Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 20, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 20, 1851 Page 2
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ADDITIONAL DETAILS OF CALIFORNIA NEWS. Prospective Business in California. CIEERI.H >EU8 FROM THE MINES Severe shock of an Earthquake. flllRHIBHIMH WITH THE I.1HIAI8. COMMKKCIAL MATTERS. SALEH AT AUCTION. Ac , AcAc. We are indebted to Thompson A Hitchcock, of liregory's Express, for tiles of California papers, on the arrival of the Crescent City. Also to Capt. Wood, of the steamer New Orleans at Panama, K. W Hull, purser of the Crescent City, and to Dodge's Express, for additional tiles. Our Special Correspondence. Fan Francisco, May 15?I P. M. 1 wrote you by the steamer Carolina, which left this port on the 12th inst., with 121 passengers. She carried no treasure. With that letter you will have received full details of the terrible conflugra lion which occurred here on the night of the 3d last , and which burned the greater portion of the business part of the city. The list of losses for warded was as complete as it was possible to make it. The mail steamer Northerner, and the steamer New Orleans, are about putting out into the bay. Both go loaded with passengers, and notwithstanding the confusion consequent upon the recent calamity, both carry nearly the usual semi-monthly ship ments of treasure- The two tike an aggregate of about one million and a quarter. The whole city was startled about twenty minutes past eight o'clock this morning, by a low rumbling sound, accompanied by the shakiug and trembling of the buildings, caused by a severe shock ot an earthquake. Sime of the houses waved back and forth a distance of one foot. For a minute, the central part of the city presente 1 a scene of confusion. Thousands run from the build ings into the street, hatless, and many with but lit tle clothing. The Plaza was covered with persons from the surrounding building-qinany ofthem in their drawers and shirts. The boarders at Jones' Hotel, come two or three hundred, were at breakfast, and ao violent was the shaking of the building, that all made a simultaneous rush for the street, upsetting chairs and tables in their (light. A similar scene was witnessed at the < 'rient tl. Both buildings are very large and of wood Many of the brick houses, Also, were violently shaken, as were the adohti. The shock was felt most sensibly at the Lagoon, a distance of nearly two miles. In some instances, so great was the vibration, that persons in attempting to run, found the same difficulty as is usually ex perienced on shipboard at sea. Particularly was this the case with the wharves. The readers of the Herald will scarcely credit me when I say that I counted, yesterday, on the burnt district, no less than six hundred and eighty-three bmldings, either up and occupied, or in process of erection. The fire occurred ten days ago, with two Sundays intervening, and yet the number of build ing* ! nave named are going up like magic. Who will -ay that San Francisco is prostrated, with such manifestations of energy ! One reason of such prompt rebuilding is found in the fact that ground rents have fallen nearly one hundred per cent since the tire. Lots that before rented for from pAX) to are now in the mar ket at from f 175 to Kent of buildings, im mediately after the fire, for business purposes, went ap from fifty to one hundred |>er cent ; but they will ??on find their former leiel, and even go below pre vious rates. The Columbia came in from Oregon yesterday, bnng ng (latcs to the Ktth in.-t Tnere is nothing ?f particular intcre-t from the coast above the Klamath mines, which although supposed to be more visionary than real, are said to be yielding satis factorily. ? 'ur commercial matters will ho of quite as much interest to the readers of the Hiruii as anything. Accurate quotations cannot be given, as prices are still very much unsettled. Nearly every article in market ha> advanced. Bleached and brown sheet ings and calicoes, have gone up 50 per cent. The supply is small, particularly of the two former. Sale ratus advan ed t to 12c . very little in market. Immense quantities of dried apple* were burned. Before the fire they were a dm.; at I" ; since th-'j have been s' ld at 15 aTbucco alvanccd from A) a 37e. to 75 a Sic. La d and butter i advanced fifty per < -cut. Fiftv thousand poinds of the former sold yesterday at it ; nails are ?carce, but few wrought ones in th<- market. All i kinds of liquors have advanced; Monongahela whiskey 75 per cent. For two or three days after the fire, two or three hundred p r eot advance was paid for liquors, bat as supplies were brought from on board ships in the hart* t. prices fell off Large quantities of jewelry were either burned ! or damaged In one instance, 175 watches were destroyed. Nothing remained but the cases that was ?rvalue. There is, however, sufficient supply m the market to prevent an ad . ant e, even though we were as Hush with money as before the tfre The Burnt District. Of* ^4> FRAM I'M I CORE* I'-'NDENCE. San Fkan' isco. May 11, 1851. The following ia a list of buildings and stires erected and in progreas of erection .n each stroel in the burnt di tnet, being one week frout the morning ?f the fire ? ?roadway 0 Sacraon dlo street 48 Paeiflestreet ? Calif,Tnia street IS Ja>k>i n street .... Battery street 4 w . n street SO Sansomu ?tree:.... 43 Merehaut ?tr-et 8 U lh'il<>tf itrat 8 day atiaet 48 Montgomery street 38 l'< didh reiai street In- Kearny street 33 eluding Long Wharf. .27 ? Btwrea M Making a total of thr e hundr 1 and sixty-eight. I allow you to draw your own inferences from the above fact. 5 ours truly, E- G. Hall. ! I?T OF FIRM V >T ?r RN ! Ol r. Maccndray k C< all ?al though m i bezp -e.| Cook Brothers a Co >1<? <1<. T II :Mhy Afo nt of Peter Nityl >r <lo fbtau-k <"o 111.. khura k Thompson Tk", Kutho.in \ (v. I "rob it ?'nith a Co Bullitt Patrick k 1><M Uiawy Ik >ad a Hall i" i nattaa a. Co Collins. CusbaMa k c? lawi y ie lleiaer. Totten a Kettagf, Murray iv e*'.. r .1 I> Hatch a Co. fharlsa M hater Adrian k Story, C M H< ntham M lluntingto*. on* story Mark k Co ?? K Huat'-r. < ouru.-l V. Woednaft I1 Uibb* lo&g wbart ?eo N fb*? k ' " Howard k <ire-ri Winter k Latimer o .Idsrtuin-twr l>- Frem.ry Hoar# (i Leonard k Co Hastings a Co k Co PadWdt. Green a Oak. ? ?<rewoey ? Bapres* John llafhn a 1 u I! M Nagiee Jaa?-? rieeenion I'odg k' ? Fape* Iraii.i i I. Ri -? . pirr f - t of 1 lay trv t / I'etfi. id .V ItOUt 1 R'eefus k Ti lo n i Ma.'in MeNuSRf Irewitt k llarrlM n Mm k \ an a.lea Bingham Reynolds Bart c? - rtitll ?. \ nogt n lett k I o i ha. Mint urn R m II Mi well Hi. nhart J*< ? by k ?'? Burnt: Yale k Muwne Johnson 4 anhwki, Mrene k llathaway l'al|'? k W ? -tor. Hubbard Kilgnfea Co .1 ? Wi I v Co ?urt' i (Mister k In. I ?' San IPrd. W it RaaMtftOa., P 0 Mo.v.n lianiel Toy fc Son, lb -a ?? V n K if ley k Rash' * John ? l>r u .. 1 ? llofl v owner Pktntt'- Icily. J W I'syasnnd m ot of i tans k irt J W Howard k Son 'f Biegan lad t M-y.