Newspaper of The New York Herald, September 5, 1851, Page 2

Newspaper of The New York Herald dated September 5, 1851 Page 2
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i? ARRIVAL OF THE PKOBbTHEtS. ? ata HVKVTEf.1 DAYS LATER PRO! (Al'FORNh. *< ~ (Ml THE NICARAGUA ROl TE. ? WVWV%VVAWWWV. ni BUSINESS PROSPECTS. hi T1ABI WITH CBZ2VA. $ A hi TW t Hector ol" San Francisco and ? the Merchants. ri Ul Tk litiUme Cummittfe ami the Governor. B: MINHVO ZHTZULIOBNCE. y SLAUOHTLK OF INDIANS AT SHASTA. e? *1 VWAWW.VVA,W>,AV^ C< MAR1U.AUKS A\D DE.lTiH, " ke., ke., kg. ? ?< Th< steamship Troaiethus, Captain Chart-kill, y irn/ed at he. dt?*k jesterlay morning at Oo'e'ook. a -ihe anchored ok e^uaranune last night at 11 ; T dock < i The F. has advices from San Francisco to Aa- j * gust 2, and brings $350,000 and the passengers by t ike steamship In dependence from San Francisco (27) 1 !, m number), which left San Francisco on the 3lst | c July and armed at San Juan del Sad on the loth 1 1 C 1' August. v The steamship Oregon, which left San Francisco ! ? n the 2d ult., overtook the independence at Acapulco. d The news from California is net of a very import- t ant character; nothiDg of momer.* ha-, ing transpired j j. since the sail.ng of the steamer of the lo'th July. The Prometheus brings the passengers from the S steamship Independence, whi.h left San Francisco tf ?<n the evening of the 31st of July, and arrived at * San .fuaa del -ui on the Kith of August, stopping ^ at San Diego and Acapulco, bringing 273 passen- 1 gcrs, and #50,000 on freight. T Wc are indebted to Gregory's Express, and to Elliott s Express, for full tiles of California papers, and for our correspondence. Annexed are the ci passengers BY the promkthets. *" Ctpt R U Watch, Stewart Smith, l?m<< !, ISi',1 IT E Bios- a' K tu, Z M Robin-ton, Charles F. Osgood, Goo K 111, J Severe, M J S vuF.iit, Gee l.b&KWOrth, Dauioi Adam.'. a I: Purgiiocn ti <i?o C t'nrseson, Charles Gilbert, Nelson Clupmuii. t II oi Brown, Cart J B Robertson, .1 B Fiaueks, J Daily, John L> j, Beweu. M is Franeli-n. 11 Parker, John #onnoy, S G.irstuw. Jean C Lovirjr. V >J VSak- tan, Heh'r' An lore,a, Win J Uarrio, EC E VV'heaton. J a IVsrs. G I, lib . G A 1 Lyon. ti Danow. 11 kounr, D SI Riusor It 1' tvillurd nui lady, J W Itoliinsun, Stephen Bead, 11 W 11 .milt .a. Or ci Ucrrraan. C Ltight, n. S I l-'art. Rev J U Collins, Gabrnl k Winter, T Winston, W liOviu.ton. Capt J ha Vat s. J M Warner. E A Brown, Capt II i Intmn. K D Gray, J F Perkins. W F Lara bee, Capt S i' Sprajoc, tVm H 1): Fo- *' seat, LiealC)l?aiilr.ni, Jtlin 1 Di\le, E- i. 9 Camr p' C ti Roy, Jam s Picree, Julia It VI elch, 1' It >r, J W H?n > t. E u t rotter Wm Iiurtlett, Leuadro K"*a. i, I 1. Drcwrv, A -j Elliott. Wm Be?:- E P W llycrs. C Cliacstrouifii V? w U r, Dun-ao J Cham wrs, II C D ...Reason. K Royh tog lit CI*- , ry. J B Uall. D Hall. C Caylvrd. J an L 8t wart, 11 F -laxwall, 8 Gniitord, lionry X'Maiwc!1. N I] ICentre, I. aia Tatase. VI Mori an. A Waterii u. J M Chiu-iiy, C VI I?i?y- r? ?r A '' ht*ay, J Wilkins, /. VV U.ird,; 'V U Greenwood, hi ]>I>Diiin.C v? Sit,it, J Colander, Georn.e Seaf SO Per' ine, ?i A A Penruy G W Penioy Julm 8 Crai<, S fiofl, O W N.xon, Thoa Dickenson, J O Loucll, T U SaUtury, Lawrenee ilaUr, tupben Uroan, W m Edwards, Henry Grant, L. man i" Jenkins. C P Ceolev, 1 L Howell, J an.as l.ony, C Dichul, G ti W Evans, Philip t, Miar . . J 11 Han a. Green llannu, Saml ti Uanna, John L llsrria, u S it heeler, It J Marf;u. A L? Alice, ? Mai hertick, F Lets, Daniel Caxrey, I.tike Alv rd, Wm Herrdrn. laasc Jerome. F Kiimera, Johns White, Geo A ' Imtuh, K A B- Don, 11 c Clark. 8 D Dodne. 11 P Rom.. S P c< Hullenheck. E Kay. S I. Cortell, W 11 Stroi><, I Darker, Win CI H Burr.ham lisoqe Borriss, Sherman John' a. J no ilcliur- wl yur, W ma low Hubbard Jamn 8 Stertiar, The in as Gartide, ,j Joto Garnde, John kuble, Co'nelius Britten, David Baiter J no W liuatsr, E P J, nts, A riajter. Carpal Sliriv, r, W iu bi. ton. Dae id Chase, K I ra :r, D Smith, C 11 Palni'-r. inn Dun, SHepard Davis, J T Ellin. J Ennis. Txos 1 al Bnopcr, J B Vlordton. O A Bn ijtlord M lluli J 8 staevart. lej D C Ktitte, D .N . ,n. nson, W liaiusay, 11 D Edwards. W ex <s Uara, J Ell, t. W ReD. uald. T luruce J V l'ratt. Sim I , Featn, J Birttlt, J M '" .nail, 11 DeW itt, J .hn Ti.rains. , Br John, Joi n Still. 8 Clark, J I. M R -am. I 1, R , , J B Pel .u C Abel, K Bin ham, S P I 1 T F Ripley J Town, T B v rton John Frame. II Benton, IB' Jr. Thomas Cooper II Watt, il B Everard, W m \ alontine, gn Toby W B W iln n, J fri.-dell, Geor.e Irvior i Frad. vj p Bockmer, B Miilam. K M Hnialey. J 'in Gilb rt. Capt Lv. tker Fuller 11 '1' M; or, Tuoa Jones, W Ford?total, 2i 1. the follow utu is tin: viarifest of tin > aelo ^ pi mc r*osttrrni:re. n Th< Dip ei. r llltrhcock il'jcxoi s-w'tr) s* A. M C. W??U Its* in in hac ie < t piLr> n.i'ti ilOG.OCO tl tl E3&0 000 n Tht following iJ the report.of the Independence: [, W? left Sid FmniUro July 1st. at 4 P M. Til* Vi- p gil&aen L'omiultlee ct Ban I rsnci* , at three o'el k of a the Avar day. pr? -ented < aptnin Wnkemnn ol the 1 a t pkenUid bnuner with the motto lgilnuci" oyer n , hinting star nud the motto CI thr gtnte. Eureka tin- c ?i< rsenth Xb< Bag Is of red antin. about Clteeu P et w iocg. It in raid .by old Cnllforuino'. that there neyer , was before so .rent a ero J us that which witnessed the departure cl Uie Independence from Sun Frauci-co, When vighleeu hours out. spoke the TenaessM. Cap'.. ' Totten which <t-am.-r had .-a'ied from San 1 ranciteo oa a, the 26tl). to the relief of the I nioa wrecked war San BNp I ,0 Touched at San Diego on the Cd the IniteJ State* r,< Topographical l.ngin ?? were there ani ea pecled to lenee on the < >p?or ail in good health. tQ Arris-d at Atapulro on the *0th of August the "r-. | t, eon arrtred on the 11th, with date* to the Ja froiB san , p, Dram iseo , fair weather all the way ! fy We left the \ andalia .loop of war at Acapulco A ui?exed is a list ot the pilots of the harbor of * San Francisco f call riLOTS. en nt aoar uiii al ntoi mil rutin l.ewl* Kaina. p< .'ante- t rie, II. A. Pale, la O A . Jenkins. William II Jolilfe. to Wiliiam Lj tton ltolert Deitch I tt , Thomas P. Downer H'Ullam 11 Shell -y, A S flear-e. IV. S. Nathan. ,h A A. Buckingham tiAUm>R ribor. nt.0T eoat " Thomas C. Hunker J'>hn Delaeoe. mot wit i. porta Pet?r MeNally. Kdward I'alm-r William 0. A mo*. R V ford, I > John Ingram. William NeaI, William llogen, William l.ong / William U rolg.-r II Van New, I L fowler It- me of Neave fiom California. We are Indebted to Mr KUMt, of EUtett'* Kapre-- tor the Mlimlng interesting <linry anl new. ? ^ Bneice'ie in fan I'vanrip o 1* brlgiiteniur; and the iv mer> bant* and other- n ' lUrj daini . by thre? tire* or tw eren four, are agtin bullling. until the city a?-um- 1 * almost It* o|J|{in?l ap| ear?cei Be;. Uer hay ha* h- i j **f"lttr| The Vis at.ee < ' ran 'te? hav done ih .r iui work <o thoroughly that cr!i th great*.; in ... . , gt ?I i.?.A la*., n iwr. tflw fe'.fpki. . I ?.1 m 1 < tl 4 fl. . ? fPs.. e?U? of th* Ckjr I'm 'n ?>r? < nrir?>ljr iMittf. lb* ; ll?MMrOltlNliiri hn'l h-r h ?.?:.- * C"mia| (!* * o th* c'| Sarr*BirBtq h?r*i?5 bnrn n.n IvU by the **uat"r iimi. lav eolll*ions crm- nb > 1 . in* d th* tirt-r Tl" "jrli-oitar- 'f t'?Ufrnj(t If I* miaf a ?oure* of fai ir*alth 10 all ?bo f?rn-t'-rinrly la it Tb* i j? ^n?m nHli nl.toh tii' lf . ir-' J*r. ij riitifh " *u?<n. th* m t X'f't'oa! to WlMf that h*r r? at aavr*** for tupplyicz krtv- t *r* ii'irly if not ,u't* . 11a 'i. ii art ia?* rip no-i- r tht *? *: ?tua>.. at.ug'- r.. t it ni?b- lb r'n? r .a t.?i' aw.tl B.? IMHHW uab r'ii.1. - ml ? .