Newspaper of The New York Herald, May 27, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated May 27, 1851 Page 3
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cfhercounMHoM to (five my opinion, I hare done 11rv *D<i euiceritv. . "en ?? ??U be thought proper to take the uutiatire of State action, 1 ask that I may be the first one recalled from the federal connaele to take *|J3' ,P*rt tbat may be aligned to me. Let u* ?dopt the exhortation of Cusar at the battle of Uharsalia?" Purdue the Foreigners, but aare the Homana." Mr, Cobb's Ipeccb In Savannah. [From the Savannah Republican, May 10.] We have already remarked, iu our issuo of yester day, that the lion. Howell Cobb waa greeted at the Athcuaum, on Wednesday evening, by one of the largest and moat intelligent audiences we have ever been assembled iu this city. There was no packing, no reinforcement of boys or outsiders, and no effort to procure a largo attendance; and yet there waa more intelligence, more men of charuclcr and influ ence and enterprise present, than we have been ac customed to witness at political assemblages in years past. It was a compliment eminently due to the distinguished ex-Speaker, and he evinced his appreciation of it by the plain, straightforward and manly manner in which he responded to it. He mude no eflort at display. Ife said nothing for effect, and jet his speech wn- a powerful vindication of the action of the government in relation to the Compromise measures, the action of the Georgia Convention, and the organization of the Union party. Having been introduced by Dr. Arnold, in a few appropriate remarks, Mr. Conn proceeded, in the fiist place, to review in a general way the measures embraced in tbeComprouise. It had boen charged, he said, that the Compromise was an aggression by the North .upon the constitutional right! of the South. 1 his be denied most emphatically. The . position of the .South, so far as her constitutional rights were-eonoerncd, was better now than it Bad been for the last quarter of a century. While he could not have approved of some parts of it singly, ret as a whole, as a compromise of conflicting views,' he considered it wise, liberal, and just to all parts of the country. It was not aggressive upon our lights. It violated no provision of the constitution; and it in no way affected injuriously the honor or the interests of the South. Men should not ex pect?it was not just to expect?that all their wishes should be carried out in a compromise where the most conflicting sentiment" and obdurate prejudices are to be settled. It is not right to yield nothing, and yet to exact every thing. Such was not the policy of our fathers. The federal government, he contended, was a> compromise?the constitution was a compromise?the Union was a eomproasise?re publicanism itself was a compromise. Uompromise was written upon everything?it was seen every where, in society, in government, and in all the va ried and wide-spread ramifications of life. It was upon this just and universal principle that the ac tion of the government had been predicated ; and it was upon this that he stood there to defend and support that action. When men had arrived at that point where they were unwilling to ooncede ! anything to the views and sentiments of others, < there could be no further government. Anarchy and misrule must take the place of law and order, I und society be resolved into its original elemeuts. While tno speaker admitted that the immediate ! danger was pust, it would not be just to th.>se ' whom he was addressing, or to himself, to disguise the fact that there were many bitter opponents in nil sections of the country of the action of the gov ernment, and of even the government itself. At the North there were men, intelligent, Influential, and sincere, who charged that the government had sacrificed eveiy northern principle at the foot of southern power ; while at tne South, there were men equally intelligent and sincere, who charged that not ouly tne constitution, but southern interests and honor, hud been ottered up on the altar to appease northern abolitionism. Tnese men occupied direct ly op|>osite positions, nnd yet they were warring upon the government for the same cause. That ruiu must come upon the country, if either party was permitted to get control in its section, was too evident, he thought, to require anything but the simple statement of the fact to put all the true friends of the Union on their guard. In this connection, the honorable gentleman re ferred to the recent action of .South C arolina, lie de-ired to speak of that State kindly and respect fully, as was his nature. That she hud determined to strike a blow for disunion, was eviicnt from the action of the late convention in Charleston, the sen timents of h?r public men, and the tone of her presses and clubs. While he hoped and believed she wouli not secede, he was convinced she was at this time resolved to do so; and that it requued the exercise of great prudence and forbcarauce by the General Government and the Southern States to prevent it. There were three parties in South Carolina?the immediate secessionists, the ultimate secessionists, and the Union inen. Toe first were for dissolving (he Unionat once and by themselves; the second, more politic, mo e calculating, were equally determined to accomplish the tamo end. but tbey were in favor of "tarrying for a moment," in order to secure the co-operation of other Niuthern fltStilJ the third were friends of the Union, on the principles of the Union party of Georgia. The second party he considered the most dangerous, be cause it was the most politic. With tbcin disunion was a chronic disease?with the first it was only in flammatory. These two parties wore equally bent ujon the diet ruction of the got eminent To carry out this puipone, they had tendered the "letd" in the di-union movement to Georgia. The compli ment was grateful, yot it bad been firmly declined. It was new evidcu that, in tendering the "lead," it was done only ou the condition that < icorgiu would tread in the path whieh South Carolina should joint out for bar. Hut Georgia had marked out a j ath for herself?a straight and honest jmth, such ns her judgment approved of?and she would not peimit herreli -o be diverted from it either by the flattery or threats oi States near at hand or those at a distance. She had taken her position, aiid there she would stand, let other people aud States any and do what they phased. Mr. Cobb -aid he cruld not find appropriate trim" to U m ss him-ell in regard to the Geo gia Convention It bud, under trying circumstances, petfoimcd its whole duty?it had done light?and its action was but the entering up of the judgment of the p< ople He would say more, "lie verily belii ved Georgia bud saved the Union Suck the belief elsewhere- She bud excited the ad miration and respect of the patriots of ull sections of the country. So iust. so dignified, so wise, hud been her conduct, (hut he doubted not a vast and increasing majority of her sons would coutinue to upholu and defend it. Yet. he regretted to -ay thi.i his "Southern Kights" frhnds (of whom he rjsika with the utmost kindness and rc->j>eet.) were ? ifferently ilisiosed. Many of ibrin denounced the action of the Convention, while others of them professed a dirpo.