-r fc ' Mrw Vofh ,l s^cgir m 4 Co John II v:'?Blerjf?ii li p. r? n- ,V c Wm Hart Main a Win he?ter. K Bolt K S I'orr John'- MrKarnkor Rub'. Well* ft Co Perrl" k M Villain I ren*b V R iifi/i"* Jona ti St< eenaon ' aorhy k Hr mley ?arnet \ Sherwood B-nj H?yno|j? oi Pkilada J illlki|| fc On l>?erly i Sand r Orregn Brothere Hh-'o v llelMk <'e Cbetwcw d Kdaar t- Rj -e ?"ft I- n "\ Uafe? k Turk N<-'fu?fc Ti'*heiior M? A Hurler*. Tkoayent itrifflnRCo. J a M Pbeiaa Horner v Co F f?ube??et a. Coai[>ton (i.ui*ett k Saab-rn kt'lllman a MaWna, Kdward II Parker. Mahoui j k Unley (" T lluri'in rfti WaebiLiffon Mark. t "utaro lloU-e franklin iiouee Wm I'iekett k' I nlt?d States Cii'to? iloaae Warehou** ? of iron be ta. >i Sansouie -treat and I'aclfie street wbarf I 8 RobiIi il Vt arrliou-1 (brick i f<w-t of Market street. The sew tf.o I P Ap| rai"r ? offt ? Cailfbrnia s'feet The splendid hotel ?-?II the Itflentai ' "Joa.w Bntel, California street The irantiiu House . onii r Sins. m. strei t and Broadway .3 D liswks Hiitiert k Prke. C BHunter Pine k Co ? umminffp k Plull p Jaaaes M Heed. Carter fc fuller Ueorge W Cwwn. Wai S Clarke k Reti.i A leg under H Hryaat ? min Poors w y Sto,,tenher?ti Karl. Macintosh ft Co k i. r.utredge a Pou?land. hajnn.'l -iindfnrd. u M Hlake *' P.ldorado. ' California F.x< hang. * Verandah ' "oeindad *' Bella I Bioa These fire huiltllnrr ware oa the pia*o Thos Butler King, the Collector '"the port, was absent from the < ity (up at the mini -. at the time ?f the fire. The " 1 u?t >m llou-Mt" build ?g w.,? en tirely destroyed, with many ral-ntble papers. I be ?' -ub-1 reasury" is safe, uod is 'Uily guanUil by *n anaed IWre of I'nited -'ate? Marine Tht.ro m about f.ur mtUivfti 9I dbllftri io tb? fault [ I rein tie Pacific New*. May 14.) Although a week only has elaj*od "inee the do atroyer swept over a vut portion of our city, still like magic do the building* rise upon the burnt dis trict. The wonderful stories of the fsnled gourd could not have been more surprising. True, wo have not the substantial brick blocks that were so much of an ornament to our city previous to the fire; but the energy with which our businessmen are again at work, will soon restore even these mo numents of our progress and enterprise. Through Washington street, from Montgomery to Kearny, the space is nearly filled with new build ings, already occupied, or iu an advanced state of progress. On Montgomery street, a number have already been erected, and many more are going up with rapidity. Clay street presents a very animated appearance in the building way. A number of tene ments arc already occupied, and several others will be ready in the course of two or three days. The sound of the busy hummer and saw is heard through Sacramento, Commercial, Sunsome, Merchant, and several other streets that were laid waste by the destroyer. Indeed, every portion of the burnt district is alive with mechanics, who arc reaping a harvest by this visitation. Instead of gazing at the ruins and mourning their losses, our business men generally have again entered the lists of competition for trade with all the energy of former times. The appear ance of our city was never more animated, though the life is of a somewhat different character trom that which marked it ten day* sin .-e. Hot we are going forward, and but a few month- will elapse be tore nearly every trace ol the recent disaster will have disappeared. The Effect of the Conflagration. [from the Pacific News, May 15 J The question is frequently asked, what will be the effect upon business of the conflagration which has devastated so lurgc a portion of our city 1 The answer to it is a matter of serious concern. That the tire has utterly ruined many, very many, is a lamentable fact; but there are hundreds who, though prostrated for the present, are not entirely ruined. -Much of the business property of our city, for some time to come, will depend upon tb ? for bearance of those who hold the liabilities of the unfortunate sufferers bv the conflagration. It hus keen suggested that an extra session of the Legislature should be called, with a view to the passage of a "stop law," having for its object the prevention of the forcible collection of demands for a twelvemonth. But any one who looks at such a proposition coolly, must at once come to the con elusion that it would be quite as disastrous as the recent disaster. All that Sin Francisco requires to enuble her iu a short tiuie to assume her wonte 1 business position, is confidence in the integrity aud re- operative energies of her citizens. A " stop law could Lave no other effect than to weaken, in stead of restoring confidence. It would open the door for fraud and rascality of every kind; and while it might be of great service to many who will eventually pay to the uttermost farthing, if unmolested by civil prosecution, it would enable a far greater number to take advantage of such a ]>oliey to defraud their creditors, by putting their property beyond the reach of execution. 'I he only instance on record, we believe, where such an act has been resorted to, was during the French revolution, and its results were the must dis astrous. i.aeh man su.-pected his neighbor, well knowing that pecuniary obligations must be volun tarily di-charged, or remain uncancelled, aud all business confidence was dis-ipatcd. Such, also, would be the effect here to qui to as great an exteut. In saying this, we do not suppose tatt any such ac tion will be had by the Legislature that it has been scrinu:ly discussed, we know. As we before remarked, all that is required now. to | ut business in a comparatively full tide of suc ces- in a short time, i- confidence and forbearance. >an Francisco can and will retrieve her present disastrous fortune; but, in order to do this, our bankers and moneyed men who hold securities must be (>atient. To enforce payment now, would drive men of energy and enterprise to seek other locali ties to eMarie further ruin and legal oppression. Give them out a fair opportunity,and they will pay every dollar and fulfil every contract. They cannot be kept iown, nor will they themselves be content to remain inactive. A momentary cessation of bu- I siness will necessarily follow the ilisaster, but a ! -bort time only will be required to rcstoro the < wonted commercial activity and prosperity. No I other city in the world but ."-an Francisco could puss : tbiough the fiery ordeals which we have so many | times been called upon to chroni.de, and yet ' rise, Pho nix-like, with power renewed and ener gies uncrippled. It has done it in the pist, and will accomplish the like in the future. A glorious career i* before her yet. A few month* at most will serve to dissipate thj effects of the destructive conflagration, and her couise will ugain be onward. l.oss of the Commodore Preble. .Iroiii tb>- P?u I ranei-co ll.rail M?y 15 1 Mindaj evening the steamer Sea Gull arrived in the harbor, bringing intelligence of tlu.- total 1 Wt of tin steamer Commodore l'reblc, on the north -hoa of ilumbddt. This disastrous occurrence took place on Tut day lust, and the Preble now lies high and dry on the land, bilged, her back br ?keo. and altogether irreparably damaged. We learn that it w ill be impossible to get her off The vessel, it ap jears, entered a false channel instead of the mam om . and the accident was in consequence of the me-take. TbeFoa Gull was on her way to ? 