* . . tt-irtitl Th'? | - p| Ukr^Vf alB?o?: .) <( th m in i p-n *. tai trow iiu * ptonif at ail whi-.i . h*y i. wm *( tv do laffvly !a i L1 fiataimtWr ;?ir. i- .. mIt Ii try Th* b'dM ; .j,( bjV^i <1 ?' > I hi? iT'f> - n w?- ' , on tn* r?i< h i Mi* i W 1 v 11. wh-at e< -1 ant fu :?in M* o?n a.ijbt taaiieg fmiv >?ti to th* I ia ' <?. onm-",and I* mpj 1 will y -11 <o? ilrrl i-h*i* to I , thr act* l"ri' y- 'k' p'*~h 'i f 'h* ... t I rV>I ??. *nU eoati.t - a,-' t fortjr * :> lUi* v..l'?-jr. w-t . aui 7?ar. pr<?lu >Jitl. p ;,i. : j<?uni' la* j aouir:?i? nu.l c | v i i i v rV *.tb ta? m rti* T-iaity Jin n i<* t , j . ! ta?*? *n'. '? 1 < ; r t.r >??!r , . > ttPMtnlls lnrfe*i 1 *. ? .r'.rv 7 ill j 1 inatation that l? foan-i in U* ; *;o? ami th*y an-a* mi* i m?rt>v? m tb> iliilii tf tfc* U' 11 ,-u rr it Tt'K trxt*. j . f*r. Haoram ntoflty In th* BK-niat i h"'-!r X. | ' a4 anlT*d it M;<*l- pj.. Oar th* *at? 'Mini. Tu* ' Ld art?*f? hat" ar? prlacii y *?. - I ia < '.'tln^ilir f. n Hf higb*r tahia Inn 1 r ! - th? rl*-r <n 1 tIi ' 1 wailnnz it Tb:ti? piyiPf "t fai pr A n? R*ii Mnr fi.au'l .'r*?t tmr"'T"n?i tt. 1* m *h' l< a ( ( la*t y?ar r"mtManr* l. Mr CavUon. lit yr*tiin?"Ifr m Hihura M??* . iniji m J in ta?; y; p*rt o: tb* pro Jnitn r h?r* ? ???tl*r *T?n tbm !?* r*t' ' r Awn* KI' "r bntil iir;ri.?Lai "l r ! ... *n iiin*T tlnit up pro*"l t*h ri b in o? of ti. )j. ! ? <>n fri*ni m. ?hi.T< i f< th* aan nat of ?t>iut K 00. t'. r*?ult of '.wo jy,r] labo Th* I*mrin/ .mf-inl-* ir.'r* t ">? ?j ^a**e* ip?ratioai la 16* ri i ?r t? I at tin 8r*t of S*p- . 7 "' i 4 up i> :\n * -r* i p?ih? n?? vo i?' . a MUd Bu<' rr.oi) nt ?1i iiml- rtaXsa an 'nf^r- l,r briar til at th. 4? ?t*M ' Tbay har? o*ariy "" rnaiH'lippii.Mir.i.f) "i,T?r mil-in . !)< h an 1 tt? Iwmty t??t <Wp hi, tf, ijfPTt tU??n'.lr" rlipr liiu ij'ifl it? natural cent**, ami uii jr >> < mpar?<l. la thin B'"W th' r">aatry wh?r? in nl'- ?, ] atraat ar linrt-i. tti? j P?*lVB"f,v.ro""' " ' ."?? !..?* >t tunuMIn* flih aba ll?**i At Xl' rv ni' iii , ni an u?' ?? 'frnra ' ITi"4 fr V,r< "l " rtlmatH rrtt ?" *n*1Q0,n V? \<r. JUf U" """ i fur ?. k mil* tijp ui> th'"l f x??pin?'.b? i i f thp riT?r drr altartural?K la by U<? una <d in- Ar-hiawiian pump pro tumrd by wat- r p'? r f ua-l In th? r* ? AtRn'mr'n *o< I a IIp thr rli^r run a tbmujh a t|. a,, na l0 fh. r? k f, and aborr thin It hn?b?an turrad by a b. ary .. n ,1(, ' ? and WBidbnbttna# prom a hanta'Tim n.i- tmant lot?ad , It I* thr iiplni"n < f min r? jfrnarally that mora ,lL1 1u* br tab'B nut tbi- icmod than am hafora AKT'tir.* or ma tt by tub w.\y m..i (1,1' fraucpco. TM nt'??rr Ibdaprbdan-a Cafit Wan. maa with tun !" 'i*idr*d and ai*ty p??'?nr?r? Ml ."an Pran?U. n at 4 lu / M , UH M? toncM *t i'a'l", 99**4 ?t A??- , ^ ioc, and arrived at ban lad Dei budcntbs lttb. mok; the ran in foaxt wn ??ys, runu.ng Iim. Net with vnding the tiun of purse ugers en beard, the passage is a ?ery pleasant one as the olfl.erb. especially the nllemunly captain exerted themselves to add, if possii.to oar comfurte, and on having the steamer* eom41 y paf-'U a rote et '.hanki. 'omplimeDling tuem and commending the new route to the travelling rouiaiunlj l'he passage to Virgin Bay near t|?d road, was ode in lire hours, thenco across Lok< Nicaragua in reive hour*, and lown the river, sixteen hours ruacing me. to San Juan del Norte. Another '.earner had just en lompteted. to run on the river b low the rapids, bub are a small obstacle to be orerc me. after which ie may navigate the river front the uioutb to its s jure J. he Pr"uietbeu?, Capt Churchill, arrived at San Juan, ugust 24. and left on the morning of the Jiltb. with two imlr. d and forty passenger* Passed the brig J. Uolt, of Inr, with tore and uiaintopaiost gone, and a small piece >anrass aft?all hands had probably been taken off. as pr boats were gone, and the water covered he.r decks he Prometheus engine was stepped as she drifted p.i-t i, but nding no one on board she proceeded on her inrse again. pir.n. At Sar. .1 uati August 20, of typhoid fever. Mr. Stuiuel raag. of Freetown. Mass On tsiurd the Prometheus. August 28th, of neuminia. r. John Krigate. of l.ewis c unty, Missouri. August 22d. of fever, Mr. John Maynard. He came to in J nun one month since, in the steamship Prometheus, id finding his iueuus insufficient to proceed forth r. ho irumonced work oil the company a steamer, lntendiug i proceed to California !u a few weeks He leaves a lie and two children, but in what part of th-i country juld not be ascertained. During our ?tuy at Sin Juan del Norte, a carpet big 'Utaiiiine Sl ot1') was stolen from Seidsu Gott of New orh A waiter in the hotel. *ho t .-J bo -nout of health, nil was seen several times m ar the missing in ney, as stroB ly suspected, and without delay aa iuestigaiin was male The prisoner was thought uilly, and to test this, he was 11 -n to the woods, guardd bj two CaUt'orn.ans, and followed by a third, boariug long coil of rope. Arriving at the place of exeeuion. the noose was mad' an J adjusted, the other end brown over tbo branch of a tree, and the prisoner was renin- d a release if he wouid fnfcria where the m n y euld be font J lie solemnly alb im d that h'kne* tohins relating to it. whatever Thinking he woull yt ontess, his eyes were blinded, his hands iist' U"i aud pas tola i.e had but -fx minutes to lire, and could pray if ie chose, lie kn-lt for a Element and tt;eu rose to his Wet in being a.-.ted where his relatives resided, he ac-wered. 1 hopo they will ueTer know what has iisi.-u pi ice tony *> The rope was drawn light. and after jerking if a )? tin;, s. tb?- ieed wro done, and the mm was relet?ed. > hi was thought to he innocent. \i the rope was .ken! in hi- ne:l:. he -.v:re angean.* t , the man that i-trne l it th'-i . remarking that be hal mi-bed hi n. ul thit they nngh. hare another intervi 'w in th tales. The p. .ice attinip'' d an arrest of tile ring leavers in ie stfslr. and a-So 1 aid fr ai th Knglieb brig of war bioh was refi:-<d. .uJ alter searching tlie l'romctb. as ;eir work wps done, and were Satisfied to return v.ithit their prisoner. lie Oct rrnor and tHc k l~Hnnce Committee. proclamation. Kit, i Tii a DrrtarmM. 1 Valli.jo, July ill, Idal. J > tuv Prori i ot ihk St v it ?t C iui or. si v :? It Las be u rspresentei ?o nie that organi. ati vn? of ti&enr, styling themielTca \ l.-ilanue Comcnltt-es.'' pre )ten formed in various portions of the cute, nud suine powers incor.sot- nt ?lth the existing laws, and irioue uppri hem ions are entertained of collision bos' i n the cue tituted authorities an l the citizens ihus rgani/ed; and it boo- my duty to take some steps y whieh so great a calamity cuy l.s? avarled. It is rne-tiy hoped th&t a f -- simple an 1 practical -ugjsjorn may serrt t - cure this Jetlrabl- 'nd Mt security'!' lil< or pror-rtj can b-* ruaranteel ex pi the constitution nud laws are ?b-erved. Lot these i forcibly dispensed with, their ssnrodaess vioicted, Ld subuiw-ion to th-ir authority ref-s i, iiud wc ere tdured to a state of uuarchy more dangerous in its -udeiivies and probable results than the w.-r*t laws, nder ftir ystiti ci n p ,. io.yb?. no matter h"w coriptly adntinl?ter'd. ITe are just entering uponuurci 1m and hil mbtla .vto mk|ll fur *h m h, i n. becomes u- to tj. e bo unadvised .