Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 7, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 7, 1851 Page 2
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THE RI WHXG COM EVITflV Tbf S|irerlt of Col. Biflcr. tlir linbernatonai 3omintf of the WeiiHM-nit*. PENNSYLVANIA POLITICS, &T'. Ac.. At . Our I*? niiaj Ivavsla Correwpoittleiu-e. Keadino, l'\., June ?">, Is-".!. bu\o lit!I.- to ct>uimuni> ate this nt-irning. beyond what 1 sent you by telegraph luA night. The talk ah..ut the formality ate I informality, the regularity and irregularity, of a ??ounty convention or a county committee, is wot worth reporting, especially when the drift of it was to Buncombe. The vote last Big It' is no index cf Buchanan's position, th-.ujrh hi partisans ?re making the most of it, andend:a Toring t*> pnmu-lo orerybody it is a vote for him. Buchanan has merely joined tho strong side; and if he lta-1 been with Krazer, instead of Bigler, th. vote would still be the same. With tho same u t he b?: linked himself with Campbell, wb? is of Irish parentage, and a Catholic, and has rallied around him Miles Sweeny, of Philadelphia and ail th" Irish: tho more so, because some of tho papers on the jther side have indiscreetly appealed to na tive Aunericani-tu. Buchanan is anold stager, and knows the ropes lie knows thorn, c-pecially in Pennsylvania, his bir'hplace: and ho may got the nomination for this State; but whether he will get the nomination from the whole parly. Is a horse of a different color. And thi-v ry doubt may ultimnto y weigh with even his friends here, and induce them, w goo l democrats, to give the nomination to Cass, whose i .pularity extends through many "-tatts, and who has an infinitely better prospect of being tho candidate finally selected by the National orotic Convention, than Buchanan, whose popularity ia of a very limited description. It will, therefore, be a question with tho democrats of this <tate, even it the majority were favorably disposed to ward- Buchanan, w hether giving him the nomina tion foi i'ouu-G'uuia migat u-.t be throwing it ! away, a dri.-iiug * be defeat of Cans, so as perh t pi to UM I w u-.' man th obtainthe general n mnna tion. an l thn?. '*rbaps, cause the lo-s of the elec tion, ntij tic ?; I- ?> tic wh'd. party. Buchanan has bitteri.not to oppose him, 111 h'raicr .oti Cum tom, iad many others in the State, and he ?'iu 1 no obtain *? largo a rote ut the polls as a auii wh is not obnoxious to uny section of the democracy, i ucbauan woild not have tho slightest eharce against Seott in this State. It will require a very -'long muti. indeed, to beat the General in} !?? nuta. When you come to inquire into the cause of Scott's popularity in Pennsylvania, you will fcnl that i' is almost ot the .-ante character with that of the late General Taylor, and that it is nut as a whig he i- popular, but as a general, and tha* it is a 'nit of indefinable hero worsnip ihat Ls piid hiiu by th. simple Germans, who abound in ;,x Htato, snd are naturally a urili.ary ra??, and al ways pay homage to generals. General Jackson ?btaiueU HI.OUI majority in thi-? State on his first election, and Van Karen wa? beaten ;n it by Gen eial Harrison, only b> a very small majority, and would probablv have been Getorious but thai it was <i time oi d?i-re sion in tho State, and the peo ple desited .-ome change There arc many of the soldiers who tough' under Scott in this "-'ate. and won Id ' 44 r bun. jvh.iher th-y are 4a M rat- -c whig;. If. Bbaiiimi. June ?'?, 1M5I. After the nomination of l oL Bigler, Mr. J. Kee nan, jr . of We-tin ore land county, read the follow uig letter from Go!. Black, calling upon the delegates from certain counties to disobey the instructions given them t vote for him a ? a candidate for the nomination:? Pirtasraoc May ST, T.j iiu Phi in- i mw Caawi-oat., It?? a, Lswars. >, Am l otirsT, W b-nUeinen?fh ? nomination 11 C<4. Higler by the I> - mxvrnli Slate t'onv nlion i- already an ?-curt lined ?. rainiy The porp--e of this letter i- to reque-t that yoa will depart from } , -ur in-tru. tion-. and iut nam - tu? aa late for the office of tiovornor. Concert of thought and unanimity. on the evening of preparation, fire goodly promt ? | glorious day in action. |?.( n c ?a- b>- an on tattle in the way of perfect harmony but rather !-t nc- reioi-.- iu*i ?? iu th- U<--tcan minister to th.- triumph of tic- party that know- ,, , ti- n in -ut atu <?? nntrv If I did not holi-T" thai lh<- entir- i th i, Int. rested la on r success at the fitatc election. I iniglit no be ?o "aruc -l at th- flr-t of the fight, hut I d" leliey that tbc security of the I ni >n depends upon the j-?u ? in fVnn-ylvania. and therefore | uu -in iny heart o heart, in-?t stuinnx. Juhniton. ngainet whoa. and towaid- whom I u-vr 1iat> and never will employ an nnkiad word. has d-oi.-at.-d to n re election His reeourc- - ir? neither few nor feeble Huppoec he soeccc'tf?it i a declaration on the part of PenneyIviuis that -he i? determined to disturb th" aseg-nres of con' l iailou and compromise whirli hav > put past trou'de- to -Ic-p To those uiessi.r- ? the demo -ratie pvrty is w far committed, and b-. I think equally couraitied on the oth?r vide tl.e rentn of th ? Ln.on then, *hak< lh< ' aiou. and wliat ins tin i of th trembling hratn hea Of tl.e trie' I do uot Islon.- t} that ?-h'"4 "f secur. sinner- who do not think ti.rr iaanyn<-?-i cf alsrtn beeanw danger d'*? not thunder daily at lh?lr doors. N r do l dmin the blind hrav.-ry <4 men wh'- will n-d U o at p> riU. Is c?u?e, IU. a pursued ostrich, they ran hide ttn ir h-ids in the naud liut I do admire those who. calculating act the value o| tb< I nion. i>of lite danger- of it ? n daavor by wise .nd jnst news- t< stiU the storm befor< it breaks ajtnnthe i? -* hopes nf the tru- le art. And they are to i ? the no-re admired h- eim- ti?. ?: rm break- and ws-tt ? it?e|i upon them, *nd n-a u|--u tie ountry TJie p-ac of 'hi- I nl? n ha- been tr-uhl' l. and au> h- trouhl d again. I. t u. not. by h ll. w p.- .. fas-ion but by at- .1 tidallly and fairii. ?? h. trie t. erary rlvht tie- c n.tltuti.u ^ir.- to *?ery asr?raI -eetton of the ? antry Tin n *>? nre Ane-rf sans, and worthy 'f tie- Hum- Imi w It ,? ,. n-s me for running into this earned ? pr- -ton ; but J fe?l it all. and racnol from -aym. It. / ron-ider the American I'uion t|. ;r>-at' *t homan institution that aa,. tr.r f. rue 1 and. n- xt to the t'tiri ? tian religion th" gnati ?t |bl? ?ing "itr fortune- have ev-r ne t to m ike , r the bur l'-tr- of a w-ary !if< ,.nd I reaard even th dangers of it- ?li--o.ut.oa a. a di-a?ter most deeply to b* deplored B a ran /ran and sweat withowt iiiu. h a^ony under the cad < t life ?env?. -<> long a-we hat* a country; but tmk> tbat awry, and we bar no h< .rl for anythlug, and no nunh ?l t- iner t any thing. Wh'-n the M elie . apt ah d. -owi" year- ug >, u tlas* OhtortTT th> ' riu-an I a:th th-" h> xds and heart? if Bi-o wr-v ? ?' n "yla.-ilir. uahlhe air Thntws-r.ry ilka a t rie n . rpl- !? I disno oils r> l. sad dnslr- ye-l ?the a. >re h rnhie aft. r it- dextruetloia. banau-e of it beauty befor. It ia Imp'*; ibl. n' t to lor. th- iboucbt and tbe i n wh- mad" tb? !!-? ojtht, ?n we'd e1(,r>?> d a Uti?? th- states ..file I ni- n. di-tinet ?s th. billow and on# i k* th- .? May w? u?t a Id the wares of th sea mil in their sppr prists -ph-re*, wrapping ibeui sain-s doily stcl mrhtly around ear It other, an I sr. brok' u oaiy wle n driven again*t the r--ck or the alc -re' Th. wi-.j'-nv 'f . ur lathers rising from tlw mighty deep of the -pTtral pa-t I?fS'hrr us to avoid ii? breaker "bi-n they carefully and -af-li shunned tery truly, MM I. W SI.At'K Tbc letter wa- ordered to be ir,-erte4 on the alnutes. ID# f'nn' nt n tnewproce wd to bullet tur? *u?j I'wl'ilftntr, wh<>n (tab f lover. J. U. Pentium, William Cfenright. Wm f. S. < ,t npbcll. Jatner Y Jmtnc, 1 anicl < 0"te, \V. W. Wilton. and K. II. Bell, were *cv> rally propo- d. ? 'nlj ' lov r. Hrnt ton, .^enrlght and < ampb' 11 rewired vole- to jo tify any hope of their nomination. ''lov. r and .re.* right kepi ahead till the eighth ballot, when ' -nip tell dropped off, and the nwmb? r- atood?' lover 30, >ea right l?>. and Bmttolft At tin ninth ballot the number were < lovor 0, Staright 10, Br:Utij '?1. It at ton ??< ti. n withdrawn.and the tinal? >te wae taken, whvn the uunikcri rtood?Clover !