Newspaper of The New York Herald, August 15, 1851, Page 6

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated August 15, 1851 Page 6
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TWJ OTHER SIDE OF TUE \TL11 f|0> | Our London, and Venice CorrtsponJrntf. ADDITIONAL EXTRACTS FROM OUR FOREIGN NEWSPAPERS, Ate., Ac., dU. Our Pull Correspondence tiik ooisip op paris. Paris, Ju'y 31, 1851. tV Weather ? Pleasure?The Foods ? Damige? J Echpst of the Sun?The Approaching Grant Fete . ?Gabet, the Jean an?Iniicorous PahUings ? Tie I Mother of Count Bocurmi?Theatres?Aire. James Garden Bennett in Paris?Amusements?A me riatns in Paris, 4*r, ?Jv. Node pluit tola redeunt spectacstia mane ?This j has been the motto of Parisian life during the last I fortnight, and, if no ehange comes with the moon, it ia to be feared that the Frenoh will not "change their mind " Let me expla n. I do not know What kind of gay breeze blows over Paris, but no OK thinks of anything else than pleasure. In order to keep up the excitement, the theatres and other gdaoes of amusement are daily pasting on the walls of the oil/, largo bills, by which they try to entioe strangers te give them the preference of patronage. Pleasure' Pleasure! Pleasure < This shout is universal, despite politics, for which no one see us to Oare. Alas! We, of the careless world, do not a?k about to-morrow, and here is, perhaps, the abyss. However, before politics can overtake us, we may boast of having had rain and bail, and enough of both. In the departments of La Nievre. the Motelle, Charente, Oise, Pas dc Calais, and many ethers, disasters have been so numerous, that it is gainful to read the accounts published in the newspapers. The harvests have been ruined, the treeg of every orchard cut, as if with the axe, and the ' fivers have been so much swollen, that in most places they have swept away a large quantity o[ cattle Still, though more than three thousand families have been ruined by these misfortuues, the people do not think about it. We pass thought- , jeesly, near the place where the disaster has taken plaee, and if we are willing to be cnaritable and to aelp the sufferers, it must be with this ooudition, that it will be done in the shape of a ball or a bene- I lit performance. iiow frivolous people are in ; Franoe' And what a pity it is to see how well we might act, and how badly our duties are performed. The eclipse of the sun, f >retold by all tho distinguished astronomers, took place on Mondiy last, 2tttk instant, at the exact hour, minute, and second. The weather was very fine on that day, and it afforded great pleasure to all the population of goits-mouche.', who had prepared, in auvance, darkened glasses to examine the junction of the sun and the moon. Telescopes of all kinds had been brought on the public squares, and men were walking along the boulevards and the streets selling colored glasses, prepared expressly lor the occasion. Long before two o'clock every bit of glass had been cold in Paris. One could borrow, but not buy, the preoious flint. Every window from which the sun could be seen was crowded with people Many also stood on the corners of the streets, or the public aquares The soldiers on the staircases of their barracks, and the sentries in their small wooden houses, had their eyes turned towards "Casta Diva." The eeraents de ville even were not watching, a? usual, the thieves and pickpockets, who, it appears, made a nice job oetween two ami five o'clock. In order to make the review complete, I will also saj that the stage driver* drove tneir horses with the raina and the whip in one hind, and a piece of flaae in the other. At two o'clock precisely the moon entered upon the image of the sun; a black oreaoent was seen by the naked eye, and with the kelp of a telescope one could perceive four large mountains of the moon, which shoved their huge fcaeks on the far distant celestial horison. Soon after the sun was surrounded with clouds, and then the famed circle, which is remarked in like circumstances, called Hello, afforded the most cotm.dt-crtl It was then 3 o'clock; the wind blew and the thermometer went down from 3d* to 32'. At thirty two minutes past three o'clock, the phenomenon was in its most extraoidina y phasis. The darkness was very sensible; the thermometer was at 27, and the psycrometer, which was up, at thirty thirty minutes past two o'clock, at 451, had advanced to 480 The entire light of the sun was I again visible at thirty minutes pist four o'clock, "flte genealogy of this eclipse i< dram from that which took plaoe in the year 2156 before Christ, the first mentioned is the Cbim-ie sacred books This eclipse, as reported, was the cau<e of the death of the two aitronomers of the court. Hi and Ho, who had not eeienoe enough to foresee it, aud, of covn, did not give the bmperor sufficient means to prevent the troubles which, on this occasion, [ took plaoe in the empire The preparations for the grand fiit to be given to the Lord Mayor, Corporation, and Parliament of Liooaon, as wen as to the most important persons of England, U dailv progressing. and there ie every reaaon to believe that this repast mX.1 be a* grand aa it ia national Tbe magnificent building of the ifotel de Ville has been b. illiantly decorated, and inside of its large yard, which is called Cour Louis XIV , a large garden ha* been prepared, and it is ornameotco with a magnificent fountain, and j several splendid statues A theatre has also been prepared in the hall of tbe republic, which is hear the dinirg room: and there, on .Saturday next, a comic opera will be suDg, expressly for tbe occasion, by the artistes of tbe grand theatre of Paris. As for tbe dinner, yon may be assured it will be something "tiptop," and "John bull" will bare to oonfess that there is no place like Paris whore one can eat refined dishes Tbe fish, in order to be fresh aud Sood. will b*' sent from Ibeppe by a special train. J for the roast, the largut p ece which will be nerved on the table will be a large ox, of the Erurbam breed, imported exorcsely for the occasion from the fine pastures of M de l ercy, in Normandy. Cbevet, the celebrate! gastronomist, is the Tdcmmitrw of the dinner, which will be eaten by six hundred guests The girds mruliU of the State has opened all its closets to the Prefect of Polica, who, for this occasion, wilt pu- on the table id his palace the most superb gold and silver ware ever exhibited at any royal festival Candleholdcrt and glasses of crystal, baskets and china of ^Sevres. Every:bins will be splendid; and more than five hundred chandelier*, in go.d and crystal, will be hung up in tbe dining room As m?y be seen, tbe programme is magnificent, and I am persuaded that my next letter will be very interesting, for it will contain a full report of this fttt. Eabet, tbe Irarian prophet, end leader of the Ccmmuh/st exiles at Nauvoo, came from the United Ui.s.. a ? IS ,, k. ...laaa^iJ ska I'i i mrim iu wr-Jtr wr inc?nci uviu sentence of imprisonment for the robber/ of which he wm accused b/ several of bis followers His law suit was called up on .Vlond*/ Int. aod. after two da/'s debate, he was fir all/ di?b?rgel from all j es.tetces lasted against hirn ills good faith was Considered evident and he would aooo be able to , asturn to the might/ shores of the land of freedom The police have made an attack on all the print ' at ops of;aproper paintings, which hare been exhiLuted to the |<eople passu g b/, without any fear or sbante it will be remembered that, about three j*ars ago, engravings repte < ntiog Christ and the ; V irgin? were first Imported into the United States, and proved to he very popular This was but a "teet of the public taste, and a hort time after mythological goddesses took the place of the ~saTfor, ana successively, they w. re replaced by naked women. This was not all L>ag?erreotyi.?s bad leo been applie J to tb' se painting*, an I tbey were exhibited in the window t?,,? of the principal stationer* of Par * This was, indeed, considered too bad, and the police not c nly seized the pictures, hut also the painter*, who have Leen seot to prison to await their trial The tnother of tbt Count of Boonrme, wko was I. < beaded afj? we. k* ago at Man*, having met with Bishrip Purcell, a; the depot of the railway at Cologne, thr.