Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 3, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 3, 1851 Page 3
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DfTIREBTHrO C0&&E8P0HDESCE Oar H'atwlaf Place Corwipnimc*. Saeatooa Sraisios, May 30, 1851. Jlfpmrwart of Saratoga m May?The Preparations for tht coming Season. Here 1 am, at the world-wide famed watering place, a few week* ahead of time, but it id all a mistake. I was "ticketed" for Burlington, Vt., and expected to have been there ero tliis. 1 cauie up the river ou the .Siuth America, arrived in Albany too late f ?r the Brat train of cars from Troy to Whitehall, supposed I was doing tho next best thing by taking the 10 o'olock train; but after coming ou hero, at almost a null's pace, I found that, for all practical purposes, I could have as well remained in Troy or Albauy until 8 o'clock, and decided to remain here uutil the evening train come* Along, concluding?wisely 1 thiuk?that a few divi sions of latin's common abhorrence could be as de cently murdered at .^aratogu as at Whitehall. Thus much, dcnr reader, was considered necessary, to let you understand that 1 have made a mistake in referring to tho calendar, by turniug two loaves st a time; considered that I was coming to the great focus of fashion in the height of the season; but it is only nn oversight iu examining my rail way guide. If 1 had expected to Bud Saratoga teeming with myriads of the votaries of gayeiy and fashion, tho ?]>pe?rance of the town would readily undeceive mo; all tho largest hotels, with the single exception of tho ' 'nion, being in tho possession of the masons, carpenters, and painters. The United States has been mud is undergoing thorough repairs; the long piazra, on Broadway, has been rebuilt, and the Louse will be opened for visiters early next week, or, perhaps, to-morrow. The Union has been open about a week. The dining room muster, today, showed eighteen, all told, most of whom, one would judge, were rather seekers of health than votaries of fashion. 1 am told that even this small number is more than usually assemble at the festive board thus early in the season; and that, during the month of May, the number of strangers at the Springs has been greater than the same month auy former year. The large number of orders for rooms that have, thus early, been received at the different hotels, gives promise of an unusually gay season. The cholera, which is making its appearance in New Orleans, will send thousands to the North much earlier than usual. All the hotels are count ing on a very large amount of business from that quarter, and have made the most ample and liberal arrangement? to meet the expec'ed detnanl upon th< rn. Neno aro better prepared to give them a comfortable reception, than our friend liathorn, of the Union; there cannot be a doubt but ho will re ceive his full sharo of public favors. After all the hcHted contentions that have been going on during tho pa.t twelve months bctweeu the frieads of the Uuicn and the disorgunizers, all lovers of peace and good order must now see the propriety of ral lying around and supporting the "I nion for tho sake of the Union." During the absence of the usually gay throng of living and breathing attractions at iSuratogit, one ba> a much bettor opportunity to examine and calmly appreciate the rare beauties of nature to be found in and about this attractive village. Never have I spent a few hours at Sarutogu more delight fully and profitably than to-day. Since my last visit here, the village has undergone many change*, and is very much improved in ap pearance. The mammoth hotel that was to have been built as a vast stock establishment, under the auspices of Mr. Peters, of your city, is not yet to bo found on the sito that was appropriated a? its loca tion; it is true tbat the grounds have undergone some improvements, and are much beautified. I enjoyed a ruinblo through these grounds, and was much amused at the gambols of the fish with which the ponds are filled. The citizens of Saratoga have followed the very laudable custom, which is now g< tting quite gencrul iu our cities and largo towns, ?1 ."electing some spot without und quite beyond ?hc hounds of the town, for the quiet home of its citizen.-, after they have moved beyond the reach of the vexing caros, strifes and turmoils of this wrang ling and jarring world. The spot stlected is most a lmirably adaptod for the peaceful repose of the ? lead; Hnd appropriately named GreenriJge. None who visit Saratoga should he so fur absorbed in the guycty, fashion und amusemeuts of this bewitching wutt ring j aw,M to forget or neglect to pay a visit to tl?;s churning home for the departed. Depend upon it, rtHdcr, a short withdrawal from tho frivoli ties of life, to admire the beauties vnd contemplate the puri* es f?r which thi? spot has been conse crated, will do you uo harm. P. Our Hoathtrn Correspondence Mi.muiis, May 19, 1951. ?SMM A sunt of Memphis?The Gubernatorial / 7""tcn?"Ph i'harurter of the Candidates, \r. ' mu.it g.ve you fine local item* of thif city 9 Memphis. Nature baa marked it for a place The high ridge, gently undulating for mile* back, here ju * into toe river, with a bluff thirty feet above high witter -mark. Tbia advantage you ca? appre ciate when you reflect tbat tbe " bottom*" of the M -- lpp< are annually overflown, from Cairo to Vick-burg, with the exception of one or two Insig nificant points above here, on thiaaide. Thecoun fjr a ijoinii.g, in Tennessee and Miaaiuippi, if a h cotton growing region, producing annually n'" u'. one hundred and titty thou'and bales, ahip oei from thh place. We are eudeavi ring, by mean- of fmn'e road.-, to draw an io;rcticd trade o our c'.ty. Two of the moat important roads tc the nteriir nre partially completed; two other* are out under about b> ng put under contract. The Mcinphia ind CliarlcAea Kailroud ha* been locate 1, and near three millions of stock taken. The company hav ing become proprietor* of the old Lagrange and Memphis road, extending fifty uiilr* due ca-t from ho cut, will repair, this sumunr, the supcr-truc ture, (it being already grndid, at the ciwiot i and hasten its completion with nil possible du? natch. Thi road connect* with the \n*hville and < luirl- ton read, near < battanooga--thence, on the 'Hun' track, to 1 harlustou. In audition to these, we iro uniting with the people of Vrkausu*, directly I poiiv ii*, to build a plunk road aero** the <-wautp, which, in high water, i* orerflowu for forty mile* hie wc <!, to the hill*. Teeuty-eix mile* of this road has been graded; it is an old military ro*d. With ?h *e faC!itk?w* expect to bung tou* an iacrCMsd 'radeand travel from the La-t, nod to op* n a new | radt with 'he West. The land* in ttic bottom opposite u? arc rieh alluvial*, heavily timbered, j ,nd caa he rictniai.d with -m ill levees, at slight ' xj u c; tl ey nro now worth? (bat is, can In | bought at rt luoed price*?say from f2 to V* per aire?a cu I attar, sort ileal estate ha* rapidly n rruHd in value tuia icuttou, with iinprcc- dented i* it ?? in building. Largo blocks of bit-incs* ieu? art in progress of eoastraction, from one "itrruiitv of Main street to the other, a *tr c' .n whim, three years ago, no business at ad wn- done. '1 he suburb* of the eity are ?i'!ag d With the law and beautiful cottage* of ' i' mi cleric* and small deaiets. Toe country re *idcn e h: , to a western man, mnguidcent?indeed, ?on ?' o it of two wouldcompxro lavi.rably wtthyour wn lordly man*'on* of thn east. I'he countrj ad vent i* "lovely be j ond compile"?no city ha* such ite ?such fore*; trace?stoii luxuriant vcg.t ition. I'he c^a-tst, coolest and b? ?; water I hat ev or flowed fr m Al| < ? Nppcuine, is iio<* -upi riorto the w-.llsof (hie viemity, 'art ot Itayon tfayaeo The hfemphlt Manufacturing (ompany ha** t, aid wil eted Un f ten nc estnbli tim- ut, a id will 'oon make Lowtll at home. They have a capital of f!T*',f)fid ?