Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 15, 1851, Page 3

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 15, 1851 Page 3
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I ,.l trp, ud informed then that ha had founi on the toad a man who had been murdered. On proceeding to (ha spot, they found that the body waa that 'oi Cel. Blackmar. He had ber n shot through the bead while on horiebaok. u there wai bleod on the saddle. He had also been dragged two or three rode, and fifty dollars which he bad in hie pocket taken (rem him. The murdered man wae from Michigan, where he haa a family, and aleo property to the amount of >30,000. [From the Alta California, July 18 ] Ode of the moat terrible and cold blooded mur ders whioh we bare erer been oalled upon to record, waa perpetrated on the Mission road, on Saturday afternoon. Francisco Guerrero, an old and well known resident of tbe Mission, came into 'town in the morning, in company with Robert T. Ridley, Esq. Mr. Ridley desiring to remain in town, Guerrero took his horse to lead out. He was picked up, on the plank road, about four o'clock on Saturday, with his skull broken, and perfectly ?ensolem, nearly in front of Alderman Green's house. He was taken to his house, where it was nuppoeod that the injuries had been reoeired by tne tall trem his norse. ne reinaineu pertecuy insensible, without being able to apeak, till two o'elook yesterday, when be died. Lira. Peter Smith and Hitcboock were oalled out to him before be died, and also made a post mtrtem ex tmination. There were fire disiinot blows upon his head, two on the baok part, two on the left temple and one on the right, any one of which would, in the opinion of the phyaioians, have proiuoed death. His skull was horribly fractured, although the scalp was cot broken, whioh may be aooounted for by tne faot that he had on a soft felt hat. The wounds on the head are either from a along shot or knotted olub?in the opinion of the physicians, the former. The wounds oould not, by any possibility, have been re reived in the fall from the horeo. The ciroumatanoea attending the murder are, as near aa we could ascertain, as follows ?A man who waa walking into town, says he saw Guerrero come riding up slowly on his horse, alone, and that when near Alderman Greene's house, be reeled and fell from his horse. A few minutes afterwards a man came riding by in a hur rv, upon the horse that Guerrero bad been leading. He oalled to him to atop, and assist in picking up Guerrero, but be paid no attention to it, aad galloped on. Mrs. Alderman Greene hoard oriea, aad saw Guerrero and another man riding along, aa i racing, and saw a striking, as though they were whipping enoh other's horses' and a sort of ssufHs. Tne probable manner of the murder was, that the murderer had got upon Guerrero's horse, and ridden up on his left side, and straok him with a slung shot while on his horse. Guerrero oame into town for the purpose of receiving money, and he was doubtless killed for this purpose; ana the murderer, after he had fallen, seeing another man near him, rode on without stopping to search him. The supposed murderer has been arrested by the Vigilance Committee. On Saturday evening, the horse whioh Guerrero led out, was brought to the stable , of Green It Bowman, by a Frenohman. Yesterday afternoon he came to the stable fer him, and was arrested by the Vigilance Committee, in whose custody he now is. A coroner's inquest was held by Justice Brown, yesterday, but up to a late hour tne jury Imd not returned a verdiot. Francisco Guerrero was a Mexican by birth, who emigrated to California some twenty years sixoe. He wss alca'di of San Fran jisco previous to the capture or the country, ana was suo protect under the aloeldeship of Col. Geary. He was well known, and celebrated for his kindness and hospitality, particularly among the Americans, to whom be was always a warm friend. (From the San Francisco Courier, July T.J On the morning of the 3d instant, three brothers, by the name of llowe, working at Shirt Tail Canon, between the north and middle forks of the American river, discovered that they had been robbed of some $2,100 in dust, and $90 in specie. Suspicion fell upon a man by the name of Hamilton Tan, who left early on the sauio day, ostensibly on a prospecting tour. He was pursued, arrested, and brought back on the same day, but escaped again the next night, before any of the money had been recovered. He proceeded to the Spanish dry diggings, purchasea a mule, and from there went to Stockton. As soon as his escape was known, several parties started in pursuit, taking different routes. One of the number, Mr. Benjamin Jenkins, name to this city, where be arrived on Tuesday night last, and put up at the Branch Hotel, kept by Messrs. Beaty and Freeman. Soon after the arri' val of the Stockton boat, yesterday morning, a person entered the "Branch," and, after making inquiries in regard to breakfast, & ; , quietly seated himself in the bar room. Not more than ten minutes had elapsed, before Mr. Jenkina came down into tho bar room, and immediately con. fronted the thief, who made a movement towards the door, whioh was arrested by the presentation of one of Colt's "short sixes" by Mr. Jenkins. Mr Beaty soon made his appearance, and gave the hombrt a polite invitation to go up stain, for the purpose of having his credentials examined; which ne expressed a willingness to do, but requested to be permitted to go first to the water closet. This they consented to, accompanying him to the door, where they remained until he wasrealy to return with them. Two or three of the members of the Vigilance Committee happened to be in the house, and an examination was soon had. whioh re suited in finding between $1,100 and $1,2)0 of the stolen dust, with a fifty dollar slug, whioh waa imong ma coin usen ocioie opening me purvos, Mr. Jenkins uesoribed several of tlto specimens which were all found. At the culprit was taking one of the purses from bis pant tloons pocket, he managed to draw out the $.'>0 p;ece, which wai wrapped in muslin cloth, and succeeded in slipping it underneath the pillow of a bed. Up to this time, be had persisted in denying that he had stolen the money found on nim, and said that he "had worked hard f?r every eent of it." But on being detected in this attompt to conoeal the slug, he was seized with a violent (it of the ague, ani made a partial confession of his Eilt- He was then taken to the room of the Vigiloe Committee, whore he confessed baring thrown into the vault of the water oloeet, at the Branch Hotel, two purees containing twenty-one ounce* of gold dost. On ecarch being made, the pureea were found. The sum total or the money recovered is about $1,500. Of the remaining $700, he could give no acoount, asserting that be had been 1 " very savin* of it on the road, and had not buried one penny of it in the ground." Mr. Jenkins thinks he may bavo dropped some of the purses in his flight, as one was found near bis trunk, soon after the robbery was discovered, whi -h be had dropped in bla hurry to get off, and which was the principal cause of eu.<picion attaching to bim. Tne prieoner Is only about twenty threeycare of age; has a father I and mother living in Wisconsin, and up to the time of the theft had borne a good character. He look* like anything but a hardened villain?and in reply ' to the questions why he did not confess his guilt and | restore the money when he was Srst arrested, here, plied that be was afraid if he did he should be hung. * The San Joaquin Rrmihlican of July 5th furnishes I ... ua u.. - ** * ll:?? WIV4J bUV IVUUTflllH IllVtlilgUUVO . Mokkt.imnk Hnx, July 4, 1851. I Great excitement prevailed here lait evening, I ?n<l Judge Lynch ia triumphant. The particular*, I a* far as I have learned, are these John Nelson I abot a man named Hall. The ball entered tho cheek, MM the centre, on the right aide, pasting ' ontirelv through, and coming out near the ear, on the left. Not one word paaaed betwe.