-w herself ar his fret, and begged him tn rec-tvo tb? vow she ruade to devote ?0e remainder of her life to make embroidered dresses for the v?e af the uii. i naries who help the Bi?bop in the acrnmpl s| rr.ent of hi. enoerd it vl duties am >ng In disn tribes Bishop P? cell left ?..n the tZd mstaut f!ft Avtvcrp. Ilx' threw . ha been trrry Crowded thU ttjek, And hate do tit an exo?ii?.|,t huainean At the theatre i rai.<;?i*, Mile* Kiron end Nathalie appear* I n> tho p*<- ? nercanta with much ( < "/; end M" n<lly, lo 1 . art?. of roqneUet, dityilejirit uroa* biatrio.u, fne pliyt *?- 1 I oted were tbe "M leant hripe" an i "Taetuffe." At tfc'i ' itnad 1 c'rii, ?i u*vt t,aj tt,? "hiit gum" of the repertory. "The Hagues," "UeJiTre " ' La Kaeorite," and otbi pVndid opera- bar. been ?rnrf?rm?d, IfliMhtr web "La 1'iophrte" and I *?L'EnfrfDt Prodigue " I be teror < 'Ueytnvl. who eingB in the place of K >. did w indera, and deitcrrnd much applaate I'no "('mate < ?ry," dm of the fluent murical gema of Koeaint, a? well at " La f lieu et la Mayadero," will wwu bo performed, arid much iucccm it aatdcipaird for there two rtp t?e* At tbe Comic Opera Hou?e, " Jo?epb in Lgyjrt" trill be performed in a fortm<h At tin Varieties Theatre, M ('arpier.thetalnnted manager, baa engaged a band of ao*<f aaiird .Spa Adah Janeera, ai d, dr apite the aul'ry wrrbaj. nia rlaoe of amnae-nent I* nightly filled to ilia n'. n t degree. The .Senora It.rwa Etpert ia the fairy of (be frratfe, an i her bewitching am lea. the brilliancy of ber ejoe, tbe elegance of her form, aa w ill aa fne it rneif w i of ber dan je. a^e received by ah mU , Mid tu?bv*a4e<i apvauec TUu IMW perlvmaawt # ? ? is ft reftl fortune tor M . Cftrpier, who will not ouly coin money. but also give fame to his theatre. At the AmhiguCoinique,a new vaudsvi'le, in two ac>a, cftlled " Du cote de 1ft btrbo est 1ft touts Fun nance"?(Power is in the hands of those who wstr beards)?by M Fillot, was performed on Friity last, and was received with the most enthusiastic applause. The play is good, and the plot is extremely funny. There is no doubt that this vaudeville and tne drama of " La Monstre" will bo stereotyped on the boards of the Ambigu. The National Theatre?(Ancieu Cirque)?will reopen on Saturday next, with the play of Alexander Dumas?" La Bataslu de la Barriers de Cliehy " At the circus of the Elysean fields, Hiram Franklin, the American Kcuyer, is all the " go." Not yet satisfied with having gained fame in the exhibition of the "trampling boards"?(/a bUmie)?h? hu displayed bis daring feats on the slack rope?a sort of gymnastic exeroiie, during which ne is all the time suspended upon a loose ro.?, dancing, jumping, and making summersets and leaps in the moat admirable style. This had never beea exhibited here, and it created a great sensation. Mrs. James Gordon Bennett arrived here on Saturday evening last, but remained in Paris only a few days. She was on her way to St. Petersburg, via Brassells, Hanover, Hamburg, and Copenhagen. At present, the polioy of the Emperor is to keep visiters from his dominrons, even in the shape of beautiful women. Difficulties attended my attempt to have the passports of Mrs. Bennett vned. 1 understand that no on* i> allowed to enter Austria, ex cept by private permission. How ridiculous, to fear the invasion of a few travellers! Despite all these obstacles, the difficulties were annihilated, for Mrs. Bennett was bearer of a note directed to Count N'esselrode, and she was presented with letters of intro1 duotion by the wire of the Austrian consul in ! Paris, M. Dibblin, whoes daughter is one of the ! most beautiful joung ladies ever seen on this conti nent. The presence of Mrs. Bennett hascreatei quite a I ensation in Paris, and I read last night, iu tho J oolumns of Iai Gazette de FrancODe of the best I newspapers of our city, the following paragraph: ? La celrbre Mme BtnnettdeNew York se troure dans I ce moment .1 Paris Mme Bennett est la feuime do rcdacteur en chef du AVtr Turk Herald; elle a public uo volume untitule Lettres europrennes par une A inertealne," qui out etc reproduces par le Timet. Mrs Bennett was cordially received in Paris by a number of friends, and 1 bad the pleasure of meeting all of them at a petit diner, given in one of the best restaurants of Paris, where she w is earnestly requested not to leave before the grand ball of the Hotel de Ville, whioh is to take place on Tuesday next. Unfortunately, the arrangements for her journey were already made, and she could not delay a single day. B. H. 11. AMERICANS IN PARIS. J. U Parsons. Connecticut. P. Bliss. Lansingburg. John W Dix, New York. A. Harris, New Orleans. J. B E. N'otbeer. do. A McMaken. Philadelphia. W H.Chandler,Providence. Dr. J. B. McKwen, N. York. C. K Vail, New York O Nathan. New Orleans. Q K Leanard, Boston. J. F. Penniman. London. Dr W B. Moffat. New York J. V. Marten ze Brooklyn W. 8 Chase, Washington. W. 8 Pennington, Newark. Isaac Pugh, Philadelphia. Q. G Becker, Ohio. J A Humphreys, Ky J. A. Maseey, Mobile. J. B Ward. New York. Moses W. Pond, Boston. 8 W. Blunt, do. K.K Edmunds,Uopkinsville. R C StajT. 8. Carolina. K t Baker Albany. M. B. Ketchum, New Y ork J. A. Wilk*, New Y'ork. R W McUavock. Nashville. L O.Mytinger.Huntingdon W A Ketzer Philadelphia. K Buchanan Itead Pa. i W. A. Neil, Ohio. T. T Norton, Norwich. 3 C Walsh, Louisiana. J. 8. Sanborn. Mississippi. W L. Cogswen, New Y'ork J. Perrine, Dayton ! 3 Sherman k lady, Buffalo. J. D. Hopkins. Mississippi G P. Cobb, New York. A. J Sesames. Georgetown. II Dahme, Cincinnati. MTU Kakia, Nashville. : K Lentz, Philadelphia. K Lawson. Cincinnati. A J. 8 Way, Baltimore. W. Ri hardson. Boston : I. A Lavruu*.. Vml .limu A Mnrull N York J C Dickinson. Durham J M Deems Baltimore. Isaac Staplr r. Boston Hamilton McCail. N. York. J B St. John. Buffalo John Moffat, do. W Tappen. New York. W O Richardson,Tusoalooea C J M Dutilh, do. Mra. M L. Roes. Nashville. Dr J K I'eck, Florida. 8 0 Shepard. Albany. K L Wood. New York. Ch O Clarke, Albany O. W. Pratt. New York. T Vaden, Jr., Richmond T Cogswell, Ohio. J. J. Killer. Virginia. M LuJwny, Buffalo. J. M Jonee, Texas Our Londoa Correspondence, London, July 29, 1851. Sketch of the Career of a Man of Genius?A Brief Acrrmnt of Mr Part on, and the Origin of the Crystal Palace. There is a lull in politics, and a temporary cessation of bustle and stir in fashionable life at the West End. As the adjournment of Parliament draws nearer, the great world is gradually leaning for the country and the watering places. Yet, the "World's Fair" oontinue" to be an undiminished attraction, and the crowds which daily flock to It are undiminished in number. These crowds oonsist not merely of those who go inside the building, but the gatherings of all kind.