'regon, but im mediately on the occurrence of the ac ideut put into Humboldt, and by the consent of her pas-jngcrs left theui temporari y at that pl.ic.', while -he brought down the passengers of the Preble. The captain has entitled himself to the warm gratitude of the passengers of the ill fated Preble, for his ge nerosity. The Ska < lull will commence taking in fr> ight to-uiorrow afternoon, we underst in 1. from Pacific aires t wharf, and will be despatched on her waj to Oregon, on Tuesday next. Army Intelligence. The U. S. eteaiu propeller .Ma*auchu*cit* arrived in the harbor jeetetday from < 'regon, hiving on hoard the oCnrt and men of the regiment of .Mounted liifle*. The following ia a li*t of the offi cer* of the regiment, who have arrived by the Mm MO hllM tt* ? Brevet <'il"tiil tv W l.orine Major (I It < lilt, n-t- r. . A.?t?uw.t MiriiniB. I, II lloltien aad'' It >milh. J N Palmer l.h ot' nant and Adjutant Mr* vet Major* J f PiiuonM n ami i' K Hull Brevet bieuteaaat (Joloael A Potter 1 uptaiu* L J'-ne* nn-l N Newton l'ir?t Lb-u tenant A J Lindeay Brevet Captain- T.'"-iaiborae and If M N'i rrt?; Hr*t l.teutaaant* J M iy hl<1 K ? K Huraell Iwiai LkutritatoU H flord >a. IV M I.an and IV K Jone. Lit utenant-1 ? W llu*Uinl aal H liaekiii- ?fa itii S'tt Muj 14. ?kblpmrnl* In California. [I rt ui the l'a< ific N' w* May I > | I ' lt.aj* no intelligence which ha* been rent f.om the I'a< ;fi'-to the Atlantic *ido, will r rewte more rooetcrnation than that which leave* o?r*horc* t<> <hiy Hu*iae** men who are loni.iug for remittanevs for ravoiee*, will. In many iartan'< ?, aee the.r ac c untg with < alifornia balanced by the Ire. From ?u> h. the cur-'- will be h ng and deny, but with wbatjurtice' Theflt same istn have (eNt to "ur *1.'re* ? .?*t '|ti.'r titieg ot the i?fu*e g?^*d. of theii ciii<? article* that b*d become a dreg with them, u:.<-al 1 o<l feu and ufelcae. Not -atiatied with the u*ual buriMM wntta aft home, tk?-i |<Nil' have been ??re Ler< in the hop-- of rcalutag lor an infe ri< r arto-le what tbeyowuld not po?i bly do f >r the br-t < ,n*? < n the Miantie gide Tbey have dream -d of glirtririg bag? "I the product -?f our mine*, iiuag nation ha* be ?--*a?- inflated, and the intelli gent* of the dka*t?r will fall up? a 'hem with a ?twrtir.g effect. For *u-4i wr hio little gympnthv Witl the new* ?f the di*a*t?r let u- cotnMM* eate a few practical hint, to <>ur / ibntie friend*. 'I be mark* r of1 al.t rma ha* been 'ittle under*!" >d <-r afipreeiatdd Tb? men wl*o h i ? located in our Dew Mate, are from tie itch, luxurin i- region- of tb< ? Ider "lift, and aci mct-oaied there *o all the eoui which money procure*, will have the game lux wit* here, if the* arc m the until et Hut *bip I er*. und? r the mpfwmtiDn that any thing will <lo t<-r California, hate tsMtakao our habit*, and in orreetly e*t imated our wa>ai In afetpping to the i'? iftc coact. inrtead ?f fencing kiim good-, 'h -iler* rboild he caretul U> *< n<1 the bet article* only, a* none other* will find eab ?; n-munorativa rntcg. i'Ood article* aJwajt??*.mv.?nj go J prie.-?, even if.< ugh the rnaHLet te> well .ty.plii -I Aarll arti W? ran alwnyg sbe held where tt*e ?u| ply ex ceed* the demand Tbc amount of good) de*irnyed in the rercnt fire, will do doubt it-dur-c the belief * broad that our marl, t ha* btWiM almeet bnifW aod fhip menta wtli no -ioubt b* made with rut*-ponding dcrpatcb, aod in en mine quaotitie* 7 M tern porary advao'-c in good- ware the fire, i not a fair indication of what may be anticipated a* DM a* bu*inea* a*-uDn'g it* Wonted regularity V b?<re are i yet large rurnlie* in th? harbor, ami the 1 net that ; over one btiriuttcd re**el* are known to be <*a their way hitb> r from the I nited Mate* alwnd, will prevent w,y greuvt permanent a<l v a iea h'a-l the - tire not c ecu red, however, and an many goodt bar* been <ie*troyed. mer haieli*e would no doubt have rteadily rieen in value, until nricw* had attained what might have been rtgnr-M a- paying rata* '1 he *h<pmrrita of Late from the Atlantic ?nle fair* ! been light , at the la*t advice* only about half a doren veaeel* being adverti.*ed for < nlifcrnin In view of thrae facta, therefore, in mahing ohip menta for the 1'arifie, dealer* in the Atlantic citier will cor.tnilt their t>wn interert* a-nd our want* by rending n<-ne but th> beet kind* of good-', no matter ) of what clam, in*tead of the <lecayed refuee article* tl.it many have heretofore -hipj?ed for the pV|ntM of reliev ing their *tore* from an incumbrance. We would not, however, advi*e extrerndy heavy <hip inet t*. under the ImpramloB that the ftock of any f.artbular arti Ic ha* been wiiolly ?le*troyed Hy a reference t' our accompanying f-rice current, deal er* may naddy *ec what arti le* are in demand 1 y a compari*on with tb*'|UOtall<ni by the previoua -t'lttitr H. h judieioua-hipracnt of ueh article*, \1? J u.?y ahhdviitly It-io i?{? r?- , turn; but by adopting the contrary policy, they may have wen more cause to curse California in the fu ture than in the past. Mining lntelUgsncr. [From the ban Francinco Herald. May 15 I We conversed yesterday with Major Austin, who reached the city <>n Tuesday night from the c ar son's Creek quart/, mine, bringing with him 2*' lbs. of gold. The specimens we have seen are as tonishingly rich, being almost solid lumps of tull. without moro than one per cent of quarts. T ni# mine is situated 011 the crest ot a mountain, dttKW feet above the level of the Stauisiaus, between that river and Carson's creek. It hat proved, perhaps, the richest mine in the world. The lead or gold bearing vein has been traced about one huudred feet, ordinarily uet thicker than a knife blade, but at intervals expanding into pockets, one alone of which yielded #150,000. The company have some seventy Sonorian miners at work. They are sink ing seven shafts to the vein, and when Major Aus tin left, all the indications were that they were about to come upon another pocket. In conse quence of the magnificent yield of this mine a party of Mexican guerillas had attempted to seduce a portion of the company's miners into an attack upon the mine to carry off the large amount of gold known to be on hand. But the iSonerians informed the company of the intended movement, and all hands * ere armed and preparations made to give the bandits a warm reception. The latter disco vered that their intended victims were on the alert, and very prudently retired. Major Austin has de posited the g<>ld he brought with him at Mr. Ar We'havc '"en a friend who is just down from the mines at l'lacerville, which have been opened up within the past few days, who jonfirius the news wc gave yesterday morning. He states that that whole section of country appears to be of volcanic formations. He visited one coyote hole where tho miners had sunk their shaft through a stratum which almost seemed to be ashes 1 he substance seemed to be dry and soft, crumbling readily with the pressure of the thumb aud finger. In many of the holes, the earth, seven or eight feet down, yielded from twenty-five to seventy-five cents to the pan. The character of the soil here was about half stones und half earth. He informs us that four friends of his took a torn and went down to the creek, where they commenced washing a pile of earth which had been washed with a rocker twice before. At the end of the day, after they had paid seven laborers, they had an ounce apiece left. A friend from Grass Valley informs us that the quartz mining ope.ations in that neighborhood, are becoming more extended, and their importance more generally appreciated, as new discoveries are made. The crushing machines which arc now in operation are all doing a fair business, and are paying their owters tuoderarely well for the money invested. ? .... We hear favorable reports from the mining re gion about Ophir. The miners are now very gene rally averaging from six to ten dollars a day, and in some instances more. In the large ravine which rises in Auburn, and passes through Ophir, there are large numbers ot miners at work to ad vantage. Colom?The Original Company, composed of one hundred aud fifty men, have purchased of John T. Little Co , the rights and privileges of the Sutter Mill, for the purp/se of tearing down the dam, constructing a race, fcc , for mining purposes. They paid Mr. Little #7,300 cash in hand, and have built a damjandracc at an expense of about f 10,000. They now find, boweier, that the dam of the cele brated Tunnel Company backs water on the work of the former company, in consequence of the tun nel being too small to convey water, lhe I unnel Company have expended not less than i 100,000; and both companies are now foiled, without a change in construction. A proposition is now being considered by the two parties: 1st, The Tunnel Company to enlarge their tunnel sufficiently to con vey the water. 