Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 10, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 10, 1851 Page 2
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EUROPEAN NEWS. Ow CwTiUfMimi. JJW Ormt Exhibition? Triumph of American Ge mm and Enterprise?A Railroad im the air? Municipal Older?A I is son. for New York City ?.A Great Historical Event?A Funny Farce with a Bloody Termination?A Warning for Engineers ; the Cause of Ikinger in Massive Iron Shafts?The Great French Question, Lo.ndo.v, May 27,1861. The New York Herald continue?, as usual, to areata an excitement on this tide of the Atlantic lie eetai-eerious semi-comic remarks on the gigaati? humbug of the day hav e thrown the leading jour nals, especially the Times, quite into hysterica. Tho^Hcrahl is, however, right in the main. Scarcely ever, in all the disappointments and deceits of this disappointing world, have 1 ever experienced a greater disappointment than in this crystal palace, and this great Inhibition, as'it is called. It makes a much greater show and produces a better impres sion in the pictorial newspapers, and innumerable woodcuts and engravings to which it has given birth, than In the reality, and to actual vision. I gased with astonishment when 1 came in sight of tha building, not at the erection, but at the failure ??br such it is. Of the contents, the rich shawls> and silks, and cottons, the costly diamonds, the new inventions, the diversified rouohuiery, with de scriptions of whith you have been inundated ad wuuieum, 1 will say nothing at present. They are no humbug; it is the pretension of the whole affair. With the exception of a few individual articles, as tine a show may be seen in the stores, the wanufe,^. tories, the workshops ot New York. without coding to London. I have seen glum conservatories in New York, which, with the only difference of not being so vast,are as beautiful to look at as the crys tal palace; and. after all, there is no beauty what ever in such a huge structure of panes of glass, besides its intrinsic defects, the palace, as it is called?the gingerbread toy, as it is in fact?is badly placed. It stands close upon the roadside, and in front oi it there runs a long hue of low stables, in which the horses belonging to the soldiers ofhiuights bndge Barracks are lodged, hiding the building troni the view. Anything, whatever it may be, which is patronised by royalty, is sure to be ad mired and extolled iu this oeuntry; hence there h nothing surprising in all the exaggerations made respecting this atTair, because it is the hobby of IVince Albert and the Cjuecn. The Lughsh are a ioyal people, and it is loyalty and royalty alono which have given so much extra importance to this coiumcn aJfiir. The Jkraid has come very close to the amount of the receipts, surh as they undoubted ly will be before it i.- over. Tiie nobility and aris tocracy. as yet, have been the only visitors paying a large sum for entry, utd they have fiocked iu crowds at the heels of their royal mistress. To mor row tht people will be a dm i ted at one shilling e ich, and no uuubt tbe shillings of the million bring more revenue tiiau the twenty-five guineas of th ; nobility, sc that the calculation of the H rail will very probublv be realized in the end. It is a singu lar tact, that this exhibition is productive of injury to the shopkeepers of Lctidou, especially tho-io at tbe west end ol the town. tNi.ce it opened they h ire been doing scarcely any business, the nobility, in stead of going slioj | ing us formerly, all going te the i xhibitiou, and spending all the day there ; the fashionable streets and lounges, formerly so crowd ed at this season with the equipages of the wealthy, are now comparatively deserted, and all drive to th? Park- The talk of the crowds of foreigners and visiters iu Luc laud turns out to be a monstrous ex aggeration. i he travel on the railroaJs loadiug te Loudon has not exoecdid the average of former years at this season, an 1 the ueuiber of visiters, grout a- it undoubtedly is. has not been seen nor lelt in London, any more than the of a siup full of emigrants is telt or noticed in New York. So much, at present, .'or the inhibition. More anon. The condition ol'tit* people England is mani festly much better now thau it was when your cor respondent wit- here a ft w xi-ars Ago. At '.hat tiuie the protective duty on food. which ctiuoled the aris tocracy to exact ai^fcer rents from the fanner-, was not removed. f<reail is now a- cheap as it is in .New Vork, and the peopie are mon contented. The tiiumph of Collin.-" line, effected by ths Pacific, has filled all \mericaus here and all the lovers 'f America, who an not few, with exultation and delight New York now, with her Atlantic itsMDsrt and her splendid liners, heats the world. From no other port in the world -ail such steamers, nor such spleiiili'i packet ships. In one of the latter your comsnondeut sailtd, the >ir Robert Peel, owned by Messrs. Grinnell ami Mlntarn; and it wonld lc po-rtive injustice nut to mention the beauty, elegance, an I excellent accommodation of these line liners; the .-Kill, enterprise, and polite ness of the captains who command thcui, espe cially our captain, Chadwick. These American ship* surpass ml others to be seen ia the London de cks No nation sends the like to England, and the Knglish packets are nothing to then. Hor or to whom honor is due, and it is emphatically due to the entecpruT. liberality and skill of the mighty merchants of New York, and the captains in com mand of their t! uting palace-. The railroad t onventenoas in England are very great, espec ally in London. < 'n landing from the steamer (which we took at Graresead) at Black well, in the remote suburbs of London, we entered the cars, which curried us above the houses through the heart of a densely populated town, into the centre of London city. Nothing can be better conceited than those city railroads. Imagine a gallery commencing at the Battery and running round and through the city of New \ ark, on which the cars travtu without inte-i'ering with the streets or people l.elow. Thi- aeriil road, as it maybe called, is here on a level with the tops of the house*, whith .n New York would he about as h gh a- the top of the second fi tor of the houses. The differ ence in building will account for this. For miles and miles round theeity proper, Loudon is composed of itrteta of -nail hou-*?* two stories high, prettily 'eun, af iaid out in >mall streets kept remarkably clean, fording comfortable resident * for people of small means, the average rent being about |k> or |10 per am?in "1 o tach of these small houses there ?* a small yard or garth n in the rear; and in every one of th< in, in a corner at the extremity, is a do*t bin. as it is called, which is a receptacle fur ashes, garbage, cabbage Laves, lie , fee (>uce or twit ? a w*ck, the dm'man comes round with his boll, his spade and l.askst, and empties the receptacle, car at tV ryu.g each load cn hissboulier to his cart door, till the place is thoroughly * leaned out. Th.s <s sure It a better method of municipal management than is seen in New York, where the varie gated specimens of boxes, buckets, fee. standing at the street dor- overflowing with ashes are an cflenee to the -if Lt and to the reet. Not a particle of dirt, sli ps. or askc* are thrownjnto thr streets in Lendt-r. b> which means they preseut the appear ance of ph using cleanliness and ncatne-s. nver the toj s <>f these houses, sub as 1 have described tn? m. the locomotive* ru#h alotur wr.hou' dang.