-itiua to acquiesce in it, " bluidi nting as it ws? " lie would not call into qutstion the sincerity or pnlrioti iu of such men; yet he C< uid not beliere that Union men could safely rely ujonth eir ami-tatice In maintaining measures or n government which had "humiliated" anil "As graced" thriu Men inu-t co-operate cordially, and upon the convictions of their juilgiuents, or they eould accomplish no good, lie b-arcd, too, that if the people of Georgia "liould, by their votet, elevate such a party to power?a party thus " hu li!dinted" and dissati-flcd?it would uot be long, however differently its m. tubers may think now, before they would place themselves in sympathetic c<mmunicuiiM. with South Carolina, ami, with her. strike for dbunion. Here lav the real danger. Georgia mast be true t? herself?true to her own action?or the Union might yet be rent asunder. o must fiijlow out the |>atli she had marked for bi te If, resolutely and to the end, and it would con duel her t" safety and greatness. She was compe tent to take tare of herself, and did not requite tne itid or advice of any State, here or elsewhere, whi, h in gbt apply lor let tors of guardian hip He did u?t b fitve that i-outh t arohoa had the right to jeo pard the institutions of the South by her hasty and dl advi.-cd action Other State.- were equally in terested in those institution', anil she could not, in justice to theui, ake it upon herself to decide upon each momentous te-ucs, nnd drag them down with lies .well into the botlouilcs* pit of revolution and dis union. For one. be hoped that Georgia would give her to undets and, so tar as we are concerned, mat she ncid look lor no aid or sjinputhv t.oin this.'talc in h'-r sffoits to overthrow the government We may regret 'he course sht had marked out ? we mm cvvn syttipaih at- with her?but nothing uiore. \t e can never raoe oar hands against the Union for any thing in the past Mr. (Jobb depurated the formation of sectional parties, whetner they be called ".Southern rights" or otherwise Organise sectional patties at the North and houth, at the Mast and West?let them meet in the halls of Congress?let each insist " at all hatanfa and to the last extremity" that it is right and the ot Iters wrong?and he did not believe the I inon would endure one munth It could never "H!?'1** , bitterness, the hatred, and the violence which such a state of things would engender Tne position of Georgia was an enviable one. The lipid development of her varied resources? her gigantic system of internal Improvement.?her fuucatioDal ihi.d religion* advancement?her v?it productions her geographical position?and her rapid 'porease in population and power, made her nnphatioally the "Km pi re State of ,h, -.ou,h ? The improvement which was evident in every de partment ot industry in thi" city was bat a type of the ituprovemeiit>verj where visible throughout (he Mate And here be telt constrained to say, that to the capital, the enterprise, and the lines of commu nication projected by Savannah, the State waa in debted lor ntueh of her present prosperity and future prospects; and lie hoped, when he saw the feeling of unity which was springing up in all part" of the Mate, from the inounfaint to the *<*ab'?ard, that she would renlise the rich reward due to her unflagging industry and indomitable will, t'nex emplid prosperity reigned throughout our borders 1 here never was n freer or a happier people ; and If there was ene State more than another whose in terest" and greatness lay in the t was Geor **? It*n WM no haul t? her prosperity, tf afc; would be true to beret If. Her destiny, under Pro vidence, was in her own hands, and he hoped she would entrust it to the keeping of no other people, however gallant. But proiperous and huppy as we are, and enoouraging as our future prospects may be, it behooved us t* remember that we had bo oome what we are with the " stars and stripes" over our heads. He would leave it to others to euy what we will be with the " stars and stripes" be neath our feet! Oar Louisiana Correspondence. St. Mary's, La., May 14,1851. The Sugar and Cotton Crops of Louisiana and Texas?Probable Results of the Grmeing Crops. Since I wrote you from Texas last September, 1 have travelled through every^sugar growing parish in Texas and Louisiana. The sugar crop of last year, in Texas, reached near <>,000 tons, and the mo lasses about 800,000 gallons. I should say from appearances, that the present crop, if successfully secured, will nearly double that quantity. The orop of Louisiana wus 212,000 hogsheads, say about 150,000 tous, and the molasses about twelve millions of gallons; but the coming crop of Louisiana can not exceed 170,000 hogsheads or 120,000 tons, and molasses nine to nine and a half millions of gallons. The reasons for this are, tirst, the great and nume rous overflows of the sugar estatee on the Missis sippi caused by crevasses; Secondly, the great loss of seed cane. 1 know several planters who have not been able to plant one-half of what they had intended; and some others, whose intention was to have planted two hundred acres, could only plant from fifty to sixty acres, on account of losing their seed cane in the mats, by the dry rot. In the parish of Imfavette all the seed cane wus lost. 1q the parishes of Rapides and Avoyelles, the planta tions were first drowned out by an overflow of the Red River, and after the receding of the water, they were parched and dry, and the land baked up for want of rain, none havingfallen for seven weeks. The spring has been cold and windy, and the rat toons or stubble canes had scarce made their ap pearance on the first of May. The stand of canes is invariably bad in these parishes, aud a very short crop must ensue. In the Red River districts, Rapides, Bayou Rouge, Avoy elles, .St. Landry, Opelousas, Lafayette and bt. Martins, and the whole of the upper Bayou Bocuf, j and the whole surrounding country, there is not at this time 100 hogsheads of sugar in the purgerie?, and 1 do not think there is 10,(JOO hogsheads in the whole State. Sugar and molusses are largely in demand for Western consumption, and prices ure looking up daily. The crops in St. Martin and in St. Mary are looking pretty well, and I think the \ latter parish will make an average crop, say 20,000 , hogsheads, or 12,000 tons The river parishes will j certainly fall short by at least one-fifth of an ave- | rage crop. The northern parishes promise a good , crop of cotton and coin; in fact, every parish in the State, from present appearances, will produoe more corn this year than has ever beeu known. Louisiana ha? hitherto had to purchase corn from the West; this year, 1 think, she will have corn to spare, a* all t hese lands that could uot be planted in cane for want of seed, together with much new land, has been planted in corn and ootton. There is strong talk oi u railroad from New Orleans to Opelousas. Should this go through, it will greatly facilitate trade, and open a channel for speculation in north ern Louisiana, a gnat sugar country. Though the ; most beautiful aud interesting part of this State, it , is least known, having but few navigable streams ; ; but it needs but to be seen to be admired. Sugar and molasses will certainly command high j prices next fall. 1 suy this disinterestedly, as 1 do not own enough land to bury ine; but 1 am confi dent of what 1 say being correct. The sugar plant- | ers have need of it, as they are by no means such a ! rich community as some of the Northerners imagine. | The grcuter bulk of thein really live upon the in- i tenet of what they owe to others. The new process of MeL-en has proved a complete failure; 1 meau the plan of using bi-sulphute of lime. The rotatine machine is also grow iug into disuse, it being ex- i pensive and very wasteful. The v ueuuin process has involved a greut many , nluuters, and totully ruined others, whilst it ha? benefitted none except the patentees and manufac turers. The sugars most in demand, and which ure eagerly sought after, are strong grained kettle sugars, made upon the ordinary principle, (Mus oavudo,) and afterwards purified in the hogshead by a simple, easy, safe, cheap, and effective pro Cess, which at ouce makes the sugar white, or nearly so, as also nard hi.U dry; and these bleached sugais will ship without deliquescence all over the world. This cheap plan i- the accidental discovery of an Englishman, who, by his happy discovery, can, at the expense of Ave cents, turn a hogshead of mean and had sugar into a fair or choice article; and the substance u-id is as innooeut and hnrtn less as it is effective. 