<?, ^?aright if. Clover wn.? declared by tin ehair to b< the nomi nee of the party, and immediately after hi' notuiru tion, wan, by recitation, unanira<n?ly confirmed, It *?i hM rrat god beforehand, ("lover It also a i'nrhanan man. The committee appointed by the eonraatlod to wait on Col. ibgler and inform him of hia notnina iion, conduct! d him i'to the 1 oart limine auiidft tb< ni" t (BlkntU tie cheering, the Chairman then introduced hint t>> the convention when another tbantb ring ebeir 'hook the building ?>d. Bit r then ?idrcnfttl the convention m follow* : ? Mr Franhb n'and Gcuth m'B \ o hat ? I n in tin hetv,f of it*- giiating roe ? - the rundklat. of the J.-m> ?ratic party for tlie <.f>ce of t,? vrrm r ? f thl? Plate, foe litis dMingiil*h'-d ma a <>f 'oofid' n?e and ri rarj. I ?in mly ttiavv joe and through y..,i th rttlaend "f p. nn aylfatila TJ-- > n ? nt. it-?If. ?r>J th< manm r in whhh tt baa been acr> rap! ?lc 1. a ? i ,i>*tly flatt ring In me. and bate anah. n- 1 In ny v nd !? ?> lings of gratitude and drli|bt but riiiV tn- <m ni't na ?r:ij my heart, t am not unmU?lli.; of tin r 'ti?U iitty. and an*' ty. n i l lat-nr, I ?hall incur in vmswg tb< 1'ntur e. r-.t? t. ml U >our aomiiiB'ioB should l n tor I t?y a m?0"t tv of the people of tin fiate. I ft.. 1 that I b but ill abb to dlM-harx1 tb" iitij "Hunt dm ii? in- jaraK jr a that high ? tn na which j it (1 (ire m- to til. Conm toon of my Jefleb-nr i< ?. tn< r-fe. ii " ofpnnaiUty hnpreeana. flat hating been -el-et- I as J Tir candidate | bn? to Curd"" i*f n and am deterrr < 1 ' with yrin thi ttb of J, ?i?T?rt. and ?li'?'l<t' t * ?? .--.'1 ' -row ??d . with ?nee< ??. to di?ehar^e the ? MCwti I; i< r< Iring upon < me. nreording to my fc ?t ability r ij leg uj">n the f>*. tf aranr-of myhiCw r';i,<ri in I th' in' ? n. uf llraten foe "ipp'-rt (i >1 cheep'.j Mrj I rot - ui- , eratulat-vii upon tin 'rot""' 'l tbin<erati.i uu:>n? . unity In tide Ptati < h-er, . It 1? < i; o -ory t | rr tend ami at rength-'d that l<- 'ng in'? I ! I r ? ' the d<aa< ratie party tro? fti-'r pre- "t t? tnp r-ir? | wtrna i I4"n. and b? '*"ta'o o.jr bnr>"*r ami nar t ?in? iftl? ? to thi ????? ? ..-mm mm ?w awsenvw, ; f . th'-m (UnthuaL.'V.if cb- r- N h uir <? ..14 be | ?o gr??t t' iii'' as thi- which i? connected with my nativ State. From my boyhood t hit wa! ho.1 her progress with Jeep inter -t. 1 rn d vc! .p .nent j of her mineral resource"' her agricultural wealth and the extern-ion of her commerce. I have regarded with profound delight and admiration. Nor inn -he hem b> i hindhaud in * xteudiug the arts and so! U"es. and the retiniug iiirtlieuecs of literature But ubjvc uli. I ad mire her lor the general pro: perlty and comfort -he has diffused among the workiug e la sees, iRreat clioeriag.) Still more ought Pennsylvania to b admired tor her a 1 hetiou U) the ualioual I a ion Vpplatue i And never, lam happy and proud to say, did die contain m-reof that adhesive power than now Renewed cheering) Never tincc she became a Sutr, w:i? she ui .re a key stone to the arch than she is at the present moment This v inmonwealth has not been without its troubles au l | trials. She lias -uttered severely fr ui iiuaueial aud commercial embarra-suieut*; hut the integrity of her people has pr?served her honor untarnished a- it ulways will preserve it There wa- a time when she was pros- I trated almost to the lowest d.grce. Tin uou-aecouuUbiUty of her public agents, and iier grout expenditure up>u publie works, the facility of borrowing money and the . extruded and unlimited credit in transactions between ; hanks and communities, created the hurrieane which swept before it the inn,s-ent with the guilty an 1 over- ! wlieliued all classes with terror and d- -pair Before this stortn Pennsylvania had U give way for a time. Kxpe- | dieuU were devised, which ouly palliated and postponed the evil till 18-1-'. whi u she lay prostrate with thirty eight millions of a foreign debt and three millions of a Routing domestic debt, pr ?-sing upon her vitals. A more effectual remedy was devised hy the F.agielaturc. and now the honor of the Stat- -'.aud- redeem".) That 1 have been an humble in-trument in assisting her to weather the -torrn. shall ever lot a source of gra tilieatiou to me Should 1 ever rt-aeli the high -latiou lu which you -eek to place me, it will be u.y ambition, as it will h ? my duty, to he dili gent. and truthful, and just, in tin discharge of the im portant trust leposed in me. 1 am n >t of that seh'Ol of p< litics and philo-iphy that would have us believe that the country is to be made rieh and the people prosper ous by mere acts of legislation, or that '.he wealth of tie nation is to is- measured by the amount of po)s-r mouey in circulation. (Cheers.) K .penance h.i- long since exploded ttU idea. Wealth consists in the labor of the people?in tin ir energy and skill in developing the inex haustible resour. i s of a soil te. miug with fertility, under the influence of a climate favorel by heaven itlreat applause > Demagogues may -ay tl.e contrary but the heresy i? too transparent to deceive This great eonutty s.'."rn? to have lieen Selected by I'r- , videlice for the establishment of th" truth of man'-' e utlity. Not ? only lias the truth teen established hy our experimoat. 1 but it has brought out such a degree of p ro-p. rity aud huppinca- as lias utv.T I>< en witnessed on liii- earth be fore In ltki*. a colony settled in Virginia, lu Iti'Ji. another planted its footsteps on Plymouth rock, a band i of oppr d humanity, king a p t apirt from the I r-st of the world, where they might worship their Ood ' a-cording to the distate- of c n eieuec. and dwell under j their own vine and fg tree, none daring to nislo th -in ifraid The son-of freed' in -oon spread over other por tions of the continent, and it was not liug till '.he offspring ol the pilgrim fathers w.rc in rontliet with the mother country Tiie struggle w.<- carried on with a degree of courage, and wisdom, aud perse- j Vermnee. and suffering, un. r ampb-d in the uur.ul of man kind. fill at length th victory was won. and in 17% -be stood a nation of united States, and liberty wa- gt'.a- : ranted to .Id h'-r people. Thero w re theu only thirteen Ptat' s whose population scarcely exceeded thst of our state Now there are thirty one ,states, with a popuU- ? tion of twenty-three millions. and ?. territory as vast in i extent as it U botiisdle-- in its resources. If th - popu- j latiou increases iu the same ratio up to the "nd of tlie present century, we -hall be one huudr-.l and thirty mil lions? postn saed of a military and naval power, and a | commercial Ititlu'tnce. which i' will be no pleasant pie- t ture to monarchy to contemplate. Tvcn the black bo tr of Ku-j-iv may look on it with lear and trembiiug Tha | thirt?ii State-have increased. one by one, till they stand now a great nation, and h monument of w hat men in a State of equality can do?a cloud by .lay aud a pillar of tiro by night, to guide the ffiviutn beyond tbo wav s, ! who are struggling against lb" here 'ics of the old world. The man i- i fool who refuses to tie iullu need by the experience of the pa-t. It is by looking at its past his tory that we inti-t come to a right conclusion ??? to what the policy of ill" country must be for lie future. Tli >n may is- no immediate dauger to the e*i?U n-e of our na tional Union, lint it -eiim to me tiiat the fiery ordeal is | nvit yet entirely ps-s d. At I ast one member of the Union threatens disloyalty. The crisis i- -till critical, aud calls for tli" ?' vervise of patriotism, and wisdom, aud love, on the part "f th"-" at tlo- helm. Seventy-five years ago tie- glorious "Id vessel launched, with broken nia-ts, and shuttered sails, and open pluuks Di.v naion among her er-w threatened to drive her upon the rock- That d(IH< utty Icing settled, the head winds of nullification nro-c. and menacd the loss of one star from our stripes. That dang, r w is av? rted lu our own day. froui the agitation r?nn eted with tlo slavery '(ui .