Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 20, 1851, Page 1

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 20, 1851 Page 1
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*#??W????? TH WHOLE NO. 6843. NEWS BY TBEKOKAPB. From Wwihlnfton. WASHINGTON, Julf 19 1851 The Post Olltce Department deoidos that newspaper* ire entitled to exchange with Omhaui's and similar msgariues. From New Orleans. WITHDRAWAL OF lll'N T A PSD HiillUS FROM THR < ONOREV.IONAL CONTEST? IHIRNINO OF A THEATRE?DEPREDATIONS ON THE IlIO OKANDE, &C. Nr.w Orleans. July 17 1851. Col. Hunt and Mr J. N Harris, the two opposing wh'g candidates tor OoDgress. have both withdrawn from the contest. A destructive fire broke out last night, destroying the Histrionic Theatre, together with several other buildings. The loss has not yet been ascertained The Indians and Mexicans are still committing serious depredations on the ltio Grande. The steamer United States, bound to Mazstlan. had put back. She is expected here soon. Peter Conry has resigned the Piesidency of the Bank of New Orleans. Nelxure of Flsldng Vessels by ths British. Boston, July 19, 1851 Letters received here state that three American Ashing vessels?the Express, Teleg-aph. and Francis?have been seised by the British for Ashing too near the shore in the llav ol' Chuleur. The two flrst vessels are owned in this city. uuU the latter in Wellflect. The three are valued at Our Austrian Corretpundence. Trieste, June 2:5, 1351. ^ 'J'he Imprisonment of Mr. Bract?Particulars?The Charge* against him, Qrc. The chief excitement iD this city, just at pressnt, a a touching American affairs, is the rooeut arrest at Gross Wardein, of the Her. Charles L. Brace. The prominent facts of this case you have, no doubt, already had. You have, no doubt, hoard that Mr. Brace is a native of Iiartford, Connect i-cut, of highly respectable famiiy, a graduate of Yale College, and some twenty-five or twenty-six years of age; thut he has been coane;ted as a student with a Presbyterian theological seminary In New York, and is a young man <>f active mind .and fine abilities; that he came to Europe last year; and, after- travelling in England, Holland, and North Germany, settled at Berlin for the winter, and perfected himself in German, so as to speak it fluently, duriDg whioh time he associated intimately with our Minister, Mr. Barnard, and the Secretary of Legation, Mr. Fay; that, in April 'sst, he arri.ed at Vienna, and, having received a general letter of commendation from our charge, Mr. MeCurdy, departed in the mouth of May for J Pe th, in Hungary; that the police of Vienna j strongly dissuaded him from visiting Hungary* j owing to the unsettled state of the country; that he, however, proceeded to Pesth, by railway, and thence, after a brief tarry, southwest to Gross j Wardein, a military post in Hungary, on the frontier of Transylvania, about BOO miles from Vienna, j anil not far from the borders of Tu.kev: that ho wias received with much attenion by the II trigs ' rians, and wrote back to Mr. McUunfy th.it he w.ts i "huvug a glorious time;" and, finally, that, in the | very midst of this "glorious tiuie," without one | word of warr.ing, he was suddeuly arrested, M iy 2Btb, at the order of the commanding officer of ttie ' Austrian troops at that post, and thrown into the ' fortress?his carpet bag having at the same time keen soiled, broken open and searched. Intelligence of this event reached Vienna about the 25d of June, by a letter from Brace, borne by a private hand, which letter, o ving to a brief tempo- | rary absence of Mr MoCurdy, was delivered to the j American Consul, Mr. Schwartz This g> ntleuum at once applied to the Under Scoretary of Foreign ^ Affairs, Prince Nth war/enberg beiog then absent j at the conferenee of the Kmperors of Russia and Attetrin, at Olmutr: and. having represented ihe utter improbability of the charges against Mr. j Brace, demanded his release. A few days afterwards, on Mr. Mct'urdy's return to Vicuna, us wt-11 j as that of Prince Fehwurzenoerg, the Minister bud an immediate interview witb the Secretary, j who expressed surprise at thr event?bad the tacts j relative to Brace communicated by Mr Mel'mdy i t> It-graph, d to Pesth, and assured the Minister that tbe whole subject should receive eirly iuvesli- i gation, and, if the assertion.- made relative to rf-a -c proved correct, he would bo discaarged; bis severest punishment being to be put over the borter 1 of the empire. Mart then, repented intervie *s j have taken place and notes passed, an I oik I'h trge bar. through the Secretary, written to the pris > i r, offering aid and money. The latest note of Mr. I Mct'urdy bore date tbe llth ins;, to which a reply was received on the Itith. The charges against Brace are these? t i wit: I. i Having letteis in his valine from refugee? aaroa 1 to ' disaffected persons in llungiry. 2 Hav ag la ' bis powcMion several copies of a rt voluti >usry rainphiet. entitled "Rights of Hungary," written by 1 rancii Pul-ky, late Secretary of the Commit- , tec of Defence in liungury, of wuicn Knssuia was j President. IS. Having sought out di?a .foiled per- I eons in Hungary by circuitous routes. I'tm are ' very grave offences, to be sure, admit ting ttiem to j lutvi* )n?. n romtnitti?<l urn i-hnrtr..!; uml Imjr Vnsrni I will answer to the law of tuition* for an arrest mud imprisonment, basel on rueh ground'?grouo U said to be wholly unten il.le and uiteily false?remains to be seen And bow the A iuen<)aa republic will view such an outrage, in utter despite of tne lato declaration of .Mr. Webster's first Is*tar to < bovaliar llulsetnanu?"that nothing wdl deter ths people of the United Man's frotu etpr-s-i ig their opinions freely, and at all time*, upon the great political events which way transpire among lie civiliied nations of the earth"? Auuncin* m Austria are aniious to learn. That the Austrian government was terribly galled snJ huniliatcd bv , that correspondence, there can ho no I mot; and , there is but one feeling all otcr '"hri tcu l >ui uo . the subject?gratification at the immeasurable a I- , vantage of .Mr Webster in that cmirovsrs,. Smarting under this infliction, it i* not at all on probable that Austria bus hougat occasion to defy the tuotiwrtds expressed iu that correspondence by Mr Webster, and tnuintain her own, ttiu-* seek- ' it g a -alvo to her wounded pr.de That an Amor- , Iran should be thrown into prison for having iu h's posaeaston letter* never delivered, and whicn tb-rc seemed do iutenticn of delivering; or having pamphlet*, which be had evidently not distributed. _ ? - |-VV.VI v? ** " ?? ?l?V lUlUa charge?