Newspaper of The New York Herald, 17 Haziran 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated 17 Haziran 1851 Page 3
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ORIGINAL ARTICLES. Hm Presbyterian Charek in Un United States?Ita History, Character,. and Prin ciples. The Presbyterian church?which is oue of the largest in the United states?had its origin amongst us from the Scotch and Irish branches of the Pres byterian family of the Reformation, and was in troduced by European emigrants about the oloseof the seventeenth century. As early as the year 1706, a Presbytery was formed by the Rev Mr M'Kennie and six other ministers ; and in that age Of " seeds of things," Congrogatioiiulists joined vrtth them, on such a fiottng as to be represented In Presbytery, which, however, turned our to be inexpedient. The first four years of the Presbytery, they did but little, but were so increased by ? nigrttious from Europe, that in 1716 tbey were able to form the .Synod of Philadelphia, with four Presbyteries under its judicature- For the uext thirty years, they increuscd with still greater rapidity, exerted a felt influence on the opinions and principles of the colonists, and lent a forming hand to our then plastic institutions, which time has consolidated and made stable. But mote of this in its place. There had been from the beginnr g a difference of views and feelings amongst both the clerical and lay members, on subjects of doctrine and dis cipline. The Scotch, who wore extremely tena cious of the strict and rigid forms of the auk, showed a disposition to gruf. these on the new or ganization, while the Irish and New Knglnndors Were more lax and liberal. In fact, there were three elements in the church?the orthodox Hootch Presbyterian, with bis natioial r'gidity and adhe siveness ; the British Puritan (now the New Eng land Presbyterian), looking with groat ioalousy o i forms and ecclesia.-tical standards, and the spark ling and witty Irishman, over willing to tread new path, provided it seemed equally safe An these diffeiences were inherent in its very beiug for the church was not formed by mistionarioS an 1 conversions on the spot, but was composed of . detritus brought over to the western continent from sections of Europe, where the eircumstances that gave moulding and character to the social system wtre wholiy different. Difference led to a division; and, in 1715, a new synod was formed, wniuh was called the Synod of New V'ork. But after fi teen years experience of the comfortable effects of ? liw union, the two bodies united again, under tue name of the >ynod of New York and Phil idclj hia The motto then was, " E itluribu.s unum;" und such at length was the popularity of the churcu, that it luight have become the ecclesiastical .--lablixhmont of the colony ; und it has been said that over tures were made to that effect. In lis*, the bouy were Butiiciuntly strong 10 form a General Assembly, af er the in.inner of their pro totypes in Kurope,?tie arbiter of all and the highest court known to their But In IMOl, they appear to have made a false step. (Churches step wrong, as well us ir.on ) They fv mod a plan of uuion witn the GougreRationalists, by which a people of the latter per.~uas.on choosing a J'resby terian minister, might si ill conduct their chairs on Congregational principle ; and so, err versa., with the privilege of appeal to a court of either body The union was unnatural ; but it continued for thirty years, and it is sai 1 by some to have been attended with the very best of consequences to the Presbyterians; but it turus out to huv ? b -.'u ju-t the contrary, and they were very glad to get rid of it. A memorial to that effect *as presented to the General Assembly of IK! >; and the commit tee who reported upon it recommended that the (JongreRationalists consent that the uniou be a i nullcd In the General Assembly of 1*37, the in it ter was again brought forward uul subuii'.tei to a Committee, in which 1'rs Witherspoou, Aloxauder, and He man took a part, and a resolution recou - mended and finally adopted, that the plan of union of 1*1)1 was an unconstitutional act oa the part of that Assembly, and equally so on the part of the association (Congregational), who had nothing to dt with churches not within their limits ; and that, as much confusion hud arisen, the same wa- (hereby abiogated The reasons of this process are given more at hngth in the pa-(oral letter and circular of the Assembly of that year. They contended that it had been a great cause of tho dissonsious that ?distracted the church; that pastorfttes forinod un der said act were indoctrinati d as muoh on the Con gregational as the Presbyterian plan ; that raising up Presbyteries and synods out of men wbohad .is much of tho Congregational as the Presbyteria i element, was inexjadient They afflrmod that their doctrine and order had been subverted, uud error introduced on first principles?at hr*t. as more ver bal differences, but afterwards as important un ,provemctits on the old creed of the church ; an that they had applied the proper remedy It so happened, unfortunately for the Assembly, that the remedy was applied too late Cutting oil the limb wis not sufficient ; the poison had been .circulated through the system. A new theology had star ed up, and was openly proclaimed iu I he church, by what are called the -New School di vines, to such extent, that one-half the body were affected by it?the main point of which was tho suf ficiency ul human ability, in matters of religion, the siuus point for Which lick and the /litholies con tended against the Keforuicrs On this point. Or. Cutheld and Mr. Barnes wore active, agreeing pretty much with Mr Kinney, who taught iha it ever a man had a new heart he inu-t make it ai u keif Other questions were agitated, nt which lira. Beuian and Cox, figured souie : in short, all the live pouts of Calvinism, or rather of Augustinianisui, wcie impugned. In ISM), Mr. Barnes, the livingeinbodunont of the new school element, was culled to the Kirai Presby terian church, of Philadelphia, woen objection* were raised ugaiust his orthodoxy, and opposition to his settlement These not succeeding, aa appeal was taken to the Synod, and carried up to tho Ge neral Assembly, which, showing a disposition to dodge the question, specific charges wore brought against Mr Barnes tor heresy, whiolt uni te t trial in lispensshle. lis was acquitted by the Presbytery, suspi'hdid by th* Synod, and restored by the Ge neral Assembly, which, alone, would show that a crisis wa.