Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 24, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 24, 1851 Page 2
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On* Vnthrra MnwycMcBw, Col: uia, S. C., May 16, l*d>l. Tke Cotton CourtUry?Tkt Sea I slant Cotton uni Hue ana I'pland Cotton, Solum*?Slata in a Cation Fjtui?I'm Slave System?Cotton and Corn, Pro: of the Crop?The &tndksll Rett h ant the Satul'itllcrs?TV Question of Series ion?A Countir MovtmnU to upatate State A.tun, 4"<'. After passing several Jays am >ng the cottou folds and eotf n planter?, sandhills and South <.aru!lna politicians, the*? subjects arc naturally suggested us wry acocptablo materials for the daily melang- of a newspaper correspondent. With snore leisure than a writer constantly on the wjig eon affrrdjwc -hould compile the facts and inform*, alec we have collected into a sort of magazine essay tor the Herald. i!ut this sort of thing is excessively atupid, when new-, or gomrip, or politics, or any thing along the track of a bird's eye view of the world is so maeh the spirit of the ago and the ?pint of the pros#. At our leisure, however, we pj opose to give a broadside on cotton, from facts *a? information collected iu the cotton country; bat, in the meantime, wc prefer a dish of varieties, maionec with tho pepper and salt of ^outh Caro lina politics. The cotton section of the United J^taus coiu Cises all the Southern country below Missouri, entU'-fey anil Virginia, including the border tier of tfo counties iu !ho eastern part of the old mother common wealth. The live principal States in the yradurtion of the staple are Mississippi, Ixm'sian.a, Alba in a, Georgia, and Skiuth Carolina. Hit the aaperior art isle, with its fine silky fibre, known as mi island cotton, i? limited to the* sea-board of tSouth v.'arolic;: and Georgia. Some is produced in Florida, and aUog the' lulf <? art; but the superior ?no or, p-iro sea island cotton is limited to the At un ite inary'ij of i !e--rgiu and South Carolina, ami to the pesalh.r not-work of islands and pobtnvuias which tuuik the coast of t he?o State?, from ten to twenty or ' thirty miles inland, along a distance of about tftr?-e J kaixired miles. All experiments to produce si-a island cotton inlutiJ, beyond the intb n * ? f the wea breezes, have failed The seed has been planted, Ifo plans ha.c been watered with salt water, and ?Mouiuged oy a cotnpo't, siiai'ar i:i its ?-.he luteal prosertii s t>> tV "ill ?f the tea i-lands?oan l, vege table and an oa! matter, ,-id j-a't-: but the ?>xpori meots have all tailed beyond the rea- h of tb -oa brass* -. It is. tb. r* fore, determined thr,t it i.i the ssa air -nai p. , aud thai nothing else c?.:i iirudacc i? but tb' -ea air a 1 foe so light warm of tbo - a islands whi.-h have the full benefit of the ocean b e?..*s. The mam land of the coa-i country, subject to overflow by fresh water, or which iu,.y overflow -I by aid of the tide.-, or fr.-h water streams kj tlic rive aeetiop The ri. i ' i- 1 iv. to be ? -erfiowod two ?r three 'imts durlug the Mason, and the water drawn oT again. South Carolina, is celebrate i for tfo quality and quantity of he.- produc' f ric*:. tier ii vlandsar admirably adopt-d to th.: 'altftri . The tides ris-.- inn.. river?-ux or seven - very hnpaitaiit <ilv>in'_ugo. l.Libiuiknu'i.i-. h .-lie?, and gats* to let in and draw oil the water, do the re-:, or nearly all else that :? r. 1 irel to produce the crop ?c lev. ! arc thee rise lands, that a depth of watsr of three inches lot upon thorn through in-, pu aalicl diuh<a which ci" in them at intcrt a. ? f to u ?y feet, more or 1 will very often cover with wafer a field of a th-mn" id a :iee, 'he ?* -r agc depth of nearly ihiec inches. And si-fly as i? fori c<.;i?t region u. South Carolina in th -au.iuor, the value cf new and sea i laud cotton a.-> n-chthat Um land i-ells for sixty to a huudroJ dollars pur acre. The tipiaud c-utoti .-ectlou oilouu from ihc bor ders of tac -*..t* > ?t the who!'.- > >uihoni ?Mub;. The entire State of Snath Carolina Is ?dtp -*"dtu Tli all.iviil dist. let, extending mlai.d * bun. r* J niilca ur more fr?in th>. i ?ul ec".er?.d indigenous.y with pine*, and with cy prsrs wood-in th<-- warop!- whh*h border tli wat ?our*--*. The Miil i? light and sandy, ic'i'ljj njKio a ofcf a <ie<-] .'ubstratum of c lay, u!iu<**t a* hard a>. -lone, fieiic. th. numerous -vamp* in th<-?* lowlaud-, /rem North t'ar< linn to Florida, ?hcro tin water aauiiot b. absorb-<1 by th?- soil. The alluvial or aeabcard country extend-inland a h?> lr*i mil. ?r ?x.r". Then ilie ocean of -tudbillt, (of wbi-h w# t.Liv.1 pre-eutly -.iy <>:u3tblng:j then tli: rolling y, m'u'all its red.-.'uiii'S features primitive country, _ if hill* vail. \ Luoi:rjt:iiux, fre-h fit wlojj river- and jsatc fall*. it is nru.ihabl what a tl-grse >-f -un?hoi. th. dtw~-uJ.-u.t-: of equatorial Africa <*:n. a: ami end <erj>y. We ?aw. the other day, m il **, no.I female* ?fall ages, from fourteen t.> lii'ty, ?( least one hun dred cliiref at work plowing and hoeing the plant* Ib a einglc cottou ield. 1 wa- no holiday exhihi ticn, and we must therefore admit tha; a- a fair specimen ofhia c'au*, thin planter k:ei*s h'- -lavo-i ?omfortably clithed, and tat and cncorful. Hut they arc certainly th*. laborer- for a hot climate 1 Th.- ruin* of the -ua. llcw ha 'lull.- "Ti the fit Id* * here the work i w !l4>ne." The w->iu< n in thi.? ft M. about half the force, in *t*a-i of a bonnet again.-1 the beat of a -un-lune which trembled ore# '.be rurface of the held- in a thin tx&n.-parcnt blare, bad their beads b >und up in handkerchief.-, U-hiui.; ai.J their arm hare to the shoulder-. So-me were tinging, other were ?ouvcr-ing,aud, contrasted with tut taiuirh.-d |*a.suntry of Ireland, or tbi inaauiaeturing popm-i- < tKm <>f hiiglnnd, of this same article of cotton, the tecne was cheerful and comfortable. Nor is t he . endurance of beat by the black race a matter of arurtiriv', on reflecting that "u the coar. of Africa, ?mkr the equator, th?y require no oih* r ci .rh'ui^ than a lubiK-atioti of faiiui oil over their sbmy tkiLf Hut beat the old darkle ? ' And b** bad IK* fy- for t? Au4 h* bud ti*.* U**tli f f t- est <i? b? be bsu U11? t d c ru csbe > la conversation with u jdactcr, upon ti.e ? at;.>n ?rop of the sea-ou.'hi -aid tiiut he .li.^iot think tbci* was as much planted in ^ .utii t aroJnia tbi- sca-on" ue the la.-t. d'be corn cr >p la.-t year wim rendered -Jxirl by the autumn Hood- ; and tb? planter- huve pot in more corn ibis ?- n than u/ utl, the sup] y ?float Mason being nhauxtel In the interior, it M aeliing at a dollar a buehc!, and they bavt to buy it at < harleston. Met planter- tind it a ti. roiee their own com, notwith- -aiding cotton -"11 hatter. and is aiway* a ca b article- ->)*?- -ns 'x-ur in wbi-b it is good ccou-.iny Is. hart a -.irplu- of wra en band ; and the ey -rejn of rai-ing t he n?- e? ??ry eorn for the plantauon .wn-umpt!' n, i.? u. m ?r?Uy generally in pructie-* ihrongbou' the Ssuib. ?'or tntormant though: th brea Jlu of bind plant- t iB t-.tton was not ?o larg. a that of the la-l y*'ai, and that tbs sea-on was three week- behindhand ll< aays that the crop being thu* put back by (h? rain- and cold *??' h'r of A pi d. ? ?iaily in planting time, will be 'eiy aj.t t' u:?er tVan; the fiosta ol ' 'dob* r or Noretabev, bet*-* i: has fmi'.y yield, d it- .-up]Jy .*: th- staple : for whiit m,bu boll- on the mc plant ripen ..arly in Augu-t, ?tbei-in ii-'t mluitd ijn.ei.uii- t 11 1st* u S ? re in t>. r. 11? e cotton erop of th. p->mt th ui addition to tbi u-ual ha w l ct worm-, droup it, Mid flo sl, ha- to run tl a'let - ? being ? <1. while yet in the bud and bi?.