## Newspaper of The New York Herald, June 27, 1851, Page 5

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INE WHIG CONVENTION M PENNSYLVANIA. TOE NOMINATION OF MAJOR GEN. SCOTT. THE SPIRIT OF THE MEETING. BY MAIL. Our Lancaster Correspondence. Lancaster, Pa, Juno 21, 1851. 117lig State Convention?The Resolution*?The Dilute on the Fugi'ive Slave Ijoxo?The Nomina tions?The Unities and Divisions of the Party? The Prospect, 4-c. The Whig State Convention, for the nomination of candidates for Governor, Caaal Commissioner, and five Judges for the Supreme Court, assembled hereto-day. All the counties were represented ac cording to their strength in the Legislature of the State, with the 'exception of one or two absentee delegates. The importance of the convention is not confined to the State. From the very generally an ticipated fact of the formal or substantial nomina tion of General Scott for the Presidency, this as semblage has very naturally attracted the attention cf the whole Union, of all partiet, in all the States; and from another fact anticipated, that the conven tion would evade the endorsement of the Fugitive Slave law, in order to harmonize with General Johnston and the position of General Scott on the shivery question, the importance of the proceeding* In th Court House, to-day, can hardly be exagge rated in reference to future political result*. Passing by the temporary organization of the ABorning, we come to the AFTERNOON SESSION. 'Convention re-assembled at 3 o'clock. The Coaamitteo on Organization reported the of 'ficers fer the government of the convention, and 'the report was adopted. Mr. Ewino, on taking the chair, delivered him self of a good whig speech on the State policy of Governor Johnston, extolling it verv highly, and condemning the free trade policy of the national g*? veroment, as exemplified in the tariff act of 1816, a ) the most disastrous policy to Pennsylvania?stop ping her manufactories, and filling th) street* of her cities with British railroad iron, while her iron 'ibrges and furnaces were lying idle. This is the met of '46. It drive* the workmen from their forges, furnaces and foundries, and bring* the sheriff, only, abundant employment. Free trade, ?With the sheriff at the back door, was not the policy Of Pennsylvania. The chairman spoke of the im portance of the nominations to bo made, and of the necessity of putting forum d such men as nouli Command the support and confidence of the people. On motion of Hon. Cornelius Dakkaoii, a com mittee of thirty-three was appointed to draft reso lutions for the consideration of the Convention, from which, after the lapse of an hour or so, a series of resolutions were reported. In the interval, Mr. Johnston was re-nominated by acclamation, aad a committee was appointed to wait on him, and tiring him up to the Convention. The resolutions adopted will have been published In the Herald. For the purpose of illuminating the debate on the fugitive question, wo give the resolu tions again, which relate to the compromises:? I 5. Resolved. That the government and people of Penn ?vlvania are loyal to the national constitution, ant are j_ _?? t. ?1.. Ua Ikronlai, >na intii nffi.p' ' 1.1 ready at all hazards to carry Its provisions into effoc'.; to ?fMTt otherwise is a lib?l upon the fair fame of the citi zens of the commonwealth. t>. Resolved. That the adjustment measure* of the last Congress shall be faithfully observed and respocted by tli" whigs 7. Resolved. That an unalterable determination to maintain the supremacy of the constitution and laws, ha* been, and is now. one of our cardinal doctrines; and that, while others have (alts red, the history of the whig party demonstrates that, in the storm* of adversity, or in the sunshine of prosperity, this guiding star of our country's hope has never been dimmed by its action or council. 8. Resolved. That the opinions of our worthy State ?Executive on this subject, as expressed in his last annual message, meet the cordial approval ?f this Convention, and express the views of our constituents. Upon thcil face these resoluti ?na seem plausible enough ; but while the general declaration of res pect for the adjustment measures ha* met with a very earne*t opposition, the endorsement of the views of (inventor Johnston, as expressed in his mes sage, is about equal to the adoption of the free* oil platform Mr. J. M. Scott, of Philadelphia, a conservative, was not satisfied with these vague avowal* of aihe I on to the compromises. 11c wished to ae? if the con vention were in favor of or opposed to the Fugitive law;and, accordingly, Mr. Scott asked for the read ing of the eighth resolution, a* it appeared in the original dratt, but which was stricken out by the committee. The Ciiair?Will the gentleman write it out, Z<> that we may ha i e it in a definite shane 1 Mr Soon?It is merely with a view to aave time that 1 propose to read the resolution from the re )><>rt ot the com mi.tec. It i* still upon the paper, I hough i ejected by the majority of the committee The resolution was copied off by the Secretary, for the geutlcmau submitting it. Mr. Si on then offered it, as an addition to the catalogue of the committee, to come in a* the eighth rcfoaolution, to wit:? Itesolicd. That the provision of the constitution for the rendition of fugitives held to service or la 1 or, demands, and shall receive from our party, a Uithful, uuequiiocal, and manly_ support, (( heers and hisses mingled together. Several persons, in various quarters of the house, jumped up and >cconded the motion for the adoption of the reaolu ' ' After several other motions simultaneously to lay It on the table, Mr. Harraoii suggested that it wonld expedite business to withdraw the resolution till the report of the committee was adopted. Mr. Scorr MM to Mt on the suggestion. .Mr. Omit?I have beon out on a committee. I did not bear the resolutions reported from the com mittee on that subject. 1 expect to swear by their lesolutions, but 1 should like to hear them read be fore 1 take the oath ; don't know what they are. I | tuppore they go for the constitution?that's plain sailing?and for the Union; and, perhaps, for the i oinpfomisea. At all events, 1 suppose we all go for the American eagle. (Laughter.) I The resolutions were again read, and again hissed and applauded Mr IIki.i., of Berks, called for the reading of the resolution proposed to be added to the list, to wit: ?hat relating to the Fugitive Slave law, offered by Mr. Scott. . . - _. , The resolution was again read, amidst mingled biases and ipiduuse. Motion to fay on the table. Mr. Sooti rose to a question of order, lie nail not surrendered the floor when the gentleman from i arks (Mr Harper,) moved to lay bis resolution on the table. 