- at hand. Hut there were other things at i-sue, all winding up to the same result The or fanization and operations of the so-called American loine Missionary Society, and the Ainerijan edu cation Society, in contrs-distincumi from the Ge neial Assembly's Board of Missions and Board of hduration, were pronounced to lie injurious to th-' church interests, and cut oil' The *ynod* of I tiea. Geneva, and Genesee (formed under tho plan of union) as, also, that ol the Western Reserve, in which bodies the alleged disorders prevailed most, containing five hundred ministers and Mity thousand members, were declared out of union with the church So fearfully did th-ie Burgeons u e the knife The nature of these dis orders is described in rather curios* term?. bat the main ititu is a restless spirit of radicalism, which had daiven to extreme fanaticism lhe cense of re vive s, of temperance, and the rig.i.s o' man, and led their ehurchcJ with ignorant lealots and crowde unholy members, with other things of a like kind. But the art of 1 *Ci7 was not an excuinmuiiicating act It excommunicated none It merely disown-d certain synod* unccustitutionalli organited, while it gale them directions as to the way of entering the church on right principles. Nor was this act the cause of the secession tnat followed; for thou* causes had long been in existence. The men d die red hi ec clesiastical jiolicy and doctrine I'he seceders were alienated in their affections. The tie that bound them to the then existing sfiurch Wei not ti at of the heart Accordingly, in the Assembly of IKK, while the proper officers were organising th- me, ting, tho minority organised too, calbd themselves the General Assembly, and held their ecssiou in aiiOthc place, so that there wire two General Asscmblie sitting at tbo same time : and it became a matter of some iin|Mirtaix-e to know to Which tin- church pro perty belonged. . in New -School Assembly coin mci. ed a ruit in the civil courts of I'auiisyIvania. and obtained h verdict. An appi-al wa - t.iken, and the Superior Gorirt granted leave for a i.ew trial; but the t hief Justice having advanced opinions adverse to the claim i af the New .iehwl i-nrtv, tliesuhjcit was drop)ed; and sines then lucre bits l>teti greater peace. 'I he doctrines of the Prv'hyterian shurch are Cal vinisti"' ller worship ai I g ivcrt?mcnt sr.- well known We now proceed to iu po e woit ia> b ? -o the intluencc of this I rgr an.I important "hureii in forming the public mind, nn'l giving birth ? i I | . i< to our political inslitutl >u.<. ii i, gqt ?,? i it, f'rotn its first impirtatiou, th-. ? i , wh.-h our government is founded, rim n , m it iipoti?a republican, repr t#" i n,. i The very principles of ispub ?? ? i? mocra<y, are prominently pis ? - ? " Ca rtamlysays tho li o W t >? he most r. in.erkahl-' and sing,. . U the constitution of the I'rosin .... i Lear such a close and striking ' the political constitution of our cou.ilrj ? i, mi i considers the cause of it, it mu? he -n sab's Confederation and republicanism arc t ie I ? > : - i tin) principles of the Amcrt ?u , ? i masses arc nw> allswed to atsct ev< ii ib. i' ? a t, judges, and innny other i-llicers; ami to. . i . ' - art seen in the I'rrshytcrian i hurch I' n >- a |s?wer if vested in the jco^le, l.u ouly ? . , ,. cim d by their teproeeiiiatiiei. I'll,u-1? government as this?the people gun - t ? selves, under their own cons nut,.. ,, | r senisti -i - of their own ilection '?. .. or Britain ; and the principles w- hro i^ni'h-r in the shap- oi ecclesiastical argciita ion." fh ,.nt line exi ted in the standards of tho I igiuh Puri tans, who were origiuully Presbyterians, and 'h-i? brcoight it here ^houbl it lie said tna Pilgrims were L'ongregationalisU, let R be ramombersd that the Independent of the Wertminiter Assembly end the Commonwealth differed little from the Presby terian. One a ay atom wu puritaniam, under the form of democracy ; the other's waa the aame thin* fir JJ* !zmvn ?ona.til?"oual representation.' J; that the 1 ilgriin fathers, af er tastimr the eflects of single blessedness, had drank in the Presbyterian HolUnd and Geneva" and hence their institutions, from the very first, took a l' form Presbyterianism naturally tends to republicanism. Knox, the founder of the 1 resbytenan church of Scotland, was a great ad! ^neeof0 th li,'0ll,ty rePublicH ! "d Sirll. Vane, one of the Westminster Asieiubly, while ho was kct ^V 1,jngUnt1' inhered the name oh Jtci, and the oonstitutiou ho drew up contained according to the analysb of Lord Brougham. the Unked sfatM C|f T ff the K?ver,"neut of the Ih?. U ? v,ttrl,sle Sl',"ua to understand the thing when he tells us, " Protestantism was a re to.t against spiritual sovereignties ; Presbyterian ism carried out that revolt against earthly sove reignties and despotisms " Kron this nursery, at a events, was taken the tree of the American re public, which now waves its branches over thirty-one . tut.s, and five Territories where .States are grow ,Vf notintcuded. *>y theso remarks, to intunato th it other sects were not ac.ive?only that this took tne ti st steps towards a union of interests aud of ii? .TT .? m?!'1 ? doLwith forming the public sen . tbHt * I resbyterian loyuhst was a thing unl card of. And after the c jufiiot was over, rays Mr Judk.n, "and the sages of America came to st .tie the forms of >ur government, they did but copy into every constitution the simple elements of representative republicanism, as found in the l'res by term u system. ,. fhe influence ?f ibis church iu forming the nub Iic let ling and opinion, was such that many of the very expressions and sentiments used in thenational Ceclarution of Independence, are said to have been 1 the common property of the nation long before the : war of the revolution; and yet it can be shown with i u degree of evidence amounting to a moral certainty. I that this wus derived from models in the Presbyte I nan church, whose principles had been silently I working themselves into the minds of men, unper ceived. I hat Declaration itself was not the cause ? but tho etlect; it was the bursting of the fountain' ' to which the trickling drops of leeling and streams ot public opinion bad been converged unseen. We know this celeorated document is attributed to the magic pen of Jefferson and yet historians toil m he was no writer It is so similar to the two decla rations of Mejklenburgh, N. C., of fifteen months before, and of which the fate John Adams says the ginume sense of the American people was never so well expressed, that there are but two ways of ac counting lor it?either that Mr. Jefferson hud this as a in >del, or that there is some common source writers of b hTi b"th der,Ved' aud the : V< b"th h*d to that fountain. Dr. . in ib has shown that there is such a souroe, and that both writers were acquainted with it; and that aml'nt H . the spirit, sentiment, order of aigumi ut, and, to a considerable extent, the very anguogu, of both these declarations to the solemn hague.-, bauds, and cove.ants entered into bythe uioimms, especially of the crotch and Irish l'res byte,,an churches Their object was the saVe to .mire union Ihey arc similar in order. In both. theie is first a general nitroduetion; then, an enumeration of grievances protested agaimt,' then,a declaration oriiidepeudence-aiid resistance anu finally, a vow of mutual {devotion, fidelity, and d iermiimiion. l'his similaiity is not to be ac eoui, t d lor by accidental causes; and when we looaeo over our Declaration again tho other day, i bought it looked like a Scotchman and iccog IV'', e blf?b choek bones aud stern features of that gigantic race lhe Meoklenburgh declara tion i appears, was druwn up by Dr Brevard, of v c. "'fh descent, and familar with the .ctand- i eml.Vd, Ti ti' iInttli.0"7 ""ff"'"" covenants are , tim ed I? ? 4?"' C,u,mn (; Verplank publicly I tiuied ilie origin of our national Declaration of In- ' dependencett the national covenant of S.o land. And the people of Me cklen burgh, who were ahead of lhe Whole Mate in the Revolution, were Presby terian emigrants from Ireland. i uo iuliuence of this churoh on the cause of edu- i cation. ha? been considerable, not only in founding schools and colleges, throughout the whole spread ot their wide domain, but carrying them oul into efficiency As in .Sootland, she has been the un wearied j romoter of the cduwUonsl interests of tho nunon, and has no * eighteen colleges, six g (si Mininaries, with multitudes of schools and ucademie* all over the Union; a Hoard of Kdu t lion, by which hltecn hundred young men have 1. en a**i>ted in acquiring a clerical education, snd half 'to Home, a greater proportion of the foreign missionaries, and hundreds of sntled ini \v\V. baVo bet'n ""/"Juyod to thoir positions, vv nh I.S4A) ministers, 2,512 churches, com municants, and a large apparatus of sobools, s.n iet les. and other agencies, me possesses immense facilities fur tne enlightenment of the public mind. wi.Uj-t her foreign fields of intlueneoare so extensive and her efficiency so vast, that it may bo questioned IrnVrt 01 7'* ')rt?