-n the parties at the titn >. but Nelaon coolly abot Hall. He was ( so sober at the time, that it w is particularly no. -tic?d bv all the witnesses On Tuesday night last, while intoxicated, Nelson claims he was g-ossly intuited, and thir'.r 11 all was acre'>rv After shooting Ilall, he drew a knife, and said he wns prepared for more, and made an advance toI wards the crowd, but soon attempted an eacape ; hut was pursued, and shot at twite, but without effect. Seeing it hopeless to make further effort to escape, be thrust a dirk knife into his left side, 1 about six inches in lrnirth He was taken. Judge Walton presiding, and tried before a jure of twelve intelligent miners The iury retired but a few minutes, and unanimously gave a verdict of an at t. mpt at wilful and premeditated murder, the man shot at being still alive, with a slight shanee of reI . covery Tb# Htiaens at large were then called upon to give the sentence. The prisoner being in a critical situation, and apparently near his end by his own hsn j, ar.d his viot'tn not being dead, it was voted that the giving of his sentence bo delayed till i morning, ft wse clearly proved that Hall was not present, and had nothing to do with the affair at which tine Nelson claimed he *m insulted The pistol used ?u a single barrel, carrying about ? hirty to the pound; the dirk about a foot and a ?alf long Last ivaturday night, at Yorktown, near Campo f^eeo. lira Mexicans en.ered the house of another I Meslcan, rut their pistols to his head, and forced ( jitn to deliver up his money, and thus robbed him .Of between five and sii hundred dollars These I i u?n wjre undoubtedly from Camp* Scco. and seeing the weakness, indecision, and misplaced sympathy of the people there, were emboldened to eom?ni'. t'aij frrs'j outrage. i [1 mm the Alts Gtiiforria. July II ] E"iott'a .'iiprcr* from San Jose, ve'terdsy, 'brought the aeos of the execution of Rieerdn Lo'! ye*, conaicted of the murder of a private in tho U. i S Praijoons at the last term of th" Disfriet Court. I, I Ur wat brought ou'. of orison shortly after two o'clock, end guarded by the military ooms styled <lc l.sgle Cuaids, eon looted to the mffold Ho wis drewed in white, with a cru ills u on his hm?pt, ant ftccoict anifd hy the priest. ' Werel thousand persons followed hit* to the acalTold II' s?snn,|r>i) I wltbowi aesiatanot, and listened to the reading of l B* |. i : r | , i I i?,i ,rv Pi ?br< ly. and warned n!.b<<a n:;> ns? following h'* i ?xanI !<? A Utile b( fore two o'elivk 'h'topo wm I plavd about hi* neok, and the drop fell lie I r'ruggb'[I lioiently for several nrnttcs, and during I ithg tone h* was hanging, nearly half an hour, the priest addressed the assemblage in Spanish. The eheriff do lifted the military corps that their services would be required on Friday next,upon the oooaaion of the execution of an Indian, fer the murder of a Spaniard. [from the San FranoUeo Courier, July 12 ] A meet daring highway robbery was committed in Sacramento, on Wednesday, by four men, on the person of Mr. James Wilson. They knocked him down in the street in broad daylight, and robbed him of ft200. They were instantly arrested. The people demanded their immediate exeoution. The exoitement was delated by the court consenting to hold a special session yesterday, to try them. If found guilty, under the new law, they will be hung. The names of the persons are derived from their own declarations:?W'w. senjamin Robinson, of New York, lately residing at No. 15 West Broadway ; John Thompson, of Liverpool, England, shipped at Valparaiso, in the Elisabeth Ellen, from New York : James Gibson, af Scotland?cams to this country in the ship Union, from Van Dieman's Land; Owen Cruthers, of Ireland?came here in the brig Speck, from Liverpool. The ages of the first three are between twenty-five and thirty-five veers. The last is somewhat more advanced in life. They are part of a gang whioh the polioe have been watching for some time past, and who are thought to hare been oonoerned in severa crimes heretofore, but hare escaped detection. The Vigilance Committee and Use Mayor of San Krancleco. PROCLAMATION TO THK CITUX.NS OK SAN FRANCISCO. We hare arrived at an important crisis in the oivil and social oondition and prospeots of our oity. A voluntary association of men has been formed, under peculiar bonds to caoh other, and assuming most extraordinary and irresponsible powers, and have undertaken to institute extra judicial proceedings in forms not known to the laws. This association claims and exercises the right to infliot penalties upon those adjudged by them of orime, even to the penalty of death, ana has publioly and boldly inflioted that penalty in two instanoos. They claim and exeroise the right of domioiliary visits, without any accountability, of a character not known under any other thau imyiisitorial governments. The great and saored writ of habeas nrrjass has been rendered by them ineffectual, and the authority of the highest tribunal of the State disregarded. The circumstances in whioh the authorities are placed, in consequence, seem to demand of me, as the constituted chief magistrate, some aotion by which the views and purposes of the oity government, over which 1 have been oalled to preside, may be indicated to the citizens, to the country, and to the world. The people of the United States, of whom we are proud to be ooosilored a part, have always attributed their eminence above almost any other people in the scale of freedom, and eeourity in their rights, to the fact that they live under a government of laws of tholr own voluntary adoption. The people of California have taken, perhaps, a more conspicuous place than those of any of the sitter States, under a full recognition of th at republican medium of publio authority and of common protection. The several departments of the only government which any man among us can possibly acknowledge, have been created by the constitution and lavs, to which you, aa well as the publio offioers, hare given a common assent. 1 bese departments have been committed to the administration of men taken from am?ng yourselves, and they have entered upon their trusts, doubtless, with a Arm reliance upon the loyalty of their fellow citizens to the constitution and laws, for a steady rapport in the exercise of their respeotive functions. The obligation of sueh a loyalty on the part of the people, is unquestionably as imperative upon them as any of the obligations of the laws can bo upon those who are entrusted with their public administration ; and the violation of obligation on the one side is as disastrous to the community as the abuse or perversion of official v ,i. >k oimivii vnu w vu vuv utuoi . The idee that any defects in the law or any in* competency of ite execution, can be remedied by voluntary associations of citizens, assuming a superiority to tbe laws, is not only preposterous, but implies an abrogation of all liw, and resolves society into a state of perfect anarchy. "lPe result is inevitably the same, however intelligent may be the minds, pure the motives, or temporarily beneficial the acts of those who become so associated. In a community like ours, where tbe institutions of government have but just been established, any combinations of citizens for puiposes not authorized by law, and whose proceedings are not controlled by law, or subservient to the support of constituted authority, can have no other tnan an insurrectionary tendency throughout the commonwealth; and must, to