<> cotnmenco with. < 'ther fac'orif s, in? 11 tnd tr.achn.j shop* arc being be It At setni Jul sure t ns I may write you more fully of our n?Ty yard, ro|s Walk, <*<? . soinc fact' of our steamboat mde. nrd may giv- you a notice of the pr< ?* of Vl mphi : i.nd. lest I intrude toe far, I will only ">v , dy ? UK Iteinf of the di?cu-tton to-day betw* n the ?at didst* - for (U'Wiuor of our State, (Jan. Trr-us dale, th. in'-iiuibcnt, and Col. Campbell, if the "1 loodjr 1 irnt," at Monterey. Col. Carnptsell led off in a spi ech of an hour and a half; r?*ii wed the history of the slavery qn ?tion up to tien. Taylor's ad tn mist ration- the mtfft'U res ot adju-tmi tit proposed, and the adoption of the i mpro?l (--bc stood by that compromise. and, ?i<h '.hat ?mpiomlft, the I'uion?declare I his pre ?rcuce ti r Mr. I'illniorc for President in '">2 -in a*or of Tsnne^-ee taking ?toek in her mea-ure* ? f internal Improvement, to her Utmost ability? ?a rrfhl not to jeopardise the ercdir of the ftate ? ' udv !.-? d a r"?f'it to direct tavatii n, if nee- *ary. to .aire ;i rommcti ?cho*>l fund. ien. Tionsdalt op|??scd each nrd every menntr ? 'tin con promise: hut, ss we bed it?it wa< the law i < ?,???< wc ,b ,?lj ofo that It wai executed il flisr;" I Mr. Kill to or* and Mr Wsbfter with being sbo il ionietn? and wi nicked up < ttr hat and U ft jor dinner. Tlu wh 'J snnesaes,so ling m the I'ugitive law I* We??ted Isnot rep'aled?are for the I nion. The d moernts an --omcv* hat divided. luthisCoW ;ri -vional district, Mr. .stnnton if an ardent ?up ; ^rter of *he compromise, f*.r whirh hr h?* he-n di arded by a portion of the dt tnoeraey. Thi*, to v-rtSerwith hi-advseaey <>rthe Hirer and llarbnr II. and hi speeds before 'he ( l>Ii ni/ ition Soei?ty, it it him tlic notiiIniiti.?n C'f the eonvention; thev,'he demoenM , bavo nomHMt"d no other as yet " I'he >v h'ft* ha'c a llaHi ring prospei ; , f - looting thoir i, min- inllo stcudnf Mr. ton. Tent s?cr, I predict, will give an > .erwhrlmo g n niwrl'y f* r I'll* eomproHis an I tin I ni?.n. il. n. 'I o "dub is a! out 55f nr ? f age. < f me. sou ? I I Mi i - u fli ni ii I I'wrrt (lik- Old Minkory's). II. is a mau of misters habits.. ;frr pi >achaVle iu hi* ui.tr! chnrwHf- tVYcf iWVnr*, nwvar smiles. He ?u with Gen. Jackson in the Creek war, and at tho battle of New Orleans. At Colonel of one oftheTcn Hegimente, he participated in all the battles around the city of Mexioo? was ?lightly wounded at Cburubusco in the arm Col. Cumpbell i> hie .junior, about ten or fifteen vear*, remarkable for his fine personal appearance, bis courage and his kindness; as was beautifully re marked by Bailie Peyton, he ha* "a woman's and a lion s heart." In height, six feet and upwards? finely proportioned?of ruddy complexion, light pleasing countenance. Ife was in tha 1 lorida wur, and coumunded the First Kcgiinent ennessee rolunteera at Monterey. I hev are men of more military reputation than 'P? V? ''"v* the Mate. Neither of them are orators. 1 heir discussion was stupid?very stupid for Ten nessee stump speakers. Jones and Polk, the best brace of orators that ever not, addressed tho people ot each county in the .Mute in two successive cam paigns; then followed Aaron V. Brown and Foster; then the two Browns (A. V. and Neul 15.), allgood speakers; and we who have listened so often to their interesting discussions, cannot bo entertained by the prosy narration of stale facts, unenlivened by the anecdotes and repartee which we have so long been accustomed to hear on such occasions. 11. P. Richmond, Va., May SB, 1H>1. Obi I irginia?Her Position on the Compromise Measures Defined, and the Reason IVhy?Her Re lations at Home on the Slavery Question?Tne State Convention?The Question of the Hhitt Bu ns and the Mixed Basis?Eastern vs. Wcrtcrn Virginia Described?Growth of the iMtter, and the White Population?Comparative Decrease of the Slaves?Statistics?Vtrginiu Sloughing off the In stitution? The Whites Pressing the Slave Poyula tion Further S mth?Compromise of the Convention ?Prospect of Virginia Dividing, or of Becoming a Free State?Practical Working of Mr. Clay's Theory of Emamipation, $?<?., fc. Thus far, on cur return from the cotton Mates, we huvo the honor to advise you from this capital of the Ancient Dominion; and such is her situa tion at this juncture, such her relations to the 1 nion, tho Presidency, the two old parties, and such is the difficult question she has to settle with herself upon the subject of slavery, that we hare deemed it our duty to pause and look into these things lot a day or two. having already taken a look into tho Convention. But, first of all, how are we to account for the late resolutions of the \ irginia Legislature, acoed ing, submitting, out-and-out, to the compromises of 1*?0, and recommending youth Carolina to submit, when bouth Carolina stands in her present attitude from no other cause than having adopted the pre vious resolutions of Virginia 1 Those resolutions declared, among other things, that if Congress interfered ?that, we believe, is the very word? ? interfered" with slavery in the District of Colum bia, Virginia would show fight, and resist, ' at all hazards, and to the last extremity." youth Caro lina Laving adopted these resolutions, sticks to them, and the chances are decidedly, and by all odds, just now, that she will make geod her posi tion. Why, then, did Virginia back out anl haul oil for repairs 1 Wero her resolutions mere 'Vound and fury, signifying nothing"?intended to bam boozle Congress, and to humbug South Carolina 1 or vv by did she make such a llourish of trumpets ? W e shall undertake to explain the game. It was the game of brag?nothing but the game of brag, between the whigs and democrats.- In the Legisla ture it is generally u very tight fit between tliera ; and a little loss of the doatir.g capital of the demo crats might give the State to the whigs in a Presi dential contest. In 1MI7, 'IS, and 'W, the Southern States were pretty readily excited to declare resist ance if they were excluded from California, or if there was any intermeddling with slavery in the lb-triet of Columbia. In Virginia the popular opinion was believed to be strongly inclined to re sistance. The democrats seized hold of the idea, and passed those warlike re-olutions that have led South Carolina to the very verge of secession: and they passed corresponding resolutions of instruction, upon which Air. Mason and Mr. Hunter, in the Se nate, and a majority of the 1 louse delegation, acted in opposition to the bills ol adjustment?