Newspaper of The New York Herald, July 22, 1851, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated July 22, 1851 Page 6
Text content (automatically generated)

IIMT TO TIIK FRGKE ISLANDS, InUrMUaf narrative of the Trip of the American Sloop of War F almouth. U S. Ship Falmoi-tm, Riwa Roads, ) Fuju Islands, March 17, 1861. \ Our anchor is weighed and the saila are spread bidding adieu to this land of savages In accordance with my promise to keep you advised of my uiov mants irom time to time, I wrote you from Tahiti, informing vou of our visit to the Marquesas Ulaads. on the subject of our stay at Tahiti and at the Samo&n group. 1 left a letter at the latter place, to be forwarded, which 1 trust has been received The island of Ovolau, one of the 1 eejee group, is about twenty-four miles in cirouunferenre, and is much broken into |>eaks, valleys and raviass; but the deep verdure with which it is clothed j?ivosto it a pleasing and fertile appearance. Its highest peak is about two thousand two hundred feet above the level of the sea Its population was estimated by Caipt. Wilkes in 1840, at eight thousand ; but according to the best information obtainable at this time, three thousand is a high estimate. The populution of these islands oau only be ooojeoturei, as the people are continually at war. precluding the possibility af anything near to a correct or reliable census being taken. The prinoipal town, I.evuka, is situated on the eastern side of the island, on a harbor of the same name, and consists of thirty or forty grass houses A Feejee bouse is, in form,like a country hut in the Unite 1 States, except that the sides are very low and the roof long?in other words it is almost all roof; it is about eighteen by twenty-five feet, without partition or separate apartment whatever ; substantial pillars of cocoanut or bread fruit support the fabrio, the inter stieea clotted in with latticed bamboos, the roof made of small poles of the hybisous, crossed with fine bamboos, thatched with leaves of sugar cane, cocoanut or pandanus. tbe ridge and corners, iit some instances, are covered with fern leaves; the sides are thickly thatched in the same manner, except a few openings about three or four feet high, for doors, commonly four or five. The doors are made low, as a protection against the entrance of eueiniee, or to club 'hem while (Keeping in, should they attempt it. The floor is made of earth, sand, or fine gravel strewed over with cocoanut loa\ esand covered with nuts ; ?ne end of the floor is raised about six inches higher than t Merest, which is called " the bed place," where rh y sleep; it is generally covere J with a double layer r uuu 'Ineir pillows are made of a round stick or bamboo, about the thickness of a hoe bundle, with pegs about four inches long stuck in it for f- et; some of these are sufficiently long to accommodate six or eight persons, and others adapted to one or two. Towards one corner of the flooi a space, about six feet square, is enclosed by foui a ge squared logs of hard wood; this enclosure is the hcaithor general cooking place. The principal cooking utensil is a large clay ^ar or boiler, nearly tbe shapv of a common stone pitcher without the handle, except that the bottom is spherical; it is permanently fixed on its side, near tne bottom, at an angle of about thirty-tire degrees from vertical with a space under it to admit of a small fire. This boiler, and a circular hole in the ground near it, cas. d with small stones or pieces of broken pottery, as a fire-place, constitute their whole oooking range Over the cooking place, in every house, there is a sort of lumber loft of sticks, poles, spears, clubs, and things of every kind feund about a Feejee house; on this they dry and smoke much of their provisions, and .smoke-stain some of their tapa for particular purposes As thoy have no chimneys,aqd the doots so low, it mav be readily supposed that a Feejee house is strongly tin;tured wita smoke. Tai Jx-vuka, the principal chief of the ? island, resides at Mis place His authority extends over eeven or eight other towns. A few white male :j , 1 L. -II- l.'??l,_v,. . u... rwiacuvs ?rc ivn.?icu uv r, ^cuci auj nuuc or (our are Americans They all have native wives, and their children are raised like the natives, in oakedneas and ignorance; indeed, they have almost degenerated into savages themselves I think I was in every house in the village, and in o one did 1 see a chair, a stool or a table. 1 saw one bedstead, which. Iain certain, is the only one in the town, and that is in the bouse of a native. Three of the foreign white residents are carpenter* by trade, who might make tbemeelves. as timber is plenty, chairs or stools, and a table to eat off, and Ix^iste&d, however rough, on- which to repose; but they eat, sleep and sit on the .dirty mat floors, (ike the savages with whom they associate in aioven'.y indolence The r eejeeans are the most savage and unattractive looking people to he met with in the Pacific, or perhaps anywhere else Taey wo pereoually well 'Ormed, muscular, and of good site In color, they are nearly as dark as Ethiopian*; their bair is curled and crisped like the Africsms, but gro as longer; the nose is generally broad and flat, and lnstanraa of thiek lips are by no means rare; their eyes are black and penetrating; treachery, ferocity and deceit appear in every lineament; tbey are like no other people on the globe, and it is "d flicult 10 give them a proper place between the black and copper colored race*?they are so near the forme; that they would sell readily ia a slave market They have a custom of blacking their face, neck and chest with a sort of lampblasx, bedaubed with eoooa nut oil, which gives them a disgusting appearance This custom, however, is only ob-crved in time of war Tbe people of Leouka ha? e been at war for some years past with the people of the mountain district, burning each others' towns, and killing a few straggler* by tieaohcry and ambuscades, which is their cowardly mode of warfare Often at that dead hour of the night that precedes i the down, a band ot these *at ages will pounce upon Some unsuspecting family or hamlet, and make an indiscriminate slaughter of men, women and ahil- { drsn A man and hi* wife gemg to cultivate their , taro patch, may be surprised by a humi'ed warriors, ' earned off. cooked and eatcu, as a warlike achievement The word war, in its common acceptation, teem* to convey an erromous impression whsn applied to the dissension.* in theae islands, which arc carried on antircly by deceit and treachery, brutal murder*. kidnapping, assassinations, torture.* and to. A li'ave, fearless meeting of huftile parties in the open field, to deeide.their dispute* by , J.-ed* of noble doting newer take* phce Hence their cowardliness kee pi up a state of murder and plunder, called war, for yean 'hat might be decided to a day, If tb< y were not arrant coward*. J Native weapon? are now but little uied; ewery tribe hie iU fighting men, armed with 'dueen Vic- I torta or Uncle ~am - muskets; some Lave doable barreled guns. and eml'vlt'i chambered rifle and alx .hooters At limestb-y turn out tc bantering mood, but their rowardlim - k? p thctn an far apart that tbey burn gunpowder in rain A whoh dayia often spent in fit tag ?i each other from opposite billa, and no on* hurt; perbap. >ome one in ire brace than the reat udrancea too far on hii own book, gets captured, cs>oked. and presente d to the Spirit, and ia after warda eaten in triumph **ucb a rvtory on one aide, ami defea" on the other, will probably be sufficient to atop boitilitiei until the w*eaff-freJt of tbe neat year be ripe and gathered >urh ii tbe nature of a aereny ara war n iV ee.and a three years war now exiating in tbe >amoan group ... I From what I hare wen, I think it would be a I * -fey and a blessing tothoae people, for.?nrue ciril- j Ited I '.wcr to tonrjuer th in, and bring them into Jibjection and order It would be a cheap, easy 1 aad ipeditiou- mode of -'vfluing them, and at one* putting * atop to -?nn:buli-ni, and all tbe other [ barbaritiet that aboch 'be eeneibllity of the moral W >r'd by the bare r< cital (>ur war learners, with abou; flee hundred troopa , and a ( w light fi.M puce-, aiationed at aome con* , vnicnt depo' on the -outh I'acdie wiaiting the i? I w.