Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 27, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 27, 1851 Page 3
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WE WHIG CONVENTION M PENNSYLVANIA. THE MIMTHW OF IJJOI CLl ICBTF. the spirit of the meeting. BY MAIL. Our UMMter Correspondence. F.n Lajk astka, Pa., Juno 21. 1?I J he IH?g State Convention?The Resolution? The Dilate on the Fugitive Slave law?The Nomina tions?The Unities and Divisions of the Party? The Prospect, fa. I he Whig .State Convention, for the nomination ?f candidate* for Governor, Caaal Commiseioner, ?nil five Judges for the Supreme Court, assembled ?ere to-day. All the counties were represented ac cording to their strength in the Legislature of the ?State, with the 'exception of one or two absentee delegates. The importance of the eonvention is not ?on fined to the State. From the very generally an tc'pated fact of the formal or substantial nomina tion of General Scott for the Presidency, this as ?fThe^ U 'r "7 D*lUra,,y ^e attention ?f the whole Union, of all partial, in all the States; .a ' fact "ticipated, that the conven n would evade the endorsement of the Fugitive Slave law, in order to harmonixe with General ,, aitxrnoox session. yoDreation re-assembled at .1 o'clook. S<?rifc,Tv.Biate0 0n 0r*?ni*atlon reported the of - r- - " ? -wujiwi. ?elfof uho chair? 'Wirered him *hl? speech on the State policy of Governor Johnston, extolling it very highly an 1 condemning the free trade policy of the nftional g Vtroment, as exemplified in the tariff act of 18Mi ai Hinfl? duiaatrous policy to Pennsylvania-atop ;CrcltfeVwUh mT' -VBJ .fil!ing th> "tn"u of .??tm?"!?>r iron ,fur*.. ?~ic tauroau iron, while her iron ?ct of*Ss frrr wer?jlying iji?- Thu?u*? ?ct of 4o. It drives the workmen from their i"~; ; ? " ur.ves me workmen from their * nLJStr fn{'naco? antl foundries, and brings the 0O'j> .Abundant employment. Free trade with the sheriff at the back door, was not the polioy ot Pennsylvania. The chairman apokeofthe im' porta nee of the nominations to bo made, and of the necessity of putting forward such men as would command the support and confidence of the people vnit -"SThrfr- CoKNKLI^ Larraoii, aoSml iStioM fi ^k 3 ?jWM appointed to draft reso ?? ?hfeK Iff C.T8,. ?ratu)i1 of tho Convention, of r P80 of an hour or so, a series ?f resolutions were reported. In the interval, Mr. Johnston was re-nominated by acclamation, and a committee was appointed to wait on him, and enf n UP? Convention. - "JJ? resolutions adopted will have been published dibaL r Z PurV?K of illuminating the TlSlZmS!(luet,t,on, wo give the resolu 'pi ^hich relate to tho compromise*! ' "J*1 llMI fiowrnment and people of Peon sjlvaela an. loyal to the national constitution, ant are nih V1" carry itH (""Visions into effect; to .ftrW * Iib?l upon the fair fame of the citi a*'DH of the commonwealth. 6. i:<folv- d. That the adjustment measures of the last th-'whig* faithfully observed and respjeted by !<T?lrd Thmt "n unalterable determination to maintain the supremacy of the constitution and laws, has iTmm .k ?0"' ?.Dr of our cardinal doctrines; and that, while others have fait, red, the history of the whig parte auuSta ** JlD thu ?tornM uf adversity, or in the sunshine of prosperity, this guiding star of our country 's J'V vtZfT HZ** dlmmed bY ,u action or council 8. i.esoived That the opinions of our worthy State m"??Tmeel ?h T in last annual fln fr ri * cordl?l approval af this Convention, and express the views of our constituents. Jl'H k I f"f?i thfe reao,llti>n3 wm plausiblo enough ; but while the general declaration of ro? 1 < ot for the adjustment measures ha* met with a Tety earnest opposition, the endorsement of the views of .overnor Johnston, as expressed in his mes 1 latform" t0 th? adoi>t,on of frees oil Mr. J. M. Sorr, of Philadelphia, a conservative, was not satisfied with these vague avowals of uihe a on to the compromises. He wished to see if the oon J.. ""/!'' ifV?,r ?w?r ?PP"eed to the Fugitive aw.and. accordingly, Mr. Scott asked for the read ing of the eighth resolution, as it appeared in the tirigmal dratt, but which was stricken out by the committee. J lbs Cnxis?Will the gentleman write it out. ?o that we may have it in a definite shane ! Air Shoit?It is merely with a view to save time cbat 1 pr?.|M>se to read the resolution from the re |?irt ot the com mi.tee. It is still upon the paper, though 'ejected by the majority of the committee i be resolution was copied off by the Secretary for the gentleman submitting it. Mr. ciorr then offered it, as an addition to the ?atalogue of the committee, to come in as tho eighth rcvosolution, to wit:? ? nesoliod, 1 hat the provision of the constitution lor the rendition of fugitives held to service or la l.or, demands, and shall receive from our party, a Uithfbl. uuccjuiiocal, and manly support. (Cheers and hisses mingled together. .Several persons, in larious tjuarters of the house, jumped up and Mvoiidcd the motion for the adoption of tho resolu tion.) After several other motions simultaneously to lav It on the table. Mr. Iiarkai.h suggested that it would expedite bumne.i- to withdraw the reaolution till the report of the committee was adopted Mr. S< i?tt declined to act on the suggestion. Mr. <?oi.r?I have been out on a committee. .... -? . . v kccu out on a committee, i ?ud not hear the resolutions reported from the com mittee on that subject. 1 expect to swear by their mutations, but 1 should like to hear them read bo lore I take the oath ; don't know what they are. I <hey go for tho constitution?that's plain sailing?and for the Union; and, pcrhnps, for the 1 I I I I I ?I ( ( > til ? A* .ill ?ir?Mtw I ..." II A ? , .. ? aw.saa, piUiip, UK till] ? ompf oniMee. At all events, I suppose we all go for the American eagle. (Laughter ) The resolutions were again read, and again hissod and applauded Mr llrr.i., of Berks, called for the reading of the resolution proposed to be added to the list, to wit: 'hit rrUf lhir to thi* Kncfitivrt ?ilawA I.. i 1... Il a . T.r ;/ iu ine im. U) wu 1 lbe fugitive 61mvo law, offered b% Mr. ikott. l*be resolution was again read, amidst mingled biWcs and epitluuse. Motion to fay on the table. ? -? ?j "" ??? ? Mr. Sen* i roae to a "(uction of order. He had ? "t surrendared the floor when the gentleman from lerks (Mr ilarpcr,) moved to lay his resolution on tbe table 'IV question was debated; but at length all mo . ne mteiIcring with Mr. t?cot', were withdrawn, 1M Mfl t f will f 8A t hi' fliwiP L ?? |U. f' "" 1 ?H " * a a ? wuic wn.ruir.'iv -hi to Um floor OMMfdfd by ||| ( hair.? .Mr F rrjT then said he had a few words to sub n,it ?| "ii his motion. When the committee wen up stairs, a series of resolutions were offered. (Or ?ier, order ) He should try to preserve order. Tlu r. solutions offered were not his ; nor was tho resolu tion strwken out. lie could, therefore, urge it the t? ore freely upon the convention, coinciding, as il d. with his sentiments ; and it would be the more lisointnendcd if its author's name were k:..wn. Of ciMild be made known under the rule Lr -. rft read the resolution. It was a little more ?splwit than the filth, sixth and seventh resolu ' "*** ' ?L . 