-ti>n. and the admission of n-w territories -he wa- threat-n J to iie overwhelm -d by the .term and the wave- The not* of danger and alarm wa- -ouieh d All hands . itm to tli" rosette. Tin patriot came II" who lay on the couch of indoleucc esme and the mutineer him-df came; and all united in adjusting the canvass that brought th" vessel-ale to harlsir. I comet myself. Not yet to harbor; but -lie is in view her -ail rem wed. and all right, (tlrcat ch"< r nig , i >nly u single Iier?a sand lour?is in her way. H li ? is there tnat would not sacrifice fouiathing to bring up the vessel safe' (Cheers.) The turn iie-a of com | e uii-e and adju-liuent adopted recently by Con gress, and which 1 am prepared to support Willi all nn power, may and I trust will, be th" m ? in- of accom plishing the desired end M bother I am elevated to the I- dlioo of Governor of this State, or continue an ob scure eltiaeu o| the c<mm< uwealth I shall cvr b ? de voted heart ami -oul to this gloriou- I uion. tie- klea of the disco int.. raicut of which . onjures uji horr >rs too painful to contemplate It i? the ark of our covenant, ?a ntalning tiie charter of our freedom, not to t.e touch ed without desecration. In the language, then, ot an ? miueut statesman, let u* be f<r the Union fir-t aud last, one and inseparable forever. Col- Bigler thus concluded, utald-t tbo iuo-t jo . long. dnud enthusiastic filters. Unr Washington C orrespoinleiice. Wamiuiotoh, Jf sr I. Ml 'J' tjri ?/ i" .i?.'.V/t'Ti/y?Common Srtb' <i ? ? '/ /IIh inil?1? Tin b'U Hon / of I .linn siuttf! m fiLxnvn C!" >nu tmrk? That j'/inh t Soft, u-hat it nut un i hi tight?.U A 'l'fllMM * H WO Oflnr, 4"'? 4"'? Sagacity and iraetieal common -ense?pretty much "iic and the .-.line thing?are not bad ingredi ent- for an inlaiiiii-tration to pos-cst. It i- a rimark here, which has grown into a pro \ rb. that Senator Ihugla-?let the " Voting* iiant of the V e. t" learn and bear it modestly?ha< m- ro -agniity and common -en?<" In one week, than the pre*cnt administration hn* vouchsafed to it in a twel'. .month. Look at the appointment of latnd < ominisskm ers far ( nlifornia Arthur I-'. Hopkins, of Alabama, an en in nt jurist and lawyer, worth soma undone. .:g a law practice Worth ?12,U"*' a year, was one o| the ap|H,<ntev.s t<> a commissi Mier's office worth *?>,?*? a >eat in California. Of courre he woi.let'd at the .ipj-ointment, and leelin, d it. I? - ph 1C Ioger-oii, aa eminent statesman and law yer. wirth tiOfMlUI, and on joying a law practice woitdi some or fid,?Mt a year, was another of the appoint, ei ?>f course he. too, wondered and deelim u Jam - Harlan, the Attorney <icneral of Kentwkv. mhiei/ a- a lawyer, and a distinguished ??i-ixi' taber ot t ongre-s.l w.m another of the ap poi tec# ' 'fcoune be aid, "thank you" to *? the E>wer? that he," at Washington, and d'Oliix d the >n nr. Nest John C -pence r, eminent a- thai ca ?*eer*tary of thoTr a-ury, whose name, by univcr al I'inwit, stands nevt to that of es-SSe' retary Ale under lluiuiltoa, and Whoa* legal practice mu?t brii g him aa ir eotu. of more than gftySMayeer, was 'ngl J ut and .ippmr.ted orami- loner. Mis hr t and "laorh nd c lott-.r to the Albany pa p-re on the "aeiect, *h'?w< i?? w .? t .oi hed be was that the administration should think of appointing | hiui t<! such 'in "S; c. Who willftaaily be tie remains to be ascertained, t hus far th" administration has displayed its *<ij|a< ity and common sea#*', in the ; malt, r. intndi afl'-rth" fa-lnon of the lute Taylor .aslriiiiii tralion. wh.-n it gravely temlercd to Join i t'iwrk. 'it to be at the le ad <d the Tr? ;i-tiry I?c rwrtiuent. the MM -p'ott of Keeoi Jer of th < lencral i I .and (MB' c Tbertonreraatious and *j?c. ulatiou* relative to t la? late Hoard d C'ommistioncri on elaime against. \ o and the doings of said lourd, A. ., are still g .irg on hri-kly in all eir le- here. It is a little ' urioiis that the cotntnis-i tners took no oath of office. 1 he law creating the board ma le no provision for the commissioners to be sworn, ami tiny, therefore, took no oaths nor slliriuat ions. ih>: idi.i which has bcr-n thrown out from th> Tfea-ury liefMtmeat, that i ongr>-s can no more go behind the act* and d'dngs of tin e commie* ?ion. i tbati it an behind the a Is of the judges of the Hupremv 1 ourt, is ridiculous. The coia- j mi sinners were the rr< atures d Congress, and the latter body > aa im- -tig.itc their acts w lencter it idea-' to I > so. It. .in also call to a- count, any eaninct minister lor nialfcii-aor.; or corruption <n OfW ?!. 1 am credibly informed that Col. l'aine, on" of ih? commissi ,i.e nod the one who obj?"tel to all or nearly all of the claims?declares that b" is icady for III" proposed investigation whenever < on gt< s -ball tew e to order it. A dbdiaguiibed 'awyer of this sir,, who was in "* " imndC terc t'.din 'h" In ion Lund' itii|4?riy'? claim which w?s |e-fore i he board, has given ine some valmible information., t tlM ntudnt nprnmti by which soeae i laims bcrnj, the board found favor, an 1 others no favor at all. i or example, h>' state!that the trne* riean Coinmissionore <d the Mixed Hoard of HP* tn, rcreirtcd an award to the lube La ad Company of Ibis, muli the interest up latkiatime, w,T|Id amount to a beat fTtkt.'ft't. -Hy Inforooini rates that h ? ha- the written declaration of both Mr. (' >rwin ami .Mr. Webster, mads before tbey to k " nt in the < abinef, that the/ had b? i I by the emmi* ioncrs, that the whole am >n*t Jo, 'he l nion 1 .and f', at reported b? tti indJii" ImtilsAti I'omal sionft1, (< ,ov. Marcy undJnd i H'e kenri'lfi .) w,th int.-ri -t, making tb?" am of ? Via-,i tsi, should be awarded and paid, instead of the-, a1 nrjO'-rs. on the part of the cwmmieekHM* s; a? \ ? u*h tforb the writ ten testimony of Mi m. trr a"d l orwin, the board awarded only .V.,mil. ji't li 'd. to'he I 'lion bild ('nirtnlir 1 rtate ttr e iavieattbc mgfea-.iaa ef the diet ia|oib ed 'awyer referred to. Ilia name is at the >or\ioe of those who may feel aggrieved in the matter. And now a word or two about that splendid safe which the board had for a while, and which ha beeu alluded to in sotuebody'/ telegraphic despatch to the Heraid. .Mr. Jones, son-in-law of Colonel Benton, who was the first Secretary to the board, conceited the idea of ordering a splendid safe, to be kept in the office of the C'oinuii-sioners. He obtained j<erinission of the board to go lo N'ew York and order ono con structed. He employed Herring, ol that city, to innkethe safe, while he remained sometime in New \ oik directing and superintending its construction. The safe, its trun-portation, and Mr. Jones" |>cr diem, while in New York, and expenses, cost in all the sum of $7lH). Mut thexaf', after it had been obtained and paid fur. was not wanted nor used, and so tile -uocemor of Mr. Jones, as Secretary of the board, Mr. John ston, g"t permission to sell it, and he did sell it for the sum ot $&X> to Messrs. Cult k brother, of this city. The government lost $500 by tho operation. The two hundred dollars paie for the sate by the Messrs. Call, were deposited with Corcoran ki K'ggs, to tho credit of tho United States Treasury, l?y Mr. Johnston. That is the whole of that story, and tho truth of it. i 'f course, the Board had no right to sell tho safe: but as much was |>aid for it a- it would bring at auction, uud perhaps more. You err in supposing that nr. Kingman, the p ipular and reliable \\ ashington correspondent of the Jiturnai of Cut/in ere*, the \ ew York Commeri ial, the Charleston Courier, and the Baltimore Sen, Lolds a government offieo. He was tendered a paltry clerkship, worth $1,100 a year, recently, but very properly declined accepting it. An auditor's office, at $3,1X10 a year, would be none too good for him; but " the po vers that be" have not the saga city nor the common sense to perceive. They may learn something of the kind when it will bo too 1 *tc for them to profit thereby. Washington, June 5,1831. Tin Case of General Kos iusko in Court. Fur several days past, there has been pending be fore tho Circuit Court of this District the ease of llippolitus Cstko and others, heirs of General Thad dcus Kosciusko, vers?.? Kosciusko Armstrong, lega tee, and Lewis Johnson, administrator dt bonis hoh of tho estate of Kosciusko. For the plaintiffs, lion, iievcrdy Johnson and Major i iaspard Tochman; for he legatee, Kichurdf. Coxe, Hs?p The issue tried Is, " whether the writing pro duced by Arm-trong in the Orphan's Court, and admitted to probato on the 19th day of November, 1*2*, is the last will and testament of Central Kos ciusko. This paper is dated June 28, 1806. It was executed iu Paris, and revoked all former wills and Codicils. The case, altogether, is complicated. '1 he first will of Kosciusko was made on