an absolute oertainty, inflict disgrace upon us, in the estimation of our oountrymen in other parts of the Union, and ruin the confidence which it is of first necessity to our prosperity to secure throughout the oommtroiePworld. With these viewsl feel impelled, by the strongest sense of official duty, and by every consideration for our common welfare and public oharacter, to tall upon all citizens to withdraw from such associations, and to unite in a common efTort to support the lews, and te sustain a prompt and energe'To administration of them in their proper application and action. I n addition, I deem the present a proper ooeasion to announce, in the most distinet terms, that I shall not shrink from a prompt discharge of the dutiee which tbe statutes of the State and the ordinance* of tbe city have made imperative upon me; and that there may be no misapprehension in respect to what these duties may be, 1 have ti call the attention of all citizens to the provision of the " Act to reeulatsnroceedinvi in criminal rasas " f!han IV 1, however, appeal to the good (cdw and deliberate judgment of my fellow citisens, to rolieve me, and the other public functionaries of the city, by their ccmmon lubmiseion to public order, from the necessity of any application of the requirements of that act. C. J. Brenham, Mayor. Mayor's Office, July 11. War against Use Whites by the Indiana. | Krorn the Han Francisco ticnrter. July 7 ] An express reached this city by Mr. 8. lloye, frotn the vicinity of Trinidad. The IndianJ seem to have broken out in open war with tho whitei. Mr. lleye and three others left Capt. Randall on Tuesday last, in an open boat, there being no other conveyance, until they reached Bodega, where they chartered a small aloop. Mr. tleye proceeded to Yallejo yesterday afternoon, for the purpose of enieavoring tj obtaia assistance from the (tovsrnor. The following letter will be read with intsreet and anxiety:? TRrisiDAD, June 30, 1951. We are having great trouble in this ssction of the country with the Indians. They have attaokeJ many ranches on the road to the mines, and killed quite a large number of persons. On the evening of the 2t>lh, two packers were attsuked by the Indians, and one killed. The Indians were travelling with them, and pretendei to be friendly, and whea about four miles from Young'sranehr they attacked them with knives. One of the packers, Jaoob Bonder, was killed on the spot by one Indian, who struck him with a large kn fe on the neck, cutting the jugular vein, lie had just strength to speak to his partner, (by the name of Webb,) to run for his life. He started and one Indian after him, running until be heosme exhausted, and finding that the Indian was gaiuing h f...? -kL i .u- I_J-_ ._i under the left arm, anl contrived to make his escBpe. It was soma tine after arriving at the ranrhr on the road, before be wai able to speak. As there were but two guns at the ranche, and ex pectirg an attack every hour, n inossengcr was dee 1 to Tumi kins' Ferrv, two miles below, for a tins and men Upon arriving at the ferry, he found four men murdered. The Italians had inede an attack just at day-break, catting the canvass, entering the tents and cutting their thi>its while asleep. A short d< stance from this tent was a house occupied by Mr. and Mrs. Blackburn. The Indians, alter murdering those in the tent, attacked the hou-e. There were two rifles ia the house; Mia H. loaded tfcc rifles while her husband shot four of the Indians They attempted to fire the house, but Mr. B. shot them down as fast as they ad ran ve>l The Indians, finding they were losing many without a chanro of entering the house, soon retrevod. Mr Blackburn's father ( .rho had just a-rlved from San Francisco) was found the next morning wounded, within a hundred yards of the door. Mining Intelligence. [from the San rrancl-co Uuurter. July 14 1 We nnve been shown a letter froin a gentleman in Trinidad, to his partner, now in this oity on business, of which the fulloeing is an extraiti? TmniDAn, June 2d, 1851. Mr. Moi'ertnlth has found new iliirirines. which ar? sni<t ?n Th?? are on a stream ealled lutein Ufcek, a IriOutary of the Klamath. The report has given quite a rtart to the good citizens or this place. The miner* on the Kliimath, a* high up a* Orleans Bar, and man/ fp?tn Salmon river, come down to i*ergoin, and tako the new trail aud go over to thn now diggings. It i.? rumored that the/ take out $50 per da/. Wr aie informed by Mr. i.oring, just down from Trinidad, th.U Mr Melderuiith, the gentleman miTitlontd in the above estraet, war out on an orI oring tour to cut the nearest practical trail to the Shasta and other tributaries of tbo Klamath towards its heal water*. Toe parly, in o-orsiog Indian Creek, prospected it, but. what the prides rerun ? ??, could not he learned from the party whn itiirMO. McDenn'lh is an old miner a id psoker, si d nte of the Bret in that part of the country, is a hti? r.eee man, nnd a man of char>otcf, an i has tifide mot?r. Without siyinfj inu'h about his I mrmes. he hired thi. ty 1110:1, pasked up, ani 10i turned to wcrktho IKS digging*. Indian Creek is a tributary of the Klamath, and 1 empties Into that river from (be north west, ahoro the moatk of Salmon river, ud ii About sixty mile* from Trinidad, on the now trail. We suspeot that thete new digging* ere more productive then MoDermith will allow to be published. [From the Ran Joaquin Republican, July 10 ] Some four or five mouths since, eeverei French men oeme into Mariposa, and communicated to tbeir friends that they had discovered very rich gold minee about forty milee east of Loi Angslos, on White Quarts Kiver. A number of their countrymen sent out a party to prospeot, and learn the extent and richuem of the minus. They returned, ani made a very favorable report, saying that they had prospected twelve or fifteen milei, and found that it would yield a rloh reward for their labor. Upen that, a company of two hundred Frenoh and one hundred Americans started out to that point, the French inviting the Americans, fearing the Indians. The Frenchmen who left Mariposa were seme of them in good mercantile business, and men of standing. They led the partv. There are several gentlemen here direot from Mariposa oounty, and they state that this party has again sent baok to their friends, and some of the meseengers have shown the pounds of ore. One Mexican had eleven pounds. As might have been expected, there is a perfect rush from the mines in Mariposa to that place- It has been represented to us that the Coarse and Fine Gold Gulches are likely to be depopulated. Agriculture in California. [From the Alta California, Jul/ 11.] The letter which we publish below, from an intelligent practical farmer, Is worth whole volumes of newspaper articles upon the subject of our agricultural reeouroes. Here is a mass of faots, going over a series of years, and demonstrating, beyond the possibility of doubt, the oertainty that California, rich as she is in mines, is infinitely more valuable in other important respeots. It is extremely gratifying to us, who have always contended in favor of the State's great facilities for agriculture, to be enabled to lay before our readers, both upon the Pacific and the Atlantic, so reliable and convincing a statement. At my Farm near Ex-Mission de San Jose, > Santa Clara Valley, July 9,1851. { I observed an extract from the Juurn U of Com merce concerning farming operations in California, which refers particularly to me :in fact, but not in name. My name, as reoorded, is John M. Horner, born June 16th, 1821, Monmouth oounty, New Jersey, where my father and his family now reside, left New York, Feb. 4thJwith my wife, two week after marriage, for California, to farm; going b > the way of Cape Horn and the SandwioE Islands and bringing my farming utensils with me. I ar rived in California in August, 1816, since which time I have been pursuing one steady aim at agricultural pursuits. First Year?1 farmed sixty acres in various kinds of produoe, but gathered nothing but dear experience. Second Year?I was thrown into oonfusion on account of the gold mines. Help oould not be hired at any prioe, and I am credibly informed that the Governor himself had to cook his own meali. I farmed but very little, and finally I caught the gold fever, and went to the mines; and there I caught the fever and ague, and returned to my farm. I gathered nothing the seoond year. Third Year?