2d, The two companies to join and build a wooden flume from the outlet of the upper company's race to the tuuncl, a distance of five or six hundred yards. If such a project is carried out, Colouia will be the mining town of the North; if it should fail, the immense amount of money and labor expended in the vicinity will be irredeemably lost. . . Quartzevillc is lotatcd about two miles from the forks of the Cosuinnes river, andcontuius a mining population of nearly three hundred Wages are three to five dollars a day, with board. A uu nber of new quarts veins hive been reeently diicovered in the immediate vicinity, which promise a rich yield to orgauizei anil intelligent labor. 1 hrec crushing machines are in successful operation, be longing to one lllinoJ and two lenncssec compa nies. We learn from the JV<rW?i Journal, that New ('oyote 1 figging* have been discovered near >wect land's Banco in Mi-sisippi \ alley. The dirt pays well for slui-iug from the top down. < >ne sluice took out about etTsi in one day with four men. The b ad is supposed to be quite extensive, and has been ftiuck bv every shaft that lis" been ?unk. This 111 uke# 1.0 less than three or four different points where this description of diggings have been dis tort red in as many week '1 he lady cd our esteemed United .Stales Senator, while in pile mines recently, expressed a desire U> several of the miners to wash a little gold herself. 1 'I cootse an invitation w?? iwomptly extended to take | ossesfion of one of the holes for the time be ing. >be dug a pan full ol dirt, in true < 'aliforuian -tvle, and went through tho operation of washing. Kiotunately a lump ol gold, weighing between ten dollars and an ounce, hud been slyly dropped into the j-an by one of the miners, and in due time it appeared at the bot torn, as the result of her digging Some people are born lucky. Kxtract of a letter dated Mathcney's < reck, May g Luring the past few days wc have been doing pretty well in the mining line. Yesterday we took out over a hundred dollars. To day we worked only in the forenwon, and made sixty dollars. 5Ve ceased wozk in the evening to re|?iir our long tongs We have four men hired at five dollars a day each." The AUa Cahfoi ma of the 15th May says We ure in receipt of later and more reliable intelli gence from the celebrated Shasta 1 alley mines. This 1 alley lief, it will be remembered, to t'ac cast and north of Mount Shasta. One passes up to th head of ,-acrutnento valley, and over the ridge down into Shasta. It is on an average s >mc forty miles broad, and is coursed by eereral very picturesque brooks, which finally empty into the Kliiin.ith, and mo <?n to the mcm, juat ab<*'e t ?old Bluff. 1 be valley heads at the southeast, and liw in a nor hwesterly direction. The pvying claims arc, so far a-' is kvH?wbt about all taken ua Miner* arv making for the most jiirt from twelve dollars to an ounce a day. The most fortunate average about twenty four dollars. More are returning from that section of the country than are g?drg up. We were yesterday shown, say? the NVmla J m mil, a luiupofpure g?dd, weighing^igh: pound*, i igbt ounces, taken ott of I'oor .Man s ereea a lew , days sines, by T. A. Tucker. It ?*?? taken from j the bed of the creek. The s leiatuetit" J' "mof the l.lth inst.? ?ays ?Through the politeness of Bui lard, higg L < we w. re invited to their store on .1 street, to look at an immense a??'iinen of quart/ rick which has just been -cot down froia the mountains. It is owin d by Anthony La < .rave, Ksq . who is now working an extensive quarts mine in < .ra*s \ alley. The block cainc from his mine, andi* really a Mght to look upon. It weighs four hundred and twenty eight poumfc, and every portion of the out-id. at least, and wherever 'here is a 4s-ure in the rock, are the jarticle* ?dg?ld to be seen very thi kly prtiklcU. Wi understand tbut it is to be sent to lii gland. .Mr La'-rave has already sent on a ury beautiful n*-imen to the >miUi-oniau In stitute. ____ "? Uli nil-lie* ?? llh i It, Im(IIhii? i?i I'lnrerv llle? Virj-ai .Mm Klllcil. The Pmtfir iV(?? ?f the Kith instant *i?yr ? Bjr >ii'iintDlu pu|M'rc brought u* bj Iman K Co., we learn that two eltLriuieTiea with the Iu4itm had tiktn tilit K*r i'U(i*rt illt. The 7Vw*?ci ,/it give* (he following awi'MUif of the all.itr ?It wem* that a party ot ? t en iiiic r? went out lart Week to pro*l>?et on the Niuth lurk wf the Autffk?n river. I.i<t I tiday evening, u> tbejr were preparing to euiup * I ere the river fork* again, about t> n mile* from ohn-on'* rancbo, they were attacked hy a party of M U the nuaiUir of twenty fivi or thirty 7 be fir-t intimatioa tbey hail of the clo*e proximity of the Indiana, *?? the rejiort of a rie, when ooe nf the party 'trapped dead Hi' name waa Wade. ar*J h< wae frotu KaotAc, Wte'iti'ill. 'I'wo other* of the party were wounded I heir nanu I were iMurri* I'mvi*. and hMterbrnok* .Home of the Indian* were aruu-d with rifle', and a few with | boa-ord arrow*. The prwepo- t party were enabled thr ?v??h the darkcee* of the night to inakv good the.r netreiit, and at daybreak they arrived at ; ' ?hn<w? * ranrho. < in Wahndry, twenty-four men volunteered It' go out and find Ue dea I body of Mr Wade,hot, a* it war late in the day, they remained at 'ohaton'r until Sunday mora/ig, when they pro recdewl for that purpoae. They found the plan j wher< thedrad body had been i??t. hut all that re i-iaitHd were Dome of the bom* aaJ a heap of a*hee. It ir, ofcoairw. ruppoeed that the body bud been buried When the party had arrived at the'pot. (he indiatir uuole another attack upon them 'Jdiey were f vrod to rw-croae the river, and keep up a fir* while teey were retreating The Indian* foil >wed the retreating party about four mile*. 'I'bey were the time, a* a general thing, armed with rifle*, and sopfnaed to number two hundred arid fifty In the M ond kirnii*h, Mr. Clark, of flay couoty, Mi* wniri, ww* wotndod, ami, it it *upfm?od, tuortallv. lour of 'he Julian*, at least, are known to be killed. From the Trnntrt'/H we learn that a de#r>n';h had been r?ceived by tien Winn, from Major linger*. dat< d at < olnrna, communicating the out hrrnk among'! the Indian*, and Dialing that he Lu4 vvn*ipc?u41airing ? [vfcevftol ty7i ncttlv go out at onoe to meet them Major Uraham had just arrived from Placorville, confirming the ac counts of the disturbance as already published. Considerable excitement had occ urred at Napa in regard to McCauley, the murdjrer. Major Cower had been circulating a paper in luvor of