*' recking out diraffeoted person* by circuitous root**"?thut is *iu>|<t) ridiculous. Austria bad hotter imprison such pertlou* per-on* th?m swlree, than thuge who *cck thcui; and if her ArguvoTed p? lire bad failed to ferret out thcirhidi.ig place*, now ?a? a stranger, from a straoge land, cspeeted to auceerd! Oar worthy Charge I* actively nrrting himself iothis business, and i* ?an- : vuine of a speedy nod satisfactory termination. : Rut when did the proud b?u*e <>f I iapshurg coodancend to acknowledge a blunder by retracing its 1 step* 1 When did it hesitate at any crime tocouoeal or iwstify one1 Hut i* it* contact In this ease the result of error or of design T Bra w i* raid tub tee | bad but one letter of the character <Wn tuuxd in lii* possession, and bu' one copy of tba ubuolious f atnpbbft; while he we* himself the tery tu thest teniored from being a propagandist ot insurrection . Hut, whatever the r*?ult of this affair?whether Austria acknowledge* her blunder, and at on* releaeee Brace; or, in order to eonccal and maintain bcr position, retaine bin., on pretence of inve?t>g* tion, ?he ha* a eery triouf reckoning before b.-r for impriworing an Ameiican cttiren on the willy charge* ehe ha* put forth?or tery greatly do I tnietako tbeebaiaeter of Mr W?hft?r, the tone of the nre-ent Administration, anl the spirit of the I ample of tb? I nited States. F. ArrVMrrrtn Mt riikk at Watsrtowr, Wi*?? "We learn from a gentleman of Watcrtown, that an ftttempt at murder ?ai made near that tillage on Ualiteria f nvnrtiiiff lua# .VI- ! - ? 11 ? ? I tender from Vermont, while on his wey to hi< bmr</ ing house. about ten o clo jk on the evening name I, km shot DJ some person to bitn unknown, the bull entering hie forehead directly above one eye, and .penetrating the bead some two inched. Mr. I*. was alive on Sunday evening, but it is thought that he oannot recover. He had about $230 in his po ;ket,, whnh wm secured by the assass i n. A young m*i who has ben in the Tillage of Watertown a few wreaks, a painter by trade, and who has paired by the name of Brown, though that is now areertaine I do be aa assume 1 name, was arrested oa Sunday evening, but the result of the elimination was not known at three o'clock yesterday morning Clrrnmstaaees were strongly against the pruoner.? J|f?Angs4'f (Tu i Snwnti, J*lylJ. E NE Our Travelling Carreepondenee. Ovr Sandy Hook, July 17, 1851. Intrresting her dints of the lYip? The Pioneer of the Pacific Steamship Lint?Presentation of Charts by Captain Ringgold, of the Navy?Particulars of the Run of the Ship?The Nursery of the Gol/tcn Gate? Sayings and Doings of Mr. Webster?Expedition to the Congo River?Comj>luint of the Want of Buoys off the Hatbor of Nexo York?Amusements on Board, fyc. According to promise, I proceed to give you further partic ular!- of the delightful excursion on board the steamship (JoldenGate, as well as the incidents of the vojsgc from Annapolis to New York. It ie worthy to be recorded, that from the oarliest dtys of ship building to the present time, and of all the entertainments given on the occasion of trial trips of vessels, the present was never exceeded, neither with regard to the maguificence of the construction of the ship, the generosity and liberality displayed by Mr. Aspinwall in the sumptuous fare provided, nor the distinguished guests who were on board, to say nothing of the distance and pleasantness ol the voyage, or of the high enjoyment that pre. vailed. It may not be generally known, that Mr. Aspinwall is the pioneer of the great line of steamship: now floating in the Pacific Ocean, aud ruuuing from Panama to San Francisco. The keel of the first steamship for California was laid by him in lect ruber, 1818, und sailed on the first of October, 1848? a period of hardly twenty-one months agoarid yet, ut this day. thoro are fifteen magnificent steamers now ploughing the waters of the Pacific, built by the enterprise, energy, und talent of Willism H Aspinwall. The great feature in connection with this enterprise is, that they did not wait to establish shipyards or workshops at Panama or San Francisco, in order to repair their steamors, but each vessel carried out in her all the mechanics, tools, iron, timber, aud everything else that was necessary to provide against aoeidents, ami repair them as soon as tbey occurred. This is the great superiority which we enjoy over tho Knglish steamers. The difference is, that our mechanics act and wotk understanding^, and repair the injury at the moment of its occurrence, while tho ?nglish,n>t being thus provided, wait to send their vessel* homo, and repair ibetn afterwards. l'urirg the trip a splendid set of charts of the coast and ports of California, dedicated to Win. II. rtspinwall. Lsq , was presented to the ship < 1 olden (late by Cadwalader Jlinggold, Commander U.S. Navy. The surveys and soundings were principal/ made by Commander Kinggold himself, ai^.1 do honor to bis talent and profession. Our run from Cape lfenrj to Sandy Iloo't Light, was made in twenty two hours, notwithstanding the vessel was stopped several times to get souudiiigs, and a heavy souall, early on Thursday morning. caused the ship to make a great run off tr tin the coast, which consequently added greatly to her distance. .^hc made as high as seventeen and a half revolutions, and averaged fourteen during the trip. Once or twice the machinery beeume heated, us is generally the case with all new engines, so that the sj*cd of the vessel was not tried. I omitted to statu in describing her machinery, that her boilers are built ou a somewhat novel construction, ralhd horizontal tubular boilers. Sho has two aft, and two forcward of her engine, with five rooms in i l-o centre of the ship, running fore and ufi, and a low of furnaces on each side. Her engines are nominally ot 320 horse power each, but are really of about 800 horse power. We bnd fine moonlight nights and a smooth sea tin-most of the trip, and the passengers preferred sitting upon deck to a late hour, or rather I should say, " an early one,**listening to songs and stories, than to going below. There was one spot below, however, which was very attractive. This was the family room, containing two or three state rooms, and several open berths, whieh was occupied by a Mtu her of the distinguished guests, all of whom were over six feet in stature, and inativ of them wote large liearils and inoustachios. This room watt dubbed "the nursery," and a pretty set ofchil* die n oeeupted it. I do a-sure you. A large trunk in tlie emtio of this room served for a sideboard, on which a waiter was plaeed, containing mysterious blaik looking bottles, and a huge pitcher whieh swi utcd under the load of ice it coutnined. The bight st dignitaries onboard the ship wore frequently seen pu)itig visits to this room, not excepting in it uk'u ui inc t j <>i ii. * 'ccbmoqai ly muu hunln lit laughter would be heard emanating {rout the nursery,," and echoing through the ?ht|> ; but 1 i rnili! l ot learn the mysterious cause which proouod thcin. Sunc said " tirirevcalod kuockiugs" were to be beurd there, but it was noticed that the lsugh'np gimraliv prevailed whon the children *1ie being put to bod I* 1 r Webeter came aboard tho ship in an old uhitf )mt and abrowu frock erat, looking more like b Niw Hampshire farmer than the great Aincriita statesman. Ho kuocked ahout the -hip just as ho 11. a red, no one pretending to tpproach or interrupt h m. At one liuie he would play with a little child, th?n walk forward and corners? with a sailor, thcu 1 x a mine toe engine, unj make pleasant and common I lace obscications to anyone who happened to be near Ilia conversation with ('apt. (In ham. who hud travelled all over the world, in spooking of Afriia. Mr. WnKttr said he desired, before hewithdn w :i? a number of our government, to see an oxpi ditiuncarried out to the Congo river, which t'apt. Abbott, of the navy, was very anxious to explore. n11. Abbott in of tho opinion that back from tho ii ar! of Africa there exists a healthy mount linnut country, and a superior race of beings, which lie thilk* are the descendants of tho lost tribes of Ifuuel. Mr Webster appears rather feeble from bis late mdoous duties in the Ma'0 Iteparlment. but, not withstanding, is in fine spirits lit is on h < way to Lis Alarshficld farm, where he intends re* uminii g in ouict, to refresh himself and improve his baaltb. 