-1 made further preparations for farming. 1 was determined not to be disappointed, but farm I would. 1 oould not hire hands for $16 per day. 1 tried to enter into co-partnership, but could not effect it; all had rather go to the mines. None of my brothere were yet in the country. But 1 would not be disappointed. I got the assistance of three Indians, ana we went to the mountains. &> miles distant, and there we worked at the red wood (cedars of Lebanon, for some of them are 300 feet high,) until we got rails and posts tuffioienl to secure fifteen acres, which I planted principally in potatoes. The produce gathered was worth $16,000; out umoriunaieiy i iosi one-nau, on account or heavy rains setting in, and the ssaroity of help. Thus ended the third year. Fourth Year?My younger brother arrived in January. We managed to fenae some 400 acres and farm 150, principally in potatoes; and our crop yielded about as follows : Potatoes 1,7tH),0C0 lbs. Pumpkins 80,000 lbs Onions 40.000 " Barley '20.000 " Tomatoes 60,000 ? Wheat 40,000 ? Beets 6,000 ? Chickens 100 Solid-beaded Eggs 600dos cabbages,... 00.000 " Fifth Year, 1861?We have fenoed about 1,300 acres, and have farmed 800. We want no rain until December, and we will be sure to gather, of Potatoes 120,000 bus. Solid beaded Onions 0X00 " cabbages 108.000 Table beets.... 4.000 ,? Chickens 000 Turnips 1.000 w Kggs 1,200 dot. Carrots 1,000 " OnTuo seed 800 lbs. Tomatoes...... 1,200 u Beet ? 200 ? Barley 6,000 ? Cabbage seed .. 100 ? Pumpkins 30 tons. To most of the Eastern world who are unaoquainted with our soil and olimate, the above aocount will look almost impossible. But, considering that we have nine months out of twelre in which we can sow, and nine in whieh we can gather, it is not doubtful. And if there ever was a country in whioh the " ploughman overtook the reaper," California is that one A large amoqpt of produce will he raised in California this year for market. This valley alene will yield about 600.000 bnihels Dot a toes, 32,000 do. oniona, 10,200 do. tattle beoca, 5,000 do. table to ma toe i, 100,0(0 do. barley, 15,000 do. wheat, 6,000 do. pears, 1,400 do. apples, 400 tooa pumpkins, 196 do. grapes,(3,U00 do. nay, and 550,(too aolid beaded cabbages. Resides the above, there will be a tfreat quantity of beans, peaa, melona, aud finer garden sauce; and aomc 4,(XX) sheep and bogs, Desidea cattle almoat as nutneroua as tho aerei of land over which they feed. This valley, if its reaourcea were fulW developed, would aupply more than a million of populaton. I write from a knowledge of the facta, having spent five years ia (be valley. There are 600,000 acres of good tillable land within its border*. The poorest will yield 2,<XXI pounds ot wheat or barley, and the beat 70,000 pounds of onions, per acre Notwithstanding the present prices of labor, which arc about $70 per month, my calculations, based upon experimental knowledge, are auoh as to warrant me in statin* that Calitornia can supplv her own market in beer, pork, flour, barley, and all kinds of vegetables, as cheap, and of a better qualily, than the can be supplied from any quarter of the world. Vegetables will bo very cheap this year. 1 am credibly informed that Mr. Steinbcrgor has nursbaaed tbe best arti:le of California potatoes, (or tbe supply of tbe ocean steamers, for tbe year, at three cents per pound. After the first of August, )K>2, California will supply her own market with barley ; but wben she can supply horself with flour, is doubtful, as there are no mill* in the country, and farmers will not raise wheat without some pros pool of a market. Yours respectfully. John M. Horner. Atlanta 6i Co.'R Banking Iluajr? V llode Building. [From tbe Ran Francisco Herald ] We were on Wednesday very politelv shown through tbe new and elegant banking house of Adams & Co , and were well repaid by an examination of tbe admirable arrangements that bare been adopted to render the bunding perfectly secure against fire. It is located on tbe east side of Montgomery street, between Sacramento and Cali fornia street*. Kiom th<> base to the roof, every in cans, dictated by experience end judgment, here been employed to counteract the iufluence of hoet, end there con be no doubt out that the end has been attained. No expense has been sparea, no expedient neglected, which could contribute to the object aim id at While in all the arrangements security against Are has been the end studiously kept in view, we do not find that it has compelled the eacnfice of taste. On the contrary, while it U beyond question the strongest and best equipped building in the city, in architectural symmetry and elegance of finish it falls below none. It is, including the basement, four stories high, built of bard burnt brick, with walls two feet thick from the font d ition to the top of the parapet. In the centre of these massive walls, and pervading then throughout their whole extent, is a vacant space four inches wide.oommunicating with the air through sieve like apertures in the collar and the parn|H t. It is as if the walls were d >uble, with the air freely circulating between. This arrange ment Is admirably calculated to resist the transmission of beat from the outer to the inner wall, on well known philoeophlcal principles. Air, it is known, is 1 a non-conductor of heat?it only heats by contact, and when so heated, it instantly expands, becomes lighter and rise*, while a cooler current rushes in to supply it* place. The* principle* are practically I I plied in the construction of tbia edifice, end the aeeurity they afford will at once be perceived. The floor of thebasement end the ainall rerd in the rear ie a solid coat of cement, aevoral inehn thick. Beneath the rurf ace of ihe yard ia a reservoir, remaining aeveral thoaund gallon* of water, fiom which a pipe lead* under ground into the basement, where a force pump ia attached. A how lead* from there up through all the floor* to the roof, if neceaaary. By thia arrangement, acres* to the water may be aecured ioaide without exposure to the heat, and every floor may be flooded in a feu momenta, if neceaaary. The Oral flovf, on a level with the street. It the i harkirg and express ofllee?etch kind of hu?in?sv kept perfectly diulnot, transacted at a different ; counter, and attended to by ditTerout assist a n * On one aide ot the room are ? >uotor* let off for the me j nf Todd k. Co 'a nod Freeman & ,'o '? Kxr>ro?*e?. | 1 he counter*, which extend all around th# raom, are made of solid mahoganv, two nic'io* thi'ik. ' 1 hey are tastefully and highly wiongnt, and none | nuns beautiful can be f. ondln the banking hou ei , in the ra*tern oitice. They are the work of Mr. 0. I*. I'-rtit. Ins ha.k corner of the ro ?ni Is the vault, , r,r d nrre nil tie resource* nf art have bean c.vh wits j rd In n.ake ae?utatice donhif sure r*aflirte it to ray, that. *hen ihe fiuincr it iu*e of this Imi w,h j di .trnyed by the flie of thi fl I of May, the sealing a a* in this vault waa not even t-jtdted, and yet, not . content with the auangemenU then exiting, addi- I tkmal securities hare been adopted, to that now ioe might be plaoed within wit boat fear of aaitiag, though the fieroeat lire raged ouUide. Ton ranTt rente upon a solid foundation of brick work extending below to the floor of the collar. The room ia handsomely plastered and ceiled, with an ornammtaloornioa