the 3th of May, 1798, covering a principal of some $19,000, the whole of which was appropriated t > the educa tion of negroes, under the care of Thomas Jefferson, as administrator. The second is tho will or paper of l*i>6, which appropriates specifically /one $3.7'id to Kosciusko Armstrong, son of General John Ann strong, then Minister ol the 1 uited ."States to France. Third, at Soleurc, in Switzerland, another will was made, by which Kosciusko, to sundry persons in Kurope, disposed of about ltmjHiO francs, directing tbat the legacies be paid out of hi- molt unincum bered prupcrty, wherever it may be found, and re voking all "former wills and codicils." lie exe cuted, also, at Solcurc, on the 19th October, 1*17, another will or paper, making disi>osition of certain specified property, which leaves, as claim the heirs, tin- will of 1*16, with its revoking clause, in lull effect. They also claim the property not dis posed of by the wills ot 1*16 and 1*17, as the resi due left to thoai under the statute of distribution. And in the suit now pending, their object is to get liil of the will of l*m>. and tho be<|UCstof $3,|tXi to Armstrong, which they believe was revoked in 1*16. Kosciusko died at Sdcure, in i-witscrland, in 1*17 From Mr. Icff'rs.n, his fund- in the I uited .*tates wore transferred to other administrator-, and the last tbat we have heard of them is that they were in the custody of Col. Bomford, lately residing near \V ashmgton, but -inee deceased. For several year- past, the litigations upon this ease have be n exceedingly tclious. Mr Bodi-co, the llussian Minister, for some time, was involved in the ease. He was the sonant of his Imp. rial Majesfy the Jiinpcror, whoso subjects are under his absolute dominion. The b>ii?s ol Kosciusko, in Poland, were subject- of tho l.uiperor: their pro perly was his property, and ns such, Mr. Bodisco claimed the administration ot it. * >ur courts, h.w evcr, have decided thRt the property of Kos iu-ko in the t uited Stat, s does not revert to the l.m |K'ror of Ku.--ia; eonseoueiitlv. Mr. Bodice.. and his eoun-.-l have been dispon ed at the in-tnuce of the heirs, and Mp*-rs. Kcierdy Johnson and Mujor Tochman have been appointed. The main trial f<>r the recovery of the property, now amounting to some *60,<XX(, will come on im mediate It ulter the closing of this preliminary L--ue. Several of tho beiri of koichisko, w< under stand. are n?.w in this city, and in ury redu ?? d liicu instances. Our 1st lint u? ( urri >|Niii(trn<r. I'lLtaw, Mkjr S, ? 1', .i-itiui ]latlro"'l? It- lilt,ft Progr, tiiirar>h L'umpldivn, 4*'- 4"' i rainv hither from .Navy Kay, this morning, and am now on my way uj> to the upper nation of the railroad. I leo>e this for the Kuij ire City, pro mising at a later day more ample details of this interesting work, which, after being dreamt of for more than two centuries by the government- of l.uro(>e, i- now being quietly, but iuo-t rigorously, I pushed forward to completion by our go-ahead country men; aud the iron track, within a few month.*, will enable the traveller t<> ero.-? the con tinent "by daylight." Colonel 'lotten left the Hand to vi-it(the .-tution at Mindi, the first out from Navy hay, the day before I arrived, and un tortunatcly I bad no opportunity of communicating ? itb hiin; but 1 beh> Id ample evidence of w hat hi Well-directed energy had accomplished -ince in charge of the work, in the hapo of the clearing of the en-tern end of the iiland, the different build ings of the company?ab jut fifteen in number, in eluding two spacious warehoii-e*?and a well oon -tnictc.l pier, cn whi- h two i.nglish -hips were dis charging railroad iron, (one of them drawing nineteen feet of water;) whilst the arrangement* <>f nearly rini-hed wharres at the terminus of the mil road, on the quiet and -< ture though small harbor already alluded to-contra.-1ing so strongly with thi* ill-favored place and its <q.. n road<tead outside of a dangerous bar?point to an carl* transfer to that more desirable landing place of the crowd of our ardent countrymen, whun < ten pre-cnt d? <i jfrtmtn.! cannot keep bark. The nameless pla^o of to-day will be a world-wide known port within A y--ar. It requires no great for. light to predict that the depot of Ainerirnn and htiropeun goods for distl ibntiou along the ports in the North and ^oilth I'urific, will be at the Atlantic terminu- ofth' rail road, a- being more under immediate protection, if iiei'dcd. than at l'anaiua. I hato met here a gentleman '-eimectod with the company, who,for the la t month, luts been muting along the line of the work*, and who knows every foot of it. I have al-o iio t with otheri, and some of them scientile men, well qiuiiifi.-d to Judge of tin -c matters, and, from all 1 can gather, too mnch ciedit cannot be given to Col. T men for liis extraordinary energy and indu-try. and though mistakes have been made here, a- everywhere else, ami uuueh delay occurred at the outset of the work, 1 think lh? company lias al ui dant reason to be sa tis Bad. The captain and several ollWr* ol' the liriti?h -tcnuier Avon wire a' Catun yesterday, and at Navy Hay to-day. ami they were free in their expressions of astonishment at what ha* been done. I omitted to *tate that at Navy Hay 1 was nr prised to find, in-trad of the temporary rail roud f had ciMtU'l, a pt.tuun nt track with a heavy imil, sixty lb-, to the vard, of the bridge form, ns u-'-d on the (treat Western road; and tin- rond itself (though, o| urse, mu'h inferior to that standard, work, and other similar on- s in i >r at Kiitain) comparing t ?\ >rnhlr with railroad* ger. rally in the State-, t got a portion of the roud frotn ,Nb\y I'-ay to (bitnn is on pib s, which hate been firmly driven by the pd---dri\ing ma r-bine* of the company, worked by stmm. The more -anguine of th>- cngiie eriog -orp* look for the opening of ahnnt twenty mile of the road, or nearly one-halt the entire line, from ?e-i-an to ocean, within two month-; whil-t other- allow for a delay o| a month or two later. Soon ? - en mile < in addition will rex-hc the raits during 1 h* autumn, and the crossing cf the river be th'-n retched, leaving but ninet'-en miles to be p- rf-ruid to I'unainit ?'7 mule- until the railroad can be i-o'astitntcd. i In se nineteen mil's ha\ been ear fnl'y examined during ther?H?i ms on, by Mr-?r . I'aldwiii t'mnpbe'f, both (ngirw-ers of Known merit ? tf? former, from the beginning atlu- h d to the survey of the com pany ; and the latter, well k.iuwn on the line of the lJud'on river roil. The wle.lj *< otioa i no* finally located, and reii Jy t . be lab- o hold of vigor on-ly", as c?on a- the lm - fr- rn Navy l'.?iy to the s i--ing of !?'? t hagr I'bit. J trill close with a eiiaiii foftstie nnredote of the president of tbe company, do... I. Mtphei s, J.-q., who i- n-iw ?' Hejio Voldndi. r.<? f tne tip|>er ?t s liot. on thet'hngr> ? r --."i.-t- "h> laborer* fr??rn New (>rlonsarc a: Ti ??? -ti) rint' n lent of thai station, Mr. hi':Jf? lis i: r 'w i n ordered to a raw rend /tons at in do-fat., on the opposite side ?f th-ritcr, for r'ti-? lab-tref, h's sub-tiln'e, temporarily in i.b ?rg. , by .a' nip; rant" and b id ? oniiuct, g -t jh?- Ir.'tt a niftf'ny There weret.i tmeilf'tB *1 h ? ?*, - tifbl the "i>! Hii., iful lln I' ei I.1, i n I "I I" in ? t-telly, wh pi* liv -lit alaif i -*r| t>? - isPek-' c ?' s ? "3"^'he French (lag. When Mr. Stephens fh-Iti- e tri-oolor was flying from the window of h! rrPul .ho,Me- and th? wttole posse stood on the bank, and received him with surly looks and without salutation or greeting of any kind. Ai you may suppose, he was indignant and mortified, and refuted to enter into any conference whatever with them until the flag was taken down, lie refusedte wiuih aUlUil that was doQC- uud 'ho re ,ut l!? : U- * WM Uken down ; and. with out his yielding a single point, perfect quiet and miLdovc/mln 80 mUCh f?r thc in^onw of Interesting from the Great Salt Lake. MES.XAOK Of aovER.Nou URIUHIM vol NO ?GEIWHUr. FPtsrLE OK THE MOB MOM CHl'RCH?THE CoXl'E ItENC'E OF THE 8E\ ENHE9, ETr., ETC. OOVEll.NOl's MESS A C1 E . T a Desebet, Dec. 2, lKr)0.