'I he question *u debated; but at length all mo tion* intertering with Mr. SJeof, were withdrawn, and hi* right to the floor conceded by the Chair. Mr. Sh oit then said he had a few word* to sub tnit upon his motion. When the committee were np stairs, a series of resolutions were offered. (Or der, order.) He-houid try to preserve order. The rt solutions offered were not his ; nor was the roeolu tion stricken out. I le could, therefore, urge it the more free It upon the convention, coinciding, as it did, with his sentiments ; and it would be the more strongly recommended if Me author's name were known, or could be made known under the rule. Mr. ^eott read the resolution. It was a little more explicit than the fifth, sixth and seventh resolu tions; it declares our full, frank, and manly sup jcrt to the law c f the land it M not assert that this law. or any law. shall not or cannot be im proved, Imt that, when we find a law on the sta tute book we shall yield to it not a dilatory obo dienrc, not a reluvtant or equivocal support, but a lull, frank, and manly obeli, nee, according to this resolution. Whoever 1* the author, I thank him for it. It will give great satisfaction to my section c f the ivtste ; but, it not adop'.ed, we shall miss it very much. I'ass it, and we shall enter heartily Into the t <ctober canvass. I le V new that this reso lu'.ion would carry the whole ticket, from first to last. If it is defeated, it will be, to many good and true wbigs. a source of grief and mottifl u ion. It might lead to disaffection, or at le set t o apathy, in the whig ranks; and apathy was oiien more disas tious than open antipathy, lie ma willing, how ever, to shale by a vote of the bodw Mr. Pi RVtaNCK. of Butler, had an amendment to offer, whi ill be had drawn ip on his knees while the gentleman fiom Philadelphia was speaking, lie thought it would harmonise the convention. and be acceptable to the feelings of a large majority "te read ?nt the people of Pennsylvania. He asked the read lug of the resolution of Mr. t^coU; after which he moved to amend it by adding to it the following!? But that we will svall our* Ives of the earliest npfvor lorlty for the amendment of that law (the fugitive law) fa sin h w?y ihat. while it shnll secure the rights of Eopertp ft the ftouth. II shall be also extended to em ran in its provisions the great Inter, st* of the North. [Mr. I'm vianre briefly propose! to declare obe * dieiire to tlw Fugitive law, ir-o *; but also to declare that the law shall be amended, and that this feeturv of the constitution shall only be oh served by the Pennsylvania whig party penna nt lit ly. s^ an art of reciprocity tor protection to .oal and iron. In other Words, Mr Purvianco propsMtd to sell the allegiance of the whig party to the Fugitive law for a little more bounty upon home manufactures. Pennsylvania still har,uig ui on hrr share of the compromise.] Air. N OTT observed that his resolution svd i . thing about snv law. It simply declared a full end manly ?be Hence to a certain proviiion of the constitution. Mr. Ft rviavc k?The resolution has referoneo to tic law. Mr. !~<<rTT? No, sir, It has rafercnoo oo'y to the Consti tatioq. Mr. Pi.byianck then propoied a verbal altera tion of Me amendment accordingly. Mr. C. Dabbaoh suggested tnat the fifth, sixth, and seventh resolutions covered the whole consti tutional ground. There was no necessity for this resolution of the gentleman from Philadelphia. We can be obedient to the constitution without base subserviency to the South. This act for the restoration of fugitive slaves is a law of the land; but It is not a perfect law. The bankrupt law, at one time, demanded our respectful obedience; but that did net prevent its early repeal. It war per fectly immaterial, in point of fact, nowe ver, whether this resolution were passed or not; but it was not necessary to strengtnon the other resolutions of loyalty, and obedience to the laws. Mr. C. C. Sullivan was opposed to the resolu tion and the amendment. Tho amendment made the resolution a little better; but he was opposed to both. Are not the resolutions of loyalty to the con stitution and the laws enough 1 or what has come over us that we shall now begin to basely trurkle to the ISouth, and to bow down to the power of slavery! (Cheers, hisses and applauso.) What have been the principles of the whig party of Pennsylvania heretofore * Always freedom?always the greatest liberty to the greatest number?always sympathis ing with those naturul desires and feelings of tho human heart for liberty, the world over. But what is it we have here from Philadelphia, the city of Brotherly Love! We know what are tho feelings of the State: they are in favor of the emancipation of every human being who is a slave. Anl yet the gentleman from Philadelphia proposes a bold, frank and manly obedience to this art of Congress tor the restoration of fugitive slaves?an act unparalleled in its hardihood and cruelty. (Hisses and applause.) It picks up the fugitive on a certificate; it saddles the treasury with the expense of sending him away, where he may or may nor get a trial of his right to liberty. I should like to see my friend from Phila delphia called upon by the slave hunter to help him in catching his fugitive from labor, and then to hear him declare his respect and obedience to this law. On this subject there might be some appre hensions for the safety of the Union in I hi ladelphia; but no such apprehensions had eve stirred the broad bosom of the State. We might patch up a string of Southern resolutions that would help some in the city and county of i hila delphia; but what will the whigs of the State sav if we adopt substantively the platform of the Lead ing Convention ! This resolution amounts to the same thing, only it is a little more artful. Adopt it, and you lose the counties of Montgomery and Lawrence by fifteen hundred votes. A short time ago, at every meeting ofjbothparties, declamations were made against the extension of slavery. What now are we to gain by bowing in the same manner that our opponents are bowing down to t he base spirit of slavery 1 President Fillmore, in signing this law, did the best he could under th8 circum stances, perhaps ; but for all that, the law is ob noxious to the people of Pennsylvania?it is dis tasteful, and they will not swallow it. When we pass a general compliment upon the President, that ought to suftioo. But to come down to this eighth res olution, i? adopting the Reading platform, lie hoped it would bo stricken out, and tie sixth resolution also; because he believed that by the adoption of such a course tho election of Johnston would bo secured. Mr. Loom is, of Alleghany, contended that there was no necessity for this eighth proposed resolution. The fifth and sixth comprehended every obligation to the constitution aud tho laws. Tho proposed resolution embraces nothing more, only it is not nuite so strong. There was no necessity whate ver lor it. But he was entirely indifferent whether this additional resolution were pasaed or not; but he thought it entirely useless. TllK SPEECH OF T1IK DAY. Hon A. J. t?oLK?Mr. Prefident, what brought us here! Who arc we! We are, 1 take it, the picked men?the king bees, of Pennsylvania. (Laughter.) The Whig State Convention of Penn sylvania has called us here, at Lancaster, on this 21th of June, to nominate a candidate forGover nor. Well, we have done that. And to nominate a candidate for Canal Commissioner. Well, we ex pect to do that. And five able men, learned and competent in the law, just and upright, as candi dates for Supreme Judges. Well, that s our busi ness. And what are we doing now! Running adrift on the nigger question, as sure as ^rou ro born. (Laughter.) What is Pennsylvania! She is tho keystone of the Union. And what is this Union! It is the proudest republic that ever the sun shone upon? the very proudest. And snail we light a faggot to destroy this Union! No, sir; never with the consent of the people that 1 represent. 