-Texas, California, 1 tab. and the District of Columbia' Last winter Mr. Mason was re-elected by general consent?but thai was due to hia fidelity to instruc tions. Rut,math you. a State Conveation elected by the people to revise the State Constitution, or rather to make a ?cw constitution?the old true be ing rusty and worn out?and the delegates usseinb* ling here during (he sittiug of the legislature, it wus discovered that a decided majority of the peo tt , irginia were iu favor of the compromise* of Mr. < lay; and the democrats also discovered that if they held to the doctrine of resistance, thc-v I w >uld be left in a hopeless minority, and that the whigs would have everything their own way a? they had in New York in 1HM. To hold to the doctrine of resistance was -imply to give the State i to the whigs, by anovcrwhelui'ag majority. So the 1 mocrat- declined to make the is-ue before the Peoile?they submitted?they erawfished?thev l ucked out?because it would have been suicidal to have carried the game or brng any farther. We I doubt not Father lil chic had some influence in ! producing this act ol" rubinitsior; but the Con vention hud some weight upon the Legislature, while the Legislature itsell had Lamed something of public opiuton iu the ba rk country. The demo , erats gave in; they culd not afford to throw up the I State, and all the chance* for the Presidency and t th" ?pot's, upon a mere " string of abstractions." i A ? think that South Carolina m*v safely take that n th; explanation ol .irginia, from whom, also, an apology is due froiu every consideration of polite I usages. | .""ueb i* the position of .'irginia upon the com promue). The whigs were fer accepting thein? an immense mnjoiity ot thi people were fur accept ing them; and thedcmoxrattdveiioed the issue, and suet-umbed. The Presidency and the spoil* were Jit the bottom. Virgiuia cannot afford to give up i r .are of the tn usury pap, tho democruts cannot nfl.-rd to give up then power in the Suto; and so, in i ii>rt brotherly way, they advise South ('aro-' iina to keep quiet. But -till, w? srs-nk advisedly when wo say that t r< re arc some thiiisuiKrol men in \ irginia who Will actively sympathize with fWh ( arolutr. in th act. and after the fact ol secession. And there i the great danger. If ibt majority in South Ca rolina p unge into tho gulf of disunion, the mirori t es in tho other Southern States will hardiy la.I (o "?Ji'Ive tbrm all in tho ?truggle. Thar much for the great national question, and Vv -"'prH'w-ion of Vi giniu to the ps ;itL'?ti<.n* or -itr. lay 1 he local polities of the State will re qutie mme statistics, aud a In tie topography and g' graphy, tocxplu.n them with unv dcg.ee of?i? t taction. ' c Ihe State C overt ion elected to build a l ew c- Dilution, has been in acssiou some five months and after sitting several month* more, will pr?ba jl.y . louro. upon patching up aometbing, on the >?'t Mpbt, for a eonjlit itii u, without regard to he.' ! ?r tail, a - w?> done by the late Conieution in sT?ii "and. I by moat difficult question of a^iuttmenl in the 1 ngiiiia Contention a as bun thebaeia of represeu tal.oii in tin legislature?the contest heme bi t .. the mixed basis and the white ba-i- -be twr n the l.astcrn and Western divisions of the No two contiguous States in the Union me more Ji tn ctiy divided cr difft rout, geographically. or in I" t? and pepsi' ition, than Eastern and VV',--tern v "X"'* Running in a south-westerly direction 'torn I i ij-.-ylvuma through Virginia into North ? rolinn ard Tennessee, the Blue Ridge chain of moutdaius forms the barrier and the line of divi Ij I -et Ween the Last em and Western seotioni of t r State. West of the Blue Ridge there is a v.i . / from ffteer to twrnty-five miles wide, ' " r ?-g through the State, and enriched for "cry two hundred miles l.y the wat^rsof th? >'? teindoah, flowing along the western side of the ' ue i.i.igr, in Search or an ontiol t" the oe.nn. i -vine and richly watered, wuh gushing ai ring-. .7 rtJ"*' rtreams, and bouuded on bold T : > ??i ldctareeque chain of mountaios, this, th- -rent \ alley of \ irginia. we take it. is the nu *f picturesquely beau ft ol country under the ?Iin. . r 1 of Mountain# upon mountain , < '?? upon Pel ion, ' . , ,, , " *'P* on Alps arise, ' rinding the great chain of the Allcghanie., and tin r table lands, and their lateral mountain branch ' '??! the residue of th" State to the Ken tucky line, and nearly to the Ohio river. All tbit ?lOuntrjr w?tt ot the Blue Ridge is Woetern Virginia n eoiintry of mountain t hains in parallel line,, and I nrtsol labyrinthine configurations, cutting up the territory Into smnll valleys and diitriei?. de u .k rr"m ?*',h pJ,hfcr.bJr mountain barriers. Mere he theory of Mr. W. bster prevails. Slavery ha' been excluded to n very great extent, by the ac. of ?<>d. from W tgferu \ irginia -the country (elrepv ng parts Ofthe t irent Valley) being too mueh suh i f ii ?rnblo valleys, too -mall for slave plantations But it is capable of snstnining a large w.iito population?pastoral, rural, and manufae ttiring- -as the exhibit i of the eensu will show, .i Yr*in'ft doreend* from tha summit* of the Blue Ridge, very gradually, to tho seaboard, and admits, in Us products of wheat, corn, tobacco! cotton, ftr , of being divided into farms of a thnu nnd or a hundred thousand acres It is the great tol aero section, 'liie James river fobleeo planta tion were work- d by the flr*t slaves introduced in to America 'Hie country of Lai-tern \ trgmi t w.v p?trailed ..ut originally in immense tracts, to tin. emigrating *clons of tho Knglisb nobility and cav nltcrx. Slaterj became Ut* Y>t*a of it* cuUivn tion; and hence from these causes the disproportion of blares in the eastern over the western division cf the Mate. A glance at any large sited map will show the latter section to be a mass of mountains, terminating with the dividing line rf the l'.lne Kidge ; east of which the mountains sink into hill-, gradually declining to the sea. Western Virginia wants a representation in the Legislature, upon the white population exclusively, or the white basis Eastern Virginia demands a mixed basis, or the counting with the whites three-fifths, more or less, of the slave population, as the busis of representa tion. The white basis would give the legislative power to the \\ e.-t; the mixed busis would continue it, as heretofore, with the East, which includes the fede rul proportion of slaves and the taxable property in tho scale of representation. tXllleir O! POI'I'I A I ION. II'hilfM. /im tut'J. Slttt+t. C tlTMt* \ ihi.im i?1S40.. 309 398 42 298 ?!<?? '-'60 l?o. do ? lnOO. 102.771 46.736 IIU'^1 I Total populatiou iu 1840 800,942 | Do. do 1860 mm Total increase in ten years 52'-02 Incnuis of white population wo. Do. of fret* colored do 3.443 Do. of slave do 10,087 W/uIn. Frrt Cot'.I Sluivt. ran rvViBoisia?1810. .371.670 7.348 Mi,737 Do. do. ?lbOO . 4W.7C3 7 801 83.284 Increase in ten years ..,.123.103 233 0,407 Total population la 1840 432 835 Do. do. 1830 580.708 Total Increase In ten years, West 132 04.'. Total population in 1V40 1.230.73T Do. do. 1830 1.423.642 Total increase in the dtate 183,905 White increase?has torn Virginia 33.373 Do. do. ?Western Virginia 123.103 Total 150.360 Free colored increase?Kastern Virginia 3.443 Do. do. ?Western Virgiuia 233 Total in ten years 3,696 Increase of Siavn? Eastern Virginia 16087 Do. drt. ?Western Virginia 0.447 Total slave increase 23,684 These figures conclusively indicate the decline of slavery in the Mate. Take the comparative in crease of whites and slaves in Eastern Virginia since 1*40, for example and convenience, using only the round numbers, and we find? The slave increase upon :t!45,000 to be ll>,000. The white increase upon d70,<*K) to be 311,000, ?or an increase of more than 100 per cent in favor of the whites, upon a smaller basis of population. Hut how ftands the case in Western Virginia ? While the increase of the while population exceeds 123,000, that of the slave population is Ices than 10,000. between 1K30 and 1(410, the white population of Eastern Virginia actually decreased b,000, while the Mate population increased 21,000. By the last census, wt find that the slaves in this section have only increased 10,000, while tho whites ha', c in creased 88.000. Take all these facts together, the rapid increase of the white population in the West, its great gain in the East, and the very seusible decline of tie -la .e population compaiativciy, we see the practi cal re-ult of Mr. system of emancipation, in the sloughing off of slavery from the border slave States. Virginia is undergoing the process.? White labor is coming in and superseding slave labor. The slaves are in process of being sold off to the cotton plantations lurthcr Miuth. And thus Maryland, Virginia, Kentucky, and .Missouri, will tiansfcr tin. ir slaves to tne cotton States. Hut what will they do with the accumulation, if they are te be walled in uj?