r>? to measure the progre** already uuxde l.y t! ;i11, h< m v i t bt India.I deport merit. where b< will Had a most aditYing n -ort ploiigli'. eart", ana otu r lock. lit* llxjul)'* ?lnt? Hull. [trwn (In' l.i ii'J m Tinv? May C ] The vinccn give a ?tnte bull last evening. 1,1 Bnikhgh.un Palace, t iU"-t liumorm uLii bril iunt coutt, imitation* having been l-n'cl to above K.IM'. I! .11: | ?! ' "* ? ?! . v.i- the Ift.r nann ??: but t'-f-i'i) that t'in the nobility uu?i ge'.'ry b< gun to arrive at Buckingham l'alace. 'i'l? cHj? IciDitk c rj ?. with tbi lr wlv? ? and daughter?. and the g?iitieiu'.ii of the r Icgatkwm, foreign libit ?! mini-iter*, and otnoi or'- w dfntfiwtlon, the hicli fi'vetic i ariea of rtato. prir} ui.oiiloe.*. the ladies and p.iiilc?ft' u i i I. u ? hob! oftb* 'iuoen. the Albert, and the in libera of the ro\ni family, nml the l^nroti'v aidi< de 'ami', nil a!ignt ? ? ' . *i? I '.i i . a liil ing ?t th" grnhm < rdra thi g ""ihl i-iicb ? ' *i iter- cntv vd the Palace by the nont < ntial portion. The whole oi tin iiJii-tri"ii< (?Mti Wir? U'lie ed i'| tl.r I'l.ii i ?? i (ii-- .late -.|l""i wiiir'i i l'imii ti'd wiih it" gioutttt brPHai:/ and -pk'inlor: aiii to there were added, on IhM or car kit. tin ?:"lTr ro-ni, and aa ii M ining i pait rr.'nt lending irt the etmth <r I of the in i/uiC rent picture gall rf, nti ; aD-Tiling lomao d ao v ii;viiodaUt<n to the throng <1 company. Th- ball rO'Hii wa.? prq<imlae on former ? >?* ? ion*, n ?|?a?i Me l-arul Wing ?tatioricd in nil orebc ? trn rlevat' <J within the alt-ore, reserved sett* for the n -iij atit.n of h"r Majeety and ber circle betn:? arranged on <?ne 'hie of the -.tlnou. A iMnnd ball now (thcTluor Hocjti) was also prepared for ?lunclug, a quadrlle hand beirig plato 1 within the tbiooo uleou-, and rt-erved -at* being elevated down tin ea-t aide of the apartment. iioth ball room and a'l the Nate alo< nr. together with the approach!?. were decorated with choice and fra gri-tit ?hrn' wad flower*,tastefully arranged in the ?iglc an J kcc>">*. The picture gallery divided the two lail room*; and nere the company aw e< mbled on their arrival, until the cntianec of her A1ai"*ty. Ili? Royal Highness. Henry of the N? ther rt ill, ariived h? ten ininutee boforo ten o'clock. Precisely at ten o'clock her Mtvjcat* the Qwe^ti. and hie ll"yal Illgneea the i'rlnoe Albert, entered tic nlitf dtiwipg rcvtti ?f0? rt?? sWfct/ and passed on to tho grand aaloon, which mu then open from tho piotare gallery, and the assembled compaaj^followed her Majesty and her august cirelo Her Majesty and hie Royal Highness were accom panied by their Royal Highnesses the Prince and Vrinceee of Prneaia, Prinoe Frederick William ot Prussia, and Prinoe Henry of the Netherlands. The Queen was attended by the Mistress of the ltobes; the Countess of Gainsborough, l-ady iD Waiting; the Hon. Eleanor Stanley and the Hon. Beatrice Byng, Maids of Honor in Waiting: tho " * * ?Tr Lord Chamberlain, the Lord Steward, the Trea surer of the Household, the Vice Chamberlain; Lord Waterpark, Lord in Waiting; Colonel Berke ley Drummoud, Groom in Waiting; and Colonel the Hon. C. Grey, Equerry in Waiting, liis Royal Highness the Prince Albert was at tended by Lord G. Lennox, Lord in Waiting; " i Seymour, Groom iu Wait Lieut.-Colonel Francis ing; and Licut.-Colonel Francis Hugh Seymour, Equerry in Waiting. Ilia Royal Higneas the Prince of Prussia was attended by Major von Bayen and Count Goltz. Her Royal Highness the Princess of Prussia was attended by the Countess A. de Hurke, the Coun tess Louise Oriolla and Count I'ukler. His Royal Highness the l*rince Frederick Wil liam of Prussia was attended by Colonel Fia iher and Lieutenant von Heinz. His Royal Highness Prince Henry of the Ne therlands was attended by the Chevalier von Rap* pard and Chevalier de Cuacmbroot. The Queen wore a blue silk dress, with three > skirts of blue and white tulle, trimmed with