-r to life of limb, for it is their own peculiar road. At agitable di'tan^e* there are stopping place* where passengers if they please imM or oescen i, going tl we a flight of (tair* which conduct them into the street* below, where a* coon a* they come their ne the i-moking '.rain steaming and whittling high above their head*. It appeared to me an ex f client plan and excited my a<lmiration. I dwell the more upon these important topics, because the New York city government ha* yet tuu h to earn and much to improve, and ha* already re ceived many a useful lesson from the jVcm- York UtruJJ As regard* the dustmen who carry away the refuse ashes and dirt from the yards of the houses, their operation* never interfere with busi ness. a* they only g? round in the morning, before eight o'clock, end all is done quietly and with the regularity of clock work. They are employed and paid by ?< t,tractors who make a great ileal of mo siey r ut oltbe a?he?, 4ie which they thn* collect. 'the most niemorablc historical event which ha* ,'u?t occurred in i.urope, is the triumph of the policy of Kussia and Austria, as consummated by the restoration of the old I dot "f Frankfort. Hy this act all the states and kingdom* of flermany are atadc virtually subject to tne domination of Aus tria, which, it need not be said, 1s. 10 effect, that of Kuseia. This is the end of the so called trerman question, and of the l>r<?den conferences. In which fVussia affected to resist the claims of Austrb and the re-establishment of the old oider of thing* Germany is now, by this act, as effectually forge I of republican and revoluiitraury leaven n- Kotne has been by the return of the 1'ope. and a? N iples and ticily bace been by tb- t-iumph of the san guinary king over the popula :uo* luent. D-**|#>t i-m has tri'imphed. and. to u-e an expr' ? v# Am* licanism, will now " p%t on the ?-rew-." It is the element of Jesuitism, which now h i* obtained power Mtl preponderance in I.urope By the bye, what a curious three the Jesuit# a-e # iid to be enacting at J{< me A temporary pulpit is set up in one of the public enuarc*. and h Jc* it ascen t* to harangue the people of r.m? on one *ide of him he hi .1 ran of coals burning, in i on the oth> r ide a little Blacksmith's ar.\i! and a hammer He then calls upon the people to repent of tb ir sins, of readir.g the circulars of film/mi, and of carrying cret stibttoee After a vehement 011 . >n m,-t repub licanism, Mactini, ami currying arm* again.*' the fa pet* government, a number of m.ii, pr oar 1 lor the purjiohe, come forward an>i affect to b- moved U> repent by the energetic and niou* appeals to the Father Jesuit, .tome of them hrng 4 v> ? ni' ir Atlars, which they have been guilty of reading, nn 1 the pious orator solemnly burns them in th" b.arier at his side Others bring forward their wvip n*. long dagger* from under their cloaks, and these he lav- upon the anvil, and with the hammer break* off the p*iint? and blunts the edges. The farce end* I j upr ceMioii (v eme Boghhffiog chuf-it pi i Image, in which the Papal soldiersjoin u mi Meort and addition. Aa they pass by tha French soldiers now occupying Roma, thay jear aai laugh at tha Roman soldiars tor being obliged to take part in such a religions humbug Tha Roman soldiers are fretted ana indignant, and accuse the French of being the cause of their degraded position, and the affair ends in a bloody street-encounter between the soldiers. So they carry on in Rome! Conversion is the order of the day, and if a man is led to see the beauty and the propriety of letting kings and priests have it aH their own way, he is a converted person, and belongs to the party of order. Another warning to engineers, architects, and o there, as to the use of long iron shafts, occurred the other day in the city. An immense iron shaft, weighing several tons, which traversed the whole of a building in progress, resting at both ends on the walls, (which were eighteen inches thick,) snapped suddenly in the middle, as if it had been a bar of glass. The two fragments hung dangling in the middle of the building, and, Dy their immense weight, prized up the walls, which fell, and the whole building followed, killing in the fall five men, and wounding and maiming as many as forty others. This fact is worthy of special notice, as showing the danger and insecurity of any large body of wrought or cast iron. It was an accident of tnis sort which befel the steamer Atlantic, on its voyage from Liverpool, when so much fear and sympathy were excited in Mew York as to the fate of that noble steamer. Iron, if not thorough' annealed, will be as brittle as glass, In som~ < parts, dependent upon irregularty In '' -* *\r. 114 It is related by the persons presen' tk 't?" i fii 'll i'i ?" Wdswis after, the whole ? .?,?;/ -*'nc9 1* i* evident that in the con strue tionoi tfteambeats, or for other par poses, .I if aef ezengh that skilful workmen have I d'?ue their work well aud used the best materials? Nature, also, uiust hi consulted and attended to. 'here is a lull in English polities; the Horn an Catholic question is gradually dying away. It is io France, now, that all eyes are turned, waiting to see the course which the chequered polities of ;hat country will take The Bear approach of the ettling quest ion of l-")2, and the various manoeuvres of all the parties in France, preparing for the yet unknown event, absorbs all ef political interest and speculation. Russia and Austria, having settled the < ierwauic question, will exert all their influence, secretly, to give the tun, they wish to the great French" question. Revel hell- atid parties, private theatricals at l>cvenshire House, concerts, are here the order ef the duy at the West End. The money market ts easy. There is a great amount of uuotapluycJ capital, which promises to continue, as the ootirae ot exchange in New York on London, after all Charges, letves a good prefit on the iuainrtution of gold from the United States. The n-wk market is lively, owing to thi.- cause ' and the absence of *.afe investments. The electric telegraph has led ho a sort of revolution in quota tion Le xers nn-1 new-papers are not now relied upca, as, in a few minutes, the reports hy telegraph . change the whoU aspect of aSairs and thwart ail ?<iKvh en stations. U heat and flour from France, 1 the lialtic, and the I lack Sea, continue to pour in? -t- taueh so that at present it is certaiu that it does not pay the iinpo iter. W. Lon;>.)n. May 20, 1851. liu\> til of the Poor Authors?Tui limit Exhibition? The llioutotuis?Receipts, 4" . Oa Friday night last, the first performance for the benefit of the Eiterary < luild, a new society got up for the benefit of poor authors, took place in one of the il. awing room* of the L'uke of Devonshire's residence, which war temporarily fctted up as a theatre. The proscenium and airacgements for scenery were complete ; the most brilliant audience ever gathered in London were present. Her ilaje.sty took the direction of the details of the affair into her own hands, and the receipts were very large? enough to establish a respectable nadcus for the future fund. The play was written ly .-ir Edward B. Lyttou for the occatioii, aad was entitled *? Not so Bad as we Seem, or Many ."-ides :o a Character."' the time of the plot being tie date of the reign of George I., and the action connected with history by a Jacob ite plot. Mr. Frank Stone, Mr. Dudley Costello, Mr. Charles Dickens, Mr. Douglas Jerrold, Mr. John Forstcr, Mr. Charles Lemon, Mr. F. W. Tophaw, Mrs. Henry Compton, Miss Ellen C hupliu, Mrs. C'oc, and other literary amateur] were among the actors. The scenery, paiated by Pitt, Absoloa, Grieves and others, woe admirable, and all the de corations, at the expense of the Duke of Devon shire, were in fine taste and keeping. The druina Is said by competent critics to be Lytton's best, though it is impossible to say what will be its suc cess when it shall be handed dowu to the st ige. Her Majesty and all the members of the r >yal family cvideutly enjoyeJ the entertainment, thugh how much its novelty, or bow much its remiuisccnces of days when theatres were fitted up anl su't iincd purposely for royalty, had to do with it, it would bo diffiruh to say. The curtain rose at nine o'clock, as the Duke conducted the Queen to her box, and .he performances closed at a little past twelve. 