- and classes outside, which is so great in the vicinity that it looks (to compare great things with small) like bees swarming. I observed, in a former letter, that the Crystal Palace look, for all the world exactly like a conservatory in a gentleman's garden, or a hot-house, and in fact it is nothing more. The history of Mr. Paxton, the designer of the building, and first proposer of the plan, is interesting and curious, lie is a working gar iener by profea-ion, and is now about 80 years of age. lie was in the employ of the Duke of Devonshire, and superintendent of his hob houses an 1 conservatories at Chatsworth, a celebrated villa and estate belonging to the Devonshire family, in Derbyshire One idea often makes a man's fortune; this one ilea of hii, to construct a huge con servatory, has suddenly raised Mr. Pax ton to fame and notoriety. He is fttci everywhere, and invited, as a lion, to every society. The building itself is often called the "Paxton Palace." Of oourse, such sudden honors and the inornate of so much applause and admiration, have had their natural effect upon the mind of Mr. l'axton ; and be deems the achievement of his one idea, and the magnitude of the huge hot-house, to be one of the greatt-t exploits ever accomplished by man. So it is in one tense You have seen glass shades placed over tender plant i in a garden; well, this is oue of them, only it is beyond dispute the greatest glass shade or Dell that ever was made in the world It is due, however, to Mr Paxton, to say that he bears bis honors well, and his demeanor and deportment in private society, as I have had opportunities of witnessing, are those of a p< rfect gentleman. Tnere is something of the Yankee in the history of the career of Mr Paxton. an 1 in the ease and fee lily with which he adapts himself to the high position to which be has fortuitously been raised For it is a characteristic especially appertaining to the American. to b< ar cither poverty or wealth with r<| i>l . rng frmi and equanimity?an American feels mat be has a right to live, if be is ever so p <or, and does not forget the rights of others if be is ever so rich. Mr. Paxton was a poor boy, horn ia the humblest rank of life; but being nu urally shre vd and intelligent, be early acquirtd by industrious application a decent education, to wbbh be afterwards addtd the stores of knowledge which reading, observation, and reflection caa alone accumulate Not many years ago he was working ns a poor day-laborer, lir t large market gardrnrr in the country, at the bumble wages of l-? a week How oft?u it happens, In indmdual lite, that an event which appear* to u?, and perhaps ia, at the time, tka very height of misfortune, turn* out to be th? very th og which afterward* leedr to af^ am-ement and prosperity. So it Happened with Mr I'aaton in hie lowly condition He La-itbemi fortune to quarrel with hi* employer, ar.d in er.nseqti nee or angry word* wh ch passed ) - tween them, he waa turned out of hi* situation 7 he situation of Mr. I'axton now, with a wife and child to support, out of work in a country where employ m- nt ia not ao easy ti procure, w*- what might be called deplorable Vet, like a Yankee, be ?a? not raet down t<>? much, but maintained etiil a bold and ndeixndent spirit In this eond.tion of misfortuxe, whien he knew not ?i< the en ranee to the rral wbi h would lead to the highest honor ar, I preferment, he wandered about the country, in no Tery enviable state of feeling, vainly seeking employment It wis the custom at that time, as it still is, for poor laborers who are looking for a day'- work, to colled at the gates of auoh place* where a large number of men in their line is often troployed With tbir view, young I'axton o'ten I ottered at the gates of the gar-leas of' lhat* worth, among other workmen, as an bumble oarididate for a job. On one of tbeie negations, it happened that a< be was standing unemployed .nek Hnr of fha ilulra'i* irianlttn if A'f> flirt dukai hitn. ?el!' came by on boreoba'-k. anil, in pa*?'og, ?n ike t<> him. making lome trifling inquiry. The duke, I "retiring him to be a aaiart, intelligent you 1/ addrersed a few more queat on* t? him, a il hiring ascertained that be war a journey man garHi rer nut nf work. told bra to come in and look at the gtrdona. He waa afterwards ordered to oall ap-aiu tbe i < xt day, wirch he did, of course, and imirg received employment, and often mooting the doho 'n the gi'dene. hu Intelligent'' an l prrferi kn . ah lge of bi* profession gradually he tame tn? ? ami rn' i a known, arrl as known, apprec atod. i bis itd ir, .hi i-r.d, in due con so of I me, to his mo ih, lies I |t deror 1yd su(x'rin?'"i i rit of tbe gaH or a> d gr-tioda at Cha'rworth Here bo become, as a prsi t|r*| and arieutifl ' gardener,at ttie rr-r I. ?d i ' 'nr profession, and tliia leisttma he r. "intinr i with b.r.riaaing ability ami honor, till t ir. earn* whoa tbe (ireet World's Ketr, lor an cxbihitir.ti of the industry of all nations was ooiitempiated and began to be talked of. The great (|uo*tioa was, wbauoit A a building ahoaldii b? | to hold all the wonderful thing* which were to bo < put in itl As the leather dealsr at Athens sug- | gegted that there was " nothing like leather" wherewith to fortify the city, to ^Ir. I'd*tou naturally ' thought .that there wag nothing like glass wherewith to build the contemplated edi&oe. An ordinary man might have had the same | . idea, but there he would have stopped, chewing | the cud of his idea, till it turned to worse 1 than nothing. Not so Mr. Paxton; like a man of i geniuf, he pushed forward bis idea; he developed j it in all its bearings He convince i all who heard ^ him that a glass palace would he a grand and splendid spectacle. At first, his ides was coldly reoeived ' at headquarters; every builder, architect and engi- < neer was against it; it was altogether opposed to all ' their habitual notions of scientific and architectural propriety. Those all, with their friends, and all who were in power in the royal commission, opposed ; the idea. But it was not entirely left to routine, and line-and-rule builders to decide the matter; many great persons, who were not biassed by pro' fessional habits, were pleased with the ides; the 1 I >uke of Devonshire joined his powerful recommendations to the others, and the idea triumphed, and Mr. l'axton triumphed with it. Suoh is a sketch of the career of a man of genius; suoh is the origin of the Crystal 1'alaoe. w. London, July 29,1851. i iin.i. d..< rv._ in. v.. a Farce?A Poor Prisoner?The Ship Owners and Navigation Lairs?A Urcat Revolution in Trade c Xpert rd on the Coast by the Railroads, j-c. Parliament will adjourn in the course of a few days; indeed, the members are already beginning to disappear. The ministerial white bait dinner, at (.Greenwich, comes off on the 2d prox., and that is generally the signal for the parliamentary holidays. The white bait is a delicate fish, which, it is said, can only be eaten to perfection at Greenwich, ! where it it cooked immediately on its coming out of the water, and put, within a few minutes, out of their own element upon the plates cf the ministers, with a suitable accompaniment of fat and sauce. This custom is of some years standing. The decision in the care of Mr. Salomons gives great dissatisfaction. It will be brought before the courts in Westminster Hall. The able legal argument in the House, by Mr. Bethell, a distinguished lawyer, has exoited sensations and led to the con; viotion that Mr. S. 1ms a right to sit, and ought to be admitted. Three more new Roman Oatholio Bishops, with high territorial English titles, have been solemnly and publicly oonsecrated in England, sinoe the passing of the Anti-Pope bill by the Lords, plainly showing that that law has only been made to be aughed at. It is indeed a farje? all is a faroe. The Pope is now virtually, to all intents and 1 purposes, a prisoner at Rome, being watched in all nis movements, and defeated in all his plans of escape. The French General took great oare of him while he was away at his oountry villa, and brought him safely