'I he pilot who took us out Sandy Hook, Mr. John VugiMi, is one of the oldest out of .Now Vark, an I ess first com missioned some thirty years ago, by ? apt .^aiauei Iteid, when that gentleman wai U ari'en of the poit. Mr. Maainn went with us the whole trip, and ran an to Washington to see I it ut Psche. of the Coa>t Kurree. concerning the I un)i i tt the harbor of New York, but hi* w.m n!>wkt Mr. Maginn complain* very much of the I n ? 11 hu<y a. which are ?M, leaky, and h i!f mn'., ro that they cannot be *evn. lie ?aya wo w?nt new buoy fic-tu the bar to the tail of the M. \V. bank ? 'hat the it- aboultl he two oo 'he bar, one at the .** It pit. in,v lur/c hell l.uoy on l litin'f hnoil, ono n the u| iwr middle. and one on the tail of the hail.: that for the preaervatieh of life and I r< fe-r') , thrac buoy* *houbl be one-third larger than their present aite, and reatored to their fori* er color, of white and black, inatetd of rvd and black 'I Li* ia certainly a eery important matter, and d?*< iv( , t.i he MM particularly MllMi than the at oit tin ntion of the subject in a letter. Not only eur pilot*, but our merchant* and insurance cotnpa tuea, a-f deeply interested in the c*tabliahin*nt of icw buoy* at onre. The attention of the ldght Ilouae I oacd of ('otnmiaaionera ahonld bo called to it. aa well na that of the ."*eeretary ol the Trcatiry. A a nog the no-able* on board, I ahould not forget to uictitioD Doctor Valentine, who i* well known aa Joe Miller. The l)octor on aevcrat oocaaion* ti Id u< fiinue atoiiea, gave ua re< itaiion* and inn tatiora of old men, women, children, A, and gr? ally amused n* There are many littlo incident* ibat oeetirted during the trip, wbieh, were they rittenout, would ptove highly intercting; but I UiUet hut g my log hook to a cloae; and, in doing ao, I feel **-ur? d that all who were on board will join n r in the cspreaeion of the bigheat terma of th* fTWra of tiia noble veaeel. liver* attention and coot tray waapaid ua, eapectally by .Mr. Constable, the atori kccrwr of the ahip, whnae gentlemanly tnani eta and anXiou* nolieitude for our comfort?, well detuvca paaaing word. I will eloae by not. omitting to atate that the *ueM*. prevlnoa to their departure, made up a pur?e f acme f 3)0 to be diatributed among the Howards nt il Wllliri R. Torarano am Kra:?n?t i!u Mm it mat*?The up i lit trv. a- far u Waahtenaw ami laclo.m rniiinlina ha* been risited by a dreadful tornado. It com ?m need raining about So'i look, A. M., on Satur lay morning, and poured down during the dar, ol iiteivals, until t o clock, I'. M , swelling all the dmai leading into the Huron riter, (Srand river, kr For eight or ten miles wide, along the line ol the Central Kallroad, the crops bare been much injured by a tornado from the north; trees Uprootto, and limbs broken off by the violenee of th? gale, which lasted for a few minutes prior to foui o'clock, F M Some considerable damage must bate been experienced north and south of the rail r ad: but from Heiter to beyond Kran< varotille, th< wheat at d corn were prostrated '/he marsh e< were all a lout, and considerable hw that waa rut sod eoeked up on them waa completely deluged The oldest inhabitant* In that region recollect o i o instance of a parallel freshet.?/>rtruft (A/cA.; 7>?/wwe, Jttiy 14. W YO SUNDAY MORNING, The Tebuantepec Route. New York, July 18, 1851, > TO Till EDITOR OF TI1K HERALD. My attention baa been called to an article in your paper of yesterday's date, under the caption of the , "Tebuantepec Trouble," &c., which n in many respects bo inoorrect, and is also so unjust towards > the members of the engineering party lately employed on the Isthmus of Tchuaotepac, that I feel constrained to address you this reply. Without entering upon the legal question of the | right of the Mexican Congress to annul the grant I nf l)nn <1a (I a rn v in /lAnfoemiiw iwiftt the constitution of that rcpublio, whijh vests in the President the power to grant concession* of lands, for oolonization, internal improvements, &c., I shall content myself with noticing such statements only as tend to implicato, in some mcasuro, those persons in the service of the United States, engaged in the survey of the route, and the good faith of thoso gentleman who composo the Tehuantopco Railroad Company. The statement that " those associate 1 with (iaray have attempted to go on with the work commence tho survey of the route, and go to Coatzacoalcoas with steamboats, and engineers, surveyors, workmen, provisions and merchandise, and land, though forbidden by tho Mexican authorities," is utterly erroneous. Jlvory member of tho survey was provided with a Mexican passport, duly certified at Vera Cruz; the party was under the direction of Major J. G. Barnard of tho Corps of U. ! S. Kngineers, and by an order of the Central < iovernment of Mexico, (a copy of which appeared in ; the Ilerufd,) all tho stores, instruments, and equip; ments necessary for tho use of the surveying party, i were udmitted into the oeuntry tree of duty ; and, ' moreover, permission was given to tho stcumship l Alabama to make several trips to tho C-mtzaco, alcoas, for the purposo of landing and receiving pas- 1 j sengers, &o. The representation in the article in | question, ot the conduct of tho engineering party t | on arriving at the river Coat/acoalcoas, is unjust to thtm in every paiticular. They did not "invade" j the country. There was no opposition to their landing and going on with tho survey which they completed peaceably and quietly. They did not land or attempt to lund any " merchandise." Tho fi only merchandise on board their vessel was a few ( i "plank," which was by permission entered at Vera j Cruz, and a hig b duty paid thereon. Nor were any j of them imprisoned by the police, or threatened; * ror hud they any difficulty with tho authorities. i ne J a.