bunches of aprle blossoms, ornamented with dia monds. Her Majesty's head drejs was formed of a wreath of apple blossoms, ornamented with dia monds. Her ltoyal Highness the Princess of Prussia, wore a dress of while tulle over white satin, trim med with white satin riband nnd bunches of flowers, and ornamented with diamonds. Her Royal High ness wore a garland of geraniums as a head dress, and diamond ornaments. The dresses of the ladies were new for the occasion," and the gentlemen were in full dress, the members of the ditferent orders of knighthood, British and foreign, wearing their respective insignia. Tho Duke of Wellington and the Marquis of London derry both wore the order of the Black Lagle of Prussia. The Lord Chamberlain having conducted Her Majesty to the ball room, a quadrille wa-y formed, and Her Majesty opened the ball with bis ltoyal Highness the Prince of Prussia, the n -iir vis being his Royal Highness Prince Albert and her Loyal Highness the Princess of Prussia. Hit Royal Highness Prince Henry of the Netherlands and the Duchess of Argyll joined in tho quadrille. Jullien's orchestra was in attendance and after wards performed quadrilles and wait zes. Dancing was then commenced in the Throne room, the first dance being a quadrille, "Ariaine" (Lord Fitzgerald). The orchestra consisted of thirty performers of eminence, among whom were Messrs. DelotTre, Mellon, New-ham, Hall, llausman. Filet, R-'mu ?at, Baddcrly, Stegbtz, Bauman, and Wintcrbot tom. and was conducted by Mr. Boose, master of the band of the Scots Fusilier Guard '. The following quadrilles were performed!? Vive Londr. s MusartL 11 Bravo Tolbesque, Tambour Koyal Mu.arl. The following waltzes were danced: ? hwslben Ptrau--. F< ldalln Tain* Lar.n< r. The belli of the llance Yi eliiugtoa Quern*. y. The Liebensteln T. Browne. The following polkas were danced .? ? Kntlnka fHrauas. for tuna !-trau-s. Refreshments were served to the comn my through out the evening in tbeCrecn drawing room. A State supjier was scitcd in the principal dining room, the repast comprising every rarity u:.d dtii cac\ er Majesty's Body Guard was or. doty 'n tha are as usual, i I'ala.-e as usual, under the command of Sir iNjymour Sadler, the Kxon iu Waiting. The officers present were Captain iiellsirs, lixon, and Lieutenant-Colo n.n ? nrs; [From the y<>rk (Hug.) llcraUl May 5 J match between the riving l>u:-.-hm Voltigeur, which is to take place at York on lha The match between the riving Pu' and place i 13th of May, is well entitled to the designation that we have placid at the head of this article, when we consider the in.rivalled performances of tho horses, the difficulty, even of the most knowing, of deciding which ba? the superiority, the conflicting opinion.- on the subject, and the intcrc-t attached in MMMMBN to the eontcit which is to decide the question-, and this interest is greatly increased from the unbounded eor.ildence entertained by the pub lic that in the hand- of the reapeeted omen of tha horses, the trial will be decided really on the merits Considering that the owners are connected with tho northern j>art of the kingdom, and their training stables being situated in Yorkshire, we think they have rightly n leeted 7 ork a- the pla c where the "gnat mutch" is to eomtt off. In the annals of British racing, matches have ever held a distin guished jdaet; and, without attempting unfairly to of rival ' uisparagc the pretensions of rival racing towns. liom the interest and importance of the matches that have been decided at York, "far famed" Knaves mire may be considered, in thi" respect, "classic grout.d. ' M> numerous hm? been tho events of this description at York that it would bo difficult to onumeiate them all. One of the earliest matches at York wn? in tho year 171H, in which the Karl of March rode hie thesnut gelding. Whipper-in, against dr. Pun bis black coiubc, on bis black hor?e Oroonol ", four miles, and won. 