his final relca-e, when a large meeting of the oitt zen* nsieinblcd, at which a resolution was adopted, to the effect that as feathers materially assist in (light, a coat might not be out of id tee upon the Major. The whole meeting then adjourned to the house where the Major was stopping, and he was forced to inoisit his horse and accompany them to the place of public assembling. The meeting w is again organi/.ed, and after passing sundry resolu tions, he was escorted down to the terry over Napa river by the whole town. After hastily paying six bits fare, he was placed in the boat and' rowed across to the Benicia side. Almost every citizen of the town were standing upon the bank, and the boatmen sang a dolorous song as they ferried hiin over. The Transcript says that he re-crossed the river two miles above, which becoming known, twenty men started upon their horses in search of him, but without suecess. The next day he deemed it pru dent to leave the place quietly. Treaties with the Indians. | From the Alta California, May 10 ] Two of the U. S. Indian Commissioners for Cali fornia are now in this city, as previously announced, having quite effectively accomplished the object of their mission. They have completed treaties with sixteen tribes of mountain Indians, besides the five tribes on the Mercedes River?twenty-one tribes in all. The names of the mountain Indian tribes are, How-cch-eis, 1 'huck-chau-cos, Chou-chil-lies, Po-ho nach-es and Nook-choos, five tribes subject to the (irand Chief Nai-yak-qua, who is represented by the Commissioners as u brave warrior and wise man. Th a Pit-caoh-es, ( as-soea, Toom-nas, Tal-lin-ohel, and I'as-ke-sis, are subject to the Chief Tom quit. The W? eha-hcts, 1-tech-es, Cho-c-nim-nis, Cho ki me-Dus, N'o-to-no-tos and We-initl-ches, are under a (irand Chief culled Pas-ijual. There are parts of two or three tribes which would not come in to treat. Some of these are, it is understood, fractions of the < how-chil-lics. The Commissioners finding it impossible to treat with them, Major Savage, with thiee companies, movedaguinst theaa,cam? up with them, with only a river between, and had a skirmish, killing two or three of thein. It was his opinion that they would then cotne in and treat. It they do not, he will pursue and whip them into terms. This is their destiny. Tho terms of the treaty are in part as follows:?They are to have n space of country about fifty mile-< square, from the Chowchille river to the Cowiere river, commonly culled the Four Creeks. This portion of country is intersected by various streams of water, and embraces good fishing grounds and ex cellent tillage laud, and is situated at the fost of the Sucrru Nevada. Kach chief is to have a gardener furnished him to instruct him and his people in gardeuing and agri culture; is to be furnished with seeds, with breed mates, certain quantities of beeves awl llour, and several other items. They express themselves well satisfied with the conditions of the treaty. Our only fear is, that the commissioners will find them (elves unable to meet their engagements, in conse quence of the extremely meagre appropriations made by Congress for the purpose ot quieting the tribes. If these treaties fail from such a cause, the I'nitcd States government will be put to an expense of millions in carrying on a war for which there ex isted no real necessity. The commissioners have agreed upon a course of future action. Each of them is to take a certain section of the State. Col. Barbour's embraces the southern portion, 1 ?r. Wozencraft'e is the whole Sacramento Valley, and Col. Mckee taking all that partion to the Nerth oi it. Not having re ceived the acts of Congress in full, it is impossible to say whether any generator special appropriations have been made beyond the which were furnished the commissioners when they first entered upon service. It would be a cause of serious regret if the object of their mission should fail through want of a few thousand dollars. It would cost more in a month to fight them than the cost of the treaties for u year. For they are a different set of men from the mission Indians who have become enervated and worthless by contact and intercourse with the whites. Dr. Wozcncraft esteems them as brave as any on the eastern side of the mountuins, and says that all they need is experience and arms to become, if hostile, extremely troublesome. Aside, however, freiu the mere cost of a war. the interest of the State and of its citizens would greatly sutler. It would be next to impossible to subdue them if once united atd in arms In the fastnesses of the moun tains. Marriages and Deaths In California MAKRlAUKl ongunday March loth, at llna taUny, by Justice Roberts, Freeman \V. Austin, formerly of Hancock Co., Illinois.to Hcpscj Jane I ndcrwood formerly of Jack-on Co.. Missouri. In ganamcnto. hy the Rev. Mr Kenton. Charles I. Ileiiiiiau. Uteof the l' g. Regiment of miuuted rift -uieu, to Mrs Frances Maria O'Nhl of New Oilcans. On the 14th ult . hy I> !> llullock. llsq IV I) llibmn, to Mis- Isabel J. W inemiller. nil of g?. rauu-nto City on Juud.iy evening. M..y 11. in Sacrum, uto City, by Rev Mr. Hriggs. br. C. Morrill, of Sacramento City, to Mies Mary Ann Morrill, of ltoft>n. Mass. on the 10th of April, at the residence of Mr John Way mire in l'olk eountj. by Kid II M Waller. Mr Charles W. mi,ith, printer, to Miss Nancy I'ri. e Attlic Itutos. April 17. ty I,. ? Mr Ultta, Mr Augus tus Fenno. to Miss Rebecca Jane benny, b->ih of Wash lugtou county. DEATHS IN *A.N KKAM I SCO. May 5?TkMdon1 -mith luitiuc.ie ugej J1 years I. Mc'uhill. 10 4?Win H'aUou. U ?'ton, .?>. Benjamin Whittier 31 6? .!?? oti S ha tiler Ueruiauy, 3) W ilvina Hertrud* ('haunt, T.-xas I'avid C. Skiiiii Nantucket. Maw . JO. 6? Kubmt Kali*. Mexico. JO. Kdw. I>. F uller Michigan 7?John Cutioily. New South Wale. JS. Margaret Auna K Williams. ltaltiiuor - 1? J.iinff buml-ord. Maine. .10 4? Tho*. MeOuUos. Washington. 1) C.. JO. t??Jacob Hall. .16. John McOaiia, Ws-hlngton, D C. 13?John Kean Ireland. 3* ? Itlw F. Stone. Maiue '3D Win Lowrey, England, 111 I-indues Franc.-. '36. Tie following are the names i f the gentlemen who lost their live* In the tire of the Jth inst. ? ? aptain Jam. ? Wel ti Baltimore, Leone I Ireenb turn, litnnnuy. ageil '37 Kuliin Iscluf Owmif SB; Mr. Nalruum (ItlBU* 63, <? Ro?.. nt brail lierminy. '33, W ni Linl-ley N.6 ..16. and two others uauo ? utkuowu IN aAl.'K I MKN TO CI I V. April 31?Sacramento I'onduit Sacramento aged 1 year '."J-Hugh t.Tan? II.-ton, 1.1 '3B- I' I) Hull. MWi?l|i|'i 39. SB?Mr Mri lellnn Hoslou 37?Henry Kddv, lihnoi May 3- Jaiues It Morris, '3*3. J?John I' W ailaee. Alabama 26 Th< luic Wh.ttleii. Michigan (In board st> anier Notherner April '36. llliuMl In fant daughter of John U. and Nancy M. Wheeler, of Florida lit b"ard steamer Northerner. April Klixa Keen, infant daughter o| William I) and Julia Smith ot New York (In bswrd steamer Northerner April '3!' Win Kul" Im cier. ag. d "36 years, lormerly of New Y >rk State In Nevada eity. May 1st "gibn Woodruff. age.l 33 years from Hat? county Mo On the JDth of \pril. at Nevada city. of scurry. John Kited of I 'm rid county Mo ag. d M year ?n the 34 lilt 111 the vicinity of Nevada city after as illaes' of ten days, ofeiy, i(M |a> John >1 Sailor, ot Clark c unty. Mo . sged 3* rear- and 6 months (irowned. la the liarbor. on the 6th iu-t J II Fpofford. of Manchester N II At the Hr< gory House. Nevada City of peneumnnia. on the morning ot the ath of May. Columbus Iter I or of Clark roun'y Mo ageii 3* year* At Nswtown. Nevada comity on the 3d ltd Isaac ||. Ptrhier. |..rin< rlj of J.fl. rson county. 