back again. Thus, for the present, the great coup de main, his retirement to Gaeta, and all the rest of the plan, is rendered | abortive. What can a prisoner do but submit 1 ; The mystery of the whole affair, however, is, what can the French propose to themselves 1 What have they to gain by their polioyl No one can tell; but, as Father Ritchie says, "nous vemmt." The question of the repeal of the navigation laws, and the crmplaints of the shipowners of the injury aone io ineir interests t>y mat repeal, is a (opto 01 ; permanent excitement, involving many and great | interest! on both sides. The shipowners are a large and influential class, and there is no doubt they are , not in such a prosperous and flourishing condition as they once were. The Knglish coasting trade especially has been, within the last few years, seriously injured; but though the outcry is raised against the repeal of the navigation laws, as the cause of ruin to the shipping interest, that measure : is undoubtedly innocent, in this respect, of all that ii laid to its charge. Be this as it may, the depression of this branch of commerce, as it is a branch of protection, has addtd considerably to the ranks of the opposition, and is one of the many causes which ii operating to render Lord John Russell incapable of commanding such a majority as toenabls him to hold the reins of government. Inthiscountry, there i< do balance to the power and influence or the wealthy classes; and, therefore, whenever i they (the rich and the great) are discontented, it is ; sufficient to overthrow tne government for the time ' being. We have seen in Amerioa the value, at least in one respect, of the existenoe of an equiponderating balance against the ponderating power of money. When Gen. Jackson attacked the great monster bank of the United States, the huge outcry and immense clamorof tho universal moneyed class, did not shake his purpose nor threw him out of the saddle, because there was, by universal luf frage, a perfect balanoe of the non-moneyed olasses gainst the great bank power. Universal suffrage which is the great terror of European governments, ; was proved, in this instance, to be oapable of being ' j | the strongest support of government. It naturally i inuKt be " raw bones and blood y head" to all moneyed ' aristocracies; for with each a balance against them, they evidently cannot do as they like, nor | ' order legislation aooerding to their own will and interest*. Hence the bitter opposition against the ' extension of the elective franonise in all oountrie* where money governs, and not mind ; henoe the | haste with which the moneyed olass in France repealed the law of universal suffrage in that oountry. ' The opposition is well founded on their part: for with universal suffrage, kings,emperors, presidents, and sultans ma} rule and reign, but an aristocracy ?never Here, in England, the increasing opposi| tion of the monejed classes, who are unbalanced by the popular power, will soon overthrew a govern( merit which is ai popular and liberal as could be expeeted in a country where the acting government Is always com nosed of those who belong to the aris' tocracy. The ship owners have joined the opposition, became the government refuses to legislate in their faver, and to maintain partial laws, operating to the exclusive benefit of a class, ^uch are the injurious effects of an over balanced aristocracy, that they Insist upon, and i ucceed in obtaining, law* to bo made which favor them and necessarily injure the people?robbing many classes to enrich one. There could scarcely bo a stronger view of the necessity, that the peo. pie should have the meansof balancing such olasios, and preventing thereby sujh injistioe. But in the present case, the shipowners, to secure their own prosperity ?gaii..-t that of all others, will have not merely to obtain legislation in their favor, as raspects the navigation laws, but they would also require to remove all the railroads which run near tie sea coast, for it is the system of railroads which has most irjuredttaim Before railroads eameinto operation, there were many flourishing little town* ai.d cities all along the coast, which employed a great deal of shipping in the coasting trade Com, wheat, coals, Ac , were shipped frcnu these ports to London. A considerable j??rtion of thair inhabitants were sailors and fishermen, who all found emplojment. But the railroads have changed the wLole system, and altered the aspect of affiirs. Shipping is no longer wantcj to carry wheat, fish, Ac , up to London There is no longer any necessity of a t< n or twelve da; *' voyage, of loaiing an 1 uiiloading the ret?ol. of running the rick*of the r Ma,'he carper of wetting tbe wheat, the lonp de- j lay in bringing it to market, the heavy freight, ? at <1 other iapente* And why not T Rjcauae the r railroadr carry it to London, in ten or twelve hoar*, ] for one stilling a ton, and make a profit at that. , 1 he onrcquenee of all thit it, th ?t a revolution ? bar b?en made in the coat twig trade and in al. the r tea port town*; and the people who tulTer cry out ( that it I* all owing to free tr-ide all owing to Lord J John and l.ia meMurat; theiefore, three town*, , which are inott of them ancient boroughs, havo , joined the opyoaition, and elected, when a Viceney ? occuried, aome protectionist to Parliament W. j I Our Venetian Corres|>nni1rnre. P Vuici, July A"., I <il. t lierent /V?|iro/.t?Rr'triratmn of tin Fret P ret of ' Vtniri?Tht Fi "hvilit.p?Ttproomy. aw/ an loin- j, ftrtnri with Cnnimcrrt?The l/nittd State.' VSijt htdrptndtnrt?77ir American Char ft til Turin, * ?* Ventre?Amer<vn> ?a Venire?fhyifi, fr. Venice, during the week that baa ju-t pn??ed, 1 haa been the acene of tome of the mo?t brillidht h) 1 tivitier and impoaing ceremonie* it hat witnessed !l for year*, rivalling, indeed, almott tbe tplendor of f| that olden time, which Tintoretto bat immortalized in tbe vaat paintirg* of the DomI Palace. I alluded, in my latt, to the approaching eclebra- j, lion of the annual fritof Ihe Rrhml nr. and iltnthat n eontimplntrd in honor tf the renewal of the priet- ^ i 'cge of free port. Preparation* for tbe*e futivi- J tie* were in bury progrea* mo?t of the last week. I'mpaiati<>n? for another and moat iinpormg cere- * n onj were, alao, going on, at the *atne time, in St. J Matk'a Cathedral, which oerrmony concluded thll ^ . n.orning, nit'r a duration of three ilny*. Thaonuae o *u tbil:?On the IJ'.h of July, 1?W, John Bap L-t P helfhil, I wealthy old bachelor of fifty fiur, died r at Verona, leaeing the revenue* of an evate worth n f5fO,OW), by hi* Will, to br tnUwtd in support of tfcr. J nor of Veniee, in whinh ri'y h'? remain* were t > le interred, provided that the w ? ' rnagniA<>atit f t- a r.i real mar* which the Roman'' .1 h >li- < bnroh loild ' Celebrate ebould annually he )> rtn, jte I lo . I J, Miik'i Cilhftlril, fur tk? rtp<.r.' of his tool, with t rtw Bin ieoompoetd expr< rly for thee .i*ionea< 1 tl year, by the inort diatingnlened mmpn.iar of the ~ day, and ttery pomp audparadv which wealth | a wild bay; otherwise, be willed that the epleadld bequest, amounting to 70,000 Austrian livree each pear, ebould go to the poor of Milan. The bequest *&<>, of oourse, received, end the condition} have been faithfully ooiuplied with, eo far a* the government has permitted?for the privilege* of royalty are not to be infringed on, even in the mattor of mewed, even by the wealthiest commoner, even in bis grave. To describe all the splendors in thi* funereal pageant in the gorgeous old church of San Marco, or even to attempt to convey an idea of the magnificent oratorio un the occasion, would demand ten times t he spaoe which your oolumns afford me; and so 1 dismiss the event with this simple mention of its ooourrence. The feast of the Haientart is of a religious nature, and peouliar to Veuioe. li owes its origin to the plague of 1575, by which Veuice lost 40,000 of her citizens, and to a vow of Monoenigo, the Doge, after solemn mass In 3t. Marks, to fouad and dedicate,