1 am a whig?a democratic whig?so detnoera.io that I am sometimes mistaken for a locofoco; some men really seriously think that I am a locofoco. I am ft whig, and 1 go for the constitution as it is, and the Union as it is, all the time. Gentlemen, what is slavery! My constituents, without any merit oi my own, sent me to Congress. Well, I like to keep my word particularly, as the Dutchman said, when I give it in writin\ (Laughter.) 1 did give my word 1 did give it in writin'?and it was ???">;* the extension of slavery. And, whati more, I did vote against the extension of slavery. But I tell you h.fw 1 felt-it was like the maninOhiowho was riding through the woods one night. He got sleepy, and he thought he would lay down awhile, buthe first secured his horse by hitching h.rn to his leg. When the man began to snore, the> taorae became alarmed, and aprung off woods, dragging our friend by the leg And said he, " the critter didn't make two jumps before 1 found 1 was wrong hitched. (Immense tcr ) Mr. President, so it was with mo. 1 was wrong hitched. Now,sir, I go for the Uwaaftba land, and for the American eagle. And will you here destroy the proudest fabric ever laised byinorta hands! Will you sell out your interest for about the value of three thousand abolition votes Pass this resolution, endorsing the h ugitive you can elect Johnston ^ larger majority than "we hare ever had in the State?that is, parhaps. (Laughter.) But what is tho whig doctrine, or the whig platform ! Ucu. Harrison, on his deathbed, endeavored to impress It upon John prince of hypocrites. Just stick up to the true principles ot the government,*' and you will secure Sill Johnston a mighty big vote in our cennty. for one Let us do this, awl never mind the under ground current. There is an under-ground current a running pretty strong, in all this bunness. 1 us a suhterrauean myself But what do I care for vour Philadelphia collector, or the Custom House, or any body else, so that whig principles art> so* taiued by the great whig party! And who jafraid, said the fellow at the time of Noah s ark, 1 be lieve we shan't ha'O much of a shower after ail. (Laughter.) And what have we to do with the (Gettysburg tapeworm, the buck-shot man net these question* been adjusted ! (* ?reat laugh ter ) Well, they bam?(laughter)? principles and not men," is the true motto. One man is as good as another, and a damned sight better, (ueneral laughter ) Then, gentlemen, let us stand by the Union, the constitution, and the American eagle, and the whig party may defy the world, l^et M sustain the proud fabric of our forclatheri, dtire caidirg the Ice fanatics here in Lancaster, or else where in the Ftate: and when (.abnel blows his truanot, we, who have been faithful to the shelter ing wings of the great American eagle, will be pro nounced the soundest men. Mr. I resident, 1 am done. (Geneial applause.) Mr Lawrence, was opposed to tni additional resolution, or to any freckling to tM Smth. The very moment we step beyond the firth resolution, we confers our sycophancy to the South. After the course which the whig l??riy of the . late has pursued on this question, shall wc ,lke the lucofocos, backwater ! '1 he wings of the west ern counties would never submit to be traded away totbot*outh. Tha little county of Lawrence wil give as good a vote as Somerset, upon a regular and independent whig platform. Mr Omi.k? Yes, she baa done It heretofore, espe cially if there *?< a free soiler running. Mr. M'Cosine?Via. gire us the true whig po.my, and we con do it again.. JHr. Uut.K?Well, I havent got much monoy, hut I would like to bet it cool hundred ou that. (I.?lighter?eric* of " order.") Mr. I'n:vu\i k jl' iulid tbc policy of mutual protection between the North nrd Ninth, con tending that If the North gare ten dollar* a bead f . ctery slave recaptured for the Ninth, they ought to be willing to allow ten duttaff a ton on idg metal. He proceeded to enlarge Ipoa the suffer ings of IVninylvani.t from the tariff of 'Id. and the duty of the whig party to protect her great intereata, while they are protecting the negro pro per y of the Ninth. If ?ome men were to talk less < f disunion, and cine more to practical issues, it would be more to the intereata of the people. Mr. jBmiR, of Montgomery, thought the amend ment of the delegate from Philadel|>nia ill-adrised. "lite people of Montgomery county were a Inw-tbid ing, 1 nion loving people, but they lovsd freedom, at d hated slavery., lie wiahed to avoid all appcar unec, then, of subservience or truckling to the Nmth. lint ho wa? oppoaed to the protection of Southern property in exchange for protection of Northern intercuts, as proposed by the gentleman fioin Rutlcr. lie was not willing to barter flesh and blood for dollars and ccnta. Mr Bern, called for the previous question on the resolution*. That will not help you- The vote will come upon the nmrndment. 1 he ('iiair ?It require* twelve men to second the < all for the previous question. Von ? l!n| e the debate will go on. 1 Vsn't gag us. Thin is no gag, by O ?d. for you hare had tn'k enough. '1 he twrlrt men stood up, and the ayoa and Bote wire tu I ltd. A point of order was raised whether the question would occur on the amendments, or on the reaolu tir.i s. The CttAir. decided, that if the pr rious question was adopted, the main question wouki he on the re solutions reported bv the committee, and that nil nmendwutJ would b? qui off Mr. Sanderson appealed from the decision of the chair; but after debating the question for some time, the appeal was withdrawn After further conversation, The Cilajk announced the rote to bo upon the previous question. Mr Sanderson hoped the Chair would explain the effect of this vote The Chair said that the effect of the vote would be to cut off all debate, and to bring the convention directly to a vote upon the resolutions offered by the committee, to the exclusion of all atnendm tnts. Mr. Sanderson called for the ayes and noes, auJ the result was, 71 to 48 in favor of the previous question. [It seems that a mere majority is sufficicut for the prt-vinus question, in Pennsylvania ] Toe Chair stated the question to be on the reso lutions. A Voice?Well, I call the ayes and noes. 1 can't vote for such a compromise with free soil as that The question was taken, aud the resolutions were passed, 92 to 27. Mr. Loom is, of the committee, announced that the Governor would wait upon the convention at eight o'clock. The convention then proceeded to receive nomi nations for Canal Commissioner, and five Supreme Judges. RIGHT MEETING?SPEECH OF QOV. JOIl.