Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 27, 1851, Page 4

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated June 27, 1851 Page 4
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ARRIVAL OF THE ERUOPA'S MAILS. FURTHER EUROPEAN NEWS, fco>, fcc., &o. The Kuropa's mails arrived in town yesterday. The operations in American ?<tate stocks hav? been steady in London during the week, and Messrs. Bail &. Son quoted, on the 13th inst., the prices as follows: ? Vnited States Si* per Cent Bonds IW2 106 a 100 United 8Ut<* Six per Cent Bond*. 1808 112 a 113 I nit. d Stuwn Six per Cent BtJck. 1807-68.. ? al07>i Jlew York State I'ire per Cent, 1856 90 a 91 lesion City Five per Cent 1858-62.. 92?, a 93^ r.nneyleania Fire per Cent Stock 82 a 83 Ohio Six per Cent Stock 1870- 75 ? a 105', Ma-*. Fire per Cent Sterling Bonds, 1868... 106 a 107 Ma*)land Fire per Cent Sterling Bonds.... 90>i a 91?,' Canada Six per Cent Bonds. 1874 107 u 107 Montreal Citj Six per Cent Bonds 83 a 84 The Vox dn Proscrit of the 7th inst. contains a democratic in inifcsto, signed by Maxzini, Ledru Rollin, Paruz., and Kuge, painting the progress of Kurope towards republicanism. This is the signal for an outcry of the royalist papers against Lord I'aluierston. The manifeito does not meet with much favor from the democratic papers. The Algiers journals of the 5th instant contain reports from General St. Arnaud down to the 2J, at which date he had returned to Djijeli, after com pletely reducing the three great tribes of Beni Amran, Beni-Foughral, and Beni-Ouarzeddin. l'rince Metternich left Brussels on the 9th instant, with his wife and fumily, for Johannisbcrg. Before his departure, the prince was admitted to a private audienee of the King of the Belgians. A duel was fought, week before last, at Munich between the Prince de Wrede and Baron de Ler ?bcr.field. The baron was wounded, but is out of danger, though still confined to his bed. It is said that, on seeing him fall, the prince hastened to him, and offered his hand, but the baron rudely pushed, it aside, saying, "1 have nothing in common with you I he cause of the duel was an assertion of the baron, that in 18!S the prince had shown cow aitiiee and hid himself in the Jewish synagogue. Account! of the 12th inst. from Paris, state that petitions in favor of a revision continued to bo pre sented to the As-iembly. In spite of the political agitation the funds arc higher, fives closing 39 cen times better than on Wednesday the 11th. 1 he question of the revision has assumed so un. promising a shape, that the Duke de Broglio hw intimated that, though he is willing to assume the office of President, lie cannot undertake to draw up the report of the committee. The reporter will not be selected for about three weeks. It is sup posed that the choice will now fall upon M. de Toe sjuevilie. Modifications of the military were spoken of in Sptin on the 7th inst. Ilie Prussian post office had reduced tho postage on English newspapers to its former rate. Pbc military force in Ireland is no sr reduced to 18,000 men. The crops in Ireland never before looked so well. An abundant harvest is anticipated. The Dublin Nation announces that the next ge neral meeting ofthe Tenant League will be held on the banks of the Boync, on the site of the me morable battle. Lord Melville died on Tuesday night, the 10th ?net , at Melville Castle, near I.asswade, in the county of Edinburgh. The deceused viscount, al though a British peer, took little interest for two years in political affairs. In early and middle life, bottrer, he occupied a somewhat prominent place mthe political world, having been president of the Beard of Trade, in the administration of Mr. Per cival, from 1809 to 1812. A discovery has just been made at Hermioncs, in Ibe Peloponnesus, of a certain spring of water which, when mixed with oil, becomes at once a kind of soap. A sample has been submitted to che. analysis. Our Genoa Corrripondence. Genoa, May '28, 1851. Genoa? The House of Columbus? Catharine Hi yes? Murit Mabtrltni?Her Probabl, Visit to tht VnUtil States?Sketch of fur History?Tinn^s in (l,noa, lhave been for some time pleasantly domiciliated in this ancient eity.swhieh ffT our little schoolboys and girls at home are taught to venerate as the birthplace of the immortal Columbus. When, in roaming about, a day or two after my arrival here, my eyes rested upon the very house which was once the residence of that greit missionary ofthe Divine will, my heart swelled nrd glowed with gratitude that such a man once lived to point out a road over the btostfm of the mighty dbep, to thg bfnii/V1 j* shores of what lias since become otlir own beloved jmd happy America?happy under the control ?f that same watchful and ever kind Providence, which glided the Pinta to Hispaniola. The iienoese keep the house in good repair, although one could hardly distinguish It from many other bouses in the same street, were it not for a marble ablet which tells what it is. And what next shall I write about to assist in llJin? a *bnrt Ifttrr 1 or why do I propound look a question, since I am in Italy, the land of dark eyed (tonne, and impassioned song?where your fondness for music would direct you first to the wpera house ' Well, I have been there often aince I I came to the rity, and 1 find it to be ons of tke largest and finest opera houses in Italy. The p*r foriucrs. it seems, are employes! for stipulated sum*, and the performance# take place at stipulated times, and arc advertised the preceding day by enormous printed bills, as operas are advertised in the other chief towns of Italy. Here in Genoa, I heard, for the first time, the etlebratcd Catharine Hayes, she has a p.retfy. sweet soprano voice, but I confess that rav etpe*ta ,l'on* w/re fu,l,r rc*li*?*l- taste mis differ from that or many pa rsons, and I may ho deficient in judgment, seeing that 1 am not one of the learned graduates of the 'iiUttanti, but my travelling com panions eoneur with me : and they have all been taiters or the Italian opera at home and abroad, for tome pears. ?ilL' r!?'T1"7 b-a-d Turin, among horn is V?ri< Ma be rlinf. hive made a great sen sation. la her company I have had -h- ptea-ure l'"ur' "l diffcrert time., after * listened to her spirit moving songs. My companions and myself thought her perf rmanees superior to anythirg we had ever heard in the w?T or vocal music, in sweetnes. full 1esa 0f ton<l execution I sought an introduction to her, and readily ohUined it, through one of the titled gentry ' wbom I bad an introductory letter from Paris ,1? . *n'' report, I learn cd that she had been the ptipil. and the onlv one, orthe great eompoaer, Domini. It is aa?ert?i th?t ane ha- not her ,?p?rjor jn j.oro^e : and her tno-al character is nure and unt.irnisbed. You are. doubt less aware that Kos?ini is advanced in years; that he lives in retirement; ha. refuse | for a long time to compose, and is immensely rich, while almost every human honor has hcen conferred upon him; and you can. therefore, imagine the ?salted estimate be placed ?n Msheillnt's abilities, when he volnn .artly took her Tor his p upil. I am told that she has often been urged to visit the United states, impression is, that she ha. very nearly con I ?y? Jf *hf *bont the and if l 'enny reached our shores; J*!-. "V nni In our es'4. the At r/V *? cbara.tcr. she will captivate the American people,.ni command heavy reiuune ??dritSTn'iS.T. Vrf * hint th*' tM? ?> ?Uent ? nd ac omp!i?bed is to land in New York I SEUrt Vet hl ? sum*thing of i f s^nnrn i> '' l*"r*ncc, an 1 as r<>u arc something I will? ??Uer of female cxeellcnefee, uTilSHsru-nr^ Maberlini. tfcen. is of highly respectable nsrent tYe' hSUt** k ? bon t t seet y . i, year- olef about the height of Mies L'tld, probably wrist,* t'>*? tn IHO pioiimN. ar,d ha, e Inform" s^ht many persons might pronounce her almost^ kowSly. hut when she rawes her bright and e*r,rf ?;re I ir* '" blue eyes and >, animated" her evo/oh.n^ng e*. pr-ssion becomes Hch'ed up with, what I ?hould term, splendid hcatity. Her eves seem, indeed as if they bad been intended for a Snint ( ccelia, who .jt by the old m.-i-ters (whose pa ntings of her may be seen in .om? ofthe galleries of Italy) T* ' ?Jft t,ken ?Bt- ?"'