in the name of the republic, a ohuroh in honot ofthe Redeemer; to endow it sumptuously, and tc perform a yearly pilgrimage to it on the annual return of the day when Veuice should be redeemed from her awful scourge. From that hour, the plague began tooease; and before the veer closed, Palladia was engaged to erect, on the island of triudecoa, the splendid church of the Reitnlort, the pilgrimage to which has every year, ever sinoe. been observed od the appointed da/, tor the convenience of pilgrims to this shrine, a temporary bridge of boat* annually connect* the two bank* of the Grand Canal, and also those of the Giudecca; and from the eve of the 19th of July to the eve of the 2lst, these bridges literally a warm with passengers. But, although the festival mill retains a pretence of religion, its only warrant to that claim is a pompous mass in the church of the RedtrUore. The pleasure-loving Venetians have made it oae of the gayest and most splendid of their fetes. To give a sketch of it would engross too much spa'oe. I will only say, then, that the celebration commenced at nine o clock, on the eve ning of the 19th, when the vast multitude which had been listening to the exquiai '.e melodies of the Austrian bands in St. Mark s Place, poured itseli out into gondolas at the Molo, and aooompanied by music and illuminations, moved olf in procession up the broad Giudeoca under a roar or artillery from all the batteries of gunboats in the port as well as those of the Austrian corvette, perfectly deafening. The gondolas, deoked with innunerable colored lanthorns, of every possible oolor, and arranged to form every possible shape, presented an aspect perfectly fairylike. The weather?as it has been all the week?was charming; and, and at about 10 o'clock, to add to the splendor of the scene, rose the full moon. Opposite the church of the Redomttwt, the spectaole was indescribably beautiful. At midnight, the gondolas landed, and their occupants repaired to the splendidly illuminated gardens, where the good Catholic broke his twenty-Tour hours' fast, by indulging to repletion in the richest viands of the season ; and, when dawn war beginning to break, and not before, the orgie ceased. The free port of \ enice ceased to exist when she was blockaded, and besieged by the Austrians, after her revolution of '48; and, indeed, since the insurrection in March, of that year, she can hardly be said to have known its privUeges. The effeot of this deprivation has, of course, been serious on her commerce and business, and the joy attending the restoration by imperial decree, promised by the young Emperor, wnen here, this spring, is proportionate. The government, too, has done its best to augment the apparent value of the privilege thus restored; and, in fact, the rejoicings of the 20th, in honor of the occasion, were chiefly those of the rulers over their own assumed generosity to the ruled; for all ot these rejoicings were conducted by the Austrian authorities. The day was most favorable, and, at sunrise, all the shipping in port, and all the batteries, and the masts of St. Mark were gorgeously decorated with flags and streamers. Tbe iunflux of visiters from the provinces and Trieste was tremendous. One train of cars alone brought in 2,(MX) persons, and the lowest estimate of the whole number of strangers in the city was 30,000. At all ivents, the whole city swarmed with men and women, from the very dawn. The obsequies and i .t a, m-.ll>. ? :.u t* magnificent music, claimed an hour or two n the moraine; a fine ship, decorated with itreamere, waa launched at noon; various public iinners occupied the afternoon, and at six in the evening the whole population was afloat, in at least 2.0C0 gondolas, on the broad bright sutfaoe >f the Giuaecoa. ouch a scene no spot in the whole world but this could have exhibited; and its rffeot to the stranger was so dream-like and bewildering, that he was constantly striving to shake nff the delightful vision for an instant, only to assure himself that he was indeed awake. At nine o'clock, the vast multitude was packed u closely as it could stand in St. Mark's Place; while Lbe tea thousand windows, galleries, balconies, roofs, acd towers, around, were thronged ; and over the wto'e poured a perfect deluge of illumination from ten thousand lights. At the lowest estimate, fifty thousand people were in thai magnificent square. The windows and galleries were bung with tapestry, rich carpetiag and flags; rxquisite music from martial bands filled up tne onuses; and then commenoed the "Tombola," or irawing of a lottery for the benefit of the poor, for vhich tickets had been sold forseveral days. To leecribe the mcd? of conducting this affair, or to [ive an idea of the excilemeut which, for four full lours, it caused, were vain within the limits of a etter, if at all. The prises were but four, ranging from 1100 up to (500, and the first was drawn by a oung cadet in the (gymnasium At midnight the Irawing oeased, and tnincommonced a perfect thunler of cannonading from all the guns in the latteries and veesels, accompanied by an hour or wo of fireworks and illuminations perfectly gor;eous. The vast multitude then dispersed in that icrfect order which had characterized it through mi vur nauic u.ij, auu, ociore me aiwn, moufan id re re seeking:their homes in the cars, or by the teamen to Trieste The old veteran Gorzkowsky nd not forgotten that he governed a disaffected itj. yet undor martial; and his troops had icen ao disposed, at every poat, aa instantly to areat disorder. The very gun boats and batteries rhich aided In the rejoicings could as easily, at bis otntnand, have laid the town in ruins at the lightest symptom of insurrection among the mmense throng. The oocasisn warranted the rescnce of the gun b <ats ranged in a rescent around the port, and at the same time hey insured quietude. l!ut all this precaution was i tdless. There is no danger ! These people hug heir chains. They are lulled into oomplete sub liesion by the amusements afforded by tbeir desots. Tbe only wonder is they ever resisted They ever would have succeeded, had not panic seized heir oppressors. Their fate is now scaled?their sure is hopeless?nothing can goad them into csistance. If it eould, ao event which occurred nly three days since, would have done it. It was his. In my last, I mentioned that the steamers of the Austrian I.lojds, refused to take the remains of the ate Consul at this port to Trieste, to embark tbeie n the Independence, for the United states; and that steamer of the Gopaei ich line, running in opposiion, consented to receive tbem- an event waich aused some bitterness. Cast Thursday, this oomiany started a new boat from Trieste for Venice, aid she left full of passengers and freight, and with rgular papers and passengers; but, on reaching -ido, what was the astonishment, at tbe orler that iot a soul on board should be allowed to land ' An rder from Vienna, by telegraph, to Uorskowiky, ommanded that tho competition ahould cease ? ha ri?i*l boat should be stopped?the imperial ?loyd* should baio no competitor' Fortunately, mong the paisengcs wat a Colonel of the t^arilijar army, who. in tho late war, had made priaonor f <?or-k< wrkt's seere'ay, and who, after affording lim most lenient treatment, bad released hnn. For lie Hike, en 1 in repls to a letter from him, the pi<engers were suffi red to land the neat morning All hie mar m m reiy rtrugi; it ia, uerertbeleM, rery rue. ft cm need a few muttered cursea, but they rere too I w to be heard The puni hinent would see be?n the infamous laah, in the publis apiare In my laat, I stated that the Independence had ailed tri m Trisetc for Jfpessia, and that the Mi#i.