\ST??N. At eight o'clock, the convention adjourned to a meeting out of doors, in front of the Court House, with the Governor. He was mounted upon a plat form, and at once proceeied to speak to the people, there being some tnree or four thousand of thorn in the street. The Governor is consistent. It was the exact substanoe of most of his speeches for the last three years. He urged the importance of good men for Canul CommisMouer and Judges; he de fended his o en State policy, came down particularly heavy upon the ruinous an 1 oppressive tariff act of 18-16; and on the Compromise measures, he admit ted his objections to toe fugitive Slave law; and while he should respect it as tne la w, he looked for wnrd with confidence to its modification. It was not, of necessity, a perfect law; but, like many other laws, it was subject to amendment. There is a luw of Pennsylvania to prevent kidnapping, which operated, of course, to the advantage of runaway slaves. This law the Legislature at the lastsessiou repealed ; but the Governor failed to sign the bill. He said it was because U was not presented to him until the last hour of the session; but he did not say whether he had time enough or not in that last hour, to sign it. Tho failure nas, no doubt, been to his advuetage with the free soil people; and, in fact, it was a clever thing, because tne election will have to occur before he can be called upon again to sign it. Upon tho whole, the position of Governor Johnston is about the same, or not much better, than that of toward; for if the former is not so ultra against slavery, he is far more impracticable on the tariff question, being just about 20 years behind the time. Mr. Ogle, after the Governor, made another very happy speech, and was followed by Mr. kil linger, in a very shrewd and earnest exhortation. He declared that Soott was nominated by the whigs to counteract the influence of Mr. Buchanan in this State election, in behalfofthe democrats. He (Mr. Buchanan) was at the bottom of all the domecratio nomination-; he is understood to have oast his for tunes into the issue of this State election. We have determined to meet him; and the contest not only involves our State ticket, but our candidate for the Presidency. We believe that we can carry Scott, and that Scott oan carry us. Such, substan tially, were the remarks of Mr. Killinger. LAST PAY. Jine25, 1851. The convention to-day were occupied almost ex clusively in the selection of caudiJates for Canal Commissioner and the five Judges. John Strshm, of Lancaster, for the Canal Commissioner, defeated the original caucus candidate of the Scott majority, Mr. Lawrence; and the Last against the West were also victorious upon the Judges, especially upon the fifth, the contest being narrowed down to Jessup and Bufiiogton, in which, after a very tight fit, the Western man, Buffington, was defeated. A motion to strike out the sixth resolution?that is, pressing a general acquiescence in the measures of the slavery adjustment?was made, but not agreed to. .Several free soilish whig delegates defined their opposition to the resolution, expressing the greatest oonn lence, at the same time, in Scott and Johnston, and the other nominations; and that was the end of the business on the slavery and Presidential auestion. The administration is complimented over tne left? Webster gets the go-by?Scott is nominated on non-committal principles, to help Johnston out in his election?the Fugitive Slave law is substantially repudiated?and the President and his cabinet, in the South, may make the most of it. Thegrcat ob ject here is to save Pennsylvania. That's all. Lancaster, June 21, 1851. 7Tir HTiig Con vent i m and its Doing*?Ailmin^lra tun Polilriy Tiflrt iznl?Re establishment of lien. Taylor's Platform on the Slavery Question - En thusiasm for Srott, +c. $*r. The proceedings of the Whig Convention to-day, will, doubtless, cause a very considerable fluttering at Washington. The whig party of Pennsylvania have virtually, under cover of a back-handed com pliment, Tylerised the administration, dicarded the Fugitive Slave law, and nominated Gon. Scott upon tho noncommittal platform ef Gen. Taylor. But, in every other respest, and particularly upon the tariff question, the new declaration of whig princi ples, State aud national, is fully up to the standard of Henry Clay. It is a stiff, rigid, whig platform, upon the old model of that of 1811, with the ad dition of a free soil application of the Fugitive Slave law. Tho nomination of Gov. Johnson for re-elcotion, to day, was truly enthusiastic and unanimous; there is no question of his being, by all odds, the most available rnun for tho whigs. The reception of the name of Gen. Scott was, also, considerably uproar ious, nor cau there be any mistake about nis being the man fcr Pennsylvania, above all other men, for the grand set-to of the presidential eanvass. The resolutions from the committee on the sub ject, were, of course, out and dried; but, when re ported, it appeared that the most important one at this crisis, endorsing aud fully pledging the whig of the r'ugi party to the faithful support of thel'ugitive Slave law, had been suffocated in committee. It was nrt digestible; it was two much?entirely too much for the convention to swallow, especially when it placed Gen. Scott and Gov. Johnson both in a very awk ward predicament. Mr. Scott, of Philadelphia, in convention, made a very bold Attempt to restore the rcolution to the catalogue; he pleaded hard for standing up to the constitution, explicitly and fratkly, and without equivocation; but it was no go It was not the thing. Mr. Scott, Mr Sander son, and their Philadelphia detach nent of ('ustoin M w< ie put t'.-il.-uee by the argu merit of Loom!*, I'arrsgh and others, showing that the rerolutions of the committee covered everything, and that to descend to the particular specif! -ation of obeuience to the Fugitive Slave law, woul 1 be barely truckling to the South. The Fugitive Slave resolution was, therefore, ruled out by the previous question, 71 to 4S, and the committee's remilutionr were adopted, W to 27, about the proportion b tween the friends of Scott, and of' Fillmore aud Wi b.-tir. The whig platform of Pennsylvania, for 1852. In cludes Gen. :*cott, a high protective tariff, and hos tilily U> the Fugitive Slave law. The three or four ihousm.d abolitionists in the State had to be ap 11 arc d, the i en-committal policy on slavery worked bar dti inely in I"!*, as did also the high protective joliiy in Pennsylvania. Vt'hy not again, particul ar!) wlun the rncritt i ut large selling out the iron fnrt acts, foundries and forger all over the State, on account of the deluge of British iron poured into tl.i country under the net ol I -*M?, and sold under the mm kc of the Pennsylvania manufactories, at prices which briak ihcui down! From the resolutions an J in the sjiccclics of the d?y, it is very evident, ut availing as it murt be. that a protective tariff will be made a leading object in the ensuing e in vbm by the whigs. It may be preposterously ab stiid lu expert a better txriff than that of l**lt>, while it winks so well for the treasury; but there is a very la'ge prop 111. n <>l the working classes of this Mate woo are dependent on the iron or coal bu siness, and he who most boldly advocates their in terests is the man for them. T he whig candidate for Governor, the whig no minee for the Presidency, and the whig platform, as laid down by this convention; are. no doubt, the most available for Pennsylvania that could have been selected. If Johnston can be re elected, it is uton hi* schedule of 1*18. If the whigs