running aroand The floor ia a mosaic pavement, formeaof diamond shaped stones, alternately white and slate-colored. The aeooad and third storiea are divided into a number of rooms, to be flniahed in the aame elegant and substantial manner. On the roof, the point uaually moat exposed in case of Are, the utmoat oare haa been bestowed to render it proof againat tha attaoks of the most fieroe heat. A parapet wall two feet thick and six feet high, extends around and above. The roof is first covered with zino, soldered so as to be air tight?upon that rests a bed of oeinen'. one inoh thick, aud upon that again is a pavement of fireproof tiles laid in oement aud airtight. A trapdoor just large enough for a man to squeeze through, occupies the centre. This door ia so arranged as to be air-tight and fire-proof when olosed. The doors and window are furnished at top and bottom with thick plates of cast iron, one yard wide and imbedded in the masonry. Toe sides are double frames nf iron, two feet anart. with briak work intervening. The doors end shutters are double, with the tame interval of two feet between. Thev are constructed of boiler iron bars one-fourth of an inoh thick, and braocl, in every direction, with iron bars an inch thieh. When closed, eight heavy bolts to each outside door and shutter fit into sockets inserted in the back part of the wall, and three iron bars, three inches thick, are ready to be placed across each shutter and door, thus preventing even the possibility of their warping. These arrangements for the seourity of the doors and windows are perfeot. We oannot conceive how they oould be improved. The front presents a neat appearan >e. High up is a white stone tablet, upon which, in golden letters, Is the insoription, "Adams and Co., Id." Just over the centre of the front door a pieoe of gold quarts, the sise of a brick, is to be plaoed. The plan of the building, with all the admirable oontrivancos enumerated above, is the oonoeption of Mr. Haskell, the gentleman who has oharge of the business of the firm on the Pacific, and the whole work was done under his superintendence. The masonry is the work of Mr N. B. Clark ; the oarpentering, of Mr. Henry Pieroe; and the iron work, of Messrs. Buckley it Morse. The exeoution in all its details, is highly creditable to the mechanical skill of there gentlemen. We have described this admirable struoture somewhat in detail, as well beoause it is an object of general interest, as that others intending to build may oxamine and take pattern by it. It may well be styled a model building. It is a perfect salamander. HIksUsb eons. NAVIGATION OF T1IK COLORADO RIVXR. Major Heinitslewood having explored the Colorado, from the Gulf to the mouth of the Gila, 140 miles by water and about 65 in a direct line, reports it navigable for steamboats, having, at the shallowest plaoe, thirty-six inches of water. In the event that the rich mines known to exist on the Gila, in the State of Sonora, and in the desert mines west of the Colorado, and on the Rio Virgin, shall ever be oooupied and successfully worked, the junotion of the Gila and Colorado will become an important embarcadero for their supplies. NEW RIVXR. The singular appearance of the sudden appear ance of the river in the desert, west of the Colorado, and below the month of V irgin river, is thus explained by the Star, as known to the Indians from time immemorial. "It is produced by the overflow of the Colorado, and extends eighty miles into the desert, taking its source thirty miles below the junction of the Gila and Colorado. The "breaking out" of this river last year was considered to be miraculous, and gave rise to many wise dissertations. fruit in California. There will be no soarcity of fruit this season. The orchsrds in the vicinity of Angeles will yield an abundance. Early pears have been brought into market, and flgs arc sufficiently ripe to gather. Apricots hsve been in the market a fortnight. An old resideot, says the Los Angeios Star, estimates that the vineyards within the limits of this city contain one million grape vines. INSCRIPTION OP rKOPKRTV IN SAN FRANCISCO. The last remnant of the property in poor San Franoisco was disposed of, yesterday, at Sheriff's sale, to satisfy the judgment of Dr. Peter Smith. They did not leave her even the bed. table, six chairs, end a half-a-dosen spoons, which are unreliable in the old States. The poor dame, who held her head so high two years ago, was completely despoiled, and now there is none so poor to do her reverence. The lot on whiih the City Hall stood was first disponed of, for $ti50 ; the interest of ths city in the Taylor street wharf next went for $225; next came the interest in the Broadway wharf, which brought $550; then that in Pacific street wharf, which was knocked down at $5,000; then market street wharf, for $650; the California street wharf, for $500, and last of all the Hospital buildings,'for $1175 On the morning of the 5ih, the ground on whieh the old Parker House stood, on Kearney street, fronting en the Plasa, between the El DoraUo and the Union, and running back fifty-five feet, was sold under a mortgage. It brought $23,b77. Two years ago $100,000 would not have bought it. RENCONTRE AT ACAPULCO?DEATH OF AN AMERICAN. We learn by passengers on board the Northerner, that a difficulty oocurrrd at Acapuloo, by which a man named Bainbridge, of Cincinnati, who was on his way home from this place, was shot dead. It eppeArs that Bainbridge threw an orange at a friend of his, which accidentally itruck a Mexican in the face. The Mexican, believing it was intentional, attempted to resent it, when Bainbridge drew a penknife and slabbed him. The Americans all left, uut Damonugu rriurueu itune, who two pistola, and threatened to ahootaouie of them, whi"h he finally did, wounding two. This produoedareSular fight, which led to the death of Biinbridg< y the hand of the man whom he had first offended Person* going up and down the coast needlessly go' into difficulties with the Mexicans. We hope thii affair will prove a lesson to others. T1IE III.OOMKR court WE. We understand that the ladies of lereral of our most prominent citir.ens intend adopting this new and beautiful style of drrss, not merely on accounto( its beauty, but its great convenience in this windy, bluitry, dusty city. We hope that it will be generally adopted not only in this city out throughout the State. Mrs. Farnham?a lady well known in the literary circles in the old Stctes as an elegant writer, and in California as the wido v of a man justly respected and universally beloved?adopted this dress, as we learn, some time since, and " astonished the natives" in Santa Crut Last evening wo saw two young ladies in Clay street? Misses listen and Stetson?or rather wo tried to S?