1 will write again, after another long journey I am about to make. PnxrjtATiCT ?. Our Dunkirk ( orrctprndf ncr. Dt nkiuk. May 18, 1831. Ti c Position and Prospects of Dunkirk?Its Natural Rejourns and Future Pro-ptritu. From the noise that is made about Dunkirk as the terminus of the Eric Railroad, WO miles from your city, .some facts 1 have gleuued about the village, its position and prospect?, and the glowing hopes of it" inhabitant" may not be uninteresting to your readers. In 1815, a military road was pro jected by l>e WUt Clinton aud others, to run through the southern tier of counties and terminate at Chadwick's Bay. Subsequently, impressed with its value as a Laibor, Do Witt Clinton and Col. Eliulza Jenkins and others bought land there for the site of a town, and called it Dunkirk, from it< resem blance to a port in France of that name. In 1821, a light-house was built at tho entrance to the harbor. The people of Dunkirk are tilled with ex cit -incut and cnthu-ia m at the prospect of their little village, containing troiu 1,500 to 2,000 in habitants, taking uwiiy the palm from Bullalo and Erie, and becoming the New York of the likes. They have already baptized it " the young giant of the west." Their elation is just in proportion to their fnmcr depicsaion. A few years ago. alien the Erie Railroad was on fool before, there was a wonderful stimulus given to the tillage, and the price* of lots nud house property ran high When the road wns abandon) <1. the rising energies of ibi little village were crush ed, aiid real estate sunk to one-third, or even one luuitb, of what it brought a short time before, livery one connected with it wus ruined, and the ' village wax deserted. Now again the value of pro j petty U tuhauced, and sjieculntors from New \ ork , and clecwheic are purchasing lots and buildings, ' or.J are rejoicing in the iuitnc.u>c gain which they 1 valculnte to make in two or three years, while other* ? arc planning schemes tor realizing inpid frriunc* in business. >1i l'ieue, of lihode island.and another getitlrtusn whose name I could no; learn, have ta ken lot* for the purpose of inimedit?ly erecting iacU-ths?tho one a railroad ear cstabic-buieut, and thij other a second Novelty Woiks. for the manufacture of engioes, and other iron work lequucd for railroad*, with a capital of film,1X10. liy this means, and by the employees aud workmen u ,uircd at the raiiioad terminus, the population wiilbtuioio thau doubled at once. Then the in crease, cousuqucut u|>on I his increase, in buildings, masons, carpenter*, grocers, bakers, butchers, dry goods stores, tailors. mainua maker*, an t all that class that supply buddings, food, rainieut, luxuries, or ornament*, will add twenty-Ave per cent more, thus raising the population in one year to 5,(JU0 or inhabitants. This is the point to which it is neceasuiy to bring population in order to it* future in crease by the natui al adv antages of the place The great difficulty is to obtain the first 3.000 inhabitants. After th it, if nature has given the locality a position for trade, commerce or manufactures, the popula tion will be augmented in proportion to the rela tive valu- of such position, the energy of the pco pie, and the spirit of the times. Daniel Webster, w bo is admitted to be a man of no ordinary saga city, says he expects to live to sec Dunkirk with 10,000 or 46,000 inhabitants, or as many as Buffalo boasts now. lie says, moreover, that a million of dollars caghtto be expended on the harbor without hesitation, cousidering its vast importance as the great connecting link between the hake* and the countty beyond the Lakes and New York city the emporium ol the new world and the old The people of Dunkirk, however, would be well satisfied with a quarter of a million of doiltr*, and that sum it is believed by competent judge* would be amply sufficient to make Dunkirk a magnificent harbor. Hitherto theie has bt cn only $80.01x1 expended upon it, and that in small sums at various intervals, and the entire amount has been rendered almost value less by allowing the woiks to go out of repair. Be sides ocing the nearest point to New York, it is the only spot on the shores of the lakes that pos sesses any natural advantage* for a harbor The entrance is forty feet wider than at Huffnbr, and thrre are eighty acres of stiff blue clay anchorage, hirst class steamers, fit fur the ocean, drawing from nine to ten feet of water, can be accommodated with safety and convenience. The war steamer Michigan stcaiued alt over the harbor the day the President left for Buffalo. During the celebration, the following steamers, besides the I'nited States steamer Michigan, were In port ?Niagara, Empire Mate. Empire, Key Monc Mate,'{ueen City, l^oui siana, linmond, llelle. The bay is of a crescent fottn. and all that is wanted is two lines of break water extending aeross from either horn of the crescent, to make this plsce both a good harbor of refuge, and a capital port for the trade of the lakes. The Buffalo people are jealous fbr obv ions re* on*, sod cry Uowu Dunkirk; but Lift one is come to t'i.> mspite y( fiver/ oppv?iU?u A Utw vf ?teamen will run from Dunkirk to Detroit, in con nection with the Erie Railroad, and thus divert much of the trade from Buffalo, rtome idea may be formed of the future greatneee of Dunkirk, when it is stated that the trude of the hiked amounts to three hundred millions of dollars mutually The hog trade of the West will take the di rection of Dunkirk, and the animals will be slaughtered there instead of at Cincinnati. Al ready one house, largely embarked in the trade, have taken measures to settle at Dunkirk Others, of course, will follow the example. By the present route of the hog trude, it takes about three mouths to bring the merchant a return ol his money. At Dunkirk, by sending the unimals by the Erie rail road, he can hare it in two days. Dunkirk i? des tined to be a great warehousing place for floar and other provisions. All u New ^ ork moichuut bus to do in winter, or any season of the year, is to tele graph there for so many barrels of flour, lie has them next day by railroad. Cheese, butter, ksh and game ubouuuitig in this district, will fiud a ready and speedy market in New York From a single store in a little tillage on Lake Erie, not far front Dunkirk, daring the last year, there were $200,000 worth of cheese shipped for Buffalo. All this will ind its way toDuukirk. I huutauque county, in which Dunkirk is situated, is one of the greatest cheese counties in the State of New \ork, and for butter it is cquully distinguished. Lust fall, two hundred and seventy tons of butter pas-ed through Dunkirk. The whole district is extremely fertile, as indicatedby the dark verdure of the grass and foliage. The country for many miles behind it is rich iu pasturage, in agriculture, and some of the fiuest cattle 1 ever saw are to be found there. There ii one peculiarity about the situation of Dunkirk, that beieuiter will contribute to hasten its