*Illlt*ti<>n, but one, hv a greater hold on the UeeuntM of mankind. In India alone one synod and three preebyteriei are couueoted *itn till* church. 'J he genius of this church is not to creep along he side* of our river*, or seek a perch aud dormi tory m the siately jailaoe- that spire up in our wealthy cities, hut to go out into the whole United s tate#, and i very where, in fact, explaining her s.andards, and proselyting to her opinions, .she has a genius |..r taking hold of passing events; for throwing an uifiuenee into tho movements of the day; for taking a part in the great q lestions of the age?wherever any thing is doing there you see J jtciinn miniMt rs Aid! hor pru^pority i.-*, no doubt, a m?ana ol bringing freah arrivals to 'our ?bores, from the rich lands of wretchedness fouud every where in the old world, where freedom i- nvt; inerrusing our national eemus, by the conservative intlux ot thrifty, good-exampled, aud hardy im-.u lation '* Roth North and South, she bear* a latent tenti- | mony ag iin?t the *ystem of negro slavery; but there she leaves it, without being able to tell u-^ how to get rid of it Mie has had nothing to do with the .lit rt'l brain of abolitionism; the ssibjeet has been often brought up in her assemblies bu. she lias re fused to take action, or to make lis to-holding a disqualification for ohur.ih membership. A lew h re and there, it Is true, have transported themselves beyond the pitch of sober thought, ou the existence of an evil of which they know not thv n mi .lv, any more than we do; hut the church has thought action inexpedient, aud that the best way to cure the rotten part of any body is to attend to the atmosphere of things around it. and administer the proper remedies as the patient can boar thein. No dou it there are differences of opinion between the Northern and Miuthern members on this, a< also ??ome o-her subjects; but the warfare is generally in the periodicals, and not in the church. >he yields to the laws of the Mate in which she lives, so long lis they are laws, not .lodging the question, but lott ing the difficult*, which she cannot rectify-, to time and other bands. In this respect it is a curi ous tact that the l'resbyterian church in the United Mates act* upon the same inh. rent principles of non-iiiterfejenee which have always guir.lwi the atholic ;hurch since it# first organisation on this continent. laung Men'f rtmptranr* Festival. La.-t brulay exiting, a young in ?u'? tempo ranee U-tival *?.< held at Tripler llall. The object of the fe-tiv*l wa* to extend the sa?*c of toiupo runrr, and to appropriate the proceed* to the build ing of a new hall for the >m?* of Temperance. The mo tii g wa? thinly attended, and up to H o'clock there ?i< no appearance of a cominencement of the proceeding*. About thit time the audience gave evident eigne of impatience, with tho heel* of their hoot*, Ac. Mr. Lake then mounted the plattorm, an l M?nl the gentleman who was to preside had disappointed them, a* did aereral other speaker* ; and sincere friend* Brother* Austin and LloyJ, of Philadelphia, were present, ail would do a part of the honor* of the evening. Brother Austin then ' came forward and sung a temperance ode. I rothi r Lnmri was next introduced to the m et ing, hut be .-p'dke in so low a tone tho* he ??;< alio g< her iiuudi.e We niuler*t?oi him to say that he b longed to that not> le ban I, the Waehingto 111'* Hroiher*, anil be ws* ghid to see there wa< ao ii any hen to night, that were willing to join that i "i ii ty He would advise all hen', a ..<1 pai ucuLrly the youth, tn_ beware of alcohol, anil not taste .i diop of i? Tin re were unfortunately many oft ie | r -i i ' day, who were not aril -nt drinkers, but what mre called drain drink -re; aid it was well from drain dunking they became iu? j n '"rate drunkards, litis was the tUeviMlle snw ; SMjvi''?nf :it nil indulging in th-u ' et spirituous Injuor* II. felt such a linivuig t low il?i- eve ' i ii toWanll the young m n in11- e;,y, that he hijtil tliey *.;j|il all bo ?' Ahiielv* that they ?'Uid tot iii tile themselves with thit diseasing . In 11 > ?g- He was hat iliseonraged '?y th ? p.tii ? t \ I i.mi.her* h. it to night. It -rus in; a dead or ? l.idi ilmt *w?m against th current The d ? id I, hwns carried awny by the stream. Imt it was the ling fish mmo against t I'liey ('.he t in j ? ? ???! people) have uuiayr difficulties to contend eg ? met hut it 14 by energy and persevjfnned to it w.n'I.i overcome theiu, and tin* is the *ei ti I ol lie! y t lit, the great?"<i sl.iteswi i that lived Hut u ifortunately it i the w .men that !.i" , and aliliough they W?re dtbMrol from pi ol i gV s, tiny wire not from raising hi- agm ist thi* horrible practice, thai h is ? i: any ol IhtBNlvet ItM untimely grave ii g. it tin ii to banish their society all i ,i Inouent r* of the rum *liop, and to set n untile -i t-inperanc* lothiir fatlier*, brolhors, a: I b ? tun d M Ln|i then introduced Brether Davis, from Man! y u lie satu that although abv/ho hedeom < experience Wkou he eew young men of hie ewu age. end his own friends, going down damnation, he thought he might, young a* he was, be eacused for giving his idea* on this suhjeot. If, said he, the cholera breaks out amongst us stringent laws arr passed, and the streets are boarded up; but al though we see every day hundred, and thousands of our fellow creatures sent to the grave by the rum shop, no voice is raised against it, simply because those deaths are all brought about in gilded saloons. Brother Davis then retired, and Brother Lloyd again addressed the meeting, but they dropped out one by one till the hall was completely empty. We did not observe that any one took tho pledge. A Ulancc at the Machine and Bnglne Shops? Progress of Steam Engine MulUllng, die. We have recently instituted un inquiry as to tho extent of business carried ou in this city in tho above branch, and think the followiug account of the priuoipal foundries, and tho contracts entered into for the present year, cannot fail to be interest" ing to such of our readers as take pride in all evi dences of the advancement ot the mojliani.1 arts, which add so much to our greatucss auu prosperity. ; A few years since, the manufaoturing of inaohiaory in this eountiy was very trifling; indeed, it is but ! comparatively a short tiino since one of our cotein porarics, in a long, labored, and self laudatory putting article, boasted to his subscribers and to the public, that ho hud imported from Lngland a preis capa ble of throwing oft 5,000 sheets per hour But what do we witness at the present tirnoJ The press on which the Herald is printed is ca|Mible of throw irgoff 12,000 to 14,(MX) copies per hour! and by alter ing it, 15,000 or 20,000 sheets per hour could be stricken off with equal ease. We might give othor evidences of tho great stride which our people liavo I ma do in this branch of industry. We gave with pride and pleasure, a few years since, an account o the casting of the bed