In the Senators and ]Ieiiu:m..ntatim> in hie State of Deskrkt. , '^LTI'*!UK.N~-A*ain have oui duties brought us together hi the capauty of a legislature, for the purpose of establishing government, which shall people* t0 tL? wants "nd necessities of thc It 19 usual upon occasions like this, to lay l>e ?efore the law-uiukiiig department a full ana con cise report of the situation of affairs pertainin" to the government, as well as to make such sug gestions and recommend su<h measures as m the opinion of the executive will prove the most advantageous to the body politic. I purpose so to do, as far as 1 shall have the ability and the iiieaiid within my reach, reserving unto myself the pnyik-ge ol completing any report, us circumstances shall dictate or require. It is probably known to you that Congress has passed an act to establish the Territory of I'tah and provided for taking thc census of Deserct. Hut' as yet no official announcements ba\e been made consequently the government of Desorot will con- j tinue, in all its departments, until -uoh time as it 1 shall be superseaed by an organization coutcm r'a^du'">'r tke of Congress. Whatever may b? effected under the new orgunizution, we have tlie proud satisfaction of having sustained u quiet yet energetic government, under all the vicissitudes incident to new and .untried lx-alities; and, when the general government shall have assumed to pay the expenditures consequent U|w>n thc Indian exj.e d.dons ot being comparatively free from debt. 1 alike the golden-browed neighbors of our sister ' . '.ate, no agent of ours is hawking about our State bonds, to obtain the necessary means to defray (he sixteen dollars per diem of the allowance of thc members ot the Legislature. In this State, no ex pense has been incuired by any of thc departments ot government lor service rendered. llie Auditor's report will show the amounts paid out, being almost exelnsivcly for public improve ments, or articles purchased for public use. And here pi runt me to remark, that in order to make the settlement of the pecuniary matters of the S'uto more direct and feasible, I wish to direct your at tention to the suggestions contained in that report and recommend their adoption, in defining the du ties ol all officers in any wise handling the public lunds. In all tune to come, it is to be hoped that that enlightened and wise policy will pervade our legislatures, which, not requiring laws to restrain, Will yet keip their appropriation^ and allowances within nri jar limits. The success of all govern ments depends upon their having power and ability to perfoim their various functions, and tliero i.s no surer way ol crippling their cnirgie- and binding their exertions, thai plunging them hee?Ue.*sly and uo|>el? 2f*ly into debt; it is i'ar bettor to a.-se--: a 'ux at once, adequite to all the necessary expenditures ot government, than permit an accumulation of in- I acbtednc.-s to harra-s every department, and the consequent necessity of foreed and tempore ry loans aider the fostering care of the government, the -ubj. ct ol education is fas', assuming an importance that will reflect gieat credit upon our exertions. 1 ine r-oard ot Olianctllor and li.'gents of the Uni versity have already established schools in various pints ot ihc !Mato; mostly,'however, without incurr ring any expense to the institution. The enlighten.'.] course pursued by that board will unquestionably redound to the benefit of the institution, as well 11 to a general system of education throughout the .. tate, and must ocitainly meet with your cordial approval and warmest encouragement. The -itu ati?.n selected for educational purpose- upon tho eastern side of the city, will probably be enclosed the ensuing winter, and suitable building- erect d i us soon as the necessary funds can be obtained for that pui po-e. In extending mid making now settlements, one 1 uni orin course bus been recommended?that of building and settling in forts in the tir-t instance. I and tanning in one enclosure. This course has proven highly successful. Nevertheless, we have been compelled, in order to sustain ourselves and our settlement., to make two ? xpelition- agaiu-t if?? 1? Lre H'5?I"1? n*Bin<t 'ho Timpauog .s, last Tebruary, of which you wen informed : the other against a portion of the Shoshones, in .-top. teinber Ih? ;. 1 hi-last expedition was conducted strictly upon the deb.nsiie, and CTery effort made to attain to a peaceful adjust men t of all difficulties' unfortunate.y existing. The Indians hating (led were not encountered by our detachment: but ri ccnt reports teim faioruble to a peaceful tormina- 1 All the Indian- with whom we hare ha l difficul ni""?rC ?r broktn ?f Van,la fr'"" 'ho mam inbe?; with them, our peaceful relations hate never been interrupted. We have aparcd no tune or ox pon?i in"ring to conciliate the Indians, aid tench tbcm to lca\c off their habits or pilfering and plundering, and Work like other tcople ; but habit* ?h^r. ho",K"i rCt'm "ot t0 bc ln nc'-v,nlanco with tneirphysical formation; inuny (hat hare tried t mned away, and, nules- returning to thoir former tloJhoJ>Dg: . i * Vcry "h>rt time- Uould they be induced to live peaceably and keep herds of cattle, their condition would very materially bo amclioratcd,andgradually induce a return to the habits of civilisation. .11 becomes us to bc prepared to repel sud len in\ a sions, a- tiny generally come at an unexpected nn> "!,Vn.t* dfl lhis end, I would recommend a more efficient organisation of the militia, and .strict re quirement-of officer's rejert-, and uniform distri hution ?f public service : also, that sufficient iii-ans be appropriated to defray the . xp. a-,., of repairing and hou-ing the public arms, ordnance, ke., and pur. basing supplies of camp equipages, bag "* ?? wagons, and teams. 1 1 B ( L nparalleled in thc history of thc times md a solitary ca?c was reported for trial, before the re-u- i far sei"ions of either the county or supreme court 1 during tb. past year ; and no offence Ley- nd the n,r"i.. I* of ,he I"'nct t0 have been c< nun it fed. J his argue- favorably In behalf of j list ice- po?rf haiing extended juri-diction, and, probably, is partly owing to the 1. qulremcnts of the law. making it thr duty of all officers to tk to allay and ei mpronii-c differences, in-tcad of Pro moting litigation. It is highly meessary that aeomt of probate should bo organised, or else the duties of probate coiiin and public ??luiini-trntor l?c ol veil upon some office now organised. The cstrav pound. < n closurcs, and hciding, arc each of them ?uhje t- re quu 1 ng your most careful attention, being fruitful sources id complaint, nnd liable to terminate in lif. ?Kt"!a'k <,<De,rl '"W. specific in their na'.ir., should be passed upon the -n?j-ct atii i earlv 11 dav a- jiractienblc. " ? 'I bo ISath Hou?c, nr-r Hi-' W hrrti >|?i ngs. is now completed, ami will, it in eonfidemly 'flirvwl, ere long, hrromr a source of revenue to the s'tHic. It is highly dcMrnblc that the capitalist* of this ?vtntc should introduce tn*chlncry for the manufac turing <>f all kinds of machinery tba? will hereafter be wanted for factories, he., nisi stoves, and oiht r articles'of heavy importation, should bo manufac tured by our own enterprise and industry, fnral culablc benefits would icf ili to this community, if they Would engage in aliuo<t every kind of manu facture. not only iron, but paper, nooks, woollen, cloth, bather, crockery, stoneware, and sugar. I'pan ilii- last named article I will ?ohmit a single estimate for jour consideration. Not more than iwenM thousand person* would use l."*.,2.Vi ponnis, allowing onlv one oum-o a day to each person ; the "ipense of tne transportation alone, at the low rato ?>i ten cent* a pound, wonld amount to f a ?urn adequate to construct the most offensive sugar manufactory: and when considered in conn"*ton with the superior quality of the beet, and facility with which it can he raised in these \alleys, renders it moU. suicidal policy lor na to be dependent upon other than our own re sources for that article. In the neighborhood of what has u ually l< ? n termed Little ."