1 gave you some account of the jewels contributed by the East India Company to the Great Exhibi tion in my last letter. >ince that date, as if to as tonish the world, the process of unpicking all these Eastern goods reveals other wonders equally at tractive. Among the articles are an Indian state bedstead, intended us a present to the Queen, and some rich shawls forwarded by Runjeet 8ingb, which bt has directed to be placed at the disposal of her Majesty. The collection of jewels is also re- i markably fine; and the model of the great N'izain diamond, rivalling the Koh i-Noor, is regarded with great interest. The Dacca muslins are of ! a most extraordinary degree of fineness; and a dress for one of the dancing girls of India will, I i upprt bend, excite rnuXh attention am >ng the fair portion of the visiters, on account of the cxtruor dir ary dimensions of its skirt and flounces. The silver filagree work ?ent over is of the most extraor dinary character, and is < alculated to excite as tonishment, not merely at the patient labor but the exquisite ingenuity of the Indian worker* in metal. The coat of Runjeet riiugh is a marvel of splendid decoration; and the collection of fire-arms and native weapons will be of the most complete and comprehensive character, illustritiug every mode of Eastern warfare. There are three seals, engraved bv Bud/ooden Aleo Khan, a celebrated artist of iJclhi, in which the workman ship is of the moA exquisite character. The English translation of the inscription, in Persian characters, u|?on the corictian seal, intended for her Majesty, is"Victoria, first monarch of tic world?as Solution in magnificence, with a court like Saturn ; rnipre-- of the age, sovereign of tte seas, the source of benefit ence ; by the grace of ' >od Qin cn of England and Ireland, ruler of the kingdom of Hindustan, defender of the faith of Chriat, the great Queen Victoria." The Mcoad seal, which is a blood stoM, intended for Pritce Albert, also contains a Pcrs an inscription, of which the folli wing is a literal tran-lati >n :?"fhedis ! tnigutshed by tbe lid of Go<l, the noblest of the ! family of Krunswick, the honored companion of the great CJueen ; Prince, highe?t in ratk, great in dignity chief in excellence of the finglish court, Albert Francis Augustus Charlie Kmauuel." A third emerald lignet seal contains a Persian in* script tan of the ",">ovsr? ign of the seu and land. just by the terror of < >od. governor of the world (or the Seven climates')" There in aleo a beautiful let of chessmen, of Ivory, carved after designs by the native artist*of Mo* rsbedab id, r<-(resenting eh irec tersfrom I-ayard's discoveries in Nineveh fshall,at ' some future time, refer more particularly to the j valuable and interesting collection of Itlian pro ductiots, whi- b al<>ne fm m a moot extensive eollec tion and museum Too inu>'ti pr i *? cannot be ( awarded to the a*' I ?ft'a ? otiipatt) by Royal j Commt?H<m<t? - the ?? ? : princely manner in wh. I i. y I t',? produc tion "fthcirva? y to mt't the value of this to I-* ;-iu bu ! i o told that upwarils of i.l<*i,<Hu . i. ?*j u 1 d by the company in the purchase fraui . itiv- -lucent ani manufacturers of the article* winch they ex 1 'f'he total im unt received rest* rdayfor five shil ling admi?< ? i:, a as l*rg?r than that of any prcvi i.u' day am .untit,g to i2,.Vj7 in*. In addition to this sum, upward- >f i'l.tssi wj ? real'sed npon the sale ot season tickets, the loial rec.pts being for the day over i. I.1**' After Monday, the 2>>r h m*t . ti e pice fc.r the tir-t (?? ir lays ?f tui li week is to b* I , OR I riday 2? Wd . nil .-jfu-dsv "??. The p "tilem of how to get nil i:-* ?> he building who will claim the right t? enter wn*n the low p-ce day* shell come, ha- not yet been solved The still more difficult pr .bleni of how to get those who shall be in the building out of if, when ox o'clock, the hour for closing, diall come, is still further from solution Meanwhile, all sort* of inflammatory an j^als nre pa*ted uii (Vr the crow I to r.'ad, who daily a*scmble around tlie gates?appeals especially from the deei-i'-iis of the Royal Cointjjis'ioner* against aflowir g exhibitors f:ee f?*s*es, to the pas*ions and vipieni e of the moh 1 assure y<?u, that it is with no small solicitude thoae days of 'heap admission* are anticipated. The amount of property, almost unprotected. wiii< h still be within the roach of s'arr ing tb' u-un ls. was nerer so gnat before, and to secure it cffeetnally from depredation, is a thing utterly Impossible Tin I.wcopt Marmct its Cut** at the close of March, had not b??n active, but the stocks wcro much reduced. In efforts there had been consi derable activity, mi! a good inquiry had existed for t< as, bolh for I-' gland and the I'nited -tates, but high prices had in lome mtMltfO tCBdci to (Auk large oj siawon*. 0?B.rllnC. ^Liif.M.,18,1851 Stale of A/Fairs 1. Gernu^L. ^ Criminal Code~ stateoj AJfatrs m Utrtnany?? 'xftrtncts?ViMt of latomt Tax?The Dresden Co. . Frederick. tht the Kmg to tVursaw- Statue . ?r*u iiome and The Prussian Chambers, after a wear *rogued disheartening session of fire months, were pr of on the 9th inst. M. de Manteuffel, Preside. ^ the cabinet, read an address, on closing them, the members of the upper and lower House, as scmbled at the palace in the "white saloon," in which he eulogized the Chambers for the seal and patriotism they had displayed in discussing the laws that were laid before them, amounting in all to thirty-four; by which legislative labors, he said, they had acquired new claims to the gratitude of their country. He alluded to the time when the course of political events made it requisite to call out the whole armed force of the country, who i> scmbled in nnmberi never before * /"*" enhancing the confident - strength, an-' ? " ,hf Blt4oa in their 0WD ? _ w?mmending the respect of forcigtl .?rs- Among the legal enactments passed by the Chambers, he particularly mentioned a new criminal code, and the income tax, which, M. de Mauteaflcl assured them, would throw the weight of taxation more especially upon those classes pos sessed of the most ample means, and relieve such as were least able to bear it. Referring to the bud get, be stated that the expenditure had been in creased by au amount of eleven ani a half millions of Prussian dollars, incurred in consequence of th 4 necessity he hud been under of placing the arAj ou the war establishment, and offered his acknow ledgments to the Chambers for the re-adin .