-scDgers 01 a vessel unonnootod with the i i Tebuanlcpcc t ompany, and having no connection t" 1 with the engineering party, ho<l come trouble with ? the Mexican authorities, as has been reported, in h i various ways, in the newspapers; but wo had 110- tl thing to do with theui in any way, except gratuit- ' ously to aid in the fiiendly settlonient of the dispute. v liud -ueh statenicnts as these made their appear- h anee in any of the trashy shoots of the day, a oontra- d diction of them would bo >|Uito unnecessary; bat. tl : tvlo nthe Weight and force ot ono of tho oldest and h ! most largely circulated journals in the country it em- h ployed to disseminate incorrect statements, lending *t to impugn the good faith and patriotism of soma t? i of the lirst capitalists in the Eolith, and the cou- tl i duet of a scieutilie commission, composed in part ot officers of the army and navy, under the ganotiou of the President of the United States, it is pro- ai per that the same should bo contradicted an l re- f ! fitted. 1 am aware that telegraphic and other 1 loose rcjtorts have been published iu different news- ' ' ] u| crs,from time to time, troin which,doubtle-s, tho ! h I ortorsin your article have arisen; but 1 am satis- 0 fn-dtbul it wdl give you pleasure to correct them. C i They arc all without foundation. I By reference to the rtumbets of the Jlcrail si j early iu this month, it will l>e found that all tho t 1 survey sou tho 1-thuius had been compleu.il, and u the party on tluir tetiitn to tbo United States, long b bot'irc any a't<on towards tbc fabulous expulsion of the Americans was talicn by the Mexican govern- 14 uicnt; and, moreover, that every facility wa-, and " 1: id been, freely furnished, and as freely paid for, \ * during tbe progress of the survey, to advance its 11 1 completion. * 1 1 it no: my pmvince nor my privilege to antic! ? I ate the publications of the reoorta of Major Bar- ? j n irii, oxeep'so far as it mty be necessary in his I absence to relate charges which tend to a IT-at the 1 k UMWt* ot in- labors, and his distinguish -d repu- J' tatioD. In reply, therefore, to the statement* con- ? I corning the Tehuantepeo route, I bog leave briefly to ;i--ure you that it is quite at les-iMe ns vny ill ' the United Mates; that there are no loss than six ^ I mountain pauses, all Admitting of grades not ' i greater than tit) lest; that the road eau be built !l upon a grade ol 5"> feet to the mile; that a ship J' ratal is by no means impossible; that earth- ' quake* have not oeeutred ou the Isthmus, so far I fi am info lined ; that the lands arc incomparably rich, v abounding in iron, tin, silver, salt and coal mines, together with mahogany, lignum vittc, India rubber, ^ pine, live oak, and cypres, and every variety of 1 gum tree.' and dye wools. We may add to these a 1 xntl and climate adapted to the raising of rice, cot- ' I ton, Mignr, and tobacco, equal, if not suporior, to ' the fiiuel portion-of the southern country, and in x j ounctities sufficient, should the Isthmus fall into ' 1 llie hands of foreign capitalists, to ipjure seriously, ' | if not destroy, tho American fade to Kurope; the ? i existence of an excellent harbor on the I'acillc ; a c magnifier nt rixer on this side, navigable for do miles fori hips; a salubrious and healthy climate ; the ' i close proximity ol the Isthmus to tho United States; ' , the saving of two thousand miles in the voyage to ' California ; the control of the entire India trade, j and the market which the States of the South and West must have for their produce on the shores of ^ the I'ariCc, it is plain, then,that the "luvasion" | h of the Is-hmiis, so liberally imputed to the cngi- b i iieerit g party, has-been at'en<i< d wiihsome good | ' if Hill* : '?! that Tehuunfepec p hm*?c? im ne.i*a- 1 table advantage* over the nf-tilonti.il B f|4*i'K> tnnra*?i ?. and Htrren heights of Panama, or tbe stagnant lake of Nicaragua. The action of the late Mexican Congress, in reference to fbc Tebuantcpec route, i? due t > the itdluenre of the Uictubcr* from the > -ate of Vera i tin/ ami f'axaca, wboopposc it on the ground that fbey are not likely to reap any benefit from it?in ott? r not'la, the decline of their capital* ' but too plainly depicted in the approaching reality of th> gtrnt drcatn which Corfei bad centuries aince. T.vi ty cflort, therefore. ha* been *trained to arert this blow; and even the peoplo of Sinora and Taoiaulipa* have been humbugged into the idea o' railroad* there, to secure their oppositien to Tehuantepec. And yet, with all your "want of ai extensive and abiJing faicli " with regard to the practicability rf the project, their resistance to tl e Isthmus route i* ?ue evidence of it* featibility ai. i importance. IIeapactfallj,Itc, .Im> M' l.non Mi trin, I". S. V, Aaa't I'.ng'r Tchuantcpec Purvey. Itlaht of War Arrw*a?h* lalhmu* of Tehnantwpre. I f rim the Washington Itepuhlic. July 19 I The intercut takin hy the |>eople of New (Meant in the prosecution of thi* important work -tiinulatc* thi tn Into dissatisfaction with the government without due consideration, perhaps, of tho difficulties wl ieb Mirroiind the Mihject. < *1 he grant of certain privilege# by the government of Mexico had been transferred to American eitirrns. Tbete privilege* have been unexpectedly revoked I'umor stands ready, as usual, to attribute to foreign interference an act of alleged 0 perfidy on the part of the Mexican government. d The administration i* likewise blamed because oar minister t? Mexico ban been detained at homo by ill-health. l'p,,n this important subjoct wo should sup|o?e that the position of the national administration may ho easily stated The government of tho I 'nited States could not becon a a party to the interests, nor be stimulated by tho discontent, of any parties engaged in a mere private enterprise It will not depart in It# transactions with a feeble an i distracted government fiom those principle! wbieh would govern im iclations with the most powerful nations of the raith. Hot. at the same time, itsdutv is oaually clear to protect against any injustice the rights of I r American citirens, and to malto any improper interference with those rights, on the part of a foreign power, the subject of immediate and resolute remonstrance. , The administration earnot be justly reproached with ignorance of. or indifference to, the interests of its citirens To execute the laws at home in a spirit of equal and inflexible justice, and to mainnin with piopriety and firmness the Amerioatiohalaeter amongst the nations of the earth, has been t thus far the purposs of the present administration Nor is the government indifferent to the i^tporf tanee of securing connections across t)as ConI tral Isthmus ITiey sra obviously important to establish convenient intercourse between the- Atlantic RK H JULY 20, 1851. and Pacific systems ol rates. They are likewise i of incalculable importance in determining the great problem of competition amongst the commercial powers of the earth. This is, in every point of riew, a national object. Nor is it to bo presumed that the administration has been indifferent to tho luccess of the various projects of connection, or that t would fail to promote, by a proper exorcise of its nflucnce or authority, an object so important. It will evince neither a partiality to, nor a disregard > >f, any one of tho enterprises. Its patronage and I protection are alike due to them all, as adventures in which tl*> nation is deeply interested. 'I hat tno absenoe of Mr. Letober has been occa'iored