-top which sh'.U laid c-ur progress now, or pre. u dice our claim* to a ie'h and ccoiiuaBdiig stand hereafter. But more thou we owe it to outsclTee to impr mu; 08 thestrangers ho hare -ct'led amongst us unacquainted with, aid si haps entertaining pre, unices unfavorable to the praccal cp' iaiioL at our peculiar institutions, thatou* go rnmt nt is a government of lair *. and that, though they ay sometime- prove inadequate, sometimes op rate >j mtittly, ot he ad. inietered corruptly, the rem-my is at in a destruction ol the entir*' system, but Is to ba * in d by a peaceful r?t <rt to those constitutional means hicli are w ( ly a; .rdad Id retorm whatever abuse may ;ist and correct wlutteva r emr-may have been coiuitted. ihe occurrence- of the paet three or four fx ',", the preben-ion of individuals within the jurisdiitioa of ;ully con-t:tutfd tribunal*, their trial sentence, and " cutloo. without authority of law. by a voluntary a oition of " iti ien;; who thus virtually place th -msi-lves ote aud beyond all law t veept that prescrilied l.y and r themselves will prove ilhciently prejudicial to our lert sis abroad, coinuief i.il and otherwise, if sucli orbl nations. assuming such uo uestiomtbly dangerouiwers. wren- now dissolved, but it continued there is no doubting Ihe extent of the injury which may result t > ' u- a -tate The dangerous tendencies. in other rs cts of organisations o! the character under con, ideation, the excitement produced in the public mind i-.nquant upon their aeii' u re-ift 'Oce to the eeastitu'eil " hot'.ties which must a'uau-t inevitably result, and jri al ued collisions be;w< ,u themselves "and ofti;-r?of in law in the execution of thsir duties, cannot but b"' Iprtolat'd and u> pr> < ,ted by ivory ri/bt tliloking and at I it tie citizen of the State, and need not. tticrei- be welt u| an here. Vhatevtrmay have been the exigency et"toft-i. exi 'ills' riquiriDg or supposed to r*"|Uir? the doption ot exti "ordinary men ores on the psrt 01 the iti/.< b it iuh" utw happiiy in a j?reat degree. paved, id such in u-ures should, on this account, it <n no th?r. be l once abandon.-1. Auother criminal code, dh mor > die.eat pitrlsiou.". aitachioj: adequate penile to lh* commission of ""lences. and di'Ttlng a loreprrmnt an 1 -rtivc admini<:ration of justice, ins nefnto peraticn. Cou.-t are djw i-nabl'-d to try. nUnee. ami execute. the otlenee diserras; sale <d ?< > me prUion hnuaes are bsicg provided; and the I1c?tp thi-re I* rta n to believe,are ready and anxious discharge the high duty iaij>?.?cd up .n thein by in* x.ple I <-aunc.t d" las-. th'-r f"ri than earnestly recommend toy fellow eiti/en- everywhere throughout the state to d in sustaining the ?w fur In this i- our only real and romnsnt security A? elation-ru ty be or**ai*od, but u > should be 1'Tiue.i with th> view to aid and assist the beers of .be ia? in 'be execution of their duties, an 1 :t in c ncsrt with the ciell uthitltlf t' det set. arre>t id I>unt?h criminals I'.; pui-ui' g this course, much xsl may. and unduubte ily wii. be arrimpUsbel. and 1 the dangsTs whieb threat n unlawful a>u.tn)d.out of >wer thus arert'-d Jn< tflciem y wul not tb n ee'-ure ipunity to critr.e? n riauj rou? criminals be permitted > go unabipt of justice It It my sw rn duty to eee at the law ire extent-d. and I f. el a-aumi lh?: ah cd citiaen.- will ectdially ci rate with tue tn it- <iislarge. >1 DOI (1AL) Uuretnor Our San Krtntlico C'orrcspontlenre. I'P.AM I AllffUlt I, 1M1. J/luii'?TroviJt tic (''V/cfJr'/n/ he M'fh'inh in rr%iri tot!" hut* > on '/' i?Cmre/ton uf IhU'k C ariev for ?<? -d'wWf in't htttut tv K'll. 4*e , 4' . 4*' Sncc the la.ling if the last it', 'iner, nothing of y moment or consideration has transpired. 'i be mncute arrive 1 on th>. 2 th ult , Vrii giog dates' o week* later from the Mates The 'juict tone >lch pervaded the t>?wi from >ouih Carolina hu { rt -ed all with the belief that the anion of the ate? will remain inta.-t, notwithstanding the rf of Northern fanatic to the cuntrary. <.<ur iztnrarc rrjoiccdto he ar that the American mail an. i--'il. kc u* ; . ' reputationf r being the itc-t eailer* in th? * rM. The two trips of the icif'c o;ca- -J d gnat atiifaetion. The W?bb d WilUj difiiculty, a? j-ubli bed in your journal, it ger'y soogbt f r and i ad. and i< freely c< mr fci uf-n by ur pvM here Neither 01 the ut'.ji en are bandied with glov.?,aiil the triy hyeuhavc a hitv?d over thea in thi* ?we, i? ; foarc* of delight to ymr frier, ie here. Pbere la a uuniictt tb ugh *iigh' i> jroveuent bat i if iice: I 'th ult, and there are more yen in the mat he t. We rtill hare very large eti'n ni'ea. (Otcitmes ten in ou< day; a large i urit -t the ' 1 < ' ! ii of j-f>or ((aality, and many < aici damaged, therefor* do not ha>? the [reem" rg, ?ct th y othvrw might. [\'t have hui tTcral a rival* lately from the tie* atd froin hir.a. Th? ! ;, rr ?hipe I no an 1 til*, arriv dlast week fr"? the " taltr, and the baton from 1 b ra. all heavily freight 1 .V very f. LWinl rof'i'-el* aree^f ted fr a t.hlna, una: i being rccvhcd litre that thirteen ? v < ' on ibeir ?.r, rrykn ; rtightcd with the duet* of lbe Cast, bcii' n other* w'dch ware i>?f *' t' _ t ... f . I .-an Iseo ! rom eir* , stance- which i..i?e ia'r> transpired, I think . hitintnt ; tea < ;) bo: be -.uite so heavy at marl/for tka Mai here D* t bem nc e mpln.nt? ma le in tkif ot relative to the course j?t?r- a? i by the Collee- , iu rt 7 ft l'' ' M 'fa' i"fi- from <*hina and Hong rg, iu > -<1 a at n f J1( g W||j ,iTyt t, lUaa(c, at "oil ' tut ?f t1 e " :-Kki of tra le,'' a? the \eui!;c- whir-hat' J a faithful a immigration of i duties of the oil'." '.orship. he 'lut'c wblth kaTe t? bt c?lh etc-i on goods jo t to duty an. ???c-.'e J oB the value of tka J ?J?, with certain bipi lng barges, commissions, | added, including all eJfert duties. The sty with China, negotiated by Air. Cutbing, \idcl that tortain expert duties shall ?>e paid on ids ?h J ped from the n*c ports with whi o trad >erinitted to America?!, amounting to four per t. which is Invariably added to the invoice **- j tion of ail good' import-d into the ni'.ed >t*te.?, the purpose of *<?es-ing the duties thereon. ; . imp?rtcT? from ' h;na into this po*t, finding, on i reorganization of the custom house here, that wa> d<ttK, <| d not like it. They had smuggled r fidi fr m China without paying the export 'j and. i.ot -oatent with mating that profit, i Mit ,ng t- p.,j the da'y vu tkf ftWhQt ; 1 ?f the expert duties. and, to avoid it, they send 1 their ships to lieng-Koug, which it a British port, i and bringing the goods from Canton or Whampoe. shipped them at lTong-Kong. Then they presented themselves at the custom house here, ani when the appraisers were about to add the four per oent exKrt duties to the value, claimed that it could not done?the goois came from lion? ifong, a B itieh port, and not a Chinese j-ort- True, says the Collector, it is a Britiih port, the four per cent cannot be added to the value of the goods exported thence. But in the so mo vessels there were teas, also imported t'rorn iloDg-liong Schedule I, of the tariff of lSui, (of goois exempt from duty,) says, " Coffee and tea, when imported direct from the place of their growth or production, m American vessels, or in foreign vessels eutit'ed by reciSrocal treaties to be exempt from d 3?riimnating uties, tonnage, and other charges," arc free from duty; and section 3 of the tariff' juys, all goods, wares, and merchandise net specially provided for, are to pay a duty of twenty per cent, lea, then, imported from any other country than that of its growth or production, no: being specially provided for, is subject to a duty of twenty per cent accordingly. "Very well," says Mr. Collector, " tlODg IVOUg IS U inu?u I'JI. " o. I'.mm > ii?vuice: and tea, not beiug grown or produced there, when imported from thence, id liable to a duly of twenty por cent, 1-et it be co'ieeied." "Oh1" says the importer, but Hong Kong, though au island, is still a part of China?it is aCinn-sj lslund?and as much a part of ( buia as the Far* rallones are a part of California; it is only a short distance from \Vhampoa; and our tea is free from duty, oj it is importel from China. "Now.'eaythe Collector, "you cannot make both ' fish and Rush' of this Hong Kong. To escape the addition of the Chinese export duty to the cost of your dutiable goods from Hong Kong, you claimed that | it was a British port, in a Britisn Province. I admitted the truth of your position. .Saa Francisco was, previous to the cession to the Cm ed estates, a .Mexican port; since that time it has b-onaa American port, and is now. t-o Hong Kong was once a Chinese port; but s nce its cess ou to Croat Britain, it has been, and is now, a Briti-h port. You acknowledge yourselves that no tea is produced in that British Province. The tar tf says ! that tea imported from any other p ace th in that of its growth or production, mint p.ty a duty of I twentv per ctnt: and 1 have nothing to do but exe cute tne law .as i lind it.