-ss they had shown in sanctioning the disbursement of this turn. By the way, it was rather ungracious ?f the Minister not to mention that, besides the eleven ami a half million.'1, the obsequious Assembly had allowed eighteen millions, grautcd last year for the defence ot the Uuioiv, to be diverted to quite a dif ferent object, not to speak of ten millions of Prus sian dollars iu government paper which ought to have been redeemed, but, there'being no funds available f *r tbe purpose, were obliged to be left in circulation. This was not the only omission in Baron Man teuflel's retrosj>eetive view of the patriotic labors of the Prussian Parliament; whether from exces sive modesty, or for some other reason, he neglect ed to rcoord the glorious fact that two measures of paramount importance, proposed by government ?the disciplinary law, utd a new gagging law again-t the press?were eventually carried, though only by small majorities, and after a desperate re gistaooe on the part of the constitutional opposi tion. Fortunately for the citizens of your repub lic, they can form no idea of the bills of pains and penalties digniiedin the despotic monarchies of tlx- European continent with the name of laws; and 1 must therefore gite you some account of the above enactments. A disciplinary law (l)i*cipliear-Gttct:,) is an in strument employed by the government to remove any judge, or judicial functionary, who may be ob noxious to the powers that be, or not sufficiently zealous in forwarding their views by convicting political opponents, in such cases, an iuvestigiv liou is curi .cd 011 by officials named by the minis try, who of course have no difficulty in finding tho accused guilty of all sorts of crimes and misde meanors, and the unhappy culprit is then either sus pended, that is to say, laid on the shelf till ho pro mises to behave better in future, and in the mean time mulcted of half his pay, or else dismissed the service, and |>eihiipu imprisoned for insurboidiua ti >n. This may seem strange, but it is in fact a part of the system, mat the piinciple of strict dtmi pline, which form-the essence of the Military or ganization, should be extended to the civil. The next measure, and one of still greater im port to the public in general, is the new press law. it contains even more striugeut regulations than the mini.-terial ordinances ot l*l!> and 1S*X(, which wero already severe enough in all conscience, as you may recollect, from tue details i communicated informer letters. Editors, publishers, aud printers, are now entirely in the bauds of the police. All oficnces of the press, that iuvolve a penalty of less than three years' imprisonment, are withdrawn from the cognizance of a jury, aud submitted to u tribunal ot judges appointed by government, aud removable at pleasure, who of cour.-e will not often have the courage to risk their own places by ac quitting any one whom their su|>eriors wish to con demn. It is true that this is a flagrant breach of the constitution, which prescribes trial by jury for all offences of tho press whatsoever, but you may easily imagine that au administration which has so often evinced its contempt for public opiuion, and its determination to suppress all free discission, is not likely to stick at trilles. As a proof how little disposed ministers are to give up an iota of their ar bitrary power, and with what disdain they treat the sot di.niat representatives of the nation, whose ab ject humility on most occasions must certainly give great encouragement to future aggressions, 1 will just mention what parsed in the first Chamber, when there was for onee a majority against govern ment, on that section of the law referring to the stoppage of newspapers at the post office, oy order of the President of police. Count Westphalen, the Minister of the interior, told the honorable mem bers it mattered very little what vote they came to, as government would continue to enforce this regulation whether agreed to or not, considering it to be an administrative measure with which the Cha inters had no right to interfere. In conse quence of the press ordinances of 1*49 and 1*X), the politics I journals appearing in Prussia have been reduced to about two-thirds of their former num tit r, and are likely to suffer a further decrease through the vexatious measures ol the police, who frequently confiscate a newspaper in the moniing, as soon as it has left the press, and take the whoTo of the impression to the police office, along with the typo. Tnis plan seems to have he* n resorted to for the purpose of deterring printers (roui publishing any opposition journals. You will say that the proprietors of such journals have an easy remedy, by setting up printing offices themselves, but 1 beg to remark, that to do so they tnust have a permis sion, or license, fruin the police; and this again af fords a fine handle for all sorts of uisno uvros agaiust the press. A democratic paper called the UnmMrr, which bad an in-.tnense circulation, |>articalarly among the lower orders, ha' been almost ruined in this manner; the printer having been threatened with the 1 >as of hi* license, refused to print it any linger, and the a. ting editor (the Rt&ttiitnr ruchrf is in duiuuce vile for writing agaiust the ministry,) bus experienced great difficulty in ffuding any one willing to enter into so hazardous a connection. In short, the retrograde march of half a centn-y, which is daily recommended to thia government by one of the leading organs of the reactionary party, appears to be nearly ac< omplishcd. Most people, indeed, are beginning to lo >k upon this as a consumm i tion devoutly t> he wished, as the restoration of a pure absolutism would be preferable lo the present state of things, where the ghost of constitutional form* only renders the hideous reality of despotism the more conspicuous. The conferences at liresden, anither egregious failure of German politics and politicians, were closed by .Wchwar.onberg and Manteuffel in person, deal on the 1Mb inst. There has been a great deal of j negotiating and intriguing, but nothing of impor tance ha* been ennduiiod ui*>n. The suialh r ? i?r> man prime* and free cities are not inclined to di vert themselves of any part of their sovereignty, which war guaranteed them i?y the treaty of V ien na, in |M|i>, and they in<i*t particularly u|>on re taining that paragraph which require* every vote to be unanimous, ana e?chew? the rule ol majorities. At first, blush, n <tiiing rati be more absurd than ?urh a regulation, but iu the preient state of atlaira it forma the ebief barrier against the undisputed preponderance of Austria, and it is natural that I'ritioe ^chwar/enberg should be moring heaven and etrth to get it rescinded. The stana un lc by the mailer princes bus mu.'itd the Courage of I'ris sia, or at h ast prevented her from yielding still inure to Austria than she did at Warsaw'ti mid/. ami the upshot is that the r-infere ices, whtth were ushered in with such a flourish of trumpets, havejrnrcd abortive, and the rntmtt corHt ttt be tween the two powers remains on a somewhat pre carious 'noting. | The ' * Tig i c - s of Dresden ha- h< en ths prelude to the Oral resuscitation of the 1 t of I r:inkf>rt. 'J hat body, utter being declared d ol an I buried by I'Muoin. who profenwd to eotisiJer tlie deb-gates assembled nt ! ranhfort ns n mere debating club, is fe w acknowledged by h ra-the lii?t, a'i-1 n new string of diplomatists rent to atten I It, headed by ? - in ml I!'-chow, the I'rnsslan A rr.ini adorat hi l'eteributgb, who, on returning tntbe Kus-iau cap ital. will be succeeded by f! t -msrk N-iffuiiitu sen. the leader of the ultra absolutist pirty in the second (Jhamliet There will be pl -nty ol m.incu vring and squabbling again, between the different p'-wi rs, alt hough on Some questions they are all -ure to agree, vi/.. in doing away with the few popular tights and institutions still rent lining in teducing the press throng hi -it ?eriuauy to the tame di i-ary level of servitude, (it used to enjoy a littb-more liberty m the smaller States, even botore the revolution of March, I-'!",) and in keeping up Urge standirig armies to enforce these decree.- The reign-if publicity being over, the Ihet resumes its olo-jst<m of secret drllbututlons The King left for Warsaw on the I.V.h inst , to I ?y a visit to the kmperor of l!ns*ia. who arrived there on the ll'h. with the l-.inpr- '??. This meeting is a proof that Prussia is at length restored to the good grates of the < ear, as the great potentate of the North refused to see hi* brother-in-law last year, when he proposed to pay hie respects to him. iluting I net then i'htdv*h Wr7 feuumt vfthtn M?tragfl says. he is now taken into favor again. It is asserted, indeed, that his lister, the Empress, wished to see him, but, as Manteaffel is following him to Warsaw, where he will meet the Emperor of Austria, his Prime Minister, and several other German princes, It is evident that there will be another congress of prin ces, similar to those held at the court of the Czar, in Msjr and October last. On the 31st inst., the statue of Frederick the Great is to be placed on its pedestal, at the entrance of the Linden walk, where preparations have been made, and the foundation laid some time since. It