prosperity. It is its easy grade to the water's edge. The ascent is so gradual that it is scarcely perceptible to the eye, and the railroad can run down to tae very wharf, and thus expense and time will be saved. Of course Buffalo will alwuvs be a great commercial city, but Dunkirk claims to divide the spoils with it. * From the beauty of its scenery, and the nature of its shore, it possesses an advantage which Buffalo wants. It is fitted to be a fine watering place, and is much resorted to in the summer season. Magni ficent trout abound in the Lake. In anticipation of a great increase in the number of summer residents, and also from sojourners en gaged in business, a new hotel, called the Loder House, has beeuoreoiodby Col. J. Hemphill, though not yet finished. It oovera as much ground as the Astor House or Irving House. The ball room, which is BO feet by 00, is one of the finest 1 have ever seen. The building, when completed, will contain one hundred and. sixty rooms for hotel pur poses. It is buik on an admirable plan, and does much credit to the architect, Mr McKnight. It is situated in the best part of the principal street of the village, and commands, a glorious view of the lake. Opposite to it is a very handsome church. Altogether, the prospects of Dunkirk are bright and t&ir, and. at no distant day, it will, in all proba bility, rank bigh iu the scale of the cities of the Empire .^tate. Our Callfbsnkt Comtpondfiicc. San Francisco, (Cal) April 1, 1951. The Indian Mission?State of Trade?Rue in the Price of (Sola?law State of Morality, tfc. tfc. I returned, a week ago to-day, from the camp of the United States Indian Commissioners, on the river Fresno. You will perceive by the newspa pers by this mail, how tar the commission has pro gressed in its work. A treaty has already been made with the Gentiles (as they are called by the volunteers), composing five tribes. A location has been selected for them on the Merced river, and they arc to be furnished by the United States go vernment with all sorts of agricultural implements, and to have their farms stocked. One huudred and sixty acres of land is to be allowed each family; seed*, plants, &c., are to be distributed amongst them, and proper persons sent by the government to instruct them in the use and value of the articles mentioned above. One or two tribes on the head of the Tualumne river had not come into camp up to the time of my leaving, and it wa- feared thai they would have to be finally brought under subjection and made to treat with us. Major lavage, of the State Volun teers, was making preparations to start out against them, under (it is said) the sanction of the commis sioners. His command had not started, up to the time 1 left the Kio Fresno. ( apt. Kirkendale, of the Volunteers, had had a fight with a party of lndiaus. high up ou the San Joaquin river, u'nd it resulted in the killing of ten or twelve of the " Geutilet," and seme fifty or sixty wounded. Lieut. Wm 11. Smith, formerly of Ste venson's Regiment of Volunteers, was wounded in the side by a poisoned arrow. 1 was told that the wound was not a very dangerous one, and that he will no doubt recover from it. Great excitement has pervaded the commu nity for the past month, in consequence of the imprisonment of Mr. Walker, of the San Franrifco Herald, for a contempt of court, in consequence of an article having appeared in that paper reflecting ou the public aotious of Judge I'a'sons, of the District Court.? Another cause is the murder of a < upturn Jarvis, of this place, by a man named Slater, said to be a "Sidney cove:" and the releasing of Charles l'uane, alius "Dutch Charley," formerly of New "straw bail,' indicted by the grand jury \'o:k, on _ for-hooting a man named Fayall, with intent to kill lutu To a stranger arriving in thi- place, things will 1" ok -trance: he will wonder why so many people are assembled at different points of the streets, in knots of five to ten, some conversing with very se rious countenances, and other-1 again declaiming under a state ol the greatest excitement. Should you pass near enough to any of these little clubs, you will hear, "lie ought to bo strung up in the plaza immediately, without any huinoug trial,'' or that "lie ought to be turrcdandfeathered, have his hcadshu\ed, and driven >ut of the country. All these remarks bode no good: nml wo betiilo a boor devil who expresses hiin<elf? not ku >wing or Living heard of any of the particulars?that pos sibly the man might be innocent. He is looked upon at orue as an accomplice, and if he is not a very prudent man. will ccrtaiuly get into trouble. (>n the other buna, you find another party, com monly called the " b'hoys." who swear, that if "t barley" is punished, they will not only "lam" the judge of jurv who convicts huu. but " lay 'etn out cold," and tben set fire to the towa. .9o, yoisee (hat we lire in a constant state of excitement and alaim, tot knowing whether our lives or property are safe from one moment to another. tjuite an important movement has taken place in gold duit since the sailing of the last steamer; the price has been raised to {(17 per ox. troy, an in c ruse of $1 per ox This has ha 1 a tendency to raise the price of bills on the liastern States, and will also nave the effect to levive business, and in duce a great many of the miners in the mining re gion to part with their dust, instead of hording it,up as foiuicrly; lor I have no doubt that a great many of them have preferred holding ou to it rather than part with it for goods or coin, at the rate of $11) per ox , knowing it to be so far below its intrinsic value. Although but three or four days have elapsed since this step was taken, the merchants, and others here engaged in trade, begin already to feel the good < fleets of it, and I have no doubt that the shipment of gold dust by tbe steamer of to-day will be much Inraer than by the two previous ones. There has been no lack of uinuscuicnts here for the past month. Masquerade halls, on the inost 11 heial principles, have served to while sway many a dull evening, while the "rnees" at tho Mission Do lor< ?. got up by that prince of good fellows, and one well known to your sorting circles?Toin Hattclle? have set the whole town croxy Swarms of beauti ful little "(^risottes," from Sunny France, may givi ou a song for twenty-live cents, while a son "i the Uelcstlal Umpire offers you n nice relish in the siape of a small sued rat, which he offers to cook for you if you prefer it, over a small spirit lamp. The shipwrecked Japanese are now tb) lions " of the lorn, and a prnje:t is on fort lo lit up a vessel and take them home. I have endeavored to fur nish you with a few items that 1 thought urght be of interest to your retders: nud if you think they are worth publishing, I will have only gratified my self at the idea that they were ploased. TrouviUNE Ft.AUstai r, j JACxanxviu.R, March 21), 1951. Interesting Examination of a Prisoner for Murder ? The my Jnsltrt is Dispensed. The usual quiet of our little town was last even ing thrown into a state of epileptio excitement of the high pressure kind, by the report that a most shocking and aggravating murder had been commit ted on "Central Ridge." We hastened immediately to the spot, attended by our numerous and efficinnt corys of tepoiters. Wo there found tho greatest ex citement pr< vailing among the populace It aceflacaft as though " Old Nil," on his srint-aonual arrival at the equator, not content with changing onr hitherto beautiful balmy weather and Italian skies into cold drixxling rain and chilling foirs, wished to an nounee his approach into tho Northern hemi sphere, hy making an equal change on tho hitherto amiable and law abiding citizen* of onr lovely val ley, converting them ?7u ('urtisville into demons. (>t e Homhie, hitherto remarkable for his qnaker like simplicity and peaceable disposition, we found with bis shirt steeves rolled up, crying "blood' mil lick f blood another was riming full lick for the ferry to obtain a rope from Captain* 0,1 found I and Dean : ? third was "selecting a'g > A stont limb for the purtosa of r' ??ng LSm a higher luU al