6a , In the 13d y> ar ? I his age At M(s|ue|mnne IIill soiitlicm mines T l; Unrer. Esq.. of New York shot l.ya Frenchnm ii hiwkh nly. In Nevada I'liy. on the 4th ln?t of typhoid fevi r II. nry C. Frnith. aged .13 year* ol Fairfield C n n> rtirut In "?k 6 alley on the North 6 uha.Capt Jams. I'nrksr aged??? yean II.- wa? froui .Southampton I. I A4 litem Wood Valley April 31 Wm II It- ? I of l-aw. reneehuig. Indiana of typhoid fever, after an Illness of over two month* aged about '37 year' Latent Man Franrlxo Market fAejswrt. Fits 14,1661.?Stnari's crushed sugar, 16 <,c . Ktoeoh fe< 17," r sardltn ?. half boxes, 41, *?'? B'' doxen. elder vim gar lh)tr , mess pork 4?, butter, in keg', mid dling sir.; loaf sugar. 1.1', a Its- . Ft 3ulien claret go; French brandy, in casks, 67 Ml; cherry brandy 46, cham pagne rider. 4-1 76, half boxes raisins. 41 0.6; (uarter do . y 1. blankets, assorted colors. 44 J7j, a 44 6b; tumbler' common prews-d. 43 a 43 2.6, segar* Herman 411. a 416; do . Manila 426 M: tacks. assorted, (*? per M, tine in shsets. 6 a 7c |a r lb *s?p, dark brown. Ife . syrwp. Jut per gallon, Mackerel, ph-kn-d in 3* lb kitts. 41 36 fa ( All).] Astmna A Co.'a California Kipreae. Adam'6 Co give notice that the de-truction of their store by Hie late die*'troll* conflsgratlou in Fan Iran risen bas it ea-loned no interruption in their buda- s opersl ion? Onr new brick building mow in pr?*s -j oI erection on the site of the former pretnl-esi will be thoroughly fire proof? tisTiog double walls, double iron door* and shutters, with vault * for (be serurity of treasure en trusted to us tor transportation, and will U- lejdy for ??? 111 anry by the 1st ot July wit Our Iss.ks psper' 'pscie dust and valuable pu kage cs nlaiftssl in'he vaults of our fisrm-r store W1-V* saved loss 'f injury A l?AMF k 00. Niw Yeas. .I lia IB, 1U1 At a rwr< nt meeting of the Cllosophlc Fiedety of I'rineeti n 1 ells ge. re?i 1 ut ions of .-ondolense to I he family of the laic A M 1 Terry Esq . wha last his life In tlie late rrto onlre at l.ym'hbunr. 6a. w. re passed We hsv the ren luliins but th'.ir length jr.elude tin ;r f\i Llithl i< a W?w? from Oregon. By the hands of our special correspondent, we received Oregon dates to the 10th of May, the Columbia having arrived at San Francisco the day previous to the sailing of the steamer of May 15th. We glean the following items of news: ? At a meeting of the people of Marion county, the following candidates were nominated as repre sentatives to the Legislative Assembly:?Wiley Chapman, William l'arker, and llir&tn A. Johnson. A contract had been made for the building of a steamboat to sly between the Cascades and the Dalles, on the Columbia. We have at length received late and reliable information from the mines, from which it is certain that those who are engaged in this important business are doing well?making from 4s to ill per day, while some few are doing mucn better. Instances have occurred in which men have made $100. These, however, arc liko "angels' visits, few and far between." We trust the Uattering accounts from the gold region of the Klamath may not induoe any more of our agricultural popu lation to leave ; as they -are sure of full pockets, as the reward of their labor, at homo. I From the Bacrtumofto Transcript, May 15 ] We are informed by Gen. MoCarver, who has just arrived from Oregon, that at least one-half of the people of the territory have left the farms and towns, and have gone or are going to the minus. These mines are out a continuation of the Califor nia mines. But little is known, it is true, with re gard to the northern bouudury line of the State; but wherever it lies, there can be no doubt that the mines of the South Fork of the Umpqua and thoso of Rogues' River are in Oregon. The streets of < >regon City and Portland are, at the present time, filled with pack animals and wa gons, which arc continually loading up and pushing off for the minus. Those towns present, in their bustle and tlieir general uspeel, at the present time, very much the appearance of our Californian supply towns. The miners on their way pass up the Willa mette valley to the dividing ridge between that and the Cmpqua's, over the ridge and down upon the South Fork of the luipqua; or, keeping on, they cross the dividing ridge between the Fuipqua and Rogue's River valleys, and so down oa to Rogue's Kiver. At the last advices there were at least a hundred wagons and several hundred miners waiting at the canyon between the L'mpqua and Rogue it River valleys, on account of the high water. So soon as the stream falls they will pass through. Such is the feeling in relation to the Oregon mines that thi (Ji fgonuin comes out in a loading article, praying all Californians who have the in terests of the territory at heart to remain upon their farms. The argument it uses is after the style of the proverb, " Aloney is the root of all evil." We imagine, however, if money is the root of all evil, the want of it is a pretty important branch thereof. [From the Oregon City State-man. May 2 ] General Lane arrived in this city en Monday last, direct from the Klamath country, bringing grati fying intelligence of the mining prospects, lie says miners who work can obtain from eight to ten dollars per day, and that those employed generally average that amount. Larger raises are sometimes made, though not often. He says the gold is scat tered over a large extent of country, and cannot be exhausted by titty years working. Provisions are plenty, and obtainable at fair rates. A tribe of Indians (known as the Kanyon In dians) living about half way between South Limp qua and Rogue's rivers, arc somewhat troublesome, uud have murdered one white man, an (>regonian. Gov. Lane reports that a small detachment of soldiers are much needed there. MAURIAGES AND DEATHS IN OREGON. MARRIAGES. Ill Oregon city. April 24. by the Rev 0.0 Atkinson, (.'apt J. C. Ai.nswurth to Miss Nam v J we Win re, all of Oregon City On the loth of April, at the residence of Mr. John Waymire." In I'olk county, by KU1 II M Waller, Mr. Chances IV. Hhiih, printer. t?Mis? N.wcv Pri< At the Hutea. April 17. by Rev. Mr. Oritttn. Mr. Aiuinn Fin so to Miss Rebecca Jam. Demmv, both of Washington county. DEATH. On the 6th April, at Lafayette. Oregon of chronic bronchitis after a tedious illness of mue weeks Maby Jam. S< oit, consort of Lemuel 6cott aged 2S year*. Our Ntw Uranarfa Correspondence. I'anaua, N. CL, .May 5W, 1851. A pleura ncc of Puna not?Earthquake* on the Pacijic CaO't?Treatment of Americans?Steamboat Com jit it a n, 4v., 4"<' ? Here J find myself again, fur the thirl time in this far famed city of New liranada?the same dirty, noisy, and unpleasant place to e.ay in. 'Ihcre is Co comfurt, no pleasure ?-no thing which in the least degree tends to make the time pass lightly, but everything is dull, heavy, and monotonous. if it could only be Van kceised, there might be some hopes of it; but us it is, it is deplorable. Life, limb, nor property, is n at safe here; frequent robb.