is an equestrian status, of colossal pror*-*" will stand as high as the roof of >*? .. and sia "?? Ch^liv4 do"ble tfc-iffifihL ?* tru? - ?f ^ and 1 ?k '* Lh?ring Cross M u6 8t*tu< princes, ^^.^^" Peraons of distir- foreign pected to ~,,,t ? the inauguration -ction, are ex a grand par."e of the troops, <t- a. There will be the corporation of the klngd- jputatiqos from all is to be an imposing cere- m, and, altogether, it of it has put the good * .uoay. Toe expectation qui rive, Tor VuoRft* people of B <rnn mbKm on the ' r reFpscW. ?' - nut mucb ' As the (Remans In ISJfor >* . 'ufya?reI? WIt'athemin their nas _ut-seeing. Pan- m H oicwnsw is their wntrtword, as it was that ^lhe m^ots of the an cKfct world; nay, if yoi^ -^them rirrowr.', they will put up with the v ^ 0f mere nooessary article. A. B. TUe K?w York nmM Pwen In Sugland. [From th? ^ 1,0041>C Kerning Fun. May ti J "Lot well ewos^ch alone," is a standard maxim far more p in the observance than in the breach. . A morning contemporary, whose flank, we are bov t0 acknowledge, is seldom turned, would are uy. ^ t0 acknowledge, IS senium lurucu, have consulted his own reputation forsagar citv ka<l he borne in mind that salutary doctrine, as w' Jl as the familiar dogma of the Dean of St. Pa ' .reck'*, relutive to the effect produced by a perse weranoe in stirring what is inodorous by nature. We were among the many who perused with a smile of surprise, an article which served to fill the columns of the journal alluded to not long before the open ing of the Great Exhibition. On conning it over, a shrewd suspicion pervaded our mind that the Times was, as the saying is. " regularly sold by the yeu< York Herald, and that suspicion ripened into certuinty on reading, in the next place, the original document which our contoniporary thought fit to trunsfer to his broad sheet in eztenso. It is true that productions of an extraordinary nature appear not rarely in the American newspapers; but our friend of the Neu? York Herald is by no moans such an ignoramus as to put forth seriously a tirade such as that which galled the Tinus into an atlright cd belief in its sober import. Ike whole affair would, however, have passed away like every other nine days' wonder; but the Knglish journal seems resolved to try and have the last word, and thereby, with all respect be it spoken, to write itself dowa a kindred animal to honest Dogberry. The//.**??, in the last impression which has reached Europe, announces that the effusion to which so much im portance was given in Printing House-square, was ?as it needed no ghost from the grave to tell us? ?? a slight missile sent from a playful hand, but, with an admirable gravity, baits its hook again for another bite in the same quarter where it had 111 the first instance been so succeisful. And our con temporary, with some degree of pondorous jocularity, lubors to Prove himself a little less frightened than before, when (as the Herald remarks in a paragraph which our contemporary did not include in his nu merous quotations therefrom on Wednesday morn ing) "he treatadthe menacing intelligence with a terrible anxiety to be cool, and devoted his serried columns, day after day, to explanat'ons, affecting to laugh, and appearing very much like a traveller in some great, dark torcst. wnistling to keep his courage up, w hile looking backw ard uml forward to ,-ec some frightful spectre at every turn." It is really "milking a ram," tor a. print protess ing to be " the leading journal of Europe, to ad dress itself to refute such a bouncing hoax as the as sertion that, when the aforesaid " playful missile reached London, " the Prime Minister sent off a note instunter for the Duke of Wellington?the Ministers ttndered their resignations?Lord {Stan ley tried to form a new cabinet in vain, aud the politician!, so conservative, so grave, so self confi dent in the yeomaury and in the busiuess popula tion, did not even ibre to venture oaa general elec tion, to form a new and reliable government. England tremble! from top to toe, and even the Uuccd, who has considerable nerve, was so mueh frightened that Prince Albert regretted thai an American newspaper containing such alarming suggestions should have reached the shores of haji py Albion ' Apprehensions of this character soon begat worse f?.ars, and with the speed which an emergency only can create, thirty thousand bril liant bayonets bristled in the neighborhood of Hyde Park, besides we know not how many narks of ar tillery were ready at a moment's call. Our con temporary has given the benefit of the immense ciiculation which he enjoys to a full elucidation ot the marvellous treasures which are piled within the crystal walls of the matchless palace of industry, and that in a free and eordial spirit. It is, moreover, mainly, if not altogether, owing to his powerful pen that a cheek has been applied by the ( omuiissioners of Police to that excessive nui-auce, the cab extor tion system, which, if permitted to riot unchecked, would be found materially to inteifere with the comfort and accommodation of a great number of visiters to the metropolis during the present memo rable season. Hut we must be permitted to say that a worthier occupation might be found than giving currency to humbug, which may leave an ineffaceable nnd alarming impression on the rniiids of many respectable aged females, besides affording a hearty laugh in New York at the capacity of gullet which exists in this instance, on the part of theforemos' journal of" the Britishers." We shall not enter now into a consideration of an article entitled " The Word'e Fair in London?Its ('bjects and Effect!," published also in the New Yolk Herald, of the bth of May. We regret aud pitj the uncandid tone ill which a .string of 1 Allaciea, which may go down with the unthinking or preju diced a mi ng our transatlantic kinsmen, are couched. It is much to be apprehended that there is just a lerite spice of envy or disappointment lurking at the bottom. It is notorious to the world that the dis play of contributions in the Amorican department, in tuo edifice at Hyde Perk, is far behind that fur nished by any other couutry ; In fact, to speak the word plainly,it is unanimously voted " shabby. Whose fault is this I The great republic is amply supplied with sources, natural an 1 artificial, suffi cient to have rendered her a proud competitor with the states of the old world at the "Fair of the I'niverse " And we confidently believe that it would have diffused a sincere and wide spread plea sure among our own people had our Columbian kinsmen At. as we may justly term them, our Anglo Saxon brethren, come out with a little more strength and effect on such a great occasion. But there is no use in assuming the airs of a discon tented child, and scolding us in sneh terms as the following, which we extract without a further word of comment, trusting tbnt we shall hear no more of a paper warfare which reflect! no credit on either of tie parties concerned, both of whom, and one in paitnular, ought to know better than to make such an ado about nothing " Tha British see t hat their supremacy is gone?that the glory of Ickabod is departed, and the cowed bully becomes the abject sycophant. England sees thai ner destiny is under our control." (') ? ? ? " Our opinion, then, of this great show is, that it originated in selfishness; that it will not tend to advance t>eaee throughout the world, a* it was intended it should ; that it is a Yankee trick to tnaka Ihe rest of the world contri bute to England's wealth ; that, as lar