? plA?d on" a a Pr!^fnt Vk ?or,#U becoming lp Mlheen/ ^inA'H with them The forehead of Of eh^l. f fiood; ^r montk imllcafcs firmness L h'r bsiv is of a glossy hlaelr, sr I *hi'e her bust is reryfu i f. tr soet?l T ,Ur,M,', , 'b" hours I pVssed luad h?. ??']*avoriag all the time to qiulltiet through ber eyer yatyinf cxprcs sion; and the whole sum of my conclusion ins, that she was very beautiful iu animated conversation, and a woman of uncommon talents. 1 have never seen her appear before an audience without elicit ing rounds of applause. Her parties are said to be of the most brilliant orler, aud she is often fetnl by the nobility. Whenever sho appears on the stage, the interest the excites is deep and manifest?an uncommon thing amongst an Italian audience, where applause is withheld from many who have fained reputation even in Berlin and I^oudon. Hut will here leave Maberlini, although the whole town is talking of her superiority. I might here weave out a long letter, by telling you of the high state of perfection to which the manufacture ot jewelry, and especially silver orna ments. is carried here; of the beauty, elegance, and cheapness of embroidery, to please the ladies; of the galleries of ancient paintings?the beautiful public squares?the elegance of gardens?the great perfection with which (lowers are cultivated, espe cially theiaponica; of the long white veils of mus lin, worn by the ladies, which cover the head and shoulders, and aro almost elegant in appearance when thrown back; and of the beauty or the dark eyed Genoese, who wear these veils, and wit a whom 1 am so tickled, that the sooner 1 am in forty fathoms of salt water, the better for my hap piness; so I propose to bo off for Leghorn to-inor row, unless i conclude to go somewhere else. K. The Dinner to the Most He v. Dr. Hughe*, the Catholic Archbishop of New York. On Tuesday evening, the 10th inet., an before mentioned in the Ntw York Hmild, a splendid ban quet was given at the Adelphi Hotel, to his Grace the Archbishop of New Yoik, who has been making a tour through this country and the continent of Kurope, and who was to re-embark for America on the following morning. The dinner was served up with all the profusion and elegance for which Mr. Kadley is so distinguished. About 120 gentleman fat down. Mr. Am-inwali. concluded by proposing the i of'" health of his* trace the Archbishop of New York. The toast was drunk with all the honors, amid | the most rapturous applause. llis Grace the Archmshoi', on rising, was ro | ceivcd with renewed applause. He said:?Mr. I Chairman and Gentlemen?I feel too much op ! pressed with the honor which you have done mo, to | be able to find uttertnee to the sentiments to l which my heart is moved on this occasion. 1 con | aider it a jceuliar good fortune in this visit to 1 Kurope that, the first night 1 landed on Kur<>i>can soil, 1 had the unexpected honor and pleasure of being introduced to you in your festive assembly as . the Catholic Club of Liverpool; and it is a happy termination of my pilgrimage in Kurope that the Inst night of my ftay is spent as this evening is about to pass. (Applause.) Since then, as the Chairman lias well remarked, it has been my duty to preach, or, at least, attempt to preach, in dif ferent places; and it is quito true that I might have travelled through all the countries of the globe, from the rising to the setting of the sun, and wherever the lunguiigc which it is mine to speak is under stood, 1 should have found those who would have needed no introduction from the moment that i first had spoken to them the truths of the one holy Ca tholie faith. (Loud applause.) That faith is not British. (Hear, hear, and applause.) It is not It is ] provincial. It is not whig. It is not tory. It is not democratic. But it is Catholic, divine, made for mankind, and not for provinces or nations alone, i (Loud applause.) It is like the light of heaven, in itself color less; and notwithstanding this identity? notwithstanding that it is like the atmosphere, which is the medium of light, uutaiated in itself, it comes and identifies itself, reproduces itself in the heart?(hear)?without disturbing national charac ter, without oversetting individual temperament. (Applause.) For every one?over* preacher is somewhat distinct and different in his manner from another; and it seems as if the one faith would take tbecolor of the speaker, the medium through which it is passed to the uudience?hut then you behold a phenomenon in that beautiful art which we are seeking so much to revive. It is analagoul to an old window of stained glass. We see every little that lit piece gives color to that light which is colorless out side; and although it is beautiful to gaze upon for its variety and combination,yet,afterall, the audienee inside find it so bieuded that the colors display the living?leaving the unity of the faith, notwith standing the preacher by whom it is com municated to them?as it is, and as it came from God. (Loud applause.) it is unnecessary, and perhaps it would not be becoming iu me, to follow out any contrast in regard to this; but one thing I know, with regard to those who are separa ted from th; unity of the Catholic faith, and it la titat in ordtr to ascertain differences, we need not travel at all. (Laughter.) Krerywhere, seets one separated from the other; in the same sect party separated from party, and in each party subdivi sions; so that, in order to find out variety or diffor ei w, it it altogether unnecessary to leave llieli own homes and congregations. (Applause.) Gentle men, your chairman baa spokon ot me with so much eulogy that you will have to excuse ine if 1 say some few words with regard to myself. (Applause ) He has alluded to eiicumstanees connected with my huro] can and Irish origin. He has made use of <li < ir,uinstances for a purpose which it is well befitting for an englishman to do; for, to tell the truth, the old axiom wfcicb has bad eredit amongst Luropeam, holds goodwtlrat in unity there is strength. I con civc that every man who loves the strength of the British Kmpirc must deplore the siiectacle which its guardians now exhibit, when they are spending day after day legislating for two thirds against the other one-third, by way of ce menting the I nion. (Loudandoontinucd applause.) He has alluded to Ireland; and I might, from that singularly unfortunate country, draw facts of histo ry in corroboration of the view which ho has pre sented. You know that for a long time the tnind ei Ireland w?a pared down to one-eight at the very * mw*t It was held that unless a man bolongcd to a class which numbered about one-eight of the impu tation, no matter what gifts of intellect God had bestowed upon him, no matter what capacity to lead armies, or guide the deliberations of senates? unless he was found within the limited circle of the fortunate one eighth, it was of no use. (Apnlaus;.) And yet permit me to make this remark, that out of that one-eightb, there have arisen those to lead yourarmirs, and even guide the deliberations of se nates, the Burkes and >heridans. not to speak of that great li\ing man?1 call him so, though he wai never kind to the country of his birth?Wellington; I say if Ireland, out of one-eight, produced so much intellect, what might she not have produced if ad vantage had been taken of the superabundant in tellect with which th *t unfortunate country ab >unds. (Anplause ) As for myself, it is true I was born in land; i Ireland; and it is true 1 am proud of my birth. (Ap plause, applause.) 1 was not of the fortunate num ber (Laughter) And although tbo scenery that first met my young eye might be as charming to Be as others, in the age of boyhood, when every thing is bright; anil although I can rstnetnber still every line an 1 curvature of the horiaon which was at that time to uie the end of the worli, with nothing be yond; still, when 1 beeame master of the unhappy ifll secret, that I was not to be on an equality others of ray countrymen, the beauty of the scenery fadi J. and I thought there mu<t be something be yon I the hoiiion (Loud applause) It was one of those untortunate secrete, the communication of which removes the bliss of ignorance : and I found 1 was under a state which made distinctions among ber children?that she was a mother end perhaps more to some, a stepmother to the rest, f found that the rights of my birth (for I suppose that the rights of my birth as a British subject would be recognised,) that those rights of my birth had been washed out by the rites of my * I?fur I bit11 - to?