cohol li?vji *Uc*d| doiic to W|fL ft (our village chaplain) was endeavoring (but in vain) to find a prayer book to perform the last sad rites of Christian burial, alter the interesting ceremony of hanging was over. Finding it in vain to reason with the infuriated mass, we despatched a messenger for Deputy Sheriff Murshall, who, with liis usual promptness, quitted his game of "freeze out," audarriving on the spot, arretted the culprit, aud tsok ebarge of him for the night. This morning, at uiue o'clock, his honor Justice Pike bfkl an examination at the " Bella Union." The coust was thronged with spectators, among whom wore many of our oldest inhabitants. W e observed onr talented and respected townsman, Dr. J.senlapio Harris, looking as wise as ever, with his outward nun adorned in a maimer surprising to behold. It was evident thut he had abaodonedthe " Old Pine Tree," aud struck a rich streak some where else. Ho was rigged ouit in a sky blue claw hammer jacket, with gilt buttons. We were a lit tle taken aback, however, whea we discovered his shirt appearing through the armpits. Counsellor Griffiths looked wise, but said mthing. The court loom was silent as death; so intense was the excite ment, you could have beard a ciow-bar drop upon auy of the benches,. su?e when the solemn stillness was interrupted by 'he unmusical sound of the toddy stick in theliauds of 8euatorComstcok. We would suggest to the worthy Senator, that in future, if he must mix toddy within the sacred wills of iwatioe, that he puts a muliter on his toddy stiak. We were also much shocked to see u party of our oldest and most respected citizens playing euchre in court; we hope we shall never be sailed upon agitin to rebuke the like offence. The following was the testimony taken vtrbulim:? Mr. Gallup, sworn?1 was not there mt the time; heard the report of pistol; entered the tent and saw that man shoot the ot,her man; that man (looking all arouud the court) wantvd to fight the other man; the other man was pulling that man by the hair; save the hole in the hat; could not say thaj the pistol bull ouused the hole in the-hat. Cross-examined?The man that shot at the other rnuu was three feet from him; could have shot him if be had wanted to at forty rods. Datnen Fisher.?This witness, more popularly known as "King Henry the Kighth," was the at traction of all, trom his wellkuown love of justice. He stood aloof from all others, with his arms fold ed, aud that deep resolution imprinted on his noble countenance, which seeineek to exclaim with the elder Brutus, " Let justice be done, though the heavens fall " (Sworn ) Was taking my nap, ("my custom always upon, an ufternoon--8hak speaie,") when the noise of. drunken men awoke me from the arms of Murphy.. I went into the tent and saw the prisoner shoot the other man through the head, and send a ball through his bat. Cross-examined.?Cannot swear but the holo in the bat was there before the pistol was fired. Can not say that there was anything but powder in the pistoL Hese several witnesses were examined, who testi fied to the goad character of. the accused, that he was a " whole souled fellow, and stood treat often.." Counsellor Hosmer, in an elaborate aud eloquent manner, addressed the couit for the space of two hours, not stopping even onoe to take a pull at his long pipe, when his honor Justice Pike bound the accused in the sum of two hundred dollars to keep, the peace for thirty days. Pl.acervu.le, March 23,185L. The Indian TrouLUs?Tht Pojndation. of PUuerville ?Gold Digging, IfC. 1 have no doubt you have heard of the difficulty we had with the Indians in this vicinity. Ln my opinion it is a perfect humbug, anl if the whole truth was known it would not reflect much credit on the whites. Placerville ii a flourishing town with six or eight thousand inhabitants, (towu and vicinity,) is loca ted in the centre of n large mining district, and on the road from the Plains, fifty-five miles from Sa cramento City. It is the first town the emigrants from the Plains strike in California. Miners are averaging from to $8 per day; pro visions plenty and cheap. Hanging for stealing is a common occurrence. Gold is getting scarce and rogues plenty. 8. C. Letter from (tea. Th. JrffrrtM SatherUnd. Old Fokt Kearney, Table Creek, > Nebraska Territory, May 3, 1861. $ Kuow je the lautl of the c-Uar and Yin#, YVherc the flowers ever blossom and the beam* ?Yer thiae, And all, my# the spirit of aian. la divine ? James Gordon Bennett, Est*, t? Dear Sir 1 have just crossed the river for the purpose of a tramp in the Nebraska territory. But what a change. "And such a change " has come upon the country, that 1, andatl other vovagmrs, are stopped in our career. We have here had, for xe vera! weeks, a warm and delightful spring, starting up the grass upon the prairies, ana bringing out Dowers, blossoms and loliage. But, with the be ginning of this present week, the weather became " March like," and day before yesterday we had a snow storm come down upon us in full flurry, heap ing its blighting flukes upon flower and leaflet. It is said by the older residents that the cold of the prevent week has had noparnllcl within their know ledge, in this region of couutry. By this change of weather, the emigrant trains, which arc crossing in Seat numbers at Council Bluff, will be delayed, as e cold will most assuredly kill most of the vegeta tion which might have afforded food for cattle, and destroy the virtue of the young grass upou th# prairies. In fact, the cold of this present week will set the spring bock at least one month. 1 have so written before, and now repeat, that the lands of the, comprising the western part of Iowa, in point of richness of soil, ease of cultivation, and beauty of prospect, huro no parallel in the United Mates. Vet 1 would not Lave these remaks taken as advising any honest aud industrious citisens that they should coino here fbr the purpose of making settlements, at this time?because the lauds on which settlements could bo mado have all been "claimed up," aud are now held in parcels?measuring from 920 to 2,000 acres?by squatters, who demand more than the government prioe for the privilege of making a settlement, it is not for improvements that the squatters demand u price, but for the privilege of settlement, and their protection. If a man refuses to )iay their demands, and attempts to make a set tlement, though it be on lands a mile from any other settler, ho is denounced as a claim jumper, and lynched. I travelled 3)0 miles in Western Iowa, thiough a tract of laud not yet surveyed, and found no spot of eurth on which I would be per mitted undisturbedly to uiako a settlement, without paying a larger sum of money than the government price of the land ; and yet there was not one family to ten quarter sections eligible for settlomeut. | Therefore, I advise no one to emigrate to Iowa un ! til the next Congress shall have been in session. Iowa, on the Missouri river, has been divided | into nine eountics ; and the area of this river tier of I counties cannot be less than 8,000 square miles; and yet, at a recent election for a circuit judge, the whole vote was as follows:? 