*ral greu|-a of talanda at ihort inter' ala. any once la three mmths, would be axnly sufficient to put ' an aad to a'l tbe fooltah dissension* and cruel tie* ol the natiwei, tire them good rhiefi, and salutary re- , gulatiooi and law* l'.fW'onragem*-nt would thus he afforded to induatry of ewery kind, and safety to peraon and property Tbe Mountain and I-ecu I-a partie* -onc'udel a p-iaeri a abort time no?e, and oo tbe dav after our arrirml at (?wal*u. tbe Mountain pa'ty. in proot of their good faith, brought a present of proM-ion- to the people of l>eMik? Jt wm a noTei auu aingular eijbt to witn<?? from two to three hundred of fhoeeeavago mnuntsineera. with their fax end abouldera paiunl dirty block toot color, in ban<U of flfteen or twenty, under tL or respective chief*, t treading their way in Indian Ale among 'he r>, Vy iff* and ruggid p. the of the mountain declivity, oacb one armed with a musket, clnli or apear, and carrying yen*, taro, pipe, ban?na<. and the everfab' remembered Am, each band, a* if arrive J at a public opace in front of the Mbure (pronnunged ftoorey), or hpirit bouno, and deposited the provision* they carried in the g neral piloe, filed of under their chief* to a abort di-'.ance, and *juatt<-<i tn their bnutichee When th* la*|b?nd p ifed what they carried in the pile, and had taken their piece* in the ring outside. the Ambati of prict of the Mountain party a Ivanced to the j oeoter, and leaning hie knee* again*t th" conical ' pile of prnriaion*. with oatapraad hai.d*. *poh' for a f?w mmu'ee; the mi, titude frcouontly < lapping With their band* an I duckirg with their mouth*, ia token of approbation 1 understand he was invoking the Owod Spirit fur a blessing on th<- iirovip ----- ?.ft U h?n h- K ? ... i'joa ne w?? oo*i_ B... eluded, tha Ambati of the oth^r party aaiv^^f and, after the unif mannar and form, returned thank' and accepted th. offering After Which, "hr niJa war quickly diatribut?d by m?na,er?. who I haea no doubt took t<> Ihcaalrti th* lioa'r thare, aa managar* commonly do inchili/e.J Ida. Tha harbor and anch'>raf? -if l/cuka ia /nod, of ea?y aeeaaa, and wall protected from tha rweiiof th<' by an ctt?naira crral reif: but it i'cti o?#d to high wind* ai I bnrrican<? that prerai! a' car tain ati'inr The I niUd - *>( chip I almouth come to nru'ior tn tit lia'bor on Thursday, the '27th of fabtuary r | < ?ition at anchor, aj are,-ctamed */ actual##b*r aiiaaa, waa iaa aatt. ir* j?g?. 52 mis 10 sec : lat, south, 37 dega 40 min. W> see. I On the 1st of March the United States Consul, J. I B. Williams, Esq., who resides temjiorarily on the i island of Kewa, about twenty-flfe miles distaat, came on board and received the customary salute. As no American vessel of war visited this ({roup of islands since the exploring squadron was here in { 1840, it may readily be sup losed the consul bad a long record of aggressions, wrongs, and outrages on American commerce and interests by Feeieans; i all of which, he contends, is justly chargeable to a powerful chief who resides at the island and town of Mbau (pronounced Bou). named Thakombau, or I TuLViti (which latter name, signifying King of ! Feejee, he has recently assumed), on the ground of having been committed by him or his subjects, whom he had the power to restrain, punish, or , cause to make restitution. The consul was therefore desirous the captain would take the ship to Mbau and demand satisfucI toiy reparation; but the winds being light and ; I vaimble, with frequent calms, and tae reefs, shoals and rocks in the channel to Mbau highly dangerous, the captain declined going. On the 8th March the ship got under way, with the consul onboard, for Kswa Koads, about forty-five miies distant, and j next day oame to anchor in that beautiful harbor, : on the south side of the east end of the island of | Vitilevu, (proununced Vitilib,) meaning large Feeiee. This island, as its name indicates, is the | largest of the group, being upwards of thee huudred muei in circumference. b roin toe snore the eye ranges over one continued forest of the richest verdure, until at about forty miles off it rests on the i azure peaks of an extensive range of mountains, from four to five thousand feet high, covered, I understand, with verdure to their summit ; copper ore and plumbago have been found in them, in considerable quantities. Other minerals may be | discovered hereafter. The valleys are beautiful and fertile, and in some j places well cultivated ; yam- and dry taro are the i principal crops. Bread fruit, cocoa nut, ephi, or chestnut tree, and many others affording feod for man, are abundant; planiain-, bananas, pawpa vs. custaro apple, pine apples, oranges of interior quality, and most of the tropical fruits and vegetables, are abundant. t-ugar cane grows spontaneously, and of excellent quality. 1 saw fields of it under cultivation, ten or twelve feet high. The natives do not make sugar, but manufacture large quantities of coarse molasses. They al-o raise pigs in great numbers, and turkeys, muscovy ducks, and chickens. The harbor of lie wa. in lat. S. IS deg. 50 mia , and b>ng. E. 17S deg. 37 min., ij formed by two islands and their adjoining reefs. The larger one, named Nukalau, (the last syllable pronounced lou), i- less than half a mile in its greate-t diameter; the other is Mukalevu Both are covered with cocoa-nut and forest trees From Nukalau to the main shore i- three miles. The land from the shore, for a considerable distance, is low and mar-hy, covered with dense forest- of mangrove and other trees. Many small creek-, large enough for small boats or canoes, intersect these low lands, that might, under a state of civilization, be useful to commercial or agricultural pursuits. A large picturesque serpentine river, cilled i " Wuilevu," named by the Exploring squadron l'eale's river," takes its rise in the mountains about fifty miles inland, and falls into the ocean opposite Nukalau. This river is of such magnitude as to contain islands a mile in diameter. On one of these the town of Rewa stands, containing two hundred houses. The natives say that this I river takes its rise from a lake or fountain on the rid^e of the mountain, and falls off in equal size on botn sides: that a large shaddock tree glows at the fountain or middle of the river, whose fruit falling in the stream is floated to the ocean on opposite sides of the island. Some time past, the consul purchased from the chiefs the Island of Nukalau, and a joint opposite to it called Lauthala. | (" Ndraketi Point," on Capt. Wdkes' chart.) l Don the island he built a larire house, in which he put hi.