'ifr '?"? frank, and manly sun |? r? ifc Hie law if the land. It does not assert that 'Ice law, or any law, shall not or cannot be iin I roved but that, when we find a law on the sta tute book ..e shall yield to it not a dilatory obo enre. not a rata c<,uivocal support/but a lull frank, and tr.arily obedience, according to this .rotalloa Whoever Is tbe ,.?thor, I thank him M will give great satisfaction to iny section '' *?* Ftste ; hut, it not adopved, we shall miss it very sim b lass it, and we shall enter heartily it t? the < tefober canvass. I le t new that this reso lu wnwl l eerry the whole ticket, from first to last If it is defeated, it will be, to many good and true ?t. g?, a sourer of grief ami moitifl xtiun. * ght lead M di-affeetion, or at letsf t , apathy, ?Ml tlltf rtflLl ? Altrl analho rnaa ... ? _ . I ' I I ? v ' "J? I ? whig ranks; and apatby was oiion moro disar ?us than ..pen antipathy, lie m willing, hoa ? r. to abtde by a vol# of the b.?(fr x'r l'< ?v ancr, of Butler, had an amendmen t offrr. wfci h be had dra wn in on hit knees whi the .-?nilritian from l'hila<lefphia wa* speakini <ie tb.H.ght it would harmonise the conventiu .1 d ?? e> > epia hie to the feelings of a large majorn ' |e "pie of IVnnevlvania. lie ask -d the re* iff ml IV te-dution of Mr. tGott; after which I '* i'*aa*?d if by addinff to it the following: I ?? il .1 ?. Will .,.,1 th.. nxrliMt opiio I at II,.I law fill- fugitive las ..c fc ih.i w| i?,. ? ,|,.,u ,hl. rights , ,-Hf '? lh. s. ?ii|i II *|ia|| I... ,|.n rxtemlmllo i n ' , il. ...,, interests "f Ih< Nortl I wnaiiif briefly profmse I to declare ob o e i. he hiigtth, |.w, r? trmpnt e ; but ab t ?is re III.iIhe law Shall u amended, and thr .. 'hall only be ol o.sed by tv I eunsrl'ania whig p.,riy perm " ? an art af iv^iprociiy for protection t ?' "tf'rT ?'?rds, Mr. Purvianc '?o l ,v. i' c f r? r.v.T ?f t!,vhi* rar| ire uw rot a little more h unty n,,., MM maiinfa. lore,. I eoi.s) Lama Hill har,.i:i " hl fwoipriunlse. J Mr n ?*rr thai hi* resolution mid iWot mmf law. It aiiapljr derlarad a full ? ?4 Iwara l? a rarlain prnifion of Ike ? . irtotina Mr I' r> ?*< ? Tba ra???UUaa ha* refaroneo to ? If Hm Mr -rt No, ?tr, il b*< raf?rcnco ool/ thr Mr Pi kviaxcs Um proposed a verbal altera tion of M> M??i1ant Mr. t l>au?H n||nM Uti the fifth, sixth, and Nviath resolutions covered the whole consti tutional ground There ni do necessity for this resolution of the gentleman from Philadelphia. We coa he obedient to the constitution without baoo subserviency to the Mouth. This not for the rret rmtioo of fugitive eUree ii i law of the lami; but it ie not a perfect law. The bankrupt law, at ooe tune, demanded our reepectful obedience; but that did not prevent its early repeal. It wat per fectly immaterial, in point of fact, nowever, whether this reeolntion were passed or not; but it ?u not neceesary to ttrengthen the other resolutions of loyalty, and obedience to the law*. Mr. C. C. Sri.i.n an was opposed to the resolu tion and the amendment. J ho amendment made the resolution a little better; but he wan opposed to both. Are not the resolution* of loyalty to the con athution and the laws enough 1 or what ha* come over us that we shall now begin to basely truckle to the South, anjto bow down to the powerof slavery! (< beers, hisses nrid applause ) What have been the principles of the whig party of Pennsylvania heretofore! Always freedom?always the greatest liberty to the greateet number?always sympathis ing with those natural desires and feelings of the human heart for liberty, the world over. But what is it we have here from Philadelphia, the city of Brotherly Love! We know what are the feelings of the State: they are in favor of the emancipation of every human being who is a slave. Anl yet the gentleman from Philadelphia proposes a bold, frank and manly obedience to tnis n:t of Congress for the reiteration of fugitive slaves?an act unparalleled in it* hardihood and cruelty. (Hisses and applause.) It picks up the fugitive on a certificate; it saddles the treasury with the expense of sending hiui away, where he may or may nor get a trial of hi* right to liberty. 1 should like to sec my friend from Phila delphia called upon by the slave hunter to help him in catching his fugitive from labor, and then to hear him declure his respect and obedience to this law. On this subject there might be somo appre hensions for the safety of the Union in Phi ladelphia; but no such apprehensions had eve stirred the broad bosoui of tne State. We might patch np a string of Southern resolutions that would help some in the city and county of Phila delphia ; but what will the whigs of the State say if we adopt substantively the platform of the Head ing Convention ! This resolution amounts to the saine thing, only it is a little more artful. Adopt it, and you lose the counties of Montgomery and Lawronce by fifteen hundred votes. A short time ago, at every meeting of-bothparties, declamations were made against tne extension of slavery. What now aro we to gain by bowing in the same manner that our opponents are bowing down to the base spirit of slavery 1 President rillinore, in signing this law, did the best he could under the circum stances, perhaps ; but for all that, the law is ob noxious to the people of Pennsylvania?it is dis tasteful, and they will not swallow it. When we pass a general compliment upon the President, that ought to suffice? But to come down to this eighth res dution, is adopting the Reading platform. 1 le hoped it would be stricken oat, and the sixth resolution also; beoause he belierod that by the adoption of such a course the election of Johnston would be secured. Mr. Loom is, of Alleghanv, contended that there was no necessity for this eighth proposed resolution. The fifth and sixth comprehended every obligation to the constitution aud the laws. The proposed resolution embraces nothing more, only it is not quite so strong. There was no necessity whatever for it. But ho was entirely indifferent whether this additional resolution were pasaed or not; but he thought it entirely usoless. 1HK SrKKCH OF Till! DAV. Hon A. J. Oous?Mr. l'retident, what brought us here! Who art we! We ere, 1 take it, the picked wen?the king beee, of Pennsylvania. (Laughter.) The Whig State Convention of Penn sylvania has called us here, at Lancaster, on this 21th of J unc, to nowinate a candidate for Gover nor. Well, we have done that. Aud to nominate a candidate for Canal Commissioner. Well, we ex pect to do that. And five able men, learned and competent in the law, just and upright, as candi dates for Supreme Judges. Well, that's our busi ness. And what are we doing now! Running adrift on the nigger question, as sure as you'ro born. (Laughter.) What is PennsylvaniaShe is tho keystone of the Union. And what is this Union! It is tho proudest republic that ever the sun shone upon?the very proudest. And shall we light a faggot to destroy this Union! No, sir; never with the consent of the people that 1 represent. I am a whig?a democratic whig?so democratic that I aui sometimes mistaken for a locofoco; some men really seriously think that I am a locofoco. I am n whig, and 1 go for the constitution as it is, and the Union as it is, all the time. Gentlemen, what is slavery! My constituents, without any merit of my own, sent me to Congress. Well, I like to keep my word particularly, as the Dutchman said, when 1 give it in writin . (Laughter ) 1 did give my word. 1 did give it in writin'?and it was against the extension of slavery. And, what's more, I did vote against the extension of slavery. Hut I tell you how 1 felt?it was like the man in Ohio who was riding through the woods one night. He got sleepy, and he thought he would lay down awhile; but he first secured his horse by hitching him to his leg. When the man began to snore, the horse became alarmed, and sprung off through the woods, dragging our friend by the leg. " And," said he, "the critter didn't make two jumps before 1 found 1 was wrong hitched." (linuien.