plate of Captain Marshall's stcsinship, the United States, (which vessel by the way caused some trouble to the late Galphin cabinet of General Taylor,) and to make which some thirty tons of fluid metal was used. This was, up to that time, the greatest feat of the kind per formed in the United States, but, sinoe then, bed plates of infinitely larger dimensions have beer, cast without creating any surprise. An idea of on - pro grcss in this respect may be formed from the fact that we have now upw-ards of 75,000 tons of stcaia Bhips, whereus we had none at all, we may say, six years ago; uud so largo are s >ino of them, that there arc but four placed in Great Britain where a shalt could bo furnished to the Col lins steamship Atlantis. Our engine boiler makers have orders from all parts of the world, and have as much as they can possibly do to till them uud the homo demand. The truth is, that the energy aud ubility of our people have been such that they haw not only con structed steamships unequalled by thoso of Kng land or the world, but contracts have been entered into for the construction of many more, which no doubt will equal, if not excel nil others. TIIK AlJ-ulKK WORKS. Messrs. Secor & Kreasted, proprietor* of tho Al laire Works, are constructing a pair of large oscil lating engines, with cylinders eighty-five inches in diameter and nine feet stroke, with four large iron boilers, for tho new steamship Louisiana, of Me-srs. ilowland & AspinwaH's line. This veasel is 2,2'W tons burthen, and is intended for tie Pacitio trade. It is expected she will be completod and launched, with steam on, in about a week llcr wheel* will likewise be of iron. At the sa ne woiks, a murine beam engine, with cylinders sixty-six mobes in diameter and ton foot stroke, with two iron boilers, and wheels built in the best and strongest manner, arc being made for the new steamship William 11 Brown, (lh?> natne of tbc owner). >he is 1,2U0 tons burthen, and will Ik- completed and launched in about a luonlh Sfhc i.- also destined for the Pacific trado._ Two extra heavy marine beam engines, sixty inches in diameter and ten feet stroke, with four boilers, wrought iron water wheels, shafts, See., are also being made here for a largo steamship building by Jeremiah Siuionson, foot of 1 wonty third street, Ksst river, which is to be called the Northori Light, fshe is 2,2bJ tons burthen, hotr length 250 lent, beam 30 feet, aud depth of hold 25 feet. Hie was originally inteuded for the Nicara gua route, but it is said she will most probably bo transferred to a New ) ork and t ialway indepen dent line. She will be completed iu about tnree months. The same parties are al-o constructing engines f?,r a Spanish house at Havana, with cylinders 12 inches in diameter and 7 feet stroke, with a oop per boik ?; another engine, with cylinders 4t) inches in di uueter and M feet stroke, with an Insi boiler, lor a nver steamer ; and an engine with cylinders 2St inehes in diameter an 1 7 feet stroke, fur the Oneida nuJ ltivei S'?eo aiW ??t < -un puny ; also a beam engine, with cylinders H inches in diameter and II feet stroke, with wrought iron shafts, fctc., for a steamship for Captain vb Sand ford, intended for the Philadelphia fine (out side), in connection with the steamers Kennebec and Penobscot?beeido* a number of engines and boilers for factories and mills. The engine* of the U. H msil steaiu-ships Pacific and Baltic (Collins line) wen* constructed at these works, as also those of the steamship Union (Messrs. Spollord & Piles ton's lire). The cngineciing department of the Aljarro Works i* under the superintendence of Mr. P. r. Sccor, well knoeu a-one of our in?*'. successful arvt scientific engineers The average number ot men employed at these works is from six to seveu hun dred, and the metal used from four to five thousand tone per annum. TMK M'UaJAN WORK*. At the Morgan Iron Work*, there are being mniiu fxrtui.d, for tbo Now dork and Virginia Steam-ihio Company, n [ air of beam marine engine* of 12 inelie* dinrieter of cylinder nnd 10 b-at ntnoke of oidtor. The veeaeel in building by WpatecTclt A. Nlsichry, ami is of about 1.1(h) t>>n? liurtltcn. The whole i* under tho ..uponuteinbiticc of Capt. Wil liam Skiddy, ami will tie c,,?uiplelcd about the firxt of Auguxt, when ehe will eoinmenoo running ho twecn New i nrk iiml Kiehtiiond, Vh For Uairie & Morgan, of New Orleona, they am building engine* for two vc*?el*, both being built by William Joilyer. One of thrui La of ab ml 1,2'Ni tone burthen, ami will have n pair of en?ine* of 12 iix bcc of ilianieter of c)limler ami 10 toK atruku; tLe otter one i* of Hhotit *(.0 ton* burthen, and will hn*e one engine, of Id inebea diameter n'' cylinder and 11 feet rtroke of pi<ton. The re???l< are both building, and will lie titled up under the iiu nodiaio aupermtendence of Capt .lereiniah Smith, who will have eouiinnnd of the large*! one when completed, which will l>e in tho course of the enduing autuiuu. They aro intended to run in connexion with the elcannr* (Jalve-ton, Clobe, Mexico, I.otu*inna, Portland, aud ) ueht, between New Orioau* and ?lift-rent porta in Texa*. With thia formidable licet of ateamcra iu the (lull, .Mo?-ra. Ilarrit A Mi rgan will be able to accommodate Tex a a aud New Orb ana tolerably wi II Tbcy are ab>i> manufacturing, for Meaara. Jon?* A John-' n, an engine ol fx" inthea diameter of cylin der and 12 feet stroke, for a venae! building by Tbornaa ('ollyer, alnut 1,500 ton* burthen, to ply between Nt w \ ork and New Orleans She ia alio tube completed ami commence running thia fall Alao, an 11 gine for a r a.;el building by Mr. Wil liam Colljer lor linnaelf, to run on the Shrewsbury route, of J<2 i'tcbea diameter of cylinder, and II feet atroke. 'I hix boat i? rapidly progrc-xing toward< completion, and will be on her route, it ia antici pated, in time for the noach hanreat. Tin y nie alao buiblmg an inclined engine, of 3^ incite.-diameter (>f cylinder, and J* feet atroke, f??r the Fulton Ferry Company. They are doing con* , eiderubh *mall work, urn iia augar mill engine*. at'g?i lnttla, and .-o forth The Ohin, I'liiladelphiA, and North Atnoiiea, arc undergoing repair* nt thia cxtabbxhuiuit 1'Iij n> rago number of won employed auiouut to *i* hundr> d. I rinrwir rmuMT. At tn% l'ho-nix Foundry, Meaar*. Cunningham A Ik Ikimp, prcpt,?,"r'< J *fn couatmeting an on gine for a atcnmbnltt J* ' named), to bit Vkt l< et long, 27) feet b -am, and a,f"'' depth of hold, for Mr. Thotna- Ctdlyef, with cylinder*?*-inches in ilia in t tor, and 12 feet atroke. At the aanu- fou'nlty, two engine* with eyUnder* flit.eliia in diameter and 10 feet atroke, fur two *t< nnndiipa (to be r tiled the (Jordan ami Calhoun), each A(:<) tona burthen. If I fort lortg, 2N feet beam, and 12 tcet depth of Indd, for Mew*. Brooks A K?r di n, r.-f savannah, Ceorgia. Three ateunship <arc deatined to inn in the line between Satanuab nnd ('harlexfnn. An engine with rv tinder* inches in ibamet >r ami 8 feet atroke, for a -t. a ubmt a lout' f? Nt toii btirthei:, l?A feet l>Mip. 2M f'-.-t ti iiu, and Mi led l'ngr, Of W idi depth ol hold, for Mr. tieorge l'agc ington. Another engine of the mine aire, for a at*ain*r 1 -*>?? fct t long. 211 fret bemn, xtvaa feet eight I mm ?? depth of hold, now building by Mr. Ftminta 'ill yei, ?if tin* oily, for the Wit*hington an l Alcxan ilriii Steamboat Oimpiin,-; and two large boib-ra for i be **? inner Senator, running between San Fran c iffo an ) Sncramento rit ea. Tbix firm oonatrn-'trd the i i.giiu of the ateaiii'hip El Ihuado,one of the CLgux line. They employ a "rout two hundred men. pi'i.Tuu rm-mr Meoara. I'ea.-r A Murphy, ot the Fulton Foundry, aie doing a large amount of work for the New Lon don and Norwich Steamboat Company In part, boat Wor thty are building lor the atramboat Worcetler one low preiauio boiler, of tho following ditnen.uona and jHiwpr :?Iff feet wide, 12) feet nigh, !tl fret long, will he about ton horae power, and will weigh ab"Ut liO.OOO pound*. tor the pcopelior J| Jgn, o{ Hartaa, * pair ?{ ntrssr"W1*' **"* A. also duplicate work for the stsamert Isabel Gordeaas, and S*n P ly, of the Island of Cuba. They are also constructing two high Dreasure boilers, very large, intended to fh, Fh>w and powerful machinery in the course of construction 'orWGordo. Bennett, Esq., of the Mie York The Lark Lyra, which sailed a fow days ,ince for Havana, had on board two low pressure boilers built by P. & M., intended for the steamship Iia-' bariero, including other machinery for said steamer.