# them, but hardly c luld for the crowd - and weie more convinced than evet of the beauty ami comfort of the dress. The skirt and trouselette* were of blue satin, the sleeves long and trimmed with lace, and the whole got up in an elegant and tasty fashion. We did not hear a single voice which did not praise the " Bloomers" in the most enthusiastic manner. Wo would advise our 1 idy readers who dirlre to examine the dress, to nail on Miss Cole, in Clay street, and judge for themselves. There is nothing in it exceptionable in any m inner i ' tiling, in fact, against which a word could he said; and we boue the ladies of our city will not bn deterred from adopting it on acoouut of tho curiosity it naturally excites amorg the malo portion of our citisens. A few days will aocustom the eye to the change, and then the ladies will etyoy all ths comfort and none of the inconveaicncies of the new dress. arrlagri and Deaths In California. MaRRIRD. In San Francisco, Jul/ 7, b/ the Rev. A Williams. Charles Storcr, K?q, t? Mrs KUen Hhaw, all of this city. In Sen Francisco. on Sunday evening, Jul/ 4. by the Rev O 0. Wheeler. Mr John Divine to Mia* U.iphla llealy. both of thlf city. In Ran Franctseo. June 30, by the Rev Wm Taylor. Mr Kdwln Houston to Mia* Amelia 8<rtft, b'thotthU city. In San Franrlaco, July 3. by the Rev Wm. Taylor at hie residence on Jackson street. Mr OustHVUS II ?rper to Mr* llrttt C. Brown In San Francisco, July 3, by Rev. Wm Taylor, at hi* residence. Mr Kdmund U. Cohen to Miaa Oernldlne A PeU. On July 9. In San Francisco, by Rev A. Willlama. Mr Alexander Austin, of the Arm of Kelly, HenAT'on V Co . to Mies Marc*ret II. Palmer, all of that city On the evening of Jul) 3. by Rev Altera Willlama Mr. Francis llendereon to Mlas M A Thompson, eldest daughter of Mr Robert Thompson, all tale of New Orleans La On Tuesday morning. July 1. by Rev Albert Williams Mr Henry y Adam , to Mies Ctara K Brlant On July 11. In .-tan Franetson, by Rev. T. Iiwlght Hunt, Mr Jobn Royd to Misa Anne Dean In Stockton ou the evening of July t, by Rev J Ocwuln.Mr Wtn R Murry to Miss F.mdy Jane MrPhcrsom USA I MS IN SAM PRAMMWCO. June 23?Norman Maghsm. Mr tland, aged 22. " 20?Cbarlea lllllman. aged H& Jnly 1?William Oolliath Sydney ag-?l 23. Andrer I'etiee. BctUnd aged #0. Robert Johnson liermiry a<ed 30. " 2?Oreli* Anlber. ban Francisco, 4 months " ?? Irene. Mexico " Bernardo Alendes. Chile 20. " A? lleetor Tcaard. Franoe. 41. " 7?-Sarah Farrell. Ireland 30, Henry Hale. I<oo Ion 2B. " I?Ji*eph flail. B.edon W. " B?? llowland New Orleans 3T " M >e?are?. Ita'laf |r- lsod, 21, " 10? ' harles iln,r llr ton 24 " l'epo Alston >. ct.il. to. " 11?J -hi. B aekw-n liondon lb. " I'.ll'roti Ttl-r. Mali < cu. John I' Slr-on- it N V Plate 2T. " Jen a St art. Sydney, 3i On hoard the ?t> mer ,H\rah Sanda VI In-lent of Inflammation < 1 the bowels, Mr. fl. r vet Is Kobbina. 21 ofB- er, of Lewieton, Maine iigod 37 years la Xpfc* Ctty, oa the htum <4 Jpiy sth. Hit, flnla-f Llata, la the tut mr of her ago. Kn L waa cor eort at Mr. DtiM Linden, ?*4 >u a utln of Irou* oounty, Vt. la the eprtng of ldtO ako, in company wi ber frlenda. emigrated from Iillaciato tbia e uetry, to rettled in Yobo Oltjr, when ahe remained natU hi death, dhe ha* left a huiband, aix children, and man, frienda to moura her departure At DownieTille, on the 28th June, Mr. Thomae Sewell a native of hirer pool, Magi end, unireraaliy reepectet and ee teemed. At Kremont, June 21, John Chaae, formerly of Madlaoi county, New lock. On the 10th June, at hie reaidence in Aubnra. Placet county, Martin B. Shepherd, in the 35th year of nl* age mortality in marysvillk. June S, Samuel 0. Wileon, aged 60 yeara, from New Albany, In liana. 0th, Benorita Juanita (Inn Tall*, aged 30 years, of Inflammation of the bowela, from Chile l'ith, Malooiub Morriaon, a^ed 34 yeara, of oongeetire ferer, from Lownda county, Qa. 2Tth. William Jenntnga. aged 27 yeara, from an accident at the mine*. from Mleeouri. Id Sao Francisco, July 9. Mn Ellen Robinson, wife of Daniel Robinson, a native of the elty of Cork. On board the bark Sacramento, from llobart Town, on the 10th of Mar, In lat. 12 50 8 , long. 149 34 w Mr*. Irvine, wife of Oept. Irvine, a passenger on board. At eea. on board the thip Oeorge Steven*, from New Orleans between June IS and July 3, Robert Stewart, second mate, and two seamen, Mitchell and Lawson. Review of the Market. San Francisco, July 14, 1851. Slnoe our last review we have no important ohinges to nrtice, there being no disposition to go into any extensive operations, and no overplus of money at such ratei as would hold out any advantage so to do, a* the prospeote now offer. Agricultural Implements are in but little request. Boots and Shoes are entirely overstocked, except some few fancy light styles. Bklakstcee*.?Since our last an effort has been made to advance the prloe of Chile flour, but buy ers, owing to the fact that three fourths of th< flour is under the control of the Flour Company and in an unnatural position, pay no attention tc it. and merely supply themselves from outside lot* in small quantities, where they can bay cheapest. The company, we believe, are asking $13 per 300 lb. sack* Choice American flour is in good favor, particularly a* Gallego and Haxsll* have come out in fine order. Grains and Hat appear plenty enough, and are in very fair request. Bricks.?We have to notice a wide range in prices, as we are now receiving this article from various quarters? in addition, large quantities ot a very fair article is manufactured here?prices range from $30 to $30 per thousand for fair hard brioks?while face run up as high as $80. Blankets remain about the same, paying but a small advance. Gorrcc is quite inactive. Cement has advanced $8. Lime of a good quality and Ume putty has bad a corresponding advance?much depending, however on the order it may be in. Candles ?The market la quite overstocked, and large quantities of tallow candles are manufactured here. Cigars are plenty of all kinds, and pay bat poorly. Coals.?Best Livrrpocl, Orrell, and Cardiff, sell much better, while inferior coals are veiy hard to sell at any price, as the steamers will not use them. Anthracite is rather firmer. I Cordage ?All kinds plenty. Dar Goons.?There has probably been of late less ae1 cession to our stock, and alittle better demand, giving s i little more firmness. , Drvos and Dte Sti ffs.?No obange to notice of importance?some articles, however, have beoome mora scarce. Fruits and Preserves.?In fair iemand when in prim) oonditlon. i Hardware.?We are not overstocked with saleablf goods, but in this line the trade Import their own stocks] l.sAimng M.iva nlusilw an<4 Ia.m. Leather ? la thU article there in bat little doing. Li mui?gome articles in this line are doing better Georgia pine flooring boards hare advanced, and cleat stuff also, and some styles of timber adapted to the repairing of vessels. Metals ?No important change. Zinc sells pretty uniformly at about 7c. Molasses is plenty and sells very irregularly; and there is a vide difference in qualities, as ve are receiving from all quarters. Nails are plenty. Oils.?A good deal is used of all kinds, and prices are firm. Paints are in good demand. Pbctisions ?The business done in this line is very light; the market Is overstooked; and likely se to be. Si-oabs.?In this article nothing short of an export demand will relieve the market. Ptationebv.?It is only well selected articles, adapted to the market, that wtM pay any advance. Tobacc o ?In this article we peroeive no movement, and prices are not well sustained, ths stock being quite ample. Teas are more firm, but the demand for consumption is quit* limited. Seamen's wages are rather tower, but great dlAcuity prevails in making satisfactory arrangements for men. Veneris continue dull. Carpentora' wages are about $10 per day; laborers' $6 to $4. Monty appears plenty enough in the hands of the meclanical, mining, and laboring classes, but with the trading community rather close. State and city stocks have both Improved, but an rather Irregular. XscHANr.e Is selling at par. Gold Di rt ranges from $10 to $17, more dlscrimlnatloi being exercised in regard to quality. We perceive a vast increase of artisans in variou branches, particularly for manufacturing and repalrlnj steamboat machinery. All the old iron is gathersd to gether and recast We also notice cabinet makrre an inakirg all kinds of neoessary furniture. Taking into view