*' II rcupoa th: importc-s set up a great hurra, and abu-e the Collector for performing his duty, wh-n they th suite ves, in their eagerntss to escape out of the fryingpan, have jumped into the fire; and due-' any one pity them I The surveying corps which si rived hero on the l*th lune, in the steamer Oregon, unier dire-tiou of lion. D. King, Purveyor General, hue comj menccd their labors, a detachment of fifteen men having left the city under the i harge of the Deputy Surveyor, Mr. Lcander Hansom. and pitched their tents on thesummit of "Mount Diabolo," the highest noint of land adjacent, and from which they intend to strike thoir lines. I will give ye 1 further information as the work proceeds. As the corps camo to this country without fuuis, Inulerstanl | that Mr. Collector King has signified his intention to advance his namesake isdd.ojo to prosecute the work, to that the I'nitcd mates go.eminent and | California will not suffer by unv delay. This act on the part of Mr. King is highly i 'tmnonJeJ by all partu s, as Mr. King does it solely on his own responsibility. 'i wo new journals hare been established in this : -tato in as manv weeks, namely, the Sitiflu/ Uiitioj ,,j ,u? i-V n,v ,,-. ?? t.oloma, the spot whore g-.M was fir-t discovered. There are now thirteen papers published ia the 1 ?tatc, as follows, namely. ? Loc.at Um. Same. C'i.wa'ltr. ! San i rancweo Alta California Neutral. Daily Courier Whig " Daily lleralj, Neutral. Daily Dost W tiij?. J'&siflc Star Democrat. 1 rerung Picayune Whig ' Sunday Dispatch Neutral. BrnccU ... Callfcr. State Ua. ctte .Neutral. I Stockton California Journal Whig San ./oa'juia Kspub. ..Democrat J Sacramento Daily! iii?n Whig. Tunes A; Tramcript.... Doaiocrat MaryfTitle ID raid Whig. Nevada .lournal Neutral. Colouia Kl Dorado New Neutral. San Diego Herald Neutral Los ADgelee Star Neutral. i Sonera Herald Whig. j Ban .lose Weekly Visiter Neutral. The above s tatement, 1 think, augurs well for the | new state, comparatively speaking' one year oi l, | and yet supporting nearly a score of new-papers. , An editor's convention is called for the ^th August, which will be fully attended by all the fraternity. 1 will give you a full account of all that transpire-, which you may depend upon it will be extremely i interesting. in my .ast, I promised to visit l'enccia again in order to gather such further items u.i would interest your readers. 1 aiu particularly impressed with the commanding contrary of lui< city, it is a grand radiating point to nil parts of the State, either by land or water?and when the population cf the country increases, this met will become more marifest. In running a line ca*t from the Pacific, to the base of the Sierra Nemda rango of mountains, this is the onlv convenient eroding place lrotu north to ?outh, and it is the natural depot for the great valley of the Sacramento, as well as i the ksrt-r valleys, ncrth of the bay, to wit, .^uisun, i Nana, fmni a,a. N.c.. i?.e. These vatic vs be imp fine faming land* must ultimately heroine densely populated, and i'er.ccia will then become an iuipor tart city. as it will be their natural outlet. Another consideration will give importance to Henecia: it will probacy be the depot of the railroad to the Pacific. At this place, also, are gathered the troop and military store houses for the entire Pacific torces?cither heic or in the immediate ricimty will be located the dry dock and naval forces also. ] had hoped to have sent you some particulars concerning the soJi and sulphur springs, just in the rc. r ot this town, as w. 11 as the boiling springs further iu the interior, but 1 must defer their history for the present. 1 have also vi.-ited V-allcjo, adjoining the city of Kenecla in the west. It is the future capital of the ~tate, but its permanency is of a very doubtful character. There are but twenty building; erected in the piace, ar.d the princip al number of those have been built tor the temporary use of the several Mate oilieers, who, by an act of the legislature, arc required to reside thi.ro. 1 do not think, freni jic-ei t appearances, that there will be tuu h iinprovciiicnt in the pirn e; it looks as if the whole scheme otloratirg the capital here had been forced, and the change from San Jose i; not very popular with the masses of our eltiveriS". < r<at ulVrta ar being made to hare a .?.ate House erected in tim.lor the next Legislature. A M^ndiantV i ish/insi. l.a.-lafrlv )? . n o.fnh. ii-bed here, in the large room of the ucw Athene urn I'mb lluu-c, < u .-acr;? uCJUo street, betw.cn .Vlontg'latnr and LcMcsdortT etret'i. The u*c of the tooin is given up troin l??:\ M . to I'd P. M The Lour* : "chung - for merchants.?to be trow ? to 10 P. M. The tii.-t meet lug took place lact VVedne-iav cvcn.ng, the i'Hh, an t *tt largely attended, it U t-tabl.-hcd on a him basis and will succeed. The subscription it ; "> per month f r each member. ImtLtJia' lj on the rcc pt of the n:w3 conveying the information that the L'nion waawrrcked. ( apt. K. knight, ?< lit of iloarland 4e A?i nwali's 1 ne of tteamcri, p.aced a; the disposal of Ilarcn *. o , the agent? ofthcltu?n, the steamer '1 enncssee, c cd the 1 it b at * of the line, to g> down the coa-t ar.. biirI -k the passenger*. 'The o er was accepted, and the TiOMIM left for that purfcrc, i. 1'tiiay morning. the -Mb. 'J'hc coast ; n. r ' to, wLieh arrived on the - '.i, rcpor'ed :i.at tic V.?: herrer, which left here ?n the loth the mads. pic .vd up the pa.-stngeru it the IT xn, and pri < < eded wita them to IV.oma The 1 cBtKi ee w,ll immet.atc.y re tarn, titipt, Knight ha> rt reived tie hignes; "encomiums tor h.s action in the matter ( hatles l'uanc il'ar Dutch (.'barley, t?b?*e natnc i? in tamilar in tic pTice r<. rds *<f the city of New i o:l.. ard wh wm oire tried before here, /or n murderous a: .u 11 on a I isixhaian, and escaped l,y n .hagteimcb ol the jury. has again been tr.cd fur the ilk c ,r.ce on ?n individus! named rial), il l rouiicted. I! j cur-el, .lu Igc Millenry, moved for a new trl?!, on.tlic ground that the verdict win ngoinit tb? ftidence. *1 he motion war argn" I or. the iJftlh instant (yesterday), and this n, >rricf rt'.u-cd by ti e Court, ar.J < haricy s<ntc 1 in rr.L' senr I imt tisonincut. 1 he senUn-c was r J with mingled ^ruun- .md hia*e< by the multitude who were present, a? all evp<ct*d that h? would teceivc (he lulled penalty of the law, namely, fourteen year? in the Mate pri*on. I must candidly routes* that those I nited .Hate* of America arc sometim * represented in ( -.n>rro*.* by a* goodly a Lumber of sap-hea d- as c ulJ be po -1bly brought together la any other country. Now, i; is a'notcrlous fust thatticser before haj there been a r.tw Hire. which ho* be n in operation so short a time, ai d that fcv yielded -uch an immense re* venue to the federal g v. rnm nt i: n her ctntom*, f -t nbee, at.d other -</urcc. ait the -tate <-f f'alilorr i?, ar 1 yet ha? reeei ed -o few privilege* and *o little encotirag ment. that they cannot, with any d< grec of truth ar,J P"'jrlttf, be deemed beneficial to her 'lhcrc i- a i ill; to forbearance, and the tiBie will oa? when California will 'how her* Kit to be tiue to herself In loo*'rig a boat for a new-paper rbannel, through w hicn we can make known our complaint* ar. i br r.? tbsm before the "high official eye," we always ur.ne-ita'ing'.y turn oar attention toward the column* ; your journal, and for this reason the wa s cf ' salll'-mln u* know full wall that thete is tojournal in the Hate* wLi h can wield the !r,tluen<e, b th publie and private, that the New \ oik J It M docs, and which ha* done more, in every way. to advance and protect