can carry iVumylvania at all, it is only with a military hero of such grand achievements as shall be sufficient to eclipse the somewhat rusty glory of democratic principles; and this military hero's popularity will be wanted to help out the Governor as in 1848. A very prominent object of the nomination of Scott, I to give Gov. Johnston the benefit of his name in the State elections this fall. Mr. Bellin ger, in his outol-doors rpecchat the Court House, to night, dn lap d that an the Beading < .invention had made all their nominations for the benefit of l.iim s Fii 'liai an for tbv Presidency; aud that eff h ? had thus been mndt in fart the issue in this ran vsss. the whigs weis eoroprlbd to miet them. The ?t ut, then, of f-eutt's nomination, is to offset wl : i? ? rpcpulaiily may attach to the democratic ti< k< t by tl.r v rtuvl nomination of Hui hanm, on I the other side; and hut fur the necessity of bi ing og j the |owe11ui it.tnulus oi Gen. Scott's tadn-sr) a hicvi niei-ts into 'iois State caova-s to the aid oi | t-iv Jv.hiot.ti, it i-pic It v certain that the adatij li bttnUon would got have tnen Tylffis'd iv sueh ttiaB st) Itllt- Scott was necessary to Johnston, the re-i 1, ctiou of Jolua-tisn is thus made nscci* aud saiy to Sc-btt llow it ia to work, !? jet to b? Illustrated. It is hardly to b? expected that the administration, or its recipient.i ot patronage, will enter very cheer ful* into the fight for the Governor; nor do the abolitionists appear to be conciliated with the equi vocal resolutions on the constitution and the laws. It would seem to be inevitable, that the doings of this convention must work to diatruct the whig* in this >tate, and to destroy the party in every South ern State in the Union. Gen. Soott, it is distinctly foreshadowed, will be the whig candidate for *5"2; that he will be non committal on slavery and the Fugitive Slave law, and that if he is nominated, it will bo by the North, against the South, and the whige ofthe South. It is also probable that this may lead to the putting up. In the South, of a Union candidate by ths Whigs and Union democrats, nnd thit Web<tcr or Fill more may be the man At all events, tbis Whig State Convention has largely increased the chances tor a scrub rare in 1S52. The whigs here seem to be eonfoh-nt of sutcess; with here uud there a mm who says that Fillmore and Webster have been d?d badly treated; but, upon the whole, they stem to believe that Fillmore is a good soul, and will submit; and, as for Web ster, he never would answer for Pennsylvania?be ing not ouly no soldier, but opposed always to the war. More to-morrow. W. BY TELMQRAPU. LiWiim, Pa.. June 2& 1861. The Convention dispersed with a distinct presentiment of defeat in October. The bringing of General Scott into the contest, to help Oovernor Johnston, is a bad sign?indelicate to the administration, and impolitic ; but with the defeat of Oovernor Johnston. It is expected by a few silly people that Oeneral Seott will decline. Mr. Webster is out of the question in Pennsylvania. Tho Mormon Murder at Bearer Island. examination or two or run moedkkkrs. |?rf?i the Detroit (Mich ) Advert Uer. J?nt, 3I.l Oka'imm Th? Arf h . A!,I?8A!m*?r. I'KAHam ?Ihe defendant* in Court, June 10. 1*31 in charge of Lyman Granger, deputy sheriff. wuilfv d|?ei,d"t,I; bjr their oounso1. pleiado.l not guilty. Nimuel Bennet, sworn:?.Says he knows mo!! t lVe hea<1 of "bout sixty Mor mons. surrounded our house, on the 7th instant, on Beaver Island, (Bonnet's house;) told us they came to arrest us and if we did not surrender ourselves, they would take us, dead or alive; we shut the door k!!-4^ .tn, We Would not obeJ Mormon law, lung Mrang s law, or any other law, but the laws wn* V 12? & L cauKht UP my shot gun, which 7 ?b<?; wi,e' w"? waa very much hT*.exeited, took hold of it to wrest it from Hi!,'i, \n .v^'r M * e Bun was accidentally discharged; the Mormons then commenced to break in our house, and fired in at the window and door Sth?h!n! 5 7! flan*god110 keeP out of the way of the balls, until they at last broke in the door, and several of them came into the house and drag ged my brother out doors, and then commenced to fire at him; he received five balls before he fell during the time that they were firing at him, he Sfi*A i S il! ha,?d5and implored them, in the name of the Almighty (.od, to spare his life; the defendants were giving orders to fire; they fired several shots at myself, and one nearly cut my hand off; my wife ran ?1??* 7 *?roth*r f hou<e' "early fruntic, when they followed her and dragged her back to the house, and kicked and bruised her ; they dragged my dead brothei .o the beach, and threw him into compelled me to go into it too; lufhor k ? "? Md conveyed us to the llaibor, before the Mormon Justice, who issued he warrants for us; my hand was bleeding during that time, and the most of the following night, dur l?f 7" a ' f?iuteJ several times that mght from loss of blood ; that night I overheard \\ m. Mcleod ray to McCullogh, (one of the defendants,) "you did one thing wrong, that you did not kill the other fellow, (meaning inysolf,) you ought to kill six others, snd 1 will g.mranty you *aL * ? MoCullogh cut out uiy huh!!! |8 beVu """r.preaence, an<l -^Ixood washed b! H^ .'k ,D ! 1?^ : thejr h?Maa inquest on the body , the most of the jurors had bee a engaged in murdering my brother; three men, who were not Mormons, would not sign the verdict; the Mor mon*ibruuwht in a verdict to clear themselves; I ?r| i l?ii ,U in January last, that they would kill me and mv brother; they (the Mor ?.ab,tof ?nnoyingus with In w suits before their Mormon justicua: thoy had us arrested twice, last winter, and ma.ffus pay seven ty dollars and some cents; they burned our two W1? a r' and a?an? ^ came after wards, m broad day light, anue J. to our house, and took our provisions before our eyes, and we not dar ing to stop them; Strang threatened our lives fre quently; in consequence of being so annoyed, we sent to Strang, and told him if fie would g!?u! what we paid the government for our fartn.he could I - iJ J ,I!nr ,l,d\ "aiJ " *** deeded, 1 would rather b> veil; I de not allow the sum t? to buy any land of this despicable government; be. sides for government land there are no taxes to r?7:.. .JL not P"yy>? anything for your land; .a Vi' . * " Jrou niU*t WBplj w?th the laws of t*s kingdom?you must pay uie tithes." We will not, said my brother, j>oy anything but what we are required to My according to tholawi of our coun try- Well, Bennett," said Strang, "if you do not paj me tithe, mark my words, that you will be sorry. We then left him. (Jross-cxamined.