-e laugh ter ) Mr. President, so it was with mo. I was wrong hitched. Now, sir, I go for the laws of the land, and for the American euglc. And will you hore destroy the proudest fabric ever laised by mortal hands' Will you sell out your interest for about the value ofthree thousand abolition votes! (Applause.) Pass this resolution, endorsing the Fugitive law, and you can elect Johnston by a larger majority thao we have ever had in the State?that is, perhaps. (Laughter.) Hut what is the whig doctrine, or the whig platform ! Gen. Harrison, >n his deathbed, endeavored to impress it upon John Tyler, that prince of hypocrites. Just stick up to the "true principles ot the government," and you will secure Hill Johnston a mighty big vote in our county, for one. Let as do this, and never mind the under ground current. There is an under-ground ourrent a running pretty sirong, in nil this MM lam a subterranean myself. Hut what do I care for your Philadelphia collector, or the Custom House, or any body else, so that whig principles arc sus tained by the great whig party! 'And who'safraid," said the fellow at the time of Noah's ark, " 1 be lieve we shan't ha*o much of a shower after all." (Laughter.) And what have we to do with the Gettysburg ts|>oworm, the buck-shot man? Have not these questions been adju-ted t (Great laugh ter) Well, they have?(laughter)?"principles and not men," is the trne motto. One niau is as good as another, and a damned sight better. (General Isughter ) Then, gentlemen, let us stand by the Union, the constitution, and the American eagle, and the whig party may defy tho world. Let us sustain the proud fabric of our forefathers, disre garding (he tear fanatics here in Lancaster, or else where in the State; ami when Gabriel blows his trumpet, we, who have been faithful to the shelter ing wings of the great American eagle, will be pro nounced the soundest men. Mr. President, I am done. (General applause ) Mr M'1'oms,?i Lawrence, was opposod to this additional resolution, or to any truckling to the South. The very moment we step beyond tho fifth resolution, we oonfeis our sycophancy to the South. Alter the course which the whig party of the State lias pursued on this question, shall we now, like the locofocos, backwater ? The wbigs of the west ern counties would never submit to on traded away to the South. The little county of Lawrence will give us good a rote as 3oinerret, upon a regular and UadepeiHicUt whig platform. Mr. Oki.r?Yes, she has done it heretofore, espe cially if there was a freosoiler running Air. M'Odwru?Yes, give us the true whig policy, ai d we can do it again. Mr. Out.Well, 1 haven't got much money, but I would like to bet a cool hundred oil that. (Laughter Mies of "order.") Mr. PrnviAVU pleaded the (Milicy of mutual protection between the North and South, con tending thnt if the North gave ten dollars a head f . every .-lave recaptured for the South, they ought to be willing to allow ten dollars a ton on pig metal. He proceeded to enlarge upon the suffer ings of i'cnniylt ania from the tariff of 'Iff, and the duty of the whig party to protect her great interests, while they are protecting the negro pro per y of the South. If some men were to talk less of disunion, and come more to practical issues, it would be more to the interest! of the people. Mr. Bom, of Montgomery, thought the amend ment of the delegate fruin Philadel|>nia ill-ad vised. The people of Montgomery county were a law-abid ing, ( nion loving people , but they lovid freedom, ai d hated slavciy.. lie wished to avoid all appear ance, then, of subservience or truckling to the South. Hut he wa? opposed to the protection of Southern property in exchange fur |>roteolion of Northern interests, as proposed by the gentleman fioin Butler. He was not willing to barter flesh and blood for dollnrs and cents. Mr. Hum, called for the previous question on the resolutions. That will not help you. The vote will come upon the amendment. '1 he Chair ?It requires twelve men to second the call for the previous question. Von kr.?f)o| o the debate will go on. Don't gag us. This is no gng, by G? d. for you h ive Im talk enough. I he t neive men stood up, and the eyes and Hoes wi re culled. A point of order was raised whether the question would occur on tho amendments, or ou the resolu tions. The CHAIR decided, that If the previous question was adopted, the main question would he on the re solntion- reported by the committee, aud that all amendflMuD would bf tjul oft Mr. Sanderson appealed from the decision of the chair ; but after debating the question for some time, the appeal was withdrawn. After further eon vernation, The Chair announced tho rote to bo upon the previous question. Mr Sanderson hoped tho Chair would explain the effect of this vote The Chair suid that the effect of tho rote would be to cut off all debate, and to bring the convention directly to n rote upon the resolutions offered by the committee, to the exclusion of all aincndin >nt*. Mr. Sandk.r-.on called for the ayou and noes, and the result was, 71 to 48 in favor on* the previous question. [It seems that a mere majority is sufficient for the previous question, in Pennsylvania ] Toe Chair stated the question to be on the reso lutions. A Voice?Well, I eall the ayes and noes. 1 can't vote fur such a compromise with free soil as that Tho question was taken, and the resolutions were MNdJi to 27. Mr. Loomi?, of the committee, announced that the Governor would wait upon the convention at eight o'clock. The convention then proceeded to reeeivo nomi nations for Canal Commissioner, and five Supremo Judges. MQHT MEKTI.NO?SPEECH OF OOV. JOHNSTON. At eight o'clock, the convention adjourned to a mooting out of doors, in front of the Court House, with the Governor. He was mounted upon a plat form, and at once procee led to speak to tho people, theie being some three or four thousand of thein in the street. The Governor is consistent. It was the exact substance of most of his speeches for the last three years. He urged the importance of good men for Canal Commissioner and Judges; he de fended his o an State policy, came down particularly heavy upon tho ruinous an 1 oppressive tariff act of 1846; and on the Compromise measures, he admit ted bis objections