>n every side? Here we have another powerful provocative to a Southern confe deracy, aud the re-snuexaliou of Mexico, I'uba and (.en'ral America. The t'onvention. after some five months' dis on "Men, compromised the dispute between the hast ?ad the Wc-t, by fixing the uumbcr of the House of Delegate* at 130, giving the West, from her superionty accoidiug to the white bui-is, a majority of fourteen; and by adopting fifty as the number of the Senate, giving the eastern sectiou, or the Uld Dominion proper, a majority often, from Lerelaims growing out of the slave populatiou and taxable property?in representation to oe reappvr tioned. and if the Legislature can't agree thiy art to .-ubmit the subject to the people. Mr. Thomas J. itandolph (a nephew of Thomas Jefferson) having voted foi the compromise, and being taken to task bv his eu-tera constituent* for it, bus given notice, that on the 11th of June he will move to reconsider the vote adopting the compro mise of representation, wn eh will probably bring up again tn.- merits of the whole subject. 1'his is a question of romt importance, as it muy bi< driven so tar as to piovckc the western section of the State to break up the Convention; and possibly to the setting up of a new free State, caU'd Western ; Virginia. From this i-tattmer.t of the condition of affairs in the '>ld Dominion, it will be s?cn that she ha- <juite ?uo'.igh to attend to at home, and that South Caroli na ought to ey tn| nthire with her, instead of feeling any disspjioiut nent in the refusal of Virginia to j encourage her to ihi act of secession. Virginia is i in a "t?te of transition fiotn a slave State to a free ! Stat", or of division into two States?coo slarehold- 1 , ing and the other free. She has ceasid to be the ! leading slave state. Free wh.te labor is here as suming the supictnacy \ irginia, from tie re'oil and lrrs-'ire of the white population, is sloughing off the inst'tution of slavery; and the cdton State-, wh '-e Interest* art inseparably blrndtd with the system, must Ick elsewhere for advice. Iler po'i ticians ar* also too busy with the presidency to think cf the absurdity of throwing away their ehrnccs tor the (>50,000,000 a year, on mere re?olu ti< nary experiment! In cur r.i >t we shall give fouie account cf a visit t) the capital ar.d the ( Onveution, with, nerhaps, a r.maik or two uj on the fine arts, as well as upon II liou f the . tatc. W. h.mvoND, Vi., May 27, INI. P I ir^<tu-i C nst'tvtwnal C'tmiv-tfi.m?Fmmrwt if Uat?H/icimrii if a Spct<-'< Protp&it f Another Maryland Afhnr. Afc r * pending un hour or two in listening to ih? dil ate? ii. lb* \ irgii.iu Constitutional C*oti>*>nticit? or rather the ct mention elected to build a new conitit Jt'" n?we ?rc more convinced tbun ever thut the making nf r*w constit Jtiens if atedio"S and up hill b i.-incie. ,'<ook nt the trouble our reverend f?th<?' bail with th federal eon-titution which Mr. Web '?r hit nppri.j r<*ted a* hi-oclu'ive proper ty, though "'tis mii<e, 'lishii, and has teen slate to thou-ands." IV. Franklin at last had to bring the contention t? fasting and prayer before any thing C't.MI be done Look at the mouths ?f hard labor it juir l to accompli.b ihe old constitution trd th" Dew constitution of New Vork. Hut the rtialt-aa k the result All tho State* have gene, or are goirg, nto the work of building newcen?tl tut om. more republi ;an, more ample, more ahip. shbpc, at J rlc.; r up to the cpirit of the age, than the old nnslit .tlons. The States hate outgrown their < 1 breeches, a> that run \ irgiuia, thought by < .. rybody, to be getting lilj Johu Kanddph's ghost- m n Lean. , vt Icon, snd laot:. And moving o* a spindla -hsnk," lias iir iua'ly been getting fat on tots ico, an 1 has be... < t largt for her o. t-tiuie pantaloons Fh On N, mw. mstttutlene being ail th- fashion, that si ? i< .-adl; in r ant of a new <?< n*t itutton >'.o has eUetc t a roiivention of setae tat hundred and thirty -i* dulegat.s, inert or less, to make a IK w fun Janice tal law They find it a tough job. I After fur ninths' expenditure of g?a i?n the "nig ger (pie t ion." M?tft the east em aud western ?ecthnta if the Mtate, they hare come to a tempo rary compromise, giuog to the West the ilotrr t>y f'Wtm uia,i" rity, tijam her win e psipulatfB, and tl. ' >?r?tf t" tb< (-.aft by ten ui (joriiy, on aecunt ot it* "latt r and taxable pfuwrti 1 tm* the Wnl olitallw a majority of four on Joint ballot, the Mat" bating beer, heretofore, ouiirely in the hands of th? sin\(-holding UltiOW This is tne practical com mrncctaettl of thw- revolution which is ultimately, ar.d at to rcraot.- day, to change Virginia frrtu :i sieve Mate to a tree Mate 'n t ur laH despatch, wcexplaincd the eente-t and the compromise on the rvgro question, the iapi t gain of si i ?ie: n t irgtn'a aud ihr wlitt" nopal* iii>n ( ?er the Haste nor old slavchcldt.ig dn taton ( f the v at' l.it us, therefore, glance fur a in un. i.l at the j-firmeUt of the convention. The true m <rrnblr is good Aa a bn ly of men, the a -curbing.' jre-onf- u scry re-pcetablc npp. nrnuee ?particu larly tl."jt! sit feet fellow* from the western mown laiin. lion. John \ . Mason, I'n si lent, au car tern tuan. and late ^erritiiry of the Navy, must harp gained lift* pound* since"lea? :ng Wasaingtoo. lie ? atiiM't wi ign much hort of three hundred pounds. A capital, pica-ant MloW Is the Judge, a, wdl as an able, talented, and educated man. Hut where ia Wiw ! tione down to Accomse. Aft r thst four days' speech against his own lion of the Mate, he was Compelled It' return heme and go thtniah a course "f oysters and cult water; otherwise. Wis must hate eollsp?*d. Mighty strange, thi.t, after all his campaigns agidnat John ijuinc) \dams in t'.ongn-s, he sb<>uld turn out, n'ter all. a gradual ibolith ni*t~-ati anti slavery n : t. from Accomae, and a slaveholder at that. That short thiek set gentleman, with his hair ctoj ped very elose, and with that pi tin but solid and sensible C'tit fcranee, la lleorge W. cum s. ri, of ht nbnwa, the coal country of the West, and the ?alt country 11* it admitted to be the etreagt-i wan in th? convention, and La- persuaded the old hunkers of the Kast into a compromising inood. 'I"hey had no idea before of the growth of the Wert; of the danger of the Cohoes setting up a free State auiong tho mountains, in opposition to the old commonwealth, and her cherished institu tion among the Tu'kahoes. Over the wayvou see that tall square-sot man. That is Hubert K. Scott, of Hauauier, the cham pion of the Hast. He is a keen politician and law yer ready in debate, but has not the general at