<esMn, by in^V Frost, far informant fu it ho , ? i t.vit he bad dx | l his wittor th?- mon." ct 1 i?? tha: -t hi ?i -t art. d : . ran down. 11. had had i q" >n:it> (rum a y. ar or ?wo hef re, holding * ? d pay ?tell, lit o-timat. ? r - v ft* e e? nts a faiaiet to get hi* cotton t* '*her!e?P>i.t without ?canting t ?hort ot stivii cent-> "ti ?;iln -p.y l' auich ?t the idea of nit *; ing <? ',<> njr aie-ths r ?tare labor. A ?1*??? i: an . "- . rhty *1 d! r- .? tsar A hired n from 4'.*?? to tiiH'. A' plantation i- ? ?,ri ,,f J*hs a i on a but. i . ? in . *n ? ? > i wilder a gu.'ting nod r> f .neihlc head '! it is that, m the miu-, the-dai?.. well p i.k o foe, upon an n.-t ot vignty dollar* to ii.e m < ?or, a- whit<- mi n c nld b* utx/o ? ?' h? -ru ? ?pon hit own L - k. The -lares ate 1 id i it.' laaiili.s. faicliy o upief s ? mtortni hoa-e, Willi n ]utteh o! lai. I for>'g' ta-' I - .'tacb d Thess patehct .- ..te a . s-J d> .il to the pm mousy and tujuri. - of the b<"i-e. Th> hand- ii. ;1. ewtton II- l<U g> n. rally base a t.n-k oatigrv-d tl. thnjT oftcaneeonplish it at tw? or three hi the after* 1 ie~.ii. 1 be Kst ol the day 1- tl. ir> ?o. " I re le Tom. how is th. cot.on ! 1 " No, youag in.i- ?i.: m ghly ' ad Aa d?Utt.*, *ali' Heen cold too tnu-h." '? U hi.f d? e- y ur morter tay mi " Lint's him, nil. ii say d?>ibsd*uui>J. Tank te, inn*t. ,-, da 'll g ' te ? f d. r? .#I . Id Frt.. :> ?ramiy." " linii't jou Im long to tin Temp-ranee -toeicty T" "_Va?, utasU-r, ??uj?l"ne* 1 do. i?n i ?.on> rim. * I dra t, Ji-t a* I ft. *, and 1 gtm ri'lly dry when Fee got <le i .nr y. , The aan.ihillsT ..f ."onth In Una arc ? no t-wi'.us ra. ?, for lh.*y c a h. . -d a mco to thtia *sltes. Iletwen the al ivial s'-ourI country an I the piiiaitirs. la - tl.? -audh'il rAgton. from ten to thirty . ol. * wine, wr 1 extending m>m t 'tlffil tol b'irgiata. Ir. th'.s -tatr ?? find tins region hilly, eery thi.-kly wixwh . ( ct tot ..itt) with a priio ips! g|. wthof pile ?. . s. al.l.-. of 1 ing <? nv, rt- ; ed into vsrlw tort of lumber; and a dense under* i growth of enmer. a- larictie* of ec.ul, oak*, and whortleberry ot ktKkkherry bu?her. 1he* L-l ? white sard, upor. hxat) .-lay. Little pat. In. ofit ran he pcclitablyeultlrated. Thi-i-th* coun try ot th. *ootl nl'. r*?th< y '.*?*n to like tii- shel ter and idh nee* of th< tro<wi*. I h< y are i '|uaM.?r? ?ii ',h>* land, either with or Without ]*rnr ?ion of 14u- (a'r. or tho other owners, alio .nr.- verr lit els aho?t tbi hi I hey make shingle.* and bo-bet*, *?h ai.d bui.t. gnthor wild bei lie*, pioe-ltnots, and wimotisD.s ??lu?ste a f?w sucantMrsandmei .oo, Bthi.'h Up J *cll it Uif Vtiiafe; bgt vhief employment, and their chiefest luxury seems to be n jug of whiskey. Here, on the rend, we ?family who have been to town. A little meet x family who hxee been to town, girl of ten years old, with a coarse old fragment of a dress on, is setting upon the backbone of a moving >kolcton of u horse, and the horse has the additional task of trailing along a rickety specimen of ? wagon, in which is seated a man, a real outside squalid barbarian, maudlin and obfuscated with bald-faced whiskey, with a child of four or five years old at his side. Behind this, a haggard look ing boy upon another skeleton of a horse is coming, what an odd, outlandish low-wheeled cart the horse is pulling! There sits the old woman and her grown-up daughter, with nothing on, apparently, except a very dirty bonnet and a coarse and dirty gown. The daugn'er has a basket by her side, and the old woman holds fast to a suspicious-look i ing stone jug of half a gallon measure, corked with a corncob. Your lice on it, that is a jag of whiskey. The family have been to the village, with a couple of one-horse loads of pine knots, used for light wood. Thoy have probably ?uld them i'tfr a dollar, half of which has, doubtless, gone for whiskey, and naw they are going back h>mc. Degraded as they are, you sec it is the man who is nelpless, and the wo nan who has to take carc of the jug, and conduct the | imjiortant expedition. There are hundreds of such i people dispersed through these-and bills. Yon see, | the whole of this party are bare-lagged and bare j footed. And how boney and brown they are! And I it is a curious fact, that i? temperate oountries, the : ch ildren of all semi-barbarous white people, (except Sir Henry Bnlwer's black-headed or red-headed ! Celts,) and all Anglo-Saxon ba?ekwoods, or moun tain, or prairie people, have cotton-headed or flax en-headed children. Bums makes it an item of beauty? " 8ae faxen were her ringlet#;'' n confession whi;h proves hi? belle to have been a cotton-headed infant in her day. The children of the Anglo-Saxon sandbillers (thoy look like axons) are also red-headed. And the fecundity ofextn me poverty is another remarkable fact. "A ?x, aud fool for lucx, and a poor man for children.' But enough. An organisation i? uudcr way against separate State action in secodiug fiutu the the Union. A paper will be started at Charleston, another at < trangebnvy, and another Rt Columbia, to sustain the plan of fudge Butler, of waiting and consulting wit n other States upon a plan of no-ope ration, in advance of any movement out of the Union. They may do something; but the tecsders now bold the State. W. P. S.?We leave to-day, to take a look into Georgia. \ totally different political atmosphere i? difiused over that State. They are too 1 usy with railroads and cotton mills to be particular about the act- of Congress or the abo'.itioni-t?. Avsvst v, GA; May 17, 18M . AuaK.-fa, Uterzia?PM~;s of tke Day--Veto Or gmiisulicn of Paitu-'?Tht tyuat. >n of Sicc *u>* ? Fficl of S ulh Carolina's Procttding*? M)Ct conic <rt AUibuiitn uH'i Missis(ipr- P>otp ?' 'J I>t vno.n* or *i u(' /luce Jk 1 ,'W-i ?, fyr* After -'jier.ding several weeks .n the revoluti' nary ' atmosphere of .South Carolina, the travellor lrom the north of Mason and Dixon feel J a very sensible < bunge in eroding the Savannah river into Gcor -ia. His appreh. H?:on'. which were wrought up to the mod irn. loent'h irors of Impenllng seecas. u, ?eb-ido into the satisfactory reflection that things arc not absolutely hopeless, all. 11." fc'Is this change -tealing over hinv as he gets .nt" the big obiiJbiL, at Hamburg; as he vo- ts the high bridge which *-pan? the deep flowing river, the iai pre-'ion bceomet stronger; and while the thick du.-t a* he whcelt into the stirring little city of Augusta, be is e'ou vineed that even South (. aro lina i- -till in the I ni..n. A Ma.-achuseUs Yankee would call th:s a smart place, doing considerable l,u inc.-' iu cotton, cotton manufactures, flouring mills, machine -hops, railroad travel, tuerrhwi d'-e, he. Augusta is, in fact, the result o: rail roads, :a- torics, and such like innovations from the North. It ha- a population of about thirteen thou sand inhabitants; a few yeari ago it wa- an obscure village, its principal street i< lt*? feet wide, and at ka?t two miles long, from the time consumed in walking it. It- whole appearance i? that of a new at.d enterprising town, not yet fini-bed, but des tine U to become one of the most important inland cities of the South. . In South Carolina there are no visible traces ot tb. whig atwl democratic parties ever having exist ed in tha. "--.ate. The .State is almost uiianuuou-ly 1... di-union; and the only drawback to iiorae-diato j ..., er-ion is the party in favor ot waiting awhile, to -te whether Georgia and the other eotton States may not be drawn into the overt act of getting up a Mmtheru confederacy. \ dav or two among the politicians here pretty dearly illustrates the porilion of parties and poli tic# in * icorgia. The old whig and democratic i nrtie# are abandoned?or, rather, the names are ; ; tor, or fa<K>, if no. Jrjurr, both ;he old part ies fub gtantiu ly aie continued under ccw num.