to tae Fugitive Slave law; and while he should respect it as tne law, he looked for ward with confidence to its modification. It was not, of necessity, a perfect law; but, like many other laws, it was subject to amendment. There is a law of Pennsylvania to prevent kidnapping, which operated, of course, to the advantage of runaway slaves. This law the Legislature at the last session repealed; but the Governor failed to sign the bill. He said it was because it was not presented to him until the last hour of the session; but ho did not say whether lie had time enough or not in that last hour, to sign it. Tho failure has, no aoubt, been to his advantage with the free soil people; and, in fact, it was a clever thing, because the election will have to occur before he cun be called upon again to sign it. Upon the whole, the position of Governor Johnston is about the same, or not much better, than that of Seward; for if the former is not so ultra against slavery, be is far more impracticable on the tariff question, being just about 20 years bohind the time. Mr. (JtoLK, after the Governor, made another very happy speech, and was followed by Mr. Kil linger, in a very shrewd and earnest exhortation, lie declared that Scott was nominated by the whigs to counteract tho influence of Mr. Buchanan in this State election, in behalf of the democrats. He (Mr. Buchanan) was at the bottom of all the demecratio nominntiun-; he is understood to have cast his for tunes into the issue of this State election. Wo have determined to meet him; and the contest not only iuvolvcs our State ticket, but our candidate for the Presidency. We believe that we can carry Scott, and that Scott can carry us. Suoh, substan tially, were the remarks of Mr. Rillinger. LAST DAY. . Ji nk 25, 1851. _ue convention to-day were occupied almost ex clusively in the aelection of candidate* for Canal < ommisaioDer and the five Judges. John Strthm, of f.141 ^omwissioner, defeated the original caucus candidate of the Scott majority, Mr '.u? against the We8t were also \ictorious upon the Judgee, esjiecially upon the fifth, K?ffin?n. hemg narrowed down to Jessup and Buftngton, in which, after a very tight fit, the ? Il trn Bufflngton, was defeated. A motion to strike out the sixth resolution?that is, pressing a . ac8ul*,c?no? in the measures of the slavery adjustment?was mado, but not agreed to. Several free soilish whig delegates defined their oppoiition to the resolution, expressing the greatest oonfi ience, at the same time, in Soott and Johnston, aud the other nominations; and that was the end of the business on the slavery and Presidential question, ihe administration is complimented over the left? We hater geU tbe ga-by??eott is nominated on non-committal principles, to help Johnston out in his elytion?the fugitive Slave law is substantially repudiated?and the President and his cabinet, in the South, may make the most of it. Thegrcat ob ject here is to save Pennsylvania. That's all. Lancaster, June 24, 1851. ir II7i?'g Ccmventi m and its Doings?Administra tion Polity TgUristd?Rt tstablishnunt of Gen. Tifjr/or's Plutform im the Slavery ^ue.tum - Kn lhv>ia*m fur Srott, +c. g-r. The proceeding* of the WTiig Convention to-day will, doubtless, cause a very considerable fluttering at Washington. The whig party of Pennsylvania have virtually, under cover of a back-handed com pliment, Tylcrited the administration, dicarded the 1-ugitive Slave law, and nominated Gon. Scott upon the noncommittal platform ef Gen. Taylor. But, in every other respejt, and particularly upon the' tariff questioo, the new declaration of whig princi ples, State aud national, is fully up to the standard of Henry Clay. It is a stiff, rigid, whig platform, upon the old model of that of 1841, with the ad dition of a free soil application of the Fugitive Slave law. The nomination of Gov. Johnson for re-election, to day, was truly enthusiastic and unanimous; there is no question of his being, by all odds, the most available man for the whig*. The reception of the name of Gen. Scott was, also, considerably uproar ious. nor can there be any mistake about bis being the man fir I ennsylvania, above all other men. for the grand set-to of the presidential oanvass. lie resolutions from the oouiuiittco on the sub ject, were, of course, out and dried; but. when re ported, it appeared that the most important one at thisi crisis, endnrsing and fully pledgfog the wh'g i'*"*WkL? r*"hS"'""PPort of thef ugitive Slave r vTi en l'uffoc?^a in committee, it was n it digestible; it was teo uiuoh?entirely too much for the convention to swallow, especially when it placed Gen. Scott and (tor. Johnson both in a very awk ward predicament. Mr. Soott, of Philadelphia in ecMeuticn, made a very bold attempt to restore the resolution to the catalogue; he pleaded hard for *tiinding up to the constitution, eiplleitly and frankly, and without equivocation; but it was no go it was not the thing Mr. sAitt, Mr ,W son, and their Philadelphia detachment of i urtom louse consenatives. were put to silence bytheargu mi nt of Leomis, liarragh .?d others, showing that ii d lb?!". aI 'be coiij raittce covered ever vtbing. and that to descend to the particular speed ation of obeuience to the Fugitive .sure Uw/w?ulJ be basely truckling to the 8oulh. The Fugitive Slave resolution was, then-lore, ruled out by tbe previous were sdiitit i? r,ui ">"<??''? resolution were adopted, W to tf, about the proportion bo Wv bsU r D ?l ,Mc0tt' ?n'1 Billmorc aud The whig platfoim of Pennsylvania, for 1.852, In nliir.i'.V ?CBl,1il L'fh l,r,,t-s otiv* tariff, and hos ili'y to be i-ugiliye .slave law The throe or four thousand abolitionist* in the Mat# had to be an 1? "n slavery worked . i V "?C ? '? 1 ? " ,b' ,ligb prelective teliey in iVniisylvama. Why not aireln aani. ?. 'nm^M f Ibr|'i''"J. r"1 '*r,te ?"* i? *??*?? ?oundf-b s and forge. all over the State .u a. .nun: of the deluge af HriUsb iron pouro-l into n. Z r.l U'l'.dfr ,b? 1 "ni' ?"W Ml,dor the SIM kc of the 1 ennsylvania tuanur?ctories. at pricoi I. T.n .'h V!' ' , Kr?* ?*?? resolution and in the speeches of the d .y, it is very evident wilVlo! !"*r* <,|D"!'t b</ lb"1 * pf'^dive tariff fall Z <>^e! in,br ?"????* '"?? vuss by the whig*. It may be preposterously ab suid to expert a better ?rriff than that of'l^lti while it works so well for the treasury; I!1 IT/7. proportion of the Working classes of this . late Who are dependent on the iron or coal bu sincse, and he who rnoet boldly advocates iheir in t crests is ihe man for them The whig candidate for Governor, the whig no minee for the Presidency, and the whig platform, ns laid down by tbia convention: are. no doubt th. most available for Pennsylvania that could have