- store: for trading and for household purposes, during a iMfMR absence, last year, on the island of Kcwa; he left a man named John Foster, a native of Dumfries, Sootland, in charge of his dag, store and premises. Foster, like most wb ite men in the islands, had a native wife; thay having no children adopted a little boy, son of a man named Paul Burrows, of New York, now dead, andaFeejee woman A Feejee man and woman lived with them, which constituted the entire inhabitants of the island. On the 4th August, lSVj, a natty of natives in three .canoes, armed with clubs, natcbets, etc., came from a fisbimr town, named t'tia, subject to a mountain chief named Ngaraningiou, (signifying the cavo the sharks go into,) and pushing mtv thv house, struck Foster vu the riett temple with a hatchet, c'uboeu the Feejeeman and the two women, and carried them off in the canoes, nearly dead; the half-caste boy was left on the botch, with his head severed from his body The canoes were then loaded with all the goods and effects in the store, after which th< v tore the flag in.o strips, and set fire to the house, leaving Foster to be burned in it. He had, however, strength to crawl out of it, and survived his woui.ds a few days; the house wai burned to the ground :?uch is a brief accouut of the outrage ' and murder on Nukalu On the Falmouth coming to anchor in the roads, - the liev lames Calvert, chief missionary of the English Wesleyan Society in Feejee, came sn board. Having resided here over twelve rears, he sp< aks the naf'Tc language fluently, and is intimately acquainted with the manners and customs of the people. Early in the morning of the loth ! Mr Calvert, by request, went to Mbau to invite the chief, Tui" V'iti, t? visit the ship; and at the same early hour the Consul, Lieut Moore, and Lieut. Devlin went to the mountains to seek the mountain. hief, Ngaraningiou,(called by foreigners, '* Longfellow,' on account of hi.- height.) and bring him on b<-ard if possible. The party took supplies f..? -lut. avruictinif iriTTio trnilli'. ,1. lliV in huding the chief in the mountains But they bud the good fortune to ac:o?t u native, while ascending a small river called Suuiumbulla, who informed th< in that Xgaraningicu was then at a village seme distance in the country, to which he agreed t* guide thein. The nati\? war taken into tne boat, and the river amended about two innes, opi>osite to the village the native referred to After a caution to the officer of the boat, Midshipman Armstrong, and crew, to be vigilant and rest on their arms, the ( on ul and the two officer!, the latter armed to the teeth, followed the guide through devious paths, or er bills and valley*, swamiisari'l, the ground very slippery from the night dew. which was not yet dissipated by the rays of the m rning sun, until on a beautiful bill tide, about a inile from I the river, a village of about forty bouses and two large emhures or spirit bouses, came full in view. 1 i hi name of the village is Bonabetaku (meaning short bamboo) Th< guide diretei the party to i one of the largest hou*into ?h oh they crawled i The Consul, who sural.? Keejee, -alutod and shook i hards with a noble looking chief who sat on the I mat covered floor, surrounded by twenty seven sable-colored, robust, savage natives The chief. < wbo was no other than Xgaraningiou. was intra- | duced to the officers iiy the < nsul, and after a l friendly gueting all took seats, iike tailors, on the < . mat floor The cooking place, in which was a I l>r:sl little tire of dry bain boos, sent forth a hate of I smoke that was moat disagreeable, though the nai lives did not appear to feel it After a long talk ? itU ika 1 nan tk.. ?K Wi.t fr> K:a fa a f ansTrnrn. > Ig'f - ' ? 1 -uite Ir - d t , ap;ear onboard |Ii - air and kvard were submitted to the barber. a |u ntial personage h very hair ?n twitch* 'J or twisted with great precision 1 ?ver his ni' p of hair a -rn"ke colored ta;? a* thin as tiwM paper war tightly tilted, having a Enivh at the t?*p resembling the vurpluv garhered en 1? >f a tied l.ig : thi.- article ir called " rala." and ir |<eculiar t?> chief*. lie then took a vtrrng of fl?h boner fumbling a string of imall white beads, and i wound it round ?a< b brawny leg, below the knee, an a* to bare the appear am e of head garter> about four inciter wide : hir mar". or girdle, war ' banged ui eremoaiowaly and over it he wound mans yarda of tnewbre tupa. lour ?r live timev at onnd him, lea vit g one i nd of it trail* ig to the ground, or 'Opioid c?i under hie left arm ' hi.- garment ir railed '*reavo.'' I run hir neck he wore twortring* of the ' jpro a Ovule sin lie with the couve* rides ground tC -o that they lay <lore on the at nag Thir neckla Js' had a very clove raeeioblance to the rulfe seen in the portrait* of ifueen I.livalwth'v dayr While all thir wa* going oa, the CJuc-rn, who ia 'later to Tai Vitk, with her taaid* attendant, numbering .mi or -even, wiah no other covering, iiuier a tropical run, then a as. taty lihu, (pronounced leek.) or girdle lik' a fnnge of leasee or grave tied on a vtring. Were buriiy employed with -mall boee, aotae of nun and lome of Wood, tearing op luiuriant grve that grew ia the court apace around the nouve. The number* of the suite mnde as inuh ado aboir drevvina ae dandier preparing for a tiall Their t anity of personal app. arwucc ??- very ?mu?mg l.aeh .lie put on a clown wviro. vnd beyond'hat their garment# were variouv Some wore vtrips of black bark tied like black ribbon below the kno* < ?ther* wore rings of the troohus 'hells ?, artule" al<se the elbow, and vome wore a ? vwnfa eirdle of -mail rooU or fibre* like black fringe) o*< r the mam T hue costumed, th'-chief and t w. oty A hiv follower* aallied forth for the boat, the fouuul and officer* leafling the wey None but Mgarauin- , V 1- i rsWJof I lliffllut'll Df ilMlUDMt) fiog nm in mvun wni< r l.mgihh, minifying Urge h?n<l,) took eeat* with the corral end officer#?the other# went in a lar^e canoe In a abort time the boat reached the chip, end the canoe arrived prion after?the chief* anl uite appearing well leaned with their riait. 'I he captain having underrto >d that one of v garaningiotTa principal fighting men, nauied Korohiaoka-vata, rending at the town of Vutia, wan the murderer of lohn Forter, qneationed the ciief r>n that rahjeet. and the latter offered to aend on ehore and ''ring off ten men for the captain to put j to death a an < rpiat try eaTilce Hut when required Koroi mknraiaon hoard, he made ' many tirtiaea, aaying " be had gone to the raoun1 taiiM, and C9?id not be fwJ, wftfe each li*? sions Next morning, by daylight, the first lieutenant, Mr Moor, and the marine officer, Lieut Devlin, with an interpreter, were ordered to proceed to the lowuof \ utia, and, if possible, apprehend and bring on board a native named Kcroi-woku-vuta, a chief ot that towu, said to be the person who killed John Foster. The town of \ utia stauds about half a mile back from the left bank of the Wailevu river, a mile and a halt'from its mouth, and the same distauoe from the town of Kewa- its inhabitants are a race of fishermen, much more ferooious in their Mpeek than the inhabitants of the other towns. The " Wailevu" was ascended to a point opposite the town, where the officer of the boat, JEushipman Quackenbush, was charged to keep the crew alert, to lie offshore, and keep their arms iu readiness. Then the two officers, each armed with a sword, Jenks' carbine and Colt's five-sbooters, preceded by the guide and interpreter, went to the town and entered the house of the principal chief? a robust, surly, gray-haired man, who wai sitting on the mat floor. Inquiry was at onee made for the man, directly and indirectly, without suocess; but sufficient information was obtained ti leave strong suspicion that the object of pursuit was secreted in the town of Bunabetakau, about ten miles from Vutia, where the Chief Xgaraningiou was found the day before. While the inquiry was being made, the natives gathered round in such numbers that one of the officers deemed it prudent to stay outside the house, and to keep a clear space around him. Large boys, almost at the age of maturity, were lunning about perfectly naked, which is not ooinmon elsewhere: many of the men had olubs and spears in their hands, which could scarcely have been intended for sale, as no one was there to buy them. The whole scene left room for suspicion of 1 - _ . ..,1 tk. L ? ~ , f.ta svf T lailt I 'mLr. UAilJftT , BUU lUf uuuap^j ma- v* v iivior i wood and J'sssed Midshipman Henry, was vivid in | the minds of the officers. The enquiry being brought to a close, the party started for the river, through a narrow pith between rows of tall tangled sugar cane, and across mar-by ground of difficult passage; but without delay, and not without a few cautious looks behind, they reached th?