*. J he State ("on vent ion la?t November resolved 'hat ' Georgia w .old be aatisflcd with the compromiser. If nootTor nggroesion-were niade upon the -South; but it the Fugitive >la>e law hould be materially moditicd, or it slavery -hou. i bo aboli-hrd in the lei?tr;et of I'olitubia, then the State of Georgia would bt wry apt !? rai-e a fu?# about it, and b;. ;.k into fragment- vervthiDg that might atand iti the way ot her w;,,th. Just do the like again, if you dare, si -h l# th. po-ition of < icorgia l.ail nad-, cotton mills, aud all sorts of manufactories have drawn her attention from political attrac tions to St", a-, cent j-er veuu, ba?iiK#s and trade. A -trong 'itu- e-n ot "outside barbarian- among her population, owning no uiggers, and opposed to niggers, ha- also contributed to modily very #"*?& tialiv her - : timenuon the rigger qui?tk?n. 1 hey d.d.'m the ol.ction u; the State Convention of last i, ar. pretty t - ntially, by their vote., cheek the disunion tendenoie- ot that party predominant but a month be tore; and, for the time, the Convention brok. up an t dl-jocd the ??? -alonift# of the s*?t? ot ^1 oofifiu. '] b- i ondiiiofi of paftif* hfp? i the nittt* rait 't of the ritatt < ouvention. ln-tcal of whig and d :n.. arif, m liave a I'nion party and a I u L. 'a Kights party. I h* I nioii party tak-s tj... t platform "f the .-"late l ouvention (.; N'iv? leber. It is composed of the whig parte. nu - -n all portion ot the democratic. As thing- I w .and, it t# overwt*.ttingly too popular Mid v. 'i lie N 'Uthern 15 ight# party is eowt.os. d ol fee uer-. >? ,u;iirru t oiifiderwiy tucb, gradual di? union - ?. ?i;d ether-, making tip the r - rv?d eorpe of tk< J dtmnoratle partv. with perhap- the ? iuk- ? . <a whig h re and tiv?-re. , ^ t?.. new |* h' ld-a conT.riti'>n -f,ta-* i. of a eandidnte for t.oiernor, w it bin a -lmrt t ???the rvoutSiern Kight- or ?U jio eraiii turvv. o, the 'i"ib of May: and the I oion or wbi" laity, "11 tin tir-t Monday in June. Howell . oW , late den,o-iatie ^-akerof the Howe, will, it i- get ? allv ?v need' ?!, be nv'm?t<"i av the I. nion pa-,, ' .t-L c Ihe opp. .te ,-rty have rod i n* t? t#j?V. a l miiAMtiuti; baitbiywivi'io buiia 1,1- # .1 V ...u.* a . - ;.v? ,4 It to ie i 'twun .' Nmthem < on the one l.tud, and wabw .?? o? the . ,cr it i? -uppo*ed j,. -pj; .ers wk< r ' .HP, Tnakl * .d Stephens tmU ? tbc Mate ; and that while t 'obb i ? tu. ? ? uor, >t. Vi.- * ?' b ?lc:ted to the I >. - na*< at the tir-i o| n g. an i that lo<.n??,? wltl tu wwl I.ff ,m a fore.wa nll-eion. Tha I. MM }-??'. unit# to t . Calhoun w?< } * **') ' * r* i-' f. liV ? h ft;vi \> j -il-. Mr. * 1 ?ibii'X but b bu*lW tl } . ff itii'iiinlton* t>f i\ u; * 1 iU arvrn pv\w itjlr?- ?< u \ ? * *. i t t, * f f.ft lw?? nuall tt * r< ju ti. h ar^ ?tuai]>m| a ? .r j it nolii t . t t. \ l. *>f t* L- Th? i of rvt* t ?? jr ?? . Ui '.it* i+rty 1 U mX'TiiEt* ntvtt * T. ? tr.f 1 tm* thf I ?' ! f 'y \*+ p\* d. * i to ? t ? i x 1 a | i*? f? *1 ? I. | ttt K J" t i glifh uf th .... ooutiU-y wh. n bii# d ! J "hti Uaadotph?th# j it, li. db g meetings iv r tai A-.Ht.'. ller^ .ll.iwtng are fioui a - d t nt a m etit g f the gb vhorpsCoart I! ?ix?e: iof,l I I'lVV. r tli g ' ? " ulh-.-n wad oik uipimal-twf >-,tiii ?r s ,ith. wh>. ? in !s?.< f Uie e"o ier isiir-elr-. ewlled uj i? na \ ?? tm? prm p % 4 Hi ? wajwi t/In tli# iifcf. *** * f t'; l? r >#NT t Uihflt ^n^rr^t 'i* Kf* H?> ft it?> ?| It ? with tl* 1 Lh?> Mtliti c ?! Mf 4?- atOfhi itlttkifl tb' vt Hit 1 ? 1 r. -. L Jr? ti ?.! \r -t "Ui t L ? *i4i , | ?hl i. **? th? n hiJ i?m ?? ?t| is ^ rWtt? a |i?>< %#??< Tt xt . fa f. I., ??t **im? r??f In r , n I' \na ? '? ' ?> i * Ml- f u%l4rf It t?ul. 4 rr v. J '' HifiH ?? ' . N ' ahrW.^i Jit f r- * y'M " ? ? till"* tin ?itti ? dithf n i*? w!? ? run ?!? ItMraMy pxpt *' * fti"W *4 w*"; sfif fin* ?ht ? n?a? ?- '?*r.v Mil' j.?fi\i!ih? inv. *'?r ti" ir it WfintH tnul Fitfiil* ?*f?U pf-U ?1 ijU'tft i) 'i it t'? itijr fliin/ i i? t?; y ? ? W'11 * ' ir t ** ti pr??j y. 1 f bfll it fill l> f th* Ifi't I T ), it i. Th 1 ?M<m X f? t ilW t n H h* ?! ttu !?? Uf cay t' p.i 'if n : tOirs r?ll ft in Iho * rr\r* ' f f/l< ? t ?oM U. tf th* J. trpus.' t h* Mi# .-.uu Vfl ?t fiwit ??" v ? - ? t?r fSti ?fturwii1 f 1 hy In .r? ? ? M ? ?'? thkt f fr H * b' Ifi) !I|N pn tt ?tb" fi"f ir.'-f trt lh?* i n?f?t W1 ?n wkt*f? ?rr p %T\f ? hUte l*m tr h*-rx 1??f??rr liAtf 1 Iv.fHf . m* ti l* i *u ii ci? j t,( fiut.T ? cur ? ? ? rVuO the foi^tving i%r? th ' %> toy!* I at o iiit# nw:imn o! tli. t ut ion | % y "I f count v ? i-wi >a r**rv ar*." rr ,v'' tn?.,lf'd That the I ..aMtntt'irnl In rt |. ify f reawfordri' gtilse ne .) ?tlu?-ti n of whig of t m er a Usit ?ll! egsiti go out t<? hettl? wttn atl ssl ? 'J wn > > tU olilt, with Itiem :n >|ef, nee ?>f the ? nt'?n *'??! m >t kiatt..D of th.lf IikwIw. Kim.iie,l. Tliat w, |.Un! oofi le ?* WPtoi the aUtfTia t uilt /thf' t,rL' ' "atcaliea tui that avUh#-' f*M. t eal, abolition demonstrations of the North, nor brill gervat demagogues at the South sen fright u* from it. KaeoWrd, That we batter* a National Union party eaa and ought to be formed, which will put down fanaticism at the north and allay agitation at the Booth. Reettaed, That our thanks ar* due to those eminent statesmen of the North, who. amidst every abuse and de nunciation. both by the influence of their nam-- and the power of their eloquence, hare contended for the constitution against " higher law.'* Resolved, That we. believing the old issue of union and disunion will, in the approaching gubernatorial election, be presented to the people will cordially sup Krt the candidate who may stand by the Union and nstltutiun against the enemies of the one and the in fringer* of the other. Resolved, That the interests of the south require the rigid enforcement of the Fugitive Blare law; that we will strictly abide by the provisions of the Compromise, and we demand a like adherence on the part of the North. Hers arc materials enough fi>r a very interesting contest. The proceedings of the South Caroliua Convention will only add fuel to the flume, and be fore the time for the nomination of a Provident comes, it is impossible to tell where the South will be, or the parties of the South. While politic* in < Georgia und politicians are in a stato of transition, Mr. Yanocy, in Alabama, a thorough secessionist, and his party, scorn to have wakened up a powerful reaction against the federal government aud the Unien, a re action which scarcely leaves a doubt that the democratic party of that State will be merged in a Southern rights party. In Mississippi, Gen. Foote occupies exactly the position of Mr. Cobb in < Georgia. Tie is the candi date of the Union party for Governor, and the two old parties are divided upou the same issues as in Georgia ; only the prospects of Koote are not at all so flattering as those of Cobb. Mississippi, like South Carolina, is more exclusively a cottou plant ing State than Georgia, and hence a jealousy of any J invasions of the institution of slavery is uiore uui vorsal than in Georgia, where the manufacturing interests come into direct practical conflict with slavery. To sum up the merits of the oa?e, whore are we? whore is the South?the four great cotton States? I whither are they tending ! To the 'aie end?the same object, for the same ultimate purpose. They arc tending to the formation of a