(loud sppluuse)?for I was babtised rCatbolie, and that was the ground of iny disqualifi ed on < 'f cout se, as soon as an opportunity presented itself, I, like other driftwood f.oin that old wreck, floated awey on the western wave, and found ano ther land, far beyond the horiton alluded to; and I ht re. l!i> ugh I had no claim upon her hospitality, that -trange parent took tn>> to her bosoB, treated me as her child, and soon ranked me in honors amongst her own favored and first-born. My earrer since has been undistinguished by any thirg which would merit the distinction which you hateconferred upon me this evening; but whatever it ha- been I enn ?ny this, that thos. who I ' 1 fr- ti i ? m i' 11gion, although it has been iny duty at times to mce' them in thoso unhappy controver sies which are the duty of person* engaged in the ecclesiastical state In this age, still I may say, and do so, as far as I know of the general feeling of my I eitisens, there has been no hotor ever conferred upon Be. no elevation in which they did not seem to take pleasure - (loud applause), and I can imagine how j even the bigots among theui (fcr there are some there)?Iran imagine how they would stare at a man who should rail In question my right to cull , myselt A-i ht<ishop of New \ ork (Loud applause ) II I < ven il they did, it VevU l?e only on paper; hut they are not to talk in the legislature of punish- \ ing me f r l>eit g what they say I have a right to, j h<cause it is admitted in America; and I thought when 1 came to I.ngtand last tune, that it was the same here, that there was free Jem of conscience; and after freedom of oonacienoe is recognised, the I n ' ricans. a. hough yon may twu them upon I, are too shrewd aod logical to admit the pr n< iple. and than attempt t* rut off the | ? ?? ( \ | plauec ) 'I hey are tut the peo ri we have opened the fteint. and ; then say the water mud not flow; they are not the people to toll you that winter is pas , and now we proclaim nniversal spring, but the flowers must not ft w (Loud afplsuse ) When they admit a principle, or proclaim it. thry admit its eonao- | quencei, and t hey a Imit the universal right of man ir. that country to serve and worship ttod according 1 to the dictates ofhia conscience: they are too logical, j i ssv. n.d too ju?t to quanel with the . iM?oqii.-nee?, howeTef tnneh some of them may deplore the spread of fh?' awful thing to thi m - the spread of Popery. (Laughter and applause), t entUmen. I think I l ave detained you long enough-(" No, no"); nd, wiU? /CRT, 1 shall propose tba health of one whom I know you honor?who, I have reason to know, deserves to b? honored, in a time like this, when the fotv-e.*, the invincible forces of truth and religion aud passions in men arc in conflict with each other ? when hit man legislatures arc attempting to elucidate the presence of truth, and the consequences of its helief and profession. It is at this very time we Catholics ought to feel more confidence in our position, for, notwithstanding the discouragements of earth, per haps there has been no period in modern historv in which more numerous and more distinguished ac cessions to our religion have taken place from those who, by aiopting a different course, might have promoted their worldly interests, than the one in which we live ; and if there is anything oould add to the pleasure 1 experience from the cordial recep tion you have given me, it is this, that on mv first landing in Liverpool as now, I dicovered, being brought communion with the Catholic Club, what 1 took to be a very fair and honorable sped men of the feeling which ought to pervade the Ca tholics of this empire, and that is a fooling of perfect ?a good old English word well known on board ?hips?of perfeot steadiness. (Applause.) There wus a pulse?a good, healthy, hearty, Catholie pulse, beating ; but then, it was neither faint, falt ering, nor feverish, nor is it now, and it is this gentlemen, yon and your countrymen should pre pare to m??et whatever may result from tho delibe rations of your senate in regard to one of the rights of our religion. (Applause.) I do not know that 1 tho Catholic Church has asked anything of the i British legislature; I do not think they have asked | a single favor; and if you will |>eruiit me to present i it in the form it presents itself to my mind, I should ; say that the highest obligation whioh tho Pope and the hierurchy sought from the British government wus the loan of a few lettors of the alphabet? | (laughter)?the English alphabet, which wo thought to be common property?so that instead of Melipotarnus, or what is it 1 you might take an other set of letters; and if the legislature of Great Britain thinks it important to legislate against this, that is their affair. (Laughter and applause ) But still, amidst this, tho Catholiu Church, sustained by a force more than human, is making oonquests on evory side; witness the groat men who have adorned thatcommunion which has all tho support, honors, and wealthy emoluments of the legislature. These men, in those times, have chosen to pass over and ho associated with the humble and de spised?who by a rabble are hold up to ridicule and contempt. When these things are going on, do I end upon it there is no great reason for anxiety on our part. Look at those who have coruo amon? you in the midst of a tempest unaccountable as it is to mo; for when they brought mo papors on board, I thought it was a trick of editors to get up an excitement. (Laughter.) Then I could not ' comprehend it?now I think 1 can; but I shall not give my grounds till we Bee what may happen. In the meantime, the Catholic religion is triumphant, and more triumphant because nothing is done by buiuun effort to sustain it, and because all the great intluences which sustain this earth are, in a great measure arrayed against it. And whon you too such men as 1 could cnuinorato?distinguished men of that proud establishment of religion by act of legislation coming over to us?1 have no ground of upl rcliension. We give them an exchange?form stance, now and then, such a man as Gavazzi wc give them for a hundred of theirs. (Laughter and ap plause.) 1 shill conclude, gentlemen, by indicat li g my respect to all, but particularly for one who is present, by proposing the health of our distin guished chairman (Loud applause.) The toast wa. ri ved with ull the honors. e r p.- n the' proposed "The United d tlici institutions, founded, as they were, triu priii <T>lea of ligioua freedom." The ton wasdul; rod. ue Mi t Dr. JIcomss was called upon to respond t? t toast. Whenever there is a contro versy between a Catholic and a Protestant, the Protestant is suro to claim religious freedom as a cry that is popular, and of right belongs to his side. (Ilear, hear). So fir as the United States ure concerned, I must qualify the cry very much, and I will tell you how religious freedom occurred there. In somo former times it was not here, as the Puritans found, for they went to America for the purpose of enjoying it; but they never meant it should be enjoyed by any but themselves?