tainment*, we would think, of hi-we*t.-rn tppo neiit He is, probably, too much of a stiekb-r for the abstractions of '!* and MJ?, to cope with Sum mer? and the go-ahead doctrines of 1*51. John M. Hotts, of eourso, is here, and of course he is a compromise luun. liver since be failed to head John Tyler or die, ho ha* been u compromise in.in, though bo was very near opposing < Md Aark to the last, as a "nomination not til to be inude. Hut speaking of Tyler, he still survives at Sherwood Forift, his plantation down the river, dispensing the hospitalities of a true -on of the Old Dominion. Tlu Governor is with him, at present, and some others of the dignitaries of Virginia. With his charming and flourishing young wife, he is raising his second family of five children, and i* altogether about the happiest man in the State, enjoying his , otiurn ci'ni digniluii?that is to say, his fish and j oysters?with wonderful equanimity and t'hriJtiaa philosophy. . . | We left the Convention discussing a motion to meet at nine o'clock iu the morning, which, wi un derstand, was carried. As a specimen of the ora tory of the body, we give the following extract lrom th" official reports of that mass of verbiage, " the supplement." It is part of a speech of .Mr. Hives, who, at the time of its delivery, was laboring under H vl/ltnn continued?1 wi*h to Hod 1 had the elo quence of luy frind from Accomac (Mr Wbe). I wish to Hod I could send biiu to the Kuropcan world to strike terror into the crowned heads there (laughter.) Ty rants would tremble and fall before him; tyranny and oppression never can have a foothold where his clarion note is heard. Never, fir, never 1 All I am afraid of is, thut it will wake our people unnecessarily, and too soon, ((ircat laughter ) It is fortunate for the crowned heads of Ku rope that he i? not there I wish be had gone to the W i rld's fair Instead of kissing tho Queen's lips till they bli-tered. he would have roused up her pe< pie to strike for their right*, lie would have told the people of downtrodden and suffering lrvlaud to strife?strike M the Americana did. and the Hon will be dethroned, and the . agle if liberty will take his place. Mr .Sv mm, as (in hia seat)?There l- a little ?or? to he done here before you aend him to Kurope. Mr Kivf.a?Well. sir. he will do hU duty, and I shall attempt to do mine I shall stand by my waybill. And 1 call upon my friends to remember their waybills and to stand firm by them If you do that you cannot do any wrong to your people My friend intimated that It was probable that 1 had changed my opinions, and that my constituents might also have changed theirs, and by voting with hluv and his Western friends, if such whs toe ease. 1 would not misrepresent them I beg leave to ray to gentlemen, that they need not suppose that be came I have the candor and independence to apeak in t.-inis of eulogy of the ubilitici and tremendous effort, of those opposed to me, therefore I have changed my viewa. No <>te was authorized to draw any such interenee. While I ever have, and ever will do full justice to an op ponent. and whilst I always was, and hope always to be proud of the great aud gocJ men of Virginia, whether they belong to the Hast or the West, yet 1 have a duty to perform to my constituted* which no consideration shall Induce me to neglect. And by way of illustrating my own course and duty uu this subject, and for the benefit of others, I will r. late an anecdote which I have heard or read somewhere 1 believe in the "Georgia Scenes." ..... (-u In one of the counties of Georgia, when mnltla train ings of the -olden time" were carried on by coiupaaie. and battalion*, there lived iutbat country two champions who bad figured in many fights, neither ol whom had ever lost a battle. They had whipped everythintand everybody that dared to oppo-. themaudlhe resellve trieuds of each were anaiou* ?hat '>je t?ocha.npions should meet aDd d. cidc which was the better mam Tha friends of Hob Durham, who lived in the upper bntUdoa, ,aid that ho could " lick" any man iu the lower battalion uud if any body doubted it. they had omy to name tlx ir man. The friends of Hill diallings, who *a? the cham pion ?f the lower battalion, said that Hill could whip any man In the upper battalion, or in the county, nnd that Bob Durham was ,iu?t the boy they wanted him towcol. The twocbamtions, however, were the bed or friends, and all effort* of their friends had failed to produce a difficulty nod bring on a tight between then, At length. Ham Mi Pmffle. a little gi. Jet-, veil, p-nkad-ne?cd, mis chief n,awing ft How, who always enj< yeda light but n-vert V part in one. finding that at cue of the trainings, the two i-..cmi ion.- had brought their wives with item ta the store which waa kept at the muster ground, to buy tlx m n dre-s anl to get a few things for Ue ohUdrrQ. kilt his eves on the t so women, and noon dlseovereo that Hill's" wir. considered hens If entitled to far more re-pi l than Hob .. When they got into the stove, the salesman e msncneed shewing gisd- to Bob s v. e tlr.t, which efiend) J Hill's wife, who said tf turlhat she was n I retty thing to receive the attention of a gentleman I I fore tie wife if William Mailings, an edueat-d tady I This brought on harsh words between the two Kiuusav ??.- in rapt-ire. of delight at it. and da bin -P . to lli'.l Mailings. t"ld liim in a whisper, thst tlx .r * u ? re -ular uuam 1 going on In the store, between h.s wife I .u l P.,.1, Durham's lttU Mailingssteope l^^to U'' ',,,re I amt dead f trying t<-make pence. t- JdBoJ s ill. to bold ler t ngue. that .he was no lady. and that hta wif- was above tier" Hamaay. who had fellow < d Bill la. k to the stor? wn* ?landing Haten'ug at the door,.and so sum a* he beard Hill say that B< b ? wife??? ***7 bo start-d < ?t and t--ld Bob that Bill Mailings was abua in.- hi. wife at the most awful rata he ever beard a *?? uian at.u-s d in hi- life and that if she was hi* wife h? I would whip Hill Mailings it d,e. indlt.-.! yt-u Hob aho I ain't my wlf. tf s..e was. I idm what 1 would 1<\ *? ! a email man, but I ucv?r sc? a woman Impc-d in?It * a lk.'t In-mediately atn.Dd for the .tore, and to^ HIU thut "Mr M.lffi- hed satisfied him that h* had insulted hi- wife, and that twavi't v rth while to say ?n> th'1'* more .t out it he tad titu to whip, and just to ut harness himself at one. ' In the meantime p-ot marked off a circle on 'he ground with bu ean.\ and ?r* crying out " Clear the ring, riear the' ** The combatant* engag. i In a terrible and de*psrara fiaht. first one. an-, tben the other cuinlngto the C??d. wjiiI t the about* of their friends urged -h?m en. lint f.nally, CU1 Mailings gave tbe word Tli* two champion, bring separated and having washvd out, their frit nd? were boast!yg of tb< ir ff rt On* of Hub's rn-nt- aaid to him " I tell yc,u what 1U, Hub. when Hill had one of your thumbs in bl- mceth I thought he bad you. 1 thought yen ?' J? "htj f"1* ?ad I npeeled to hear you giv* the word every mi II "'vrs." salt. Bob. ?' I thought ae,loo, bat then I thcught ae 1 never hallco-M when I was fighting for myeeil I wi u d die bi-f'Tc 1 would hadi* whi-a 1 was ftpht.ng .cr ' "mo it V- * with me. Mr. Chairman 1 am fighting for fi.l -1 iim fighting for my eon.tituents. and 1 11 (He be f, re I'll give the word And I say It (W7 ">?t"**' pf Ihl* boitse?fighl for Bal, Hgbt for your ronstltiients, and die L.fcr -you give the wn-d . For my c an part, sir Irt me he a coward, bat a Ira*, lor never Carry r.u- heme a c .want te n.y w.fs; carry in bum-a coward to my children; with tfiem I m.gbt trnX Wstnf coaiolatlrD and fvmtvri in my * t!"B Hvtt carry me home a traitor, a .raitv-r o my ct-natUtu nts, . , , ?? A fixi 1 figure for the hand Of scorn, To zs-iut iiiv slow, \.niiH ?lug fiuin r a' " Boomer, ay<- soever, let mt sink into tbe 1 wr-t depths -I daik peroit'vn. . Is motion, thee'sun itt's then rose anl .... The Convention adjourned unid to ni- rrow. at i>i IV Convcnt'on wHl, pritnlly. -it fcur or fve .. inlb.longr r.fror pre- vt npurarancc. brfm thoj finUh the nvw ccn.t tntioti- ttf^ fius ut-tal.? tha House of Kerr** bUHvcj at Vk a-hingtoa, al. hollow; and tic* huvr no rule rr training a aj -aU-r ?hort nl ftut days, turd that only oviri. frvtn tbt example of mocitiatiotj of Mr. W:vg. In our next wo premise a reviow pt lh? poDtirv of the wht-ta ^cuth at tbi. cri.is Owr (?hr 1?I?