-rits and murders take place, and it is more than a man's life is worth to venture out alter 8 o'clock 1'. M. This city has latterly become the grand centre of all the despera does of the States and elsewhere, who make it a business to rob those passing through the plaeo, meet es|iecia]ly returning Californium; aud so well de they lay their plans, that sometimes thousands of dollars worth of dust is stolen. In cases like these, 1 think there is no pity for the loser. For the sake of shirking the petty j>or ccntagu of safe transportation by *ouie tcsj>on?ible company, they lose the whole. The government of the place is perfectly imbecile, aud is worse, in fact, than that of Faustiau I. The interest of the Americans is not revjweted in the lease; and were it not for the super human exertions made by our Consul, .Mr. A. K Corwine, they would sutler every indiguity and in convenience. it is time for our government at home to look into the management of the affairs of this republic, lor as it is, in my opinion, it is a mere nonentity. There is nothing very nev or interesting trans piring lit pr?cnt. 1 he news fioin the United Mates, in relation to < ibi and South Carolina, produced sonic excitement. The 1'anama Star publirh d copious extracts from the AVu- York ilnalit, in an extra, a large number of copier being sold. The news from Valparaiso has also tended to create a commotion among the inhabitants hero, as a considerable shock of an eailbq'iakc occurred at liorgonu, on the "Kb of .May. Tnc inhabitants arc feartul that it may visit them one of these days. 1 understood from Mr. A. M. Miller, attiorgona, that the shock was severely felt there, and, in fact, the house shook so, it was almost impossible for him to wri'c ; be said it sounded precisely as if a large hogshead had been rolling over the ground. (>n the -aiue day, during a very severe thunder stoirn, the lighning struck tiie Hag staff on his house, dc-ccmicd into the dining room, killing one ol the waiters, named Taylor, lu-lantly, and pros trating, ins< n*ihle. several others, one of tiem a lady, and setting tire to the house. The tire was ?)* < dily extinguished, and no other damage was Uoirt, ? xcept ti umig and scattering the hoard.- in tin cliflereut rooms which it |>a?-? d through. The steauier vV. 11. Aspinwall. on her trip down the Miagics river, on the &>d, in turning a sharp corner or the stream, where the current passing very rapidly, ran into a canoe, rout lining four men anu a native, upsetting it, the whole party being diowned, i,rrg?ry* messenger met the bodies flouting down the stream, between Mm 1-1,lo and l'alaD'|uieia, and the canoe diil'tcd up against some snags. 'Three ot the bodies were Uiesscd like taiiroad unit, while one *-* entire ly naked. M>i?e ot the passenger* eel tie I.injure City taught the bodies, n.< eiui also Mr. King, of toe- raiiioad station, and had ihein interred aim g the shorn. A report got ubroui here immediately that the nun had been inuidered; hut without foundation, as it undoubtedly h.ipi e-ncd in the tu.ib ner mentioned above? my intoimatioB coming tioiu the best authority. William Link, a young ,nmu frttn New fork city, in the liiiglibeirhooil ol third street, acci eieMally -hot a native, at ( rliees, on .Saturday, the 2ith. it appear* tha be had, in eoiujiaiiy with others, lured a boat lo go eleiwn the river, having just returned from t tililuraia. He hud just steppe d into the boat, which was filled with his own enmriidi ?*, with his pistol cocked ; and from some unknown cause, it went nfi, the hall taking ? fleet in the left side H the humtere, and lodging in bis buck. Ai iooii as it became- known generally to the native s, that one ot their nu aher bad been shot hy an American, the whole town rote, armed and ?quipped, to murder every American in the place Things for a time looked threatening in the extreme, and the American* in and around < run* weie obigtd to take refuge for the night in the homes ol Ine most intluent<ai ol the inliAhit ants. Link ?a* immediately arrested, and under went an examination before the Alcalde, where, although it win proved satisfactorily that the whole atlair was nu accident, on the evidence of the lout man, yet the Alcalde ordered him to I'lituiiiia : and lie tame in last night, tied to a mule, and guarded by four men Through the exertions atduffueiKC of the Ametuun Consul, I have no doubt l,c will he set at libe r j. Nov mark the iliflerei.ee. Ila>l it been a native who had shot on American, the latter would have he-en obliged to lave contributed laigcly to ariest the prisoner, as in the ease ot tbe ? liagres rivir iuurde*er, and the government would not, except under tear, have assisted; hut to show their agility, they keep our tounttyman in the stocks for tbiity-six houis, ai.d th,n send liiui heie to be im pritontd; wherea?, one of the ir own would have been *et free. I siri msly think if our legislators would just diop tbe nigger qui si ion for a nan . at a' j late, apd ettuLti to the "vU&ie vi tbvef leliyw countrymen abroad, it would be more to their credit. There are bo leas than six a tea men now at thih port, awaitinf passenger* for Sao Francisco, vis : the Oregon, Republic, Sarah fcands, Fremont, (just arrived,) General Warren, and the Union, (propel-* ler, )'of the new and independent line. Competition is, as a matter of course, very great, and passage to San Francisco can be bad for a mere song; $100 ia the first cabin, $75 in the second, and $50 in th? steerage. It is a perfect farce for anyone t> think oC purchasing through tickets from New York to San Francisco. There will never be for the future, a time when there will be less than four steamers here, and passenger! can always, with every degree of safety, wait to purchase their tickets here for San Francisco. Many a poor man, who oannot af ford to pay $400 to California, did he know these facts, would not hesitate a moment In leivmg for the new El Dorado of the West. A man can travel from New York to California, under present cir cumstances, for $100 in the steerage, and $150 or $175 in the cabin; and I hope that this will meet the eye of many who can afford to pay this amount, and of which, I have no doubt, there are hun dreds. Kan Runnels & Co., the agents of Gregory's ex press, still kecpup their uaine us the fast men of the Isthmus. Their last express, acoording to tho Star, came through in thirty-four working hours. They are very faithful, and despatch their business without stop or hindrance; with Mr. Waterman ah Chugrcs, Mr- Skelton atGorgonu, and Mr. Smith at Panama, everything works in perfect order, and with Thompson & Hitchaock to pull the wires in New York, things go like clockwork, andGregory'w express is fast becoming the very best means of communication between the sister States. California. Our .Jamaica Correspondsitoa, Kingston, Jamaica, Jane II, 1S51. The Legislature? The Cliulira?H'cather, tfc., tf<:. 