beau selected. If Johneten can he re-elected, it U rnon bis schedule of H|n |f ,h? wl,j(r, m f . f .'!n'h "j *1,* ' " " 0I,,J wt,h ? military ber . orsuch grand achievements ?? shell be saflMeiit to eclipse the somewhat ru.ty gl. ry d. ?o?ra'ir principles; and this military hero's popularity will be wanted to help out the Governor as in A very prominent obieet of the rvou....a'i?n .rf . cott, i to give Gov. Johnston the beiM-Ht .f his nam* in the >tate elections this fall. Mr Kellia ger, in his out-of-doora iprcch at th? Court II <u*r t?nlKhr. tleclared that as th- Heading l onver.t,.,o bad made all their nominations fur the ben? fi: of J.inii s buebai an for the IVealdeocyi aud thai ?? b bad thus been rnnde in fact the iisu* in this can yew, the whig* ?<-,? eompeOrd to th?-m iv i i ,h<'"' Vf W.iuinitio- , is lo Willilt\cr fopntarilj nifty *?lA<h tW (Virn iii hit by the vlrtusl nomination of Hu h*<itn n ? be tithetslde; and but for the wrv-c- iv of hi 1* ? b? loweilal stimulus ?t i;et, { a bi. into fhle Mate ea-iva-? to >.< l ? t-.iv Joliiotoi. i? t p-rti i iwvtein that to ?./ i i-tratioii would jt?.t have ken It 1,-r it . si. iiiuorj Mile, .^-cetl to J.k.aea aud tb. - i. Johmten U thus made waaaa mijt to >colt si How It ia to work, !? yet to b? Ml nitrated. It is hardly to b? expected that the administration, or its recipient* of patronage, will enter very cheer lully into the fight for the (tavornor; nor do the nbulitiooiati appear to be concilia'ed with the o|ui tocal resolutions on the constitution and the laws. It would seem to he inevitable, that the doing* of this convention must work to distract the whig* in this Mate, and to destroy the party in every South ern Mate ia the I'nion. tien. Soott, it is distinctly foreshadowed, will be the whig candidate for '52; that he will b> non committal on slavery and the Fugitive Slave law, and that if he is nomiuated,it will ho by the North, against the South, and the wbige of the South. It ii also probable that tbisuixy lead to the putting up, iu ilie Seotb, of a I'uivn candidate by tbi whig* and I'nion democrats, and th it Web iter or Kill more uiay be the luun At all events, this Whig State Convention has largely increased the chauees lor a scrub rare in 1*52. The whigs here seeui to be eoiiMent of success; with here und there a in in who says that Fillmore and Webster have been d?d binWy treated; but, upon the whole, they stem to believe that Fillmore is a good soul, and will submit; and, us for Web ster, he never would answer for Pennsylvania?be ing not only no soldier, but opposed always to the war. More to-morrow. W. BV IKLKURAfU. UiciiTut, Ha.. June 1861. The Convention dispersed with a distinct presentiment of defeat in October. The bringing of General Scott into the contest, to help Governor Johnston, is a bad sign?indelicate to the administration, nnd impolitic ; but with the defeat of Governor Johnston, it is expected by a few silly people that General Scott will decline Mr Webster is out of the ijuestion in t'eaasylvanU. The Mormon Morder at Beaver Island. EXAMINATION OK TWO OK THE 11 t'UDXKKRN. [Pram the Detroit (Alicb ) Advertiser. June 21 ] The l'Eori.8 vs. H. U. McC't llooii AiDSvwrx? Graham ?The defendants in Court, June 10, lSsl, in charge of Lyman Granger, deputy sheriff. The defendants, by their oounsel, pleaded not Suilty. .Samuel Bonnet, sworn:?.Says he Lnows efeudants; they, at the head of about sixty Mor mons, surrounded our house, on the 7th instant, ?u Beaver Island, (Bennet's house;) told us they came to arrest us, and if we did not surrender ourselves, thev would take us, dead or alive; we shut the door, and told them wo would not obey Mormon law, King Strang's law, or any other law, but the laws of our country; I caught up my shot gun, which was loaded with shot; my wife, who was very much alarmed and excited, took hold of it to wrest it from tne, and in this struggle the guu was accidentally discharged; the Mormons then commenced to break in our howm, and fired in at the window and door several shots; we managed to keep out of the way of the balls, until they at last brske in the door, and several of them came into the ho'ise and drag ?m ed my brother out doors, and then commenced to re at him; he received five balls before he fell; during the time that they were firing at kirn, he raised up his bands and implored them, in the name of the Almighty God, to spare his life; the defendants were giving orders to fire; they fired several shots at myself, and one nearly cut my hand off; my wife ran oil towards her brother's home, nearly frantic, when they followed her and dragged her back to the house, and kicked and bruised her ; they dragged my dead brother to the beach, and threw him into bis own boat, and compelled me to go into it too; they then put sail to it, and conveyed us to the llaibor, before the Mormon Justice, who issued the warrants for us; my hand was bleeding during that time, and the most of the following night, dur ing which time 1 was a prisoner : I fainted several times that night from loss of blood ; that night I overheard Win. McLeod Kay to MoCullogh, (ono of the defendants,) "you did one thing wrong, that you did not kill the other fellow, (meaning myself,) you ought to kill six others, and I will guaranty you sgsinat ill iaw ;" he said McCullogh cut out my brother's heart in my presence, and McLeod washed his hands in the blood ; they hold an inquest on the body; the most of the jurors had bee l engaged in murdering my brother; three men, who were not Mormons, would not sign the verdict; the Mor mons brought in a verdict to clear themselves; I heard the defendants say, in January last, that they would kill me and mv brother; they (the Mor mons) are in the habit of annoying us with law suits before their Mormon justic^; thoy had us arrested twice, last winter, and inaire us pay seven ty dollar* and some cents; they burned our two bouses, last winter, and a gang of them came after wards, in broad day light, artnei, to our bouse, aod took our provisions before our eyes, and we not dar ing to stop them; Strang threatened our lives fre quently; in consequence of being so annoyed, we sent to Strang, and told him if he would give us what we paid the government for our farm,he could have it; " If your land," said he, " was not deeded, I would rather have it; 1 do not allow the uiuU to buy any land of this despicable government; be. sides, for government land there ere uo taxes to pay; 1 would not pay you anything for your land; but,"raid be, "you must comply with the laws of the kingdom?you must pay me tithes." We will not, said my brother, pay anything but what we are required to pay, according to the laws of our coun try. " Weil, Bennett," said Strang, "if you do not pay me titbe, mark my words, that you will be sorry.' We then left him. Cross-examined.?We only fired one gun, and that was accidentally discharged by my snfe, when she tried to get it from me; we had another gun in the house, but the lock was out of order, and no one could get it off; I could have shot some of the Mormons with my double-barrelled gun, if I had tried to; but I knew it would be of do use, as there were too many of them; 1 do not know whether any of the Mormons were wounded or not; think from the direction of the gun at the time, it could not wound any of them; we did not fire any other gun; my brother did not fire; the defendants wore there; their intention was to kili us; the reason that they got out the warrant for us is, h-eause we told the Mormon constable, three days before, that it would be no use for them to try to execute