1 I-or litiues ."loan (Mormon) 113 For ( hriMoptwr P. Brown (Jesuit) lt?2 i For fluistoi her Burton 3 Whole number of votes cast "?77 Thus it is, a population with a show of only five huidr. d and so uTy-scv en votes in a contested election, claim an area of government ui surveyed lai d amounting to six thou and square miles; and, without work themselves, (relying upou the tale of claims for support) they prevent the land from be ing occupied by those who wonld work and cultivate it. lletice, here, where provisions grow in abun danco, by simply sowing and planting, and cattle and begs grow and fatten themselves en the natural mast, tiic co t of living to the -tranger and the mechanic is greater than in the cities of the Atiautic border. There are many persons in Western Iowa who had sold out their |K>Mexsions in the eastern Mates, und emigrated to th's section of the country with a view to better their condition; but when arrived, they could make no settlement without paying prices equal to the cost of lauds in other sections? and prices entirely beyond tboir means to meet, After having defrayed the expenses of the emigra tion of their families, and having sunk their little means in getting here, they could not return, and to live, have been obliged to shelter themselves in hovels, and become hirelings to the usurpers of tfc'i soil) and there are now more ranters on the unsur vaj'd government land in Iowu. than in any partof the Mats of New York or Pennsylvania, of the same cxtont, excluding the large cities. . There are also many persons engaged in laying out Iowds on the un*urv\\od government land in Iowa, and ia selling the lots to ignorant people, of which the grantors have no more title than bail the devil to the cities of the world which he 'bowed unto oar Saviour from the Mount. Green ones Rre also buying "claims' from the squatters, and pay ing prices varying from fflOU to #2,000. If these niue counties of Iowa, which border on tho oast bank of the Missouri river, were put up at auction by the government at Wu-bington, they would bring, as a body of land, nt least p2d per acre: and the purchase would bo a grand speculation at that price. Yet the squatters tdl the green ones who Luy their claims, that they will get this creain 'and of the whole Union upon tho paymeat of the mini mum price of f 1 23 per acre, to the puhlio trta ?ojT . - .. 1 he lands of these en?tcrn MDW.< are also being much damaged by a spoliation of th'' timber, which has been carried on, rioce I8W, with perfsot im punity Bomo portions are ia the process ol being completely denuded, aad will thus he rendered worthless for cultivation, whereby the publio trea sury Is defrauded, atari tho poor people ot the 1 nioB robbed of their rir'ntfril plaee- for homes and family shelters. Wherefore, 1 would suggest that the?# matters deserv# tho attention of the government at WatbtDgtoR. Respectfully yours, lie. OW WuUngton C?mipon4(ncei Washington, May 24,1851. The Mexican Claims Again?Susptnsion of Pay ment to Messrs. Hargous If Co., Ifc. The Secretary of the Treasury has suspended the payment of $404,000 of the awards to Louis L. Har gous, the total amount of which was $802,082 28. The house of Hargous It Brother claimed before the Mexican Commission over three million of dol lars. Of tho claim allowed as good, Mr. Hargous received about half the amount; the other portion being due to his partner, Mr. Voss, who is a foreign er, ^s not, of course, recognized by the commission as u claim to be paid by the United States. But although the bourd did uot recognise the claim a far MU Mr. \ oss wus concerned, the government j holds that Mr. Hargous must be responsible fur tho debts due by his partner to the Uuited Slates, and hence the suspension of the ubove amount of $404,000. It appears that the house of llargous It Co. were appointed the agents to receive the instal- I mi nts from Mexico, in cash, which were to be puid under the treaty of 1839 to the United States, for ! the benefit of the claimants, under the mixed com mission. In 1845, Voss, as ono of the partners of the house, gave the Mexican Secretary of the Treasury a reeeipt for $280,000, the receipt stating that he | had received the money as an instalment, in con formity with the terms of the treaty, en efectivo, I that is, in cash. Shortly after this, a change oc- j curved in the Mexican government, and Mr. Voss declared that he had received no value for the re- I ocipt he had signed, and whioh had been given as I a matter of accommodation, the money to be paid at a future time by bonds on the customs, lie. The Mexican government, however, refused to rccog- j niso any agreement, and produced the receipt, as 1 evidence of the paymeut having been made in good faith* 'lite result wus, that this government lost the luonev; and Congress, in 1817, made the loss good to the claimants, by the issue of five per cent stock, for the amount of their awards. The Secre tary of the Treasury has computed the loss, with interest, at $404,000. and suspended that amount from the awards to llargous, on the ground that Vess was his partner, and that by virtue of this partnership, be gave the receipt for the missing in stalment. Voss and Hargous aro both natives of Switzerland?Hargous being a naturalized Ameri can citizen. The United Stutes stock issued to foreigners, during the week ending May 23,1851, amouuted to $33,401), vti.:?Loan of 1842, $2,000; do., 1843, $1,000; do., 1847, $30,100. ?str Princeton Correspondence. Princeton, May 21,1851. The Juggernaut Car of Barnum's Menagerie Thrown into the Canal by the Student*. 1 write you a short piece of news, which, perhaps, has not already reached you, and may be worth recording, even in your celebrated Herald. Yester day, Barnum'e show and menagerie entered this town in grand entrie, led by the far-famed Car of Juggernaut, wbich was left standing in front of the house of the Vice Prosident of Nassau Hall, and which, of course, was the subject of conversation among the students. At last it was agreed among them to take the vohiclo to the canal and launch q"Ku. wu*tere' anJ M the cIo<* tolled twelve, they might be seen assembled around the cannon planted in the oentre|of the College campus, when the procession moved on, and iu one hour they had brought the car upon the banks of the canal, ana after sundry ground and lofty tumblings, it was launched mto its destined clement, and was left to soothe its battered limbs with the cooling and magic waters of the Delaware and Karitan ? ii ?.rom. daybreak this morning until nine 0 clock, the showmen were engaged in hauling it out, but it was fouud so much damaged that they could not proceed to New Brunswick until the black smith had applied the hammer to it; and the mana geri miy that 4nothor car will hare to be procured. 1 bus was Barnuui outdone fer once as only could be done by such as the noble Princetsu boys. J. K. M., Nassau Hall. Oar Canadian Correspondence. Toronto, May 21, 1851. 