as arts and manufactures are will be a failure; and that, on the whole, it looks like a gigantic hum bug." (") [f rom the Brighton (England) Herald. May U J LWUNH i* lloui.1. Our reader* will recollect being amused by an extraiugnnt article < opitd into the l?tidon paper* a few week- ago from the 7h< Nrw York tinaltf, in which the editor of that paper, looking at the tireat hxhibition through the medium of aome three or four thousand of mile* of oca fog, and retching up some of the fear* of our old-lady poli tician*, t aticinated at an awful rate a* to the dread ful tahitnitie? which such a " world'* ahow," and the a*M mhlagc of all the tagabond* in the world in llydc l'ark, might bring down upon poor Old Hng Utid. The ?rn-,hie portion of the hnghshcoinmuuity laughed at the New S ork fore bod ngs. and waited in patience for the opening of ttie Inhibition. Ibi* is bow among the things of the pa*t. and, perhaps. our reader* will like to see h?w our Yankee contemporary gets out of the mess into which ite fear* (perhaps its hope*) caused it to plunge. It is certainly rather cleverly done; hut for the 1KJ.000 bayonets, park* of aitillery, k . *c must suppose they are concealed in the same chest witli the l.O.tMt do'lare of the "Irish Director*." bat to our teat >i. veral w?ek? ago we published some rather Inter- ting sj erulations on the character of the ad teiituiet?. ache mere, loaferi, gamblers, red repub li' at.?, cumc-outeri and go-outer*, who hate been I vitig our shore* to risit London during the VVorlu * fair. Looking at tb* very motley chv ractcr of a large portion ot those who were hurry ing ofl withot t at y purpose esc ip' curiosity or inia ? iiief. we it li tied the probability ot ut.tny of them tih.g lil - ty to rogtge w'.th Hump in red repub l cni s, with who*- aspiration* they sympathise, in holdit g (01 u nliona and entering into conclaves, for the ptrpo.-e ot tome trovMettiu work for the go teriiiuentao( the Old \V odd. We stated alto that the ' iHrctory ot this city. wh" have in their hands from twenty gv to thirty thousand dollar*, held by th^m for Bo known purpoee, might. I>e in v lived in nv way in r?t I'tdionary proceedings, by scleral m ctnWrs of it. who wei'e tnon on their *?\ to Hot.doB Their iciy t Htural ?pc elation*, arising upon the view which tl.e ni'dley cimgiation affordea, it now appears, have created quite a aensation in Lnglai.d : h d even in I'arlia.iient, several distin guished member* ha\c entered into a discussion upon the subject, l-tnhnn extraordinary excite nn nt on the part of the sober, quiet, and brave people who h?'V eiuicd ma state v{ cv?p?f?UT? *???? J1 '* ? thousand yiiri, wis not anti Xiw"J? "5 th? Mw? and the JVcw For* Lo?A?n, it appears to have excited tttoi njiniii ippnh niii^ The Prime Minkter "fl.01tiSZrSSSSs'>**? ?' w?51 oiuHg tried to form a now cabinet in vain: and the politician., eo conservative, ,0 grave, eo *"oonfi did nS cTmed2!ily7'#l? .in the *u,in?? papulation, did not even dare to venture on a general election tr.?hT *f?ew , ? r?ll*ble government. England tremble, from top te toe, and even the Oaeen. WI19 _ cvmiaerable nem, wm M ?ttch that Prince Albert regretted that au .merioan newspaper, containing such alarm inguggeetions, should nave reached the shores 0 _ ?happy Albion. Apprehension, of this chapter goon begat worse fears, and with the BP^'ed which an emergency only can create, tb^ty 'thousand brilliant bayonets bristled in the neighborhood of Hyde Park; be sides we know not how many parks of artillery were ready at a moment's call. In the meantime, to fill up the space between the hour of alarm and the most magnificent language. The Times, the thun ill artiU derer among the small artillery, treated the mena cing intelligence with a terrible anxiety to be cool, ana devoted its serried columns, day after day, to explanations, affecting to laugh, and appearing very much like a traveller, in some great dark forest, whistling to keep hi. courage up, while look ing backward and forward to see some frightful spectre at every turn. These things are very amtnlng, in one point of view?but tiines, in such cases, have a more im portant significance than even great action or great events. There is something weak and feeble in the government of England, or never could such alarm be raised by a few paragraphs in an Ameri can newspaper. There must be something rotten, or some good ground for apprehension, when a slight missile, sent from a playtul hand, can so shake and terrify a whole people, and cause thirty thousand full armed soldiers to be hurried up to Londou from Chatham and other rural barraeas?when, in the cabinet and horse guards, in the palace and | Printing House squure, such awful consternation | can make the whole of London vibrate, as old St. j Paul's did, when the ruins of the edifice were blown I up with the gunpowder of Sir Christopher Wren, to obtain a foundation for the present structure. I We do not, however, mean to alarm the English ! by carrying the comparison further. We can as i sure our contemporaries across the water, that, | though we guvc thein the information that has | acted like yeust in setting the population and go ' vernuicnt into a ferment; and though we threw out | the suggestion that the red republicans and white ? livered republicans goini; from here might bo troublesome, we ourself nad no real fears on the | subject. We know very well that they will never , be caught in anything where it would be possible ' to question their courage?for wo cannot call in question that which does not exist?and these dc I claimcrs ubout liberty aro perfectly harmlc--. i However, if the London police, under the sagacious i direction of Colonel Mayne, will only catch some | of them, brush their white huts and dust their coats, : not forgetting to apply a little water to their faces, : we shall be much obliged for the favor, lor we are | very anxious always to make specimens of' liutnau ' ity from this side of the water as respectable in ; appearance as possible." Modern America, or the United State* or Title Day. [From the British Ariny Bcspatc-h. May 23 J i 'uring the early years ol' this century the Lrniteil Mutes were in the first delicious intoxica tion of national vanity, and retelling in extrava gant speculations of future greatness. The late ward 1812-14, lasted just long enough to give her an appetite for the potnps and vanities of mili tary glory, and not long enough to make her feel the inevitable consequences which must ensue, if this appetite should grow into u continued taste. Since this period, her aggre-sive policy has been carried out to an extent that makes us wonder how Kuropc could have remained a passive witness of hertyranny : and Ttxus,and more latterly Mexico, ere hourly experiencing the injustice of her aggre sive snirit. The creation of a navy has been, and is still, the darling ohje-t of her care; and the spirit which displays itself on the launch of every shin, gives a sutlicient indication of tho confidence with which she looks forward to the realization of her ambitious day-dreams. Time and the hour may, perhaps, sober this calenture of the national brain; and when she shall have bought wisdom at the usual price of experience, by passing through the ordinary career ot hope and disappointment, she will perhaps subside into a state of mind more propitious to tbe growth of good taste, and the ad vancement of civilization. For ourselves, we wish well, and have always wished well, to America, though we have never condescended to tluttcr her national vanities. We sincerely hoj>e she may become wiser as she grows older ; out, as u first step townnls improvement, it is indispensable that she should learn to dir est her self of that overweening self-conceit., which, in the words of the song, makes her believe that? '? The French and English may be dune, But not a Yankee Boodle" ?and which has) filled her with such exaggerated ideas uf her own importance in the scale of nation*, by seducing bcr into the belief that she i? the rival of England. What may happen many Centuries hence, if not for us to divine. 