- river, followed by about one hundred natives?who pressed so closely on them while the boat was cowing to the shore, that thsy had to be driven back by threats twice. The boat was entered in sufety, and the officers determined to proceed to Bunabetakau, and, if possible, capture the object of their search before any notice of the pursuit could reach him. The guide said, by ascending the river half a wile farther, Lauthala neck could be crossed through a creek, which would save a distance of four miles required to round the point. This course was adopted, and the creek sought and entered, but it was found too deep in places for polling, anu too narrow everywhere for rowing ; the boat was therefore paddled along with the blades of the oars. Extensive fore.-ts of mangrove and other trees stretch off on both sides, tilled up by impenetrable jungles of underwood. The trees on cither margin bowed to each other, and in some places swung their pendant shoots over the middle of the stream, affording ample protection from the scorching rays of the sun. Scarcely a sound was to be heard as the boat glided gently along, save, occasionally, the harsh prattle of the parrots, and the whirring of the ducks and other waterfowls, which are very numerous. In order to bear this singular creek and strange scenery in mind, its name was anxiously sought, but could not be ascertained, whereupon it received the name of Williams' ( reek, as it isolates and bounds on one side Lauthala, the property of j that gentleman. Two miles on this stream brought the party to the bay. near the mouth of the "Sumuinbulla" river, which was ascended to the town of Bunabetakau, where inquiry and search were diligently made, and measures taken that were crowned with complete success in the capture of Koroi-moko-vata, who was brought off by a man employed for that purpwse. to avoid the suspicions of the natives, and confined on board. 1: was about 5 o'clock in the svening when the boat returned to the ship, at which time a large double canoe rounded Nukaleu Island, under a large mat sail. From its peak a broad pennant of large size floated in the breezo, its union blue with six white stars, the centre red and the swallow-tailextremely white--such was the canoe and flag of Tui Viti, King of Feejec. Two single canoes, as tenders, accompanied him, with about fifty men and two barbers. The ciuoe came alongside and Tui Viti was introduced to Capt. I'etigru, by the Rev. Mr Calvert, who returned with hnn from Mbsu The chiefs Nguraningiou and Tui Viti, although brotjiers-in-law, have been Ueaily cnemipj during the last seven years war Their unexpected meeting, s-vw* tkisAa/meiAn oifflthftm f?PP}lt aUPOrUt* . It may be proper to inform the reader that this Tui Vi'ti ia the person mentioned by Captain Wilkes, in his narrative of the United .Hates Exploring Expedition, as Seru. son of Tanoa, lving of Anitau Tanoa is still living in savage heathenism, but he is so old as to bt dead to public life, and the ton is in possession of all the power One of the singular cu-toin* of the Feejecans is that of the same lad:?'daal, particularly a'chief, having a multiplicity of names, illustrative of qualities of the mmd or body, or commemorating sumo darii g exploits. 'l'he last name assumed by this chief i? Tui Titi. He is above the middle size, about thirty-rive or forty years of age, somewhat corpulent au?l inactive A smearing of black paint over his faco and neck disguised his features, but his general appearance is good, for a native. His eye be?p. ak? a savage, treacherous heart, which it is said he possesses in a high degree Ky cunning and eruelty he has gained kingly power or controlling influences in nearly every district in the islaud, and bis word i" law He ia wealthy by ill gotten gains extorted from his plundering subjects, and ought to he held responsible by every civilixed power for outrages ami uggre-sions committed in the group, iEi dress con-isted of a > ila, or turhan of tapa, a string of ?uu!i blue bea<ls, from which hung pendant on his brea.t a large circular boar stu?k. a leaf of puii'lanns or j-ugar-canr. resembling light strawoolored ribbon, *a- tied on ca:h arm above the elbow as armlets, and similar ornaments adorned bis legs below the knee The -airo, or white tana, which wa - wound around his waist, and was probably twenty or thirty yards long ; completed his at it - lis. I...VA In >>< *aI t h niiirfet ii v t nwmrtid N'lfariinifb giou, M'nutned a gicat deaf of reserve and ilijfnitr. and who appeared dejected and in awe of " the great butcher," a.' 'J si V'iti i- cotnffi?>nly called On the I2tb March, at half past nine o'clock in tbr in< ruing. Captain i'etigru convened a court for the trial of the prisoner, consisting of Lieutenant llenr/ Moor, PrctMent; Lieutenant Char)js S. \lvl?nough, burgeon David llatlien. Lieutenant 1. J" IievTin, Acting Master lltnj it. Newcotnb, nrtnberr: ar.d I'umr John Y. Mawn, Jr . J?<igc \d otatc The Ktr James Calvert wna (from im nnrpreter, and apfointad to act a* counsel for the i reused At twelve o'clock the flag of the United Hates "C.*ul was hoisted ?n Lautbala point, and wai petted with a salute of twenty one guru -the tirat tiiae the United Malta tiag ?? raised in h'eejee under a national salute The chiefs aud natives present t bowed great surprise The court sat with open door, and the chief) were Uioet attminobitr*eft Mr. Calvert saidthey expressed much wor.iier and delight at hearing the |UCttiobs interpreted to the nati' e witnesses, ivod at such a mode a' "the white people had of finding out the truth," be felt s.atisiied it would serve as a salutary example in their own future diffiealties. Alter making fair prouises to adjust all (natter* of dispute with the consul without delay, the cbiof of teuk Lis departu-o, and a few hours after Ngarat.ii.giou with his sui'e bade adieu to the K?lI. ..sell VW I t S.f! . ties It.a ftl tllfk?d* t*hlf ! -i ?ill base toward.* their reconciliation time alone tan dettruine Among f'cejeeani ippccrnncee aui?.ui.t tc nothing; wttli ta.-m trivud-hip it oflcu In destruction Thir chief .Ngaranmgiou, bad thrco brothers, ode of win in. Vi ndovi," *? taken to the '.nitci N?Up W* l ?|>tain Wilker, lor the muider o( themat* at J eeven of the cr> w of the A tnern .o I rig baric* l>gg< f in KM. at/1 died in the hospital at Brooklyn; f th hi* other brother* are dead tin sing been 1 Ing of Kcwa in thoir turn; he is now tbo only ruivtvor and legitimate beir to the kingdom, liut Lcirg a ahrewd. daring, d ingerout ucn. Tui \ iti pn tcri to Veep him ?ut of power if jo<?ibf?? refueiti|*to recognize him King of It ewa,'inleae be goer to Mhau an I roreiier it there v a tril ciaiy. wbieb he de< liner, saying. if be went to Mbou he would eertainly be tnur lend by tbe in vc inn* tone ol hi> royal brother-in law lie, therefore, prefcri to wait "tor eomc advantageous change in a'faira atnwtig bin faithful tolV*er* in the mourkUiae. than truth to tbe deceptive after* of Tul Vitl. t.'a the evening of the 13th, the cwrl deeed it* pioeet dug- and mb ,urn'd in*<1ir, after Ending the ptvoner guilty of the murder of I oka I uwter. and . inteneirg him te be huftg l?y tbe r?*.*k in; il dead I he court war di- -wired, mil the ecriteuee approved i ? to be carried Lslo cfl< ct the neitdaf >a the i'land where the murder was committed t' -> 1 - - . -in.tme a*. j.'i,rm. 1 f lha fate that awaitjd him ; and Mr. ' alrert ??< m .at rra!"U* and V.Uuthe in gi'ing 'urn all the*iirib ual cooanlatiua "hat could t> iiutr?)w<( nn theheiirt of a heathen in 40 ehort a tuae The prisoner confeeerd that be had b<en a Wl. trea< herou* man all hi* life? ba i committed many inurlert but in the uiurdr* and outregca nn the ialabd of MukauIan, be wa- indued to it by (or, a interpreted by Mr Calrrrt,'iterally, "acted a* ambassador to") Matake Mu-ymbarsagah. a Rewa man, and Wangaa, a Vutia man lie aid he ba I no wieh to In ? lotge". and be hoiiad 'tod Would be g"id to him. When a> Wed on what be founded hi* hope in the goo lne-? of'lod, he eaprcwd a c tifuaed notion of a luture-tef ?. mixed up w:'li btatben auper't tion lie * \pre?e? I a with to ?ee hie wifo and too little or> ai d hi* father, who eere eeat for ct;!y in the morning