<kI ( orifipofxIniT, | Jamaica, L. I , May -??, ISTil Jtr rUt/nJ R tittcnc*! of J'' /V" f?Vhyrc is ?? I /<<*?</ mtn t\>tf 'rwn (rmerof Pa- r, 4" , 4"f ! ocea*i<>ualiy act ;tt y cur ccrrMpoudoct, and, ?o. j turning Jamaica fir a few Jay*. 1 h??? thought that a lew line* would not be unatoepiable t" your readcri. This La a remarkably pretty viiiigi-, bating within it* limit*. and in the vtoiolty, tanny beautiful irujwion* One of the prctti* t beloogi to Jamo* lli|a<iter Ogdoa, I.?q. Th? lat? Mr Judd't p'r-ec if aleorory bcnuliful, and La row occu pied by Mr. Mim n, of Ntw iork. I rbculd think, fr m what I ?eo and hear, bat ihla village >* btgliind t to :ur| ro' ? it'.?* It-r.g Ihw in a ftagnant condition, but there m now every appearance of a change ft r tc bett?r. It ccrlainly prrncuU many in lutein ov* to the,* alio a i-h to tomde t ut of the city of .New \ orf, and yt t be in tta vicinity, to It c h.-.c It is talabrioti* to climate, hat gcotl awfoty, i? eniy if net'** in tiiM i-ny, arid contain* at* oral churcn-.-? tho JVec byioriitii, l.utch HcluriatU, r.pticopal,and Mtcn.' uret. I>y tiit) Way, m rptafciug tf 'no chuiYnct, I wnu'd mention that new pallor* have, within tho | ir-t )"?*, been called to tbt I'reatytenan aid Nti, h itifiiiincd. 'J he |'Meter <>t the tor me r I* tbv uct. Mr < tjiki-y, who tunnr'ly prcorht I *1 Brooklyn : ot tho latter, tho iio?. Mr Ailtgor. The re eiiats ijutte a rivalry Oitwre'i the r lee chare be,and the l - tit oh fi'iigicgiitton, not to bo mililonc, havo , i ? till} 'ilnuiiioU rtu rp'-" W'- h - ;?':y nuti lul in oKUTUir, and on>- id the no- ** ten d -i tru i. *til? I haveevor IteUe td to. V great d.-ttl. thouj;b, ct the gratol tuiise.- it pours f?rtti i- allrit-ntat It, t?t i i o nitwit ?l .gn u to tho -kiltul utuiiner in t?I;let it >- played l?y a y oaeg lady t f t no t ill: go, f r< 'tiur*. nbii niti-i'al latum mid pni'c-'t *? IV <tc tl ? i t."ii?lyut Church"", tlit-re are ? we mert rtct'l ? nt -chtedt t-tabtpbed her. ??'- for bov?, 'he other l'-r girl*. Iho lonnor i* underfill n*rt't?l Mt*?re. I inli-rdmk a Ml Itneekertlo". both go a tic men ??f edooatien in their re pre" departm nts, m.ti well tyunl.ted to Inrtruot y?tiug tie u in claim cnl Rtol l.ngliati ft tutu . The IoiiihIi- aoaitmv in utii'er tbo luanrigoBunt ? ! 'It.- Id inn. nI. *dy ai-ll kr.eWn tu tliv |urMio. Mm i :ti* daughter of thchitelnr. -I ut imm, who 'it* Itrmu t y>i? * pro* |, .-i-r <1 li !e u i'l-r !?' t "luut' i-i t el'ogr, .No* fork, aiol irumtlal If f< r ht* r ad? a t, gr-at gcUiu-*, ati wvudsrful pr- Scie 7 in '.SlVrTw. aeienoes Those who had the pleasure of knowing the father can easily recognise in the daughter the same talent for wit, great conversational powers, and extensive information. As may well be ima gined, her school is in a most flourishing condition, numbering about ninety scholars, over forty of them being boarders. She has several assistants, among whom 1 would take occasion to name the Uev. Mr. Williamson, who is an elegant writer and a finished scholar, and adds not a little to the high character and celebrity of Miss Adrian's aradetny Her edifice is in a central part of the village, of large dimensions, and Well adapted to tho purpose tor which it is used, with a largo piazza running along the whole front of it. with elegant pillars reaching nearly to tho top of tho building. The ?rounds in front are tust lully arranged, filled with j fir aud forest trees, and, altogether, presenting a veiy attractive appearance. An incident occurred yesterday, in conncetlou . with this academy, which 1 must not omit to no- ' tlce. Oon. I'ae/, the distinguished statcsinau and j soldier, accompanied l>v bis sou and his two friends, Mr. Nadal and Mr. Tovar, came up frmu the city of New York expressly to pay Nliss Yd- ; rian a visit. Jt appears that diortly after his arri val in thi- country, .-he, ia company with a tew of her paiticular friends, greatly admiring his niili- j tary genius and noble duds, called upon biin. lie was highly delighted with this mark of attention, and premised at some future period to return the 1 compliment by a visit. Accordingly, he yesterday came to this village, and was received by Miss Aa rian with great warmth of feeling ami re-neet. The ; young ladies cf the xeademy were dressed in their ; best attire, to whom the General was introduced, ' exprecsing his great pleasure to see them ; and in the course of the afternoon a moat sumptuous din- I ner was piovided for tho occasion. 1 le was in most excellent spirits, and never looked healthier and : better in hi- life, lie appeared to be charmed with the gnat array of beauty that met hi- 1MB, | over forty blooming and interesting young ladies : being seated at the dinner table with him- -every eyo fixed on the brave, gallant, but unsuccessful j defender of his country's liberty. After partaking <>1 the ri'-h viands that hud been prepared, the ! General, hi* son, hi- two Spanish friends, with some ; of the young ladies, went to see the beautiful pri- , vatc residence of the late Mr. Judd, bifore alluded I to. Alter strolling through the elegant grounds, ; and admiiing the many beauties of that magtiifl- ; cett spot, the party wand, red into a private bowl ing saltan belonging to th< place, where the I Icnera) played tenpins with the ladies, seeming greatly to enjoy this no a It by and invigorating exercise. But hi' visit here had to be short, a- ho was obliged to return to the city that evening. Attho depot. Miss Adrian and her scholars were all a -enabled, totake one more look at tho gallant soldier Liforo he left. Ai the cars were about starting, he expressed to her aud the young ladies un ler her charge the great gratification the v?-it had afforded iuin, and that the r, membrane1.' of 'he day would be among the most agreeable of his life; and off went the train, bearing with it u brave and noble character, with the regrets of all that his visit had not been pro longed. binding my communication becoming longer than 1 expected, I will .iust close by mentioning another inducement to reside in this village. As soon as the new track is laid?then making a double track ? the car- w;ll run from and to New Y ork ne.vrly e'. cry hi nr. It is -aid this will take place in about a month from now; and whenever it does, it re quires bat little penetration to set that the village of Jamaica must and will improve in population and ext lit. Our Boston Correspondence, Boil ox, M.u 31,1851. Aihouy>mml of the Ltgislaturt?K, vm* ?f AH airs ? l\t Politi til Asrt.tof the Suite?I'et/ing for Mr. Webster, f frc. 