-alt Lake (now Iron county), our exploring party of last winter discovered inexhaus tible bed. of the very best iron ore. A settlement Is n?w being made at thai point. '1 here is no doubt but that the demand and price tijsoii the distance of any successful com jetitiun, will produce sufficient inducement for capitalist* to invet their means, lr whatever will n? ci:-arily prove a safe investment, and ensure an abundant n turn Any and all kinds ?f cneour.igc moat, by throwing around then an energetic ami efficient government, should, unquestionably, bo given, li is wisdom to let capital he associated in 1 nfa11 settlements, beeruier there L p necessity for it, for a time j L:it,toln\ the foundation fur moneyed capitalists to monopolise against labor, it no part of my policy, isditier or religion. To r nenuragr en* irrpuso in eoMtrn'ting works of magnitude, ii may he well to grant privihgoa; hut the* should be so guarded as to be madeatnenable totnepowi r grant ing fh' as, at all tinsel, for the abuse ot rhe power* granted, or dlveitiig them to any other'object thru the orie designed. I'rowt tie i itv, a railroad will. m< .?( probably, be ennstrne-rd to lion mint}, as also toutlBuou*dy to ."onthefii ( ai'fomta. li rminaiing at Nin libgo. Whatever >'i < ourugement you may ilnd it in yrtur power tu ex I end to an object so mil of interest in our eft . ns. | shrtll mo?t rca<lity acqnlrsee in, if within flic range of wy u??n*tltution?l ditties. I licr I feel it n privilege, wliieli I I eltcvc I iippree'afc. in Octirg the opjsirtui il v I ne w enjoy, ?s ?r*-(-e There are many, very many, causes '?ouspiring together, which make it a subject of deep fraught interest, to behold, as I do this day, in this moun tainous and desert land, (where, tnree years siaee, were only found the wild, ferocious beast, unt rar ing savage,) senators and representatives o<mgiw gutc-l in a comfortable public building, which would I ae credit to any State of a free, enlightened, aad happy people. It is a subject of congratulation to mo, to you, my friends, ami to the world, that the | all-wise Disposer of Human Events has so declared in j His providence that the desert and the solitary , place shall be made glad, ami the urea of human freedom shall be extended, and civilisation shall , rear her habitations amid the silence of the eternal hills, the mighty forests, and lonely islands of the j sea. It is this that has peopled the Atlantic slope of our mountains, furnishing the world with this | vast republie of nations, and is now gathering in ' her fist a few more to throw over the Pacific slope, I as a counterpoise to trim her otherwise unequally , balanced ship of stute Deseret is not yet three years old, and yet such 1 has been the rapidity of her growth, tho extent of ' her improvements, and the development of her re- i sources, as to command the admiration ami the respect of all whose let has been cast within her bounds; und those afar oft', hearing the glad tidings, are stretching forth their itehing palms towards another of those free States whore tlio oppressed go free, and the poor, through ordinary industry, find ample provision. Forgive a single allusion to the past The oppress ed became the oppressor, and tho opprc-sod again g ? forth to forui new communities, new settlements, and new governments. Hence are we here, amid there vast mountains and solitary plains; hence are we here, assembled in folemn council, to frame laws for tbe organization and rule of communities; . and, what gives r.est to tbe picture, devi-e sueh j laws and rcgulations as shall perpetuate, guaran tee, and sustain, in time to ooiuc, our free ami glo rious institutions to the latest generation. Frit nds, i|i all your deliberations, I shall be hap py to participate, so far as it shall bo my privilege; and, hoping that unanimity and'zeal, wisdom and intelligence, mny characterize your exertions for the public good the ensuing session, that when you rot urn, you niuy be enabled to carry with you the proud conviction of having faithfully discharged your duty to your country and yourselves, is I be prayer of Your co-laborer, Br.ioitAvi Yoi \a. [From tbe Ft Louis (Mo.) Republican. May 'J7.| in tbe l)un<t Arc* of the Sth of April, we find s> me items of uuwk which we proporo to give iu a synoptical form. This paper contains the Fifth General Epistle of flic Presidency of the t hurei, of Jesus Christ of Latter I>ay Faints, from Fait Luke Valley. State Of He eret, to tho Faints sca'.tci, <1 throughout the Earth" It is a very long document and is so written as not to admit of much con densation. It refers, ir. the first place, to the organiza tion i f the Church, in 1810?to the many trials which it bus since undergone?to its peculiar teuots?and to its extension to all lands?-in Europe, Asia. Africa and America, and the East and West Indies." Tin unparul le!? d spread of the gospel, in so short a time, and th'- rapid gathering of the Fiiints, is regarded as another token of the Messiah's near approach. There aru other sign- of tho turns, in the increasing convulsions of nutans?tin wars and ruioors of wars?the internal dissensions which threaten the disunion and overthrow of the best go Tern merits on the earth?the increasing plagues and sickness in new and diversified forms, hurtling the skill of th< wisest physicians?the increasing divisions among pro fessing ? lirisiian parties and members of the same party ?tho increase of earthquakes, whirlwinds, hurricane* and tornadoes?the loss of life by shipwreck and tempest by steamboat explosions and burnings?tbe dcelructi *n Ot life by murder?aud a vast many other signs, which are enumerated ail leading to the conclusion that the second c< miug of Christ is at luind l'a--ing Croatt)M m things, the Epistle proceeds to say that tho Saints at homo are making preparations to re ceive the Faints front abroad The winter hus la-en mild i F- veral grain and lumber mills have been erected iu the na-t winter; many shingles have been made, an I all lliat i l- wanting to bru g them into immediate use is naiif; 1 chair*, and various articles of furniture, are multiplying In th"ir midst; two or three threshing machine- have ! been in operation during the winter, jet more machines arc wanted, and tbe Faints are counselled to remember I that the m<>st highly improved lnbor--;iving machin'-ry Is needed by the community, und to bring-u'-li artiel - 1 with tb)m. Ibe has been SO tar completed n- t< admit of its being partially occupied: the warm spring ti.ith house was compu ted in November last: the ti liiug store-house has been so tar completed as to i? mo d lor various purposes; the prospect for building materials Is flattering A w oilier fa story is to be erected; a ) It-ry I i- nuiily completed, and ? We arce\porting to use china j ware i-t our own munufaeture in a few weeks Cutlery | establishments have la-en commenced in the city There was very little-now during the winter. The last - two nights of February were the coldest oi the sea on March was very plra.-aul. audWua improved by the fa: j rr* in sowing wheat I'nrto - front California arrived on i tb-- JMh September and 13tli November, bringing very little of the products of the mine- witti them??om- I. >r rowing worn y to get home?and others would Imvi tv. I turned if th< y had liad the means A coUmy ba-been fotiuclal Iron county.nlum: two hundred aud fifty miles uc.irly south of iheFtlt I. ke city. They left on the "tii December, un ler ehu ? of K.lder George A. Fmith. with aliout one hnn Ir. I and thirty men a few families, and a good stipp'y of I ? is, ?e<ds. and tools, and win ii last b< ard from, lb y bad u field ot l.flOO acre-. 400 of It sown, plenty of water, w *.!. | iron ore. alum, and -ome prospect of Mad. ' The Quorum of Seventies bad agreed to er>et :igio j tensive rotunda in Umu Mt Uk?cltr,ial> ea'.>dth? Sot, titles' llall < f Feiencc. and (lot, \naif, tlli'lr I'l i | dent, was appednted truster aud sup rini. nd> nt of tbe | work. Shareware fixed at tilt. At a special sc-sion of the <-reut Fait I - County Court, on the .id Januaiy. some few transient coneleted of stealing, were sentenced te hard In lor for lariou- tarms,afterwards pardoti-d, aud ]s-rmlt;e.t t'- e> on their way to California Ab< ut three hondr. d i eii gratts who wintered with them left f-r ti. .fid mite - I this spring The General Assembly of the State if In-eft wn in i ?s-eelon iu January A railroad company wa chart ere. 1, | to extend from rtmple block iu the city, to the stone I quarry and mouulain on the east, for the c nvcyanc" of I building materiab? the construction Iuckv iiv im mediately Tfce new-of tin-formation of a territorid goT.