Mor mon laws up there; that the people were bound not to obey them; wo did not offer them any resist ance; the man whom they were going to arrest thcu was about three miles from our house; we have not lived on our farm since Isst fall, for fear of being murdered by them. I do hereby certify, thnt the ubore is a correct state merit of the evidence of Saiuui l Bonnet, in the case of the People vs. McCullogh and Giahaui, for the murder of 1 bom as Bennet. (.'iias. M. O'Mam.kv, Justice of the Peace. (Frr m the Detroit (Mich ) Tribune June XI 1 There were ten more persons arrested and brought down from Beaver Island, yesterday, on the 1 nitfd States steamer Michigan, charged with sn attiuiptid robbery of the mail, armed With deadly weapons. There were fourteen witnesses brought down, at the ei|?ensc of the l intel States, every one of whom is a witness for the defence?not one was brought Jown for the prosocution. The defendant Strang, and his oounsel were carried up atid brought b*? k free of ex|>ensc on board tho Michigan. The depositions of about forty wit nesses were taken on the i-land, some thirty of which were for the defence, free of expense t?them. The Commissioner's Court rat twehc hours one day si d nineteen hours the second?t'oiumissioacr ilkins Indding the Court, Mr. Bates ap|M-aring for the United Slates, and Col. MrKeyrolds and Mr. Strang for the defendants. As there has been an attempt to prejudge the action of the J *istriet Attorney, ami get up sympathy for the defendants, end give these arrest* a party character, we deem U piojer to statei the complaints made to the I'l'triei Alt >iuey all rauie from Mormon* or Stale oflii era who arc deuiocrsta. The grand jury that found tho indictments were a majority of (hi in democrats, and only made presentments, after a uo .-t | stirat examination. Without s|?ekitig of the evidence, we think the trial will show that the veinment officers would have been recreant to In'y to ba te overlooked the complaints; and no prosecution wa. ever carried on with more courtesy or kindliest toward the accused. [Prim the Detroit Advertiser Jiuic 21 1 On Sunday last, the I'nited States Mar-Hal reerlu d iHtroil, having in bis custody, Kiee, Mil ler, Post, Brown, William Tewnseitd, Asa B. field, Seymour Page and Finley Page, who are under Indictment with Strang,for making and pas sing counterfeit coin of the I nlted Slates, ami ob structing 1 mt?d States mails, aod for stripping goverrtnml land of timbor The Heamer also brought down, at the expense of tho government, thirteen witnesses for the prisoners. The partios arrested are. or claim to he, im portant and influential men in tbs Mormon org an I ration, holding various oftrwa therein, sued as ? post lee, high prieets and abler*. < Hvthe etsmlna t i n. it was twora to, by Strang's witnesses, that he isa prophet, wilted hy di\ use inspiration andclotiied with mlraewh w# powers, among whteh is the gift of pt'ploey ('ne ol tho witnoose-, who rolls bnawilf a Itigk Priest, being oodrr sxaminoti<>o opoa smth. In arvwer to Sing s iwterrogeUures, swore before tho i ? to?oi??toner that "be anew Strang to he a jroilol <A the sarth, gifWd. hy divine iaeaaration, with lairerwlow powers, and ewdooed wish divine g oer; that he (witoess), s? High iHwet. had iskio Ike revewant from St James \Mtroiig), by l*J" g bends on Ike turn, er><l by si .mng it. A ad ? i iho ii.'Oi the w.taess identified tne "covet ui*." rvbrred to by him to he tho l*4a?phomvsue doen m-11 keretolore luhlohed hy a? in the tc-tim irir prophet. wLase tbet M 1st ink id tb'.t he eon b . ?.hew h i seed sew?"I he ?' 1 "* ? wetness lugii > II a eh r- "lie rev rats bvo. elf si.met intoe in the we ?a. ?f iiw r?, | have wit screed eommwai. ati? of evasive' mvo hot woes < tod oaf others, and would ????'Jfi' *h BT| 1 'Tf as |gV.M OSLZOZITAL A&TZOISS. Colonel Collier, lot# Collector of don PrnncU ro, end the Government at Washington, Colonel Collier, late Collector of ban Francisco, California, called upon us a day or two since, for the purpose of getting us to correct e uiU-etatcfc cut which haa been eateasively circulated in the news papers, to the efleet that he is a defaulter to the government ia a laige amount. Colonel (.oilier denies the iinpatation in toto, and lays that the only foundation for the inis-stateinent ia the fact that, in his accounts with the government, several items, amounting to a considerable sum in the ag gregate, have not, a? yet, been allowed by the go\crnment?that their allowance has been sus pended; but be has no doubt that ia due time, whuu the Secretary of the Treasury shall be informed of all the circumstances connected with the adminis tration of the CoUectorsbip of San Francisco, all of them suspended items, 01 he termed tbom, will be allowed. Colonel Collier was appointed Collector of Cali fornia, at a salary of fifteen hundred dollars a year As soon as he received his commission be proceeded to ban Francisco, uud on his arrival there he found three hundred and twelve vessels in port, oo hoard of which were goods to a very large amount. His predecessor, who acted under military authority, having left no boohs or records of his doings, Colo nel Collier could not ascertain what cargoes had pauldutus, and what had not. In this dilemma he exercised his best judgment, and the governmonl accuses him of having collectod twenty-seven thou sand dollars too much. This was an error which was inseparable from the situation in which be was placed, bating no books, having no assistance of any kind, and, consequently, having to act, not only asCollector, but as Marshal, Judge, Examiner, Ap" praiser, and in almost every other capaolty. Much blame is attached to Col.Collier, for having forfeited a quantity of brandy which had been taken to ban Francisco. The following are the circumstance* under which the forfeiture was made: When he left Washington for ban Franoisco, a oopy of the treaty of commerce between Franco and the United btatcs was put into his hands. By that treaty, French merchants were not allowed to earry on any indirect trade with the United btates, or to import into the United States the produsts of any country but their own. boon after his arrival in ban Francisco, ? several F'rench vessels reached there with goods and produce from Brazil, Chili, and other places. He inquired of his predecessor if he had heard of any change having been made in the treaty of commerce between the two countries and was acswered in the negative. With the treaty before him?with a number of letters addressed to him by the American merchants, calling upon him to enforce the law, and with copies of protosts issued by American Consuls at the places from which these goods were shipped, Col. Collier seized a large quantity of these goods, which he declared forfeited to the United btatcs, but allowed the vessels to escape. In November of the same year, he wrote to the becretary of the Treasury on the subject, and in the following April he received a reply to the effect that, in the month of July, an arrange ment had been entered into with Franoe, whi.h allowed of the importation of goods in the manner in which they had been