-We only fired one gun, and !h* .7" ^eukntally discharged by my wife, when (be tried to get it from me; we had another gun in the house, but the lock was out of order, and no oce coulu get it off; I could hare shot some of the Mormons with ray double-barrelled gun, if 1 had tried to; but I knew it would be of no use, as there were too many of them; I do not know whether any of the Mormons were wounded or not; think from the direction of the gun at the time, it could not wound nnr of I hem; we did not fire any other gun; mv brother did not fire; the defendants wore there; their intention was to kill us; the reason . i*j oul tbo warrant for us is, because we told the Mormon constable, tbreo days before, that it would be no use for them to try to execute Mor mon laws up there; that tie people were bound not to obey them; we did not offer them any resist ance; the man whom thev were going to arrest then was about three miles from our house; we have not lived on our farm since last fall, for fear of being murdered by them. 1 do hereby certify, that the above is a correct statement of the eviucuce of Sauiuvl Bonnet, in the case of I he People vs. McCullogh and Graham, for the murder of Thomas Bennet. ( has. M. O Mallky, Justice of the IVacc, [Frv m the Detroit (Mich ) Tribune June It 1 J here were ten more persons arrested and brought down from Beaver Island, yesterday, on the I nited States steamer Michigan, charged with an attempted robbery of the mail, armed with deadly weapons. I here were fourteen witnesses brought down, at the expense of the United States every one of whom is a witness for the defenoe?not one was brought Jown for the prosecution. The defendant Strang, and his counsel were mrried up iiii?l brought b -. i v . . xpeiisc on board the .Michigan. 1 lie depositions of about forty wit nesses were taken on tho island, some thirty of which wt re for the defence, free of expense t > them J he ( otnaiaaioner's Court rat twelve hours one day and nineteen hours the second??oiuuii.-xiojer NA i Ik lis holding the Court, Mr. Bates appearing for the United States, and Col. McKtyVoUU and Mr. i trang for the defendants. As there has been an attempt to prejudge the action of the 1 >i*triet 1 <? ' mP ?J -| "by for tb- h fendants, and give these arrests a parly character, we deetu it pioper to state: the complaints made to tho Instrlet Attitney all came from Mormon* or Stat* offiiora VM arc dun.. r?t*. 'I'lic grand hiiy that found the indictment* were a majority of thrm democrat?, and only mile prc-entuienf*. after j examination Without 'leaking of H i v id. r i . w? think the trial will show that tho g< \emmeiit officers would have been recreant to duty to have overlooked the complaints; and do I run ? utioo ?a.- ever carried on with more c-surtesy or kitidiicsA toward the accused. f Frr m ths V* trr.lt Adr^l^rr. Junr 24 1 Cn Sunday last, the United State* Marshal reached Uctroit, having in hi* custody, Kice, Mil SjjJ Brown, William Tt i. r icld, Seymour P*ge and Finlcy Page, who are under indictment with Strang, for making and pas sing counterfeit coin of the I nited {Mateo, and ob structing I nited States mails, and for stripping government land of timber. 'J'be steamer also brought down, at the expense of the gov ernment, thirteen witnesses for tbe prisoners. 1 he parties arrested are, or claim to be, im portant and iidluential men in the Mormon organi zation, holding various office* therein, eucii a* apostle*, high priest* and elder*. On the examina tion, it wa* sw orn to, by Strang'* witnesses, that he is a prophet, fitted by di\ me inspiration andelo'.he A with miraculous powers, among which is tbe gift ?f prophecy One of the witnesee-, wbo calls huaaoilf a High i riest, being under examination upon e*th, in answer to Strang s interrogateie.?, sworr before the ( ommiaeioner that "he knew Strang to be a proi.hc t of the earth, gifted, by divine ioAain.ti.in, with uiiraruions power*, and endowed divine Vk?n ib * <7'*????). ?' High Hie.,, had akin the covenant from M .lame* '.Strang) bv laying bands on the cross, and by signing it And ai this t omt tbe w.tness identified t?e " covet in " Z ,T!\r -2 ,,IBf ,,0ebe ,bfl ??daspkemuM doou tni 11 lieretiiinrc | i.blirbed byu., |n tho Imtimon* ?f Avan* I bis wdnese went on to any?"I believe ? 'rung to be a prophet. wLn.e inspiration comes nm t.od like that nf \,^k aiwi ,ho ,?her . nhets of old; ar.il tb'.t ho nan foretell things..; the D.tu'e; ard that, '.hen fcspired. he can speak from !'?" /""'u "Jtiknown CfM " 'l"he witness r .w r,vf*!' hignwolf sometime* in thepre avme of otb?.rs; | bave witnessed communications 'on (bod and others, and would ( legaijj c|^^ C9Ut%nichtiyps ?.* law " ORZOZZTAL ARTICLES Colonel Collier, late Collector of (tan Frtnclt* co, and the Government at Washington. Colonel Collier, late Collector of ban Francisco, California, called upon u* a day or two since, for the purpose of getting us to correct a mis-statement I which has been extensively circulated in the uews I papers, to the effect that he is a defaulter to the government in a laige amount. Colonel Collier denies the imputation in loto, and says that the only foundation for the mis-statement is the fact that, in his accounts with the government, several items, amounting to a considerable sum in the ag gregate, have not, as yet, been allowed by the government?that their allowance has been sus pended; but he has no doabt that in due time, when the Secretary of the Treasury shall be informed of all the circumstances connected with the adminis tration of the t'ollectorsbip of ban Francisco, all of these suspended items, as he termed tbem, will be allowed. Colonel Collier was appointed Collector of Cali fornia, at a salary of fifteen hundred dollars a year. As soon as be received his commission be proceeded to ban 1'raneisco. and on his arrival there he found three hundred and twelve vessels in port, on board of which were goods to a very large amount. His predecessor, who acted under military authority, having left no books or records of his doings, Colo nel Collier could not ascertain what cargoes had paid duties, and what had not. In this dilemma he exercised his best judgment, and the government accuses him of having collected twenty-seven thou sand dollars too much. This was an error which was inseparable from the situation in which be was placed, having no books, having no assistance of any kind, and, consequently, having to act, not only as Collector, but as Marshal, Judge, Examiner, Ap~ praiser, and in almost every other capaolty. Much blame is attached to Col.Collier, for having forfeited a quantity of brandy which had been taken to ban Francisco. The following are the circumstances under which the forfeiture was made: When he left Washington for ban Francisco, a oopy of the treaty of commerce between Franco and the United States was put into his hands. By that treaty, French merchants were not allowed to oarry on any indirect trade with the United States, or to import into the United States the products of any country but their own. Soon after his arrival in San Francisco, ? several French vessels reached there with goods and produce from Brazil, Chili, and other places. He inquired of his predecessor if he had heard of any change having been made in the treaty of commerce between the two ountrios and was answered in the negative. With the treaty before hius?with a number of letters addrossed to him by the American merchants, calling upon him to enforce the law, and with copies of protests issued by American Consuls at the places from which these goods were shipped, Col. Collier seized a large quantity of these goods, which he declared forfeited to the United States, but allowed the vessels to escape. In November of tho same year, he wrote to the bocretary of the Treasury on the subject, and in the following April