Southern eoofe deracy party in Georgia, Alabama, and Mississippi. What is to be the re-ult 1 If Sontli Carolina ?e cedes, this party in the other cottou States wi .l in volve th'-iu inevitably in hor cause?if *be remains in the Union, she will only perhaps be tho better enabled to secure a combined movement for seoes ?ion and a Southern confederacy. Meantime, from the dUlecated and manned con dition of the old purties in the South, from '.he potential power of the slavery question, and the reinvigerated agitation of tne abolition incen diaries of the North, we cannot expect the Southern States to pledge themselves either to tho l'mladel phia, Baltimore, or Buffalo nominations. Snort of disunion, our only hope is in a ecrub race for the Pieeidency. The whig* may eiect a deuiocratio Governor in Georgia, aud a nondescript for Missis sippi; but they cannot very well put up a Presidential nominee, who can succeed in both sec tions, on the platform cf General Taylor. From present Indications in tho South, and iathe North, theie mu-t be a si rub race, and the democrats have a majority in Congress. The true policy of the South is to make it a scrub raco; for crvee in the House of Representatives, they can dictate such ! term- iu will peraenantly secure the safety of heir I peculiar institutions. W. j , 1'. S.?Neatie, the tragedian. Mason, ditto, Miss i Richardson and others, forming the cctnpuuy ol | Adams, of Charleston, aie performing new in Au- j I gust*, to fashionable audicue a. Ovr WMhliifittn Corwfpot-^tM* ?Vash'.noto*, May l'J, 1*1 Payment cf Awards wvd<r the Tr.Uy teuk Muruo? Bends Fiitd *nth the JJi ?tri t Attorney, a+i Pay ment of the Auiin*s t'-t ctftoin Co. ? < s .Y ypai, ? ft ? ! The payment of the ainuonts awarded to ! ant- by '-be Board of Commissioners on Mexican I claims, commenced at tbo Trea-ury Dopartm ant ca i Saturday, in the usual way, by drafts on the Av i sistant Trca-urcrs wherever th? government t.te fund.". In certain eases, however, the payment o: they award' ha-, been contorted, Under the act i ( ongress of the :}d March, " to into ? fleet certain stipnlatious of the treaty between tL< United States of America and the Republic^ of Mexico, of the second day of 1 ebruary. It4t<,' it wa- provided by the Sth section a- follows ?? That in all oases arising under this act, where at'.Y person or persons other than those per'ons id I whose fator an award has been or may be made, shall claim the amount so awarded, or any part ' thereof, a. d shall, within thirty days from the pu. si'ge of thi- act, or from the date ot the said award. I notify the Secretary of the Treasury of his, b?r or ' thtir intention to coolest the payment of the same as awarded, and shall filo with the District Attor ney of the \ nited Mates a bond, with good and sufficient security, to be approved by tim, for the payment of the co?t* and damages arising there from, the umount so awarded, and Uie payment of which is contested a- aforesaid, shal be and remain in the treasury of tha I nited Mat's, subieet to the decisions of the courts of tue ' nited Mate* thereon; and thereupon, the said party so claiming the sum so awarded, or any part thereof, shall be at liberty to file his bill 1*?" iunction, in the Circuit Court ofthc instinct of Co- ; iurnbia, upon the principles wbijh govern courts of equity; and anv inunction thereupon granted by the court, shall be respected by the 1 r*^liry. *" i partmcnt; and the said ease in entity shall, there- , upon, be conducted aad poverucd iu all rovpect." as I in othir caees in equity." , I In compliant ? with tbs above section, the follow ing bonds have l.eenfllfd with the 1 nited Slates Ibstrict Attorney lor this district, ond their pay ".ichn ItaMwin?amount of ib- award p:i.?"0, am >unt r. otart.d. PT1.4C0 \ ? nalty of th- ?-nd V"- W o titer,; IK-uriv- Edgar* Vs., Winkle pr.neipo -? ? ! A f I'nmdt; WUliaw ?! Aspluwall and kd?ar Mow '"Sobn ^tdwin-amountef th'avwrd.fn/^amomrt , 1 rout' ?ted M 1.400. penally of th. bond. "?-4?.00<.>, J*ttve? Broom principal, Wilson 0. Hunt and Joseph Stuart "lolin Brlden?amount of the award JL ,rv' P1G.V4M am "tint coaterted. lV'wiildai I natty <1 th. bond. *00 000 William H..A^tn7,a"'1 K ifowUnd and Samuel Byerly. pilneipaJr; II' nry Clian trj and Edwin BartWtt swoUeO. < "haunery Child and Hr.ektah ChU^amoMt of Ua award PX.'.rtA (G; amoont eowtevtvd. tSA; penalty 01 tli. boad, PWW. Come In* P. prtactj^l, Iran rU II l>lt lens. Aaron V- Dayton, aad J J t?aib*. sure "Vtrdlaand Clark-amount of the aw?*d j*' aiavtttt contested V'**, penalty * tbo bond. Ws>. < harh < Msunt,.a principal, O A Jani* and .'a# bet-on 'Wrrtlce. , ...... m. I far dinar d CtarU?amwnt of the award. . amount contested II-'. fl? 118; p-natty of tbefc nd $7AM. It pben K ti)"V*r. principal: l.u "U L UloV?r and I Prisma*, awrrtkw. aa. ?*,-. ?-> 1 I < rdinat <t tlaik?am. 'int ' f tb. Jj' i!' ; ; sit-,, unt icateeted. P110U0 penalty .f th- h-wd ?? " . I Vm W t'be*tor, priae?p?l; *? J Stewart aad W J. . irrd. Ulrt'tlea. . ... >UI , >'? rcinaod ( larl am unl ot th. l ?fffr; amount e. n! -wd V ?7? ?K; penalty of t?.e ?-od M?S', I ba- M I"' ?herty, prtaelpwl; W > Iloagberty an H Powler swretlee. .. , .. a, ' i , ? , . ( I, -k?-ain'-ont ?t tl.* aw ?r.t I j - , J O e lided ?-?:?*. i nalty f the > nd, ?; '. 'so. I.C tiark. pAwtpal; I' > Ilatlamif I' *J J.. 'hV'Vj-owi. not of H e ,?eM t- M" ?> ..uv-int 1 r. ot K - kl' I ' f '' ^ * 1 -1'' f "',0 A R rhw li. prla-'jal, W ?? ? r ??? ?nJ A "?'4* '"ibtnl"K'etlin - om?.-t ft>" K ffiT X amount rri.te te l ?> ' ? pewttyt the %?*.?. < 'S Aolr w ? vMi if rrtficlpul ' |>*r ?u ??ir? U . a | W Y i . re' ran aaalmwo ?"i? WtlUamr awd Jo*. I if I r i ?ii?o-<uit th* ibWioUlgt II. I ^m?' ..t t ? b n.i t),w, iru.i.B i;;.V;;;;ipai i py ju.?...o ?4<>w j rf.tb.-P-; I 'wtUn matgwee <' >? ?. *illiam* anUos. H I.- M- amount of the award. ??. amcuate i. lert.d. *1 :** 10 p? nalty "t th' ?? n 1 f*"; < 1 , , Van >? ?* an<t F A I' e'.'ti* prtio ipat- A ?> Imyt. naivt J i; o-r,r,o.'< ""-r.., r ,a a*a-<l ay> sfl It) amount o. nt> ? P ? eun. p* rnlh 'f T?,. fs.nd P'.Pl; Tl -oi, ? Priwetpwl c b'w ai *? wja*-;? asa* 4 W< iiri< f \ tjvwt^rl i.t IvJ; 1** * nal'u*1rMhetsnd.Pi' ?>. V Uy Tl w.|?vu prtnelp.I ' inth^V^^UiUml. "enat* r ami V"?T?.: iwT^W. of lboWmd fjrt's. " n Whit'., y. ^ re. tirt'W. ? J. hn II,, "tv t." Hlch-rd* rii"*. I. IHciU ni'd It T' She prfnei| .1 ? PhlPlrs*h.s..laa?d ny WJ(. y t.i(j ./?; amnuns A I.' v i' tt? amt iint VW <1; A H "l e'wr. nee. prt. c!,wl! * V "? ? H* "ry >/'|.r r'' * " ?*"!. "" t t< .t s~1,: I" natty 'I tl Piln'ipal; Ja- S Cat pent. ??? l>. B oliti K < 4 ,1 * 1 : TO T" *n>" ' ?t > ' ? ? ? 1 , '.v .r i,,. i.rd pi ?-<o M'rti.t ;ttr.l(v.' J ? '-rd v> ert. Virt.,:.-o T- ? any i' * ^ .... ardC S Vww WinMr. priio If at- w s a, III thaaneep stm-tW- m nf the awar 1. ?' l w it ?? ? i;. " f ' 1 ' , , ,,f tl. 'Pt; aDK'tttt cat<??*w f, ,", . .Jo,, j -VMS'; W II Msrlltt. pflti'-iptl j I la', t SSI P A Mall mveti" ... ,. U,, a* .ifd J hwill T ? w . n* ' ' 4lvu -'|to ?nit?iht mWf-t'-l ^ V '? fy ' J" T w'.t pr?T;Tltwk prlnct'.sl, .? M Chulib ?"'? T lie elu* fUV>T 70. ** ' * ' uh y of the bond, #2,000; W. Lowder, principal, P. B. M I* and J. Lowder. ruretiee. The iwtrds to H. 8. Coxo, Esq.,m trustee, hare been paid bp the Treaaury Department; but the money ia to remain in his hand* until tfc money ia to remain in hia hand* until the court makes a final decision, which it is supposed will bo m his favor. The telegraphic despatch whhh I sent you with reference to the New York naval offieership, ap pears to hare been misunderstood by those papers who are in the habit of appropriating your tele graphic news. I intended to state, that by law, no provision was made for filling that office in case of the death of the incumbent, unless by the appoint