-.-ippi waa to aail for Constantinople. The former ailed, aa I stated, on the evening of Sunday, the :tth Tbe Missisefppi left at fi, P. M , Thiirsday, 7th, for leghorn That eettles the queetion ouebit g Koeeu h Decidedly, he if not to ae-jpt be invitation to the 1'nrted Stales at present, My isf conclusion* were correct. The number of Americans passing through VeI :e baa materially deereesed tho past weak More I en one hundred Were here during tho fortnight receding. They are, probably, afni'd of th- huat rid the climate Andyef, the weather ia delight* nl, at d the city healthy; and of all week* in the car, the past has been tbe most desirable one for a i>it. Mr Kinney, Charge at Turin, has left with hi* C onipllrhed and charming lady, for his pis*. Hi* it-it wii* owing pnrti my to otunni'M with tni* emulate, partial!.* to WhininigtU with ( i.-n. Mw nf and partially for the hoitllh or hin family, n vl i) vifit the city. (ii? vi.h11 wa* wiltUaN ail roved moat delightful. Amorg the half do tea American* who have ar ivi d the part week, arc two gentloiacti by I ho a rue of Bryce, of South Carolina. F. The Uocljt ot I'atla. Whenever our chronicle* ot ^.ilu > * a*i f?'Yonble life arc wanting In variety, we arc C 'Op>llc.l '? l ave rciortr?? to tk"o ot the ever - u n{ing it gdrw of liilieinio, and by dint of r * nroh we or! they conic n t * o Mifiioko wor'hy of , a on 'I wo of the pi r%'eet1 i roinr i wt?o ?v r grv 1 r.iii-al* of that t an tan lie ImJ Dl\c occupied i; li IV flniri h ot the Salu'c we erected in 1*^0. la c >tt4u< no? ot a titular row tfim the tame e*w>o. their adventures the history of the week. Every one ba* seen, every one bu heard of, the lovely Fadette. who for thealaet two yeara, baa paraded, tbe Boulevard! with unremitting assiduity, tor the aale of her violet! and roaea, ana other odoriferous warea, all of tbe beat quality, and acaroely leaa fresh and blooming than herself. On Friday laat, much consternation waa excited by the disappearance of the beautiful boyuetiere from all her accustomed haunts. It was opera night, and yet the lovely Fadette was not beheld as usual standing against the pillars of tbe entranoe, reaping a rich harvest from the dandies whose button holes she deigned to adorn with her own fair hands. She was not to be found at the Chateau des Fleurs. She was missed from the Opera Comique. Nov ?r did disappearance ore&te so great a sensation as that of the fair Fadette. Her mother, in deepair, flew to the commixsatre. That all-seeing, all-knowing in> dividual declared that he would find her in a trioe. He, accordingly, set his myrmidons at work, and i thty soon ransacked every rendetrous of the lost and missiDg, whose hospital doors are open to every sorrow and misfortune throughout this gay capital; > the Morgue, for instance, the bone house at St. Cloud, tne Salle des Morts, at the Barriere St. i Jacques, and other reception rooms of the like kind > with which this place abounds. But it was of no i avail; the fair Fadette was nowhere to be found, and the search was given up as hopiless. The i mother, however, was not to do baffled so easily, I t>he went to seek the famous Madamo Mongruel. the wonderful somnambule, who knows all things, i and who is beginning to exercise a species of sovereignty over the lower orders of Paris ever since she was taken up by the police, and acquitted be i the Tribunal. The never-failing oraole bade thy distressed mother be of good obeer, told her that her daughter was well and happy, and on the high road to i fortune, She, moreover, described with minuteness ' the refuge which the young girl had chosen, the most conspicuous mansion in the Faubourg St. lionore. Hither, then, the honest matron hurried, with rage in her heart and fire in her eve. The scene which took place on her arrival is beyond description. Much apparent interest was expressed by the master of the mansion, so 'tis said, for the emotion of the woithy matron. A diligent searoh was ' instituted throughout the building, but nothing was discovered until one of the foolish lacqueys, one just arrived from the country, suggested that the new gardener's girl might perhaps De the missing treasure for whom such strict investigation was being made. The suggestion of the foolish lout proved true, the blushing Fadette was drawn forth and reoognised by the angry mother, who, however, after a little reasoning, was led to acknowledge that the position which her daughter occupied as gardener in the greenhouses of the splendid mansion above alluded to is far preferable to the hard, uncertain life she led before, and that she ought to thank her stars that the mere circumstance of presenting a bouquet with unusual graoe, te the great seigneur in whose serviee shs bad entered should have led to such high distinction as this. The matron, although, perhaps, not quite convinced of the value of the promotion, was, nevertheless, fain to yield when her daughter declared herself perfectly satisfied and happy, and she left the mansion to wonder amongst her commeru at the sudden good fortune of the fair Fadette, when she, who had paced the Boulevards for nearly half a century, had never met with such luck as this. The other adventure has befillen one of the more celebrated personages of the aristooraev of Bohemia, no less an illustration than the beautiful Rose Pompon herself, who has reigned triumphant for three en lire seasons over the Lhaumiere and the Chateau Rouge. For the last few months the had sworn eternal faith to a young English nobleman, Lord H , who had been for eome time in Pari*, studying, with the greatest assiduity, the art of getting through the princely fortune left him by his father, ; in as short a time as possible ; and so conscien; tiouely has he studied, that it is said he really has ; become quite an adept, and will very soon give proof of entire suceess in the praotioe of his theory, by having nothing more to spend. It appears, however, that poor Kose Pompon little dreampt how ! very long her faith muf t last for it to be eternal, as she hadpromiied; and the other day, nnable to resist old souvenirs and old associations, she was persuaded to renounce for a few hrursall the grandeur with which Lord H loves to surround her, ani to give a convivial party of old friends at the Maison Doree, on the boulevard. Lord H , ever watchful, soon got apprised of the intent, and followed, bent on a vengeance worthy of the veriest barbarian. When the party alighted at the cafe, be ascertained from the coachman who drove the fair culprit, that the evening's entertainment was to conclude with the spectacle; he knew, therefore, that the dinner would not be prolonged. His reiolution was taken on the instant. By dint of bribery, the coachman was induood to give up his station on the box, and Lord 11 mounted in his stead. No sooner was he seated there, than a rumor spread abroad, amongst the waiters and loungers who throng about the doors of the Maison Dorse, that Madame Bocarme was within. In less than ten minutes more than a hundred people had gathered round the carriage, and by the time the unconscious Pose had descended, the crowd had become almost impenetrable. ,she, however, all unoonscious, took her seat, and told the coachman to drive, little dreaming that the hootings and execrations were addressed to her; audit was not until she peroeived that the carriage was followed by the oro wd, aud