-rnm nt j for Utah, and of the appointor nt of Brigham I Voviif. as Governor, was first re. civwd hy way if i'aiif..r : nia. in January It was ailcrwanU confirm, d by the i Eastern mall." hut no orieiel notice, gaperta, Or papers had he?'n received W e anticipate no convulsive rev IwtlwmryfetttUgOTtwni by th. citizens of Item ret. ' ? hut an ea-y quiet trm -it tin from fftatf to trcri fory, llko wtary traveller lc*. < riding a gentle hill Boar hy thi ir way-side borne ?As a people, we know how t. appruciate. niowt ?< nai bly. the hand of Irienil-hip which ha- h?en extend' 4 to wards i ur infant State, hy the general govern?* ol Coming to this place, as did theclti/.cn< of Reserel. with out the mean* of subsistence, oxrept tho ItiiX of th< Ir h.-md' in a wilderness country surrounded by savages, whose inroads havu given orrsslon f..r many tedbutw hnd expensive expeditions the f lief afford d by our mother land, through the medium of th<' approaching t ri it -rial organisation will Is-duly .-timatnt. and li in hei ee. forth, wo would fondly hope the most frb telly feelings may b? warmly ehert-lied between the vnrt wt? Si sic- and territories of this gnat path n. wfcc-M i nditutirnai charter is not to lie excclk 1 ' A settlement is to be formi-d in the southern part of California. at no great lietanc" from Fun Diego i->r wbiih purpose Eiders \ m.i-e l.ymsn and Ohatti c. Itieh. with one hundred and fifty wagon- I t; early in March It I< designed to < tabll-h a continued line .,f stations and place- of refreshment, to tic Fa ille. ? n this route. The city was being fenced Infer Mocha, instead of Wards, a< form, rly. .mdmany shade trees w.-re plant. | School houses have been bailt In most of th ward- Mr a-ur-s hail Iws-n adopted to prevent the depr< '.at o of tb. California .-migrnnts "In view of the antMpntrd eliange in ?nr (nvr rnmi nt. and to facilitate bwetwa ?e. thr Or* rat A- mUy r.f l> ??? r?t appointed Out. I nnng their ag-nt to r ???.!?<? the $30MO appropriate by Congrve< to build a PI <tr llouec in I tah lerntniy, MM eaurc '.-ild hou-" to l? ? ??'t? ! wttlinnt delay. on I'tilon Pqunre in tb1' rity. * I ttb nefthweet ?f TOnpie Worfc; and the Aaertnhly ndjoi rued m'nr illi on Paturcay !a?t 1'r .1 M Bernhl-?l haa N "n appointed by tbo Pre 1 lent t'> ?>< l'?t tin' I'1 ih lit rare. fur wlin-h M|m h?? rppmprtat'-d V> 000)001 at nr i?tr?t ?drier*. ho ?M In York, making t?r releetlon. i?r It'> n biiwl bar arlrrulnr. mUeiUn: editor* nnJ pnMleh ir* of MM|?yira, Mndam. put|hlrt>. and b'* ?i?a lo fbtwnrd a ??' t?y of theit production* to '<r< tt -nil lib rlty. for tb* l?*n*flt ?T I'UlHtnry. W? are b?i | v in nnn<.nt?elng the arrival ? f a few paper* and pamphlet* ?lr< ndv.and If the f?i? nd* of arinor' gem r*U? aliall re* ?pond I* like uian?er. by forwarding a *? p.v -.1 their workr, wr will ?ocn hare ? moat erluuli" reading "- m nttarlo <1 totli- I'trh library which will r???? tlw I ingr cf tbouiand.* to mt upon tin h ad-i.t tli lit eral donor* " "It la wMcm f? r thr En?'i h alid* to e?a-? * m' grntlou '?7 th* it-ii?l routi through tli" Pt*|. m I up the Mtimiui i river, and remain where they nr. till th< r "ball h?*r fr"n u? renin; and it i? our Jr*lgn to open op n way ictw* thr Interior of the continent tiy nMM, TrhttMtrpef. or aotnr of thr Interior Mtrt ?nd lend thr tn at Pan lit go. and ttiu? *ave thr*< tb n-and mile* of Inland navigation. thr ugh n mort -lekly rlinint" and country. Th>' pre*Wenry in Liverpool will ope* eury dr-lratde rnrri p?nd?nrr In relation totho varl. u putn, and rater and convenience*. from Mmyet I to Pan I?i p.>. and make an early report. ?o that If poe-il/b thr u' ? - <?ry pity ? ration* m?y br made for no*', fall * nWlgra* tlon.'' " 9o fhr a* thr mlntr In thr I'nlfed !*t?te- an l < uaada d? air*1 to err thr work of thr tsr I MUfper. let thrm arlar a* ob'- man, and conn- to I'e?oret, win r* tliey mil to more for P.Ian In "nr year than they ran in many ;i?r< when they are Come onthr ?ulnUrut- north ot Un l'lath ae w ptMf I In rmr la?t > pHb . b?Ttfl* tlie rra?c yarla t'O the ?outh of th? Plattr. toafutarn rraurrn tlon. Tf all wire aifT' 'd In thl-moti. thr re nerd md be a aalnt It ft in thr Ptatr ? tr Canada owe year hrwrr ' ?? Thr iwider np" tie* are abr>*d. rtrrnt ti'llford W^M ruff and l.rra T lirn.*en. wh< arr in tne raltry Th< ir ! preeldoBt, tir?on llvde i? loratnt at Kant rillo, Irwa. end l? (INfiti I" vlalt the rallry thl' rummer Parley IV 1'ratt I* on hi- way to thr ftorirty and Kandwkh lalanda and ? "hUi: ht> till -ion rvtenda to all land* in,and hordt ring on tbr Parlflr At ia?t arronnt*. the work wa- fpti prcwnrroiit at thr go--i?ty I-lr? We haer not board from tn? Pvndwlrh mirdon rdnrrthe arrival of Elder Hiram Hark end bl? a*"*-la tee. Or-on Pratt la ruppovrd to hr in tbr Mater on hie way to the aallay, where he trill bo nce'eiatrd with the unlerrwlty f l>r-r^ t | for a rra?"n John Taylor war at Poulogne, la Frnnre, at ? in late-t datra, prwwebiog trao latlnp, and publi-hing tm ? l.orear" Pii"W, having Ttamed the Italian Ptatev war lo rated at Tirdmont, In Pwitretland RrMtui Snow |- at Copenhagen, and thr work Ir prospering In Rwadr n. Hen mark Norway. OenBany ?nd all that region We re ceteed a letter from Brother Pnow. dated Copenhagen, Angunt 17. laao Up Ir tranvlating the P -ok <?{ Mormon, i ranklin I> Hiehnrdr l? providing Wet the ehtireh in thn rriloblfi' =. and bk uin Li'. t^jI. Aota<a I yanvg and Charles C Rich are m ruttfr. to Cohene Pa>- flcO, A Fmtth is prs-lding at Iron county. ?' There ha* been morcxicknesH in the valley, this r-j? >-iiijr, than urail. and several deaths; though the people in (hi Other valleys hove been well generally. We know of no reason why this valley is no' as healthy lu it.- location and charaeter a? auy other; but as thi- it the place foe the ftrat arrival of the saint*. a greater portion of tin* infirm stop here, where they cau mop- readily procure; the comfort* of life, while the hardier portion <jo forward to newer settlements; and a great portion of the slrkm -g in our midst arises from the seeds of di*ea-e and d' atii sowu in the system while tarrying and paving through the agueish regions of tlie western States. Sh'line-s lr ra i? generally of ahort duration, and end* speedily If health or death. The families ol the elders ?ho?n i>n foreign mi sions. are iuutual health at this time. '? ldm saints iu their gathering -liould n ver forget t ? gather aud save all choice seeds, for here is tfci place tog them to grow aud be useful ; a large ((Uantity of u..,ie t orange and other seeds suitable for liedgvs. throu;;i| wbh li wire may be passed to make fences, are mu< It needed at tbl < time. Itring all the lathe and shingle naiU you can. also glass, wire No. It. raw cotton, Cotton yarn, machinery and domestics. " Amid all the revolutions that are taking place am >ii? the nations, the elders will ever pursue an und*vfcttih< c< urse in being rutgect to the government wherever tin y may be. and sustain the same by ull their precept* to tiki aints. having noihi'g to do with political nue-tlmis. which engender strife, remembering that the weapons of their warlure are not carnal but spirlluul. aud thai tho gospel w hich they preach Is not of man hut from heaven j and if '.hey persecute you beyond measure iii ons city, country, or kingdom, leave the testimony whi :]? J? -us has given for a witness uuto your f ather in heavi n. thiti you are free from their blood. and fleo to other citic , countries, or kingdoms where they will receive you uust believe your testimony.'' This epistle Is signed by Rrighaui Young. Ileber K iniball und W lllard Richards, and is. doubtless, a con cise history of the affair* of this extraordinary people for the pust year. Viu.lkv Jovinai.?Saturday, January 11.?Agreeably to tin- call of tbe Mayor, J. M. Grant, Iho (treat Haft Lake City Council assembled iu the Representative Ilali, at 10 A.M. 1 he officers elect received their oath of of fice. from Mr Uulloek. clerk of the County Court, when the Council proceeded immediately to complete their or ganization, by electing Robert Campbell, recorder: Tho-. Rhodes, treasurer, and Khun l-uddinvtou, marshal. wiu? were sev? rally sworn and the Council at once proct ndi I to further business Tuesday. 