ment of a successor, and that, consequently, Mr. Franklin received an acting commission, which is merely to bo temporary, until a permament appoint ment can bo maae. In the collectorship anil most other offices, the law states who shall till the office, incase of a vacancy by death, till the appointment of asuccessor; but this provision, although existing as regards the absence or illness of the naval officer, is omitted in eoso of his death; and hence the nc eessity of the commission being issued at once, and pending the selection of a permanent appointment. Mr. Kennedy, the superintendent of tno census, sails for Europe in the Arctic, on Saturday next. Washington, May 21, 1851. Report on the Trade awl Commerce of the BrUi h Noith American Colonies--Interesting Statistics connected therewith?The " Reciprocity" Scheme, Src., Src-, ffe. In compliance with a resoktioo cf the Senate, of the 6th of August last, requiring the Secretary of the Treasury to transmit any information in his possession with regard to the trade of the British North American Colonies, a report, accompanied by tabular statements, compiled by J. D. Andrews, U S. Consul, f*t. John, Now Bfunsirick, was sent in by Mr Corwin, jost before the close of the late session. Mr. Andrews has reviewed his subject at great ength and with much ability. He is strongly n furor of a system of reciprocal tra io bet ween the United Hates and the Province!*, believ ng that it would result to the advantage of all parlies, and assist in accomplishing "iho high destiny of tho North American continent." 1 cannot say that he brings any new argument to bear in favor of the moatmre of "reciprocity' wbicb the Canadians have offered as; but ho shows that the trade could bo a very iinporU>ut one, and well worthy the consideration of tho country. It has been stated in Canada papers, that Sir Ileiry Bulwer is negotiating a treaty with Mr. Webster, which will confer on tho British province* the benefits sought by the reciprocity bill; but I doubt exceed.ngly whether there is any truth in it. Mr. tirampton. tHe acting Charge here previous to Sir Henry t'ulwer's itrrival in this country, on delivered to induce Mr. Clayton to enter into a di plomatic arrangement of the character *. .<u<le'i to; nut the Secretary of State decline 1 to enter into the discussion, on the ground that as it hud already occupied the attention of Congress and had not been disposed cf by thalbruwoh of the government, it would not bo proper to interfere. The mutter was accordingly dropped. Sineo that time, .lie 1 louse of Representatives has refused to rate up < he bill, and it is, therefore, exceedingly improbable Mr. Webster will feel disposed to negotiate a treaty upon a basis which one branch of the govornmeut ba? already **o recently declined. The statistics appended to Mr. A adrews* re port ue veiy voluminous, and will probai '.y ex'* nJ to TOO pages. Some of those possess peculiar in terest, as showing whut benefit wo might naturally expect by the passage of a "reciprocity" bill, in the shape of the one whieh has b-' en pressed upon the attention of this country. That, bill provides for a free interchange ?f certain articles, the gr >u th and product of each country, and '.hen proeeod* to enumeiate breadstuff*, cat lie, and lutnb* r, but ex cluding teas,,, manufactures, Ac. table will afford some idea of the value ol such it trade to this country :? , ,t.tiTiM vij.i'i" or artv iii wh ti rtiD i tv in t'A* AiHN roam; ami, al?< , Yt.r ? hi t. ooom, rot Tim v?ah W4V, *?<???inc th* corsmv rnon KHiat'l: TMKV WKKB JfcKlTID 1 ? ? tf'l*rc f 0 n. 6c~ A ^"*3 a j c* r 3 Article ?. a a * ?% V ? a. 2 s S?f .r*. M, 433,791 X.-.7U 7e 7.I.-7 y,Mi 2,417 Tra . S.319 l.l*'.' ? t??ff-r ... . . . . . . .. 270 i 1.92* 2,<A Tobavfc, rif?r? and find. 174 *>,012 a-C 4,*'7:i 14.24 J 1,213 C. v 4 Salt JO, iWi, 278 Fruit* at d?|. *t. . .. &, W 7K3 I 061 (Jraina and U or ? s,\yj ? Animal* |m a,t?74 ? Butler mm ? ii?j ? 1 4.140 30 F.tii . , 344 7.1KJ Meat?rait and fTrsk. ?M. ? 31,980 ? C .udlr- . . . Las.' ? Zt*J mm I and maa ntartims of. 4.-v3o 2i,M? 1.080 Oils . ii-aic* 1,119 ^.40; 1,1X7 rapar .. ilh; ? .*,42!' ? Olar- and flu.?-??re . 3-03 ? 1 812 ?73 Fur? . . 1.0V ? 4,700 30,.IV mmm <'? t* n* .330,133 ? 276 Iron aad kur? war* . ,2a*.7'37 ? *7.4to ? WoolJ. nr . . W.M99 ? *_* .. 1X94'. mm ?.17? ? Silks .. le.UV. ? 7.H? I'M 14 . 22! M\ 1 ,M7 Bo., pajriai i}t nr aaat.... . 43,440 7*3 217,118 417 TvU! .rod, liable to duty IAW t\IM UB1,74U 41.3-sl f'rn Aaima)* 30 - 21' ? n.?.t. e.eij ?" 4?.t Drtwinirs 4*4 ? d">4 <7 Military stvr. ? ;?.?! ? ? ? Srsd* . . >*1'! ? S.3S0 ? I aeatuurratrd 3,109 3 307.431 ? Ti'tal frr* y<xd? 47,344 3 131.10" Ml Totals l5mE 4S.917 1.343,033 41,-34 It will be seen by the above table that sugar, raolasse*, tea. coffee, tobacco, iron, hardware and ??ottun form the principal articles the 1 nit* d States send to ( anaua ; and yet these articles are wholly excluded from the "reciprocity bill." This is exclusive of the article* in "b?nd," whi b amounted to over f-tfl0,U09. But the most conclusive evidence that stu b n inoa sure as bus Veen proposed would, like th. bundle of all on one u pitcher, be all oil one ride, ran bo seen in the tabic wbicb follows, and which shows tho value of the good* mentioned in the reciprocity bill, which we now import from Uannda, uud the value of thoso we export. Tho difference is so glaring as at once to show the utter inconsistency of the prouuscd measure, unle?s greatly altered and liberalise1!. ihc following la a statement of tho imports from, and exports to < anada. of similar articles, "bowing the value" of the annua! exchange at difi<-rcnt point", of the ?ain< products, for tbi year 1*19 ? ,1'f.riri ??- t'tJw t-porUi f . , J1"* >(l movrUi 1 l.-li. fre?li. "ailed SOU d> i??l . JlikMii lll.M.' Fi?h oil of all kind" 3,1*4 T7.C70 Lumber, tiaibrr, he. 470.312 *1 37 t ur* end >kins Ill 1 ; A-b??. p>U. pearl*, aad natt*...... 7>"U I.W fork. be? fami bacon " 77.'. 4* hu4ler and eh.-*-? 4(314 ,V>1I 1I'T"< - an.I oth.-r animal* IK'.Sh. Wli. at sn.l (l? ltW'-.-.r to? J'<*- lean- 4i . CkSW fr??* ami ? llii ; re,d- ., lS.ltiT v*J? thir r.ndfru 1 orre*|?ni?,l??irc. J Boot n. May 17, HM. >/, S.-.ti.i.c' I,It - ,1 .1 ,c/f >. I'll It ?? Slu ' ? The V- Hgr>ni"nal filed\ w, S~c., S"r The letter <ent by Mr Summr l'- the 1'resident of iho .-'tut.- Hnate, accepting the scat in tlw na tional Senate to which ho bad b.-.-o ch>-> n, ha- l?c>*n rea l by everybody, and baa ha I a very etwlient iffect. It aliow* thiit. h >wt ?or "trong may be tl new Senator's hostility to slavery, In i a firm friend of tbe constitution, whi.'h instrument lie will do hi* ntnio*t to maintain in it* purity. It may In- <utd that it I* r.-ry eusj fur a man to protni- l,u; n t altog. I her so easy f.>r him to p< rf<>nn bis proini*,*: which i* very true in itself, a* no .mall itun.hc of nolcboldort ic "'lute ami Wall i-tr i hav ? had <? - easiou to ind "ut; bat Mr^jnniner'* rliarar ,i i a it Iticicnt warrant that t^8P.