that every kind of gesture and expression of disgust was addressed to her, as she uncousciously bent for j waru to ascertain tbe cause of the uproar, that abe became aware that rhe waa the object of thia notice. Her terror could be easily conceived ; ahe called in vain to the coachman to drive down a narrow atreet, to eaeape observation; he feigned not to hear, bat went steady on to the door of the i theatre, where he descended to assist her in alighting, well pleased at the success of his mystification, , and amply revenged by all her suffering. To add to the mortification of poor Rose l'ompon, the nickname of Bocarme has been affixed to her by her envious rivals; and ahe cannot appear in public without being saluted by the jeering and hooting* of those who remember the adventure. The Princess Alina D'Kldir, a royal daughter of I tbe Mogul race, expired in Paris on Wednesday last, at the advanced uge of eighty-nine. Born at Delhi, in the imperial palace, her childhood waa i surrounded by all the splendor of Kaatern sovereignty. Being one day at play upon tbe terrace 1 of the castle garden, which overhung th s river, she slipped from tbe embankment and fell in. Carried by the swiftness of the tide soon beyond reach, she wus mcurccd by her family as lost. She wai, how- | ever, picked up by fi.-hcruien, who, at sight of her rich attire and the jewels with which she was adorned, immediately seised her as their, aud bore 1 her off to Chandernagor, where she was given into the hands of the French to Wo held as hostage to secure tbe neutrality of her relatives in tbe war then going on betveen the French and Knglish. i 1 mcenwnile, the ret ail of the Captain Boucbaud de ' Pafontaiiir, to whom she had bead conSned, caused ' her to be brought to France, where every honor was p.iid to fccr, and every attention paid to her ' education She was taken to court, and became i an especial favorite of Marie Antoinette, under 1 where au-pictea *be wa* pieced in the Con vent of ' Mount Calvary, and whei-o ahe was baptised, the whole court, with the King and (^ueen, assisting, ' , in state, at the ceremony. Curing the reign of terI for she wuh imprisoned fur iuti^ : belong to an ! nristocra'ie race, and condemned to be guillotined, having bad ber hair already ?ut for the purpose, when tar- overthrow of Robospierra restore d her to j lire and liberty onee more. The Kinpres. Josephine ' took estucial (Might in hrr society, and Napoleon o! t, o pin \ 1 u 11_\ I i,, . t, | ri{ through I'.'gypt to the cenquest of India, for the : MfffM purpose of placing her on the throne of her | ancestors. Fsshtniia for tngnst, | Krom I* rollet.T Independent of the L inia for locomotion which | prevails in all '|<iarters of tf r world, and covers the ? ocean with vessels bearing the anxious travellers to I the Crystal Palace, the moment has now arrived t whtn the fashionable watering places, with their lea baths, are completing the roigralion of all that < 1 whs left amongst us ?f elegant society. < Boulogne, 1 lieppc, and Trouville, nave the privi- 1 lege of attrasting the greater number of Pari- ; i in tints, who would unite, with tbe beneSt of sea air and bathing, the charm of society and fashion- ^ able amusements It is for theso destinations that ; tbe nreseut eharmirg vaiitty of elegant toilettes 1 ere Vcine i rn nreil Morning negliges arc composed of peignoir* with i their teeter, or pelerntoa chalcs of jean, quilting, valerria of toile eaebeuii *e, In shad. a, gray, dustoulored, and pale brown; the greater part are tri Jinx d with broad braids, and lined with pink or blue tjilbtaa A second sleeve i? worn under the pafode I ol the redingotcs of tbe same niateriil, but tight, ( with a tmall turn up ruff trimmed with braid; the i tame trimming in two or three row* forma a ruche i round the throat; a email plaid rravat, fixed with a laige enamel or fronted rilver brooch; and an einbtmdered oxulin cap, richly trimmed with airing* of the fame, or ribbon to match, the cooues. which , take* the |'.ace ofthe bandeau* until the hour of t dtia'ing (Japelmea of taffotaa, embroidered muslin, or colored ja?onet, with large curtain, protectir g the face moat aucceaafully Irom the sun or wind, are much worn in tuoruing promenade?. Large i scarf ahawla of plain ca<hemire in blue, green, or giaj, trimmed with a deep fringe, aurmour ted by a Tory broad rdrtt, with two or throe rowa of narrow , ; on ench aide, either black or of the aatno color ai , J the thaw), but of a much de? per ahvle, can pie tea ( thlr tod. tie. A* it ia often cold at the sea si te, the j < mantelet scarf* are s ightly wadded. i At the hour of p-oinenade, the aea aide nrarljr r ti t Ifg the grand walk of tha T ailleriea, lai ea I ' at d < loldrt n displaying all the r leaner. aodgrie* of'he I'ariaieniie toil. tt* HoV.a of chine, p kin noiL<|adour, taffvtaa d'ltalie, gr-.-n xline, or hircga, Im UoutM i a printed ihdeaigwa of wreath* of rosea, h?nejsuckle, lilac : indeed. all kinds of graceful t flow era, whose colore ha/monLc so well on the j ( Rrvty.ii nl gr*j. ffkite, 9; gr^a Uu ? ^ J "'yle of robe is worn the mantelet Maintenon, w ith ill triple garniture of black laoe upon dark colored taffetas, or white laoe upon lighter shades; tbe Matbilde mantelet, with iu drawn ribboai mixed with guipure of tbe same shade as the mantelet, tbe cut of whioh so graoefully delineates the waist, that it appears an attribute of all young and elegant ladies. Tbe mantelet Valiere of white taffetas, or grenadine, with its beautiful embroideries in silk, or mixed soutaches, with deep headings, wbicb float as light as laoe; or the inantille tndalouse of black lace, with a wide trimming. This mantille, both for shape and elegant negligee, is suitable for all toilettes. We must not forget the large square shawl of blaok lace, or rounded in front, forming a shawl behind and mantelet ia front, being eqiuilly fashionable this season. Most of the dresses are nor made with two bodies, in order to form double dresses, yet not te greatly increase the luggage. Tbe low body has a berthe desoending en cceur, tbe front trimmed with bows of ribbon, passementerie and bouillonnee, matching tbe trimming ea tbe short sleeves and skirt. The high bodies are often made with basquines, cut in indentations; the sleeves match, and are sometimes upon the whole leDgth of the arm, and fastened at intervals with bows of ribbon or buttons. This kind of dpauish sleeve is a very pretty novelty, and an agreeable change to the uniformity of the pagodas, whioh* however, are still the fashion. When the basquines bodies are opon in front a small embroidered waistoeat is added, the bnttoae of whioh are of pearl, amethyst, turquoise, or emeralds. These waistc >ati, which appeared at first rather ventursome, derive all their autinction from tbe happy manner in which they are combined. Their shades should never be striking, but soft, and harmonising with the dress. The most elegant are open eti caur, embroidered with a double row of buttons on each side. This style, which is rather oriental, nat a gooa eneot. a very oiear musuu chemisette, or one composed entirely of laoe, with large bouffantes under sleeves, with narrow wristbands, accompany this toilette. We must now speak of bonnet* whioh bare their importance at the seaside, being made for all circumstances, for heat, cold, wind, and sun. First, there are the coarse straws, the simplicity of whioh is relieved by the magnificent bows of plaid ribbons, double curtains, and broad strings, giving them the seal of distinction and fashion. Some am trimmed with dark blue or green velvet, mixed with open straw ribbon. The upper curtain ie of velvet, the under one of straw. The strings are of broad