the ever changing state of our nee country. It will be well for shippers to movs cautiously both as to the kinds, and particularly to the quantltiei of goods lent us Marine Affaire. Danlvbs or thi DxEr.?The ship St Louis. Captati Bunker, which arrived on Sunday last from Liverpool, ai we learn from Mr Pbulip*, a passenger, had an acelden which, at one tine, threatened the destruction of tb veasel and all on board. It appeare when ehe had beei at sea ten daya, tome pitch, which wae placed en tb rooking fire to melt, wai thrown over, and Immediate! satin flames the paeeengrre' cooking place, whioh wa co net rue ted of pine planiu In an Instant the utmos L consternation prevailed, and the devouring element aho upward In a meet alarming manner, threatening m ano ' ther moment to ignite the mainsail and rigging liar ; thU been the rate it i? probable the vessel would hav< been consumed. or become no disabled a? to render II impossible to proceed. Considerable confusion was caused by the loud cries of the steerage passengers, as edi ae by tbeir crowding on the deok. and impeding the eiertlons of the crew. There was a tolerable breeie at the time, and at ono moment the seen* was frightful? the shouting of the erew, aided to the crlea of the pas sengrrs and the roaring of the flames making a dreadful tumult. There was a momentary delay in getting water, owing to the buckets on the quarter deck being confined by a strong turd; bat one of the cabin passenger*?Mr Murphy, of Pottaville. Pennsylvania?quietly seized and broke the rope, and threw the buckets U the men. who, in a few minutes, succeeded in subduing the flames Thus, fortunately, was extinguished afire which might have caused the loss of nearly four hundred souls, and it is worthy of remark that Mr Murphv, several times after the conflagration, strove to break the same cord wit b< at being able to do so, the alarm of the moment havicg given him a temporary strength, which, under ordinary circumstances, he did not possess The accident should be a warning to ship owners and captains U hsvs their rooking place* for emigrants ronstructsd entirely oi Iron To build them of wood, is to invite a danger the must fearful sen or land ran know. The b* hat ior of the cap tain and crew. In this in dance, was cool and exemplary iulteextrime and was highly lauded by the wbot# oi the passenger* at the time When about sixty mlier from pott.sbont fi ur o'clock on Matiiriay ra>raing ths ft. Louis loal her three topmast* in a viol* at galeM wind, rnlti and lightning *h* left LI verpooi on in* 7?t nil and was consequently thirty four days nt son ba 1 f en oountrrrd strong bead winds nearly the whole of tb* vojtge. Bhe brought 330 steerage, besides raMa and | intermediate paesengers. Larwi'Ni-n?At WaMohoro, recently, by Mr J R flrilon. a tin* brig of 'ill ton* called tba Civilian. owned by th* builder and i apt Thud NirhoU. of Brietol, Me who will1 < oiinaiid her. Thf Croat ns or Rorofto. to thi voiToa or thk h?**ld Tour paper of the other day contained a llet of the wui.lt* ting* la Europe Allow roe a few remark* a* to the correctne** of ibat lint. There eglat* act In Europe, nor anywhere el**, a " Louie XVII.,'" aor a " t'rince of Aechaitenbourg " The Tuke Chaile*. cf Rrunrwiek. le crown-pretender for tha I'urhr of Brnnewiel. where hie younger brother VTllI'mBi ha* been Regent eitice 1 * :?! The Prtar* (Iomega and the Pake of Genoa are no ai< re pretender* for the Durhy < f Mantua or for *l"Uy. than y< u or I, or any oae, for thr Money of aay wealthy Ban The pretender* for Holatoln are the following ? 1 A I nner (Peter. 1 believe ) of Oldenburg S A Prince < I Hi.leteiu? Lauenburg S A I'rtnce or llnke cf Holateia. (>liick?burg. Honderfctrg, Augnatenbnrg benldea aotae Kngliah and ltu*?ian price**, who are mere " candidate* lor the aominatloo" of the gr- at ponern of Kurope, WOULD-UK HlCll. N i* Ym, Augnat 9, 1A0I. Hurt flute. to Tin? rditor or tin herald i>ion* iv] mteieri report* 10 tin, mm. atnee ne aneliortd the l'ot Hock float In Hurl Gate Channel, three eolliriona with reaael* |>a??ing through Hurl ( ate have taken piaee. Tbe (itat waa on Friday, when a larpc fare and aft achooncr oame drifting, with a itrong tide, hroadaide againattba float; tho relet ner alewed around, and toe neat tide it waa direot end that aho broke one of the anehora of the float alert off Saturday morning, it wa.t found that another re-eel had run ageinat the float in the night, na one ot the guard timbera of the float waa found adrift. Co Saturdar afternoon the re I <oner t'laeb, of Camden, N ' , took tho inner channel, inetca'' of anchoring in llalUt'a Core, at otb< r reaaela ha'idnto whom oaptaira were morr octitiouf and ran hi* jibboom into the rigging o! the f!< at, and ioiwediately both the echOonwr an fl< at w.re adn t 1 he Captain of th? Flaah re ln>?d aatiatoi e to eteuro the float Th< fl?a we* fit.ally li night t > afore at. W rochet'a lalai.il fx* m*! # tu rn m anchorage, and ba- ainea hee1 1 wt (t fa k to Pi (Vre,ar??l will We anchored npm I'm Hi k #aa r a< the a*.o'><>ro are up Captain ol tot., pairing through the Hate, Will pleat bier >n miudtc difficult}1 at Coding tho anohorag ol the ll< at ot. !L j rvcb, anJ u.-*? aiJ Ujo care tt?a t 1 ip^twblt li K ** W?Urt?| Placel. 'jj of* fashionable correspondence. Newport, August 4, 1861. T Dutiaguuhed PoUtuvmt?Don Colder on it la Bar # * ? The Ball Season. Mrs. Fillmore, with her son and daughter, Ma 1 now, for several days, been a guest at the Belle*** i House; hut it is bow certain that Mr. Webeter will not honor as with his presence. He wants rest, and to get over his annual attack of inflaan* matory rheumatiim. He may go to Washington for a few days ; but will thence return to Manh* field and Franklin, where he will pass the remainder of the summer. I doubt much whether, after thai, Mr. Webster will return to Washington. Mr. Fillmore will not oome to Newport, I Ml lleve, nor will Mr. Crittenden return here; knowing, as he does, that lien. Ucoit will not give as a chance to admire him. l'oor old soul, that Mr* Crittenden; and somewhat under a oloud, sine* 111* known that ho would aooept the seoond post (tM Vice Presidency), being pretty well assured M cannot aspire to the first. Mr. Winthrop has returned from Boston, when he had gone to patch up his politioal fortunes. lie leeianow pretty certain of being nominated Ihr Governor by the whig* ; but at to hie election, that i ii another question. 1 presume the friends of Mr. Webster are quite willing Mr. Winthron's strength shall be tried, with a view to get rid of him MC ever, just aa they are willing to try Soott in Poaasyl vania and Ohio. There is no other way of oosa* t vin cing politician! of their blunders. This State is divided between Webster "iti and i Douglas men; Gen. Soott being just as unpopular , aa Gen Taylor was popular three years ago. Wen Gen. Soott now a candidate, the rotate would give i two to one against him ; so much has the military mania subsided in New England. Mr. Woodbury being on the bench is objected to by minv demo' orate, who would otherwiee be glad to pay him tha honor of a nomination. Of late, large sales of real estate hare 'beeu effected on this island, with a view of establish!