'lav Legislature ha. now been gone for a week. The/ found parlirg "suchiweet sorrow" thatthey *c'a" dtl?cn>Htlves, without distinction of party.with a couple of days' extra pay, adjourning on the *Mth and taking ray up to the .Tth, at a cost to the Nate of a.most )il,H00. The Governor, too, has gone home, after reviewing the military. The Congrc ?local elections are ever Thingsaro amulet a, they possibly < an b>. What b.tter oppeitunitycould bo bad to go calmly ever the field of polities, and ?eo wna? u to be the end of the odd state ol thing- that now ?xisUl in Mae-achusuts! A, thi, it the last time that I tklll bestow igr tldlflUMl ll on you, and your nail'.: r? ;.f renJeri, 1 intend to bo liberal la my allowance of it. and to bestow it without ?t.rt a 'a 1 gi t what your com posit on- will TW-r,"'ff lL'~ tor ,ixtt "me,) call a " -olid dig " J h:* to be ray summing up. J ha, e hud "a cull" be ci.fcet nt . Norr,lk' work Indians, and can't j vvpuj; ,V'} more ?t'eotien to mun " * u ? :uulJ 1 fi-espe with my scalp, (and ig) n>a} drer you a line next autumn. with a** " the.v *re in with unpr. jud. ed eyes, we dud that p- litic.- here ?' v'D 3',~>nvl.!t-n au(i tl,R! whi t is called the coa t?. r is enly a neees an incident in the o f ?1'\ h , v*' T? "j*h''b m'f ?" 'he opposition ? * /!hrpo-wleal leadenin the oountry would have t?d ^J^:rW,rir|t1 Th( "id 01'"<?>' lender. ^P'.O.the matter. anJ to make it work _u *,' j lit 1.7 ?r 'ho people had become dis ? or TT.V10 W S ""oendancy. nod they kicked tee.. J h r, more ,han fre, -oilism. or any thin* r.sv r. r.n.ct d with nation.! pclitir?. it was th/ hat placed the Mate government in the hands of t .rci '' V, ,.,r- 'Mut,1C(-r '? 'he I Cited Mm - ohwI . AH th attempt*thaiha ve been ! .: ' ' ' .p'p"1"'indigent ion agarn-t the r r lu ? failed, which i? a strong p.K t of the correctness cfwhat !? abou- said. The IT' uhi"' i W'!1 ,be ron!itic'^ C?ntiaue, and the whig* remain a# they ar: * Iban^iS/?1^' mcmUtSom u Wronger now G^VorP ufV.n fit. existence, i ^c r '.X?1. ', "n.c"( * tr f t be i, i* mi re no li^' ?? hU' at ""?* rrwwlo?? time ?fcce hw inauguration, ai d the opinion is v, rv E?'. "o",k"Jru J lv ??"?? '?&SZ fir wtr^-C . ' un,,?r,"'*|h thi. fair outside a ^ eertum mutt* > that, duly im STJt ol' '<VJ r,Tbi**' Tv to the t on " ,*"U U whl?< "rreteru t.on, ?-in?ugh the popular may rity agaiost whig gv.y aho.ild be t t less than fifteen thou-uud. The IT J',Br tni'i-'aT in wh. hthcligi iati.e coMtltuen nr "inr( ' lukor 11 'he Whigs, n sr ",r,t0(J tUinocrats L uld re olW U act?and the eipedienct of actii.g or rrmi iucg 'juiet is now under dbcui ior, among th in ?m,C" W *U3re l!'at &ur ^?tor* are elected by count e., on a popular ba.o Of the forts m. m V ,.;L.- *n "*l" u' 7 ' I MiJdb. r-cf a bub .Mr. , r c ! . u ltu>rrt ?vd l) a reiy large e*. r-: f t< ,ix. The coalit , nWelected the!, candidates by ab it two tbousrod m.ijoriiy to . sutumn. ard tberc is net tho .lightest rfeMM Am!!u! ?'** rntto , ,| ap,illtt lorn idab!c a pew - : but M tbe -old line demo ,'itv'n l Tc' M Jl there v i.b 'he { J ?w r> ' fit up a tiriset, fe> f' j H,aj"n ,hilL tv l-, hudad seer fn in A la" f" I fc"' -UHr n l the c ,alition can ll- Is v', and ,h( 10 car b- no . hnice made br env f /? *>or a this all that would follow from a ^uch ? ruorcaicnt would in. ? Zi Ic Vh^ *'\ ' -ko pr'at and w mid li . i j? 'ru u,?, ;f " 7> hcasy. Ibere Ihmg.. (?lubin d. would tei.d to defeat ? ali-inaUt candi da ts for nnmbi is of the il< U:ecf 11, i rr'cnUtisrs sz2Jin.i2t Mas?- : : is year elrcUJ by am all i .ajortiti, or aueh as ec uld 1? th,h'iVS."?PVJ'*lua? ' th disallccpd sh i d ,.rgan:-,- in MiddleeOC COO y.#:u . ..rorgaui ation w.? lb. had in other f " 'j an I, aa thi etalition SenatoM r?"eised iu. \ "? >? "? .ifr '"'t l ot ' ii. eandidhtcs . f tbe ? V. ikm{ -l'U i'';u'"c ' ?C? ioet tbe ? serf'one M telh whig a, lb Iters, in? whip- would be ??r } g c!?i? S na ou, while the < ?i . on. un ,, thoroughly units J, , old not , leet ? 1 or- can fi> llu w, ..Id g, t. to tacwbig* the ? ip... .if.ei of t if Si rate, and the tacotvfour saeti ,? -i, in u I he filled by the two branch,* id f i hr Jh' *ri *i r p. n l , n t te cl.arn tcr ,,'m' ?,I that the bunkers 'j l( lifenl t.c election of thrc? fifths 0f the .i *'\i , 4 ' r a!':'1"'*.that they would ?I-? defeat many ; ember? of the llonao. Ahanec ? utlT' ' "V "i. r" fr'"" r""l,tion to whig ?.uld Sj o to the. latl r cnir.l of th, ilouJ! J bin, ihi en. -ntion so ,M eondft ofamaioHtr , r ?h ?' . '? - th" "natcHal Lr . ^ li lrd ly tli ehviCo of i.irtnbcm of thai f S: .n . I ,no temor b. chosen by tb< V i1.' " *'ar? w, j hi tie t l> a! ig esc . ? ate, and al?o elect ab' , to tho I, f,r' .r trie... I be al g ? (oration w hf. .., ? ere i? rtrl nit jf Pigcnt tnnn here, of any lfTS' *'?' t'" adm'i that th. wh !?? matter U it.if.i t o c.nir.! of the hunker democrat*, ts i v may act wi'l tl? jf ,hr ? . '!. , / "''kin, the whig, is ill remain n* tb. y "'f . '? tmy ht uld n>d rupjuirt it, then whig*, with I < o.? j n-.-r, x*ra exertion* at tlieir own hands, I wi.l C, back t? power, and will hold it for a , ?tj-Me. I Ict cc the Importauec of the question? w id the honker- bolt ? There i* tnueh to be said (n both si .is. Th.re arc rca.-ma lor their bolting, i, jvi .ghtv chsraetyr a fact, of their leaving ih, ennliliou aTtogctli t: and tlmr, are others which urge them to be jui t. The near approaeh of the ' , 'osloential election eansei many of them to ho aniioti* not to have any conueoti.ui with h ??c ler al ] ,t\y. I his rpel ng grow* in strength with the improved ptosweti of. Mr. Webster for tha whig . (miiiiati.in. The belief gains ground bore hat Mr. Webjrter will be nominated, J^oott stock baling fallen, like that of tho South Hen Companv in 'he Mt ?;ntnry. Now, our hunkers not only b< *rc that Mr \\ rbster is to be tbe whig eandl date,.but they know that tho democratic oaodldatc ^?d*a h? el??t?d k.a kf fi gr?fit afijofity. H 1? be in th# natioa, it h#. tud^t?STatoBr,um* *? "tron* natioaul attl L. in ?v7 7.- . connection with a party that and to irnnr S.1Rht1" *uineJ with aectrouJism? xaine I binfj? ? tho ?Msn?aat the advantaxa ?r?t,i*r'r( ' wr#bnCt*hi?*> J'm.? &Ju! c tr Ikers/'Ve L ll|[?Ck.1&MS "0l,t MdT.nt.ge- that would result to them fromteSi *CSn,t.tbLtt"hOUldItOUth Up th?c'"?^S i5 Massachusetts between democracy and fm milium that the e>ent of the next national admiSS^ n.n Mr ^'llU1??0r,,tN, 'li muHt be if th? whig, run Mr. Webster. It i -n,<time- said that our iiuiiaer democrats will support Mr. Web*t?r. J. V'.'*0 'J' ' he>' have no more iiloa of aun iL,,,".,ll'ali lht,y h?>'e of imitating thoss JaUhful i w on long island, who, at every pre ' ) , y .v''!!"dA "ioadily support Andrew Jaokaou "'J iv1, i- ,1'rUI'k'""V T^ywiH do nothing dn'mdhiiglr tb:.m." ^ ^ t,lat ho "?Ul* 1 hore i- yet another cla- of our democrats wha wdl probably be heard from, in opposition to thn conlinuance of thecoalition. 1 mean all those gen t tintn who have been disappointed in not obtain : * )"'('t~,l!ll{o numerous enough, they and their Sm'i' t j turn the scale in some of thn nicely balanced counties and towns. I know that he public are much more inclined tolauuhat a dia M ,1,anutl1^ ? <5 01 ? ttl8? kn?w ,hat tLe disappointment; wh r o?ri- r." R.forali^h]o element in a Stata : , 4 . a,L situated uy they are bore. A de and buffl?^l^Un1rd vanit.v' ??\iured interest, ana rmrtl .1 ambition, these are the thing* which make powerful adversaries of very ordinary men Ihey are to them what poison is to the dullest wfiar ,U" u" eVl 7 blow mortal- Now, thorn ar? plenty of -Ueh men here, none of thorn persona -f con-uJerablc strength in the political world; and. unhappily fur the coalition, there is au abundant f material for them to work upon. The ooaliti,* nr ??r .ce..v I1!1'0.? 