J hey havejust completed the following work ? r or an eastern house, six Urge high pressure boilers, forty horse power enoh. An engine fifteen horse power, with locomotive boiler, with shafting, &?., f,r Messrs Hicks, Brtggs & 1 itus, of this city. A beam engine, fifteen horse power, with boiler and appurtenances, for Geo. Mather's ink factory of this city. ? A new s'.eiun cylinder for the stoainor Suffolk, and l.aie contrn Med for one for the steamer Durand. 1 hey are also repairing several steamboats and steamships, and overhauling several manufactories. I lay have purchased the right for the .Slates of u xs. " ew Jer?"y 'or the manufauture of h Montgomery s patent corrugated iron boilers, l he application of corrugated iron in the manufac ture ot the boilers of marine and other engines, and for forming the arches, and all the fire surfaces where great strength with lightness is required bids fair, we are interimd, to revolutionize the old system, tor instance, an uroh formed of corrugated lion of seven feet ipnn. four inches wide, and three sixteenths of an lnch in thiekness, is capable oi siLstHiiinig the enormous weight of 15,?:{() pounds without the slightest deflection; whereas, an arch formed of ordinary iron, seven feet span, four inches wide, and four-eixtoetths of an inch in thickness would not sustain a weight of more than B.lO'j pour ds, as we learn. ' rn, ARCHIMEDES WORKS. a Lts'r j \Vr Vunham ^ proprietors oi the rtne ^d0g|W,Orki,' ar0 ^"^ructing a beam on? fw? f1 71",d<Ys "J1* in diameter, and about MVS. ' i [ a ,,'Hk0 ?ntario steamer about 1 (XH) tons burthen, besides several sugar nulls ?nd engines for the West Indies. Thoy em ploy, at present, three hundred and forty men r tou the foregoing statement, an estimate may no formed of the manufacturing resources ol'this great and thriving city of the Western World, and xu r f'W4 8kll,? ftnd industry of our people, lhe list is not compUte, however, as wo have been unable to obtain a statement of the work going on at the Novelty Works, and at the machine shop and foundry of Hogg & Dclameter. The Widening of \\ all Street. TO T' IE EDITOR OS the Hkkald. 1 'r^n~ailaVC TOad with surprise ail article published in the Morning Erprtss, of the 2d last., reHeoting severely upon the course pursued by Alderman bturtovaut relative to the proposed idi11hig ol Wall street. The charge made is, that Aide rnian h. was employed by those interested in the proposed improvement, as counsel to advocate their cause be tore the tStrect < torn nit, toe, and to procure the passage by the Gomuion Council of a resolution lor the widening of the street. The whole tonor of the article is to the effect-and would lead a person not conversant with the facts of the cuso to suppose?that Alderman Sturtevant was employed right or wrong, to put money into the h inlr of'pri vatc imlividuuls, and (hit, its a consequence of the course taken by him, jays the worthy editor of the ' "ho ought :o be expelled from the Beard of Aldermen, aud I e further adds, that ?? this charge thus being made, it is not enough for Alder man Kturtcvant generally to deny it; but it be comes his duty to demand a public 'investigation of ?'? or ok ) to rest quietly under it." Now, in order, i presume, thit the disinterested editor of thj Ax/'rr?? might not be disappointed in d.' H,re to prove tho truth of the allegations thus put. forth in tho columns of his paper, S'lr. Sturte vant did, on the same day, in his place in the Board or Aldermen, demand a committee of investigation to inquire into the truth of the allegation so m id? snd requesting that incase i committee should bo appointed, his enemies?if he had any in the Board - might be appointed to sit in judgment relative to bw acts m the matter. The Board, by a unanimous vote, denied the application?different members staling that it was well known by tlie Board what course Mr. Murteyanthad pursued in the premises thai he had only done his duty, and they would not consent to cast a shadow of suspicion upon him which tliey must necessarily do by voting for a committee. Now, if the worthy editor of th? 'i'i' u 11 'J1* 'uir' fl,,,dld ??d impartial man be would have the community believe he is, would bj not have published the account of these proceed ings iu hii p.ipei ! But for some reason In- does nit see fii to do so. lie makes gross charges aleoting the character ol:? member of the Board, challenge, the member to apply for a committee of investiga tion, ami there, a- tsr as the columns of his paper arc concerned, have* the mutter aud tha ?muiiiu 1'ity ?ipi.o#e that Mr. S. 41 rests quietly undor the charge. T he ciiarge Oi the Ejpiso wantonly made, whs entirely false, and so the editor must have known or if lie was misled in the matter, and thought he wa. stating the truth, then he stioild, acting with only common fairness, have given at length in bis paper the prooctdiugs that tJok place in the Board, alien Mr. ft diiiiaiided a cmnwiitce of invest,ga llon. Now, relative to the of Wall street Aldtiiuan S. did but do what he bad a psrfect light fo do, and what under the circumstances lie snd every other member of the Board wi., bound to do. lie inlievid luue-teiiths of liie Coiumuiiity, that the propoMd improvement was needed; and acting upon this belief, he gave the measure his owidial support, and that too without being ew ployed as counsel to do so If he had been of a Contrary opinion, and bad believed that no necessity existed for the pmpo-ed widening of Wall street, no person wlio is acquainted with Mr. fi., believe ' tlist be would buvegiveii, or could, under any cir cumstaiioes, have been imlueed to huvc given the measure his support. I nfortunal-'iy for those dcirou* that the proposed widening of the street should be effected wituout delay, the Editor of the Exjn,? was to be some what incommoded there by?the building which he occupies being one which, if the widening, as at first proposed, had been made, must have been par tially torn down. For this reason, the Argus eyed editor watched the priH ?ediugs, as lie says, >? with no little interest;" ni.d because, under such circum stances, Alder mil n Sturtcvant dared t> do his duty gross charges, like the* to which I hive re ferred, were made nguiiist him Now for those who are acquainted with Mr S , no denial of th allegations contain d in the article from the Erpiru, before referred to, is needed But for aueh as may not know him, aud sre not cogniraut of the facts, I would state that the article is untrue, an far as it iscalculated to imprest the reader with the idea that Mr Nurtev ant was employ ed, engaged, of retain, d by any parties interested m the propnvd improve ment to advocate the measure as oounscl 11? del so entirely upon his own responsibility, and because he believed the improvement a desirable one, aud needed by the community. It is for thi.? reus..n, and this alone, that the valiant editor of the Ex fniti insinuates (for b?