77ir Ojmingof Parliament?The Governor UrntraPs Speech Hurt, it and Ontario Railroad?The Da vel dts, fye., 1 he opening of the Provincial Parliament, yes terday afternoon, was a vapid affair. The Gover nor General proceeded to the legislative balls, with all the pageant of mimic royalty, escorted by a troop of dragoons, amidst the roaring of canuon, and encumbered throughout the whole route by gnpiDg crowds; but the whole proceeding was, nevertheless, stale and unprofitable. Not a cheer relieved the dull monotony?not an eipression that could indicate the presence of feeling, whether to wards the Governor General personally, or to wards her of whom he is the accredited representa tive. The speech delivered by his excellency was, in the main, a dry epitome of events patent to all the world, the references to intended measures being few and unsatisfactory. He intimated that a moa sure will be introduced for carrying out the recom mendation* sanctioned by Karl Grey, in his recent despatch, with regard to the reduction of the civd list, and the transfer of military charge.., Ac An inetease in the parliamentary representation of the province is again recommended; bnt the precise principle to be acted upon does not appear. II umor m r VWteP"'K *Il"??'on of the territorial divisions of the province is intended, nod the country press is already blUant upon the subject. I lie only other recommendation made by "is excellency, Is to amend the school and inuuici pal laws of hastern Canada, '? with the view of so curing, in a more ample manner, for that section of the province, the beuefiU wbich these enactments arc designed to coufer." The baldness of the speeoh has been generally re marked upon by all who heard it, and is isierelv commented upon by this morning's papers?torv and radical. r r The most rema.kablo feature in the Legislative Assembly was - the second advent " of Wui. Lyou Mackenzie. Sundry mad Orangemen had threatened to shoot him it he presumed to appear, and a modest row was exiiected, but he was allowed to walk in quietly, and to proceed with the preparation of the iiji^ileii with which he is to finn >t ail .sides of tho House. Before the adjournment, he gave notice of half a dozen motions, and presented petitions on all ?ort* of Mhjcctf. Other number* notice of motions to impose differential duties on United Males produce, and to exact duties on all pine logs exported hence to your side of I he lakes-the ob ject or the latter btug to protect the pockets of the colonial luiftber inanufucturer. Grrst preparations are going on for eclebrating her Majesty s birth-day, on Saturday, with unn-aai fuss. In additiou to ordinary modes of holiday- . making, n balloon is to ascend, and a grand display of firework* to take place, both under tbo inanige uient ot Dr. Nupbcgyi, tbe Hungarian exile. A \cry iinportAin nuit between the Corporation of Toronto and Mr. A Fnruis*, or Montreal, touch efficiency of the Toronto waterworks, of whieh he is the proprietor, ha. ju?t resulted in a verdict against fnm, with #8.001) damages ? *nvc already apprised you of the eiubarramucnt in which the Ontario, Mitncoe, and Huron Railway Company have been placed, by the absence ?f all public confidence in their undertaking, as manifest ed in tbe refusal of the citizens of Toronto to sub scribe for the required amount of tbe stock To save the scheme from annihilation, a public meeting has been held in this city, at which a sommittM was ap pointed to conduct a canvass for subscribers; a de claration beii.g distinctly made, however, to the effect that a change In the direction is essential, be fore one cent be handed over to the treasurer I Ion. I I. J. Boulton, the president of the concern, la a po litician whom nobody trusts; and M Capreol, ihc projector, manager, and treasurer, is so excessively popular that the meeting in question hissed him from the platform Three-fifths of the stock of the j company are in the bauds of the contractors, Messrs. Story It Co., of tbe Umpire State. One ol the rente! proposed for this railroad, runs through, or near to, a settlement called Aharon, or Dividtown, composed of the members of a some what singular sect. Tbe founder was a David Wd son, a scccder from the Society of Friends, who c*me here some years ago, with a few followers, from the Mate of New York; and having establish ed a sect of their own, became known as Dai idites. 1 hey have erected two large buddings of a most singular appearance. One is designed to be an imitation of the aucient Jewish temple?the ground Uoor is sixty feet square and twenty-four feet high; above this is a gallery for tho musicians, and above this again, a tower or steeple In the interior is a largo space enclosed by twelve pillars, on each of which is inscribed In gold letters the name of one of the apostles. Within these again, are four others, inscribed In like manner, with the words, "hope," "faith," '? charity," "love." These surround an outer cabinet, of elaborate workman ship, in some rc-pocte resembling a Chinee pa gmla. On the first Friday in September this temple is brilliantly illuminated. The second building is the meeting house, which Is sur rounded on the outside by rows of pillars, and, in the interior, is ornamented in a very fantastic manner. Of the peculiar tenets of these people. 1 ennnot speak: whatever they may be, they do not binder I ?avid. the high priest, or hie devoted fol liwets, trim the vxerc'se of generous hospitality to r - . , a. '*? i; 'i ; .,1 Tlp,U eai./ii wisdom lui been manifested in the choice o(|a&s off the meat fertile and finely timbered spots la toe pre* vuice. Aa yet, very few British Immigrant* hare arrived here, thia seaeou. 1 ho* who have made their ap pearance hare chiefly come through New York, and ure bound for the Huron district The immigra tion via Quebec doe a not faixly commence until next month. A grand concert la to be given under the auspice* of the Ladies' Branch of the Auti-rilavery bociety for the relief of colored refugees. Anolo-Amciuc ,ut. The Tthaantoper Expedition. Tho following letter appeared in the New Orleans PUayvnt of the 17th inst. :? El Bakkio, Mexico, April 4, 1H&1. Your fuvors of the t>tb and 27th of h ebruary, and 27th of March, are just received by the Alabama After my report of the H'.h January, and other letters troiu Chcvcla, I again addressed you from Boca del Monte, communicating the progress of tba .-urvey up to that period. This was supposed to bo the latest date which would reach Minutitlun in tiiae for the Alabama's third trip. We were in drily expectation, for a month or more, and for this cause 1 wrote no further. 1 have now to state that the survey is nearly completed, as far as 1 consider necessary for pre sent purposes, aud that most satisfactory results have Wen obtained 1 will briefly comnaunicatw (be results. Mr. Temple's survey of the river shows that h* considers it navigable, at all stage*, as high as Su chil, for light draught steamers, aud to Paso JSara bia, or higher, during the rainy scavon. lie had been on the Pacific coast for a month, and though he has not vet made the soundings, he has no doubt about the depth of water, aud considers either tbd Yentoea or Salina Crux available for a harbor, tho latter preferable. In fact, this coast may be con sidered as practicable as many or most land-locked harbors on the Atlantic, for the prevailing and strong winds are from the north and off the chore, against which, of course, the land affords protec tion; and though the surface of the water may bd rough, and a strong surf breaks on the shore, yet nothing like a sea is raised, and steamers or res. ?e's con IW in perfect safety. The southerly or southeasterly winds, which occur in certain periods of the rummer, are little more than squalls, and not at all daugerous. I do not thiuk breakwaters absolutely accessary, but eventually some arrange ments would be made for landing and receiving passengers aud goods with facility. In the coin mencemcut of tbe enterprise, good surf boats aro all that would be necessary. 1 think there can bu no doubt about the entire practicability of thia court. 