by severe and protracted indisposition, there ] an be no doubt; but wo have no evidence that the ntcrests of the nation or of individuals have suEfor;d from that cause. The treaty pending between he United states and Mexico in regard to Tehu- i tntepco did not reach the city in time to receive the iction of Congress before its adjournment. It is not expected to be acted upon by that government : :ailiorthan January next No injury hiving resulted thus far from the ill- ] ae?s or absence of Mr. Letcher, the administration : lias naturally preferred to await some crisis in the ; ucgotia .ions which would render the presence of a uiiuiKKrai iuc cit/ 01 moAioo uuj>t ritii* uiy ueoes- < wry. It Vitvferrcd, of course. availing itself o"" the I knowledge which .VI r. Letcher possessed of the preliminary and present condition of tho treaty, of the influence which be has established with the government and people of Mexico. The government is naturally unwilling to lose ' :he valuable services whi ;h he may render, or to lepriveMr. Letcher of the credit of bringing to a , prosperous termination a treaty thus far couductr 1 id so favorably. It is not to be expected, however, that the infirnitics of a public agent can arrest public business. ! iVe are authorised, in this connection, to correct | he report that Mr. Letehur will not return tj.Mexco. l'be state of his health will not in any mar.ler interfere with the efficient perf irmaiiee of the i tublic duties. There is no danger that either the < >ublic servico or private rights will suffer for want i if adequate representation in Muxioo. Wo trust, therefore, that our fellow-citLens of i Jew (>rleans will await with calmuess tho regular .nd systematic action of tho government upon the ; vlicute and importai t questions at issue. It will >e found that the administration has been neither lerelict to its high national obligations, nor for:otful of the domestic rights involved. These duies it is alike its province and its pleasure to peroral. Scott Convkntion in Western Pennsylvania. -We find the following call far a convention of the riends of (icn. Seott, in the Pittsfwrg ?l'u. \ hiztUe, of the 17tli inst.:? WKS IXEN PENNSV I.VAM A 81 OTT CONVENTION. PlTiSHlKO, Juiy 1">, 1851. In the Frienls or Gi.n Scott? Tho undersigned were appointed a committee, at i public meeting of tho trieuds of tlun. Wintield j j :cott, in Allegheny county, to invite delegates from 11 the other counties iu Western Pennsylvania, j trorublc to the election of the her* of two wars to ! ] to Presidency, to meet in convention, in the city of ; 'ittsburg, on the iMth of August next, the anni- i cisary of the battles of Coutreras and Churu- i ( ujeo. In pursuance of that ippointuiont, we cor- I , iully invite every friend of that greatest of mili- I , iry chieftains who never needlessly shod a drop of 1 . u mail blood, and who in equally dist inguishcd for J j in prudence, hie huuiHiiity, his patriotism, ami his atesmansbip, to co operate in sending delegates { ) that convention, and to meet with us in person on , lat occasion. , Nildteis of the war of 1*12, who, with him, ( Ddurt-a the plications of the Canadian frontier, , td triumphed at firidgowatcr, Lundy's Lane, and ( liippcwa, his earliest and most steadfast friends, ( ume meet with us t'ddiors of the Mcxicau campaign, who. under is couunand, in o|>en held, and ugainst fearful \ ilds, stormed the Mexican batteries, at Verra i ( ru/., Crrra (Jotdo, (.'outreras, Churubusco, and | j bnpultepec? and rested not until the stars and iripes flouted in ttiumpb froai the dome of the Nalocal i'alace, and over the halls of Montezuma*? Oino w ith us to do honor to your own beloved oliicfuin, the greatest o' living heroes. Friends of the Union?foes of nullification and ccession?we offer as your standard-bearor the very uiui selected by 'Jen. Ja<k.-"n to enforce his ordirs, > ben he proclaimed, "The Union! It must and hall be preserved." The triumphal election of Vinfieid .-cott to the 1'residcntial chair will more flcctually suppress South Carolina secession than ,u nimy of a hundred thousand bayonets. You! g wen, whose enthusiasm has been often in lied by the recital of Scott's heroic deeds, come, mi with us in refuting the slander that "republics ,ie ungrateful." Wc confine not our invitation to those who, iu Ml, manfully struggled with us under the Sage of I Lsblai.d, and, in 'to and 'IH, triumphed under the 3ad of the heroes of Tippecanoe and liuena Vista, t.d are now the earnest sup|*>ttcrs of ;hc prosrnt hie Slid patriotic national administration. I [Itousandf, vto*e party allegiance bold theiu rn, even amid tlie excitement of those campaigns, till rally at the name of Winfleld Sn?tt. We iuvito all to conic, except the opponent* of | Initricun industry ar.d the advocate* of Bri'.ish i ariffs, who have never yet forgiven Scott for hi* I rcatincnt of their allies at Biidgew?ter, Dundy's I ,ane, and L'hippewi. On behalf of thoso for tboiu wc act, the tariff men of Allegheny, we in- | ite you to visit us in our workshops. now only half ' mploy?il, in what ought to be the Birmingham of I imirtca, the city of i'ittaburg. Wo pledge you ' i cordial and hearty greeting, with the luteh strings I tit, in the manner ot the coons of 1.110 (Mgn?dl--T. J. llighain, Fred. <?. Kay, W. A. j hurltcn, brands hum*. John Voting, Jr . I lobar t [ 'oi tor, l.eonard .1. John*, Audrow JJ.tyuo, .phraiui Jones?Committee of lovhatlon. Tii* Lsti Fatci. Dim, at Nnw Ori.ka**? Vc lament to announce that the difficulties which ato for rouio time existed, and with which the pubc has bun niaic familiar through the press, bew?tn Mr. I ro?t, the editor of the i'rttrml, and ol. T (i. Hunt, one of tbo randidatct for the itsdnatioD to t'ongrcs*, have had a fatal termination. < lr Ftwt fought a duel )**tcrday at about otto 'clock 1*. M , at the United State* Bacrack*, bei? the citv. with Dr. Thomn* Hunt, the brother 1 t Col. T. li. Hunt. They fought, a* we boar, j rith double-barreled gun*. at forty twee*, and on j he second fire Mr. Frtrt wa? mortally wounded, : he build parsing through bit left breast, and ho lied within halt an hour. The immediate cause of fence waa an alu-rcation which took place at the ibig meeting, in I'crdiil.i street, on Monday evenug. It was, now? ver, only th<-renewal of an ancient lifiicul , timing out of the ('ongrcsaional election art 'ail, when Col. T. If. Hunt was a candidate 1 efoir 11.* whig convention, and Judge llullard, the aw ] ariner ol Air. Fro*', obtained the nomination. Im thi i <>f the hi other* of Col. Hunt became then 1 ntrolveo in a personal difficulty with Mr. Fro?t, and j he preliminary movement* for a duel were made | roll the part of Mr. Front, but they failed. The thole correspondence was published at the time, ! mi i* douhthf* familiar to our reader*. The ill eclirg lia.? rat k led ever since, and the new canvas*, n which I ol. Hunt is again a candidate,revived it, roduoed the collision at the Mi ides, and hi* ended n thi* lamentable manner. It ha* already been | uhluhcd that there wan a meeting between the artio* on Wednesday, which the police interrupted, ml both challenger and challenged were hound tcr. 