<il I uo -ay wbai ho dfdnot in,an. and that what he -ay* lie will do. I s faults art not th< -o of a polit al I s1,, who pro mi-?oi all things with a* much facility as th" emit h id pioniisad rvoiy ihkig he want <1 to *? tl 0 head of tL? \\ ronghead*,'" and who break* them a* reu ?lily . At any rat", hi* letter hs* eau* I quit.' n. "<|R of goiirl holing" among w< II m iming me, I.Teti rtiuury old gentlemen who lm Im? n d* ad ii.g th gou in their at dinar lid eve t > ? Mr. Sum tin wasolected, base rallied amaringly wi'hin tin Is-t two or three days. The poor -?ml*w reufw)iini that lh? Aenotot elect ha?l in hi* ]?i*?, ?d .n r n- , ir, h f ro.l Ma< bine, wlili a Jiich in |>i*|? ?, I. ??.? vt u !? >. to **>r.d lb g< veminent nt Ita-Uingi v*i i melt i i.rcf I ?? h< iiv-ii t <an it w ill (verim )ik> ly i i get hi tl ? : I : ,11 , -'.ill! I l>"' 'i ' ' . ? ? U .1 Begustcd with the I*-' i*t. ar* e lea very ol f , v ! . I,, f... i much d gusted at Mr. Pawner having a-ted lii a w ??? man, rocb snWl 't on his p""t 1, ing a is-.. sonal ic fleet iob on themselves. These men have. w ith tl.c 0 osl r lu1 n* ? ? i .1 , n> . in tie) I* Iti r. Mr. tl.Hl l? -hall not i allowed I * ale / h* do rot ? h- n hi -.t* If .i ho I. tier' It .v as I*ol f fet v ?!" no I It 11 en i'? Is b"Mi in ? ? r ds I r w i?il' i i v -.n Id have i.e. no i "m- .i h'i:ilt h-inkei . l.V i, ?? ? iu ol iheswi* [Mr. .*110: r. iter a| sat that all" i<d to ah 1 ? 'J'b-, i,vj ?\L ' 1 ??-i 1 v d l So" Affair. Never was a greater bore banted own since tho Boar of Calydon, tome thousands of yeai? ago. The vote was very decisive against it in tbo House, uuclr more so than was expected. There were several causes for this. The fear of in iuriug the Western Railroad, in which thb State holds a million of stock, operated on one class of | m?n. Others were averse to plunging into the bowels of the mountain on such indefi nite data as we now havo to the character of its contents! Yet a third set would have voted against it, had they been made certain that it led to Aladdin's Cave or Sindbad's Valley of diamonds, they being men of that sort who would < not allow the Mute to build a railroad to heaven, supposing that such a road had boofKdemonstrated as pruotical. (Mem-?That the chief objection that would bo raised against a celestial railroad would come from State street, tho frequenters of which would have no interest in what would bo tho other terminus, their abodes for the future being permanently arranged for the exactly opposite di rection.) Other men, who are liberal enough in their ideas, were net ready to risk the credit of the Stutc in favor of an undertaking that no individual capitalist had shown the slightest disposition to backup. The security that had boon offered was wholly inadequate to the risk the Stato was asked to take. In the transactions of ordinary life, the security is thought to be none too high which amounts to two dollars for one; but in this particu lar ease, it was expected that the reverse course should prevail?the Stutc receiving as security pro perty, at the utmost valuation that can be placed upon it,not worth above the half of the two millions it was to endorse for. This was cool, certainly, and shows that some of the people of the western part of the State have very odd notions of what goes to the borrowing of money. Let thorn come into the Legislature with, say, three millions of property in their hands, and tho State will not be back ward in endorsing their paper to the nino'int of two millions more. Ft is said that his Excellency the ' lovernor was greatly delighted at the rejection of tho L ill, as he was thus saved from the exercise of his veto? always an unpleasant power to have recourse to. Tho Congressional eontcsts are going on with great animation. The hunker democrats of No. 2 are to hold a convention in Salem next week, to nominate a candidate against Mr. Rantoul. It is unlucky for Mr. Rautoul that the nomination of Mr. Phillips, an old huDber. for .Sheriff of hsscx county, was rejected by the executive council, and (hough the Governor hastened to bind up the wound thus indicted by making Mr. I hillips a bank commissioner, tho said wound yet drops blood as often as a free soiler or coalition democrat goes near to the sufferer at their baud-1. Mr. Phil lips wa* rejected. it is (W rally understood, be cause the coalitionists wish tho pin- o for which he was nominated to be conferred on 1 redoriek Robin son ; und as Mr. Robinson it thought a good vPal of in some quarters, as th: next conlition candidate for Governor, there arc people so suspicious and wicked as to insinuate that, Mr. llalieit and Gen. Gushing were regularly "sold"' by his excellency, when at tbeir request and urgent recommendation he nominated the gentleman for tho office which he would not get; and that Mr. Phillips himself wus "sold and sent home" by the Governor and council: in other words, it was a sort of " good l.ord, good devil affair,"' in which it was sought to ploa?e botn hunkers and coalitionists, the Gov. ruor and his councillors perfectly understanding the inittcr. Th.: effect na-t been rather injurious to Mr. Rautoul, but it is quite impossible to say as yet to what extent. There is a very strong deter mination to elect hi in on the part of the great ma jority of tho democracy of Lis district, the tree wiilers nro, u? you have seen from tho action of their convention, unanimous and most zealous in hi* favor. In the fourth district, the free pollers arc laboring very hard to effect the election of Mr. Palfrey. Among tbeir lecturers is John 1*. Hale, who, at some or the meetings, is said to hive, given speci mens of what was thought to be a not very g od kind of temperance. Rren Ralph Waldo Kmersou has ?? taken the stump;" lv- who cou!d hardly soil his fingers to vote heretofore. Ho devotes himself to analyzing the character of Mr. Webster. Moral character, he says, the Secretary of Mate has none; iti><! as to his intellect, none of his speeches or writ ings will ever take a place in the htoraturc of the country. It is lucky for Mr. Webster that he has so magnificent ? ritutirjitr, or the great giant trans cendeuialiet would blow him away with a puff of h.s breath. Horace Mann, too, is in the field, he wanting Mr. Palfrey's aid iu Congress, to piny the devil with the compromises. The free toilers e.x|>eet t ? elect Mr. Palfrey rtraight out, they believing firmly that the democrats will support him, now that a plurality law exists, and somebody must bo elected. To a certain extent they may be right, but not entirely ; for some democrats will vote for Mr. Thompson, in the hope of thus preventing Mr. Palfrey's election; and Mr. Protlnngham will n??t run much hehiud the usual democratic vote. In point of fact, however, the fate of the district is in the hands of the whigs, ami J"tIc y come out on the 2K?h its they can come out, their Candida'*: will be chosen by a handsome plurality, but they arc des perate slow couches at times, and often become aware of what they might have done, not until the day alter election. The Legislature will probably ri-e on Saturday next. The Finance Committee have reported in favor of i-suing State scrip to the amount of *100, 0(*), the whole probable deficit being estimated at $112,102, of which $17,102 belong-properly tols'il; all of wbieli might have been saved, had the Legis lature adjourned on the loth of April, as it might have done, and still have performed all tbo real business of the session. The blundering boobyi-m displayed in the mismanagement of the senatorial question, has cost the state $50,QUO. CouMXa. Corrrspatidencr from Um Atlantic Ocean. -ti AM?inr N tahara. Atlantic Ocean, f Off ( 'spe Sable, May 15?12 M. li' iriftr, IItt Urtat Arte 1'orlc PvHet Offru , gw'wg to Iht WorW* Fair?ll'ilkit, thr Fmgitiv* Vomvi t, on b>Mrd the Xiagnrn under a Foist Aitnt. Jamen (Iowon, K*.? 