^ permanent residences in Newport. Mr. Goorgu Bancroft, the historian, is among the buyers, ami will soon entirely remove here from Now York. If he seeks promotion, the small State of Rhode Island will sooner send him to Congress than any district in the Empire State. Mr. and Mrs. Galderon de la Baroa are enjoying their summer retreat, notwithstanding the outbreaic in Cuba. The safety of Spain depends on the fidelity of the troops. If they desert or go over to the Insurgents, Cuba is free in spite of all that Spate map do. Even the emancipation of the slaves, with which the planters are three-.vnod as a last retort* ! will be but partially effective. , As vet, not a single grand ball has come ?L though the great bal part of the season is talked of, as to take place at the end of this month. There will be no bal iostumt, and that I think very i proper. There is nothing so tedious as a so-called " fancy ball" without faucy, in which there aru no characters to support tho oostumes. A oottee ' broker stuck into the court dress of Louis XIV, re, mains after all a cotton broker; though that may not be a lucrative business at this juncture. If pe?i pie would only try to be well that which they are. I and above all things to think, act, and feel on aa occasions as if they bad a right to their owm thoughts, their own mode of action, their own feelings, and consequently their own fashions and taste, thev would never make tbemielvos ridioulou*. Voltaire was right when he said that thirty milUoM of people bad a right to their owe taste, and we shall nave that number in less than five yease. i Jin avant.' I believe it was Mr. Niobolai Biddle, who once observed, at a party in Philadelphia, the* no country wanted independence more than we did. notwithstanding our country had a Declaratioa eC Tlu Fauquier White Sulphur 8prtnfi-Tte Vial (era, Ar>, Ac. [Fran the Washington Union, August 11.) a a a a a a There ire about two hundred and fifty visiter*, af both sexes, and all ages and conditions of life, now soiourning at this delightful place. And as thorn who are most apt, froui its oaption, to read this hasty scrawl, are most interested in the young, the say, and the beautiful, 1 shall notioe these latter first. One of the most interesting and heautiM young ladies here, is Miss Reeeesa a****, of thia county, llow like a mountain sylph she floats through the mates of the merry dance, oould better be told, 1 doubt not, by the bevy of gay, gallant fellows that eegerly seek the sweet partnership ot i her fair hand for the danoe of the hour, or of life, than by an ancient Benedict, whose eld blood only , leaps aleng his veins as ranidly as theirs when the sweet vision of a fair girl, like Mia A., flits athwart bis weary path. Her dark-eyed oeatoa. > Miss D*** A****, is another splendid epeeiseen of that rare and queenly beauty with whion the goad " Old Dominion abounds. Though scarcely turned I of "sweet sixteen," ber tall and graceful Ague | dark lustrous eyes, and hair like the raven's wing while personating the noble character ol Kebsooa r in the flist interview between that beautiful orestioa cf the genius of the Wizard of the North and i Kowena, won for her the admiration of the large and intelligent assemblage present at the last tableaux which were represented here. And I eon not omit to say, too, in this oonneetion, that tho i Bum beauty found an excellent representative i in the elegant figure, liquid blue eyes, and flaxsa ? hairofMrs 11*", of Freierioluburg. Miss E*" L"*, of Rappahannock, Ir yet another of the sweet bevy of beauty that makes this II place its resort during the summer months. Her s lithe and slender form and gay laughing oountaj nance are sadly missed from the lively danoe duriag j bcr present brnf visit with a party offrieodi, to her lt beautiful and hospitable borne under the Mae Ridge ; whilst ber admirable personation ef the * virgin quten, in the tableaux the other evenitg, will long be remembered by those who witnessed II. I May she and ber gallant guests, (amongst whom to one of Washington's most waggish b'hoys,) have a t joyous time of it, and soon return to add jet more la i the i umbers that arv now thronging the brilliant 1 saloons and nuiet cottsiroi or thl? . iiarmi... And last, though not luut, i must not omit to mamtion the sweet and modest Miaa L***'***. Km bor shrinking modesty cannot conceal from tha d? criminating observer the amiability and beauty of character which apeak forth from her large blaok eye* and calm swevt face Washington, too, baa many fair representative# here, of whom ahe may well be proud. And Mm J** * is one of tha gayeat and prettiest of them Her round fair face cheers and ealiveaa every circle it visita, and her ringing laugh maw the groves and the balls if the pavilion vocal with merriment Mill M***'**, and her bright ere I it ter, are alio here; the former of these beauufal ietera contributes much to the beauty and apacepriatene*s of our tuof.umr, by cheerfully lindiag > tbe invaluable aid of her excellent taate About forty laJii a and gentlemen arrived here 1 yesterday from Richmond, Fredericksburg, and the surrounding counties Among them 1 rt cognise the r J"U?ge?t daughter of the lato veLerabie editor of ! tb* Cnum Jibe is accompanied by her brother, i William F. Ritchie, Leq , one of the editors at , the Aitkmond Lnquu,r, and a ia-ge party of numerous family connections of our taiented old friend ,V,*< IVmi, The two daughter* of the late la' m-ntedCol Crass, of the army, and several other 1 ladies, whose naiuel 1 have not learned, wore alee of the party There, with the other daily arrivals, and tbe wealthy families of the Gordous, of Fal1 ui .uth, the Hr tys, Harts, and Kncxes, of Kredericksburg. and the Mriugfeilowv and Greene of al over eastern Virginia, not forgetting the 1'raM, of Mobile, and the Gswald#, of Mississippi, and many others whom I have not tbe pleasure of knowing. 1 make up on < of the most refined and Intelligent as 1 well as sociable and agreeable companies 1 have ever I met at a watering placo. Coflvwme* or Fan* N kg rose rt? Iffr>u!?A ?A convention of free people of color 1* now In session at Indianapolis, and is occupied in deliberating upon various matten? relating to > tM interests of itf constituent* a cUm T here i? raid to extot among it* member* a strong inclination to re mora out of the State of Indiana, to aim* other country, where they hop* to sojoy greateraocial advantage# After much debate, a resolution wae adopted, by a large majority, providing, that abould the law* of the State become eo oppressive ae to be intolerable, they would recommend their peopte to emigrate te i Canada, Jamaica, or eleewhere, in preference to Liberia, against which there appear* to be a vto- C lent prejudice in the convention Among the eowntriea spoken of for the purpose of emigration. besides thov mentioned, are Meiico, New Granada, and Central America : but Canada li generally reCHarJed a* most eligible, on aeeount tf it* acceoslI ility. At last accounts, tha convention had under discussion a resolution aomewhat contradictory te that which had ju*t been paused, a* mentioned above It asserts, in substance, that the free nef ro< t have a right to remain, If they choose, in the I Belted States, tbc land ot their natiiky, and It ac1 cordir.gly to com mends tbcm tottay hsra, and striee for their moral, toetal, political, and intellectual elevation. It waa expected that the rrsolation I would bo 4cfcftt?d Brooklyn Cltjr Int?IM|f*or#. * Tm> Hi? lilt Hxinn ? Hamilton r nirtn# Pnipanp No. 1?' !>-k-->JT (!t|lvio< In Honlh ?ml 'UM1 I !?!> ( tt.panj.N'o P. fi lT?d U "ir r*apn?t4?u ?i (Mr#* op V .((.(Up afloraoon N" IA I* fr>>m III" m?ti? t tai lory of I'r.ttll tlthiuan k PlrUIra, No P ?m butli by ALraliam Van Nirc* 1b<y arr of "unal pi ?"r. and built in Ik* i?in" plan? poaipa. Inoki-a tnh 'i iiriw Ari l*. U.i inKl Imri ?lih mo iMiaortna iln arrlvng a*. I ur.iti firr>, hnri- MM) npoit???H ??m n??-mbl"^ Il<( t?(> r< mpariiM Iff It illo titled l.y a ha ml) pr.n> <#<t*d to fry iha gu.ihij if ituir ro?j?ail?a mtrhi in?, hut bof to lb# , i> '"-i iln>? wa* up, tha boll worant out of th? \ chain of No 14, cmn-loc on# of hor plPiigr* to ooat# o?^ la totrt^aeact <a tu b up uuu fw pmf-wei.

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