! being understood from the ' on.-ul an ' Mr Calv 't, 'hat on tb<- dea'li of the prisoner, custom req i * J |jp death of hi* wife, nod oaj, ?r perbapt both, of his sons; to prevent such a catastrophe, N'garaningiou was sent for, but did not ooine; he sent his seeond chief, I.ingileva, with every assurance that the usual custom would be departed from in this instance, and the wife and children of the prisoner would not be strangled, as usual. Liugilevu was accompanied by one of the prisoner's sons, a naked lad. about seven or eight years of age, and the meeting between him ana his condemned father was very affecting The little fellow showed sensibility beyond his years, even in a civtlUed hoy. He cried unoeasingly; and the stern, savage warrior, whu seemed to despise life, aud "had 90 wish to live longer," was melted, at once, at the sight of his weeping offspring, who hung upon hie neck. Clasping the child with his manacled hands in the silent stillness of "grief that eurpasseth show," the unbidden tears flowed in abundance, giving proof of the strength of natural affection even in tne breasts of the greatest savages. At 12 o'clock, on the lith of March, the sergeant of marines, who acted as provost marshal, conducted the prisoner into the boat, accompanied bv the master at arms as executioner. The Kcv. Mr. Calvert, as chaplain, and the marine guard, under command of Lieut. Devlin, also passed into the boat with the prisoner. Another boat from the ships, with some of the officers, followed; the captain and consul, in the gig, came third in the line of procession. A few minutes brought them to the island, and three canoes with the prisoner's wife and sister, and a large number of native acquaintances, arrived soon after. The wife and sister were entirely naked, except the liku, or girdle, and a niece of fine striDed tana <called "mani."\ around the body of the wife. They came screaming from the beach to where the prisoner was sitting under the shude of a spreading tree, and cast themselves literally upon him. tstiU, I thought he did not show as great tenderness as he did on meeting his son in the morning. Mr. Calvert kneeled dowu and made a prajor in the native language, which being finish ed, the prisoner was conducted to the gallows a few yards distant. He asconded the plattorin with a buoyant spring, and stood erect facing the persons assembled, as it he were going to address them. The guard was broken into platoons, and one drawn up on each side of the gallows. The master-at arms tied his ancles together and his arms behind his back"; the rope was adjusted uround his neck, and a cap drawn over his face, during whioh he showed no signs of fear or dismay. At twelve minutes before one o'clock, the drop fell, and at one, his lifeless remains were cut down and given to his friends, at their request. The piece of striped tapa around the body of the wife, before mentioned, was brought by her, as Mr. Calvert informed me, for the purpose of strangling her. I inquired if he had given her the pleasing information that she and her children were to be spared. He said be had told her so, but instead of being pleasing to her, she seemed greatly disappointed that she could notoomply with the custom, and accompany her husband to the land of spirits. Koroi-Moku-Vata was about thirty years of age, five feet eleven inches high, straight, and rather slender than otherwise; his face was oval, forehead high and retreating, high cheek bones, and a full black eye. According to all accounts, he was a man whom his friends loved and his foes feared. After the execution, the chief, Lingilevu, conducted to the captain, from one of the canoes, a large, square shouldered, and stout built native, witn his arms securely pinioned, who, he said, was " Wai-tondree" that killed the half caste boy, Burrows, on the beach; he deserved death, and Ngiraningiou had sent hiin to trim to be executed with the other. The captain, through Mr. Calvert, as interpreter, informed the chiefs and natives that, by the laws of America, no person caiuabe put to death until tried and found guilty of a crime deserving such punishment; as lie'hadnot time to try the charge of Wai-tondree, he ordered him to be taken back to the chief, to be dealt with as he might deem proper. He was accordingly taken to the canoe, in bonds, when a crew of twenty or thirty of the naked savages pushed it quickly, along the white sand beach until it tii.ntorl fli.nti.,1 anil wn< Imrnx >vav. and lost in the distance. The Fecjeeans, unlike most of the other islanders, are not tattooed. The dark color of their skin, on which such marks would not appear to advant&go, may be the came of preventing tncin from this savage and painful custom. Vermillion is used to ornament, or rather disfigure, their faces. They take great pride in the good appearance of their hair and beard, which they dress and cultivate with unceasing attention, borne of the beards are short, thick and curly, while others are eight or ten inches long, terminating in a goatish point. Their extraordinary head; of hair sur]?ss all imagination ; theto are dre?eedin many strange, grotesque forms, t ut the common up|>caraiice it that of the globular head of a negro swelled out to an immense size I measured one of nineteen inches diameter, and have no doubt some others were, larger. The natural color of the hair is black, but by the uso of lime, carbon, and other pigments, they make a good fr. >;- ) white, and ail the various shades between lack and red; many of which colors, in numerous instances, adorn the same head?some are black before and grey behind, and vet versa. Of the many singu'ur beads i saw, I will endeavor to describe one. The color of the hair was jet black, and it was separated into distinct, regular square pyramids, of about two inches square at the base, aud seven inches perpendicular, fastened to the head at the vertex, the bases (of course) outwards. The sides and angles of these hairy pyramids appeared as tegultrly and sharply defined as if they had been formed of wood Around the head they appeared in great regularity, like tiers of square k!os>L ?Ka ii*\rw?r is*r intr horizontn.ll V {ruiu the crowj.. left a broad tiat -pace over the top of the head On one occasion a high wind tosael the pyramids about like so many bobbins. yet they retained their form unimpaired, a? if they had receired it in a hydraulic prcn. Wig# art also made and worn by there people, scarcely distinguishable from the genuine natural growth In cares of extreme grief for the loss of soma relation, or the death or atHictionof a great chief, the ha ir or beard ia cut off?seldom both at the same time; the little fingers wre also often eut off, close to the hand, as a symbol cf mourning From this cause, 1 pre tame that a ft N.h of nil the Kccjean* 1 saw, while at the islands, wanted one or both of their little lingtis. I also snw tunny without some of their tees, which, I understood, were cat off as a native remedy for pains aid sores in the legs, perhaps for leprosy, elephantiasis, or cutaneous dices'e-, that are Tery common among tbim. 