imported. Uf course, Col. Collier could not have known of this modification of the treaty between the two countries. Tho re sponsibility of the proceeding, therefore, rests on the government, for not making him acquainted with the altered state of things at the earliest mo ment possible. Col. Collier is also accused of not literally follow ing the rules of the department in certain respects, lie did not insist that cargoes should be landed within fifteen days alter their arrival, as the law requires. Under the state of things which then ex isted in ban Francisoo, Col. Collier says he did not hesitate to say to the merchants that they might bond their goods on board of their own ships, so i thai they tnigWi not incur the expensa i?C *is dollar* a ton for landing them, and fifteen dollars per month for each ton, for storage. Under this state of things he did not hesitate to disobey the practice in ordi nary esses. Among the suspended items of his account, is one for a large sum which was expended for rent. Col. Collier was authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury to rent a building for a custom house, giving preference to one that was fire-proof. He solicited proposals for such a building as was re quired. lie was offered one at |7,(>00 a month, and another at |10,(K)0 per month, lie leasod the |7,U0U one for one year, subject to the approval of the becretary of the Treasury. The Secretary disapproved of it at the end of four months, and he left it. A building which was offered to him at f l(Xi,000 a year was then finished, and he leased it at f.1,000 a month, subject to the Secretary's ap proval. Of the rent for this building, $?4,000 is among the suspeuded items. Another suspended item is for money expended in building a wharf. Col. Collier, as Collector, re futed to receive a large quantity of unclaimed lum ber; but Mr. Itodiuan, who was sent out as a q>o clal agent of the government, Insisted that the merchants of ban Francisco ought to have the same facilities extended to them as were enjoyed by mer chants in other parts of the United States. He was obliged, therefore, to assume the keeping of this lumber, and having no plaes to stors it, he was obliged to build a wharf for (he purpose. Hy some means or otker the wharl sank into the bay, and with it six or seven hundred tons weight of lumber. was he to do under these clrcum'tanc. s I I le could not await Instructions from Washington. He accordingly built another wharf, a? rapidly as pos sible. and had the lumber taken out of the water, and piled up safely. The cost of this second wharf is not allowed. Another charge against Cel. Collier is, that he did not make quarterly return* of the expcn*?* of hi* tffi*e, and submit them to the Secretary of the Trea ury. fader the circuin*tance* which existed at the time in California, it eat impossible to com ply with this rule of the department, lie paid hia officer* at the end of arery month, and wrote to the Secretary of the Trea*ury that He would be obi iged to continue to do *o, or he would not be able to keep men in hi* office, a* they were obliged, at that tune, to pay their board mot ey in advance. There are the circum*tanee? under which Col. Collier discharged hi* dutic* a* Collector, and the above are some of the charge* that have been tuvde against him. Col. Collier went to California With a *a!ary of fifteen hundred dollar* a year, and had no a ssist - ant* at nil. A* Collector, he had to collect the revenue*. Aa Appraiser, he hod to value good*. \\ ben be reiacdgood*, he luul toa**uiue the fspo.v *ibility of Admiralty Judge in deciding upon for feiture*. and be waa actually obliged to act a* Mar thai and carry hia own judgment* into effect How different ia the situation of thing* in California now! T Butler King ha* a salary of {10,(100 a year; he ha* an assistant with a salary of fti.UOO or #7/100. a Surveyor with a salary of #K,000; two Appraiser* at fiti.MM each; two Assistant Appraisers at {1,(100 each, and a Distrtet Judge, district Attorney, Mar *bhl, and other officers are lo rated there for the pur nose of carrying the law* into effect. Col Collier, fr> in the necessity of the case, was obliged to aa iiibi# every kind of responsibility, indeed, we think be ha* been treated m a very shabby manner by (be government. If he had insisted that the uierchants should haTc unloaded their veneris when | he went there, and landed their good*, an immense amount ?f property would have been destroyed by the first great fire. The ship? in the bay, however, krpt tbi property safe. Mr. Hodinan, hi* sucoea nr. saw ut to enforce the Custom llou.?> regula liuH in this respect, and theeonsnmcneeIs, that by the last great fire, property to the talue of several mill r? of dollars was destroyed, which would hare been saved if Col Collier'a Ha# had keen eon tin u?J, of allowing the tner haute fo store their good* sfl< ut. The Attn California, In speaking on this subject, ??!*:? Mice the srrlval lure of Colonel Collier, he became, y. I belly BWkfw of I lie rfak ami danger whlrh wo.,t,| rrnwe tf the weool mods ef cusfom house busineee should he itlkUf enfi retsl lie fherefiwe, puttied <be ?er chant* to iters afloat. OoMj on rtilpbesM arm tMi almost entirxlj eaoaipt from An- rink* But tftwrraaf rt MW lit to M>ud out b.-r>> SB mgrnt who know a* me* about California u umny utbrr iyp^mtrM wat brr* aytaa missions for which mother eduoatioD, Uftc oar tha MO^0 fitted them Thu an-nt a Mr K.cJuian eaaaa piw tended to see and ca.imtm- into the custom bouse v. rauKcmi-ota. and report upon the warehousing facilities of this port, jam pod at an opinion and made hi* report against the evidence of hie eyeaight that Wan Iraarur* abounded in safe, lire-proof building*. et.Mahi. for puMie ?tore*, which merchants aud ahipp- r? coaid una I -r bonded good* In consequence of thie report. O .i ad Collier nccirid an unruerited aluount of o inlauiui and dually wae reject, d by the senate for an odkae who h he had eo faithfully and effectually fllhd. and in which hy a wire and libera! policy, he had saved million* ad .? Uara to the citizens. without a dollar'* In** to thef overmaetu Another evi>Wnce of the petty manner in winch it wu* expected Colonel (.'oilier should condisrt kta office ue C ollector, is the fact that he wtu limited to mi expenditure of $150 for b *itfe, in which t? keep the public money*, lie endeavored to per chase one ut that rate, hut without success. He was offered one for $1,700, which at public auctints realized $000. I'.eing restricted, he ww obliged, therefore, to get on as well as he could, and k?*f? tbe public money* in his room, without a ?