1?eaii Si?:? At 12 M., yesterday, having east off our liacs at Kant Bottaa, we dropped iuto the stream, nnd, after getting under full headway, fired one larboard and oncstaibonrdgun, the report of whleh brought onde< kOeorge Milken from hit hiding place where he, no doubt, lay shivering and shaking with fear let Bowyer should discover him and hand him os er to the ofijcerflof.iu-tioein Boston, lie ha* trans gressed the laws of Mucaohu^'^tte by his numerous libels. VV ben he Ural o*ni? oa deck, he looked at I'owyer and# Moiled, seriuingly inclined V" offer hi* hand, but Bowyer ecowlc i and looked as though he had juet eome Irom the Tombs, ready to poam-e upon his- riuiinni. Ili'pa'-'gc ticket was in the name of'i homos I.Ho, having purchased his ticket, he slat- d, for it gentleni.'iii of Unit name. The Boa ton police hud no knowledge of hi- appearance in that city?it they had. he c?uld not now be on rd tne hoard the Niagara, bat. perhaps, arotber -raft, nbieli lie <*t h ichor in that city, as I understand there is an indictment iu there against him for libel. Il.i told a g'ti'lcman, sines he came ou board, that ho feared J'-owyr w uld ri-*over biiu before th- ship left, i? which event he would leave liad him arrested. We ksi^ had a j>l<*M?*nt time, thus far, and i upevl to arris? at Hnhis, by twelve o'clock to-night. T:rs ?ijs Tokvao. a i (,< t is* Kv.?(Hi <atur<iay eveaiag ? 'wldee storm was esisrisaeedi i o tkl- city and rieioity, which in fffolewce has seldom been n|uaIUd It was scrum wash I with livid lightning, tbc wind almost I lowing a hurts ! eanc, lolloped i>y s heavy iar\ and f<>r several minutes s -' -uuot hai! 'to of the largi st llse, whiel:. it *.<- feared. would beat iii the f"-?B of the heu'cs. The cour?. <>i the i ??- from th" w. ?t I t< th- > *?t, the gt"S'i -t fori ?? b< itig confined to e r I *?.. i s#t i.iore tlo'ii Kbyte i in width, and ?w.:rp | ing c!"i g in n icii.-s ?>f whirlwinds. A new brick ium c, in the ooiir-- ef completion, on (.ray-on street, b< tweea Twelfth and i'liu-i cnth streets, was l.'v,.|l,d with tbc ground. The roofs were 1 | rwept off th. dw'.ling- jt loan Bui viler snd Mr. linger, <>u flvvvnth -triet, between litem and | Waliioi streets, and tokca ?omc Ifitt feet o\ r the tops ?f |n . ? staictiag in tfir fi nt yai Is, and odgcg | ioih? middle of the street. Mi-. 1- , with icr two ; tittle 'hiliii-p, wii< in ti upper room of the ton- tlta tim< t l?s*: < vt wa blewi ?fl, a 'el -he in t< 11"? r- i/' I the ? hitd"u i,i ru-11 <1 to a en aer I of tko loom, win " the ?I i, ' v ft II with a ra*h on tic Very 'jMit -lie ti tuoi fi ' brf ? . ha I d -i rtc l. I b< g.i It wai! ai d ehiwin< v of Air, li ne- boose, ' on Ho opjo-ov id, ,?i jw-icnth street, fronting j KaJwHci VII- blown d' V r. Ol d the I ofs and j portion: f the walls of a brick kit-; hea, and a 'table , adjoin11 a. .in u-ti. t> ?. ? : the .-i * 1. ?tr ?ctl chnrch, w? rc hi wn of. u i d pee111 r i ii all il rtrtions. j I In- ciitt-i ,,f tlx storm v.i ii.I ulottg the route of tic I rankiat imiIi?> ? I, iiiid ti'ci w :e up "ot? d nod ' twi ti 11 U in ?i ii, iiiiwt' tint th i-attrnadtrack I nas c ..I rtd with ) iH0r tin.*, e . . i h an < : it th 11 the -iim si rc ? ? lined 11 r? hour* in clearing j away |br rnidr'sh b tw>tnth - i y ?? d ' r.m b . \ pro! . n t i W)i!l . i d r. "I ot .i 1,.. ?,i | hII. ?t ? I. ' " )? d Broadway, w. d.m dishrd hy tbc ? -'"in . aici :i i mule r t tints in ? i,, vicinity up. j r""tel. I io ga ,c i of- < ? ... IViugl'tblack -initlitlo.[ on (l,e I'-irt, h'mk ud street, fell out, and i | >.f | 1.1| , ,i t J.. fiw i fill bo I wn < "i! b"Hi? t longing |? H'r. Ifyatt, lying i.? the iviint ? I on .? iiet-"i'\ ill ?, were se?k teit j th< storm, aid the -M .ir> i i anforniii, at th- lower e.ty 1 wIiimI, as lore'? ? front h'.r rr. : tog-. hrcr.klng Iter ent>' , and tij. ii point "f theantk fh" 11" soo ? r d th Kowrtb street wiarf tiont In j her ? ir--. iid sn.Atts red its U|>p< ? w nil Very 1 much, and otlo rw' damage! it In s caiuc Maty fUph ii, "i. her way ?<? ' ia-'innati. c,,. ? cumiitered th* aaic. net had tic It of h> r ftiitiitnjs t'lov ? ovsrbourd. 'I he storei *#' vary seve v, .m l 1 ire < vpc l to hou" of many more disasters oecatio . e?l t'y t.- /."hmi i''' (A"< .) ( Ww fen, ,ifnf 19, OpwlH ?* tlM CmimUm Parliament. THK UOVXHNOR OE.MKKai.'s SPEECH. 2rom the Montreal Usratd. May 21. | v, at 3 o'clock P. M., his Excellent r the Governor General uroeeedod in state to the chamber of the legislative Council. The Members of the legislative Council being assembled, bis Excellen cy was pleased to oommand the attendance of the legislative Assembly, and that House being pre-ent, his Excellenoy opened the fourth -ession of the third Parliament of the Province of Canada, with the following speeoh :? Honorable Gentlemen of the Legislative <'ounoil,. and Gentlemen of the legislative Assembly, in again meeting you in the dieeharge of our legisla tive duties, it affords mo mwch satisfaction to con gratulate you on the general pros|>erity 01 the Pro vince. The crop last year wo* abundant. Tho revenue from the customs, and tho trafllo on the provincial canals, are steadily inoreusing, and tho securities of the province command a high price The effect of recent changes in tho Imperial naviga tion law is also beginning to be felt in tbo more fre quent resort of foreign shipping to our sea-ports, ft is alleged, however, by persons conneotcd with the shipping interest, thu t certain provisions of tho immigration act are unfavorable to the extension of a valuable branch of our import trade. Th? subject is an important oue, and' I recommend it to your consideration. Under these favorable) circumstances, the further improvement of tho means of internal communication hive recent ly engaged a largo share of public attention. In ninny parts of W estern Canada, capital ha.s boon applied extensively and with much advantage by persons iutorestccl in the several loealitio-s, and by others to tho construction of good country roads, and measures liavo been taken in both sections of the proviuoo with the view of pressing forward im portant linos of railway. Parliament has given proof of its disposition to afford to undertakings ol this description, which are calculated to be benefi cial to the province, such aid a-' can be properly given to them without impairing tho provincial cre'Lit or encouraging improvident speculations. ) feel confident that in any further legislation which you may see lit to adopt 011 this subject, you will adhere to the principles of this judicious policy. A. considerable increase in correspondence lias, I aux happy to inform you, taken place since the now postuge law came into operation. This fact, wli-eb i furnishes conclusive proof of the advantage accru ing to tho community from tho measure, warrants, moreovor, the expectation that tho receipts of thu department will, before long, recover from the do pre??ion consequent on the adoption of greatly re duced rates of poitago. Under tho operation of tin . ! measures which havo been recently adopted by iho I Legislatures of tho several North American pr> j viuees, tho inter-colonial tralo is assuming prop or , liens of inrrcusing magnitude, and promises to bc ! come a considerable bra nch of our industry. 1 ilia!