1 fjstcm of proscribing ir-1-y much all die o,d democrats, thus act ing, _v. en so far back as on the occasion of nua .ig the original nominations for the Lexis a ure, which was the public beginning of thn whole dung. Prom nene in support of (,en Vast was sufficient to damn any man, while prominencn in upport of Mr. \ ua liurtn was a mora pass to thn *?urn ot nominations and office.-. Ilomocrats wern not ullowc u to have tneir own candidates on the coa lition ticket". si d ytt were compellcdto take what everfree soili-r-were put forward, Strictly speak lng. three- iftlu of those nominaldemoerats who warn elected to the House and Senate, were as much fro* toilers u-wrrc the original free soilor- themsclw* Soi .ng how matters were going, the (iovernor nut* C0,d eh?u?cr to tbe e^ddemosrats, and hM bim c!f received the internal hug from the fros boilers. 1 he men who were "tabooed" by the fw toilers, have been sent to Gsrentry by his excellent Phi- conduct uas created considerable discontent I'oniniJ T?t! t,ua ,he"W? virulent op! 'f /f n i' con lit ion will work, if opposition to a, of a democratic haractcr, shall be mide. on , vT'?'W0 combined?namely, hostility to an abolition alliance, and unimoMty arising from ? Vd?h v!lrP,0 n,mT",WUldbe 4uitesnftcul* t _u.d the y onco be set in mot ton, to break down tho Ih n Vk^0 iTnuien j _ thu.v should not take moro t han three bousand democratic votes from the coa : ? m r.B!v JU ?'C,0i!,,Iy u ed' ?hev would take doubla '?'riiol v2r"iu to "oun,'eJ <:f Middlesex, Essex, Norfolk, llymouth, franklin, Herk-hire. md llamrKi. u, the coalitic n would be killed as deai ' t j i' "Y ao crcryfc-'y knows that he ?u VV'ii ?, ^ 1 ' , u,;y mun "'Ontioncd in histov. ..i thcr thi y an be brought to biar thus faufly upon th. coalition, will depend, to a considerable#/! tent, upon Ih? weight andcharactcr of the induenosa ia. *.rc. F work in ,'a\or ofthat organization It if W.eni*-rLe ,hfith#foaiiti?n hiU P?ssedmore popuU laws. I hen there is the State convention for the AJi^u.CC.?.,Utlon : Lreak UP t be coalition. - ..d th whole thing would turn out tho vilest faros -hut ere-men engaged in; maintain it. CHrrv the "iY"1""' remodel the constitution in acronlanns with .he warts of the ago, and the whig party will ?if ,Ur vu^' ^^'cse ambitious democratj nes ha c!.f I (ccnIiti<:n sh,ou,J l f continued, th,.y can ?i ? . onf "?ore chancent "the spoils," which t-icy m cr canhave if it should break cbown. With . ,/ itU!( ;-raoy the impression i- very , ful that, i thev bolt from the coalition, ths w - ?b o lbf KHincM- Perhaps, how tientl ^ Mlk^ b<>hlilf ?f ,be <?>?? It . .oth? i?beeility of the whig*. AU that th. whig party here can remind on* of, is .ibaaJ or Pcdlamitcs, under the direct io*. of leaders composed tn about equal part- of the n.-s and thn mjale. ihey have oi tact, no-<n-c, no ability t* of circumstances, no -kill t# avail ;^n;.c':>".c'ftbc discontentsof a rcsp?ot.tt?le por tion of th* sr opponents, and uo restraint ou their ow . n.eapcrate c^ il passions. They aro endowed with nothing but a fanatical bigotry that cauaeC Jh:m to be actuatedI by a spiteful hat* of ovary. -d ersrn froBJ 'htmsolvei, ami '*Cii -f. ? V b-entiab of a groat po? ili They arc new w;utier to ao? :>/? ad if ifC nn,e.ntcJ ferula art alcufto dSJ *r? .. ft ? work tluui#?lr?i, iirdproiowt ? r... thro igh their own exertion*, uch a state of a ?;??? when the fall casupaigt. shall ha. e opened, bo,,i:iS tn ?he part ? f the hunkor i. mo.rats, a.aic;;t an *. ? Lfllecel^it,, to a*ve them ^n of'^Mr ndi",hv ariwcntl; arpreaching 2 J. JSo uht, il iti old lias deme?iaUshoulJ aet up fcr tfem elre.. tho whig ? etc w.u.d b much Uic.-saatd in tome of the l/ in.V'J ' Dttmt d-u?Jer ,L> Pfo'pect ifbuooess that would llu r prvwtnt it elf. I'ut to what aceo . 'JRt*Kr-at whig party of Mass*. chuse.ts bi reduce J, when it mm t wait upon ths ?c.io- e. M- iial.ott and LLi fii nd- fcr the cha rs -tor of its ow n cour*e ?brir.h! B1"jor,7 ,urfri*ed most of us. though ho- i lection wm fir some day* conceded bef.ro it had become ?n f?u R r . *"-n vjIm, which /-wvlKni hid whoU ?ldn!>d b?a?k Partially atoned for the lorn he sus tained by the action of the hunk.rr. Thi* vet# dYt\Y.V i materU"y f,l"? the united vot## J* fc> h- v frees. il?r.- in the second . i* ifNovetubcr, while the whig vote fell of cv era h-iiij ?< .1*. Mr i ppalu ro.y be considered r%* c.u y,>Xti^uUhcd lv,r- '* dof-at. ia I krnt li t1, bo upon ?? the w..u tl tho old liuo demo-rat-, who weot oier ? the .>upp' ri of hie whig opponent by hundreds ;b?:i the., .i jr.d thai the coalition democrats wer# ?beut to abai Jen their own candidate to suppori J. J'vAcr. * iit fcr ihif ilrm^ratio ^l* thw fur(J '"urh better ia the fourth district thrin they did ia the second Ik was. Indeed, the certainty of this aid that caned . ,i.. ibt-> a reward- fight, with a ' (. . and Je-prrate energy, and were tha most aur rii.d of all part * at t;?c result Th# old democrats, to whom Mr J'alf V, def-aU frjm ?r-t .o la.'t,l? ow-r.g, who kept him out of the 'ask i La,V f" v"nK J from ia a tag Ihl? Ik 1*V arf,cv<u l3Pri' r'vised thau th# wh ^s at b:* beng tho ongt.lv Ui r at#?l rh?l# con?uct.ind,e4,,vJves 'VT afn cnerg,.ic mi C.'ii Jo much, and that t i.? alway. " within th# . .. ? ? ?? *m <***??? n, are fltt *fUinfir ^ i isterized h?-ro. c. -hf ' ate gen, rally, the Scott fi ver having H'?f; !u" ? ? fv??. !'?>.?.; it. ?I .in, in ar.^f l ,l"v*!k ' r ,,K' W,'"Ur men -inrorcl# hl|.'re th?! thev ctn n:ale th ,r ! ?der IVf-iJndT TS. a^out t( "gem Mid win"?d"rh#y Th , d-.mccrati do all that -hrv can W as*. ci i.iae tl.n ai>'cic? of ir.-ariti. th'cv are r-m. Zu t n'i *:?u be S thrt ? "i1" . 'j Whi* '"l,drdates t# U-al-aud Si! ?o hii i a vi r.v trc 1* whig in ths . 'Y *7,T ?wf,r'l f " ' h*ngc n the r?wner.hiu i> T?'r- ? i tl ( n?wsp.,pfrt t^a f c *c . tgnn It - ,J that it to pa., nu th# baud* ol a wra thy gti.fl.man, wh v, ,11 confer th# thn < ' ?';* 1 '"!r"V ' he warrnvh #f the ."-?m ha rather ..ITinded the Wofe rhitc k, Ipl vc. who have ?h, leading of he lr,c- ir?, and wt.oare . ngag.d in "inverting an inveiiti'.'i wherrly gi nth mm can touch pitch Willi<>ut * hug thi ir it iuU.*!tl j awji, CftLoilV h . < v i > v\\\? i. ? About tw< leeo'clock yee ?tay, fir mm diei-ovi red h-uing from a ?tr?* 'i i c ">ri fh Fluff, occupied hj several of our mer rhnnta. l h' 'ilarin **?? prt ? itdly gives, and lha tiro companies rrpar ;1 |uh-kly to tho snot, but deb wo- the P"'|gre?s oft hi flames that only a por tion of the building was?av?d. Thr entire los* l? estimated at flt.Ourt, all "f wh h, a<-l.<arn, ii fully oofi rod by Insurance. Thi building was occupied by Me'sre. W? odbridge. Webster ? Palm's, aad the Iron Mi amboat Company. The low falls upon the Hartford Hre In*urau?*e Company to the amount of ?7.?n)?>; the Hartford Protection ln*? ranoo Company f.1,000, and tho I.ondon Phonic Company fJ/BO. - AarumurA fi'sorgtifi, Mny'Sb Tnr Afru as Ltnt Trai?f. ?From a case re cently submitted to tho* onrt of Appeal, in Algiem, it appear* that there arc pi rsona who make a rocu iar nasiness of catching and dealing in lion* Ona of those, a M. t'ttavi, of Constantino, was, a for? day? ai?o, condemned to an* M. Horbort, thekeepef of a travelling mma^tno 'u Normsndy, ooo thou? sand franca, fur having put him to tho eanensa of visitingConctantine, on the pr miso to soil him tag fine UoM, though ol hl? arrival if turned out that he had sold the animals to anothtr persea, aad h?? not been able to re pi ami than In tha coarse gf the proceeding" it waa atated thai liona ara b.oe? ing very aearoe in Algeria, the approach of m ?n having driven them to seek wfug? ucaili U? acacit - Od'iWH'> Uu*mgfr

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