(hear, hear, and laughter)?and thejr began to be as in tolerant, and far more persecuting, than the country from which they fled. There were other colonics, for nt that time the colonies were settledaooording to religious caste; and we had one Catholic eolony, for which 1 will claim the honor of having set the first example of religious freedom which is known on the pages of universal history. That was the colony of Maryland, to which the persecuted quakor of Massachusetts, and the persecuted prosbyterian of Virginia, fled from the opposite Statei as a place of refuge, and in which they found their rights im nii diutcly rocogui?. il. Wiu.ii they (ail tnthink they hn?f lived long enough to set up housekeeping tor tl.ciu.'ch < *, they met. MM amongst other things the question of religion came up; and do you now why they have religious freed >in! Because tliey could not agree on any one religion that should be predominant. (Hear, hear, and laughter ) 1 would take from th<- Protestants the merit of pro claiming religious freedom, for 1 have rood a good deal; and to this day I never found a single instance where Protestantism granted religious freedom where it was in its power to withhold it. (Applause.) What kind of freedom, they say, have yoa at Rotte! That does not justify the comparison. Rome never had but one religion, and for whom would they make religious freedom! (Hear.) The Roman people did not desire it; they had not pe titioned for it. I-ook to France, with her thirty eight millions of inhabitants, of which only two and a half millions are Protestants! and are not the Protestants recognised as well as the Catholics! (Hear, hear.) Wus not that a (air specimen! Hal tliey ever, for a moment, thought of ineulting a Protestant- minister because he called himself by a (file which bis community conferred upon him! After returning thanks on tne part of America, the Doctor concluded by proposing the memory ef O'Connell, which was drank in solemn silence. "W f ^ 0~ 0 0 ' ^ The company broke up shortly after eleven o'clock. American Matter* and Manner*. [From the l.ondon Atb?*rnuiu June 7.] Six years ago there wore but four steamship* plying between the Old World and the New. With in the lest Tear, Liverpool, Halifax ard New York have been brought into weekly communication in summer?fortnightly in winter. But this arrange ment no longer meets the ever-growing wants of the two couutries. This month, it has been deter mined by the British and North American Royal Mail Meamship Company to ran their veaeela every week throughout the year. More persona already | nse between hngland and America than between Kngland and the Continent; but there is this difference- that the great majority pass over the wide Atlantir never to return to the old country. Could tbe cost of transit be lowered, there would be a vast deal more tripping and touring of middle class englishmen in tne United .States, with a pro bability (( much good resulting from it to both ceuntri"*. The amount of communh-ttion is in creasing so rapidly, that in ten years from this time we ?hall probably have onr daily departures and ar rivals at Italway, Liverpool, and Southampton, to and from one continent, as we have now at Koike store. 1 >over and Kamsgate to and from the other. The A mericane are a wonderful people. Texas an d California? tbe Mormons and the Itappites? ?ia\ery and rowdyism?wilt not satisfy their crav ing appetite for novelty and excitement. Though eharacteristie of tbe restless spirit of the land, the newest wonder does not, like so many of its prede cessors, borrow its principal ehartu from a moo stmus mixtuie of the criminal and the sii|?r>titious. A change of dress is not a very serious master? but the nature of the change may provoke a good humored smile. Tired, it a*ems, of the forhiona of Eurcte?too long the slaves of Paris and London In all that relates to female frippery and finery? the belles of Wsshington and New York are turn ing their attention to tbe giron and r -Ariel vests, the muslin trousers and embroidered bu?kina, of C onstantinople. M>me of the boldrr spirits hare already ap| ? nrrd in the pr.blic streets in this orien tal (vosiiime, adding a curi sue and ph-turosquo fea ture to the *? roc * hut prosy !ir?s rod hues of Broad wsy. Whether this new mode ? II triumph in the Mates is as yet uncertain ; ha*, the l< tdcre of ton in its litetaiy cities, it is said, smile groeinuely on the pioneers in tbieso railed path of lefortu. The wife nrd ds"gbtersof a certain poet are said to astonish public meetings and morning lectures hy the bfiiliaiK e of their new costume. If the Women take generally to tbe elosc-litting v -it and too tin nations, we suppose the men will, of conrsv, have to <ion the flowing robes nnd g >wna of the Last. Fashion if proverbially it* mstent. But who could have expected, now that Turk and Egyptian, Tunisian and AlferHn, are all taking to coat-thils and pat tah>ons, that the hatchet Meed descendants of the Goths would take to the bright drap<rii? of setni-barbaroiis Asia! How Jona than rou!d continue to go a-bcad at hit usnal pace in such a die;?, we ate scarcely able to imagine N<-r. wbi n tbe bine -toekine. so common in the I r.itcd Mates, has given way before the invasion of jewelled in klets and Mnple drapery, are we aware whether tlie innovator is to give up mo-.ning let tores and at ieiitifie r i frlfiit? -oi for tne ottoman and the t arghiily. after tbe manner of the proto tvne. Fivt lancy the descendants of Quakers and ri grim Fathers, whogilanted stick stern maxims of society on those shores, falling in o these vani to s and v exations' How aetoaitlied would plain William Penn or snsttte Governor Bradford be to ree a b<v.v of New World heauth* sail into elnireh er ir.eetiag?as either of them might if no iii the gorg? mis costume of the Asiatics' T? car wee My oagoeireotye' of the living raan rris pi d into lleoti's! piogress of the sge, we hive sw frae tcntly to indicate a i lerbii condition of n rd in iiv H r. atiasti. co ir , t:??t we Willingly I la< e on it - ord fae!? lik* the following, wh i at it aft tcad to * uggcrt that tfeat condition it not to bo eoniidtrtd normal?and which may bo pro posed aa a very wholesome hint to ouraelvei and one even yet more wanted by oar neighbore over the channel. At the late sale of I'rofeseor Webster e library and laboratory, no attempt was made by | puffs and paragraphs to excite in the public mind, 1 as is too often the case, a sort of diseased appetite ' for thepcseession of these relics ; and the articles themselves, at a very quiet public anction room, were disposed of for about a third of their real 1 value. Prom a determinatien?in the best taste to repress the ?eal of curious collectors, the auto graph of the unfortunate professor was out out of every volume,?at the pen ilty of reducing the pro ceeds of the sale from the amount of their value as monstrosities to that of their more price as books. A single volume, bv accident, escaped this honora ble mutilation; and that accordingly illuserated the moral of the precaution. It became the subject ot a morbid contest, and was sold for a fictitious value. France. The following is the proposition laid on the bu reau of the Assembly by Mr. Creton:? Art. 1. The Aanembly exprw?ef a wi?h that, at the ex piratlon of the Legislative Chamber, a Constituent As sembly shall be eon?oked in order to proceed to the total revision of the constitution of 1848. Art. 2. Iu expressing a wish for the total revision, the Legislative Chamber understands that the powers of the Assembly of revision shall be unlimited, and that that Assembly fhall definitively establish the basis of the go vernment. and of the administration of the country. In consequence, the National Constituent Assembly shall be in the first place called on to decide the republic and the