> does not in plain langu igs make them) charges, calculated seriously to injure the reputation of n inost worthy member of the Board ot Aldermen. * The f'onl Trait f.?r INS1. |hu I ho Mini-ri Joiirnii J Tt.? qi.antit) o<-i?t by railroad thia at**, i/? 21,412 0*"', by rami I, Bliffl 96; fur tin wmk, MOM II ton* In cream by railr-nd. TV tuna; Inofi-ari by final. 1>IM 1 hi ?i-rn (ponding ahipnwit I 'll rruMR?ilji r<.l fwa4.X3.94dW tnw?; by canal. It,ll'l M tow Tli? rtulbed o wry loir mu of boat* to Now tuck during Ihi ??'k Tn I'hUadeif Ida tli-y wore marc- at ti-in.l, .id ilio AI^MWlt trrr MatnlakM to a alight oxtiiit in rotiW|ii' uri' Th<" pro "tn lotwii r ir and limiting Ditaoltt ?'l Iho oanoi t? about 22 Odd ton.? p r work, fiut (ho b< at raj*) ily ??li ???( art-rag" or of ?wo"> I' a?o If frith hi bare adrai.?c4 W "had- I' PhUadolRhu, I.y thori'iial an.l tx?t o*t??ra all -a I ?ill il-id a M'lntot by awadtag Ibrir hvtla in tbi? direction A inndwr of I 'tti trf ti ||a kailt M Ikr lln> (.t but II" J ar?- all iul.'iobJ forth >'?* k ?rk Ir.ol" Tin (loniorul fur mat i? Tory fair, and price* *ro Unity no win mod ||i thi* region with an up* ird l"n Ion. y lbo prte. a nn k art, at Hie lin t. !, aro !'? firm obi) mi nt > fa in |l;o la/high for tic H?t ir.- k nr" a into looa tiiai? **I*tt' iMNftUU| waah I yoar In it, ho l< '*?? Mt loiiiit tuiilo to IrnJww tli t'aaai Ut| laiiwiuaora t<> i "?It"-'' Im toll on tli" Mttir dlridrm of tbr I'or nay Ir aula i^aal, lloj wUL liiwrrrrr, '?*" NTTWUrt ttir raaal l? doing abut* M BMlrr kufltnit a* it ran wo 11 am mmodato, and tho l'**!*'" < f tli ? commonwealth wnald br itlirini?hcd In r<vn.. j'l.ueo Mi hair no trhttt <f tlio .?hlpinont? mad* ujf ta? l?ola?aro and Pud or OmmIU"ui|>?n)' and fit* ft '111!)' raw git o m p.. itlrnNr* wHh rigard t? th? hu?lnwaa in D.I) I artaon ?Ith la t ytar hut tbi profit*. If not lh" Irado, am uiKinoat mnabiy too loi tn iuw toatiJoraMr, by tlio I. w ratio of traiu<p< .nation from thl* rofii n Ilia riufrart mailo trttii tho ft'aahlngtwaCtWd |oiry for a |iori. ,| i.| t.-n j? ar?. If aro Wfrttlf in fur no il Im ma hard upon tlio . iiijm ly, at pti 'oni. Whleh U at toUou?, ri? TH o artuol r Mt >f th roal drMooro I M lirndmit |a ft a? >| at $3 5u per twi, of whtrh tho JMaaatf and limit-on Ci nipnoy focolvotla amall p.-r roti: (go for traaiWgttag Uto Iwattnwa Tha (UrpltH at wbtrh th" r >*l a< ilo mor and nbria |dl >o on bnar I at K"tid >at.i* o juilly . ditiJni tot* ii n tin M'aaliin^tnn -md ltrlaWaro wad Mud j *< n c.inipunii a. aa profit t" tin f .rwior, and a - toll to tho lat'ir Nrtthir toll or pfttfHa, at prooont |irti "i, r m i ' fool up " rot y iarif ly. while tho H'a'hingtnw t'omp iny'i , n al lo brought dinotiy i? to r .iMfotltim ?ith the I'-la wjiii and liuil.con C? n pvny'a ? "at at theh ahlpplny p-*t I If tie manatora of t ho (IwaalOuanpaay cou id atrfc thorn dti'i ouflirloTitly to giro i Mrlal nntin that tboy wi w'd otitrr Into rn further armiurrmrnfii with tlio rail rco.l thiii araaon, with ropard t' ratoa, a-nl thu< put W atop to tho ftrijurnt minora otmuiatoil both it tin- rotfinn and ahrnar that aofutlwtlowa who ponding to twoon tho two enmpanlea it would ho of ra ?t aon ioo tn the i "in patiy. in oataldnhlng ronfldoiica, and la aoruring aid tr* ni trarioua quartot a M> hare bora rm,?m?trd to atato tint r inanjoral.lo din aailafaoUon prrrwUa at Now Vork. ?n ar "unt of the tow liq lino not towing cal b.*ta furthor up th North awd Ra I rlrrra t'oal yard* irr located aa high up *? Nitia tioth atrort. and tho tow boat* atop aa Tar down a* Tbif twwtfc atmt Tbi* ought to b? rrmediod at oaao. AflWn ftt Uu IUU Capital. Ol'& ALBANY CORRESPONDENCE. Albany, June IS, 1851. A Nominal Speaker?Determination of the arrogan Woolleys not to endorse the National Administra turn?Telegraphic Legislation?Hon. Caleb Lyon? The Senate?Her Contested Seats, $?<.. Alth eugh Mr. Varnum occupies the position of Speaker of the Houte, still he is only nominally the presiding officer of that body of legislators. Un less he squares himself as the dictators desire, his influence is no greater than the corporal's guard of locos. There ure frequent !y matters in'roduced of a nature consistent with his pretended silver gray feelings, but the woolley majority us often overrule all action, oppose all measures which are not brought forward by themselvei. Several attempts have been made within the few days of the extra session, to entertain resolutions expressing confi dence in the national administration, sustaining the measures of compromise which eminent whigs la bored hard to achieve, vix.?Messrs. Clay, Web ster, billmoie, and others; but, 11s indulgence is allowed by which an expression of the Legislature cau be obtained, the policy is now, as it was dur ing the regular session, to smother all attempts to endorse the administration, or to uphold the Presi dent in his lauduble efforts to preserve harmony m the Union. This morning, Mr. Mauricj, a Long Island mem ber of the House, offered a series of resolutions on the subject of creating State debts, the coiupietio > of the canals, the appropriation of the surplus revo nue towards that object, and averring an approval o ' tlnrt portion of the constitution which secures ami provides for their completion The majority Oo i scnted that they might be printed and laid befo the members, but tbey will neither be adopted, n in the least impede the passage of tho nine milb bill Already about two hundred ' ills have beci ? dered to a third reading iu both houses, with" haiing undergone a moment's discussion, rcttec'to: or consideration, other than in secret comuiitto Many of them uie of the g. cutest importance to tin interest of the Slate, especially those which pro pose to lavish upon canal contractors, and othe lobby loungers, hundreds of thousands of dolla * Thi.- is wi eng. especially fro u tho fact that, >n both houses, there are several new members?in the .Senate live, in the House two?who were no occupying the seats which they now do when th bills were o.seussed at the regular session In th Senate, Huntington, llalstead, and Sanford, . . quietly and silently, and suffer the rolling throng of bills, which they could not, by any pott'.bilit >. hsve examined, and probably never heard of, u i the titles were reau by the clerk, and they, a sworn Senators, culled upon to vrte in favor of .So in the lower house?there are two members that body, who suffer the sttmo proceeding, w.ui >a instituting any inquiry is to the features, object-. intentions, or probable operations of either of U bills upon whic two hundred hills upon "which they are required to vote. As well might tho people plnee upon ui cushioned chairs so miny plaster i'aris dolls, o anatomical figures, with jointed necks, to nod llic.r beau, when the wires are pulled, for the significa 10 of an ay or no. If those new members have a i desire to legislate for the interests of their ooiivtit i cuts, why ao they not occasionally interpose, to quire in relation to some of the bills, and inov tlicir reference, where, in the regular order of bu ness, tluir merits may be discussed 1 The oniy newly elected mombirin either bo 1 who lias taken any inti-rc-.t in the rights of his cj stituents is the lion Culob Lynn, of Lyons J si who now ..oblv represents the ai. t Senate Juir: ? comprising the counties of Jefferson and Lewis h is not (lis onrcrtcd nor over-awed in the perform acce of whai he honestly believe.