the interests of our gteat and growing ."Hate. When 1 left this country, in Kebruan , on a i?it fo the Hates, t 'aliforninn' were groaning under the -evere portal tat to which they were subjected. While at kvttt ft bil] wa.- ja ed "reducing tto rates of postage" throughout the Stater, to such a degree u to come withia the capacity of all; tit matter ef comae. It gave rite to many manifestations of pleasure, ami a desire to reward the progenitor of toe tame, and from none more especially "nan the miners -f California When this great reduction of poetage is loot ed into, it becomes no material reduction at all, at any rate as far as tb s State is eonceraed, merely in at tLe "spiggot aad oat at the bung;" and for this reason, every man who sends a letter to the States, in nine cases out of every ten, accompac.es it with a steamer paper of the day. A large cumber who have not the time to write, io not send a_y letters at all, but merely a newspaper, with their iuitials marked thereoo, signifying to their frieuds at home, who are familiar with thoir handwriting, tba: they are still in the land of the living, formerly the postage on a letter was forty ceuts, aad n newspapers, three cents paid and five cents unpaid. And 1 now for the benefit we derive here Irem cheap postage: Letters are charged six cents or more, and newspapers in accordance with their weight, , and the result is that often times from "tea to forty cents" have been chargod on a double sheet steamer paper brought "wet" from the office of publication. In such cases, "cheap postage" is precisely jnst where it always was, "nowhere." Our newspaper proprietors here, with a liberality which does them infinite credit, have agreed, in I view of these things, to send free all newspapers : bought directly of them, and thus the difficulty is I in a measure obviated; but why should the press be taxed to such an extent, for the purpose of throwing off from thoir patrons an onereus burden, which their representatives in their asinine weakness seek to put upon them. Wo would just as leave go without our tueals in California &? our newspapers. ; Californium cherish ami respect taoir pro.--', and honor thoaeby whom it is conducted Tncy know, 1 and wo all know full well, that the columns of the , press of our country stand unequalled for their intrinsic merit, and wo also know that they arc as good a school for a man to educate himself in (if ho has any perceptive qualities at all) as there is extant, and many a man now in high official eminence and learning, has, from the weH written and truthtul articles ot the press, laid the permanent ' foundation of all his greatness. Take our newspaper! from us by any b lrdensome tax, and y.;u take away all light, happiness, and pleasure; for who is there that lives under the Amtifiean ling will deny, thit tc the press, and free and independent press especially, wo are indebted for many of the ivil anl religious liberties we now enjoy. It is the only safeguard of our republic. (due other circumstance in connection with the post office I wish to dire -t your attanti u to, and a-k towards its eradication your best efforts and influence; it is this: Before the Cuoap Postage bill went into operation it was customary for the miners to have their letters from homo directed to -an Francisco and -aoramontJ, and by handing their names to express acents, and by paying the m fifty cents, they would have their letters procured from the post office, and brought to theai in safety. This plan woiked admirably, andgare complete satisi faction, until Mr Hobbie came out here to arrange 1 postal difficulties, and he has, as far as the miner? are concerned, most sadly disarranged them ; for, failing to make an arrangement with the various : express men to carry letters throughout the mining districts, he has absolutely prohibited postmaster? from delivering letters, except by the written request of the persons desiring them (when a', least half of those in the mines cannot write), aad tuen tbey met not be given to express men, n account ! of the cheap postage, but must be sent t the nearI est post office. Now, how perfectly ludicrous that becomes, when the nearest post oL.ce *s somrt'nics only 20u miles from the poor disconsolate inner, \ who withes his letter, and cannot spare the time, j nor pay the expense of the 2't-' miles travel, aa.1 is ; never In the nme spot moro than a week at a time, and, consv|Uent!y, must go without hi; letter; whereas the express mar, to use a very plain term, would chase him up, and hand him the letter, at a 1 charge of 5') cents or -1 at the extent. The above are two things which, on bohalf of thousands, I I wish to call your attention, and through your ! columns, that ot the Postmaster Genera!, namely, the postage on letters, and imposition 01 miners. The amount of the business is, the whole I'ost < '(lice department ia California is managed in a disgraceful manner, and in no place more sj than ."an Francisco. Py advocating a thorough reno\aticn 01 the whole ati'air you wil reeeirc the j heartfelt thanks of every miner in the State of CALH-orma. Sax Tkanci^co, July I P. M. I Tilt Air-iraswi Route?J fairs in Ortgun?Gen:ra[ Ijttnc in San Framis:o?The Oregon ant California Mines, ? <:., ?? ., \r. 1 send to-day my lirst despatch, directly by the Nicaragua route, to the Atlantic side, per the steamer Independence, which leaves in the course of an hour or two. The Pacific, the pioneer res? .1 on this route, lift on tho 1 ttli, but would procoel to Panama, as well as del Sud, giving the passen ! gcrs the choice of routes. '1 ho Independence, however, will go no further than the latter p >iat, un! lcrs she be met there with the intelligence that tho | boats on the oiber side, are not in readiness. A failure to connect on the first trip, would ds an iui jury to the route that couid not be remedied in a iwt lie month. The Independence is commanded by < aptaia Wakcman, who gained no little n toricty lor ' ptinriit.tr awiv frntn Vaw \ nrlr with fhf? ctnninrr New World, with the ShorilTi ofli era on b >ard. He is exceedingly popular on the Pacific -id#, and a capital sailor. Ilia instructions from the agents here arc, to run the boat to the 1'aciGe terminus of the new route in eleven days, which will make about twenty two days to New \ ork. ^hould the trip be made in this -pace of time, the old companies wiil be obliged to take efficient m lasures to prevent the gcucral diversion of travel by that route. Jnrcc my last letter to the llcrali, nothingof special interest has occurred in California. Tne scenes of bloodshed and executions by the jiopulace, which characterized the previous two WeCKJ, have not again been enacted. The courts of r^an Francisco are r.ow fearlessly doing their duty, and although the ?igilan* e Coinmittue still continue their organization, they act now as a detective police rather than the executors of the law. handing ovor the villains arrested by them to the ollicers an I courts. iuict again reign.