"'Art'lf'^n the event of the republic being confirmed, the Assembly shall decide whether the legislative power shall be delegated t? the assemblies, and whetner the chief of the executive power shall not be elected by the two assemblies united. ... Art 4 In the event of the monarchy being adopted, the Assembly shall draw up and promulgate a constitu tional charter, the observances of which shall be sworn to by the chief of the State on his ascending the throne. The Assembly shall then proceed, in the plenitude of the powers which shall have been delegated to it by the French people, to point out the person who shall be in vested with the monarchical power, to transmit it here d'lhlfcommittee on the budget deeided yesterday that it will propose to the Assembly to refuse, tor the next season, the subventions granted to the Ita lian Opera an ?' the Odcon. It has also determined to propose a redaction of 3C0,000 Iruucs iu the credit granted for political refugees. India and CHIna. The India in til arrived at Suet on the 1st, with letters from I long Kong to the 23d April; Calcutta, May 3d; and Bombay, 1 Ith. The deficiency in the usscts of the Northwest Bank is estimated at JL'1-0,000. The money market was firm, and rate of interest high. The whole of India is tranquil. The following additional details wore recorded by telegraph:?India was tranquil, but the west ern frontier of the Fuoiuub was still threatened by the robber bands of the mountain in that lo cality. Ample rciuforcements have been sent to the passes. Bain and hail storms were frequent. The perpetrators of the theft on the Bombay Ori ental Bank hud been discovered. The money market coLtinues firm; discount high. Imports dull; but exports, particularly in cotton, very brisk. Cotton, 7H to 115 rupees per candy. Freights to London, X2 10s. to X3 3s. per ton. Exchange on Lenden, six mouths' sight, 2j to 2j flxcharge on London at llong Kong, 4s. 81. to 4s. lid. All kinds of grain meet a slow sale. Coffee a trifle firmer. Russia. The Journal de St. Pdersbowg gives an account of a recent affair in the Caucasus. Five hundred mountainceis made an attack on some Russian troops, but. were driven back with a loss of forty mtn killed and a great number wounded, among whom was their chief himself, lladji-Mourat. 1 he Russians had thirty-two men killed, among whoin were a lieutenant and an ensign, and thirty-eight wounded, including one captain and two lieutenants. European Market*. Livraroot. Corroit Maskst, Friday, June 13 ?The pro gress of the present week has been marked by a gradual revival of that confidence which the great recent decline had effectually shaken; aud the low prices now current have presented to the trade uu inducement to buy freely; the demand for export, previously held held In check by the uncertain course of price*, has also been good; and the total sales of the week have been 46,810 bales. Cot ton contioues to be offered freely; the circumstance* under which a large proportion of the recent import arrives governing Its early sale. General trade is steadily Im proving, the demand for goods and yarn, as well for ex port as t!>e home trade, being materially improved; and the home consumption of cotton, utimulated bj low prices, is already largely Increased To-day. thetra.ic buj freely, and 10.000 isiles are sold, including 3,000 af Ameiican. taken on speculation and for export, at the hit host rates of the week. American descriptions have tiren In general requrAt, the better qualities, whieh era relatively ecarre lor export, the authorised quota.loua lor 'fair" I plaud* is astvaaced one eighth of a penny per lb, those for ' fair" Orleans and Mobiles are not changed; the lower and middling qualities are In general request, and ibey have generally commanded an advance of about one-eighth of a penny per lb. Bra?il and KgJP tlan have heenln only limited request, and they are dull of sale, at previous rates 8urate are also freely offered, at last ws ek e prices. 3 020 bales of American, and 180 of Burnt have bs*n taken on speculation; and 4.000 of Ame rican, 270 Tertiani. 1.100 Burnt, and 20 Madras, ex port. Bales this week ?tfio Bea Island Georgia. lOd a I'd ; 17.270Upland, 3',d.4'?d. ? 44870 New Orleans id a 8!td ; 6.8*0 Mobile, 4'.d. a 6d.; 1,0*0 IVr nambuco and I'araibo.0'?d a7R'd. 480 Bahia and Ma ceio. ?t,d aT'.d . 700 Maranbam 7'?'d. a 8 Sid ; J.000 F.gyptisn fd 100 Drmcrara. 8>?d ; WW. India, fid a C'.d.; 4 360 Burnt 2\d a 4d ; 140 Madras. 3 ^d a ??. d. Inn* * to?To this date,18Al. 947 Alibags; same time, 1880. 791.484 bags Blocks?Gn this date. 1881. AVI 270 bags; same time 1880. 841 030bags Bales?Total Sales to the 14th June i860, 1.0*0 660 bags, total sales to the 13th June. 1861, 820.M0bngs Liss srooi Patera CiaarwT?for the Meek ending Friday June 13, 1861?Bugar-The market has l-cen steady daring the week. but the dem^ba* beenchletly confined to Kast India description; the sales are ,160 hbds B P., and 14.000 bags of Bengal, of which 10.000 were Kbsur at 28s. 3d to JKM per cwt Foreign- I'orto Rloo, :i8s. 64 to 4ls 3d . duty paid, and brown I'araiba. 18s per cwt to arrive. MPluses?Porto Rico, on tbequay, Ids. per rwt Coffee?Our market still continues very inac live; flt Domingo, all faults. 28s to 3ls per rwt. KIce bergs! 8s 44 for good broken to 10a. 6d for fine white. Hum - The re Is fair demand, at last week s rates. Tea To effect sales In common Congous, lower rates have to be taken. W B lac dye 2* 2d per lb ; plate lac 3JM per cwt ; gum copal and castor oil without change, andpeirl sago 18s per cwt. Bsltpetrc. 24s 04. to 28* for .to 8and 2fs 6d for 8 .per rent refraction Nitrate of soda 13s 6d per cwt Guano- The sales have been chiefly youth Amerirsn. without change, the common descriptions are dull of sale The transactions In dye woe ds sre limited American rosin?4s Id for common, and 6s to 8s 3d per cwt for the better qualities Ashs* ? 28s. to 28s. 3d for pot and 30s perewt f. r t* arl Kari India lapemed. 40s per quarter. Amerirsn beeswax. Art 10s to A# 18a perewt Hides- Horse hides, 4s 3d to 4s 7d for 23lb* . and 3a lid tods Id each for 21'4 I he Owirg to the several arrivals of brimstone, some few sales have Wn made at rather easier rates Argot* brought previous prices; Persian yellow berries A3 10s for ordinary to Ab 8* perewt lor fine, and flag annetto 1*. to to. I>>,4 per lb tjnercitr>n bark?Philadelphia, 8s 3d to Is id . Baltimore, lie 3d., ex qua* and 0* 6d per cwt Olive oil at previous rate.; new pal- seal oil. on the spot and to arrive A 30 per tun; pale rape oil, -lis per cwt of tttVpcntil9.31c. to 34i '"d per cwt. I *1? oil I* In limited demand, at lower prices T G tallow. ;?7* fd to 38e ; Bouth tmerlcan 3je 44. to >fls . and North Ameiican. 36e *1 to 37a 6d [erc.t Jute-AlO 10* for Inferior to A16 for fine, and extra fine A17 1M '*Li?*arooi. Paotisioe Msaarv. Friday. June 13?Tlic finer description# of beef have attracted more attention , and some purehasea of such have been mad# on London | account; middling and Inferior sort# continue neglected Ms cannot note any Improvement In pork, tie trade con tinue to supply their wants with Irish and Kuropean. to the neglect Of Americen There has b>* n a better in quiry for becon. and the sales are on an Increased ?calc. but without any improvement In priee ll?m? have en*, tinned quiet Bhoulder# move rather more freely, at a rrduction of Is to 2s on previous rates Th- deman 1 f< r lard ha# not bisn so active; the sale# for the w< ek are under 60 tons Nothing to report in cheese Oreas?'but ter sells at the qui tatione. Lnrsrooi. ItovMssarr. Friday, June 13?Th-re ha* lieen a mod-rat# demand for Iron through the week, and prices remain unchanged American brands of Scotch pig Iron have been more in request; and for No 1 Gart shi rrle. 41# 64 per ton. net cash, at Glasgow has been paid. Tin. lead, and copper are in fair demaud. at former "icillNM. CoM F.*< si.vr.r?Friday June 13?This mort lug s market was throngty attended, and a great busini is resulted in wheat and flour to consumers In t.enaml coontry and en speculation The advance since Tu??day last ha' been fully Id perbu?hel on wheat; 3d. to fld p-r barrel on Am-rtcan. and 1? per sack on Fr. nch II? ur Indian c-rn was not any dearer, but h?id ?r? he'd It more stilly Gat* Improved one half penny p? r bushel and oatmeal fld pevload Barley, b-an*. and p as brovght full pi lees A Boy Ktnwar no.?Ob the 2^*th of May, a man of the name of K bodes made hi* appearance in the northwest part of the town of Shield*, in I Midge county, making inquiries with regard to a farm, under jrctence of purchasing, lie also inquired particularly a* to the residence and family of ledo diah (lark, an old resident of the town, and about (he loratb n ? t the shoolhnusc lie stopped at the hens* cf Mr. t'ooj-er, about two mile* from the re sidence 41 lark, and divulged hi* motive in prowl ing atx ut in that neighborhood, which wa* to kid rap the son of Mr. (lark, aehild of about six Tears. In the morning he laid in wait at the school h >u?e, and the frst *< h <lar who made his appearance was Clark's son. He inquired his name, and persnaded the lad to go with him. He hired a wagon and went to Watertown, from which place the father of the hoy hoea-rc satisfied that Kkodw proceeded to Milwaukee and down tha lake*. This ia a singu'ar and highhanded outrage, and evidently a concerted as ti c man declared that tc would hare the hoy. dead or alive, and was armed to resist any Interference ?H'atrrtmm ( H"fs ) Ri-fi *trr, Jn*r 11. Pr?T (,rrt< w ' "rntaTi'Ts ? The Postmaster ficicrol Irs established tl.a following n? w p-ist <f r* for the wct.t; or ling .Tunc VI, W-l :?l?k?