*uti, nnd without u sale, having upward* of a million off dollar* in it ut a time, auu afraid to loarc hi* over sight of it for a moment, lest it might be stolen. This wu? tbe condition of thing* when the Aral J;reat fire broke out in Sun Francisco, and or Colonel Collier's resolution, the flsinw in all probability have consumed the t'olleetor'* i fiee, and the government fund* would have stolen. A* it wa?, it wa* with great difficulty he saved both. Three or four hundred tuen congre gated round the building, and demanded cointweaa tion for assisting him in saving the office lie wee attacked by these men, aud was obliged to oaM upon tbe officer of the revenue cutler in the barker for protection, which was promptly rendered In conclusion, from what we nave heard, we ihtak that Colonel Collier wa* perfectly justiArd in alt he did. He did not hesitate to assume responsibility, when it wa* necessary for hitn to do #o, for the in terest of the government and tbe mercantile com munity. If he bad been timid, or if he had de clined to disregard, for the time being, the strict letter of the law, ohaoa would have reigned su preuic ; the revenue would have been lost; the go vernment would have lost everything ; and property to the value of several million* of dollar* would have been destroyed by fire. Change* In thu Value of Real Kstate In the bower Warda of the City of New Verb. It is curious to notice the change* which have oc curred in the value of real estate in the commer eisl part of this city, during the last thirty years; and to observe that, notwithstanding the constant 'ncrease of the city in wealth and population, aueh are the whims and fancies of men of business, ?am* location* in tho lower wards, where the trade aud commerce of this emporium are carried on, arw actually valued at less than they were twenty ur thirty year* since. This is shown by the ratu at which such property is constantly sold, or i* valued by the assessors for taxes, or the compara tive rents paid thereon. We propose to give a few instances, as tbe result of our inquiries and observation*?first remarking that the in. crease of the value of real estate in the lower part of the city has been great in the aggregate, a* might be supposed, from the general removal of families up town, and the conversion of dwelling houses in the lower wards into stores, hotels aud boarding bouses. The following is the comparative valuation uf real estate, as assessed, in tho four lower wards, in lKfci and 1H19-.? 1832. 1H|?. First ward f ID,.112,000 $?*.(>11,100 Fecund do 10,514,".00 11 ,*11,250 Third do ?,M?7,?00 12,627,700 Fourth do 6,731,700 8,0d0,170 Total ? Mi, l3fi,3tX) $ti3,530,270 Increase value of real estate in these fonr wardr. ?17,093,970. A large portion of this increase of value in build ings, however, may be attributed to the coat of lha expensive banking houses, warehouaoa, and other edificca, which have been erected ainco the groat fire of 1835, and ether improvements which hara taken place down town?for it ia a fact that tberw hat been a great decline in renti in such atreeU aa l'earl street, Greenwich street, and other section# of the lower wards, within the last twenty years. In l't-arl street, for instance, if we compare the renWi paid at present, with thoaa obtained for the aaine warehouses in 1932 and 18M, taking the whoU range from l'eck slip to Broad street, we find thn decline from fifty to seventy per oent. We asjr name one store in that street, which formerly rent ed for three thousand dollars, and which now rent* for nine hundred dollars only. l'earl street, it is well known, has been for many years the great mart of the dry gools trade, and it is mainly in that business that most of these great changes have taken place; and this decline in renin in l'earl street has been going on, while the trad* in dry goods has increased in common with other branches of oommerce. If we inquire into thn cause of this apparent anomaly, we believe it will be found mainly in the propensity to change?whack is common to all human affairs? which causee tha influence of fashion to operate as well in trade, an in the social ooncerns of life. The first great chnngn in the course of the oity business, which withdrew much of the dry goods and other trade from Peaif *treet, occurred after the improvements whioh took place after the great fire of llecembcr, IKUV, a largo l umber of extensive warehouses having bcea erect ed in other streets in the First ward, after that event. In oonoequeuco, many merchants removed from l'earl street to those locations, soma of whisk, again, in turn, are losing their shars of popularity us favorite stands; and at the present time, Itroadway, which, a few years ago, was prin cipally confined to the retail business, is thn most fa-hionable street for the wholesale fancy and staple dry goxla trade, ami the highest rrnts In the city are paid for the new aad eostly was* houses in that quarter. Fulton, John, Nassau an 1 William streets, may als? be said to base improved as business strict*. within a few years. I curtlandl street has materially changed Its ibaraoter, and prop, rty for businesa purposes ia that str<et. has greatly increase-1 in value Itoy street ia, at present, undergoing great alteration#, by widening the street, ami the erection of many -paciou* wairlx uses, calculated foe the wholesale tiade in various bran bra. Tbs lower pari of Greenwich street was formerly occupied a* reaidenree by some of the most fashions ? ble families in tb? city it is now principally tenant ed by boarding bous, krcpeis, particularly by those who accommodate German and other emigrant-, which has the effect, generally, to dries out th? American populnlioa. In that part of the etty. rents are lower than they were lairty years smoei and dwelling hnneta whteh then rented for ??**'. may now b* had for tw, nty (I** per oent le?? ?any ?000. The following shows the low valuation placed by the Assessors upea -viae ef the dwellings m Green wich street t? No. 3H, a large building f?rtnorly the re-idonee off thr late NVi.liam W Wsolsey,... fll.iKM No. 31, assessed to l* ihhby, ... b.StW 32, " K II Morris It.Mff tt, " J. P ."Warm MM The elegant r ?w of dwrlMng house- fronting thn Howling linen and State ? lreel, are now valued at oonsidetably less tkau ih-y would probably Kirs brought thirty yeurr ?inr?. or so* after they worn arret* 1. They art estimated by the assessors at froun f is,(mi to ?2D.UW each, ami it appoare fiom tbn sales of the lots en wh oh they were built, mode by order ef tbe < orporatiuata MS. that tbey wetopstr tbased by tbe persons named at tbe t leomg prices Ne. 1. John IIone, J. l'rter Hemsea ?,*?? 3. James Hyers, ? ??? fi.JM 4 Klbert Anderson. II.?W 5. Abi.iab Weston. *?.??? t? l*?minirk l.yreb ll.lflM 7. Stephen Whitney, la,mat a A. Weston, " I'M -II -.JMI l(?. Ilobert Iemu .... f.Mh 11. Jos. Itlsckwell, t.MM 12. John >wartwont, fiPM Mo?t nf these hours are still oecapsed by sld New Yorkers, aad are < onsoiervd h limasU# rsa dcn< r?: but it i- aot probable that tb?y eoo ?Hb? staml the progress of improvement and lbs de?ire for change, many years longer. It i- sortsin toat the lower part of liroadway. l-iwhng < cw ?. street, and vb inity, nu-t ---on be o. rnpel only fur warrhv^scs hotel-ar.d board)-g h . I he fact- we hove stated i lesrly -b"W th <t real c-ta e, even in the moet po-spnr el'.ies. is subject In flu< tnaii"W* la ? susun iti i rs-ilrle be fore-cea by tbe mndl calf fill obsererrs, bet eftea govnvned by tba waims and faaeic of ind oiusi- -ngseed in trade. tf y _ it g an inflii. t <e ou tbe fashion- aa i tarls J ft < theix tod jet?ci?Wv?

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