-, not only hero but hi almost every section ot the St ate, although Inwlorsattsof violence ure still too frc'jUint to give our State the high Position of peace and morality which is to desirable to give us reputation abroad. Within the last forty eight hours, three St<amer3 have arri.cl Irom Oregon? the Columbia, the Sea lull, and the ChcMpeake. There is no special news from above Several skirmishes bad occurred between the rited Mates troops, under Major Kearny, and the Indians, the latter being generally dispersed. At the last advices. Cen. t >atncs was endeavoring to ?fi'cct a treaty with the I!oguo Kivcr la l.ans. with s .tne nrosncrt of success. Among the passenger* who cn. ic down in the Columbia wu Gen. Late, the newly elected delegate to Congress from ' 'regon. lie letftidut the Atlant'c side in the <Oregon, to morrow, de-igning to ii akc a visit to hi* old tricndiin In liana previous U) j i cdling to Warhington. A grand supper w?., given hi ui at lore1' llotel, last night, by Gov. Mcl ougal, at which were present nmslof the -tate < ttietts, Senator Gwin, anu a host of our digni'arios. A greater a.-:ei blagcnt talent 1 tevcrsaw wgetber. | Toast and speech tollowed until a late hour of the tight. '1 he " Mu:i< n of the >li or.n war" ist.\ceeding!j popular, not only in t'regon but along the entire Atlantic eoa-t. The steamer- brought down from ' 'regon about } ICO.MSi In gold, luoet of it the product ot the l\ lamath and lv guc river i iinei. which, as fur as woiked, arc proving ratl-faetonlyrlch. Imrirg the quarter endirg June UOth, there has been exported from this port the ,um of #t',kW,000. 'ibis wou Id give -:rr,7 "in.ism for the rear, in which is not included, of ;cur<c, the amount which has gone forward in private Lands in the months ol May and June, the following number of emigrants, and amount* of goad.', arrived at this poit, as appears by the Custom House books Way, .liinr. '/Vat gllw lf.S idi9l I 4 HI l'miai** 'Jl" dXU bi'j I Lii'r til ;m< 110 kOI ,;lt Total ikVOu ,1 Ojl \alurof I orcign Merchandise bonI' d for the enOn i June A). lStl ? Awwnt k??<M 6W.IVI 00 Aiiicunt withdrawn for consumption P'.n3 81# l tr exfTtatl'ii U19 -II ?' f8f.3.060 00 l'r.rM w?rehoused over amount withdrawn. 8".d 135 00 Abstract of Jutlr- collected lor the (iia?t?r ending June 30. 1*51 ? Itrthe month <>f April fiW.85? 36 t< r tb? ni'nth of May *>l 000 VI For the mtath nf dine 6a(W . 0 ; T. tal ,V?i ao:io?. 'J ho total number of >c?*ela arriving 'lining May I and Juoe, of all elaeees. war 231, having a toiungo tf tor.i. The n:w- from the miner, both north and south. i? cheering 1 ne estimate gC en abor# for the 12 u>< tit hi, ol the amount ol gold t > go forward, will be in ore than realized. Tne turn will reach nearer ! lit jr millions, to which aid ten niillionr for the j a mount which finds itt way out of the country otherwise toan through the Custom House, and , }tu will have a fair cellulate ol the gold product ol t alifornia for l-ol. The clipper ship Architect, from New York, arrived in port, yesterday, iu I2M days, llt? running 1 time. In the Court of Session*, this moraing, Cb.irlei J utne ii/iw Hutch Ctarh-y, war na tuevi t? 9?9 Titr'a imprisonment, for aeeault and battery sith intent te aill P. A. Hall, a member >f the Grand Jury. Duane < from New York. My laat despatch carried the intelligence that four men were on trial a, Sacramento for highway robbery. Three of them were "ouvietod and sentenced to be hung on the '23d August Their names are Wax. Robinson, James Gibson, aud John Thompson. Bobiusonmtde a confession, in which he stated that his real name is William Benjamin Heppurd; that he was born in West Broadway, New York, aud had aisumed his mother's maiden name of Robiusoa. It is said chat he wis formerly steward of the steamer .Swallow, on the North iiver. Six O'clock P. S.?The steamer sea Bird, 210 days from New i York, has just arrived. She comes by way of Panama, with 71 passengers. While coming up, she | stiuck on the island of Martina, and knocked a , small hole in her bottom, but was delayed but a i ihert time inconsequence. An arrival, this afternoon, from Honolulu, 30 ; days, brings no later intelligence of importance from ! the v'audwich Islands. Two Weeks' Uvents In California. [from the dan Praucisco Post, July 31.] The events of the post two weeks arc of a less exciting charaoter than those embraced in the sum i inary ot too last gleaner. .\o great outrage has occurred to heighten the excitement In the public mind; ihe subsisting excitement has abated. I nder the amended Criminal Code, which took eSect on the let iust , and which allows the jury a discretion to punish either with imprisonment or by death, thote guilty of arson, robbery, burglary, ieo , (among many other rigorous but necessary provisions,) a few trials have been had, among the most conspicuous of which is that of KoOinson,1 ubsonand Thompson, convicted at Sacramento ot the robbery of James Wilson, and condemned to death. It is : hoped that the courts will a<-t promptly, and in tho spirit of this law, so that no instance may occur in ; which it may be deemed necessary, by any of our ! courts, to resort to extrajudicial punishments. The reports from tho mining districts are more favorable than any period during tho present year, | auu tho shipments of gold for August and .Septom! ber, will doubtless far exceed those of any previous | mouth. i fcThe most remarkable features of mining operations are the numerous undertakings, by companies, all ' along the veins and tributaries, to divert the water ! from their channels : tho extendi re canals on the , tributaries of Calaveras, Tuolumne, American and ! S uba, to carry water upon placers kno wn to be rich, i but without water ; and lastly the fair prospects of a practieul and sueressful beginning of quartz mini ing, with heavy, improved machinery. I The uuprc edeutedly low stage of water in all the rivers has been especially favorable to enterprises of ths first class; many damming companies are al1 ready at work in the be Is of streams, which have , been exposed for miles, and some rich deposits have i been struok; and there is a prospect of a still further fall of tho rivers for the next three months. The canal projects, at tirst on a limited scale and sue cossful, have been unocrtukon oil a large plans i and with a heavy capital. That for turning the South Fork of the A merican several miles through the hills to the valleys and gulches about Placerville, is tho most gigantic one 01 foot, and the company is about to be organized, with such con iidi'Uce that the stock, from a <[uartor to half a | million, will be readily taken by ihe minor- in that : vicinity. ; There is incrca-ed confidence in the ultimate sitece-s of quartz mining, and the belief is everyday becoming mere general that this will become the ; great end permanent source of gold. The age of : pro-p cling is pa-t; combined capital ami lrbor, i direited by sy-ueuiatie aud scientific principles, will succeed where a blind trust in fortune and in indi; vidual efforts has failed. The subject of agriculture is beginuing to attrict : considerable interest. Although the past winter an l spring were unu-ually dry, experiments have pioved eminently sueccs?ful, and there is a d< sire iunu.Jg uiu.li/ huu unc us rnuv oi?iyurutr.1", i > set .It permanently in California, and gather around | th- rn the comforts of a home, it is estimated that | there are air-ady twenty thousand pers jus settle J ani devoted to agricultural pursuits. The Indian hostilities have ceased on the southj em and eastern borders, and broken out on the northern frontier. A military evpedition, under command of Gen. J. M. Lstell, will accompany tho Indian Commissioners, in their tour of negotiation, to Clear Lake, tkencc to the sources of tho Sacramento. After which they will proceed to Klamath rirer. The hos.ile Indians on Kogue's river have been dispersed, but not subdued. Navigation on the upper rivers is suspended, on j account of the low stage of water. There arc about 150 substantial brick houses in ' >an Francisco, nearly all of which have boon creetI ed since tho fire inMuy. and extensive preparations I are in progress for tho manufacture tf brick an l the nuarrj "Jg of stone, to till numerous contracts of this kind. Two companies of ovorlind immigrants hav e arrived in tho mines iroia Illinois, .