-to be his det lie has already introduced several hills of imp. tance to his constituents, and while in the perform a nee of this duty this morning, he was surprised i be arrested by another .-uuator, who wanted to know what the contents of Mr Lyor's bills wero, am whether tbey did n t intcfere with h resolution adopted by the Senate in relation to the kind o business to be entertained Mr I.yon sprang to li * feet in lantly.nmt ?e ministered a most scathing r buke to his interrogation, lie informed the gentle manaid th" Senate, that h" was placedthere ny horn si mi.d colliding Con..titueiicy, a people a.i rights bad herot ?foro I'ten Uisi garded in the Date, and he sin uid introduce sucb measures in t body ni h deemed exp dient, regardless of th teiii i<- which have been, or may lie made, to dot him from lining his duty Hi. bill was introduced, and referred to tb.1 committee which he uesirod, notwithstanding that the powcrlul influence o! .Senators lisbcoek atid Look was in opposition This toon mp. the Hon Mr. Lyon rose, with the Ac Vwfc Hirijil ii on. hand, and desired to make r few remarks on a question of privilege. Ho ob served in the columns of that paper a telegraph re port, purporting to from this Capitol, giving the pioce-tdings of what occurred here on Wednes day. He stated that the report, so far as ho war coucerned, was incorrect, and further re.i irked that he had been mis-reported, and be only do sited to act himself right with his constituents H was not xware who furnished tho telegraph reports for tho New Yotk pros*, but hoped, that for the future, if it was thought of importance to repnr him at all. that it would be done more accurately than in tin instance to which he alluded. The contest tor the at which ii vac tut in con sequence of an equal vote in the Twenty-sixth dis trict, is r ot likely to be very animated or protracted. Tho committee selected to investigate toe uiitter, have decided not to travel all OVe-r ('heinung and Ni ubr-n in search of testimony; and to-day iuf?rm the font, stunts, that if tln-y would oring their te*:i mouy before thoni at the Capitol, they would eider upon tha investigation. As this will produce groat deUy, expeii.-e, and inoonvcuienoe, the probability is, that neither will obtain a flout. Mr. tlil bert is averse to re-committing tho question to the people, as the district is a strongly acknowledged democratic one. Wi Mnltrra nitd Tilings nbont IUrrUburx> OCR IfAKKIMUHII ( OKI:K>PO?K IIariush' rj, Juno, IS, 1 A?>1 The city of llfirrUbury presents a atrango ~ vn tra.'l to the other cities and villages of Toniylv , n. in Its activity Mui dulncsi in point of buaineat and trad*. Though it i* the cuj itnl of the s-,ute it it fur behind Lam t>? r. Heading, I'otfariile, Norristowr V m i, and several other towus in uiunufx , < nmtsreo, an I the raechauic* urt.i its population, (about 9,000,) U "mill, considering that it is the s-nt of govern incut; l<at like Washington, this Very fa<*t terms to a fleet it for evil rather than go >d The real of governmen' it often the centre of corruption and dissipation, Harrishurg is not an except, >?,. The attei.tiun of the peapie lit dirMtnl frutu ??idti* trial pursuit* to place hunting, and lobbying, a i I The wire pulbrg. There is a desire on the part of inhabitant to be associated with the mciuheJ the l.iturc, and they l>e con; too aristo. i a ie ' . work The pr ncifal business itctus to be hot., kef ping iy the by tb.ra is a curious ci ? ? < toiciaUd in the hotel. L. re; the board*;i are nutted to get, and sing songs and - all nigl.t long,to the tonibl* utujitM ant ?< re?t of th* sober portion of the ii mate* i takes place in the uiuat rttpo'l ibis th<m; and the proprietors My they not pre Mit it ' A lary *ct of k?.i may be fanod continually swarming sbMt the ?> , Ilou-e, hl<e the Athcniina, ever trying to l<> ,m ?' run .-thing new." 'litis city, therefore, with ita great im' al adv ant ages, reposing, as it il l the tranquil bo son of th- lovely h'ir|tishiiu or roundsd by a fertile ngn. ultiirwl country, and hav mg * can si and railroad pa sing through it, < ild thrive far ' tier it the I * ?'. latin ,? in t s un wit a else Its situation ii tvtrrmly bcauu'i, ? .?< rout Jed by iiunint sin*, ssotdog, aodcl?j W" of tin n d hue, tu t't; iargt!) ol tb ' II,,,?s Th ??v>" Th* #i,r,l"l! ?? - ??' ?' WHD ...lie trees, the stn ota are Wide and ?c:l lad out, and the air is salabriour, with theev ? (tu tif Si mi ft ver and ague ncea"looally in til tall, roused by the wattr becoming low and stsgus t Jt rat lor ilallcw at Harruburg on fircou < th ? g'<at brtsdth i f the river, b oug abou a wid* it it er"? d by tw w tdeu n , bring dlfaitil to the railroad, and th gfWOrol purpose*. Over the In Iter, a to Otnta u charged to foot f as engers II. on the JStiMju? bant i above llarri-bifg. uric, aid down to I'olut bis, if in. grant There is a (lot healthy tr rtvrr, lk*4 iindcr* the city a >1 ligh". . in summer. 'J hough the water is in U' order now, there is scarcely any bust thatw?v 1 haM Mild that manufacture an ? htto, if, indeed, they em be tni ? > in incest all. There uppcor , however, to itot now, tgcrtnblish or.c Important b ?. in thi city. A briok cot i n faetmy ot e? ntiy, which, for si/e and b.-auii tocturc combined, I unequalled by any i t t . kind ul th* count') It ha* boon got tip h ,. naiiy, antl (tot t.2sS?,Os), It has a fitit I cell, *ntl hano ntnc office*. The rnoch tery ol ii ?u|?ilor bind It is three torus high, antl das three tiers of windows, twenty flco tn each, in front and rear, and tim e tiers in the end*, of four windows in each. It if on the banks of the river, ami is the gnatcst ornament of th* city A grand mistake, however, wh? made by the proprietor!. They hate decided upon manufacturing the**aisaf kinds of goods, which are common everywhere, and do not pay like the fine, scarce articles The com pany will be ciite satisfied if they make six per rent on their capital The object is to increase popu lation ; but what I* chiefly wnntxl here is skill, and there la great difficulty .nfinding hands There I* a latgenumber now under the process of teaching N'o doubt hands in abundance will aoo soon find their way (run rhiladclphia, wk*r* tk*rt fir* 10,OW cotton WMrttt. There la one thing that retard* | the growth of the oil/; the aeil u poaaeaaed by ft | few wealthy monopolists, who will net eell it far I building ground, except at an exorbitant priot. > One of tbem recently refused very handaome terma ; for the site of an iron foundry, even two mile* from the city This is an unwise policy on their part; it would be beitc- for them to give aitea almost for nothing in the beginning, in order to increase popft lation, and to encourage building There appear* to be a near impetus given to building thia summer; about thirty buildup are other about to be ere tied. Or rebuilt in part. The .Suite House is a verygoow building, ai d commands a splendid vie w of the oity, the river, ami the aurrouuding scenery The Cenltal railroad, passing from Philadelphia to this city, is very badly managed?everybody com plains of it It vrus built in a very unscientific and selective uiiiiicr, and the rate of speed is nearly as slow n < that <f a stagecoach \ ou will oon atantiy bear ot the train running oil'the track, or of 01.c train being delayed for an hour, in waiting till another purees, m order to avoid a collision Tdc want of pui ?' u.ility is proverbial Vou can never calculate wi .i n hii hour of the time you will ar l U' 11 o time of leaving Philadelphia is very ia (?iinveiih nt for the N'e i Vol li papers One train leaves ui i ;.ix-1 ast7o'clock in the morning, too early t ?rb g t nails to this city , and the otter at had'pasi .i o clock in the forenoon, also too early lor the mail*, which arrive in a few minutes after toe cat* b.. The result is. that Harrisburg P?oj no i get ihcncwspapersfioin thogroat OM t opi.l>> ot it)..,, untry till next morning, instead of6 ? eloi I, i. ip. i veiling The cars might start at 2 oi ic, r, under proper management, arrive 1 1 ' cy do liow could a city which tole ril ??