>r m nviile, Niagara runty, N. Y , MY I'o -I, iifincur; t afaiangj*. (at* rang us com tf, N. l , 5 aim n L. Ahnu>n, jOMingticr Brooklyn City IntolHgenco? CHARGE OK BIGAMY?EXTRAORDINARY CASE OF MIS TAKEN IDENTITY. CouMmble curiosity hu eiUtwl for aomi daya pint, aa to a Ft range story that baa been afloat, of a husband supposed to hare been dead, returning, and finding hi" wife married to another, claiming her, and having Insti tuted a prosecution for bigamy ; but nothing very relia ble transpired publicly, until yesterday, when the wife appeared before Juatioe John B. King, who had commit ted her for examination on the above charge. The de fendant is a young woman about twenty years of age, and described herself aa a milliner. Her name is Olive II. Marum. The deposition of John Marutn states tint she was married to him in the month of July, I860, and that she unlawfully intermarried with one ltichard Qcorge Kutherford, In January last. Kx-Judge Dikeman appeared for the accused, and the defence is contained in the answer given by her to the usual question, viz: That she did not know the complain ant was alive at the time of her marriage with Rutherford; on the contrary, her father and mother had told her that they had examined the body of a drowned man at Pot ters field, New York, and had become perfectly satisfied that it was the bedy of her first husband; this was some time before her marriage with Itutberford ; from the statements they made to her after this examination, she did verily believe that her husband wits dead, and did continue so to believe until alter her marriage with Kuth erford, and until the ltith June instant, when he (Ma rum; came to the house where she lived. Lydia Martin, sworn for the defendant?Resided at 12 Nassau street; defendant was her daughter; knew her husband, John Marum; they were married July 11. 1860; defendant continued to reside with witnoss. and has done so ever since; the complainant remained with her four week" after her marriage; after ha bad left, witness saw a notice in a New York paper, which induced her to believe him dead. She cutout that notice (produced and filed; it was an account of an inquest on some uuknowu man); she suppneed it was Jchn Marum, whose body was found; went wilh her husband to the Pottei'.- field, and cam d the body to be disinterred; when disinterred the features were obliterated, but the hair was long and black, like Marum'a; the pantaloons were dark olive green, such as he used to wear at their house; the red flannel ?hirt which was oil the Udy had Mack hooks aud eyes upou the wrists, like one which Marum wore, where butt >,is are usually placed. The body bad on ail under while flauDel shirt; witness's daughter (defendant) had pre viously mAde a white tiauuel shirt for him; we examined that shirt, and cut a piece of it out at witness's request; it contained a portion of the sewing; the seam was :n ide with a douMc herring-bone stitch, and made with double cotton, and that not cut; in all these pa-tieular* it cor responded with the shirt made by her daughter for the ci mplaiiiaiit; from this examination her husbtud and si if became satisfied that it was the body of Marum. ami they expressed thut opinion to persons standing by; that was in September, I860, the 22d or the 23d; when tin y rtturned she communicated that information to her daughter Thomas Martin, sworn?Was the father of the defen dant; he corroborated the evidence of the last witness; and added, he obaervea the finger nails on the body cor responded with those of Warum; they were very short, and Warum used to bite his nails. Jonathan Pteurns, sworn?Was warden of Randal's Island in Sept^ 1860; Martin and wife had called upon him for the purpose of getting the body disinterred, and he had given a note to the person in charge; saw them when they returned, and they had expressed themselves satisfied It was the body of their son-in-law. William C. Webb, Assistant Keeper at Randall's Island, n no inhered Mr. and Mrs. Martin having the body disinterred; they had described the clothing before it was disinterred ; he would have made an affidavit of the identity of the body, from its correspondence with the ile.-criptiou they gave; they -poke of the white flannel shirt Ming made by their daughter, an 1 being stitched with the double herring Mine; spoke also of the black hoc ks and eyes upon the red shirt; his hair they said was Mark and long: pantaloons dark, and of her ring-bone. being sewed with double thread; the descrip tion < f the hair and height which tbey g ive corresponded rxactly with that of the dead body; the body was in such a state that no person could identify it from its features; alter the rx:imillation, they said that the body was that (f thrlr son-in-law Matthew (liltnour and Ann Brown, residing at that tin e on Randall " Island, corroborated the former wit nesses as to tb* circumstances of the disinterment of the body, and its correspondence with the description. us did Christian Jacolw, who dug up the body, and cut the pitce out of the shirt ?lie believed the piece shown in court wu ihe rame, the body could net have been Iden tified by its features by Its most intimate friends. The Rev. Kvan M. Johnson, who performed the cere mony on the second marriage; knew Martin, who had railed upon him and explained the circumstance* relat ing to his daughter s former marriage, and suppo-cd death of h?r husband; did hot recollect the particulars of the statement. Rev. John C. Greene also deposed that they had ex plained the clrcumstancea to. and consulted with him. He had simply replied there was no law against being married, as to time; It was only a question of pro priety Further examination adjourned till Thursday, July 3. Tmv Boston Fissmen.?On Tuesday afleroom, about 2 o'clock, the Eagle Company and their guaeta. the Per kins, assembled at the City Hall, and a Hoe of stage* were in waiting to convey them to John I. Snediker's hotel, on the Jamaica road, where a sumptuous dinner was prepared for them The caval sade shortly afterwards moved on, headed by the large East Brooklyn carriage of Messrs. Ilusted A Kendal's line, containing Fohc' (late Granger's) Brooklyn Brass Baud, and drawn by six fine greys Fight other*, drawn by four horse* each, gaily bedecked with feather-, followed, bearing the two fi.e companies and several invited guests, among whom we e many member* of tha Common Council, and other lead ing men of the city, lion Howard 0. Cady. Roliin 8ami ford Esq . Ac.. Ac. Tbey took the plank road, wad de riving at the Four Mile House, a general halt was ordered, and nearly all the company alighted, to rid themselves of the dust from their clothes and their throats Thus re freshed they proceeded on their Journey, and reached the far-famed Pnediker'a hotel about four o'clock The Boston Braes Rand drawn up in front of the hou-e. entertained the company with some well executed music, and a walk through the gardens of the hotel whiled away the time agreeably enough until the party was summoned to the more serious occupation of dining. The large dining room wa? filled by the company pre. -ent, which numbered about 'JUO, but owing to the pre cautions taken bv the committee of management te ex clude all unbidden guests, no inconvenience was expe rienced. as has been the case on former occasions, and ail were comfortably accommodated The dinner was of the most plentiful and choice description, and served in excellent style The bill of fare com prised all that the most fastidious epicure could desire Alderman Fplnola pre-lded. flanked by the t'apUin of the Ike ton Company on his right, and the fireman of the Kagle on hie left, (as those ollleer" are re-pcetlv*ly termsd) and the llsn. Howard 0 Cady and Alderman Ilusted officiated aa vice-presidents The viands bring disposed of. the champagne flowed in profusion. All th* company with one aeeofd *a?m? J to eschew ?pe? chi Tying. ami toasts and -enUaaata foUowsd inch other in rapid succession. The lion Howabd C. Caov having tiesn called for, briefly a l