\iichigan, and Wisconsin. A lire occurred in Sacramento < ity on the miming f the lbtb, which destroyed eight hou- ? The loss was small, yet it is the largest lire which h is occurred in that favoro 1 city. Gold minea are now worked in Carson's Valley, on the tastorn lejliv.tics of the Sierra Nevada. The two political parties are holding conventions in the various counties to nominate for tho Legislature and for county offices Tho four candidates for Congress have been busily engaged in canvassing the state The project of dividing the ftate is still urged in sonic of tho southern counties, which were once tho scat of nearly all the Spanish establishments in th;i State, but which have lost all their political impjrI tancc under the new n^ime. Political Affair*. The following is a list of the }>artj nominations in the different counties of the btste, as far as ascertained :? ?r*Tr TO k I T? Uftlre. Itrmm-ratU, Whig. Cot erttor Joba Bi^tr, P B. Bwtdini. I.ieut. Goternor... Pa uel PitrJr D.-ury I. H?ld* .a J rutin; 8n|>. C?nrt Sol'n Ueeitenf'Mt, To.l R"l.in>on. State Trentortr. KMiard Ronrnu, I. M. Hurt. State Comptroller W. S. Pierre. Ales rjU. Ab< 11. Attorney Central.. 8. C. Uaatitixe, W>l. D l air. Sort. jorCtncral Win. M.IU'iy, Waiter Hcrron Coi.srttr Jo> W. M't'ofkle, E. J. C K. wen. * Edw. C. Mar-hall, B. F. Moore. ? T ? I \ A ft . Uitlrii I. Drmtratic. tl'kig. \ Butte ... Charloa I. Lots, A. Stont. V' io*4 \ VV. M. Warn hough. Ilenry Cnoht r El l< ratio.'.'.'.' John Walton, Wrn. 1. 9t? wart. UunJ. I\ Keene, D. K. Netrell. Woada James WaUt., hflfritDfi'lo Daniel !. Lule. Tut a . .... J*?- c- BeKlbton Johu T It tarty trur.Mi L.', i 'aunti?e. Ilrmotrnjii Butte Df. Joha II. Bmitli, Chaad. It T wler, 9. I.nw. W'ta. C. Sm.tb, Melton li. M<>ISe, El Dorado A. Boalton. Albert W. B r Auetin Win/. Wmunel (I. Mill*. Ilr. M Menaf. W in. It. Hopkins lames Johatoit, Dr. John Catlrr. Meniere. I**a. B. Wall. ; Metada. W. D. William#, W'tn If. Lyone. Philip Moore. Sacraneate ? A. Co/aw II, W <). Moo iy, A. P. t'atlia. II Ml,../ !?? R. I'. Ilamm rid, I ru4' ii?k Vile r, W. Ht< i v uion. Vole J?a McClatclx r. ?r J' W?lcS. infc* .. Jm. It.litrdlhcr, JoLu ' ik>; J> lin A. Carton. D.xa. t:. Un.iMn. I'llt. J. MrCane. Ja??t .Villi. kilning lute lllirmrc. Fr"n iIm- Aitt Calif' tula. Amjc 1.1 i The pcreona engaged in mining in < 'anion valloy 1 , arc all making good wages. At a c.uion about twenty milt; Li jKiid the Moiin .u Elation, tin j arc making from fid t? $i0 pcrdcy. A great unny miner; arc now wending their wayiuthet diree- J 1 ticn. IT. Mtclton Wright called on u? It>t veiling, ard from liiin we learn thit the miner* in thi*. t;<>n are nil doing well. The corn piny of which lie in a member are engaged in taming the river, and in digging the race Uicy wash the dirt iiunj the t ip to tie be J rtnh, arnl average from ten to lifty dollar* per day to the haud. W.i ?or. ?.o=n? T1 t : 1-.. a, T.V.A. J IV.- ui, "1 AUMf '.-JJ rUiHTIg l?*T, V ? witncsa the <>t oration of the Archimedean put ip that is intended to drain the "claim'" of tho (Joluma i>ainnii"'g Company. It is -1 ftct long and 4 tect in diameter, and discharges about ?y,(XX) gallons of water per hour. It i.? propelled by a urge wheel which is set in the race- ii is the opinion of many that they will hare to construct another pump before they will bo able to drain the bed of tin ri\cr sufficiently to work in it. This. , I however, is a nunil matter, a- the power afforded l>y the water wheel is sullicitnt to run half a dozen pumps. The prospecting done by this company ha* been very encouraging, and they apj ar sanguine of being comp.mated for the vast amout of money and labor they have expended ipeoih|lCjing tho work, which we sincerely hope they win ?f*r there is r.o class of people in the country whom we would sooner see prosper than the industrious and patient miner. 1 'old has !nt< ly been found in tin surface dirt on a bilinear the North fork of the American river. 1 , lho tarth i? "hovelled up indiscriminately, and catted or packed d' wn |o the river to be washed. I \ Major .^w.ctrcr called upon n? yesterday, having ; uirt iouu down fr?rn tie City of '7*1, where the , SVn hington i ompary, oi wliich ho la president, 1* located, iia iofoim: as that the reins which that 1 company are working, increase in richness daily, < and that they arc proving far snore intensive than < w.i? at first fopposed 'J here ha" been alma new j vein opened on tho other side of the Nevada range, i about ball a mile fiom the old claim.". The Major i thinks thi rein i? a continuation of the one which i is tow being workc i, inasmuch as it lies dirjetly ' opposite to it about the snm< distant below lite j summit vl the w<;u?taiB- , There have been four additional companies organised eiaee the first vein ?u opened, and Washington Mountain preseut* an appearance of bustle and activity unsurpassed by the famous mines ol J l>ra?s \ alloy, or Carson s Creek. The Ht/nMicun say a that the excitement is if . creasing in lavor of quarts veins. In the vicinity oj Sonera. and Jameatoisn, many shafts are being sunk, and exceedingly rich gold bearing veins male visible The ore has been struck in every part ol the Sandiaa Mountain, where miners have prospected. The Tennessee company havo struck a vein ol twelve inobes thick. A vein of decomposed quarts has been disioveied, so soft as to mumble with the hands. Its extent is visible some fifty yards, and will vield ten cents to the pound. Ristra. or traok mills, (a simple construction for amalgamating) are now being made, each of which will pulverize and amalgamate fortyfive hundred pounds of tbo quartz per day, giving to the parties interested a very bountiful yield. At tbo washings the miners are doiug well. < >ir Wood's creek, aoove aonora, a company ot tore men take from their long torn, daily, from four to five hundred dollars vVhere water can be had without carting earth, the miners arc well satisfied with the result of their day's labor. Many of the diggings are without water, and earth is carted a. distance or one to three uailes. The Stanislaus Water Company will remedy that evil for ncanv miles from the commencement of the work, which tKnv AvviAAf. fcn tiniwti in t.hrt A.nursA ot' tffn mnnt.h* It will give an abundant supply of wator to the dif- , fcrcnt camps, and irrigate many of the beautiful y garden* to be seen on the mountains. From a letter to the editor, by a miner at In liart bar en the Tuolumne, wo extract the -ubjoincd account of golden prospeos in that vicinity. Tiia writer is engaged in damming operations, of which he says:?The ditch is six feet doop and sixteen wide, and runs principally through a sort of bigb bottom, onco, douotlees, the old river bed. As this place hus not been fairly tested by any deep shafts, 1 am under the conviction that heavy deposits will yet bo found throughout the whole fiat, comprising an area of from seventy to ono hundred a-'res. On the river bank some hole) have been sunk seventeen or eighteen ft et deep, and they have paid i >'i per litem per hand; though, great exertion being necessary to keep out the water, so far belov tho bed of the xiver, but little h is been done th ai far. J The rivors are steadily an 1 permanently falling, und are as low at this time as they were two month.'