1'he page of history may teach ua that uationa, like iudividuala, arc anbject to disease and decay; but we leave the claima of the United Statea in the maturity of her age, and England in the day* of her decrepitude, if such day?which Heaven avert?must ever come, to the arbitration of posterity, while we content ourselves with a.-sertiiig the present sujioriority of our couutry, and rejoice, not only in its undiini ni.-bed vigor, but in its growing strength and great ness. The goodwill which we bear towarda Americana is felt, and mu<t ever continue to be felt, l>y Eng land, unless the feelings of nature are stifled and destroyed. In the case of nations, the relationship of parent and child may be called metaphorical only ; vet there is a spice of nature in the sensu vnie" tion, which mnkes it more than nominal or figura tive. We believe that England is still inclined to bury in oblivion all rancor proceeding from events that have occasionally happened to disturb the har mony which ought to subsist between America and herself, and has ever been ready to cultivate and improve those kindly feelings which would redound equally to the credit and advantages of both countiie ies. It was surely not too inuen to suppose that reciprocal feeling would naturally be enter tained by Stic dcsccndent Mate; but whatever be tbe cause?whether she was weu ned too soon,whether from her earlier connection with France, when "the weaned child put its hand in the cockatrice's den," or from the naturul forwardness belonging to her relationship?so that America has constantly evinced in ner conduct towards England a spiteful and insulting spirit. Whatever she docs do in rivalry to England, is not done in a generous spirit of emulation There is un ill-natured disposition animating all her efforts to equal us, whien seems to seek raccess less for the sake of the object, than for the gratification to be derived from the boast of surpassing England. It is in this tcm;>er that tbe Americans are for ever obtruding upon us tbe pretended excellence of their constitution. The spirit of liberty, which is the soul and substance of it, they derived from us; the form, which is leas important, is their own. If a republican form of government suit tbe rhaiacter and habits of their country, let them enjoy it |ieaccably and quietly; but they render themselves ridiculous when they impcrtiuently decline to award to other nations the same amount of intelligcn< e that dictates their choice of a constitution, as they arrogate to them selves. Hut liberty is a word of universal import, which i* made to mean anything and everything, according to the different taste* ot it* different commentator*. There ii no doctrine in which. unle*? the teal of it* apostle* be guided by knowledge, excess if more dangerous. We have often been favored with the United Hate* interpretation of the word, and we inay judge of it* orthodoxy from the sanction given by their to the a" legislature to the iboininable traffic inhuman flesh, which afford* tho*e liberty-loving republican* the edifying spectacle of tome thousand* of their fellow orcatures doomed, like the Helot* of Hiarta. to hopeless slnvery. and subjected, like brute beasts, to the lash of their driver; and tni*, too. in a Chris tian country ! and this, too, under the daily view of a people who yet presume to in*ult the'common **dsu ofmai kii.d, by boasting of the *uper-?minent excellence of their frit constitution. Let the I nited States, aud. moreover. Brazil, h arn fr< m us. tbat we shook off the chain* of slavery with the other relies ol barbarism; that the very respiration ol the air of l.nglanl is sufficient to loosen these degrading boi.d.- ; nud that, even with respect to her colonies, in spite of every temptation arititgftom pecuniary interest, Lnglund took the lend mnot g nations in abolishing this sinful system ; at il, not content with setting the example, has suc cessfully exerted all the energies of hoc purse and her power to persuade the old world to concui with her in condemning and renouncing (or ever thai de testable tiaffie, which had been so long n disgrace ful blot in the history of huinanitv, and a foul re i>roarh upon the cliaiacter of < hristendoia. We iavc to the United Mat ites the task of reconciling this contradiction bclwcen her practice and her principle* ; and conclude this artiel" w itli obscrv ing, that the world will never admit the I nited Hates into the pale of civilittd nation* till this disgraceful system is put an end to?till they abandon the la?b, and only keep the stripes for their ffag ! f?n Wednesday morning, tho l!Hh alt., Captain T'aulct Somerset, having completed the term of Imprisonment, was discharged from the llousoof ( orrectlon, t olebathlield* A great number of | erions had assembled to witness his departure at the usual hour, but the gallant prisoner had bt*B 4i#tba>|<4 ?bvut mb bm b?ivrv tbf uni | ?====BHS^ llnllii in SBermie Th? Da?h?H Amelia of LeiuAteab?rf, died aft Munich oa the 13th, in her sixty-fourth year. Tha of King MaaiSJS >* on tbeZHfc January, 1808, to E?~ ? . ^rn!i, nnvV rf Lruchtenber* ?- ' -gene Beaaharnais, Duke ot Beauharw-' -ud Pn??c* ?* Eiohetadt. Eugena *1?- _-?ts,born in 1781, was the eon of < leneral zander, Vioomte de Beauharnais, and Joaephin# Taecher de la Pagerie, afterward* ? Empwsr Josephine. At the commencement of thei revolution General Beauharnais joined the popular party, ?oted for the abolition of privileges, and equality before the law. In the reign of terror, he was ao cused of having by neglect contributed to the low of the fortress of Mayence, arrested, brought to Paris, and guillotined in 1794. Of his two children, tbe daughter, Hortenae, waa married to Louie cona^ parte, King of Holland, whose son is the present President of the French Republic; the son, Ivugene, was made Viceroy of Italy by Napoleon, and ried the Princess Augusta ot Bavaria, whose death has just been announced. After the fall ofNapo over the sum to Bavaria, ta~;*chaniV'for"LTn? vince ofLeucbtenberg. A the Oberpfals, with the title of L)uke. 1eldest daughter of the deceased Duchess is Queen of Sweden; the second, Duchesa of H.Oneniollern-Hechingen; the third is the widow 01 Don Pedro of Brazil. The eldest son marsied Donna Maria of Portugal in 1833, but died tha samcyear; the second son, Max Eugene, is married to n daughter of the Emperor Nicholas, and resides at St. Petersburg. The state funeral of the lata Duchess took place at Munich on the 17th inst. The /-endow Globe of Saturday, the 24th ult., states that Major-General Pitt, who had commanded the troops iu New Zealand since 1847, died in Ja nuary last. The late General Pitt ontered tha service in 1805; in 1807 he served in the West In dies, and was present at the capture of the Danish islands in that year. He served at the capture of Martinique in 1809. From 1811 to 181 i he served in the Peninsular war, and wus present at Albuhera, in tbe actions of Usarge and Altnurez, the siege of Badajoz, the battles of Vittoria, Pampcluna, an! the Pvrences, for which he had received the war medal and four clasps. In 1*30 lie was nominated a Knight of Hanover, and in 1830 wus placed oa the list of officers receiving rewards for distin guished services. Major-Gcncral Sir William Morison, K.C.B., who has sat as a member for Clackmannan und Kinross, since 1842, us a liberal, died in Loudon oa the 13th ult. Sir William served many years ia the Madras artillery, and had held several high offices in India ; was commissioner for the Mysoro government, member of the Supreme Council, pre sident of that