/ lay before you a despatch, in which her Majesty's | principal Secretary of .State fortho colonics submit* j lor consideration a proposal for the construction ot 1 a railwuy between Halifax and Quebec or- Motv \ t real, which has au important bearing on the ?'object I The dispute respecting tho boundary, which has been so long pending between Gar,ida and Now j Brunswick, bos been productive of much inconvi I nicnee to both provinces, and of no small hardship ' to those interested in the territory which ii the sab ject of conflicting claims. In accordance witL a suggestion made by tho Secretary oi' Stats', 1 rc j quested tho Lieutenant Governor ot :* :w Bruns I wick to meet mo here lust autumn, with r. view of I arranging the details of a scheme of arbitration foe j the settlement of this quo- tioii. The report of the j arbitrators who were appointed in pursuance of tb-v : agreement ottered int > at that time by the govcro ' racnts of the two provinces, will, 1 have rci.sor to j believe, be presented at an early period. With tho concurrence of the Executive of this province, per | mission has been granted by her Mi^oety's iuipo rial government to the g' veraiueiit of Ui ? United - States to erect a lighthouse on tho Hor-j Show I dike, in the Niagara river, at tho ouiio . of Lako | Erie, which is likely to prove highly advantageous to the shipping which frequent tho?- waters. It i yet too early to speak with confidence of the result* of the great exhibition which is now l>< ,ug held in : London. From the r'-po'ts which hav-; reached in--, j however, I have rea-m t > hope that ? 'anadiaii pro duets nnd industry will be found to have b?-.n not unworthily rep re.- nted on this interesting occasion Much credit i.? due to those who have exerted them selves for the promotion of this object. recti j cipi "ball lay before you, intimating that her Maje-ty ad _ hicb jou entrust* d to lue for transmission la-; *cs-i | and stating the view- of b< r Majesty's. Imperial go I vcinuient on the subject of that address. I .hall i direct the account* of rcveuuo and expenditure, und I the estimates for the year, to be lawl before you; i and 1 rely on your making the necessary provision* for the cxigenclc- of the public service, and tbo maintenance of prov incial credit. 1 Ionorablc Genii men and Gentlemen;?I mea sure will be subinift, J to juu lor < fleeting a reJu: tian in certain chaiges provided for by the civil li.-t net of IKUi; mid 1 .hail lay before yvi the cor respondence which ha. pa-sod oetweeu 'bis govern ? ment and Secretary of State on the -ubjee*. 1 again recommend to your consideration the im portant subject of an increase in the parliamentary representation of the province. The expediency ot amending the school and municipal law* of Eastern Canada in some of their details, with a >tcw of *? curing, in a more ample manner, for that province, the benefit" which tln-sc enactments are designed t? confer, will probably engage y-rar attention. A. the province advance* in wealth and population and the authority of the local parliament is extend ed and confirmsd, the responsibilities which attach to tbc members of this 1 .legislature become necessa rily more onerous. The people of ' anod.i, wliile they justly appri elate the requirements of an age ?fprogress, are a lie,, bed to their institutions, uud faithlul to their early traditloos, and I am eontiden* that you will earnestly bumble reliance on the Divine bio dug, to promote ic this spirit 1 their best interest*. Gentlemen of the Legislative Assembly;?I hive received a eommunicHtion from her Aiajc-ty'* prin cipal Secretary of f-tate for the colon***, whi, h J shall lay before you. intimating that lnjr Maje-t has been pleased to receive very gracioo-iy the *< dies* on the i-ubjvet of tbc clergy re-erves, wliic Stbikino Kviuuition or Jkaloi sy in Boston.? About 5 o'clock yi.*t*rdii)- afternoon, the penmcua Uors of Washington ?tiei?t?and the lovely <tuality of the atmoaphcrc, a glorlou* "pooiman of bright, beautiful, niui btwlthing May, Dad tempted iorth an unuauul number of ( harming women add gay an4? gallant men?were lixtoni-hH out of their propriety by the of, a "plritod hor-u, and hand vome buggy, driven by a gentleman, stated aki-ie, and hanging behind, with a D?nou? grivp upon lh? body ot the iarriage, a beautiful and eiegaolly dresaedfemale. The gcutieroin drowc along with the utui"-t nonchalance, holding the ribbons and guiding the bor??. like a " blood," at he is, at ? h\e or t ight mile gait. The l.?dy I--hind duel la her perilou? and un'-"uif.?rtable piMkior., with the curage and dear* ration of a f. raiuine spartan, at w# have no doubt eh< i?. Sum ? few phiUnit-rophh' and daring geiitiemeti attempted to 'tap the h?r* : but lae rnaea n| ?holder* of thi- navel exhibi tion itemed rioted to the sidewalk. l b'' drive* occasionally toUehed up hi- atiunal with the whip . and looked to the right and 1? ft with evident, eur pri-o at tb> nenaatlaa hi? eh gant " turn o'it" *?? creating. On reaching I *ork square, the lady, ex hausted with the effort of clinging '?> the vehicle,, her dri ?- torn and d.-arranged, |?e; b%r hoH ?u. fell upon the pavement, ."Mie was immediately | raised hy pot emu Hh lib rick, a*?i*Ua| hyanver.l | gcntlenieii who witm-nd the affair,ai??. the crowd bee< niieg eJ.idng'r 1 irge ami uoi y, *?< eon teyed to the Mart hat * otter. In the ??oufushaa the i genth maa dr ve off, or rathir, a ?' wwlerttaudv i (Mik :i roundabout cut 1" the "table at |wit up hi" rain. The I nlv ??? the wifijof fie gfTttlctB?D i% he buggy, m l 'fmt to have Keen v* lMe.d by 1 icahury. *upp ring that b?wa"g?M g to t.ko an air ? mg with am th r v.oisien. lie, unji ?j?rdwelare# , l.e tl:d 1> a that MJtMM Vt> M .e.l hi I carriuge.?!? moft i | el mlly hi- w ie t hi eUte ( meut, we are inelli d to think, Is true. The lady I exhibited nn t.ttraordl' ary degree nf " plurk,*" and. ' We I Mi k, W'.u ! mi > ? t g I \ ?? i - ir.'rmlt* inc the I h omer on-'.um ? in th'- city. a brief ?top at the Marshal' oHce, a eairlugi ?*;?? called, aul-be wan CKiVryedh-iDi.-/Lvfoti .If ?/, !#? /?! I nv >? ?mi .vi iciTit..?A <ingalar ?wk'Mh i?mrrr<t in Ihlnnaje J M. uiay morning. A young ma" narard l,int*ui \V*. l'et*it>one, alink i I y*aiH of age a jurtiec of the j ? a in goo. I standing and giael eir rum'lances, kith d I m-cIf tiy a through the hei.'l v ith a i iflo. lie had drcaatd hiin-elf m tha t kit ni g with in re thun it - u h 1 ewrw, and afte.r piny, 'np a gurne of billiard" with a eHue'i oi l.Vslaware, ii-kcd whet I .leu it wan, when In* fr.mol infer lard ? h in ti nt it nn* lu o'elo k Me then - u.| tl it it that w. r* the e i'e, he won lit In in a 'v rry. for he l'\|i?t!i i! || I at II- If'i nut of the n . Id i>ttli fa il mml "peed. Siiif p'l-ing the remark t v h. made in ca' rlr p Joel, tl " per*oii to wh" ji 'nun nln mid j.tchnllv Raver huve thought of it npnu, tied it not I ( vi'd irtie. If Went finm the Iwllii rtl imou to ii> i (1">?(?, ar.d km ei gMged in iri?n ;?ing ann . tml h t*. when ? young in* i in th* ? -tl. ? i lM t what r?e ho Ittt idetl ta make of tin ,u, to b" r pli <1, '? J am gi i ? ? a l,.ol-w d 4 fool,'' i tul 1 ft the !?' in I be k ting mat* .vl**' ?n|>p >viiii ' t, thouglit twnn wc ? i'until ii 111* moments n - L? |,i ard the r? pon * f ? gmi >? ila he'd, nt II ? in i|i,. rufth.j.l ie uj i ii tli a nrm hi ii g given, ai I lo iml ion p.. n iietlm itr.I ' i'(.i n ;he floor, lireothii hi" t ? wt Mr had *1 ? t kit -r h Itirough l ie li-.?d wi;li hi* lifk placing tt.e n /le to Ids f- n lu d, ami i?at k'g th* breech ti|?*u the window -ill, hv which* wo.'ii'I ? was a' to f ii -11 |t||. trigger. 'I w*' rsso " .i ? n 111 , ni I'u tin-|i hi i--t' titn was del dwcl'v aM*w d tn a youug Udy, alQvet cd will i? more mi hi,; mt ,??*? <t *ao t trogef, iid wlime I'hie !? kl'cw y a* h"|>ei.' ? Hot a |. n in.nut'* afttr the '"mr.i: -imi .( the fuivl a<*f. a tilrgn:|1, . di patch i"iiue a.ldr i d t * liiiii. nn* iioiiieii g that he, win* *.?? tin laiw eot eaurn ?*! hi? di a. u w .!? * i|w ? led t?i ,-ur* iv c ! at * thitl iim<-. - <Vfar. ? N'? ("in-) ffttfi tlay 1^.

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