velvet, and the inside is trimmed witn coqnee to match the outside trimming, mixed with oera and straw foliage in straw. Other bonnets, of coarse straw, are simply trimmed with a ribbon of straw; curtain and inside alike ; the strings only being of taffetas, either white or straw-colored This trimming has the advantage of withstanding the ill effects of rain or sun. For more recherche toilette, Leghorn and Swiss straws are worn. The manner alone of placing the curtain requires a talent, which is confined to oar ' great bouses, and renders these bonnets quit# & la nudt. The trimming is composed of a single bouquet of garden flowers, mixed with lighter flowers of tne field, which fall gracefully on ene side of the bonnet. The inside is trimmed to matih. Some of the bouquete are of very dark poppies, mixed with ribbon graas; others of rhodoaenarum placed on each side, and buds of the same flower inside; or bouquets of rotes, May jasmine, with a wreath,te match inside. We have never observed the strings to bonnets worn as wide as they are at present. Ia order to render the light and drawn bonnets more serviceable in srlndy weather, a kind of lattioe-work of fine wbalebone covered with ribbons or taffetas is placed inside. The color of these auxiliaries is the same as the tips of the ostrich feathers whioh trim the outside. We must now mention the cavaloador. Hero U one of those sonorous words with whieh the Uastilian language abounds. It is no longer the oaeaweck of the north, (he English jacket, tho juste aueorps of Louis XIII., or the casaque dieppoise, that our fashionables decide to wear with the waistcoat before mentioned; for it is necessary to have some kind of pardessus with this novelty ; bat this time the pattern has been sought in the sunny sons of Andalusia?it Is borrowed irom the graceful ocvaliers of that poetic country, and produced under the name of earalcadors, very open on the upper part of the chest, and buttoned at the waist with thr?w? button* only; ahort sleeves a la Grecque, displaying the under sleeves, formed of three graduated puffs which reach the what, round which it la fastened. The cavalcador is generally of the same material ai the dress. The buttons are small and hanging, of sUei, or engraved or chased silver. 1 levelling dresses of alpaca are trimmed with one very deep flounce over, and on which is plaoed . rows of narrow velvet. 1 The peignoirs of jean are fastened with narrow velvets ana brandebourgs. The foulards, which are in great request at the present moment, (and justly so, for their freshness and noveltv of design I is exquisite), are trimmed with deep pirk flouocee; basquines are added at will to the body, and are very becoming. The heat of the weather has In> t ired the wearers with the idea of raising tha leevpi of these pretty dresses; they are therefor* turned up as a cuff, leaving full liberty for tha leevc to float loosely round tne arm The bayadere of silk, in dark shades, with bright lines, art still worn at fancy dresses. Navigation of tlko Indus. [From tb? Man<-h?et?r Guardian | The accounts from India, by the present mail, bring us news of great importance to the coameroa of that part of the British empire. We have, a* more than one occasion, pointed to the remarkable facilities which our new possessions in the northwestern extremity of India, including the oommaad ol the Indus, from tke sea to Atlock, and even higher, give us for opening up the trade, not only of the l'unjaub. Cashmere, and Cabool, but also a the whole of Central Asia. Hitherto all the trad* that we have carried on, even with our own provinces, in the north-west, including the l'unjaub, has been through Calcutta, involving a passage by inland navigation against a strong current, and land carriage of more than H00 miles, to Delhi, and thenre to the l'unjaub, alio bv land Hitherto, the only means by which Hritisn and othor Kuropean goods have reached the markets of Central tvma, in< luduig t;abool, Hokbara, and Kniva, hH been through the Caapian Sea, and thence by land, in carevsns, for several hundred mile*, through the north of 1\ rsia to Afghanistan. We hare, on fevers! occasions, pointed out the great adraotagei which the ludtu offered in opening a direct channel of communication between tbia country and the market* to which we have now referred We have pointed out that, by a direct communication from ' this countiy to the mouth of the Indus, and by a . lirgle transshipment there into steamboats, thoaa market* may be reachid at an infinitely lesa ooat, undin much shorter time than heretofore. We have much pleasure now in finding that tha government of India have been fully alive to tha idvantagei to which we ao often adverted, and that not 01 ly have arrar gctnetiL* actually been made to construct a good and aafc harbor at Knrrachea, at Lhe moutb of the lndua, but also to c?tabli*h a monthly steam communication, in theflrst ins'anoe. [ri m that point as high as Moukan. Suitable iteawboats bsve been already built, or are now heir g built, for this service The fiue new steamer Falkland, recently lost bttween Bombay and Kurrachce, was destined f jr it. Thie lose will p istpons for a little lime tb efficiency of the ferric*, yet w? bell vc there are other steamboats which will be made available for it in the meantime For the spirited and energetic manner in which the views of the government, in referenoe to this object, are being carried out in Seinda, the public ?re much indebted to the administrative energy oI Mr Fiere,tbn new aommi-sioner of that part of our Indian territory. It>de|>enderit of the enormous ins* portanee which attaches to this route in a cooarr is! point of view, it al-o off. ra n?w and important acilltie* for the removal of troops, for the travelling if Brit ii-h officers, and the convej ance of govt rnment t on s We repeat what we have sud on former rcoasioni? that we look forward to the navigation I if the Indus as one of the most Important openings I or British commerce that has vet Woo discovered 1 ... v. I . 1 Rank of Knftl*n<1. In Account, pursuant to th* Act 7th and 8th VlctorU, cap 32. for tbe work ending Patui day..'ui 726.1851 ? i?? a I'?CAI.T*aat So We iaaord O imcnMt D?M XII 015 100 oth-r Kaciiritica 2,9-<l,tW 0"H Coin and BuiHub. I.I 1M.Ito lUvaf bullion M.J7S Total ?27, 5 Total ?27,225 Ifb . tianaina oaraftTManT rr< rrlctcr? Capl- bonntioai 8??n. AIt.M7.fC0 rltio (in tutlal f,".' 3.2EJ.SIM l>?o 1 M fight Ao 1 ?J'lnU*poait?{in- nuit)) C1.1tA4.0fl Cludla* Other e? nritii .. II *>!.?* V"'Tl " * ?? ft ' ? .. .. 6.MJ.6V horka, Co??li Gold an I Silver iliarnof h atloa- 691, VI 61 I'. bt, aad Pi tidond Arennat*) i.ZM,tr?S Mhef D'. p.eite . . 9,\V7,Mi '?'? l-ar anl Biila I 1P5.<WT Total tli.J86,t? Total........ CM. Ml ITi Market. Mm ine'ta Trior. Rtroar, Friday Augv-tl ?Th? i>i i ? '? i"in' anil incTi iuco iranaaotiotii m in* i.itpi vw>t Mlon market !<? ? communicated *ni,i 'Wiivt of itl I '.' l'al fit ran** to npinni r* no ! manufacture-*. p*rri ? ltily lb' *p pndiu-tnK j*ro# and n win of th? d? <ilpi'n* ?t i ricnt inn*! in d?m?nl For C cloth*, Inn# 1 i r? lit firti 'f ti'-r t?i-l oil ??rw Ik *' i l.i >1 *|)<witl'>n uliown ?o a<-'-"pi trnnh of |..r* at fn- ]"?>pr.?i but in I'll* in*"or*(d r b-llTMt aid ill i < if. i ' '" J ' 1.1/ it ii" r? irr iw In (t'"tiIn/id ili* ?*1 * l?"tn?atle? and Momh af|i ti 11 till tun nun a lid In /nod d'-r t India noalu a i: ?i. 1'ilr'V I-. * f- t t i rn in ir* '?, ? ii.rfa I . I." hi u? lit *1 I i'i I) mW toiai liii a* ' -l ti. i . ?' ir I lrra*ii!?r t > i hi j ba? h on of late Th* iluor n mnt* of d <n I rarn an in more r*'|ii**t than they ha?* h*fi| f?c J c>1* i4<rr?to "tUi (iwh nU? (Umei

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