'Ihey are unacquainted w th the use or value of money, in lieu of 'v?hich articles of trade are substituted in the transaction of business. As far us I could judge, muskets, gunpowder, bullet-. lead and flint, are as a goldei. urr< net. calico of red and Daring -wlors. cottons, whales' teeth, hatchets, i.nives, scisjor*. rasors. Ac., are as silver: and empty bottles of all kinds (wh te glass is preferre-i), S.-h hooks, beads, tobacco, musket-lmlli, A , an<wer for small -hange. Anting themselves mats form the principt i currency and persona! propetty. VV bales' teeth and erapty bottles vsere decidedly the nest article we had tor tradirg vc'tli Fre canon* t bat came alongside, but, unfortunately, we had but few onboard. It w.w amusing to see an ofLcer buying an empty bottle f-r>m the steward to enable b to parebaaa a few shoMe, or Urn 1 ke. fr .,n *.h.! native-: fifty cent- wa< the eoiuinwn . alue of an empty <ja?rt bottle. The regular traders ha? e fixed a vr.lue to tbooe articles at which they are generally r eeived; but there ars fluctuations, corjj etitions. sad different valuations according to 'he- state of the market here, as in more civilised p'aecs A musket, s keg of po*dev. n number >f fa*h tin of cotton cloth, a number of hatcketii Ao., are -'iu<va -it to so many pig , turkey', dicks, ch* k ft*, to Many hundred jntm \ coon nut*, xc. 'I hi* people have the rtfttMlon of he ng thr l>eit uti\* uivchanii * in fotynMia; their heuac* and ranoc* are onMructed with taurb judguwit and intermit r -erne ot their are from riveaty to a bundrv I and ten feet long, oajablt of carrying fire liund- jd :a> n Tha inhabitant* of a tov*>? near Hcw.i rnanufaeture tarthtnwarc, melt a* 'iwler*. jar*, sud water jut1*! ?f vartou* pattern*. Some of the jar* will r : l* n twenty or thnty pllNII the veaacla are thin. light. and neat, an<l although only burnt by the d itnc*tie fire, orriggela around them, they are tree* and durable. A lae <uer or va?ni*h of the juicj of a tree sire* theru a hand*ome wick color litti>h * >n the Inland of Laaemba, laigc <|uantiti? of wooden ware an- aeanufacture I in a neat and tady manner, con*i*ting of tray*. dial .wand bowl* it all description*?made out of aolid wood: tiieae and the earthenware we carried to '.he different t*ai? and inland* of tbi group, and u* a great acquisition in their domnlic affair*. Koraome rear* pa*t ron*idernble i.itcreourre ha* been maintained between the Tonfa or Fritndly 1 1 aland* and thia group, which are wily WO mile* apart The Tongeaiare a I moat wlite, well formoiii and hand?ome; gentle and docile in their diapn** tion, and enjoying ? g'tod reputation for hone* Vy and veracity. 'iu intcrcour*e i-auat prove betitdcial to both parties, particularly jo the Feejceanj. The trade with theee ialm.!1 i*,_ I underat and. very limit*"! aid pnnriow. -amini wwmi, mat ?v plentiful, it now exbau-trd, or only fnuiel in rami! quantitirt; tort*>i?e rh*il i?ao aearee nsto ho of (mull apioant; and the?e-, with the maUor article.*, suih ft- ?helM, tna'ft, ?a*, club*, *pear*, Fjionge, io-i are welly pirked up by tin. white retidcnO u> speculation, or collectedby the mi'tionarie* a* tithe, or in trade, who h they forward fur mi, in the nilMionary -hip. to ^ydnty, \u !?lam\ or I ingland. The merrhant trader*, therefore, ?rr confined chiefly to the aitti-'.e of be be d? mar. whuh, heretofore. wa.? very profitable. Hoae tetaola, t>n an c.ot'it of three or four thon-and doJIar.". htte reali*?d a nett profit of ?'J", fat from tb" rale of u ee?rfn at Manilla A return cargo fm n M triilla t?the nited >itate- made an a-id.ti >nvl profit, the a n iu;it 1 ff ir'aicb i am not to4, rui.-i. 'be Cvatiauanct of war or dimensions amerg the ohiefs, the many waaton outrages committed on trading vessels by the natives, with the connivance > >f chiefs?the little protection aflorded by visits from war vessels?in addition to which, the beche dc mar fish becoming scarce, and more eostly to cure; all these causes have contributed to reduce the number of trading vessels. The number of American vessels, as stated to me by the consul, that visited the islands during the years 1847 and 1*48, were 49, and in the year 1849 only 12, showing a falling off of more than one-half. There is no doubt the visit of the Falmouth will give renewed encouragement to Americun commerce, and have a happy effect on the future conduct of the chiefs una natives, who can only be taught by fear. To the missionaries great credit is due fur their zealous labors in the cause of Christianity, but it is the occasional presence of war vessels that gives them strength and influence, without which they are comparatively weak, powerless, and in personal danger. War is now raging, murder and blood-bed are of daily occurrence. Many of I the most promising converts have deserted the church to join the murdering parties, and_the voice ot the pastor is unheard or unheeded. 1 he pious I language of one of these missionaries to rae was, ! " we have done and said everything we could to restore anduiaintiin peace, but these stiff-necked, ! blinded people will not hearken to our advice, and all we can ao is to pray for them." Ttlegraphlti 1he tei.eoraph lines?tmb catital invested? amount or bt sinaas done?the profits, etc. July 18,1811. to the editor of the herald. The enclosed letter I have received in answer to enquiries made of the writer touching the prospects of certain telegraph stock. It is designed for the eye of a stockholder only, but cannot fail, I think, to interest most of your readers. You are at liberty to publish it if you see fit. Respectfully, See. New York, July 10,1851. 1'ear Sir:?In regard to your proposed investment I cannot undertake to advise you. Telegraph stocks, so far, have proved mighty poor property. As an investment for profit, they nre conceded to be an almost total failure. The dividends anticipated have in no case been realized, and in every direction the stock is rapidly declining. It is the poorest stock in the world to buy, for It pays nothing while you held it, and you have no market when you want to sell. Capitalists seem to have agreed by common consent to give it the go-by. Offer to pledge every species ot stook you can find in Wall street, and 1 venture to say if you have that of the best telegraph in the country among the lot, it will be the first to be thrown out They are all afraid of it. One great trouble is, there is no material foundation?no substance to the thing represented. If your line runs in debt, and is obliged to olose up, it is a dead loss. The assets are miles of straggling poles and rusty wire?worth nothing. The stock is not only entirely swept away, but each stockholder is liable for twenty-five per cent in addition, for the debts of the company Whether the stock of these lines (those running from New York) is destined to " come up," as you seem to infer it must from its locality, will depend upon circumstances. There is one event in which it unquestionably would; that depends, however, upon trie action of so many opposing interests that 1 can hardly regard it as probable. At present none of the lines to Boston, Buffalo or Washington are making aay money. They have made none for some time past; and if they go on as they are, I see no prospect of their making any for a long timo to j coin*. Wc have too manv~line's for the "business. < hi these thioc routes wo nave no less than nine independent lines?three te Boston, throe to Buffalo, and three to Philadelphia, two of the latter extending to Washington. The aggregate capital is about f I.'<00,000. It is divided as folio we: Morse Line to lloeton $100,000 I>o do Buffaio 180.000 Do do Washington 'Ji&.OOO ????? 590.000 Bain's Line to Boston $100,000 Do do Buffalo 'Mt.OOO Do do Washington 1 , (No stock issued)~aay ) , House Line to Boston $1'JO ,000 Do do Buffalo JOOOOO Do do Philadelphia 10O.U00 ? 