he receivod a reply to the effect that, in the month of July, an arrange ment had been entered into with France, whi:h allowed of the importation of goods in the manner in which they had been imported. Of course, Col. Collier could not have known of this modification of the treaty between the two countries. Tho re sponsibility of the proceeding, therefore, rests on the government, for not making him acquainted with the altered state of things at the earliest mo ment possible. Col. Collier is also accused of not literally follow ing the rules of the department in certain respects, lie did not iniist that cargoes should be landed within fifteen days alter their arrival, as the law requires. Under the state of things whiih then ex isted in ban Francisco, Col. Collier says he did not hesitate to say to the merchants that they might bor.d their goods on board of their own ships, so that the? might not incur the exp?n*a of sis dollars a ton for landing them, and fifteen dollars per month for each ton, for storage. Under this state of things he did not hesitate to disobey the practice in ordi nary eases. Among the suspended items of his account, is one for a large sum which was expended for r*nt ( oL Collier was authorized by the Secretary of the Treasury to rent a building for a custom house, giving preference to one that was lire-proof. He solicited proposals for such a building as was re quired. He was offered one at 17,000 a month, and another at f 10,(XX) per month. He leased the #7jOI>0 one for one year, subject to the approval of the Secretary of the Treasury. The Secretary disapproved of it at the end of four months, and he left it. A building which was offered to him at f100,000 a year was then finished, and he leased it at$3,000 a month, subject to the Secretary's ap proval. Of the rent for this building, #2S,000 is among the sus]?uded items. Another suspended Item is for money expended in building a wharf. Col. Collier, a* Collector, re fined to receive a large quantity of unclaimed lum ber; but Mr. Hodman, who was cent out a* a spe cial agent of the government, insisted that the merchant* of San Francisco ought to have the name facilities extended to them as were enjoyed by rner chants in other part* of the United State*, lie wxi obliged, therefore, to assume the keeping of this lumber, and having no place to store it, he was obliged to build a wharf for the purporo. Hy some means or other the wharl sank into the bay, and with it six or seven hundred tons weight of lumber. What was he to do under these circumstances! i ie rould not await instructions from Washington, lie accordingly built another wharf, as rapidly as pos sible, and had the lumber taken out of the water, and piled up safely. The cost of this second wharf is not allowed. Another charge against Col. Collier is, that he did not make quarterly returns of the expenses of his cfiire, and submit them to the Secretary of the Trea ury. Under the circumstances which existed at the time in California, it was impossible to com ply with this rule of the department, lie paid his officers at the end of every month, and wrote to the .S:cre tary of the Treasury that he Would be obliged to continue to do so, or he would not be able to keep men in his office, as they were obliged, at that time, to pay their board motey inadtance. These are the circumstances under which Col. Collier discharged his duties as Collector, and the above arc some of the charges th ?thave bnen made aguinet him. Col. Collier went to California with a salary of fifteen hundred dollars a year, and had ao assist ants at nil. A* Collector, he had to collect the revenues. As Appraiser, be had to value goods. W hen be seised goods, he bad to assume the respo.v sibility of Admiralty Judge in deciding npon for feitures, and he was actually obliged to act as Mar shal and carry his own judgments into effect How different is the situatioa of things in California now! T Butler Iking baa a salary of f 10,(100 a year; he has an assistant with a salary of fib.isxi or f7,000; a Surveyor with a salary of ft,Q0U; two Appraisers at tli.UMU each; two Assistant Appraisers at 94,(100 each, and a I rt strict Judge. IHstrict Attorney, Mar shal, si.J other officers are io-atedthcr* for the pur pose of carrying the laws into effect. Col Collior, rr< m the necessity of the case, was obliged to as sume every kind of rerj<on*ibilily. Indeed, we think he lias been treated in a v. ry shabby manner by the government. If he had insisted that the merchants should hare unloaded their vessels when be went there, and larded their goods, nn immense amount of property would have been destroyed by the first great fire. The ships in the bay, however, krpt thi- property safe. Mr. Hodman, his sucoes tcr. Saw fit to enforce the Custom House regula tions in this respect, and thecoma .mence fe, that by the last great fire, property to the talue ef several millions of dollars was destroyed, which would hare bren saved if Col Collier's ph*o had been continued, of allowing the in er-bunts to store their goads afloat. The AHa t'o/qfbrwrr, In speaking oti thi* subjrrt, eajn? After the srtiral here of Colonel Cottier, he became p. rfeetly ?*ere of tlie ri-k a?4 danger which wo'4i,i ensue If the ueosl mode ef r?*f?m house business '.nr>uM be eUkU/ H* therefore r?<atUt~l V* arr. chants to atora afloat Oooda on chipboard were thus almost entirely exempt from fire riak* Bat government caw fit to m>ud out here an agent who knew an much about California ae many other appointee* cent hereupon missions for which neither education, taste, nor the |o4c titled ihem This agent a Mr llmlniiB, came, pro tended to eee aud examine Into the cuctom bouar ar raugenn nte. and report upon the warehousing facUitint of thi* port, jumped at an opinion and made hie report egain*t the evidence of hie eyeeight that Ban VranrWco aistiudxl in safe. lire-proof building*. suitable for puMic stores. which merchants and ahipp' re could use fur bonded gi'iale In consequence of thin report, Colonel Collier r< ceived an unmerited amount of reprimand, and finally wac reject* d by the Senate for an otHce which he had no faithfully and effectually fllltd. and in which, by a wire and liberal policy, he had aaved millions of d< Uara to the citi/en*. w ithout a dollar'* lima to the government. Another evidence of the petty manner to wMcb it was expected Colonel (.'oilier should conduct hid office as ( ollcctor, is the fact that be wu limited to mi expenditure of gf 1.5(1 for a safe, in which to keep the public moneys, lie endeavored to par rliase one at that rate, but without success. Ho wux offered one for $1,700, which at public auction realised fJKIO. lleing restricted, he was obliged, therefore, to get on as well as he could, and keep the public moneys in his room, without a vault, and without u sale, having upwards of a million of dollars in it at a time, aud afraid to leave hit over sight of it for n moment, lest it might be stolen. This was the conditiou of things when the first great fire broke out in San Fraucisco, and bat tor Colonel Collier's resolution, the flumes weald in all probability have consumed the Collector's of fice, and the government funds would have been stolen. As it was, it was with great difficulty he saved both. Three or four hundred men congre gated round the building, and demanded compensa tion for assisting him in saving the office, lie was attacked by these men, and was obliged to call upon the officer of the revenue cutter in the harbor for protection, which was promptly rendered. lu conclusion, from what we nave heard, we think that Colonel Collier was perfectly justified in all he did. lie (lid not hesitate to assume responsibility, when it was necessary for hiin to do so, for the in terest of the government and the mercantile com munity. If he had been timid, or if he had de cline 1 to disregard, for the time being, the atriet letter of the law, ofaaos would have reigned su preme ; the revenue would have been loat; the go vernment would have lost everything ; and properly to the value of soveral millions of dollars would have been destroyed by fire. Change* In tha Value of Real Estate In "?y l*?