'i he Karl of March afterwards bo'-aine the Isuke ef Oueeasberry; he was a distinguished supporter of the turf, arol constant attendant at York races for upwards of fifty years; he w?? one of the principal match makers of the time; and hi* celebrated earring. mat. h, to run nineteen miles i in sixty minutes, will be long held in re in "in bra nee. In 17?7ft, an important match for'2,<M) g incus, be tween I.ord ltoc'kii.gham's \\ hi "tie Ja.'kct and Mr Turner's J'.ru'.us, at Vork, attracted icry eonsidcra Me attention. Tb -wai a Tiry fine r.i :, in which bis lordship was mcemiul. At the A ? August meeting, in 1772, nine mat hes sum* off, including one between >ir J a now Pennymiin'* Nor;h Mar, and Mr. Sfcaflve'a Pioneer,t?.r 1,SM? guinea*, which ended in th> former l.eirg suece-sfuJ. At the York spring meeting, in IT**, two fuvi n gcntl. men, Mr. Milliard and Mr. Baker, lira I J..- thri.- horse* i to carry thirty .-tone rr k ; and although Mr. Ba | ker'a hor?e v as th" favorite, Mr. Majn >1 was tha | snecersfhl e.mpstiioi. The eel.brated mateb, when >ir < 1 url< i Turner'* Benlngb???. *h beat Mr. j WcntworthV I'ruroud, was dc-islcd a- York, ia . 17'tr. 1m pat ir g. v.. ? .niti'.t "ini* t.? ... ii , *i,at : the <*< lebrat. ?l < tuunpion. who won bo It the t?. rby ! and the St. Isgci, in the year an .i-hieve ; meat never h"fm. accomplished, ri.rhod t?? run agn n ? ? 1 ? ? 1 ? . 11 tli. \ ? i "-in ( l""2,for I.1 ? ' giiin. us; but, unfo't n.iu ly. i.'tiam i pionproic l to be lame at starting. . ? . broke down in mi ning U. fir*t inilo. \V? tv-h tu itch o * < i ?? which took place at KniTcnlrc. ?; : -o \ wk Au g?t-t meeting, iti between M ?. l': ? *.'* I Vow# rhoruvillr and Colonel Thornton'. VingareUa Mr. Flint rod* hi. lior?c, miio ? lu hr wh>< :>ifGn*4 the name of Mr*. Thornton,rode Vutganlla* 'Ihie ra>c, fr'-m thcaingtilarity of ft female appearing ofl the turf in the < ha meter of a jock?jr, profited an unprecedented decree <<f intert *t and attention irona the public ; *.. iuucti ?<>, that nne**?inhh gr amount ing. a? rupjwod, to near one hnadreT th.m*v#d j i r?oni, attended the count- to witnn* the oontcat, ami the aid of tic military (the tith Light IV# g. one) Mil required t?, a??i*t iu keep ?g the aoure* I nfcttvnately, within the la? mile, Viugarolla fell lame, and Mi*. '1'homton, iu conic-; mute, pulled up. 1'rown Thornvillc had, howei-'r, Una tha ltad. and would. In ail pi ihahility, lav: won, even if I Ilia accident had not happened, Nothing ? iauiited by her want of -ueee** In the a( ? -.1 match, 11?tw lady appeared at the \ orh A-'g,,*'. m ding itr FAJ5, and roth- Colonel Thornton'* n re Lou'aa iigaiii-t Mr. IHootnli- Id'* marc Allegro, r!>l ton by lh. v. ternii jockey Uwoh'e, In it mntvlt !"??,- ?v, value ?l*l guinea*. At starting, Loui-a took" the lend, ami made running for n. c#r.* -I able way, when Allegro went up and headed lie- for ft few )<ngtb*. The lady then < liallanged t* .. and after n pretty c?iit<*?, won her r*e.; in idyl* hy hall a ncek. II r bold and eieetleiv, jn.-koy <h'p ono'tedthe admiration of the i -*c nhle?l ttv?u? t.nd?, who hailed her -tv ? lid at niggle w: ii tb-i?oft I'litntwiavtie fhOTit* pf applause nod eoigratulutio i In l^"7 hi* royal liighuevi tho I'riuee of tVu'e* nmtrbui hi* colt Trafalgar ngui?i?t Mr. Watt'* c >lt. Mhnttlwek, for l.t/'ti giiiivaa. The eo. ?*? ?nue off over hHHTe-iiiin . ut the apring aie*>.i'>g, wbem the prince'* colt won vanjp On "he JkVb of Augwat, m ii.ntcii took pla1 e f>r I,'**) fu'^o, bo tweeii Lord Foley'? Ague*, ami S?t. Ihrot* 'I Cti/le litjtrli, whi'h wa- cleverly t?oft hy tl.e f(;im>r. It wa* eorwalured at Ilk" time not a little rem.iik.ih..!. a* appeal's hy IV rae eg record* of the dny, tint dyne*. wl?an for tlu Darlington rtuKe-' at. Brighton, on the fHH of Angu t, thvulti hate acrittd at JLhrioghou a on Hi*

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