1 will now speak of the railroad route. From tbe Ventosa to the foot of the mountain* we have level plains, offering a choice of routes, plenty of stone and timber at hand, of the best qua lity, for the structure. The cost of this portion (about thirty five miles) will be very trifling. Tha ascent of the mountains by the Masahua Pass had now been surveyed, and the line run through be yond the .Sarabia. The result is found to be that a grade offurty or fifty feet per mile can be carried up the Pass, and that the difficulties are not greater than have been surmounted on roads in the united States; thence to the Lomas de Xochiapa, say fifteen miles, the ground is easy or moderately broken. Through the Lomas de Xochiapa, say fifteen miles, more difficulties again occur, but they are not extraordinary ; theuco ten or twelve miles further to the Sarabia the ground id perfectly easy. Through the forest country, frooa Paso dc la Puerta, to the Jaltepec, and thenoe through to Jcsistepcr, some difficulties will be met with, but I fancy nothing serious. The surrey had actually, at this moment, been extendod from tha foot of the Masahua Pass to the Sarabia, andthenoa Mr. Avery's party is extending it towards Paso da la Puerta and the Jaltepec. Mr William's party hare just gone down to tbe Jaltepec, towards JetU tepec. An this will, 1 think, be completed in a month, and the parties ready to return by the mid dle or latter part of May. As Mr. Avery has al ready made a reeonnoisanco from Minutitlan to Jo ei-tepcc, and t'ouod the ground to offer no difficul ties, 1 do not consider an aetnal survey neoessary for present purposes, as tbe question is plain ana tha ground easy. In addition, in my letter from Boca del Monte, 1 stated the expediency, in the first in stance. of commencing the line on the Jaltepec Taking the whole extent of the road into consider ation, the ground is remarkably easy, and timbor, stone, Ate., are at hand in abandonee; and the right of way (so serious an item in the United Mates) will have cost little or nothing. No estimate can be made at present, but I think 1 am sate in aaying that the means appropriated by the committee aro ample. In relation to the lands connected with the grunt, I think it safe to say, a finer tract cannot ho fouud in the world. An immense number of invaluable productions (comprehending all, or almost all, the valuable pro ductions of tropical climates) can be raised here with tbe greatest facility, while the forests abound with natural productions of great value. Throw in an enterprising population here, and the Isthmus would become the garden spot of the world. in relation to opening a travelling route, 1 think it is only necessary to establish slearners connect ing with the two cousts?a small steamer or steam ers on the river?and the horse or mule transporta tion across would soon be supplied. Passenger* cau be got across the lsthmu> with such means in six or seven days trom Minatulan to tbe Pacific. Thert are people on tin 1-tlimus rtady to estab lish the lana communication the momeut the steam ers ctmuHT.ce running, so that this part ef the business will give the company no trouble. In conclusion, there can be no exaggeration in saying that this is the route, and the one which will super sede all others; and, leaving out of consideration the value of the route, the value of the lands, and the local wealth to be produced, would almost pay the building of the railroad, and be an immense contribution to tbe commerce of New Orleans. I believe, moreover, that no statement or estimate you have seen made as yet realties the full valua of this route and grant?it can scarcely be appre ciated. I would say, too, that the people on the Lthmusarr all friendly, to the utmost degree, to the enterprise, and 11 ml large MlMtrlfltMM of stock can be obtained by an authorized agent. 1 should mention that rich beds of iron ore exist here, and that indications of silver are apparent. Keports will be made on tbe subject ; a geologi cal examination has been made, and suchresear -he* n* could be made, with our means, into the natural production- of the Isthmus. 1 would mention, officially, that i am convinced that Mr. Ttastour's operations on the Pacific have been carried on with great real and energy, and under great disadvantage*. Mr. 1 tuple state* that his charts are excellent, and perfectly reliable I feci it a duty to state this, as so much has been cir culated to his dieadvantagr I think the -urveying will get through their work by the end ot this month, and will t?e ready for trauspoitation at Minatillan by the loth Ms) (>f the funcx now remaining available here, there a-c about $7.ft Ml still in Tekuaatcpec. #3.7U0 here, ar.d fci.niU still remaning in \ era Crua, say fib,** in all, winch will bo, I thiuk, sufficient to pay lh? expenses of Ihe parties, and, 1 should think, two thuds or three-fourths their salaries. I am. ve-y respectfully, your ob't serv't, J. ti. Barnard, Hvt. Mpjor U. ?. A. Naval ltrform. A good iloai appear* to be said upon this subject, and very little hvery on.' seems to be agreed that eome reform Is met Mary. The publi press savs so; the navy say* so: the ^cretarj "f tb?* Navy makes it the burdeit of his annual report; and too fites.-uten thunder it out on the floor d t-u.igres*. \ by is nothing doiicl . Ten million- is no small onu to be tumbled oaf of the people's pockets into a concern winch se< lus at least to be of doubtful character. There inay be many auswers to our question. One ie very evident. Leery body, after taming ? great deal about me matter, obsequiously says to tbo di-eaeed body, heal yourself 1 t*J appoint a Navy Hoard l" settle the matter?the board may be composed of the very men who peed reforming themsefrr*?it is generally formed from one gradw in the navy, moat hkeiy the v?ry grade most iat? re?ted in perpetuating abuses and smothenug re fill un Mouareh.- may resign, but aristocraciea never surrender their privilege*. " hat wonder, then, that the report* ot these navy boards are hut n.)ml< plea? for the perpeteatioo of the preroga tives and privileges ot the members of the board. It is said that Air. Ku b, dining one day with tho eccentric Jeremy Bent hats, had a long con versatioa with him respecting the 1 nited States, "Keep your salaries low." -aid Mr. Bentham; " it is one of tbe secrets of ibe success of your government But wbat is this," he inquired, "called Ihe Board of Kavy < on>iniMiorien I don t understand it." Mr. Hush explained it Is him. "1 ean't say that I hk? it, ' replied Mr Bentham. " The simplicity of your public dspartment# ha- hitherto been one of their recommendations; but boards make eoreene; if anything goes wrong, you don't know where t? find the offenders; it was the board that did it. and not one of the members: always the board, tho board." * . It ia too late now for Congrsiv and the Laecutiv? to put <-ff their duties upon naval boards? the coun try will not stand it. If a pout office ref(Jr"' or ? tu'.iff reform, or a slavery measure is celled for^m the matter entrueted to a board ef one-sided iad* vidual*. shut up in secret conclave, in a closed room 1 The navy is no more complicated, no m<>r? difficult to understand, than these questions are. 'J here will be no reform while navy board* era I rusted with the matter ; but let the press hoist tho banner of " Naval Heform" at 1U masthead, and there toon will be. In the meantime, navy hoar da are respectfully invited to read the history of Jam** II . in Maoanley's great work, and learn that whet? those strong in plaee and power push individual privilege* and aristocratic prerogatives against the times, the times walk eoolly ever the whota *? A (en word* uierc at aaother tiaa* 0. a. *%*

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