'J hey dim guided the bond*, went almost irectly from the Iteeordtr'a Office to the Tuited tate-. Harrack*, ami finally closed up thi* most unapjy uuarrel with the death of Mr. Frost by the nnds ol I ?r Hunt. In the einltcmrnt of this event. rliieh ngitatr* ?nl divide* the wholecitv, thr merit* t the eau*c of the quarrel arc hadly fit *ubjeots of i ifoaMina. Wo have a profound regret for the do j e*?ed; we have more pity for the *urvivor. Very ! ere indeed arc the mooting* of thiw port in which he Bias whom fortune ha? made the viotor doe* not : nvy the quiet of the dead. Bit though we may ot. wi*ely or generoualy, in the inid*t of tbia ciitetnent and sorrow, aid in reviving the angry < ntroveraie* among the living of which thin event i a deplorable conmiMHM, we may pay ft tribu'e f sincere reepoet to the memory of the dead. Mr. To*t wu a vnluahlc nnd riaing eitisen, and a ino*t 1 at unable man. Hi* talent* w re of ft high order. I i d he h*d cultivated them well. In hi* profeerion I the law he wa* a *uccea*ful advocate, and wa* i ieing to a fine practice, which he might c**ily mvc secured but for hi* predilection for politic*, 'fid the Real for hi* party, which brought him tnuoh nto public life a* a popular oratwr, and then into he editorial profc*?ion lie wa* a fluent writer a* veil as Fpcnkcr. The ardor rf hUteinporauient led lim tiften into eontro*er*iei, wherein he maintained I'dmlf with epirit nnd talent. He had many warm tieiid*, who give him the credit of being of ?o e*- j iem< Ij impulrive and geticrou*. a* well a* peiipitive | en per anient; and they deplore hi* deUh a* that of i i warm hearted and gallnnt gentleman, who had he qnalitie* and eapaeitie* to be ii'eful to hi* : oniitry, * he waa dear to hi* own circle of inli* ; aifttei and aetociitrti ?A'" OHmm Pfrfurwit. . /w/y U. ' ERA] Trade with California. [From the San Kranclsco U-rald. June 0 ] Some wag has, iu the following squib, plucked from the late fire the material for a humorous caricature of the manoer of conducting business between San Francisco and the Atlanic States; ? San Francisco, Juno 1, 1851. Messrs. California Speculators and Shippers; Gentlemen?We beg to acknowledge the receipt of 17,5?0,110 invoices ani bills of ladieg of goods shipped by you to this port. Most of the goods have arrived, and wo have disposed of part at one half the prime cost. Many of the invoices were closed up by the regular fire of the ?th ult We enclose you a general account, and shall forward i special account sales "in the fall." We send you the AUu price current, tb?< quotations in which you can rely upon as the highest retail nriee. From the commercial articles, you will bo able to see the perfectly transparent state of tho market. Some two hundred of your vessels have cleared for China und the East Indies; tao balance, say five hundred, remain in port, from our inability to negotiate further drufts upon you. Most of them are less liable to sink, as they now lie on the mud flats, than they would be if sent to sea, and we would ad vise their remaining ho for the next, forty or liity years. We would advise the immcdiato shipment of some five hundred assorted cargoes, as the supply in the market is not mure than sufficient for fifteen months. By all means ship in clipper ships, as the commission on freights, ut $4 per foot, is quite an item in our receipts. We recommend a large shijv incut of pork, which article, if not placed here so as to be sold at $5 per harr.d, will be driven out of the market by the lurge supply of fresh provisions being carried into tbo mining districts. Any article quoted at high prices, the consumption of which is limited, should be shipped in large quantities, in order to compete with the host of other shippers. It is not advisable to ship any of the produce of your own country, us the supplies of such articles mostly come from other ports. We are daily expecting a large supply of sugar, ccfl'ce, spicoi and fruits from the North I'ole, and several cargoes of dry and fanoygoods from Siberia, | wbi h will doubtless go off readily. We regret to annouueo the loss of several of your vessels at sea, thus restricting our commissions, and | rendering it necessary foryou to collect the amount insured. In shipping dutiable goods, you need never provide for the payment of tho duties, as we are at all times prepared to advance the amount required at ten per eent-per month interest; or, if you prefer if, have tfe goods stored in the celebrated LI. 3. fire proof iSkided warehouses, at ttie trilling expense of #7 per ton the first mouth, and $3 each suceeodiug month. An anniversary fire is confidently expected on the 1 fth instant, when we hope to close most of our consignments, und forward you final aeet sales. 1 be balance of funds will be remitted by tlie first j vessel "in the spring Trusting that previous operations here have proved sufficiently satisfactory to indueeyuu t ? continue .-hipping n- long us you uro ab:c, and to advise your friends to do so when you huve retired horn the business, we remain, geutleruen. your obliged. &c. fcc. &c. i The Late Fiee in New Orleans?Teu.ity I'm Rett?The Trinity Catholic Ohurota, about which theio lias been so much litficuity, was destroyed by fire at twelve o'clock on Wednesday night, together with t he priest's residcnco. a school use, a frame building, and n grocery store owned Hid occupied by (i Brueer, on tao corner of Urea.jiiii anil Bt. Ferdinand streets; a brick building, >wncd by Alexander Lacour, commission merchant, who is now in Europe, on (iremoion street: a brick two story bouse, owned by Thomas Williams, on :lie corner of St. Ferdinand and lireutmen streets, >) posite the g oocry of rfrueer, and aev irul kite he us, )Ut bouses, &o. The church, school bouse, ail priest's residence, which were recently decided, by fudge Kcnio'dy, to be the property of Bishop Blair, weie insured for which is probably the fall extent oftbiirvalue, us they were frame or wooden buildings The house of A. Lacour was a one story building, but was elegantly finished, and a considerable amount was recently expended iu adorning and beautify ing a spacious garden in its rear, wkucn las also been destroyed. The proimrty was insured^r [ $4,0110. The building, owned by Mr. WitUMp who is now absent in California, was not innnecL Biuotr's house, and the contents of his grocery, were insured a few days ago. Uuidzforowcsky, the priest, had an insurance also on his furniture The fire, which originated in the church, was undoubtedly the act ot an incendiary, and evidences a reckless disregard of consequences, and a diring deli unco of the law, unsurpui>"cd. It will be remembered tbat the church property has keen lately in dispute between