*<?? gleet of their intererta, prosper in trade ' iniu ? ? lu these days of progress aud ra i ll cation, to be witkwl the news of the p ol commercial enterprise for twelve ? hind the ege. At 7 o'clock thia ?i u not get a copy of the HcraH for Ail hud been bought up on account gs (>t the llairi-buig Convention, i r, and the only class benefitted ?>y C who will ! e pretty dull for a li gislature dot - not meet till January one 'act ah nit the l*cgisinture ? . .. t Iumes?there i no State reporter ? i,??.?cdings, and the local papers hava ?o report them, so that they are not Tuts is highly favorable tocorrup - v. rsation?for if a job is to be carried iiown; and i! a man wants to jump ne -cnate or House of Kepresenta ' urring tho odium of hie constituents nothing is more easy, for his I her side, never appear; and if he is . . '.{consistency by any one who hae . an deny or explain it away. A Looker on in Vienna. tt drc ov< t? ?? Orleans C?>rrrapuniianr*. i\bw Orleans, June 6, JS3I. 'tiii-n?Affairs m the Putt Offiet and '?The FiUibusteros?Jlmrdute af 4* , ^ > (o the, Attnkapas and ailroad Convention convened at *kff if. on the evening of the 4th u*t. i ? i , ooc of the oldost and weal el i ur city, h h? elected 1'resident; ? loo i red Jen's wore ex *Jovuruor ? .. ?>it:o parish; (Jen lfeolonet, of Igo Woodruff, of Jefferson; l)un oi Ascension ; and ileury K I>aw ty of Lafayette. The conventioa >1 the most wealthy and intelligent e fairest portion of the Sit.ite of ?i h more high toiled uod enlightened ? i*o seldom congregated together, g is the uiost plaus.ble, ana tho route . Hdlocated -Commencing at the . in the parish ot Jefferson, opposite fie river bank, through the parishea >ueho Inte ior, ft. .Tit j, ' i' -.t part of Vasuurptien, through the ? aiy a,.crossing'. Bay, to tho in, Latayettu, and St. Landry, vV .ishmgion, on the Cortableuu a Is contemplated to extend 1 .-aits line. Resolutions wero committee U. procure survey* unit of tin- cost of constrwct ' ? ' ? otuio a provisional act of in 1. gislatine, for the purpose of 1 > t lie expenses of the same. 'ic, of r>t Martin, one of the tie, was then loudly called ' ' e.vtn'ion lie estimated 1,1 ' ' npiated route at one hun 1 s, ulnety of wl.i^ii ran . ? c. t . 'I ner? was no TWBitlhJsv V'"' ' '? ' idapted for a railroad, ana ... l -iriiedby 1'iovideuce for that V 1 ? ? ot tue road was estimated at f* " *? i hi- venerable gentleman then went ? explanation to show the hJi antagw* t t. .,.w ( >t Jean*, and the profit* the road I he crops of sugar and molasses in I arish, now shipped direct front Ber u> u..d tfie river TiuUc to New Vork, Haiti - .1 '> ton, would then fii.J a market in New I he Judge Inoti took a review of the pro g ?'? .v . nt i u railroads and improveiaeuts geaa ? a isl t:i. in o itj| (h,. Soul h, showing J1' ' . ?>< ail the ,States, had haeu the moot I cat improvements When In first ???ippi river there was not a white ii its bunks from the Halls. ? to the riwr, except at New Madrid. '1HI2, on t> mrd of the first ' * '*'gh ?'J ttio M ii.uippi, aud ? 'livens levee. L.indtul ot itihabiiini^^^^Ri ? Mi-"ivippi, where low exists a millions tSreat and cxtraor pt or peril* ?,f laruisiana within " J ie ml- jeJ under our groat Naturi liaj done everyuring e bail done nothing for horsalT ai from her slumbering decay, u arm-., iu Hi she could embrace . and the I,net, aud fold theia Judge here Struck off on the ended with a few most enthu ,n,1" remarks, ruceivia* asieitbly (io\ "iloutoa and ? Is addressed tho conventioa, * ' ?' ... .it a late hour ? ? ' oi met again y-Mt.erJ.iy evening !?' ' ti.ony and good feeling prevailed ?ei tccd rather overawed by the t ligent liehuvior of the country 1 '? the filling up of cmnmitteM, i, iu which the delegates of New ' parish of Jefferson pledged thorn i preventatives, t.?gi?e the railroad support (.ill JJuT k.>, Lsq , ? i '.mi appointing a committee to prw ther-outlicrn ai.d Wr?torn states. In fa< t.. and statistics of raili oad : o.itch this Mate eau have a direct and ? est, and the hearty eowpeia'loQ ? v is prepared to extend to them all. Li o|.h of thos's States, to meet as i niSie Orleans, on the second Men v. In>J, to concentrate and unite their xteusiou of our rniVoau sjsteins ? was then add i-vied ly J li K I * . igv Isaac'1 I'rcsten, < >eit Lk-eiouet, i' . i. it adjourned tin: mil en cjui't astir in our po.: office here, ? ?- the custom hnu-ie, aud several ci. dsc.iaig.d for di.*liooe?t) f)^( r vlr Mussci, Ljj teen -,rry u.ifertvl Chris ii'Wi i\ ero de liunodf he ??J c e?vo tlevks, who, ic outre-lis h.ive lis* j, ,jr (he ui'olligeuce im j.i'Uk-s^.,,^ the p.. .{ ofiice is , , * ,U44**rti'd, m.d fvquont eomplatats are l.ud to the nnpri'<si.j:i that .^4r I.: tc tjr brttcr qualified for any other |. i.. ' 1 ' ' m 1 use ox.'itcuti' it hts abated; the put . seruiv to Ii stro gly in favor vi.ior, and he is generiUly '? ?? y, upright and iudepeudeot i ? ior, or "old Jiie." si he is f% ' ,a.i mi iu town this morning, and % ' *? dm ly it luge number of the Country ? ho"d , the .Spanish O m ul at this port, ' . (i d i *?, tin- owner of the achwnner Ro th hs-i-ted the Hpanisb st-ainei of war li ih < nl i ado n i f, had arrtred at Havana. I pi -vd tin i. visit ir. to s tlie ami coinorotaiso ? v aicws cl.vini ngivinst the Sp.vnisii gorera < tor salvage Heme very quiet here, too, in the fWt'mttfn Not a wind is to be heard on the suhjoot Ni v* we never m cut in it?tho n.uuu is never ard," as the song poes; but (Jenerai Nnroism I | ?*r is in town, ami, it is said, holds large and p nrit levers live best him i dole ever told on Jenny Hi ml, it ? to liavo ocnui 11J during he- toui through the i .tern .Slat.-, aid a> it boa never been "set up," i d gne ih to vou It *|i[HBrs, at a small town, where Jenny ami liainuin had (tupped to ret, the latter told the folks that, if they would raise him f I.he would let them hear Jenny sing The proposition wb-- agreed to, and n large barn was procured, which comfortably held about fitk) people, winch, at f ! j or ticket, made up the sum demand ed The audience appeared delighted and sitisfied, Hint as Jenny wan singing her last song for thu night?"the bird song "?a tall, lluosier looking chap, who seemed to think he hud been "sorter taken in throc dollars worth, exclaimed, on Janny rep. atii.g the words, " I know not, I know not why Ism singing"?"the dernat.on ye don't' Well, I can tell ye; ye are singing for a f l.fakt lick *1 a topknot all round; ard ihores no use of tallin' folks you don't know why yer singing I goose dad's Corn will fii d out ?" A violent explosion took place, and IJainuiB was founJ among the ruins of the big 0?tvll?. Unrniuy.

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