-' j ator last year. W? have no doub". that much gold will be taken out o" the rivers this season, a- thoy promise to be very low indeed. Tho Texas company, who have been faithfully at work about ono hundred yards l'roai the ric.i claim of tho Louisiana Company, have at ia-:t struck tho gold bearing vein, and found it rich beyond their most sanguine expectations. This is but one ! claim of tho many that are daily proving rich, aad I before many months Sonoru will ast.aish tho I world by her quartz urines even more than she has done by her placers. 1 We learn from Mr. J. S. Craig, who called upon I us yesterday, on bis way homeward, tha. the miners | upon the Middle Yuba arc doing uncommonly weft, I particularly upon a small strcain'emptjiiig into tho 1 uba. called Wolf Creek. J < 'ur informant states that threo Kentucklans have taken out over $i),(XX) during tho last month, and I that many others iro equally fortunate, l'rovi! sions are unusually cheap, porlt selling f ; -2-3. aid flour for $20 per ewt! The gold found on Well Cieek is very coarse. At German tlir, on tho main s>ream, extensive damming operations arc bci ing carried od, an 1 tho prospects of the minors arc , very iiaiiering. Wolf Creek is about thirtj-tiv<j miles above Nevada. Munler by Mexicans. [l'rom the btocktm Journal, Aug '2,1 5ion.ru Fori., Calaveras, Jmy 1*<, Wjl. About three o'clock this afternoon, two Americans, who were passiag up the Chilian ' fulch, within two miles of this place, called at a tent to uave some inquiry, when they discovered that a yon American Lad been murdered, and his companion lay by biin exhausted and bleeding, bat sufficient'" sensible to ask for a drink of water, which wu given hitu, and ho then stated that he end his Co pan ion had been attacked at noon by three arc Mexican?. .it inoi time iney were attacked, t M survivor said he was inside the tent, engaged J^fl writing letters; one to his mother was finished, 9 [I another to a fricni commenced, when, hearing t. attack out.'ride upon bis companion, win had go outside to cook his dinner, he attempted to step r l^B and was met by the three Mexicans, 003 of whom. snn pped a largo revolver pistol twice at kirn, and then assailed aim with the butt of the piftol, and also with a heavy avord or cutlass, which he attempted to ward off with his naked hand', a* neither of the Americans had firearms. H One blow cut the thumb of his rig'c. hand en- M tirely through the bones, iciving it barely hanging 1 to his band, and the ictt hand had g.'asped the swoid, which hud been wrenched out so a? to lacerule it dreadfully. (>no stab penetrated the en*, ity of the i he.-t, wounding the right lung, another thrust enteicd the w indpipe, and his ku? .:rv, carc<d*,^H cleft to the brim, witn otoer wounds el : ?r,o .'king-^^B a nature that it is wonderful how b. t arrived long lis had there lain by his dead friend ahouJj^H thice hours, lie retained hi* senses ibr an hour or^^H two, and tore bis sufferings with a noble .".orago^^M aai fmlhidt, ud daeorlfced the and i.ttroH strangers to them ; that they lclt hiui lor dead. snd^^H rode away upon two animals, two of tbcin riding on one; that they had robbed them ol all their gol 1, some two or three hundred dollar*. ^^B 'i'he name of the young man murdered first ia lio-^^H bcrt E. i'radshaw, from Mimaohniltt.*. about d.t^B years old, and the "thor is Win. A. Mn.f- fi.oo^B t'barlcstown,Mass.,age dabout21 year*. Their tent^^H was in an unfrc'[uei?tcd glen, whi-h probably in-^B duccd tin murdcreis to believe the. th. Ir death^B would not be MM jwowtti, and there is doubt that the as-a; sins had watched them for somo^^H time, l-ast evening tbey were at thi* place. spoke of leaving, as the water had failed. They^^H were r< ruarkably correct and inoffensive person*. and mu< h esteemed by all who knew them. Evcry^^H assistance was given toy >ung tciuipjon, by staunch. ir g his wound, and administering medi in:, by mcr^^H | who immediately gathered in as the I iwi of the^^H murder spread, lie c.vpircd at 1'J o'clock thii^^H evening. 1 be murderer? to->k the road toward Stockton, and five men, well armed, are in pursuit of them.^^J who, it is hoped, will succeed in arresting thes. mot>t:rs. They are cortaiLly guilty of the mo.-t bloodthirsty and uwful murders, In open day, that ever have occurred in the country. We learn from Mr. Hamilton, who hat just r?* turned ftom a trip to (ulaveras county, that two-^H men, from Boston, Ma** , whose names be did not learn, were murdered ut Calaveras river, on Friday morning. One of the murdered men lived long enough, after being found by hi- friend', to deM rihe the perpetrators of this outrage, who werer Mexicans. Two men immediately started in pursu' , and at - utter s i reek, four mile- o. h ? -i lo of Jackson, the county seat of Calav eras county. overtook t so Hcvicais, who answered the deMrip-tioa precisely as given by the dying man. As Air Hamilton pars? d, on >unTay, a', 4 o'elock I* M., the Mexicans were about being removed to Jackson, for Inanimation. fslattgbler of Indiana In Xhtils, [i'Mnlbs fun I'racrlreo l'o?t. Jw? U|.) Late intelligence fiotn tmcrameuto gn es accounts ot an extensive slaughter of t'.tt river (>n the morning of the tith of July.a p. rtr e-f fifteen men, ur.dcr the comma-id ol' Capt. 1'. r. Harray made an attack IpOB(Ml eight DUOdn I Pitt river Indians, some twenty miles from Shasta. A wririr flro immediately commenced, ar.d was kept up for romc considerable time, during which tiu.e some sixty or seventy w?._re killed, anl a Urge number mortally wounded. '1 he parly capture 1 an '. brought in four r-|uiws, and one young child, about si> ycari old. <>n the following ttoinin.*, ono hundred and lifty men, will armed,left for l*itt ris er, and ail other part ot the country where the Indian* a re to be f- it;d. t'n the niflb*. o ti I I'.h. n jmtyof Q.e men (miner*) we're a a th I itiglit, tour mile# fii'iu ."^nnsta. A nutr, L j lbs n.iuic of Matthews,from Iowa, *a? ahvt dea t. and thice other* ba iljr wounded, cm of wh->u> -iasince died, lli.i name was Osborne, tr n .* lieu. Mass. They wire all brought la, and lt< Ifodc NMidcMim ra I 11> laa il ami decently interred. 'I be Indians ur daily c )mmltttegdepf UlagMM, tw rthri ,-u a H i!mc aviry lew daja. Army ?loe rinrnta?Imllaii Tteatlee. H i i ate informed, w.is to i 1st of Aagnat, for the purpose of uakiag treatler with Ihc Indians in all that portion of tL? ?*Ute lyirg n?rth of the Hay of Fan Francisco and west of raatll I rlrtr lie WWW id bt a "im) .inic* l y a detachment of U IS Drags i oaic;ir,'J of .Major hcarnor. a- an escort. Major (lencral 1 etc il and stall, of the 0MMd I ira fitata MUltia* wraM also a;comaagjttM expedition a# far ni ( lcar l.ake, where it is sapi.oeed atieatv will bo easily entered Into with the i, i. in con- tribe Hint :< wide upon it' >hnrer Should the Cotrinl sit it -uircrd In ncjr< Hating a treaty of peace with tlie ' lcar Lake Indians, be will then p < cm north to tbo Klamath and 'Ir.i dad, r>n-'udirj? ???'h ncaeeiblc understanding'vi.th the Inilinnn ahrng tin- route an mav be possrdo. < olonel McKic cspccti to reach Trinidad ah- it the 2"?;h Angu-t H so soon as nmieable arr?n?am?nt* are enters' irte with the Indians around Clear Lake, Mljoi irnrral I.-toll will return to San KraiCJeo, and 'rrm tbrrro proecrd l>jr water to the ivlatnab. He ins already, under orders from the < 'ovemor, taken deps to organize live companies of rolun'eerf in hat region, and they will I* ready to act at a mo- I^H runt's warning. The Ccncrnl eipee' to reach J^H l ilnidad about the -ftth August, sod will he pre- I^H errd, upon the arrival of Cel. Me">?e, t < aid *n<l unht the CvBuniriiontr in fvrsa'rg utaties ?r

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