Bishop Blanc and the Her Mr. < luidiorowi sky, ami that as to the merits of this dispute the cot giega'.ion was divided. On the relinquishment of all claim by the priest, .lui Ige Kennedy, a few days ago,decided tbat the church property belonged to the oisbof. It appears tlrst the portion of the congregation favorable to the priest were dissatisfndwith this result of the depute, and met on Wicinesday night in the church for the purpose of deliberating on the matter. It was decided by that they would intervene in the fiiit as parties interested in the church property, and endeavor to appeal to the Supreme Cooit. Veaterday the opposing { rtioii ol the congregation wire assembled al t lit the ruin* of the ehuu b. n id considerable cicitiuent prevailed among theiu The priest's party contended that the building wasfi-ed by tbote Invoinble to the bishop. when the? nw the determined stand taken l>y theiu on Wednesday; wbilo tin others tnniiiiain that 11>? fire was placed under the nltnr rI the church at the time of the meeting. There were also route who loudly asserted that the grocer, who was of the prie-t ? party, and the pi lest himself, having recently insured the property, iutical". d something suspicious We sanply give the rumors and mutual crimination current on the ground this morning. Kach pa tr contended that I hi ir opponents should not he fault he a'uou it of their iiiiuiancr. and it appear* the priest's party iu'rndcd to contest the hishop'i right to the |/,'i.i l foruhiibthe church pmpeity was insured l<eCOtder feu/Mcau is actively engaged iu itir- atiga'ing the rtiu.-e of the tire.?Arte ihltnit' I'uut,liwr, July II. '1 nr Covnfs MtCUE* correspondent of the I alt.inure aligns, writing from < Ihestertown, Md , says( helton, Tsylor, and Murphy, the kurdcrcta ot the Comh'n family, nre to he executed on the *'b of August, by the Sheriff of Kent c miity. I 1 hese men deserve their fate, and will receive it sooner or later, and they are not entitled to any ! .-yni|iiil.j from the public; yet, if the facts are as reprmr.tcd by one who professes to know them, thi ic is so mm h irregularity about the conviction and sentence of Taylor anil Murphy, as to suggast an <! ','Siiy into tlitin before the execution. It i' said that there were ? > record* of the trial and convictlors in Cecil exhibited to the Governor, altheiigb Taylor and Murphy were tried and eonv irtrd in that county; that thi y were taken back to Kmt. frem whi'h county they had removed tb tiial; and that, after their return to Kent, the* wer I ut upon their trial on other indh'tmente, and pr fir ma verdict rendeird against them, without th swearing of witnesses, and that it was upon the* /an fmma convictions that Taylor and Murphy were ?. 1 I I .I. P HI I'urt'u iu uv* iiuug, ?*? ??iir wumvi r?w come to ctioh a conclusion froui reading Judge | Chambers' charge to them in pronouncing th sentence If tkia statement t>e true, there has bee i j great irregularity, ami the whole facta of the caa 1 should he brought out Stim. another taaoanr in Virginia.?The ' llicbmcnd Time*, say*: ? We are shocked to have to record another scene of violence and death in our immediate neigbborho >d On Wednesday last, John rv Wormier, of Chesterfield county, deliberately shot do en his son-in-law, Anthony 3. Ilobion, of tha same county, at a bouse in the neighborhood of the i'daek Heth 1'its It appears trwi Woimlcy and liohiou had been at variant some time previous?that on the day of the fatal oeenrenee, Wortnlcy had loaded a t&u* kct and repaired to the house where t'ae deed was rnoimit'ed ; that, after remainir^ at the house a short time, Kobiou drove up i?4 a gig, got out ant entered, when he erconnterrd VV'urtnlcy. who, after exchanging a few woris with him. levcilctl hismusket nndshothiin. kil'.rng him rlmost inrtantly. Hoth partfe* weretnen of respectability; Worm lop being a lawyer by prof,?..ion, and Kobiou hnviig been fotmerly l>eputy f.-heuff of the county, at.d a man of wealth.' pBJ'Ai'Ft I. pFJTit.-A young woman, fifteen or eilticn year# of age, daughter of Samuel t'hamliera, wa* burnt to de: ^h near 'uliuatown Mount, N. J , on Monday iwt While engaged around the fire pla< e b< * clothe* took fire, when she ran into the field.*, apparently deprived of rea ion. she died in the afternoon, about rove a hours after being burnt. The Per .ideal ha* officially recognired tleinrirh Ferdinand i . n l^ng-ike a* < YumiI of Oldenburg for California and Carl Pr Ada*, a* Conrul of'fee earn power for fyrtMateefOMc. LD.~ PRICE TWO CENTS. The Flood In Ptmnylr?iil?-Urtit Duatrmedon of Property. [From the Huntingdon (I'a ) Globe, July 16.) We scarcely know bow or where to begin, to speak of the very destructive flood that vhited this section of the country thia morning. In the after! noon of yesterday wo bad several light ahovrrs; but in tbo evening, from 7 to 10 o'clock, the rain : fell pretty heavily; and from 10 to 2 this morning, at i times it came down in perfect torrents, accompanied with the most (rightful thunder and lightning ever ' beard. More rain fell here than was ever known to fall in the same length of time. Between Sand 4 : o'clock,Crooked Creek, Muddy Run, Spruce Crook, Shaver's Creek, Stone Creek, and many other*, havirg emptied their floods into the Juniata, she was at her highest, or nearly so, as the flood of '47. The streams above named were never known to bo so high, or the destruction along them so great. On the it ream at Shalfersville, above Water street, we regret to Warn the house occupied, and we be lieve owned, hy Mr. Kobert lunkhead, was, wun bis whole family, a wifo nnd six children, and t? Mi*!" Hilemsn, swept away. Mr Kinkhead, w? bave been informed, wax at, Mollidaysburg at the ; time. The family would not leave the house?they could not be made to believe they were in danger, until tbey were all suddenly swept awuy to meet watery graves Mr? K has been found. The crop* of wheat on the low lunda along the Juniata and the other stream" were principally oat during last week, and there having been but vwry little hauled in, nearly the whole baa been swept away or lodged in a ujpiuged atate on islands or against fences. Before and after the break of day, the river was almost covered with wht at, lumber, parts of houses, stables, boats, mills, ficr , mules, cattle, hogs, sheep, fowls, fiic , Lc. Onela'ge bout passed over the Huntingdon dam about three o'clock, and waa broken to pieces. At M'Connelstown. on Crooked Creek, there waa great destruct on of propeity. The dwellings of Mr. John Coulter and u Mr c>triekier, and a small house belougitig to Mr Kraker, and also the tannery buildings iu the ya'daof Mr. Protsmnu and Mr. I-ung, with all their hides, bark. &o., were swept away. Mr. Coulter and Mr. ^trickier did not save anything, so sudden was the rise of the stuain?but. foituiiute.y , their fu mi lies got out in time to save their liv< s All the tamers ou Crooked Creek, for ten miles from tho river, have mot w>th heavy Ibsses. A gentleman who has lived in that neighborhood for forty years, informs us that there never was ao much rain fell there before, in the same length of time. '1 ho citizens of l'ottstrwn, a*, the west end of thia borough, deserted their homes about 2 o'clock thia rnornii g The town was complt tely covered with water. Tho saideus are destroyed, and many moveable a'ticles aiound the houses were washed uway Mat y of the citizens of .