14?Some hail last nigli', and haltsu inch snow. General Assembly lu convention. Wednesday, Ilk?Meeting of the High l'ricst*' y u.rui." a6 t lie Htate Iiouse. iu the evening; nil" a party in the fort Thursday, IB?etvere trost. und snow fell on" aiul il half inch last night. Friday, 17?Severe ITo-t at night; clear cold day. Gtneral Assembly ad jQUrned toW's? _ Tucday in February. Tuesday. -1?Frosty, cold u??.'u ing?P. M. pleasant. County Court continued?Gram! Jury in session Meeting of the Seventies in thi' Semitij chamber in tbe evening Singing school in Representa tives' Hall. City Couucilln the Post Office. WedneHay, 21?Frost last night; dull, cloudy; thawing I'. M. County Court in session Saturday. February 8?File & ventii -i Conference convened in the Rowery. when eighty-foe e young no-n were < rdaiued to the ministry. Tuesday. 11 ? J.J Willis, fr?m Tooele valley, reports tho Indiana have killed a number t.f cattle, aud stolen about half th j horses that were placed in his care to herd. TVednet - day. 12?A detachment was ordered to Too. I o valley iit pursuit of the Indiana: but on account ofa'uow stortu n htch commenced at half-past eight and continued ail day, fulling about five inches deep, the pe.. wa- rdetv.l to stay at home. Mouduy. 17?Hubert Dick-on open t* school in the Fourteenth ward for phonography, wi lt eighteen scholars. Ulty Council meet in Mate House in the evening. Married?at the hall of tho llatli i Cruse, Thursday, Jan :*). 1851, by President Brig),am Voting, Mr. William 1" tan Noy and Miss Catharine Tabitlu* lit ndricks On the iXJth of January, by cider K D. W'?<| |ey Mr John W. Woolley aud Miss Julia Knsign.all <d this city. Tl*? New Fmulf Cull itu?e. jFrom ibe llreeu Bay ^llieli. > Advocate i>o f-aturduy lust, three or lour ol the suiter -? x. made their appearance in to?n with the new sty!? of dresses, now 10 much the rago. I hey word squaws of the Meuoinoneo tribe, and, we think, lit their anxiety to reach the top ol the mode, they carried matters a little too far?the dros ? not oointnig below the knees at all. Instead of thei Jurk.sU trowsers. a clo-e lilting " legging of Mackinavi blanket wus adopted. It is a little singular that, whilo short dresses have .just been invented down Ea*t? they have formed th?? fcinal?? co-tumc ol tuo tribes around here lor hundreds of year-. [From the Cbicau", (III ) J"uruul May tv The dresses aforesaid hare also appeared in Mm eity. Jfhort wai-t?, generally ol red; a witty skirt, that is a brief one; no pantalettes at all, and no covering for the head but a plain cap. composed tho costume. 'Juite a number of ladies thus attired appeared on !?outh Water street v ester lay, and proceeding to tho dock, seated thomselves ?P"" 'undry sa-ks and boxes, with the utmost nOMdui' la net. We noticed, too, that two or three of thent had gone a step farther in " human progress, foC th' y wore smoking pijies most complacently. -\ot withstanding all ihesa peculiarities aud eccentnei tics. they produced but a very slight sensation, be ing scarcely observed at all, except, perhap*, iu ,,n>i instance, when one of the ladies was emphatically invited by a heavily laden porter. to "get out ? t the way," upon which the gcntlo one let ot* a. volume of gutturals and sibilants, that apprised nt they were strangers in the city?in fact that th .v were from tho "old countrie." Wo have been on tlat ywt t'icr all day, to see, not the now, hut the newe U style, flitting along Lake street, but we hsvo h. ? it disappointed. A piece of flannel?red's the best--ia pair of th>k, bigh-heoled shoes?wooden soles jl you can get them ; a cheap cap, a onp it nuit. If ih> other is a', band ; a blue and white handkervbb l? if not that, then a bandanna, and a pair of substan tial, blue-dyed woollen stockings, arc uU that is requisite frr "coming out'' a li nurlc. 1 hen dis pose the hair-traigLt back b hind the enrt, ov? r the top of the head, or on each side, any w?y to got it there; then give it a twist or two '.o the Ion "C the right, according to taste, and tho thing is d??ii< . Vou arc in tashion in the world?iu fa.., as the ,ay jpg i?. jou are " in town." [From tho Lowell (Ma-.- ) N w?. June f There was a most disgraeetul exhibition of row dyism in this city about dulk on Monday evening, " growing out of the appearance on the street ol a, young lady Ires-cd in tnc new. so-eal.ed, llbtomer costume. From the corner of Merrimack, ?be was followed down t'enfral street, by a his-ing. shouting labbie, which called around then; an iinmen-o crowd of peoplo anxious to see what wb going for ward. Tn# young lady wa < iu company with an other female, and botli walked along qiiito coolly , tho Impudent blackguards that f >11,wed not gulh-f So far us to lay bands on her. The ' Ity Marsha and josse, we undcrstai d, were at th same tiiuw >iu< lling a lik<- disturbanci on tb< corner of Central and Middlesex streets. The aflair, as wo have be fore said, wu? most disgraceful. la" IV-males w> ur what they plcare, no ?,no save the ptupor eio-n ,bouhl attempt any demonstration t ward thciu. Wc don't exactly like th?- Hlooiuer drc-s ours -It. but for all thst, wc would uot be the owl that takes ' the night to ho<>t it. (Fr>>inth>- Portland (M> Ar^u-. June Three young woman appear,d in our Streets on Tut flay afternoon, in the Bloom r ue *-M. I l?-v caused >|uite a s, nsation among the bo? s and gi,bt who wen- favored with the *ight- and o>me obbr people couldn't help laughing. The y<> ing <>n< s pre-scd rather hard upon these (dancers of reform. wb> n they were fain to beat a retreat, and get away from tho noisy crowd. Wo undcrsta , l that <juil?a a number of tbe now style dress?. pp., being made, and wo shall auoa see more of the devetoes to this style ot dtess in full regalia. Ilex. llrxKV Clai axd FaT*fi. Mstmkw.? In the afternoon of the 'Atth insl., bather Mstliea proceeded lo Ashland, the residence of th- Hon. llebry t lav, who received hiin in tti'.- kindest ai?l most affectionate manner, inquired minutely Ints> the state of hi- health, walaasncd him to the gt at Wrat, regretted he *?? anticipated by bit fro ml. Major ilanley. (?? whosn kw>o th> reverend ] r ? late was staying), in the pieatan In n >nld dcrivw 1 from having bun ns his guest, stated that _h?? watelwd his labors through th, entry with '<!? ! tense inter, ft, that the effects already produced l,y ; his henavdent exertions w>-r- grat f\ mg to every friend of humanity, and that In. bad tawiltt, bufc [ that from tho desoeadanU of hi' rag,-norut, .1 l country men w.-uld yet apring uiioy worthy ? iti I /? ns destined to play an important part in tho fhtnre destinies of thi? great republic, bather Matiicw, who f,'H deeply affected, ex prosed hi* most gratr ful thanks for this warm appreclaUon >>l his humble labors, and introdue d Ins fro nd, tins Very Iiov. I*r. Spalding, who wa? mo?.t kindly received by Mr. ''lay, wlio remark'd that he ha I the pleasure of knowing set oca 1 members of f hid family personally, and all by eha -actor. I l?i rcvcrenn gentleman then presented hi jWt,ta ries, Mcsr*. Mahony and (' Mara, both of wh u? wer, cofdiall* welcomed by Mr. ' lay. Mr. .Ma hony remarked, " Since we have had the plc..-ur<? of seeing you in New lork, *o hate, -ir, to line your own beautiful metaphor, eros-e 1 the vestibtilw of the temple, and are now engaged in admiring the bsautlcl of the inleriwr." -"Audi hope," said Mr. ("ay, "you hate not been <!''appointed.'* "No, sir'the reality has far exec led ottr most -anguine anticipations." " Wire I," aid Father Matnew. " to select n >tatc whose I rti' ty, beauty and picturesque scenery, r< mind iu*; iu?st f 'reibly of the gre,-n fieldi of ' my poor old country,' if. would be the delightful region th >ogh whiMi 1 have travelled for tbe past few -lata I ha\h* ard,'* continued the reverend father. "Mint #ven y"i paid us the high eomnlinient of ,ie*igri:itiog Kentuekts 'the Ireland of America." "Tho compliment. * replied Mr. Clay, '? is mutnal: nor is the analog? eanfined merely to physical res, mblaoef. Thera are mam traits of Ciaraetcr which w, jr> tess iu common with your countrymen. Our pe?p(e. liko yours, ara good hearted, generous and -hivntrou-. thoughtlwi* and heedless, aomctinies, ir you will, but abounding in noble, manly, and benevolent im pulses." bather Mathew express* h i b >;'? ?J? preeiatlon of this eloquent tribute to the ehnrajf*r of his countrymen, and on his retiring, i enailmd he would epand a day at Ashland on hte return to Louisville. -/.amnviUt (JPg ) Cowrrr, .A/fyHt. Political Intslllgsnr*. Il> *n 8 Howard has Wn sleeted to the A???irUy frr rW I ,-wts f'ouatj-. to supply the vacaeey oica'i' c?i t-J tLW rt s gust ion rf Caleb 8 Lj< a.

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