lrrx. I the ompany He presumed he had N en thu" called upou aa repre-euting a portion of the county, and having upon two or three occasions appeared aa tbe champion of the fir*men lie tbea proceeded to 'Tit that body of men In very high terms lie ennetnfit by proposing a sentiment- That tbey might all long remain in the bond* of brotherly love and friendship. ' and aat down amidst great applause, the land striking up Auld hang flyne.'' ' ?!' ' 'be Boston Fire Company, gave? The City . t-rnmrnlof Brooklyn may they always ap preeMe the Fin* Department aud th* Fire Departim-nt alwai ? ? if sit, th- m A id. mien fl'.s, t i being railed for. rose, as he aai !. ?me difficulty, for being himself a fireman hel eeuld not -peak if the department to enlarge upon their I ? rgpressi d hi* reliance that the eity genn> J IB* id of Brooklyn Would give I hem all the support that I the law * srrantrd them in affording (i he-r- ) II- j - posed "The ('i nstitution and its Compromise*--.ones, twlr* ami f rever a toast which was receive,! and drank nitli much enthusiasm, ami the Alderman mtro dtlr-r d? Roi.i is* 8?? roso Esq who briefly and with som* happy remark* in the name of the IT re Department the gentle men ami Indies of Brooklyn hade the Perkio" Company wrier no This was responded te by thre. h ladles three for the Fire department, and three for the |eople of Brooklyn Fa*- a Ihei M?* Esq . acknowledged the toast ami made n r*ry eloquent address, in which he proposed the heaRh of Aldermen bp nola ami l.t-ech Trie latter ro ll ? d and gave The Perkins Company, and may the Kngle always shadow round them,'* This was the signal far voclfi rous applau. a. fftme-rrg-ard recitation" followed occasionally in tefspafrvd with a -entimrnt in much the same ?train as Ihote above; fi r instance? May the union of the Ik ?? ton aid Brt 'kijn firemen continue till judgment day In the evening " The union of the red shirts of D"<ton and the blue -hlrts of Rroohlyn. ' The tea party ?f Bo*. ? rn In 177.'. and the dinner party of Brooklyn in 1861. ' H.< f.-tivltl- ? were prr-lr nge,| far beyond'lie intended I" ur sod the return of ttu It" Ionian'- that evening, a* Intruded teiig renderrd impracticable, tbey were e? ? irtr d to their hotel in Brooklyn where all partie" ar riv?d ifelv^nd separated I'-r the nrght Ve-terday 'he vl?iter* trvk a reef, and last evening, about flvs o'clock, - tartr d tn their homeward journr-y Pur Cet at ? < B< fora Jmtga Oraanwoed u4 Aldarm.-n I ?' < ti m J I'?11 /'?. H i . h "W! . i [t .1 - 1 in1 Im_ trtrt Att. may finding. pa tnrth. r araminatlon. that ha ronld not pre aura ?uitta>nt itMbm to Mi'tain a ahargn < f wilful tnurdar Ki-nin-t tha prtaouar. Mt<"h*?l Kah?a. front?dad <n tha tadiatmant alraadjr found for mati lanyhtar. on Tna?day morning. The itMrscr wa? not aran ?o Wtlumiuowt a* that addtia*d on lh? rnronar'a in (jii' t. murh batog ruled out a* luadmi-albla on a trial, which w?? gona into for tha pofpnaa of tha tnrarttgatton. and rapcrttd at the tima Mr Air* MaOua apv""*<l for tb.r pri-cnar and did ant ?trug?!a against a rardtrt t f man?l*oght?r In th* foorlh dagr?a uhn'h wm< areo: J Ingiy ratuiuad laatarday Burning tha prironnr wa? railt d up. and antanaad to two yaarr imprt'onmant la tho ftilu pri-cn Ila !? naarlr ??rant* yaaf of *ga IruNrtmmtfir Snhiitixn ? Ad' lpha fahuttz. indiatad for rrducllt n. a? ht f..r? dated. ?a? ?aator lay plaord oa hl? trial baaia< I flarrtenn. Kct|., d< fandad tha aeruaad; and at tha rloaa of tha rroaaaaaailnation ly him ef tha pr? raentri*. II A Moora. hat] tha Aolatant IMatrln', At toraay. 'aid ha we nld not praaa for a ronrlatloa. aa>l tha jmy ?*pra'atng tha ?aa I Tat aati.'Cad, a rnrJIct of not guilty ?at ratnrnad Fear ? At 12 o'rloah on M'adna?day night {a -mail t "na me nt raanptod hy a family In hood 'traat n-ar tha old brldga. war humad down. Tha adjoining building wa* ?at* d hy "wia m ighlmra. hy maan* of hnakata. Tha af fttta of lha tra dapartrrant wara almoat inatfaatual frcti want if watar Tha damage- wan -np|o*ad to be ?200 or fft? AFre#?n Ai*am?Tha antlr" war* ?a?r~aiy hou?a.| wlan th* Are alarm rutr.o nael then Into th ? ?? - >nd dMrlat, about half pa t - ? >1?at Tta fra tln ra. how at?r. wa? foui.d to |roam d frtm tha m>'< hitToua ifntti- n of fr m? rtr?ir. ??line Affair*. THE CLIPPER SHIP HOKNET?THE OLD AND MEW j HORNET. This last addition to the splendid clipper fleets that bare already sailed and are preparing to sail: from our port, will be down town to ber ber in a few days, when those interested in viewin first rate rpecimens ef marine architecture will hare anj opportunity of Inspecting one of the finest clipper ship that ever left a shipyard; indeed, in the estimation o{| many nautical men, she is considered the finest m 1-lJ and build of any vessel heretofore constructed in this < any other country. The Hornet ratei 1.600 tons, carpenters' measurement* Her length Is 206 feet on .deck, -10 feet beam, and it fvetJ depth of hold. She has 30 inches dead rise, and carrying.^ her floor well forward and aft, and terminating at eacll 1 end. in an extreme sharp, forming straight lines, and making, on the whole, one of the most symmetrical and rakieh ships the eye ever beheld. She bus two di%ks, the upper one being entire tiu<dt ^ fore and aft. showing as much room as a line of battle ship with clear decks; and in regard to her strength, in wood and fastening?., it appears an impossibility to have a vestel constructed on more scientific principles, the has a square (tern, ornamented with a gilt carving o? the I.awrence coat of arms, representing two boys sitting on a topmast yard, supporting a shield with a foul anchor. Iler frame consists of white oak. live oak, end locust, her topside* and ends being entirely of the two last. Sha has three kelsons, one main, and two side kelsons at tached. forming an immen/e back bone, capable of sus taining thrice the burden of the ship Home of hec breastworks are six feet in the throat, and her hanging knees average 21 inches, with 12 to 15 Inch face. Her forecastle and cabin are below deck, the latter finished ir* the most supsrb style, and in poiut of taste and beauty, though small, cannot very easily be excelied. Iler spars are in perfect proportion, and though im mense, appear adapted to carry all (ail as lon^ us spara and rigging will stand. Her mainmast is 35 inches ita diHmeter. main yard 80 feet ai.d from deck to main truck 16") feet tov tr above the head. The rest of tne spars ar? n accordance. This ship Is owned by Messrs. Chamberlain and Phelps, and is int?ndidfor the Chiua trade, and is to be com mand) d by the well known and gentlemanly Capt. Win. W. Lawrence. under whose superintendence she lias been bmlt He hut been well known as one of our driving, slip mast? r? out" f this port for the last fifeen years, Ml lately ctuiuiatidiug the ships l'rluoo dc Joiurille and llrro'e We predict for this ship one of the shortest pa-sigen ever made to Han Francisco, as she is pronounced h, th" e who tire compel" nt judges to have all the rtejuis t? qualities of u very last sailing vessel. The name of this vessel and that of her captain will, no doubt, bring to the niiud of many of our readers tha memory of the American sloop of war Hornet, and also her memorable action with the British sloop-of war Tenquin during the last war ; and. as this clipper was nann d by ore who took an active part in that achieve ment. Capt. W Hkiddy, probably the following graphio description of the action from the journal of Capt. S , then a midshipman in the Hornet, will not bo thought out of place here :? ?? March 15. 