^mithfield, opposite this place, also closer-cd their houses for safer quarters. In this borough, the witer cauie to the second street in the upper end. completely surrounded the dwelling of tien. WiUou, aud carried away both tho turnpike and mill bridges. Between the railroad ant river, all the gardens ami tirst stories of many of the houses were un ler water, and many of the families left for higher ground. The tan yards of the Messrs. Millers were completely overflowed, J heir hides w?re floating about their yards. Their loss must be.each, $ 100 te $200. The families on Fisher fie McMurtrie's farms c-raped to the ridges (Jen Wilson's cottage farm, r u-tier iinii vi. mirine linn >ir. nn iiuitii .-mriiij, were all under water Their lost in hear/, an most of their grain was carried away, and nearly ail their fencing has shared the mine fate Mr. Wia. Morgan, living on the cottage, baa also ruffe red severely: ho has lost a heavy crop of whoat oa Crooked (.'reek, and inu-h of his spring crop oa the cottage faint, and a number of hogs and sheep. The' railroad has been considerably damaged; Several bridges have been swept away above i'lftrsburg, and below this place some injury has been done The ears could come up no further than Mill Creek to-day. The cai.ul is very much injured. Ketween this place and the Huntingdon dam the embankment ** lias been torn away bud.v. It will cost at least *.">< (10 to repair the cun?l be'Ween this and the duui Above the dam, a', licll's lock, there has also been considerable damage done; and inoet '{likely b'ghcr up the damage is grrater below we hear that the embankment is washed away in several places. Tho aqueduct at Mill Creek ia gone. At about six o'clock this morning the river begun to fall vtry rapidly, and at this lime it baa alien about ten feet Our cttitens in the lower street, and in I'uttstown. are now busily engaged n shovelling out and fixing up again. A in >m sudden, unexpected, and destructive fl Kid, never was experienced in this section of the country, and we hope it may be a long time before we hav? another. The Coal Trade for IM1, [Prom the PnttsvUle (t's ) Journal July 19 1 The ousntity sen' by railroad this week is 31.52."* 07; hy < anal, 27,706 l)f? f r the week, 16. 'InfMl by railroad, H0fi,K2 Id: do by c.inal,'JIM.101 12 The shipments by canal are w,thin 3.7(2 ton; of the <juantity sent by railroad, tnd is the h? 8\ icst shipment ever made "by the canal in any ona wick,by up-cards of 2.500 tons. For the week ruling no the lib of September, 1H4I, befors th,-enlargement, the Quantity sent to market was 2-V2.V3 tons, which, we believe, was the largest shipment made prior to this week. Thero was despatch*! in ? ?ingle day, 7.710 tone. The ^nantity would ham been ion-idi ratiljr increased it boat* could hum been obtained. There was a perfect rush to send off ooi-l before the advance in toll, and the company despatched boat* up to 12 o'clock on Thura day "nig lit after which period, according to preriowa notice, the loll ndvaicei to forty emu per to* ft cm I'jrt Carbon to Philadelphia Such are already ?nine of the beneflcitl efficU produced in tin region and on the trade, by low tplfs, and if the canal company will only pursue a prudent court.? bi reafter ami not to bo too greedy. oy *1,-toeing toll beyond 10 cents par ton, it will in a few weak* be one of the most productive companies in tha country. 1 ha she ran carry heavy tonnage cheaper than the present railroad, with all the advantages of the best location in the wetM, i. now fully dcn ii ?trated?and her trade will double in t wo yearn, by giving cot fideiieo iu the est.ahl rhmcnt of low tile, for n series of years and pledging (herns 'res to t be | ublic that t jcy shall not exceed that |H> nt, under any cirrutnstai ces tor th ?t period. with fair dm* bail a for tiarsb piuentof coal at I'h la iel^hia for I as crn markets '<y adoptmg this policy tt>? cmn| aty cannot keep the trtoe off the etnal, even If they would try to do ? >. (>ur opectirs w.oiij f> rce it on. A different policy would blight their profprote, and double their burthens. VV'e Icaru that the freights on coal will, in all probabilitr, be trduerd +1 in five to ten ccnt?, which makes the rates to Philadelphia only five cents per ton tuoie than th y were before the toll was advanced fr in 25 to 10 cents To New Yo.k, of cour-e. no tedu tion in freight will take place; hut wri-f told thkt otoiihstai'dieg the advance in toll hv i tine I. rial can be iehte'cd to New \?rk frnw to to 20 cents less th in it can be from Richmond at their falsi. Otw thn g is certain, that cwal sort by cat al has cemuiai iltu f>om h"> to 2" cents per ton more in this region, than that sent by rtdroad. l'crsors located ie out of the-way places, which can be rrai'kid only by boat*, ought to einl>raoe the precept opportunity of laying in their aupplrof coal, bco*u?e it ia believed that there will bo miw little Magnet inn in 'be demand for citica, for the enaun jf few week-, nfter which the trade Will be br?k gain, from Schuylkill county ?t lead. A IFriuiiti sen to IHatu e> ax Ki.erttAXT ?A very tenia*kahl* race of the effect* of frigbt upon a bore* occurred in Franklin a abort timeainee. A horae Vein* ging to Mr Inaeph I'aliaer war grating in the yant near the fence, when tha 1 eie phiinfff b.-longing'to the menagerie recently ia tkie city, were pnwing along The horae dul not 1 ehaerve tbew til) they were r^uite cloae to h nt, f when, looking up and eeoing the huge animal*, he atatted hack in a fright. ran to tin nppoeite aide of the yard, atond for a mnniont rjuivertag. and then droi t ed dead lie waa literally frightened to death ? .YervtrA (('own ) Aurcoa, July IS. D.>inea?le Mlaeellany. The Ailjutant (?.-nrral of the t oltert Mtatea army haa leaned an ordrr f?r the u*nal eeremnnle* to he ol.tarred, at the aerrral mtlttary atationa, oa the official reception I .,f tin- iloalli of llrernt Hi tir Gen ArhnrMi Tli* Oerj raphiral Society of Franee h?< presented l? Capt W V l,?Doh of the II F Nary. a m-nlal diploma, a* a token of their appreciation of hit geographical diaroterte* Thrra were 1.17 doatha In Baltimore during the weak ending the 14th teat There were 17."> death* in New <>rlean< and l.afayeUn dining the wtek ending the itk inM . of which HI werw of cholera and F of dyarntory. The rhotera he* broken out In the Illinoi* penitentiary at Alton, and elmteen ronrtrU had died at the Iv* MNMk The annual commencement of Rutger* college, at Wow Brun*?lek, H J , will take place on the 33d in*t Wo learn that hereafter none bnt Catholic itvleale will be reccHed at Mt Ft Mary'" College, located near | Eaaiit'burf. Md.

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