*ver Wards of the City of New York. It is curious to notice the changes which hare oc curred in the value of real estate in the commer cial part of this city, during the last thirty years; and to observe that, notwithstanding the constant 'ncrease of the city in wealth and population, such I ar? whims and fancies of men of business, some [ locations in tho lower ward.', where the trade -"d commerce of this emporium aro carried on, are actually valued at less than they were twenty or thirty years since. This is shown by tho rate at which such property is constantly sold, or Is valued by the assessors for taxes, or the compara tive rents paid thereon. We propose to give a few instances, as the result of our inquiries and observations?first remarking that the in. crease of the value of real estate in the lower part of the city has been great iu the aggregate, a? might be supposes], from the general removal of lamilics up town, and the conversion of dwelling houses in the lower wards into stores, hotels and boarding houses. Ibe following is the comparative valuation of real estate, as assessed, in the four lower wards, in 1832 and 1819:? 1H32. 1819. b "ft ward$19,312,#10 $28,011,10# Second do 10,614,500 11,831,250 Third do 9,887,900 12,?27,7?> fourth do 6,731,700 8,080,170 Total, #16,156,300$63,550,270 Increase value of real estate in these fonr wards. $17,093,970. A largi portion of this increase of value in build ings, however, may be attributed to the cost of tfen expensive banking houses, warehouses, and other edifices, which have been erected since the great fire of 1835, and ether improvements which have tuken place down town?for it is a fact that there has been a great decline in renti in such streets an Pearl street, Greenwioh street, and other teotionn of the lower wards, within the last twenty year*. In 1 carl street, foe instance, if we compare the rent* paid ?t present, with tho? obtained for the same warehouses in 1832 and MM, taking the whole range from I'cck slip to Broad street, we find tho decline from fifty to seventy per oent. We mar name one store in that street, which formerly rant ed for three thousand dollars, and which now rent* for nine hundred dollars only. Pearl street, it is well known, has been for many years the great mart of the dry gools trade, and it is mainly in that business that most of these great changes have taken place; and this decline in rent* in Pearl street has been going on, while the trad* in dry goods has increased in common with other branches of commerce. If we inquire into tha cause of this apparent anomaly, we believe it will be four d mainly in the propensity to change-whiok is common to all human affairs?which cauaea tha influence of fashion to operate as well in trade, a* in the social ooncerns of life. The first great change in the courso of the oity business, whieh withdrew much of tho dry goods and other trade from PeaH "treet, occurred after the improvements whieh took place after the great fire of December, Mi5, a largo number of extensive warehouses having bcea ereot cd in other streets in the First ward, after that event In oonseqiience, many merchauU removed from Pesrl street to those locations, anno of wkirh. again, in turn, are losing their share of popularity as favorito stands; and at the present time. Broadway, which, a few years ago, was prin cipally confined to the retail busineee, is tho most fa-hionable street for the wholesale fancy and staple dry go )?1* trade, and the highest rents in the city are paid for the new aad costly warehouses In that quarter. Fulton, John. Aassau an 1 William streets, may also be said to hare improved as business streets, within a few years. ( ourtlnndt street has materially changed its cbarnoter, and property for business purposes in that street, has greatly increased in value Dey street is, at present, undergoing great alteration*. ?jr widening the street, mi l the erection of many ??p*cious warehouses, calculated for the wholesale trade in various bran' be*. The lower part of Greenwich street was formerly occupied as residences by some or (be most fashiona ble families in the city. It isaaw principally tenant ed by boarding house keepers, particularly by those who accommodate German and other emigrant-, which bar. the effect, generally, U drive nut tho American population. In that part of the city, rents are lower than they ware thirty years siOne; and dwelling houses which then rented for$**>, may now be had for twenty-five per oent Ic? say I he following shows the low valuation placed by the As-essors upon sou* of the dwellings in Green wich street;? No. >9, a large building, formerly the re-idencc off the late Widiam W. W'volarr, $11 IMM> No. 31, assessed to l?r. BiW.y, jm) " K. K. Morris, A^SO# *d. " J. P Sarin 5,150# The elegant row of dwelling house fronting the Howling i >reeii and State -treet, are now valued at aonsidernbly Us* than they would probably have brought thirty years since, or an >n after they were erected. They art estimated by the assessors at from$19,000 te |'20,(SK) each; and it appears from tho sale- of the lots on which they were built, mad* by order ef the c orporstion in 1816, that they werepur tbamd by the persons named at the following prises:? No. 1. John Hone, \$10,26# 2. l'eter Hemsen, 9^.10# 3. James Kyers, ?t'75# 4. Klbert Anderson 11,00# 5. Abi.iah Weston, lo'oo# 6 Imminlck I.yroh Ililfl# 7. 8tcnhen Whitney MOO# 9. A. ? eston, 8 15# 9 Thos I?. Mercein Sj*) 10. Hubert Lenox, 8 26# 11. Jos. Black well, 8,20# 12. John Swartwout, 21)0#) Most of these hou rs are still occupied by old 0.?w )orh.rs, and are considered fa, hionablt resi dem e' ; but it 1 not probable that they can with stand the progress of improvement and the desire for change, many years longer. It I- certain that the b wer pn*t of Broadway, Howling Green, 8tat? street, an# vklaity, must soon be o. copied only for * arch i'^sc , hotel' and boarding hon?et. tact- we have stated clearly - how that real c-'a a, pirn in the moat piotperom commercial cifirs, is subject to fluctuations in value,from cause* t ee-ily to he fore-ecu by the most 'hrewd and careful observers, but often governed by the whim* and fancies of individual.- engaged in trade, or hav ing an influence ou the fashion ? aad tattt) tf 9661 >1 Ibcix a,-tf sod geoeitUvU