1815. wc arrived off the island of Tristiail d'Acurca. in lat. 37 deg. south, and 11 deg long west. Our first lieutenant. David Conner, had just lauded when the signal was made for to teturn, in oonseqncnc* of a strange sail heaving in sight, aud standing down before the wind for us We hove to. and took our din ner (it was dull day) while she was running down Tliu dull was hardly swallowed when the drum beat to quar ters?in a few minutes all was ready for action, every eye watching the stranger. He soon luffed to on our weath-r quarter (starboard) about pittol shot off. hoisted tha lirithh flag, and gave us a gun. This we did not notlct ? waiting for him to shoot ahead more lie then gavo us the first broadside. The moment his guns flushed, ours were in operation ; and. atrange to say. in live mi nutes I perccivt d the blood running from his scuppers, w lien they almost stopped firing. Our little Captain or d" red us to cease firing; when the enemy, thinkiug wo were disabled, renewed his fire, and of course we socti convinced him of his mistake. He then, as a last alter native. ran his bowsprit bet veen our maio and mixen m..?t. with the intention of carrying us by boarding. I was stationed with the First Lieutenant, in the Third division, on the quarter deck, (three after guns on each side.) and was soon in command of this division?the Firit Lieutenant. Mr Conner, having b-en severely wounded at the commencement of the action. Thi.s brave < flicer was standing near my right arm. 1 w?a then assisting the working the second gun from aft. .in I attrr taking aim. he inquired of me how the eueinv looked, and 1 just answering that from appe.iranoes-hia time had nearly expired, when a shot struck bias in tht? groin 1 watched the effect of the wound, and soon ob served him whiten from loss of blood I attempted to assist him out of the way of the guns, and stopping abreast the mix-mast, asked him If 1 should send hlux belt w>-putting bis band over the wound, he said. "No, I'll see it out." He then sank down on deck beside th* mast?the Captain observing this, despatched bis aid. Midshipman Sam Phelps, to help him below, and I con tinued in charge of the Third Division. The jib-halyards being shot away, the fore tack wag hauled down to vter the ship. The enemy was now foul of us. and all bands were called to repel boarders ; we immediately mounted the hammock cloths and the enemy s bona ; the shout of board, and cheers from one boys soon thinned off the crowd on their forecastle 'leek, and It required all the exertions of our captain and of ficers to prevent our men from hoarding, had they done so the enemy would have suffered much, many of them were now dodging below and some left th?lr First Lieu tenant (McDonald) standing alone on the forecastle. Many muskets were levelled at him but were prevented, by cur officers. trom firing on so brave a man lie then enquired of our leader. Second Lieutenant Newton, th* name of the ship, and was answered, the United Htates sloop Hornet: he then waved his sword and walked aft. Our (hip in shooting ahead, carried away his bowsprit,, tore gway all our mixxen rigging and the ruemy swung ?cross our stem Our captain was standing aft on th* aim chest speaking to them when their fl?re must felt along the lee waist. The marines in the fore top clung with their muskets to the rigging, as the mast fell on deck and then jumped forward. Used and wounded our captain They made an attempt also, at this time, to rake us vflth their bow guns than pointed on our stern ; 1 was standing In the larboard stern port in front Off their two bow guns, only about twelve feet from us. The greater part of our erew being then aft to prevent their boarding. 1 certainly expected to see nuni of out psrty fail at that fire. Hod these guns been well direct ed msny of us must have been killed, but fortunately, at tbat very moment the sea lifted our ship's stern and th* shot went under the counter into the sea. I tor ship now came reund on the other tack (larboard) and I played my division Into them, raking them fore and aflr they again cried quarters, and our wounded captain came and ordered me to cease firing Our antagonist proved to be 11. B M sloop of war Penguin. Captain Dickinson, (one of Lord Nelson's favorites), who wag I "luring the action by a ball through the heart. This was a new vesseL niounting sixteen thirty-two pound carronadea. two long nines, and ons twelve, pounder, on the forecastle. They reported fifteen m-n killed and twenty-eight wounded, bat they had a sum b? r of men from the Medway seventy-four and was sent expressly from the Cape of liood Hops to cruise ft* th* Young it asp privateer, of twenty-two long guns. Ww rrale out. by the ro'la on lcmrd of her. twenty-five killed Hevetalof the wounded died. The Hornet was the same length, ooo font less he uti guns of the same calibre, one more in number than the Penguin The Hornet had. before the aation. 130 men; the I'enguin had. do., 158 men including volunteers from the Medway?- twenty-eight difference The lloraet lad one man killed and eleven wounded, ami this all in the after third division. The poo* fellow I hat wa* kill" <1 waa a six foot marine, named Town, from Ver mont; he was firing over my head, and I suddenly per ceived Ms brains on my sho?s. ami. on turning. 1 ob served tbo top of his skull had been taken off by a ball. As he was now much In th* way. 1 shored him through one of the ports overlmard after th* fight eauetn* most painful and heart sickening sight of poor fellows, who. only a few minutes since, were well and joyful, now all manghd by balls aad spMntcre--groans were heard frt ui all quarters. We were now employed gelling the prisoner* on board, unbeuding end bending sells, re pairing rigging, and replacing as soon e? possible, all demsg" s Tbls called us from the dying groan* of the wound)<1 The surgeons were all employed amputating limb* and dressing wound* The priie ??? taken la tow. and night veiled the dl? mal arena The neat morning th? Penguin we* aeut tlrd ami ?unk Capt. Birkenaon wea burVd with tliw honor* of war. blaown I fllcera and marine* bring allowed to p< i farm l ha ceremony. TM* artion laati d twenty-two minute* Capt Biddla ao??att?d to *o lialow tn drear and aaamina hi* wound, a'tertha action, on thr surgeon a aeenring bin) that all tha man had Iwn fr?t attandad to. It am th' n wa a? certain* 1 that tba ball had peaas-d through hla nark, an J ont through bin coat collar. Otrn ?aa? Captain Jaraaa fliddl*. dead; "Flrat Meat. David Conner, now < ommodora. "Second Mailt. J T. Newton, now Captain Newton, 'Third Lieut. P. Mayo, now Captain Mayo; ."ailing Master ? Bromley, dead; I.i<ut of Marluaa Bmwnlow, daad, Mi t hi; nan Maetrr'a Mala Joseph Sained, now Cat * ile, Midshipman Master's Mate W illiam Slt;ddy now Naval Cntwtruetor; 'Midshipman Ir*Titn? daad. ?Midshipmen Thon. Tlppt, illad a Llintenaiit; "Midshipmen Pranch Porreet, now t'aptaln; "Midshipman Wm Boartim. (Had eCoiMaandtr; Midshipman t'alhoon. il?ad; ?Midshipman S.iml I'halpa, dlad a Lieutenant; First Surgeon H It Ki'wra, dead; Parotid Surgeon ? Kiaaam. dead; Puraar ?? /.ant ling *r, daad. *B<*tawain D Katon. daad; (niun-r J. Jonaa. dead. *l'ha?a < Blears wtra attached to tha It .rnct, unlar Captain Lawrence. Pntr-lrtt nt*? iw Mswrttta?The Memphis F ijlt aaya th? ra !? now 'n that city an agant for a c -.upany in thw < I'T ' f Philadelphia t' ? It ** n contract foe tna hnti ? n* of a rtenn ?hip of I 700 ton*, to rnn between the p >rti of Philadelphia and Havana N?w Liar or Peorrt i r*? ?Meow Rlr*l?y k foil, of Ken>lngton ate preparing to lay the kaala of two Urga prtptllrr steamship*. designed for a Una between this cny ard New fork, by*M Their dimcnalon* are to he ICS feat keel Vf feat N am and 17 feat hold. The?? ?<l* *fl ha comti'?nc<d aa aoon a* tha Ataanwldp* B-njt min Tratikllti and William I'ann. fcf the Ib'tno Mne. *ro Unrein d the flr?tef ahlch la flted f<>r the 1*1, and th# met td fir the "th of .luly.?Phita. t/fpr. 2M, Mttt Rtiivin rm TMI Caaaiarav Pr?.- By privat# artvln ? we learn that Me?*r? llarr*.*aowit? &. Co , of l.a fv.ira have rt to tnded a mail cortraet with tha Vane. tu< Ian and Dutch governmenta. f>r carrying the mtila hat wean St Tin ma* Puerto Cahello and Curaaoa The Vuropeaa mail*, on arrlriag at St Thnmaa, will be tak-n iiy tl eae steamer* and distributed .long I he South Ame rican coaat to the pe-rta above named The ce>i>iractom havealriady on the atock*. In Baltimore. aim I far ad tat red towatd* completion, a f1r*t alae* st*anv*r. MB in tha V>t natinar. with all tha modern appliance to r n dt r lu r 'n tvi ry way worthy of putillr pUr o*<a T'se ?wpetlerity of Ai- stum at< ?mar* ha* Induced tne.*e gaa tl< li t n to hare their vevFti* hnilt ia the t'nite l Stal ?*, ii'tsadtf i upland. aa previously iut-aUei.?f.V s.'ntHl* ATa" def

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