1 have little general news to communicate since the subjoined was written, which willed prove un interesting. The Assembly is prorogued, according to custom, and, although tho Governor has the power, still, 1 do not think it will be called together again before October. Many persons wish that there should be un extraordinary session, to re-enact the old police hill, in lieu of the present con-tabulary force, which, it is feared, will not work well. The cholera si ill linger! on the North side, more particularly in the parish of llanover. The victims are, 1 am happy to say, few, compared to the num bers a few weeks back. The weather is most delightful in the country parts; we have been almost deluged with rain throughout the country, which has gladdened the hearts of the planters. Our Venezuela Correspondence. Ltiii iv >1. May 21,1851. Stale nj the Country?Tin Sew Cahiurl?The Markets, 4<r. Kverj thing is quite still here now. anil I don't suppose that anything at present, now that Congress has ad adjourned. can occur to disturb the country. The new administration is now composed of Mr. Aranda.as Minister cf Foreign Affairs, and Mr Oelliveau, as Minister of the Treasury. The department" of War and Marine are tilled by General Silva, for the present. Tho President seems to be active and endeavoring all iD his power to arrange the affairs of the country for the best, as fast as he can. and no doubt will succeed. \ enezucla, I think, is better off now than she was a few years ago; and generally, trade is cerlaiuiy getting up. which if always a sure sign of peace and tranquillity in a country Time will show that what I say is true; and all efforts to the contrary to put this pretent govern ment down, will prove ubirtivc. no matter by VW party it is attempted. There are no American vessels in port The Thomas Kallett carries this letter. THe Crop*. The Alexandria (Kcd River) Rtf>uUiu* of tho 31st ult., suysi-.-We were shown on Thursday, two cotton blooms from the plantation of R. C. Ilyn son, of Bayou Rapides. This is right early for them, considering the season wc have had, but it is no indication of tne state of the crop throughout the parish, or on Kcd II iver generally. The crop out of which they came was one of the earliest that was planted in the parish, and has been well at tended to and cultivated Few cropB, if any, are as far advanced, while perhaps the much larger por tion of the cotton in the parish is from three weeks to a month behind it. For the want of rain, it is feared the young cotton will not come to anything. The bulk of the corn crop has already been des troyed beyond redemption, for the want ofraiu. Very few planters indeed will be able to make inore than a third or fourth of a crop. The sugar cano is suffering almost as much, owing to the draught, as corn is." The Nutchez Courier, of the 3d June, -ays:?Th? crops through this section of the coun'ry are beginning to suffer, by reason of the long ex tended drought- the cotton butslightlyyet, though it will soon begin to feel it, but the c< r i is begin ning to wilt. Great fears arc entertniued In this, Jefferson, and Franklin counties, that the Jrops will be exceedingly small, if not a complete tail are, unless it rains soon. It is now over three months s i ce we have had any rain more thau an ordinary f bower. Kmknmyk Fire in Trenton.?A fir. occurred on r-unduy last, about noon, in the cotton manulacto ry of J. I*. Kennedy, on the Assampink, and not withstanding the more than ordinary exertion! of the firemen for more than an hour, the True Amen? 'tin states, the attic and third -t ry. wth their contents of cotton, 4tc., were destroyed. Tho building and machinery were insured t->r $10,0110 ; but the loss in stock to Mr. Kennedy wji about $2,?00. [ ADVERTISEMENT J Ntw Discovery. A New IJix ovkry, hy Horace H Pa ,, i>k a Ntci: IhSTiiicrio.i in Coi/)M-Tiik L ai d.irr ok hik Infringer L'hanued by a ("iia.no . ok Color? Color a Kkaii rk an Imi-ort.vm a Strep iii m.na in Ktbhkr?India Kibrrr 1'ai nis Ai> M 11 IINO OK Col.ORAHI.1 Kyarionn, anii Tiikkki.n an Km ei'Hon to 1111. (>1 ni ral Ki i.i. >>k Patent l.'W The question is often asked why Horace II. Paj has again commenced infringing on ? ioodyear ? patents, aftir having, under bis own hand and Heal, acknowledged their v alidity by paying live thou sand dollars for ]>aaet infringements and for a licerno to work under them, and by agreeing to -taiuit the good." made by him, "Coodyear'n Patent;"' ami how he in able to carry on the defence of so many and such exiamsive law suits ! We answer, first, it is I lay's fondness for litiga tion; and, secondly, he has, thus far, hcen enabled to indulge his litigious spirit, by using against (.ioodyear (be profits made by his pira :ics on < rood year's patents. The number of suits in which Pay is involved cannot be far from forty?enough to ruin any man, though successful. The lawsuits by < ioodyear against I 'ay embrace thric separate and distinct patent-, ca h one of which is indispensable in the inanul'a.'ture of vul canised rubber- Each one of these patents mmt be infringed, or the business be abandoned Hay is, tbe re lore, an infringer <>n carh of these three pa tents, and a verdict against him upon oae patent will be as fatal as a verdict upon all thu e 'I he jatcnts which he acknowledger! the validity of, and which are indi-j-cnsuble in making vulc.in itcd or metallic rubber, arc dated, one 1'ebruaiy 21th, for the use of sulphur in conne lion witu 11 ill hi n liubbcr, the other. Tune 13th, lvll, for me tallic lubber, re if sued I' c. 2 >ih, I * IT the validity o| which was also established in a cause between, (ioodyear and Hay. in the I nitcd otitic; i In uit i curt at Trenton, New Urscy, in tfop'ember last, lodge Privr presiding. We hare heretofore stated that a verdict wa* akin, aid judgment entered up, against tfoavcr K Know I ton (Pay's agents in Boston ?. by concent ol I'ay, and shortly afterward", in ?h r New I'ruus w i k Tim", I an "ah, IM*. liny ofl*r?<l arew.ud ol ?."i(i for the pur.ishnicn' and conviction of iUr n^svi til then same pat.nts of Goodyear's, which h' "j.ftt.J Jo,(sn for a hc?n?e to work under, aod whicb bo now says are " fraudulent." llow Hay got hold of (loodvear's invention, whilst I; was yet a secret, and belore his applica tion lor a patent tin refof, by hiring a man wtio had learned tfie secret in (ioodyear s factory, and by laying him ?*>?? for divulging the same, we have beictofore proved under his awn signature, by pub listrng two copies of I ?ay's letters in our possession. 1 be third patent which Hay is infringing is for dispensing with solvents iu the manufacture ol India liubbcr, and is just as indispensable as lit her id the others in the profitable iiiamilacture of India liubbcr. The public are already aware that the validity of this |?tcnt was eatablishid by the de < iiion of the Commissioner of Patents, on the ?uea tion of extension; and this derision was subse quently reviled (together with the large mass of testimony taken in the eau?e, Pay being tbc op | "'if* party), by tbe N cretary for t b v Interior, and tbe I idled f-tates Attorney (.eneral, and that decision ??? afiirined by both l.ltransfrom that dc ision will lie published hereafter 1 iocs anybody believe tha', Hay has any expec tation of escape, on the trial of these causes, in frptcmber next, or that he will ever get a mora favorable decision on any of these oatenrs ! 1 b< re are about thirty licenses under 1 ioodvear'a patinls. The simple lact that Hora-e II. Hay in the only nrofeased infringer in the I'nited brutes, nnsl that lie i- n? >t < outitrnaneed or ?ii] ported by a s;t gl< manufacturer in the business,'peak" volutMO against him Pay ba- a li- ense from (inodyeoi to in ke ?biires-l 1"mI-; but all metallic, heated, or vulcanised rubber good", not stamped "< ?ooslyoar's Patent,'* n. de by I'ay, are infringement": an I all dealer* n sii'h goods, whether ol white rubber or hla ?!< ui btr, punhoetd U I ay, will be p om-ulcl .oitiirgty.

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