420.000 Toul $1,600,000 On all thia capital the total dividend' declared , for the past year have been, on all the lines except one?nothing ; on that one, two per cent ! fcince competition commenced on any of these routes no dividends worth mentioning have been dcclarod by either line. It is now about six years since the first (Morse) lines were constructed House's lines to I Boston and Philadelphsa were opened in 1*17 and i '48: to Buffalo in 1850. Buine'i lines to Boston and Washington were opened in IHh?t and to Buffalo in 1H30. The aggregate dividends to this date, declared on all the lines, excepting Maine's Washington line, arc something le<s than one ner cent per annum on the SNmI .-lock Baine Washington line is owned by two gentlemen of Baltimore. They bare issued no stock, and what they have made or lost I am unable to say. it is evident that the business at present, diviled as it is among so many lines, is not sufli vent to afford a profit. In fact, it barely nays the working ex|>enst's, without making any allowance for depreciation. The receipts for the year 1*"?0 will, probably, reach $?? .UUU: while the working expontes alone will a<er?ge at leas: $30,0(10 to each line. You think the business must largely in\ crease. I do not. I shall not look for a large inctfa*e while the system renininj in its present imperfect state. A radical change must be effected before the lines can become reliable: and, until tley are so, the great bodv of the public will continue to use the telczr i'h as heretofore?-only in | ca<es of necessity, ami as a last re-ort. Kut the item of depreciation is one of no rem 11 magnitude. Tclcgrapu material?especially u It as composes the liae* now in existence ? is peculiarly , perishable. It is a fact not yet fully understood or appreciated, th it none of these lines will last to f exceed eight years. Their reconstruction ronulraa an annual reservation of at least one-eighth tlx original CMt. SvtpON the original cost to be. In reulity. one half the capital stock, the depreciation 1 exceeds gM8.UOO per annum If the lines arc unable t? make dividends without this reservation, it h easy to ee th?y will not very soon make them with it. Kxptrience has not gone >juite far eno lgb yet to give the -ompanies generally a realising -en.-v of this matter, i can asiure them, however, that it is j believed, by th-oe who understand it, to be the m<i*t embarrassing feature of the whole entcrpri-e. A great mistake- has undoubtedly keen made in th* original construction of all telegraphs. They arc alt igether two frail The slightest brecae upI sets them They tumble down aimo?t as toon as i ut np. Hesider requiring to be replaced bv a new HMfmfia >r eight years, the cost of keeping them in repair is enormous. It is this bean pole style of making them that has caused all the mischief. Of course, swh wicker work is not to be defended upon for a single hour. Constant interrunt ions, constant annoyance, loss of reputation, loss of business, and ruinrws expense for repairs and reconstruction, must over follow su'-h lines And yet lines continue to be built in this manner. It would seem the' if a et latere was too weak to answer the pu'poeu fo; which it w*s designed, the < 0111111 on sense remedy would be to make it stronger. \ ou , must understand, however, that the manner of getting up telegraph lines is peculiar. * * * * * Of ali the |.i,<sn) miles which have been put up at these rat is, 1 know <1 but <>nc small section of fen miles piopcrly con trueted. The section of the House .inn f; rti Wall street to Harlem should be a ... 1. I r- .11 I; V r.?T ha ,.r rnl.uill II1U.J1.1V ail imu ... ... -V ... . _.... f'uch a line will -lived firm full twenty year*. It will \e~y be out of order, and trifling -urn will keap it in repair- Had nil the liner been built after tiic fashion, we should not at this day be compelled to li-t'n to tb.< nun plaint-of tbe public nor theg-nan?of -tookholderr. The reliability of the telegraph would bate rntisfied the one, and its tartl/ increased Sasintsr afforded ample remunern| tion > tbe other. j I bare raid t!.er< war one rhanro in which yonr propn.-ed iinrrtm nt would tarn out extr?mely well. It ia the ronaolidution of there nine eomparier j iat % one < wli this be done, tbe lines properly lebuilt. and worked with one ret of offi-ee, offiocrrand ui -n. no doubt it would pay a handsome profit M*>re business would be dune?infinitely better lone- and all at lees than half tbe expense Take tear laOOt I heliere the tgure would not rary lar from this: ? Total r*c<dj?:e of nine liner $240 000 K.xpenreof working same united $106 000 Itrrrrre fot reeotictruction 2100 130 000 Net pro ft* ?A di\ilend of lOper cent on the wholt million and a half of capital In ii.huiidisg, 1 assume that but one Mneof posts ? liiniier to those of the House section? would be I ut up on cseb route. There is no difficulty in all the wires being plated on one line of that description; annually would he rutfieient to reconstruct a- fast at needed. Whtnthe router were once gone over, the subW(tumt appropriations would be leis 1 have net pare to go into the details of this scheme. nor tbe proofs of itr ad? antages. It might <aeily b> arranged, provided a majority of tbe - - 1 1 " ( ?bo Ji.inrnl I>r.m r.rtniu ! Altifl vrtln for it. Let th? capital stock be fixed at some Kur*. my t1 *.><1 a board of appraiser* bo*? to di idr it equitably among thr companies : bi? ; all !'( : ii e<|?irr?l. When th i* lone you may expaet to see the *tock profitable, and not bofore. 1 should be glad to c?oth a uV on effected It will be a prood for t or i?: 'graph. whea the'a twenty two wirw alii . ra t ale tro n on; office iatUv Q't/ot .New Vorb, and all under the control of one company. 1 am certain it would produce a revolution in the systeu, eminently satisfactory to all parties. This noble enterprise would at onco be relieved of the worst of its embarrassmen is and placed upon a firm, substantial, permanent footing The effioacy, regularity, and certainty with which the business would bo transacted would bring the telegraph to be regarded, even by the press, and by commercial men, at a great convenience aud blessing instead of an expensive, vexatious, necessary evil. The business would rapidly increase; and the atoek would, of course, tal:e rank among the best in the country. * * ? * * * *> Yours truly, J OPERATION- OF T1IE WESTERN TEl.KQP.APH OOMPAN , . | From the Cincinnati Gazette ] An annual meeting of the l*ittshurgh, Cincinnati and Louisville Telegraph Company wus lately held at Madison, la. It appears tbat during the preceding year, three dividends of 3 per cent each had been paid, and one quarter's dividend retained tor rebuilding the line. The whole sum expended for repairs up to Jane, 1851, amounted to $10,406 !M. With this sum *3 miles of poleB have been reset, 144i miles put in repair, and 154> miles renewed. The cash receipts at the different offices, during the year i860, were as follows; ? Louisville OE Mad ltou 3.1&6 014 Lawrence burgh 292 tj# Cincinnati 18.970 9f Dayton 1727 64 Spriagfleld 631 3T Columbus 3,403 49 /anesville 1,628 3(1 Washington 72 37 Wheeling 2.526 71 Steubenvillc 878 08 1'itUliurgh 17.992 17 Total receipt! for 1860 $73578 72 Qemirai. KxrutoiTiau for the Year I860 Fuel, ga* light, catullee. kc $842 42 Kent of (fficee bridges. he 1,668 79 Stationery of all kind*, envelopes, books Of register, kc 1 253 81 Salaries 18,146 83 Refunded for despatches failing delivery, or not collectable.,,.v 619 8ff Repairs of the line 7.663 30 Coet of ballt rice VMM Miscellaneous, iu which is included machinery, furniture, instil atorii.kc., and also the debt due by the New Orleans line, settled by stock $4,203 35 And allowance- to the St Louis line iu making settlement 609 56 4,425 84 Total expenditures $35,013 6T Rt< ANTl'LATION. Total cash receipts $73,270 79 Raid to conneoting lines $24,788 45 Kxpenditurrs 36 013 57 ? 