body, and likewise hai been deputy governor of Bengal. In 1841 be obtained the local rank of mujor-general in the East Indies, and ia 1848 wus nominated K.G.B. The death of Viscount 8trathallan took place at his scat of Castle Strathullan, in Perthshire, on tho afternoon of Wednesday last, the '21st ult. Ilia lordship, who hud reached the ripe age of eighty live, began to show tokens of declining strength some time ago ; but his lust illness was only of a> few davs' duration. At upper Castlehill, in the parish of Troquecr, Kircudbrightshire, May 11, aged 81, James Thom son, a veteran, who in his youth fought against tho French ar.d Spaniards at Trafalgar; and during the latter port of his life kept up a coutiuucd strug gle against poverty as a wandering beggar, lie was born in the East Indies, but nis ?? forbears" wcic originally from Carlaverock. After spending his youth and muuhood at the seu, lie took the road as a gaberlunzie, in company with the wedded partner of his prime. For the last twenty years tiny thus trudged together. MADAME 1IAMKI.IN. [Paris Correspondence of Louden At lav ] The last of the bright particular stars which formed the galaxy of glory round the head of the first consul, Lug disappeared by the death of Ma dame llamclin. She alone remained to tell tha w orld of what elements were composed that society which succeeded the old illusions of aristocracy, s'> abruptly dispelled by the great revolution. Liko Josephine Beauharnais and Madame Grant, sho was a Creole by birth, and to the very last pos sessed that indescribable grace and ease of manner so peculiar to the French Creole ladies, and which has sometimes enabled them, in their ignorant sim plicity, to obtain unbounded influence where the charms and blandishments of the more burned and cultivated female-, who are ever striving for tho government of this country, have failed. For many j-eara did Madame Hamelin share with Madamo l'allien and Madame Beauharnais the entire rule of the dircctoire, and net a hero of that day but had sighed away his soul at the feet of one or other ot the trio. Robespierre himself wus fain to confess, when too late, that he owed his ruin to neglect of th< ir influence, and hu> destruction to contempt of their power. His attack upon Madame Tallien was the first false step of his career, and '.he signal for bis overthrow. Barras, with whom at that time the fair Josephine was all powerful, was in stantly made to perceive the great talents for go vernment possessed by tbe young Gen. Bonaparte. Although Madame llamclin had for many ycare retireu from public life, yet the homage of a certain circle was still extended to her. and her talon was mi' rendezvous 01 n;i trie rt inuanl ot that society which the restoration hail dispersed, and tbenco Lave irsued, at various times, those strange and Hurtling opinions which have ended in bringing the nation to ite present position. The clique of savan* and poetasters who surrounded in latter years Ma dame Kccamur, had 'worn a bitter enmity to the followers of Mudaino liamelin, and the war be tween the two >ab n? continued in full vigor until the death ot Count Montrond. lie alone of that once numerous court which Madame iluuielin had formerly luditld gathered around her remained with theloldneoe and wit sufficient to beguile her into forgetfulmss of this pigmy time, with its small worship of puny idols, its weak ami sickly homage to its little heroes, and its blind acceptance of every kird of quackery, no mutter what its garb, so that it but coiiih led to Hatter the trilling vanities of the multitude. She would often compare with tlnse | uerile aims the bold and vigorous tupiraions of her youth, and, sickening at the contemplation, hud ended by confining her intercourse entirely to the t who could bring to mind tbe energetic dreams amid which her younger days were passed. .Mont rond, whore singular destiny had led him to play a conspicuous part under every regime which hail ruled in Frant e ever since the days of Louis Quinze, had, during thr latter years of his life, exolude<l himself from the world entirely with .Madam? lluiuelin. in the exqui-ite little hotel in the Ku? blanche, formerly occupied by the great operatic celebrity, Madllc. (iuimand, this friendly pair re tired while pel capable of every enjoyment which the memory of the past can bring, and here .Mon trond died. It wa.- his delight to display to th? wondering imagination of Madame lL medio '.ho -ilf-confiiiet.ce which bad never deserted him through any change of system, nod. although possessed of no pecuuiary resource, he would sometimes surprise, nay, eTen terrify her. by certain sc/wvrwtrj of the regency to which he had been ac customed in his youth, in the shape of frit' and prtitc sowpsrs, with which all 1'aria would ring for so in? time, and nut to shame the paltry attempts at gal lantly with which the vulgar 1U< mtniiru of our day now and then seek to bewilder the t rain* of the pi or abortive imitators of the grace and elegane? of the fair marquises of the ancient regime. Th? last J tit of this kind given in honor of Madura? liamelin was upon the occasion of her birthday, when tbe park and grounds belonging to tbe littlo hotel were transformed into a tnitiature la r, with buyer* and sellers, all habited in tbe costume of the times of Louis Muii.ze, and where ev. ry urtirl? di-played at thr booths bore '.he 'nice date. " A'lio > will pay for all this !" said Iloyer Lollard to Mon iromi, as he gazed around upon the gay scene ami inleulated the enormous expense of the outlay. "My creditors, to be sure, returned Mon.roud,. 'aughing gaily, as he turned upon his heel. It has become the fashion for the faubourg ?lermain, utnlor tbe banner of Madame l.'ecaiuier, to brand as republican and vulgar the society which gathered at Madam? Hnun nil's, and which had set u*< If en tirely against tbe sickly pretensions and vapid self compllmeuting of the disciples of the < hafetiubriand i school, who MMtcmblod at the Abbttyc aux Hois. A? attimpt was made, however, under the au?ptee* e< M. I' .to reconcile the two coterie*, but which failed, owirg to a ludierous aceident which befel, anil widened the breach to a greater extent than ever. I pon the oceasiun of the marriage of the I'uke of Oilcans, much anticipation *?< created Coi n tiling the splendor of the I ft <s to hi give?, and abort all. ? oncoming the fireworks t* to- ottered Uy tl c loyal lily of I'arTs to the sovereign fit* choice. Now."it was considered at that time the ry height of good breeding for the I'ajbourg St. ticrmtin to af.eita total indifference to the proceedings ot the < iti/en King. and. Indeed, absolute ignorance with r* gaid to the ineiileut whidi called f .ih this p >pu lai display was looked uprii a proof ot i.ig'.i i .rth ninl gnat eultivatior of mind. Accordingly, th? windows of every hotel Ironi ?In-nee a v lew ? I ?' i ? ? fire wotks could bi obtain* i were tube b . illy closed, and no sign ot kir whatever t ? t t v -ioloiit any one of the garden terrm es on the river belong log to tbe high afis'WMCj ollboliinJ. t' t tv. itb Itacdirg the political tl,ty i f it I ? ? ?>, Na ture claimed her r ght. avd the fa-.rar t ts faded, rot in reality to ft(l at much curios'/ ! i leliobl. the sight a4 though it had not been giv?" by a ple beian t ity to plrtifea citizen king. In tt.e dilemma Mons. B , who wa* always apt at c< nellinUcn, sug gested the belvedere at the top > f M id , 1 o Iluine Hn's hotel, in the rue Warn he, a* being the most favorable p> nt for beboblntg the ' rc-vi rV - to th? I t advantage 'I he negotiation wn* s i <?' sful; the --pot was to he consider*d neutrai gronnd; old friendship- w?re to be revived: old feuds were to be laid aside: Montrond and < hateaubriand, liamelin ?kd w?? Vf laVlftW ?0d joi* ih fcbust

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