59.802 90 Total residue $13,476 72 Biatistics ot the Year 1850. Number of words transmitted 3.602.760 Number of despatches recorded 364 659 These are exclusive of free matter, necessarily , large at all times. Average hours of labor, 14 hours per day. 'I"he rocord of despatches for 18o0, on the paper of the registering instrument, covers a length cf 1,704^ miles. New line built ,151 miles. Cut down snd roset 83 " Numberof pcrsrns employed. 53. The receipts s? far, in 1851, show a large increase over the corresponding time in 1S.V1 Arrangements exist for the prompt transmission of messages to Philadelphia, New\ork, Boston and Halifax. There are now two wires from Pittsburg to Louis_.:n ? TU- / uu , :ii- l: a~ XT /"?_i i nm vino i ui \j nvinj ltur tu ivciv vrnemia, i,i i?i miles, is crowded with business. The French Population of Canada. [From the Moot real Courier. July 14.1 Wo are glad to see that the poonle of the Upper Province are beginning to open tneir eyos to the state of vassalage, in which they have been hitherto living, to French domination, and to the gross j misuse which these ignorant but presumptuous I foreigners make of the privileges which British i generosity and Knglish courtesy have accorded to I them for so long a time. After the conquest of the Province, the i-reneh population wore completely at the mercy of their conquerers, and ought, in common with immemorial usage on such conjuno! tures, have been ma le to suffer all the pa'us and penalties which usually fall to the lot of the conI quered, and which the t rench nation have theiui selves exerted, with the most merciless severity, I o\er all who have evor been subjected to them | But the Knglish, in this instance, instead of followI ing French example, both in the eastern and wcitl em world, accorded to them the most generous, and previously unheard of, privileges, thereby naturally supposing that by such means they would secure the gratitude, co-rerntion, and friendship of their f Gallic convicts. Hut so far from this having been the case, tb. se very ungrateful people have never used their generously permitted power for'any othor purpose than t<> confound Knglish purposes and thwart British authori.y They have used their : influence to cool all who had any friendly leaning I towards their conquerots; and they have also heatou the enemies of Britain to the vety perpetration of rebellion nn'l murder. There is not a single question that has ever eouie before th" Canadian I.egixlatlire, having r?riti?h A meriean interests for iu basis, thit bat not been opposed and retarded by the opposition of these wretched aliens; and even in matters that did not. in the slightest degree, concern them ? such as that of the Court of t hancerv, the other day?they have boen ever ready to'raixo their twanging voices to sonfonud ' rather than conciliate It is, therefore, that men of-ense and judgment among those of British origin are uow beginning to see plainly that th y must lav aside their little differences of opinion upon minor subjects, and unite together, in one common interest, against the petty intrigues, remorseless hostility, an l enduricg hatred of their hereditary foe. liad < 'anada been united in the name, origin, | and language of the inhabitants, there would hart have been no anomilies in its courts of Caw, nor any rebellion to su'ly the pages of its history. And what have we got in return for all this vexatious and troublesome opposition ! Is there one single I'rench name on tho lists of our literature, our arts or manufactures, that renches beyond the very lowest point of mediocrity 1 Have we not rather a population alien to us in manners, language and law, and who are irreclniniably ignorant beyond the utmost extent of any other people claiming civilisation in the whole world ' That people must be ignorant and irreclaimable, indeed, upon whom educated, talented, and energetic hr; gland ha i ha t no influence during an intercourse of a century In so critical an emergency, inen of British birth are b< ginningto see that some immediate me sns inu -t be adopted to stem the muddy stream of Trench interfeicnee which disturbs the wisdom of our councils, and they are turning their eyes for sytn- . patby and support to their brethren of the Tastera 1 province*, by whose means they way hope to neutral* ire tbe Ignoble ellorUcf these Fren hmcn Bviffedetal union ol the prov inces we might naturally bapa to extinguish *1! such feeling, and reduce the pit?lie council* of the colony to an l.t.glish standard, at least in law and language, whatever might lie the complexion of it* politic* Such a union would K-cure tn* bent intere-ts of the provinoe, and d?tidedly bulwark against all foreign interference tho integrity of tbe British American empire. |Wi are told tbe French Canadian* laugh at u.t for mooting such n question. because they, having a majority in the House* of Parliament, van easily neutralise any resolution favorable to such a union Mr. Merritt'* motion, h<> vtver, upon the subject ia an important one. and will serve to bring out the strength of the relative parties. Th* question is, at | resent.the most imp- rtsot one that present* itsell for legislative consideration, because on it depends the commercial as well a- social prosperity of the country?on it depend* the consideration of whether we will he governed l>v men win speak our language an I derive their birthright from the same J soil, or t.v alien* to WW Id. ><1. hereditary enomiaa : to our race, who cannot forgive us. and never will forgive us, for the superiority w* have always I svir.ced, both physically and morally, over thaai. No time can b? better than the present for die' reusing and pressing this question hnrue An election i* approaching. and the electors of Knglish, Irish, or Scotch origin should ho in sdc alivs to ite Importance, as a test whereby they may try tha metul of those who seek to represent them Tha qui ??ion || not ona of politics or <>f p ?rty consideration, but one c; minon to the interest* of all who wish to see British failing, British law. and British intelligence, fleurisb and come ta maturity upon tha soil of a British colony. Monr 1). vianons i row sk I k mil Anwt n NtwBt' Sswin ?W? learn from the Charlotto dfiziitt, that on Tuesday wiek five sa'.dierx called at Won Simpson's house, xt Waweig. and rcpro.icnting them elves to he 1. pursuit ol four deserters, /] reuiieitod to he ferried o er to t'ak Point, as tlo.? I saiil thai *11 the Jireoioo the runaway* had taken. I Simpson war a short distance from the hour*, and I on reaching the bench, found that they ha t launched I the ferry boa',leaving a wag< n tnd a cptn <>f horse* I on the read, and persuaded him ta g< orer with I thew They had got only a ?hnrt distance from I the rhorc, when tnvy turn I up'\n INapm, MM B clapping a pistol at hit breast and another taking I nitu with hij gun and demanded to be landed at I the DotH's Head, a point on the American shcro. i This St. refnrcd to do, but hading that he had tr da with desperate men, nnd discovering that 'try H were the deaertera t hem-elves, he wa< at Icugth H> obliged to yield, and they accordingly landed. The ) pi?to! and gun, ar well ar. the horse* and wagon, ware the property of Mr. Vail, from whom the do- ^B sorter* hod taken them when thoy released tliem- II sehes from hi* custody. The Are a-m* were after- JH wards disposed of at the Plaster Mills, on th? I American shore We agro with t)..- i. /fl| surely Jonhthan won't deny that this is a -aae ta eeme withia tho Aihburtm t-esty V J, (h ^B. B )N(v t, J*lf ! I

Other newspapers of the same day